The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, February 25, 1919, Page 8, Image 8

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Lexical conacqneneee are the scarecrows
of fools and tbe beacon of wiae awn.
Tbomaa Benry Huley.
YESTERDAY AT BOSTON
THERE can be no misunderstand
ing about the meaning of the
reception to the president at
. Boston yesterday.
The throngs are described as ex
ceeding anything in the history of
Boston. The spell of the occasion
even communicated itself to the
trained newspaper correspondents, as
is revealed between the lines in
their, accounts of the demonstration.
The president has been too much
attacked. He' has never deserved
many cruel things that have been
said of him. The people long ago
discovered his honesty of purpose,
his heart for the great living, throb
b'ng masses, his Justice of purpose
as respects every class and interest,
and their belief in him is such
that the attack of his critics have
only made the people's hearts beat
truer and stronger for their chief
magistrate. That is exactly what is
meant by the tremendous ovation
accorded him at Boston.
There was more than this In the
great scene which millions of Amer
icans read about yesterday. The
demonstration was a vote of con
fidence in the great enterprise
through which the president is striv
ing to save America and the world
from another lapse 'into -agonizing
and bloody welter. The same hunger
for a settled world that led . the in
dividual Frenchman, the individual
Briton and the individual Italian to
greet the president with wild ac
claim' burns in the heart of the in
dividual American.
v These--marching men, these crip
pled V boys," these noble dead have
created a worldwide desire for an
end of the madcap wars into which
Prusslanism plunged the. world, and
the great soul of yesterday's ovation
16 the president was the constitution
of the League of Nations which ho
has brought home to lay at the feet
orchis countrymen.
As In Boston yesterday, so it will
be 'found to be throughout this
great country. No other statesman
of his : time has stood in the same
light with his countrymen " that
Woodrow Wilson stands. He is
alone -and. unparalleled in -his day.
No man of any time has so tremen
dously appealed to the imagination
and met with such ungrudging ac
ceptance in the hearts of the mil
lions of so many lands. -.
Whether in Paris or Rome or
London or Boston, there 'is one
story only, and that to the heart
of mankind reaching out In acclaim
to the man who Is seeking to settle
the 1 world, to pacify it, Ho put It
under a new, - organized and war less
order. .
, Whether or not President Wilson
succeeds in his great enterprise of
peace and justice, it is a wonderful
thing for him to have become known
as he is known to mankind. If not
bow, the work he has begun will
some day have its fruition. Success
will probably crown his efforts and
he be spared to behold its consum
mation, but, should It be otherwise,
a day of fin'shment will come.
The .vision he has held up to men
Will never fade from sight. The
conception which he has revealed
to human thought will not be al
lowed to perish.
History -will ultimately write it
into the annals of the nations, and
name him as the first citizen of the
world in his time.
r In many respects, the present Ore
gon legislature has been the best
one . in a long period. Unless it
make a fool of itself in the last
hours, : which seems unlikely, its
record will do much to restore public
confidence in 'the legislative system.
- VANCOUVER AND GRAIN RATES
a' BIG grain movement down the
Columbia shouldhighIy interest
'Vancouver.
, That city may well expect to
lake .on deep sea activities. It is al
ready, a shipbuilding port. It can
.confidently expect to become, a port
' of arrival - and departure - of ocean
going vessels.
' Vancouver ! Is directly aid most
vitally concerned in ttie effort of In
land Empire farmers to secure lower
grain rates to tidewater. Today, its
concern In that enterprise mar Dot
bo ; so .apparent as .It 1 will be to
morrow and the days thereafter. The
Vancouver of this day Is .not ths
port that the Vancouver of the
future will be.
Occupying a site on the banks of
the Columbia with but small work
necessary to give her deep channel
to the sea, that port, with a rich
and extensive back country, will ul
timately get the benefit of its natural
geography, but the war to that
benefit is not in lethargy by Ijer peo
ple when a great effort is on like
tha of the Inland. Empire farmers
and shippers - to secure grain rates
that will heavily augment the move
ment of products through the Co
lumbia gateway.
The Inland Empire drive ought to
have a faithful and powerful ally in
Vancouver. ' ;
Andrew Rogosky is his name. With.
a loaded revolver and a blackjack
concealed on his person, he tried
to reach President Wilson's apart
ment at Boston yesterday. The name
Is not unlike that of Czolgosz. The
same kind of name figures much
now in scenes of violence. Are
people of the sort going to force
Americans to rid this country of all
their tribe?
THE AUTO SHOW
H VISIT to the Automobile Show
A robs of surprise the statement
that there are approximately six
million motor vehicles In the
United States, ' and that In Oregon
there is one for every eleven per
sons. The wonder is that there are
not more of them, so strongly do
they appeal to the demand of pleas
ure and utility. It was a great day
for mankind when the skid was
mounted on wheels.
According to tradition,Nsome Egyp
tian slaves were pulling a heavy
load of rocks on skids. A small
green log fell crosswise In front of
the load and rolled under the ad
vancing skid. To the amazement of
those pulling the skid the load be
gan to roll forward faster and easier
than anything they bad ever pulled
before. From this rolling trunk of
a small tree it was but a step to
the invention of the wheel.
The ability of man to better his
condition has been exactly in pro
portion to his ability to surmount
his physical limitations: to move
from an unfavorable to a favorable
location; to find a market for his
product and to acquire new ideas
and knowledge from other men.
dn 1782 the first through coach
service between Boston and New
York was inaugurated. It took six
days to make the trip. Ten years
later Thomas Jefferson, while secre
tary of state, suggested that' as post
riders between the two cities were
making only from thirty to fifty
miles a day he thought that with
relays of horses and men it would
be possible to travel one hundred
miles a day-and to , carry a letter
from New York to Boston in two
days and a half. The experiment was
triea and It was so successful that
it was applied to coach traffic. This
resulted in cutting down the time
between New York and Boston to
three days.
Later the Concord coach was in
vented and the highway was straight
ened by the elimination of curves,
which cut the distance from two
hundred and fifty miles to two hun
dred and ten miles. . The trip was
then made in two days. Now it is
made in less than one day.
A few years ago land dwindled in
value in proportion to its distance
from the . railroad. This condition
has been reversed by the introduc
tion of the automobile and auto
truck. The farmer who, owns an
automobile or truck and lives within
twenty miles of a shipping point is
today nearer the markets of the
world than the man whose land
formerly was within three or four
miles of the depot. This is in ac
cord with the . principle of economy
mat m order to be of value lands
must be accessible and their prod
ucts transferable to market at a
cos', that shall not consume the
value of the product in transporta
tion.
Transportation Is at the base of
Material progress. When transporta
tion facilities are increased the cost
of hauling grows cheaper, markets
widen, industry thrives and wages
increase.
The colored voters made Dainful
hours for various members of the
house at Salem when the measure
providing for colored equality was
under consideration. "There goes
Lewis," chorused by the members
when one Multnomah representative
was escaping from the house to
dodge roll call, was 'first class vau
deville. 1
THE KING SPEAKS
IN HIS speech at the opening of
parliament King George, among
other w'se sayings, asked parlia
ment "to spare no efforts in heal
ing the causes of the existing un
rest." He. used the irenic, concil
iatory word, "heal."
... And he recommended parliament to
heal causes, not symptoms merely.
There is little question that England
. on the verge of fundamental re
forms, it enjoys a responsible gov
ernment which, for a long course of
years, has conformed to the people's
will..; '
Whatever may be the situation In
other countries it is undeniably true
thai in England the people rule.
When the majority wants a measure
the majority get the treasure" with
out undue delay And once enacted
Into law ft cannot be annulled br
any court -
In England the courts do not
make and unmake the law. They con
tent themselves with administering
it. One of the courts once decided
that a law of parliament was uncon
stitutional, i Something quite unpleas
ant happened to the Judges. Since
then the attempt .has not been re
pea ted. . : j ;
GUARDING THE PRESIDENT
HERE was proper prudence at
1 Boston yesterday in taking full
precautions for protecting Pres-
: ident Wilson from possible vio
lence.
We are in a madcap world now.
The bullet wounds in Premier Clem
enceau are proof. The three assas
sinations in Bavaria are other evi
dence.
Bullets are being substituted for
brains by ill-poised minds whose
ideas of government are no govern
ment and whose choice of law is no
law. The bomb at the San Fran
Cisco preparedness parade was some
body's mad -notion of fitness, and the
10 innocent dead and the 40 maimed
arc example of how unft it was.
For k period now, we need not ex
pect all men to be normal. The ex
citable minds of anarchists, nihilists
and chaos breeders are most subject
to the influences of the Junglelsm
through which we have passed, and
there is no telling on what innocent
object or on what best friend of all
mankind, their crazy purposes will be
turned.
Most of mannind Is as If it had
been drinking blood and fed on raw
meat through the 51 months of
shambles. The , penalties of those
years of barbarism are brute' in
stincts aroused and' the undermining
of the better nature that centuries
of civilization hrve given man. The
violents are made more violent, and
ft is not beyond tl'e possibilities that
a new crop of Guitteaus and Czol
goszes may now try to vent their
fell purpose upon the highest and
best exemplars of existing systems
and social order.
The Roman empire was bothered
with the same problem of providing
for its discharged soldiers, that we
have to handle. The expedient finally
adopted was to settle them in "col
onies." Sometimes former propri
etors were dispossessed in order to
provide land for the troops. The
plan of appropriating 8100,000,000 to
bur tracts for . soldier settlements n
various parts of the United States
assures us that nobody will be dispossessed.-'
t)ur soldier colonies ,wlll
injure nobody and benefit countless
veterans.
THE PORT OF PORTLAND
fmm IE contention or tne oregonian
that the Port of Portland com-t
missionersa should be appointive
Dy me governor xor aerinue
terms, that vacancies should be filled
in the same way, and that the legis
lature should not be in position to
reorganize the body at will, is sound.
There is equal truth in that paper's
insistence that the port needs a com
mission of broad minded, public
spirited and energetic business men,
who will initiate and put through
policies for building up the port, be
in fact a central Institution of com
mercial energy. It should be in the
full sense of the term "a commission
to render "public service by facilitat
ing and promoting the commerce or
Portland."
All this makes the more Improper
the eleventh hour action at Salem,
In which the Multnomah delegation.
without warning or notice to the
people of the port, set about to re
organize the commission on its own
account. Persons were proposed
who could not possibly measure up
to manifest requirements with the
proposal that they be substituted
for men whose experience, knowledge
and record, are all that could be
desired. In a protest sent to Salem,
President Inman of the port com
mission said that if the framers of
the bill are working for efficiency,
ability and honesty of effort, they
have picked for decapitation the
three men on the commission that
fill the definition.
The general protest aroused by the
proposed action is evidence of the
need of ,a change In which the com
mission will not be allowed to per
petuate itself or be subject to bi
ennial meddling by the legislature.
Scarcely a session passes in which
the legislature has not made a. foot
ball of tbe commission, and on the
precedents established It may be ex
pected that the same practice will
continue unless a different method
of. naming commissioners is adopted.
NEAR ROSEBURG
r IS alluring to read of the im
provements which are making
along the Pacific highway . down
In the vicinity of Roseburg. Some
of them are done, some are under
way. The terrible hill that motorists
had to climb up and down to drive
from Roseburg to Myrtle Creek has
been cut out entirely.
Every driver remembers with a
shudder the -sharp turn at the edge
of a precipice just above Myrtle
Creek. It is a thing of : the past.
Tbe. new road follows the Umpqua
river, crossing It twice. It must
be a delightful drive.
Oregon's mountain scenery is as
fin i as any in the ' world, but it
never will attract travelers as it
might until the roads have been
properly graded and paved. As long
as - the traveler must take his life
in his hands in'. order to visit our
scenic beauties - he will be apt . to
choose some other' trip i Every im
provement in the roads means new
prosperity to the state.
And .our scenery "boosters" ought
to look after the hotels a little. A
hotel ; providing clean beds and good
board for travelers at moderate
rates is; a wonderful, drawing card.
Wa have many such. We need
more.
The threatened strike of the Eng
lish coal miners is likely to entail
sympathetic strikes In ether indus
tries. Something of the nature of a
"general strike" impends. Lloyd
George Is doing his utmost, to avert
the ealamity, but even his diplomacy
may fall. The miners are not ask
Ing merely for better, wages and
shorter hours. Their demands have
passed that stage. They want the
coal mines "nationalized" and the
vast body of British workers "back
their demand. It is a ticklish time
in England.
Letters From the People
ivwiwuiiiisuuw) tmv so assay j uuiuai tor yiw
notion in thi department anonld be written as
vu. wuv ikm vi we papw., Simula urn. exceea
AAA Mnml. 1. 1 .V. I i . . ... t 1 .1
ium roM.ii aaarem m mil man aceom
A Cause Beyond Cavil
Portland, Feb. 20. T the Editor of
ine J ournal Peaaimlsm . growing- out
of Premier Clemenceau's recalcitrance
and Premier Hughe outburst, it now
appears, was not sufficiently founded.
President Wilson's program, it Is re
ported. Is adopted in. full bv the Paris
conference, and Is put la actual opera
tion as me ultimate authority estab
lished by the war, when General Koch
sent an authoritative ultimatum to the
German government that there will be
no modification of the amitotic terms
mat "they are in full accordance with
President Wilson's 14 points." This
oeingr conceded by the German a-overn
ment. in its signed acceptance and es
tablished as the terms of the truce on
which they surrendered, the 14 points
will be ratified and become the perma
nent terms of peace the constitution of
the nations wrought out by the world
war. It is a recryataUisatlon of the
political principles regulating world
affairs. Germany challenged the world
wun the reassertion of a Pagan axiom
so long discredited by the human con
science as to be almost forgotten that
-mignt is right." "Germany is," as her
diplomats put It, "confronted by a state
of necessity, which knows no law." The
civilised nations of the worlr outside
oi two or three of Germany's neighbors
in outlawry, promptly accented the
challenge, and under the counter ban
ner of right is might, put their armies
in tne rieid, and swept the outlaw gov
ernments off the face of the earth. The
peoples of the subdued nations having
repudiated tne Junkers and their po
litical axioms, it becomes the logical
duty of the successful nations to act
in good faith and establish. In peace,
uia policies, the axioms of which en
abled them to win the war. Nothing less
will satisfy the people of America,
North and South, Europe, Asia, Africa,
Australia, Oceanica and Ireland. They
are not fellow worshippers with the
junkers, German, French or American,
or the god of war. They want a peace
which will be an enduring peace. But
as every flag has a background, as
every light shines in darkness and every
planet floats in a void, these now
newiy reasserted political axioms have
their negations. The woods are yet full
dt, clUxens who -nerer yield to fellow
'Creatures except under the Influence
of the club of might. They will have no4
other god. They will not see that might
involves also Justice, that it may be of
that permanence so necessary to the
human race, if not so obviously so to the
individual. They are the Philistines of
the. race, who connive at war from mi-
worthy motives. They are the secret
plotters, the falsifiers, the double croasers,
now on this side of the issue, now on that.
as their personal interests dictate,
They assume to have a most perfect
esoteric knowledge of "this old world.
and are always In noisy evidence with
their appeals to selfishness, narrowness
and prejudice. Tl.ey It was who, slink
ing in the corners of the conference,
made a goat of Clemenceau and of
Hughes, in hopes that the new flag, its
usefulness -now ended, might be re
placed again by the good old Philistine
rag, even so lately discredited by the
Germans Of "Gott mlt uns, recht Oder un-
recht." But we may hope, it now ap
pears, that a cause engaging : the fuU
strength of 100 millions of men and the
voluntary sacrifice of the lives of some
millions, is one beyond the reach of their
caviling and obstrucUve power.
J. B. ZIEGLER.
Social Ownership
Albany, Feb. 17. To the Editor of The
Journal The omission of a few words
in my letter of February 4 to Tie Jour
nal, which might have made clear the
necessity of social ownership of land
and machinery through the functions
of government, brought forth from the
peri of w. E. Pickel a most unique
piece of irony bearing a complete in
dictment of the attempt to place the
returning soldiers and others on the no
torious "logged off" land. This by men
who are so patriotic they will ciase
themselves all out of breath to have
some follow arrested for selling Socialist
papers, or to get some saloon keeper
to sign documents through which a
grabber might enrich our school fund
by giving the state $1.25 an acre for land
covered with trees, and then cut the
saw timber off so tie soldiers might
buy the land for farms at from $40 to
1200 an acre. Why not get back some
of that land that was acquired by sa
loon titles? The saloons were put out
of business because they were consid
ered a nuisance to society and that
should automatically cancel titles ac
quired through them. The government
has some good logging outfits and mills
and the timber, mills and men would
make a good combination to prevent un
employment. The boys could cut lum
ber to preserve American lives, rebuild
France and Belgium, and cut ties and
timbers for publicly owned railroads.
If some of the boys want to farm the
land that is suitable for farms, it can
be turned over to them, along with some
donkey engines, and as they cleared it
of stamps it would be clear In reality,
no mortgages, ana tney would have cap
ital With, which to work. Just social
ownership of the capital and democratic
management of the industry. Those who
did the work would choose the man
agers and dictate the policies, and they
would then not have to pay some cor
poration or Individual to uss the tools.
What a relief to capital that owns
a mill ! If these men got dissatisfied and
went a strike they would suffer, not
capital. If they wished to-work eight
or six hours a day It would be up to
them " to live on what they could pro
duce In eight or six hours, v Capital
would not be compelled to suffer for
their vickrasness. Being freed from the
burden of having to provide for hi
ployes and fear of trouble, capital could
beat his machine) guns Into-logging dogs
and his swords into saw teeth -and n-
Joy the long sought freedom from Cm
avarice of labor. In contemplating the
change from private to social owner
ship wo must not loss sight of the fact
that the use of "necessary brains" Is as
much of a factor In the production of
an article as the use of "necessary
muscle." and that the process of pro
duction of an article is never complete
until It is placed in the. hands of the
ultimate consumer. ' Thus brains and
distribution rise to the rank of labor.
W. S. RICHABPS
The Two Poindexters
Vancouver, Wash. Feb. zl. To the
Editor of The Journal Mr. Poindexter's
opposition to the League of Nations is
puzzling. Evidently Senator Polndexter
is presenting Miles Poindexter's private
views of the league, and assuredly
Miles Poindexter's opinion of it differs
very widely from the opinion of Sena
tor Poindexter's constituents. In ISIS,
when we. the progressives of the state
of Washington, gave Senator Polndexter
such an assuring majority, we gave it
feeling -that he was a progressive.
What can we think of him today? He
is blurting out some stuff anent 177S,
1812, 1S47, 1861, etc. The days of the
ark. Elijah's chariot of fire, and Jehu's
race horses are not our days. We live,
move and have our being in the year
1919. Finally, it is quite right that Miles
Polndexter be permitted to believe what
is pleasing to him, but it is quite wrong
that Senator Polndexter should be paid
for misrepresenting us, his constitu
ents. A REPUBLICAN.
Personal Histories From War
Portland. Feb. 9. To the Editor of
The Journal. It is an axiom of Ai story
that great crises always produce great
leaders. This war has been no excep
tion. With the war ended be can begin
to take an inventory of the names that
will go down in history. Let us begin
with politics. While his race had been
run and his fight fought when the war
began, it is not too much to include
the late Mr. Roosevelt. It was he
who saw the danger to which we were
drifting and warned the citizenry of
this country. His outspoken American
Ism, his philippics on slothful de
generacy, and "fatted ease" are still
fresh in memory and need no comment.
Mr. Roosevelt made mistakes and as a
matter of course made enemies. But
what man worth his salt that does not
have an enemy? Woodrow Wilson is
still, in the making. Time, that great
sculpture, is still taking out a chip here
and a chunk there. The minutes of the
congress at Versailles are yet to be
written. It is too early to say how far
reaching his influence will be in that
conference, the most momentous since
the congress of Vienna, a century ago.
But his messages and state papers alone
will insure him a place in history, es
pecially on that memorable April 2, 1917,
in which he appealed to his countrymen
"to make the world safe for democracy."
Of all the many names in British
political life, Asqulth, Balfour, Church
ill, and Sir Edward Grey, Lloyd George
is easily first. He has been a man of
strong convictions. He steered a straight
course that he set for himself regard
less of the opposition of enemies or the
pleadings of friends but has ever and
anon been called back to the British
helm. Of him, like Of that ancient
Greek, it may well be said. "They love,
they hate and yet can't do without him."
To come to France. She also has her
man that came back in Clemenceau, or,
as he has been familiary known "the
Tiger." He has nursed his revanche a
long time for the lost provinces of
Alsace and Lorraine. I imagine it Is
a grim smile indeed that covers his
face, with France back with her lost
children and the allied armies on the
Rhine.
Unity has been the underlying princi
ple of the war. Italian unity has be
come an accomplished fact, for which
the present king of Italy and premier
are responsible. What Venizelos of
Greece will be able to bring home from
the Versailles conference is of specula
tion. Certalnty-the sins of the treacher
ous Constantino should not be visited
upon the Greek people. And if the
principle of self-determination is to be
made the keynote of the peace confer
ence. Grecian unity ought to become as
much of a fact as "Italia Irredenta."
However, if the Balkan wars of 1912
1913, which he sprung as a complete
surprise upon the Germanic powers are
a criteron, Prenier Venlselos ought to
bring home the bacon. I think he will.
CARL N. GRILL.
Limiting Money Fortunes
Athena. Feb: 12. To the Editor of
The Journal John A. Rasmussen, in
his letter, "Legislation Worth While,
said a lot in a few words, but how vain
are his longings. Doesn't be realize
what a handicap he would put on the
world If the large fortunes were broken
up and there were 10.000 fortunate men
in place of one Rockefeller? Doesn t
he realize that John Pierpont Morgan
charges more for one case of scrambling
or unscrambling, organizing- or reor
ganising, financial legerdemain than
this limit would allow? How such a limit
would cramp the soul of such a wizard
in the accumulation of other people's
money ! The Rubicon of exalted afflu
ence could never be crossed, and the
gilded palaces and yachts would be an
oriental dream. Fortunes limited would
mean poverty limited and wealth could
not properly enjoy itself, except by con
trast. There are none of us who will ever
have $100,000 and if we could not play
for more than that the very seat of life
would be gone. We must have the In
centive ; besides, Mr. Rasmussen's idea
is very Socialistic and he is leading on
to dangerous ground.
He must remember he is combating
an idea 10,000 years old. The biggest
monkey always sat in the biggest tree
and had nuts gafore when the other
monkeys had none. And our beautiful
precedent, that to him that hath more
shall be given, has come on down
through the ages from the days of
monkeydom. And a precedent is a
precedent, sanctum sanctorum.
IT. B. WOOD.
Mortgsge of 1000 Years
From the SprinsfieM Republican
It was urged the other day by a Brit
ish peer that Germany be "mortgaged
for 1000 years, but a thousand years
is a long time.
In 919 the Danes defeated King Niall
Glundubh, near Dublin, and In 2919 for
all we know a Maori chief may be sur
veying the ruins of London ; the changes
at any rat will be quite as stupendous
as they have been since 919. It would
b quite as sensible to speak of mort
gaging Germany for all eternity.
Census Suggestions
From taw Mew Tort Erenins Poet
As work on th fourteenth census
should begin in a few months, it is a
pertinent suggestion of General Crow
der's that his organisation might in
large part be taken over or imitated
by the census bureau. Th last census
was not completed in th period set by
law for expansion of th census force-
tare fiscal years, 1909-1912. In that
period $7,250,000 was expended, for field
work, and more for other purposes.
General Crowder boasts of enumerating
24.000,000 men in lour days, with a clas
sification of their domestic and indus
trial status, at small expense. No full,
comparison is possible between the cen
sus bureau's task, extending to agri
cultural, industrial, and other investiga
tions of great complexity, and tbe lim
ited task of arranging the draft J no
full comparison is possible between it
and the simpler census of European na
tions, which have lagged behind us In
th scop and thoroughness . of their
numerations. But it would be strange
COMMENT. AND
SMALL CHANGS -
Dont take yourself too seriously.
u Three cheers $or Clemenceau and a
ier." - ; , - y
a m a
. We nets that the circus downs have
formed a union. That's funny.
Some' persons seem determined to do
all in their power to make it a "league
of notions."
Wonderif the visiting hotelmen all in
sist upon outside rooms with bath, or
Just outside rooms.
President Wilson was away from
home more than 80 days. He didn't go
round the world, but he had most of the
world around him.
"Gener.l" Coxey says he is going to
reorganise his army to "fight for whis
key.? We believe that the general won't
have to resort to the draft for recruits.
"Cannot roll off the brush. is one of
the good points advertised for a dental
cream, which suggests that Burbank
has yet some improvement to make on
the green- pea.
JOURNAL MAN AT HOME
By Fred Lockley.
(Parila of ariators ara asain diseuMed by Mr.
Iioekley in an article in which ara Incorporates
otMeirationa of a Canadian air fisbter and cer
tain reaUniaeenoaa of Major Biddle. American,
who haa decided viewi oa the object of tbt
naa of parachutes hi connection with airplane. J
In England ' I met a most likeable
young Canadian, Lieutenant Harvte, an
officer in the Royal flylnar corps. He
had experienced many narrow escapes,
twice having his machine brought
down, once in the water, whers he floaty
ed for several hours before being res
cued by a French gunboat.
"Most of us are willing to 'go west i
in fact, we have seen so many of our
pals killed that we rather expect it ; but
what we don't like." said Lieutenant
Harvie, "is to be killed needlessly. The
Germans equip their aviators with para
chutes so they can step out of a falling
plane ; but with us. if anything goes
wrong or if our petrol tank gets afire
we are either burned up or fall to our
death. My pal, whom I loved as a
brother, was sacrificed needlessly In
this way." If he had been equipped with
a parachute as our balloon observers
are, he would be alive today."
a a
Major Charles J. Biddle. an Amer
ican ace and a winner of the Croix de
Guerre, writing in Air Service of the
work of our aviators, says:
"This subject of parachutes for air
planes is very interesting and one to
which too much attention can hardly be
paid. At the end of the war, parachutes
were in common us in the German air
service both for single seater and two
seater machines, while so far as I have
been able to learn they were never put
into actual service on the front by any
of the allies. Both the French and the
American air services had been experi
menting with them, but certainly none
was ever used at the front in the Amer
ican service.
"Over and over again, German pilots
and observers were saved 'by taking to
their parachutes, and I happened per
sonally to know of several Instances. In
the course of the first Argonne offen
sive a German single seater Igpkker
was shot down in flames in our lines.
The pilot would certainly have been
burned to death If his machine had not
been equipped with a parachute folded
into the. shape of a cushion on which
he sat. With this he was able to Jump
overboard and landed without a scratch.
a
"On Sunday, November 10, the last
day of the war before the armistice
went into effect, I watched a German
two seater Rumpler which was making
a long distance photographic reconnais
sance in our -Unas, being shelled by
French anti-aircraft guns. Having
watched similar performances for about
a year and a half without having seen
a machine brought down. I was about
to turn away, when a shell burst close
to the Hun plane and it started, into
a dive and then fell Into a spin. The
Hun was at a height of about 17.000
feet when he started down and almost
THE QUESTION
By Charles
Special Correspondence to The Journal and the
Chicago Daily Newa
Paris. Because of the stand taken by
Oie peace conference against the an
nexation of the German colonies and the
general determination permsnently to
end wars of aggression, what shall b
done henceforth to meet th wants of
naUons having densely populated terri
tory and high birth rate, with colonial
possessions Inadequate to furnish out
lets for their surplus population? This
question has been raised by the Japanese
peace delegation. Sine the growth of
this virile population has ranked among
the most important developments in his
tory, the matter cannot be ignored.
On the other hand, small, peaceable
na'ions, like Switzerland and Norway,
are not worrying over the absence Of
colonies, and are content to deal with
problems of internal welfare. .Evidently
the solution of the disposition of the
surplus populations must be found in
the Intensive development of horn lands,
while the absence of war and th gen
eral improvement of governmental con
ditions will permit the planting of waste
if the census bureau could not draw
some lessons from General Crowder's
efficient machinery. Is it really neces
sary, for example, to give enumerators
a fortnight to a month for their work?
A Hobble Keeps the Colt in Sight
From the Vale Enterprice
At first we did not think much Of
Oswald West's S per cent tax limitation,
but if it were hot for the people passing
that law the present legislature would
be figuring how much would be th
state's capacity to pay instead of how
little will efficiency in Btate government
absolutely need. We are not sure but
it is a good law to have in force at the
present extravagant times. The only
.,.tts.n i. will it tend to keep taxes
higher than necessary In ordinary con
ditions. Warning to Barking Senators
From the Woodbunt Independent
Labor interests are backing President
Tr-n. in hia iwic conference course.
Republican members of the United
States senate may Imagine they are
playing gOOO pouues in eivereijr win-
-i-it. tiia nrMidnt in hi 8 attitude be
fore the peace conference, but they are
not playing the game n tne ngm man
ner. Before they know it there will be
a labor party in this country. Great
-i iiw aTfwnanta aiamnla will
be emulated her if th Republican lead
ers in the senate continue to bark so
much.
Publicity Put in the Record
Tries the Haa Fraaeiseo Battens .
kt. tha riaw when the late J.
t.. Vnytt delivered his 'celebrated.
albeit too lengthy, panegyric'on Duluth,
which although mtenaea as a stam at
an appropriation for the development of
... m.i lake nort. reallt broved the
beat advertisement th placo could have
had. ha there oeen , anyining recoraea
in th pages of that sterling, conserva
tive publication. th Congressional
Record, more exciting than the recent
.w.n hw Ranraaentative Nick Sinnott
of Oregon. In which h described Crater
lake in th following language r -
"Crater lake cauldron-Ilk . and circu
lar, 7000 feet high. Is perched amid th
NEWS IN BRIEF
I-,.. t OREGON SIDELIGHTS
A choral society is in process of or
ganisation at The Dalles.
Salem's CherrUnsT banquet, postponed
from Monday night, is to be held Friday
night
. v.v e a . a
Dallas council has taken first steps
toward building a big lot, of new side
walk as soon as work can bs got under
way.
It would not be a bad stroke of busi
ness, the Observer believes, and would
please the people greatly if La Grande s
auto dealers would have an auiu suuw
there this spring.
Sk SI Sh - '
A subscription is in progress at La
Grande for the purpose of donating uni
forms to the lately organised O-w. R.
AN. band, which is described as "not
a commercial organisation., organised
for the purpose of making money, but
on organised for the community bet
terment and to iurnisn musio xor pairi
otic and public functions."
Immediately the observer tumbled com
pletely out of the machine. He had no
parachute and, as may be Imagined, he
could not have made a worse landing
than h did had he had one. After the
machine had fallen to a height of about
11.000 feet the pilot righted It and jumped
overboard with a' parachute, leaving his
machine to come down by itself and
crssh into a thousand pieces. For 10
minutes we stood and watched the pilot
as he floated slowly down and finally
landed unhurt in our lines. When we
questioned him, he told us that as
everyone was' expecting the armistice
to go into effect at any moment, his
squadron commander had said that no
one need fly who did not wish to. He
and his observer had decided to take
a little Joyrlde, however. Just to see
what was going on behind our lines.
"It seems veryllkelythat Major Luf
bery might have been saved had be been
equipped with a parachute. His plane
was set on fir during a combat but
the only bullet which, struck him was
ona which hit one of his fingers. Hs
did his best to bring his ship to th
ground, but by the time he had reached
a height of 2500 feet he saw that it
was useless and evidently took on
chance in & thousand In trying to Jump
into the Moselle river, over which he
was flying. H was able to Jump clear
of the burnlnr Diane, but fell in a flower
bed near the river and was killed.
,
" 'Guardian Angels.' as the parachutes
are called, are unquestionably excellent
things, although I know of at least one
Initiiuo sham nna mi used in a WSV
that the Huns perhaps never intended
it should be. in tne summer oi xi.e,
during th fighting around Rheims. a
rionnnn tmrr. Matoi WBJt -fi-tt&Cked bV
several French Spads. In his efforts
to escap the Hun pilot put his ma
chine into a spin and kept it spinning
-..--1 (hmt.anH rMr. Th observer
evidently lost his nerv and thought
that his pilot had been Kiiieou wnere-
w Via (nilV f rim Ti frillta. Tllt life
UfiVU 4 1 J nw r. v v ...v . -
fore the machine reached ground th
pilot righted it ana Tiew saieiy oacn
ti hu own iinM hut without his ob
server, wh. with his parachute, cam
down equally sareiy in our unes.
a m
"In spit of such mishaps, th para
chute should lend a great oeai oi aaai
tlonal confidence to pilots and observ
ers in either peace or war flying. The
one thing which every flying man
dreads more than anything else is the
possibility of fire, and it is in this case
particularly that th paracnute wouia
b invaluable.. " Undoubtedly th ap
paratus would be the -means of saving
many lives, ano w cannot s;ei in
general us in th ft service too soon. As
developed by th Germans, parachutes
can be. packed into such a small space
that th - smallest airplanes may ba
equipped with them, without ny moon
venlene to the pilot."
OF COLONIES
H. Dennis
places by workers crowded from over
populated territory. Th abolition of
wars of aggression through the opera
tion of th League of Nations must serve
to eliminate the main reason for desiring
physical bigness either on the part of
warlike countries or countries menaced
by warlike nations, since any beneficial
culture should find abundant new fields
inviting growth.
Italy furnishes an example of a dense
ly populated nation looking to th fu
ture to safeguard sound Internal poli
cies. It is planning the expropriation
of great land holdings, th substitution
of smalt holdings, the reclamation of
much waste land and the development
of Its aboundant water power. Thus,
despite lack of coat and raw materials,
Italy is becoming an important manu
facturing country. Through ample and
efficient labor it is extending its rail
roads and is engaged largely in th
world carrying trade from old and also
Important newly acquired harbors.
(Copyright, 1919, by th. Chicago Dally
News company.)
peaks. Perpendicular sides of shaggy
lava rise over a thousand feet from
waters of indigo blue, six miles across
and 2000 feet deep. To the scientist a
mighty volcano, collapsed within Itself,
Mt. Masama, 15.000 fet , high, tele
scoped. To tbe poet, th sea of silence,'
a lake of mystery. .To me, a shell hoi
of a war of worlds who knows t Could
the great blind poet have , seen this
marvel ere his pen had Lucifer and his
host of rebel angels
Barled keadloDc, flaming from the ethereal afcy
With hideona rain and eombuation down
in Mil tonic imagery here he'd have
found th impact."
This is certainly a graphic descrip
tion of "Where Lucifer Lit," and if Rep
resentative Slnnott's efforf cannot b
described as putting apples of gold in
pictures of silver, refining pure gold and
painting th lily, then there Is no such
thing as hyperbole. -
Will our own John t. Raker of
Modoc with its majestic lava beds and
other evidences of the time when chaos
struggled with entity ; "where long ago
the Titans fought and hurled for mis
siles mountains" ; , will our own Con
gressman -Church, whos district em
braces the wondrous Yosemite, permit
this to stand as the solitary tribute to
only on of th many areas of grandeur
the Pacific coast can boast, or will they
give California Its meed of publicity
through th same medium and by more
graphic description of Its greater won
ders draw attention to their existence?
Olden Oregon
Joab Powell Holder of Brevity Record
' for Prayer in Senate ,
Probably the shortest prayer, and what
would doubtless be considered th most
appropriate, ever offered In th Oregon
senat was on delivered by Joab. Powell,
a pioneer preacner no tea tor his cen
rlclty mad nativ ability. It appears
that tne senat nad been carrying out
a policy which th Rev. Powell did not
approve; so on morning when he was
invited to serve as chaplain he made
his position - clear In these words : "O
Lord, forgive them, for they know not
what they do. Amen." .
Ragtag; and Bobtail
Stories From Everywhere.
Why Fool With an Old Wishbone?
phey were dining off fowl in a
restaurant, says th Saturday Jour
nal. "Tou aee." h explained, as he
showed her the wishbone, "you take hold
her. Then, we must both make a wish
and pull, and when It breaks- the one
who has th biggest part of it will have
his r her wish granted."
"But I don't know what to wish for,"
she protested.
w "Oh, you can think of something. he
said. - ....
'.'No, 1 can't, she replied ; "I can't
"I". ?.f jnytn'ng 1 want very much."
"Well, m wish for you." he exclaimed.
"Will you, really," she asked.
' ZXSa "
Well, then, there's no use fooling
with the old wishbone," she Interrupted,
with a glad smile j "you can have ma."
The Friendly-Woodrirs
, Tb wood fire la the old friend
The ona that talks to rota,
AnA when it eomea to aincta ,
It's fond at alncia'. toot
Toe cas logs aha
The red apart flying high,
Iba old woodflre
Sinaa: "Happy day ooa by I"
Vine and friendly fire
That a what it ee- eeems;
Since about old cwaeUtearte,
, UaJiee yon dream eweet dreamt!
Farewell to maimer!
. Aatnmn tafeea hie placj
To hear the wood fir ainainc
On the old time fireplace. ,
f -Atlanta Conatitutloa.
L'nelo JelT Snow Says:
Bobby Schlagmeler speaks from expe
rienc when he tells us that th punish
ment of th ex-kaiser- la th worst ever.
Bobby haster saw 'bout so much wood
fer his mother 'for he goes to school
very mornin', or" els -saw twicet as much
of a Saturday, and he 'lows he wouldn't
punish even th ex-kalser by makin
him saw wood fer a whole castle full of
wops and slackers th way the Dutch
don to him. "Bobby mebby hain't read
the papers very correct, but h sure
knows a growtn' boy's opinion of wood
sawln .
The News in Paragraphs
World Happenings Briefed for Benefit
of Journal Readers
OEfJEniT.
An armed Villa band was reported
I XtZ tiJ " mu- Bouth ot
Lieutenant C. L. Price, stationed at
Waco, Texas, was killed Sunday when
his airplane fell 160 feet.
Miss Delia Chapin Torrey. 92 years
Sld.'.vunt iSf -Presldent Taft. died at
Millbury. Mass, Sunday night.
VTh treasury department announces
that subscriptions to the fourth Liberty
loan amounted to $6,993,072,260.
General March's weekly report on
Saturday shows that 1.K4.E1S soldiers
have been released from the army.
Two hundred men are thrown out of
work as the result of a fire in th
Denn copper mine near Bisbee, Arls.
General Bennett If. Toung, commander-in-chief
of the United Confeder
ate veterans from 119 to 1916, died at
Louisville, Ky., Sundsy.
Major Albert Smith, who has made th
trip, declares a 48-hour aerial mall
servlc between New York and Hun
Diego may be maintained every day in
the year. .
Among the officers who landed at New
York from France Sunday were Colonel
John Poison of Boise, Idaho, and Major
J. M. Hand ley of Mandan. N. t)., judge
in th fifth Judicial district of that
stat. .
NORTHWEST NOTES
Twenty-six of Umatilla county's
young men made the supreme sacrifice In
France.'
Plans have been drawn for a home
for the order of Moose at Aberdeen to
cost. $10,000. ...
Andrew-Stora of Ma rah field received
a gross -Income during 1916 of 19040
from 40 cows. '
Two feet of snow and the thermometer
four degrees below sero. is the report
from. Meacham.
Ban ford Black. one of the earliest of
Lewis county pioneers, Is dead at Ta
coma, aged 71 years.
The -Polk County Farmers Coopera
tive Warehouse company at Dallas has
declared a six per cent dividend.
For being drunk and having liquor
In his possession. Tony Den ten was
fined (226 and costs at Centralis.
Jacob Koch and his 9-year-old daugh
ter were killed in an automobile acci
dent at Ritzville, Wash., Sunday.
' N. K. Burnett, convicted at Olympla
for killing his wife snd two cnildren,
has been sentenced to imprisonment for
life.
On account of .greater profits, many
orchardlsts of Hood River sre planning
to - increase their pear acreage this
year.
Alvin Kay of Garden City, Pacific
county, died Wednesday at th Presidio,
San Francisco, where he was awaiting
hia discharge. .
After being under Influensa -quarantine
fpr 17 weeks, th state school for
the deaf and dumb at Gooding, Idaho,
ts again free.
-Efforts are being made at Hood
River to secure the old 12th company,
Oregon C. A. C, for the fourth of
July celebration. -
Formal dedication of a recreational
home for convalescent wounded men at
Camp Lewis, erected by the Red Cross,
took place Sunday afternoon.
Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Rlsse of
Tenino, have received word from the
War department that their son, Mike,
was killed in action October 20.
The grand Jury st Astoria recom
mends that -all confiscated liquor be
given to the Red Cross or some other
hospital for some useful purpose.
Wash., for holding up and robbing th
Jassengers on a Great Northern train
anuary 21 at garnish station, has con
fessed.
Ward ! received in Chehalls that
Lieutenant, J. E. Murray, former city
attornev of Chehalis. had been dis
charged from the army and was on
his way home. -.
FOREIGN
The American camp at Is-sor-Tille.
rnuiM. has been destroyed by fire.
Th loss is estimated at $200,000.
Tha German naval Port of Wil-
helmshaven has been occupied by gov
ernment troops without fighting.
- A pair of bedroom slippers, worn by
die Walter Scott an 1831. were sold at
auction in London Saturday for $78.75.
The allied troops on February 19 In
ttnrtharn' Russia Dunned forward 25
miica. caoturlng 60 prisoners and much
war material. .
The first special leav train departed
from Coblens Sunday night carrying
1000 American soldiers to recreation
centers in France.
A meeting was held In Frankfort
Saturday to appeal for enlistments In
the volunteer army, and recruits were
called for by a German regular army
officer.
Purposes of W. S. S.
Campaign Expressed Briefly,
Stories of achievement la Om aocamol.
tlea o( War Serine Stampe, eeat to 1 he
Jewnaal and accepted for ph Karat ion. wiil
, be awarded a Thrift Stamp. 1
The purpose of the National Thrift
campaign to be promoted throughout
th United Statec for th rest of this
year, may b briefly put, thus : To
ducat th people of th United
States to spend wisely, save intelli
gently, avoid waste, and Invest safe
ly in Thrift Stamps and' War Sav
ings Stamps.
' Thrift Stamps and 1919 War Sav
ings Stamps now on sal at usual
agencies.