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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 5, 1913)
THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL, RORTLAND. ; WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 5. 1913.
1 ii.Im.4 .mrjr ftulnt n"Pt Submit 1 K4
"ry Bwwwjr niuriiln "-
iTiiw-Kj at the ptoi.- lit INKlland. Or, ft
trinsnlwloa Iknvl the awtls c4 Um
TtHEVHoNki ' ' M.ia Tl?; Home. A-HU61.
- All Ot-partaMDta rMCbed bf ttar. BU)br.
1ll h otwretor whet Ji-prtBwiit yea went.
ItJKfcia.N'' AUVKKHSINU K KHIKSBNT ATI V li
Bnamtn Koptoar Co., HranaWtcfc Bulldlos.
HubacrlpiWu loruu b uuilt W.tV Uf
la tbe lyaiwe Suter or Mexlcoi
One 'year ...,.t5. To meat 'M
. ., .. . HVSDAX .
rwr ...... $2.60 l Oi moot ,.
the .adventurer, the, speculator and
the gambler from the land business.
- The low Interest and Ions time
place the land within reach of the
humblest. They open the way for
competition than now.' Competition
with Europe will not cripple enter
prise here, for it Is said, that foreign
industries. In many instances have
not ! the faculties for producing the
men to tai a home and subsistence i class of goods demanded by; Amerl
until there Is means to pay off th'caii;V'coMmei.pIt:ja:;.;.possible
original investment The 'bidding Europe may be aMe to comply with
nettles the auostlon of who Is to ; these . requirements later on, but
have each tract and on 'terms and during the period of preparation
DAILY ASD SUNDAY
,J.BU r on moata
V Reputation in Itself Is only
farthing. . candle, of wavering
- and uncertain flame, and easily
blown out; but it is tbe light
by which the . world look , for
and finds merit LOwell.
J THIS ELECTIONS
rOODROW WILSON must be
strongly encouraged by yes-
. It Is an off year, and off
years are always ugly to newly in
stalled presidents. - It was after the
,' passage of , a new tariff bill, and
always before, a new tariff bill has
been deadly in its effects upon the
reigning regime. For example, wit
. ness what happened to Mr. Taft and
liia followers after the advent of
the Payne-Aldrlch tariff. -
- But in an off year and after pas
sago of a reduced . tariff the presi
dent Is, . by the verdict of yester
day, more strongly, entrenched than
aver in the confidence and esteem
of the people. It is not merely un
usual. It is extraordinary.
1 In Massachusetts the election was
' on national Issues. Borah, Cum
mlngs. and all the other, progressive
Republicans of note touted the state
- and appealed for support for he
' Republican candidates; but the Dem
ocratic ' candidate was elected gov-
There were the same conditions
In New Jersey, and in the earlier
returns the Democratic governor
. has nearly as many , votes as both
' his opponents. It was the same in
Maryland, and a Democratic United
8tates-senator succeeds ; Republi
can. ; In all .the cases .of special
elections of congressmen - national
Issues were paramount, and in every
Instance there. 1s no loss by Demo-
erats and no gain by Republicans.
.There has been no record quite
' like it in history. No president , was
ever 'more completely indorsed at
the phychologlcal moment when re
versal is always expected. ;
. There la no way to misunderstand
the meaning of yesterday. More
than any other president in a gen
eration if not in a century, Woodrow
Wilson has touched the popular lm-
aglhatlohlf More, than any other, ie
has seized the confidence and es
teem oi ms countrymen.
, He. has become -everywhere recog
nized as a man with a message, a
leader with a program, a president
witH a purpose. He is everywhere
acknowledged as leading a, great
- movement toward democracy, social,
economic and industrial..
He has grappled the human prob
lems of our time. As a profound
student, he has long seen them sll-
fcouetted against the background of
1 He, Is commander-in-chief in a
atrnggla" for greater equality in the
world and he has the godspeed of
. his country and his countrymen.
conditions in harmony with business
principles, common,, sense and, good,
The present Washington govern
ment Is undertaking many reforms.
From It, the public has . already
learned to anticipate much of con
structive , legislation and admlnls-.
tration. Much is already achieved.
There Is much more to modify, and
one of the pressing Issues of change
should be the application of morals
and intelligence in the distribution
of public lands that settlement of
the country has made valuable.
'For the land lotteries should be
substituted public sales on long
time with low interest to the high
est bidding actual settler.
r' WAS' a toad moment when
Charles. Murphy gave orders to
Regardless of Sulzer's dishon
est application of campaign funds,
he was impeached by Tammany only
because he refused to obey the boss.
He was dragged out of the gov
ernorship, because, as governor, he
was on the side of his countrymen
Instead of on the side of Tammany.
More than all other Influences
combined, the impeachment of SuN
er overthrew Tammany yesterday.
The overwhelming election of Sul
zer Is the proof. He got more votes
than both his opponents combined.
and it was not a vote of confidence
in Sulzer, but a vote of protest
against Boss Murphy.
No blunder in. Tammany history
exceeds the madness of the Sulzer
Impeachment. The Sulzer removal
for acts before his inauguration As
governor .disclosed, with too much
vividness and power, the terrible
reality of Murphy's invisible gov
ernment over the state of New
It revealed the boss as the gov
ernor, the legislature- and the high
court of . impeachment What won
der that Sulzer is elected!
What wonder that Tammany is
American producers will add to their
facilities iad make. ?ery effort to
retain the . trade they now have,
which they will be able to do.''
. Credit is given, the Washington
administration for averting a. money
stringency during the crop moving
period. There is no question, says
this bank, that the release of about
$32,000,000 of government money,
placed with depositories' in the west
and south, has helped; the general!
situation. Confidence is expressed j
in the early passage of a currency
law. The bank's forecast is reas
suring, almost optimistic,
woman named in honor of President
Lincoln's act freeing the slaves. But
with us still at Hutchison, Kansas,
is Miss America Razor. -
PERTINENT: COMMENT AND NEWS IN BRIEF
j Candidate Gardner af t Massachu-
itli Miiuil nn, nf hla nnnnnantl
.m Mnr4f " , That I" . fonuwwon prunms snear. neia
I wasn't hurt' a nit, say Huerta.
My, mn her It Is the month before
was political personalities carried on
under a status approximating the J Christmas!
. . . -... ft urua.Di4n.iuD. .
The men who demand that thtsl ' - f . .
great and glorious nation " coura-r ;e&A.JBiiSf JSSii
geousiy ana learieBBijr iuybuo jklcjucu i ago, Kea to nave hla salary reduced.
tl ' faltnnr'a inn, in rn I . : -
'ift ivTviuiiivni uvyB'luitnfc uuicmn
won't Jump and run In a great hurry
even when aakedt do something by
A Wrench aviator has. broken an " A""?""0 isowu. pnvaie
latedlt was only a record that la AUo, ' at the -toniu
broken. I heifer, its-owner, by the way. being a
-oik cuuniy xx-year-ota Doy. il) aoout
everything, everywhere, Oregon can take
first prima. . .. .., ...
Portland boy over six months old lias
to the front for the rough fighting.
Letters From the People
iComniaiiletttoB. smt T JoaraU for peb. '?;i8r .P ;loth.,n' 1J
llcitioo in tbla depMtiBeat ehonld be writua os i""..""ye"J "t ,r."l"?y
onlr one side oX tbe iwr. snould sot eicexl 5 'r0M',D7r..T1'"'. ri10 'Ti.?? 1 .n'
It othtr kids will thrive
U. ) la lnti and mllK, ttM ftiiuniuiilftd I ftnQ SCrOnff.
by the aim and addrMt of the wader. If tbe I on this treatment, perhaps for several
j i-cv t,i I- i..inunn. I wrner qom boi aaure w aave ue sane i uiji biii ua oao way lor uui
vuuiuw' 6iwuuu ivi udMd, abaaM o iuu. j , i umiuM io reauce the cost of uving.
p&l(Avfnff woatapn litlo'ttnta nrl . 1 . I .4 -
a system of double es in-fed-
erai couns is apparently i crrsr, hiniir 1 tbr I f.ou 7 nd. .Bryan, ana
iek on thtlr raoBabl)nM.
blocked so far as tne special . sea-1 nwmwimii
. . I VI tMwivaw
stun in, toiicfiucu. . ,. I tbtir ucad.
u uiiTrSblrr"eut tha te.t doaJ millionaire Hon; of poll
Ind u u ZaclZlSJu "c, tariff, f canal, of Murphy. Thaw
Woodrow Wt'eno. I Sulser, et al; of accidents, follies and
vitiu u Biuiuiurr guitar iiau inaivj
no, the paper you haven't read yet, good
Riches in Oregon Flax.
They are fees handed down from
primitive times, and in a number of
states are exactly aoume tnose n The journal The public spirit of your plain in the ads.
. lL . uni iiioro la ui in Kr noi in iaan
rortiana, rov. , x ions, frills and fads, 'but spread out
When the editor
the older eastern states, under tne paper is again in evidence la the editor-1 y1" w;w perused, and with joae
system, the Clerk of the district llal on October 16. regarding the "tab-1 J&Vid mo
conrt in Oretron rflcelves a com-1 llahment of a linen mill at Balerri. The ra better rhyme: when reformers' Dro-
pensation almost double that of a return of Mr. Bosse from Belgium. e;trVdT thln
instances have been
DOGS ASD CIVIL SERVICE
From the Boston Oloba
Thomas Mott Osborne, a wealthy dti
sen of Auburn, K. Y who is president
I HE last large tract of govern-
rment land in Nebraska was
parceled out by the United
States through a drawine last
week at North Platte.
- In practical effect, the awards
of quarter sections were a land
lottery. The grand prizes were
tracts 1 of ' 1 6 0 acres worth $15,000
- each. : The . holders of the lucky
numbers got the best prizes Just as
they -used to get them in the
, The award , was by lot. Every
. participant in the drawing had a
gambler's chance for the best prizes.
In actuality, it was a process In
volving all the elements of a game
of chance and all the glamour of
- After -making lotteries an - in
dictable offense, and after denying
t lotteries the use of the malls, it
Is strange that the government of
tTna TTnftorf CfntAn i.
buuuia report to a
OGS are used by the French
police to assist in catching
law breakers. But before the
canines get their appointments
they, must qualify at a sort of civil
service examination. The method
of determining a dog'B efficiency la
described in the Daily Consular and
Besidea the ordinary things which
any well-trained dog can do, the
candidate for a government Job has
to refuse fiod offered him In the
absence of his master. The dog is
required to find and bring back
hidden' objects; jump a fenco eight
feet high; leap ten feet; guard an
object la his master's absence;
without command defend his master
attacked unexpectedly; make sham
attacks,, discover a lawbreaker and
Indicate, his whereabouts by bark
ing but not by biting him; conduct
prisoners to jail without letting any
escape; and without his master's
One of the most difficult tests
with hla report of the great prosperity bJ-r to
.. . ai miftn mma in .uuroDe. aava nnawta nnor or aa lr you otveni aireaar.
instances nave Deen cuea in hl subject which hu tabi- M. "ter. ormiu, or dld-vby
which litigants after winning in i8 years! 1
mo trial cuuri wer luitou Mf Bosse personally saw owners or
heavv fees to eive no the fight I some of the largest mills, showed the
when the beaten side appealed, fine samples of Oregon flax, and asked
auio wuuuS"iw .o muu w .-v. rnill In Oregon. The reply was tne same
thler litigants who resort to ap-r rrom an: "Why should we leave our
peals and win regardless of the own country when we are doing such a
merits of the case because poor lit- "P'e"a,ou"T . fr.T oh.nt ot Prl"on r,'om association, recently
vWUUwVM, ... u.0....w.... -vn..v v.- Dune and ,he routine of that Institution
Speaking of eastern, courts, ex- rioer. wouia dumu t0 ,,n the experience he beUeved would
President Taft has often insisted dllno!e .u?.l"fe.i5S!".on;- aid him In correcting defects la the
that the poor litigant has slim who hM Droved nls loyaUy by eight P""5:41. .
chance of survival in the United " aZ?1&
States courts,; What would he say thi line n mi Ul t o n Jj- writer of romance, who for mora than
of poor litigants n Oregon and E?JtJttff 7'
otner rar-western states in wmcu innen trust of the east, au the raw 7.
there is a system ot double fees? material of the mill come, from Europe. 8V o?
What would he say of the status laZ "r.t. , the malla.
of a court in which the compensa- "X tha day ,t opwi .. Jw TtT:
.i - -i.-i. b A aroUm I . j I altnoush he was treated as if ne were
. , , ftv. . it -. riUHrtft.d tht vr condemned convict, knew that be
wSZ- The'WerintendVnt we havT in view "wsl out any ttaabeennlajfi
federal Judges? nla(.,i th machinery in that mlU and to. end P1' half imposed term. The
....hi v.n. ... . i, h other, or equally rerined sensimmies,
Htl'i ' h.fVb.0.W. t0n.-iL fi! neoessarllT. because of hi. conviction
Quired hi. mastery of th. linen business ?f.lr, W""f .? 'JZt
OREGON SIDELIGHT .1
There la a great demand at Silver
Lake for houses to rent, and the Leader
invites capitalists to gome in and make
fin as-jr aafttl luuil-jr. . , ; , . i
! A celebration to be held on June 11
next oy soots or wortn.uena to com
memorate the - alx hundredrh annl.
versary of, the battle of Bannockburn is
aireaoy being orgamiea, ,., ' -. i v
' Baker Democrat: ' The merits of the
mines of Baker county cannot be kept
in the background much longer. The
evidence Is coming thick and fast that
we have a mining section the equal of
w7 outer un ice iaoe ot tne eartn. ,
,V:,y -.! '-. , ,.':
The Lebanon Express says If there is
a city In Oregon that Is harassed by the
canine nuisance It Is Lebanon, and it
calls upon. tbe city council to pass a
restraining ordinance without delay and
receive the thanks of 'lovers of good
dogs and good homes." , . .
, ,v ,.( t-r , e .: e!. ... 'v.t.---
Ah auto owner at Antelona bellevea
in learning a great deal at one time,
even though he may not learn so very
fast According to a correspondent of
the Shanlko Star this future speed fiend
stuck a matoh into tbe tank to see If
ha had anv .oIL Tha resultant blase
proved that he had. It smoked up a lot
of nice paint on tha maohlne, though no
other damage was dona
..-,... e i .
The Woodhurn Independent's Hub
bard correspondent would like to know
"how many of tha eastern states can
boast of rosea blooming In tha last week
of October outside In tha garden, and
now many can go out in ine garaen ana
ainer ripe strawDerr.es,. as iney oo in
treaon." Good, rloe strawberries can
be had now right off the vines, this cor
Medford Mall Tribune: Grant Bur
roughs at the MCAndrew farm secured
a fine specimen of the barn owl Thurs
day morning. With a stable broom ha
killed tha owl, which had evidently
been In search of a breakfast, as a
pigeon was found freshly killed. The
taxidermist pronounced It a barn owl
and says it is only tbe fourth one of
tha species he has seen in this region,
IS THERE A CRIMINAL CLASS?
ALCOHOL'S LOSING FIGHT
I MU.rcu JUaa-fVirrjr ui li aiiaoaa wusaauvsjas I . . ,. it, a.i aMi'lAaii
BAVARIA, the home or Deer, .n one ot w phi ir-nur-w. iiY the conclusion of these two
drank less Of that beyerage C?oU to hs co Jing to AnrloaTn 188 men wera nwly idenUcal on the ques-
during the last twelve months 12?$? flon of the much discussed criminal
than during the former year, portant department In tha mill carding Instinct. .
Dispatches say the decrease is "P- p
resented by half a million dollars yn,t.d Bt-te- reallng tM amon(f prUon,r.,
not much, perhaps, but enough spinners, both as foreman and as gen- presumably vicious, there is human
to indicate a general tendency. The eral superintendent. Borne of these mills mrmvmxur, it .
decline in beer drinking by Bavar- " Kf. w a'aal Mr. Oaborna. as "Tom Brown," hla
lans is attributed. to Emperor Wil- The tariff has been reduced. Where Prt"on alias, rubbed elbows with the
Ham's temperance crusade. it was 65 per cent It is now 60, and the flons in the workshops, damped back
In Berlin, the General Electric duty s left off fiber, tm. duty S wr
company five years ago established .01 broke to. rule, that he. might
a cunieea tor jib uiuuoaiiuo u u' i goa to grow riax, as it was weu itnown i ai,Bi'Biiu .,, w --
ployes. Beer was provided, of in the east that our soil and climate solitary."
J . ' I . i Bfora tha lnmatea of Auburn nriaon
course. In addition, tea. corree. '".17 JU"J i.w That "-iom Brown" was not there
seltzer and lemonade, all of capital beneftts but w flnd tne tariff is not by . compulsion.- like themselves they
quality, were furnlsned at z cents essential to us. We do not need Euro- warned mm as a "rsi wmer wn
pint. At first the sale of soft Pcn flax, for we can grow flax mucn must nave h.v
..,, . . 4 ... iui-j cneaper man n can oe grown in .urope. aftwu.ua uw v -
drinks was but one-third as much 0regPn hM J5 emtlbr In Its flax counseled him. telling him how to avoid
aa that of beer. Today non-alco- straw; Europe has tt. Than our land is punishment, and by whispered advice
holic drinks have a demand more cheaper. One can buy an acre of land In tha workrooms they endeavored to
, Av.ft -m i i nMMn anUahia tir nnwinr flu tnr make lila daily task easier.
man iwice as large as mi vi uoer. i -"IT .1 -.'Z7. T I v.. k.,,,!. .h rt.ryv.1v.
, " . : I What they rent it for In Belgium. It la There waa tha burglar wno, peroeiv.
The company's records show that rnJ?e ' ,? to m. iu that 'Tom Brown" did not take
I U . I , . ft.iA .lnlrliiM'a A a 1 ... . . . I . . A. VW & IK.t
TOiuciuvui wiiu if uiiukuia uo- iiax ana esiaDiisn a twins ana unn miu, va i-uubu jk
cline there was a steady reduction mill, for we use more of these products part of the small sum he had to his
in the number of accidents. Greater .VD,on; bA p"!l"."wtr.l;
m . .1 i how mainT cmriomasi or sjeins iwini bdih iuuu vi Mgsj ubwuvimv.
is tne ioiiowing: a man enters a safety is attributed to the company's come t0 this coast every year, and bag prisoner, rated, as an habitual criminal,
house, and the dog must follow by! policy of purveying soft drinks with sewing twine for our wheat harvest? endeavored to shelter "Tom Brown"
jumping - through an opening CJ4 InWtv and rar The middle west handles its wheat In from the pelting rain as the squad
feet high. The man escapes and m the United States, railroads Z A'v a" Mrchd cr0M "Hfl60 yara-
and other big employers of labor with twine. Linen twine can be made When placed In solitary confinement
are Insisting upon no dalliance with from our grade of tlber. Jdr. Bosse was and Mr. osooroe saia we nervous
the her mn These are tha dava offered 45 cents for this grade in Bel- shook of the darkness was Indescriba-
tne beer mug. mess i are me aays Jt win 00t ber from J6 t0 , i.v.ra-nc,om Brown" became the
of swift motor cars, fast passenger cents. It coats 11 cents a pound to object of the solicitude of the prisoner
elevators, Of trains often speeding make seine twine, the price at Astoria in the adjoining cell whose solo an.
more than a mile a minute. Drink- pound. Bhoe tnreaa is maas
closes the door behind him. The
dog follows, . leaving the house in
the same way ha entered, runs
after the man while being firod at
and ceases his pursuit at tbe word
A dog which can do all these
things Is entitled to -a government
Job. It Is a pity that animals of
such Intelligence and devotion to
duty should be made targets for the
lawbreaker's bullet, but, like effi
cient human policemen, the dog
places duty first and his own wel
THE BUSINESS OUTLOOK
N ITS monthly letter to custom
ers the Fourth National bank of
New York calls attention to two
striking developments showing
the strength of 'America's financial
position. One is a reduction In the
Imperial Bank of . Germany's dls-
ftniint Tat A frnm A tn K L mam.
lottery in parceling out e-nvarnmant and tha nthaf l ' K.-.v tn
t D. V. MUISH, I . ' " " .W ft VUfft.ft ftftCftftV lift
Bt1i4ft T I I ...... ... '
.i,u-.. . im curious mat the gov
ernment Itself should be guilty of
the thing for which it punishes the
citizen. , .
-But it is the Jack, of Intelligence
m the distribution of the land that
most challenges attention. How in
defensible for the government to
give a maq for. a comparatively few
dollar a quarter section of land
worth ; $15,000. and decide by lot
that he and not, some other shall
have It When the government
lands are now so nearly exhausted
with ad many landless people anx
ious to get-a site for a home why
ftWake 'tha distribution a matter of
luck or accident rather than a mau
ter of Intelligent design?
With the remnant of lands that
is left, why shouldn't, . the United
States sell small tracts to actual
cettlera on 7 the highest bid ? The '
Mdder could be, given a term of
ay ten years in which to pay, and
an Interest rate of only three per
The state of Minnesota has been
lc-Uoalng that plan for .more thah
i '.'if years, and with splendid re
! .. If is a plan that eliminates
sterling exchange rates at New
Both incidents aro favorable to
general business. They show that
the German market, which was
the ' storm center during a year's
disturbance in Europe, has been
strengthened since the 4 per cent
rate was fixed November 14, 1912.
They also show that the trend of
foreign exchange is decidedly la
favor of the United States. We owe
Europe little or nothing in com
panion with the heavy Indebtedness
which is usually outstanding against
us at this time of the year.
Concerning tha tariff's Influence
upon business the New York bank
says there is little to Justify expecta
tion of a general recession In trade.
Commercial centers report increased
orders as compared with last . year.
Manufacturers are resuming - opera
tions after having partially suspend
ed business during the' months when
tariff revision was under discussion.
Country merchants continue in a
notably strong position. .,
The significant statement is. made
that American Industry was never
better organized " to , resist foreign
iety waa to relieve the oppressive mon
otony that was part of tha punish
1 Emerging from the Auburn Jail Mr.
Osborne'a first declaration waa that
tha prisoners were like other men, no
worse. After studying several hun
dred convicts, Mr. Osborne said he
could find no criminal type, no physl
cal phenomena by which tha heredi
tary criminal coul(T be Identified; In
stead be found talent and ambition
quite as keen as he had observed
""wft w'i pwBBwigiw pi ins xrienas
outside the prison walla His advice
In brief la to treat men in Jail aa If
they were a part of the great commun
ity. Julian Hawthorne, In the, red Ul of
hla experience and Impressions, la not
so - contrite perhaps aa one should be
after punishment, and ha Is very crit
ical ot tha administration of tha fed
eral penitentiary. But of his fellow
prisoners ha aays impulsively: "Men
are terribly alike the best and the
worst of them."
Heredity and circumstance are
blamed when a man goes wrong, be
says, "but when crime is eommltted
It is tha individual, not heredity and
circumstance that w punish. But if
heredity and circumstance are "respon
sible how can tha punishment of the
individual benefit anybody or any
thtngr Mr. Hawthorne answers his inquiry
by denying that criminals are born
and that children of criminal parents
IN EARLIER DAYS:
By Fred Lockley. , ,
"William , Gladstone ; Steel was the
name given me when I was christened,' '
aid Will Bteel. V "Why Gladstone?" I
asked. "For tha very good reason that
the great Engilah statesman and myself
are related.. William Kwart Gladatnn- '.
great grandfather was named Thomas '
Gladstone. Thomas Gladstone was also ,
nry-great' -a andf Mir. M v fatnmr.-wn
born the same year as; William K, Glad,
tone at Vrggar, ' Bootland, tha early
family home of the Gladstones. Jt hn
Gladstone, the father of . William E., ,
moved to Liverpool whera ha became a
great merchant. ' William, who was .
destined to be the future ruler of Eng
land, waa born away from his. native
country. . Scotland. . Though born . In
Liverpool, he waa In thought, sympathy -and
leaning as thoroughly Scotch aa
though he were born on the moors or
highlands of Scotland. .
"When my father was 8 years old th
family emigrated from Scotland to the':
United States. They ' stopped for a :
while with their kinsman In Liverpool,
John Gladstone, tha father of tha future
prime minister of England. John Glad
atone bad been a very auecessful grain '
dealer at Lelth near Edinburgh and had
all tha aturdiness and strength of char
aoter of hla Scoteb. forebears. Hla wife.
Annie Robertson, was from tha Dona
cnie wan. when my father visited them :
as a child of ' Em-land" a 'Orand Old.
Man,' as Gladstone 1 frequently, called. ,
was nis piaymate, as they were of the
same age, William E, Gladstone having '
been born on December 29, Itoiv '
"My father's family ware six weeks
crossing the Atlantic, They came in a
small aalllng vessel and settled at Win.
Chester. Va, v'- ' ,
"Tha more my father saw of tha In.
stitutlon of slavery tha less he liked it.
Being outspoken In his opinions ha was
not very popular,' so he moved to Ohio.
My mother's maiden name was Lowry.
In the lata thirties my father built a
substantial story and a half houae at
Stafford, Ohio, where I was .born on
September 7, 1854. At tha time of my
birth. Stafford had a population of
about 100 people.-' When I waa back
there a raw years ago they were still
there. At any rate there was no ap.
parent change. The village still had
about S00 people, the houses ware tha
same, even the same names were there, '
though they were the sons and grand. -:.
aons of my old playmates. I said tha
houses were tha same and In most
cases they are. My father's house, built
by himself 76 years ago, waa (till stand
"For (0 veara tha old house kent its
secret In tbe upper part of tha house
waa a low ceiUngad room which L when
a child, had always avoided. We' chil
dren among ourselves spoke of it as the
'spooky room, as wesometknes heard
noises in It for which we could not ac
count About 15 years ago a child play
ing In this urper room happened to no
tice that different parte of the wall
when tapped sounded differently. At
supper that night he said to his father.
'Why does tbe room sound dlff erentf
The father to humor the child went up
stair and Investigated. He became In
teres ted and after much tapping dlscov
ered a secret panel . that operated a
small door in tha walnsootlng. Ha fin
ally found four secret doors, ' When I
waa back there recently I examined
them. Than I understood why the room
VkoH si T Tar si va-si saam nnnlriw ra tna
'The house was a story and a half
house. The upper rooms were boarded
up. leaving a considerable space on each
side, whera the roof sloped down. In
this sloping space on each side heavy
boards had been run the entire length
of the house, apparently to strengthen
tbe house. They formed shelves at
tached to the rafters. Tha floor apace
was clear so that a person looking in
are inevitably doomed to become law waa wear so inai a person woain n
hwk.H. n..m.r.n h. ti.il... had an unobstructed view. If a per-
Vfl ftlftMft ftJIfthffftVU WllVUfU . ftftlW ftUftMfttlUIW
they would have seen nothing suspicious
be a potent factor In producing crimi
nals, and there is ample evidence in
support of this assertion.
It is well to obtain all ' the substan
tial testimony W. can In refutation of
the theory of Prof. Lombroso, the
Italian criminologist, that there la
criminal type, that the enemy to so
clety is marked and transmits his evil
instincts to his offspring.- Too long
has the theory of Lombroso been ac
cepted, not for what It Is, an hypothe
sis, but for what it purports to be, a
dentins demonstration. If we are to
reorganise our prison system with
view of snaking good dtlsens out of
tha men In Jail Instead of merely pro
tecting society against them, we must
not start with the assumption that we
have an impossible tasx.
Let us take the evidence of Thomas
Mott Osborne, who has no prejudice
aralnst courts ar jurists and no pet
theories to substantiate, and believe
wbat Is doubtless the fact that there
Is not an Inmate of a penal Institution
who Is not worthy of. our sympathy
and our help. Away with theory; let
us deal with conditions and with indi
ing accounts for a larga proportion V'tSaLa .eiiTfSf slbo wtw
, ., , . " more to mane. . it , sens , xor sdo a dirt tram hla flnaers waa very appar
of automobile accidents. Common pound. The superintendent In view has x drank bo elder.
nrndanca dictates that the locomo- made all these lines and many mora, m.w.. v.mnn' m.rV.t t a.w
tlve engineer and the elevator op- The reaidna tointhe manufsrlng aom flna ,anitary meat shops, but
""" " L V ; """ "" was a swarm of rues erouna ana on
quick nerve. Employers are insist- These New Jersey mills are owned by th0M sW I spoke to the attendant
in upon It. &tf&?E3 & Sarirf E ?W.:tr?I m!
Aviators as sportsmen lead the UVd advantage of the heavy duty placed l"r?
world in skill and daring. To a on fiber as an inducement to home in-T,. ... im er tha
man they leave strong drink aloue. dustnr. Jl0'. fish. It seems there is no law to com-
Narclsse Oulmet. world champion VTSS'SS'nS: SJSJTiPt
golfer, is a water drinker. Boys for the sole purpose of enriching them-
are being taught In gymnasiums that selves and have never indicated a wish ,., tl that thera
beer and spirits never mads cham- .i"rall . " .7r JrJ.T,. is not enough money to do everything
pions. All sports, baseball, foot- aa ',el 0ne W8a an offer of 1S this year, but whjrnot have a meat In.
ball, all Of them, are linked to for fiber which was rated at 48 cents MW irLTiia
teetoUlism. ' .ylAL mr. why Mt hm one com.
Alcohol is in a losing fight The "7,," "u potent meat man empowered to con-
. . a a. a.1 I " " J.-.. aHfta- laa Va ahAn 1 r si f 7 -.j
oaas ar against it, w worm a ex- grown in Oregon." This fiber took the u""" " "
.li,. MI,niii, It TATniwrsnco I hrnrc. medal at Paris in 1800. an A nrrar I The milk has bCen taken Care Of and
la not an moral issue alone requesting an exhibit of flax needs little criticism, but the matter of
IS not a moral issue aione. I .m n. i ,ii T t. ,. ... rmlt an meats should be taken uo. A
aawiii vicrvii ava .vA.m. av -iiav twi usf I ' ' . . .
to hava .our own mills and establish trip around the markets and fruit "tanda
the industry, as a drawing" card for the will show nitny conauions. atucn oi
It is an economic 'issue.
There are 425,000 persons in the best olase of emigration which will eem the fruit should be barred from sale
.. . a. I via. tha Panama canal. j. m. t. merely on the ground of soale and like
unueo uiaies wno win nav io pay , r . ; , - oUpeases. Back of these stands may be
the income tax. u is noi impossioie i p clean Market SuDDlie. found tha putrefying refuse ot fruits
that the beautiful fall weather is the I Mnv a t h. f-h. . and vegetables.
nroduct Of their beaming faces, their I Tha Journal-! have noted with a areat The limited number of Inspectors of
joyon. exurance d t
neavwuy amues vu.v x.Wt,h wr of cUpp,nr( 1 order ,M meet the trouble lor themselves, but if the
Off. bills created by the old admlnistra. publio would takatoe trouble to drop a
tion, but -1 think great consideration POU cara, signea or unsignea, to tna
should be given the health department health department stating where un
and the schools. I think the need of a anltary condition or deayed fruit, veg.
meat Inspector Is very great sUbles or meats exists, the health de-
The words "InoculaUon" and ao. partment could investigate and the city
terla" are familiar to all, and aohool wouia soon oe on a neann oasis. '
children know what they mean to health. Last' but not least, such inspections
Laws have been ; made to protect the would disoourage farmers from produo-
publio ajid alt that Is necessary is offl. ing scaly fruit or-fruit that Is tainted,
cers to enforoe them. , as his customers would find It bard
Our commissioners might well make to dispose of ft, owing to rigid Inspec
tours of personal inspection, each taking tion. a ousuKittiiM.
notes and aii covering ina name ground,
American immigration Into Can
ada shows a decrease of 19 per eent
in the past three months. . Here Is
One thing they cannot chalk up
against the new administration.
There are many predictions that
we are to have a hard winter. It
has been patent to a lot of us all
tbe time that the new urlff bill
never ought to have been passed.
' '-'A. eugenics baby in the East has
been named Eugenette. If it bad
been otherwise, It is presumable his
name would hava been EugebiU,
' There recently passed away In the
East, Emancipation Proclamation, a
atartlng from different points. Were
they to do this, t predict that they would
at once give the health board the ut
most support. Jt has been the writer's
habit when passing fruit stands, meat
markets and markets in general, to note
conditions, and I am sura that any one
oould see all that X hava seen.
The other morning X had oecaslon ta
buy soma 'Hood River apple older, and
the Greek attendant In washing my
glass put two fingers Into' the glass of
Oivea Thsska to Tha JonrnaL ,
- Portland, Nov, 4 To the Editor of
The Journal. During my many years
of labor in behalf of child : welfare in
our state, it has been most gratifying
to hava your newspaper give the Ore.
gen Congress of Mothers such splendid
support. Much of my success in bring.
Ing about results has been due to this
support and I desire to thank you for
It and the courtesies : that hare been
extended to me from the various de.
partmenta. Though X am withdrawing
from aetlva work In the congress.
shall always appreciate tha Influence
Tha Journal may give out in further
Ing the cause, and request that tha
same courtesy be extended the new
administration, that has been orr ered
In the past,
MRS. ROBERT H. TATE.
By John M. Oskison.
In the United States, at tha last count
there were 6,618,041 wage earners and
790,267 salaried workers employed, In
tha 10 years from tha preceding census
the number of wage earners Increased
40.4 per cent, while the value of the
products turned out by them Increased
81.2 per cent ' . . : . .
There Is a mors!! '':f'' :'.
Wages do not rise In proportion to
tha value of the things which the work
era turn out In some way, wages must
be supplemented If the workers are to
get their fair share of the things which
are thought to be worth having. Peo
ple who work for wages and salaries
lack the business training and expert
enca to make their earnings work, for
them. , ' -'
X do not believe that this condition
need be permanent I know that the
average worker, If he begins to set aside
a part of his earnings from the day be
goes to work and keeps It op until he
tops working, oaa double his return
from his labor in an average lifetime.
Let me jut it In another ways If we
average worker one of tha 7.000,000,
will save one-tenth of tils' earnings dur
ing Ms working life and put bis savings
at work In tha safest possible wsy the
money they wiu bring in wnen ne has
got to the age of 60 will ba greater
In amount than he can earn by his own
labor. - ,,,-. .
That earning- Is the possible "plus"
for every worker. And It Is that money
whloh will bridge tha gap between the
worker's income and the mounttng value
of the things he producesthe things
which make modem life complicated and
Pon't Imagine that the pay for work
Is aver going to be any more than
what the employer of labor has to pay.
But don't get pearimlstlo over it in.
stead figure out a personal system for
saving and then find out how to put
your savings to werk, ' t '
yet there was room on those shelves
along tha rafters for 36 negroes to lie
flat and ba safe from observation. Judge
M. C George of this city told ma that
when he went back to rev 1 alt his birth
place, which Is In the adjoining county
to mine, hla uncla said he would often
times go out to the stable in the morn
ing and find all his horses gone and
some sweat-stained mud-spattered
horses in the stalls in place of his own.
He would curry them and feed them and
next morning hla own horses would be
there and the others gone. It seems
that my father ran a station of tha un
derground railroad and Judge George's
uncle - waa also connected with ' the
smuggling of slavaa north and when ho
found his own horses gone and others
in their place be knew my father had
been a midnight visitor. Long after
the war I found out that father had
shipped arms and ammunition to John
Brown to aid Mm in his attempt to
suppress tha slave traffic and help hun
carry on his fight In Kansas against
the border ruffians.
"My people came to Portland July
10. 1871, when X waa IS years old. X ,
started to school that tall at what Is ,
now the Atkinson achooL Shortly there- .
after they established a high school
where the Hotel Portland now Is, and '
1 went there to school. Professor John. 1
son, who later became the first presl- ;
dent of tha state university of Eugene, ,
was tbe principal. Among my school
mates were Jack Mattheaa, later prom
inent In politics; ThurstorKDanlals, lat
er lieutenant governor of Washington,
and his brother, Horaoe; Clint Going,
later a member of the firm of Lowan
berg Going & Co., who operated tha
stove foundry at the Oregon peniten
tiary; George Llndsey, .who stilt lives
here In Portland, and many other equal
ly well known Portlandera After two
years of school X had to stop and go to
work. I got a Jo In Smith Brothers'
Iron Works, now Smith & Watson. I
put In five years learning tne traae or a
pattern maker. I 'had always loved to
write, so In 1878, X went to Albany and '
started a newipapar, which X called the 1
Albany Herald. There ware two papers ;
there already tha Democrat and the .
Register.. Shortly after my paper was ;
started tha Register moved fo New-
port Mat Brown was editor- of the
Democrat 'and Cal VanCleva waa th
editor of the Register. The Herald.
issued Its first number In October, 1879.
Wa started without a single line of .
advertising, nor did. we. have a single
subscriber. By next-June wa had. louQ '
subscribers and a good line of adver
tising, we won out in tne June elec
tion. . This was the first time Unn ,
county bad ever gone Republican. We
elected Captain Humphrey to the sen. :
ate and 8. A. Dawson to the house of
representatives. Chilton went In for J
sheriff and. Nate Brown as county
clerk. The Herald was made the offl.1.
clal paper and we got the eounty print.
Ing. After two years I decided to come ,
back to Portland so X sold the Herald
and returned to Portland where X took
up syndicate writing." ..v.
"What about Crater Lake? ' Oh, that's,
a long story. X will tell you about my
28-year fight zor crater Lake some eth.
er time." '
Pointed Paragraphs C
Give some men an inch of rone and
they'll rop you In. : ' 1 .
Blessed is the man who' doeast arlve
offense. 1 Also unusual, , -
Xt Is batter to be missed after yen are'
dead than to have your wife throw
things at you white you ara alive, '