THE , OREGON DAILY JOURNAL PORTLAND, TUESDAY.-MAY 23, "1916. if ivi mMM I HtL JUU KIN fL; A IMDEPEWDgNT NEWBPAPBSL S. JACKSON .Fuell ui.ii.bod every day, eft! and morarng (except 8umla7 afternoon), at Tbe- Jeoraal HuUdioe;. Broadway and Yamhill sta., fort- lend. Or- - ," ..utered a taw postal f tea at rwrtlaao. Of.. tee traoamlaatoa) tUrougn tee valla aa eeeoed class matter, " " 1 ' ; iivLKI'HUNIIhWBleln flT8; Home. A-M61. AB d-partnrtte reeled by these numbers. Tell ibe otxrratnr wli department too want, imfcJU A.-VKhtXIlNU aUtHkVKNXATlVM iDjini'B ft ktniDot Co.. vjtnrifwlek Bldg rifta Ave.. Hew Seek, Uia reooU'a faaa BUlg.. Chicago. Subscription term by uU or to any ad drvs. la tba United States or Masloat OAILX 4U0RN1M0 OB AfTE BltOOM I On year........ .S3.00 I One mouth......! DM DAT. Oua yeef IX.&0 Oca aaoatb. .....$ Js DAILI (MOBSWO OR AFTEBHOOW) AKD . . .w iOMUAY Ooa year.! 17 .80 I Oua month .AS America ake nothlna for herself but bat ana baa a riabt to ask for humanity Itself WOODRCW . WILSON. Mltllooa tribute. for defense, bnt noVs rent for CHAELK8 C. FINCKNEX. ' " Tba praaa la fooj or aril, according to fba character of tboae who direct tt. It la a sslil tbat eMails all tbat la pat Into He hopper, Fill the hopper with poisoned fratn and It will grind It to meal, bat bora la death la tbe bread. Bryant. THE ORC AT SPRING DRIVE F OUT Y-T II R E E Republican newspapers outside of Port land joined In the attempt to read Secretary of State Ol- cott out of the Republican party. Among the promises made men whom agents of the Withycombe administration sought to bring out as ,a candidate, was that a large number of newspapers would be delivered to the support of the man who, would, run against Olcott. .Thai nnmhor tnrna nut. tn haVa been 43.. They were active ana aggressive. Many of them printed columns of matter assailing the I Republicanism of Mr. Olcott. They i hissed and sneered. They bludg eoned and blustered. They accepted the press agent stuff sent out of Portland and printed it as their thoughts and their conclusions. 'And the state employes sent over the state and Into Portland to Influence the voting, worked like beavers. They distributed cards, made personal appeals and told everybody tbat Mr. Olcott Is no Republican. And the deputy game wardens and, other attaches of tbe Withy combe administration, beat the bushes, rushed the voters and ped died everywhere the claim that Olcott Is not a Republican. , And the big chief at Salem sent out private and very confidential letters appealing to his friends to support Mr. Moores, in which ac tion tbe governor of a great state, as head of his political machine, got out Into the trenches and did service on the earthworks like private soldier. It was a great spring drive. With the Oregon! an and Telegram using asphyxiating gases, the 43 up-state papers made the whole earth shake with round on round from 42-centl- meter howitzers. -- The carnage until primary day was f jarful. The slaughter was almost Indescribable, until the elec tion returns came in. ' The answer of the Republican voters to the great drive was some thing like 17,000 majority for Sec- .retary Olcott. He carried every county. . Some .day, it should occur to jtne up-state Republican newspa pers to do their own thinking and to write as they think. The repu diatldn of them in their own coun 'ties4 by the Republicans who do their own thinking and vote as ,: they think, would seem, to suggest ' to these newspapers never again to permit themselves to be deliv red to the support of anybody ex cept such as their own careful 'analysis snail approve, to never 'again permit themselves to be pledged In advance as an asset of a state house and Oregonian ma chine, never again to be misled into an attempt to read out of the Republican party an official whose only offense Is that he is an ef ficient public servant and that he refused to deliver the power of his office to spoils and spoilsmen. ' The weather man tells us that the temperature yesterday morning was ten degrees below normal. -Probably on account of the sudden lack of hot air at the close of the primary campaign. FREYE&TABLE INSANITY a - N INTERESTING note la the A i Medlcal Record tor-; May 6, "V says that not more than 16 --per cent of the Insanity In the country ' can be traced to or ganic disease, of the brain. The rest is due to causes which can be prevented tortbe most part About 15 per cent is of "toxic'? origin. Some of the toxins whlchv disturb and finally destroy the mind origi nate ia the Intestines by action of bacilli, ( Better bodily habits would of course present' this trouble. But by far the most potent fac tor in producing i toxic- insanity is alcohol, which,"- as the. author says, "sets up a wholly .preventable jsy- chests' He favors "the general suppression of the use of alcoholic lirlnk"Ml believes that this, with other hygienic measures which he mentions, would In a few years give ui "a quarter , less Insanity and three fourths less reeblemind edneas."' It Is well known to phy sicians that much of the feeble mindedness which so worries our philanthropists, might be prevented I by giving children, proper food, i "Beiateaness" in children is about the same thing as starvation. Halt fed pupils at school are 'usually poor scholars. . friv. hmim rlnh wrnnoo f rom western atd southern states have arrived In New York with one thou-1 sand husbands to attend the btn - nal convention of the General rei- eratlon of Women's clubs, while the Indiana delegation has reached the metropolis with three trunks each. Pink checks have been pinned on the husbands? What a harmonious meetlne it would be if some hae- gage smasher would Jumble up the , hnhhv r.hAftkn with the trunk i checks. THE HODGE VERDICT A JURY In the circuit court de cided yecterday that a mother was guilty of contributing to the ccllnquency of her minor daughter becauso she permitted the child to attend public dances and visit all-night restaurants uncKap eroned, and to her downfall. It is significant, verdict. Whether it will stand the test of thJ appellate court Is a. question to bo deter. mined, but if it should, the bands of the Juvenile court will be greatly strengthened. There are sins of commission, and sins of omission. The parasitic frequenter of public places who in- nlvance of their own paid servants veigles young and foolishlrls into had passed away, but .they are too forbidden pathways Is a despicable i optimistic. The game is still creature, but, a.ter all, is he by ! played just as of yore, his positive act the primary of- The group of millionaires who fender against the conventions, the ; will profit by this grab are not first infractor of public morals? : pacifist mollycoddles. They are What of the parents' responsibility for the most part fiery jingoes who who hold no- hand of restraint want a big army and navy in or over the comings and goings of , der to have a big war a little later, their children. Are. they not prl- But they do -not want to help pay marily responsible for any harm ' the expenses of what they call that may befall them? "preparedness." That duty they The district atiorney contended, lu the Hodge care, that parents are ; responsible. The Jury by its ver-1 diet agreed with the state. It seems to be common sense, whether within tae limit of technical legal construction or otherwise. The juvenile court is costing much money, and there are without it will grow more valuable every doubt many cases of Incorrigibility : year by unearned increment as pop whlch must of necessity come with-; ujation increases and the demands in its Jurisdiction. But there are many, many more cases where the I parents should come first for cor-1 rection, and the children second. The Journal congratulates the ; Hodge jury and trusts its verdict 1 has established a precedent in the handling of Juvenile delinquency that will stand the test of appellate opinion. Wlth high and mighty words the Oregonlan points to the so-called ; accuracy or its election returns. Does that paper not remember that In the primaries two years ago it solemnly announced that J. D. Ab bott was nominated for senator when, in fact, Arthur Langguth re ceived the nomination with a ma jority well above a thousand? PEOPLE'S MARKETS 0' NB of the new books in the Sffarts. 2J7h P!o u 'rlBk fe gaily crossing the street and J!?l ttJl" to the lawyer's office. . 6TV v V i ' markets in New York. Paris and pther large cities, and pointa out , rr".! 17, are failures. So far as the poor are concerned, it says, tbey seem to get more substantial benefit from street peddlers of provisions than from any other marketing agency. In mo8t cities the authorities have discouraged street peddlers. Push carts, farmers' wagons, cor ner fruit stands, all tend to disap pear under the hand of public au thority. A fact that does most to settle controversies over street markets is the patronage bestowed upon them. If there are throngs of busy buyers regularly about them as In the case of the Yamhill markets In Portland, It is evidence to the public that Buch a process of mar keting Is approved by the people. WOULD FILL THE GULCHES K ESIDENTS of South Portland are interested in a project for beautifying the entrance to Terwllliger boulevard and for filling Marquam and Terwllli ger gulches and converting them Into a playground and athletic cen ter for the ch(ldren and adults of the South Portland district. The South Portland Improvement asso ciation, of which A. RoBensteln is president, and the Shattuck Parent- Teacher association, of which Mrs. J. F. Kelly is president, are lead ing the campaign. . , At the end of Fifth street the entrance to the boulevard has on either side many unsightly shacks and broken down fences. The plan provides for tbe removal of these shacks .and the planting of the narrow space be tween the street and the hill or the gulch as the case may be, with shrubs and flowers. - , The gulches are unsightly and a menace to public health. Some garbage Is dumped there and about this the children play. That South Portland is in need of a public playground is conceded by all,' as under present conditions the . chil dren are . obliged to play in the street. The one thing urged against I it is that there are those who lnslstHiat . for the present money should not be spent In large amounts for public improvements. No estimates have as yet been made on the, cost. of the project. . V THE LAST MAX . -N" THE announcement of the the death of Joseph Bergman, statement Is made that he was the last of the charter members of Congregation Beth Israel to de part from mortal life. Many years have passed since ortianas pioneers or jewisn iaun met and formed a congregation. If question "who will be thejast !81vorr' - had been asked then there could have been no answer, although cveryon3 knew that there -would be a last man. !. To every man and every mind comes the thought "who will be the 1 man?" The days pass. The years press relentlessly on sioop- ln shoulders. One by one the final "ummoM is answerea. All hall the last man. PLUNDER BY LAW t: HE Shields billr which has passed the United States sen ate and may possibly pass the house of representatives, gives away, the water powers in naviga ble streams to a group of men al ready enormously rich. It has been many years since congress "has authorized ftny grab as huge and indefensible as this one. It does not even go through the empty form of exacting com- pensation from the millionaire donees. Many have imagined that the days when the people could be plundered In this way by the con- cheerfully hand over to the people. To use a terse old phrase, these gentry are "on the make" always and everywhere. The waterpower gift which con gress seems about to bestow upon them is so valuable that It can hardly be estimated in figures. And for power expand. WILLIAM KELCH T HOSE who preach to us that "war 18 needed to keep the manly virtues alive" might learn a lesson or two from common facts. The window cleaner who takes Ms life In his band as he hangs out Into space from the sev- enth or tenth story of a tall bulld- ing can hardly be less brave than the soldier who faces bullets. When, a few days ago, William Kelch fell by no fault of his own from a wlndov to his death on the pave-J ment far below, everybody felt that here w&s a tragedy as solemn as any fatality of vrar. The man met his end doing his duty bravely and well. As civilization grows more com- Tll.AV A a Ti rrarm trtiilflrtlw a..,-.,,.. ... l;' -"kh Z-.T ." but now anl then reality breaks thrnnrh thl fh1n van onH Blght8 or hrtnor Just as BOldlera flung unm the comrade at their side is shot dewn, so the lethal machinery of civilized life looks commonplace and harmless to us until the jaws ppen and devour the living prey. We need fear no loss tit the 41 a . eat maniy virtues.' as long as we continue to play with death at every street crossing and In every office building. The men who pile tower on tower as the steel frame climbs skyward arexnot cow ards. How can a man bo a coward standing halfway between heaven and earth with nothing to cling to but the cords of his own heart? , "But such bravery is Ignoble be cause tne man is only earning his living." That is the false doctrine of feudalism which has always despised honest work and exalted violence. Democracy must refuse - bow to the creed of feudalism and must teach that a man who earnr his living honestly and brave ly serves his country no less nobly than he who dies on the "field of glory." None of us can serve truly. Whatever our station may be, un less we are ready to die" when duty calls, in the cay when we weave v-reaths for the dead who have died well Jet us not forget a flower for William Kelch. WAR CUREALLS HE world Is full of curealls for war. In the epidemic of choi era every quack has an in fallible dope which the patient has only to swallow to recover his health instantly. So in this time of world wide war there are mul titudes of recipes any one of which will make such a calamity impossi ble hereafter, Yon need only adopt the dope of Professor . X, or swal low the pill of the Reverend Mr. Y and the dove of peace will hence forth brood forever over the world. We are prone to forget that; war is not a simple' matter. , It. has many causes, some of which- run deep down among the roots of, hu man li nature. ' Race . hatred; S the memory,' of . old wrongs, the ambi tion of rulers, commercial rivalry, religious; differences social - unrest at home, all play a part In stlrTlngIh,tweiach ,ever Into Montana aci UP : wars. . The ruling Class in any iorthern Califorrila Our equipment country commonly prefers a' for eign war to doing justice at home. r But there . Is another cause of war which has received marked at tention lately. . It is the natural hunger of mankind for excitement. Most people lead lives which are rather drab. They have little nov- elty, ,few changes, scant variety. "The sun goes up. and the sun goes down and: the day and the night are all as one." Their in born, craving for color, adventure, interest is never satisfied. To these peojler- ridden by mo notony as Sinbad was by the Old Man of the Sea, war comes like the circus in spring to a vuiage urcnin. It teems with unimaginable prom-i1 fear our stock will, be exhausted ise it breaks the wearying chain I before we receive a renewal, which, I Of custom. It sheds 'a purple glow understand, will be a month or more, over life. We have read a poem . w hv similar difficulty in securing or two lately which touched upon aluminum, of which we use conaid thls phase 'of war and its charm ! "able. For business .reasons, if for to the common mind. Several magazine articles have taken up the same theme. The classic ut terance upon it is that of William James, who taught us that we must find a "moral substitute for war" before we could hope to establish permanent peace. The . obvious "moral substitute" is to give the common life of the people that color and interest which, as condi tions stand, poverty makes impos sible. NOTHING THE MATTER WITH PORTLAND There are many workers la these Stj who are doing Quite weU In the work of differ entiating re&lclea, and especially tbe automo bile, to adapt It to tba apedal neede of in diridual uaers. An establishment of tbla class ia described In today's installment, No. 140, of The Journal's "Nothing the Matter With Portland" series. It is a buay Institu tion, and lta business la growing at aa tc ctlerating rate. THE Columbia Carriage oV Auto Works, 209-211 Front street, has not been proclaimed from the housetops, yet it is paying the 80 peo pie employed In its 60x100 four story i and basement building more than 1500 i a week for their services. It has been In operation IS years and has grown, like a human being, from infancy' to a robust, healthy, muscular 'institution.' Its announcement reads that it builds automobile street cars, busses and sightseeing cars, hearses, tmbu , n.. . ,, - ; the national emergency with the same rigs of every description, and re- poise, and skill with which he has held builds private cars to suit the wishes congress to its work from the very ln of anyone. For example. The Journal I ception of his administration. The representative saw a large private i neefried CUel u.n'tn" . . T again not only what it means to have car being changed over into a small communed with the world's phlloso hotel. Its owner will soon start out phers, but has demonstrated the su on a tour of a considerable portion ' preme value of rigid mental discipline of th country, and the car Is being changed into a living room, like a davenport, into a bedroom, and if the party should take a notion he may carry a gasoline stove along and board himself and guests. It will be not only a comfortable and complete car In which to travel, but will have most attractive appearance. PRICES SEEM MODERATE!. Open delivery beds are built on ears for 110; a canvas bow-top delivery bed, 48 inches long, 40 inches wide and (0 inches high, with canvas bow top over bed and seat, back and side curtains, capable of being converted Into a runabout by removal of three bolts in bed, $50; strong bow-top de livery bed, considerably larger than the last mentioned, with five inch flare board on either side, back and aide curtains, wind shield rods, tall lamp bracket, horn bracket and cush ion, $65; panel top delivery body, handsome and solid, completely cov ered bed of auto back of seat, porch top covering driver, with .wind shield rods, horn bracket, one front side storm curtain, fender brackets, lamp bracket end cushion, rear doors or end r gate and cushion, $100, and panel top delivery body, 60 inches long back of seat, 40 inches wide, E4 .inches high, handsome fore doors, rear doors or end gate and curtain, one front side storm curtain, fender brackets," lamp I bracket and cushion, $115. These are merely samples of the coat of auto equipment work, where it is done on a large scale, as In this establishment. A fin auto hearse for an Oregon City undertaker was being completed, a Salem banker's beautiful car was be ing remodeled according to its owner's own ideas and wishes, making-it very handsome and different from any other, probably. In the state, and there were others in different stages of manufacture which were destined for Baker and for points in Idaho and northern California. 'ALL KINDS OP BODIES BUILT. "We do a great deal, of work for garages," C. O. Irwin, manager, said, "and for business nouses generally. We have recently completed four auto deliveries for Meier & Frank, one for the Pacific Telephone & Tele graph 9ompany, an immense truck for the Doernbecher Furniture Manufac turing company, and one each, for the Columbia and Sajito Fish companies. We find the business men of Port lend exceedingly loyal to our indus try. This is what has enabled our concern to grow so substantially. To day we are overwhelmed with orders. Our business is 100 per cent greater than at this time last season,' and we are booking new orders daily. The city commissioners, .however, do not treat us so graciously, and for the life of me I cannot understand why. They patronise agents of eastern kvlnr th. a.m. cles we could sell them at no higher prices, thus sending Portland money f east to support institutions having nev interest whatever in this city. The council recently bought a couple of street flushers. Suppose an accident should happen to ona of these. ' The agency here is closed, and it would be at least two weeks before repairs could be obtained, ' - , "3ur business covers a broad field. Oregon, Washington and Idaho woufd is so complete w ara enabled to eoia. pete la quality of : work and price with atny factory anywhere, and thle fact la becoming-"well known to the poMia - MATERIA! SCARCE. "On difficulty, however, confronts all workers In our line at present, and that is the scarcity of material. jit is almost Impossible .to procure sheet steel, even at the tremendously Increased 'prices charted for that commodity. Happily we had been buying- In large quantities and had a big stock on hand when prices began" to soar. That supply,, however, is gradually 'fadlns away and orders no oiner' w wm D w"en this European war is ended.' The transactions of this concern amount to from $180,000 -to $200,000 u year. Q. Gv Wentworth is president of (he company, and he devotes all his time to Its Interests. , Letters From the People (Communications sent to Tba Journal for ?ubl I cation In this departmept should be writ es on only one side of the paper, should not exceed 300 words In length, and most be ac companied by the name and address of th sender. Jf the writer doaa not desire to bars ue name pupjiancu ne inoam av staie.j - "Discussion la the greatest of all reformers. It rational Iras CTerytSmg it touches. It robs principles of all false sanctity and throws them back on their reasonableness. If they hsre no reasonableness, it mtblessly crushes tbem out of existence and acts op lta own eooclaaloos in their stead." Woodrow Wilson. Wilson's Way. Portland. May 22.. To the Editor of The Journal-"Wbatvr of evil tbe war of nations msyhave brought upon us Americans, the country is indebted to It tor a clear revelation of the effic iency of the administration of Pres ident Woodrow Wilson. If we have seen in England a fairly amazing sub- sidislng of popular passion, but yes- Wday tnreatenmg civu war. we nave witnessed on this side of the water a similar and a most praiseworthy read iness to rise above partisanship and stand by the president in his effort to take in all possible sail and render the ship of state as safe as may be in the harricane that had suddenly burst upon it. While tbe credit for all this belongs to many men, the chief praise Is, of course, due to the captain. He has met "J6.1: President Wilson should be trusted to steer the American ship of state free of the infinite national perils of Europe's gigantic embroilment. Let us not forget that his policy of "watchful waiting" with regard to Mexico Is now almost universally con ceded to have been the wise courses- Imagine us at war with Mexico at this juncture, with Europe In the death grapple of the centuriesr If the people want a government of. Ury and for all of the people all the time, they will reelect Woodrow Wilson. R-aj P. KULISCH. Genesis and Evolution. Washougal, Wash., May 22. To the Editor of The Journal In a letter In Friday's Journal a correspondent in quires which account of creation in Genesis is the true one, and if it is in harmony with organic evolution. If the writer will turn to the first and second chapters of Genesis he will See that the first chapter simply states that lod did do so, and in the sec ond it tells how he did it, and the two are but one record. And as for har mony between the record and evolu tion, by careful study one will see that Genesis does not teach evolution but creation, and to determine, which of the two Is the more scientific I will simply- quota from a few noted men. Frederick Wrightr D- D., in writing on this subject says: "The question at. Issue is, Is the parallel between the two such as-to exclude chance and to compel us to acknowl edge the presence of design? The more J Van h. ha, -ati-fied with anv the- -1 .1.. ...M.n ( ti a ory that rules out the idea of a de sign in this parallelism. It could not have been a matter of -mere chance that a writer should describe the or der of creation so nearly in accord ance with the discoveries of modern c ni.nr., Thm L-hrk w r f tha testimony of the sacred writers cer tainly do so in the face of evidence that is ordinarily accepted aa con clusive." Professor Dana, distinguished in geological science, quotes approvingly these words from Mr. Gladstone: "The first chapter of Genesis was not writ ten to teach science but not a single fact of science can be found to dis credit it.'' Professor L. T. Townsend, D. D., in his book "Collapse of Evolution,' writes: "It should be said at fnls point that it the transmutation of spe cies is not established,' then organic evolution can have no scientific stand ing. . . The reader is almost -entitled to an apology for the repetition of so called proofs of transmutation; some time since overthrown, that are, never theless, the stock in trade of scores of men who appear tq be either un pardonably Ignorant of - facts already established, or else deliberately try- inir to fool the public mind. . The most thorough scholars, the world's ablest philosophers and sci entists, with few exceptions, are not supporters, but assailants, of evolu tion, - H. L. AHLSON. Adam's Distinction, Dallas. Or., May 20. To. the Editor of The Journal In last night's Jour nal appeared an interesting query from jL. T. Boyce. It is the question whether I or not the account of creation in Gen - esis can do reoonciiea who iui innrj of organio evolution.. In reply to the question, permit me to call attention to the, book recently I ITOO UI einol press, cnuiicu. Vflsi.SUgs Ul i . iuuniu nniivuu- ism Refuted," a. reply to the Oregon -Rationalist society, in-which , the au thor .recognizes the findings or arc aeology and geology and paleontology as proving that Adam was not the first man of the human family. A race of men, now extinct, preceded Adam. The distinction of Adam was a grander distinction than being the first man. His distinction consisted of being the first man to receive divine inspiration, and revelation, and tbe promise of a redeemer. Primeval man lacked the mental and moral illumination which distinguished Adam, Primeval man was cot a conqueror, but Adam was PERTINENT COM MENTAND NEWS IN BRIEF - SMALL CMANOE - Perhaps May wants us to use her proper and severer name "Mary." Wonder whether the Chicago conven tion's "dark, horse" will be an auto mobile. . , Queen Muriel can rest assured that her loyal and admlrlnsi subjects will be legion. is rerSrted tXl 'L" lo7. not ! comDat?w1tl0OroS'- T not compare With Oregon S. I Germany's beer drought, sever as it Rev. Mr. Beera and Rev. Mr. Coffee are new Portland pastors. Choose your own spiritual refreshment. The man tied down to a desk is con vinced that a lot of those 12 inch trout we hear about are not so long as that The round trin fare from Portland to Roseburfpa strawberry carnival Is $7.95, and Roseburr Insists its straw berries ar worth it The Beavers are doing first rate away from home, and it Is possible that winning will be a fixed habit with them when they return. Chicago claims to have produced the provident; woman .who fox trots with strangers in cafes and carries burglary Insurance In her own home. Justice Hughes is quoted as saying T. R. will be nominated at Chicago. And that. too. after Oreron had de clared for Hughes! Was it love's la- Dor lost? Mr. oleott's overwhelming Victory at the primaries should be a hint to Gov ernor Withycombe to become ''harmo nious" with the secretary of state dur ing tne Daiance or tne governor a term. , The else of the Rose Festival center nas Deen doubled, indicating that V. will be twice aa fine aa last vear'a It will be another case of attempting tnt impossible ana probably accora pllahing it. - JOURNAL 22 Inviting Distant Have you done it yet? Have you written to that friend back east? Have you said "Oregon is the finest vacation coun try of the nation. You can't go to Europe thla year. Come to Oregon. "Portland Is the logical center of vacation tours. "If you went anywhere else it would be all mountains, or all ocean, or all rivers and valleys. Here in Oregon you get mountains, oceans, rivers and valleys. "If you went to other vacation re gions you might find a brown, sun baked country, whero all that Is. beau tiful Is man made, sua helped. "In Oregon you find a green and pleasant country. Sunshine comes as a benediction, not as withering heat. "You dont fret away hot, sleepless nights in Oregon, only to rise more fatigued than when you retired. The nights are cool and a little covering pleasant. From mountains or oceans will come refreshing breeses like breaths of new life. - e e "When you have been in Oregon you ean say 'I had the greatest time surf bathing that you can imagine, And then I had the greatest experience tbat can come to mortal, for I stood on the peak of ' Mt. Hood and saw all that wonderful country spread below me. I could even see the Pacific ocean, 160 miles away, the line of vision passing over the lower mountains of the coast range, some hundred miles west of Mt. Hood.' "You can drive over hundreds and hundreds of miles of scenically beauti ful roads In Oregon. You will experi- given dominion, and was the herald of advanced civilization. The author's interpretation of the allegory -of creation completely re moves the question of evolution from consideration as Oenesis takes up the history of mankind with Adam, and not with the first member of the human family. REV. GEORGE H. BENNETT. On Mistakes of Employers. Portland. May 30. To the Editor of The Journal I desire to make a brief statement, hoping It may do some good, and make employers more careful in the treatment of their man. On the part of some employers there is an inclination to obtain a maximum amount of work for a minimum of re muneration. The employer who makes this a part of his attitude toward his employes very seldom reaps the reward desired, because he gathers about him men who are striving in a similar way trying to get a maximum amount of pay for a minimum amount of work. "Some' bosses have the idea tbat in order to get best results from their men, they must be continually finding fault. They have .the idea that the man will become satisfied and attempt to rest on the laurels already won, if given a word of praise or encourage ment. But such an idea Is contrary to all human experiences. No man ever accomplished anything great If he knew he was striving for. the impossi ble. Once convince a man that you can not be satisfied, andv bis efforts are immediately turned from that direc tion toward a policy of deception. Some employers try to take the con ceit out of a good man, and show htm In a hundred little ways that he is working for him, and he is the boss. If you want a man to strive for the highest possibilities tell him he is do ing well, and you believe he can still do better. Even if he asks for a raise encouragement will enable him to earn much more than the increase. And the boss Is the gainer, in any case. When a man has done his best; and knows that "he has done well, and then receives complaints, he naturally comes to the conclusion that bis em ployer cannot be satisfied and that further effort would be useless. The best man living can be spoiled by such treatment As for myself, I came here last No vember with several hundred dollars, expecting to start into business for myself, but found things In my line at a standstill. Bd I looked for em ployment and held on to what I had. I have worked in the finest and best equipped shops on the Pacific coast and have the very highest references. I landed a position at $1 a day, in a very "dirty shop no toilets, no water vn. Mv employer informed me at the end of my first week's work that he was short of money and only paid me $10. Not only this, but he thought i e knew the business, and had roe f manT things which I knew w UB were wrong, but as he was the boss, I tried to please him. and therefore cut my own throat, as he came to the con clusion that I did .not know my dusi ness. Employers are frequently taught In the old school, and when a man 'is modern in his methods, they u- laondemn mm si ones, any vmptoycr h-ftiappened to be taught in neither school. Nevertheless, it tivea - ma a black eye. When you Can't speak well of your employer, it is time to speak for another Job. -- gome employers will not advertise, but expect business to drift their way. Nowadays advertising spells more business, and success. If I only had crsickers and cheese for supper and one dollar in cash,. I would advertise with my last dollar, and I would gam ble on it that my next meal would be more substantial. 1 LYONS. - OREGON SIDELIGHTS The Muddy Creek correspondent of the Baker Herald writes: "The tax payers of this district have voted fa vorably on the question of a new high school, which means that Muddy Creek will have a new 1 6.000 edifice. It Is expected that bonds will be sold to raise the money." Cooperation between the city offi- nd th OKOn Electric railway has resulted in the eiot grounds at nnnaM fceina- rla.nM tf. with Donald being plan'ed to rotes, with vines over the large concrete deoot. A drinking fountain is an additional im provement. Bandon's Commercial club, lona- dor mant, has been reorganised. "Instead of the old plan of having a president and secretary, on whom all cf the work falls, as has been the experience in the past," says the Recorder, "a board of five directors will have complete charge of the executive work of the body." a a Roseburg Review's view of the lum ber situation: ''That lumber is in great demand throughout the wect 1 at tested by the number of cars loaded with this product that are passing through this citv almost daily. It 1b conservatively estimated that be tween 400.000 and eOO.OOO feet of lum ber i being huuled through Roseburg every 24 hours." a Baker's latest Innovation, as de scribed by the Herald: "The cry of a banshee, the blast of a fog horn and the lamentation of a lost soul many times magnified, were mingled in a terrific blast of sound which startled the city thla morning. Rising and falling, but mostly rising. It penetrated to everv corner of Baker. It was not the heralding of the mlllenium. It was merely the city's new compressed air fire siren which was given its first tryout. JOURNEYS Friends to Oregon ence three different climates nnt Willamette valley and Interior Oregon. "You will find camping spots in the shadow of the mountains or by the sea, mat win satisfy all your require ments. Both Cascade and coast moun tains have their trout streams In number beyond any eastern compari son, and these mountain torrents yield more man nsh. To be near them brings rest and hope and, new sest for the duties of life. "The particularly big reason why you snouia ceme to Oregon is the Co lumoia river nignway. it is a new hard surfaced road leading through the heart of the Cascade range in the gorge or the Columbia. It is the most thrillingly beautiful drive on this con tinent. On one side is the broad Co lumbia; on the other and above you. the high walls of the gorge, with waterfalls leaping from high above, with great pillars of rock like cathe drals and temples and forts, with gen- Ltle, secluded dells that fairies might nave as homes, with outlook points that fairly take your breath away. a "You have heard of Oregon apples and perhaps have eaten them. But thin Is to tell you that Oregon straw berries and Oregon cherries deserve Just as high a rank. The cherries are big. luscious, wonderfully flavored; you-aever saw any others like them "If you will come to Oregon you wm una a nospitaDie "people and a glorious country and an experience that will linger pleasantly in your memory as long as you live." Tf you ean Improve on this letter, ao so Dut write that eastern friend. and remember the Rose Festival dates are June 7, S, and 9. Some Little Bug Will GetYoo. With epochal international ques tions confronting them, and with pressing Internal questions of prepar edness, and of rural credits legislation waiting their attention some mem bers of the house of representatives find time to convert portions of their dally sessions into vaudeville perform ances, as witness the reading into the lower house's minutes on April 22, at the request of J. Hampton Moore, M. C. from Pennsylvania, of a nlne-stansa burlesque on bugs. After getting permission from the chair to have the clerk read th Jingle, Mr. Moore was not satisfied, but asked that more be read. However, some of bis colleagues objected, and the read ing ended. Here is the Jingle, which has been expensively embalmed in the Congres sional Record: Some little boa; Is aoine- te find 70a soma Say, Soma little bug- will creep behind you aome flay; Bat aome sauce, tbey call It ehlH, On your breast tbey'U place ayily; Soma little bug is going to find yon setae Say. In these days of Indigestion It is oftentunee a question Aa to what to cat and what te leave alone. For each microbe and bacillus Has a different way to kill as, And In time they Always clala ne for their own. There arc csrms of erery kind In any food tbat you can find v la tba market or apon the bill of fare. Drinking water's Just aa risky As tba sosiled deadly whiskey, And It's oftea a mistake to breathe the au. Some little bug is going to find you aome day. Some little bug t ill creep behind you , aome day -11 send ror his bur And all tout earthlr trouble ends: Some little bug is going to find yon aome day, Tba inviting- erven cucumber Gets most ererybod's number. While tbe green corn has a system ef its own; Tbous-li a radish seems nutritious. It behavior is quite vlcloas. And a doctor will be coming to your heme. Eating- lobster cooked or plain la only flirting with ptomaine. While an oyster sometimes hae a lot to say; Bat tbe clams we eat in chowder Make the snjrels chant tba loader. For they know tbat we'll be with theta right away Take a aliee of nice fried onion And yoe're fit for Dr. Munyon; Apple dumpllnga kill yon quicker than a train. Chew s cheesy midnight "rsbblt" And a grave you'll sooo inhabit Ah. to eat .at all ia such a foolish gassa. Eating huckleberry pie Is a pleasing way to die. While sauerkraut brings on softening of the brain. Whan you stt banana frit tars Krery naderCaher titters. And tbe casket makers nearly go insane. Some little bag la going to find yon soma day. Soma little bug will creep belli nd yon eoaae day With a nervoos little oulsr He'll give cirrhosis of tha liver; Some little bog is going to find yon setae day. When eold-storaga vault a I visit ; -I ran only say what la It Hake poor morula till their systems with such staff? !fow, for breakfast, prunes are dandy If a stomach pomp Is handy And yoor doctor can be found qtaaa soon enough' Eat a plate of fine pigs' kncukles nd the beads tone cutter chock lea. While tha gravedigger makes a Sots apon his cuff. , Eat tbat lovely red bologna and you'll wear a wooden kimono, AS your relatives atart scrapping 'boot yoor taff. Some little bng la going to find yon aome day. Seme little bug .wilt creep behind yon some dsy: - Eating jnley sliced 'pineapple Makes tbe aextoa duet the chapel; Some little bag Is going to find yen some day. . Blexican Fever.. ; From the Washington Post. ' T: Felix Xlas is beginnings to feel that It's an unusually long time between presidents. - Tr4)nbe Guer - rrr fusx i .ampman SATURDAY JUNE THIRD I set by the papers will be Prepared ness day-kin Portland and a lot ol other cities, t-r J Aid preparedness is a great thing . J Every squirrel knows that. Jit's a natural Instinct as anyom can see who "watches the squirrel Vr putting nuts away for winter. - . ' J And of course a lot of the "nuts" 5 aa people are called who have idea different from other people ar -against preparedness. that is military preparedness. , TAnd a lot of other "nuts" art i for it. J And they're going to hold a pre paredness parade here in Portland. to show how much we need bigger army and a bigger navy an 4 more aeroplanes. and other things designed to kill people in large numbers. . H And I want to make a suggestlOl it it isn't out of order from a men reporter. . .... J And what I want to suggest-ll that all the plans for preparedness' . that I have seen have not beeeajftsoae enuuin. - . - J Because back of all th mechan ical equipment the deadly guns ana terrible ships there must be men. ' good strong men who are Willlnl to fight. J And the best way to make me fight is to give them so-.nethlna t J And without such men and pleat) of them all the money we can soene for preparedness will Just be spent. mai s ail. J And therefore I suggest that la ; the parade there be some kind of s float or a to .en or something pledging the met, of America. that their country real lzes their value. and is willing to do anything 1 make them happy and prosperous. J And there might be a float show ing' that three per cent of the peopll own 60 per cent of tho wealth ol the United States. ; and another float showing how this wealth lo to be more evenly dla trlbuted. J And still another float in the preparedness parade- might represent the rich jnen who have dodged thell Income taxes. , J Such float would be , easy t make. because all that would be neces sary would be a platform with a lot of well-dressed mes sitting on.lt In leather chairs. and underneath a number ol workingmen carrying th platform on tneir bare backs. IT And the platform could be labeled rrepareaue6s. J And there could be a slogan say. Ing: "UNCLE SAM 13 GOING TO MAKB THESE MEN GKT )FF AND CARRY 1HE1K SHARK jAnd knowing that a country's strongest bulwarks in war Is the iove ana valor of its people it could be shown in this parada that the United States is going to do everything possible to make the people love the country. and to render them strong in its defense should defense ever become necessar.-. J And as for invading another coun try the Invader I think is always wrong. II dui anyway we re going 10 nave a preparedness parade. H Ana ioiks win cner as tt moves down tha street. J But I think I know something that would make them cheer twice as I hard and J LISTEN It would be a banner I with the words "We're going to cut I tne cost or living square in two. , Life's Xnflaite Variety. our millions of resders will notice that thai f.trma is sererai hours lata tola wek but wo nope tbe nation will not go to Uia Sots I vii aicvuui 01 it. woaepn tieraia. J. A. Dood, who wsa working on tba-road I iaac wti, wane preparing; a meal orsr nrena enmn rire was badly burned on tba enmp fire was bsdly burned on the faae and! hrniis br tut exploalon of I lis coffee not. nei postponed the road work for a few days and i went to Wallowa for medical treatment.! Premise correspondence Kntarnriaa UmtvI ctieiiain. The editor of tba Courier Is not tnfallabte. and msr make mlatakes. but It will loieniiouanj an rise or auroral any propoal-l iiuu wmcn win oe a oetriniem to tne people,! but will fight to the last trench for what tt I rmnas is rigut. Money cannot bay the Conr I ler. nor societv asixla It for eeiriah narnuanal or others. We shall grant Justice to tuorel who do Justices, and airs credit where aradltl is one. uardlner -courier. An old liquor distillery, eommonly knowri as a "still." which waa brouaht to thla rllvl by a junk dealer thla week, has been ibal csuse of much comment Tba still la of eop-l near Holley. After bringing tba tame te tb4 per ana was oouauc or ins aeaier in in ni ia city for shipment, question wss raised aa tnl tha ownership or the still sod tba same wsat held at the depot by Jack Keeny of Sweat Heme, who claims an Interest in it. and wboi aid not receive bla ah are of the prooeeds.- Brownsvllle Times. Vi Tba reporter en this column made aa error! yasterdsy in atatlng that Mrs. Curtis west tt Portland to bare bar Jaw examined. Ska went wita vera cox -to have tha Portland eneelalUI examine versa jaw. nev. cunie ears; "II yea thins there is anything wrong with Mrs uurtis- jaw yon wonia caange se your mind swrjl it work after aha? raddlr if 50a bad heard read that item." We are Inclined te take Mr. Curtis- word ror it ana hsreby retrsrl the statement In full. Mis Cox' troahla 14 not considered serious and it Is believed reliej can be secured Immediately. Oorvaliia (lasatta limes. Will somebody explain wbr the erdlnarvf blue, or "fly up the creek" ersne is protected I lie isn't ornamental, ne lacu aome or, Being at song bird, be isn't fit to eat and as a destroy.! er of small risb n la in a ciasa br blmsetfl Ever shies borbood the writer baa never let an opportunity slip to alay one of these murl oarers or emoryo roa ana eaimoo, ana we didn't think be bad a friend In tbe world, ba it seems that aome addlepated aentlmaatatls tack a provision Into tbe same law protect big him with s S2o fine. Wouldn't utt Ja yea f uota oeacn uiooe Can Anybody Xlse Say as Much la Twd Ziines as This. It's seldom that a sonnet V Will ever buy a bonnet. v G. R. Ouch. Uncle Jeff Snow Says: .. Bome fellers that used to tell thai J troubles over a bar has got to - tb trick of setting out a moving picture; Show and forgetting all about 'em, goat and a garden can be run together. but tt takes brains and patience, Storier ar Looking for Revenge. W rn HE waggish editor of the Muitf X nomab club Bulletin, the "Life" o Portland, writes; I "James Russell Kelly has const crated his life to a great purpose Which is, to-coax Clauds M. Brlsto one of the Portland Journal s "brjgl young men., into a bout with tl gloves, and then 'Sdeathf Brlsto feigning tbe part of a boxing novic recently sot Kelly with his guard do and planted a terrific blow to the Jaw Having achieved " this laudable f ea Bristol. is reputed to have fled to th locker room. Bevenge Is sweet, bi ll doesn't take the place of sugar." . r..