The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, March 03, 1919, Page 8, Image 8

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    THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL; P ORTLAND, MONDAY, MARCH 3, 1919.
ATI WDEPEXDCTT ' H gWlPAWT -
C 8, JACKSON. . V. -. .PaM-he
rubltabsd e-rery da jr. afternoon J "Trtt'
"; o-pt Pnnday afternoon). at Tho J ol
v inc. Broadway and TanehUl street. torUand,
Lntered st ttm ptmtrtftt Peruon. On,
i for tnnraiiMtea throngs -tb -u
.; claas matter. ' '
XKLKPHOXBf Uita 71T Home. -eOBt
m All eepartmea rMCked by Ue number
Ten Uw tpmur ui nn" "
ORElCiN AOVEBTIH1XO BEPKEHENTATITB
: ii Benjamin Kanfaor C, Bra Mww-k BaUding,
22 VUih granee, l iMki . Mallet
11 Building, Chicago ' f- ' . .
oHerffptla term ty mail M OwfuH WaB-
litgton: - '"" . " ' "'.'?'
On Mf.i...lt.M I On Jtontir. M
i .. . : SCKDAT -'
One year, i . . -2.60 I One month..... $ .29
IrT tMOBXl.NO OR ASTE NOON) a!f
SCKDAT
r year. .... 17.80 I One month. . . t . 8 .68
Peace! and no longer from Us brazen portal
The blast of war's great organ auakea tba
akles;
Sot. bean-tot as tonga of the ttamorUJf,
The holy nelodim of ke ariae.
-Hear V. Longfellow.
J..
? CLEARING THE DECKS
IIE legislature did much to place
Portland in position to forward
her maritime; shipping and com
mercial progress.
T
: It : reorganized the Port of Port-
land commission. It is believed that
' time will, prove that the membership
la able, broad vlsioned and progres
sive. The legislature authorized an
- Increase in the bonding limit under
which the people may acquire and
operate public ship and boat lines
..from three eighths of one per cent
to -five per cent of the property in
the port district, which means that
$3,000,000, if necessary, .can be made
.available for' that purpose.
j It - adopted a measure which per
mits .the use of bonuses in attracting
the service of privately owned water
transportation lines and tinder the,
terms of the measure approximately
11,000,000 can be used if the people
of the port district desire and vote it.
, Lest deferment until regular elec
tions should postpone issues of port
ttevelopment the port commission was
exnded the right to "hold special
elections. -
.''But. the legislature did not have
the authority to make Its legislation
peratlve. That authority the com
munity and its men alone can, eier-
r else, v.? s. . i j
. The, port has provided ; facilities,
docks, wharves and piers, at a cost
. of many millions of the publics
money. No better cargo supply can
be found anywhere than our great
: staples, grain and lumber, fruit and
, fish. We have opportunity eaual to
that of any other port to bid for and
L- get ' a fair share of transcontinental
freight for transshipment. At the
Instance of the. Chamber of Com
merce. the port commission recently
made provision for a traffic manager
and a traffic gettfng campaign. The
Orient, Europe and Alaska are be
ginning to be heard from with in
citing trade opportunities. The in
dications are becoming more definite
'that ships will In the-. near future
be seeking cargoes;
, i v Every port prospect pleases. The
port has been fitted with every law
and : means necessary to progress.
, Let our business and commercial men
now. assume their individual respon
sibilities, and give to the business of
"the port their loyalty,' effort and
courage, and the Port of Portland
. - will come .Into its own.
, I Our decks are cleared for action.
j k Apropos of recent discussions at
j Salem. It has been learned by Inves
I ligation in Kansas thfj; one Martin
I Xallikak, a soldier in the American
j revolution, was father of an illegiti
i male child born to a feeble minded
girl. The; descendants, traced to the
sixth generation, number nearly 500
paupers, prostitutes,; criminals and
degenerates who have cost, their
states 11,500,000 and the end Is not
.vet. .
l , 'i CITY STATES
, r?lUB 'project to erect New York
1 , 11 city Into a sovereign state and
i , II - admit it to full membership in
- the Una on is not taken very!
seriously, we Imagine,-, even by its i
promoters. The idea of a single
i city functioning as a state is strange
i to Americans, though it Is not strange
' to historians.
! r City states .were 'common In ancient
? .times ; and all through : the Middle
; Ages.. ! It Is only since the powerful
: modern nations ' have engrossed the
entire surface of the earth that the
' city state has disappeared. Rome
began its career as a city state with
a little piece of outlying territory.
' Athens ; was a, city state throughout
; Its career : except for a - few years of
i imperialism. r
. This is f particularly " Interesting
when we bear In mind that the post
i live services of Athens to civilization
probably exceed those' of any other
state, big or little. "As a rule small
.r states Jiave - been' - more useful to
- mankind . than large V ones, staking
everything .into account It Is the
supreme merit of our American con
stitutional' system "that; it conserves
the freedom , of; the . small state . to
gether! with the advantages of the
wide-extended empire, The British
system! does the same thing; 1 V:
Examples of city states in medieval
times were numerous.. Florence and
Venice; were in that class.; So. were
the Hanse towns In Germany. ; The
original g New : England K settlements
were much like. city states, though as
cltlesf: they were very small - They
contributed to our national polity
the "town nlee ting." ; 5 v .
New York city has today a great
deal larger - population than the en
tire country bad at the time : of
the revolution. So far as people are
concerned it Is ' perfectly competent
to be a state. So is Chicago. All
those cities lack for complete state
hood qualification ' is territory. But
perhaps, upon reflection, we may
come to the conclusion that territory
is less important than we bad sup
posed. 1
... i, . - . .
At a cost of 110.75. an Oklahoma
girl advertised for a husband a year
ago and sot him. He died the : other
day, leaving her $19,000, giving her a
net profit for the ' year r or i8,9o7.3fc.
Who- say advertising' doesn't payf
SWINDLERS AT LARGE
THE mans are. noottea wun gut
tering literature and gilded
prospectuses of oil stocks, min
ing tiuca iiiu vwtcr bccunnca
wnich companies professing all the
original virtues are offering in ex
change for Liberty bonds. "
This literature . is enticing and
plausible. It paints pictures of easy
money In golden hues. It visualizes
over night dividends to be made If
the reader win only send a few dol
lars or a Liberty bond to this pro
motor or that, to be Invested in oil,
mining or other ; properties.
One tells of profits of 60, 80 and
even above 90 per cent per annum
made on stocks in a recently
launched oil project. Its literature,
written by a highly paid advertis
ing writer no doubt, carries a plausi
bility and assurance to easily create
confidence among the unwary and
gullible.
v After an investigation of the Texas
oil boom, a writer In the Saturday
Evening Post says:
Aside from all questions of patriot
ism, tH American people fell for the
splendid salesmanship in tho good
cauac of Liberty loans, and now, alas!
many of them are going to fall for
th salesmanship of the swindlers who
follow m the wake of the loans. Prob
ably only a national, a federal blue sky
law, controlling; the sale of securities
the country over,, can save the people
from the loss of many hundreds of mil
lions in the next year or two.
For there is no crooked came today
that begins to equal the stock same
In Its possibilities. Prohibition, the
suppression of racetrack rambling.
crooked prizefighting and. confidence
games have - released great numbers
of denizens of the lower world. liven
the closing down of ocean, travel dur
ing the war had an Influence In throw
ing many card sharps on their uppers.
All these men. it would seem, have
entered the "bunk stock same.".
Never was there such easy money in
the entire history of the world, such
easy pickings, and in such fabulous
amounts. Of tho 20,000.000 (Liberty
bond buyers) only a tiny fraction have
any financial knowledge, education or
sophistication. They are lambs fat
for the slaughter.
Many of the swindftrs'are offering
to exchange stocks for Liberty bonds.
If the, stocks make as large profits
as is claimed why are the promoters
so willing to exchange them for
bonds carrying an interest rate of
only 4 per cent?
Yet the offers are' made. And
doubtless many ; an unthinking and
inexperienced holder of Liberty
bonds is falling into the scheme and
swapping, his. splendid bonds for
shares of stock that in many in
stances will prove to be worthless.
The bogus stock activity has be
come so huge that the secretary of
the treasury has asked congress to
pass a national blue sky lavy. That
should be done.
And meanwhile a Liberty bond Is
one of the safest and surest invest
ments In the. world. People who
barter them off for. shares of stock
take the hazard of giving something
for nothing, which Is exactly the
kind of a deal that a lot of sharp
ers, swindlers and schemers are
looking for.
"Speck." Hurlburt and Cantaih Am-
bercrombie and others of the flower
of young American manhood by the
tens of thousands are sloeoin their
last sleep In new graves amid the
1 ! 1 1 I . .
uuis aua vaueys or ranee. If you
think the nations should enter an
agreement to avoid war and save
young men from being sacrificed in
battle, -you have a chance now to
register that opinion in a way that
will count Pill out the League of
xsaiions coupon puoiished every day
m xne journal and mail it or bring
It to The Journal office.
THE SAME WORLD
HENRY FORD :remarka in his paper
that the world since the war "is
very much the same old world
4t was." The Satnrdav
Post makes the same 'editorial ob
servation.; Things, haven't changed
much. It assures its readers. ;
Mr. Ford, with admirable shrewd
ness, points out a circumstan
everybody must notice once their
eyes nave neen I turned upon It. He
says there is much . impatience be
cause the war has not brought about
any great change. So much was ex
pected of it So much
And irf"Tr? reap j"nothing f but
I It Is too earlv ; to' AtrtAa
the war s consecruenet .a k
great or smalt. One might" perhaps
(uuipus u war to me larva ol tho
ichneumon fly. - - .
The Ichneumon ' fly lays " its egg
Inside the body of a large, fat cater
pillar, piercing to the inwards with
a sharp sting it keeps for that pur
pose. The egg hatches in due time
and the little larva feed3 on what
surrounds it. By some wise Instinct
it avoids biting into the, rital parts
at first It devours non-essentials as
long as any can be found, leaving
essentials to the last "7'7-p7 '1
And while the larva " is devouring
its - Jnwards the caterpillar, i crawl
Laround as usual. To look at it no-
ooay wouia suspect inai u was oeing
hollowed oat by A ruthless guest
diligently gnawing inside. . But one
fine day the poor caterpillar which
looked perfectly round : and i robust
the moment before, suddenly col
lapses and dies. Gazing on the cater-"
pillar the instant before the cata
clysm the Saturday Evening Post
would have said nothing was hap
pening to it ; The moment afterward
its opinion might have been reversed.
Illiterates
nnllE United States Is more Illiter
I ate than most people have sup
I posed. Examinations for army
service f have disclosed an aston
ishing stale of things so far as the
ability to read and write Is con
cerned. The surgeon general reports on the
subject that one tlraited man : in
every fourx was -illiterate,'-? meaning
that he "could not read a newspaper
or write a 1 letter home." ; South
Carolina's quota of illiteracy fell
barely short of 50 per cent Almost
exactly one half of her drafted men
could neither read nor write. The
percentage for the entire country
was 24.9. '
This Is not quite so shocking as
it looks. It does not mean that 24-9
per cent of th$ entire population are
illiterate. It refers only to the army.
The last census gave one In 10 as the
quota of illiterates for the country
at large. As- it turns out that fig
ure was probably too low. We have
more illiterates than one in ten.
The census takers did not make
any examinations to test the ability
to read and write. They accepted
people's word for it and were often
deceived, no doubt But for the
whole population 25 per cent may be
as much too large as 10 per cent
is too smalL v
-Perhaps again the surgeon general's
report would not have been quite
so terrifying If he had always taken
into account the ability of the drafted
man to read a foreign language.
Many who can not read newspapers
in English can read them In Greek
or Swedish. But, make the best we
can of the report, it Is shameful. We
ought all to blush over it, and prob
ably we do. It is an exposure of
neglected duty.
For many years the great Industrie
have been inviting foreigners to our
shores. Wnen they came they
were allowed to remain foreigners
In their Ignorance, their superstition,
their ' race hatreds, their alien
ism to our ideals. We did little or
nothing to Americanize them.
The surgeon general's incredible
report of Illiteracy brings to light
part of the pitiful story. The "un
rest" which is troubling us is another
part If the same effort had been
exerted to make these foreigners
good Americans years ago It would
probably not be necessary now to
arrest and punish some of them.
UNREST
THE American institute or Mining
Engineers met In New York the
other day for professional pur
poses. A guest from Canada
was present, who spoke on the un
rest which is manifest In the United
States and everywhere else. He said
that the unrest was a protest
against the autocracy of capital."
The Evening, Post quotes this re
mark rom his speech: "The autoc
racy of capital is coming to an
end." The Post proceeds - to - say
that the majority of our leading em
ployers are ready to admit the same
thing. ' They concede that the work
ers must hereafter receive a larger
share of the wealth they produce
if we are to enjoy anything like In
dustrial peace. .
No doubt the Canadian engineer
merely uttered, a truth that has
become commonplace to all thought
ful Americans. We wisih that in ut
tering it he had been a little more
careful of his language. There never
has been any "autocracy of capital"
in the United States or elsewhere.
There could , not be such a thing.
Capital is wealth produced by labor
in the past, and now used to-help
produce more wealth. One might
as , truthfully speak of an autocracy
of iron ore, or waterpower, or steam
as of an autocracy of capital.
Capital is an inanimate store of
wealth.' It can be used autocratically
by those who own it, but in itself
It is innocent of any such offense.
There never has been any autocracy
of capital., but the country has
been more or less: subject for some
time to an autocracy of capitalists.
Against h this 3 autocracy Mr. Bryan
launched attacks in the days, of his
active political life. Theodore Roose
velt made deep f nroadb Into the rising
autocracy, of capitalists; when he was
president The great capitalists now
seem to recognize that ' tbe day has
come for their autocracy to pass on
Into something more democratic.
; f What the Evening f Posts and ; all
wise t newspapers desire - is that the
change from .autocracy of Industry to
something approximating ' that ;de
mocracy' of ; industry for which s all
workers long, may be" accomplished
in a way that is orderly and within
the hounds of the constitution and
the laws. -
The constitution of t the ..United
States; contains ;aU the machinery for
orderly and ;. conciliatory progress
from what we - have had ito what
workers hdpe fbrTf The way to use
that machinery is at the ballot box.
Everything needed to' carry out re
form and changers; right fat hand,
and the place to apply -it is at the
polls. " X?'" V' ' -
Wh enever ; all workers and ' all
workers means those who toil in
any capacity refuse longer to be
led to the voting booth by politicians
or refuse, looger to be controlled by
party tyranny, but instead walk Into
the -voting place and vote for them
selves, the . evils they complain of
will be quickly and effectively elimi
nated. ' I
There, is no need here of, soviets.
If we are. failing In our purposes
under the system we have, we would
also fail under a soviet system. If
we have not enough intelligence to
protect ourselves "under the simple
American system, we could succeed
no better under the Russian system.
BRITISH CRITIC
LAUDS WILSON
Willi ti .rcher Kails Him as Recon
ciler and . Peace President.
New Tork "To us In England,
writes William Archer, the eminent
Knglish critic. In his new book.
The Peace President," "the war has
brought ' one inestimable , and imper-
irhable . joy in the generous com
radeship of a reconciled America. Had a
pedantic or a pusillanimous president
sat in Wood row Wilson's seat it might
never have ' been achieved. So far . as
any ne man may- be called the author
of the great reconcilement, it is beyond
all doubt the president who has been
so steadfastly and so . magnanimously
faithful to the great traditions of bis
race."
This comes as practically the final
sentence to Mr. Archer's biography and
estimate of Woodrow Wilson, "The
Peace President. which has Just been
brought out in this country by Messrs.
Henry Holt & Co., after its very suc
cessful publication in Kngland. Of all
contemporary attempts to analyze the
president's career and place In history,
it is perhaps the most interesting, be-
ca- i u comis irom an outsider wno is
presumably unswayed by the political
bias which is apt to operate in the case
of an American writing of President
Wilson.
With the cultivated English critic's
true appreciation of literary achieve
ment, Mr. Archer dwells at length, on
Wilson as a literary man a side of our
president which - in America are apt
to overlook. "1 have not," he says, "at
tempted' any critical estimate of Presi
dent Wilson's place in American litera
ture. My object has been simply to
show that, whatever else he may be, he
is a man of letters to the finger tips
a man steeped irt literary tradition;, and
possessed of fine literary gifts. He can
make political science readable to the
layman and he can make history fascin
ating without imparting to it the cheap
over-coloring of fiction, or the hectic
fervor of partisanship. This aspect of
his genius is not sufficiently recognized
either here or in his .own country.. His
administrative achievements, both in ed
ucation and politic . and his fame as a
statesman, have eclipsed his repute as
an author. But there can be little doubt
that it he had not abandoned the con
templative for the active life, he would
have taken a high place among contem
porary writers of the English, language
and even as it is. It ought not to be
forgotten that this, great president is at
the same time an accomplished and at
tractive man of letters."
"Nothing in President Wilson's ca
reer." says Mr. Archer further on. in his
book, "has been more bitterly criticised
both In his 'own country and abroad.
than his treatment of the Mexican prob
lem. It isjirobable that when the time
foe dispassionate judgment arrives, noth
ing will be found to give clearer evi-d'-
-e of 1't strength of character and
bis political insigi.L"
"What was the alternative to Presi
dent Wilson's policy? It Could only have
been, in the first place, a great and
bloody war. All par- js fn Mexico as
was c!ear from the declaration of Ma-
dero and the action of Carranza would
have made common cause against an in
vader, and the United States would have
had on their hands a problem vaster and
more" difficult than that which Britain
encountered In South Africa. In the sec
ond place, this war would have worn
the appearance, at any rate, of a war
of conquest, and would have alienated
once for all the other Spanish-American
Btates, already sufficiently prone to
question the disinterestedness of their
great neighbor of the North. Tn the third
place, the utmost success attainable
would have left the United States sad
dled with the charge Of a vassal repub
lic, resentful, turbulent, entirely indis
posed to accept and profit by tute
lage of ltj conqueror. It "would have
had to be controlled, for a long tune at
any rate, by American proconsuls, who.
if they act 3d honestly in the Interests
cf the people, could not possibly have re
vived the system of exploitation which
had flourished under Zia., and-which'
was the very thing that those who clam
ored for intervention were longing to
see revived."
"In a conjecture In which the onlv
choice iloo, not between good and evil,
but between two degrees of ill, the wise
course and the brave course is to choose
the lesser degree, even if the choice seem
a tame and unheroio one. And to per
sist in that choice h the face of bitter,
violent and contemptuous criticism may
well be the truly heroic part to play "
After a careful analysis of the1 difficult
position in which America was placed
with the outbreak of the world war and
the prove nations which German v mm
I us. Mr. Archer says of President Wil
son a nnai oecisionr- "He carried his
country into the war because Ger
many . had -thrown to the "winds
the last semblance of regard for
International lawp or- humanity, and
because he saw that a world . dom
inated by the -spirit of German' : au
tocracy was an impossible world for a
self-respectin and self -governing peo
ple. to live in. Until it was absolutely
clear thf the very existence of democ
racy ws at stake, he - did ';not think
that ha. had the right, even if he had the
power, to involve hia country in the g.
gant evils , of war. He had borne' in
jury and covert insult while that seemed
the lesser of the two evils; but when
open insult to the United State was
eomblned; with a no. lesa cynical 'dis
avowal of all restraint in. the pursuit of
the interests i crermany-s rullnr cast
he saw. that with , that caste no free
man or xree nauon could uv at mm
He declared for war. and the country
roF- ai, jus Buimnuns. ns naa through
out played the-part of a resolute, far
seeing, plain-speaking democratic states-
matt; in tfc final moment. of decision he
proved nimsclt a treat leader of men."
: Slnce the treat turn of fortune in
July, IS since the landslide of autoc
racy set to Mr. Wilson's pefcitlon, has
been unique and unparallelled. - In: vlr
tua of the mandate of treat people.
19 virtue; too, of hts own characters toe
has at more than- one Juncture been in
very trtith the arbiter of -the destinies
of the -world. In the name of democ
racy he has spoken the doom of , em
pires. . To this roan of Pln Scotch
man parentage, this son of an obscure
Presbyterian minister. Hapebursa ; and
HobenzoUerns have come truckling for
mercy, only to be told, calmly' and stern
ly, that mankind has no longer any use
for them. The wonderful and Incred
ible drama U a theme for an Aeschylus
or a Sbapeskeare. We. it living spec
tators, can find no adequate words for
the emotion It exe'tea in us."
Letters From the People
(Conimttrricatimu aent to The Journal for pub
lication in thia department ahonld b written on
only one aids of the paper, ahould not acceed
300 word in lenfrUV and mint be. aigned b the
w 'cr, whose mail ftddreat ta full mart accom
pany the contribution. ) ' ;
The Breach Between Element
n.ti.nH ph.' stTn the . Editor o
The Journal I see some very Interest
ing articles in The Journal editorials
and letters of late, but to my mind there
is something lacking, and as we can
learn only by an exchange of Ideas this
is to give my views on certain things.
In an editorial John I- Rockefeller Jr. is
quoted as saying that there was an
ever widening breach between capital
atid labor. You try to correct him by
saying that the breach Is between capi
talists and laborites. It appears to me
that the breach is between the fortunates
and the unfortunates. In a certain letter
tin write.- seems to think the farmers
can always be depended on to stand by
good ' government and against the Bol-
sheviki, but when I consider one . half
of the farmers are renters and prob
ably one half of the rest have their
farms mortgaged It does not. look very
encouraging. A short time - ago1 you
claimed that the government would, be
bo deeper in debt to take over the rail
roads than It is now. Who is in debt
tor the . railroads now? It appears to
ie that the people are, and for two or
mora times what it cost to construct
them. If the people will not do any
thing to relieve themselves of that debt
they will have to pay interest and divi
dends through eternity. The people of
this country are compelled to make a
present to the companies of a sum equal
to the value of all the railroads about
every IS years and never be relieved
from the task except by taking the
roads and keeping them. But what
about compensation for them? Is Just
wnat tne people should pay all the
owners will ask for them? All roads
whose charters have expired belong to,
and of a right should belong to, the
states wherein they are located, and all
other roada should belong to the states
just as soon as their charters- expire.
I am well awaro that what I have
written is pretty hot but I don't see
as it is any worse 'than the game the
capitalists are playing against the peo
ple, ana it is my opinion that if the
political leaders do not do thin to
put an end to the game there will be
trouble some time in the future and
the breach .will not be healed.
W. L.UDWIG.
"Straws'.'
Grants Pess. Feb. 6. To the Editor
of The Journal In Th .inn
February 1, you have an editorial
headed A Straw" In Which -you state
the cases of John Gill and Newberry
are very rare. Excuse me from differing
trom you, Dut such cases are very com
mon, too common, fn fact. We have a man
from Portland who controls the salmon
fishing at the mouth of the Kogue river.
Me uses seines and giil nets of a small
mesh. Tons of fine game fish are
caught and thrown to waste, because.
at that locality, there is no market-for
the, same. If I go fishing and keep a
fish under six inches in length I am
fined S25. Macleay wastes tons of
fish of all siEes. Some straw, this.
When in Chicago in the fall of 1917.
I saw hundreds of carloads of potatoes,
fruit and other perishable stuff frozen
and thrown away, because they were
being held for higher prices. JX 3 had
hoarded a sack of ' sugar or wasted a
sack, of flour while the food restric
tions were in force, I would have been
fined -.And probably jailed. Were the
parties responsible for the waste of
food punished? Not a bit of it. At
that time we were being urged to save,
there was also a car shortage. Three
to 500 cars were held for the specu
lators. Some straw, this, also. I could
call to your attention hundreds and
hundreds of such cases.
Cut out the graft, high and low, and
give the people a. square deal and there
will be no I. W. W. and Bolslievikl
problem. MINER.
An Inquiry
Portland, Feb. 20. To the Editor of
The Journal In 1880 a prominent lum
berman of this city, ' now deceased,
bought land from the Northern Pacific
railroad, paying full value for it. This
land is In Cowlita and Wahkiakum
counties, Washington. After paying taxes
on one piece of this land for 40 years
it was taken away from him. This same
man bought ' three quarter sections
(480 acres)-of the United States govern
ment, also paying full value for It, He
paid taxes upon this land for 15 years.
Then a party by . the name of . Colonel
Munday claimed it was got through
fraud, and it-was taken away from him.
The widow of . the purchaser of ; this
land resides . in this city and works
hard to support' herself. Can anyone
explain the reason for such a pro
ceeding as thia? . v E.
Thfl Albers Sentence
Bandon, Feb. 26.--TO the Editor of
The Journal After looking the dally
papers over carefully, I fall to find any
mention of the sentence passed on 3.
Henry Albers. millionaire miller of Port
land, for violating the espionage act. I
am seeking information. What sentence
was given him? We noticed Victor-Ber-ger,
the Socialist, got 20 years in prison
for the same offense. I read that Mr.
Albers had appealed his case, but: why
all the secrecy about his sentence?'
SUBSCRIBER,
t There baa been no acerecy about 'the an
tese. A motion for a new trial ia pending, and
ao no eentenee waa pronounced following the con
viction reported tnlly to The Journal of Febru
ary a The motion for new tnai win ne argnea
thia week If tba motion ia denied, the eaae
can then proceed So aentence. If the motion
granted, "the aentence will wait upon the osteoma
of the new trial-J -- .,
Remarks on Legislatures .
Portland, ' Feb. 27.T 'the Editor of
The Journal United States -:- Senator
Charles S Thomas remarked, after ad
journment of the general assembly of
Colorado some years ago. that he had
witnessed every legislative, assembly
ever gathered in Colorado, afid had ob
served that each assembly wa worse
than ny that had preceded it. That
wa -why Colorado adopted the Oregon
plan ot Initiative. They thought i that
would end the grievance complained of.
But it did not. For the chief businea
of the succeeding aasembliejr was to at
tempt to ripple the initiative or repeal
it, and now the people are seriously con
sidering abolishing the assembly al
together. From the report of the ur,
DODularity of the Oregon assembly, the
COMMENT- AND
. SMALL CHANGE .
One nice thing about a parrot is that
you can choke it off.
j '
Now the ! Boche are changing from,
gooee-stepplng to aide-stepping.
Every writer on the staff of a news
paper is his own favorite author.
, -
Cancellation of contracts makes that
bridge of ablps somewhaUof a suspen
sion bridge, r : - -
. - '.
. Don't worry, but if you must worry
do it quietly. Maybe your friends have
worries of their own
Isn't it rather disconcerting to find
your hat missing when vou reach for
it under your theatre seat.
What a wonderful happy and prosper
ous world it would be if every Idle word
could be put at useful labor. .
A contemporary rises to " remark,
again, that at the peace table there are
German waiters and ne tips. .
Considering the quantity of liquor that
is being poured into the stream we
should say that the bar at the mouth
of the river must be pretty well stocked.
.
We can see where we're going to get
even with our neighbor who is always
I bragging about the egg production of
this 'chickens If he doesn't keep them
l looked id after we aret our Victory arar-
den seeded.
JOURNAL MAN AT HOME
By Fred t.ockley.
f A atoty of a boy who aaw a golden oppor
tunity in about a millionth part of a aeoond and
then put the prdeeeda where they would do the
m good. H imbwkied in Mr. lckly' article
today. It b a good atory for boya end girts,
too of all agea, aa is also the more eober mat'
ter quoted, by Mr. Locale in conclusion. J
Not long ago I had the pleasure of
presiding at the Mothers' and Sons' ban
quet at the Y. M. C A. If men in their
'30s had the vim and vigor and enthusi
asm of boys in their early 'teens, what
couldn't they accomplish!
Just across from me sat an irrepres
sible small boy. There must have been
100 or more boys, ranging in age from
the midgets to the juniors. How they
did cheer!
Up on his chair would spring a small
boy and say. "Now. fellows, all together !
Give Meehan three times three and a
tiger!" The 12-year-old across from me
would go off like a pack, of Chinese fire
crackers. The Aztecs would cheer the
Doughboys, then the Doughboys would
cheer the Aztecs and the Lions, and the
Lions would respond and give three
times three for the Comets or Crusaders
or' some one of the other 16 clubs. The
boys had enough steam and lung, power
to run a train up a heavy grade. Mrs.
Flegel, who aat near me, said. . "This
seems very natural and homelike. You
see. I have seven boys of my own."
" When the 12-year-old across the table
had settled Into a momentary calm to
gather steam, for another outburst, I
said to .him. "What's your name?" "My
name'sIBob Warner," he said. "How
old arefrou?" I asked. "Comin' II." he.
answered. "You seem pretty strong for
the Y, I said." "Sure, I'm strong for
It. A man don't put his money into a
thing unless he's strong for It." "Have
you put any of your money into the
Y?" "Well, I'll say yea. I pledged $10
toward the boys' work, and I paid it,
too!" "Did your Dad give you the
money T' "No; I went out and earned
it. I earned 143.60 one day. So I
dropped in next dy and paid up my
subscription."
I laid down my knife and fork and
said, "Say that again. How much did
you say you earned In one day?" "I
made $48.60. I took in over $125 ; but
the net profit was only $43.60. You re
member how crazy everybody went on
November 11, when peace was declared?
Old ladies that looked like grandmothers
were walking up and down Sixth street
or Broadway, or milling up .nd down
Morrison and Washington, beating gas
oline cans with wooden spoons, or beat
ing milk cans with potato mashers ; so it
gave me an idea. I got ailot of cow
bells at 85 cents each and sold them for
50 cents apiece. I didn't go half a block
till they were all sold. I went back and
got all I could carry different sizes.
Some I sold for 35 cents and some for
half a dollar. I .kept selling cowbells as
long as they lasted: so I cleaned up
$43.60 during the day. 111 say that
wasn't so bad."
As far as that goes. PU say so myself.
Max House and Will Ladd and the rest
of our well-to-do citizens had better ar
range to put their money In a safety de
iw and lose the key, or Bob
Warner will annex their rolls when he
.. ! tMrtv" in nlaca of "comin'
m (juiiiiu - ,
twelve."
ICELAND UNTOUCHED BY WAR
By Bassett Dlgby , (
Special Correapondenco to The Journal and the
Chicago Dally Newa
Stockholm Remote little Iceland has
fared more favorably during the war
than most European neural. says Dr.
G. Claesson. from Reykavik. who is now
visiting Stockholm Dr. Claesson ts a
product of modern Iceland, the land not
ofvlklng. saga and fleas. V9
Klacler. snowclad volcano and unsophis
ticated peasantry, but of university, the
most modern surgery, motorboats and
wireless He is In Stockholm, not to
rasa at the tail buildings but to complete
hfs training In X-ray work at a radium
laboratory. '
"When trade relations with Scandi
navia were almost completely broken."
said 'Dr. Claesson, "communication en
sued With England and America instead.
Our main articles of export, fish and
mutton, found good markets In England
and the United States, with which a di
rect steamship line was established. We
have had all along sufficient supplies of
the-Secessaries of life. Only a few com
modltie have had to be distributed by
card, but of these we have had a sufficiency-,
except for now and then being a
little short of coffee. Though for years
Sweden baa not been able to import even
an auto tire. Iceland has been promised
thai she may import a great number of
automobiles. Autos are now beginning
to be common slghta on our roads.. ; We
have no lack of gasoline In Iceland.
"The war has compelled Iceland, In
her isolated position, to go her own way
separated from Denmark as regards
commercial and political eonditlons. By
her own consuls in New York and Lon-
people are feeling the same way, here.
For instance, we must refer nearly every
thTnrthey enact and initiate every.
ml we wani So why should iatJa.
tion in the interest of the people depend
on a few patriotic people who must
also bear the tax of paylns the valuable
tune of the solonsT ' 1 ) '
The following bUl wae sent to. Salem
to be introduced, but it waa returned.
And why not? They are there to do the
work for tie people, even though this
bfll did not meet the approval of the
majority. It must rest with the people
to decide it to the end. Besides, the Idea
contained In this bill haa received an
enormous vote In thls state, and. the
identical Wit received 263,000 Votes in
California. ThU to the bill: ;
"Sction I of article S of the constitu
tion of Oregon shall be and hereby , is
amended to read a foUowe : "Section
1 From July 1. 1921. to and until July
L 1925. all revenues necessary for the
maintenance of government, state.
county, municipal and district shall be
TT
NEWSMN BRIEF
OREGON SIDELIGHTS
Forest Grove real estate Is changing
hands more freely these spring days, the
News Times says, and there will be
mo e of it as time passes.
v Thts report fi-om CaUow valley cornea
to -the Crane American! "Ranchera are
beginning to come back to their home
steads and the prospects for good crops
were. never better."
The newly organised Heppner Com
mercial club is going to get down to bus
iness on the proposition of some of the
roads leading to that city from interior
points,, tne uaiette-Tlmea says. -
Sheriff Alexander of Washington
county reports that on--the first day of
taxpaying 100 people showed up, as com
pared with 5? on the same date lat year,
and in. three days 18 paid, against 134
last, year. - . -
"The marshal ask that nobody else
In Halfway take the flu until the two
families which have It ere discharged
f rom , quarantine." says the Herald of
February 20. "He has never had to use
more than two- flags at once so far and
doesn't want to jretany more."
Rex Cooley presented atthe Wood
burn Independent office on February 20
a twig full of matured evergreen Jber
rles. one of which had ripened. This
is the first instance ever known of ever
greens being no far advanced at this
season of the year.-the Independent says.
Did you ever hear of E. W.'Beatfy?
He ia the president of the Canadian Pa
cific railway. He Is a thorough be
liever in education. If a boy has to
work to earn his daily bread he believes
be should go to the Y. M. C. A. night
school. "Baiity," as h boyhood friends
call Mr. Beatty. made a talk to the em
ployed boy a In the educational classes
of the Montreal Y. M. C. A. recently
He said some things that are worth
passing on. "A man from his shoulders
down -Isn't worth over- $2.60 a day to
us." he said, "but from the shoulders up
there is no limit to his earning capacity.
"I never saw a boy or a man who got
anywhere If he did not work," went on
Mr. Beatty. "I know you boys have
given up a great deal to take on these
extra studies, but none of you will ever
regret it. As you' grow ' older you will
find the competition betwoo men very
keen, and he who is fairly well educated
has a distinct .advantage over the man
who is not. Every boy has some kind
of vague idea he would like to be some
thing or other when he grows up: ho
does not know Just what. You will, how
ever, find there are three. Or four simple
things that tend to a man's success. The
first is good health. It is impossible for
a boy or man to work against that
handicap. -The next thing is honesty.
No man In this, or any other country.
who was not honest, attained success ;
he may appear to do so for a time, but
when his dishonesty I discovered? which
it will be sooner or later, his success is
at an end and his failure begins. The
third essential is education ; without ed
ucation it Is impossible to climb to any
Important position. And a fourth essen--tlal
is work. Nothing was ever accom
plished without work, and If: any man
tells you differently, It Is not the truth.
During the coming years many capable
men Will be required o fill .important
positions, and he who has the essentials
to which 1 have referred is the one who
will get the preference.
"The things we admire most In other
men are the Qualities we should de
velop In ourselves. The first Is honesty;
the second courage, and the third mod
esty Without courage One cannot go
very far in this world.. If a man is con
tent to step aside for others, he is bound
to lose. Without modesty no one- cart
secure the respect of his fellow-beings.
Every man's" hand Is against the man
who shows be believes himself better
than others. When X was a youngster,
my father, who was a very jwise man,
used to say : 'Never think you; are bet
ter than anybody else, but always think
you are Just as good.' Modesty -is a
Quality I suppose 1 should apologise for
mentioning, for it has become very un
popular and" Is now almost obsolete ;,
nevertheless. It Is one of the finest quali
ties a boy or man could have, v ?
"I understand that' with your studies
you mingle play, which Is a good thing.
Every boy should play every game to
which he Is adapted, for he usually
works well who plays well. Fair play
In your games, and clean sport, will
make you play the game of life square
ly and fairly.; Don't try to get more than
your share, t Glvo the other fellow a
chance. Equality, of opportunity and
giving a dollar's worth of work for
every dollar you receive will make you
winners in the game of life." t
don the country has kept tn direct touch
with the American and British govern
ments. This state of affairs, which has
brought Iceland to a feeling of inde
pendence,, contributed to her not receiv
ing Denmark's recognition of her auton
omy so enthusiastically as might have
been the case In other chcumstances.v
As to politics, Iceland is unique. She
has none. There is no conservative or
liberal party in the country and the So
cialistic union that came into being a
couple 6f years ago is still without prac
tical significance-. - I i
"Thus far our industrial activity Is In
significant." said Dr. Claeaaon. "but
there Is now a question at utilizing the
land's enormous soyrces of .water power
under the direction of a commission of
which a section is visiting Sweden for
purposes of study,
Since 1916 IcelVnS has had total pro
hibition, but -no noticeable: thirst has
ensued. . Dr. Claesson stigmatises the
result as unsatisfactory. : As in Russia
and Sweden, when the lid is clamped on
too tight, people learn for themselves the
easy processes of home distilling and
productions of , Intoxicants, f in Iceland
numbers of liquor smugglers are earning
a good living. Nobody there, says the
doctor, need be without spirits.
Iceland vhas been acTly Wt by Influ
enza. 'The disease came Ini from Den
mark," England and America in three
such waves as led the medical men to
refer to them by their origin. iThe Dan
ish was worst and, the American mildest.
It dealt severely with Reykjavik, of
whose 17.004 people 300 4ied in a fort
night, Now it has nearly disappeared.
raised" By a tax on the value of land,
Irrespective - of improvements in: or on
it. and thereafter the full rental value
of land, ' irrespective of improvements,
shall be taken in lieu of all other taxes
for the maintenance of government and
t'ch other purposes as the people may
direct' " , J. R. HERMANN, i
'Olden Oregon
System, of Courts Established in the
Terltory in 1848.
When - the territorial government of
Oregon wae established In J848 by, act
of congress.. It was provided that the
Judicial power of the territory should he
vested in - a" supreme court, district
courts, probate courts and Justices of
the peace.: The. supreme court was to
consist of a ehief Justice and two asso
ciate Justices who were also authorized
to hold district courts ? In its largest
sense this supreme court was a federal
court, as It had Jurisdiction over mattes
of national relation, -
Ragtag and Bobtail
Stories From Everywhere.
The Last Warrior
IT WAS. round about, 1989. Old John
in years, says Life,- sat nodding and
dosing and dreaming: of those far-away
dayi.- Vv r .
-He remembered the crystal palaces
he had lived In - In -that ancient time.
Booms with great mirrors and a-aparkle
with glasses that seemed of maglo color.
Oh ! that' great war,", too, where he
had seen men fall like files, and many
drag themselves-to the rear, wounded
and staggering. .
, iie remembered that deep trench that
he tramped for years, it seemed. His
feet were always damp for the water
exuded from beneath continually. And
he had visions of men sending out calls
for help and red and green rocket-like
tmngs singing around his head.
"It was a glorious time and a elorioua
fight and we never quite licked the en
emy," he murmured with a smile.
And he smacked his Hps and closed
his eyes forever. For John Caasldy was
the last bartender.
1
Tie Superman
Tba man 1 give toaat to
And Praia -in thia aonnet
Ilaa nerer played boat to
A be In liia bonnet, . ,
liemarkably moderate,
Thoroughly aane.
Indeed odd and odder it
Seema to my brain ."'
So faw are inclined to
Gire heed to hia ton. -
Bnt atill hae a mind to
"ool ttewa of their own.
Tho.wiadom of flinal ia hi by the ilielf:
Of cuurae you dirin I allude to mjraelf. .,
l'hiladelphia Uvenlog Lodger.
. Oncle Jeff Snow Hays: :
Vox Populis.a feller that can be fooled
19 years hand runnin', sometimes, but
the next year he's liable to git h! nigh
eye half .open and swat some graft mo
hard with his 'ntnhatlve club that It
never comes outer Its swoon.
-r-
I'lr News in Paragraphs
World ihtppenings Briefed for Benefit
of Journal Readers
GENERAL' r
Nearly eight Inches of mow fell at
Helena, Mont, Saturday and Saturday
night. : '
Demobilisation of the army had re
leased up to Saturday 1,301,959 officers
and men. ; , ,
General George W. Ooethals returned
to cIvU life Saturday as a retired officer
of the army. - i
m The largest gas well In the Unfted
States has Just been utruck near Elk
City, Kas. The capacity i is 9,000,000
cubic feet daily. i ,
By a bill just passed by congress,
commanding officers are empowered to
mitigate' or remit sentence imposed by
courtmartial. .
With the blrtlt of-quadruplets, Mrs.
Annlnl l.lzrt of Philadelphia Is the
mother of 18 children. She is also the
grandmother of five. t
. Th,rty refrigeeator steamers with
100,000 tons of Argentine meat are
held up at Buenos Ay res by a strike
wjiich has been in progress- 46 day a
Congress has passed a bill authoris
ing the secretary of war to acquire land
in France for the burial of American
soldiers who lost their lives irt. the war.
A premature explosion of dynamite
Saturday night, probably intended to
destroy a woolen mill ;ut Franklin.
Mass., resulted in tho death of four
men...;. ; J--i. t f .
A petition signed by 409! soldiers and
sailors, requesting immediate relae of
all persons held in prison for reruxal to
take part in the war has been presented
to Secretary Baker. t :
"The Senate has passed a ill! nppropH.'
atlng $1,000,000 for a survey of all un
used lands owned-by the government
with a view of disposing; of them to
discharged soldiers. , j, V 1
Ships of the Merchants' it Miners'
Transportation company of New York,
engaged In coast traffic, i have been
turned back to private management by
tne railroad administration.
"Director General Pies states '"that
contracts for a total of 85 o&the 8000
ton B-type passenger and cargo steam
ers have been canceled because they
were not suitable for future needs.
1 i NORTHWEST" NOTES
Ten feet of snow wast reported at
Crater Lake SOnday. j
It is reported st Seattle that 12 feet
of snow Ilea on the summit of the Cas
cade mountains. - ' ,
Nearly 1000 overseas troops from the
Northwest are expected to. pass through
Portland this week. 1.
With an allotment of $416, the school
children of Lewis county have sub
scribed $557.50 to Armenian-Syrian re-'
lief. . ; . -. . f
For efficient service In the recent
Marshfield fire, citizens of that town
have presented the fire department
with $600. - '
E. E. Goodwin ot Vancouver was
killed at Washougat Saturday when be
was caught between two cars while a
train was switching. f
Eugene Benett who went. through 14
days of the (treat Argonne battle, where
he wan severely wounded,: has returned
to his home at Kelso.
: Februs ry was an "exceptions Hy wet
month in Astoria. The precipitation
was 11.29 Inches, there being only three
days In which no rain fell. - . ."
Fred Burke, a student from Port
land, wae badly Injured Saturday by an
explosion in the chemical laboratory
at the University of Washington.
Senator Borah of Idaho plans a vimt
to- Portland to spaak agaJnst the
League of Nations from the sanie plat
form occupied by ex-President Taft,
Among: recent army orders received
at Vancouver are those ' transferring
Captain W. "A. McCullough of the medi
cal corps to the Scott flying field at
St. Louia: . ; .:
' FOREIGN 1 ".'"
Another epidemic of influenza has
broken out at Barcelona, Spain.
The aoldiers' and workmen's 'Congress
at Munich has declared martial .law for
all Bavaria,
The Danish cabinet , resigned Satur
day as the result . of the complicated
situation ln Denmark. ;
The French government announces
Itself as pleaaed with the appointment
of Hugh C Wallace as ambassador to
France. ,r. j-.- f" i-. ."-,.'. , .
Two hundred thousand persons are
Idle in Berlin becauae of the general
strike, which is extending throughout
Germany,:..: -.v:--;:v-
Italy has agreed to a policy of com
promise and conciliation relative to con
flicting claim on the eastern coast of
the Adriatic.
Leon Trotsky, Bolshevik minister of
war, ha issued ' a proclamation at
Petrograd declaring a desire to main
tain peace with Finland. -
Thrift Stamp Ide Has Taken
Firm Hold
Storiea of achievement is the aosnmnla
tion of War Berlngi Stamp, aent to The
Journal and aerevted foe publication, will
be awarded . Thrift Stamp. 1 '
, It is difficult yet to value accur
ately or in some instance to perceive
all the war has brought to our na
tional life or pruned from it The
thing w -think little now may ap
pear to posterity the greatest The
Thrift Stamp Idea seem to be one of
these. " Originated as a war emer
gency measure. It has taken hold ;
ha appealed to the common sense of
America, and may yet shape the des
tiny of the nation.
Thrift Stamp and 1919 War Sav
ings Stamp now on sal at usual
agencies. '