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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (May 9, 1916)
k". THE OREGON, DAILY: (JOURNAL. PORTLAND, TUESDAY. MAY 9, 1916..
eiCH LEADERS ARE
CHANGED AT VERDUN;
HIVELLE IS NEW HEAD
Successor to Petain Consid
ered One of Finds of War;
V Began as Colcnei,
GERMANS ARE EJECTED
DOCK COMMISSION HOLDS FIRST MEETING IN NEW OFFICES OVER MUNICIPAL BOAT LANDING
Coaata Attack BrlTes Tentons From
Captated Tranches; Assault on Hill
r 304 Xs Beptilsed at Sawn.
"Paris. My 9. (I. N. S.) Gcnerar
Robert O. Nlvella. who succeeds Gen
eral Petain as commander In chief of
ttio amy defending Verdun, la 60
rrg oTd and la one of the discoveries
of the war.
f General Nlvelle at the beginning; of
tSs war wae.a colonel In tha Fifth reg
iment Of artillery and soon attracted
Jha attention of General Joffre. who
promoted him to the rank of general
of a brigade on October 24. 1914. Not
ont afterward he received the chler
command of the Sixty First Infantry
djvlelon and on December 23 last he
received hla three stars, together with
the appointment to the command of
the Third army corps.
General Nlvelle cornea from Tulle.
'"i Attack on 304 Hepulaed. -'French
counter attarka north of
TMaumont f h rrn have renultfd In the
ejectment of Germans from all
tranche they recently captured. -fording
to today' official communique.
The Statement added.
"After a terrific bombardment, the
Germans assaulted 1111 No. 304 at
dawn, but wera repulsed
"East of the MeuHP, intense artillery
action Is In progress alon the
-J The Oerman offensive on bqjth hanks
of, tha Meuse has once more resulted
in complete failure, claim French
A whole' corps of fresh troops has
tily summoned by the crown prince to
reinforce the one which had already
fought at Verdun, merely succeeded
lit Increasing the tremendous number
of casualties Inflicted by the terrific
French artillery fire. .
- Zafantry Attack Fall,
t After two days and nights of un
interrupted drenching with heavy
shells of explosive and asphyxiating
character of the French advanced
lines, which were reduced to an un
recognizable masa of debris, the Ger
mans launched an infantry attack.
expecting to break the stubborn
"French resistance Wave upon wave
of. gray-coated men, numbering 25.000,
advanced and were blown to pieces by
the Impassable curtain of fire from the
French 76 a. well supported by heavy
guna in the rear.
."How many He dead on neutral
ground between the opposing trenches
la now Impossible to estimate, but it
la certain that the victims lost their
Uvea In an utterly useless attempt.
' ' ."Meld of Death" Widened,
r The net result of this new outbreak
of the Oerman offensive la merely a
slight widening of "the field of
death," that narrow strip of ground
separating the French and German
Not lonly were the crown prince's
troopa unable to occupy the front line
trenches which had been voluntarily
evacuated in the early part of the
battle as -untenable under the hurri
cane Pf shells, but during; last night
and this morning the- Verdun heroes
succeeded in dislodging the Germans
from a few advanced positions which
they entered yesterday.
It is especially to the northwest of
Hill No. 304 that the battle has at
tained Its climax. Here the Germans
have attacked five consecutive times
lit serried ranks. Battalion after bat-
.T;':::'..:''.v.;o::.':..yv..x.:.:1:...i .. . . s.'S v.v... v.-yss
'.. . it. -V- J!t,tW"., AJ vi ' j"vv
fi.wz..,&x;.,:.. ?l h
left to right G. B. Hegardt, serretary; Dan KUaher, commissioner; John H. Borgard, commiseioner; Charles B. Moores, chairman of
the commission; Frank I. Randall, assistant secretary.
tallon was launched at double quick I pass on the question of policy in
step to its last march, an easy mam
for thi French gunners.
KanA-to-Kaad Battle Terrible.
When finally the remaining troops
managed to obtain a foothold In this
section of the French positions, tha
French Infantry counter attacked with
the bayonet and chased them out
everywhere except In a small commu
nicating trench of the outposts. The
hand-to-hand battle, say eye witnesses,
reached a terrific paroxysm. Bayonets,
kniveM, rifle butts and fists were
c'iually Rood weapons for the Verdun
defenders who one and 1 1 had sworn
to die rather than give way.
"The Oermans will not pass," said
Goneral Petain on passing the Imme
diate command of the Verdun section
tu hla aureensor. General Nlvelle.
More than 1.000,000 shells of all
calibres have exploded along the
French front line in the last 48 hours
fnd the fact that more than 40,000
roopa were employed showa that the
attack was not a mere feint to msk
other preparations, but was a real and
desperate attempt to attain a big suc
cess, regardless of the cost in live.
Oerman bosses 300,000.
The number of French casualties,
owing to the general staff's standlnK
policy of sparing lives whenever pos
sible, Is not to be compared with the
German losses. When the figures are
published the awful truth will be re
vealed to the world that nearly 300,
000 Germans have fallen dead or
wounded or been taken prisoners dur
ing the 11 weeks of the great battle.
French Attempts Repulsed.
Berlin, May 9. (I. N. S.) French
attempts to recapture trenches on Hill
No. 304 near Thiaumont farm yester
day weri repulsed, according to today's
official statement, fpom the German
The statement added that night at
tacks by the Germans resulted in cap.
ture of several trenches south of those
previously taken at Hill No. 804
French counter attacks were repulsed.
The statement added:
"In connection with our success at
hill No. 304, we stormed and captured
several trenches on the southeastern
slope of Termite Hill, sotuh of. Hau-
AND LANE LOCK
HORNS ON BILL
(Continued From Pafre One)
stated he has received no protests
Fish Lobby Is Charged.
Senators Sutherland and Lodge took
part in the debate, sustaining Cham
berlain, while Senator Works said he
thought the fisheries committee should
Senator Lane. In moving that tne
Judiciary committee be discharged end
tha bill sent to the fisheries commit
tee, charged that j a fien lobby from
Oregon Is here to rush legislation
through before the people or uregon
and Washington have an opportunity
It will prevent the people of Oregon
from initiating any law," said Senator
Lane. "It belongs to the risnenea
committee, where the Identical benate
bill was referred. It should be held
there until the people of the two states
decide what shall be done."
Chamberlain Explains attand.
Senator Chamberlain said he found
It unpleasant to differ with hla col
league, but he contended that legal
queatlona alone are Involved, so that
the bill properly should be referred to
the Judiciary committee. He referred
to the fate of the senate bill, lied up
in th fisheries committee, and Insist
ed that another committee should have
the house bill. He denied that Impair
ment of the Initiative and referendum
1 implied. The purpose he defined as
a determination of the people to end the
eternal turmoil over fl3h questions.
Senator Harrv Lane, newly elevated
to the chairmanship of the fisheries
committee, is the only member of
t-ither delegation from the states con
cerned opposed to ratifying the treaty.
Since the committee divided three to
three. Senator Laoe Ignored a request
that he call a meeting of the commit
tee to give the matter further con
sideration. Johnson Seises Opportunity.
When the tie. vote was taken
six members were present, and at
least two of the" three absentees are
said to have promised to vote for the
resolution If It Is again brought up
In the meantime the bill was taken
from fisheries committee in the aenate
and referred to the Judiciary commit
The Hadley resolution, so named
from the Washington congressman
who Introduced it. was on the unani
mous consent calendar of the house
last Thursday, ana when it was
reached its consideration was blocked
by an objection toy Moon of Tennes
see. Moon, in revenge for having a
bill of his own turned down early In
the day, objected to everything that
Late in the afternoon the tactics of
Moon continuing, Johnson of Washing
ton seized an opportunity to move that
the rules bo suspended. He merely
stated that a treaty between states
must be ratified by congress to be
come effective, and explained that the
leRislatures of the two states con
cerned had memorialised congress to
make their compact binding.
VcAxaur at Plnley's Elbow.
FInley of South Carolina asked a
few questions, being principally con
cerned as to whether the resolution
1 would have any effect elsewhere than
as between Oregon and Washington.
Upon being assured that it would not
touch the interests of any other states,
he made no objection.
While the South Carolina member
was questioning Johnson there was
some evidence of anxiety on the part
of the northwest members who were
eager to have action taken without
further delay. McArthur of Oregon
stood at Flnley's elbow and spoke to
him in an undertone. Slnnott and
Hawley, the other Oregon members,
stepped over to Johnson's side to aid
him In any controversy that might
arise. Hawley was about to offer
some remarks when Speaker Clark put
the question and declared the measure
unusued appropriation for the Coquille
jetty to the sea end of the jetty. Sen
ator Chamberlain and Representative
Hawley are taking the matter up, with
a viewto determining what action is
necessary or can be had in carrying
out tne desires of the Bandon people.
GERMANS SAY GERARD
PUT KAISER S ORDERS
ON HIS M'S DOG
Ambassador Quotes It ta
Show Nature of Attacks
. Made Against Kim in Berlin
Has Wedding of
Snow and lose
BASE ADVOCATES TO
BE GIVEN HEARING
iieuf Brjan UkS'N-
a government expert on motor-cylinder
lubrication, stated before the
o4merican Society of Naval Engi
neers at Washington, D.O: "Oils made from
the asphalt-base crudes have shown them
selves to be much better adapted to motor
cylinders, as far as their carbon-forming pro
clivities are concerned, than are paraffine
base Pennsylvania oik."
Copy of Lieut. Bryan's full report on motor
cylinder lubrication will be sent on request.
"Washington, May 9. Matters are
shaping up for hearings on the bills
for a naval base at the mouth of the
Columbia river before both senate and
house committees. Chairman Tillman
of the - senate committee announced
early last week that he could arrange
a meeting on short notice, ana tne
House committee has agreed to grant
a hearing when the naval appropriation
bill is out of the way.
After Chairman Tillman notified
Senator Lane's office that a hearing
could be given during the week, the
Oregon senator tried to get in com
munication with F. C. Harley, chairman
of the naval base committee, but for
several days was unable to locate him.
Mr. Harley during the last few weeks
has been back and forth between Wash
ington and New York and Philadelphia,
Harley Bas Much Information.
Because of the extensive data gath
ered by him in support of the Columbia
base his presence was desired as chief
witness at the hearing, so the date for
it was held in abeyance until it was
certain that he could appear.
It is believed that Secretary Daniels
Is favorably inclined toward one or two
submarine bases on the Pacific coast.
reserving his Judgment as to the ad
visability of locating at this time a
complete navy yard. Keeping in mind
the history of other navy yards built
from small beginnings, it la felt by
some that a start should be made with
a submarine base, if that can be se
cured. In this way, it is felt, naval of
ficials would soon be educated to the
advantages of the Columbia for a com
plete establishment as a harbbr of
refuge, repair, construction and supply,
First Demand Is for Ships.
The extensive construction program
contemplated in the general appropria
tion bill as a part of the preparedness
plan militates against the authoriza
tion of new bases at this session of
congress. If this program calls for six
capital ships, with large increases for
auxiliaries and for officers and men,
the figures reach proportions that
cause hesitation concerning new yards.
however logical the argument.
Fighting ships, submarines, colliers
and numerous et ceteras are being
urged by the navy department and
naval officers as first requisites, and
these things appeal much more strong
ly to the temper of the moment than
plans for naval bases.
By advancing the claims of the Co
lumbia to consideration at this time,
however, that project Is called to the
attention of congress in such a way
that it will be difficult to disregard It
when the time cornea, as naval author
ities agree it soon must, for selecting
locations for additional yards where
the increasing navy can be cared for
Little Klamath May Get Surrey.
Washington, May 9. The question
of making a government survey of
certain swamp lands on the border of
Little Klamath lake in Oregon is to
be further considered by the depart
ment of the interior, upon request of
Congressman Sinnott Application by
the state for this survey was refused
because not presented within the time
fixed, but there is now a chance that
this limitation will be waived and the
Beach Calls Panama
Writer Says Battle Cruiser in Soar
Could Bstroj Either End, Ho Pro
vision for Defense Against Aircraft.
New York. May 9. (I. N. S.)
"Within an hour's time a battle cruiser,
firing from either side of the isthmus,
could destroy the Panama canal."
This dismal declaration was voiced
here today by Rex Beach, the author.
who has Just arrived in New York
from Panama on board the United Fruit
company's liner Metapan.
"Conditions at the canal so far as
protective measures are concerned are
shameful," continued Beach. "It is in
correct to speak of the canal's de
fenses. As a matter of fact. It Is de
"Fired upon at either end by heavy
gmna. it could be made useless in no
time. It also could be quickly destroyed
by explosives droDDed from an aero
plane. lAo provision has been made for
defending the canal from aerial attack.
"Tha so-called canal defenses were
planned In 11 days by 11 men who
went to the canal sone for that purpose.
The result can well be imagined. The
situation is absolutely shameful."
Amsterdam, May 9 (I. N. S.) Am
bassador Gerard, interviewed by the
Berlin correspondent of the Neues Wei
ner Journal, is reported as saying:
I hope that peace between Germany
and the United States will be main
tained,. In this crisis and in all pre
ceding crises. I have attached the ut
most value to clearing away misun
derstandings between Germany and
America. I have dona in every in
stance all I could to avoid a conflict.
"I wish no war between Germany and
"The accusation that I am an enemy
of Germany is absolutely false. I have
never done anything which could justi
fy the reproach that I hated German
ways or the German people. Publicly
and privately, people said without a
shadow of proof that I incited my gov
ernment to war and that the German
government could meet my govern
ment as much as It liked, but that war
could not be averted because I wishel
aid Wife Vut Orders en Dos;.
"Then they say I own a munitions
factory in America and am thus inter
ested In war. They even had the au
dacity to write to the crown princess
that my wife had put on her dog the
orders conferred on her by the kaiser,
and had taken the dog to walk in Un
ter Den Linden, together with other
scurllltles of the same kind.
"I am extremely revolted by these
lying stories. Such calumnies do not
make for friendship. I feel deeply
wounded by these incessant accusa
tions. I appeal to the leading person
alities of the Oerman. Imperial govern
ment who know that at all times I have
done and do everything to maintain
peace between Germany and America
Residents of Portland
V Heights looked out of their
windows this morning and
wondered if the seasons had
been reversed. The birds are
r said to have begun looking for
the feeding platforms of last
winter and the first roses of
spring to endeavor to turn
their paling blushes from the
" Beginning at 7:46 a. m. snow
fell heavily. The storm oon-
tinued 10 minutes until the
ground was white. More of
the same kind of rain as has
taxed Portlanders' optimism
for the past three or four days
r soon followed, of course, but
for the time it appeared that
winter had gotten a foothold
Members Council of Cham-;
ber of Commerce Urges
Action for Development. '
and who know that all these affronts
and insults rest on falsehood.
But the Servant of His People.
"Naturally, I cannot communicate
anything about theae proceedings to
headquarters. Etiquette even would
forbid my saying whether I prayed the
kaiser for an audience or whether the
kaiser invited me.
"My political Importance le extraor
dinarily overestimated. I am actually
only the servant of my people. I re
ceive Instructions, carry out theae In
structions and report as to their exe
cution, but at the same time do not
take a decisive part."
Indiana at Kound-Up.
Pendleton. Or.. May 9. The annual
Indian roung-up, an event that is utili
tarian in Its purpose rather than en
tertaining, but which nevertheless pro
vides plenty of excitement, will be
gin tomorrow at Thorn Hollow. The
Indians of the Umatilla reservation
will round up all of their stock, brand
the colts and break such animals as
are ready for the saddle. Yesterday
they held a big council and today
are having a big feast. Many white
people gather each year to see the
Indiana at their work.
By unanimous vote, yesterday, the
members' council of the Chamber of :
Commerce adopted a resolution call
ing upon the board of directors to set
about Immediately the task of pro
moting railroad construction that
would bring the Yakima valley into
close business touch with Portland.
The resolution was preaented by R.
M. Irvine of Flelachner, Mayer & Co.,
who said the artificial barriers of dis
tance could" be hewn away with a rail-,
road line 45 miles In length. That'
line would cut In half the distance now"
prevailing by rail between Portland
and the Yakima and make It the same
as to Ueatlle.
The text of the resolution follows:
Whereas, The Yakima Valley Is
topographically in Portland trade ter- :
ntory, but due. to the fact that indirect
rail connection and consequent dls- -parity
of frelnht rates places it prae- 5
tically in Puget Sounds, the present
rail connection from Portland to the
heart of the Yakima Vallev heliiv S0O
miles as against 183 miles from Seat-'
Whereas, The construction of an ex
tension of the present Ooldendale
branch of the North Bank road to con
nect at White Swan with the proposed
terminus of the Toppenlah. Fort tslmcoe
& Western branch of the Northern
Pacific would cut down the rail dis
tance from Portland to the connection
on the main line of the Northern Pa
ciflo In the Yakima Valley to 146
miles, be It
Resolved, That it Is the sense of the
members' council of the Portland Cham
ber of Commerce in meeting assembled
that the board of directors of this
chamber be requested to arrange with
out dolay to take up in the most prac
tical way tha work of promoting the '
construction or mis or some otner
more direct rail communication
Must a woman cling
to a faithless husband
Young Mexican Denounced IT. S."
Loa Angelee, Cal. May 9. (U. P.)
Declaring that he will repeat hla at
tempt to call Mexicans to arms and
turn upon Americans, Rural Palma, 19-year-old
Mexican, is under arrest in
the city jail today. tie denounced
Americans in an address at the Plaza
yesterday, urging Mexicans to buy
rifles and hurry to Mexico
the Standard Oil for Motor Cars
Is refined from selected California crude
asphalt-base by methods especially de
veloped by the Standard Oil Company af
ter 40 years of experience.
Highest competitive awards San Fran
cisco and San Diego Expositions.
Dealers everywhere and at our
Standard Oil Company
Nights of Sleep ts.
Nights of Agony
Verdict favors D. D. D.
It Is foolish to lie awake all the lone
night through with that Intolerable itching
caused by Eciema and await the coming of
the day. D. D. D. Prescription is made
for you if yon are a sufferer. It will cool
that hot. Inflamed and itching skin, you
will be able to rest at night, awake In the
morning refreshed and life will be worth
living. We know it will do all these things.
as we have testimonials from many suffer
ers right among your neighbors. Try a bottle
and you will not regret It. Come in today.
For 15 Tears
ID. B. ID). E
Clarke Scrip Case Decision.
Washington, May 9. The board of
appeals of the land office has an
nounced its decision on rehearing on
several cases involving the use of
scrip by C. W. Clarke for land in
Pacific and Gray's Harbor counties.
Washington. Taking the position that
If occupied and improved at the date
of a lieu land filing the land may
bo held by the entryman. decision is
rendered favorable to the claims of
Mike Hanrahan and May VanderpooL
Applying the same test, rehearing Is
denied and Clarke wins .his contests
against Mrs. Addie Sprague and
Claude Vanderpool. The cases have
been before the department for a long
time. Congressman Johnson urging
further consideration after a decision
favorable to Clarke was announced in
Motorcycles on Rural Routes.
Washington, May 9. Fourth Assist
ant Postmaster General Blakesley, has
informed the Oregon senators that the
department deems it unwise to make
exceptions to its ruling forbidding the
use of motorcycles on rural routes
except when equipped with commer
cial bodies, and then only In certain
cases. Especial care is required, it Is
stated, because of the 'necessity of
obviating so far as possible the pos
sible injury to employes, who become
entitled to the benefits of the federal
compensation act if hurt. The ques
tion was raised by a carrier in east
ern Oregon who pointed out numerous
advantages to be had on his route If
allowed to use a motorcycle.
Eastern & Western Hearing.
Washington, May 9. Oral argument
will be heard June 9 by the Interstate
commerce commission on the Eastern
& Western Lumber .company case. In
volving rates on - lumber from Port
land and Bridal veil to Utah tern
tory. . ..
Port of Bandon Wants Help.
Washington. May 9. R. K. Comp
ton of Portland, Or., is in Washing
ton as a representative of the Port
of Bandon Jto see what can ' be done
towara aiivung idoui ja,uuu oi an
Tne Owl Drug Co.
Bkldmore Xmr Oo.
One of the most vital questions before
th American public Is the subject of
this powerful photoplay.
Fsiry tales combine with grim tragedy
to make this forceful drama.
'? i r Into-
BE if J V , J I II I
"SHORTY HAMILTON" The New Keystoner
He Is Clever as the ROUGH KNIGHT
TaTJBATsUB BBAUTITPIt. KXTJC AT WAHHrPTO
Today and Tomorrow
Your Last Opportunity to See
In the Much-Discussed Photoplay
NOTE This Picture Will Not Appear Second
Run in Portland
Coming Thursday "The Sins of Men'
Scenic Shasta Route
Four trains claily, with through sleeping cars
from Portland to San Francisco. Direct con
nections for all Southern and Eastern points.
Summer Round Trip Tickets
will be on sale daily June 1st to Sept. 30 to
( principal Eastern cities. Liberal stopovers
allowed en route. Return limit. 90 days from
date of sale not to exceed Oct. 31, 1916.
Mount Shasta, Shasta Springs, Mount Lassen, San Francisco,
Yosemlte Valley", California Beach Resorts, Los Angeles, Panama-California
Exposition, Apache Trail, El Paso, Houston and
Informs tioa at City Ticket Office, corner 6th and Oak
u Stsrt Union Depot, or East Morrison St. Station,
rones Broadway 3760 A -4704
foil It, Scott, Oeaeral Passearer Areas
Southern Pacific Lines