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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (May 10, 1916)
THE: OREGON DAILY 'JOURNAL; PORTLAND. - WEDNESDAY, - MAY: 10, ) 1916r
4 I r ' ' t rl I r) IV I A 1 and Evans to open defiance of
fib JUUKINnL the law and a career which has
a isdkpendknt newspaper. Monday's operation among its
.1 iackkiii .... Pobitohf 1 closing scenes. It was a course
' -dm ,rr i.r. .nd mon.ii that did not pay. Bat maybe in
frt Sond noon. t ti jooraji the final closing of the account,
- i-lW. Broadway aod Yamhill itfe Port.
red a the pcatofflca at rortland. Or., for
namtmkm through the valla Mcood
-f aattw. '
t-.l'HoNES Main 71TS: Horn. A -6051. All
artmnta reached by these Bombers. Tall
operator what department you waat.
&IUH APKHTIM1M KKfKWKNTATl VB
oils KtDlnur Co., Bru-ifcwic BW..
5 Fifth At.. New Xork. UU People's
m Bids., Chicago.
baerlptloa term by null or to any d-
Is) ta (oltl Btate or Mexico:
DAILY (MORNINO OB AfTERNOONl
' Mr,.. ......$3.00 On moots I .CO
3 .v . SUNDAY.
JMf,....,. .12.60 I One month .28
(LZ. (MORNING OR AFTERNOON) AND
ittr,... 17.50 I One month f .ea
Xmerlr. ilk nothing for herself but whit
V kaa right to aak for Immunity ltaelf.
Mlllioni for ofn. hut not a rrnt 'or
ihm. . ruAitt.r.s r I'INi-knkv
Let XUt bare filth that right makts
snlsbt, and In that faith let u to the
na dare to do our duty aa we under
stand It. Lincoln.
V tlKCOLX AND MEXICO
V BRAHAM LINCOLN Is repu-
' diated and his policies
f spurned in the constant carpi-lug
at President Wilson by
e Oregon! an In which are said
,at paper of yesterday: 1 $43,00p.000 to J20.000.000. The
:Yat the ereaidc-nt refuses to send 1 report concludes that we must be
ease, because the rights of Mexico
id humanity are the first considor
ion With him and bemuse he does
t Wlah to make war on Mexico.
i President Wilson's policy In Mex-
0 Is exactly the same as was
resident Lincoln's policy in Mex
0. ln 1861, attempt was made
1 have President Lincoln inter
jne Just as attempts are now
iade to have President Wilson in
irvena. Revolutions were rife south of
i uuuium. vuuuiuuii uuruerea ... .
ir. .n..nt, . our candidate who
y President Polk 15 years before
or four years, Mexico had been
j republic and a monarchy for su- i 1118 ufvery ' tco it , .
remacy. stories of murder, rob-
ery and other crueltiea against v "7" lliaue P" utn
Lmericans flooded Washington. To e.red ,or an average of $7.9o. It
Up the climax, came the news ! f,0818, an averfe of $23.5 4 for de
liat a member of the American le-1 Hiring convicts. Th- insane are
ation had been mnrdroH on h! ! taken to Salem by auylum attend-
.'ay,' from Mexico City to Vera
fith the present policy of Wood
Ha annnlntAd at mlniufor tn Mar
co the very man who had bitterly'!11 the haDds f renItentiary at'
"eward. .President Lincoln issued ; """""f"1"" Iur l" 1UW"
he - following instructions to the
iewly named minister: 4
I For a few years past the condition
vr eaaraoter they may take on,
ma : prove a permanent success
uf own country, and so to be recom- sergeant. Can you beat it?
nenoed to adoption by all other na
ions. I But he thinks also that that system
verywhere has to make its way
ainfully throush difficulties and em
arrassments which result from the
iction of antagonistlcal eleme'nts
vhlch are a legacy of former times
ia very different institutions.
xiora, gMeron. ym;itM from the things
.u vyw v m uoi tect
a 117 otaer
Tb president trust, that vour min
ion,, manifesting these sentiments,
will rea.au r the government of Mex
ico t- hi. best disposition to favor
t heir commerce and their Internal im
provements. I find th archives here full of
complaints against the Mexican gov
ernment for violation of contracts
ward such claims at the present mo
ment He willingly defer, th per
formance of a duty which at any time
would em ungracious, until the lm
omlnf administration la Mexico .hall
: t had tlma, if po.gibl, U omat
The present policy of the Ameri-1 starved into silence.
an government toward Mexico ls
as if. President Wilson was taking
the policy of Abraham Lincoln to
ward Mexico as his guide. "
Seventy-fire years old and ''near
ly blind, Chris Evans, famous Cali
fornia outlaw of Evans-Sontag
ame,' had two "bullets removed
. rom hiB brain Monday, there
ere aggressions that, drove Son-
for the aged outlaw.
AGAIN THE FIRING SQUAD
OUR more leaders of the Irish
rebellion have been shot. The
executed now number 12.
There was a time when
these savage reprisals would have
been the obvious course. There
are still countries In which the
executions would have been inevi
table. Nothing would have been
thought of them in Mexico.
But what of Great Britain? Is
such a course in tune with the
heart of the British democracy?
Is the Tower of London still
the shambles that it used to be?
Have centuries of progress done
nothing to question the expediency
of the firing squad and the politi
cal prisoner with his back to the
The law, of course, prescribes
death for the rebels. Nobody ques
tions the legality of the execu
tions. But the rebellion has been
stamped out. The rebels have ca
pitulated. Hundreds of them were killed
and wounded. Other hundreds are
In this age and under these cir
cumstances, were not measurable
leniency a wiser policy than the
canons of an ancient code?
Time will tell. Few processes
are more mischievous than the
making of political martyrs at a
time when a nation is appealing
to the heart of a people.
A minority report of a senate
committee demands that the rivers
.t-MnM aa th. fniirtwir,,, fmm i nd harbors bill be reduced from
A. rar ttt th. rociilnra Inln Mevl.-n ', BMVlne On HVfTH And hfirr.nra to
sets the railroads, and to occupy make way for "preparedness." But '
a towns and to use the national , wnat ereater "nreDarednesa" for '
tard aa a border patrol because he u1 'lea"!r prepareuuess ior ,
alntalns the right of the Mexicans i a people than facilities for com- j
hava a. many revolutions as they merce?
PLEDGES THAT PLEDGE
n , , . I f , "upi,ort,
clearly defined legislation for
cutting away unnecessary pub
lic expenditures are the best
test of a legislative candidacy,
Blanket promises about reducing
taxes mean nothing. Some legis
lative candidates make them and
boast afterward that they have said
ili m 1 t j.1 1 1 i J
le Rio Grande. The country was i " 1 u 1 c' MU1 uo :
here. . The Mexicans wore bitter ' denite Pf e to introduce or sup- lnevItable, ls a hideous contem
k ...., v tt-ij cs i port a specific measure, can always t,,QiftT, , ,- fo nr
C"r " . u" ai "au be identified. You have his nledse.
I American aggressions in Mexico , . ,
You have him definitely located.
There ls a chance at Salem to
Srn by a bloody conflict between ' f"4 l an unnecessary waste in j
committing county o the peniten-
I ants. Convicts are taken to the
penitentiary by sheriffs.
What did Lincoln do? He pro- inere 18 nQ reason tne two
lalmed a policy exactly identical 1 8ervlces BhoiM not COBt about the
n ft a . - n nr a nV.A.a. fc-.
same. The way to reduce the con-
vict cost to the Insane patient cost
is to place the delivery o; convicts
PPOed American interference 15 r" , ,,
ea,re before. Through 'Secretary John Mann, candidate for the
er house, proposes, if nominated
and elected, to Introduce such a
bill. Tho time to get a reform is
t Mexico has been so unsettled as when candidates want your votes,
' 7If!Afh ciueatlnn on both 8ides Mere promises to stand for reduc- on the relations between mind and was ther in operation an hydraulic
t come wheCnW8omeerfoMgnlmpower t,on of taxes are of no value' " body- AmonS other ihlns he 'PU"" that WUM FUn frWard and
ught. in the general interest of so-1 18 3 hard to identify such pledges speaks of the effect our habitual ! backward, and that this ls the only
ietV, to intervene to estab'.lsh a pro-, after election as it is to locate surroundings have on our nerves. ! one patented embracing the princi
tr.m thfr rn! 0f KOV" Villa. I Keep things just as they hare al-1 P'e whlcn comprises its chief value.
K contlnuanceUthere and uaran-1 I ways been and we are soothed and ! ver " the Kenton line he was
f Tou will not fail to assure the gov-j Speaking of international com-I comforted. Alter them and we are ! clearing stumps from over three-quar-rnment
of Mexico that the president plications, a Chinese policeman in upset. Our working power is im- j ters of an acre a day' but a majority
lyMSkthywltSBnoSnd hiV' ny Shanbat ran amuck and killed a paired. ' were Mt ot th l3rse klnd- To off-
? nutn theV'inaaris"' o? Zhiti Chinese postman, a Chinese worn-1 This rule applies to race horses set thi3. however, there were dpzens
an, a Portuguese clerk, a Japanese
The president never for a moment j merchant and fired on the marshal-
to 'pai safely th'rofghaU ordeals of the American consulate, to be
,n , finally brought down by a British 1
REDEKMIXG THE COUNTY
T USED to be said some years
ago that the Unite! States had
the worst governed cities in the
world, bnt nobody would say
The president ls hopeful of the ni-i 80 now. Many of our cities have
I mat a triumph of this system over ! escaped from boss rule and the
- - - - - r j j oliiii 11 tpi 1 vuvuuvu 11 vui nyuuii a uiu uiiu 1. 1 1 v-i 1
obstacles, as well in regard to 1 QM Ht, i,cf i
mertcan state: bnt h. fMi. ,. The old complacency under evil
no..- .tat.. ar. MTrttaiW tato conditions has vanished and there
autl ti rre.fr forWraV. ' is a general craving for better j
Even Philadelphia is no
ty ar Ukly to r.c.iT. , longer corrupt ahd contented. It 1
qartr. lis corrupt, unquestionably, but not ;
as contented as it was.
Our civic reformers in search of
new worlds to clean up have turned
to the counties. Here they find
plenty of work. The great factor
in purifying' the cities was public
ity. Turn on the light and no evil
ana amoiiauon and cruelties practiced can survive a great while. But in
agin.t American cltliena. It 1. not th- Ho- .,Mf.i. .,..,T
th president'. Intention to .end for-; t "
mnL J6"111?111" IJ,rk ,r I
n.3 V V. V r k J. i
eal papers are apt to be subsidized
by largess from the officials. A
; rural paper that exposes a grafting
court house ring can easily be
Some of them are owned by
The various officials are elected
by popular vote so that each is in
dependent of the rest. Yet their
duties are so interlockei that an
inefficient official can usually ex
cuse himself by hiding , behind
somebody else. It Is almost Im
possible to fix responsibility clear
ly when 1 wrong-doing is - exposed
and exposure Is so difficult that
much wrong-doing proceeds safely
in the dark. Hence our county
governments present a pretty dis
A writer In the Outlook says
that no state has yet worked out a
good system of county government,,
that "the county is the least dem
ocratic of all our political divis
ions," that it is "a complex, rusty
Instrument which honest citizens '
can not operate," and finally that
"it is a standing jienace to de
mocracy." It is doubtful if the character of ;
any man was ever pictured . with
such power of language and facll-
ity of expression, as is President
Wilson's tribute to Louis D. Bran-1
dels. It fills the nation with hope
to know that there is such a citizen
as Brandcis and such an annalist
as the president.
ti:e border plots
ROM Mexico City, a high of
ficial of the Carranza govern
ment declared that the Glenn
Springs raid was organized on
the American side of the border,
and that it was intended to be a
means of bringing failure to the
conference between Scott and Ob
regon. Yesterday, the Masican ambassa
dor at Washington told Secretary
Lansing that the expedition was
engineered from the American side j
of the border. He named Villareal : any other, fully effective, the farm
a responsible for the raid, and as-1 ers must overcomo their love of
serted that Villareal recently at-,
tempted to stir up mutinies among
He declares that but1 for arms
and Information from American
sources, the raid could not have
He vrges that,
more American troops he stationed
along the Mexican border to pre-
vent the carrying out of plots for ,
bringing on trouble between the
This ought to be trust' orthy in-
It comes from the
highest Mexican BOurces. It agrees
ncrfprtlv with the statPtnpnt of
perrectiy Wltn tne Statement OI
Carranza in which he charged that
the Villa raid on Columbus Iras
i financed in America and carried
I . ,
I out to r-use armea lnierveniiun in
Terrible as is the thol-t that
American owners of rr0pcrty in
Mexico would resort to such des-
picable methods in th hope of j
forcing an ultimate war with Mex-
, ltbgeems impQBzihle not to be
lieve that such Is the car.e.
That they could plot the raids
and the consequent slaughter of
Americans on the border in order
to so inflame public sentiment in
ntrl oa fViaf vSr wnnM Vio
1 LVl' ,1- ' .V, "Zr: "
uvcr wuciluius otiucutc, ui uiuci i
conclusion can be reached than
that all this has. been and is being
What a distressing problem these
plots against Mexico and the Mexi
cans thrust upon th president of
the United States!
t..i., . j . u !
Portland and the interior are i
. ' . . . i
paying, and for years have been .
paying, freight rates fixed on the
! cost of haul over a mountain in-
Btead ot on the cost of haul along
a level. Do we Intend always to i
gubmlt to it? Was the wholo i
northwest created for the especial
benefit of Puget liound cities?
'GETTIXG HIS GOAT'
N HIS pamphlet on Faith Cures,
reprinted from the Medical
Record of March 18, Dr. J. Al-I
len Gilbert of this city d is-'
courses learnedlv and lnterestlnclv i
as well &? men And therebv hantrs
a tale' It appears that racing men :
sometimes give a favorit3 horse a
goat for a companion. Whether it I
is Billy's conversational powers or ma-y De a"acned anywhere to the-ca-his
fragrance that charms is not j blc- and each ot these wlu Pul1 a
specified, but his company is liked . stumD- Sinc th stumps are slowly
f and his presence calms the horse's
nerves and thus keeps him fit for
the coming race.
Knowing his little bit of psy
chology, it sometimes happens that
race track trlckste-s of more wit
. - .
than conscience, sneak Into the sta
ble the- night before a race is to
g0at frm Jh? t3rvllt?l staIL The
yuur nmixia.1, ucibh ui uis cuuipan
ion, passes a sleepless, nerve racked
. J Th . '
?J I. ?.lxl rf7.7f P
the track with half his energy gone
and is easily beaten.
Here we have the origin of the
expression "get his goat."
Speaking of a Portland-Alaska
line, is the enthusiasm of yester
day to disappear tomorrow? Seat-
W, , "''r , r'
1 tle the race of cities, overtook
and passed Portland on Alaska
trade. The fact Is here mentioned,
lefit we forget, lest we forget!
THE RURAL CREDITS BILL
NE of our rural contemporaries
told the other day how"" a
farmer in the neighborhood
borrowed money. The sum
was $700. He gave a note for the
full amount at ten per cent in
terest. The lender deducted three
per cent, or $21, and handed the
farmer the rest. When the note
was due the borrower had to pay
seven per cent more interest and
it was computed both on the money
he - had received and on . the 2 1
that he had not received. No
farmer's business can endure such
a rate of interest as that.
The federal rural credits system,
as explained by a writer in the Re
view of Reviews, seeks to do away
with these hardships, which are
numerous in all parts of the coun
try. If offers the farmer the
money he needs, on mortgage se
curity, up to half the value of his
farm. His interest rate will be six
per cent ct most and usually five
per cent. The mortgage, note can
run 36 years if desired.
The borrower does not pay off
the full sum at once. Repayment
is made on the amortization plan,
And the annual payments are so
computed that at the end of 36
years both principal and interest
will have been fully discharged.
Or, if the farmer so wishes, he
may pay it off in a shorter time.
If the. period is 36 years, then one
per cent paid each year will dis
charge the entire jrincipal by the
time the note matures. The bor
rower then has the delightful ex
perience of finding his note fall
due with nothing to pay on it.
Two things the farmer must have
before hia business can ever be
profitable. The first is adequate
markets toward which we are slow
ly, though somewhat blindly, mov
ing. The second Is a decent op
portunity to borrcw money. The
latter heed is met, at least in good
part, by the federal rural credits
To make this scheme, or
isolation and organite. Rural or
ganization must be achieved before
any plan for rural benefit can ac
In his denial that he will start
a new political party, Henry Ford
probably has in mind what the
last thing he started cost him.
NOTHING THE MATTER
qu-M"oM'ueroffeKd by ' po?tiand"nTfnt!!r
1,1 lodaj'o installment. No. 132. of Thg Jour-
al !, .-Nothng lbe Matter With Portland"
aeriea. No one can fail to he intereated m
' S.V.T i?e7. wZiuZ?n2ui2ll
: "e before, and that u what is claimed fur
'tie machine here described.
NLY a minute ago, so to speak,
it would cost from $75 to $200
an acre to clear land of fir
cr Mtnna croo r a r n cm o 11 nv tha x-o
And even now few know that there
has been invented a better way. Many
are still grubbing around the remnant
! of the giant fir, hacking away witfi
an axe and digging with a spade or
hoe, In an endless effort to rid ground
of incumbrances the loggers left be
hind when they felled the trees for
! A .NEW WAT OF DOING IT.
r. E. Keeney. a Portland machinist.
after three years' work, has com
pleted a new type of stump splitter
and puller which has attracted many
i visitors to the field opposite the Pe
ninsular school building near the , end
of the Kenton car line. Hundreds
. were out last week to see It in oper
jatlon; and there was preat surprise
expressed at the ease with which it
M x. , , .
would perform the service required
""- " " ""
hlmself are interested in it.
n l in uqi I o i n t b tb aa t in ir n
tneso havo simply invested what
means they possessed in leading the
Invention along to perfection, and now
claim they have exactly that for
1 which they have been working.
The power of the puller is hy
draulic or compressed water, it has
a capacity of 200 tons, and is the
on,y reversible Invention of that
character, Mr. Keeney says, In the
world- IIe says that never before
more to the acre. But of these his
machlne would pu11 half a dozen at
a time Llk hooks strung along a
flshline he has grab chains which
drawn from the ground, the roots.
especially the small ones, are not
broken off, but come out with the
stump, so there is not a lot of after
work in digging these out so that
1 the land may be ' cleared of those
! obstacles fc plowing.
uow GE ONES ARE HANDLED.
oiumps 10 inciies or over in diam
eter are first split by the puller and
removed half at a time. The split
ting is done by a huge wedge placed
point first against the stump on the
side opposite the machine. The steel
cable ls . passed around the stump
and through the wedge's eye. The
puller is then started and Its enor
mous strength forces the wedge di
rectly through the stump, splitting it
wide open, so the cable can be placed
around either half and the machine
will pull It out of the earth. Or, if
a very large stump, it may be quar
tered and removed in that way, and,
unlike those dynamited, the roots will
not be broken off. (
Under ordinary conditions, it has
been discovered, ground which had
been heavily timbered will yield a
profit sufficient to pay the cost of
ridding it of its stumps. This i.
dona by splitting those having large
.roots o shaped as to be suitable for
"ship knees," In a manner that they
may be used for thi. purpose. At the
yards these are valuable, averaging in
price from 40 cents-an inch for the
very small knees, to $1 an inch for
those 6 Inches or more in diameter.
A io-incn kne would therefor -be
1 worth $10, a lz-lach kne .$12, 15-inch
kne $15, etc. Aa Mr. Keener ' de
clares that ground containing large
stumps can, except for their burning,
be cleared for not to exceed $25 an
acre. It will be quite apparent that
it would not require many ship knees
to pay the bill. He says logged off
land, according to competent esti-
mates, would yield eight or ten to Those newt aport skirts will make ex-
n n ,ii, v.. cellent window awnings when they go
the acre some 20 to 30 though this out of ta.$hioa.
latter would be unusual. Heretofore! .,, . ,
... , . A Boaton specialist aaya there la no
the cost of clearing the atumpa from reason to rear germa In kissing. Who
loged off ground has been the chief "arted. that anyway? LetB
obstacle to Its sale and settlement. If e name- . . - -
. . . ... . ..i Still another attempt is being made
Mr. Keeneya machine will do the ' to BUppreBI8 tne pubifc market, but it
work of clearing at prices stated, the is significant that Its patrons are not
cost obstacle will be overcome. and",ln the to abolish it. .
his invention will prove a public bene- aXmU", WEou.n?."?
factor. , ago. Now, is that a sign of prosperity
rn?T OB" 1T! opfhaTIO'V ' or only a natural consequence of leap
In the public trial last week on
the Kenton car line, Mr. Keeney em-
ployed two men at Z per day and a
i, . . ,
youth at $1. Gasoline cost, approxl- j
mately. Jl a day. Then his own time. ,
say $5 a day, and the use of his
.. j... i
macmne at., say, iw a uay, must,
counted in. Here is a charge or i-i .
a day. and he was pulling the stumps !
from three-quarters of an acre in nsU
eight hours, and they were thick? He ernment had we waited until we were
says that on logged off ground, with i
stumps larger but much less in num- '
ber, he could clear an acre a day,
and at the same cost. No powder is
used, and this fact effects a very
large saving. i
"Where stumps are shot-out of the
ground," Mr. Keeney explains, "they
are sent up with such velocity that
the major portions of the roots are
broken off and must be afterward dug
out by hand. Go to the woods and
pull a few bushes, jerking some out
with all your strength, and pulling
others gently. Those violently
moved Will leave many of their roots
behind, , while those brought forth
slowly will bring practically all of
them along. So it Is with our ma
chine. It requires- two to three min
utes to dislodge the stump, its roots
are not broken and rarely are any left
in the ground.
GOOD FOR OTHER THINGS.
"But stump pulling, land clearing
and developing ship s knees are not
,. A, , ... . . ,
all the things this machine is good ,
for. An attachment enables us to
reach out 600 feet in all directions
and gather the stumps together for (
burning. The Oregon City paper mills
, v w a ,,.1
are ready for half a dozen of our
machines to be used in splitting the
logs from which they, make paper. We
have an order for 10 at Albany, some I
, . ,
to be used for like purposes. We
have three in California and they ;
are used for dividing those immense
redwood trees. They can be used for
sawinr wood, running cider or logan-
berry presses, or for any other pur- , simple mhfa i8a .mat.t6r f 1Utl
' ' concern, he thinks, to the taxpayers,
pose for which such power ls re-j stin the extravagance of the-district
quired. We are arranging a platform attorney's office -goes merrily on.
truck upon which we can mount 1 Right now, the business of the of
them, and they will thus become self- fice-that is, the taxpayers' business
' ' , ., ! is being somewhat neglected. Mr.
propelling, and.Jf necessary, can pull i Evans an1 hlg ar?e array of deputies
trailers behind." and special employes have something
Two sizes of the hydraulic machines more important to do that of trying
are built, one at J1500 and the other!? Induce the taxpayers to .return Mr.
at $2200. In addition to these, six
hand machines, selling at from $250
to $600, are patented and will tie man-
ufactured as soon as a factory can
be arranged 'for. The cost of this ; satisfled wltn tnis Jate of affalr8 ,f
is estimated at from $40,000 to $50,000. , you are quue willing to foot the bills
KEENEY ONCE UNFORTUNATE. land to see extravagance and ineffic
Those who have ever resided irf'ler,cy go on in the district attorney's
.... t , -.! office unabated, all you have to do is
either of Minnesota s Twin Cities . tQ voU fop the 0reana canmdate,
will remember the big machine shops jIr Kvans. CLAtfTE M. JOHNS.
of Keeney Brothers, and this Mr. : , " .
01 rvecncj c - yir Mcfne Issues Interrofratorie.
Keeney ls one of that family. It was ortland May g To ths Editor of
at Casselton, Nortn Dakota, that he The Journai In Sunday's Issue of The
became interested In the threshing j Journal there appears an interview
methods employed by the Dalrymples with E. E. Coovert, an attorney, giving
, , , . .,, . ... ' Walter H. Evans special credit for
on their 36.000-acre wheat ranch, and wQrk don(j Jn connectlon wlth the
as a result he Invented an air stack- Multnomah county road bqnd ls-
er, the purpose of which was to pre- SUe. Why ls it necessary to go
vent waste in threshing." lie sold out of the way to laud a public
that patent in Buffalo to a syndicate ialjo rdoi n, the work Isup-
of threshing machine manufacturers tQ be la,r wny does j,0 not cf.n8Ure
for $350,000, and it is being used now the district attorney for employing
throughout the east. Shortly after special counsel to foreclose on the
depositing most of this nsum
in a Minnesota DanK sons 01 tne Dan-
. . 1- .1 . . 1
er aecampeu wun ine munc
have never been apprehended. Keeney
came out of that deal poor. Since
coming to Portland 15 years ago, he
has been employed as engineer for
several of the large contractors, but
has found time to perfect a hand
hydraulic rivettlng machine with
four-inch bore. lYinch throat, weigh-
ing but 52 pounds and with a pres-
st re of 48 tons. This sells at $250.
It has a capacity of a rivet each
tt. k (,.f
three seconds. He has invented a
water vacuum cleaner tl.at gives
promise of large sale. It Is for use
where there is no electric current.
His place is at 1226 East Thirtieth
Letters From the People
ComtBunicatlon sent to Tte Journal for j facts? JOHN C. M'CUE.
publication in thla department ahould be writ- I . "
ten on onlj one side ot the paper, ahould not , fnniciDal Golf Catechism,
exceed 30o words In length, and muat be ac- i . ' . t. ..,.,
ocmpanied by the name and addresa of tha I Portland,' May 8. To the Editor or
feeder. If the writer doea not delre to bae , j.ne Journal It has been stated in the
the name published he should bo atate. papers that our city commissioners
"DlHcuaalo'n la the greatest of all reformers and mayor intend to proceed with the
It rutionallzea eTerythlng It touches. It robs hl ithment of municipal golf In this
principle of all false sanctity and throws tbem ef. i vour ro umns to
back on their reasonableness. If they bare no city. Please state in your columns to
reasonableness. It ruthlessly crushes them out whom application should be made by
o.' existence and sets up Its own conclusions iu golf teachers; also how many golf
their stead." Woodrow Wilson. . eacherB win be required. What will
Opposing Mr. Evans' Candidacy, j be their wages? At Del Monte, Cal.,
Portland. May 9. To the Editor of I golf teachers receive as high aa $20 a
The Journal The records show that I day, anid I should think on an IS hole
the number of criminal cases handled municipal golf course at least 10
by the district attorney's office the teachers would be required. Please
first four months of 1916 is much state whether a competitive examlna
smaller than for th corresponding tion will be hstd for golf teacher.;
period of lat year. There are also whether such position, will be under
considerably fewer municipal cases civil service, and also whether the city
and city appeals. This condition is . will furnish the teachers with the reg
due, to a very large measure, to the ulation assortment of golf clubs and a
operation of tne dry law. It ls most I uniform. Will the golf teacher. b un
gratifying also that the number of j der the supervision of the golf lnspect
violatione of the dry law is com para- I or, or will they report directly to the
Ono would think that. In view of
these facta, it would be incumbent
upon the district attorney to cut down
th number of deputies and otherwise
reduce the heavy expenses of th of
fice. There ls bo question that the
work of th office today can be han
dled effectually and thoroughly with
a much smaller fore than employed
by Mr. Evans.
But Mr Evans 1. not worrying over
tfi burden the taxpayers ar carrying.
He seems to think that they can Just
as easily pay .$5000 a' year for extra
deputies and special help, while to
alpw Special Attorney A. E. Clark
Anyway, the coo weather has kept
down the spring fever epidemic.
Style ha become efficient at last.
Another randlilute fnr Roue TVMval
queen has thrown her hat into the
ring, possibly having been told that
the first shall be last and the last
snall be first.
Sl)eaker clark y thts na8 been the
hardest working congress ln his mem-
ory. In these times, even congresa-
must nuBtle tQ keep up wUh tne
The Filipinos could say. if they
entirely fit for it
10-Crater Lake, by the
C BATES LAKE NO. S.
The Crater lake tour best known to
the larger number of Portland autoists
Is entirely on the west side of the Cas-1
This is also via the Southern Pa
cific, the most used railroad route.
It does not involve, altogether, the
retracing of distances traversed In
going, because there is a choice of
roads north of Eugene.
Bu't the traveling of any road twice
will not detract from its charm.
' Go south by the highways either
west or east of the Willamette river,
to Salem, 60 miles away. Follow the
Pacific highway from Oregon's capital
to Albany, whence you may go south
to Eugene by way of Harrlsburg or,
turning to the west, make the 10 miles
to Corvallis, take time for a visit to
Oregon Agricultural college, there to
learn what the great institution is
doing to forward the agricultural des-
Mnl of the stat then gQ BQUth by
way 0f Monroe. The road will be
found even better by the latter route
and it ls a part of the Pacific highway,
There is a great charm about the
upper Willamette valley. Like all of
wtern Qregon Us lelg and sum.
mna are luxuriantly green. On the
rounded slopes cluster clumps of oaks
m pleasing diversion to the deeply
green fir forests,,
Eugene ls one of the most 1
cf "Oregon cities. As the seat of the
University of Oregon it has doubled
- ' "
J4 500 attorneys fees for foreclosing a
ample time for electioneering, speecli-
: ifying and plugging for votes. Some of
I them also are very busy looking after
j t heir private practice.
fr Tavniror if vnn a r a TArftPtlv
t0 obligate itself for $4500 attorney s
r n t" .-. I 1 AffjvnA.. Ptortr miAn
jeru iu opr.iai iai n, ....v..
this suit should have been handled
by the district attorney's office? Does
he not admit that the bond Issue was
a rrtuch more complicated matter than
the simple, ordinary foreclosure suit?
Another thing. Why is it that come
of Mr. Coovert's associates called on
M Evans and severely censured the
district attorney for being so dila-
tory In his work of pr.p.rt. thede-
out tQ thal because of j,is inabil-
ty t0 get the Issue before the people
earlier '.art year, the project of bulld-
ing the Columbia river highway was
J" an entire mcrlXh and for that
reason it would not be possible to
complete the work until this year.
Thia ; u-y aTreat
: lnconvenience to all who use the high-
way. And, too, wno l. preparea to
say thi. delay was not occasioned in
that the district attorney and bis dep
uties neglected the business of the
county while engaged in private prac
tice? Mr. Coovert, are these not the
I should also like to know whether
a golf teacher would be required to
teach the Chinese and other outland
ers who would desire to play on the
municipal golf course.
On "Superior" Peoples.
Orln, Wash.. May 8. To th Editor
of The Journal Recent comment in
The Journal on "The Birth of a Na
tion" is timely. The white people of
America are always pointing out their
superiority over all other people, Just
as som people, who are suspected, ar
ever SMklng an opportunity to flour-
AND NEWS IN BRIEF
The matter of a caunty library In
connection with the city library la be
ing considered by the library board of
Tha Democrat asserts that Baker
never looked more thrltty and pros
perous than now, and that this to the
subject of comment of all visitors in
One of The Dalles' long felt wants
has been filled by the change in the
city dump site to a point a mile out
side the city limits. The old site was
too close to the "dip," The Dalles' new
Weather and crop report in Coquille
sentinel oi way 6; e nave ail been
talklna- about this being such a bark
ward season, and yet Mrs. Kelley at
.ne confectionery nays thoe luscious
ripe strawberries that came In the
first of May broke the record, being
Uie earliest home grown berries ever
seen in th market here.'
Nature story in Roseburg Review:
"Colonel Taylor, who has offices in
the old Van Houten building, at the
corner of Main and Douglas streets,
has somewhat of a curiosity in the
shape of a rose bush, whfth is on the
roof of the Van Houten structure nnd
not less than 25 feet from the ground.
On the bush are a number of beautiful
roses. It has been admired bv hun
dreds ot people who. pass in that vi
Willamette Valley Route
attraction and no Oregonian or visitor
should pass through without visiting
this famous seat of learning.
It Is a rising grade as you progress
south from Eugene. The Willamette
is divided into three forks. It takes
on more the character of a hurry
ing mountain stream. On the western
sky line one sees now and again the
toweling, splendidly beautiful snow
peaks of the Cascades.
Springfield 1, the next town 6011th
of Eugene, then Cottage drove and
Pass Creek canyon. The road leads
over the Calapooia mountains and
down into Roseburg, the metropolis of
the Umpqua valley. The way becomes
thrilling in its wildness as the road
ascends Cow Creek canyon, famous
for bear and cougar huntst'and .'s
next descent Is Into the valley of tho
Rogue, with Grants Pass as the first
If you have time to linger for the
fishing In Rogue river by all niean.i
do so. It ls probably the greatest
trout and salmon river in the count ry-
When you come to MeJfcwd, you
'will leave the Pacific highway and
turn east to the road that leads 10
CratCT lake, fcome 80 miles farther.
It Is a part of the journey that un
doubtedly will be remembered longest
and the accomplishing of the ascent
to the mountain within whose crater
rests the wonderful lake, is accom
panied by Inspiration of mind and ex
hilaration of spirit that must be ex
perienced to be understood.
ish a fake marriage certificate.
Our upper classes grind the lives
out of the unfortunate in mills nnd
factories for the sake of profit, which
shows that they are superior to the
cannibal, who consumes his victim In
the form of a mulligan.
Our cash register patriots hired Villa
to raid Columbus and murder Amer
icans on their own soil. Neither ne
groes nor any other people could be.it
these stunts. Among us. common theft
ls a crime, but to steal railroads or
oil fields ls an honor and a sure
The white working classes also have
a tailhold on greatness. As scabs,
they are superior to anything known
to science. When strikes occur the
conditions are never so bad or the
wages so small b .. . the places can
always be filled.
Since we are such superior people,
it seems strange that we are hated the
world over. How strange that we arc
looked upon as a lot of contemptible
snobs! Negro women can testify as
to the white man's Justice and self-
LOWELL M. SHOEMAKER.
But It Pays Xo War Tax.
New York. May 2 To the Editor of
The Journal I was Interested to see
in the Issue of' The Journal of April
4, your editorial having reference,
among other things, to the war tax on
The editorial seems to proceed on
the theory that it was the intention
of congress to tax the telegraph com
panies, and that the telegraiih com
panies are avoiding the tax "by pars
ing it on to the people." As a matter
of fact, It was' the intention of con
gress that the tax should he paid by
those who use and get the benefit of
the telegraph service. Just as was the
case In connection with the war tax
of 18SS, when the tax was paid by
means of revenue stamps attached by
the senders of messages'. The t
which Imposed the present war tax
provides that for each messago trans
mitted over the lines of a telegraph
company for which a charge of 1"
cents or piore is Imposed, the telegraph
company "shall collect from the sender
of the message a tax of 1 cent in addi
tion to the regular charges for the
message."" which tax the company
"shall In turn pay to the collector of
internal revenue." It ls therefore the
Intent that the company shall act as
the collector for the government, and
I may say, by the way, that the neces
sary administrative and accounting
functions whlgji have to be performed
in the collection of the tax and its re
mittance to the government in them
selves Involve a very considerable ex
pense on the part of th company.
The telegraph company bears Its
share of the public burden in other
ways, by means of th federal corpora
tion income tax and the numerous local
taxes which it is required to pay. If it
were In addition to be taxed 1 cent
for every message of the kind speci
fied in th. war tax act. this would add
an impost amounting to about $800,000
per year, which would obviously be an
utterly impossible tax to impose on a
single interest as Its fchare of the war
tax. This must have been apparent
to congreoa, and congress n. doubt
considered it equitable to place tne tax
on the use of the telegraph and to dis
tribute It among those who benefit by
the use cf the service in such manner
that thi burden shall re&t most lightly
on the lndltidual.
J. C, WILLEVKK.
But It pays no war tax. Tho people
Klickitat, Wash., May 4 To the Kd
Itor of The Journal Kindly let me
know how many navigation schools are
in Portland, and please name them.
John McNulty conducts a naviga
tion school, evenings, at Lincoln high
school. There i. but this one in Port
land. Knowledge and Sport.
From the Houston Post.
Th director of sport at Yal get.
110,000 a year, and former President
Taft, th law profassoT, gets $5000.
BY HF.X T,ATrprn
T T SEEMS ALMOST CERTAIN that
X Ella May Harris who couldn't find
work haa committed suicide by,
drowning herself "either in Columbia
or Willamette sloughs" so the police
JAnd there Isn't much to be said
about it that hasn't already been
JElla May Harris was Just another
'-ot those grown weary whose faith
cannot look beyond the clouds that
seem to close upon them.
And her story isn't very much dif
ferent from the stories of many oth-
JBut there is one place whrre It
TAnd that is where . she went to
"nn establishment on Johnson street'"
and asked for work.
1J Before this she had left a note
filU'd with deKpali- at the home
where nhe had been living in Port
land. JAnd then she went to Vancouver.
JAnd phe went down to the river
and looked at the dark water.
und she turned and walked away.
JAnd :i Koldier from the barracks
.saw hi-r and watched her.
H. And when she tu-ned .igain to the
river he usked her w hat was-the mat
ter. 1J And K'he told him.
JAnd he talked to her saying that
life was still worth while.
J Ami he took her to
homu" in Vancouver.
JAnd that was Friday night.
and she promised the noldler to
try to forget about the river.
and to look for the llglit and try
JAnd they jshe and the soldier
cHiiieu it ner parole.
J Hut somehow from th v.-ant ad.
in the papers I think she learned
that there was a chanco for work
on Johnson street In Portland. ,
J And Monday she left the Chris
tian home in Vancouver.
and came to Portland and ap
plied for work on Johnson street.
J And the woman there recognised
her from a pictun- that had been
printed when she disappeared.
JAud this Is what happened a.
tlwi woman who refused to Five her
name told it to the desk officer at
tho police station over the phone:
"1 got out the paper and showed
the girl her picture stirl she ad
mitted she was Miss Harris" she
said. "1 told her that 1 could not
hiio her after the Koiisnlum of
lor disappearance had come out
ill all tlie papers, as it had."
The woman said she gave th
girl some good advice and that
the girl left weeplnu.
J And that's about h1!.
except that Klla May Harris It
seems certain hfts broken her parole.
JAnd it may seem strnnne to noma
that she could do it with the word.
I ,!..!.. ,1....
ui kwou auvia uiui hiiu ki oil joilll-
son street still in her ears.
J And there Isn't any reason that
I know of for re-tellirifr this storv,
except that I have been thinking
of It ever since It was printed,
JAnd there are two kinds of peopln
always with whom despairing souls
like Ella May liarrl may meet
J LLSTEX The soldier from Van
couver barracks who gave her words
f cheer and comfort and took her to
a Christian home- ls one kind.
"Freedom Is Opposed," reads a head
line in the morning paper.
.ure It Is even by thos who need
The story beneath the headline re
lates to the Philippine.
And the altitude of Mr. J. Norrls
It wouldn't be wise to give the Fili
pinos independence, says Mr. Weaver,
who used to be superintendent of th
Manila street lallway system.
It's never "wlso" to free thos in
Whether It's right is anotlyr matter.
Daddies and Laddies.
I'.y Denis A. McCarthy.
Oh. the world is filled with dadldes
Not a place but lias Its share;
And they're loved by little laddies.
Here and there, and everywhere.
And each little laddie's daddy
Thinks htm better than the rest.
And each daddy's littlo laddio
L.ovcs his own dear daddy best!
And there are so many daddies.
Plain and handsome, poor and rich,
'Tis a wonder little laddies
Can distinguish which is which;
But at picking out Ms daddy
Tiverv laddie stands the test.
For eaeli daddy's little brtdi
Jxves his own deardaddy best.
A Good Deed lna Naughty World.
There was a man in our town, and h
was wondrous rich;
He gave away his millions to the col-
I.cpk and iilch '
And people, cried: "The hypocrite! II
nnrht in understand
Th ones who really need Mm ar th
children or this land.
When Andrew Croesus built a hom
for children who were sick
The people said they rather thought
he did it as a inca.
And writers said. 'He thinks about
th nrooninar arlrls and bovs.
But wflat about conditions with the
men whom he employs :
There wan a man In our town who
said that he would share
His profits with his laborers, for that
was only fair.
And people said: "Oh, Isn't he th
shrewd and foxy gent?
It cost him next to nothing for that
There was a man in our town who h4
the perfect plan
To do away with poverty and other
ills of man.
But he feared the public Jeering nnd
the folks who would defame
him. ... .
So he never told the plan he had. and
I can hardly blame him.
New York Tribune.
"Cnpld" Cochran Worried.
kTPID" COCHRAN at the coiirt-
house was worried yesterday.
This 1. clean-up week. Next week
will be staged pay-up week that Is,
the setting has been prepared by Mark
Woodruff and the Iietaii Aiercnantf
association and all the booster, who
are In the creditor class wnicn ooe.n i
Include the Street and Town reporter.
But "Cup" Cochran ls worried.
All yesterday morning not one young
.wain answered the gentle call of
spring by appearing at Cochran' win
dow and bashfully taking the nec
sary legal steps. Not a marrlag li
cense was Issued yesterday up to 1
"I hope they aren't In debt," said
Cochran, gazing wistfully at the blank-v
fiT L. a n a WaaiaV t K lal I n ar1 Allak
IltBI. Jl IJVJJ'XT .IfV lliav , va
Woodruff, and his cohorts aren't try
ing to intimidate my friends. , ,
t 111. IV il t- y UIO UBJLl IIIUIIU lU v.
W shouldn't have thts sort of a day
in th spring."