The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, February 23, 1919, Page 62, Image 62

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    THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL, PORTLAND, SUNDAY I.IORNING, FEBRUARY Z3, 1919.
TRUCK AND CAR :
PRODUCTION TO
REACH 1,500,000
f- " MMBBSBSBMBSBMBRMKSMSSSBMS
V pedce Time Readjustment Will
Permit Manufacture Reaching
Three Million Mark.
MILLION NEW CARS YEAR LY
fjndustry Will Be Doing Wonders
to Handle Half of National
Demand, Says Official.
In order to be fully able to care for
automobile wants during 1919 produc
tion of motor cars, "both passenger cars
and trucks, should touch the 3,000,000
mark. It is doubtiul If this mark will
be reached because of the necessity of
'- wee pinfe readjustment to peace-time
conditions. If the 1.500,000 mark is.
reached the trade will be doing wonaers,
according to Mr. Perry, In charge of the
Washington office of the National Au
tomobile Chamber of Commerce.
As conditions now stand there is a
shortage of 700,000 automobiles in this
- country and Jittle probability of there
v being any change during the year.
"Normally," says Mr. Perry, "the auto
mobile output increases 40 per cent a
year.. Had this average been maintained
during the last three years last year's
output would have been-2,250,000 cars.
Actually, production was about half of
this figure. In 1915 and 1916 there were
abnormal increases of 50 and 80 per
cent, respectively. During the year 1917
this dropped to 17 per cent. Taking it
over the four-year period the differ
ence between actual production and
what it should hae been under the
normal rate of increase is about 700,000
machines."
Manufacturers in the past have fig
ured the life of a motor car at ap
proximately five years. This means
that of over 5,000,000 motor cars in use
in this country one fifth are renewed
each year. Speaking of the life of the
car, manufacturers do not mean the car
Is worn out in five years, but rather
that due to the constant changing body
styles and improvements in motor con
. struction, after this length of time a
car becomes obsolete, with no market
for it. Of late there has been a change
In this respect. Body styles have to a
great measure become standardized and
improvements in motor construction
have not been radical, but rather in
the way of refinements tending toward
economy or smoothness of operation.
Due to these conditions it has been esti
mated the average life of the car has
been increased one year from five to
six. s
-3;
, Oil Trouble Shown
By Smoke Issuance
When a light gray smoke issues from
the exhaust in winter, it may be taken
as an indication that the oil level is high
and the lubrication consequently exces
"sive. - This may he due to the fact that
water or gasoline has leaked into the
""case and become mixefe with the oil.
f If pump lubrication is employed, water
J getting in here and settling to the bot-
torn may freeze and cause the oil pump
', gears to shear off, or some part of
j the pump driving system may be twisted
off when the engine is turned over.
' Again, water collecting in an oil pipe
! may freeze and stop the flow of oil to
? the bearings. At best, the oil is thick
i In cold weather and flows to the parts
; needing It rather sluggishly until the
engine is thoroughly warmed up.
Ratio of Motors to
People Is 18 to 1
There is now one motor vehicle truck
or passenger car for every IS persons
In the United States. Two states Iowa
; and Nebraska have one car or truck for
! each seven persons, or one for every
: one and one half families, on a basis of
; five to a family.
By Sara Raddon
DROWSING in wide and easy chair,
Basking in the fire-place glare,
Secure and safe from howling wind and
Driving rain,
I doze and nod.
And dream,; and seem to be
Stretched out beneath a giant fir tree,
Sprawled at length upon the sod,
"Out there" again; right close to God.
"Out there" where life is worth the while,
Where nature beckons with a smile;
Out where the balsam-laden air ,
Is the forest's antidote for care ;
Where a man can take his warpinjfsoul
And breathe down deep
And make it whole.
Where the trout-stream purls a slumber song,
Where a pine-boUgh bed makes a fellow strong.
f
Out where the deer-trails point the way .
To the rising sun at break of day.
Where things are big, and the skies are blue:
Where a man's a man, and life rings true,
Where a chap can think, and welcome the mood
To commune with himself in the solitude.
But the winter wind?
It canfrot last.
What just then shook
This snug retreat,
My ingle nook?
'Twas Boreas' almost dying blast
Fleeing before
The warm Chinook,
The hearthstone blaze
Still seems to shed
The welcome heat
From camp-fire rays,
And brings again in reveria
Fond visions of
"Vacation days."
, .
When it's time to get pftt and get under the car, and tighten the
springs and take out the jar; clean up the engine; scrape under
the hood, fill up the grease cups and pump the tires good : andyj
whether a twin-six or an old hunka tin, when the reels and the
guns are tucked snugjy in ; with the frying pan, too, and the black
coffee pot, and the bedding protecting the grub that you've bought;
and the family's all set and r'arin' to go, when you test 'er in high
and test 'er in low; when you step on 'er tail and she picks up the
juice, and you speed from the city and know you're foot-loose ; and
you head for the country, the fields and the hills, each turn of the
wheel brings you boyhood-like thrills; when the lure of the open
starts your senses a reelin',
Oh, ain't it a grand anda glorious feelin.'?
R'arin' Tank Symbols Victory
l i K K V. K 91
Holt's Invention Bests Hun
By D. M. A?ey
In th. Iron Trade BeTiew
So long as artists shall picture the
great war, just so long will they depict
the r'aring. crashing tank as the symbol
of allied -victory. That ponderous for
ward waddle, inspiring and sustaining
to friend, menacing and terrible to foe,
is representative of the irresistible force
which gathered to crush the Hun.
Ericsson, almost overnight, devised
the "eheesebox on a raft," which suc
cessfully removed the peril of the first
ironclad. But the German general staff
ir. 40 years of forethought failed to
evolve a protection against the cross
country battleship. The tanks "treated
'em rough" to the eleventh hour of the
last day's fighting.
it-
Give your Battery a Chance
to get its ff Second Wind"
DIGHT now, after the hard service
through the summer. If you
f know what hot weather and long night
drives take out of a battery, you can
appreciate 'the need of a "tuning-up"
for the fall season with its early dusks
and sharp mornings. Our
V
Battery Inspection
goes a long way toward "keeping a good
battery good." Take advantage ,of it now.
If minor repairs are needed, let us save you
money by making them now. We do care
ful, conscientious work, using Gould parts
including the famous Dreadnaught Plates.
We think the Gould Battery
u the best in the world.
Next time you need a net
battery, let u tell you why.
Rathkey Battery Co.
T
i
1 n
L- Of :" REPAIRED
AND RECHARGED
389 OAK STREET
See
Our Equipment
Auto Show
at the
T
As times passes and the great forces
of the war, which, together brought vic
tory, are seen in their true light, the
allied nations will .recognize yet more
plainly the debt of gratitude which they
owe to Benjamin Holt. His inventive
genius evolved the engine witlch lays Us
own track. Without this one funda
mental idea, the tank would have been
impossible and the huge tractors which
dragged the heavy guns to the front
would not have been known.
in tne Holt plant at Peoria, 111., at
the old plant of the same company at
Stockton, Cal., In foundries, machine
shops, automobile plants, structural
shops and assembling establishments
throughout the country, thousands of
skilled workers have toiled day .and
night to bend Holt's invention to the
lasK or beating the Hun.
No single mechanical invention In the
great war did more In a mechanical
way to bring victory than did this ma
chine designed for the uses of rtfAff
The plowing engine metamorphosed be
came me juggernaut.
How Idea Was Bora
ine marsny tule lands of the San
Joaquin delta, near Stockton rai
brought to Benjamin Holt's mind some
15 years ago the need of a tractor that
would negotiate the spongy soil, water
soaked in swale and hummock, yet rich-
xur. noii naa widened the wheels of
ms steam tractors until they totaled 36
feet, 18 feet on either side, and still
they sank. Then he attacked the prob
lem from a new angle. He invented the
tractor which carried its own track, laid
11 aown, rolled over it, and picked it up
trcituru ana men again ad Infinitum.
The idea is not new. The builders of
the pyramids no doubt applied the same
principles in rolling the immense stones
over the flood lands of the Nile. But
Benjamin Holt was the first to sub
stitute one practical moving force to the
whole sequence of operations.
The caterpillar tractor nrnvAil
I the solution of the problem of farming
..v .t,UD. it was equally well appreci
ated and utilized for. plowing the cane
brakes of Cuba, the sugar beet patches
of Hungary ; for hauling supplies across
the deserts, and freight in the frozen
northlands ; for pulling stumps in a Xew
York reservoir, for freighting ore in the
mountains.
The crawl track principle turned en
gine power into pulling power where
tne bearing and traction properties of
the soil were at a miniHium. Foreign
landowners appreciated this tractor, and
roacnines were shipped abroad in quan
tity from Peoria. At this point fate
played a peculiar turn.
In Hungary these tractors were used
principally on the great estates of the
nobility. Invariably these same land
owners were officers in the army, to
whom farming was merely an avoca
tion. The Austrian secretly had con
structed a number of huge Skoda how
itzers, the largest siege sruns known ;
but the problem of transporting these
monsters was unsolvable.
By chance, about 1911 or 1912, some
of these officers witnessed the work of
the caterpillar tractors In negotiating
soft oil and In hauling heavy loads.
From that time an increase was ap
parent in the tractors ordered for ftese
large Hungarian estates.
With the outbreak of the war Vienna
cabled for a number of the caterpillars,
but the Holt factories did not furnish
a single machine to the central powers.
The British war department, however,
placed orders for a number of machines. I
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Ana to Elecitir
REE INSPEGTIOM of
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olRFeirs .greater battery :-vahae
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keep your battery in good condition PREST-O-LITE SERV
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C0)o
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