1 3, 1913. THE OKEGOI; SUNDAY 'jOURNAi; PORTLAND, ' SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER THE JOURNAL mil rr Ttolng (airvpt Sunday) and rarr (similar iornin t Tna Journal KUllo. Iif , Broadway ofl Yamhill tt., Portland, Or. I ..lTKi lit tb DO' w riA t Portland. Or- for rmwb Uie piiili as eeeeod class IrmmmUflM UPM WffwCTHniuirtlniwi) 1 nttjrt.iiml eatate'fas I Tell the ! tor what aprtnwnt yoo want. lninmtn Kantoor Oo., Hroaswioa uiuiuina. k-a una imu, Nw Xetki U8 PeopU' I Gaa Rulldlnr. ChlMm ' 1 bubacriptloa Ttmi bjr mail or to W aWra U Ui liniwa bLUa or Mexico , - . - - ..... daily On yaw, ......tB.00 0d Momtk CM m tl-60 (0n Bwath . ......8 J3 DAXLX Aril BUftUAl Om r ......TJ t On aooota' ......a .8 Lt us watch wall our berin nlnr and nsulU trill nuiUf l themseJvev--Alx. Clark.' , WHY TIXKER? r T to proposed to defeat the uni versity appropriation as a pre liminary to consolidating the university land " agricultural . col I What It the use of tinkering with advanced education We have de voted 85 years In building up the State university. - What .la ..the use of pulling down all that -we have iFpent generation In buCdlngT . - Both ' Institutions are doing well lis 'they ; are.i ; Each la rendering splendid service In ita respective Held. Each. Alls adequately and efr f actively a function In the general teystem or oar state education. - ;. Why go to changing the scheme hrten It la .working smoothly' and -well? why put the Institutions on wheels, and, give them a posh from 'which nobody knows where they wfU jstop, If ever? , , There la no sound reason for uniting them. Their fields are dis tinct. , If there Is duplication- It Is the fault -;ot: the "Board of Higher Curricula, which was called Into ex istence for the purpose of eliminat ing duplication, and for no other purpose. There Is no more reason for eon ijsolldatlng the unlveraity and agri cultural college than for. consolidat ing a school of mines and a female Jfeminaryv There Is no more argu '3sent : for - uniting them .. than for uniting a lawyer's .office' and an undertaker's schooL -Their work la different and their fields distinct i . .: ; No state that began with its state (university and ' agricultural college pas separate , Institutions . has ever united them. No state tUat ever investigated a 'plan of Joining them .las reported favorably on such ac ! tlon. : Texas, which has them sepa rate as In Oregon, had a commission investigate thtf subject exhaustively. The commission epent two years and 185,000 ; In the probe .and " then Unanimously reported ' against 'con solidation and In , favor of continu ing them as separate- institutions. ' . The whole subject ought to be i dropped. The schools ought to be (let alone. They ought to be given ta chance to advance. They cannot (be given that chance so long as they (ire kept on wheels. :" ,"v 'J j Vote 100 yes and SOS yes on the Jpntverslty appropriations. -' .' v'. i THH SUM) AT SCHOOL IIGURE3 recently compiled show the present total enrollment, teachers and : pupils, ' in the Sunday schools of the ' world rto be 28.701,489. This Is a gain of 890,295 over the figures reported 'In 1910. The increase In the num jher of schools Is 11,884. " r i These; figures are inspiring to .church, workers, but a study of the jpercentage ' alfords eome surprises. Civilized countries are sending tols tslonarles to t the - Bamoan Islands, but the records show that . these Islands have the greatest percentage lot total population, in ' the Sunday Vechools of any country In the world. jOut of a total population of (08,000 jpamoans ,29.1 per cent ara In the ' jschools.' ,-:;'' . . y ; ' : r"; I The Fiji Islands, with a popula ; tlon of over 128,000, have a larger 1 percentage ) in the Sunday schools iXhan the United 8tates. The pro portion1 of the latter is 18.8, as against 18.88 for JUL Great Brit ain has 21.2 per cent in the Sunday schools, while even Labrador has 15 ;rpor cent. y.Xifi'k-: v.-1-; i : i The ' figures are proof that Christ ;tlanity is advancing. .. Missionaries tre doing excellent work. with at tendant encouraging results. . Per haps the time is approaching when j Camoans will hear the call and come to cmuzea countries as teachers of the truth.:; ; if THE SOMERS SYSTEM j a ESESSOR EEED advocates the i adoption of the Somen unit ' ' IL, Wteto of realty valuaUoh for ; t taxing ( purposes ; in Portland.' jlle said , in last Sunday's Journal that the system,' wlti slight modlfl- cations, can be used to advantage la thlT city, and he urges in its be ihalf that assessed valuations should be fixed fe? some ;sdentlfi process which guarantees practical equality, j The Bomers system ' Is in use in teveral .large 4 American cities," and : It la proving a suocess in each. ' Its i I bbIo principle Is the determination jcf , actual values of one foot strips of property in the middle .of each Uy block,1 these values to be used :a determining " the value of each : irccl in the block. "k After the nar row etripa are properly valued,4the i ht of the process la mere mathe riatical computation based on estab ::iihcd rules as to values of corner c-omparod with inside lots. . v Inequitable assessment of property -r taxing purposes Is one ct the sins of .government. The old method of ' assessing is for i an official ; to guess T values, v Sometimes he guesses ' close to. the right figure, but too 0 bften'":'h. is '-iwlde 'lofL'V the' mark, with the result that one man pays more and another less than his just, share of taxes. ' '1 , , " on an equitable baslB, but this can not be accomplished ' by means of old-time haphazard methods.' . What is needed is a proved sclentiflo pro cess.:' The Somers unit, system Is backed by the experience of other cities; - It , may be - the : system pe culiarly adapted to Portland. '. " Something should be done to im prove this city's method of assessing property. There . is a demand for equality between property' owners. There : Is the further demand for some ' close relation between as seBsed , valuations and , prices asked when the city wishes to buy.1 1 , - IT, WAS HIGH TEMH s ' m 1 L y f P' OSTMASTER MTERS says The Journal 1ft entitled to the credit for the change of plan by which the new postofflce is to be "an eight Instead of a ' two-story buildlngv The Journal undoubtedly helped. But so did : Postmaster , Myers. So did the Oregon senators. ; 80 ; did congress, which consented ' to 'the insertion of the changed program in the deficiency bill. , , , ' , , Out of It all is almost certain to come a" countrywide : change that wOl put an end to the huge rental outlay that ' approximates the ' pro portions of a publia scandal. - In the national ' capital, for instance, the government rentals v' total ; nearly 8600,000."'' It makes this nation a tenant in its own capital, a tres passer in Its own eat of govern meat.. A. " . v )' ' v 1 ' In all the cities of the land there Is a similar profligacy in rent' pay ing,',. The government spends huge sums for federal buildings and, fall ing to, provide adequate housing as was proposed In Portland, goes on paying Jarge' am chin ts for private quarters for other federal activities. It Is a monumental absurdity as was seen inr: the proposal to spend a million " and a half of money - in Portland on a two-story postofflce, with the city paying now 882,805 a year in rentals. .', Vy:,;y-: The ' Journal Is thankful X to be given some credit for 1 the ; change of program. , ; It is trying to serve this public,. It strove ' to save , the Portland : waterfront from ' private monopolization. Had' The - Journal or some other paper of like policies been in existence when , the great grab of publlo property was being provided for in subterranean legis lation, the ; Portland waterfront would still be publlo property. In stead of - being held for exorbitant prices, the Portland'foreshore would now bo available for a great system of public docks. t , - .-',. " It is not Immodest for The Jour nal to point, out that Its agitation secured - a - reduction of the Mock bottom option' from $2000 to 82500 an acre. Nor would It be unwar ranted to note- that closely follow ing The Journal's - publicity ,' comes the offer of John Klosterman to ac cept 850,000 for a fractional lot In the path of the proposed extension of Oak street, for;, which ho de manded : 876,000 a week ago,: and which ' he then said that he could probably sell for 8100,000. i It was high time for some news paper to step in and defend the pub llo against the extortions that have been , practiced ; for years upon this town whenever property was wanted for the people's uses.- - V'- A GOOD BEGINNING , , , , .;: - 1 . , ' f TJLTNOM AH. county hah made a good beginning in the con struction of ... its portion ; of the Columbia River Highway by the employment of expert talent This is plainly, apparent , to any one who will observe the progress of the work and note the efficiency of or ganization and economy of opera tion in overcoming natural obstacles. Road : making is .both - a science and an art. To bund a road that will " endure and ' be of easy grade requires greats engineering ability, combined with the eye of the artlBt There must be ' a "fitting to the earth's surface as a coat is fitted to a man's body. There must be a balancing of quantities in, making cut and fill to save labor. ., There must be long, graceful longi tudinal curves ": to delight the eye and 1 slight , : vertical curves , to ' rest the limbs of the . horse by. calling f ot : a change of muscles. There must be good drainage. There must be classlo bridges and viaducts. ' There must be avoidance of steen pitches, : death dealing sharp turns and deep cuts.. ; A man may be an excellent land surveyor,; a capable railway ; engi neer but a lamentable failure as a roadullder..,,''? :fo?l-z$K .?f.- The . country , is on the threshold of extensive road construction and It is well that these things should be understood in the beginning. If the old order is "to Obtain there will be a woeful waste of money without result' In expending money for roads the publlo ; funds' should be handled like those of a big business concern wyh, checks and counter checks. Before , undertaking actual work of construction there -should be a; careful study and location of the ground and a definite plan adopted, t When a large corporation contemplates a vast work It calls in the best ; skill available to lay out tne general plan,-unmindful of the expert's compensation. ; .This should ..6vt.to6no.!Bt !!n to JwtttsJati: iritnesa;h: failure of a greaj; lng permanent ' highways. - By doing this thousands i of 1 dollars r will o saved Qd : the skilled man will be Cheap at any price. The followers of tthe' political f cainp ! will S Hi x penslve at the most nominal price., . Roads are a" pwt of the land, and like the land they will remain and not ova W&mfflBBBfZl& Should' oe- 1 "gti 'cuameieaaiM ceedlng generations can hot lm prove their location or be compelled to struggle under an inheritance of debt incurred in their, construction. tho old order of their buim lng pass away.:--.' 'H 'KW'f ' GTJ1XTT AS CHARGED MfIPOTENTLT, and ' grandllo I 1 ; quently if - noit PalsUf f lcally ri the esteemed Oregonlan. an .. - bounces to this bailiwick that no': so-called newspaper ethics . can Influence It : Speaking of its . pre mature publication of the report of the school survey, it says: No official nor individual with 4 lit tle temporary authority ., has a . right to take advantage of weallad newa paper ethloa to ; delay tha publication of an Important publlo document bo y end the actual period of nawi ma turity. - ' , That Is to : say, the Oregonlan pleads guilty to all charged in The Journal's indictment It : acknowl edges that' it did refuse to be bound by what it 4erma -"so-called news paper ethlCB."; f Again it says : XVi la any plan to havo tho Oregonlan print anythlns whatever at opeolflo tlmo the Oresonlaa pur poaea to.be consulted. -j That is exactly what The Journal said about the Oregonlan.' ' That pa per refused to be bound by its own Implied pledge " when the survey re port was entrusted to its keeping. t Though tne sacreflness or tne "re lease date" is in the very alphabet of Journalisjn:' though there Is no higher obligation In Journalism than the implied covenant to respect' the release authority, ' the" Oregonlan printed ' tho survey report without waiting for it to be released. ' That , was no Journalistic scoop. The Telegram had the report several day before the Oregonlan published it. It ; too : could , have ' scored a '."scoop"' by breaking faith! with those who placed the report ln its hands. ' The Journal also could have pub lished , the report . several days be fore." All it had to do was to play false to tho survey committee,, who placed the report InMta hands "with instructions not to print yantU re leased. Any newspaper jthat la with out honor can make - the kind of beat that the Oregonlan is so boast ful of ' in this case ; by. playing the game without respect to its honor and ' in : total . deflanoe of' common honesty, ' . ' The Oregonlan prints news when it .-.bappt&sC finally exclaims ' this neighbor of ours, . Yeal And some times when" it doesn'jf happen. ,i There, for instance, was the phony Ufesaver's long graceful dive from Broadway bridge down, fathom over fathom, Jnto . the ' dark and mystic river below, there saving a drown ing fellow creature, only to say when he had reached tho near-by' shore, ; Qh, shucks now; cut out that hero; stuff." Na: brighter - page : in the history , of the Oregonlan was ever written than on that, thrilling day when it "printed news on the day when it happened," and fairly threw this town into conniptions, with' Its story of bow. the drowning man In his ; struggles seized .- the lif esaver, and ' how the Intrepid high 1 diver smote him with a fell : smite, and forced , him, "as the admiring thou sands on the bridge, looked down and cheered, to take the count .' , Yes, indeed, the Oregonlan "prints the news when it happens," but sometimes when it prints the news' It has its headlight on behind. , ', ..4y 'XSS I Mi'i il I THE COUNTRY CHURCH ; HQ United States Bureau of Ed-' , ucatloa and the Presbyterian ' Board of Missions have made 1 a social survey of Montgomery county, Maryland. Schools, church es, lodges and general economlo con ditions were thoroughly Investigated, and ' the ? satement ; is made ; that Montgomery , county Is . , similar to many farming communities in the eastern states. '.. '.- 1 ., .-; , A map accompanying the pub lished report is dotted with marks indicating abandoned .churches. There are forty-four ministers work ing regularly In .the county',' and there ' are - two Quaker and one Christian Science church which have no ministers. The report says: , The churches are making- little effort to serve ' the community as a social center. Their activities are undertaken for tho sake of the money to bo raised by ' them and not because tho church feels ltelf i-obllgfcted to furnish . recre ation and aoolal facilities far their own aakea.' In seneral, the social Ufa of the churches la at a distinctly low ebb. ' In spite of the abandoned edifices and not counting the negro congre gations, 95 churches still struggle for an existence. - Eighty-six of these are, Protestant and nine are Roman Catholic - The . Protestant . churches Include 15 denominations, of which only five make any show of strength. Nine denominations each have three churches or less. The total member ship i of all churches is 9701, of which 6994 are Protestant and 2707 are Catholic , The. figures are Illuminating. Eighty-six Protestant churches with an , average membership. Including children, of only 81, demonstrates that the country church la weak. The report says church activities are undertaken for the sake 01 the money to be raised by them, raiher than because of any conscious obli gation to furnish recreation and so cial facilities for their own sake. Clinging to their small sectarian Ideas.' members of these churches cause, to ' progress, because people j refuse to put petty distinctions aside. , , Church unity would benefit Mont- j gomery county spiritually and phys ically; , A great revival Is needed, not only to get ' people into the churches, but, also to get the church es into one big brotherhood. ' T , I F, any question ever existed as', Jo the w4'sdom of i conserving the public domain for the people's benefit, ; Minnesota's experience with, her university and school lands 1st conclusive. 1 It is now r estimated that Minnesota's ultimate receipts from the sale of all state lands will aggregate 8200,000,000, making a fund for educational purposes unpre cedented in the' world's history. A'.Jittle more than 60 years, ago a constitutional convention met at St Paul. - A provision was put in the fundamental law that land given the "state by 'the United States must be sold at public sale?' and .the pro ceeds .put into 'a fund, the income from, which would be "available for distribution among the counties in proportion to school population. Other states were selling school lands as low, as 81.25 an acre, many of the tracts being covered by valu able white pine. But Minnesota fixed a minimum price of 85 an acre for farm lands and 87-for timber lands. The next step came In 1863, when it was turther enacted ' that timber should' be sold . separately at yuuuu iniUt uJSk sjoyu . svu Underneath large tracts of theae timber lands ' lay deposits " of Iron ore'; as ; yet undiscovered. ' It was saved : to : the state because) timber- men wanted Only the pine. " They hugged the 'delusion that the . bare land .' was -worthless and would re main- so .until settlers came in to conquer WsoiL ;, ; l - : 'When ; ore : wag discovered "state auditdr on his "own initiative stopped the sale of all land and later the legislature passed ?lawl providing for the-leasing of ore areas 'and naming a , royalty of 25 cents a ton onf all ore xoined.' 61nce then it was decided that this sum was too small and the law was repealed, with the result that leasing of ore lands has ceased. , - The. state believes there Is no necessity tor haste and that a suitable royalty can be fixed ' when the ' demand for ore becomes : In sistent. . 1 ' ' - Minnesota's record. Is unique. It illustrates ' how , conservation : wqn even before the' word was thought of In connection i, with the public domain.- Iowa has sold all but 300, acres of the 8,000,000 given her by tho federal government, and Iowa's permanent school , fund Is .less than 85.000,000. Wisconsin practically gavo away her school lands, and Michigan with M0O.OO0 acres real ized about 86,000,000 from, theni,; Of more than 8,000,000 seres granted to. her Minnesota has over 3,000,000 left and these of the rich est - The lands Mlnaesota has sold have yielded her . 880,000,000 and this money is now in the form of a permanent fund drawing interest at an average rata of , four, per. cent, tho proceeds gofng to tho support of ducaUon.v.'Y:.;;, 'vw''("w '-r;;v';x1? Minnesota's great potential wealth lies in iron ore, but two neighboring states with only , bar land to sell have profited by Minnesota's exam ple. f North Dakota, - with a- total acreage of 8,000,000, of which more than hUf remains, unsold, has. 89,- 000,000 - In her school fund, and South Dakota with 8,500,000 acres originally has a fund of 812,000,000. Each pi the Dakotas looks toward a permanent school funC of -850,- 000,000 as compared -with Minne sota's 8200,000,000. . Conservation, even though it was not called by that name, is bringing fortunes . to three states, and. the states have kept step with progress despite the fact that private Interests failed to - acquire the . entire public domain. ' - tf yon want to pass the . Univer sity of Oregon appsoprlatlons, .vote 800 yes and 802 yes. It you want to favor the sterilisation and coun ty attorney, bill . vote 80 ' yes and 806 'yes. It you want the work men's compensation bill " approved, vote '808 yes. If you are for a civilized bridge Instead of a primi tive ferry, at, Vancouver,' vote 810 ,h v ,y '. ,',,11".." ",,a 1, - A Chicago tramp stole 827.50 from a woman who had played "Silt ver Threads Among the .Gold", on the piano tor him. Still, there are those who win claim that it was no bargain counter- affair for the tramp. - .There is still an eloquent silence by. those who . supplied the money for holding up the workmen's com pensation act. ' J That silence Is itself an eloquent f argument ; for . over whelmingly passing the measure. - -; While a surplus - of 118,000,000 Is predicted for the new tariff bill, It would, be well , not . te make ar rangements for permanently banking the money until the appropriations are all heard from. , ( A record' of 125 , miles an hour has been made by an aeroplane. It is. a swift pace in which to travel toward that bourne to which all air men, go If they stay long enough in the game.' 1 ' Three civilized nations have' no workmen's compensation law. They are the United Btates, Russia and Turkey. " Vote 808 yes and get Ore gon out of Turkey's class. He Is a wise young man who quietly attaches a muffler to the screaming ap paratus of a airl.batoro at tame tin. WORK AND MONEYS , By Dr. Frank Crane.5 (Copyright, 1913, by Frank Crane.) Itla usually put forth as a knock down araument , that If . men did not have to work for bread and 'butter they j" U is assumed as a matterof e0UraaTtio.f- that money Is tho representative of tho only universal motive of human! en ergy, and that If all were assurod. a good living nobody would turn a hand. I do not belive this. I believe that money Is ifot a legitimate) motive at alL To Illustrate, let us imagine that state of the world, 10 which wo wJU come some day, where wages xlt no more. . . . ..,:..:.-.,.:.. ,.v" Let us euppone we have so' 'devel oped the state that every child Is as sured of care and flue training.- No Ignorant, unskilled, or criminally, de fective . beings are brought Into ' the number .of Independent adults. : X? In capable of decent life on arriving; at manhood they are taRen , care of In proper Institutions. , Let us suppose also that every per son Is fed. housed and clothed by the state. IJe mari or woman needs , to labor to. make a living. Tho entire mo tive of subsistence Is eliminated. ' Instead of this resulting In the pa I ralysls of all energy. It would be but the beginning or progress. As Moryd Sheridan sayss . "When our existence Is comfortably, assured, ' the battle of ure win tiavo oetun in ' earnest'' . Men, ' with .k tholr present stoak of laeais, would or course strop into Idle ness under such . circumstances; - but men now differ -from men, then almost aa mucn as a nog- oirrers rrom a man. It Is frankly to be admitted that al- trulstlo, feelings and clvio eonsclenoe must be greatly strengthened, Condi tions now are . the only practical ones for', half-barbarous creatures such as we are at present' , But let us bo specific. What motives precisely will supersede personal gain? Instead of v work for money there will 'be craftsmanship for the Joy of It People now love to make, do, and manage things for., fun when - the things are what they enjoy doing. . The problem of civilisation is to change labor Into craft and tnus Into play. - Machinery Is -more id more replae lng tho drudgery of hands. The steam dredger does tho work of a hundred hand shovels: carry that on a hundred years and Imagln the vast amount of disagreeable effort that , will bo taken from men. 1 :,-.' s ' 1 There will bo enthusiasm of art, of muslvof letters and science. v Even now the best work hero is not at all for money and Is poorly paid. i The joy of home making; Is not a money-paM pleasure. Tho wives and mothers of the future will be a busy and as happy as now.; ' ,:-. we are all sensitive to publlo opin ion. The scorn of our follows Is a sharp whip. As we progress It will grow sharper. Men will bo ashamed to bo Idle. HUman beings work as .hard to avoid contempt as to gat money. To have tho esteem rand praise of ' tho community ; will move men as power fully aa to make gain. In a wage-rre democracy wo shall not only have better poems and paint ings ana soionurie ' discoveries and muslo, but streetcars will be run bet ter, groceries and milk will be of bet ter quality and hotter distributed, meals will bo better cooked, clothes wllV be bettor made, and all tho Uttlo neces sary work of tho world better , done, because always a large part of tho peo ple can do , these things and cannot write poetry nor compose xnuslo, xou rememoer -jom nawyere getting tho boys to whltwash his fence, when ho made It seem fun to them? - That a plain human natura And 1 believe all men will do more and bet tor work when tney shall work because It Is fun to them, and .when not to work will only mean tho contempt of their fellows. - -tirrit'.' And, take It now, tho people who never have to car for broad or cloth ing; are about ss energetic mo the farm hands .with, of course, notable exemp tions among- tho perverts of society and of "society's" haag-ors on, ' : .v. NEWS FORECAST FOR THE ' COMING WEEK 'Washington. XX ; C,; Oct. tS. From Philadelphia, whore he is to attend tho Congress Hall dedication today, Presi dent Wilson will proceed direct to Mo bile, Ala-, whera bo will arrive Monday morning. .The president will spend the day In Mobile, delivering an address on rural credits before the Southern Com mercial congress, and leave that eve ning for Wash lng-ton, arriving Wednes day. t ,' ' y . ', ' . .. , The Southern . Commercial congress, which will hold forth in Mobile during tho first half of tho week, promises to be a most notable gathering-. The con vention- theme will be: "Tho Relation of ' From the Philadelphia Kortb American, s' '.The view of Jesus Christ as' the re veal er of the Ideals of democracy , Is not new, thougn its accepunco as yet 1 somewhat limited.' The Imprint of cen turies, ' wilch ' beheld In him nothing more than a ; spiritual liberator; an.l were unable to comprehend the clone Tela tlon between "'.free government, and sprltual freedom. Is too deep to be eradl. cated suddenly. But it is being eradi cated, and even' within tbo churches themselves. This IS a phase of the advance which we think many persons do not appre ciate.. There Is a general tendency to criticise the,.' church for its backward ness: and even its most loyal defenders admit , this Is in some measure Justi fied. But in a large and Increasing measure it Is not bourne out by the facts. , : Witness this , trumpet-call from fie report of the commission on the church and social service, ' adopted . lat year by the federal council of the Churches of Christ In Americas " :, ' -',. . ?rhere is a rapidly Increasing host, of democratio leaders, chosen by the masses of the people, who are seeking the highest liberty under moral law. "We believe that these i are to dis place. In power, those whose spirit Is bitter, whose selfishness is primary, whose philosophy Is determinism and whose political economy 1, that of a sometimes - paternallntlo ' feudalism, which they blindly seek to conaervo in the face of an industrial democracy chartered by the Gospel of Jesus ChfUt; and those faithless guides of the peo ple who simply worship tho mammon that other- men., posses ' -r.-s "There is no flnor opportunity for servloe in our day than i before thone meS to whom has been committed the dlraotion of these great Interests, call ing for clear heads and sympathetic spirit, and to these saving elements it is becoming clear, as it Is to thoa-e not' so close to the situation, thnt we may take our choice, between legitimate and wisely gTilded democratio organization, as a conserving-, constructive, evolution ary agency, mingling- at least lHrlit with heat serving not only to Incite, but also to restrain; our choice between this and the anomaly of unregulated riot. In toe very cause or juatloe. ITur.-wcluUua,, U -bora, act a vU ; , CHRISTIANITY AS DEMOCRACY . . tho United States to the Panama Canal, to Latin America and to World Com merce." According- to the latest advices from Europe, the marriage of Miss Nancy Loishman, daughter of the former American ambassador to Berlin, to the Duke of Croy, is to be performed Tues day In the cathedral in Geneva, pwlt erland The enKasrement of Miss Loish man and tho Puke of Croy has attracted relatives. . It has been said-that ; the members of the duke's family may con test the validity of his marriage to an American crlrL who can never. In Ger many, at any rate, legally call herself Duchess of Croy or enjoy any ngnts at a .German court -' A notable conference of tho premiers Of the Canadian provinces, similar to the conferenoe held two years ago, has been called to assemble in Ottawa Mon day. Tho conference will again take up tha matter of the objection of the Mart time - Provinces to having their repre sentation In the Dominion" parliament cut down.- Other subjects to receive at tention will ba the adjustment or pro vincial subsidies and reforms In the ju dicature act oalaulated to produce 'uni formity. ; ;:-V:::;'V-..'.'...,-! The National Convention of Methodist Men, which is to begin Its sessions in Indianapolis Tuesday, will be the first great gathering of Its kind In Method Ism. 'Three thousand lay and clerical delegates from every oeotlon , of the country will meet to discuss the" united missionary work of the Aietnoaiai ap' nrKl church. , ' ,- The second annual convention of the Investment ; Bankers Association of America will meet In Chicago Tuesday for a three days' session. This is ex pected to. be tho largest convention of Investment bankers ever held and rep resentatives from about 600 or tne ieaa inir invMatment bankln houses in the United Btates and canaaa wm aiwno. - Heartngrs-of arguments on tno apprai of the officers and members of tho In ternational Association of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, who were con vtcted and sentenced to Leavenworth prison In tho dynamite cases, are sched uled to begin weanesaay in wo "f court at Chlcaso. ,:."...,'? : VyC";". Following a spirited campaign, a gen eral election will be held in Newfound land on Thursday. The rival parties are hMdMt tT the oreaent premier. Sir Ed ward Morris, and tho, ox-premler. Sir Robert BondV.-.v.-: : : imoM tha notable gatherings of the week will b tho convention of tho Na tional W, a T, V In AsburT Park.MN. 3H and the annual meeting of tho Na tional. Association of Railway Commis sioners, ua Washington,, litters From the People A.-b.Hia, m u Tha Journal f Mb. Ucataoa IS tola oapanmeoi awmiu w -T nlv am alda st tha Da Mr. SIMUld Bet xeM SOO worda la lB1b and iot be acoompanlwl Kr th. ama ana addraM of U aandef. It the writer doaa act demtre to have tbe aasie pub- Uabed, be aheuld ee state.) --.;..,.'-';...., TWiiaatfa ta the araateat ef en NfernMni. It rattonallsae awrthlnc H toeehaa. It rob. Brteciplaa of an tle aaneUty and thnmt Otm naaonablMMaa It ruUiKlr troth than) out at extotaaee aad acts an Ita ewa enafliniwie la UlVu IWt wnws"J " - -! 4""-. l .ii .m as - Vllaanak- . . . Strongly Indorses Morals Court. New York. Oct to- To the Editor of Tho Jpural May I bo allowed space in your valuable columns to draw tho at tention of your readers to a certain mat ter which Is to be brought before the voters of Portland, at tho city election ta December? :';::,c 'v':;:t's i":'".:;: (There came to the birtn, some two years ago. something which took form in what for lack- or a better term,- nms been called a "morals court" At an over early ago, this Infant was placed In he hands of the legislators of Oregon.- Partly through Ignorance, partly through a mistaken Kindness, 11 was mistreated so as to become weU nigh unrecognizable oven br. its nearest friends. Through tho rood offices of the executive. It was removed from Us place of danger. After a period of re cuperation. It comes to receive tho fran chise of the voters of Portland in De cember. Since its birth, several broth ers and sisters have , appeared. ' Tha city of Chicago has adopted one, : tho city of Boston another, tho city of New Tork another. It has. grown until It gives sturdy promise Of much useful ness to tho publlo in a place where In telligent helpfulness la needed, namefy, where the law touches Individual mor als, or the lack of them. : v : What Is the morals court? ft Is tho effort to . treat the offender against decency Intelligently and humanely not mechanically and reproducUVoly aa we do under present methods. In some thing of tho same way that we are learn ing to treat Juvenile delinquents and eases of marital infelicity through Juvenile courts and marriage relations courts a morals court In close rela tion to.the municipal court would treat all cases, of crimes against morals and vague and Idle threat, but' as a stern reality,' .. , The scene Is shifting. The masse of the people are divided among them selves,' and this Imminent social crisis will give the church' the sovereign op portunity Of all her history to establish peace with the administering band of Justice. She is called now to bo the leader of leaders of a bewildered de mocracy." ,. . -v.-'. .. Nono familiar' with the teachings of Jesus; which form a "unique foundation for the rights of men," can doubt the fitness of his Christianity as a solvent for the perplexities and Inequalities of the present unrest Borne doubt its readiness to serve In this capacity. We incline to the opinion of one au thority, f wifo holds that! "when the church of Christ accepts the same de mocracy as Its founder It will reach Us final place of power and render Its per fect service to the social order." Yer-thls one who preached' equality of opportunity and practiced tho de mocracy ho taught by living the most democratio life ever lived by one of transcendent ability never dealt direct ly with any of tho social economlo or political faiths of his time. Professor 8 G. Smith says: , , : i , "He attacked neither tho evil of slav ery, the various forms of economlo In justice, nor polltloal tyranny. He busied himself in founding a society of love based upon a life of service. He pro moted the new order by securing- a new man. In many forms' he repeated t:io admonition, "What is that to thee? Fol low thou me.' With wisdom which in another teacher would have amounted to cunning. He . avoided Immediate Issues In the Interest of a world-wide movement and an age-lono; plaiu" : J That this was Intended by him to de velop something more than a theologi cal Institution la beat evidenced by the example ho set in his own life. His Contempt for the specially privileged, who fortified themselves with wealth and power, was the more marked be cause of his deep sympathy with and concern for the amasses. While the learned doctors debated matters of form and ritual, he set a new standard for social service with his parable of the good Samaritan. , , Then, In the parable Of the talents, he revealed the economlo form of his democracy. AH his teachings are built upon tho bedrock of service; and service th soul of demooraoy. IN EARLIER DAYS . Uy lrred lockley. . . "While the guest of Samuel' Hill on an automobllo trip through Washing ton, oentral Oregon and into California, we .stopped over night at MUllcan's la little oaSfs In the sooned desert. - After supper George Mlllican and nn Wife. showed us their Indian. curios and specimens. Some rich samples of gold ore lead the conversation to mining, "1 ca ma, tn California. In 18S0." Bald Mr. Mlllican. "I was only IS years old. Wo began -mining at the head of tbe Yuba river. , I ' worked first with a rocker and la tor with a long Tom. .; I struck . some, rich ground on Rabbit creek, in, fact I averaged nearly 120. a day all the time I was la there. Of course, this average was brought up by the fact, that I struck a pocket of coarse sold and nuggets from which I took out 11800 in a few hours. From there I -went to the Yreka country in 1884, min ing on Deadwood, Indian creek. Green Bug, Humbug, Scott's Bar and Happy" Camp. I stayed In tho mines there un til 1861, whita I went to the Nes Perce country, coming by way of Jacksonville, thence - up through the Umpqua end ' Willamette valleys to Portland and from Portland to Walla Walla, thence across the Enako river at tho moutH of the Clearwater.' ? I went first to Oro Flno, woa ui r""va cujr maa ir w, w- . ence. . I spent the Winter of 1881 In -Florence A good many of the miners l f lorence oaa come irom ireiuu ;c, Furber.whof was very popular with the Yreka boys, had come with the rest of 1 ua to tho Idaho mines. He had a daugh ter about II years old name.d Florence, When It came tlrno to name the camp . the miners voted to name it after Dr.. Furbers daughter, Florence,' ' - The first store to be started in Flor ence was started by John Crelghton and 1 -Captain Bledsoe. George Woodard put , in -the next store. Jim Warren, for whom tbo Warren digging's were named,' -was one of the miners there at that"' time." .In 1161 X went to San Francisco : taking out my gold dust and selling It 1 to tho mint for a little less than $15, 000.: ;That fall I came to Eiugene. ' Next year. 1863, I was married to Susan Rick ey at Corvallis. Reverend X IX Driver, one of the most brilliant and forceful preacners 1 ever neara marnea uur xirsi enua wo caiiea aiaaeiia, ui next . child was also- a girl whom we named . Maggie and our third Child was a boy whom We named Walter. When the post- office was established on my place on the McKensle river, I called It Walter- vtUe after my boy, X was the post master there for some years. . In 1S6I , I moved to McKay crook, three miles . north of Prinevllle. I drove a band of cattle Over the .- mountains In ,18(S. Ellsha Barnes, Uncle Billy Smith, who le sUU living at Prinevllle. - I'lrkhard, IIU ttB Bun, LUUM liiuic, aiin, m ium, ,v named Claypoole, came In that same season. - Barney Prlno came, that fall. ' from the Santlam country in tho Wll- 1 a m 1 1 a 1 av TT nn tin ln Mhln , where ho ran a saloon, store and black smith shon. - Thev used to olar cards ' on tha dining room table. If it was a 1 big game they didn't disturb them to set dinner on tbo table. Barney was quits v a sportsman., He bad some race horses x and he was also a foot-racer, ' He had a track In front Of his plaoo, whore ho used to run. We used to have lively Vigilantes and tho Moonshiner "Talking , about mining. I 'remember my brother going with a party of men in 'search of the Blue Bucket mine Just as they, were about to camp one night, , an Indian, parrying' hide, of some kind, swept through the camp at horse They shot at hint a dosen times. una or -tne snots aownoa nis nors out tho Indian lit on his feet as tho horeo ' fell and Jumped on one of our horses and escaped. ' All of tho party were afoot and there were lota of Indians' around so they decided to give up the search for the mines that year. . Ther Were then on the headwaters of the , Malheur river, V" .';-. , ., T k.w. t4u.J a MhJl m.mw ; year I have about xooo acres and raise a good many horse - I have been an outdoor man-all my Ufa Though I am T9 years old X find that X ara still v able to do a good day's work and stand as much as most of tho young fellows." 1 decency as " differentiated from . crimes against property and the person, where tho Judge could by summary proceeding reach the' facts of tho individual case and treat each as a person, and not merely as a cog In a machine, to bo merely fined or imprisoned;;, where a ; system of probation could be applied to the more tender and less cynical reoruit in a word, to humanise the whole proces - , . . j - - This Is no. untried theory, .Chicago has already established such a court, which is an improvement over tho old bit and mis catch-aa-catch-can, punt- tive method ' i.;:;-. - r.t:-!..-ry. .,..'-V'' The proposed amendment to the char ter establishing such a court ' In Port- land would add but a slight expense to the yearly budget It would Improve tremendously our publlo efficiency In the treatment of such cases as fall with in the hands of the law.. It affords to th cltlsens of Portland an opportunity, to do something constructive and worth while in a matter In which, so far as method is concerned,' we are . living In the middle age' X commend tho pro posed morals court amendment to tha consideration of the voters of tho city, that at .' least they, may Inform them- ', selves and not vote blindly on a matter which af foots tho well being of oon- -, alderable numbers of youthful as well ' as adult members of our community. . - HENRY .RUSSELIj TALBOT. , . The Same Vanderlip. ' Portland, Or., Oct 15.- To the Editor , of Tho Journal -Kindly advise mo v through the columns of Tha Journal If , Frank A. Vanderlip, president of tho National pty Bank -of, New York city. 1 ha aama msnv a w atKiariin jawtt aa m IB li J puiu a.- a ouj ara 1 bvuuvi uyi v uw eaav ;.r assistant treasurer of tho United State ' caused- the government to band .over the New York custom house, as a virtual present, to ' tho National City Bank, , some 19 years agoT and the terms on which it was so banded over. I -.:, ' ..' : T. . O. HAuUbL All dead men are honest so far as wo ,.- know. Tho principal Ingredient In , luck is comrrton sens u- .-. i.- :. ETrery married man knows that it takes but one to make a quarrel. : Anyway a woman never believes all her husband believes she believes.' . h , '.. An honert man doesn't strive for tbe kind of success that needs an excuse. At that a man s fool friends are about the only ones who. will lend him money. Expert swimmers keep their mouths closed. Few women are expert swim mer .(". ...... ; Tho average girl imagtnes the ro- mance Is mtsslmr from a proposal un less the stag's Is set for a moonlight scene, ... 1 Pointed Paragraphs ii's .V-' ' ''';'