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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 22, 1917)
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THE OREGON DAJLY JOURNAL. PORT LAND. SATURDAY DECEMBER 1,22. 1 1917.
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TAKES SIDES WITH THE WILLAMETTE VALLEY LUMBERMEN
IS TAKING PART
IN LIMBER CASE
Strong Brief Filed iri Case Be
fore Interstate Commerce
Commission for Lower Rates.
GOVERNMENT IS AFFECTED
Reason of Restriction Placed
on Federal Timber Holdings,
Value of Forests Is Lessened.
-. The department of agriculture, for the
i forest service, has filed with the Interstate-
commerce commission a strong
brief upholding the contentions of the
Willamette Valley Lumbermen's . asso-
' ctation In Its complaint against' the
Southern Pacific company and the
. northern lines, charging discrimination
in freight rate against lumber mills In
the- Willamette valley.
In Its brief, counsel for the Willamette
, Valley Lumbermen's association points
Out that members of the association
are shut out of important markets for
their, products by reason of the fact that
the railroads . refuse to place the Wil-
' lamette valley shippers in the coast
group for rate-making purposes, which
would give them the Portland rate.
. By reason of this fact they state that
the, mills involved are denied an oppor
tunity to market their output in Mon
tana. Wyoming, Nebraska, the Dakotas,
Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan,
and also in Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
Canada, To this territory, from Mis
V soula and Shelby, Mont., they seek the
' establishment of rates on the Portland
baslsT At present shipments take the
, local rate to Portland, plus the coast
.group rate of 40 cents beyond, giving
mills in the coast group such an advant
age as to shut out the Willamette valley
'-;- Owns Mneh Timber
The reason for this, according. to com-
plalnants, is that there are ho Joint
through rates through Portland via the
Southern Pacific and the Great North
ern; Northern Pacific and Chicago, Mil
waukee & St. Paul roads. The local
rates to Portland from Willamette val
ley mills range from 4 to 13 cents per
A Primarily the forest service's interest
fn the proceeding lies in the fact that
within the national forest areas in the
' :. Willamette valley are approximately
47,500.000,000 feet. b. m., of standing
. timber, "besides many billions of feet on
'-i lands covered by the forfeited Oregon
- & California grant, partly within and
partly without national forests in the
' Continuing on this point, the brief
" 111 Washington west of the summit of
, the Cascades and in the Columbia river
watershed west of the same tine, all hav
trig the coast rates, the estimated stand
la 67,500,000,000 reet. The amount or
- timber 'sold by the forest service in the
former are from 1913 to 1917, inclusive,
Is 193.000.000 feet, and In the latter area,
28,000.000 feet, i Of the 193,000,000 feet,
163,000,000 .feet was in one sale.
.I; pregoa Is Held Back ,
Practically ..all of the timber in the
Willamette river watershed la tributary
to the Southern Pacific lines and sub
ject to the rates which the complainants
have attacked. The forest service has
no particular interest in the parties and
their complaint, but is extremely desir
ous of securing for the territory Involved
the same privileges with respect to rates
on lumber which are accoraed the re
maining territory west of the summit of
the Cascade mountains.
- While Oregon has more standing tim
ber than any other state in the, union.
It has never ranked better than fourth In
the order of lumber production. Washington,'-with
much less timber,' has pro
duced approximately between two and
three ' times - as much lumber. This
marked discrepancy ft lumber produc
tion is a logical result of the difference
in transportation facilities and rates of
the two states.
It is apparent .from the above state
ment of facts that the rates -which the
Willamette valley mills have been com
pelled by defendans to pay have retarded
the development not only of privately
owned timber, but also, that . belonging
to the United States.
HKk Timber Overripe -Much
of the timber within the national
forests of this valley Is mature and
over ripe, and any unjust restriction in
the way of rates on the . part of the
transportation facilities if continued will
cause great loss to that part of the government-owned
timber which is mature
and over ripe.
In these times when Immense quanti
ties of lumber are needed for a vigorous
prosecution of the war it is alt the more
necessary and rlfxht that any unjust or
discriminatory rate on lumber, as well as
other products, be removed In order that
each section may do Us utmost to fur
nish the government with such classes
and amounts of lumber and other neces
sities as may be desired in furtherance
of an early and complete victory. Large
timbers are particularly necessary. On
account of the handicap from the rates
complained of the mills of the complain
ant which are of sufficient sue xor me
manufacture of timbers of the size de
sired are prevented from furnishing ma
terial to wooden shifyaras sucn as
those at Duluth, Minn., and Superior,
Fatsre It Discounted
It is not contended that the granting
of - complainant's petition will provide a
complete remedy for the originating ter
ritory Involved, but taken tn conjunction
with the proper readjustment of freight
rates into other territories where Wil
lamette valley is being discriminated
against and the natural decrease of
supply of timber in other sections now
serving a common market, will draw to
Oregon its fair share of the lumber in
dustry and enable the United States
and Oregon to secure an Increased in
come from its timber holdings and en
able that state to take its proper place
as the largest lumber-producing state In
VOOL DEALERS TALK
TAKING THE BUSINESS
Boston Says Trade Is "Up in the
Air" Regarding Possibility'
of Federal Control.
PORTLAND'S GREATEST INDUSTRY IS SHIPBUILDING
Is the government going to take over
control of the ' wool business? This Is
the question which' has perplexed 'tfe
local trade, says the Boston Globe, dur
ing the past 'few days, or to be exact.
since a meeting of the trade to consider
the report of a committee on ways and
means to help the government in the
matter of wool supplies, It was an
nounced that the committee on wool sup
ply of the National Council of Defense
Since no explanation accompanied the
announcement and- there are now gov
ernment regulations with regard to ex
porting gold and Importers, as well as
exporters, are obliged to have licenses,
not to mention the fact that the gov
ernment has not only -bought much wool
in domestic markets, but has made the
arrangements, for the big shipments to
come to this country from Australia,
not a tew aeaiers Deneve mat me aays
of private venture In wool are numbered
at least for the duration of the war.
Actually the trade, is "way up In the
air" on this matter srnd there is no way
of telling In advance whether their worst
fears wJll be fulfilled or not. The un
settlement that used to prevail in the
old days when there was a danger of a
downward revision of the wool and
woolen schedules of the tariff seems
tame compared with that which exists
at present. There is no question of the
Inclination of the wool dealers to work
with the government ; they are prepared
to a man to do all within reason to help
the government, even to the point of
doing business at a fixed margin of
profit. The great fear is that private
business in wool may be suspended, as it
was In England, for the duration of the
View of one of many shipyards oa Columbia rirrr as big wooden craft Is about
Gilford PtnUa Photo
to take her first dip.
. Exploit Casscl's Invention
A company called the Electro Agri
cultural Joint Stock company has been
founded, having as its object the ex
ploitation of HJ. Cassel's invention. Mr
Cassel has, after many years of expert-
mentlng, succeeded in solving the prob
lem of transferring electric power to
self propeleld motor plows and other
farming machinery. Experiments will
be made at one of the company's fac
tories at Alfsjo, Sweden.
Boats Could Help
The Importance of waterway and high
way transportation to the Northwest is
given added emphasis by an experience
of Samuel HD1.
November 26 a shipment of 1187 pounds
of vegetables and fruit was made by rail
from Mary Mil, Waah., to Seattle, and the
shipment had not yet arrived at Seattle
December 9. Mr. Hill makes no com
plaint, saying that doubtless all the rail
equipment is being used in government
service, but intimated that a regularly
established boat line down the Columbia
river to Vancouver and a good hard sur
faced road from - Vancouver to Seattle
would facilitate prompt shipment.
In famine times, the present situation
would be extremely inconvenient, says
Two Swedish engineers have invented
an electric machine for cleaning boilers
that works somewhat like a drill.
SEE GOOD CHANCE TO
MAKE CASH' SALES
Roseburg Farmer Gets Encour
aging Letter From Dealer in
A prominent broccoli grower of Ros4
burg has received a communication from
one of the largest produce firms In San
Francisco, which carries in It considera
ble encouragement for those growers
who ""hope to establish a market for
broccoli for cash f. o. b- Instead of hip
ping on consignment as has been done
heretofore, says the Roseburg Review.
The letter from the California firm
states that they will gladly send a rep
resentative to Roseburg with the idea
of buying the crop on a cash f. o. b.
basis, provided the growers will make a
price that will permit them to handle
the product at a reasonable profit. The
letter further states that In ease this
firm should buy the broccoli, that they
will send their own packing crew to do
that part of the work, and thus insure
a standard pack of the different grades.
According to statements contained In
the communication, this company had
the Idea that the broccoli crop In Doug
las county was a failure for this season,
and surprise was expressed that this
season's output would approximate 60
This letter Is the first reply that has
been received In answer to a number of
Inquiries sent out by the growers to as
certain If cash buyers could b Inter
ested In the broccoli crop of this county
for this season. Others are expected,
and upon their receipt a meeting of
growers will tit called to put all the In
formation thus obtained before the grow
O.-C. Land Exchange
Washington. Dec 52. WASHING
TON BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL)
The house public land committee has
authorised Chairman Ferris to report
his bill for consolidation of timber land
of the Oregon A Canrornla grant by ex
change for private land of equal value.
MAKES ITS REPOR
4 j ' - - a
close to the coot of operation. The pros 1
en. DBUl OOSX Bl BDOUl .OOU.OW. AJk
Increase equal to that of the last fiscal
year "would doss the gap." ;
. Graves Kew la Fresco t
The forester. Heary 8. Graves, la new
serving with the American Expeditionary
forces In Fyutos. with a commission as
lieutenant colonel. la . connection with
the forest work for the supply of the
needs c our overseas troops aad those
of trfe allies.
."Upon the rupture of diplomatic re
lations with Oennany. says the report.
-in rorest service began to plan for
meeting the responsibilities which. If
war followed. It should assume." Among
these were emergency assistance In the
protection of public works and transpor
tation, lines and the gathering of mili
tary reconnaissance Information valuable
to the war department.
Wood and other forest prodocts have
almost innumerable uses in modern war
fare. It is pointed out. Never before
has the demand for exact knowledge
been so urgent. "In the work relating
to forest utilisation aad forest products,
the resources of the service have been
employed to the limit of their capacity
sines tne war began In rendering a
slstaace to the war and navy depart
ments, tne emergency fleet corporation
various committees of the Council of
National Defense, and manufacturers of
war orders. The peace time program has
been largely discontinued.
3f aca Werk far Atrplases
Much of the work haa concerned air-
crart material. It has included also
problems connected with the construc
tion of wooden ships and of vehicles. As
sistance has been given to hardwood dis
tillation plants In order to Increase the
production of acetone and other prod
ucts needed for munition making. A com
mercial demonstration has shown that
costs of producing ethyl alcohol from
wood waste can be materially reduced.
Methods have been developed by which
walnut and birch can be klla-dried to a
much reduced time with cote para lively
Increase of crop production in and
near the forests was stimulated sad the
forage resource of the forests was made
available for enieraeiny use up to the
limit of safety, la the Utter part of
the summer a fire season of extreme
danger, made worse tn some localities
by an anusnal prevalence of rarendiar-
tm. was pa d through with relatively
small loss of property and with no re
ported loss of life."
HANDLE FRUIT CARS
IN CAPACITY LOADS
California Fruit . Exchange Re
ceives Notification as to ,
Loading Rules. : :
Practically Every Form of Use of
Forest Products Is Larger
Than Ever Before.
How the work of the forest service
was realigned to meet war conditions Is
described in the annual report of the
forester, which tn the absence of the
head of the service is made by Acting
Foreater A. F. Potter. The report also
states thati practically every form of
use of the forests was greater than ever
before, that the receipts again touched
a new high level with a total of IMS?.'
021.41, and that the Increase tn receipts
over the previous year was SCI1.4S7.70.
"When the graalng charge has been
advanced to cover the full valoo of the
graalng privilege," says the report, "lbs
Income from the national forests will be
Packers to Regulate
First Cost Prices
la connection with the plans of the
government to regulate prices of fish
packers have been advised that no
effort would be made to regulate prices
from the selling end . exclusively, but
that the plan was to ascertain ' the cost
price for the raw flah as a basis for
start. Selling prices per case, it
shown, cannot be fixed with any degree
of accuracy before the season closes.
as estimates made In advance of the
pack and therefore the operating costs
are often subjected to radical revision.
Estimates based on a large crop in the
event of a small one. packers declared.
are very different from what would
occur if the season was a good one.
An effort Is being made by the gov
ernment's representative to get a list
of all the Items that enter into the
cost of production and canning, and.
after fixing these definitely, packers
will bo willing, in view of war condl
tlona, to do business on the pai
Of great Importance to the fruft grew-
era and farmers of this coast Is the en- '
couraging statement wired from Wash -
Ington by. Edward Chambers, chairman
of the transportation committee, giving
the government's assurance that the
railroads will be sbls next year to han- -die
peiiahable ahtpmenta closely ap
proaching the maximum.
The message which was addressed to 1
John Lk Nagle. manager of the California .
Fruit Exchange at Los Angeles. Is as
"Effective December 1. shippers of.
oranges and lemons win be required by
food administration regulations to load,,
refrigerator car seven boxes wide and"
two high the .entire Inside length of the -car.
either under ventilation or rafrig- -.
"Shippers of vegetables and deciduous
fruits are requested to advise the limit
of safety to which they may Increase
the carload above the minimum, so
proper regulations msy also be Issued at
once. It is absolutely necessary that
everything reasonably poeslble be done
to Increase the efficiency of refrigerator
cars and the railroad power handling
perishable commodities. In order that
the present refrigerator car supply may
handle perishable traffic for the year
"There is little hope of the ear shops '
being able to fill railroad orders for ad
ditional refrigerator cars to any extent
the coming year, because of being eta
ployed en priority government war or
"Wi fully sppreciate the cooperation
the shippers have already given and tn
asking them to increase the effort we
have in view meesnree necessary to pro
vide adeqoats transportation for fruits
aad vegetables during the coming year.
A careful survey of the entire trans
portation conditions Just made, we be
lieve Justifies the conclusion that with
maximum cooperation, the railroads will
able to handle periahabls traffic
wit hoot serious delay.
"Wn have now estimated what is likely
to happen la the movement of fruits and
vegetables next season and while the ,
rallroade will have a- difficult task to
perform, particularly s eastern lines.
see no reason for alarm that any
thing might happen to seriously inter
rupt or prevent the movement of per
ishable fruits and vegetables which are
considered by the food administration as
essential substitutes for condensed foods
badly needed for export."
Cotton Crop Is Lens
The number of bales of cotton ginned
from the growth of 117 In the United
States prior to November L 1917. wltlt
the comparative statistics up to lbs cor
responding dates In If It snd 11S. is an
nounced by the United States bureau of
the censua Counting round aa half
bales, the quantity for-the 1U7 pertoa
was 7.1M.U4 bales compared wtth MSV
SS tn ISIS and 747S.SSS in ltla.
PORTLAND MADE ADDING MACHINES SMALL ENOUGH TO BE CARRIED IN ONE'S POCKET
Followlni b an alphabetical directory of all
idrartlMra on theM two paces. All aia niana
bi4nnn nf tha article, mentioned, and not
iral dealer In and Milan of tha cooda and
- firm, Thair production will b found tha
equal of any to ba bad, and should hat the
- attention oi Portland and Oreaon buyers:
iArmatroni Machinery Co.. 548 Tbnrmaa at.,
anutactureri ot ice machinery and retricer.
: Sunt plant.
i Applacath. C. G. (O. P. Kummelln Son),
sianufactorer - oi fur sannenta. 2d and wash.
I Auto Top Co., manufacturer of auto tops.
Builder of auto, high class garase. lltn-
Surnsida ata. ,
American Bronse aV Brass Works, workers ia
Sopper, brass, aluminum, etc. 65B Upshur at.
' Brattoa A Gleie (Portland Machinery Co.),
makers ot dras aawa. 62 .Jst st.
Ball Manufacturing Co., makers ot women a
high olaaa waists, N. E. cor. 4th and Couch.
' Crescent. Chemical Co.. Janitor' supplies. 028
. iintrm er.
Cooper. Chaa. military and civil taller.
Royal bid., Morrison and Broadway.
' Crystal Sprint Finishing Works, wool batts.
mattresses, 185 10th St.
Connal Lumber Co., 8am, ready cut nooses,
854 Ankeny at. . .
Columbian Carbon Paper Co., man u f acturers
Of carbon paper. . Sad and Broadway.
- Coast Chemical Co., janitor's supplies.
' C 6th at.
Cloaset a Co., coffee roasters, wholesale oof
r feaa and teas, 128 12th ut. N.
California Plating Works, gold. ilrr and
niekel plating. 212 2d at.
: ; Carter, I L., manufacturer of hand concrete
mixers. 1163 Moore at.
Cola Machine Mfg. Co.. manufacturer of
brass, copper, steel and iron product. 084 K.
17th St. .
v Dunne, Pa rid M., manufacturer of paints.
' lltk it and Sherlock ava.
thuabler Rooting Co., makers . of highest
: grade roofing paper, a.enton station. Portland.
Da Ti-Scott Belting Co.. leather belting mak
an. 240-260 Hawthorne are.
Doernbecher Mfg. Co., furnltura manufactur-
' em, K. 28th St. and O-W. K. N. tracks.
Portland Ualvanising Works. galTanisUkg,
S2d St. N. and Heed sU
Knarael Bake Oreo, suto and other enamel
ing. 004 Bumside at.
- Eastern NoTelty Co., 202, 85 H 6th St. .ledies'
Foote, D. J.. 264 Front st.. drag saw.
Gem Winder Co.. tatting ahmttla winders.
Grandma Cookie Co.. wholesale cookie bak
eta. 880-884 E. Stark st.
- . Green's Economy jar top lifter, sold at stores.
glass run - iron worts, lonndry and
chin works. 4S4 Belmont at.
Independent Cracker Co.. crackers, confeo-
Uona, etc, av ju. uana ac
Jacobs, Inc., men's shirts to order. 827 H
1X7. .K .
. J. J. Kadderly, Eadderly fomae,' ISO 1st at
Kent, Tnoa. men a ahirts to order, BIS
jeaeieaT mag.. tn ana waan. eta.
- Knight Packing Co., pickle, fruit jajces,
eider, vinegar, etc. 474 E. Alder st.
, KoUe, ir. D. W., improved optics! bom
piece, -706 WOcox bldg.
Laytoa Coopwag Co.. 327 Water St.. barrel,
j kegs, tubs. '
LauteroK H. J. Schwanberg. piano end furni
ture polish. 4610 Woodstock are.
Millaaad Comtruotion Co., ready built car
- see, etc. 644 Hood St.
Montana assay uuice.
Zan Bros.. Inc.
SUNSET BROOM WORKS
Office 50-52 Front St.
GREATEST VABICTX IN POHTLAIr tTooc
and Linoleum oils. Sweeping Compounds, far-
Sltur sod Metal Polish. Liquid totlet Boas.
USEFUL INVENTION IS
LITTLE YET ACCURATE
AS THE LARGER ONES
Addachine Manufacturing Co.
Says - Many Firms Find . Ma
chine Good for Premiums.
SIMPLE DEVICE WILL
ADD AND SUBTRACT
lHstnfccUota, Boa; and
Crescent Chemical Co.
MS Washing-tea Street
tfaia 1M4, A-148S
Old Autos Made New
la appearance by enaaa
ling Hoods sad rea
der Ilk docte at rectory
Enamel Bak Ova, 444 atureaide at 14th.
Mala S4U. A-484.
The Addachine, Fred W. Rodolf, In
Aad All Kinds f Caopa.-ag st
Finke Bros. CooperageWorks
its Maaisca. sear snag gaara sias
oa earth. They are sues
sr aot su massed
la. Portland by the
United Mattress & Pail Ccs
43T Hancock street. Fheae Bast 876? Bave
a rcnorat or mak ore your ajaegt seat
mom A. 142 H 2d at.
Multnoman Trunk Co., trunks sad bags, suit
case. 84 K. Wster at.
National Vault Cow eoacrst burial nolta.
, Oregon Paper Boa Factory, paper boxes, car
loo. euui v.
Oregon Brass work, copper, brass and
- aluminum. 2d and Krerett ata.- .
Oregon Door Co, doom, sash, ate. foot Spo-
. Oregon Chair Co., ehalra, 11B0 lfn
ncuic enw w oraa, pouary
flower Dots. 6S7-S0S Sherlock vtm.
roruana isnnnut sig. us. xumitur. ami
nokterina. 1249-69 vrt.ai road.
Paainsuls - Iron Works, foundrymea sad Saa
CJunais, AJi oa sracuoru am.
Puritan 11 fg. Co. all manner of soft drinks.
East 8th and Oak ata.
Pendleton Woolen Mills, wools cloth. Indian
blanket. Pendleton. Or. .
Portland Stor Works, ranees, eookins and
Bearingf aterea, ierny at. ana ueiasuts oiTd.
Phoenix Iron Wurks. foundrymee. msrhineij.
' kv Hawthorn are. ,- ,
- Portland Basket- -j Handle Works,, baskets,
bandies. 1821 Macadam road.- ' -. k
Fettit Feather st Bedding Co.. 'feather kad-
cans, manressea, spring, xis lzta a, n.
OPE BATED BT HARD
n sms's werk aad
X. Ik OASEs, rsMK
OT TJT XMM TXVR
If antrraeturers and Daalera la
Cracker, Cakeg, Italian Paste
4Sw30 Xast Savta at. stotlaad, Oa
I Kaart isea.
Good All Along Line
A real novelty aa well as a most use
ful Invention is the cunning little adding;
machine manufactured by the Adda-
chine Manufacturing company, . whose
office is at 522 Northwestern Bank build-
I ins;, with E. K. Brown as its manager.
The Addachine, as the device is named.
was Invented by Fred W. Rodolph, who
spent five years In its perfection. And I Francis Cavanaugh, superintendent
he made a good Job of it, too, for though I and manager of the Xlehoff Shoe com
It is diminutive in else as well as price, pany, 251 Sixteenth street north, just
It Is big in usefulness. In its setting the I returned from " an eastern trip, reports
Invention is 24x24 Inches, and sells at I trade good all along the line, but no-
60 cents, but just the same It will add I where better than tn his own factory
and subtract with absolute accuracy. I Much of this la due to the ahinbuiiriinar
and aa speedily aa the hand can operate I industry." and if It were onrv noamtbie
It. It la only five-eighths of an Inch I to make known to tha men enrireii tn
deep and weighs less than two ounces, so I tha several yarda the real yalue aad cora-
n may ae carried around in the pocket u I fort afforded try tha NJehoff shoe, th
necessary, it nas no Keys, tapes or. lev-1 workars would deluge tha factory wtth
era to pound or pull, or wheels to get out
of order. It Is simplicity simplified, and
so easily operated that it may be han
dled with accuracy and ease by a child.
To those slow at figures or bothered in
adding or subtracting, the Addachine
will be a welcome companion.
their orders. The requirements of: this
class of workers have been studiously
considered 'by Mr. Cavanaugh. and tha
men never will know what It meana to
enjoy real foot comfort and to .receive
real value for their money until they
are possessed of Nlehoff footwear. There
Ita price is bo low that merchants are I are no better or more nerfect shoea n4
getting in the habit of buying Adda- They are renowned for endurance and
chines In large quantities and using all tha good qualities belonging to such
umuh mm iirenuums, Aiavny newspaper I necessities. -
are doing likewise, and in this respect
they are about the neatest thing ex
tant. It Is mads of bright metal on a
hardwood base with natural wood fin
ish, wlQ not rust and needs no oil or
other isDricanL. it may be used as a
game counter and In a solid businsss way
may be employed for advertising pur
poses. The merchant may have his ad
vertisement Imprinted on the margin of
tha base and when tha little treasure Is
given out to a customer It carries its
message to its owner each time used.
perhaps for years. It Is not ykely ever
to wear out. and win ba used mora and
mora aa the operator becomes familiar
with it. -
As a Christmas gift .the Addachine
would ba greatly appreciated. Ita very
novelty makes It an educator In figures,
aad no half dollar present would be
more heartily appreciated.
PEOPLE WHO FAIL TO
BOOST FOR THE HOME
I N DU STRY ARE FO 0 LIS H
$18,000,000 Estimated Is Sent
Away Annually for Goods Sim
ilar to Local Made Articles.
By IL S. Ilarcourt
Perusal of ths report of the school
clerk for the school district embracing
Multnomah county discloses the fact
that ths school census has been In
creased 1701 during the last year. This
is indicative, ot course, of a substaatlsl
Increase In population, but Justice to the
latter phase of the matter will not
perm ft speculation to - end with tne
knowledge thus afforded, for ths reason
that hundreds of shipyard workers ars
unmarried men. here from other places
and without, families. Tnis increase ot
school attendance la very correctly. It
Is believed, attributed to the shipbuild
ing Industry, and if this be the right
surmise it then is svtdent that It means,
aa well, material enlargement In the
Portland payroll. And U -the payroll be
Increased, what Is and will continue to
ba tha result? i
Say that the cost of clothing, boarding
smd educating those 1702 new pupils will
average S10O each per year, we find an
Increased expenditure of money among
thai merchants and professional people.
aa'Aoctors. dentists, etc. of 1170.200 per
year. And this takes
parents or Infants under stx years., nor
of servants which may ba employed In
any of the new homes. Ths figures refer
to school pupils only.
Suppoe thesa children, collectively,
were the progeny of 900 fathers, making
a fraction less than two children to a
home, and these 900 worked 100 days
each In a year at $2 per day. there Is a
payroll from this class only of $710,000
per annum, most of which goes out for
such foodstuffs as grocers sell, shoes
from ths shoe store and dry goods and
clothing from such establishments as
swell thesa goods. These dealers and
business men get this money, and yet
It seems as If the skulls of most of them
are so adamant that they cannot be
penetrate sufficiently to let a light
shine In that will disclose to their
reason tha benefits to their bank ac
counts derived from larger payrolls, 1
Instead of pounding Into tha minds of ,
their customers the good results of
maintaining local manufacturing lasti-.
tutions. they appear so afraid of losing
the fractional Image of a fractional dime
that they continue to hand out Mac-.
Davitt's soap. Trombone's breakfast
food, Slambangs candles. Hunchback's j
necktie, WUhellum'a half baked shirts
and other stuff from Stuffvllle. of small i
value but of monumental cost! I
Fourteen thousand men. It is said. 1 TTTf V TIMRFQ Rt Tfi
to tl2.COO.000! Most of this hugs sum
will be spent by ths tollers In Portland,
yet theaggregate la less than that paid
by our tradesmen to eastern and ether
factories for products identical to those
produced at home. The only difference
is that ths Imported articles are manu
factured "somewhere alas and not by
our own people. Good authority has
estimated that we send out of this city
$11. 250.000 a year an average of StO.000
a day to pay for good And articles
such ss are produced by tha Industries at
our doors, and this mountain ot money
never returna No part of It ever gets
back, to Oregon.
Who Is ths loser by this udlftsreaios
to horns Industries aad their welfare T
Every merchant, ever tradeemaa, every !
laborer, every boms and man and woman
In our city aad thousands throughout
MANuracTCRCRS or '
Stoves and Ranges
AMX. TOO BXAXX&.
are now employed In ths shipyards of
this community. At $2 per dsy and 200 ',
days work in a year, their wage amounts
Special Tools Designed tnd Built
' SCREW MACHINE WORK
Steel Stiraplnrj Gear Cutting Mtchine Shop Work
COIN MACHINE MANUFACTURING COMPANY
984 East 17U. St. Sell wood J00
. ,. . Liberty Bonds accepted, at tot In payment for work
And ' prospector Vav " been patroguaiag '. tS
HONTAKA A&aAT OITlCk for 20 ysan. We
are aaaeyars. gold, ailrer aad piathram raflaara;
boy high grad erea jewelers' sweepuics, pfeate
alTr, nitrates, etc Produce esntal aad jewel
era' goat, .. - .
aa-sa second TRgrr .
wane MarshaM ZTZS ,
Pacific Stoneware Co..
f Sherlock Ava -- -.
1 ' .v. " VertOaao. Ozwgna.
Everything in Pottery. '
i Thayer, Shaver-'
Guiley Machine Co.
General Machinists and Builders ef
"EVER-REaAJDYM TRUCK I
tar all mak ef ear a
' -sm attanhaiesjt
v lfe-oa attaosnsan e.e...
sVsem attaches aa ..
intone Bast 1437. ltt M. Wats St.
r ' , Builds and repairs all kinds of machinery,
Makes Vauehan's Celebrated DRAG SAWS, produces
FINE GREY AND SEMI-STEEL CASTINGS .
otm S7XCZAX.TZSS oas nam onnront, nsnoars un vasts
. 4 . - IT Ti aUXX O OOaM WOBSL
Leonard Schad, Foundry Superintendent. ' Phone East 726
OTTULLKTEEJ) lll.tM KILZS
Is not a liquid, will not flatten. Give
mora mileage on tires. Can be changed
from one tire to another. - It's a real
pleasure to ride without tire trouble. No
money until you are satisfied.
441-443 Hawthorne Ave.
uBt by Test"
' Puritan Club Ginger Ala
all of them pure
trait flavors, and all
v. of them delivered
thru your dealer at
$1.60 per case of 2
. doz. 12 02U, except
Puritan Club Ginger
Ale, which is $2.S0
for 2 doz. 15 oz. bot
tles, with 70c re
- 'funded for the emp
.'. ties.- -
ASK YOUR DEALER O
It I ta last wt4 la tae sascslsas
kat-Kr see ALX. STX EL. ei.rt aertf tislil
Wk 31 IS. Tnmm tlSS Ss Illf.U k,
K aaaav ens as as. ss m v
Ctaasawa sseesct ef fl rears war. A eH
C wo4 ea M sals-. Ve set taasrSas
Sroass. ill fast ea tke lag. aWsd tee
Rqyer Implement Co.,
Lie asweu Cas Ser. Osasa Ummrnr
The WANNING" Kerosene-Oil,
tuirtrr ant aarr T
H. W. MANNING
Lighting & Supply Co.
r "es an at. tNrvl iS. Or.
OREGON BRASS WORKi ,
BRASS FOUNDERS '
AND MACHINISTS ;
Branse. Bras. Cswnet'. Ararntasa aaa '
t-ssanssitssa Cast in aa Flniabtac. I-
aaa ruuag aaa Daf aad ,
aad areeaets Sta, lstlaaa, Of
oar MTt. l7t i
National Vault Co, . -
Maasacrerm ml SleW
Staisva4 start! V sails, aa -
aad lkewrlaag I Call
( Tsson nt
PETTIT FEATHER &
iu m. irra rr. yosTiaaJra.
afaetajara) el aUgar-arraae Qsssf
era. rami aaa
s areas atattrn. awaa
PHOENIX IRON WORKS &
roaruivs, ox too
gaelasir. Wmmmmtt. tarfclilns nsMafssiis.
steilaUag sad gvastarsl isva Wera. Iaaa
a Wk sad S tasf repaOr.
. W Cwaraatee Krertaiag.
PENLNSUU 1101 .VOBJaS
FoundeVa. ataahlalsta. fatUrs.
maaarav 'aasnaaia' Gray Iran
end Semi-Sieel - Caalinga for alt
purposes. Transmission snd Special
ischinrT. Mill, siariae and Oaay
rJ Kepalr Wort weae coil
tta 14. at. Jonas, rortiaad. Or.
AM. BRONZE AND BRASS
cm sruuB rrxxrr .
Caste aa kkaoa mt m iUsl tee
IsaMT. red sraa. aipeasg mtmL
a k as !,
aarged. sew eeals-aaMU
wgOiS aAaT rrs for Highest grade
- typewriter em yeacu, 4.
GARAGE AND MACHINE
SMarM aa aase. rwt eWas sriLs ss
are rgee SV ard aed Siriata. .
wtxxjLMrm OAs twin
M. a. We,
Portland Boh 6 LIfg. Co.
9. St. XXZWXU.TaT. XgX.
riO lta Street STarta '
sveiai. v pw- wen. ti, xnmm. ,
ataiMLtag umm eg AX
ICoaUnaed oa Msxt Pag)