The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, October 17, 1914, Page 4, Image 4

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. JebUab ttMT vealng wt SoixUr) 'Ml
. tnrr Bandiy narnlm t Th Joarnil Balld-
Inc. Iratilwir nd Ymhlll t- PortUnd, Of.
Eatarcd it tb poatofflca t Portland. Or., far
traaamlwlne tSrooss, tb tU a mww
cUm Bitter. I
". if.
IKLKPHO.N'r.S Mala 71TS: Horn. A4W61. All
, dprtmrfita rcab4 bf tbe lombtft. Tail
V ' the PTtrT wtit tiartrait roe want.
V B-nlimla Kentaor Oe., Brunswick Bid..
fc Hftk A.. Xork. iai People's
Ca Bld CbJcaan.
.... Mabacrlptloa teraa by mall or
. - area ia ut uum mie w
DAILT. . .
vm jaar. ..."'' i
Ob $2.60 I One moBjk JO
Om raar......$70 I On month...
I cannot spare the luxury of
believing that all things beau
tiful are what they seem.
KlU-Oreene Halleck.
EFORE the brigadiers ordered
him to stop talking and be
ouiet. Dr. Withycombe, who
iotnB an assembly movement
' every time he gets a cnance, re
natdlv declared that the direct
primary "costs too much and that
there snouia db cunusc.
"What "Chanee?"
How can there be a direct pri-
hat wnnld cost less? wnen
USII J a -
vnn take away the things in the di
rect primary that cost, what will
v there be left of the direct primary?
There must be polling "places and
! lucaes and clerks of election in
the precincts. There must be
" printed ballots on which the people
ran exnress their choice for can
didates. There must be tally
sheets, and there must be a count
of the votes after they are cast.
Now this is all there is cf the
direct nrimary. This is all there
la of that direct primary which Dr
'Withycombe says "costs too much
and that there ought to be
There is no way to reduce the
cost of the direct primary except
by abolishing It. Dr. Withycombe
cannot hold a direct primary with
out Judges and clerks of election
, Dr. Withycombe cannot hold a
direct primary without tally sheets
and a count of the vote. Dr
Withycombe cannot hold a direct
primary without a ballot on which
the people can express their choice
Dr. Withycombe cannot hold a dl
rect primary without each and all
of. these things, and whenever he
declares that the direct primary
"costs too much and that there
ought to be a change" he strikes
at the very fundamentals of th
- primary system.
' "The one and the only way to re
HY, from the declaration of principles on which Mr. Booth,
Dr. Withycombe and Mr. McArthur stand as candidates, was
a certain, significant plank designedly omitted?
It was a plank for "control of water powers by state and
national governments." The declaration of principles was prepared
as a party, platform by the Lincoln Republican Club.
As prepared by the committee, the platform carried the -plank for
state and national control of water powers through the leasing plan.
When the platform appeared In the Oregonian, this plank was miss
ing. By whose authority and why this surreptitious omission was
made, nobody explains.
A member of the committee demanded to know why It was done.
but met with no satisfaction. He resigned from his membership in
the club in a letter which declared that he could not be in sym
pathy with candidates and a campaign which rejected public con
trol of water powers for private control of water powers.
The whole episode is amazing. There have been many things to
show that the reactionaries have complete control of the three big
candidates. But there' can be no more convincing proof that re
action is in the saddle than is this deliberate expunging of its most
progressive and most significant plank from the party platform.,
The refusal to declare for public control through leasing is delib
erate, though secret, repudiation of the very principle to which the
masses of the Republicans in Oregon are committed. It is standpat
Ism and reaction of the most pronounced kind.
Not in years in Oregon, have the timber barons, the water power
brigadiers and their allied corporations been so active in politics.
Not in years, have they been .bo much concerned in candidates. Not in
years have the old-time big figures of cdnvention politics been out in
the open as they have been this year in clamoring for the election of
Mr. Booth, Dr. Withycombe and Mr. McArthur.
The expunging of a progressive water power plank from the
platform and the withdrawal of a lifelong Republican from the com
mittee as a result, perfectly light up the situation, and afford com
plete proof that tne reactionaries have captured the candidates aid
the campaign.
Remembering that Mr. Booth's vote killed the original direct
primary bill, that Dr. Withycombe joins an assembly every time he
gets a chance because, he says "an assembly is needed to eliminate
candidates," and that Mr. McArthur championed a bill to make
the taking of Statement One a crime, . the rejection of -the water
power plank is a most extraordinary and most convincing occurrence.
There is not a Lincoln Republican in this state who is under the
slightest obligation to follow the leadership of the big brigadiers .who
are in this campaign, not to honor Republicanism, but to undertake a
scheme that will wreck the party. '
would be no telling where It would
! end. .- . .-s ; V -. ,.' '
Governor: Hanlin" of the federal
reserve board has approved the
plan of St. Louis bankers for rais
ing a $150,1)00,000 cotton fund.
But he says the "bankers themselves
must carry out the plan; they must
make subscriptions to the fund and
administer it, assuming entire re
sponsibility for its success.
The cotton problem will work
out, and the planters should not
expect assistance from the govern
ment that might not be given to
any large body of producers under
similar circumstances. If the na
tional treasury should go to the
assistance of cotton, it could not
refuse to give relief to other com
modities. It would be a dangerous
Nat Goodwin once told of an ex
perience he had with a juvenile dead-i
bead in a western town. Standing A good cook is the best household
outside the theatre I jewel.
a little time before
the performance was Far better be on pleasure bent than
due to begin, he ob- n Pleasure broke.
servea a Bmau ooy
. , .
t .u. r- xi fi i II
L.euer: nam uie reopia
I : i
The tidelands amendment proposes
that such lands on which improve
ments have not been made shall
revert to the people, and the
haste of the upland owners to at
last comply with the terms of the
franchise shows how the people
have long been humbugged.
Permit after permit for erection
of wharves has been issued, and
hundreds of men are at last build
ing the wharves so the railroads
and other upland owners can con
tinue to hold onto a franchise of
52 years' standing.
The operations expose the hum
bug in the arguments advanced
against the waterfront and tidelands
amendment. The building of these
belated wharves is proof that the
amendment ought to pass to con
firm to the people their rights to
lands on which owners have never
perfected their franchise rights.
representing American principles
and traditions.
No theory of benevolent guard
ianship can justify continued con
trol of a conquered people. At no
time did the Filipinos consent to
rule by the United States. The
Jones bill proposes a way (or
squaring. America's acts with her
principles and traditions.
A diplomat seeminglv believes one
without actually doing it.
" You can't get the best of some men,
because they haven't any.
There are few things "more uncer
tain than life's certainties.
even after being given 52 years of
duce tne cost or tne aireet pn- time, in which to do so.
mary is to go back to the conven
tion system. The only way to les-
sen the cost of the direct primary
1b to abandon it and go back to
corrupt politics and boss govern
ment with vote buying "in gangs
of 10" and "with $15,000 of Simon
money and $20,000 of Lotan
(Communications aent to The Journal for
publication in tbia department should be writ
ten on only one aide of tlie paper, should not
exceed 300 word in lencth and mnut b ac
companied by tbe name and addreaa of the
sender. It tbe writer does not desire to
dst toe name published, be sbould so state.)
"Diacussion la the greatest of all reform
er. It rationalises eterrthing it touches. It
robs principles of sll false sanctity and
throws them back on their reasonableness. If
tbey have no reasonableness, it ruthlessly
crushes them out of existence snd set up its
own conclusion in their stead." Wood row
V llOil.
The Committee of Fifty
Portland, Oct. 14. To the Editor of
The Journal Several Prohibition writ
ers have made mention of the "Com
mittee of Fifty," in an unfair and dis
paraging manner. The Committee of
Fifty was 'composed of men of na
tional and international reputation
physiologists and economists, men of
academic life, men of affairs, and
members of the most diverse religious
communities. That the readers may
Judge for themselves, I will give the
names of a few of them: Seth Low
Rev. Francis G. Peabody, President
Charles W. Eliot, Carroll D. Wright,
Charles J. Bonaparte, Rev Father A.
P. Doyle, Professor Richard T. Ely.
Charles Dudley Warner, Rev. Father
WalteY Elliot, Jaeob H. Schif f. Dr.
William H. Welch and Dr. E. R. S.
Gould. John Koren was not a member
of the committee. He worked for the
legislative sub-committee nearly 17
months. May, 1894, to October, 1895,
studying on the spot th Prohibition
legislation of Maine, the local option
law in Massachusetts, the license law
in Pennsylvania and the dispensary
law in South Carolina, He was also
employed by the economic sub-committee
for over two years.
In reply to the statements of the
Prohibition writers that the commit-
AS it ever occurred to any- and "UncertaIn.. ! deslre to their
body that the Oregonian s , attention to the fact that the very
plan Of campaign has been i "condensed" statistics found on pages
a-,i tr.!9 and 69 of the 1914 Anti-Saloon League yearbook, are taken from the
its candidates? report made by Mr. Koren, and that
wny. was it necessary in tne in- s i"alCu ., iV1
4.- i '.. Tt n, v, ...,, r Hows: "The nearest to an official in
consumption of Intoxicating liquors to
crime is to be found in the report of
the Committee of Fifty."
That committee has supplied the
American public with scientific evi
dence. It is very sad that this evi-
with an anxious, for
lorn look on his face
and a weedy look
ing pup in his arms.
tfbodwln Inquired what was th
matter, and waa told that the boy
wished to sell the dog bo as to raise
the nrfna nf . a. seat in the gallery.
The actor suspected at once a dodge l " is easy ior a man to gain a
to secure a pass on the "sympathy ! woman s trust if hc doesn't merit it.
racket," DUt allowing nimsen to irei w. . '
, . .1.-1 Ti.., i vie is the man who nlavn the
!dl and l f difference in the courtship
B . - I 111-
tne Doy was aDie to watcn uooowm
as the Gilded Fool from a good seat
In the gallery. Next day Goodwin saw
the- boy again near the theatre, so ne
"Well, sonny, how did you like the
"I'm glad I didn't sell my dog," was
the reply.
She Albert, dear, while loo'King
through some of your old clothes I
made such a lucky
find that I ordered
a new dress on the
strength of lt.
He What was it,
She Half a dozen
checks that had never
been written on.
0 MP '
quite strong first.
Grateful Patient
By the way. I shoul.l
be glad if you would
send in your bill
Eminent Physician
Never mind about
that, my dear mad
am; you must get
Every time a man discovers that a
woman has fooled him his vanity gets
a shock.
"omen are ever the same. Eve
6hared the apple with Adam, but took
the first bite.
Tou may have noticed that vh,n
the weather is good for ducks it isn't
good for anybodv else.
It will be difficult, after this war Is
over, to get back to common, every-
aay Headlines once more.
The harvest moon has been great
tor tne marcning legions in Kurope
But it was created for a better pur
It sometimes happens that when a
man loses his money in the same way
that he acquired it he wants the other
reliow arrested for swindling.
Cottaze Grove will soon have a city
park, located across the track from
the Southern Pacific station. The
Commercial club proposes to make it
a high class beauty spot.
Albany's association is
arranging to clear off last season's
debt of $20.10, and to adopt the budget
system. The association own build
ings valued at 14000, so that, in the
broad sense, no actual deficit exists.
"Enterprise." says the La Grande
Observer, "must be commended, for
right in tne lace ot a depression 01
the lumber market she is building a
logging railroad and a sawmill. 1 hat b
a sample of tho upper country grit."
Farmers on the Hermlston prolect
report that the bull snakes are after
young quail, pheasants and other birds.
The Herald says mat in tne past inesu
snakes have been bothered little, as
they preyed on rattlesnakes. The lat
ter are quite scarce now and it has
been suggested 'bull snakes be killed
whenever seen, to protect tne Diras.
Twelve women, representatives of
the Parent-Teacher association, got out
the Astoria Budget of October 12, a
IB nai7 edition, filled with an excel
lent lot of specially prepared articles
in addition to tne regular run oi nf,
Thn in rhim were: Editor in -chief
Mrs. J. M. F. Erwini associate editors,
Mrs. J. E. Gratke, Jrs. M. G. Barry
and Mrs. a. v. uaruer; souiciy miwi.
Mm t.1 M Phprrv: society editor. Mrs,
w a Tvier: citv editor. Mrs.
R. B. Dyer: telegraph editor. Miss
Dora Badollet; advertising manager,
Mrs. R. E. Carruthers; marine editor,
. . , I r . 1 . n.h.l Mr,
jm rR. J amen xv ru i w i ,
Frank Sanborn; business manager;
Mrs. J. G. Imel.
By Fref Lockley.
era or West? Why was it neces
sary in the interest of Dr. Withy
combe to hound Governor West?
Why was it necessary In the in-
fi ,Vinn. in. s3 1 4 n rt Vint
words into Governor West's mouth j dence conflicts with the intemperate
. . . , . .... .. statements of soma unknown and ir
responsible writers, but rational per-
gate they wijl realize that they are
being used as a catspaw.
I here appeal to clubwomen and to
mothers to defeat the effort to have
cheap inefficiency foisted upon us.
Every woman who stands for uplift
and advancement vote 341 X No.
I W. T.
From the Pittsburg Press.
On all sides one sees evidences of
decidedly increased cheerfulness in
financial circles. The perplexing prob
lems created bv the complete disar
rangement of internationar exchanges
at the outbreak of the war are being
raising a $100,000,000 gold funi with
which to assure gold payment of all
balances that the resumption ot in
ternational trading may create against
us is In itself a powerful factor in the
restoration of international confidence
and the release of bank-funds in Eu
satisfactorily worked out. and in spite I rope. Whether or not these events
of the. fact that the provision of an 1 are preparing to verify the London
Answering Mi. Hicinbotham.
Hillsboro. Or., Oct. 15. To the Edi
tor of The Journal I hope Mr.
George Hicinbotham will continue to
contribute letters concerning the $1500
exemption tax, for his letter in Tues
day's Journal is certainly a splendid
argument for the measure, although
he probably meant it to be against it
He says the bill will make no differ
ence to the man who has a piece of
wild land assessed a,t $1500. He cer
tainly is mistaken there. It will make
a difference, for, unlike our present
system, which places a heavy penalty
adequate merchant marine for this
country is still a task unaccomplished,
our foreign commerce is rapidly re
gaining' normal proportions.
! For examDle." while in the week end
ing August 22, the third week after
the declarations of war, the exports
irom the port ot New Tork f?ll to a
total of only $8,447,361, they rose for
the week ending September 26, tr $20,
032,132. This latter total ia not mere
ly normal, but more than normal; in
fact, it is the largest for the corre
sponding period on record.
Substantial corroboration for those
who have been claiming that-the war
would have the inevitable result of
bringing an enormous demand to this
country for Its products in every form
is thus now at hand. It is true that
we are exporting practically nothing
that is a condi-
prophecy (in a communication cf two
weeks ago to a New York pap-) that
instead of being forced to give up a
large quantity of gold to Europe, this
country would soon be in position to
take gold In large amounts from Eu
rope, it ifja fact that the rates for
international exchange in the last week
or so hatfe taken a sharp turn in our
favor compared with the rates not long
ago quoted.
N OREGON, there are two prin
cipal candidates for senator.
They are Senator Chamberlain
and Mr. Booth.
Either Senator Chamberlain Jsfili
money spent in a single arter- be elected, or Mr. Booth wilr ;be
noon to control one Multnomah elected. It ia from these two nlen
county convention. that the people will make' a se-
Dr. Withycombe's unreasonable lection.
attack on the cost of the direct pri- There is no three-cornered fight,
mary cannot commend his candl- No third candidate has a sufficient
dacy, for the overwhelming reason following to give the campaign
that the direct primary is the peo- even the semblance of a three-cor-ple's
bulwark against bosses, and nered fight. No third candidate
what it costs is a mighty small can possibly muster a sufficient
price for them to pay for the prtvi- following to ffgure as a real can-
lege of self government.
The relative position of a can
didate in a campaign is not a mat
ter of his personal ambition. His
that he never used? Why was it
necessary in the interest of these
candidates to malign, slander and
calumniate Governor West?
By his vetoes at the 1911 ses
sion, West prevented $613,874
from being added to the tax bur
dens of the people of this state.
No man ever fought harder or
gave up more of his strength and
devotion than did Oswald West in
his great fight for the people at
the 1913 session.
Has it never occurred to the
managing brigadiers in this cam
paign that the people of this state
know men and know what they
are doing, and know whether! or
not they have stood on the side of
the people when in public office?
Does it never occur to these briga
diers that tens of thousands; of
people in this state believe in Os
wald West, and that they know
sons will accept the facts collected by
the committee in preference to the
mere assertions of those writers.
on every step we take to improve our J tQ Gcrmany or Austria;
iar.s ami nomes, n i, i cutuurage j0n whlch naturally results from Eng
us to go ahead clear land plant fruit ; d as t undistUrbed control of
trees and build up everything that ; h 'B(Jt our sreatly enlarged
goes to make homes out of the wilder- , ehipmentg to Great Brltaln and France
nef?' .... .. . i have begun to compensate, an! much
.-sow wm ne explain wny tne pany compensate, for the loss of
has a piece of wild land, whether one ecommerce Tth Germany ana Aus
acre or a thousand in extent, should;.. . thl. ,Q, , rathT
vivid hint of the demands that will
be made upon our factories when in
ternational exchange becomes abun
dant and active and there shall no
. TIRKinrcNT WTT.SnJ hna ao-nlr.
t Innl-atrl to th wnrrino n- Place ,n the running is fixed by L
hat thrnn chnnt his rnhlir Moor
tions his readiness to serve a higher power, and that power he hag been on slde and that
as their agent in restoring 18 ine PePie- they love him for it?
peace. Through Secretary Bryan lua 11 ,B cuucr oeuaiur Does it never occur to these
he has called their attention to v"""uuei""u vr it is ivn. duuw managing persons that whenever
prayers offered up in America for wno wiU De elected. Votes cast for the oregonian, in the interest of
the cessation of hostilities. other candidates will be thrown Mr Rnnth nH nr wit.hvrnmi,P
The message was carefully awav- They be votes cast strikes its vicious and unmerited
phrased In order not to give of- wlthout aQy nope of exercising In- Wowa at 0swald West his frienfi3
fense to any of the belligerents, ence on the final result. They strike back at the Qregonian's pet
and yet It was of sufficient defi- uc ,ulca tiUSI-. witiiuui uupe ur candidates?
niteness to demand replies. It 1 ci""-"i-i"" ucju& iuiuu iui u.
shows that the American nation successful candidate
is at the service of warring Eu- Mr- Booth's friends express some
rope. The fighting monarchs were hope of his election. Senator
told -that peaceful America asked Chamberlain's friends are confi
"that God might so direct those dent - that they have Mr. Booth
in authority in the belligerent na- overwhelmingly beaten. It is vain
EXT Saturday will be the last
day for receiving contribu
tions to load the Christmas
snip. Are you a Santa Clans
tions as to hasten the restoration and 11 ls 'utile to waste money and to distressed and sorrowing Europe?
of peace." time and votes in endeavor to elect There are only a few days in
Peace Sunday in the United other than one of these men. which to think about it. There
will be many days after next Frl-
THE PHILIPPINES Liav for reerrets hv the nerson i who
fails to seize this opportunity to
'States and the president's persist
ence in keeping the peace idea
definitely before Europe might
have an effect. In any event, the
militant monarchs must answer the
1 American note. It was the fourth
tender of friendly services by Pres
ident Wilson. It should assist in
developing a genuine peace move-
ment in the countries at war.
HE Jones Philippine bill passed Claus to Europe's
" "TT , piui.u cnlld sufferers. i
last weanesaay Dy a vote or , T ... - "
i tv oaiu , luaouiuvii as tc
have done it to the least of these,
ye have done it unto me." !That
is the real Christmas spirit
The Enforced Gentleman.
Lents, Or., Oct. 13. To the Editor
Of The Journal In answer to the
statement of Ella M. Finney, a few
weeks ago, that Pisgah Mother did not
know her economic standpoint of this
liquor question. I acknowledge I am
i not able to recognize her position, but
! in my crude way will show you mine.
She coined what is to me a new
expression "enforced gentlemen." I
have been trying to analyze It. Per
iiaps I caa illustrate: Ther? is a it:n
at Pisgah Home who had nis "oBrsonal
liberty" some 20 years ago. He was
an ,u uted man a:i.i u firt class m:i
r;liini:;t. He wai'tfj ip to the vx:''l
he was thoroughly load 2d with per
sonal liberty. Then ne wont bomc and
tried to get in, but the family, knowing
what his "personal Mibci-" inexnt to
them, refused admittance, and he seized
an ax and flung it through the win
dow, and just missed splitting his
wife's head open. The family felt he
had too much personal liberty, and
had him sent to jail and never let
him come home again; consequently
he became an exile. Being a man
who, when sober, loved his family and
was a good provider, he felt he was
unjustly dealt with, and he drowned
his grief with more personal liberty
on every possible occasion and at such
times disturbed society in general un
til nine months out of the 12 he was
really deprived of all personal liberty
by being confined In the city jail.
I presume this is what Ella M. Fin
ney means by an "enforced gentleman."
I think that from an economic stand
point the enforcing was done on the
wrong gentleman. It should have been
done on the man who provided him
the stuff that made him a madman and
sent nis wire to her grave with a
broken heart. Wouldn't it have been
better from an economic standpoint to
have taken care of his "personal lib
erty" in the first place rather than
the last?
, That any mother, wife or sister
would fail to strike at this thing when
given the opportunity, proves that we
are equally irresponsible with the ot-
fending members of society that are
designated "enforced gentlemen."
pay such a small share of the taxes,
relatively, while waiting for it to in
crease in value?
Let the division of real estate go
on. Every such division, under the
strife for
brake on progress such as our present
I, for one, shall vote for what he
calls "a dangerous experiment." It
can't be any worse than the present
system. HENRY JAY.
measure, would mean a real be any doubt as to ttte means
. by which payment shall be effected for
improvements, instead of a ' h Kr)h. ,, cv,!r,r,.ri
merchandise bought and shipped.
The action of our own bankers in
Not the least significant confession
of the growing optimism is that which
comes from stock exchange quarters.
When the exchanges suspended publi
dealings at the close of July, it was
solely because of a fear that Europe
would dump American securities on
our markets in quantities that would
annihilate values. The present feeling
is that Europe not only holds fewer
American securities than many esti
mates have assumed, but that it has
found its financial bearings since July
30 to such an extent as to make a
wholesale dumping of American se
curities fairly Improbable. Foreign in
vestors, having had time to recover
from their first fright and to finance
their most pressing necessities without
the sale of investment holdings, are In
position to realize that the war has
made American securities by far the
most desirable in the world now if
never before. Such a perception ls apt
to make Europeans slow to part with
American holdings, when our ex
changes reopen, as from present signs
they soon will.
A West Virginian Quoted. . John M- Oskison.
McMinnville Or Oct lfi Tn th The dter day I was in Chicago on
J- i , . ?" a Btill hunt for evidence that the coun-
Editor of Tne Journal Please print the , try ,8 not neaded for ruin because of
following in your column devoted to j the European war. So far as Chicago
letters from the pe-jple. It Js clipped ; could do it, I was completely reassured,
from the Vindicator, which print3 it ' Then I began to take notice of the
under a Columbus, Ohio, date line: i unusual amount of bank advertising in
"Commissioner Blue 'of West Vir-! the street cars; in the newspapers, too,
ginia who has charge of the enforce- j there seemed to be an abnormal amount
mcnt of the prohibition law in that I of space given to popular writing about
state is in Ohio' taking part in the money. It's one city which seems to be
statewide prohibition campaign. In an i taking the thrift campaigners seri
address concerning prohibition in West j ously.
Virginia he said: j One afternoon I read in the News
"'We did away with the clubs and : an item headed: "Loses Nine Years'
we did away with the drug stores. No ; Savings." I read the item expecting
physician in West Virginia can give to hear of some old "come-on' game
you a prescriotion for wine or whis-' beine worked on a rube from the
key. They say you can't enforce it. ; prairies. But it wasn't that at all;
I want to say that you can. Our po- Instead, it told about Mrs. Frances
lice courts are practically idle. Last i Hughes, who used her stockings for a
211 to 59. It declares the
purpose of the Unite'd States to
recognize the independence of the
islands as soon as a stable gov
ernment can be established there
On this issue the measure' has solid
Democratic support and the votes
ET the people go down to the flv Republicans, four Progres
waterfront and behold the sives and one progressive Kepub-
new wharves that are under ca.ii-
course of construction. While the bill will not be acted come from private sources.
nrtnrtsra the. Dental I till.
' "Portland, Or., Oct, IS. To the Ed
itor of The Journal The dental bill
I consider a great menace. Abolish
the dental board, and, since there 13
no such provision in the proposed bill,
who is there to revoke the licenses of
dentists? Such as the one in the re
cent Y. M C. A. scandal for instance.
Do we want such as that tt prey on
the definite stand that relief i us unchecked?
nf tbo fnrtnn nlantorc tnnct Knowing how the proposed prohi
" f . w I V.1.1 , . M J , , .
n" i bars thrown down so that all sorts
treasury department has taken
week, for the first time In the history
of the state, a grand jury adjourned
without finding a single offense worthy
or indictment.
" 'I want to say that prohibition has i
savings bank and lost $2S5, the result
of nine years of saving, when the
moorings of the stocking gave way
while she was going to work.
To myself I said: "Here's food for a
not hurt business. Wheeling, which I sermon; I'll cut this Item out and use
was the wettest town in the state, has n some time to point the moral that
turned her brewery into a packing :
uuuse, ana 11 employs mree umes as
the bank is the best place to deposit
savings." I did cut out the Item.
Next morning I was reading one of
the big morning papers, and in a con
spicuous place I found the item
again; at least one city editor had
seen the sermon of that piece of news
and Judged it worth repeating.
A week after Mrs. Hughes dropped
her savings out of her stocking she
intended to make the first payment
on a little cottage of her own. Losing
her money drove her hysterical; a
doctor had to be called to look after
To the reporter who asked her about
her los.. Mrs. Hughes said that she
carried her money always because she
was afraid of banks.
Mrs. Hughes harbored a foolish fear.
You agree with me? Yet among the
people you know, I venture to say
that yon can find ten who think about
banks 6ie way Mrs. Hughes did. And
that brings me back to the bank ad
vertising ia Chicago there's need for
telling the people more about banks
a need which is felt all over the
country. -
"Our marriagiaf; made almost as,,
much excitement here in Portland as
the Indian war."- said Mrs. W. S. Pow
ell of this cityl -
"We were married on tcc. 23, 185S.
Mr. Powell, mysi husband, came to
Portland in 1852i'with hla sjster, Mary
A. Shipley, and? her husband, A. TL
Shipley. Mr. fpxlpley taught music
and his wife. Will's sister, had a
splendid voice.- jln the winter of '52
'53 I was going; to night school with
Sarah. Alromhanjs, the mother of
Harry Hogue of jthls c;ty. Mrs. By
ron Card well wHs our teacher. After
ur lesson one Jjght as we passed the
hurch we hea(V singing. We found'
a concert was hiflng given, so we went
it. in. my Y,iuiure nusuinu, wn
inging with hr sister and mother-
in-law. He was tall and thin and he
wore his hair poached back with a
art on a h iide. I whispered to
Sarah: 'That- uoor green thing had
better go batik -east where he came
from. .,
Mr. Shipley! started a sinflne
school and I staj-ted going. Mr. Pow
ell began calling far me to take me
10 tne singing (w-hool. it wasn t long
till we were calling each other 'Will
and 'Helen.' Wa both w-nt to nchool
to the old Perjtland academy, which
in muse aays,?was located at tne cor
ner of Seventh and Jefferson atreets.
Professor C. ie. Kingsley was our
teacher. Pretty soon we became en
gaged. I was nearly 15. Will asked
my mother, but she said I was ton
young. She told htm If he would
go away from the city for six months
that if he still cared for me when b
returned she .vould give her consent.
Will went tos Corvallis, where he
worked for fiix months. He came
back and remjnded my mother of her
promise. Mother said: I have
changed my mind. I have other plans
for Helen. Y?u can't have any daugh
ter of mine. You will have to forget
It.' J: .
"Mother married my father, Elijah
Hill, 'when she was 16, but he
thought I ought" to wait till 1 waa IS.
Will and I met i at a friend's house on
Christmas evening, 1855. We arranged
to meet at hfs sister's house four
nights later, pq. Dec. 29, and be mar
ried. C. S. Kingsley, our teacher,
agreed to perform the marriage cer
emony'for us.'"? He got scared out over
our runaway .match and sent wcrd he
had changed his mind. Will then got
Rev. Boy akin,' a Baptist preacher. He
wouldn't marry us until Will signed a
bond for ISOi'to insure him against
trouble with my stepfather, Stephen
Coffin. The bnly ones present at our
wedding wese Will's sister, Mary
Shipley, and ter husband, A. R. Ship
ley. Roblnsoi Carson, Ellen Stevens
and Susan Appereon. She happened
to be visiting me, so I took her alont;
without teHing her I was going to be
married. After our marriage we went
home. Mr. Coffin was sitting in front
of the fireplace. Mother was sitting
by the tablr doing some mending.
Robinson Cagron said: 'Allow me to
introduce MiiAnd Mrs. Powell. No
body Baid ariyth'lng. Mr. Coffin gave
a crooked 11; tie smile and began pok
ing the flrfj Mother drew her lips
tight and fctver looked up. so after
waiting a rjjoment or two to be for
given and welcomed Will took me by
the arm and; we marched away. We
stayed at Shipley's for a few days,
but within a week we had ret up
housekeeping for Ourselves. A few 1
weeks later -fnother invited us to com
over for dither and it was a case of
'all's well tSat ends well.'
"We bought 80 acres for 110 an acre
on the ea&i ; slope of Mount Tabor,
where Monvilla now is. from Lr.
Nelson. At r living there four years
we were offered 115 n acre, and.
thinking it had reached the top notch.
w sold it, ;' Today it ls selling for
12500 to JB60O a block.
"I was barn Sept. IS, 1839, and l
was married! Dec. 23, 1855, so you e?
I was ovejil6 when I waa married.
We will celebrate the fifty-ninth an
niversary pi. our wedding nest De
cember. . f . " j
"Most of'injy girlhood friends are
gone. Gergiana Burton, now Mrs.
II. tt, Pittack. la still here. Her sis
ter, Helen,? died years ago. Then there
were Marijjbn. Ellen and Carri Kins
and Harrii Mary and Emma Millard.
Mary maed H. L. Hoyt. Thtre
were EllerS Stevens and Rose Barthol
emew andgjirginia Shattuck and Delia
and SarahSPavis and Dora Harlow and
Olive Simmons, Some are dead atU
others I teve lost track of. I. have
lived la Portland 67 years. There was
a day I Soew everybody, but today t
1 know nixcely anybody."
many men as it did. In Charleston the
brewery has become an ice plant, and
we are to have cheaper ice, so that
the poor of the city can afford it. In
Wheeling, where there were 14 sa
loons in one block, every place has
been rented to another form of indus
try, some at advanced rents. A shoe
dealer located in that block writes that
his business has increased 35 per cent
since the city has been dry, over a
corresponding period when it was wet."
lsh, and It Is pronounced, according to
their alphabetic values. "Pshe-ml-shel."
Though there are Hungarians
there, and they call it. as Secretary
Sobotka does, "She-mi-sheal." But
that is wrong. H. STALLER.
Meter Order Called Hardship
Portland, Oct. 15. To the Editor of
The Journal The ultimatum issued
by the city of Portland water supply
department that all persons outside the
city limits must install water meters
by December 1, 1914, or have the water
turned off, cannot but work a hard
ship on many people who are utterly
unable at .this time of year to install
a water meter." Many of the citizens
In this district have purchased homes
on the Installment plan and are hav
ing a hard time to get along. Why
thrust this unnecessary burden upon
them? None of these families would
iiba m nra 'than a lAllar's rtr-lh r ?
water during the winter season, and j the accommodation we have, but we
it will cost the city extra expense to
A Public Market Matter.
Lents, Oct. 13. To the Editor of
The Journal It seems to me that W.
A. Hessian, the Hawthorne avenue
grocer, is getting so warmed up in
his concern for the prices at the pub
iiamarket that there is danger of him
falirng into error. The farmers do
not get the use of the market abso
lutely free, as he would have people
believe, but pay their 10 cents every
time they use one of the booths, no
difference if it is 10 minutes or 10
hours, or if they rent it by the month
they pay $.1.30 for the use of one
booth three days in the week. Now
that, taken by the year, would mean
$15.60 per year for the farms, which
amount is probably more than the
amount of Mr. Hessian's taxes that
are appropriated to the public market.
There is not a producer that sells
in the market but Is glad to pay that
amount. We think it very little for
improve, that's what we want more
school houses, better towns and morj
business. These large land holdings
are the curse of the country.
They tell me my orchard is an Im
provement, and Improvements must be
taxed. Improvements do not grow out
of the ground. It is my inherent right
to grow any crop on my land I please.
If a crop of apples makes my land
worth more, a crop of alfalfa or wheat
on their land makes their land worth
They make fun of my- orchard, say
ing if it were theirs the first hard
work they would do would be to pull
it up. That I should be taxed much
more an acre because of the crop I
raise is an outrage and a travesty on
justice. Fruit growers should vote
for the $1500 exemption bill.
ble-minded person see any just rea- J " J v"3 .u , V .
.4. i i. , .ItAtot. tn Mr HfiKfan what
use he shall make of the county where
There is no plainer proof of the upon by the senate at this session, says all ' the government can be and conditions of men can rush to
. service the people can render them- its passage by the house by such l expected to do is to encourage the
selves by passing the tideland a substantial vote is significant, bankers to use their resources to
amendment and docks bill. and especially so in view of the protect the market.
Fifty-two years ago, the Oregon fact that Republicans and Progres- The treasury department's head
legislature passed an act permit- sives voted for the measure in disapproves a proposal for selling
ting upland owners to wharf out spite of attempts by Republican $250,000,000 Panama canal bonds
jto deep water in the Willamette leaders to make opposition to it a and use the proceeds in purchasing
river. That act granted to owners party matter. The vote indicates 5,000,000 bales of cotton. He is
a mere franchise (see supreme that at last the United States is to opposed to the issuance of special
court decisions) which took for adopt a policy toward the Philip- cotton currency, saying there is
granted , that wharves would be
, built on what was then the people's
lands and that such wharves would
.be used for purposes of navigation.
No law was ever worse abused.
For '52 years, with subsequent leg-
: islation, some upland owners have
been holding these submerged
lands unused and without complyr
Jflgwith the wharf-out franchises.
pines such as the colonists estab- money enough available for f inane-
lished by force in. America. J ing the crop until it can be mar-
All efforts to amend the prin-jketed.
ciples of the bill failed. An at- The cotton situation is a serious
tempt by the minority to engraft national problem, but Mr. McAdoo
woman suffrage and prohibition is right in the stand he takes. Use
amendments was voted down, these of . the nation's credit for the pur
attempts being for the purpose of pose of maintaining prices, either
clouding thn issue. As the bill of cotton or apples or wheat, would
stands, it I: ;n American measure, be a dangerous undertaking. There
Oregon and practice dentistry and dis
geminate liquor as a side issue? There
would be a lot of money in it. And
remember, the dentist's demands must
be honored at the drug store. He can
buy anything that a physician can. And
then remember, that we should have no
power to revoke the license of such
a man if this bill goes through.
I am a member of the Parent-Teacher
association and of two clubs, and
the whole trend of our work in those
organizations is for higher efficiency
along all lines. If there is one per
son more than another that has to
bear the brunt of inefficiency, it is
the poor man. The man wlta money
can always find a competent man to
do whatever work he may desire done.
Keep the standards up. Raise them.
Then when the poor man does pay out
a aouar, n will get one hundred cents'
wortn or good substantial returns.
Friends of medical freedom have
been inveigled into backing this bill;
but I am sure that when they InVcsti-
son why? At present the mains are
not sufficient to supply the demand.
Then why install meters? Some people
will have to use rain water, or go
short in food and other necessary
things. The people In this locality
would like to know why?
Portland, Oct. 16. To the Editor of
The Journal. I noticed in Wednes
day's Journal a short news article on
within the law
The public market is self sustaining
now, and since July has paid in al
most $500 in revenue to the city;
therefore we think with the aid of our
efficient market masters we are able
to govern our prices as well perhaps
as Mr. Hasslan does his.
Orchardist for $1500 Exemption.
Imbler, Or., Oct. 13. To the Editor
of The Journal We fruit growers
the pronunciation of "Przemysl," and : have a grievance. The large land own-
have this to say
I do not dispute that P-r-z-e-m-y-s-1
ers have been instrumental In having
us taxed much more on our orchards
Sp,elis. "Shimeasel." but I do say it ls , th th are on their wheat lands,
mighty burn spelling
i little exemption on part of our or
chards they raise a howl, and they
Vancouver Wash., Oct 15. To the
Editor of The Journal. As answer. to
the statement of the secretary of the
Austrian embassy at Washington in
last night's Journal, about the real pro
nunciation of "Przemysl,- I am sorry
to say that he ls mistaken. I was
through there in Hit and spoke to
quite a number of natives of that
place. That word . is practically Pol-
have had Walter M. Pierce, former
state senator, making speeches here
and elsewhere against tbe $1500 ex
emption bill. They tell us if the bill
carries they will divide their land up
with their children. Now wouldn't
that be dreadful. They would have
to improve these divisions or they
The Militant Denounced.
Harriman, Or., Oct 13. To the Ed
itor of The Journal In regard to the
Stubbs situation, let us hope that men
will not be antagonized against suf
frage as a whole, on account of this
move, for which we are not respon
sible, and which ls unfortunate in
In all our reforms, religious, moral,
educational and protective, our best
men hae stood by us and paved the
way ior progreuB. in mc im
movement men lectured for us, carried
our banners, were always with us, and
finally secured the ballot for urn. With
them, not against them, we win
use it
Oregon's women are not to be
swayed by female agitators.
Then why not all women's clubs po
litely request the militant suffragists
to leave us alone. As I live in a
sparsely settled pioneer locality 1 be
long to no club, but I voice the feel
inks of my country women.
TheflRagtime M"se
j ?City Neighbors.
The city Neighbor takes a flat
Or renti house tp suit;
He moves his goods ana chattels m.
Xhen Uistfts choice cheroot.
And put Hits feet upon the rail
About iys porch; and all
The neigiirs see, and endlessly
They pledge thembel ves to call.
Yes I, ofiuourae, am with the rest;
rvow-tosgo and say:
"Good neighbor, here I welcome you.
And how's your health todayf
I vow topiile a cheerful smile.
And thga to make a start
And thing blm true, this neighbor new.
And tae; him to my heart
At last oyj! day I take my hat
'And go. my speech to apout.
But whenJil reach my neighbor's door
I find ae's moving out!
Alas, while morula come and go,
I'm silent, save to sigh;
For I must balk at friendly talk
Beginning with "Good-bye!"
; Banking Systems Considered.
Portland. Or., Oct 16. To the Ed
itor of The Journal The government
must have money to run its depart-
ments. and it has not got it Why?
WelL a steady pressure baa been
brought to bear on all lines of Indus-.
try by the money power, ana wnue
Herreurv McAdoo threatened and ca
joled, the lines have been steadily
drawn tighter, until now prosperity
seems at its last gasp, while congress
would get no exemptions. If they did looks on, making futile, feeble efforts
and all t time right In its own power
lies tbe Remedy.
If we fould have had a Franklin in
stead of Hamilton at the head of :;
our finance" we might now have a sys
tem handled by the government for
the peop, as the postoffice depart
ment no wls. or possibly part and par
cel Ol LiiC IJVBiai mi icnu I
by the lsh and mighty, who have"
reached ihelr places at the expense cf
all tbe people, by methods made pos-
If, inrfjead of allowing the banks to
handle its finances, the government -
would handle its own. through its own i
Institutions, there would never be any -such
condition as has now arisen.
Eliminate the bank and the bankers, '
with their high interest rates and their
unstably institutions into which de
positors" .n ay . put their money and'
never get it again, and in their stead
give rs United States government -banking
tysUm tnrough the nostoffie
snd give; tbe people the benefit of the
3 per cent. Interest rate now enjoyed ,
exclusively by the favored banks and
bankers. ? Make every postoffice a Uni
ted iStl. depository, loan directly
to ourselves, not through the bankers,
but through ouielves. Mskt the In
terest rate o low that the profits
will rrt be great enough to buy auto
nioH!!eft J build and furr.iuli man
MOns anil skyscraper, but rut the peo-i-le
. whs earn it and to whom H be
longs, ieep It Then we will hv ;
genuine prosperity. J. B. tOLLilAN.