The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, October 26, 1913, Page 17, Image 17

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    1
3,
1913.
THE OKEGOI; SUNDAY 'jOURNAi; PORTLAND, ' SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER
THE JOURNAL
mil rr Ttolng (airvpt Sunday) and
rarr (similar iornin t Tna Journal KUllo.
Iif , Broadway ofl Yamhill tt., Portland, Or.
I ..lTKi lit tb DO'
w riA t Portland. Or- for
rmwb Uie piiili as eeeeod class
IrmmmUflM UPM
WffwCTHniuirtlniwi)
1
nttjrt.iiml eatate'fas
I Tell the ! tor what aprtnwnt yoo want.
lninmtn Kantoor Oo., Hroaswioa uiuiuina.
k-a una imu, Nw Xetki U8 PeopU'
I Gaa Rulldlnr. ChlMm '
1 bubacriptloa Ttmi bjr mail or to W aWra
U Ui liniwa bLUa or Mexico , -
. - - ..... daily
On yaw, ......tB.00 0d Momtk
CM m tl-60 (0n Bwath . ......8 J3
DAXLX Aril BUftUAl
Om r ......TJ t On aooota' ......a .8
Lt us watch wall our berin
nlnr and nsulU trill nuiUf l
themseJvev--Alx. Clark.' ,
WHY TIXKER?
r
T to proposed to defeat the uni
versity appropriation as a pre
liminary to consolidating the
university land " agricultural . col
I What It the use of tinkering with
advanced education We have de
voted 85 years In building up the
State university. - What .la ..the use
of pulling down all that -we have
iFpent generation In buCdlngT .
- Both ' Institutions are doing well
lis 'they ; are.i ; Each la rendering
splendid service In ita respective
Held. Each. Alls adequately and efr
f actively a function In the general
teystem or oar state education. -
;. Why go to changing the scheme
hrten It la .working smoothly' and
-well? why put the Institutions on
wheels, and, give them a posh from
'which nobody knows where they wfU
jstop, If ever? , ,
There la no sound reason for
uniting them. Their fields are dis
tinct. , If there Is duplication- It Is
the fault -;ot: the "Board of Higher
Curricula, which was called Into ex
istence for the purpose of eliminat
ing duplication, and for no other
purpose.
There Is no more reason for eon
ijsolldatlng the unlveraity and agri
cultural college than for. consolidat
ing a school of mines and a female
Jfeminaryv There Is no more argu
'3sent : for - uniting them .. than for
uniting a lawyer's .office' and an
undertaker's schooL -Their work la
different and their fields distinct i .
.: ; No state that began with its state
(university and ' agricultural college
pas separate , Institutions . has ever
united them. No state tUat ever
investigated a 'plan of Joining them
.las reported favorably on such ac
! tlon. : Texas, which has them sepa
rate as In Oregon, had a commission
investigate thtf subject exhaustively.
The commission epent two years and
185,000 ; In the probe .and " then
Unanimously reported ' against 'con
solidation and In , favor of continu
ing them as separate- institutions.
' . The whole subject ought to be
i dropped. The schools ought to be
(let alone. They ought to be given
ta chance to advance. They cannot
(be given that chance so long as they
(ire kept on wheels. :" ,"v 'J
j Vote 100 yes and SOS yes on the
Jpntverslty appropriations. -' .' v'. i
THH SUM) AT SCHOOL
IIGURE3 recently compiled show
the present total enrollment,
teachers and : pupils, ' in the
Sunday schools of the ' world
rto be 28.701,489. This Is a gain
of 890,295 over the figures reported
'In 1910. The increase In the num
jher of schools Is 11,884. " r
i These; figures are inspiring to
.church, workers, but a study of the
jpercentage ' alfords eome surprises.
Civilized countries are sending tols
tslonarles to t the - Bamoan Islands,
but the records show that . these
Islands have the greatest percentage
lot total population, in ' the Sunday
Vechools of any country In the world.
jOut of a total population of (08,000
jpamoans ,29.1 per cent ara In the
' jschools.' ,-:;'' . . y ; ' : r";
I The Fiji Islands, with a popula
; tlon of over 128,000, have a larger
1 percentage ) in the Sunday schools
iXhan the United 8tates. The pro
portion1 of the latter is 18.8, as
against 18.88 for JUL Great Brit
ain has 21.2 per cent in the Sunday
schools, while even Labrador has 15
;rpor cent. y.Xifi'k-: v.-1-;
i : i The ' figures are proof that Christ
;tlanity is advancing. .. Missionaries
tre doing excellent work. with at
tendant encouraging results. . Per
haps the time is approaching when
j Camoans will hear the call and come
to cmuzea countries as teachers of
the truth.:; ;
if
THE SOMERS SYSTEM
j a ESESSOR EEED advocates the
i adoption of the Somen unit
' ' IL, Wteto of realty valuaUoh for
; t taxing ( purposes ; in Portland.'
jlle said , in last Sunday's Journal
that the system,' wlti slight modlfl-
cations, can be used to advantage
la thlT city, and he urges in its be
ihalf that assessed valuations should
be fixed fe? some ;sdentlfi process
which guarantees practical equality,
j The Bomers system ' Is in use in
teveral .large 4 American cities," and
: It la proving a suocess in each. ' Its
i I bbIo principle Is the determination
jcf , actual values of one foot strips
of property in the middle .of each
Uy block,1 these values to be used
:a determining " the value of each
: irccl in the block. "k After the nar
row etripa are properly valued,4the
i ht of the process la mere mathe
riatical computation based on estab
::iihcd rules as to values of corner
c-omparod with inside lots. . v
Inequitable assessment of property
-r taxing purposes Is one ct the
sins of .government. The old method
of ' assessing is for i an official ; to
guess T values, v Sometimes he
guesses ' close to. the right figure,
but too 0 bften'":'h. is '-iwlde 'lofL'V the'
mark, with the result that one man
pays more and another less than his
just, share of taxes. ' '1 , , "
on an equitable baslB, but this can
not be accomplished ' by means of
old-time haphazard methods.' . What
is needed is a proved sclentiflo pro
cess.:' The Somers unit, system Is
backed by the experience of other
cities; - It , may be - the : system pe
culiarly adapted to Portland. '. "
Something should be done to im
prove this city's method of assessing
property. There . is a demand for
equality between property' owners.
There : Is the further demand for
some ' close relation between as
seBsed , valuations and , prices asked
when the city wishes to buy.1 1 , -
IT, WAS HIGH TEMH
s ' m 1 L y f
P'
OSTMASTER MTERS says The
Journal 1ft entitled to the credit
for the change of plan by
which the new postofflce is to
be "an eight Instead of a ' two-story
buildlngv
The Journal undoubtedly helped.
But so did : Postmaster , Myers. So
did the Oregon senators. ; 80 ; did
congress, which consented ' to 'the
insertion of the changed program in
the deficiency bill. , , , ' , ,
Out of It all is almost certain to
come a" countrywide : change that
wOl put an end to the huge rental
outlay that ' approximates the ' pro
portions of a publia scandal. - In the
national ' capital, for instance, the
government rentals v' total ; nearly
8600,000."'' It makes this nation a
tenant in its own capital, a tres
passer in Its own eat of govern
meat.. A. " . v )' ' v 1 '
In all the cities of the land there
Is a similar profligacy in rent' pay
ing,',. The government spends huge
sums for federal buildings and, fall
ing to, provide adequate housing as
was proposed In Portland, goes on
paying Jarge' am chin ts for private
quarters for other federal activities.
It Is a monumental absurdity as was
seen inr: the proposal to spend a
million " and a half of money - in
Portland on a two-story postofflce,
with the city paying now 882,805 a
year in rentals. .', Vy:,;y-:
The ' Journal Is thankful X to be
given some credit for 1 the ; change
of program. , ; It is trying to serve
this public,. It strove ' to save , the
Portland : waterfront from ' private
monopolization. Had' The - Journal
or some other paper of like policies
been in existence when , the great
grab of publlo property was being
provided for in subterranean legis
lation, the ; Portland waterfront
would still be publlo property. In
stead of - being held for exorbitant
prices, the Portland'foreshore would
now bo available for a great system
of public docks. t , - .-',.
" It is not Immodest for The Jour
nal to point, out that Its agitation
secured - a - reduction of the Mock
bottom option' from $2000 to 82500
an acre. Nor would It be unwar
ranted to note- that closely follow
ing The Journal's - publicity ,' comes
the offer of John Klosterman to ac
cept 850,000 for a fractional lot In
the path of the proposed extension
of Oak street, for;, which ho de
manded : 876,000 a week ago,: and
which ' he then said that he could
probably sell for 8100,000.
i It was high time for some news
paper to step in and defend the pub
llo against the extortions that have
been , practiced ; for years upon this
town whenever property was wanted
for the people's uses.- - V'-
A GOOD BEGINNING ,
, , , .;: - 1 . , '
f
TJLTNOM AH. county hah made
a good beginning in the con
struction of ... its portion ; of
the Columbia River Highway
by the employment of expert talent
This is plainly, apparent , to any one
who will observe the progress of the
work and note the efficiency of or
ganization and economy of opera
tion in overcoming natural obstacles.
Road : making is .both - a science
and an art. To bund a road that
will " endure and ' be of easy grade
requires greats engineering ability,
combined with the eye of the artlBt
There must be ' a "fitting to the
earth's surface as a coat is fitted
to a man's body. There must be a
balancing of quantities in, making
cut and fill to save labor. .,
There must be long, graceful longi
tudinal curves ": to delight the eye
and 1 slight , : vertical curves , to ' rest
the limbs of the . horse by. calling
f ot : a change of muscles. There
must be good drainage. There must
be classlo bridges and viaducts. '
There must be avoidance of steen
pitches, : death dealing sharp turns
and deep cuts.. ;
A man may be an excellent land
surveyor,; a capable railway ; engi
neer but a lamentable failure as a
roadullder..,,''? :fo?l-z$K .?f.-
The . country , is on the threshold
of extensive road construction and It
is well that these things should be
understood in the beginning. If the
old order is "to Obtain there will be
a woeful waste of money without
result' In expending money for
roads the publlo ; funds' should be
handled like those of a big business
concern wyh, checks and counter
checks. Before , undertaking actual
work of construction there -should
be a; careful study and location of
the ground and a definite plan
adopted, t When a large corporation
contemplates a vast work It calls in
the best ; skill available to lay out
tne general plan,-unmindful of the
expert's compensation. ; .This should
..6vt.to6no.!Bt !!n to JwtttsJati: iritnesa;h: failure of a greaj;
lng permanent ' highways. - By doing
this thousands i of 1 dollars r will o
saved Qd : the skilled man will be
Cheap at any price. The followers
of tthe' political f cainp ! will S Hi x
penslve at the most nominal price.,
. Roads are a" pwt of the land, and
like the land they will remain and
not ova W&mfflBBBfZl&
Should' oe-
1 "gti 'cuameieaaiM
ceedlng generations can hot lm
prove their location or be compelled
to struggle under an inheritance of
debt incurred in their, construction.
tho old order of their buim
lng pass away.:--.' 'H 'KW'f '
GTJ1XTT AS CHARGED
MfIPOTENTLT, and ' grandllo
I 1 ; quently if - noit PalsUf f lcally
ri the esteemed Oregonlan. an
.. - bounces to this bailiwick that
no': so-called newspaper ethics . can
Influence It : Speaking of its . pre
mature publication of the report of
the school survey, it says:
No official nor individual with 4 lit
tle temporary authority ., has a . right
to take advantage of weallad newa
paper ethloa to ; delay tha publication
of an Important publlo document bo
y end the actual period of nawi ma
turity. - ' ,
That Is to : say, the Oregonlan
pleads guilty to all charged in The
Journal's indictment It : acknowl
edges that' it did refuse to be bound
by what it 4erma -"so-called news
paper ethlCB."; f Again it says : XVi
la any plan to havo tho Oregonlan
print anythlns whatever at opeolflo
tlmo the Oresonlaa pur
poaea to.be consulted. -j
That is exactly what The Journal
said about the Oregonlan.' ' That pa
per refused to be bound by its own
Implied pledge " when the survey re
port was entrusted to its keeping.
t Though tne sacreflness or tne "re
lease date" is in the very alphabet
of Journalisjn:' though there Is no
higher obligation In Journalism than
the implied covenant to respect' the
release authority, ' the" Oregonlan
printed ' tho survey report without
waiting for it to be released. '
That , was no Journalistic scoop.
The Telegram had the report several
day before the Oregonlan published
it. It ; too : could , have ' scored a
'."scoop"' by breaking faith! with those
who placed the report ln its hands.
' The Journal also could have pub
lished , the report . several days be
fore." All it had to do was to play
false to tho survey committee,, who
placed the report InMta hands "with
instructions not to print yantU re
leased. Any newspaper jthat la with
out honor can make - the kind of
beat that the Oregonlan is so boast
ful of ' in this case ; by. playing the
game without respect to its honor
and ' in : total . deflanoe of' common
honesty, ' . '
The Oregonlan prints news when
it .-.bappt&sC finally exclaims ' this
neighbor of ours, . Yeal And some
times when" it doesn'jf happen. ,i
There, for instance, was the phony
Ufesaver's long graceful dive from
Broadway bridge down, fathom over
fathom, Jnto . the ' dark and mystic
river below, there saving a drown
ing fellow creature, only to say when
he had reached tho near-by' shore, ;
Qh, shucks now; cut out that hero;
stuff." Na: brighter - page : in the
history , of the Oregonlan was ever
written than on that, thrilling day
when it "printed news on the day
when it happened," and fairly threw
this town into conniptions, with' Its
story of bow. the drowning man In
his ; struggles seized .- the lif esaver,
and ' how the Intrepid high 1 diver
smote him with a fell : smite, and
forced , him, "as the admiring thou
sands on the bridge, looked down
and cheered, to take the count .' ,
Yes, indeed, the Oregonlan "prints
the news when it happens," but
sometimes when it prints the news'
It has its headlight on behind. , ',
..4y 'XSS I Mi'i il I
THE COUNTRY CHURCH ;
HQ United States Bureau of Ed-'
, ucatloa and the Presbyterian
' Board of Missions have made
1 a social survey of Montgomery
county, Maryland. Schools, church
es, lodges and general economlo con
ditions were thoroughly Investigated,
and ' the ? satement ; is made ; that
Montgomery , county Is . , similar to
many farming communities in the
eastern states. '.. '.- 1 ., .-; ,
A map accompanying the pub
lished report is dotted with marks
indicating abandoned .churches.
There are forty-four ministers work
ing regularly In .the county',' and
there ' are - two Quaker and one
Christian Science church which have
no ministers. The report says: ,
The churches are making- little effort
to serve ' the community as a social
center. Their activities are undertaken
for tho sake of the money to bo raised
by ' them and not because tho church
feels ltelf i-obllgfcted to furnish . recre
ation and aoolal facilities far their own
aakea.' In seneral, the social Ufa of
the churches la at a distinctly low ebb.
' In spite of the abandoned edifices
and not counting the negro congre
gations, 95 churches still struggle
for an existence. - Eighty-six of these
are, Protestant and nine are Roman
Catholic - The . Protestant . churches
Include 15 denominations, of which
only five make any show of strength.
Nine denominations each have three
churches or less. The total member
ship i of all churches is 9701, of
which 6994 are Protestant and 2707
are Catholic ,
The. figures are Illuminating.
Eighty-six Protestant churches with
an , average membership. Including
children, of only 81, demonstrates
that the country church la weak.
The report says church activities are
undertaken for the sake 01 the
money to be raised by them, raiher
than because of any conscious obli
gation to furnish recreation and so
cial facilities for their own sake.
Clinging to their small sectarian
Ideas.' members of these churches
cause, to ' progress, because people j
refuse to put petty distinctions aside. ,
, Church unity would benefit Mont- j
gomery county spiritually and phys
ically; , A great revival Is needed,
not only to get ' people into the
churches, but, also to get the church
es into one big brotherhood. '
T ,
I
F, any question ever existed as', Jo
the w4'sdom of i conserving the
public domain for the people's
benefit, ; Minnesota's experience
with, her university and school lands
1st conclusive. 1 It is now r estimated
that Minnesota's ultimate receipts
from the sale of all state lands will
aggregate 8200,000,000, making a
fund for educational purposes unpre
cedented in the' world's history.
A'.Jittle more than 60 years, ago
a constitutional convention met at
St Paul. - A provision was put in
the fundamental law that land given
the "state by 'the United States must
be sold at public sale?' and .the pro
ceeds .put into 'a fund, the income
from, which would be "available for
distribution among the counties in
proportion to school population.
Other states were selling school
lands as low, as 81.25 an acre, many
of the tracts being covered by valu
able white pine. But Minnesota
fixed a minimum price of 85 an acre
for farm lands and 87-for timber
lands. The next step came In 1863,
when it was turther enacted ' that
timber should' be sold . separately at
yuuuu iniUt uJSk sjoyu . svu
Underneath large tracts of theae
timber lands ' lay deposits " of Iron
ore'; as ; yet undiscovered. ' It was
saved : to : the state because) timber-
men wanted Only the pine. " They
hugged the 'delusion that the . bare
land .' was -worthless and would re
main- so .until settlers came in to
conquer WsoiL ;, ; l - :
'When ; ore : wag discovered "state
auditdr on his "own initiative stopped
the sale of all land and later the
legislature passed ?lawl providing
for the-leasing of ore areas 'and
naming a , royalty of 25 cents a ton
onf all ore xoined.' 61nce then it was
decided that this sum was too small
and the law was repealed, with the
result that leasing of ore lands has
ceased. , - The. state believes there Is
no necessity tor haste and that a
suitable royalty can be fixed ' when
the ' demand for ore becomes : In
sistent. . 1 ' ' -
Minnesota's record. Is unique. It
illustrates ' how , conservation : wqn
even before the' word was thought
of In connection i, with the public
domain.- Iowa has sold all but 300,
acres of the 8,000,000 given her by
tho federal government, and Iowa's
permanent school , fund Is .less than
85.000,000. Wisconsin practically
gavo away her school lands, and
Michigan with M0O.OO0 acres real
ized about 86,000,000 from, theni,;
Of more than 8,000,000 seres
granted to. her Minnesota has over
3,000,000 left and these of the rich
est - The lands Mlnaesota has sold
have yielded her . 880,000,000 and
this money is now in the form of a
permanent fund drawing interest at
an average rata of , four, per. cent,
tho proceeds gofng to tho support
of ducaUon.v.'Y:.;;, 'vw''("w '-r;;v';x1?
Minnesota's great potential wealth
lies in iron ore, but two neighboring
states with only , bar land to sell
have profited by Minnesota's exam
ple. f North Dakota, - with a- total
acreage of 8,000,000, of which more
than hUf remains, unsold, has. 89,-
000,000 - In her school fund, and
South Dakota with 8,500,000 acres
originally has a fund of 812,000,000.
Each pi the Dakotas looks toward
a permanent school funC of -850,-
000,000 as compared -with Minne
sota's 8200,000,000. .
Conservation, even though it was
not called by that name, is bringing
fortunes . to three states, and. the
states have kept step with progress
despite the fact that private Interests
failed to - acquire the . entire public
domain. ' -
tf yon want to pass the . Univer
sity of Oregon appsoprlatlons, .vote
800 yes and 802 yes. It you want
to favor the sterilisation and coun
ty attorney, bill . vote 80 ' yes and
806 'yes. It you want the work
men's compensation bill " approved,
vote '808 yes. If you are for a
civilized bridge Instead of a primi
tive ferry, at, Vancouver,' vote 810
,h v ,y '. ,',,11".." ",,a 1, -
A Chicago tramp stole 827.50
from a woman who had played "Silt
ver Threads Among the .Gold", on
the piano tor him. Still, there are
those who win claim that it was no
bargain counter- affair for the tramp.
- .There is still an eloquent silence
by. those who . supplied the money
for holding up the workmen's com
pensation act. ' J That silence Is itself
an eloquent f argument ; for . over
whelmingly passing the measure. -
-; While a surplus - of 118,000,000
Is predicted for the new tariff bill,
It would, be well , not . te make ar
rangements for permanently banking
the money until the appropriations
are all heard from. , (
A record' of 125 , miles an hour
has been made by an aeroplane. It
is. a swift pace in which to travel
toward that bourne to which all air
men, go If they stay long enough in
the game.' 1
' Three civilized nations have' no
workmen's compensation law. They
are the United Btates, Russia and
Turkey. " Vote 808 yes and get Ore
gon out of Turkey's class.
He Is a wise young man who quietly
attaches a muffler to the screaming ap
paratus of a airl.batoro at tame tin.
WORK AND MONEYS
, By Dr. Frank Crane.5
(Copyright, 1913, by Frank Crane.)
Itla usually put forth as a knock
down araument , that If . men did not
have to work for bread and 'butter they
j" U is assumed as a matterof e0UraaTtio.f-
that money Is tho representative of tho
only universal motive of human! en
ergy, and that If all were assurod. a
good living nobody would turn a hand.
I do not belive this. I believe that
money Is ifot a legitimate) motive at
alL To Illustrate, let us imagine that
state of the world, 10 which wo wJU
come some day, where wages xlt no
more. . . . ..,:..:.-.,.:.. ,.v"
Let us euppone we have so' 'devel
oped the state that every child Is as
sured of care and flue training.- No
Ignorant, unskilled, or criminally, de
fective . beings are brought Into ' the
number .of Independent adults. : X? In
capable of decent life on arriving; at
manhood they are taRen , care of In
proper Institutions.
, Let us suppose also that every per
son Is fed. housed and clothed by the
state. IJe mari or woman needs , to
labor to. make a living. Tho entire mo
tive of subsistence Is eliminated. '
Instead of this resulting In the pa
I ralysls of all energy. It would be but
the beginning or progress. As Moryd
Sheridan sayss . "When our existence
Is comfortably, assured, ' the battle of
ure win tiavo oetun in ' earnest''
. Men, ' with .k tholr present stoak of
laeais, would or course strop into Idle
ness under such . circumstances; - but
men now differ -from men, then almost
aa mucn as a nog- oirrers rrom a man.
It Is frankly to be admitted that al-
trulstlo, feelings and clvio eonsclenoe
must be greatly strengthened, Condi
tions now are . the only practical ones
for', half-barbarous creatures such as
we are at present'
, But let us bo specific. What motives
precisely will supersede personal gain?
Instead of v work for money there
will 'be craftsmanship for the Joy of
It People now love to make, do, and
manage things for., fun when - the
things are what they enjoy doing. . The
problem of civilisation is to change
labor Into craft and tnus Into play.
- Machinery Is -more id more replae
lng tho drudgery of hands. The steam
dredger does tho work of a hundred
hand shovels: carry that on a hundred
years and Imagln the vast amount of
disagreeable effort that , will bo taken
from men. 1 :,-.' s ' 1
There will bo enthusiasm of art,
of muslvof letters and science. v Even
now the best work hero is not at all
for money and Is poorly paid. i
The joy of home making; Is not a
money-paM pleasure. Tho wives and
mothers of the future will be a busy
and as happy as now.; ' ,:-.
we are all sensitive to publlo opin
ion. The scorn of our follows Is a
sharp whip. As we progress It will
grow sharper. Men will bo ashamed
to bo Idle. HUman beings work as .hard
to avoid contempt as to gat money. To
have tho esteem rand praise of ' tho
community ; will move men as power
fully aa to make gain.
In a wage-rre democracy wo shall
not only have better poems and paint
ings ana soionurie ' discoveries and
muslo, but streetcars will be run bet
ter, groceries and milk will be of bet
ter quality and hotter distributed, meals
will bo better cooked, clothes wllV be
bettor made, and all tho Uttlo neces
sary work of tho world better , done,
because always a large part of tho peo
ple can do , these things and cannot
write poetry nor compose xnuslo,
xou rememoer -jom nawyere getting
tho boys to whltwash his fence, when
ho made It seem fun to them? -
That a plain human natura And 1
believe all men will do more and bet
tor work when tney shall work because
It Is fun to them, and .when not to
work will only mean tho contempt of
their fellows. - -tirrit'.'
And, take It now, tho people who
never have to car for broad or cloth
ing; are about ss energetic mo the farm
hands .with, of course, notable exemp
tions among- tho perverts of society and
of "society's" haag-ors on, ' : .v.
NEWS FORECAST FOR THE
' COMING WEEK
'Washington. XX ; C,; Oct. tS. From
Philadelphia, whore he is to attend tho
Congress Hall dedication today, Presi
dent Wilson will proceed direct to Mo
bile, Ala-, whera bo will arrive Monday
morning. .The president will spend the
day In Mobile, delivering an address on
rural credits before the Southern Com
mercial congress, and leave that eve
ning for Wash lng-ton, arriving Wednes
day. t ,' ' y . ', ' . ..
, The Southern . Commercial congress,
which will hold forth in Mobile during
tho first half of tho week, promises to
be a most notable gathering-. The con
vention- theme will be: "Tho Relation of '
From the Philadelphia Kortb American,
s' '.The view of Jesus Christ as' the re
veal er of the Ideals of democracy , Is not
new, thougn its accepunco as yet 1
somewhat limited.' The Imprint of cen
turies, ' wilch ' beheld In him nothing
more than a ; spiritual liberator; an.l
were unable to comprehend the clone
Tela tlon between "'.free government, and
sprltual freedom. Is too deep to be eradl.
cated suddenly. But it is being eradi
cated, and even' within tbo churches
themselves.
This IS a phase of the advance which
we think many persons do not appre
ciate.. There Is a general tendency to
criticise the,.' church for its backward
ness: and even its most loyal defenders
admit , this Is in some measure Justi
fied. But in a large and Increasing
measure it Is not bourne out by the
facts. , :
Witness this , trumpet-call from fie
report of the commission on the church
and social service, ' adopted . lat year
by the federal council of the Churches
of Christ In Americas " :, ' -',.
. ?rhere is a rapidly Increasing host,
of democratio leaders, chosen by the
masses of the people, who are seeking
the highest liberty under moral law.
"We believe that these i are to dis
place. In power, those whose spirit Is
bitter, whose selfishness is primary,
whose philosophy Is determinism and
whose political economy 1, that of a
sometimes - paternallntlo ' feudalism,
which they blindly seek to conaervo in
the face of an industrial democracy
chartered by the Gospel of Jesus ChfUt;
and those faithless guides of the peo
ple who simply worship tho mammon
that other- men., posses ' -r.-s
"There is no flnor opportunity for
servloe in our day than i before thone
meS to whom has been committed the
dlraotion of these great Interests, call
ing for clear heads and sympathetic
spirit, and to these saving elements it
is becoming clear, as it Is to thoa-e not'
so close to the situation, thnt we may
take our choice, between legitimate and
wisely gTilded democratio organization,
as a conserving-, constructive, evolution
ary agency, mingling- at least lHrlit with
heat serving not only to Incite, but
also to restrain; our choice between this
and the anomaly of unregulated riot. In
toe very cause or juatloe.
ITur.-wcluUua,, U -bora, act a vU
; , CHRISTIANITY AS DEMOCRACY . .
tho United States to the Panama Canal,
to Latin America and to World Com
merce." According- to the latest advices from
Europe, the marriage of Miss Nancy
Loishman, daughter of the former
American ambassador to Berlin, to the
Duke of Croy, is to be performed Tues
day In the cathedral in Geneva, pwlt
erland The enKasrement of Miss Loish
man and tho Puke of Croy has attracted
relatives. . It has been said-that ; the
members of the duke's family may con
test the validity of his marriage to an
American crlrL who can never. In Ger
many, at any rate, legally call herself
Duchess of Croy or enjoy any ngnts at
a .German court -'
A notable conference of tho premiers
Of the Canadian provinces, similar to
the conferenoe held two years ago, has
been called to assemble in Ottawa Mon
day. Tho conference will again take up
tha matter of the objection of the Mart
time - Provinces to having their repre
sentation In the Dominion" parliament
cut down.- Other subjects to receive at
tention will ba the adjustment or pro
vincial subsidies and reforms In the ju
dicature act oalaulated to produce 'uni
formity. ; ;:-V:::;'V-..'.'...,-!
The National Convention of Methodist
Men, which is to begin Its sessions in
Indianapolis Tuesday, will be the first
great gathering of Its kind In Method
Ism. 'Three thousand lay and clerical
delegates from every oeotlon , of the
country will meet to discuss the" united
missionary work of the Aietnoaiai ap'
nrKl church. , ' ,-
The second annual convention of the
Investment ; Bankers Association of
America will meet In Chicago Tuesday
for a three days' session. This is ex
pected to. be tho largest convention of
Investment bankers ever held and rep
resentatives from about 600 or tne ieaa
inir invMatment bankln houses in the
United Btates and canaaa wm aiwno. -
Heartngrs-of arguments on tno apprai
of the officers and members of tho In
ternational Association of Bridge and
Structural Iron Workers, who were con
vtcted and sentenced to Leavenworth
prison In tho dynamite cases, are sched
uled to begin weanesaay in wo "f
court at Chlcaso. ,:."...,'? : VyC";".
Following a spirited campaign, a gen
eral election will be held in Newfound
land on Thursday. The rival parties are
hMdMt tT the oreaent premier. Sir Ed
ward Morris, and tho, ox-premler. Sir
Robert BondV.-.v.-: :
: imoM tha notable gatherings of the
week will b tho convention of tho Na
tional W, a T, V In AsburT Park.MN.
3H and the annual meeting of tho Na
tional. Association of Railway Commis
sioners, ua Washington,,
litters From the People
A.-b.Hia, m u Tha Journal f Mb.
Ucataoa IS tola oapanmeoi awmiu w -T
nlv am alda st tha Da Mr. SIMUld Bet xeM
SOO worda la lB1b and iot be acoompanlwl
Kr th. ama ana addraM of U aandef. It the
writer doaa act demtre to have tbe aasie pub-
Uabed, be aheuld ee state.) --.;..,.'-';....,
TWiiaatfa ta the araateat ef en NfernMni.
It rattonallsae awrthlnc H toeehaa. It rob.
Brteciplaa of an tle aaneUty and thnmt Otm
naaonablMMaa It ruUiKlr troth than) out
at extotaaee aad acts an Ita ewa enafliniwie la
UlVu IWt wnws"J " - -! 4""-.
l .ii .m as - Vllaanak- . . .
Strongly Indorses Morals Court.
New York. Oct to- To the Editor of
Tho Jpural May I bo allowed space in
your valuable columns to draw tho at
tention of your readers to a certain mat
ter which Is to be brought before the
voters of Portland, at tho city election
ta December? :';::,c 'v':;:t's i":'".:;:
(There came to the birtn, some two
years ago. something which took form
in what for lack- or a better term,- nms
been called a "morals court" At an
over early ago, this Infant was placed
In he hands of the legislators of Oregon.-
Partly through Ignorance, partly
through a mistaken Kindness, 11 was
mistreated so as to become weU nigh
unrecognizable oven br. its nearest
friends. Through tho rood offices of
the executive. It was removed from Us
place of danger. After a period of re
cuperation. It comes to receive tho fran
chise of the voters of Portland in De
cember. Since its birth, several broth
ers and sisters have , appeared. ' Tha
city of Chicago has adopted one, : tho
city of Boston another, tho city of New
Tork another. It has. grown until It
gives sturdy promise Of much useful
ness to tho publlo in a place where In
telligent helpfulness la needed, namefy,
where the law touches Individual mor
als, or the lack of them. : v
: What Is the morals court? ft Is tho
effort to . treat the offender against
decency Intelligently and humanely
not mechanically and reproducUVoly aa
we do under present methods. In some
thing of tho same way that we are learn
ing to treat Juvenile delinquents and
eases of marital infelicity through
Juvenile courts and marriage relations
courts a morals court In close rela
tion to.the municipal court would treat
all cases, of crimes against morals and
vague and Idle threat, but' as a stern
reality,' .. ,
The scene Is shifting. The masse
of the people are divided among them
selves,' and this Imminent social crisis
will give the church' the sovereign op
portunity Of all her history to establish
peace with the administering band of
Justice. She is called now to bo the
leader of leaders of a bewildered de
mocracy." ,. . -v.-'. ..
Nono familiar' with the teachings of
Jesus; which form a "unique foundation
for the rights of men," can doubt the
fitness of his Christianity as a solvent
for the perplexities and Inequalities of
the present unrest Borne doubt its
readiness to serve In this capacity.
We incline to the opinion of one au
thority, f wifo holds that! "when the
church of Christ accepts the same de
mocracy as Its founder It will reach Us
final place of power and render Its per
fect service to the social order."
Yer-thls one who preached' equality
of opportunity and practiced tho de
mocracy ho taught by living the most
democratio life ever lived by one of
transcendent ability never dealt direct
ly with any of tho social economlo or
political faiths of his time. Professor
8 G. Smith says: , , : i ,
"He attacked neither tho evil of slav
ery, the various forms of economlo In
justice, nor polltloal tyranny. He busied
himself in founding a society of love
based upon a life of service. He pro
moted the new order by securing- a new
man. In many forms' he repeated t:io
admonition, "What is that to thee? Fol
low thou me.' With wisdom which in
another teacher would have amounted
to cunning. He . avoided Immediate
Issues In the Interest of a world-wide
movement and an age-lono; plaiu" :
J That this was Intended by him to de
velop something more than a theologi
cal Institution la beat evidenced by the
example ho set in his own life. His
Contempt for the specially privileged,
who fortified themselves with wealth
and power, was the more marked be
cause of his deep sympathy with and
concern for the amasses. While the
learned doctors debated matters of form
and ritual, he set a new standard for
social service with his parable of the
good Samaritan. , ,
Then, In the parable Of the talents,
he revealed the economlo form of his
democracy. AH his teachings are built
upon tho bedrock of service; and service
th soul of demooraoy.
IN EARLIER DAYS
. Uy lrred lockley. .
. "While the guest of Samuel' Hill on
an automobllo trip through Washing
ton, oentral Oregon and into California,
we .stopped over night at MUllcan's la
little oaSfs In the sooned desert. -
After supper George Mlllican and nn
Wife. showed us their Indian. curios and
specimens. Some rich samples of gold
ore lead the conversation to mining, "1
ca ma, tn California. In 18S0." Bald Mr.
Mlllican. "I was only IS years old. Wo
began -mining at the head of tbe Yuba
river. , I ' worked first with a rocker
and la tor with a long Tom. .; I struck .
some, rich ground on Rabbit creek, in,
fact I averaged nearly 120. a day all
the time I was la there. Of course, this
average was brought up by the fact,
that I struck a pocket of coarse sold
and nuggets from which I took out
11800 in a few hours. From there I -went
to the Yreka country in 1884, min
ing on Deadwood, Indian creek. Green
Bug, Humbug, Scott's Bar and Happy"
Camp. I stayed In tho mines there un
til 1861, whita I went to the Nes Perce
country, coming by way of Jacksonville,
thence - up through the Umpqua end '
Willamette valleys to Portland and from
Portland to Walla Walla, thence across
the Enako river at tho moutH of the
Clearwater.' ? I went first to Oro Flno,
woa ui r""va cujr maa ir w, w- .
ence. . I spent the Winter of 1881 In -Florence
A good many of the miners
l f lorence oaa come irom ireiuu ;c,
Furber.whof was very popular with the
Yreka boys, had come with the rest of 1
ua to tho Idaho mines. He had a daugh
ter about II years old name.d Florence,
When It came tlrno to name the camp .
the miners voted to name it after Dr..
Furbers daughter, Florence,' ' -
The first store to be started in Flor
ence was started by John Crelghton and 1 -Captain
Bledsoe. George Woodard put ,
in -the next store. Jim Warren, for
whom tbo Warren digging's were named,' -was
one of the miners there at that"'
time." .In 1161 X went to San Francisco :
taking out my gold dust and selling It 1
to tho mint for a little less than $15,
000.: ;That fall I came to Eiugene. ' Next
year. 1863, I was married to Susan Rick
ey at Corvallis. Reverend X IX Driver,
one of the most brilliant and forceful
preacners 1 ever neara marnea uur
xirsi enua wo caiiea aiaaeiia, ui next .
child was also- a girl whom we named .
Maggie and our third Child was a boy
whom We named Walter. When the post-
office was established on my place on
the McKensle river, I called It Walter-
vtUe after my boy, X was the post
master there for some years. . In 1S6I ,
I moved to McKay crook, three miles .
north of Prinevllle. I drove a band of
cattle Over the .- mountains In ,18(S.
Ellsha Barnes, Uncle Billy Smith, who
le sUU living at Prinevllle. - I'lrkhard,
IIU ttB Bun, LUUM liiuic, aiin, m ium, ,v
named Claypoole, came In that same
season. - Barney Prlno came, that fall. '
from the Santlam country in tho Wll-
1 a m 1 1 a 1 av TT nn tin ln Mhln ,
where ho ran a saloon, store and black
smith shon. - Thev used to olar cards '
on tha dining room table. If it was a 1
big game they didn't disturb them to set
dinner on tbo table. Barney was quits v
a sportsman., He bad some race horses x
and he was also a foot-racer, ' He had
a track In front Of his plaoo, whore ho
used to run. We used to have lively
Vigilantes and tho Moonshiner
"Talking , about mining. I 'remember
my brother going with a party of
men in 'search of the Blue Bucket mine
Just as they, were about to camp one
night, , an Indian, parrying' hide, of
some kind, swept through the camp at
horse They shot at hint a dosen times.
una or -tne snots aownoa nis nors out
tho Indian lit on his feet as tho horeo '
fell and Jumped on one of our horses
and escaped. ' All of tho party were
afoot and there were lota of Indians'
around so they decided to give up the
search for the mines that year. . Ther
Were then on the headwaters of the ,
Malheur river, V" .';-. , .,
T k.w. t4u.J a MhJl m.mw ;
year I have about xooo acres and
raise a good many horse - I have been
an outdoor man-all my Ufa Though I
am T9 years old X find that X ara still v
able to do a good day's work and stand
as much as most of tho young fellows." 1
decency as " differentiated from . crimes
against property and the person, where
tho Judge could by summary proceeding
reach the' facts of tho individual case
and treat each as a person, and not
merely as a cog In a machine, to bo
merely fined or imprisoned;;, where a ;
system of probation could be applied to
the more tender and less cynical reoruit
in a word, to humanise the whole
proces - , . . j - -
This Is no. untried theory, .Chicago
has already established such a court,
which is an improvement over tho old
bit and mis catch-aa-catch-can, punt-
tive method ' i.;:;-. - r.t:-!..-ry. .,..'-V''
The proposed amendment to the char
ter establishing such a court ' In Port-
land would add but a slight expense to
the yearly budget It would Improve
tremendously our publlo efficiency In
the treatment of such cases as fall with
in the hands of the law.. It affords to
th cltlsens of Portland an opportunity,
to do something constructive and worth
while in a matter In which, so far as
method is concerned,' we are . living In
the middle age' X commend tho pro
posed morals court amendment to tha
consideration of the voters of tho city,
that at .' least they, may Inform them- ',
selves and not vote blindly on a matter
which af foots tho well being of oon- -,
alderable numbers of youthful as well '
as adult members of our community. .
- HENRY .RUSSELIj TALBOT.
, . The Same Vanderlip. '
Portland, Or., Oct 15.- To the Editor ,
of Tho Journal -Kindly advise mo v
through the columns of Tha Journal If ,
Frank A. Vanderlip, president of tho
National pty Bank -of, New York city.
1 ha aama msnv a w atKiariin jawtt aa m
IB li J puiu a.- a ouj ara 1 bvuuvi uyi v uw eaav ;.r
assistant treasurer of tho United State '
caused- the government to band .over
the New York custom house, as a virtual
present, to ' tho National City Bank, ,
some 19 years agoT and the terms on
which it was so banded over. I
-.:, ' ..' : T. . O. HAuUbL
All dead men are honest so far as wo ,.-
know.
Tho principal Ingredient In , luck is
comrrton sens u- .-. i.- :.
ETrery married man knows that it
takes but one to make a quarrel. :
Anyway a woman never believes all
her husband believes she believes.' . h , '..
An honert man doesn't strive for tbe
kind of success that needs an excuse.
At that a man s fool friends are about
the only ones who. will lend him money.
Expert swimmers keep their mouths
closed. Few women are expert swim
mer .(". ...... ;
Tho average girl imagtnes the ro-
mance Is mtsslmr from a proposal un
less the stag's Is set for a moonlight
scene, ... 1
Pointed Paragraphs
ii's .V-' ' ''';'