The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, October 14, 1913, Page 8, Image 8

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THE OREGON DAILY " JOURNAL. PORTLAND,' TUESDAY - EVENING, C J
:r -14,
THEJOURNA
. Paktla
bom Bornlnf in journal diiw
i tiruaawaa ana Inniiin'm. inrrmt. r,
-ttnri ( tb pootollli at furtlaa. OrH In
KanioiiMlua Uruu(b ii waiu ma
n-.ttrr. .
Uuchunm Miln TITS: " ElaaM. A-SUM.
, J departments rrarbad br taaa ooibaf.
iii operator btl parti! ""
tUntluN AllkKM'I'lMl.vll tIKl'kllUMlTIT
' ijj.mto Kantnar Ca.. Braaaartrk FnlMla,
w viua avanna, paw. wra 4 a,.-,v
. kobacrlptlua luriaa tr all a La ear aw
wa ujuu eiaiea or Maxloat
Ua 7U ......10.00 I Od ate&tfe A.... M
BCNDAT.
Cm yea ....... IS.A0 I o anoth
vAlkx M BUM DAI
On ror .,...$TM I On swata .
St'
Ona great, .-strong, unselfish
' foul In very community would
actually redeem the world.
Elbert Hubbard, " ' ? ' , .
- IIB 18 THB STATE
... yyUERTA has become'the state,
-1-4 He has suspended congress,
I I and himself assumed all legl
latlve functions.
I He has suspended the supreme
. court and all other courts Insofar as
. they disagree with his mandates or
. manifestoes.
He has suspended the " constltu
jtion, so far as It exempts members
or congress from arrest ' and im
: .- prlsonment '.',;- - -'rv
Thus, the discretion of the AVll
. eon. adminietratioji In .refusing to
recognize Huerta stands vindicated
Vtctorlano Huerta U. the Mexican
government. He is the constitution
and, the aws. ' He Is the legislative
branch. He- fa the Judicial. ! "He
, Is the cabinet ! He Is the Mexican
republic. In the functions he exer
cises, he is the people of Mexico.
Huerta' reeking palace Is a, bouse
of absolutism. No monarch 'ever
maintained a sterner despotism. His
. temporary chair as provisional pres
ident has become a bloody, throne.
' As constitutional president, Mar
cero stood la bis way to autocracy.
and Madero wa assassinatedv6ea
ator Dommguex dared to differ on
the floor of the Mexican senate with
- the ,; Huerta administration; and" he
has been assassinated..- -The Mexican
congress : protested against Domin-
- guesV disappearance, and Its mem-
. bers were arreBted and , Imprisoned.
' ; The Mexican capital Is an armed
camp. The republic as a: govern
ment is In ruins. Liberty is dead.
Free speech C la - suspended. ' The
bayonet Is. the ballot box. .Tbe army
la the country. Huerta alone ex
ercises the right of suffrage. '-.-.'.
; It was this dictator at the bead
of bis. artillery that President Wil
son. wajt..Mgad
lawful executive .of Mexico, It vrap,
this regime of assassination, usurps-j
lion and tyr'ann;'' bn,?whlcijtpresf
ww . .iirvi tnM 'uaoi w awv ' vu?
coal of approval' In behalf of : the
United States. ; : v;p,s;;.'.;,
; ; How fortunate , It rwas. as now
abundantly proven, that the . Wash
ington.; government gave . no token
'of approval to ; Victorian Huerta
and his bloody assises.'
la little ' different at ? s etnmbling
bloctt to progress fret n Tthe Amerl
can land speculator, 1h'" this' coun
try thousands ; of peofcle " are 'kept
oft the land ? byr exoifbuan vpnoes,
that speculator bo5dIDiu acres In
Idleness in an kLteit to - ake, In
advance, all t thM ii"0ilU which the
land worker tan .acumulateithrougb
a: long series of. yeMB.ilii,p.;
The British movement is a 'con
crete expression of forces that are
at work all over the world,' forces
which are beginning to comprehend
that over capitalization of v unused
land Is as' detrimental to human
welfare as any other kind of over
capitalization. ' .
THE INTERSTATE BRIDGE f
T
HERB are 150.000 people ; in
southwestern Washington. -
They are in a region whose
topography makes them a part
oi the same natural community with
Portland.
A mere' state line cannot divorce
them from their natural kinship with
this city. '. A atate line is a nothmg.
Nature and geography are far higher
Dowers. s i .
This ' great community of 150,000
oeoole in southwestern Washington
naturally gravitates toward Portland
for the same reason that water runs
down hill It js the old law of least
resistance. " - ' , '
All that is needed to make the co
hesion complete are proper facilities
for locomotion.,' Give the southwest
ern Washingtonians convenience in
the way of roads and bridges and they
cannot be kept out of Portland. But
deny them the roads and bridges and
ultimately they will identify them
selves more or less with other com
munities. . f
Transportation almost rules the
world. Transportation is the inexor
able influence that fixes the life or
death of regions. Facilities and con
veniences for intercourse sre the pow
erful link with which to bind Portland
and ? Southwestern Washington to?
gether. ' A' :.." r''ir:. s-
A vote against the interstate bridge
bonds would be a vote to keep them
apart. v "' V-PZ X;?iV-
A vote for the bonds is a vote to
brinj? them close together In mutual
ntercourse. social, commercial, indus
trial and; financial - It is a vote, for
progresst . 1 ' " ,' .
or 11.60 for. raw material, and this
amount of .corn 1 can.ba growh ;!n a
garden aai by Q feet. A ..farpet'i
bulletin tells how to grow the pop
corn ini how to make it into tooth
some breakfast dishes. Children are
advised to take : up this branch, of
home farmIa.Tifc''(:;;V':v ; :-
Tbla bulletin illustrates how. old
time - traditions are being upset at
Washington. ' The time was when
popcorn was beat only in the even
ing,' with storm raging outside and
a cheerful fire roaring up the chim
ney. V Then, was the time to eat pop-
corn, a mouthful isf corn and a l)ite
of apple. Eaten properly, popcorn
makes for contentment sociability
and all the kindly virtues. But if
we .eat our corn In the morning,
what will entertain, us when., tbe
long winter evenings come? ,
A NEW COMMISSION
A
1804 AND 1913
r
D
EVTLS OF IiAKDLQRPISSf
address fit ; Bedford', last: Sat
urday began , ther campaign) to
i "free British' land from Iflnd-
lordism and to get the 'people tack
on at? 'Perhaps, the, ttst, moment-
ousf reform proposed by the present
ministry Jter tKus'lhlrfgurate;
' England's problem of, gettmg peo
pie j back on the land Is dlfjicun and
details of the B6lutipn goffered"; by
Lloyd-Ceofge do riot appear -in - the
cabled report ,of his speech;;.L'Bdt' be
pointed ant ..that tthe ; percentage ;of
cultivated lahd is JoVer In'En gland
than Id any other country of r tf
rope. J Epglandy acesi are v held ibt
a comparatively "few lanadlords. -men-
. who "heretofpfe ' hsye haJd4,approxt-
nmio ,cwuirui . moo tegiaiauoni
with the reBiilt that. broad r-stretchea
f fertile soli which should be fe'roj
uong-crops-ana supporting-fami
lies m comfort are held as- game
preserves for the' mere sport of -their
owners.- .-- -v'.---
; ! Landlordism,' said f Lloyd-George.
Is the greatest monopoly In Great
Britain. ; The authority of King
George is not comparable with the
authority of the landlord over' bis
, tenants. The large . English land
pwner has legal authority to main
Jain a wilderness while English peo
pie are suffering for. want of land
to cultivate; 'The landlord has the
sanction oi law , even to f do more
than a foreign enemy would impose
ion the country after a conquest.
' English farm laborers are said ic
receive smaller : pay and k to wori
longer- hours than any other 'class
of laborers In that country, -Ninety
per cent of them are forced to a
aeale Of living lower than that of
the, poorhouse. f The country 4nust
rhoo8e. said . Lloyd-George, between
the' power of tbe land owners and
the prosperity of the laborers, for
G reat ? Britain ultimate greatness
lepends npon the welfare of her en
tire people, rather than upon mon
pply of opportunity by a few. -?
The Asqulth , ministry proposes to
bring this about by! reducing 'the
panie preserves, by giving farm la
tiorers a living wage, shorter hours
nnd comfortable homes. Th laborer
1.1 to have land . enough to provide
Jilmself and ' family with garden
j roduce and the prospect of ' ulti
mately owning a small farm. ..The
ration will use its financial re
i oun es to assist m accomplishing
iliis end- , ' , - '
l.'npland it undertaking on a
M,&ict.ale scale what must be at
i pled in the United States in a
t u;!cr way. The English landlord
HE Wall Street 'Journal prints
some timely comparisons" be
tween 1894, when the Wilson
Gorman tariff law went Into
effect, ; and 1913, the year of the
Underwood tariff law, 8tandpat In
terests are claiming that our "in
fant" Industries still need the, pa
ternal hand of government to pro-'
tect them against -competition, the
argument-being that It required to
stand alone, .they;: Willi f aiu There !
haver.Jbeen. no .notable fumbles, and
there , will be none,i for a yery good
reason. 1lvi,Wfs.'-f,!'i
'3kosl American industries are no
longer infants. Manufactured out
put., figured on the value added by
manufacture ' to - exported ' articles,
amounted to $3 per capita in 1894,
compared with $12,16 per .capita
now. . ; The .. product Of ;: American
manufacture's -were .worth $73 per
capita nineteen years ago; now they
arejhWOrth $107.60 per capita. t Gross
earnings of railroads were $15.87
per capita as against $49.26 now.
The total -value of. the farm output
In l894 was. $49.26 iper capita; in
1913 Jt ls $61.38. 'The Wall Street
Journal saysr - .
" Weineweonsurns' eltber for parson!
'or buBlneaa . use S.38 tons of coal
aplcv compared' with t.iS tons
whei ,th WlJaon. bill .ant. into affect
Our per 'capita. ; output .of; ateel haa
fpcrieaaed Upfront 1M,i. pounds to l 694
pounds. In- thrt abort Interim of only
ftl&Steen year our stock- of - sold has
grown, from., about- 4600.000,000, which
aat hidden away where SOreeham'a law
couldn'ti get; at It, t'. 11.900.000,000.
which ' ia now-. In the btnka and tba
pockets . of ,tho people doing- active ser
vice! lh'H'4 'itbl eecurlty markets
were ;aoV that ur -induatrles wara
a,oiq . raise omj wui o.a at new
caslta.1 1 tier eanita. and this, year the
totat will be c.lo! sto $l,;Whlla our
bank depoBtts per capita have more
tham doubled.'".:A!;'t,;,.i'fc?':'::'fe
There"has"'eena'vast , growth In
Wealth during-' ther-past -t nineteen
yearsvand Wall Street Journal's fig
ures go 'toT the essence of Standpat
Ism'a argument for continuation of
a prohibitive tariff. ; If high protec
tion Is necessary for 'Infant" Indus'
tries, when will the Infant bepome
able to stana on his own feet? A
five-fold per capita Increase in the
output of steel would seem to indi
cate that American steel industries
are : reasonably ".well established,
strong enough -to stand without the
government's supporting hand.
The ; nineteen intervening . years
between 1894 and 1913 marked the
end of most prohibitive tariffs. -The
infants have : grown into , manhood.
Tbe bottle is no longer necessary
In their feeding.-! Today the need is
for equal opportunity, ' and oppor
tunlty should be open to the man
who consumes the product of In
dustries as well as to tbe man, who
produces them, -i . ; , '
The Underwood tariff law marks
new era. Never again will the
United States go back to tbe policy
of upbuilding a few at the expense
of the many. , I ' 1 V 1 ' '
i. POPCOItN FOR BREAKFAST
F
OPCORN for breakfast la Uncle
Sam's latest advice to assist In
reducing the cost of . living.
Corn expert of the department
of - agriculture declare that when
popcorn is properly prepared it is
superior as a breakfast food to many
of the well known 'preparation now
on the market " . . ' . ,
-These expert say that $30 worth
of popped corn In the form of five-
cent -packages for the market rep
resents an outlay of only' about Ji
COMMISSION has been named
by Governor ;West to., formu
late a plan for a more equit
able system of forest taxation,
and a plan for the settlement of
suth of the logged off lands as are
suitable for agricultural purposes..
The commission ' can get a .view
of forest spoliation in some of the
logged off districts of the etate.
Debris, tree. tops, rotting logs,
charred stumps and rubbish of . all
descriptions cover the ground and
mar the landscape. In taking away
the . forest wealth, the deBpoilers
worked great injury to the genera
tion : by , the piles' of refuse ; with
which they encumbered the land.
It would not be unfair to demand
of Umbermen that they leave some
thing of value as they lake away the
forest wealth. ' Lumbering ought not
to be vandalism, it would be no
more than Justice to require the dis
appearing timber to leave, some kind
of legacy to ' recompense for t It
going. . -
It haa been suggested that th
timber be made to raise a fund for
building roads to the end that, the
logged off lands ; could: be settled
and devoted to agriculture. An ef
fect : would be to . de-capitalize the
forests, , to draw out some of the
water, to abstract soma of the In
flation in their values.
"No better thing could happen to
the homebnilder. No greater stimu
lus could be given the lumbering
industry than would come from a
de-capitalized timber supply.. ,
Nor could anything more for
tunate . happen to the consumer.
There are many ways in which the
new commission .can, serve Oregon.
WOMAN AND THE BALLOT ;
PPONENTS of woman suffrags
have relied principally on the
argument that women do not
, want tha rmltnt . that ' thv I
fall tovote when they have the
opportunity, This, argument, talght
have dome ; .force j If; It.; were based
upon facts, for the ' ballot should
be placed In nobody's bands who
will - not usslt. j? But the ' antt-
uff raglst argument '- has " been,.- dis
proved In - California.. - ! '
The College ' Equal . Suffrage
League of northern California has
obtained ; figures showing - that . a
greater percentage of: women than!
men registered and .voted at the;
presidential election last fall. ' The
statistic cover 87 counties, includ
ing more than three-fifths of the
state's population, so that the flg-j
ures may be considered representa
tive of the entire state. ; ;
In some of the , counties between
90 and 100 per cent of the women
were registered,- and in . 28 of Jthe
37 the percentage was more than 60
In only four counties did the : per
centage of registored women fall be
low 60. In two counties more than
90 per cent of the registered women
voted: In 16 counties from 60 to 90
per cent- voted, and In only- seven
counties .was the percentage less
than 60. The percentage of voting
commerce . commission. , They bav
strengthened the - banking institu
tion' of- the country. - Paternalism
ouu uiU8Mim are no longer cuargea
against them. , j j; .
, - wi ui m piaiory is peruaeni v
me present aisoussion over tae pend
ing currency, bill. While the Ameri
can Banking Association was pass
ing resolutions at Boston last week
condemning the ..bill the fact was
established that: presidents of - tbe
saying banks had abandoned . their
opposition ' . to .the , postal savings
banks. ' . At a sectional meeting It
was admitted that the private Insti
tutions had not suffered materially
as a result of the postal bank.
Banker opposition to the currency
bill centers in the provision placing
control with the government rather
than with the bankers themselves.
Politics is held up ir a bugaboo.
Just as It was against establishment
of the Interstate commerce commis
sion. But politics haa not' inter
fered with efficient management of
tbe railroads, and neither will it be
a handicap on good banking Presl
dents of savings banks themselves
admitted.' In effect, at Boston that
their opposition to postal banks was
based. on an inadequate conception
of hanking. , i
The bankers should, take the step
which must be taken In time. Pri
vate interest should be subordinated
to the general welfare. The cur
rency bill may not be perfect, but
It main principle cannot be suc
cessfully attacked through Imperfec
tions of detail. .
' Letters From the People
(Communication aeat to T& 7ooraal far pub-
llcatloa la thla department (bould b wmcra ea
only ea aid el the pa par, ationld aer azeaed
800 ward Ss knita aod mut b aeeoBpaaled
br the ame and ddra of th aeader. If th
writer doe not dmlr ta hare th aam pub-
ubi. 6 abould to etata.) , ,
' "DUeuaalen 1 tbe rraatmt of alt rcfermar.
II nttooaUae trjrUilna it toncbea. It rob
artneipla of aU tab sanctity and throw Uraat
back e their reaaonablencaa. If tbr h uo
reasonablenes it rutb total eroabce tbent eut
or exjatene aad eat op it own avacjvaiuaa ia
(aeir aitaa.- wooarow vritaon.. - j ;vi-
i Would Condemn Swan Island.;
1 Portland," Or., Oct 14 To tba Editor
of The Journal Much has been and Is
being said about the city of Portland
taking over Swan Island far wharfage
and dock purposes., and about the In
flated price of- the Island. Why need
there bs so much fuss about the price r
It is a well known .principle of law
that a municipality may acquire iana
for the purpose of opening or extending
streets, and lor any purpose wnere it
is absolutely necessary for "the public
sood, and do so by condemnation pro
ceedings. The city may acquire ewaa
Island ia this way, if it can be shown
that it is a public naceaalty, and the
awner would b anutied to, ana coma
recover. Just the amount that It was
asaesaed for at the last assessment. He
would be barred from recovering a
greater nrlce, because he has placed bis
own valuation upon It The difference
between the value returned to the as
sessor and the price ha wants th city
W pay la so vast that it naturally seta
one to - ininaing, . . wnicuovor wy n
turns. It te- an opening weage xor xne
assessor to get his work in. It should
be aaaesed at tu same figure he ia
asking th city t pay.
women at local elections Is. said to
be higher.
The men who voted in the state
last fall averaged 66.4 per cent of
the male - registration, ao that,
Judged by the standard of the bal
lot's actual use, California women
are better citizens than ' California
men.
Women In that state are typical of
women in other ' sections of the
country. ? Some of them may ; not
car to assume the duties, of . suf
frage, but. once it la imposed upon
them, women as a, class will .not
shirk. 1 " " i , ' 1 ' "u j t , " 1
THE PROTESTING BANKERS
HEN : postal - saving banks
were proposed strong oppo
sition developed on-the part
or estaoiisnea savings oanK.
It was then said 'that for the gov
ernment to go Into the banking pus-
iness in any form smacked too much
of paternalism and socialism. When
it was proposed to put railroads un
der direction of the interstate com
merce i commission' it was objected
that the roads should not bo sub
jected to "political" control. , ;
Now railroad are attempting to
enlarge th interstate - commerce
commission' powers as against, con
trol by the state. ),. Political control
by ' the . federal commission Is - no
longer feared, f6r tbe commission
has demonstrated that partisan poli
tics 1 a negligible factor, that gov
ernmental supervision can be and
lk as much in the interest of the
railroads themselves as It la in the
public' Jntereet. . . t
Postal savings . banks were estab
lished In spite of tbe opposition, but
they have not brought havoc and
ruin.. : The postal .savings .hanks
have Interfered in no way" with the
privately owned - Institutions. , They
have been as successful In practical
Claim That Antedates Hees.
Kfvrtl Point'.Or- "Oct 11. TO the
Editor of Th JournaW-In The Journal
of October . I read that John, M. Hesa
of Tamhlll county claims to be the first
white child born In Oregon, ana again
in The Journal of October 7, Mrs. M. C
Berry, now of California, claims "that
she was born ons year earlier than Mr.
Heaa. But my wife's .oldest sister
(whose maiden name was Mary Perry)
was born In Clatsop county, Ootdbar Is,
184S. Her father, W, T. Parry, oroaaed
the plains In 184?, and located t Oregon
City, where h built a flouring mill for
Dr. Mclaughlin, the rat .flouring mill
built in Oregon. In 1841, hs moved to
Clatsop Plains, whare h resided until
1851. when he moved to Douglas county
and located a donation claim on Deer
creek, pppoklte Roseburg . In 185 J. he
built a flouring mill on his place, and
in SUM moved to Coos .county andpur
chased tnr pla where Norway is now
located:, where he resided until his-death
in 1881 : ' '''''"'' f-'-' ' !V .' "v
Ho was, thersfoVe, an early- pioneer
of Oregon, also of - four counties Clack:
amaa, Clatsop. I'gjg.
Th'Heaies:-lther.:i;
jpprtiand.' Oct: 19.To; the Editor, of
The JournalIt seems to ma that ens
of the worst and growing evils f today
I ths heartless desertion ' of children
by 'their mothers. A In- all 'the publlO
dlaousslons In your columns this sub
i.rt a never been touched upon. I
j would very much like to see a public
diacusaion of tne queauon. .
. t there anything npon earth morally
Hower than ; a woman who hearUeasly
deserts, forsaltes ana aoanaona nmr vwu
offspring for th mar sake of freedom
to so and com whenever and wherever
he pleasest It is my epmjon that ws
hnva lawa maklns it a crim
inal offense for a mother to desert her
children, unless through -sickness icr pov-
rty; ' duoov"'',
' Ouerv as to Lavender Club. '
Newberg. Or., Oct XI. To the Editor
of1 Th "Journal -8ont months ago Z
noticed In Th Journal something about
. i.t.a "Lavender club." to raise and
aell lavender. I would like Information
about the plant or the club president's
address.-:, jajhisb a. AB.iaai., v-
. ' ; . '' - La' Follette; .-' ; ;;
From Harper's Weekly. . ' V ;
" Every member of either hous who re
trained from trying 1 to embarrass the
Democrats on tha - tarlf t , Mil deserves
aredit, but to one man fall the great
est share of glory for independence, be
cause it cost him most Especially did
Senator La Follette's situation, require
tMnsth of character: hot only had he
always been a Republican, but ha had,
stnoa the Booseveit split, e"" to be
looked upon aa likely to dominate tha
party In the future.- As Progreaslve
nesa seemed needed to save it from de
struction, La Folletts'a Influence had
suddenly been multiplied. In voting for
the Democratic-tariff, he gave a final
proof that no consideration can prevent
him-from following alwaya bis convlo
tloa.,' This man has fought tha atraight
fight all his life. Often the sacrifice
has. been great Ha has given up, friends,
money, comfort party praise, eaay ad
vance. H has stood abuse and suspic
ion. Nearly always tha country and his
rarty have coma around, finally, to La
Follette's position, v This last proof of
patriotism may annoy the Republican
senators for the time being:, but It will
probably mean that La FolUtte's in
fluence, even over them, wlILb strength
ened in the end; because a man Who I
so experienced, strong, farSlghtcd, : and
?pcrallon as has been the interstate 'now.
PERTINENT COMMENT AND NEWS IN. BRIEF
i r
SMALL CT NG15
Bain or shine, tlio fairs are fin;
f a
Probably most of the' mussled dogs
are aisv preur iu. !
She Is a poor hostess who is always
entertaining suspicions.
,' It doesn't pay to worry unless you
sr drawing a salary for it
A man never makes a bid for notoriety-
when ha -does his dutyi-r-r-' t.
When baseball Is over, other news
can receive more - attention.
The Quality of selfishness varies as
wiaeiy aa nunian cnaracier,
..Any fool can ask questions that will
make a wis man back pedal
When all ia said, the, ttaat of llvlna- is
largely woef one voiuniaruy. manes it.
All the foreign nations seem to want
to iram or xia up tne American tariff.
even witn tne aid or a mirror a wom
an is unable to see herself as others
see--ner.j,K"v .vv." 'ftv
The man who causes two hoes to a-row
where one grew before a also a public
benefactor. , , r .
popular estimation, than ; the hRBcfiail
cnaropivns.
Tha tilaek aheeo stands - a . hatter
chance or living to a ripe old ago than
tha fatted calf. -
Soma reformers can never learn that
only a email minority of the ' people
want what they do. ,
The difference between a politician
and a Statesman is that the politician
Invariably lands the J6b.... ; ,v :
It a young man marrles a slender girl
and she develops into a heavy weight in
after years,, he can see whece he got
more than he bargained for. v ' ,
OIIEGON SIDELIGHT .
' - - - - " f
That a rood basfhall city is a good
city, is th uliilm of the Baker Herald,
which thun cm on to' remark that Bak
er is ui .-pebt baseball city m i
northwest."
, Althouffh it Is a year in th future, the
Kuifena lietflster, on behalf of the unl
veialty city, hasten to asmire the ciub
women of the state that they will b
most welcome when they .assemble there
In i-nn.ntlAn ' . r , .. - , -
f. .i , ... .- . v.'
.-That aunnort Af a. hnnil hv taxation
Is just as "rational as support of a park
ur a norary ia me conieniion vi tuu
McMlnnvlUa. News Retioi ter. which
urges the council to make a, levy for
mumgipai music. - u - '
. .. . ' it t .;'
Not neerlne- hut taklnr only a casual
glance into th future, the prophetic
;;IN:EARUERDWS I
', 1 i Uy; rtl Lockley."';;,:-.
George W. Knapp 1j a Buckeie, but
a transplanted one. - Ilo cutiitj from 0 1 , i -
to Oregon 60 ;year 'ago tbla "month.
wae,,17 years old,' aid Kin'tpi',
Vhen, the ;H3o west' spirit got rne.? t.i
the spring of 'S3 I went to A. ,f. Kobiu
son who was getting up a purty to n
to Oregon andaaked him what show
there was for,ni golna; aU)iifj,;'He bU;
'I'll f urnlslt. you -a-, .saddle fcewe-ana-bbard
you if you, will take .'charge of
my loose stock,.' I accepted, his. ofcr.
"We had 16 wagons when we" stal led.
Wo were well provisioned and had good
oxen. Ther were around 100- people in
tbe party, by far the larger part of them
being women and children, My employer
was captain or. tne trajn, ,ve-left J3
Pendleton EftHt Oi-Biraninn wiva. "A few over wagons ofttns Piftitsj. only
years Uence and local people will be on. got, through. Some Of .our oxen,
planning : junket trips to the east via got poisoned by 'drinking at an alkali
the., Panama-., eanat". ' f - !:--.i!-- spring, others , ate larkspur, some died
;,.v.v:-;-:; ;.; rV 'rom weakness. . Wo 'packed, what :wa
Hillsboro Argus: - Ootoherja her in had to hav on the cows that I had
mi im Kiury, iuiiuw in: one ni ma uvau- i heen drtvlno: and casna nn - m,, ua
tlful Septembers of i decade, Nature tii auk.
haa showered her blesalngiTomtlw Wil- !"uc ..?. .?rfe.r ..Mt j?0?1"80"
lauaett valley, and th soli of th Tuala
tin has been more than rich la nature s
bounteous golden harvest. Who wouldn't
live in uregonr -
' Noting the return to Qlendalef som
residents who have recently revisited
their old home in Texas, the News com
ments thus: . "The hot days and uncom
fortably warm nights, the poor drinking
waver ana tne -lacn or vegetation com
Mned to still further convince them that
there is no- nlace like Oreiron as a pleas
ant satisfying place to live and where
living is worm .wnue.? ht-ix---iV
In the "Astoria 30 years asro' column
or last. Saturdays Astonan apreared the
following interesting item: . "The oldest
viregon seiner na oeen rouna at .mm.
His name is O. B. Oobar: he lives six
miles north of Salem. He came to As
toria in 1833. - After living here awhile
no went to Aiarion county, wnere he naa
been living for the. last SO years. 'The
return are . all in;- there are-no- mora
counties to hear from: the accounts ara
made un and Air. Oobar la entitled to
the distinction. Wa alwaya thought that
and. myself struck oVit'on niir horses
for tha Willamette valley to secure oxen'
and provisions. Our narty was almost
out of food and ; we did not feel like
robbing them of what little they hud su
We, struck out without supplies.; It toolt
us over two weeks to get to the valley.
We didn't have a single square meal dur
ing 'the entire trip, i- . We ' shot ' pine
qulrrala and dug roots' and tightened
our belts:: I didn't know1 till then how
hear to nothing a-man-ean-lrve on If he
has to. We sucured s6me" strong youns
oxen ' and a wagon. ' We loaded "our
wagon with supplies and started hack,
to meet tur narty. We! met them on this
lXBPhutes river.:.. -'The 'women were
walking, tarrying" the children. Tht-!r
shoes were worn out aad their feet were
tied In rags-.. Home of-them iJhad cut
their skirts f t at' the knees Xo ,-wi'ap
around ' their feet to protect them from
th rock and prickly pear spines,' In
fact most of the women's dresses were
In rags and Worn off ud to thnlr. knees.
Kin iMovemDer au we came to rancn
an Astorian would eventually, get away I on the Clackamas river east of Oregon
with It,"
THE NEW ROUTE TO THE INDIES
From the.Detrolt Newa '
Economics determine the direction of
progress today, as it did 500 years ago.
And tbe dinging of the Panama . canal
where tha waters of the Atlantic are
about to meet the Waters of the Pacific,
will work a change so profound In the
lines of progress that no on can' meas
ure them. : .-r:' r;.;--;-iV:".'" Xf. !:'-
In -1450 the Turks got possession ' ef
the Mediterranean sea and. of the route
to India, that vast treasury of : condi
ments and luxuries. They advanoed on
Vienna; they menaced Venice: they held
Sues, and Gibraltar: they, shut off all
th rich trad with Asia. And the peo
ple of the middle ages, so fond of spices.
peppers, ; aromatic, perfumes, : gold-
ware, -. precious stones . and silks, ; and
filled as they war with the spirit of
the renaissance, were not long to endure
auoh a pent-up eoadlt Ion. . . .
To discover a new route to India,
Vasco da Gama scoured the west coast
of Africa down to the cape. Amerigo
Vespucci followed tha ice floes to New
Foundland, Marco Polo-, ventured over
land 'by the way of Turkestan, Colum
bus set' but ' due West across 'the At
lantic: Cabot, Drake, Froblsher, Gilbert
Magellan and a score or others pushed
forward into the vast unknown, with
the same venturesome spirit as Wright
and others now explore the air. They
sought but one' tblng-r-e. new ' way to
India. . And t Columbus j after making
three tripa to America, died believing
that he had landed W th-J5? ft Indies, y
Champlain sailed UjMna 8t Lawrence
and tbe Ottawa to Georgian Bay, re
joicing in his - belief : that - he was dis
covering the "northwest passage" to
India. The Detroit river was discovered
by explorers , who. were on the. same
quest Not until Balboa 'stood "silent
on a peak In Darien" at Panama and
gased upon th mighty Faclflo was- it
known that a continent and an ocean
still barred the way to India
To dig the canal was immediately
conceived by the Spanish.
But John Bobieaski crusned the Turk
at Vienna; Boabdil, the Moor, was
turned out of Spain, and Venice whipped
City.- Th owner had iquit a -field of
potatoes. He saw the-fix we ware In.
'Help yourselves to -the potatoes.' hs
said. We sat up nearly all' night roast-.
mg and eating potatoei,-,,!.'-,--"-:-
una people-in the party whom I tse-
eama acquainted-; wlthr Were:: Kaston
1
his people and the Hurlburt.
When we got W Portland I had no
soles to my shoes, nor crown my hat '
Charles Savage, an old-time whaler, of
fered me a Job on bla, "ranch , south of
Dayton In Tamhlir .ounty.i I asked
nira wnai no wanteo me to atx saia,
mere are : no women in (his whoia .
country a" man can Hire- for lev or
money.' There ar too mahy single men
wanting to marry women. ' J ' want yo i
to come out and work for me ha s hired
man, to nurse my wife, swho ' is sick
and to do the houseWork.?'3-! tbld him I
a . ... i. . t t ,.--,...
there a day or two he said: f 'It don't
1 -vW -AAdI A -'alAA lAtt . 4lnfinli aa afe An r A '
in those worn' out shoes and'tiigh water
pants, v pon't yon want-me to buy,you '
some clothear I dreaded going In dht '
ao I told him no. I would eet-iLlonir: Ha
said.-Why, man, your pants ara off at:
the knees and you are praotlcally bare
legged.' I told him ,I.wouli-paint my,
legs red so I wouldn't look so undressed.-
When he came back from Portland he
handed me a big package and gave me
the bill for tbe : things. .There was a
pair of cowhide boota' at 110, ehlrtp.
socket s coat., trousers, and a hat. lie
I paid me $30 a months So I soon farnml
the Turk on the. sea even before Coltlm-
W. Sltto r and tha We,ch nd M 'amlry, Jim Meyer an
w". "opened to uropeand the need , . ,.eonl. .nd h, HitMh.irt
oi in ranama canal no longer existed.
Another; conformation of the World's
activities may be expected to follow the
opening of the Panama, Indeed, it has
already shaped Itaelf. The Spanish-
American war, and the Russo-Japanese
war signalised the opening of a new
theatre of world activity. The world
haa again turned its face . toward the
Pacific, and dramas will there, be en
acted in commerce, in Industry and in
civilisation or wntcn we can now form
no adequate conception, ' '
We pride ourselves today on the won
derful age In which we livej But ther
nave been other wonderful ages, and on
of them was that f the European ref
nalssanc. To have - Uved whentba
Game, Drate, Cortes, Piszero, Cabot Co
lumbus. Magellan, Gilbert, Raleigh and
Grenvllle sailed the main, when they
returned now with wondrous tales of
adventure, of new worlds, of new oceans
and of new races of man, and. shoveled
the golden booty of many v' ravished
kingdom upon the queen's carpet
Ther were monarcha. too. In that
magnificent day.. Elisabeth in England.
Charles in Spain, king. of half of Eu-
;MWwf..i?. yTC.eJ tl'! enough to Pay for my outfit ". HI. wife
Terrible, In - Russia. The , generation
that aaw Colembus land In America aaw
the- printing, press, invented at Copen
hagen, st Peter's at Rome and -the
other wondrous cathedrals i of? Europe
were, being : tut ' Luther - was beinir
condemned ty the Diet of worms.1:' The
glorious schools of painting v rose In
Venice, Rome, Florence. Greek culture
was born anew. Europe Was a hotbed
of. sedition, unrest new -thought new
inventions, construction, industry. Eng.
iana tnroDDed with life. -Galileo specu
lated, - Splnosa thought, Bhakespeare
wrote, and Drake .conquered.
When lire is brimming over. It seeks
new outleta And it finds them. And
the o'er-brlmmlng' industrial life of to
day has fouhd an outlet at Panama, and
a new arena In the Pacific,
tr
Y0UR MONEY
By John M. Oskison.
James B. Forgan is president of the
First National bank of Chicago; h Is
61 years old ' he-was born in Scotland,
and he rose from the ranks. ; ft; t ;; w
- For these reasons I read with great
Interest Mr. Forgan'a definition,, of ,In
atora -aad tsivetmetsfc''t'-:!i'";s'
' The Analyst naa asaea. mm tor ni
views on the present opportunities for
th wise investor. In ftis answer ' Mr.
iroremj.sald::,!.:-:.,,:'-.'i:,:.';;.v:?: 'H:y-.-n1
; "There are two classes of Investor
and there are two kinds of investments.
. 'There are those who, in looking for
an Investment should do so front th
standpoint of securing a sure ana steady
income, f rea ' from the 'ordinary risks
Involved in; being directly engaged In
business, -''.-'.''f- !''-',' --V:;'
"Thls class, should confine themselves
to sood bonds' ana -tnus neoom creait-
ors of. Instead of partners In. huslnesa
The other class, consisting of those
whose experience and ; training make
them capable of Judging, for themselves
as to whether a business enterprise is
good, bad or doubtful, should feel tlwt
they know enough about the stocks 'they
buy , to enable -them to juage tor tnem
selves of th risk Involved In such in
vestments. 'They are entitled to expect
larger returns than - can be had on
bonds."
: Here you have, on excellent authority
the clear definition of the two kinds of
money uses."! The on is a loan repay
ment of th fae of the, loan la import
ant before anything else. The other is
the exchange of. money for a definite
fractional 'Interest In some business
the steadiness of earnings of that busi
ness is Important before anything else,
Earnings paid to the owner of the busi
ness (the stockholders) ought to.be big
ger than t- the wages paid for money
merely borrowed, for there is no promise
to return the invested psinuipal at .any
time. . . '
, The Hope, of Immortality. '
i From the Llncdln Star. - ,
'Sir Oliver Lodare savs that the bhImi.
tlsts,- having protested against dogmatic
theology, :, have C begun . to dogrnutlse
themselves. ,' He makes ' his profession
of faith in the persistence of personal
ity beyond bodily death. Certainly phy
sical science cannot improve any mort
than it can prove., immortality. The
subject is beyond Its jurisdiction. ; ,.
Our hop of Immortality, outside of
Scriptural promises, lies in our concep
tion of the sublimity of the intellectual
and spiritual elements in . man,'; These
soaring thoughts, " these t warm affec
tions.' cannot die. Such is tha real basis
of our faith. If It be aald that they
may live and .enjoy a kind of eternal
life through the human race as a whole
without an eternal -continuance of iden
tity and personality, the answer Ift thut
what we. know, of the hi man Intellect
died in a few months, "He sold; his place u
ana went, ..to; tne .Kogue river ;eountry.
"I ' heard .Captain Medorun Gra'Wford
wanted., a man. He had a fine place
near, the mouth of the Tamhlll river of
about 1000 acres. ! He said. 'Are you a
good worker.T If. you-are I'll' give you
a Job. . I have a couple of grown boys
but they' won't work unless some good
worker la , around to encouraxa tnem
with a good example." I asked him what
wages: he paid. He said, 'All ' you can
eat and whatever you ar worth.' I
took- the job and worked for hint for the
next. 15 years. - Captain Crawford was
a fine man.,; I liked the family -so well
i would nave marriea on, or tne gins
if there had been enough to go around.
But one had already settled on some
one else and tbe other was too young.
"Captain Crawford Was . appointed
and soul rives nromlsa of .'hlarher Ufa I collector of customs at .Portland and
In which all our saturation win h I moved to town, I, married a "newcomer
satisfied. , . . t I from .New Tork. Miss Belinda Howard.
There is. It Is true intellectual and W ran the Crawford farm for the next
spiritual progress tn- this world,, but It lour: years. . yvnen v-apain rawiora
does not equal tha' nrorresa mada - in I came back he aald,.'You have mad mon-;
tne realm of physical science. We hav ey ror me as wen as jor yoursoir. isks
not advanced beyond the Ten Command- 1116 Dec team- tne nest wagon ana wnat-.
ments and the Sermon on the Mount ever else, you need and.. iise tjiem as
W know more than the anclenfGreeks long, as you need them. ...I bought a
did, but It can hardly ha said that the pUce near t"6' dkl-well; About
human Intellect is today more powerful 15 rears ago I went to Eugene., I have
than that of ancient Greece. In litera
ture tne numan race does not advance
Steadily from age to age, but fluctuates.
A genius Ilk. Shakespeare appears, not
as the result of an evolution of drama
tic and poetic power, but as -a Sort of
portent; no one excels him, no one
succeea .nim...-;,::":;.r::
There is, therefore, an Inherent nrob
ability in the belief .that another life
or state or existence, will. fulfil' that
aspiration for Intellectual and spiritual
progress which is not satisfied in this
worm, f in such a rutur stater man
mignt make r spiritual discoveries an
alogous to the discovery of--the X-ras,
or any otner - of those ; which i. have
marked the marvellous progress of
physical science. In other words, look
ing at the rapid '..-progress of physical
science, and! the slow- pace of intellec
tual and spiritual improvement in this
state of existence, it is reasonable':: to
believe that another state of existence
Is necessary for the spiritual 1 develop
ment for the harmonious development
oi mans. entire sattirav'i'vSsv-.?-.'.-
. Senatorial Nonsense. ''
From the , Omaha World-Herald.' i-
: There are certain senators who can
not comprehend that the world is mov
ing forward, that there Is no such thing!
aa standing pat, and the result is that
they , continue to utter an immense
amount of nonsense. ' The other day
Senator Lodge gravely announced the
,1 know the present ton is that any
a good home there. I have been offered
1 10,000 ; for: it. I ara raJaty (Well-to-do.
but I won't loarX Though J am 80-years
old t mow lawns, paint housfs, do car
penter, work and work . hard. Recently
I dug: up, a : large tree, rout it up and
split It into fire wood. I have noticed
that men who get. to "be 70 or JS quit
work to take it easy. They crumple up
Ilk an empty flour sack and, die, A,
man must take exercise.. It t just as
necessary as to eat ' I am 80, yet I am
sound as s bell.. I work on roofs and
do any kind of work and" enjoy It My
wife and I have celebrated out golden
I wedding anniversary,' We have a good
horn and are contented' f x sh .,
Pointed Paragraphs .
a". At least ouiscr waa a sooa sorrower. .
.::f''i.,,ft'f::U;?Si;r'fe 7
''. : Whet! isAren't h tha i flft autamohllaa
outvyetfk5t?fc:s '-Pi:$ ' u,
'' ,;(..-. ' ;.: r. :.-:,
If poor judgment is th blossom, bad ::
a small mouth -
luck is the fruit
sMany ' a fellow with
has a,Iot.ot.Jaw"Hv'i:'
There, Is ho need to be desnondent:
gor football U in action, v "
Tli.r Still ' npait nf , -Antlnurl
growth ahd spread of .tolerance. . ; t
?Any wy, :th tariff tat-oh the farm
ers' bags is noW a' good oasLJas.
man:Whe;.;:has.,money;is. prim, facia a'll;;:?1: t
Who ha I Anuiner uniii 7 iiitu yuuin ; nnouin DO
erirai nal i and : that any man
Deen
successful ,in any way falls under 1 1"?-...,
clon.. ' - , . I .A'
prise, youth onore.
suspicion.
That kind of talk might he exousable
in a backwoodaacongresslonal camoalan.
but coming from the moat distinguished
and scholarly representative of the Re-
puoiicsn party in rne united states sen
ate, it will only disgust the man of any
party wno has ordinary common sense.
It Is on a par with the -constant as.
aertion by th representatives of the
interest everywhere. It has been as
serted by them that the people wanted
to ruin the railroads, that they wanted
to tako from those who have and alve it
to those who hav not. No such asser
tion aa Senator-Lodee makes la to ba
found in any publication in the land.
not even in tne most raaioni. If any
man. aside from the senator, haa mads
tha assertion that "any niun who haa
money is a criminal'? he would have
dona well to name the man who said it,
6r the paper that publlnhed it Senator
l.odKe knows verv well that" pn suoh
"(tone exists at the -.present time.''' and
never has existed. . . ,: . ;
Tour opinion la all right' in the esti
mation of' others if you happen to think
as, they: do, w-Va ':" " ;':-.'Vi: i '-f
Beed college manifests true DTogres-
sivenebs by abolishing that relic of bar- ,
bartsm, hasting. -,, 1, 4. -.-;-,w--
On idea of a trouble 'maker 'is say
citizen or cltlzess with a nose for hews
and ths gift of gab. :;'-:''::'::; , v
The love of money may.be the-root of
ail evil, but the lora of .basebail pro-.
duces a. multitude of rooters. '.: .
" Wpf c'v ;".! ;. t ' ' ;: t -. l" K s .'.' '
Many , oeonle : will , b. favnrahlv In
clined toward the. currency hm becajmo
tua uauaers ara oiiiwnwi . 10 11.
Man of ft and Vinv nfslT r Tun ,
in" at the name- tlinn for1 helne dr"uiik. ,
folly has all ages Cur its own.-- .
How r-ouM the president h- vnei-(fl
to pay much attentlcn to currtMicv or
Mexico during tha baseball week!