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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 11, 1915)
THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL, PORTLAND, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 11, 1815.
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DAILY ASP Sl'NDA
Ob year. ... . , .7.60 Or,e month; .88
All ths little vexations of
life have their use en a Part
Of our moral discipline. They
afford the beat trial of char
' acter. Many a man who could
toW with resignation, if told
that ho-was to die, is thrown
Off his guard and out of tem
per by the slightest Opposition
to his . pinions or hi proj
' ects. J. Hawes.
' THE LEGISLATURE
.-: . K, - I A
ON-PAOE 381 of the 1913 Sen
ate Journal, the members of
tho Oregon legislature, as-
, sembllng In biennial session
at Salem today, will find the fol
lowing proposal for abolishment of
the legislative body:
naolvd hv thn senate thn house
of representatives , concurring, that j
me governor oi me aiaie or uregon
appoint from the electors of the state
, eleven persons who shall prepare
.. proper amendments to the constitu
tion of the state of Oregon for the
abolishment of tho legislature of
the state of Oregon anl the .stab-
Itshin? or a commission rorm or gov-
ernment.in lieu thereof;
Resolved, That t Mr- prapoKed amend-
t mentf be .submitted 1 the people for!
approval or rejection at the Kon-ral :
election in the year 1914.
", The resolution did, not pass. It
' was killed by indefinite postpone
At the last election, there was i
oh the ballot, an initiative amend-j
' ment .which proposed the aholis'i-4
. ' ment of the state senate. It was j
proposed by the t-tate grange, the
federation of Tabor, the farmers'
union and ofhor organizations.
Though no campaign was made in
- favor of the measure, and though
theie was strong nowsuipor oppo-
- sltlon to It, the proposal received
2,376 affirmative votes.
In June, 1902. there was adopt
ed by; popular vote in Oregon, a
constitutional amendment, provld-j
ing, for the Initiative nnd refer-!
endnni. system of lihlation. The!
vote for the -change was 6 ",02 4,.'
nd ' against it was nfifis.
Thefe Is1 a plain meaning to j
theso jpropositiotiH. They are pro- j
'. tosts -against the legislature as it :
has been, conducted in Oregon, j
,. They . Reflect tho dissatisfaction of. ,
the ' people -.with things the legis- j
latlve-ody has done and failed to
do. The overwhelming vote for
"the initiative and referendum w,)s
a beginning, -and even the relief
that system has brought has not I
satisfied the .unrest. j
The ! 62,376 votes cast for the,
, abolishment of the state senate'
are the proof. The actual pro
posal In the legislature Itself for
- the body to be abolished and com-I
mission government for the state
1 be submitted is other proof.
", What happened in June, 1902,'
can happen again. Cities which !
. have adopted commission eovern-
ment by 'abolishment of tho alder-
manic form have Invariably prof
ited from the change.
'It is for the legislature itself-
: to say J whether or not it is to be
perpetuated as a part of the sys
tem of state government. It can
not got on as It has been going
'these past thirty years and Survive.
It, must-change itself, or it will
V i 1 - '
. AERIAL DUE A DXAl'G I ITS
NDON dispatch savs the
military authorities! are tak
ing precautions'- aeainst an
- aerial- raid on a larze scaiA.
Germari Zeppelins, escorted by
armed aeroplanes, have beenPiseen
cruising over Dover strait, and it
is bellived in London fchat -they
were sent up for informg.tion con
;' ceraing air currents and other de
tails, preliminary to a general at
tack. . J
. Counjt Zeppelin, whose indomit
,. ablo .energy and perseve'rence has
.. perfected the Zeppelin airship, has
been ait his task ever 6lnce jthe
. American Civil war. His first as
. cent was in a captive balloon at
Fredericksburg in 1S63, when he
'was a. foreign attache of: the Union
rmr. t; . .1
.From; that day the inventor of
German . dirigibles -devoted not
only his time but his fortune to
the development of the form of
aircraft which' now beard his name.
- la their modern form' these air-
ships are the result of more than
a V century of experimentation.
Ecrly forms depended ppon man
driven I and 'later upon steam-
driven propeIt.oi. They were not';
. practical, an t the present-day dir-
igible bad its real birth rhen Count
"Zeppelin began his experiments in
; 1871. f But until 1908 Ihis efforts
resulted in failure rather than sac
cess, v Many of his machines made
. successful flights, only to be
-wrecked when they-attempted; to
landv i Finally, thirty-seven year s
after he had begun hls experi
, mentsj Count Zeppelin succeeded
in staying aloR thirty-seven hours
-and traveling nearly 900 miles In
, a straight line. ;
The modern Zeppelin lean attain
a height of 5000 -feet without los
ing its efficiency, and it has-been
proved capable of a speed exceed
ing fifty-four miles an hour. It
has an advantage over the aero
plane In that the Zeppelin Is able
to come to a standstill for the pur
pose of dropping bombs, and it is
also able to carry much greater
quantities of explosives.
But the aeroplane also has dis
tinct advantages. It can rise to
greater heights, It has more speed
and it Is tinder better control.
- If London's alarm is well found
ed, the world may soon know the
true value of dirigibles In warfare.
The indications are that Germany's
aerial fleet will operate much the
same as does a squadron at sea.
The - Zeppelins will te the dread
naughts, doing the heavy fighting,
while the aeroplanes will ,be the
speedy torpedo boat destroyers,
their chief duty being to protect
the big ships.
FORTY thousand men who were
idle have been re-employed
In railroad shops and steel
and kindred industries since
January 1. Money for rediscount
at the San Francisco reserve bank
is to be had at four per cent.
The railroads, last week, placed
orders for rolling stock, steel rails
and track supplies totaling $6,670,
000. Inquiries for more than $10,
000,000 worth of supplies are
The United States Steel Corpora
tion had an increase of 512,051
tons in unfilled orders during De
cember, the first increase since
August. New projects for plant
additions at eastern steel mills and
resumption of activities retarded
by the war totaled $5,000,000 last
week. The Pennsylvania railroad
has arranged to float a $100,000,
000 bond issue in IIarch, and
much of the proceeds will be -used
In repairs and extensions.
The St. Paul railroad offers a
$29,000,000 bond issue for pur
poses of new constructions The
Pittsburg Steel Company has sold
$5,000,000 bonds, and $15,000,000
of Argentine notes have been pur
chased y Jn the United States.
Added to these financial and in
dustrial operations is a news dis
patch stating that in most com
mercial centers, money for business
purposes is to be' had for the asl
ing on unusually easy terms.
Not since the war .began have
there been so many evidences of
an eased financial and industrial
situation in all parts of the coun
try. DISREGARD OK LAW
N HIS inaugural address Gover
nor Whitman of New York
pleaded for a more pronounced.
public sentiment- for enforce
ment of -the law. "When that sen
timent Is wanting," he said, "no
device of law can make up for It."
He attributed the criminal ten
dency of tho day to disregard of
the law, to impatience with legal
and moral restraint and to con
tempt for Judicial and executive
administrators of justice. He de
clared that the only cure for crime
is the creation of a widespread de
mand for law. enforcement for
the enforcement of laws against
Coining from Governor- Whit
man, these conclusions have pe
culiar weight. As district attor
ney of Greater New York he was
recognized as an efficient official
for bringing malefactors to justice.
His experience clothed him with
authority to speak - on the subject;
When he says that what is needed
is not more laws, but the enforce
ment , of existing statutes, his
statement is worthy of more than
Here in . Portland there has been
a wave of shootings,, hold-ups and
robberies. Often, men who shoot
or holdrup other men are violat
ing onelaw because another law
regulating revolvers has been dis
regarded. Governor Whitman is right. The
laws against murder and highway
robbery should be enforced, but
that accomplishment would be
made much easier by strict en
forcement of other laws, the dis
regard of which, leads "to murder
What is needed in Portland, as
well a3 in New York, is. a. pro
nounced public sentiment for law
enforcement. It would be a crime
preventive, and that is the true
purpose of law.
ARIZONA'S ALIEN ACT?
a SPECIAL court of three fed-1
Aeral. judges' has declared
Arizona's antl-allen eraploy
. ment act unconstitutional.
The court held that, the t statute
violated the guaranees of life, lib-
ery and tho possession of property
maae to ail alike, whether aliens
or not, under the fourteenth
amendment to the United States
" This" decision is of ereat Imnnrt
ance to Pacific coast stato nA
if It is sustained on appeal It may
mean .much anti-alien legislation
IS in Conflict With thn foHcnl nn
Btifution. The three judges sitting
at &an rrancisco held that if Ari
zona can forbid any emnlnvnr tn
hire more than twenty per cent of
aliens the. state could with equal
right" forbid him to fiire one per
cent -or even an Individual nn
This struck at the vitals of the
act, for the supreme court of the
united States recently held that
the right to labor Is a right of
property, and an alien cannot be
deprived of that right without due
process of law,
- The decision as to Arizona's lni
tiatlve. act Is not necessarily final;
it may be reversal on appeal. But
until the supreme court hears the
case and files its ruling the act
will be inoperative.. The presump
tion is that the three federal judges
correctly interpreted the funda
mental' law It that proves to be
the "case, it is evident that antl
allen legislation must be carefully
drawn to avoid conflict with the
federal constitution. -
MR. . TEAL'S ADDRESS
IN HIS address In advocacy of
half a mill levy for irrigation
in Oregon, Joseph N. Teal again
demonstrated that he is a high
ly useful citizen.-
He said it was no use to mope
now over the injustice to Oregon
at the hands ' of the federal gov
ernment in the distribution of re
clamation funds, and it Isn't.
He 6aid the thing to do is, not
to spend the time in weeping over
the past, but -to look to the futurOj
and that is true. He said that it
would be false economy for the
legislature to refuse to levy a
small tax in aid of irrigation
when every dollar, so appropriated
would bring a dollar from the fed
eral government for turning the
desert into production, and making
thrifty homes on what is now bar
ren waste. That ia a- sound con
clusion, as conclusions usually are
with Mr. Teal. I
-As President Wilson said in his
late message to congress,1 it - is not
expenditure, but extravagance that
the people condemn. A small mil
lage levy for irrigation Is not an
appropriation but an investment
It ia not a graft, but a loan. It
Is not money gone forever, but it
will come back and bring with it
an equal amount in federal money,
and bring also interest for the
period of use. and at the" same
time bring thousands of acres of
Oregon's desert land into flower
and fruitage, Into home making
and state building;
THE EDISON SPIRIT
THOMAS A. EDISON has done
much for himself and his
country. But nothing the
great inventor has done has
larger value than the Edison spirit
of today. Pausing for a moment
in the work of rebuilding his
manufacturing plant, destroyed by
fire, Mr. Edison found time for a
newspaper interview. This ia the
way he talked:
Years aso I formed my rules of
life, and I have adhered to them. The
chief est of them is "work." The loss
of the money does not worry me.
Nothing was burned that cannot be
replaced. When anyone talks about
worry, he migrnt apply my new stand
ard of worry. Just think of the
kaiser, with nearly 600 miles of bat
tle front, all told, on the east and
west. Why, the average man's wor
ries Bink into insignificance compared
to this. ; '
Here is a man 68 years old, who
has just lost $2,000,000 by fire,
and he refuses to worry. He is
a builder, rather than a Worrier,
and this is what he says about
men whose worries have sapped
It has surprised me to see how
Americans have become weakened
over this war. Thev seem to be
stricken with a eort of Commercial5!
paralysis. They ougrht to get out
and do something-. Now is the op
portune time. Why, you can put up
a building- cheaper today than you
could before the war. And yet many
of our .supposed good business men
will "wait until the war is over as -a
sin of prosperity and pay more for
the building. The wise man will
prepare now for the boom In trade
that we will soon experience, and
whieh will be tremendous after the
That Is illustration of the Edi
son spirit. Work, courage and in
telligence have made Thomas A.
Edison one of the greatest Ameri
cans of his generation. . He is so
great that neither a $2,000,000
fire loss nor war in Europe nor
croakers at home can discourage.
A GREAT protest has arisen
against a bill which it Is pro
posed to introduce into the
.New Jersey legislature. The
bill levies an annual tax of $50
per head on all bachelors in the
state. The promoter of the meas
ure is quoted as saying, "I haven't
a bit of use for those vacillating
individuals who dodge matrimony."
The protestants claim that it is
insiduous class legislation and does
a large section of the unmarried
male population a great injustice.
It makes no distinction between
those who are bachelors " from
choice and those who have been
despised and rejected of women.
These are more - 6inned ;against
CANADA'S TRADE BALANCE
JOHN G. FOSTER, United States
consul general at Ottawa, re
ports that during the first
eight In onths of the present
fiscal year( the balance of trade
against Canada was materially re
duced. . The figures are interest
ing, for they indicate that our
northern neighbor is also bene
fiting commercially by the war
For 6ix months, April to Sep
tember, 1913, Canada's adverse
trade balance was. $137,000,000,
and for the same period in 1914 it
was only . $49,000000. During
August and September, 1914, mer
chandise imports amounted to $52,
073,'073; r-free Imports, $28,885,
102; coin and bullion, $27,337,940.
In 1913, during the same two
months, merchandise imports were
$77,275,252; free Imports, $35,
008,118; coin, $776,948.
According to unrevised ' reports,
the total trade for the first eight
months of , the fiscal year. to.De-
cember 1, "amounted to $766,626,
856, a decrease of only about $11, -000,000.
Exports of manufactures
amounted to $45,425,224, an in
crease of $10,000,000. Exports
of animals and their products in
creased $12,000,000 in the eight
months, but there was a decrease
of about $12,000,000 in the ex
port of agricultural products.
The Interdependence of Nations.
By ROGER W. BAUSON
President the Babson Statistical
sit down to
ner toda.y you
will have before
you a simple but
tion of the de-
pendence of one
nation upon an
other. The linen
of the table
cloth and nap
kins probably came from Ireland;
the china was doubtless made in
England or France; the steel
knives were manufactured in Eng
land, and some of tho glassware
doubtless came from Austria." If
you start the meal with grape
fruit. WH nrnvfl ftnr ilsnanilsn,. n
the West Indies; if olives are ,
then passed, you are under , obli
gation to southern Europe.
Our own country furnished the
roast and most of the vegetables,
but we must not forget that the
fertilizer on which these vegetables
were raised was manufactured
from the nitrates of South America.
The table salt may have come from
Russia; but the pepper certainly
came frdm the East Indies. The
base of the salad is native, but
the oil from which the dressing
was made certainly was furnished
by the countries of the Mediter
ranean. Even the very last course,
namely, the coffee, comes from
Brazil, while the lump sugar that
you drop into the cup may have
traveled from Germany or Cuba.
It is not, however, only in con.
nection with the dinner table that
we should this year be impressed
with the interdependence of na
tions, There are much more im
portant considerations. Notwith
standing our most bountiful crops j
and national strength, we are now
in the - midst of serious business
depression. New York bank clear
ings for the last six months show a
decrease of 20 per cent compared
with the same period last year, or
the greatest drop in any year since
1908. Foreign trade is compara- j
tively at Its lowest ebb since the !
great panic of tjhe 90s; the largest!
number of unemployed are today 1
roaming our streets since the panic
of 1907, while stocks and bonds
are selling at abnormally low
prices. Even during the Civil war
the American stock exchanges
were not closed for a single hour,
whereas the fear of foreign liqui
dation In this present period
forced such a closing and again
proved the closeness of our rela
tions with the nations of Europe.
We have had the most bountiful
crops fh our history; the largest
amount of money in circulation
which statistics have ever recorded,
so that everything in this country
should signify splendid business
condition. The reason for the de
pression is principally, if not whol
ly, due to the interdependence of
nations. Through the reduction
of purchasing power in the nations
at war, and through the ; holding
up of the world's shipping by Eng
land and her Allies, our mills are
forced to close, hundreds of thou
sands of our people are looking
for work, while disappointment,
if not bankruptcy, 'stares many of
our finest people in the face. In
fact, most of the 12,000,000 peo
ple of, this country dependent upon
our export trade are suffering
from the world's failure to recog
nize the brotherhood of man.
Not only have our markets been
cut off through this .loss of pur
chasing, power and" the re-establishment
of piracy on the sea, but our
people are obliged to pay more for
their goods than ever before.
Prices have gone up, owing to the
great - increase, in ocean freight
rates, war insurance charges and
various other factors.
Our building operations are be
ing" held up for lack of capital.
This applies to large buildings as
well as to public works, v such as
railroads, bridges, water works,
electrical undertakings, etc. For
much of the capital heretofore used
In euch building weihave depended
upon Europe' Here-again we feel
the interdependence of nations.
The capital savings of Europe are
now tied up in waging war, while
the savings of years are being ruth
lessly destroyed. , This shuts off a
great source of supply of capital
and causes a slump in the build
ing and construction trades.
If all lands had the same soil,
the same temperature, and the
same forests' and mines, we . per.
haps might prosper along indepen
dent lines; but with the differences
In- the climate and resources of
the nations of the world, we must
now recognize that our prosperity
is Interlocked. Neither this coun
try nor any other that is now neu
tral can enjoy to the fullest the
blessings of peace until all of the
nations are hound together in some
form of commercial alliance, based.
not upon a declaration of Inde
pendence, but . on a declaration of
Copyright, 1915, by the Philadelphia PnbHe
A FEW "SMILES
A British soldier In; Belgium was
one morning wending his way to camp
with a fin rooater in bla arms, when
he waa stopped by
his colonel to .know
If he had been steal
"No, colonel," was
ths reply. "I saw
the old fellow sitting
on the wall, and ' I
ordered him. to crow
for England, and he wouldn't; so I
Just took him prisoner."
It is the custom of a minister in a
certain country town to read In church
tho .requests for the prayers of the
congregation. N o tj
long ago the minister;
waa absent and the
city clergyman, who
did not know the cus
tom, officiated fh his
place. At the usual
time the deacon hand
ed the notices to the
minister, explaining what was to be
done with them. In a few moments
the congregation was startled to hear:
"A man going to sea his wife de
sires the prayers of tho congregation
for his safe return."
The notice really read: "A man go
ing to sea, his wife desires the pray
ers of tho congregation for his safe
Ephura Johnson waa up before the
judge on a cruelty to animals charge.
"'Deed Ah wasn't abusln dat mule.
Jedge," tha old man
"Did you not strika
it repeatedly with a
"And do you not i
know that you an
accomplish more with
animals by speaking to them?" x
"Yessur; but dis critter am diff nt
He am so deef he can't heab me when
Ah speaks to him in do usual way.
so Ah has to communicate wid him .
in de sign language,"
Letters From the People
mas i Fa
(CommmdcatioB. .eft te The Journal fo, rLS'ltTfTwnVl?
publication in this department should t writ- i strong vault. If it did the two ter
tea on only one aide ot the paper, ahouid not ' cent interest paid couldn't be earned,
exceed 300 worda In length and moat be ac- ; jn place Of storing the postal depos
companied by the name and addreaa ot the lto, mrm.v th- eovmmnt Hpnoaits
Bender. If the writer doea not deire to j lor. money Uie government deposits
bae the .name published, he should so etate.) ! Its in approved banks a great number
i of them which pay to the govern-
'DiHcuasionto the Rreateat ef H reformera 1 ment lnterest at the rate of two Rnd
It rationalizes everTthtntr It touchiw. It roba , . , ,V..
principles of all fale sanctity and throws theiu i one-half per cent. It turns out that
back on their reasonableness. If they haTe . the government thinks better of the
no reasonableness.' it rut Mem ly ernahe tbem
out of existence and acta up ita owa concluaiutu
In their atead. Wood row Wilson.
Settlers Petition for Aid.
Sheridan, Or., Jan. 9. To the Editor
of Thn .TnnmaJ Th Bettlern tn town.
ship 12 south, range 4 east, tn Linn deposits of postal savings to deposit
county, are resentful concerning the Uh the United States treasury ap
indifference hown them by the de- Proved bonds to secure the deposits,
partment of the Interior 2h regard to ; or each $1000 government bond de
their case, which is now sending In . Posited the bank may receive $1000
that office. ' 'n savings deposits, and for each $1000
Seventy 'homesteaders settled three I municipal bond approved by the gov
years ago on the lands in township j "' , ' r" " ' : '
"12-4," on which the Northern Pacific
claims scrip. The settlers went on
the land and made extensive Improve
ments and petitioned, for a survey,
which was granted. On December 22,
1913, the homesteaders made applica
tions for filings on their land at the
Portland land office, and their appli
cations to file were rejected by the
officials of that office. The settlers
then made an appeal to the general
land commissioner in Washington, and
on November 16, 1914, they were noti
fied that the commissioner had sus
tained the rejection of 'the Portland
land office. The "12-4" homesteaders
are now appealing their case to the
secretary of tlie interior.
The Santiam settlers claim that the
land laws plainly establish for them
a prior right to the lands on which
they settled three years ago, and
which the Northern Pacific " claims
scrip on. They further assert that
thov ha-j iivi tn. th. e
law in every detail, and that many of
i,- . . 3
on their claims It They would oll?Z or importation of liquor Into 6regon. I ' -tor. clerk had sufficient traln
gmt d a ft On thTor Ld no exception for hotel keepers, j in. home life to be a practical
fhT'aUrHfe railed ever 7$ "LX5L TII1
hered to the lieu scrip laws In laying
Its scrip on the "12-4" lands. The set
tlers claim that the department is
overlooklng the fundamental point, of
the law in deciding the case between
the homesteaders and the railroad, and
that in turning their filing down the
local land office and commissioner
never advanced a sufficiently good
reason for rejecting the efforts of the
homesteaders to file on their claims.
The "12-4'' homesteaders have writ
ten , letters ' of appeal to Representa
tives Hawley, fctnnott and McArthur,
and to Senators Lane and Chamber
lain, stating their grievances in these
letters and invoking the aid of all the
Oregon members of congress In set
ting the settlers' cases before the de
partment in the proper light The
Santiam settlers, in their letters to
the - Oregon representatives in con
gress, express regret at the lack of in
terest shown by the department re
garding bona fide settlement, and sug
gest that our land laws be driven a
thorough renovation. The homestead
ers expect to hear from their letters
at an early date.
CLIFFFORD K. KNICKERBOCKER.
Wilson's Jingo Critics.
Portland, Or, Jan. 9. To the Editor
of The Journal The cartoons and the
editorial sneers of- some newspapers
at America's scrawny pups of war
would lead one to suppose that our
army had recently been reduced to a
few barefoot soldiers and the navy
to a bunch of leaky tubs.
Of course, people who stop to think
know that this is all for political
effect But it appears so ridiculous,
in face of the fact that their own par
ty made our army and navy Just ex
actly what they are, for, excepting a
short time, the G. O. P. had absolute
control of them for over 60 years,
and spent or . squandered, as they
choose to make It appear all' the
billions for which we were supposed
to be getting something for defense.
Now the vicious. Jabs of such papers
at Wilson and JBryan and their party,
on account of our "dinky army and
navy," challenges admiration for their
nerve, If not for their patriotism.
And this leads one to remark thai
these foolish attacks all along the line,
intended to weaken the people's con
fidence in the head of their govern
ment, at a time when so much de
pends upon cool. Intelligent action. Is
bad business, to. say the least
They say the lines in Wilson's face
are deepening rapidly. And so they
did in Lincoln's, because of the wan
ton attacks ' for almost all . that he
did and did not do, though time proved
the wisdom of his acts. .
For a man to be giving the very
best there is in him to his country's
service, burdened with tho knowledge
of the consequences that might follow
a misstep, wttile a systematic attempt
Is being made to poison the minds of
the people he Is striving to serve.
pickled TbUn mn "aeU,rht t0 et
women say most when they are
A girl isn't naoeasarllv artful be
cause she paints.
If w could only settle our bills
by paying compliments.
?i's ,fasy fr a man to fool a woman
if she really wants him to.
Soma, man wHa iab. the . v. v n
, vv .u. V Ml.. IMCJT
as they go never manage to get very
Wise la the chap ' who uses his
stumbling blocks as stepping stones
It sometimes happens that' a man
who fails at everything else marries
But one doesn't need to be a botan
ist in order to recornize a blooming
You never miss the water until the
courts get hold of the stock and
squeeze it out. '
Ther may be people who are
smarter than you are, but you never
Men wouldn't care how much their
wives talked if they would only use
th sign language.
The wild oats sowers of the stone
age must have had a strenuous time
turning over . new leaves.
In after years- a married woman
likes to boast of the many proposals
she had while yet in her teens.
It's almost as difficult to get a
man to change his brand of cigars
as it is to get a woman to change
BANKS DON'T OPPOSE POSTAL SAVINGS
By John M. Oskison.
It is a strange, and perfectly usual,
experience that the postal savings sta
tions have had in this country. They
have drawn from hoarders some 60.-
ooo.ooq, most or wmcn nad never seen
a bank before, and this because the
government stands behind the postal
Now. the government, doesn't store
banks than most savings depositors
Now, in what way does the gov
ernment protect the deposits of its
patrons? This is its plan: The gov
ernment requires the banks that take
against him this is surely .enough to
furrow the face.
Had the president followed the
course his unreasoning critics would
have driven him, his country, no doubt,
would have beea involved In unspeak
able woe, and bis name made
anathema for all time. We may thank
our blessed stars that he has fol
lowed a better light J. W. CREW.
Wants Rigid Prohibition Law.
Portland, Jan. 9. To the Editor of
The Journal The hotel men of Ore
gon, principally of Portland, would
like to hbve the legislature grant
special privilege to them. In the draft
ing of. the prohibition law. This would
be profitable to them and the liquor
Interests; it would open a loophole
for the sale of a large quantity of Al
coholic liquors in the state. But it
' b dict violaUon of the spirit
of the prohibition amendment I voted
i for Jw 7ruli men n entlrft
nrnhihttiT nf th mim-'factuM. sale
w TLintT ff, "SL"?? U P&!If ?
V r K laa-i avid rura i war 1 1 vmaqm the
by the legislature, it will mean that
they are untrus to the people's la-
Ructions and will be held aocount
There Is no danger that a desirable
class of tourists or colonists will be
kept away from the state because they
cannot buy or sneak drinks. The best
class of homebuilders will be drawn
by that very fact, while the tourists
can survive a brief drouth. Just as
many will come, and tlie beautiful
scenery of Oregon will be Just as fair
We want a real prohibition law no
trifling and no exceptions.
The Parole System.
Portland, Jan. 9. To the Editor of
The Journal Paroling young offend
ers does not seem to have the proper,
effect for, having their liberty, they
can still commit offenses and yet re
port Boys that have a spark of re
spect and honor left may be reformed
that way, but the only sure way is to
place them in the navy where they
will be under the strictest surveillance,
even to irons if necessary.
The recent arrests of young men
and boys who have been well brought
up, as was the Kelland boy, shows
that even proper rearing has not the
effect' it should have, and when,
euch boys east so sad a reflection on
parents it is time' the navy took it in
Idleness is the cause of many a
crime, as witness the list of crimes
committed in the cities of this country.
It is high time the government awoke
to the fact and solved the problem by
increasing her navy and merchant ma
rine. All merchant vessels nowadays
should carry some kind of protectors.
Just as cities need many protectors.
Employment can be found for the idle,
and the idle rich should contribute
their assistance with their surplus
- The Divorce EvU.
Prlneville. Or., Jan. 9. To the Edi
tor of The Journal In The Journal of
January 4, Is an editorial entitled,
"Marriage and Divorce," which I
would like to make a few remarks on,
as to the cause of this evil. It Is a
fact that divorce , is Increasing, also
that there are many more bachelors
and spinsters than of yore. . I wonder
why? Instead of trying to find the
cause, those who are In the limelight
are asking for more laws. ; Are we not
lawed to death now 7 In the article in
The Journal some sad facts appear.
Divorces In . Tacoma during 1914
equaled 22 per cent of the marriages.
Is it not time' that the busybodies
wake up and see what they have done?
To me, the cause Is plain; Your arti
cle goes back to the good old times
when they took each other for better
or worse, and this was the secret of
happy marriages. Today what have
AND NEWS IN -BRIEF
The Bev. DM, Leech has been
Cupid's best ally in Ldnn county dur
ing 1914, according to the marriage
Certificates on file in the courthouse,
for In the year he officiated, ar 53
weddings. County Judge I, Bruce
AicKnight is second, with 39.
"The . addition to the library," aays
the Oregon Emerald, "has been com
pleted and between 80.000 and sO.OOO
books have been moved in during the
past two weeks. The cost is esti
mated at $80,0011, of which the stacks
alone took 10,500."
feheridan Sun: Amity Is goinr to
try to adopt a new charter to oorrect
some of the errors in the old one aud
make it correspond to the brogresaive
ness of the preeent. Sheridan has tried
this three times and finds itaelf just
where it began. May Amity have bet
ter success with its progressive Ideas.
Speaking of Silverton's" eight miles
of paving, the Appeal, in Us excellent
year's-end issue, says: "No other city
In Oregon the sise of Silverton, and
in fact vary few of them in the Unit
ed States, can boast of the amount of
the very best of street paving woi k
that has been done here within tho
past two years." -
In the interest of the spread of the
grange, the Gresham Outlook nays:
"Thero is room for several more
granges in Multnomah county. One
should be organized at Rose City Park;
another at Fulton; another at Linnton
and probably one or two more places.
Nor is. it necessary to excludo them
from the outskirts of Portland."
Aurora Observer: " The "Willamette
Valley Southern's entrance into Mo
lalla will : be celebrated February 3
(ground hog day), according to the
Oregon City Enterprise. It is said
a special train win be run from Port
land that day and the O. A. q. Olee
club will be there to sing the praises
of Molalla, Judge Dimlck. the Willam
ette Valley Southern, and "Webfeet"
ernment the bank may receive $750 of
8o the banks buy bonds which yield
from a.37 to 5.50 on their cost. These
they put up to secure postal savings
on .wnicn they pay the government
interest at the rate of two and one.
half per cent Suppose a bank buys a
certain approved bond yielding five per
cent, for $950; its actual yield while
the bank holds it is 6.50 per cent. The
bank deposits the bond and receives
$750 of postal deposits. Suppose the
bank lends this $750 to its regular
business, so that it brings a profit of
five par. cent a year. It must pay the
government two and one-half per cent
a year only. How does the bank come
Its Investment Is $950. Its net In
come is five per cent on the face value
of the $1000 bond, plus tw6 and one
half per cent interest earned on the
$750 above what it paid to the govern
ment That's $50 plus $18.75, a total
of $68-75. On the investment of $950
the bank raakos nearly seven and one-
half per cent Of course, if the bank
prefers to buy government - bonds
Which have a readier market and pay
a lower return of interest Its profit
will be proportionately reduced.
It la easy to see why the banks
don't oppose postal savings.
we.- w)og at tnis picture. A young
man has a good Job. His employer
finds he can get a woman to do the
same work for half or two thirds of
the man's salary. The woman Is given
job aum ire man tries to find
another, and yet this same woman
is hoping to be Cinderella for some
frmce Charming. This is the condi
tion of the country today, and one of
the very foremost causes of divorce.
Many parents Instill into their girls'
minds that it Is a disgrace to wrestle
the pots and pans la the kitchen, and
have given them a good schooling, and
the results are many girls working
in stores and offices while men, some
of tbem with families, are- out of
work, hunting Jobs or begging- because
they are obliged to do so.
The present day woman's advance
ment, clubs, societies, the suffrage
cause and many other things have
much to do with poisoning the minda
of the newly married. Has the office
and the man cannot support her on
the small salary he can get And you
anow uie rest.
Again, our present day schooling is
wrong. There is too jnuch athletics,
with the results that life Is not taken
I do not wonder at man neglecting
to perform that for which he was
created, under the present conditions,
and law upon top of law will not bet
ter cpndltlons until woman does that
which she waa created for, and let
man have the chance to be her sup
porter and protector.
Woman has advanced until she fills
almost every place In which man
works except pugilism. Only a few
days ago The Journal printed an ac
count of a woman committing highway
robbery, and numerous Instances of
women arrested In states where they
have had , the ballot; and held office
have been reported. Yet they expect
to purify politics. Better do something
to make fewer divorces and more hap
py homes. , -
Now, if we want to better the home
life and have less divorce, let's have
and teach more of the good old fash
ioned ideas when man was the head
of the house and woman was his queen
and not his equal, as she is today;
less high school education, but more
good home training te St the boys and
girls for the battles of life.
The Ragtime M use
Ballade of the Dancing Lesson.
While winter tweeks the traveler's nose
And all the days are short and bleak
And colli; ears blossom as the, rose .
And. there's a rose In every cheek.
Into the middle ot next week a
I've thrust my duties, one and all;
My conscience what If It could
I must take Maxie to the ball!
I wish to dance as well as those '
Who've practiced' dancing., rm a
freak s .
Because I never did suppose
I'd want to -do the fox trot sleek;
My social sport was hide and seek;
I've never danced with any doll;
Still as I have no yellow streak
I must take Mazie to the ball!
Cold feet? Why, say, I think they're
My courage, sure, has sprung a leak,
But since there's no escape, hero goes!
I needn't be so scared and meek.
Eternal fishhooks! s Who's the geek
Who butted in and made me fall?
I'd like to throw him in the creek
I must take Mazie te the ball!
ENVOI. - ,
Watch -me, professor ! Take a peek .
Now while I pivot down the hall,
Gangway! I'll hit you on the beak!
1 must take Mazie to the ball
. Or Talking Machines. . "
From' the Baltimore America.
Give the kings now on the field box
ing gloves and let them fight It out
& Tral teekley, Spaeial staff Wrtlar ef
..t The Jeorssl.
On Yamhill street Just west of ths
Malloiy hotel is ari old fashioned
bouse. A sign on the, door says Th
f.i.i'. i . . , .
vi iu m Auvaace xoougnt, stwi Is
the noine of. Lucy A. Rose Mallory.
widow of Judge Ruf us Mallory. la :
the basement a free reading room Is
maintained and here Mrs, Mallory. told
ne about Oregon's early days.
U bough frail in body, Mrs. Mallory
is strong in courage aud vigorous In
telleetnally. For nearly 40 years aha
has conducted meetings each week to
forward the cause of advanced thought,
and for over 25 years she has issued a
monthlypublication which is avant
couiier of the new spiritual dispensa
-For nearly 30 years I have done all"
the writing for my paper," said Mrs.
.iallory. "For many years I set UB
every lins of type and did all the edlt-3
orlal work. If is a labor of love, it
is my contribution toward stimulating,.
mougnt ana making the world better
and happier. Talking reform la not
as effective as liviug -reform, -i be
lieve in putting off the sorrows of;
life and the payment of grudges until
wuvuuw uuu iu mat way i never nave .
to think of them, tor it is always to
day with me and tometrow is tomor
row and never comas; Most of our
wrongs and ills are imaginary. Igno-
ranee is the greatest evil that human
ity has to overcome. -It is worse thau
sin, as the euro for sin Is simple:
stlmply stop sinning."
"Tell me of your girlhood, Mrs. Mat
lory," I suggested.
"My father's name was Aaron Ross,'
Mrs. Mallory said, lie founded Ross-'
burg. He was born June $0, 1811, in
New York state. He was of German
descent. My father and my mother,
whose maiden name was Minerva Kel-
log, were married in 1838, at 01rard,
Mich. I was born two years after my j
sister Emily. My mother died at my
birth. My lather married again When
I was 15 months old.
"My father bought a settler's right
to 320 acres of land on the site of
what is now Roseburg. He moved onto
the place late in September, 1851. Our'
cabin was 10 by 12 and was mads Of
ulaba split from trees. My father was.
a small man and not at all handy wltn
tools, yet he put up a fairly comfort
able cabin. We cooked over the fire
place until an emigrant camo along
with an iron cookstove in his wagon,
which he offered to my father for $76,
My father bought it It had two hoies
over the fire and the oven was under
tha firebox. i . -
. "Winchester had been laid out ia
1S50 by Addison C. Flint and was the
county seat of Umpqua county. IB
1854 the county seat was moved to
more central location, which happened
to be my father's farm. He hired
Flint to survey a townslts on his farm '
and the little settlement, consisting
at first of our hotel and a saloon, was
called Deer Creek. Later it was chris
' "We took In lots of money In thos
days. There was a constant stream vt
travel between the Willamette valley
and the southern Oregon mines. We
charged a dollar for a nical and the
men spread their blankets on the flour
and slept without any charge. The
next stopping place on the way south
was at Canyonvllle, a .good day's Jour
ney away. - Vs,
"When I was born no other woman
was with my mother and she had no
doctor. No minister was to be had, so
rhe was buried without any ceremony.
Later her parents sent for her body
and it was shipped around the Horn to
her old home in the east. My step
mother, Sarah Rose, had black hair,
gray-green eyes, and was of slender
build. She treated my sister. Emily
and I with unbelievable cruelty, and
we never told our father, fof' she said,
IC you children ever tell your pa, 1.
whl kill hira.' We believed she would,
so we never told, but she Is. dead, and
though she embittered our childhood
it is profitless to discuss It now. . ; .
"My childhood playmate was an
Umpqua Indian boy. My stepmother
was glad to have me out of her way.
so I spent much of my tlms with
Solomon, the Indian boy. He was a
mystic and a philosopher. He taught
me a love of nature' and a knowledge
of woodcraft such as I never would
have acquired but for him. He. told me
that the animals and trees and flowers
had personalities like people, and were
pleased or grieved. I can rememor
as a child how' I used -to talk to and
with the birds and wild flowers,. -V
"One time while the young men of
the Umpqua tribe were away bunting,
a lot of drunken-white men-started
from the saloon near our hotel, and,
crossing the river, killed some old In
dians and some squaws. Trouble en
sued and the Umpquas were taken te.
a reservation on the coast. Bolomon
bad to go. He died within a year, and
I have never ceased to grieve for his
banishment and death.
"When I was a girl I was a dreamer.
My mother's presence was as real to
me as if she had been In the flesh be
fore me. I was driven Into myself,
I formed a world of my own. On
night I had a poculiarly vivid dram.;
I thought I was to see the man I
would marry. I was only 12 years old
then. Next morning I looked out and
on the porch of tho hotel I saw ; tbV
man of my dream. I learned J had
come late the night before and that
his name was Ruf us Mallory. When
he found the district needed a tcachsr
he applied for the place and wasm
"Some time later my father went to
Washington. D. C. He was to ,b gone
for at least a year. During his ab
sence life becamo very bard. My step-'
mother was so cruel I could hardly
stand It X had been going to school for
a year or mor to Mr. Mallorye school.
He had paid attentin to me, so when X
told him how things were going hs
said, We will not wait to be married
till your father returns. Yotrare 1$
years old, plenty old enough - to bs
married.' Ths next Sunday ha hitched
up the horse to the buggy to take me
to Sunday school, but Instead we drove
to Oakland and Judge White, the Jus
tie of the peace, married us. We wore
married on June 241860. My son El
mer, who lives In East Portland, was
born when I was 15.
' "In 1862 my husband went' to th
legislature In Salem. Ha was appoint
ed by Governor A. C. Gibbs prosecuting
attorney for the third Judicial district,
so we moved to Salem and my baby
was born in Salem in a house Just '
across from the courthouse, In 1862."
If your name "appears in either
telephone book - call either of
these numbers and send your
message to buyers and sellers in ,.
all parts of Oregon. - r - - -
Don't be bashful call up and
tell your troubles in a Journal .
Want Ad. That is the best known
way of solving trouble. -1