The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, October 19, 1913, Page 56, Image 56

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i 5f0lU DurlM lb IUc,nt Tr PmtU Offlh. Vlrrinl. Clt?, SSaTaT wJuTb!
of th gun-pointer, wha follows the
. en board ti Uttla.Wp HWv Peci 3l ut ranSSoSI SKl S2
Inch shell at storing Urgt six
. mllea dlitant and acored "fonr hltb
Tola feat va acoompllalioa tn on
minute and thlrtalx foosdt,-;: Tb
cnJeyement wat regarded m pn.
nomenal.- it broke all prerlona reo
wum oi our own rannon, ana no
foreign gunner' ever came anrvar - fT U of tie otmort lxnpois
near each a score. " tance. A Unless b sets bis sight ao-
' Sear euch a iinnrii.
A. few weeki ago, during etanen
tarr target practise off the Virginia
capes, the gunners on ta dread
nought Arkansas made an even more
- remarkable record. Firing at a mow
. lng target only twelre feet high and
twenty-one feet wide, the . target
mo-ring at the rite of fire knots and
the battleship at ten knots, one of
the big twelre-lnch guns flred six
shots In fltty-eeyen seconds and
scored six bits I - r'.
- While the range was only a little
orer a mile In contrast to the range
of six miles 4n the case of the New
ITamTMhfrA'a - nratrfnna mm
target was proportionately smaller, fTs
and the achievement of the Arkan ' '''Ja -
ma uuur8 u uerecore regaraea
as clearly establishing the "world's
record for rapid deepsea big fun
firing at a moving target
The fall significance of this feat
will be better understood when it Is
' remembered that the test - was
started with the gun unloaded, t
a given signal shell and charge were
brought from below and served to
the gunners tn the turrets, the guns
were served and trained on the tar
get, and when the range was de
termined and the psychological mo
. ment for the discharge of the gun
. arrived the word to fir. was given
. and the first shell waa sent crash
ing at the moving target over a mil
ftwar. - t-sCy:-'
Almost before It reached Its goal,
the big gun, still reverberating from
, the shock of the last discharge, was
loaded again with a fresh charge of
powderand shall, again the distance
of the target, the velocity of the
wind and the various , other factors
.', upon ' which accurate shooting de
pends were determined and the word
- to Are was . given a- second time.
Again the shell sped true and found
Ua mark. ' Five times this feat was
repeated, and the total-time which
lapsed from the moment the gun
was supplied with its ammunition
for the first shot until the sixth shot
was fired was less than a minute-
'to be exact, fifty-seven seconds I
- j Such rapid work as that would, of
course, have been out of the cues
tlon but for the perfect team work
which characterizes target practise
on board our battleships. Not only
, the. men participating In the actual
firing of the guns but every soul on
. board is, to a certain, extent, con
cerned in the general result Bveti
the cooks, stewards, barbers, musl.
clans and other members of the
ship's complement who might other
wise be regarded as supernumerar
ies, nave more or lees important
functions to perform during target
-, suit in reducing the efficiency of the
sua crews ana spoiling tne general ,
result Shooting straight on a bat-,
, tleshlp Is the work not merely of the
turret -crew but of the whole ship's
r complement They constitute a "
single teani.;;'--.;-'-:
Of ' conraM. : fnti Mn"; m
' sight-setter Is of the utmost lmpor
dls ,
0I 9 :
. curately, , the gun-pointers work
counts for nothing. - - The sight-setter
receives his directions from the
"spotters of the fore-control party
stationed In the : cage-like ' masts
which distinguish American" battle
ships from those of other nations.
These "spotters" watch the cplash,
or fan, of each shot and order an In
crease or decrease In the distance
for the shot which follows. ,
, But equally Important la the work
JW t
i they turret right and left, always fot h
urwuif m Target.
. .To etnrn ta th
f the Arkansas, the fact that the dis
tance was only . 1,800 yards com
pared with the range of six or seven
miles, In the case 'of the regular
Winter,: battle Draotls
not la any way diminish the excel-
lence of the score, . It Is a simple
matter to demonstrate that the gun-1
tier who can hit a target twelve feet
high at a distance of a mile would -be
able to hit a target 120 feet high '
m.k m aivwuce oi ten tnuea, provided
the charge was powerful enough to
end, it that distance, and " la -the
regular battle praotise the larger tar
gets are used. Of course, in firing
the greater distance, allowances
would have to . be made for wind
Telocity Land other . considerations,
1, 't
i t -
11 K. .
t ' '
Remarkable JPIiotbgraphd
: Showmjj How" the :
Dreadnought Arkancaa
Hit , a. Tyfel ve-f opt Moving
Target a Mile::
i Away Six
Timeo hi Fifty
Seven Seconds
1 I
The Plflhtlna
. Maat on i Board
the Arkioeaev
These Fighting
Masts Are Chan
aoterlstlo pf the
American Navy.
They Are Mad
- of Soft Steel and
Are Constructed
, In Such sr Way
That , Three
: fourths of Them
May Be Shot
Away Without i
i Then- The FlghV
lng Mast Is One
of the Moat Vital "
Parts of a Battle -hP-
- It le from r.'
This Vantaae
Point That .the
Firing of All the
Big Guns Is Com . I
trolled. "4 , . .
- but such ' corn'otatloni'l are leadfly
tmti. , , '
For the purpose of target practise
Sects! sbelbv-' known .as ruind
ells, are used... A regular twelve
inch shell costs from $325 to $250,N
and a full charge of powder to fire
It costs about $203. But the special"
, shell used for target practise costs
only $38 and the powder used to "
, send the shell a distance of a mOo
or so costs only a little more than;
$100. To establish the world's rec
ord cost the Arkansas,, by actual
eomputatlon, Just $963. " ' .. "
The powder used for these tests
While perfectly good for . immediate .
r use, Is of the kind which has about
lived Us life and whkh would, with
In a few months, so deterlorlata aa'
$9 become worthless. ; 4
:j i
' V
Thb Is the Target, Only Tvrolve Feet Ilich and Twenf- :.
one Feet .wide,' Which Was Strode Six Times In Fifty-eeren' .
.-evuiiu v ka uikui rum irom a twgie i wnvo-mui vsun
The Rexoarkahle Fcatnre About. This Feat Was That the Target
practise ;iw tWji " M " five iwnots and the Arkansas a im
known as wa "oattie-euoon,- ana ; tui or i en iuiots wnen the onots Were fired. ,
JPjfcjf Twins ' Grow Faster, and Better
!jp BOENT scletuxno toreatlgaXlons seem to esUbUsh , as If they wen kept alone, and are therefore able to
pJ ; the fact that twin or triplets brought up together (urn more - of the - energy - value of their food Into
matter of heat, but simply due to the fact that animals
a tL. a u .. . i .... , at ' ..
bxocsSit up alone.
la the Case Of Various Small animals With Which - . hronrilt no toMthar r rnmlA.B. lnn )ttr n1
erlments have been made It has been are more comfortable generally. i '
- rww imwiv MMP wwaa.
fond that they, grow much more rapidly when not kept
eparate. - One Investigator believes this may be due 1
I the fact that two or more little animals cuddling close
t -tether, do not have to develop so much bodily heaf
w w wu&va wiav (oum iuii ; " w , ,
Atl rm TA ; gtilshntlsit wtlntsi tf b1ijb. rfm4f14nev sVjhM i.
' vvmin avu&ne vwte w.g vuuuiwt ' vuvv r-
would hardly apply to twins or triplets brought up la
horoee where their bodies are. kept at a proper temper y
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,,v"Tcn".n0S0'f.n..u,w,l,OMl Artonsas, Which M.d. th WrW. R.cord. Th, U.d Ar. Spec
Copyright, j,? 5, flSfJS, rWd" C"to -aF Than That Used in Actual Warfare,
Th Shall Ud Ar Specially Made Hot