3 THE OREGON DAILY " JOURNAL. PORTLAND,' TUESDAY - EVENING, C J :r -14, THEJOURNA . Paktla bom Bornlnf in journal diiw i tiruaawaa ana Inniiin'm. inrrmt. r, -ttnri ( tb pootollli at furtlaa. OrH In KanioiiMlua Uruu(b ii waiu ma n-.ttrr. . Uuchunm Miln TITS: " ElaaM. A-SUM. , J departments rrarbad br taaa ooibaf. iii operator btl parti! "" tUntluN AllkKM'I'lMl.vll tIKl'kllUMlTIT ' ijj.mto Kantnar Ca.. Braaaartrk FnlMla, w viua avanna, paw. wra 4 a,.-,v . kobacrlptlua luriaa tr all a La ear aw wa ujuu eiaiea or Maxloat Ua 7U ......10.00 I Od ate&tfe A.... M BCNDAT. Cm yea ....... IS.A0 I o anoth vAlkx M BUM DAI On ror .,...$TM I On swata . St' Ona great, .-strong, unselfish ' foul In very community would actually redeem the world. Elbert Hubbard, " ' ? ' , . - IIB 18 THB STATE ... yyUERTA has become'the state, -1-4 He has suspended congress, I I and himself assumed all legl latlve functions. I He has suspended the supreme . court and all other courts Insofar as . they disagree with his mandates or . manifestoes. He has suspended the " constltu jtion, so far as It exempts members or congress from arrest ' and im : .- prlsonment '.',;- - -'rv Thus, the discretion of the AVll . eon. adminietratioji In .refusing to recognize Huerta stands vindicated Vtctorlano Huerta U. the Mexican government. He is the constitution and, the aws. ' He Is the legislative branch. He- fa the Judicial. ! "He , Is the cabinet ! He Is the Mexican republic. In the functions he exer cises, he is the people of Mexico. Huerta' reeking palace Is a, bouse of absolutism. No monarch 'ever maintained a sterner despotism. His . temporary chair as provisional pres ident has become a bloody, throne. ' As constitutional president, Mar cero stood la bis way to autocracy. and Madero wa assassinatedv6ea ator Dommguex dared to differ on the floor of the Mexican senate with - the ,; Huerta administration; and" he has been assassinated..- -The Mexican congress : protested against Domin- - guesV disappearance, and Its mem- . bers were arreBted and , Imprisoned. ' ; The Mexican capital Is an armed camp. The republic as a: govern ment is In ruins. Liberty is dead. Free speech C la - suspended. ' The bayonet Is. the ballot box. .Tbe army la the country. Huerta alone ex ercises the right of suffrage. '-.-.'. ; It was this dictator at the bead of bis. artillery that President Wil son. wajt..Mgad lawful executive .of Mexico, It vrap, this regime of assassination, usurps-j lion and tyr'ann;'' bn,?whlcijtpresf ww . .iirvi tnM 'uaoi w awv ' vu? coal of approval' In behalf of : the United States. ; : v;p,s;;.'.;, ; ; How fortunate , It rwas. as now abundantly proven, that the . Wash ington.; government gave . no token 'of approval to ; Victorian Huerta and his bloody assises.' la little ' different at ? s etnmbling bloctt to progress fret n Tthe Amerl can land speculator, 1h'" this' coun try thousands ; of peofcle " are 'kept oft the land ? byr exoifbuan vpnoes, that speculator bo5dIDiu acres In Idleness in an kLteit to - ake, In advance, all t thM ii"0ilU which the land worker tan .acumulateithrougb a: long series of. yeMB.ilii,p.; The British movement is a 'con crete expression of forces that are at work all over the world,' forces which are beginning to comprehend that over capitalization of v unused land Is as' detrimental to human welfare as any other kind of over capitalization. ' . THE INTERSTATE BRIDGE f T HERB are 150.000 people ; in southwestern Washington. - They are in a region whose topography makes them a part oi the same natural community with Portland. A mere' state line cannot divorce them from their natural kinship with this city. '. A atate line is a nothmg. Nature and geography are far higher Dowers. s i . This ' great community of 150,000 oeoole in southwestern Washington naturally gravitates toward Portland for the same reason that water runs down hill It js the old law of least resistance. " - ' , ' All that is needed to make the co hesion complete are proper facilities for locomotion.,' Give the southwest ern Washingtonians convenience in the way of roads and bridges and they cannot be kept out of Portland. But deny them the roads and bridges and ultimately they will identify them selves more or less with other com munities. . f Transportation almost rules the world. Transportation is the inexor able influence that fixes the life or death of regions. Facilities and con veniences for intercourse sre the pow erful link with which to bind Portland and ? Southwestern Washington to? gether. ' A' :.." r''ir:. s- A vote against the interstate bridge bonds would be a vote to keep them apart. v "' V-PZ X;?iV- A vote for the bonds is a vote to brinj? them close together In mutual ntercourse. social, commercial, indus trial and; financial - It is a vote, for progresst . 1 ' " ,' . or 11.60 for. raw material, and this amount of .corn 1 can.ba growh ;!n a garden aai by Q feet. A ..farpet'i bulletin tells how to grow the pop corn ini how to make it into tooth some breakfast dishes. Children are advised to take : up this branch, of home farmIa.Tifc''(:;;V':v ; :- Tbla bulletin illustrates how. old time - traditions are being upset at Washington. ' The time was when popcorn was beat only in the even ing,' with storm raging outside and a cheerful fire roaring up the chim ney. V Then, was the time to eat pop- corn, a mouthful isf corn and a l)ite of apple. Eaten properly, popcorn makes for contentment sociability and all the kindly virtues. But if we .eat our corn In the morning, what will entertain, us when., tbe long winter evenings come? , A NEW COMMISSION A 1804 AND 1913 r D EVTLS OF IiAKDLQRPISSf address fit ; Bedford', last: Sat urday began , ther campaign) to i "free British' land from Iflnd- lordism and to get the 'people tack on at? 'Perhaps, the, ttst, moment- ousf reform proposed by the present ministry Jter tKus'lhlrfgurate; ' England's problem of, gettmg peo pie j back on the land Is dlfjicun and details of the B6lutipn goffered"; by Lloyd-Ceofge do riot appear -in - the cabled report ,of his speech;;.L'Bdt' be pointed ant ..that tthe ; percentage ;of cultivated lahd is JoVer In'En gland than Id any other country of r tf rope. J Epglandy acesi are v held ibt a comparatively "few lanadlords. -men- . who "heretofpfe ' hsye haJd4,approxt- nmio ,cwuirui . moo tegiaiauoni with the reBiilt that. broad r-stretchea f fertile soli which should be fe'roj uong-crops-ana supporting-fami lies m comfort are held as- game preserves for the' mere sport of -their owners.- .-- -v'.--- ; ! Landlordism,' said f Lloyd-George. Is the greatest monopoly In Great Britain. ; The authority of King George is not comparable with the authority of the landlord over' bis , tenants. The large . English land pwner has legal authority to main Jain a wilderness while English peo pie are suffering for. want of land to cultivate; 'The landlord has the sanction oi law , even to f do more than a foreign enemy would impose ion the country after a conquest. ' English farm laborers are said ic receive smaller : pay and k to wori longer- hours than any other 'class of laborers In that country, -Ninety per cent of them are forced to a aeale Of living lower than that of the, poorhouse. f The country 4nust rhoo8e. said . Lloyd-George, between the' power of tbe land owners and the prosperity of the laborers, for G reat ? Britain ultimate greatness lepends npon the welfare of her en tire people, rather than upon mon pply of opportunity by a few. -? The Asqulth , ministry proposes to bring this about by! reducing 'the panie preserves, by giving farm la tiorers a living wage, shorter hours nnd comfortable homes. Th laborer 1.1 to have land . enough to provide Jilmself and ' family with garden j roduce and the prospect of ' ulti mately owning a small farm. ..The ration will use its financial re i oun es to assist m accomplishing iliis end- , ' , - ' l.'npland it undertaking on a M,&ict.ale scale what must be at i pled in the United States in a t u;!cr way. The English landlord HE Wall Street 'Journal prints some timely comparisons" be tween 1894, when the Wilson Gorman tariff law went Into effect, ; and 1913, the year of the Underwood tariff law, 8tandpat In terests are claiming that our "in fant" Industries still need the, pa ternal hand of government to pro-' tect them against -competition, the argument-being that It required to stand alone, .they;: Willi f aiu There ! haver.Jbeen. no .notable fumbles, and there , will be none,i for a yery good reason. 1lvi,Wfs.'-f,!'i '3kosl American industries are no longer infants. Manufactured out put., figured on the value added by manufacture ' to - exported ' articles, amounted to $3 per capita in 1894, compared with $12,16 per .capita now. . ; The .. product Of ;: American manufacture's -were .worth $73 per capita nineteen years ago; now they arejhWOrth $107.60 per capita. t Gross earnings of railroads were $15.87 per capita as against $49.26 now. The total -value of. the farm output In l894 was. $49.26 iper capita; in 1913 Jt ls $61.38. 'The Wall Street Journal saysr - . " Weineweonsurns' eltber for parson! 'or buBlneaa . use S.38 tons of coal aplcv compared' with t.iS tons whei ,th WlJaon. bill .ant. into affect Our per 'capita. ; output .of; ateel haa fpcrieaaed Upfront 1M,i. pounds to l 694 pounds. In- thrt abort Interim of only ftl&Steen year our stock- of - sold has grown, from., about- 4600.000,000, which aat hidden away where SOreeham'a law couldn'ti get; at It, t'. 11.900.000,000. which ' ia now-. In the btnka and tba pockets . of ,tho people doing- active ser vice! lh'H'4 'itbl eecurlty markets were ;aoV that ur -induatrles wara a,oiq . raise omj wui o.a at new caslta.1 1 tier eanita. and this, year the totat will be c.lo! sto $l,;Whlla our bank depoBtts per capita have more tham doubled.'".:A!;'t,;,.i'fc?':'::'fe There"has"'eena'vast , growth In Wealth during-' ther-past -t nineteen yearsvand Wall Street Journal's fig ures go 'toT the essence of Standpat Ism'a argument for continuation of a prohibitive tariff. ; If high protec tion Is necessary for 'Infant" Indus' tries, when will the Infant bepome able to stana on his own feet? A five-fold per capita Increase in the output of steel would seem to indi cate that American steel industries are : reasonably ".well established, strong enough -to stand without the government's supporting hand. The ; nineteen intervening . years between 1894 and 1913 marked the end of most prohibitive tariffs. -The infants have : grown into , manhood. Tbe bottle is no longer necessary In their feeding.-! Today the need is for equal opportunity, ' and oppor tunlty should be open to the man who consumes the product of In dustries as well as to tbe man, who produces them, -i . ; , ' The Underwood tariff law marks new era. Never again will the United States go back to tbe policy of upbuilding a few at the expense of the many. , I ' 1 V 1 ' ' i. POPCOItN FOR BREAKFAST F OPCORN for breakfast la Uncle Sam's latest advice to assist In reducing the cost of . living. Corn expert of the department of - agriculture declare that when popcorn is properly prepared it is superior as a breakfast food to many of the well known 'preparation now on the market " . . ' . , -These expert say that $30 worth of popped corn In the form of five- cent -packages for the market rep resents an outlay of only' about Ji COMMISSION has been named by Governor ;West to., formu late a plan for a more equit able system of forest taxation, and a plan for the settlement of suth of the logged off lands as are suitable for agricultural purposes.. The commission ' can get a .view of forest spoliation in some of the logged off districts of the etate. Debris, tree. tops, rotting logs, charred stumps and rubbish of . all descriptions cover the ground and mar the landscape. In taking away the . forest wealth, the deBpoilers worked great injury to the genera tion : by , the piles' of refuse ; with which they encumbered the land. It would not be unfair to demand of Umbermen that they leave some thing of value as they lake away the forest wealth. ' Lumbering ought not to be vandalism, it would be no more than Justice to require the dis appearing timber to leave, some kind of legacy to ' recompense for t It going. . - It haa been suggested that th timber be made to raise a fund for building roads to the end that, the logged off lands ; could: be settled and devoted to agriculture. An ef fect : would be to . de-capitalize the forests, , to draw out some of the water, to abstract soma of the In flation in their values. "No better thing could happen to the homebnilder. No greater stimu lus could be given the lumbering industry than would come from a de-capitalized timber supply.. , Nor could anything more for tunate . happen to the consumer. There are many ways in which the new commission .can, serve Oregon. WOMAN AND THE BALLOT ; PPONENTS of woman suffrags have relied principally on the argument that women do not , want tha rmltnt . that ' thv I fall tovote when they have the opportunity, This, argument, talght have dome ; .force j If; It.; were based upon facts, for the ' ballot should be placed In nobody's bands who will - not usslt. j? But the ' antt- uff raglst argument '- has " been,.- dis proved In - California.. - ! ' The College ' Equal . Suffrage League of northern California has obtained ; figures showing - that . a greater percentage of: women than! men registered and .voted at the; presidential election last fall. ' The statistic cover 87 counties, includ ing more than three-fifths of the state's population, so that the flg-j ures may be considered representa tive of the entire state. ; ; In some of the , counties between 90 and 100 per cent of the women were registered,- and in . 28 of Jthe 37 the percentage was more than 60 In only four counties did the : per centage of registored women fall be low 60. In two counties more than 90 per cent of the registered women voted: In 16 counties from 60 to 90 per cent- voted, and In only- seven counties .was the percentage less than 60. The percentage of voting commerce . commission. , They bav strengthened the - banking institu tion' of- the country. - Paternalism ouu uiU8Mim are no longer cuargea against them. , j j; . , - wi ui m piaiory is peruaeni v me present aisoussion over tae pend ing currency, bill. While the Ameri can Banking Association was pass ing resolutions at Boston last week condemning the ..bill the fact was established that: presidents of - tbe saying banks had abandoned . their opposition ' . to .the , postal savings banks. ' . At a sectional meeting It was admitted that the private Insti tutions had not suffered materially as a result of the postal bank. Banker opposition to the currency bill centers in the provision placing control with the government rather than with the bankers themselves. Politics is held up ir a bugaboo. Just as It was against establishment of the Interstate commerce commis sion. But politics haa not' inter fered with efficient management of tbe railroads, and neither will it be a handicap on good banking Presl dents of savings banks themselves admitted.' In effect, at Boston that their opposition to postal banks was based. on an inadequate conception of hanking. , i The bankers should, take the step which must be taken In time. Pri vate interest should be subordinated to the general welfare. The cur rency bill may not be perfect, but It main principle cannot be suc cessfully attacked through Imperfec tions of detail. . ' Letters From the People (Communication aeat to T& 7ooraal far pub- llcatloa la thla department (bould b wmcra ea only ea aid el the pa par, ationld aer azeaed 800 ward Ss knita aod mut b aeeoBpaaled br the ame and ddra of th aeader. If th writer doe not dmlr ta hare th aam pub- ubi. 6 abould to etata.) , , ' "DUeuaalen 1 tbe rraatmt of alt rcfermar. II nttooaUae trjrUilna it toncbea. It rob artneipla of aU tab sanctity and throw Uraat back e their reaaonablencaa. If tbr h uo reasonablenes it rutb total eroabce tbent eut or exjatene aad eat op it own avacjvaiuaa ia (aeir aitaa.- wooarow vritaon.. - j ;vi- i Would Condemn Swan Island.; 1 Portland," Or., Oct 14 To tba Editor of The Journal Much has been and Is being said about the city of Portland taking over Swan Island far wharfage and dock purposes., and about the In flated price of- the Island. Why need there bs so much fuss about the price r It is a well known .principle of law that a municipality may acquire iana for the purpose of opening or extending streets, and lor any purpose wnere it is absolutely necessary for "the public sood, and do so by condemnation pro ceedings. The city may acquire ewaa Island ia this way, if it can be shown that it is a public naceaalty, and the awner would b anutied to, ana coma recover. Just the amount that It was asaesaed for at the last assessment. He would be barred from recovering a greater nrlce, because he has placed bis own valuation upon It The difference between the value returned to the as sessor and the price ha wants th city W pay la so vast that it naturally seta one to - ininaing, . . wnicuovor wy n turns. It te- an opening weage xor xne assessor to get his work in. It should be aaaesed at tu same figure he ia asking th city t pay. women at local elections Is. said to be higher. The men who voted in the state last fall averaged 66.4 per cent of the male - registration, ao that, Judged by the standard of the bal lot's actual use, California women are better citizens than ' California men. Women In that state are typical of women in other ' sections of the country. ? Some of them may ; not car to assume the duties, of . suf frage, but. once it la imposed upon them, women as a, class will .not shirk. 1 " " i , ' 1 ' "u j t , " 1 THE PROTESTING BANKERS HEN : postal - saving banks were proposed strong oppo sition developed on-the part or estaoiisnea savings oanK. It was then said 'that for the gov ernment to go Into the banking pus- iness in any form smacked too much of paternalism and socialism. When it was proposed to put railroads un der direction of the interstate com merce i commission' it was objected that the roads should not bo sub jected to "political" control. , ; Now railroad are attempting to enlarge th interstate - commerce commission' powers as against, con trol by the state. ),. Political control by ' the . federal commission Is - no longer feared, f6r tbe commission has demonstrated that partisan poli tics 1 a negligible factor, that gov ernmental supervision can be and lk as much in the interest of the railroads themselves as It la in the public' Jntereet. . . t Postal savings . banks were estab lished In spite of tbe opposition, but they have not brought havoc and ruin.. : The postal .savings .hanks have Interfered in no way" with the privately owned - Institutions. , They have been as successful In practical Claim That Antedates Hees. Kfvrtl Point'.Or- "Oct 11. TO the Editor of Th JournaW-In The Journal of October . I read that John, M. Hesa of Tamhlll county claims to be the first white child born In Oregon, ana again in The Journal of October 7, Mrs. M. C Berry, now of California, claims "that she was born ons year earlier than Mr. Heaa. But my wife's .oldest sister (whose maiden name was Mary Perry) was born In Clatsop county, Ootdbar Is, 184S. Her father, W, T. Parry, oroaaed the plains In 184?, and located t Oregon City, where h built a flouring mill for Dr. Mclaughlin, the rat .flouring mill built in Oregon. In 1841, hs moved to Clatsop Plains, whare h resided until 1851. when he moved to Douglas county and located a donation claim on Deer creek, pppoklte Roseburg . In 185 J. he built a flouring mill on his place, and in SUM moved to Coos .county andpur chased tnr pla where Norway is now located:, where he resided until his-death in 1881 : ' '''''"'' f-'-' ' !V .' "v Ho was, thersfoVe, an early- pioneer of Oregon, also of - four counties Clack: amaa, Clatsop. I'gjg. Th'Heaies:-lther.:i; jpprtiand.' Oct: 19.To; the Editor, of The JournalIt seems to ma that ens of the worst and growing evils f today I ths heartless desertion ' of children by 'their mothers. A In- all 'the publlO dlaousslons In your columns this sub i.rt a never been touched upon. I j would very much like to see a public diacusaion of tne queauon. . . t there anything npon earth morally Hower than ; a woman who hearUeasly deserts, forsaltes ana aoanaona nmr vwu offspring for th mar sake of freedom to so and com whenever and wherever he pleasest It is my epmjon that ws hnva lawa maklns it a crim inal offense for a mother to desert her children, unless through -sickness icr pov- rty; ' duoov"'', ' Ouerv as to Lavender Club. ' Newberg. Or., Oct XI. To the Editor of1 Th "Journal -8ont months ago Z noticed In Th Journal something about . i.t.a "Lavender club." to raise and aell lavender. I would like Information about the plant or the club president's address.-:, jajhisb a. AB.iaai., v- . ' ; . '' - La' Follette; .-' ; ;; From Harper's Weekly. . ' V ; " Every member of either hous who re trained from trying 1 to embarrass the Democrats on tha - tarlf t , Mil deserves aredit, but to one man fall the great est share of glory for independence, be cause it cost him most Especially did Senator La Follette's situation, require tMnsth of character: hot only had he always been a Republican, but ha had, stnoa the Booseveit split, e"" to be looked upon aa likely to dominate tha party In the future.- As Progreaslve nesa seemed needed to save it from de struction, La Folletts'a Influence had suddenly been multiplied. In voting for the Democratic-tariff, he gave a final proof that no consideration can prevent him-from following alwaya bis convlo tloa.,' This man has fought tha atraight fight all his life. Often the sacrifice has. been great Ha has given up, friends, money, comfort party praise, eaay ad vance. H has stood abuse and suspic ion. Nearly always tha country and his rarty have coma around, finally, to La Follette's position, v This last proof of patriotism may annoy the Republican senators for the time being:, but It will probably mean that La FolUtte's in fluence, even over them, wlILb strength ened in the end; because a man Who I so experienced, strong, farSlghtcd, : and ?pcrallon as has been the interstate 'now. PERTINENT COMMENT AND NEWS IN. BRIEF i r SMALL CT NG15 Bain or shine, tlio fairs are fin; f a Probably most of the' mussled dogs are aisv preur iu. ! She Is a poor hostess who is always entertaining suspicions. ,' It doesn't pay to worry unless you sr drawing a salary for it A man never makes a bid for notoriety- when ha -does his dutyi-r-r-' t. When baseball Is over, other news can receive more - attention. The Quality of selfishness varies as wiaeiy aa nunian cnaracier, ..Any fool can ask questions that will make a wis man back pedal When all ia said, the, ttaat of llvlna- is largely woef one voiuniaruy. manes it. All the foreign nations seem to want to iram or xia up tne American tariff. even witn tne aid or a mirror a wom an is unable to see herself as others see--ner.j,K"v .vv." 'ftv The man who causes two hoes to a-row where one grew before a also a public benefactor. , , r . popular estimation, than ; the hRBcfiail cnaropivns. Tha tilaek aheeo stands - a . hatter chance or living to a ripe old ago than tha fatted calf. - Soma reformers can never learn that only a email minority of the ' people want what they do. , The difference between a politician and a Statesman is that the politician Invariably lands the J6b.... ; ,v : It a young man marrles a slender girl and she develops into a heavy weight in after years,, he can see whece he got more than he bargained for. v ' , OIIEGON SIDELIGHT . ' - - - - " f That a rood basfhall city is a good city, is th uliilm of the Baker Herald, which thun cm on to' remark that Bak er is ui .-pebt baseball city m i northwest." , Althouffh it Is a year in th future, the Kuifena lietflster, on behalf of the unl veialty city, hasten to asmire the ciub women of the state that they will b most welcome when they .assemble there In i-nn.ntlAn ' . r , .. - , - f. .i , ... .- . v.' .-That aunnort Af a. hnnil hv taxation Is just as "rational as support of a park ur a norary ia me conieniion vi tuu McMlnnvlUa. News Retioi ter. which urges the council to make a, levy for mumgipai music. - u - ' . .. . ' it t .;' Not neerlne- hut taklnr only a casual glance into th future, the prophetic ;;IN:EARUERDWS I ', 1 i Uy; rtl Lockley."';;,:-. George W. Knapp 1j a Buckeie, but a transplanted one. - Ilo cutiitj from 0 1 , i - to Oregon 60 ;year 'ago tbla "month. wae,,17 years old,' aid Kin'tpi', Vhen, the ;H3o west' spirit got rne.? t.i the spring of 'S3 I went to A. ,f. Kobiu son who was getting up a purty to n to Oregon andaaked him what show there was for,ni golna; aU)iifj,;'He bU; 'I'll f urnlslt. you -a-, .saddle fcewe-ana-bbard you if you, will take .'charge of my loose stock,.' I accepted, his. ofcr. "We had 16 wagons when we" stal led. Wo were well provisioned and had good oxen. Ther were around 100- people in tbe party, by far the larger part of them being women and children, My employer was captain or. tne trajn, ,ve-left J3 Pendleton EftHt Oi-Biraninn wiva. "A few over wagons ofttns Piftitsj. only years Uence and local people will be on. got, through. Some Of .our oxen, planning : junket trips to the east via got poisoned by 'drinking at an alkali the., Panama-., eanat". ' f - !:--.i!-- spring, others , ate larkspur, some died ;,.v.v:-;-:; ;.; rV 'rom weakness. . Wo 'packed, what :wa Hillsboro Argus: - Ootoherja her in had to hav on the cows that I had mi im Kiury, iuiiuw in: one ni ma uvau- i heen drtvlno: and casna nn - m,, ua tlful Septembers of i decade, Nature tii auk. haa showered her blesalngiTomtlw Wil- !"uc ..?. .?rfe.r ..Mt j?0?1"80" lauaett valley, and th soli of th Tuala tin has been more than rich la nature s bounteous golden harvest. Who wouldn't live in uregonr - ' Noting the return to Qlendalef som residents who have recently revisited their old home in Texas, the News com ments thus: . "The hot days and uncom fortably warm nights, the poor drinking waver ana tne -lacn or vegetation com Mned to still further convince them that there is no- nlace like Oreiron as a pleas ant satisfying place to live and where living is worm .wnue.? ht-ix---iV In the "Astoria 30 years asro' column or last. Saturdays Astonan apreared the following interesting item: . "The oldest viregon seiner na oeen rouna at .mm. His name is O. B. Oobar: he lives six miles north of Salem. He came to As toria in 1833. - After living here awhile no went to Aiarion county, wnere he naa been living for the. last SO years. 'The return are . all in;- there are-no- mora counties to hear from: the accounts ara made un and Air. Oobar la entitled to the distinction. Wa alwaya thought that and. myself struck oVit'on niir horses for tha Willamette valley to secure oxen' and provisions. Our narty was almost out of food and ; we did not feel like robbing them of what little they hud su We, struck out without supplies.; It toolt us over two weeks to get to the valley. We didn't have a single square meal dur ing 'the entire trip, i- . We ' shot ' pine qulrrala and dug roots' and tightened our belts:: I didn't know1 till then how hear to nothing a-man-ean-lrve on If he has to. We sucured s6me" strong youns oxen ' and a wagon. ' We loaded "our wagon with supplies and started hack, to meet tur narty. We! met them on this lXBPhutes river.:.. -'The 'women were walking, tarrying" the children. Tht-!r shoes were worn out aad their feet were tied In rags-.. Home of-them iJhad cut their skirts f t at' the knees Xo ,-wi'ap around ' their feet to protect them from th rock and prickly pear spines,' In fact most of the women's dresses were In rags and Worn off ud to thnlr. knees. Kin iMovemDer au we came to rancn an Astorian would eventually, get away I on the Clackamas river east of Oregon with It," THE NEW ROUTE TO THE INDIES From the.Detrolt Newa ' Economics determine the direction of progress today, as it did 500 years ago. And tbe dinging of the Panama . canal where tha waters of the Atlantic are about to meet the Waters of the Pacific, will work a change so profound In the lines of progress that no on can' meas ure them. : .-r:' r;.;--;-iV:".'" Xf. !:'- In -1450 the Turks got possession ' ef the Mediterranean sea and. of the route to India, that vast treasury of : condi ments and luxuries. They advanoed on Vienna; they menaced Venice: they held Sues, and Gibraltar: they, shut off all th rich trad with Asia. And the peo ple of the middle ages, so fond of spices. peppers, ; aromatic, perfumes, : gold- ware, -. precious stones . and silks, ; and filled as they war with the spirit of the renaissance, were not long to endure auoh a pent-up eoadlt Ion. . . . To discover a new route to India, Vasco da Gama scoured the west coast of Africa down to the cape. Amerigo Vespucci followed tha ice floes to New Foundland, Marco Polo-, ventured over land 'by the way of Turkestan, Colum bus set' but ' due West across 'the At lantic: Cabot, Drake, Froblsher, Gilbert Magellan and a score or others pushed forward into the vast unknown, with the same venturesome spirit as Wright and others now explore the air. They sought but one' tblng-r-e. new ' way to India. . And t Columbus j after making three tripa to America, died believing that he had landed W th-J5? ft Indies, y Champlain sailed UjMna 8t Lawrence and tbe Ottawa to Georgian Bay, re joicing in his - belief : that - he was dis covering the "northwest passage" to India. The Detroit river was discovered by explorers , who. were on the. same quest Not until Balboa 'stood "silent on a peak In Darien" at Panama and gased upon th mighty Faclflo was- it known that a continent and an ocean still barred the way to India To dig the canal was immediately conceived by the Spanish. But John Bobieaski crusned the Turk at Vienna; Boabdil, the Moor, was turned out of Spain, and Venice whipped City.- Th owner had iquit a -field of potatoes. He saw the-fix we ware In. 'Help yourselves to -the potatoes.' hs said. We sat up nearly all' night roast-. mg and eating potatoei,-,,!.'-,--"-:- una people-in the party whom I tse- eama acquainted-; wlthr Were:: Kaston 1 his people and the Hurlburt. When we got W Portland I had no soles to my shoes, nor crown my hat ' Charles Savage, an old-time whaler, of fered me a Job on bla, "ranch , south of Dayton In Tamhlir .ounty.i I asked nira wnai no wanteo me to atx saia, mere are : no women in (his whoia . country a" man can Hire- for lev or money.' There ar too mahy single men wanting to marry women. ' J ' want yo i to come out and work for me ha s hired man, to nurse my wife, swho ' is sick and to do the houseWork.?'3-! tbld him I a . ... i. . t t ,.--,... there a day or two he said: f 'It don't 1 -vW -AAdI A -'alAA lAtt . 4lnfinli aa afe An r A ' in those worn' out shoes and'tiigh water pants, v pon't yon want-me to buy,you ' some clothear I dreaded going In dht ' ao I told him no. I would eet-iLlonir: Ha said.-Why, man, your pants ara off at: the knees and you are praotlcally bare legged.' I told him ,I.wouli-paint my, legs red so I wouldn't look so undressed.- When he came back from Portland he handed me a big package and gave me the bill for tbe : things. .There was a pair of cowhide boota' at 110, ehlrtp. socket s coat., trousers, and a hat. lie I paid me $30 a months So I soon farnml the Turk on the. sea even before Coltlm- W. Sltto r and tha We,ch nd M 'amlry, Jim Meyer an w". "opened to uropeand the need , . ,.eonl. .nd h, HitMh.irt oi in ranama canal no longer existed. Another; conformation of the World's activities may be expected to follow the opening of the Panama, Indeed, it has already shaped Itaelf. The Spanish- American war, and the Russo-Japanese war signalised the opening of a new theatre of world activity. The world haa again turned its face . toward the Pacific, and dramas will there, be en acted in commerce, in Industry and in civilisation or wntcn we can now form no adequate conception, ' ' We pride ourselves today on the won derful age In which we livej But ther nave been other wonderful ages, and on of them was that f the European ref nalssanc. To have - Uved whentba Game, Drate, Cortes, Piszero, Cabot Co lumbus. Magellan, Gilbert, Raleigh and Grenvllle sailed the main, when they returned now with wondrous tales of adventure, of new worlds, of new oceans and of new races of man, and. shoveled the golden booty of many v' ravished kingdom upon the queen's carpet Ther were monarcha. too. In that magnificent day.. Elisabeth in England. Charles in Spain, king. of half of Eu- ;MWwf..i?. yTC.eJ tl'! enough to Pay for my outfit ". HI. wife Terrible, In - Russia. The , generation that aaw Colembus land In America aaw the- printing, press, invented at Copen hagen, st Peter's at Rome and -the other wondrous cathedrals i of? Europe were, being : tut ' Luther - was beinir condemned ty the Diet of worms.1:' The glorious schools of painting v rose In Venice, Rome, Florence. Greek culture was born anew. Europe Was a hotbed of. sedition, unrest new -thought new inventions, construction, industry. Eng. iana tnroDDed with life. -Galileo specu lated, - Splnosa thought, Bhakespeare wrote, and Drake .conquered. When lire is brimming over. It seeks new outleta And it finds them. And the o'er-brlmmlng' industrial life of to day has fouhd an outlet at Panama, and a new arena In the Pacific, tr Y0UR MONEY By John M. Oskison. James B. Forgan is president of the First National bank of Chicago; h Is 61 years old ' he-was born in Scotland, and he rose from the ranks. ; ft; t ;; w - For these reasons I read with great Interest Mr. Forgan'a definition,, of ,In atora -aad tsivetmetsfc''t'-:!i'";s' ' The Analyst naa asaea. mm tor ni views on the present opportunities for th wise investor. In ftis answer ' Mr. iroremj.sald::,!.:-:.,,:'-.'i:,:.';;.v:?: 'H:y-.-n1 ; "There are two classes of Investor and there are two kinds of investments. . 'There are those who, in looking for an Investment should do so front th standpoint of securing a sure ana steady income, f rea ' from the 'ordinary risks Involved in; being directly engaged In business, -''.-'.''f- !''-',' --V:;' "Thls class, should confine themselves to sood bonds' ana -tnus neoom creait- ors of. Instead of partners In. huslnesa The other class, consisting of those whose experience and ; training make them capable of Judging, for themselves as to whether a business enterprise is good, bad or doubtful, should feel tlwt they know enough about the stocks 'they buy , to enable -them to juage tor tnem selves of th risk Involved In such in vestments. 'They are entitled to expect larger returns than - can be had on bonds." : Here you have, on excellent authority the clear definition of the two kinds of money uses."! The on is a loan repay ment of th fae of the, loan la import ant before anything else. The other is the exchange of. money for a definite fractional 'Interest In some business the steadiness of earnings of that busi ness is Important before anything else, Earnings paid to the owner of the busi ness (the stockholders) ought to.be big ger than t- the wages paid for money merely borrowed, for there is no promise to return the invested psinuipal at .any time. . . ' , The Hope, of Immortality. ' i From the Llncdln Star. - , 'Sir Oliver Lodare savs that the bhImi. tlsts,- having protested against dogmatic theology, :, have C begun . to dogrnutlse themselves. ,' He makes ' his profession of faith in the persistence of personal ity beyond bodily death. Certainly phy sical science cannot improve any mort than it can prove., immortality. The subject is beyond Its jurisdiction. ; ,. Our hop of Immortality, outside of Scriptural promises, lies in our concep tion of the sublimity of the intellectual and spiritual elements in . man,'; These soaring thoughts, " these t warm affec tions.' cannot die. Such is tha real basis of our faith. If It be aald that they may live and .enjoy a kind of eternal life through the human race as a whole without an eternal -continuance of iden tity and personality, the answer Ift thut what we. know, of the hi man Intellect died in a few months, "He sold; his place u ana went, ..to; tne .Kogue river ;eountry. "I ' heard .Captain Medorun Gra'Wford wanted., a man. He had a fine place near, the mouth of the Tamhlll river of about 1000 acres. ! He said. 'Are you a good worker.T If. you-are I'll' give you a Job. . I have a couple of grown boys but they' won't work unless some good worker la , around to encouraxa tnem with a good example." I asked him what wages: he paid. He said, 'All ' you can eat and whatever you ar worth.' I took- the job and worked for hint for the next. 15 years. - Captain Crawford was a fine man.,; I liked the family -so well i would nave marriea on, or tne gins if there had been enough to go around. But one had already settled on some one else and tbe other was too young. "Captain Crawford Was . appointed and soul rives nromlsa of .'hlarher Ufa I collector of customs at .Portland and In which all our saturation win h I moved to town, I, married a "newcomer satisfied. , . . t I from .New Tork. Miss Belinda Howard. There is. It Is true intellectual and W ran the Crawford farm for the next spiritual progress tn- this world,, but It lour: years. . yvnen v-apain rawiora does not equal tha' nrorresa mada - in I came back he aald,.'You have mad mon-; tne realm of physical science. We hav ey ror me as wen as jor yoursoir. isks not advanced beyond the Ten Command- 1116 Dec team- tne nest wagon ana wnat-. ments and the Sermon on the Mount ever else, you need and.. iise tjiem as W know more than the anclenfGreeks long, as you need them. ...I bought a did, but It can hardly ha said that the pUce near t"6' dkl-well; About human Intellect is today more powerful 15 rears ago I went to Eugene., I have than that of ancient Greece. In litera ture tne numan race does not advance Steadily from age to age, but fluctuates. A genius Ilk. Shakespeare appears, not as the result of an evolution of drama tic and poetic power, but as -a Sort of portent; no one excels him, no one succeea .nim...-;,::":;.r:: There is, therefore, an Inherent nrob ability in the belief .that another life or state or existence, will. fulfil' that aspiration for Intellectual and spiritual progress which is not satisfied in this worm, f in such a rutur stater man mignt make r spiritual discoveries an alogous to the discovery of--the X-ras, or any otner - of those ; which i. have marked the marvellous progress of physical science. In other words, look ing at the rapid '..-progress of physical science, and! the slow- pace of intellec tual and spiritual improvement in this state of existence, it is reasonable':: to believe that another state of existence Is necessary for the spiritual 1 develop ment for the harmonious development oi mans. entire sattirav'i'vSsv-.?-.'.- . Senatorial Nonsense. '' From the , Omaha World-Herald.' i- : There are certain senators who can not comprehend that the world is mov ing forward, that there Is no such thing! aa standing pat, and the result is that they , continue to utter an immense amount of nonsense. ' The other day Senator Lodge gravely announced the ,1 know the present ton is that any a good home there. I have been offered 1 10,000 ; for: it. I ara raJaty (Well-to-do. but I won't loarX Though J am 80-years old t mow lawns, paint housfs, do car penter, work and work . hard. Recently I dug: up, a : large tree, rout it up and split It into fire wood. I have noticed that men who get. to "be 70 or JS quit work to take it easy. They crumple up Ilk an empty flour sack and, die, A, man must take exercise.. It t just as necessary as to eat ' I am 80, yet I am sound as s bell.. I work on roofs and do any kind of work and" enjoy It My wife and I have celebrated out golden I wedding anniversary,' We have a good horn and are contented' f x sh ., Pointed Paragraphs . a". At least ouiscr waa a sooa sorrower. . .::f''i.,,ft'f::U;?Si;r'fe 7 ''. : Whet! isAren't h tha i flft autamohllaa outvyetfk5t?fc:s '-Pi:$ ' u, '' ,;(..-. ' ;.: r. :.-:, If poor judgment is th blossom, bad :: a small mouth - luck is the fruit sMany ' a fellow with has a,Iot.ot.Jaw"Hv'i:' There, Is ho need to be desnondent: gor football U in action, v " Tli.r Still ' npait nf , -Antlnurl growth ahd spread of .tolerance. . ; t ?Any wy, :th tariff tat-oh the farm ers' bags is noW a' good oasLJas. man:Whe;.;:has.,money;is. prim, facia a'll;;:?1: t Who ha I Anuiner uniii 7 iiitu yuuin ; nnouin DO erirai nal i and : that any man Deen successful ,in any way falls under 1 1"?-..., clon.. ' - , . I .A' prise, youth onore. suspicion. That kind of talk might he exousable in a backwoodaacongresslonal camoalan. but coming from the moat distinguished and scholarly representative of the Re- puoiicsn party in rne united states sen ate, it will only disgust the man of any party wno has ordinary common sense. It Is on a par with the -constant as. aertion by th representatives of the interest everywhere. It has been as serted by them that the people wanted to ruin the railroads, that they wanted to tako from those who have and alve it to those who hav not. No such asser tion aa Senator-Lodee makes la to ba found in any publication in the land. not even in tne most raaioni. If any man. aside from the senator, haa mads tha assertion that "any niun who haa money is a criminal'? he would have dona well to name the man who said it, 6r the paper that publlnhed it Senator l.odKe knows verv well that" pn suoh "(tone exists at the -.present time.''' and never has existed. . . ,: . ; Tour opinion la all right' in the esti mation of' others if you happen to think as, they: do, w-Va ':" " ;':-.'Vi: i '-f Beed college manifests true DTogres- sivenebs by abolishing that relic of bar- , bartsm, hasting. -,, 1, 4. -.-;-,w-- On idea of a trouble 'maker 'is say citizen or cltlzess with a nose for hews and ths gift of gab. :;'-:''::'::; , v The love of money may.be the-root of ail evil, but the lora of .basebail pro-. duces a. multitude of rooters. '.: . " Wpf c'v ;".! ;. t ' ' ;: t -. l" K s .'.' ' Many , oeonle : will , b. favnrahlv In clined toward the. currency hm becajmo tua uauaers ara oiiiwnwi . 10 11. Man of ft and Vinv nfslT r Tun , in" at the name- tlinn for1 helne dr"uiik. , folly has all ages Cur its own.-- . How r-ouM the president h- vnei-(fl to pay much attentlcn to currtMicv or Mexico during tha baseball week!