Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1918)
THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL; PORTLAND, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1918
Alt IXPCPgNPEXT KEVTgPAPEB I '
C S. JACKSON . . . . . PttbUabar
eept Sunday afternoon ) . at The JonrMl BnO
.,' Ini? Broadway and XawilaUl . aortlaad.
. Oxefoa, - ' " .
fcmereo si Um Peatoff to at Portland, Orwao.
tmwMw tarowia u
' 1 mstter. f
. 11,1 WHONE8 Mate T173; Bow.
, t,U the co.Tator wuat Senartaaent ywu warn.
Serrerlirttoa tenn t7 null In Own and Waeb-
Ati.r funnwtxa ort AFTEBNOOJO
ftn ar.' ... tS.OO I One month $ .80
, ' ' UTTNDAT i
dm rr I2.S0 On month.....! .25
DAO.T (MOBNINO OR AFTEBKOOSf) AXD
One year..,.. 7.B0 I On month ..... .65
"' ' :-
. Thar to joraethlns so MiblinMly pontile
In nature, i Bbi nerer kill for tbe mira,
sake of kiltlnt: bat trery death fa bat on
Up in the Tut weerlDS of the web of life.
She has no r roc cm of detraction which, M
S tarn It to tb tbr (id and look at It
bat yos know to b iU truer Uht. yon
do not t to be the process of construction.
way ' through - the - gravel down to
the original mud wh'ch oozes up
dismally in their wake. I J
The wood trucks carry two racks
o cord ; length which 1 project on
either side of : them. Inasmuch - as
they usually take aodkeep thet
exact middle of the road, it is dif
cult to pass them in safety. No
doubt special police regulations will
be necessary bye and bye for these
monstrous vehicles which ; are as
dangerous "as they are useful. ;
Nobody can travel over the ' high
ways at this season of the year
without seeing clearly that ; the day
of the dirt surface is past and gone.
No dirt road stays passable under
modern highway traffic. The same
is Just as true of gravel A gravel
road which gave excellent r service
under old fashioned wagon' traffic
an' which did very well for pas
senger a-'tomobiles, breaks down ut
tcrly under the wheels of the heavy
trucks. i i . . -
Broken stone well laid down, prop
erly drained and thoroughly rolled,
serves better. But even broken
stone crumbles under - the trucks
and must be expensively repaired.
The public has pretty .well made
up its mind that only the hard
surfaced road is worth building for
modern traffic. If it is well laid
down on a suitable bed it lasts for
years without expensive repairs. But
it may as well be i-dmitled first
as last that every road needs inces
Bant attention. A little flaw soon
grows into a big hole. What would
erst a dollar to mend today' re
quires twenty dollars tomorrow.
like Turner did the dirty- work. i
Like Kelli her, .they were and are
the men most to blame for the
frauds. Their cupidity and their
willingness to corrupt smaller men
and induce 'them for small fees to
carry out the details, made them
the big, though y unseen, operators
n the loot of school lands ana
other public domain. '
In a great many cases the little
men: have been convicted and pun
ished. They were made to pay
penalties. They served in prisons
or paid finest ' Some oL. them. did
both. . .'
If there are penalties and punish
ments for the one, there should at
least be reparation and restitution
by the other. 7
. Readers tho care for the welfare
or tne common schools will not fail
to notice that some large tracts
of land included in' the fraudulent
t i i - - - - irnnsrprs nv wn in, jnuntari
BBaiirrH.K vv f l n niv, nppn lire-i " - - w .
111 rfwinir rtisjiirrrnftnu hptwfien were Pillaged have been recovered
Uf the- 'British premier and the Surely this m&y be taken for an
' w president of the United States earnest mat more can d recovered
seem, to have understood neither !t ,s serious defect in our sys-
Mr. Wilson nor Mr. Lloyd George. lem of law if il allows the. children
As one might have expected between t0 be robbed and provides no means
two men i of such ability and high of pompelling restitution of the loot
purpose, jthey have come
agreement! on everything.
It appears that all the English
women who, ran for parliament were
defeated. So -wer all the women
who ran for seats in the United
States congress. Wartimes are not
favorable to the political ambitions
of vvum. candidates. although war
makvjSayy demands on' women's
strengJ7 and intelligence. This is
one ' of the oddities of the situation.
It will not trouble us any more
when we have put an end to wars.
WHAT TO EAT
ing before 3000 manufacturers" rep- j
resenting 381 lines of ' American in-;
dustry involving twenty billions of
invested 7 capital, ; Mr. Schwab said:
jn" the years gone by, I have ert
ou!y doubted many times if labor has
receired IU fair share ot the pros
perity of thla ereat country. We, a
manufacturers, have got to open our
eyes to a wider vision of the plan in
the future with reference to - our
workmen. We have got to devise ways
and means by which capital and labor
shall share equally, not in theory, but
ii practice. We must not only talk
about these things, bat we must do
these things. .
He went on to say that "we are
face to face with new conditions,"
that the "day of autocracy in gov
ernment and labor has, gone by
and that this is "a day of democ
The message has been heard at
Oregon City. The spirit of Amer
ica In a war to make democracy
safe is working for democracy in industry.
return soon? Where waa it when ; the
armistice . was signed? ' ' ;
- SOLDIER'S SISTER. 1
IBsae liflspitat 4 S to not attached to any
oiriettm. - ?t
Letters From the People
(Communication eent to The Journal lor pub
lication in thia department should be written on
only one aide of tbe paper, should not exceed 800
words in ienatb and mint be aicned by tbe writer.
whuee mail -addrea in full uiiut accompany tb
a at Baaouls-a-Maa. : aear
N'ewfcbatee. In Northeastern Franc. i
formation on - Uie other points of. toQUiry. J
- The ,323d Artillery
Portland. "Tc To the Editor of
The Journal Where "and tn what di
vision Is the IJSd field artillery?
IlBth Eiity.tWrd dlrtrioa. Ust reported
at Lcmaas, 100 mues southwest of Faria.1
The 37th Engineers
Portland. Dec 28. To the Editor of
The Journal In what division is Com
pany B, Thirty-seventh engineers? Is
It 'part of the army i occupauonj
Where was It when the armistice, was
signed, and where is it now?
. - 21 OTtlc.it.
I The ThirtT-aeTenth enaineen was last re
ported at Bouilly. France. No . other informa
The 316lh Engineers
Portland. Dec 28. To the Editor of
The Journal Where is Company C,
316th engineers? In what division is it.
and where? A SOLIiJEH S SISTER.
Tbe El 6th ncineers Ts in tbe Ninety-first
diTwion. which is last reported at Dentersheim,
The 307th Infantry
Toledo. Dec. 28. To the Editor of
The Journal Is Company F. 807th in
fantry. Seventy-seventh division, in the
army of occupation, or has It been
ordered home? i A MOTHER.
(It is at Lea Vignettes. France: not in army
of occupation. o other information, j
to an A common thief caught with his
booty can be forced to return it to
LlJ a a.-- 1. UI W,wa. 1UJ Mm J W V 1 1 t, I KJ .
" . ur: 001 aiso?
yvi vicar as iu uic league i
nations, and Lloyd George assents
to every Item in his program. Mr.
Wilson says, in substance, that tlie
old plan I of the balance of power
must give way to some sort of a
league or union in which tne strength
STORY of fraud published in
Saturday's Journal should stir
Oregon people to indignation.
of the big nations shall protect the As wag the habu of.many Eastern
weakness oi tae wue ones. capitalists, he came here to despoil
r 'Under the balance of power plan Oregon of her school and other
the little nations were used as lands.
trading stock, Just as Wall Street ne needed dummy entrymen to
used the railroads in the good old mate applications for purchase of
times. Ttey were peddled back and school lands. He had to have dum
forth, divided into fractions, put yn- mics oriie, couldn't go forward Avith
der governments they hated, with- his frauds.
out a thought of consulting ffie He proposed to. Turner, a
people: and without a thouglit of respedla&le young lawyer of Salem,
their welfare. to sign an application for him. At
The only purpose was to main- first Turner refused. Kelliher pro
tain two hostile alliances as nearlj posed it again the next day. Money
equal ar- might be. In case one was offered. Turner at last yielded
alliance grew more powerful than to the temptation.
. the other, everybody became fright- The court records at Salem reveal
encd and began to talk war. The bal- Kelliher's infamy and tell the story
ance ff .. power inevitably means of Turner's downfall. All the facts
wars without end. The league of were confessed by Turner on the
nations, as Mr. Wilson plans it, witness stand at the trial in which
means no more war. Kelliher was convicted of : land
. , Manifestly in his vision of the frauds.
league of nations he is guided by In his testimony, Turner identi
the constitution and history of the fied 30 applications for purchase, of
United States, which, is the only school land and said he had forged
" completely successful league of- na- the signatures, .taking the names
tlons ever formed on earth. from the Salem directory, but chang
It must be remembered, in order ing the Initials. For these forgeries,
to understand the situation.-that our Kelliher paid Turner 17 each, and
original 13 colonies were independ- Kelliher then took the forged appli-
ent nations, as independent of one cations, with similar forged assign-
another as France "and Italy are to- ments, to the proper authorities at
day. But they merged their inde- the state house and was given deeds
f pendence In a federal union. Who to the desired school lands.
will deny that they have been gain- r Turner confessed on the witness
ers by It? stand thatin forging the names, he
The Revolutionary fathers might had used many kinds of pens and
have contented themselves with set- held his hand in different positions
ting tip a .balance of power among to disguise his handwriting. This
the states. If they had done so, testimony! is illustrative of the
our history would have been little method by which thousands upon
more than a tale of war after war. thousands of acres of lands were se-
T What they really did was to aban- cured by the land pirates.
don the balance of power Idea al- ln a great many cases, because
together and establish a federal com- tne school lands so taken were in
ity. Under this arrangement it I the notorious Blue mountain forest
makes no difference how bir and reserve, the manipulators were al
strong California becomes. She will lowed to select instead, timber Jands
never in this world think of at- in other yparts of the state, which
tacking Oregon. So it would be ln I were worth many times as much.
Europe under an intelligent leaguer John McNary was then district at-
of nations. torney at Salem, and his brother,
Charles L. McNary, now United States
If the story is true that Governor 1 senator, was his deputy. They be-
Wlthycombe has- fired Joe Keller. 1 came aware of Kelliher's operations,
it may be a sign that he means to and at thir instance, the Marion
take ; advantage vof the New Year to county grand Jury Indicted Kelliher,
drop all of his' evil associates. No and at the trial of the case Kelliher
doubt he owes them a heavy debt! was convicted.
of gratitude for political services, The grand jury that convicted
but, it he has any conscience at all. 1 Kelliher is the same grand jury that
he must understand how wrong it made the now famous report declar
Is to pay them off at the expense I ing that the applications for 500,000
of the publio welfare. The9 govern- acres ; of - school lands in a list
or's ; parting with his beloved Joe which : is submitted to ' the state
may, i perhaps, be the - first faint authorities, were based on forgeries
light of a new dawn; ? and fraud. : Several thousand acres
of land - were returned to the state
TRUCKS AND ROADS . j as a result of the prosecution of
Kelliher. Many lawyers are - ooenly
qjlIiAYELERS on the highways lead- j saying that the state is in position;
I mg uui ot t-oruana come upon to recover all lands thus fraudu-
a great many heavy .trucks now- lently taken.
a-days. They' are engaged in .Though Kelliher was convicted in
all sorts of business. Some of the the lower court, the supreme court
biggest ' carry I gasoline and , oil to let him off on the technical rule
crossroads Karaxes. : Others are. ladMi th
vi th milk cans. Still jt-S-Jfers haul corroborated testimony of an ao-
' w ood to the city. Now and then a complice. The forged signatures of
hiige truck : with a. long coupling names of fictitious persons on the
pole i plods slowly along with a load applications and assignments are
of saw logs for some mill by ; the! oorroboralive evjdence enough for a
roadside..,- ' . j layman, but they were not enough
. ai times ti&e mis, wnen rain and l for the highest court.
frost:have softened the surface of The big beneficiaries of these for-
the Toad,; tbe. wide wheels of the jgeries, fiction and fraud are ln full
irucss maae aeep rurrows in Ltnej possession of the . loot They were
burface. , . Sometimes they plow their Jin the background whlla lesser men
HE world has a food problem
Scarcity of food in Europe em
phasizes it. High prices through
out the world accentuate it.
There is a way to cut the cost of
food in any family. It can be done
by selecting those foods which cost
least in proportion to the body fuel
In making these selections it is
necessary to maintain a balanced ra
tion in order that health may be
protected and Improved. Haphazard
diet is destructive. It undermines
health. It reduces physical resist
ance and opens the way to disease.
It fails to supply the body with
those elements which it must have
in order to properly build, and carry
forward the work tbe various organs
arc called upon to perform.
There are five food groups from
which foods are drawn for a bal
anced ration. These are the foods
supplying mineral Tnatter, vegetable
acids and body regulative substances,
such as fruits and vegetables.
Second, foods supplying protein for
muscle building, such as milk, cheese,
eggs, meats, poultry, fish, dried peas
Third, foods supplying starcfl, such
grains, meal, flour, breakfast
foods, bread, crackers, macaroni,
cakes, potatoes and other starchy
Fourth, foods supplying sugar, such
as sugar, 1 molasses, syrups, honey,
candies, jellies and dried fruits.
Fffth, foods' supplying fats, such as
butter, cream, 4lard, suet, salt pork
and salad oils.
A balanced ration must contain a
proper proportion of all these foods.
If a. sufficient supply of each does
not enter into the diet, there is
malnutrition and a low physical re
sistance. -The excessive use of food
from one' or more of these groups
to the neglect of the remainder, may
be ven more injurious.
It is important to be familiar with
the facts of a scientific diet. Sound
bodies and better health result from
application of such information.
Nor is this all. The cost of living
can be measurably cut by using in
the diet such combinations of the
foods in the five groups as, while
making a balanifed ration, cost the
least. That process not only lowers
the family board bill, but .it goes
far to automatically solve the world's
A food chart has been prepared
which shows at a glance the food
groups essential to a balanced ration
and enables the holder to accom
modate diet and prices.
It is, Information "Which people
should seek, for nothing is more im
portant to man than proper care of
that human temple which houses the
soul and shelters life.
COMMENT AND NEWS IN BRIEF
Looks from here as if It would be a
snappy. New Tear. .
m w -
To repeat our favorite year-end ad
monition ; Do your New Tear's flopping
early. . . .
For the Junkers of the world. 11 Is
going to be a stilt more unlucky number
wan a ever was.
m w m
Concerning the kaiser's Christmas din
ner, it isn't so much- the question of
wnere ne ate, nut wravr i
If this sort of thing is to be kept
going, Mr. Beats, just please-put in a
few inches of snow for the Willamette
valley wheat fields. ,
If the ex-kaUt-r uau always been as
mum as he is now. there wouldn't be
any need for anybody else to be saying
anything much, either.
Whenever one reads anything about a
proposition to hold an election ln Ger
many one wonders how persons of. such
efficiency can have overlooked certain
suffrage and ballot provisions in the con
stitutions and statutes, of the United
States of America and of the several
states. When it comes to elections your
German is an infant indeed. :
The problem now Is to -make the world
unsafe for the Bolshevist. Colonel Clark
U-Wood of the Weton Leader says. ,
The Vale Enterprise wants to know if
there is "any reason why Malheur coun
ty should not generate her own electric
" lUlcy Hucker of Linn county Is out of
luck. Uncle Sam tried twice to mcke
him clothes blar enough for a a.foot-4
kid. and then mustered him out before
his last ordered uniform, tailored In the
East, reached Camp- Lewis. Riley
weighs 300 pounds.
Conducted by H. II. Jonas, editor of
the Times, a "class in news writing and
publicity" has been formed in the
Beaverton high school. - -The high school
correspondent of the Times writes. "We
hope soon to be able to write items of
interest lor the paper.
It may. not be so bad as the Inde
pendence Post thinks when it says:
'The war's end will greatly reduce the
number of tourists westward. Next
summer everybody will go to Europe
who has the price to get there. The
only tourists who will come west are
those who are airaia to ride in a boat.
Ragtag and Bobtail 1
Stories From 12 very here
JOURNAL MAN AT HOME
By Fred Lockley
The Her in Need
N the reconstruction days following ;
A the return of the Second Oregon from
the Philippines the response of tbe pub
lic to needy heroes , was somewhat
strained at times. Colonel W. C North,
who was then a discharged sergeant,
got one man. whom he called "Dick" be
cause that wasn't his name, t jobs tn .
two weeks. Then one of the comrades
in arms died In a distant city and the
body was shipped to Portland for bur
ial. There was do money to pay for
that ceremony and Sergeant North, ia
desperation, got up a dance at the
Armory, and, among others, Dick was
sent out to see how many tickets he
could sell. Me sold a good many,, but
unfortunately his dipsomania came on
strong and he absconded with the pro-,
ceeds of his sales. "I never saw Dick un
til President Wilson called for troops to.
settle up with the Hun." said Colonel
North. "The remarks Z -addressed to
him didn't sit well on his understanding
and he vanished again. I hope X won't
see him for another IS years."
A. D. C
City and County Consolidation
Portland, Dec 24. To the Editor of
The Journal In a letter in The Journal
of December 14 I called attention to
some city and county official duplica
tlons and closed the article with the
question, "In case of consolidation, what
officers ought to be retained and who
should go?" and suggested that tax
payers interested make a survey, by
which, of course, I meant a complete
investigation into duplications, including
the engineering departments, which are
many and expensive, especially when
you consider the engineers connected
with the Port of Portland and those
connected with other instrumentalities
embraced within our. county and "city
The people have been generous in vot
ing money for docks, for dredging and
improvements and probably, had there
been fewer employes of certain kinds,
the public would now have more money
for improvements.- To find out these
things , and locate the leaks should be
the work of a courageous, patriotic com
mittee made up of men who are not
always looking for personal gatn and
who without which can see no good in
any public movement. It is. question
able whether, without this information,
consolidation work could even be intel
ligently commenced. ,Much information
as to the costs of government, prior to
consolidation and after, can be had by
calling on Auditor Funk, who has some
statistics and United States investiga
tions on the subject.
I note what W. II. Hurlburt in a let
ter of December 20 has to say, and his
generous offer of help. I ain not per
sonally acquainted with him. but if a
few men of the same spirit will associ
ate themselves and act carefully, a sane
beginning Boon would be had.
We ought to know, before we go too
far. whether we prefer to retain a
cjinntv form of eovernment in the con
solidation scheme, or a city form, for
certainly the least expensive ana most
efficient form should be adopted, keep
ing continually in mind that the new
government must be representative, re-
"wiiST. V vTrnment Conducted by I tbe S23d i. in tl.e Elfhtyfirst diTtton. Lt
sibilltles of a government conuctea py i t w France, ou Korember 28. o
The people who are agitating for
the consolidation of Portland and
Multnomah coynty will feel fresh
courage now that' Mr. . Benson has
Joined them. For a long time they
have been hammering away at the
problem without making much ap
parent progress. With Mr. Benson
for an ally the good cause may
AT OREGON CITY
' The 110th Infantry
Cottage Grove, Or., Dec. 29. To the
Editor of The Journal Where was
the 110th Infantry when the armis
tice was signed? A relative In that
regiment was reported missing in ac
tion October 9. I am trying to locate
the division he was in and who his com
manding officer was.
MRS. S. F. DAME WOOD,
f The 110th reciment is in .the Twenty-
eighth division, which has been added to the
army of occupation. On armistice dar the li
rision was at Heudicourt, 25 miles southeast of
Verdun and at St. Dizier. Its commanding of
ficer was Colonel t rsnk Tcgnpgins.1
The 318th Engineers
'Portland, Dec. 27. To the Editor of
Tbe Journal Where was Company F,
318th engineers, on November 11? Also
the engineer train? Will they be re
turned soon? A SOLDIER'S FRIEND.
(The 318th engineers and train of same
number are in the Sixth dirision. which, on
NoTember 11. was at gtonne, south of Sedan.
and at St- Dizier. No information as to return
Fourth Trench Mortar Battalion
Portland. Dec. 28. To the Editor of
The Journal ln what division is battery
A. Fourth trench mortar battalion?
When will it come home?
A SOLDIER'S WIFE.
(Thia battalion is ln 1 the Fourth division,
which is part of the army -of occupation.
The Twenty-third Engineers
Portland. Dec. 30. To the Editor of
The Journal Where was truck com
pany 8, Twenty-third engineers, when
the armistice was signed, and where ia
it now? M. D. B.
The Twenty-third engineers headquarters is
at Vraincourt: other companies Scattered.
The Twentieth Engineers
Fort Rock, Or.. Dec. 28. To the Edi
tor of The Journal In what division
is the Twentieth englneets ajid Is it in
the army of occupation? FATHER.
r Tw.nti.if It jn vino.rv headanartera at Tmirs "
other companies in about 60 places.
The 323d Infantry
Marshfleld. Or., Dec. 28. To the Ed
itor of The Journal Where and in what
division ts Company F. 323d, infantry?
Will it soon return? L. B.
,r,r and hih oricedi officials .1.,"' "t7' i
with an endless number ot oerjanas.
L. S. IB.
The Third Oregon
Forest Grove, Or.. Dec 30. To the
K Inauirers Attention Editor of The Journal Where is the
iTk. ... of inoniTies concerning the ( Third Oregon?
w..4r. of military units will be greatly expe- FATHER OF A SOLDIER.
dited if tbe division (if known), aa weH as the j (The Third Oregon was used as a replace-
Mfiment. ia aesignateu. iic " . uirni wnu uu ih..u.hi. mu
should by all means be avoided; these are ln- gsnizations.
numerable ana weir irau-i..m Th. trinr,Mntl. Infanlrv
Krli th.en out. into the woras mey represent. "
v.t. nn words in oreliminaries, but ask your . cifton. Or.. Dec. 28. To the Editor of
questions ln the briefest lorm. as appears, .or - Tne journa In what .division is the
ample, in those tnsj iouow X"Z"L FtehtMnth infantry, and is it in the
And all inquirers lana. ior inai mu, ... " ''',
rnntrttmtors to thU department! are urgea voii.uj u.ui,.. .
(From Central Oregon Mr. Lockley brir.ga
mora good storiea. On is told by a pioneer who.
as a lad. saw old Jack Km Till in its prime. The
other is of former Portland man who ts strug
gling with a dry homestead and watting for tbe
water that will make him glad be waited. J
"I guess I can qualify as a pioneer,
all right," said the clerk at the cigar
counter of the Prlnevllle hotel. "I
have lived In Oregon 63 years. My
name is John E. Ross. My father.
George Ross, ran a livery stable at
Jacksonville, Southern Oregon, in tho
early days. My father's brother was
General John E. Ross. He was in the
Indian wars of 1855 and 1856. and also
in the Modoc war. I was born Decem
ber 6, 1853. ZVa miles north of Jackson
ville, about a mile from where Bill Han
ley was bom, and not far from where
Colonel 'Robert E. Miller of Portland
first saw the light.
'Tn my day I have done things more
exciting than selling gum and candy.
But times have changed. I waa drawing
a man's wages when I was 12 years old
I did a man's work driving cattle from
Jacksonville to Linkvllle, ln Klamath
county, si could ride anything on four
legs In those days. When I was about
13 I got Into the racing game as a
Jockey. Self and saddle weighed ln at
55 pounds. One of the first races I rode
was at JacksonvUle, along about 1867
cr 1868. Jt was a 200-yard race for
tlOOO a side. I won, and the owner of
the horse I rode filled my pocket with
gold pieces. He made a killing betting
on his horse. He gave me $250. I rode
racehorses for a good many years. When
I got too heavy to be a jockey I became
a cowboy, working around Pendleton
Centervllle and Walla Walla. Then I
ran a pack train. Later I drove stage.
Still later I ran a livery stable. Then
I became a prospector and miner. Then
I tended bar. Later I ran a saloon. I
can t think of any job I haven't done
except to wait on table or herd sheep.
Of course, I mean outdoor jobs. I never
did any ladylike work, like being a
bookkeeper or working in a bank ex
cept a faro bank.
"For years I kept thinking I would go
back and live in my boyhood home
Jacksonville. I remembered how, as a
boy, I used to divert a little stream to
flow over a corner of Young's place,
where bedrock was near the surface, and
then, with my jack-knife, scrape small
nuggets and gold dust out of the
cracks to buy powder and lead to ko
deer-hunting. I remembered how rich
Jackson creek and Rich gulch were. I
remembered Beekman's bank and the
Bedrock saloon, and old man Helm,
who ran it. I remembered old Peter
BriU. the Swiss photographer, and
Drum & Kluggage's stable, and the one
we had Ross & Burke's and how the
miners and packers, with their pack
horses, used to come and go between
Yreka, Crescent City, Scott's Bar and
I wanted to go back.
use the exact dateline and address style and
form that are to be se-Jn , very communica
tion herein published, forgetting tne orainary
form used; in social or business writing. xney
will greatly oblige by so doing. )
A SOLDIER'S SISTER.
First division. Yes.
The Forty-Ninth Coast Artillery
Union. Or.. Dec. 26. To the Fditor of
The Journal In what division is the
Forty-ninth coast artillery and where cupatkm. 1
was it when the armistice was signed : The Fifth Field Artillery
IV v .
Portland, Dec. 29. To the Editdr of
The Journal Where, Is Company A,
Fifteenth field artillery? wnen wni it
come Thome? O. F. PATRICK.
In the Second division; in the army of oo-
tm . Uam thj Third battalion
information covering armistice period.
T&&SrS2Tl- .r&ro The Journalwhat Vision iTbtery
A, FUth field artillery? Is it listed for
early return? SOLDIER'S SISTER.
Fifth division; in army ot occupation. J
The Forty-Seventh C A. C.
Portland, Dec 26. To the Editor of
division is the
Battery F, and
will it be lnme soon
The Fifty-Ninth Infantry
Pendleton. Dec. 26. To the Editor of J
The Journal In what division Is Com-
pany A, Fifty-ninth infantry, and whete 7 w'hal
was it when the armistice was signed? iopv-seVenth C A C
snT.niRR'S mother. I? ort -sevemn a. v..
A SOLDIER'S MOTHER.
In the Fourth division, which was at Lucey.
so mucs aouwwaa vi "
The Sixty-Ninth Coast Artillery
Portland. Dec 28. In what division is
Ratterv C. Sixty-ninth coast artillery.
and where is tnis aivision : a r n.xrsu,
The Forty-seventh, it is reported, is likely to
return soon. ' Coast artillery units are not In
corporated in divisions, l
To Learn of the Wounded
Portland. Dec 28. To the Editor of
The Journal Where sHall i write-to in
FOOD OF WAR WORKERS. One of
the most interesting discoveries from
the food? problem of the Great War was
the finding of the committees which
studied the food of English munition
There had been much talk about the
men and boys gorging themselves, and
overloading their stomachs with all
sorts of Indigestible trash, just because.
for the first time m tneir lives, uiey
'had the price" to eat anything what
ever they fancied. So the health com
mittee proceeded to put it to the test.
First they collected a lot of sample self
chosen meals, by the simple expedient
of buying dinner buckets or lunch palls
with their contents at the ractory gate
as the workers came in In the morning.
These meals were carefully examined
and estimated ln terms of calories or
heat units. Then they were compared
with, the results drawn from the meals
a wnere IS wus unmmi .u-.. . journal wnere smut x wrueMv ui
It is at Libourne. .France; not attached tolquire about, a man ln the service in
Sanitary Train 315
Dufur, Or., Dec, 27. To the Editor of American Red Cross. Washington. D. C."J
France to see if he has been wounded?
Address "Bureau of CommnntnaUons.
The Journal Where was field hospital
357, sanitary train 315, when the armis
tice was signed? What division is it
in? Is it listed for home or to be in
the-army of . occupation? ..
TThe train ia in the Ninetieth division, which
is ia the army of omipation. j
The 115th Ammunition Train
Portland, Dec. 28. To the Fditor of
The Journal Where is the 115th ammu-
The 65th Coast Artillery
Portland. Dec 28. To the Editor of
The Journal Do you know anything
about the 65th coast artillery? We
have a son in this artillery ana nave
had no word from him since November 6
MRS. J. F. THOMPSON.
f Announoed December -7 as assigned to early
return Dome, j
Gold Hill. Dec 28. To the Editor of
NNOUNCEMEiST of an eight
hour day and large bonuses for
the workers : is a - 'significant
happening in the affairs of the
Oregon City woolen mills.
The announcement was made at
a dinner given by- the management
to the employes the other , evening.
The eight hour day takes the place
of the present day of nine hours.
The bonuses: hefeafter to be paid
are: ' . C- '
Employes in the service " six
months, t per cent; one .year in
the service , 5 : per' cent; two years,
7 per cent ; three years, 18 per
cent and five years 15 per cent.
Even more significant, the - pres
ident . of the company announced
that , hereafter . the workers in each
department of the , great establish
ment would be permitted to have a
committee which is to meet once
a - month, or at other times, if de
sired, with a committee represent
ing the employers for 'the adjust-
ment of .any , differences or, correc
tion of any grievances. . ' . , .
This action Is an .approach to the
course . recently recommended by
Charles M. Schwab, one of America's
largest employers of Idbor. Speak-
nitlon train. Company G, and is It to I The Journal In what division is the
return soon? ETHEL CHAPPELL. machine gun company of the 848th la
Tn the Fortieth division, which is at Revigny, J fantry? When wllrat come home?
80 miles southwest pt Verdun. No information 1 SOLDIER'S FATHER.
as w rerurn oatcj fit ia tn the Eighty-seventh division. . No
Fifth Marine Orps I other information. 1 t ,
Milwaukie, Or.. De. 27. To the Edi-1 The 32iih Infantry
tor of The Journal Where was Company j Oswego, Dec 21. -To the Editor of
M. Fifth marine corps, when, the armis-1 ni Journal Where was the 32 4th in-
tice was signed and is It on Us way I fantrr. Company D, when the armistice
home? A. READER. I was signed, and In what division? Who
fit is part of the Second division, which la I was its commanding Of floe r and is it
with the army of occupation.) I Mr: of the army of occupation?
Th rRlh Infanlrv A SOLDIER'S MOTHER.
. .. I f The Klahty-nrat' division was at Ssmmi
Aioany; wr.r uec. Zi.-io me Miwr OI tv. Mr v.rdnn. and at U-Sur-Tille. ISO
The Journal In what division ia the I nnM southeast of Paris. ot in army of
156th infantrv? Is it with the armv of cupatkm. Commanding, officer svtta ia-
n(iAn? Wh... -. iemK I taatry. Colonel Oeorgw w. Moaaa.
11? A SOLDIER'S MOTHER.
I The 856th is in the. Eighty-ninth division.
wnicn is in tnt army occupation. Un .o- 1 T , v- rilvlalAn fnm-
vember 11 the division waa at Tailly. 20 miles! .I, ' ixr'l " 7 v. .'
lMsier. J pany u, is.u iuihiu. ,, nu mu
Portland, Dec. 28. To the Editor of
south of Verdun and at Br.
Halsey, Dec 27. To the Ed iter of The
Journal Is Battery D, 345th field ar-
tlUery, in an occupation division, or is I day it
division when the armistice was signed?
Where is It now? '
A SOLDIER S SISTER.
I In the Fortr-nrst eUvtaon. On armistice
at St. Ataman m nwrem, atemr Be
lt on its way home?
MRS. R. L. BILYEU .
It W is' the Ninety-first, which is one of the
Brrrona ot tne mrmy-w eocapeuoa. J
The: ISUh infantry
Portland. ; Dec 28. To the. Editor of
The Journal Where and in what di
vision is Company E, 164th infantry?
was it ever la acUon' G.XJNGAAS.
.(In the- Forty-first division, at St. At nan.
dan, It i at the aasae place aow.j
The? IlSth SuddIt .Train
Kerby. Dec. 2. To the Editor f Trie
Journal Where Is Company B, 116th
supply tram, A. p. u. iz?. now smaate7
rTha train ia in the forty-first diviatow. lev
catad at St- Aignan and ISoyera. wear Beds a. 1
Th Thirteenth Artillery
PortlandV'Dec - 28. To thev Editor of
The Journal In wnat a i vision is Bat
tery " E, Tnu-tesntn iieia artillery 7
Base Hospital Unit 46
Portland, VDec 28. To the Editor of j Where was it August i, and where ts it
in journal is case hospital unit If now? A fathbr.
the other camps.
At last I did.
"Talk about your tragedies. I stayed
there just two hours. I was blue and
homesick for weeks afterward. I wish
I had never gone back. The old Jack
sonville was gone. Only its ghost re
mained. It was gone the same place
the packers and stage-drivers had gone.
Jacksonville could have been a city.
That was before there was any Med-
ford. The railroad offered to come
through Jacksonville for 825.000. but the
cupidity, Btupidlty and stubbornness of
some of the leading citlsens of Jack
sonville resulted in the railroad going
a few miles to the east, leaving Jack
sonville high and dry to dream in the
sun of the splendor of her past. It
makes me homesick to think of it. How
did you leave t nines tn France?'
m m m
Before my trip to Prlnevllle I had
spent two days ln Jefferson county, at
f inner s hotel at Madras. I saw a
rancher drive up with a thin bay team
and an old farm wagon. I talked with
him. I wanted to find out from some
homesteader about conditions on the
dry-land homesteads. He was unloading
seme squashes for the hotel. "I made
more money on one acre of squashes
tills year than I did on all my wheat,
he said. "It was a dry season, and we
dry farmers have had two extra dry
seasons In succession. Our heat has
yielded only two to six bushels to the
acre. My name Is J. Y. Crews. I have
a homestead on Mud Springs flat, six
miles northeast of here. For seven
years I was a conductor on the Sell
wood lino, Portland. I used to run on
the Estacada line, and also on the Ore
gon City line. I came up here nine
years ago. I have Mx children. We
have been hanging on by our eyebrows
for several years, waiting and hoping
-;and praying for the coming of wattr.
If we can hang on till irrigation comes
w will forget our nine lean years and
will be able to raise banner crops,
raised six tons of squashes on one aero
this year, lou will see what we live on
when I show you my load. See. here it
is. Here is a mule hide. I wilt get about
83.-0 for it. The mule was old. 1
couldn't afford to buy feed for him,
so I shot him. I will use his carcasj to
trap coyotes. Here is a bobcat hide
I will get 12 bounty for It and sell the
hide for about $3. Here is a mink hide,
which will bring $2.50. Here are tha
hides of two female coyotes. I will get
SI bounty on each of them and about
$8 each for their hides. Here is a deg
coyote, for which I will get 13 bounty.
The hide is poor, so I can't get anything
for it. When we once get the irrigation
project in operation I won't have to de
pend on mule hides and coyotes. I win
have smiling fields of alfalfa and fat.
white-faced cattle, and my wife will
have a Ford In place of this team and
old wagon. We have the rich land- and
the sunshine. All we need Is the water."
I do not like that BUgtiaa chap.
lie gives eo much advice.
He's a whole lot too fresh, and aa
I've told him oore wr twice.
He's always ready any time
To tell you what to do.
Such people always stake aae tired.
1 hale tbeaa all I iJoa'i you?
Another thing about that anas - - '
That I abominate:
He'll never listen to advice.
Although rem give it straight.
Now time and time and time Sgala
I've told bias, what to do
When he was going wrong. He mael
I hate such folks 1 Don't you?
Bomsrvilla, Journal. .
I'ncle Jeff Snow Says:.v
Mebby them Bolshevik fellers' in
Rushy ain't so foolish and wild as they
look. I read t'other day that what law
yers they hadn't killed off they kSP In
The News in Paragraphs
World Happenings Briefed tor Benefit
Of Journal Readers
.GENERAL . "
Search of the home of Oeorre Knorr
in Denver, Sunday, revealed contraband
liquor valued at 14,500.
Captain Charles Tates. managing
agent at New Tork for the United
States shipping board, has resigned.
Two million dollars in currency, to
pay American soldiers In Francs, left
New York Monday on the transport
As a result of -kindling firs with kero
sene, Mrs. R. A. Hogg of Kingsbury.
Cal., her daughter Nova, and May Saw
yers, a neighbor, are dead. ,
In a speech at the Brooklyn Institute
of Arts and Sciences Sunday night, ex
President Taft approved President Wil
son's trip to Europe and his plan for a
league of nations.
The body of Private David Trolb.
supposed to have been killed by Mexi
cans, was found Sunday on tbe Mexi
can side of the Rio Grande, lis had
been beaten with a club.
HOW TO LIVE
By Dr. Woods-Hutchinson, Former Portland Physician
ordered in the works canteen and cafe
teria and the. weekly food bills ln typi
Much to everyone's surprise and also
gratification, the average result from
hundreds of cass was that the diets
adopted on their own initiative, just
guided by their own unspoiled appetites,
by, men at heavy and at light work, by
women at various grades of occupation,
and by boys and girls, seldom varied
more than 10 or 15 per cent from the
ideal amounts required ta keep them in
health at their age and character of
work! Which Is one of the highest
tributes to the soundness of our In
stincts and the good common sense of
average humanity that has ever been
Food of War Workers
division, which is with the army of occupation.
Do not know where it mvi August
The 309th Supply Company
v.mmivr. Wash.. Dec 28. To the
Editor of The Journal Where is ad
vance quartermaster depot No. 1, at
which supply company 309 Is stationed,
and when is it expected to return?
in,. tAttti .nnr.1v train was with the Eighty-
,Jhi.Uni. at the date of tbe armistice.
and the division was at Kenvie. 10 miles north
east of Bordeaux. ro isionMi,
The 322d Infantry
T3rti.ni. Dec 28. To the Editor of
The Journal Please give me some in
formation as to my brother. I ddress
all his letters as rouows: r. r..
Inf, P. O. N. O. U. S. A. 791." Kindly
tell tne If they are still In France or on
the way home and also in what divi
sion would he be.
A fcRlLJJlt.K O BlOiail.
rtfi. mriment U in the Eighty-first division.
i... mto at Hoauai uieae. a
Iran ."7" . . . .rni- 11A
few milea from verann. inu i irni-tun,
nXi T southeast of l-aris. No information as
to return. J .
The Seventeenth Artillery
a .nri tw ? To the Editor of The
Journal I have a boy In the I7th field
rtnierv. I have not been able to find
out what division or origaoe ne oeionsa
to, so do not know whether he is com-
insr home or win oe wnn m ; i
occupation. I would appreciate inter
mat Inn A uinw.
(Tne 17th artillery U ra the Second divi
eioi. which ia part ot the army of occupa
' Eighth M. G. Battalion
Portland, Dec 27. To the Editor of
The Journal What are the division
number and present location of Cora
nemr D. ElarhUt machine gun battalion ;
also location previous to the signing of
A SOLDIER'S MOTHER.
tit hi in the Third diviakm, which fa in the
areay 'a oeewpauon. asn sacae-a . unaw.
Cm armistice day this dtvieiea waa at Tannors,
SS saiiea aawtk s Voroww. sad at St. inner. J
The Fifty-fifth Artillery
. Newberg. Or, Dee. 29. To tie. Editor
of Tho Journal Where was battery A.
65th artillery, when the armistice was
signed? When will It be returned home?
--.' . y ' - . ' A SUBSCRIBER.
The Fifty nfth artillery is after bed to the
Samuel R. Thurston was the first del
egate to congress after tbe establish
ment of a provisional government in
Oregon. He was amative of Maine and
was born in 1816. After graduating from
Bowdoln college he went to Iowa and
thencs cams to Oregon in 1847. After
his election -to congress ia 1849 fee went
to Washington and served one term.
On his way home he died at sea between
Panama and Acapulco. His body was
buried at the latter place, but a few
years afterward the territorial ' legisla
ture appropriated money to disinter it
and bring it to Salem, where it now
rests in the Odd Fellows' cemetery.
part Of the army of occupation? Will U I (The Thirteenth artillery ts in the i'ourto Nineteen U duiama. Kb ether lab
Samuel R. Thurston First to Repre
sent Oregon In Congress.
Three hundred officers and 2500 men
will leave Camp Lewis this week for
Umatilla county came to the front on
the Christmas Red Cross roll call with .
Philander S. Hagen. for 40 years a
resident of Lebanon, died Christmas day
in his eighty-first year,
Salem baa placed a ban on public
gatherings of every Kind, including
churches, schools and theatres.
John Stewart Brace, one of the best -
known lumbermen in tne raciric norta
west, la dead at his home in Seattle,
Twenty thousand railroad ties, valued :
at $17,000. were floated down the San
tlani river to Lebanon the past week. ,
There afe 2415 persons of voting age
in Idaho who can neither read nor
write, or 3.1 per cent of the population.
The gas schooner Delia is high and
dry on the beach at Port Orford with :
her cabin torn off and the bull dis
mantled. Francis Blanchard. 17-year-old son of
Fred Blanchard. was fatally scalded
Saturday at, the sugar factory near
The Nlntleth and Ninety-second squad- ;
rous of the' spruce production divisions -have
left Toledo for Vancouver to be ,
Richard Detrlck. a Lebanon shoe
dealer who recently Invented liquid
rubber oil, has refused an offer, of c
$2000 for tbe patent.
The first car of ground limestone
from the state lime plant has reached (
Toledo. Farmers of Lincoln county
have ordered six cars.
Spokane will ask the Washington
legislature to pass a bill permitting- ,
municipalities to own and operate their
own telephone systems.
A 10-mlll Ut, which will brlnr In '
$130,000, has been voted by the- tax-
payers of Columbia . county for road
building for the coming year. .;
The Tulare Mining company, which
recently acquired 600 seres of dolomite"
near Colvllle. is now shipping its cal
cined product at tbe rate of about 700
tons per month.
Trio Poiifih rovernment has estab-. .
lished a military front against the ad
vancing Bolsheviki. "
Through train service betweeen Paris
and Brussels.' which was stopped la
1914. was resumed Sunday. ,
Exchanges are now going on in Paris
with a view .to the assembling of the
interallied conference on January 12.
Sinn Felners at Cork Saturday night
blew up the monument erected in honor
of Cork soldiers who fought in the Boer
James Sexton, a dock worker in St.
Helens, Lancashire, defeated Rigby p,
W. Swift, Unionist, for a seat in par
The daughter of Leon Trotsky, the
Russian war minister, was arrested in
Warsaw Sunday, and C.000,000 marks -were
found in her apartment.
PERHAPS your whole success in
life will start from that investment ,
in War Savings Stamps wh ich
you are going to make TO MO R- ,
ROW in order to help Oregon go ?
over the top.
War Savings Stamps may be pur
chased at Uanks, Newspaper;-'- C
: : : unices ana rostomce : : : .
Portland yar Savings Stamp Crnrnittee'