Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (May 8, 1916)
-ITS ALL HERS -
Tonight and to
morrow ibo .w
eri ; southerly
r e; and .- , y fi,
IT'S ALL TRUE"
r . a n
7A1 kV winds.
VOL. XV. NO. 50.
PORTLAND.' OREGON, . MONDAY EVENING, MAY . 8, 1916. FOURTEEN PAGES.
PRICE TWO CENTS Sam
Men Leave for Chase Across
Big Bend Country of Texas
Hoping to Intercept Bandits
i Who Raided Glenn Springs.
NO HOPE IS FELT FOR
: CAPTURED AMERICANS
Cavalry Hurried to Marathon
;I and Starts on Hot Ride for
t: Border Town
V WaslUngtoa, May . (X. H. B.) Con--'
ful Blocker at Eagle Pass today wired
- Jhat tlx two Americans, D earner and
Coy, captured fey Mexican bandits at
' Wni Springs, bad tm f onnd with
their throats eat.
Marathon, Texas. May 8. (IT. P.)
Two trooDn.off the Eighth cavalry from
';. El Paso and" Troop A of the Fourteenth
' cavalry from Alpine detrained here to-
day. They Immediately plunged Into
I the desert, riding hard for Glpnn
Springs, scene of the recent M ex Iran
raid. A motor truck train carrying
, provisions accompanied them. Two ad
ditional troops of the Fourteenth are
due later. Extensive preparations have
been made here to supply the columns
with food and ammunition. The sol-
j dlers are raging against the raiders
;, and vowing to avenge the slain.
'Alpine, Texas, May 8. fU. P.
; American troops are ruslnng tod.-y
through the barren and desolate Bis;
Bend country In pursuit of the Mexi
cans who raided towns in that terri
tory last Friday night, k.Iled three
United States soldiers and a boy and
kidnaped two American cltiiens. The
raiders crossed the- Brewster county
J line. and invaded American soil.
, The bodies of the three United States
soldiers killed by Mexicans in the raid
on Glenn Springs arrived here today
mnA in nvtlni wni-d ffrlm r.li.
f. tires. Survivors of the attack b ought
the body of the Compton boy to Mara
: thon and obtained ammunition and
t frh horses before returning to the
i General Funston has ordered .a, ma
chine g-un' company to Join the-new
'expedition. It leaves this afternoon.
Captain Cole, of the local guard re
tained a sufflHrnt force to guard Al
pine, with the aid of citizens.
Troops Get Quick Start.
At least one full battalion of United
States troops had moved from Mara
thon In pursuit the Mexican raiders
who penetrated the Big Bend country
of Texas, within 2i hours after the
first reports of the outrage were, re
ceived. General Funston's headquar
ters declined to state the exact num
ber of seldlers In the pursuit.
It Is known that the detachment
Is strong enough to cope with the
bandits if they are overtaken. While
hundreds of arid miles He between the
Outlaws' probable place of refuge and
the nearest railioiu, General Fun
aton's orders to the troops were to
cross the line If neiesary and .-aU-h
the raiders at any cost. Officers be-
lieve the Mexicans will he overtaken.
Texas Kengers Help.
4 Officers today welcomed the aid of
the Texas Rangers in patrolling the
border, declaring the present force
inadequate for tha.t purpose.
.. One hundred of miles of border
country 1s being guarded by a oortlon
1 Of the Fourteenth cavalry and troops
, in other sections are similarly over
taxed. While the cavalry column
swung into the new campaign from
the base of .Marathon. Texas, part of
company H, signal corps, was ordered
from San Antonio - to Marathon to
nulld a field telegraph wire to Glenn
The section is whltehot with rage
toaay. cattlemen, ranchers and otherB
are rallying to the hunt with ven
geance as their watchword. Fifteen
cavalrymen dashed from Alpine at the
rirst news of the raid to aid the small
detachment which had arrived from a
nearby post lo aid the stricken settle
ment. Began Friday iriat.
The Mexican raid began at 10 o'clock
Friday night. A force estimated at
between 160 and 300 Mexicans crept
upon the settlement. They avoided the
American border patrol by making a
P'wide detour, forded rivers and crossed
tne intervening stretch of territory in
- Nine men of the Fourteenth regiment
were in Glenn Springs to protect the
settlement. Other men in the village
were C. t. Wood, W. A. Ellis, J. A.
Deemer and F. Compton, Deemer's
Clerk. A wax factory was the only In
dustry there, and the store the only
trading post for many miles A few
Mexican families made up the remain
der of, the population.
' When the attack began,' the Ameri
cans retreated to a hut, barricaded
(Concluded on Page Eight. Column Three)
James M. Sullivan Is
, Released by British
v London, May 8. James M. Sullivan,
former American , minister to Santo
JLwmlngo. was released today by Brit
ish authorities who arrested him on
suspicion in Dublin during the rebel
lion. The trial of Sir Roger Casement, ac
cused of Instigating-the recent Irish re.
volt, will begin in Bow street court
Thursday, according to official an
nouncement here today.!
SuUlvan Writes Tajte.
' London, May S.il. N." S.) James
Sullivan, former United States min
ister to Santo Domingo, has written
Ambassador Page that he has bean
held prisoner In Dublin castle since
the Irish rebellion started but that he
fsj'all right and In no danger,"
WHERE MEXICAN BANDITS RA3DED TEXAS
.0 11 tZi-, X xaTT s. .-srexton R?v
This map nhevs Brewster county. In southwestern Texas. Ihe star
marks the point at which the raid was made on the American out
post at Glenn Springs. Alpine and Marathon, where the United
Stntes troops start pursuit of the bandits, are 90 miles from where
the attack was made.
BIG-BEND RAID MADE
TO PROVOKE WAR, IS
Mexican Foreign Minister As
serts Enemies to Both
Countries Planned Attack,
Mexico City, Mexico. May 8. .(I. N.
S.) The following announcement was
made here today by Minister Azulllar:
"While international difficulties aris
ing at Columbus are about to be satis
factorily arranged Uy the American
expeditionary force abandoning; our
territory, the only point remaining un
determined is the exact date of their
"The band of bandits, organised in
the United States by Mexican traitors,
enterf bur country, and then, pretend
ing to flee from Mexico, again crossed
the frontier, shouting Viya Villa!' and
'Viva Carranxa!' as they attacked the
garrison of an American town named
Big Bend, committing all kinds of dep
redations. The crimes .were commit
ted by the enemies of both countries
for the -criminal purpose of interrupt
ing the present favorable course of ne
gotiations and to provoke definitely
war which the Mexican government is
trying to avoid without loss of national
honor or dignity."
Magon's Followers Blamed.
Washington. May 8. (U. P.) Rep
resentations regarding the Mexican
raid into the Big Bend country of
Texas were made to Provisional Presi
dent Carranza today by the United
Klates. The state department's mes
sage suggested that he exert his ut
most power to prevent a recurrence of
such an outrage. It was further sug
gested that a readjustment of the
Carranzista forces would be advisable
so that scattered bandit bands could
not again cross the border. The mes
sage assumed that Carranza woulft do
all he could to guard against fresh at
tacks. The raid on Glenn Springs and
rumors ofsVilllsta activities halted
yesterday's conference. General Scott
notified the war department. His
message said he deemed it best to
ascertain the effect of the raid before
proceeding further. Whether the ban
dit activities mean further delay in
the negotiations Is not known.
Secretary of War Baker received
from General Funston a report of a
plan to round iip the raiders together
with recommendations for further
action. He declined to make public
the details. Funston has been given
absolute power to deal , with the-situation
Insofar as the disposition of
troops Is concerned. Me can with
draw some forces now In Mexico or
shift his patrols to meet the situation.
So far there has been no considera
tion of sending the militia to rein
force the regulars.
Persons close to the Mexican em
bassy declared that the raids were
directed from the American side of
the line to enrbarrass the Obregon
Scott negotiations. They thought that
the followers of Jesus Magon might be
Roumanian Ixan Oversubscribed.
London, May 8. (1. N. S.) The
Bucharest correspondent of the Times
."The Roumanian 930.000.0AO Internal
loan has been oversubscribed. , t
SEEK TO BRING ABOUT
PEACE AT THIS TIME
Administration Will Make No
Move Until Promised Allied
Offensive Is Launched,
Ionddi, May 8 (I. N. S.) -Dispatches
received here today by the
Star from Rome said:
"If peace mediation by neutrals is
not acceptable to the 'allies. Kaiser
Wilhelm has determined to open direct
negotiations. Probably proof of this
will be afforded shortly, ae the Ger
man government is now desirous for
peace and is prepared to make rea
Washington, May . (U. P.)
President Wilson will not move to bring
about European peace at this time. The
veiled suggestion that he do so in
the German note was not heeded at
the White House. At, the White House
it was learned on high authority that,
acting on the advice of the American
embassies in London and Paris, the
administration will not make anv
peace proposals until the promised
great offensive of the, allies has been
It was learned that the statement
ct Carl W, Ackerman, United Press
staff correspondent in Berlin, that the
tme was opportune for another trip
of Colonel House to Europe in the in
terests of peace occasioned no surprise
at the White House.
Germany Anxious fa feaos.
It is no secret that Germany le
anxious to get .started to the prelimin
aries for peace negotiations. Re
ports from the American embassies in
London and Paris, however, made it
p'.ain that prospects of this govern
ment's exercising the important func
tion of starting negotiations would
be completely nullified were an at
tempt to end the war made at pres
ent. President Wilson has no inten
tion of making a move toward peace
when his advances might be rebuffed.
Proposals must ,-ome from both sides.
i Concluded on Pane Tee. Column Six)
Freak Frost Hurts
Crops of California
Tineyardirts Heaviest X.osrs, potato
Crop Ruined and Hops Badly Kit
Bamafs Estimated at f 1,000,000.
San Francisco, May 8. (P. N. 8.)
Damage estimated at 31.000,000 was re
ported today In northern and central
California as the result of a freak
frost Sunday morning. The heaviest
losers are ithe vineyardists, the grape
crops of INapa and Sonoma counties
being damaged respectively 60 to 60 per
cent, and 70 to 80 per cent, according
to estimates made today. For the most
part, fruif escaped, but some other
crops, including hops and potatoes, were
The.'potato crop,- within two weeks
of digging time. Is said to be ruined,
the only possible salvage being for
horse feed,! the ranchers declare.
" The damage to hops was confined
chiefly to those that had made a good
start but is expected to be heavy. Con
ditions with this crop, however, have
been poor' this season, and at best lit
tle was expected of it. - . - -
Big White Star Liner, Carry
ing General Cargo and
Munitions From New York
to Liverpool, Reported Hit.
LLOYDS GETS REPORT
BUT HAS NO DETAILS
Liner Said to Have Carried
No Passengers on Her for
London. May . 8. (I. N, S.) The
White Star liner Cymric has been tor
pedoed by a submarine In the English
channel according to dispatches re
ceived this afternoon1 by Lloyds.
The vessel is reported sinking.
The dispatch gave no particulars.
The CJrmrlc left New York April 28
with a general cargo and munitions
war for Liverpool. She had no pas
sengers. The Cymric registers 13,370 tons.
She Is a steel twin screw steamer,
with one funnel and four roasts and
was built for the White Star line in
1898. She has been In regular pas
senger service between New York and
Liverpool and was one of the first
vessels to clear for England follow
ing the sinking of the Lusitanla. Four
hundred passengers sailed on her soon.
alter the loss of the big Cunarder.
Swedish Steamer Torpedoed.
London. May 8. (I. N. S.) The
torpedoing of the Swedish steamship
Herald, registering 1736 tons, was re
ported In a dispatch received here to
day from Copenhagen. The crew was
Haa Crew of 10 Aboard.
New York, May 8. (L N. S.) White
Star officials here this afternoon
stated that the Cymric, reported tor
pedoed in the English channel, carried
no passengers but was manned by i
crew of about 100. Captain FrankE.
Beadnell was in command when, the
vessel left for Liverpool. April 2s.
Four Convicts Made
Man Zxowii as afodel Prisoners at Saa
Qneatla X soaped Prom California
Xoad OaAga; Three Plrst Termers.
San Francisco, May 8. (P. N. S.)
After an all night battle in which hun
dreds of .shots were fired four San
Quentln convicts, escaped from state
highway road gangs, were surrounded
rear the Mendocino-Humboldt county
According to information reaching
Warden James A. Johnston of San
Quentln, the pursuers were prepared
to close in at once.
The escaped men are James A. Rn
bottom. said to be the ringleader, and
first termers named Gibbon. Waldo and
They were in different camps, six
miles apart three in camp A and the
other in camp B.
All were middle aged men, known as
model prisoners at San Quentln. There
had been no trouble at the camps.
Vessel Collided With
' Lightship, Sinking
American-Hawaiian Steamer Philadel
phia Hit Plre Island Lightship;
Crew aemoved by Wireless Report.
New York, May 8. (I. N. g.)The
American-Hawaiian Steamship Phila
delphia is In a sinking conuition, fol
lowing a collision with the Fire Is
land lightship, according to wireless
advices received here today. The
crew was removed.
, The American-Hawaiian line has no
steamer Philadelphia though there are
several vessels by that name. The
dispatch may possibly refer to tne
Pennsylvania of the American-Hawaiian
line. The last report at the Mer
chants Exchange from that vessel wis
she left Philadelphia for New York
American Schooner Aground.
Washington, May 8. (I. N. S.)
The American schooner Mary Dow is
aground at Fraile Point, on the west
coast of Cuba, according to official
dispatches received here today from
Guantanamo. The gunboat Peducah
and the American steamer Nelson are
en route to the scene.
German Fifth Army
Arrives at Smyrna
London. May 8. fl. N. a) Field
Marshal Li man von Sanders, with the
German Fifth army, haa arrived in
Smyrna, twinging with, him a large
number of Austrian , heavy guns and
other artillery, says the Dally Mall
Athens correspondent. AIL the craft in
the harbor, the correspondent adds,
have been beached to prevent their se
cret departure, and not- even neutrals
are allowed to leave Smyrna.
Submarine Blows Up.
Amsterdam. May sWtL N. S.) A
German submarine, receitly - exploded
off Varna, according, to advices from
Berlin received here today. A destroy
er saved most vof the diver's crew.
- 1 1 11 r '
- New Hampshire Man Named. -
Washington. May . (L K. B.)
President Wilson; today sent to -the
senate the nomination , of Kugene E.
Reed of New Hampshire to be a mem
ber of the Philippine commission -
Bill for Good
by the Senate
Appropriates $85,000,000, $75,000,
OOO to Aid States, Balance
Washington, MayS. (I. N. S.) The
senate today passed the good roads
bill appropriating $85,000,000 for road
improvement and construction. Of this
amount $75,000,000 will be used to aid
in state highway construction in the
next five years.
The remaining $10,000,000 will be
spent in the construction of federal
highways in national parks and forests.
House Instructs Its Conferees.
Washington. May 8. (I. N.. S.) By
a vote of 221 to 142 the house today
instructed the house conferees on the
army reorganization bill not to agrne
to the senate's proposal for a regular
army of 250.000 men. .
By a vote of 251 to 109 the house In
structed the conferees not to agree to
the senate amendment treating a vol
unteer army as a second line of de
The vote tightened the deadlock.
They were in effect instructions that
the house conferees do not recede from
their position or compromise the de
mands of the Hay bill provisions. The
debate was acrimonious. Militia of
ficer lobbyists were denounced as
Rivers, Harbors Bill Opposed.
Washington, May 8. (I. N. 8.) Mi
nority report of the senate commerce
committee today condemned an appro
priation of $43,000,1)00 for rivers and
harbors and proposed as a substitute
measure an appropriation of $20,000,
000, to be spent at the discretion of
Secretary of War Baker. The report
declared that expenditure of the larger
sum was not justified in ordinary times
and that now when the resources of
the nation are taxed to the utmost in
carrying put the policy of prepared
ness the expenditure is Indefensible.
Militarism Called No Danger.
Washington, May 8 (U. P.) '"The
heart of America is much too sound to
be invaded by militarism," was Presi
dent Wilson's answer to members of
the American Union Against Militar
ism who are opposed to the proposed
increase in the army and navy.
Speaking In defense of preparedness,
the president drew a distinction bevl
tween reasonable preparedness and mil
itarism,, and -pointed out that the for
mer was constructed on Judgment. He
said that when days of peace come, If
the United States is to count In the
process of reconstruction of the world,
"we must be able to express ourselves
as a nation in terms Intelligible to the
powers with whom we" are "dealing."'
Dispatches ' Trom Admiral Bay Presi
dent Jlmlnss of Santo Domlafo Has
Quit; Everything Is Seported Quiet.
Washington, May 8. (L N. S.)
Confirmation or the reported resigna
tion of President Jimines of Santo
Domingo was contatned in a dispatcn
received here today from Admiral
Caperton. Everything, however, was
reported quTet. Three American de
stroyers and a force of marines on
the Prairie are en route to Santo
$1,000,000 Fire in
Duluth Lumber Yard
Duluth. Minn., May 8. (I. N. S.)
Fanned by a 60 mile f gale, fire here
this afternoon caused $1,000,000 loss
In the Alger-Smith Lumber plant and
Bank Bobber Gets $4000.
Ada, Okla.. May 8. (U. P.) A lone
bandit today held up the National
bank at Frances, Okla., and escaped
with $4000 after a revolver battle with
citizens In the streets. A posse Is
To That Regarding'
a Letters of appreciation re-
celved by the publisher of The Ik
$ Journal continue to attest the
value of the articles on Port-
land industries appearing daily
t on The Journal's editorial
William F. Woodward of
r Woodard. Clarke & Co.. writes: 41
"In your Issue of Tuesday,
W- appears an article under the
heading 'Nothing the Matter
With Portland,' relating to our
store and business. Will you t
tr kindly accept from Mr. Clarke
and the writer this note f
w appreciation for the notice
therein. The article Is well
written, tells the truth about
m this and many other of our
Kt local enterprises which have
41 been hitherto and in this way,
William A. Ross of Henry
t Ross & Sons says:
r ' "In you paper of April 12 -
if, you were kind enough to dt-
4ft vote some space to our enter- t
prise, under the title of Noth-
m ing the Matter With Portland.
4t We greatly appreciate this.
We have followed this column
with interest and think it is of
great benefit to the growing
manufacturera of our city. We
-lit assure you that, we appreciate
this courtesy, and hope the
4t good work may continue."
The story of the day relates
It tb a new establishment, under-
taking a line Of work out of
the ordinary. A metal worker -
V:has demonstrated that there Is tk
--"Nothing- the Matter With
. Fortlajid.- On the editorial
: page Of this issue, under this
title, mar ba found his record
. of achievements .
X - f --
TO HiS NOMINEE
Letter Setting Forth His Rea
sons for Naming Louis D.
Brandeis for Justice of Su
preme Court Sent to Body.
QUALIFIED ABOVE ALL
MEN FOR THE POSITION
Committee Refuses Action, on
Objection of Stay-Away
Senator, It Is Said.
Washington, May 8. U. P.) Just
: as the senate Judiciary committee,
which President Wilson urged by let
ter to act Immediately on his nomina
tion of Louis D. Brandeis as associate
j supreme court justice, was preparing
to ballot today, two senators objected,
and as a result the action was post
poned Who the objecting senators wero.
members of the committee would not
say. It was understood that Senator
Shields, who attended "the Judiciary
meeting for the first time in months,
was the chief objector.
President Wilson's letter. It was
learned, was received with resentment.
When the meeting broke up, friends of
Brandeis had failed even In getting an
agreement to vote on his nomination
at a definite date.
The president's letter was in reply
to Senator Culberson's note' asking for
the "reasons Which actuated the presi
dent in making the nomination," The
letter was addressed to Culberson and
"My Dear Senator: I am much
obliged to you for giving me the op
portunity to make clear to the senate
judiciary commute my reasons for
nominating Louis D, Brandeis as asso
ciate Justice of the United States si-
(Concluded on Fae Eight. Column Four)
Drives Captives Into Desolate
Country, Releases Them at
. Spokane, Wash., May 8. While tw,o
detectives waited for him In the
shadows of a nearby building to catch J
him. & holdup, who has robbed half a
dozen streetcar crews here during the
last three weeks; a little after mid
night this morning "stuck up" Con
ductor R. H. Langdon and Motormaa
Dune; of the East- Sprague avenue
car. fired a fusilade at the officers
and escaped, driving the carmen ahead
Clarence L. Harris and K. P. Akers.
the officers, told their superiors they
were afraid to shoot because the car
men were In a direct 11ns with them.
The hold up occurred at the end of
the line in blinding rain and sleet.
The car, was left standing and the
crew was driven Into a desolate rocky
section, over a mil away, where the
highwaymen released them an hour
Three automobile loads of officers
were rushed to the scene but up to a
late hour no trace of the holdup had
Onlforder Due Today
Meeting' Will Be Xeld Between aad S
This Afternoon Olean Sprlag Bald
Wot to Interrupt Agreement.
El Paso. Tex.. May 8. (U. P.) Con
sul Garcia announced this afternoon
that the concluding Scott-Obregon con
ference on, the pact covering the opera
tions of American troops In Mexico
would be held between 3 and S p. m.
Unofficial statements from au
authentic sources said there was little
likelihood of a break between 8cott
and Obregorr on account of the Glenn
Springs outrage. The raid was re
garded as an Incident but not as a
dominating factor In the situation.
Mxlcan officials stated that the
Scott-Obregon pact provides that each
nation may send troops 100 miles
across the border after bandits In case
Though Carranza has assented to the
provisions of the conference pact, his
formal approval Is contingent upon
several .minor changes suggested in
dispatches from Mexico City. Generals
Scott and Funston refused to alter, the
pact, pointing out that General Obre
gon had authorised and approved th
plan outlined in It.
The balance of the conference yester
day was given to discussion of the
Mexican raid on Glenn Springs. .Obre
gon detailed the measures that Carran
za is taking to check the raiders and
punish them after . they are caught
Prompt execution Is. promised for con
victed bandits. l y
Officials at Juarez saw the band of
European Intervention aeekers behind
the new raid. The Glenn Springs fight
was not entirely unexpected. Faint ru
mors that the settlement might be at
tacked had been circulated 'for . seVeral
days. . . . ,'
; Pastor; Called to 'Portland. ,
' It waa announced today that at a
meeting yesterday the elders of First
Christian church voted to call Rev. T.
U Lowe-of , the West Fourth Avenue
Christian -church of Columbus. Ohio.
SPOKANE CAR BANDIT
KIDNAPS CREW M
High Mark for
in Open Market
Carload of Pulp Fed Stock Brings
$9.15 Hundred; Choice Meat
Cuts Advance 1 Cent.
The price of steers today reached
the highest quotation ever paid in the
open market at Portland, when the
sale of a carload of pulp fed stock
from Burley. Idaho, was made at $9.15
per hundred pounds. The steers were
fed in the sugar district of Idaho by
the Portland Feeder company, and con
sisted of yearlings. The sale is 15c a
hundred pounds above any previous
open market transaction.
Local dressed beef interests say that
the demand for the choicer cuts of
meats, such as loin and ribs, has
forced another general advance of 1
cent a pound for such offerings, al
though the general price of dressed
meat by the carcass Is unchanged at
14 centa a pound wholesale.
Advances were also made' in the
wholesale price of hams .nd lard.
I standard grade of the latter advanc
ing a half cent a pound over previous
Owing to the great scarcity of sheep
and lambs, the price of the dressed
product Is very firm. In fact, a car
load of California stock was brough.
here during the week owing to the
shortage of, home offerings. Leaders
of the trade assert that dressed mut
ton and lamb will sell higher Instead
of making the customary declines,
unless there Is an Immediate increase
in the supplies here.
Two Big Tie Orders
Are Expected Soon
Company Holding; Contracts With O. V.
and Jr. p KaUroads Will Meed 140,
000; Use of Douglas rir Expected.
Chicago, May 8. (I. N. S.) De
mands are active for Urge quantities
of railroad cross ties for use in con
nection with the construction of new
railroads and of extension of existing
lines in the western section of the
country. A. Guthrie & Co. of St. Paul,
Minn., 'are in the market for about
ltO.JOO cross ties, comprising about
1.120,000 feet of lumber, as the result
of receiving orders for two railroad
The company has been awarded a
contract by the Great Northern rail
way for the construction of 25 miles
of new road extending west from Lam
bert, Mont, which will require between
$8,000 and 70,000 ties.
Another contract has been awarded
to the same company by the Northern
Pacific railway for a 14 mile extension
ItxwowKerUt YeJUmay-Waahv tn the con
struction of which approximately 70,
000 ties will be necessary. It is believed
the ties ordered will be of Douglas fir
Kew Commander Is
Installed on Oregon
Old Warship Wow In Charge of Cap
tain B. 7. Williams, Captain Joseph
at. Beeves Going; to Hare Island.
San Francisco, May 8. (U. P.) The
Oregon, the "bulldog of the navy," was
turned over to a new commander to
day. On the quarter-deck of the old
warship formal ceremonies were held,
during which Captain Joseph M.
Reeves, who has commanded the Ore
gon for more than a year, transferred
the ship to Captain E. F. Williams.
Captain Reeves will go to Mare Island
navy yard as chief aide of the com
mandant. The Oregon Is still attached to the
United States navy, but Is being used
as a training ship for the California
Bullets Taken From
Chris Evans' Brain
Sacramento. Cel., May 8. (U. P.)
An operation considered unique - in
the history of surgery was performed
by Dr. J. H. Harris at the county
hospital today on Chris Evans, 7a
years old, famous train bandit of the
Dr. Harris opened Evans' skull and
removed two bullets that have pressed
on hts brain for ' 23 years. One
of the bullets was located behind th-
right ear and the other was imbedded
in the brain.
Evans rallied from the-effects of
etber and is doing as well as can be
expected and it la believed that hewlll
The bullets resting on ' the brain
caused paralysis on the right side and
also affected his sight.
Railroad ePlerg Burn.
Jacksonville. Fla., May $. -U. N. 8.)
Fire last night destroyed the piers
of the East Coast railroad in South
Jacksonville and caused a loss of
THE PEOPLE JUDGE
, Taless roods of real worth
art dispensed a business oaa-
not be made a lasting suooess,
evsa nnder most expert raid-
Mo less can a newspaper win
reneral favor unless It gives
true service la gnilest measure.
i la tb lexicon of the street it
H a as "ro to deliver the roods."
rottxteea years ago The ?oux-
nal published Its first edltioa.
Zta dreulatloa thea waa aota-
lar. Today the average daily
r dreulatloa of The JoarnaL. la
Portland and its tradlnr radius,
la tha largest of any paper.
. And. It la rrowtar f aat. Tor
example, tne dally average elr-
culatlon for April, aa ooatparsd
to tha oorrsspoadlnr moatn
year aro snows an Increase of
M31. The . Sanaa? average
, shows aa taoreasa of 1000. It's at
... the paper in - pupils favor I
President Wilsop Sends Note
to Kaiser Saying He4;Ac
cepts Guarantees as to the
Safety of Vessels at Sea.;
DECLINES, HOWEVER, TO
He Will Not Link German
can Controversies. .
Washington. May 8 -(U. P.) -The
government has accepted oermany's
submarine concessions and declined to
accede to the suggestion Unking the
German-American situation with the
British-American controversy. 'The
text of the United States note to the
kaiser wjll be withheld until, tomor-'
row, but the United Press learned to
day that the jbove constitutes the
esBcncv 01 me communication. ".
This reply was forwarded i today.
President Wilson and Secretary Lan
sing conferred last night with regard
to its contents.
The communication will be a formal
acknowledgment of the receipt .of the
German reply, end It will indfeate.
it is declared, that this government,
accepting the new pledges, considers
itself in no way bound to the condi
tions of the answer, ;
The president is known to take tha
position that the United States is deal
ing with Germany apart from Its ne
gotiations with Great Britain and that
it will continue to deal with Grea.
Britain without any reference to U
negotiations with Germany. ,:.'Vs?',"
It may be stated on the highest au
thority that the American message
may be summed up briefly a ocept
ance of that part of the German nsply
which covers orders to submarine 'com
manders and rejection of everything
else. , ;
The answer will eliminate the possi
bility of a break on any episode, witlch
has happened in the past. Future
friendly relations- depend on German
adherence to the new orders issued to
submarine commanders. . - y
IF HILL 304, TAKING:
ENTIRE NORTH SLOft
All French Trenches There
Occupied and 1320 Prison
ers Are Taken, Says Berlin,'
Berlin. May 8. (1. N. 8.)Cspture
by the Germans of the entire network
of French trenches on the northern
slope of Hill No. 304, on the Verdun
front, together with 40 officers and
1280 men. was claimed in today's offt-"
clal statement from the German gen-.
erai start. ,
The text of the statement follows; '
"German operations , west ' Of ' ttie
Meuse during the past few days have
been chiefly conducted with Pome
ranian troops, to whose gallantry the
war office pays tribute. ' V
Despite tenacious defense and furi
ous counter attacks, the Germans hive
captured the whole system f7Frencn
trenches on the northern slope of hill
No. 304 and the German lines now ex
tend to the top of the hill. y ? (
"In addition to extraordinary losses
of the niemy, we to.ok 40 unwounded
officers and 1280 unwounded men pris
ot.ers. "Attacks against our positions on'
the western slope were everywhere re
pulsed. . , i ,y "
"Bitter fighting occurred on both
sides of Thiamount farm. The enemy
employed detachments of negroes (Af
ricans) but their at tat k broke down,
we taking 300 prisoners.
"Kresh Frenoh troops are being used
on the Verdun front. In the Meuse
sector, the enemy. In addition ta.using
divisions for the second time after being
organized, have utilised 61 fresh divi
sions. This means that the Fresco
used fully twice as many men as? the .
Germans. In face of this fact must be
borne In mind that the Germans wsfe
attacking and the French defending." f
French Becapture Ground., V V
Paris, May 8. (U. P.) French
troops have recaptured a ' large -'part
of the ground lost yesterday on both
banks of the river Meuse. A success
ful counter attack last night drove
the Germans from communicating
trenches. . . WX
The Germans were ousted front
trenches they had seized on HU1 394.
said the official communique.
A series of night combats threw the
Germans from the 600 tf yards y4t
trenches they had occupied between
Haudromont wood and Fort Douaumont
on eVunday. " ! --'.-irr r ?
Military critics here declared "today
that the German attack was the pre
lude to a fourth great oflenalv
against the fortress of Verdun.. , .
The German attack west Of the
river Meuse attained Its greatest vk.
lence yesterday. Ke pulsed In attempt
to storm Hill 304, Abe Germans made
a flank attack on the French' rJgli'.
with some results. Th;i object wax
apparently to force the: French v u
evacuate Hill J04 by threatening to
surround It. Almost the same form
was employed east of the Mense where
for 'many weeks the .German .her
been attacking Pepper Heights, four
and a half miles north of Verdno. - -
Facing frightful losses byvtBaWne
frontal attacks on well entrenched p-
M X SSU S
(Cooehided u t'se Twe, Udusia all