The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, November 03, 1913, Page 8, Image 8

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    THEJOURNAL
JA tsiN ............PobHaha
i utiiMat;iitcjr wnlna; (eawn SendajV and
. ry Sunday morning- at TUa Journal Build
Broadway and TamMIl Portland. Or.
T.iirl at (tia poou.fflca at Portland, Or, (or
traiiamtaakm t&rotigh tlM malls 'as scoop, claaa
' tnaltfc. - i . : v
Vi.l.l.l'liONfcS Mala 17J Hoaae, . A-eoMT
All cVnarimanta mtM br toe Bambara.
'Joll tfirloe-that.dPrf.PMnt, TW. w.tf.
l 'KlulON AD VfcttB&JKIO''1 REI-'BSJSlSSfTATl Vfl
v !njamia A-Keataor Cos BruoawtcK ttmiain.
i 125 rlftb ama, NwXork) WS People'
nniiaing. vnicairo.
; buLcripilon Tarait Or mall or tw aaj addraaa
a ue utuiea suit or kmiqh
V ft . V - . . ,'
Cm year ..'..f 5.00 I 6b sooth 0
...a, . eminiv ... . ...
Oa year ,..i..tJ.&0 I uue mutt JB
VA1L.X AKU
a yaar ? ....
.ilia On month
: By cultivating the beautiful
: we scatter the seed of heavenly !
flowers, as by 'doing- rood we'
cultivate - those ; that belong to
humanity. Howard, ,v
WHOSE MONEY?
LTHOUGH the election Is to
morrow we are still . without
knowledge m to whoa money
. financed the bold-no of the
'workmen's compensation act.
Y Nobody knows whose money paid
; the solicitors for getting half the
a bole number of names on the pe-
. .titlon within a little district bound
led by Jefferson, First, Couch and
; I Fifth streets. Portland. -
Nobody knows whose money paid
for the. 300 signatures in that dia-
'trlct which gave no addresses. . ,;'
1 Nobody knows whose money paid
, for the 300 signatures that gave
addresses that were not addresses,
Yet, all this is fundamental Infor
mation in reaching a conclusion as
ito the merits or demerits of the op-
i position to workmen's compensation.
lit la vital to know what the opposi
tion is, who It is, where It is and
iwby it opposes.
But nobody can find out Some
of the. solicitors V for signers have
fled the state and others are) in hid
ing.r Nobody comes out in the open
and ; makes an . argument against
compensation in the state pamphlet.
All we, know is that $600 was con-
.iributed i for getting the petitions
signed, and that ; nobody .will 1 tell
whose money it was.-: 'Nobody will
. tell whether It came from ambulance
lawyer or whether it didn't, x
With only one day until election,
the leaders of the opposition are In
hiding. ' They,, have never i dared
come out into the open and acknowl
edge that; the hold-up ' money wa s
their money, - and have never come
out Into the open and given a rea-
, son for their opposition to the com
pensation act.
Js anybody, going to voto with
. that kind of an opposition? Is any-
body going to vote with men , who
one day before election, still skulk
in the bruBh 'and refuse to tell why
they are against the workmen's com
pensation aetf"'-- ''vsi:a
been worked out for the convenience
of people earning small . wages
Many manufacturers of the state are
said to be ; putting the plan before
their employes, and even advancing
money to ..make the first year
payment :
, State life, lnsursnce is a novelty
In America, but It Is in successful
operation In England, Germany and
BUILD IT
r
t YESTERDAY'S CONCERT
EROM gladness to lamentation,
all the chords in human exlst
' ence .were touched in the first
, . symphony concert yesterday.
Two hours of musical expression,
sweeping every emotion in the whole
gamut of human feeling, made the
occasion a delightful : artistic suc
cess. The regret is that so excel
lent a "recital could not have been
staged in an auditorium and under
' auspices through which, thousands
instead of hundreds, could have
shared in the pleasure of those, who
listened.
" j The symphony m orchestra Is ren
dering. Portland a splendid service.
The musicians are bearing the brunt
of the burden in placing the classics
within reach of all Portland at half
the .prices and at one fourth the
guarantee incident to other cities of
; Fortland's class. A : ;
There is much of the artistic
about Portland to be proud of, but
in nothing is there more warrant for
. congratulation than the work of the
v symphony musicians.
" ' maaBaaaiaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaamMaaaaBamaBaa
, ; ; BTATE LIFE INSURANCE
: rt TJCCES3 attending a workmen's
compensation law has Induced
aj " Wisconsin to undertake the
v , me insurance business. - The
first policy was Issued last Monday.
Applications came from many states.
but under the law policies may bo
: ?; issued only to residents of Wlscon-
r, ' sm.
' xmo policy is issued for a larger
amount than $1000.- But when the
.number of policyholders reaches
,1000 the maximum policy will be
12000, and when the number reach-
. es 2000 the maximum will be $3000,
the largest amount now authorized!
Six different forma of policies are
offered, ordinary life, twenty pay
ment Jlfe, twenty year Endowment,
'Endowment at age 65, ten year term
end .term to age 85.
No additional offices have been
tt created f or, administering the law.
, ,The state has made provision by
which applications will be received
.by, clerks and" treasurers of cities,
towns and villages, by officials if
banks which : receive state deposit,
and by state factory inspectors. , No
pald iagenta '4 f such will " be . emV
Wisconsin expects to give the peo
ple J of . that;: staUK the 4 benefit
of old line insurance on a mu
tual plan at the lowest possible cost
Benefit of the policyholder will be
the r sole j consideration. "iCommis
,!oner Ekern says that of the total
expenses of old line companies more
an half goes to agents In com-
lesions - and salaries. . Under the
i sate plan policyholders will be
ivcd this- expense.'
Vtv mlums may be paid monthly
!eslred, an4 monthly rates have
P, THE bonds are voted tomorrow.
the interstate bridge will be built
and in ten ' years it will pay for
itself in tolls on the traffic.
The interest on the bonds Is pay
able by the state, and at. the end of
ten" years, If tolls be imposed, the
bridge can be made tree and Mult
nomah county not be out one cent
for its part in the structure.
Here are two unanswerable rea
sons tor, voting for the bonds There
are four ' other unanswerable rea'
sons: '
1 The farmers of Clarke county
voted $500,000 bonds as their part
of the bridge, by a vote of more
than ten to one,' which Is prima facie
evidence of their purpose to use the
bridge in dealing with, Portland.
2 The bridge will Increase the
value of Portland property ah , es
timated $10,000,000. which means
that in voting for the bonds every
small home owner will be voting
money into his own pocket
3 It will increase the trade of
Portland with Southwestern Wash
ington from the present, $3,000,000
a year to $10,090,000 a year which
means more money for paying sal
aries to the breadwinners in every
line of business In Portland.
4 A vote for the bridge bonds
will be a vote for civilization, a vote
not to stop the clock of progress,
a vote not to stand still, but to go
forward. .. -
Vote 310 yes.
bating the kind of management that
is ( best', for vocational schools, the
American - Foundrymen's Association
was meeting lnf Chicago There it
was decided that vocational schools
should be established either in con
nection, with foundries or In the
public sch6olft,. but that where pos
sible such schools should be under
the supervision of foundries.
cv meeting at New Orleahiradbpled,
an apprenticeship ', report the chief
point of which was that, the educa
tion of trade apprentices should sot
be entrusted ; to the public school.
It is evident from opinions ex
pressed at these three meetings 6t
educators and 'employers that the
problem of vocational education will
bo solved only through clOBe coop
eration between busies men and
teachers. . That cooperation exists in
many cities. ' It is benefiting youth
and minimizing the employers dif
ficulties. ' One object Is to produce
efficient workers, but the great pur
pose is to reduce the number , OX
industrial derelicts. '.;.
which now Invade Mexico and South
America. v But the Monroe doctrine
was erected solely as a national de
fense, .v Under the Mobile declara
tion it Is more It Is a bulwark of
liberty for individuals as well as for
nations. '
6' President ' Wilson said ' material
interests cannot be allowed to rule
where foreign " government have
Pertinent comment and news in brief
SMALL CHANOB
A Hit and notf bruls. hf (Abruwl).
t f
Couldn't Mexloo be batbwlrs ftnoed
. John Barrett denies Itpoaefbly with
raBia.
bfion--(iTfH. Hi!mai...Jlhr- ond 1.
nantrintfptiiAttVIfl t1 totessllniTfeterrwia Wtei
4.
t No. November, everybody isn't down
on you, In Oregon. '';',v-,
the almighty dollar, and under the
new freedom they will , be .suDreme.
.-' ftoprtnrv TlAnfnla , trnlV an I I that I
the' nresldent'e Mobile , adflMn- was i Next Wedneday will b the l bar.
- - . - a ajeUJA Mm J,U tl f Wat-
enochal. It is In line -with an p tinw I
policy ; in- thei PhUlpplnesltgcon- dl&cy. Mribe
iviuiB nuu vur auauui luwtiru
China; ' it squares with. Secretary
Bryan's proposal that nations con
fer as to their rights before declar
ing war. -
"CharllV QaUl had tho ehort and
merry life that wo have heard about. ,
" -t-.i'-v,.-" i'- V ; ii: :),:
Somo more than enough la not la all
cases neceaaarlly too much. . -
s.? ,.;-;,V" r A-t-,''&?
Many people's hell begins ta this life
x-eacl maybe nds with it - -
But for drink and injury cases, ' the
TEN REASONS
N
A BUSINESS ' PROPOSITION
P'
ORTLAND haB . an opportunity
to secure representation in- the
j Chamber of Commerce of the
United States. It is a national
organization; and its function is to
look .after business interests in na
tional : affairs. Its purpose is le
gitimate, . and it has a large field
for usefulness. : 1 .
The country-wide Chamber . of
Commerce is an outgrowth of the
tlraes - It was formed to watch-fed-
eral . legislation,' not by ;secret- lob
bying in behalf of big business
alone, but as a medium for getting
a concensus of national opinion on
vital issues and using it frankly and
openly for the greater good of the
entire country. , Only in some such
manner can the business men of the
nation have a voice in policies af
fecting them, and the method pro
posed is legitimate and practical
Heretofore business Interests had
no means whereby they could make
themselves felt In proportion to their
Importance. Cities have local cham
bers of commerce, but these bodies
have no effective program for deal
ing with national issues. Much leg
islation by ' congress has a direct
bearing upon the country's business,
and it is important that men vitally
Interested have some adequate or
ganization which will represent them
In a proper manner.
Whenever the national Chamber
of Commerce Interests Itself In
some matter of legislation the ques
tion is submitted by referendum to
members throughout the United
States. Arguments for and against
the proposition are furnished, and
when the returns are in the vote
represents' the sound business senti
ment of the country. This method
was recently employed as to the
pending currency bill, and the united
opinion of business men, patrons of
the banks, Is having a large influ
ence on congress.
In times past various lines of bus
iness, many corporations and other
Interests made special pleas to con
gress and maintained special lob
bies.
OT one sound reason can be-ad
vanced against the workmen's
compensation act. There are
on the other hand, ten unan
swerable reasons why the measure
should be overwhelmingly approved
at the polls tomorrow. . v
1 It will reduce litigation in the
circuit courts. Nearly the entire
time of one Judge Is required in
Multnomah county alone to try
personal injury cases.
2 It will greatly reduce the work
of the Oregon supreme court
3 It will establish a far kindlier
relation between employers and em
ployes by removing one chief cause
of disagreements, feuds and hatreds.
4 It will keep In Oregon hun
dreds of thousands of dollars annu
ally expended for casualty insur
ance. The amount sent out the past
two years was $1,198,133.
6 It will give all the compensa
tion money direct to the workers,
their wives and children. Of the
$1,18,133 paid out the past two
years, the injured worker and their
dependents got only about $350,000
The remainder went to parasitical
agencies.
6 It will place the benefits of
compensation within reach of every
worker in a hazardous occupation
In the Btate Now buf one eighth
of injured workers ever get compen
sation.
7 It would automatically give
the injured worker or his family
compensation without going to law.
Now to get compensation, there
must be a lawsuit - with half the
compensation going to a lawyer.
while but thirty per cent of those
who sue ever get damages at all.
8 It would give compensation to
the injured worker, or his family
without cost,- and would eliminate
lawyers fees, witness fees. Jury fees,
filing fees, lawsuit fees, stenograph
er fees and all the other intermin
able fees that are costly for the tax
payer and calamitous to the injured
workman. '
9 It would end the heartbreak
ing delays, the trials; the demurrers,
the verdicts and the appeals and
give immediate payments of com
pensation money to the mangled
worker or his family.
10 It would be a boon to'lhe
women and 'Children who are often
without means when the breadwin
ner of the home is injured or killed,
because in Just a few days after
Injury or death, compensation pay
ments would begin.
Any one of these, ten reasons Is
sufficient warrant for passing the
compensation act by an overwhelm
ing vote. -
The reports 1 of the election will
be wired all over the United - States
with special reference to what the! courts could keep unwlth their work.
u 7. , i v ,1. ZZ: T " V Mc had but one president for more
it is highly 4 Important tor them than SO years; may aiake up for If by
first to go to the polls In large num- preewtaw witnin a very rew
bers, and second, to vote right, How
could they ever explain.' it to ' the
years..
Why do moat nubile sneakerm say.' M
I want to say." so often T Hearers will a
v
I
as-
country, if they permit so noble a sums that 'they wanted to say what
measure as the workmen's compen-11""
sation act to.be beaten Tiri? h 'jv Now the turks beg-ln roosting high.
V -Vr, ,." ., ", i1 ,i '! ' , if&h-xCi and more warily geese do fly; with a
Your neighbor may 'be confused !A!rh.1
on how to express his choice on the uigh.
measures tomorrow. mmightf be shouldn't a blg-laylng-hen hare an
well to suggest to him not - to appropriate name Instead of a letter and
rote "no" on meaaurM he , wnnra nniDer oiiy, or eggy, or . Susan, or
no on measures no - wants ,ny nice, old fashioned, housewifely
passed. ' That is exactly ;what: some cognomen? ; v ,. m,."'
PJ ;dci under 'the impreasion Maa too 111 to werkrwife '.eils
inai xney are lO vote on ine reicr-i papers; seven young- children; - he fined
Oil
endum of the measure and not on nd
the measure Itself.
would groan at one-eeventh part of all
uui as unenaursoie aara lUCK.
" OREGON SlUKLimiTa
The foundation of the new guild hall
to be built in Canyon City by St. Thomas
guild has been laid. It Is expected that
it win ds completed tbis winter. -
Albany weather clerk ranorti a ranae
oi temperature ror uotooei Between a
mlniraMinrflf 4Kree and a maximum
of, The. JaUVr--.waa -9ted -on the
first and tha former on the twenty
eighth. -
Sweet Home Tribune: - Hennr Thomn.
son has received the distinction of kill
ing a Diaca eagrie, a most unusual bird
to be .found, in 1 western Oreson. Tha
spread of the wings measured eight feet
iuur inonao, : , , i
Work on Klamath- county's hew' tlSR.t
-. . ----- -i
ouo oourtnouse, now naif compietea, .will
be suspended very soon, and the force
will be put upon the 124,000 Carnegie
nurarv Duuainsr. wnicii will oe ereotan
on tne court nouse diock. . -, -
Tha country about Oakland is abl a to
give a fairly good imitation of a semi
troplo region, according to the Advance,
which saysi - "Watermelons In October
and riDe rasnberries . in December ara
among many natural proauots. or tne
country in the vloinity of Oakland. And
.IS miles away in tbe mountains Mrs.
Mien Oroutt- has a-flg tree bearing its
own kind, sweeter than the honeycomb."
.,,.' vs., V' ,;:
It there is any meney to be made on
the bonds issued by the olty of Eugene,
the Guard thinks -the cltisens who pay
taxes and help to maintain the govern
ment might as well enjoy the profit as
soma Wall street Institution. "It may
not be possible for-the local banks, to
buy tha bonds, but there ia no reason
why the banks could not furnish , the
money for others to buy," the Guard
further says, throwing out a broad hint
-;.. v . , a j' 1 t , --
Tha Plaaaant Kilt MrrunnMnil ' rtt
the Canyon Citv Kasla reDorts the fol-
lowing .extraordinary accident: "While
Mrs. Robert Wallace was returning from
John Dav tha team- bnoama frla-htanMl.
throwing her ouf of the hack, and, as
she fell, she became entangled in the
lines, causlnr the team to circle about
and the hack to pass over her twice.
She fortunately escaped with a oouple of
broken ribs and a number of brulaea
She la getting alonr nioely."
IN EARLIER DAYS
-VV liy. Fred LocUey.
Letters From the People
TRUST THE PRESIDENT
THE MOBILE DECLARATIOlf
P
RESIDENT WILSON'S Mobile
address will live In history as
President Monroe's message of
1823 has lived.: The later dec
laration supplements the former,
The secret lobby is a thing of giving it added force, clothing it in
the past, aa also are effective plead- the garb of an awakened public con-
ers for special interests.. Business science. President Monroe said:
should have its proper Influence on
legislation, Just as agriculture and
labor have their Influence, but the
talking should be. in the open, and
it should be in behalf of business as
a whole. That Is the end and aim
of the National Chamber of Com
merce.
V
LEARNING A TRADE
OCAxionaxi education is a
necessity, and many people
insist it should be a part of
the public school system. "But
at the meeting of the National So
ciety for the Promotion of Indus
trial Education, held at Grand Rap
ids, Michigan, last week, there was
a difference of opinion to whether
vocational schools should be a part
of the present public schools or be
established as a separate system. V
Dean Reber of the University of
Wisconsin extension department fa
vored the dual system. He said it
is in successful operation in his own
state. The problem is a new one,
outside the range of the general
schools, demanding different teach
ers and different . equipment. ., He
said educators should be represent
ed on boards governing vocational
schools, but the control should be
with practical men who know from
experience what training is needed.
Becretary Redfield of the depart
ment i of ;' commerce expressed the
opinion that the future of Industrial
education files In the hand of. the
nubile . anhooI.M Tin . AnlnrA , ilia
waste W lives; through lack to di
rection into work and lack train
ing for': work.'."' .'. :,.-: 'Ii- :
' While these educators were de-i
With tha existing colonies or depen
dencies of any European power wa
have not Interfered, and shall not in
terfere with the governments which
have declared their Independence and
maintained It, and whose Independence
we have, on great consideration and
just principles acknowledged, we could
not view an interposition for oppressing
them, or controlling in any other man
ner their destiny, by any European
power, in any other light than as a
manifestation of an unfriendly dispo
sition toward the United State.
President Wilson, confronted by
new conditions, by methods of op
pression not known in President
Monroe's time, said 'the '. United
States must be Latin America's
friend upon terms of equality and
honor. This country ; must show It
self a friend by comprehending our
neighbors' interests, whether or not
they square with our lnterests.C; : :
, Here Is the new Interpretation of
oppression, " made" necessary ' by an
experience of ninety years:
" Comprehension must be the soli Hi
which r shall , grow all the- fruits : of
friendship: because there is a reason
and compulsion lying behind all this
which la dearer than anything else to
the thoughtful men of America, Z mean
the development of constitutional lib
erty in tha world. Human rights, na
tional Integrity - and opportunity : aa
against material interests. That, ladles
and gentlemen, la the lasue which we
now have to face, ':x:----'-''-::-'-x'i
T want it taka this AAeaatan fa aif
thai the United States never again will
seek one additional foot of territory by
ccnauest. Shs will devote herself to
Showing that she knows how te malce4
the most of the Honorable and faithful
territory she hes. And she must re-
a-ard It as one of tne duties of friend
ship to see that from; no quarter are
material Interests made superior te
human liberty and national op$or
iunlty7fr.yyT'V
'.President, Monroe - may have
glimpsed the material :-. Interests
(OssraranJeetloes sent aa The Joamal far pah.
ItcatloB la this drpartjnant aboald be wrlttea ea
only eae side at toe vaper, saonia soc eseaaa
suu woraa tn aaogta aoa stoat be aeeosapaalaal
by the name and addraai of the aander. U the
writer does not dealt to have tae same putt-
uioea, oe soooia so aula.) . - -
"Diaaaaaloa It the graataat or. an teftaaieia.
It rationalise aaarrthlaf It toaebaa. It robs
principle et aU false aaaetlty and throws them
back oa their reasonablaneaa. If thay bave a
From Barpera Weekly.
That the currency bill should pass at
the' present eeaslon la necessary to the
welfare of the country. Although mat
ters are quiet on the surface, and tne
president's tact and coolness have made
any great outbursts lmposible, yet thera
ia, underneath, the eame bitter contro
versy between him and tha rlutnrra
reaaoubleiMM it ruthleaaly eriuhe them act that is going on all the time between
VVZZ7 &L T" " le force. ofVogre.e and the force, of
Workman Opposes Compensation Act I moment la the leader In the movement
PorUand. Nov. 3. To the Editor of I 'vwnru ' uemocracy, political ana innua-
The Journal I have noticed In the editorials-of
your "paper front time to time
much In favor of the workman's com
pensation act and have yet to see any
answer.
trial. He la a wise leader. He hae
been thinking for mora than SO years
: with- an excellent and a highly trained
mind about the human problems of our
time. He has seen them against the
background of history, with a dlsposl
In the paper -dated October 80 you I tton that has, .been conservatively tem
say, "Again we ask why do som Port
land workers fight the workman com
pensation act? . .Why are they seeking
to deny the benefits of automatlo com
penaation. to the thousands of their fel
low workmen who are pleading for ltr
Now, aa one who has had to take hi.
medicine along with the hundreds or progre.. shall remain dominant.
thouaanda nt thasa in tha atata of Wuh. I
lngton, I would like to tell you Just why
- r," ..w.-... wuvu-1 measure, he will bave a
aauvu aiiw -ft'
I was at the time (October U. Mil)
working aa a lineman In tha employ of
pared by hia ocupatlon. He once spoke
of himself aa a man who sought rad
ical ends by conservative means. What
he Is asking in the case of Currency Is
not too much. Indeed, it la not enough
for an uUlmate solution, but It Is nec
essary that that amount shall be con
quered now In order that the forces of
If he la victorious In his currency
much better
chance In the desperate.fight that Ilea
Immediately ahead, when amendments to
tha Oh.M1n.l1 tt MM. n T 'Via,, tm
tal0niCetatmf"r"d wtn ,n the currency measure it will
iBL?f;or".ln on mean much more than a delay of need-
J .f,T . Z,Z V, refQrms It will mean that tha Dana
company with a brother lineman and l-,.n in ...
a trouble ahooter who was acting- as 1 1" V" " Y,, ' ' . J. . V '.
move two poiea. in the course of the
work preparatory to moving said pole.
I went to tha top of one of the pole,
te take off the croasarm. etc.. and while
x was removing the croasarm, the act
ing foreman began to dig out the pole.
The pole was in a line of a recent re-
grade and the surface of the ground had
been graded down some two feet I
setback, and these who are afraid - of
greater equality In tha world have won
a notable victory over their foremost
antagonist, which will strengthen them
in confidence and in position and cor
respondingly : weaken him. it is no
time for hesitation. Let those who are
overmuch Impressed by? detailed crltU
clam by bankers .remember that coun
try bankers, unless they are, very ex
ceptional men, hardly dare to do any
thing but agree with the big men. in
New York. Let them also remember
how the tariff bill was criticised, and
how- quiet everything is now; how the
railroad bill in Mr. Roosevelt's admin
istration was criticised, and how It is
approved now , how the interstate, com
meroe commission was treated as a
menace to relQbllcan institutions only
a few years ego; how U FoUette.. a
dosen years since, was looked upon as
dangerous anarchist while he was
forcing through measures in Wisconsin
that the railroad man and bankers of
that state now approve . ..
This is no time for cowardice. Inac
tion or mob psychology. Von Moltke
said: "First consider, then dare." The
currency queatlon has been considered
for many, many rears. The present bill
has taken- what was valuable In the
expert knowledge of the Aldrlch bill and
It -haa added features which give : the
people control, through their govern
ment, and reduce the excessive control
of a few over-wealthy mean Such a etep
Is not violent democratic nroaress: It la
only slow and , patient common sense.
Let us take that step. .
s "A number of friends of mine from
EUenaburg were interested m the de
velopment of a mln. In the Okanogan
district some years .agor said the vet
ran steamboat ; captain .and Columbia
river bar pilot, w. P. Gray, now living at
e'.rKSynW
stabllshlng a line r communication
between - Elleneburg and' their rain a.
This required a trip across the mouu
"Jna from v Ellensburg to Wenatchee.
r,.th0.ugh,V1 tne COul
suppiiss to Wenatchee they could put a
boat on the river and take their supplies
from Wenatchee, t the Okanogan, much
f ,ch"Ply boat than to haul by
found out that I had reported It feasible
to take boats; wr Tri. TAni
aiSO Rock lalanA n.m. t . ....
. ; .ytu avuok UJ1 .
ih- rrpt'in5?J,om year before to,
tne o. H. 4 N. Co. thv hum
tiPaUIS' nvlt8 Columbia from
f oint Eaton at theV mouth nt Mnun-k,
oanyon, to the sltaof their, mines In
the Okanogan. , They secured the serv
ices Of CaDtaln Jonaa a Mi..i.ain. '
steamboat man. to elan ami v.n . i.n . :
i-f0rUf ?ttor he boat was com
Pleted. I had a talk with him mr. ..-.-.
him to make a personal examination of'
c isiana Kaoids. Ha toM .a
ua was aoia to mvirat. ,
matter how swift it was. km.,.. i
a rather lofty way, he consented to go
tn anil lAAla A 1L . i a a - . " .,,
rr- uu "'e.rapias Derore making
the trip. Ha visited tha ftAnb t.l.S
Rapid, and by a 'roundabout way he got
CK? raiA and went back to
the Miaalsslppi. Neither the etockhsld
ere of - the boat eomnu nnr am,...
also In this part of tha country ever
aw him again. This left the Ellens
burg miners in a rather bad way They
were out the expense of the boat and
"u o one wne would tackle the Job
of operating it They came te ma. but
I told them X eeuld not afford, to ng
Iect my own Inter eats for the sake ot
running their boat. They put it up te
me,- however, that It was on .the
strength of my report that the boat had
been built, so, to the neglect, ef my
own Interests, I agreed to Uke charge
steamer, -rne City of Ellens-
ana aemonsirate xor them that
the raplda could be overcoma Ja July,"
IM,twe left Pasoe with 41 tons of.
frolght aqd several passengers on board
for the Okanogan. The steamer wa. a x
tent wheeler, 120 feet long, 21 feet
beam and drew four feet when loaded.
"After suing up the boat and its
equipment, I didn't blame Captain Jones
for disappearing. However, r had prom
ised thwi to. make .the'-attempt; and I -didn't
intend to back out You know
they say, 'A poor workman always quar
rels with his tools,' so I decided to do
the best I could under the circum
stances., .
heard the foreman digging and calla state Insurance t ;
the taxpayer and the state and a part
upon the workmen' themselves T
You say, yourselves, that It la much
cheeped than the casualty Insurance,
etc. carried by most companies at the
preaenl-time.- If so, can or will yon
kindly tell me why the worklngman Is
asked to carry a part of this cort Of
down to bun, asking him if he were
trying to dig me out. at which he
laughed, and, X supposed, stopped dig
ging. . : I-
It Is always customary to put pike-
It Is the beet protection the. employer
can get, as It can be made Juat as oom
pulsory as the employer sees fit to
make It and who's to say nayT
I'll tell you Just what it did for me
poles up around" a pole to be dismantled, nd mJ am" y" W K0K bard SatZ
but we naa no pikepoies end I never
saw anyone dig out a pole while anyone
was on it. oerore.
Well, to cut a long stOry short I took
ence by living tn a . basement and
scrimping to the last degree; in faot.
we are still in debt . ,
We bed to sell our furniture In Ta
off the croaaarm and threw It down and com or w"cn had paid $200 about
dropped down the pole about eight or on fr before, for 15. in order that
tn rt A wh. m. .r.. I my wife and babies could be here with
knobbed onto the side of the iwle and m w ,oat miVin elsim-
. . . . , ... V . I nnnn whloh aliout tSSOfl ant IA mAntha'
s auoa mm i naa aroaen tne anoo , - : "
h mi f.ii Th, xtir.o- fn,.n work had been expended, all because 1
dug to within eU or seven Inohee of ehanced to come under the workman's
the bottom Of the cola which waa onlv I """o"o aau .miug nsi raise
in the arround about thrae faat an iu " W xne asseesmem zee for one
Inches. I came to In a half to three- alm; and yet you ask "why."
quarters of an hour and was left by " my umation there is a way
the roadslda while the nova want on whereby the . workman-s, eompensatloii
nature of their practices makes tha
iiaeunood or their having offspring re
mote. - Besides, sexual perverts, coming
a. they 'often do from parents who. are
themselves quite normal, will always
sxisi. -xney are generally freaka or
sports of nature, . often more to be
pitied man hounded like wild beasts.
- It is atUDld to lumn all homnaaua1,
is'U together as this law does, when in
fact there are Juat aa wide differences
among them ia point of culture, Intel-
ugauua, leu control ana decency as
among other kinds of men and women.
. X believe in sterilisation of the feeble
minded and undoubted congenital: de
leaves, out tne present law Is too
loosely and unscientifically drawn to re
sult m anytning out a good deal Of In
juauca, uursUAiN JTRA8ER, Ph. IX
witn tneir worav a taay imng in a
house nearby came out and Induced me
to come Into Her house and lie on the
bed, which I did until the pain, beoama
so great that I called for a doctor and
the lady called1 ia the acting foreman
and the acting foreman Called an of
ficial of the company, who gave him au
act may become one of the grandest
acts ever inaugurated, hut It will never
be if It Is allowed to go through the
way It Is framed.
I hops this will throw at least a lit
tle light upon a very debatable quea
tlon, and I asaure you that there are
"others," If you will only take the time
. P. ROOBRS.
thorlty to get an anWlance and cart ook 0l?m u
me to the hospital. Where I waa eon- i ' - '' , 'T. . , '
fined for six days. - - fiays Sterilization TJnsciexttlfla.
The company sent tha actlne- foreman I " Portland. Nov. I.--To tha Editor of
to see me, and the next flay or the day I The JournalOne would like to ask a
after, with the compensation papers to physician like Dr. W; C. Schnltze, who
do nnea out oy myseiz ana tne doctor; 1 presumably has some acquaintance with
and that was the last they did. eo far I modern biological science, where he ob-
aa I know. X left the hospital .on the! tains his 'facte on which to base his
sixtirday. not because I was cured, hut support of the sterilisation law.
because X did not feel able to pay the! He speaks ot habitual criminals aa
bill. . As X had a wife and three babies I being unfit ; to reproduce their kind.
living at that time in Tacorna, and waa I What does be mean by such a statement
-broke" at that. It was Imperative that J hanging 'up In the air by itself as it
I should get out. - I doesT Does he not know that a man
'X came to Portland, and after I bad I may be an habitual criminal without
rested a day or two I went to see the I being a congenital criminal f ' Ha. he
company officials and was told that I never heard of tha Welasmann theory of
iney couia uo notning or me Deoanee 1 ue geraa piaam, wnicn regarae the in
came under the state compensation aot harltance of acquired charaeterlatics as
of s Washington, and it was along; the quite Impossible, and which Ilea at the
latter part of January, 1811, before I bottom of She whole of modern biology?
received a cent from the state of Wash- How would Dr. SchulUe distinguish be
lngton. I was told that had the earn I tween a man who has become an
thing happened in this state, I would I habitual criminal , because of bad en
have rsoalved from 21500 to I20SO an,1 1 Tlronment for which aoclatv ia tn hiim.
not a queatlon asked and need have had I and one who cornea' of getfulne criminal
no recourse to the courts, hut because etocar Most habitual criminals are
It happened In the state of, Washing- madehot born. .That is the eonclusion
ton the company could crawl In behind f sound criminologists all over the
the state law and be protected to the world. To sterilise the vlotlme without
extent that X could hot sue, and-the paying any attention to crime producing
man who was the cause of so gross a causes, suoh as overcrowding in tene
plece of negligence Is still working In menta, malnutrition In Infanta and older
his old Job with the company and has children, Industrial oppression and lu
been ever since the acoident . Justice, unemployment, accident and
Under the compensation act X 1 re sickness te the bread winner of the fani
celved f 52.80 for six month, and ttl "v with no provision for Insurance,
for five months, and muat needs stand child labor, woman labor, unaanltary
my own doctor mil and hospital " bill working conditions, low wages, too long
(which, by the way, has not been paid hours,-too large families, lack, of edu
yet) and X will leave it to any . fair cation, and other factors to propose
minded person If that ie as good aa th sterillaaUon, ' I say. aa a remedy for
old regime, when the companies used to crime and leave the causes - untouched
pay out doctor and hospital bills and aU m to me very much like applying
low us full pal for every day we were
off duty, and If wo were never able to
go. oacat - to une wont we were taken
care of by being placed at anything we
could do, at lineman's Wages; and you
can find one or two men In this town
right how who are examples of' what I
say. and a living pnvt.'s:p-f,'7 i;M:?
Do you think that a company Is going
ta spend goodOcnoney trying to . safe
guard their men when they can "com
pensate" . them oheapor and can also
throw a part of that small burden on
tne.metnods or quack doctora. in tha
domain of social, reform, -The futility
of such pseudo reforms a. sterilization
when applied to crime and criminals Is
brought out conclusively by Alfred Rus
sel Wallace, codlscoverer with the great
Darwin of the theory of natural selec
tion. In his new book, "Soolal Environ
ment and Moral Progress," Dr. Sohultso
would do well to study that work by
the eminent scientist -":a , '... r
As to sexual perverts, how "oftan dtf
they propagate themselves f : Tha Very
YOUR MONEY
By John M. Oaklson,
French Investors hate to" be etung.
When It happens, the French want te
00 something about It , If possible,
they want to get their money back. If
that Isn't possible, they at least want
to make euro that they will not be stunt
a second time In the same way.
60, the French Investors get together
ana rorm organization, for investigating
securities offered for sale In their coun
try. And it is a first Clsss Ideal n . 1 1
XAtely, ons of these organisations bias
changed It. title, and altered somewhat
It. form. From a "National Association
Of Foreign Holders." It has ehana-ad to
a "National Office of Securities," and
Is supposed to be forking In close sym-
patny wun tne .French government .
t is, nowever, not an official or
ganisation, though the minister of fl
nance has encouraged It In - Its work.
And lust what is this work? , ' '
or it. memoers. the assdalatlon
watches -the current history of eecur-
ities, answers inquiries, advises as - to
purchases, forms special committees to
loo- after the interests of security hold
ers when trouble comes to oompanles
issuing the securities, and, under the
new form, it will throw open for the
Inspection of the publlo all its docu
ments concerning tne biooks. Donas, etc..
marketed In Franoe. whether by French
or by ' foreign, interests. , These docu
menu constitute a fairly complete his
tory of theflnanalng done in Franca
ior tne paat ia. yeara "v-d-.-r i.
To Investors generally. ' such an or.
ganisatlon as. this ought to be of great
service m mis country, aa well aa in
France. ' It ought to be formed here to
supplement tne various "Blue Sky", laws
whlon ths states ere passing. It Would
fit In very neatly between such wall.
intentloned legislation and the work et
tne lately organised investment Bankera
association. It Is the logical and business-like
answer to the demand of the
average investor; for knowledge about
Investments, wc'. ,:;t .vy.?. ',,;.
y ! Pointed Paragraphs, 7
Money .would last a rood daai lonre
If It was as dlffloult to spend as It Is
to acquire.
The pen mar be mlahtler than tha
sword, but the eword-swailower earns
more money tnan the poet
Most people enjoy hearing their ene
mies roasted more than they do hearing
their friend, praised.
, a x
The trouble with some would-be gen
erous men is that they alwaya leave
their money - at home In their1 ether
clothes. '.
"At the Priest Ttaplds we attempted
to lay a line along the shore and fasten
It above the lower riffle and attach it
to the boat below. I found, however,
we couldn't carry the line clear of sub
merged reefs. The only thing I could
do waa to sink a dead man to fasten to,
so as to null the steamer ever tha lower
riffle. To do this It was necessary to
lay the Une down through a rough
channel between the reefs. It was a
dangerous propoattlon, and If the small
boat waa encumbered with the extra line
the probability was that the men who'
were not experienced would be drowned.
I decided to make a teat trip. I put
men enough In the boat to weigh about
the same as a line would weigh. .. I had
the mate put out extra boats, to nick
us up below the rapids If we capaised.
Naturally, X didn't tell the crew of the
Coat, that X expected te canals. , .After
completing the placing of the dead roan
I ordered the crew I had selected Into
the email boat, telling them . that I
wished to make a trip across the chan
nel too see If there waen'X a better place
to ascend on that side. After ordering
the men to take their places, X took the
bow of the skiff, shoved It Into- ths
ourrent -stood on the shore myself, end
held to the stern until It swung across
the current and then , Jumped In and
caught up the steering ear. .. I ordered
the men to row hard, and I headed her
for the rapids. -f . u
"A, Dane named C B. Hanson, who
waa one of my deckhands, but who has
since been made captain of a steamer
la the upper Columbia, and who Is now
In charge of the government work of
improving' the Okanogan river, rave me
a steady and resolute look, braeed him
self end began to pull at hie oar. . X
had picked out a Frenchman who was
used te rafting driftwood, and who X
thought had unlimited nerve : He
dropped his oar and began rrarlnr and
crying:. 'Frenohy will surely die. He
Is going over Priest Raplda' It seems
that his custom had been to let the
raft go through by Itself and take his
skiff around by portage. I was steer
ing.. Preachy had the midship ears, big
John Hanson had the after oars, the
other two men who ; were -deckhands
were in the bow of the boat Hanson
pulled oat into the current - giving ,
Frenchy, who was kneellne In the hot- .
torn of the boat praying, a oontemptu- -oue
look. We passed ever the break
and I swung the Skiff quartering- into
the eweu. y In ' a moment we were In ;
the midst of the , turmoil of waters. ; 4
Big John kept at the oara, and X watched
like a hawk with my steering, oar. For -
a moment the Waves were higher than
the boat . . ' . '.-',.(,-'.,,:-,;.vv
aly experiment Droved that the boat
would carry ; a line through aafely. so
We .Came down With the Una and nearo.
ttated the Priest Xtanlda auoceasf uilv.
As we Uned the steamer Into the rapids :'
the water poured ' ever - the buffalo
chocks. Next day., we arrived at Rock : '
Island Rapids. The only point at which'
Rock Island Rapids Is really dlffloult - '
or dangerous Is at Hawk.blU Iolnt Its?
juu Intd the river at an acute angle
from the island, on tha right hand side ' -of
the Island as you go up the river.
It required delicate calculation to over
come this difficulty. I pu( out- three '
lines at the same time. .One to Una her ?
up and the' others to keen- har. from
swinging either way- ' It took us two
houte to pass ,'',Hawksbill''Point.:We:-i-,?w
had another ; clueter of reefs ' near tha
head 'of. the island to pass. Her the
ourrent : turns tn strongly - toward the
bluff, 40 feet high, which projects from :-
tie mainland on the right hand side at
an acute angle. We had no Una long
enough to fasten to the right point to
hk. tta. arniind thla Miit't Tki :
power waa Insufficient to hold It In ,
place, let alone making headway across'
tho current The current drew the boat.
In at tha head., .We bucked the Current
for over an hour ' without auocesa. 1 1
finally decided that a desperate remedy.
must be taken. I threw her head across'
the current toward the ; Island r and '($f-
swung almoat against the island. v It ', V
waa necessary that I should let the :
stern wheel of the steamer go within ;
four feet of tha rocks and directly above
them, to get out of the main atrangtb i
of ths current ' It the current here was
too atrong, the boat Would go en" tha i? "
rocks, break her wheel, and leave us
disabled in tha current. For a moment
the boat hung where ahe was. It waa ' 1
mighty anxloua moment for me. for.
with all steam on, she seemed only able ''
to. hold her own.vBh. was neither go l'
lng forward nor back, but slowly. Inch ,
by Inch, she pulled away from the rapids :fV
ana out into, tne open river, i That was ,
the first time that a boat had aver been
through. Rock Island Raplda.",--. . ,