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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 20, 1913)
THE OREGON 'DAILY- JOURNAL, I Gir, LAND, MCi:
; THE JOURNAL
' AN lyi'VpKNDKNT XKWKPAPKrt '
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Ail ileiiartiiieiita rwichtif r thru number.
1il th operHtne wlmt department -roe wt
ioiU.JuN AD UHTIMNU- BItt'RJ'SlCNTiTIVB
iln Jliill.Iiuft, t Mmgo. v
tdiluu-rii.ttou Tt-riim by Bialt or to any adurai
lu tJue lulled State or Mfilco; .' , ' ,,,,
Out fear ....... $3.fto I One monta
. . SUNDAX'
Oat,';er ,...-.".$2.40 f month
? 1AII.Y. AN'O SUNDAY.
One year .... . .ti.&O ( One month
' It lap doubtful whether man
kind ar most Indebted to those
who, like Bacon and Butler, dig
the cold from the mine of liter
ature, or to those who, like
Paley, purify It, stamp . It,: fix
Its real value, and give It cur
rency and utility. Colton, , . .
OUT OP JOINT
iHY ' W out . of
A ferry on a great thor
oughfare under the shadow
of Portland .. is a relic. It la a
crude remains of a rude age. : It Is
a hand-me-dowft from the primitive.
; Why perpetuate ItT . ', '
it A ferry on a great Interstate thor
1 oughfare in - a day ' of electric cars,
-' telephones, wireless 1 and the auto
truck la a misfit. It is a-sorry
survival from: a pioneer., past. - It
, has been outlived, .and .belongs in
. the discard. " .-' . . '
It came with the trapper and the
trail. It was the civilization of the
tepee and the tomahawk. It had
Its time. In the days of the dugout
and the ox wagon," It should have
gone - when , the yell of the coyote
disappeared before an advancing
The Interstate bridge Is the gleam
:ict advancement. . It is the sunburst
of the morning:' It is the full-orbed
day of progress. ' ' ' -. '
,,-A' time-worn - inter-state ferry
is the backwardness of 'toon-prog-ress.
It is "the landmark and pil
lar of, mossbackism. It Is the
gloomy remnant of aa ancient
' epoch. , ' - ' , ' '
We have thrown away the ox yoke
" and the graltf'-cradle. .The trapper
has- sung his swan aong and loco-
motives are. on toe trail.' we nave
the Babcock test and the cream Bep-
arator. - We crpes . the continent in
four, days instead of ' six months,
and are ' soon going to Europe
through the Isthmus; Instead of
I around the Horn. ' -
Why be out of JointT, - Why hang
' onto a mlsfitf ; Why cling' to, a
Z primitive ferry In an age of bridges,
r thousand-foot steamships and flying
; machlriesT . ,'''.',
r To vote against the lnter-state
; bridge is to vote for the past It
m Is a vote to turn ' the clock back
warL, , It.is a vote for the wild'er
- ness and the wigwam.' . It is a vote
for the prairie schooner' and the
T emigrant trail.' , t .
': It is a vote against advancement,
; a vote against the future, and a
7 vote against civilization.
i IME heals . many " wounds - nd
corrects many false ' ouinlons.
, , oeen mviiea to vanaaa to taiK
on his wa? experiences. Many peo
; pie may be surprised to learn that
'this fighter of the Confederacy is
living, but that ia not the point
. Mosby was known -to the people
i of the North , during the Civil war
I as a guerilla, and he was frequently
called much worse names. But
when the war closed Grant demon
Etrated that he put little faith in
f the stories told to blacken Mosby's
, character. Orant gave the Southern
' soldier a position under the gov
; ernment, and In one capacity or an-
other he served the United States
;v until a few years ago. . ,
'' 1 During Civil war days a Connec-
! ticut .village held a meeting for the
: purpose of ' condemning the "guer
illa" Mosbyt Recently residents of
"the same 'village asked the colonel
; to be their guest and to give them
a talk on war matters. He consent
'' ed, : and his hosts included a num
ber of Grand Army veterans.
There was a price on Colonel
I Mosby's head during the 60's. He
, was bated . by Union soldiers and
"stay-at-homes. Today ho goes about
Washington with head erect and
many, to do 'him honor. This vet-
' eran, an amatement to doctors, has
, trobably . been allowed to live as
, demonstration of what time can ac
complish when people are sane.
' ' Sherman said war is hell; Mosby
demonstrated it The North's pres
ent attitude toward this veteran is
proof that it is better to forgive and
forget ''., '
MILITARISM AND TRADE
HE London Sphere contributes
some Interesting data .bearing
upon the relation between mil
itarism and trade. The trade
the world, this paper says, is
largely an AhglrJ-Saxon ' monopoly,
and the figures show that the cost
of militarism in five European coun
tries as compared with Great Britain
and the United States, is in inverse
ratio- to the value of foreign - trade
carried on by these groups of na
tions. , ' .
- Germany,! France, Russia, Austria
and Italy have a combined import!
find export trade of 9160 million
collars, while the foreign trade of Telegraph calls attention 1 to 'the
Great Britain and the United States milling trust, which Is one of 'the
enjounta to ,10,19$ millions, -'Forjworst In Canada., : 1 , -
I he protection of this trade and fori .The Canadians are beginning to
national defense Greaf Britain and' protest against excessive . freight
the United States maintain military
and naval establishments at an an
nual outlay1 ofc 575 million dollars,
while the five European countries
. gpend 1200 millions for the' aarae
That la not the end of the com'
parison. for Great Britain and the
United - States withdraw vonly 536,
000 men from productive civil life.
while Germany, France, Russia, Aus
carracKs or on snipooara more man
4,000,000 men. - ' ..
"The Sphere calls attention to the
fact that the tax for , armaments
falls most heavily - upon the coun
tries ' least able to , bear'', it. Com'
paring , trade figures with costs of
armaments) . the following results
are given; Germany's expenditures.
on army and navy are 19 per cent
of her total trade. . Russia . spends
48 per cent of her trade returns
in this way; France, '14 per cent;
Austria, .14 per cent; Italy, 16 per
cent; Great Britain,, 6 per cent, and
the United States, 5 per cent.
.Tho burden is becoming heayler
each year,, and more men are being
taken from productive work. Even
in Great Britain, , where the cost of
militarism is comparatively low, the
strain is being felt. What must be
the suffering in continental Europe T
, Militarism .la an economic ein.
The Sphere's figures ' dispute - the
saying that trade , follows the flag,
A rmamenta debar 'millions of . men
from earning their living in a' le
gitimate way.. Trade, is strangled
and Workers w ho are exempt' from
military- duty have, the added bur
den of maintaining workers who, are
prevented from contributing' to 1 the
common .good., ; The Sphere says
that -militarism will destroy trade if
trade does not destroy militarism.
THE CORVALLIS MARVEL
EWS stories and pnotos of the
now . famous Oregon Agrlcul
tural College hen have , been
ordered by several New York
newspapers.; -The press of the en
tire country contains accounts ant)
much editorial comment about her
achievement 0 - 1
The publicity she Is bringing the
state totals more newspaper space
than all the wheat alt the fruit, all
the salmon, all the lumber, all the
livestock, all the hope and all the
other products grown in Oregon this
year. As a matter of fact, within
the brief period of, a few days she
baa become known around ' the
world, "'and information as to the
details by which she smashed every
known record of egg production is
sought la every civilized land and
Her achievement is of marvelous
significance. . Her record is 291
eggs in 865 days, or nine more eggs
than was the former high record,
made by a hen in a competitive test
held in Missouri and open to the
To get the full significance ot the
Corvallis hen's performance. It should
be remembered that the average hen
In the United States produces about
six dozen eggs in a year. The Ore
gon hen produced' 24)4 .dozen.". It
was making more than two blades
of grass where one grew before. 1 It
means more, than six eggs , laid
where one was laid, before.
'More significant stilt is the fact
that her record was not made, under
artificial .conditions. She was not
pampered, 'nor unusually fed, nor
given an undue amount of .attention.
She was one of 60 hens housed in
the Same bouse and having the run
of the same yard. The conditions
were , no - more than any practical
ponltryman can easily comply with.
; She was fed good food, but there
was no secret in her feeding. She
received exactly the same diet and
attention as went to all the hens on
the college farm. '" She , had for
shelter the same kind of house that
was carried on the poultry demon
stration train run by the railroads
and the college throughout Oregon.
The house cost about $25. 1
. There is in her performance,.' a
phase that is a message to the poul
trymen of the country. ' Through
her work, Professor' Dryden, who is
conducting these investigations at the
college, is assembling evidence which
is very strong to. the effect that se
lective breeding, or breeding from
a line of 'good layers, will Increase
the yield of the flock. Professor
.Dryden himself believes from his
investigations that the laying qual
ities are transmitted and that a good'
Increase in general production "can.
with proper pains, be obtained. '
. TO strengthen the view. Professor
Dryden has a second hen wKlcb. at
last accounts, .was making a rec
ord very much like the new marvel.
He also has a large number In the
same pen with a laying average of
over 200, -
The present work at the Oregon
college is counteracting the effect
ot experiments carried on at an east
ern station , for ten years in which
it was finally concluded that laying
qualities' were not transmissible.
The discouragement to . poultrymen
that resulted throughout the coun
try Js removed by 'the facts brought
oat at Corvallis. Professor Dryden
la making more progress than la be
ing accomplished ' elsewhere In
demonstrating the possibilities
the Amerlcany hen. ";, . " ,
MONOPOLY IN CANADA
I AN AD A, which is attempting to
promote the general, welfare
by means of high tariffs 'and
direct subsidies, is learning the
coEt of monopoly. ; The . Montreal
rates, especially on wheat and flour,
but the Telegraph prints some dead
ly parallel figures showing that if
Canadians ' are handicapped ,' by ex
orbitant railroad , charges, they are
oppressed "by. the' millers to a far
greater degree than the railroads
have attempted. Despite the claim
that freight rates are excessive, flour
and bread made . from . Canadian
wheat sell cheaper in England than
The. Telegraph finds. . that ' top
grade' Canadian flour on .September
12 sold in London at $4. IS ia bar
rel. - The same, day it sold In Mon
treal at 15.10 a barrel, and in Win
nlpeg at $5. The, price of patent
flour varied from . 14.06 in London
to 14.80 la Winnipeg and 14.90, in
Montreal. Bakers' flour -ranged
from f 3.60 . In London to $4 in
Winnipeg and $4.10 In Montreal;
No. better illustration of monopoly
methods has-been presented. The
London resident can. buy Canadian
flour cheaper than Canadians can
buy, the same article, and the London-
price tnust Include the carry
ing charge) and : the profits . of at
least one additional middleman. The
speculator and the miller in Canada
are, reaping enormous ' profits at
home because of a governmental pol
icy' based . on the, fallacy .that the
prosperity of a country can be built
upon unjustifiable - profits to the
The United , States has gone
through experiences such as Canada
Is- now having. ' This country IS
now committed to the policy of free
competition ;T it .haa turned Its back
on- prohibitive tariffs and unnat
ural monopolies. Canada's resources
may stand the strain for a number
of years, but the time will come
when that country will follow
E ARB spending great sums
to - advertise Oregon. We
send , glittering ' and costly
The counties' send out their pam
phlets. Tho state . prints and dis
tributes a state pamphlet In every
possible way, we are trying to In
duce homeseekers to . settle in Ore
gon. - - 1 j
But, .there is an Influence that
tends to counteract the effect of
these endeavors. - Thus, what must
distant peoples think of us when
tbey hear that we are pulling down
our. state university?' ; ;
They know Its appropriation was
referended six . years ago. They
know that Its appropriation was ref
erended and beaten two years ago,
What will . they. thinW - when they
hear that its appropriation is again
referended, and what conclusion will
they draw If they are to hear that
it has oeen voted down? - 1
There can be but one result of
these constant - assaults on higher
education in, Oregon. Distant , peo
ples will conciuae mat we are a
queer people. They will be amazed,
when all other states are building
up, colleges and universities, to see
Oregon fighting the . agencies and
Instruments of education. -.
The effect will be to benumb the
enthusiasm 'to come to Oregon.; It
will have a deadening influence on
immigration to this state. It will
blight a great deal of the work of
the costly literature and expensive
advertising with, which we are mak
ing bids for homeseekers.
r Every state is striving to get away
from illiteracy. Every state is open
ing wide tho avenues to knowledge.
Every state wants every possible
boy ' and girl to be given . every
chance for education, and the news
abroad tEht Oregon has an armed
camp in opposition to higher educa
tion will keep away multitudes of
people, and the most, desirable peo
ple in the world, at that.
What Is the use to advertise Ore
gon if we are going to keep educa
tion in Oregon in a hubbub?. , r -
What's 'the use of spending great
siima on publicity, ' i we are going
to keep the higher institutions . of
the state In turbulence and turmoil?
EDUCATION FOR FARMERS
ENATOR HOKE SMITH of
Georgia ha announced his In-
- tentlon to push his agricultural
extension bill through the sen
ate at the earliest possible moment.
This measure has been described as
one ot the most valuable pieces ot
constructive legislation that has
been before congress in the" past
fifty years. -'. '-'''.
The purpose of the bill is to carry
directly to farmers of every state
end every county the educational
advantages which are now ..limited,
in large part, to Btudents at ' agri
cultural colleges. .The aim Is to put
into practical use the great wealth
of scientific-knowledge of -farming
which is now available to a compara
tive few In. many of the states. ..
The bill provides a fixed annual
appropriation of $10,000 'to each
state and further conditional appro
priations to - be apportioned on - a
basis of rural, population. The con
ditional appropriations will - begin
with . a total of $ 3 0 (T,0 0 0 a ' year.
Increasing by that amount annually
until a maximum of $3,000,000 is
reached.. . - .' 1 :tJi .
In order .to secure Its jshare of
the larger, appropriation 'each state
must contribute to the same Dur-
Ipose ,an amount equal" to ' tm sum!
onerea oy. tne zeaerai government.
The money will be, expended through
the state colleges of agriculture, and
It' is 'provided that at least 76 per
cent of It must be used for actual
field demonstrations.- .Of -the re
mainder, 20 per cent may be used
either for '"household economics or
for further demonstration work.'
Wonderful progress has ' bee$
made by scientific agriculture ia re
cent years, nnd to the agricultural
college is due credit for this prog
ress. But the colleges still have dif
ficulty In. carrying their knowledge,
valuable as It is, to the farmer.
Most farmers now admit that they
can learn from the college professors,
but too many agriculturalists have
not the opportunity or the Initiative
Jo go to the college, '
throughout a state carry knowledge
to the farmers In an effective man
ner. -This method has all: the ad
vantages of shop practices by which
a workman, learns faster when he
sees the foreman operate a machine
as it should bo operated. .The Smith
bill has merit - Agricultural exten
slon of the sort to which the Geor
gia senator is giving attention win
mark an important forward step In
the country's welfare.
Letters From the People
(Commsntntioni nt v The Joarnil foe pub.
llmtloa In thU department boulrt be written oa
only one tide of tne paver. Mould not exewd
Suo Words la length end nnt b eceomnnnled
br the name tuJ addreMkof the sender. If the
writer do not deilr to bare toe .name Put
junea, be anonia eo etaie.j , .. . -v. , ,
iTil.Mii.lnn la the vraatcat of ell reform!.
It m Horn Usee eterytuluf It touche. H robe
principle ot all false aaiietlty and throw them
back on their reaeonableae. If thejr baY ue
reaaonablenee it rutbleealjr erusnee "
ot exuttesce and eeta up lta owe. conclusion in
their stead." Woodrow wiuon. ; . .
Prohibitionist Opposes Delay.
' McMlnnvllle, Or. Oct , 18 To ' the
Editor of The Journal It is gratifying
tb read that the various church conven
tions are appointing committees to con
fer concerning- the Umr lor the next
prohibition amendment campaign. All
religious, tewperance and eivlc organl-
lattona should agree on a time ana tnen
bend every effort to make the campaign
a successful and convincing one."
Already two of thetate organisations
have declared strongly for XiH aa the
time, and have called upon all other
organisations to unite with them In the
movement The organisations - so de
clared are the Prohibition party, at the
meeting of its executive committee at
Portland, September 22, and the state
W, C. T. U-, at lta annual convention
at Corvallis, There is no uncertain
sound la their resolutions. Tbey believe
In waging war on the enemy , of all
righteousness, virtue, and safe, govern
ment at the first opportunity. '
There Is another organization, wnicn
claims all the gains In temperance leg
islation and education as apeolal tro
phies of lu work, which is advising
1916, ' and is sending its agents to all
parts of the state urging "delay, delay."
Delay means two years of practically
unmolested sovereignty for the liquor
traffic. Why delay? The reasons given
do not satisfy, those who recognise that
in the liquor traffic, health, virtue.
safety, education, . and religion find
their greatest foe. . ' .
The chief reason given is, that we
must first make a special effort to re
peal the "home rule" amendment, which
was added to the. constitution. In 1910,
Snd that then we shall be ready to en
gage In a prohibition campaign in 191.
Is there any- real need for: thisy , 1
am not a lawyer, but 1 was convinced
from the first that there Was no such
necessity laid upon . us. To . convince
myself, X wrote to one of the leading
legal authorities in the state, and while
I am not at liberty to use his name nor
to publish bis letter, the substance is
that a prohibitory amendment. If prop
erly drawn, 'even Jf It does not make
mention1 or tne nome- ruie sunenament,
will. If adopted, repeal that amendment
by implication. -
To a layman this sounds like good
law, and I believe that the great ma
jority of legal talent of tb state would
so hold. - -
If there are good reasons why we
should not admit to the voters In 1914
a prohibitory amendment, let us have
them, but until they are given those
who really care must be governed by the
numerous reasons which demand . that
the first opportunity must be Improved
In waging this warfare.
; It Is really death to the liquor trafflo
in 1914 or death to hundreds of the best
boys and girls, men - and - women, of
Oregon, before we shall have a chance to
strike another state-wide blow, in 1914.
rr, ' . CURTIS P. COE.
Wilson's Diplomacy Precedent.' .
Portland, Oct. 20. To tne Editor, of
The Journal In the matter of the Mex
ican embrogllo, some of the foreign gov
ernments are beginning to show symp
toms of "diplomatic colds.",, They are
now beginning to hedge from their pre
mature recognition , of Huerta aa the
head of the de facto government of
Mexico, and President Wilson's patience,
tact and foresight have established this
precedent in the conduct of ; diplomacy,
that a defacto government in this en
lightened age, must rest upon a govern
ment de Jure, and that no reincarnation
of tne bloody Macbeth can slaughter his
way to the throne of a dictator and
take hlas place among the governments
of the world, from the viewpoint and
standards 'of American diplomacy, v.
- Judging from tho Inspired articles of
British writers, the government of Great
Britain still stands pat and is not con
cerned with the , standards ot nations
looking for recognition any more than
with, the standard of the ancient Gauls.
They seem to view the present Mexican
standard as they depicted h standard
of tho American revolutionists, "as a
snae with 13 rattles, about to strike,
with the motto 'Don't tread on me."
From Great Britain's ' point of I view
President Wilson's cardinal weakness is
his persistency, in Judging tlie present
Mexican government from the standard
of tlie government of the United States.
We are told that 80 per cent of the peo
ple of Mexico are illiterates and but 20
per cent intellectuals. But from the In
tellectuals comes the governing class of
Mexico. It Is now close to half a cen
tury since Lerdo sat as the first presi
dent of free, republican, Mexico, and
what have the- Intellectuals to show
from their stewardship? Aside from
their perlodto revolutions, assassina
tions and exiled presidents,, they have
thrown their country's resources open
to greedy, foreign capital and neglected
the weTfarevof their own people, so that
today ao per cent of their countrymen
cannot read or writ and are in a state
of peonage that .is a veritable disgrace
to our civilization, it la to these intel
lectuals that President Wilson's diplom
acy is directed, and the American people
are behind him. 1 Are w to lower our
standards to meet those of Mexico or
the "Bible and rum" d!plomacyof our
practical cousins, across the seaT
. ; k "i ' j :"'' r ;) 't American, t
i W ' t ,..,.. -
. v The Gleneaslyn Wreck.
Portland, Oct. . ?0. To the editor, of
The Journal f rom press report I un-eJ
derstand that recently, on a clear day,
with fair weather and friendly wind, a
ship In sound condition and under full
control, was sailed upon .the rocks near
Neah, Kah Nlo mountain, on the Oregon
coast, and that after a so-called Inquiry
a verdict was reached censoring two or
more of the ship's officers and punish
ing them by suspension for periods of
three months each. In other words,
the penalty for wrecking a ship on the
Oregon coast Is a slap on -tha wrist. -
Evidently the trial of the officers
was deemed a controversy in which only
SMALL C1I V.C!K ' '
i 1. , - .if!
'Murderer XYUhlns inn y be,' sane, but
nobody will' dony that ha i a foul.
Everybody won't - be satisfied until
all property in exeinpi from tasatioa.
' V ' ' 1 s . - 1 - ' 4 '
Uncle gam wouldn't trade Alesda. that
he bought of Russia for "a eontt'- for
the new continent and many millions .to
Perhaps the only 'pood use to which
that new Arctic continent could be put
by Russia, would be to send all its rulers
up there permanently. ,
-v; - '-,,..'
" It Is unlikely that In this country Mrs.
Pankhui-Ht will be considered more ttian
one tenth as important a personage as
she supposes herself to be.
'Whether higher salaries' for public
employes are deserved or not, most
voters are against them, as tlioy. will
show at the firstopportunlty. t ,
A' Washington state man) agpd 11 '5,
has a1 son DC. who has a son 7;; but
what of the other three younger genera
tions that should be In tha story? .: -
A piece' of good news. If true, though
Small and of slight Importance, comes
from Parts tttat- Jack Johnson will
never, never agala est foot on American
SOU, ! 1 i 1 ' . '',. '-! t
' - ' m r , . x
' Fr(ro various' small items, one can
radlly believe that King George ot
England must be a very unhappy man
and this ot altogether because he Is a
' The old adage that It la an 111 wind,
etc., ia exemplified in the result of the
reoent storm at Nome; great quantities
of gold-boarlng sand were washed in
It is reported. .
URBAN RAILWAYS TEND UNDERGROUND
From the Christian" Science Monitor.
Demands of the people in certain
parts of outlying Boston for subway
as opposed to elevated . transportation
should not be regarded from a purely
local standpoint They are typical of
demand rnade In bther cities where the
elevated system is in use. - in tjnicago,
where elevated lines cover all sections
of the city and center In a downtown
loop, affording mere ; convenient 4 an
more rapid transit than t would nave
been possible through dependence on the
surface lines, there Is unceasing popu
lar, clamor for the Temoval of the un
sightly ' and noisy structures, and Chi
cago has not yet tasted of the benefit
of subway linevj,In-New, Tork, where
elevated railways for years unquestion
ably met a great communal want.: they
have been rather .toierateo - tnan ao-
cepted. It is quite certain that If they
had not secured a foothold before sub
way .construction began tbey ; would
never' -have been Introduced,
Indications point strongly to tne prob
ability, that in large cities, at present
without either elevated or subway trans
portation, movements will shortly be set
on foot for. the plaolng of existing sur
face traoka underground, and there Is
not lacking evidenoe of a disposition on
the part of cities or the more populous
class to take a similar course. It is
seen in aU ot the Jarge and growing
American cities that aome special and
extraordinary provision must be made
tha ship-owners and fhe officers were
parties In Interest 'It occura to me,
however, and I submit the suggestion
for your comment, that tha commercial
Interests of the state of Oregon and of
the Paolflo Cat are vitally affected
and that soma means should be provided
to discourage similar hlp-management
in future. The wrecking of ships on
the Oregon coast will not Increase the
sending - of vessels to the . rjojumoia
River, reduce freight rates nor encour
age ship passenger traffic In this part
Of the Pacific The effect cannotr be
otherwise than harmful At a . time
when we are spending millions to con
vince the world we have a safe harbor
for the ships or all nations, we snouia
not view in silence the Incredible spec
tacle of three months suspension meted
out aa punishment for wrecking a ship
on a clear day In fair weather. If this
is nohe of our business we should speed
ily make it our business. ? A. W. P.
.- ., ' -- : r'.' ', ''';.:.,'
'"Industrial QoverAient." ' '
. Ashland. Or., Oct.. 18. To the Editor
of The Journal I cannot but admire
your well written and logical editorials
against the loan shark and. other ex
ploiter 'who exploit to the limit But
what's the use? . All forms of interest
on money, rents on lands or profits
from labor In the form of dividends are
exDloltatlon. Al of these are unsciip-
tural." However, tbey are made legal
by political governments. A good deft
nitlon of the phrase "political govern.
meat" is as' follows: "A government
wherein tha courts recognise as legal
certain forms of exploitation while call
ing other forms theft", Buch govern
ments era necessarily class '? govern
ments, due to the aforesaid recogni
tion, and depend on the civil officials
and the military arm to enforce ex
ploitation and to protect the exploiters
from ' the exploited 1. a, to protect
those who hold lndusrlal titles granted
by said governments or held - as good
by its courts, from those who. depend
on them for a chance to labor under
, If what we believe in Is what we
are, then those who believe In polit
ical governments are 'politicians and
should defend exploitation much t or
little, and not . apologise for or try to
make It respectable by minimising the
act or the evils of the act. ,
As political government, and politics
are inseparable, to gt rid of the thing
that corrupts society Is for society to
discard, or cast off political govern
ment . And why should she notT So
clety -has given, polities and the poli
ticians 6000 .years to make good, and
fallur-4s written clear across history;
pages. '. "i
If politics cannot make good la 6000
years it cannot in' SO.ooo. Bo what's
the useT If the old house Is unfit and
cannot be. made fit, build a new. one.
I will show you - the design. Jt you
like It show-it to others until Society
will build a house or'government after
he pattern thereof. 1
, The following . is . my ' definition of
the . phrase, "Industrial government":
"An organized society in which tho gov
ernment of its members (would Toe bjr
the consent of the governed, and whose
courts could not constitutionally rec
ognise the legality of any form of ex
ploitation a government whose con
stitution would be so framed or drawn
that industrial or economic Independ
ence would be the heritage of all, be
cause collective ownership of 'Indus
trial property with cooperation in and
democratization of Industries would" be
constitutionally provided for." . ,
As the laborers of ..our day are eco
nomic or Industrial dependents, they
are forced to swim near the loan shark,
either little or big Interest taker or
profit monger. Therefore, don't throw
up your nana in s noiy norror wnvn
you see him swallowed, whether at one
mouthful or ten. You should expect
that he would be. tinder the condi
tion of. society Industrialised, the la
borer would be - independent and no
one could make him afraid, because no
one could legally exploit him, neither
could he legally exploit others. . As
there would be no politics, because poli
tics would be-displaced by Industrial
ism, the corruption caused by politics
would disappear from - society.
I wish I could, get the editorial staff
r i -
Tli.j Pe Kovcn CI -
inn i.i-vu oia.ni
,1 by ladies of
An ! til-j II J'l'i t is belli 1n
fl'.iiicl (ii t . lnwr Iloli-vk river near
i'oniiii. It a unutil (. air, bet will
C 1 1 11 1 - n 1 ; !s J'ur lnna i owe and the
"r.rt'iW f 'V-jmJ t-nir-c? a;.( rxi,m,if f
- Ji-sf' J ,'-. M: s, 1 f,t!njr in the
Wviit? roiiniiy, till tint. 1. Kii kllld one
of tli lHrL-cst t.m Urt fver f-nen in this
country, it l,i-l J' DoiYits on its Itoitis
and du-ticd -.i LoO poiii-" ConHid
ennqr that I .)! 1.4 dwif fl'nd ilumb, lie Is
qui its an exi'tsit mk a hunter and angler.
The Sih'fr I.al.e I.eHrter v wnts to know
wIiHt litis b' (Mii9 of the pu'.ilio wHtwnng
place tuttt was talked of l-i'-t Bummer.
J. 11. De I-tcey tins fierHd-to cioiittle
a pump, and It looks to tii Leader aa
tliouuii the city fathers could . ncrape
up cnuugli cuish to hire a Woil Uug.
. "Union," sHys tli Scout, "haft, more
nice, nibetantial brlrk bmldinga than
any outer town of lta two In eastern
Oregon. Retlrr thun that, the town Is
not built beyoud the' surrounding coim
trry, nor Is it liopelesely In debt. The
next few years will see substantial
gains here," :t ; t;K' : '
, f . v, , -!. . - '' ,
' One ot the obstacles encountered by
the rood roads movement Is mentioned
by the Rogue Bivtfr Argus, which says:
"we are very .anxious to nave gooa
roads. We ar very anxious to -have
tlie public travel that road and leave
man comes along and ptfts up a.Rtilde
board at no expense to mu uui
the next morning some hoodlum trie
. . . i . A M. T . i. ahAiit rlmA that
some of the scapegraces be put whr
a.. . . .... lit 1 . u' UI M.M ;. l' .! i .' . .v.. .V. ...
for the future of urban transportation:
and modern advance in engineering, the
recent great improvement In ? oament
construction,: the perfection, of lectrlo
Illumination, the demonstrated poasibll
ityof burrowing safely and In all direc
tions beneath citieiv are Influences that
combine to convince not only municipal
authorities but traction , interests that
the solution of the Urban- transit, prob
lem must be found underground. -
v if Miersona experienced in city gov
ernment wefe called together to plan for
the building of a large city from in
varv berlnnlrta. one of their first steps
would . be- to provide for arched-over
streets. Knowing the cost of digging
and rediggtnsv of tearing up ana cover
ing ? over, . no ' experienced municipal
worker would lay sewera. pipes or con
duits after the existing prevalent sys
tem. : The new city would be suowayea
throughout for the accommodation of
every possible form of publio service,
and transportation would be Included in
the Hat It will be difficult for cities
built upon a, plan the very, reverse of
this to adopt" modern Inventions to its
use, but It will not be Impossible. Little
by little; at least, all cities can depart
from the old outworn methods and take
up the new. It may not be feasible or
convenient now for aome or the outer
eomitrunltie to tear down or to tear up
their traction systems, but it Is femalble,
and It should be their aim, to carry on
all future traction construction upon
different lines. ' '
of Tho Journal to see the design and
the beauty. f tha house X want built,
and get them to quit patching up the
old house, which is rotten at tha foun
dation and sagging at tha roof and al
together unfit to live in, and help us
build the new one after the patters
shown. . -t D. M. BROWN, M, IX
MiC Wylle's Attitude Criticised.
" Verboort, Or, Oct 80. To tho Editor
of Tha journal Taking notice of a com
munication dated. October 14,- in The
Journal of October 16. in which one EL
J. Wylle makes an attempt to severely
criticise that well-known student of
Shakespearean : English, J. Hennessey
Murphy, because the Said J. Hennessey
fintiS fault with tha grammar of Shakes
peare, a hops you'll take It not amiss If I
express an stlmata of tho estimable
Mr. Wylle. w , - -
'Towering geniuses are far above the
fast rules of grammar," says Mr. Wylle.
Judging from; the learned gentleman's
own grammar he must be a genius him
self of the highest order. Just think of
a man - charitably . sniffing! : There's
originality to , begin with We don't
know what Wylle may be by extraction,
but ho seems to have a strong conten
tion against the Irish, and that may be
th result of his deep learning and . wide
charity. - - 1 V
Now, as to the grammar part, that
might easily-- be settled In favor of
Shakespeare, for who knows but It was
some towering genius of a printer's mis
taker I opine that Wylla tnust possess
a ohronlo temper against his Irish
neighbor, otherwise he should be con
tent to indict the Hibernian only for
his "most unklndeat out of aH.C W
know' J. Hennessey out here, , but' we
know ot Mr. Wylle only by his contribu
tion to The Journal, and Judging ,by
what we know, w would bet 10 cents
that J. Hennessey knows more about the
Lord's Prayer than . Wylle does about
"Homa Rule." ( . . ,. ,J. VAN LOM.
By John ML Oaklaon,
Smith wa th head of a family.
There were Mrs. Smith, on boy of ten,
another - of seven, and a little , girl of
three. . Smith wasn't a brlliant man. and
hla progress . upward : In the firm he
worked for a a clerk wasn't startling
Jy rapid. - . .
Mr. Smith was a sane, clear brained
little woman, and she took it into her
head that she wanted those two boys of
w. ... . h.t, nnnM.tiinttv : it
possible, than their father had had to
get on. And they would get on raster,
h decided, if they were educated bet
ter than their' father bad been. sr-
That meant keeping them away from
money saving jobs -until they were past
10, and keeping them in school anS col
leg for about It years. But th real
strain on th 1 family resources would
not come untU the oldest- boy left the
publio sohool and the high school.
So much, Mrs. Smith figured "out and
then she set about creating in her fam
ily a conviction that every member must
help to build a saving fund for th def
inite purpose ot educating the children,
,"Monday ha always been wash day,"
aald Mrs. Smith one. "Now, in this
family let' make Monday "bank day.'
Every Monday on ot us must go to th
saving bank with something to. put In.
- 'Til be th messenger for th first
year, and every time I go to, the bank
I'll tak on of th children with ma
Maybe next year Daddy can manage to
go, and he'll take Tom with him. And
by the.tlme Tom goes to high school
he can take our Monday savings to th
bank," - , , ,
In th Smith family "bank day" be
came an established institution. ' Be
fore It became necessary to draw money
out to pay for Torgs college course,
every member ef the family knew tho
wav to the saving bank with eye shift,
and the Inevitable part of tha story. 1
that after all tha kids had drawn upon
the saving: fund for the necessary ex
pense otthelr education the fund was
about as lurg as it ever had been.
That ."bank day" bablt has served the
Smiths excellently Well. .
IM TADI IFR F
"I cam from ' the vstate
where they bave to pry Ukj
a crowbar," said C; W. Uay.
on the Pacific coast Ihe I" i 1
conception of what cold 1 ' - '
the mercury In the therm
to 40 degrees below w ., u ..
stay there for days in m... .. mter.
took us six months In each j n' to i
'$kr 'Wt! n,tt&,M'!P''m:'im't ,i''' ti "
pretty near tlx' months duumc the
mer to cut enough vQod ' tiV kc. . i
thawed out duflng t"i six iiioiiln-, .
winter.,': Doing the chores in winter d
a Maine farm Is no Joke. At any i l(
when I was-18 '.nra( old I chang. a iioi.
the icy blasts oirthe Atlantic to tl.o in 11-pouthwe-'t
breeze of the P itio. I ar
rived In !-'tn Francisco 65 y is aco this
month.: - aooa after my. arm 1 at, ban
Francisco I went - across tho bay. to
whfra On'.-.lund is now located. At that
time it was a stock ranch. .The owner
WHiit-Ml to nail it at 9B0' an acre, it
wuhu't the deamess ot the land.ut the '
Bcarctntsa of the money that kt-pt me,
from buying.' ' "
"In the early fifties m iny of the rich
gulches were playing out Hundreds ot
people who had failed to make good at
placer mining w.ra crazy to get back
east . They declared that California had
been ', overestimated . and would never -amount
to anything.' I reckon it Is as
Father Clinton Kelly says: 'It Is lucky
our foresight is not so good as our hind- '
sight for If It was ww woulBTaJl be rich
and 'that wouldn't be good for us.'
"I came to Portland In February. 1869.
That spring Fat and Nick Slnnott and
myself wilted from The Dalles to- Flor
ence, Idaho. . We didn't stay there long. ,
The two tinnott boys came back to Port
land and leased the old Columbia hotel.
Nick soon went back to The , Dalles
where h rented the UmaUlla. house
which h ran for many years. ' It la his
son who,,1 Is now our representative in
congress1. " :
"I leased- a claim on Meadow creek
where I made $29 a day till it ran out '
I cam back to The Dalles to get woi it
for th winter. The Oregon Steam Navi
gation company were building a ports are
road from Celilo to The Dalles. I got a
Job with them as steward in charg ot
their mess house. I had over a hun
dred men to feed.' Z worked from 4 in
the morning till 10 each night A man
named W..I Bralnard was roustabout
He sawed and brought in the wood for me
and did th chores and helped around
the kitchen. " -. v .
"In the spring Bralnard and I went to
Canyon City and got a mining claim,.
We struck ground so rich that w. got
as high as $9 on the point of a shovel.
The claim: was "pockety. - There were
four of us who owned it W took over
11400 ot coarse dust and nugget from
less than 14 squar feet ' of bed rook.
When I bad something over a thousand
dollars irt dust I sold my shars for 1800.
Bralnard held out for more and they-,
paid him $2500. I left Canyon City Just
at the Urn Phil Metchan came. H
started a butcher shop and prospered.' : "
Th winter of 186$ found me back in
Portland. -- That was 80 years ago and I -have'heea
her vr alnce, - - "vm- "
. "W. U Bralnard, my partner, came
her also and together w bought In tb
fall ot 1894 ISO acre Just east of Monta
rilla. Rev. Lewis of the Taylor Street
Methodist church had owned th place.
He put up a well built seven room houe
that eoar hlm $1800. H had It aores :
claared, a good well and $00 fruit tree ;
get out He boroWed $8000 on th plao '
from Asahel , Bush, the Salem banker.
He could not pay when th mortgage
cam due so It was foreclosed and w
bought it from Bush for 12000. Lew
Parrish was the real estat 'man who
negotiated the deal; It wa th first sal
of farming land he bad made, and hi r
firm Is still In business. - v ,
"When w bought th plao Bralnard
and myself were ,. both unmarried bn
within a year X married Minerva A. oil
am, th daughter Of Captain N. D, on.
Ham. ' He had 820 acres on th north .
aid ot th Baa Line road running from
what Is now Sixtieth street on Mount
Tabor for one-half mile eastward and
a mil north of the Base Us to th see- '
tlon lln. H bought It In 115$, paylns;
$1.60 an aor for it "
, "Bralnard and I divided th place'1 X
took 40 acres with the hous on for my
share and h took th remaining 110 '
acres. He boarded with u till he got
"Ten years later people used to say
that, mine was the beat Improved 40 acre
farm in Multnomah county. - By 1874 X
had four children and my wife and I
wanted them to be near some 'good
school. X sold my 40 acres with its or
chard of $000 pear tree and my other -improvements
for $6000. X paid $420$
for 40 acres owned by J. 8. Newell, th -father
of W. K. Newell, th fruit expert
It was 40 rods wide and halt a mil
long and lay between Fifty-seventh and ,
Sixtieth street on th west slop of
Mount Tabor. X later sold two aores ( ' f
this to th school board for $3000, and
they built th North Mount Tabor school
on It . - ' - ,
"In those days X knew every family i
living' east ot the river. Today X get on ,
tb Mount Tabor oar and I rarely
fao X know. , u v - t
- Th less yon say th mor It eounta.
, plafonio lov, Ilk perpetual motion, -is
all right as a theory but it wWt
work. -' - .
' Some men- will pay' a $80 cigar bill
without a murmur and then get real'
fussy over a $2 bill for gas. , .
' The summer girl who can keep halt
a dozen young men .up in the air Jet
once Ia the real thing in Jugglers. J
ft i f , kj , . - t j
If you think th average, woman' la '
weaker minded than tne average man,'
you are entitled to another think. -
t 1 , v ,
Perhaps ha ' is Just that, Alonxo,
but we wouldn't advise you to call the
manager of a swimming school a dive
,n , 1 , M '1' f
' ' It may be more blessed to give than
to receive, but in most cases the aver
age man would rather pose as th catch
er than th pitcher. , v t
' 'u' - " ( ' ' , l ' t
, - Th chestnut tree of this country
may r soon be extinct, but unfortunately
the Jokesmlths are not dependent upon
them for their supplies. :
We are not surprised that a man gets
nervous at his own -wedding. It .is
probably the first time lie ever saw all -th
bride's kin lined up,-
The Woman's Page
The Journal each evening pre
' - sent number of striking
- feature. Sfany of them are
of eteluslve interest to wo
men; others are of general
: , arpeaL , . .
They all - are jvorth while.
Cultivate this dally" feature
., pntie; you will find It prof
itable rending. . ..