The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, November 10, 1913, Page 6, Image 6

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tt .uln (exroiH SundAfl and,
r tuornln at lb Journal Build
. S JAiKStN .Hubllh
l'. Rmadwiir tiid Yrnnhlll .. fwtland, Of,
LiuoiKil Nt !! iKMtuffli t fortiaud, Ot fur
tranruWloa ttroiwfc Ui JOU Moood claw
"iiji'iiaxts T173: Huaia. A-liM,
All .riarlnKiill nrM bl thtH BOUlb,
H. nJnmlB A Keutaoff Ca Bruniwlok Botldlns.
-I'm Firth artuiw, JCew Xotki 1218 JPwpU
'41mm Rut bill. hlAn
KjiTmnrlnrinn lormt .v null or la HOT MddroM
IB U)t lUltWl SUteS Or MICOI .. -.
. . . .. ni it v . , .
One rar .V...5.00 I On montt . 'M
Oo rtr ...... I On month
u rtr ....... (7 0 I Ow tuoatu ......f
; Take ; the ; Sunday through! the"- 1
" v "''" 1 wsBK ' ' ' -V
And sweeten with It ail the
i i A wer nays.
0 , MORE remarkable address
was ever delivered in Portland
than was ? that; by.;-James J.
HUl at the banquet Saturday
The speaker,; his personality,' his
; years, and his earnestness were a
powerful appeal.. It would bave been
; a commanding ; address ; because of
!' tbeYnan and his manner alone. Yet
it was the theme, his words and the
epigrammatic: sentences, 1 delivered
' in a kindly voice but with almost lr
, resistible expressiveness that made
v the effort remarkable. '
And, .it, was agriculture that was
t the theme. It was agriculture In the
1 opening sentences- agriculture in
i the middle, and agriculture in the
closing; appeal. ; It was, agricul
ture enthroned above all other ac
U Titles and made majestic by the
' eloquently ; plain ' sentences, of
prophet, ; born on a farm, reared, on
a farm, clinging to a larm inrouga
- all his 75 years, and , reaching of
the farm la the.' midst of his mill
v' tancy and -power-as the primal f ail
. road magnate of" the 'century. A
sample pwsslon;IM.VinVlrfP.nani'
. mer appeal for the farm was:"
The source of i a city's greatness
r is not In her streets or tall build
inn. but in her back country' If
you build" a city you must have pay
m- rolls, . To keep up the payrolls you
-' must have a market forthe products
' of the workers: -Tnar 11 market- Is
, the back country. , i
He said that happy and prosper
. ous farmers are . necessary 7 to the
perpetuation of free Institutions In
this republic because such farmers
give stability and character to an
electorate. ..-
Whenever Mr. , Hill ; drifted away
from agriculture. It was ; but for a
' moment. Hs always returned to the
theme, and always did so with an
' earnestness r of manner and energy
j of speech which embodied his con
fiction that he 'had a message for
Mho people of Oregon. ; J
- , He called upon the people to sus
tain the rf Oregon Agricultural Col
lege, of which l he ; said he ; hears
. nothing but good reports. JHe urged
that the institution carry Its work
to the present farmers without wait
ling, to educate the growing gener
t;alon. For a long time, he rum-
m,n4 lilitAF avAiit ham an1 hr
over the earth and marshalled lndls-
'' MttiM, tarta villi vMih tn ImnreRfl
i- upon his audience' the tremendous
? Import of a successful agriculture
5.' In Oregon.-.' ;;;'1?.
, ' Not is there one to challenge- Mr.
. Hilt r Every nation that has ' ever
. forgotten Us agriculture has per
Ished from the earth. The farmer
i Is the understructure of civilization.
:;. On-him rest all the other orders of
I the social estaoiisnmeni. -. ..
i . The farm . is a mine that never
eihausta It Is an ore body that
I never works out. "
1 . When the gold is removed from
the ' ground, only, a ,; hole Is -left
! When, the col-depaait Is exhausted,
vtfcsrinme Is worthless. . - -
;. i"But when the ioil j Is properly
t treated, Its richness increases Three
' generations ago, the English farmer
j averaged but 14 bushels per acre.
J No his average is 82, or more than
I double. 'By scientific farming, other
! European- nations have doubled their
! , wheat yield. If the United States
- would 'double its yield per acre, the
; aggregate would be 1,300,000,000,
with 600,000,000 bushels available
for export'
' ; The total value of the agricultural
! products of the United States last
i year was $10,000,000,000. It was
, greater amount than the total
j gold production of the world during
I any twenty-five-year period of his
: tory.
Mr. HUl is ; unanswerable. The
; ten billion .dollars worth of agri
cultursl products in the United
. Btates In 1012, are ten billion
proofs 'of the soundness of his po-
sition. ' ; Agriculture Is king. The
1 sheet anchor of; the republic is In
our farms. .
own acts.-, It was always the dollar torore MasBacnueetts, hks - ,many
that hollered for help; seldom - has other states, provided abundant fa-
the cry of humanity ,: been heard.
Huerta Is the tool of foreign ex
ploiters, His i vision i of the future
is great wealth' secured at the ex
pense of his countrymen. He wishes
to be the executive agent of foreign
ers whose operations In Mexico are
for, the purpose of enriching them-.
Selves uy uajiureneuiug misAwaui. .,, i
! It is ? this malign !, influence that
complicates the problem forced upon
the American White House, and with,
deep regret, Americans note the un
congenial part ! the British : repre
sentative Is playing at jthe Mexican
palace. ' , " - t , t
cilltles for getting a man drunk
Now official sanction fa given to the
scheme of getting a man sober.
N AMERICA, no concessions are
granted ' to , foreign capitalists.
They 4V are invited to make In
vestments, but not at the price of
' controlling r Our ; government It is
' not so in Mexico, nor in other Latin-
' American s countries, Nothing has
bad a more debaslngeffect- tbelow
the Rio Grande than the alien land,
oil andt.'minlng exploiters.;
Many revolutionists - nave been
, s ubd) led with capital because they
promised large concessions 'when
control of government was gained.
Huerta Is .said to have money for
carrying on hit program. It must
1 ay pome from concessionaires. In
Arstors In the past have started rev-
lutlons, and, fearing failure, have
iked for 'protection' against their
OR reasons of humanity,' Prcsl
il dent M Wilson : shrinks from a
t recognition that will enable the
2 Mexican constitutionalists to
securex arms ana munitions ior
more j aggressive warfare, upon the
Huerta. despotism, ; . ;
That is, however, scarcely a suf
ficient reason for withholding recog
nition' As the matter Btands, de
sultory fighting may gOj on Indefi
nitely, and' in the end, more lives
be sacrificed than If the rebels were
recognized and the bloodshed be
ended within a few weeks or months.
American recognition of the rebels
would hasten the downfall of the
despotism. t It would destroy the
financial aid Huerta is receiving
from' uncertain - sources, ..: It. would
cause withdrawal of such support as
the dictatorship Is drawing from
foreign powers. ' ' i
In these days of progressive gov
ernment, : nothing crumbles so fast;
as a doomed absolutism. . The world
is constantly familiar with the crash
of falling thrones. I The , American
White House has taken the stand
that Huerta and all bis conspirators
must ' go, and there ii no way to
turn back,.- v "
p; Huerta, himself, in his mad frenzy
for power, compels the . Washington
government to contemplate, if not
adopt, a regrettable course. The
vfjry Intoxication' of the despot , with
his ' own : misuse of . power seems
swiftly driving the United States to
recognition of , the Mexican rebels.
EED B. FREEMAN was the
' owner of the Blnghamton, New
York, clothing factory - which
burned last July, causing the
death of . thirty employes. Mr.
Freeman ls( 66 years old, and until
recently hlr wealth was estimated at
- Immediately following the fire he
began turning all his property into
cash. ' As soon as this was done he
paid his debts and turned the bal
ance of his moneys over to families
of the - dead employes, r Mr, Free
man has left Binghamton a poor
man, and In another city has begun
life anew, working for a salary.5 v
Contrast this man with the owner
of v New VYork'Sj Triangle , shirtwaist
factory, That! hive of Industry
burned under; circumstances similar
to the Binghamton fire, . and nearly
fire times the number of lives were
sacrificed to locked doors and inade-
quate protection of human life. The
AMES J. HILL Is right; ? It you
put the price too high, you. can
not . get the ' people out on th
land:- Ills a, contention that The
ournal has maintained ever since It
: Was.; UbPo7;M'
For the wild : sage brush land of
Eastern . Oregon;1' the $15 to $25
asked is too much. Such prices dis
courage settlement.; It is more than
home builders can .pay. , . . , " ,
By such demands, land speculators
are strangling . development ; They
are holding back the progress, both
of city and country. ": -;v';
, it is a criminal injustice to socl
ety. Occupied land makes markets
for the products of city workers. : It
makes products and agricultural out
put with which the city; workers are
red, clothed ana sheltered, ...
. When these lands are held in Idle
ness, the city workers market is
narrowed. The producing area of
the f state ; Is "f -correspondln gly re
stricted, ;.,The feeding power of the
state is to that extent reduced.
In effect, the land speculator who
Is holding large areas ont of use is
a public enemy., . He is undermining
the wel fare and j prosperity i of , so
ciety, He is knowingly and for his
own selfish purposes, ' reducing , the
aggregate of the food stuffs : on
which cities must depend for sur
vival. He is knowingly and for his
own greedy desires, forcing to re
main ,; In . the cities families who
would otherwise become workers In
the great army of . agricultural pro
ducers. . It is not only an execrable,
but it Is well nigh an Immoral act
to thus bold land in idleness.
Mr. Hill's assault on the land
speculators is a conspicuous . public
service. It is an impressive guide to
all observers in. shsping their esti
mate of the abominable practice of
holding land , at Impossible prices
while thousands of, the landless are
clamoring for a Jiouje and a chance
to survive on tne son.
Down with the Jand hog.
NSANE King Otto , has been
pdsed by the Bavarian diet.
last a mad monarch, who occu
pied a throne for 27 years Lwlth
Out tjelng aare of his position, has
been -superseded by Prince Regent
Ludwig, Who last week proclaimed
hlmBelf kIngjV:' '':: : 'fir;
Bavaria has long been afflicted
with defectives on the throne. From
1884 - until -1886. a period of 22
years the king of Bavaria was Louis
II; a man of. grave eccentricities dur
ing his entire life, and toward its
close, an unmistakable maniac V He
was placed under, restraint and was
finally" drowned either by accident
Or deliberate suicide.
.. . Otto, his brother and successor,
was at the time of his nominal ac
cession ' to the throne, a hopeless
madman' of homicidal tendencies.
He was never seen In public by the
people ove'r whom he was supposed
to rule."'' Weird stories were told
New York man -resumed business in of him in confinement . ' It was said
another building and recently was
fined $20 for again locking factory
doors, contrary to law ana against
the dictates of common prudence.
Both men escaped legal , responsi
bility for the industrial murders
committed on their premises. But
one accepted the moral responsi
bility, while the other - rejected It
and immediately began endangering
other lives. A dollar, to the New
York man, has more value than the
lives of others. . ;
Mr. Freeman deserves the highest
honor. He made one great mistake
in his life, but he has done what he
could to repair the irreparable. He
Is a splendid contrast to the New
York man and other men who have
records of disaster ' brought . upon
human beings .-
ebrlates who have hitherto ' been
thrown - back . upon society with ' a
work-house term or a fine.
And Massachusetts - proposes to
spend half a million dollars in at
tempting -to care for these human
derelicts. The estimated number of
habitual drunkards in that state is
12,000. The new plan for dealing
with them Is that under no circum
stances shall a habitual drunkard be
arrested, jailed or fined without giv
ing hint medicaj assistance and plac
ing him upon a farm for inebriates,
where he must remain until cured.
Before adopting this . plan Massa
chusetts gathered some . figures
which are illuminating. ; It' ; was
found that even though 1 the state
does spend half a million dollars in
caring for these people the expense
will be insignificant ln; comparison
with the cost of jiot oaring for them.
The present - cost ;of V maintaining
them at large or in jail is estimated
at more than $10,000,000, for It is
mainly from their ranks that ' the
idle, the vagrant and the criminal
are ' recruited.". v
The Massachusetts hospital and
farm colony for Inebriates takes th
young drunkard' In hand and Cures
him, making- It plain 'that relapses
will send him back for a permanent
stay . as an unfit -person to be at
large, . The plan is working well
from the standpoint of economy.
Time may demonstrate -that it
works well from the standpoint of
rehabilitated manhood. , . ' '
- The significant point la that here
that hia mania to kill was satisfied
by giving him repeating rifles loaded
with blank cartridges. He , would
shoot ' at his own subjects in the
streets, and to please a crazy king
the people would fall to the ground
and "play dead.", . t
Sacred as is royalty, to "Europeans,
there were many former attempts
to depose Otto, 'but . all of them
failed. His kingly duties were' per
formed by a regent At last Prince
Ludwlg consented to a program end
ing an intolerable situation A
royal proclamation has : been posted
declaring incurable , the . insanity
which ; has incapacitated Otto, the
diet has acted, and ! no longer is
Bavaria subject to a madV monarch.
have all the students searched ''and
all their valuables stored away In
safety. vault before they leave home.
. John Lind has recommended that
diplomats relations between Mexico
and the United States be broken off.
If we are to send the mild and sen
sitive "Huerta such a note, it. should
be couched in kind .and gentle words
that will spare his refined and al
most womanly feelings, ; i w 3 5
, Letters From the People ;
(Canmaoleitton Mnt Th Joarntl for.pob-
lieatloB In tun oepanmeni faoaia ne wmi as
onljr ene aid of tbe vv 'iwuld sot exeaed
SuS worda la Wngtb and must U acaoaipaalad
by tbt im aad addrtw of tba'tvador. K-tbe
writer doea not desire to bate tbe Bane pa
Uabd, be abould ao etata.) - : f
1 tlaMUAlna Ia Ik. ArAAlAAt af alt nformefe.
It rilonllie tryiiiii it touched. It robe
nrineiDiaa oi hi i,i,a unctur una torowi inem
back ob tbeir reaaoDibltfnwa. - If thT e oe
waaoBAblauaaa It ruulMAir eriMbaa IDA a aui
of eiUteoea and eeta Bp Itt owa soaclwtoM la
tbeir taa."--woadrow wioa, ... ,
The Carfare OrtUnance. '
Portland., Or:.BNv. l0-To the Editor
of The Journal -J wish to sound a dim
cordant note In, the . cry tor six : car
tickets tor , 3 S .cents. vj vu--- V: ' e
There are two reasons for' this.
First 1 .believe that live and let live
la a tood rule, and. I doubt it 'the etroet
car company is tnalUng- more than a fair
Dercantajce on Its oreaent investmeni
though,' of .course, I have no means of
knowinsr. I doubt If , those who voted
tor the six tlckeU tor 25 cents own any
street car stock, or, tney nsa yio.vuu
to Invest, If they would put it la street
car stooa... .- ic&j,-,.?, .. ,w
, Secondly, and more important to tne
public. I think it would be ; wiser to
permit the company to enjoy Its present
revenue, and If it is more man ii wants,
set it to rive an Improved service In
the way ot more rreaueni trips ana
pOHSlbly extension of lines. In ways that
would give the patrons more accommo-
dationa. ... ' ' '
We can now set SO' tickets tor iz.zo,
and six for ts cents would be but at
the rat v of U tickets for IZ.Zo. . Tne
four added, tickets for 12.25 Is a small
matter to the Individual, while It la
laxta matter to the street car company,
own . section of tne city wouia
very a-reativ prefer more frequent car
service to saving a very small fraction
of a cant on each MoeWK;'-'. -.-'..-.'-'
This city has a very great mueasre
of ckr lines for its population, and the
service Is generally good, ana wiib some
added cars, would be beyona compare.
Let's give the company a chance. -
SpHERE never,' was sound reason
for douDting me vaavisaDiiiiy
of making: the new Portland
postof flee an eight-story struc-
OCIAL service for the drunkard
is a new program in Massachu
setts. . That state' is addressihgFftire.'.
itself to the care of JL2.000 ln-jf , Long before "anybody expects it,
every inch ot . rioor space jn- tne
building will be occupied, and there
will be clamor , for. more. It is to
be a modern, structure with perfect
appointments, and room u in such
buildings never goes begging. .
, Already,, some of; the government
activities in Seattle are reserving
epace v- In : the r Portland structure;
The availability , of such space as
the new postof f ice will afford will
draw all kinds of federal' bureaus
and organizations here. ; , , ' . ,!,',
, Besides, it would have, been rob
bery of the government to spend
1340,000 on a site and $1,000,000
on a building, while" continuing to
pay rentals for - housing govern
mental activities. To build a two
story structure under " so hog" an
expenditure when all the floor space
In an eight-story ' building , will be
required, would be a near approach
to the border line of Immorality. .
fe;;Th'!-Afovernment - of the , United
States ought to cease being a tenant
In any city. ' If it is not a home
owner, "it sets; a forlorn example to
the people of the country. . -, ,
',-. :-x i , 1 "7? ''
ll Alhany ' did a well as - can any
Interior city ir , accommodating the
University of Oregon-Oregon y Agri
cultural College football crowd. But
there Js only one field in the state
for 'auch !'a contest 'and 5 that Is in
Portland. ; If the real Inside . oh jec
tloa Is that the students might spend
too much ioney in the 'metropolis,
this cijty, Jf the game could be
scheduled here, vcpuld consent . to
Questions the Eight Hour Law.
Roaebursr. Or.. Nov. To the Editor
of The Journal: I have noticed lnssev-
ral nawananers of Oregon aructes con.
minr thu weifara of women' workers.
their wages, and tne minimum kh vi
waaas for women and- tne numDer oi
hours each day women should work to
constitute a days' work. I believe the
women of ' Oregon have made better
headway with regent , to their , wante
than the' men. ' t -; ' Si-'iVi-! .
Now. how la It. that the laboring men
who work by the day on buildings, at
street 'work and at general labor have
no minimum- set scale of wages : per
hour; If the law calls for, sight hours
fm iiiv,' work? ; ..';-... .TV., :.
The way employers in, some lines of
work do now la to pay their Help a X'at
rate of 26 cents per hour. It tne
laborer can work only I hours -on public
works he is paid 2 6 cents per hour for
elsrht hours work which Is 13 per oay
Now, how can a man get ahead or have
anvthlna- for himself at that wagesT It
be works only sl days' in the .week n
receives 112. but he has to pay noard ana
room for one full week, or . ror seven
days' board and seven nights' room rent.
If he is a single man; therefore he has
five dollars for the weeks work, , not
speaking at all about the wear and tear
of clothes and other necessary indiden-
tal expenses. 'Cannot some one figure
It out, how the laboring man can get a
square dealt J. P. McDONALD.
He Cannot Keep Jt. vv -
Oakland. Or., Nov.' 8, To the Editor
of The Journals Some time ago a man
maae a xenoe on wnac no supposea was
the dividing line between my farm and
his. He afterward, had his farm sur
veyed and found the fence several rods
on my farm. Can he keep the land nn-
er the - statute? What ; Is the law
about itr
. "(.'. 11 " 1 "' " '".:t "H
The Fire. Heroes. , .
From the Milwaukee Journal. ' "
Seven men dead. Others so seriously
hurt that by evening the number may
be nine or 10. Many snore gravely In
jured.' That Is the price paid tor a city's
safety.; The men who perished in the
tire last night, like the captain of the
Volturao, were found, at th - post ; of
duty, performing the work that their
training had taught them, knowing the
danger and not regarding it because the
safety of others cams before their own.
To hs always ready for anything, like
the light ' brigade to obey any order,
thcugh It sweep them onward into the
Jaws of death, to go at call perhaps to
a slight blaze,' perhaps never to return
this is the life ot the fireman. The
calling; finds no room for weaklings. A
City's safety cannot be entrusted ' to
cowards. The men who died, died like
soldiers on th field of battle, and we
honor them with' tbe laurels of the
brave. v'V-.'':yv ::iy, ;4':.
Yet below and stronger and deeper
than the glory of heroism runs the cur
rent of pity. These men we're like our
selves, daring it may be, but not there
fore careless of life. One sudden call
summons them to death la the storm of
fire and of water, with the terror of fall
ing walls, the danger of a horrible death,
the possibility of prolonged suffering
like that of the man who lay for hours
nderplle of bricks, suffering from
beat and steam,' and pressure, -living and
conscious through what must have
seemed an age, alive and knowing that
no one thought of a living man Impris
oned In such a tomb. -v.-."- ... ..-;:
These things are the ''justification'' bit
tbe city's expenditure for protection. Not
the every day work of firemen, not the
putting, out of the ordinary fire, even,
but the assurance that men are ready
who will yield the last full measure of
devotion.- And -tor this devotion every
citlsen owes beyond the little raotiey
that it costs a debt of gratitude that
cannot be paid.
. ' Contradictions in Life Saving. '
From the' San Francisco Bulletin.' -
Tnomas Tosheeky, a poor coal miner,
was at work In a mine near Centralis,
Pennsylvania, when .ran;, heavy ' fall of
rock penned him Into a small under
ground chamber and left htm with such
a poor chance of life that he might have
thought his escape from the falling rock
only a refinement of cruelty. . But
days later rescuers Who had been work
ing Incessantly night and day,, sparing
neither labor nor money, broke through,
into his prison and he walked out into
the light, ; By this . time he may be back
at work again, 'y .v..;: .',,.: :.:; .
Few men, even in the" Centralis mines,
had. ever hard of Tochesky until th
falling rock shut him in, Yd his life
or death,, once that , accident had hap
puned, became of such importance that
full accounts of the rescue operations
were carried On. the crowded wires snl
nswspaper readers all over the country
IIuerta is a persistent ousa . '
: Elections down south are a f aroe,"
'V: '-.' ' c
. ,The hn that lays now is adorable. '
The horrible Democrats are on top
yet, - - -' -
y Boss Barnes is In the saddle again,
? Doubtless Mrs, DT, Owens-Adalr will
keep comln', ,
;v . , e n.e.-.' ;-,-T 'y':'-
; The Tammany Uger is very 01, but he
Is a virile beast, - - ' ,",
a e
- We're a-olnr to hava a ftn Cnltimhla
rfver-sids highway.
Tat there ara faWar fatallttaa In fcwiL
ball tlun In aviation.
We're going to have as good a harbor
as any city In the world. . : -
Several more Ore r on towns hava on
dry, but will they be dryt , ,
We're going to see the world's srreat-
est ship on th Willamette.
Children may be born who will ltva
to see a aaloonlesa United States. .
' It's somethlns for a man of 70 to
make fame and fortune out of his legs.
If aunrema- courts ara rla-ht. etmiilt
Judges must know very little law. But
o supreme judges know morel
Can anybody exnlaln why on town
goes wet and another dryT Apparently
the same sort of people live In both, -
Oretron youth ought to show their
apprecfntlon and state pride by going
to an 'Oregon college; thus only can
Oregon colleges he mad fully as good
as those--"back, east? - : . ; - ; i
Th circulation of the public library
at Th Dalles, for the month of Octo
ber, was 247 volumes, of which ' 9&S
were Juvenile. There are In Wasco
county seven traveling libraries. v
Bend -Bulletin? Deputy District Prose
cuting Attorney WiUard H. Wlrta of
frirravtito has naa new: honors snow-
ered upon him be has been elected
president of tu county seat Dana.
Mr.' and Mrs. William If. Jackson
have the, honor of balna the first hon
evmooners to travel uDun the new Mo-
la 11a branch of the P. E. e E.. openej
to passenger trarno septemDer in
They were married October 29, near
Molalla, and are now at home to their
irteuas at canpy
The Newberg Enterprise la a foe of
banalities, and elves counsel concern
ins one of the most popular -of thein
all. aavlna- "And now. brother hews-
paper men, as the holidays .approach let
us all pledge ourselves to have writ-
ten out in full the word 'Christmas' in
connection with advertisements relattna
to that festive occasion. : 'Xmas Is nJ
affront to good taate." - '
. - . .'
Inducement to eastern homeseekers,
well stated by tha Myrtle Creek Mall
''The winter season, has opened east
Hardly before those good roue east get
cooled off from the terrific ' summer
heat, along comes the bllsxard - and
snow 1 storms ' to make . Hie a burden.
Those who are wise enough . to come
to Dodglas county will miss both theue
extremes ana , uv to a rip eia age,
Thoaa Oklahoma rentlemen who have
rounded the oranae Messenger a em
on stmt a from tha atart the Oklahoma'i
aptness at boosting. Their estimate of
La Grande contains this: "The day is
not far distant wvhen La Grande will he
recognised as on of the most important
Inland cities of th Fectfio Coast mates.
The man who Invests In La Grande
property now and protects the same
cannot help but reap an excellent profit.
From th Houston Chronlol. . "
It is now well understood that,; in
formulating antitrust , legislation . to be
acted upon by the regular session of
congress which will convene in Decem
ber, President Wilson will contend that
nothing can be accomplished toward
suppressing, monopoly except through
the detection and punishment of person
al guilt. This Will constitute th basis
of th administration's plan for destroy
ing restraint of trad.-.; . .
The point is well taken, and the presi
dent's position is logical.. A trust is
nel ther more nor less than a method
evolved by some cunning Intellect for
th purpose of controlling business in
certain direction.; Many times : the
stockholders of the trust do not realli
the purpose for which, the trust was
built up or just bow the central scheme
is being carried out Manifestly. It Is
unjust to make th property of inno
cent people suffer for the willful mis
conduct of an individual who Is respon
sible for th mechanism for - whose ln
oeptlon and manipulation they ar not
to . blsma. w.-'.'-ii :'.: .'.:v17f;4 yy-yy-:
Property ' is an . lnanimat thlntr. It
can produce or create nothing In th way
ot governing . th relationship between
man and man. A million dollars, per
so. would be absolutely powerless, to
bring a monopoly into being. ,
It Is th brain behind the property
that counts, end usually it is a single
brain. All th big business Institutions
that have been built up in this country
awe their beginning and their develop
ment to th Intellect and imagination
of some roan. . If that intellect and Im
agination hav been controlled by good
motives, men tn easiness, institution
has not Interfered with,' the welfare of
the country as a whole,' but If that in
tellect and imagination hav been eon
trolled by insatiable lust and cupidity,
then the business Institution has been
made a monster to feed upon and ab
sorb its rlvals.--!'iiv:7k,av '-;7": 'vp -. j
It Is of no use to attempt to cone
with Illegitimate monopolies by means
or fines or levies against inanimate
property. The property did not create.
and the property can not destroy. The
principle behind the monopoly roust be
reached, and the principle Is invariably
evoiveq oy som individual mina.
Trusta Ilk' all other human Instltu
ttona, are personal and merely exemplify
the personality of some 7 stupenaou
mind, It Is of no consequence to strike
th trust without striking the personal
Ity behind It The trust is guilty, of
nothing, not even of being a trust.
trust can not think, can not conoelve,
can not judge,- and therefor can . not
be held responsible. ..- itC
It is the personality behind th trust
that must be reached and punished. . It
is th man who designed, who built up,
who wrought his thouchts Into bains'.
that must be enmeshed in tH toils of
th law. ;A banking institution Is noth
lng mor than what the executive head
makes It. 4 An Oil company doe nothing
except as its manager directa A rail
road develops no faster than the brain
behind It can conceive. - '
Even the United BUtes, the greatest
corporation on earth, is governed by a
stngl man . and id general takes its
course from bis cua
"Personality and individuality ar re
sponsible for everything in th way of
civilisation or progress, th evil as wen
as th good. Th electric fan and the
steel, trust each ia but th mbodlmnt
of a human thought .Tb Inventor is
given credit for his. an and the finan
cier must shoulder th rsponsiblllty
ror nutlsfc,,:7;'TfV:;;:,7:- r-.
' When a busineia Institution becomes
a -trust ' som individual is responsible,
and th only logical remedy Is to punish
the individual - It Is of no consequence
to ' fin ; him, becaue th . fin, can ' be
made up through th trust, or, if not
others wlH be compelled to share the
burden.' His punishment can not be a
matter pf property, because all his prop,
erty is allied, and interwoven with the
property of others. , Tbe man himself
must be reached, must be deprived of
his liberty, must be made to feel that
he and he alone is to bear the whole
brunt of publio disfavor and contempt
thrilled when they read that his life htd
been saved. ' vy- ;.v U'.v-,15"-';.-i-'7 i-yyA
This was purely because of th dra
matic quality of Toshesky predicament
the imprisoned man crouching under
ground In th wet earth, working piti
fully with ' his pick; his wife already
bewailing hint as dead; tbs fescuers bor
ing 'into th solid rock, talking with To
shesky through a narrow tub before it
was known that he could b gotten out,
struggling savagely with th barrier;
th silent crowds breaking into cheers
when tb pews came .that the barrier
was down. yy. J-'Siy S-,--yy-' ?,'-:..'' y-y, :i,
It all human life, when it is threat
ened, wer threatened under . such cir
cumstances, w would not stand about
and let men die. If w, could plctur as
vlvldlv -and aoutelr tb tat of those
who die In preventable aocidents or of
preventable diseases. In multitudes in
numerable, w wouia not let mem oi.
People wer dying, ignored, forgotten,
unnltled. sav by those immediately
about them, during each on of those
eight days, and every nour or eacn one
of them, when thousanda.'nung upon tbe
fat of Thomas Tosnesay.- me uvea ox
breaker1 boys were; being crippled and
miners were Working : under1 ' needlessly
dangerous conditions even while pick
truism of our time is learning how to
express , itself in splendid self-denials.
quite comparable with thos of so
called heroic times young women fore.
going , marriag to serve tha children
of want and. sin; young men foregoing
me opportunities ox rortun to fight in
th warfare against greed and lust and
tne varied cruelties of self lshness. Th
altruistic SDlrlt. Wilnt 1 raallv '- tha
spirit of equality workug froiv abov
in sa orifice. Is the most spiritual fore
of which we hav personal .. knowledge
in our generation. It can most easily
set at naught the temptation of mate
rialism, and rind satisfaction, in human
rewaraa. ::yyr: yiy it 7 , sc r-y. ':yy-,, ',77 :
By JTohn of. Oaklsoa. ,7
' Her is a quotation from a bankert
"A. wellknown life insurancr company
na been following up all of Its death
losses of $5000 or over. Th result .of
Us investigation is that after seven
years 90 per cent of the beneficiaries
hav lost' or spent th entire amount
paid them.".
This banker thinks w tesDecially we
and drill wer being jplied at ail coats to oenenciaxies) spend our money too reck.
save one man.
When modern communities kill they
kill blindly., Public sentiment is com
ing to hate war, to hat capital pumsn
mtnL' tn hat vry institution 7 which
deliberately takes human Ufe. Indirect
and obscure killing continues simpiy oe
caus it Is Indirect and obscur. Clear
sight is needed. Education is needed.
When our eyes ar opened w will not
kill at all. 7,7.,':7'7''.V;"K
Is Equality Possible? s
William X Tucker, n Atianua iionmiy.
- To many minds equality 1 an imp"
siblUty. Theoretically It la impossible.
Of . the classio . interpretations v which
hav wn riven, som hav been frank
ly termed Utopian, and all others have
been so regarded. But ther are qual
ities which are ntlrly practicable, and
which taken together , may create a
state of . oomparatfv quallty, Nature
has been grossly Overcharged With in.
equality. ' It has been found that i- the
area of natural inequality can be great
ly restricted, and tnai very many , ap
parently natural Inequalities can b re
lieved. A' condition of constantly ln
rr.inr .auailty Is thus possible in al
most any community,, becaus th in
equalities below the line can be dimin
ished mor easily than the inequalities
above th line can be Increased. In
equality abov th line ought to be al
lowed and encouraged in th interest
of the Individual; as It becomes th re
sult of personal' merit .
The greatest safeguard against any
materlallstlo tendencies Jn the advanc
ing struggle for equality Is to be found
In a corresponding growm 01 me spirit
of altruism. Not a few persons within
the knowledge Of most of us have al
ready reached, through most satisfying
experience, "the belief that our highest
pleasures ar Increased 7 by sharing
thm." That -belief has naturally led
to much thought for others, and in the
case of those far below the rang of all
pleasures, to much solicitude and event
ual sacrifice in tbeir oehair. The al-
lessly, Z suppose that ha would hav th
benenciary of a llf Insurance policy In
vest th sum received in safe securities,
or in good income producins- nrooertv.
Having don that let th . beneficiary
forget that anybody ever Insured his
life and paid regular premiums for years
on th policy to help in this emergenoy
and tackle ' tha 1 nronoaltion of e-ettlne1
enough tc live on.- Cretalnly, th aver
age oeneiiciary of a lire insurance policy
could not begin to Uv on th lncoms
from tha Investment of the sum re
ceived. - - ' : '
- I hop that no one will ever be justi
fied in saying that I do, not preach
thrift - X mean to lay emphasis upon
it at every chance I get I believe that
it- will become mor and t mor import
ant in tlrts oountry. Yet-- " yy.yy
y I cannot se that-reckless spending is
implied la the fact that - 90 per cent
of the persons who get 15000 or. more
from' an Insuranoe company spend It
within- svniyara:7!s,-ij7:-7.v;4;SHJv.i'!.;?;)"
Put It another way: Llf Insurance
is not an investment The companies
themselves prefer ' to leave the word
feut -of their discussions of a policy.
What a policy Is intended: to provide
is means for weathering tb hard gal
which Is bound to blow upon a family
whose income producer is suddenly cut
off. Let me be a little mor specific:
Jones is , making . $4000 . a year, and
spending it on -his family.. lis carries
$15,000 of insurance, and at 40 he has
Investments which yield f 500 a year. He
has a daughter in the high school and a
son in - college. . At this time Jones
dies. Would you, or the banker I quot
ed, expect Mrs, Jones to invest the 415,
000 of insurance at S per cent say, and
attempt to Uv on th f 760 inoome, plus
the-1500 of Income from Jonas' invest
ments? Could she cut down from 94000
a year to tltSO without a loss of mors
than she would galnT Don't be deceived
a to th real nature of llf insurance.
f '',7 V' r "!':" - ') ' , y-
r No doubt llf would be one grand,
sweet song if we could only endure our
own troubles ss easily srwe can endure
the troubles Of. -others, , , ,
., By Fred Loc-kley. 7
"After working for three months as
cub pilot With Captain Charles Feltoa
on ths steamer Yakima in the upper
river, I ' secured a position as assistant
pilot with the C. S. N. company," said
Captain Wm. P, Gray of Pasco.., "I waa
eighteen years old af.-tha- Ume. That,
summer, the summer ,01 1864, the O.-e-gon
Steam Navigation company, made sit.
effort to take a steamboat up the Snake
river canyon to ply on th upper water
of the Snake between Old's Ferry and
Bwise. Old's Ferry Is Just abov wher
th present town of HuntlDgton 1 lo
cated. Boise in those days was a won
derfully prosperous mining camp.; Old's
ferry was also a good point as most of
the emigrants crossed- th Snak river
by that ferry. ; Th 7 steamer ; Colonel ;
Wright' Was selected , to make tha . at
tempt and Captain Thomas - J.,.. Stump
was chosen to take her through. 7 1 was
assigned to her as assistant pilot.' AU
phonso Boon was the mate. Peter1 An
derson was th chief engineer, John
Anderson was the assistant engineer and
my father, Dr, W.H Cray and - J. M.
Van Syckle of Waliula went along as
passengers. We went up the river to
about twenty-five miles above Salmon
river. In attempting to make a danger
ous eddy at this point, tbe boat was
caught in a large eddy, thrown into the
current and upon a sharp rock reef Jut
ting out from the Idaho shore. It car-
fieA 'mmrmv nln.uN f a.f Af Ii r hnor in
within two feet -of th. water-: line.
Things looked desperate for a moment
Captain Stump save an. order from th
pilot house to get out a. line -on shore..
You never saw such a universal wllling
nes to v get on shore with that line..
Every deckhand, th mat, tb chief en
gineer,: the fireman and our. two pas
sengers, who were standing 7V forward
watching the boat seised the line ly
both ends,' the middle - and wherever,
they could get a bold-of it and Jumped
ashore. The only people left On th boat
wer Captain Stump and myself in th
pilot house, ' th second engineer, who
was below, and old Titus, the cook. Be
fore they could make the line fast the
boat was caught by th current and
went .down the river half a mile. Her
CaDtain . Stumo succeeded : IA beaching ,
her,. We wer joined her by th ambli
tlous line-carriers who walked down th
shore to where we wer beached. -
""Captain Stump set the mate and crew
to work to repair the forward bulkhead'
which had been : strained and showed
signs of leaking. . While the boat was
being worked upon, Captain' Stump, Mr.
Van ; Syckle, , my - father and ' myself
crossed 4 th river in a small boat and
started to climb the hUI tn an effort to
see what th back country was like. W
expected to be back ar the boat' within
two hours, but it was a steady climb of
four hours before we reached th crast 1
of th hill. -It was Just sun-down when
we looked over into th beautiful. Wal
lowa valley, Darkness overtook .us be
fore w could go very far down th:
bluff. - Th rocky slopes wer too dan- ,
gerous to try in the dark, so w stayed ,
all niaht ions- on tli a side hill, without
blanket or food., " Father was an ld .
campaigner, however, and be ahwd
bow to sleep wun our neaas. oownnm -
resting on a rock. , This prevented our
working down hill while asleep or rail
ing off. i Natural K incllnaUon Mm 77 to
wiggle rorwara ana in roca ac our neaa
prevented us. going down bill and w
could wlggl all we Wanted up hUL w
wouldn't wiggle very far.. .'V7vyM," '
. "When tha bulkhead was finished, w -
ran back to Lew Is ton. covering th dls-."
tanc that it had taken us rour ana a
half days to com up, . in thre and a '
nan nours.- . . s , ;
"- Greek-Americans. , .,7 ... 4
82 CC M. Sills in NewTork Evening Post"
Many Journals have commented fa
th number of Greek who went f ron -this
country last winter-to their, old
home to fight against th Turks: but
the sfgnlficajfc of th return has not
been over emphasised. 77 Every Am er loan
irivtitr in ureeca ion rwr hh aiuiic.
Xo Unioia 01 coraiai rwejiuou , w
mas form of salutation not only "in DUG ..Lint, III Ul, IIIA4V , ww ,
of 3 tha I'eioDennesus, or is ui
. ainra conservative - estimates ;
niaia tha number of Greek soldiers who k
had been in tne uniea o im
fifty to sixty tnousana. Most or mem ;
.u ii.n hnv, Th.v hid bMD In all 7
parts or mis country; ana tney pho uy
kinds of English, ' Som who had been
ner six or-soTen years biju
ti English indeed; but many of thes
had: been tn miUs and bad lived In the
Greek coionlea Bom . or in toobi -fluent
(and occasionally on heard '
cellent EngUsh) had been going to night ,
schoola Undoubtedly at times a Greek
American would engag in conversation' ;
with a traveler to impress his friends .
at hom witn nia anowieage oi a.n-.
Hah. But mor frequently such an en
counter was a token ot genuine friendly ;
feeling and to a cerUin extent a greet-':
lng to a fellow-countryman. s t .7
v'.As a class thss soldiers, wer alert'
and intelligent; to prejudiced obsorverv;
tbey seemed , to hav their wits aharp-
ansa in ine weaiera wun ' i."m ,
devoted to Greece, as was indicated ty ,
th fact that many had seen m narcest
kind of service; and that many natural- '
lied American cltlaens were to be found
among them. They , were, or seemed to, :
be, aqually . loyal to their home in th. s
looked forward to returning her after f
the war; indeed, many bad left ' . their'
younger brothers in charge of shops and !
business during their -. abaSncfc v-, Many
spoke of tha. fair chance which Amer
ica bad given them to make their living,
and to get ahead. Of scores with whom
I talked I heard from only, on of unfair'
treatment:, h had been under a dishon-'
est railway foreman;' To hear th oom-f
menu of these men on 'our institutions
served to make en a better and ' mor v
liberal American. - , k yyyy y I
Mnat ainlficant of all Is th influence
intangible but positive, of th fact that
these CltMenS OX two countries are
spreading among th common people of
h-i. am home knowledge of life and ln-
Htiittnns in this newer lan4. Is ther
any parallel in history to the return f
SUCn large liuuiuan w, ,uom i it., mjmm
gladly and proudly of their new home
while fighting and dying for their na
tive landT ' f.
Pointed Paragraphs
Poets ar born, and no law can pre
vent it; . - ' . . ,
Most of us would feel pretty well if
it wasn't' for our imaginary ailments.
Tou'U always hav a dull ax if
you 'wait for a volunteer to turn the
grindstone ' n .," '
Ws dlsllk to hear a man who doesn't
know on not from another attempt to
sing bis own prats. . , , 1
No alrl should foraiv a young man
for stealing a kiss unless he gets busy
and returns it promptly. ,
Once in a while we meet a man who
Is willing , to leave the punishment of
bis ehemies to tbe Lord. r . 1
. :;-...- ,.,';. r .' .. ;- 77r7!... 77:. 77; f.
At the age of 45, or thereabouts, the i
average man begins to haunt the bar-i !
gata counters in search of spectaclav J s