The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, August 22, 1912, Page 8, Image 8

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Puhiiiiiwt wt "wi(ne'.(pt 'paMayT a4
Sanrtny nwrntng Hi Th tmrmtl Bull
IriK, 7t mwV IIMUI ;!. raruaun v
Entftf at the mttnffj at Portland
for trinmliilon fbruuga tin mall aa i
elfts nut ifr.
1E1.K PHONES Main 71711 Home. A-WM.
All dppartniKnta rectit by te numlMTj.
7V1I the oparator what Jopartmtnt yon
228 Fifth atmM, Ke iork 1218 People
. tiaa Building, Chicago. - .
in tfie unites state or aiejtioo.
' . ,. DAILY,, , .
One ytr.v...',..$5.m) ( One month... .uW.s .w
On tear.,.,.... $2.50 I One month .$ 25
"bnt yeaf........$T,B0 I One month $ M
Adversity Is the trial of prin
ciple.'; Without ft a man hardly
knows whether he is honest or
not. fielding.
NOTHER attempt is on to Btab
the Initiative and referendum.
It will appear on the No
vember ballot, and is what is
known as the majority amendment
Its ' ren tirrenipnt 1b that .tro initiative
UHtfasue can pass uuieso iuwiuucu
by' a majority of all who vote at an
Its effect Is to record as voting
against the measure, every person
. who votes no as well as every per
son who does not vote at all. It
registers as voting against the meas
. are, whether bill or constitutional
amendment, every voter who does
not cafe enough about the bill to
express' his choice. It arrays against
the proposition all the forces of un
concern, apathy, non-patriotism and
discontent. It would set up a pro
cess, that would make it extremely
difficult to pass an initiative meas
ure at all. ;
- ; The proposal should be beaten.
Its passage would be a knife plunge
Into- the vitals of direct legislation.
It Is the most serious attack yet
made on the system.
' '.There are changes that should be
made, but this is not one of them.
When We amend tne system the aim
should be to improve, not destroy.
ator of the United States, has
openly charged on the floor of
thfe chamber that his mail has
been opened and Inspected while in
course of transmission. He sub
mits proof that is said to be convinc
ing. The New York World supplements
the charge with statements that its
mail was opened by spies In the
postoffice department during the
bitter controversy over, the Panama
canal strip. Senator La Follette and
the World are high authority, and
their statements challenge public at-
"testTOH, -
It seems Incredible that the mails
of the United States have ceased to
be inviolable. It seems past belief.
. thata spy system, inaugurate sev
eral years ago in the land fraud
cases,-has been continued as a reg
ular order in the postoffice depart
ment. It seems impossible that
there could have been Introduced in
the public service of the United
States an espionage with methods
akin to the processes of absolutism
in Russia.
Yet, here is the public charge oftBavfl be has succeeded in isolating
Senator Robert La Follette, and the and cultivating the microbe. It is
words of Senator Robert La Fol-ja blood microbe and is a parasitical
lette are sacred to millions of plain j organism which transforms, devel
Americans. No man in public life: ops and reproduces Itself In a variety
stands more for truth and patriot-1 of forms.
Ism. j In its primitive form it is flat and
No man in public life more exem- j gelatinous with Irregular torn edges
pllfles courageous and unpurchasa-1 surrounding the central kernel,
ble citizenship. When given a chance to develop, It
What is the public order whenjBUoQt8 forth ln a11 dirctins.
such & man stands on the floor 'of The dls('overer is confident that
theAmcrtran senate and. with the la rPnim fte has produced will
proofs in his hand, declares that hisido for cancer wnat Jenner's vaccine
private mail has been opened mn- lias-done for emallpox. He avers
tilated and inspected by ppies in the
postoffice department?
i. It is time for a change in the
management of affairs at Washing-
YHE new emperor of Japan Is
131 years old. He is the third ,ed
son of the late emperor, and I Cancer is seventh In the list of
by one of his lesser wives, not ' diseases responsible for the annual
the 6on of the dowager empress, it ' mortality. Of 75.423 deaths in New
is tij,p Japanese custom for the em- Yorlc in l&H. 3S73 d'ed from can
peror to nominate his successor lim- cor-
lted in choice only to royal blood.
The deaths of two older brothers
opened the -.ay to Yoshihito, who in
1887, was named heir apparent, and
proclaimed crown prince in lssn.
His education was very thorough,
and has been modern ami western
in .mftny ways. He was sent ta the
College of Peers, designoi'for
princes and nobles but nominally
opert to all. He was given no spec
ial privileges, diligence ami punct
uality were required. School dav8
being over General Oku was ap
pointed his tutor, with a linguist,
i,f Adachi, as an assistant!
c&Z I .7 , ngnsn.
German and trench. He Kirnr!
also verso making, the usual ae
wnii.fcm. f J L, Tal
i mhZl th , i . ""ul-aLCU Ja' 'anese, j population in 1911 is estl
u I . e,mrr Welle(J- mated at 7.250.C00. Of these peo-
naimtJ' Mar' 3.100.000 are in the cities, T
SJSCi ? hf P"k 0f h'0.000 1" the rural districts. From
lnlL n 1 t d g?nna81. 1885 to 19H her cultivated land in
bowjing alley, .tennis and archer- nrt frm irooaa t aaa
courts, stables, riding pavilion, fish
-fo44,,.; .There
Ms outdoor tastes
were culm
arul" exeruine nurt
open air amusements " brought him
" rfa mariid a merely noble wife
, 43 f ' i
he has no other, and is monogamist
by both , practice and conviction.
They have three boys. The pres
ent empress was a devoted tennis
player in her college days.
At 16, Joshlhlto was taught ml
Itary 'tactics, by. General Oku and
then Jbecam e a Colonel Jn the Jap
anese army.r He takes much inter'
est in the army, and may be trusted
to give it as much attention and pa
tronage aVhls i fatfier, or more.
He Is well read and, Informed lit
general literature, and, unlllte his
father, la not' averse to conversa
tion. He has the reputation of
modern and somewhat democratic
It remains to be seen if the young
emperor1", will adapt himself to the
life of seclusion traditional with the
great office that he has inherited. Or,
if he will brave Oriental habits, be
seen and heard both In public and
private, and become an active and
visible force in the lives of his peo
T" looks to me like a money
fight between Roosevelt and
Taf t, and therefore I am for
Wilson," was the statement of
a Portland carpenter as he stood
at t h e registration I n the
Multnomah county court house He
was last registered as a Republican.
There never was such a country
wide realization of what Is meant by
crooked money in corrupt politics.
Never before has there been such a
deep conviction among the masses
that a purchased presidency" costs
the plain people enormously in toll,
sweat and self denial.
Nobody knows how many times
the presidency has been actually
bought. Nobody knows how many
presidents have entered the White
House, bound hand and foot through
campaign contributions to the great
Interests who pout out millions with
which to prrchase presidential elec
tions. v How else but in governmental
favors and special privileges at
Washington can the rich givers get
their money back? At whose ex
pense do they get their money back
but from the Portland carpenter and
the other millions of his type?
Why is the cost of living so high?
Why did it increase 10 per cent in
1911? Hew Joes It happen that with
the criminal section of the anti
trust law in the statute books at
the White House, no trust brigadier
has ever been sent to the penitenti
The Portland carpenter Is right.
Woodrow Wilson is right. Plain
people cannot afford to permit Wall
street money to purchase the presi
It is better for men like the Port
land carpenter to finance presiden
tial campaigns with clean money
than for Wall street to finance pres
idential campaigns with crooked
money. That is why The Journal
is asking plain Americans to help
finance Wood row Wilson 'a cam
PARIS scientist claims he has
discovered the cancer microbe.
The statement Is vouched for
by Dr. Matruchot, head of one
of the departments in Sorbonne uni
versity, and by Professor Lannois of
the School of Medicine.
The discovery was made by Dr.
Odin, and is reported In a cablegram
to the New York World. Dr. Odin
,hat hlB di8C0Very makes possible
the detection of cancer in the blood;
even before cancer lesions or tu-
mors appear, lis also claims to
have discovered a way to kill the
microbe when, not too far developed.
He further asserts that cancer is
highly infectious and that contact
with infected persons is to be avoid-
Many so-called cancer cures have
been announced. Others have
claimed to have discovered the can
cer microbe. But cancer remains one
of the most serious maladies with
which man has to contend. It has
so far baffled all the efforts of sci
ence and the investigations of man.
If Dr. Odin has really discovered
the. cancer microbe he has written
his name jn imperishable characters
on the scroll of fame. If he has not
succeeded, another will. Cancer
will sometime be conquered.
1 RGENTINA, of all states on the
A o a , ,
I A v T "V.J fontlnent"
a-!rl makes fastest strides. Her
o 00 acres. That Is from one aere
acres. - - ...
Cattle ln Argentina at the end of
1910 are estimated to have been 28,-827,900,-a
rise of a million ' in a
year, and the quality being also lm -
How Is the trade in cattle and
sheep provided for? The growth of
it has now, added to previously ex
isting shipping fire new. steamships;
456 feet long, 69 feet broad, and 88
feet, in molded depth. with a ser
vice speed of 15 to 18 fcnote. The
first of theao great boats-has ar
rived Ja port, according to the Am
erican consul. ' 1,1
The British and Argentine Steam
Navigation company supply the Bhip
ping because the freight, In chilled.
and froien -meat, is there. - Each
ship can take in 150,000 carcasses
of mutton or about 9,000,001
pounds of. fresh meat".
This Is. an illustration - of what
is going on the world over. As fast
as the freight Is, or may be expected
to be on hand the rivalry of var
ious lines stimulates the shipbuild
ing and provides the ships.
With an eye chiefly to the neigh
boring state of Uruguay, but to ply
between New Orleans and the At
lantic ports of HOuth America, an
American line has been organized
in New Orleans, with capital raised
there and in St Louis. The service
was begun in June last, but fOur
12,000 ton new steamships are to
be built by the CrauipirTn Plxiladet-
phiar giving a speed xil 18. miles per
hour.-"A capital of $3,000,000 was
raised at first, and the increasing of
it to $15,000,000 is In early, con
ON oath, before a senate commit
tee, Mr. Schwerin testified,
March 10, 1910:
I want to aay in regard to thla
that the Pacific Mall Steamship com
pany haft for 80 years been absolutely
a San Francisco orKanUatlon. Thnre
ia not any question on this; there
ahould not be any mistake about It. It
it not a Taromja, Seattle, Portland, Log
Angeles or San DlPgo institution it la
San Francisco, lock, 'stock and barrel.
As stated, the Pacific Mall has worked
for the interests of San Francisco. 1
am frank to aay that I did my level
best and Just bb long as 1 am in this
hn.ini.ii, r am en I tier to do m v level
best to 'keep San Francisco the queen
of the Pacific.
The Pacific Mall "works to the in
terests of San Francisco. As its
manager, Mr. Schwerin does "his
level best to keep San Francesco the
queen of the Pacific."
At the rate of downhill ocean pro
gress she has made In the past 25
years, how long will it take Portland
to be "queen of the Pacific?"
How many ships now carry the
flag of Portland on the high seas?
After 25 years of failure through
reliance on others to give ua steam
ship lines, are we still going to de
pend on others for success?
Have we learned nothing from 25
years of experience?
IN Rowan county, Kentucky, moon
light schools have been installed
with surprising success. Classes
in reading writing, geography
and history were organized. Two
or three schools were started, and
almost at once were crowded with
pupils of all ages. Forty-five schools
followed, within two weeks, with at-
tendance ranging between ten and
a onrfmtw
iiLLj v I
eigniy-6ix sai Blue uy siue wun a
lass of twenty, a grandfather in the
same class with his grandson, farmer
and lumbermen, brWes and grooms,
all rivaled each other In the desire
to learn.
To save the embarrassment of us
ing primers, a little newspaper was
prepared and printed specially for '
beginners. This and Bible Btudy is
said to be specially popular with the
pupils, many of whom learned to
read in two weeks' time.
The effect on the social life of
the association in the moonlight
schools is altogether admirable, as a
spirit of good fellowship and friend
liness is in evidence. Demand for
books and magazines ln the com
munity has increased. It Is Baid
that in one reading class of twenty-1
flvo pupils not one Is under eeventy
five years old.
ORTLAND pawnbrokers are
quoted as saying they will
case to aid the police ln catch
ing thieves if the new revolver
ordinance is enforced.
It will b? a suicidal policy. The
pawnbrokers canriot afford to ally
themselves with crime and crimi-
nals. They cannot afford, to become
side partners and defenders of the
crooks and crookedness. Yet that
is exactly what they would be do
ing in carrying out their threat.
However, pawnbrokers or no
pawnbrokers, the pistol ordinance is
deBtlny working out. It is the
beginning of a national reform, long
postponed. It is sign of the discov
ery by .the race of its own over tolif
erated folly. It Is the first step in
a sweeping movement that is going
to surge its'1 way, throughout Christ
endom. ' "
The pistol ordinance of today will
be the state law of tomorrow. It
will be the national Jaw of the next
day. It is omen of the tramp, tramp
of all the states and all the great
municipalities toward a destruction
of the revolver habit.
pit is going to be a tide that can
not be stemmed, and the pawnbrok
ers might as well accommodate!
themselves to it. The sooner they
get in line and support the "law,
the less worry they will have Over
the new and coming order.
The world moves, and before
many years' the armed crook will
br a 'irrgmtr- :M 111 r
An English sociologist says .de
generacy Is alarmingly on the in
crease, and thatt the Whole present
PORTLAND pawnbrokers are:iolt iw wnere are tne avenues or
minted aa savin thev will walnuts? All 'you will see are Some
quotea as saying tney Willi crub trees that tak0 care of them
case to aid the police ln catch- selves. ,
jtrentj Is toward propagation of the
unfit. Who denies it? f How; About
the Eugene atrocity? How about
the Hill murder, the Barbara Holt
man murder, the Ha Griffith' mur
der, the Coble murder and the Daisy
Wehrman murder?
Senator Penrose ought to kaowt
He says Standard Oil contributed
$125,000 for the Roosevelt cam
paign fund of 1904, and that later
Cornelius N: Bliss, treasurer of: the
national committee asked Standard
Oil for an additional $150,000.
WoodrowWIlBoaia -rights Jf -plain
Americans cannot finance their own
presidential elections, e I e o t i o n s
should be run without finances;
The way to beat commission gov
ernment is to mystify the voters
with several charter propositions.
Mayor Rushlight is right in urging
that but one-he submitted,.
The plain people should finance
their own presidential elections and
not have Wall street do it for them.
Then they would get more .attention
from governmcri andWall stfecrp
get less.
Letters From tke People
4 Communications sent to Th Journal
for publication In tms aepariment
should be written on only one side of
the paper, should-not exceed Jwu woraa
in length and must be accompanied by
the name and address of the sender. '' If
the writer does not desire to have the
name published, he should so State.)
The Promised Land.
Est'acada. Or. Aue. 20. 1912. To the
Editor of The Journal Individual titles
to land should be conditioned on actual
residence and personal use and should
ssue from the community and not rrom
the federal government. All unoccupied
ands and lots should be at once
thrown open to actual settlers, subject
to municipal regulations. This is the
way to settle the land question effect
ually. The people could all have
homes and homesteads ' free, without
paying any tribute to landlords. This
would reduce the cost of living a third
or a half, or be equivalent to a corres
ponding raise in wages. But the tribute
of rent is only one of the factors in the
cost of living. There are other means
f parasitism
There should bo no taxes at all, not
even a single tax. The single tax will
not settle the land or labor question,
even if carried which Is improbable.
It will only make the muddle worse and
precipitate the inevitable dissolution, be
cause it Is an attempt to patch up an
out-grown garment instead of prepar
ing a new one. ,
The whole of the plumsy and compli
cated machinery of present law and gov
ernment must be abolished and a new
order or dispensation instituted. We
have no order now, and soon we will
have no authority. We will be ln a
state of universal anarchy. Confusion
grows worse confounded as the old par
ty organisations break up. All old Insti
tutions must be swept away to clear
the earth for a new and better arrange
ment. Dispensation means a method of dis
tributing. Production of material sup
plies goes on comparatively well even
ln the present dlorder, but the wealth
is dissipated and wasted in distribu
tion. It slips from the producers and
eludes them. They forever pursue and
ars always behind.
"Ye toll, ye toil, Jbut . ye . enter not In,
Like the tribes which the desert de
voured ln their sin.
From the land of promise ye fade and
die- - -------
Ere Its verdure gleams on your weary
eye." J. S. JONES.
Portland's Rose Gardens. -
Portland, Aug. 22. I have read
o. l. s comments on the rose gardens
of the Hose City and I agree In every
particular. The way the grounds show
up, and the way tne roses are planted
and butchered, do not add much to the
beauty of the most beautiful city ln
America. The city has run away with
the Idea that a "Rose City" must have
nothing but roses, and these truly kept
in the worst of order with exceptions,
of course.
To my mind there is nothing more
bt-aullful than beds of flowers. Wrhat
were, they created for but to make
garden, with its glorious colors, la to
my mind the most beautiful thing the
eye can behold, saying nothing of the
effect in connection with a fine looking
Roses are all right, but there are
flowers far more beautiful. Roses are
a fad, just as tulips were to Holland,
whose people went almost Insane over
them. And thpre are flowers more
beautiful than tulips, and all coming in
their season, adding to the charms of
the out of doors, by their continual
changes as the seasons change. Look
at thousands of residence here in th.e
clty, and what do you .see? Roses
planted "every which way." Nine
tenths of them take care of themselves
find all because we choose to call the
place "Rose "City." McMinnville is
called the Walnut City. Just take a
i neu, tiKai", iuuiv t i uie juLiiies ox tne
streets. There are Pine street, without
the sign Of a pine; Cedar street with
out a cedar, others the same. Somehow
people run away with the Idea that a
name" is all that's wanting.
wholo van(vy. i some cities they have
the- unslKhtly fences a rello of olden
days. Some of them are very pretty,
but in the main they are unsightly and
destroy the effect of a pretty place, be
sides being an extra expense. With
stock laws and chicken laws, fences are
not needed at all, and It Is certain
thoy wont keep out burglars nor cats.
Open Letter to President Taft.
Glendalo, Or., Aug. 19. To the Editor
of The Journal Below you. will find
a copy of letter mailed President Taft,
which may be of interest to some of
your readers. F. C. L.
William II. Taft, Washington, D. C
We, who from our earliest recollection
have been surrounded with the'envlron
ments of Lincoln Republicanism, and as
victims of those environments, read the
press dispatches of a few weeks since,
clapped our hands and shouted hurrah
when we grasped, as we-thought, the
fult purport of W. H. TaftV "Primary
Campaign" warning; i, e, "we must, get
back to competition." We thought we
wore then about to realizes some prac
tical relief from the ever tightening
grip of the trust octopus, "as we im
agined we could see you, Mr. Taft, let
ting down the tariff bars to admit the
only competition from which the pro
ducing class can even hop for rBiUf
Jrom the tariff protected Republican
trusi ociupuB uii i sapping trie life
blood from 90 per cent of the American
people Mr. Taft, did you falj to read
the, warning .pt,j uagajBary.-ol th ui
trust, which was not Intended for tiiA
general public, but, like your Teddy's
platform, was "stolen," and published
to thA world, warns capital
that the inly way io prevent the shed
ding of blood, Is by capital relaxing U
The farmers have cheered up again.
Even the Portland cltr oounrll h
waned ud. a. utile: tn douca next, miv
be.' , '. .
one good-little hole in the high tariff
tlflVAmrtll 'Want ma IhA V. -,M
but ofielally lie ia a man Of practical
-at ... j.L'.:-;,: ,
Mortan fjr. V.l ran effbM to Hire and
own a president, money will accom
plish that end. .
At ft Chlneae feant, fKMB 2001) rears eld
... .. ... . i iii.. . i
Should be well done.
The time of most of th Inna vim.
tlonera is nearly up; may be many of
them are glad of it. (
ThOllirh. VnnrnnvT- tsr, Km
RratifyfnKly,,the number of its saloons
la gradually diminishing. Good elgna.
Of $2000 appropriated for Klokapoo
Indians, thev cot tit, nfflntaia th rt
That's one way to Klclc-a-poo(r) Indlant
President Taft la still eourageoiiely
or fatuously. Vetolne the Dsonla'a wilt
and Interests, 'and, Incidentally, himself
out of votes. ,
Chickens will trample on and pick atl
one or tne not mat in sick or crip
pled; some people are ln this respect
just like .-chwkeiwj-..--J , ,
President Taft Is to be commended
for .deciding not to go campaigning;
Thus ha wil be mora respected, llnstdes,
when he opens his mouth he Is apt to
put his boot in it.
. -
Any one of a million youths in' col
leges or lesser schools could have said
quite as much and said it quite as
well, on the currency, a Roosevelt did
at Providence; many of them much bet
ter. a
"Chewing the rag" about the Repub
lican Chicago convention will accom
plish nothing. It is curious that that
convention was not representative of
the pcopl, or of the rank and file of
Republicans; that Is enoueh for them
to know.
The followers of Babism today num,
ber more than 1,000,000 people, and It
Is still spreading and offers In its his
tory some striking parallels to the
origin and early development of Chris
tianity. This system of a mystic Mo-
lilfmmedan sect originated In Persia
about the middle of the nineteenth cen
tury. The roots of the sect lie in the
early doctrine known as Shiah, which
has flourished most prolifically and al
most solely on Persian soil.
The Immediate precursors of the
Babls were the ghaikhls, followers of
Shaikh Ahmed (1753-1826), a Shllte
mystic, ascetic and thinker. His spe
cial teaching was that the Imans were
personifications of divine attributes
and that of these personifications All
was chief. He gathered around him a
great company of believers, the leader
ship of whom passed after his death to
HaJJl Bayyid Kazim. When the latter
died ln 1843 ho appointed no successor.
Among his disciples had been a cer
tain Mlrsa All Mohammed, a native
of Bhiruz, 23 years of. age at the death
of Bayyid. Mirza All was met by Mul
lah Hurain, one of the searchers for a
successor to the dead leader, and
claimed to be the sought one, the "true
ona wha. was to-appear:?-.anri the.JBah-or.
"Gate." He also claimed inspiration,
established his right to the place of
leader -fey . .rviag.-undiscQvered.mcanir
ings irf the Koran, and convinced the
searchers that their quest was ended.
Adherents oame in by the hundreds
when the news that the Bab had ap
peared was spread abroad, as It soon
was, tn the manner peculiar to the east.
To the personal attractiveness of the
young leader and the agreement of his
panthelstio teachings with the mys
ticism held by most Shlltes there was
added to a compelling force driving to
association with his followers the great
evil of a tyrannous, civil and religious
administration, so that the Babls soon
became a large and important body.
crlo on the producer. Why have you
ignored, the warning of Judge Gary?
Did you think yourself more competent
to predict future events than the4uuge7
Or were you attempting to forestall
Teddy in disrupting the Republican
party? Perhaps you thougnt tne bet
ter wav to rid the country of the trust
octopus is by drowning him ln the blood
of his victims?
Mr. Taft, do you realize how cruel
the blow, and how it shattered the hopes
of thousands of Republicans through
out this land,, the grandest of God's
gifts te man., whan the nw was
flashed from ocean to ocean, wool mn
vetoed' "Steel bill vetoed?" It was
then, and not till then, that a great
many of the Republican patriarcns wno
had followed you through all the vicis
situdes of fortune, and could even wor
ship you as the protege of the Cin
cinnati Inquirer or when ispuing in
junctions to protect capital from the
violence of its "slaves." realized how
they had been betrayed when you ve
toed. H1 passed oy congress ior me
reduction" of tariff duties. It was then
you struck a blow at every producer in
our land. Your veto was an aid ln
perpetuating a protective tariff that has
fostered to maturity a graft system by
the side of which stage and train rob
bery is a virtue.
If It was worth $30 for Judas to be
tray one man into tne nanus or tne
man's enemies. It should be worth $2,700,-
000,000 to the one man who betrays
90,000,000 people into the. hands of their
enemies, the "goldmongenv anrt the
"enldmongers will collect the billions.
and if you don't get them it will be
your fault. You hava certainly done
vour rart for the Republican tarlfflzed
trust octopus1, to which every citizen of
this republic is 'paying tribute, and out
of these tributes of the producers you
should be well, rewarded for the dis
grace you have shouldered by your veto'
of the reiier measures nanaea you ny
congress. F, C. LADD .
A Neglected Opportunity.
Portland, Or., Aug. 20. To the Editor
of The Journal, I was very much inter
ested ln the article in your Sunday issue
detailing how one man had solved the
problem of reclaiming logged off lands.
The query which presents Itself to me
is, how did he get ln touch with men
who were willing to do such work? I
have a piece Of land which is not stump
land, but every Inch cleared, and which
has been in cultivation ior a numoer or
years; la supplied with plenty of
iyerries. grapes and several bearing fruit
trees; has a completely equipped green
house, so winter production can be car
ried on as well as summer work; an ir
rigation, plant which covers every foot
of the land; horses, wagon, barn,
chicken house, and everything . needful
to properly conduct the place and pro-
cated close to the city so markets ars
available, on an electric rail line with
half hourly service. . I have advertised
and made numerous Inquiries at em
ployment aganclee ln an effort te find
some capable men who werejjoklng for
' hfarshfleld Record! The 'people of
this county have not been educated to
tiling their lands, but when they have
tried this method of drainage out fully,
they will wonder why they have never
taken It Up before.
Baker Democrat! r With the electric
power development. Baker should ii be
come a manufacturing and factory Cen
terthe one thing that would do more
to make Baker a city of 200,000 popula
tion than anythlngelse. .
Gresham Outlook! . An Important bus
iness deal will mean the location here
of a large bottling works. The com
pany will dev a general bottling bust-
They will also bottle vinegar, bluing and
ammonia, .
HUlshoro' Argus! Louis Hols, it the
John Kamna ranch, In 41. hours baled
170 tons,, 730 pounds of timothy and
clover. This means over 48 tons per
day, and It Is supposed to be one of
the best records ever made ln the county
with a baling jputflt.
Oren CItv Courier: The big fair at
Canny Is going to be some fair this
year. It Is always some fair,' but every
year It irowi better. Secretary Eby
says things never looked half so bright
and they propose to have the biggest
kind of a Weak vt spore .
Shanlka Start Plenty of Wasco nnA
Sherman county land is producing $28
to $80 worth of grain per acre this
year. Much of this land can be bought
for from 115 to 130 ter-aere. Do -sum
ktiow any other locality where land will
more tha pay tor itself in-ona year?
Euaene Reirlster: The rainfall for the
recent wet spell aggregates .78 of an
Inch.- It was not enough to hurt any
thing tn the way of crops, and has done
a great deal to make traveling more
comfortable, helping out corn and pota
to crops and the gardens, effectually
squelching all chance of timber fires
and doing much good.
McMinnville NewS-Raiorter: Waoftto
lake, at Oaston. has been reclaimed and
nearly 100 acres has been planted ln
potatoes ana tne timers are growing
luxuriantly. The swamD grass In some
sections of the lake not brought under
cultivation this year Is to be cut and
sold. This "hay" is used by concern
for wrapping purposes ln shipments of
crockery and glassware.
In 1843 the Bab made the pilgrimage
to Mecca, returning confirmed in his
opposition to the mullahs or clergy. He
attacked them in his preachings and
when they sent their ablest debaters to
confute him and his claims, these par
tisans were either silenced or con
vinced. They then secured his arrest
and -attempted to assassinate him, but
were prevented, since he was under the
protection of the governor. Finally
when the governor died ln 1$47 and 'a
new governor took his place, Bab was
cast Into prison and the prime minister
ordered his execution, which took place
on July 8, 1850.
Mln All, the martyred Bab, had
nominated Mirza Tahya his successor
and head of the 19 councilors and con
tinuity was secured. The execution of
the Bab exasperated his followers and
some of them attempted to assassinate
the shah.
The Babl doctrines are essentially a
system of Pantheism, with additions
from gnostic and other sources. All in
dividual existence is regarded as ema
nating from the Huproma Deity, by
whom it will be ultimately absorbed.
Great Importance is attached to the!
nu m bet-- a s Indicating the at tributes
supposed to be displayed In the act of
creation; and to the number 19, which
. mys tically expr esaea the ... nama..x tha
deity himself, and is, moreover, the sum
of the prophets among whom the latest
incarnation of the divine nature is con
ceived to be distributed In the present
dispensation, and of whom the Bab him
self Is the chief. Moses, Christ and
Mohamnied are considered to be pro
phets, but merely precursors of the Bab
and Inferior to him. The morals of the
sect are good. The faith of the Bab
has found a few adherents in America,
like other oriental religions, which have
sent their apostles to thla country.
Tomorrow Labadists.
a chance to get a start, who would be
willing to take the land, either on a
lease for a term of years or operate It
on shares. If I can find four or five
men such as mentioned Jnthat article
I will be glad to make,. an arrangement
which will put them in possession of a
garden patch which will maka them in
dependent. What do you know about it?
TTiiie Fight ricturea.
Portland, Or., Aug. 20. To the Editor
of The JournalOf late we have hBxA
a lot of protest against the showing of
prizerignt pictures lu a certain moving
picture house in thla city. It seems to
me that the whole problem resolves
itself to this question:
Are .we to hand Over the moral train
ing of the children of the city of Port
land to a man of the class of a prize
fight promoter to bo exploited at a dime
apiece by allowing him to show the pic
tures of a prizefight that are barred in
all respectable communities; or shall
we leave the moral training of the chil
dren of Portland to the home, the public
school and the Sunday School?
In answer I will say that it Is time
that this class of moral outcasts who
have charge of those pictures and who
demand the right 'to educate the chil
dren by them, were given to under
stand that, as far as Portland is con
cerned, tMj child will receive its moral
training at home, in the school, and in
the Sunday school. TEACH IS R,
Roosevelt at San Juan.
.Portland, Or.. Aug. 20.To the Editor
of The Journal A news item states that
RooBevelt is to pose for moving pic
tures of his career for campaign use,
And that ln the miles of films win be
the ,famous charge on San Juan Hill
It has been stated on What aem
authority that he was not in the fla-ht
mr ,uw ma. Lin xno Journal
give us some information on the sub
Ject? - L. D. R.
Rldpath's "History of the World " in
describing the battle of San Juan Hill
says:' , '
"The Rough Riders, , under the imme
diate command of Lieutenant Colonel
Theodore Roosevelt, distinguished them
selves by their valor." Also, "The
American infantry, now rising again
from Its protected positions and follow
ing In the wake of Roosevelt's regi
ment of Rough Riders and a regiment
oft brave colored soldiers who (had jtone
fbrward with 'them over some of the
lines lying flat in the graSB, renewed
the, charge and rushed on to the' crest
without further resistance,'!
A Sure Sign.
Frorri the Houston Post.
"So he took you out auto riding the
othec evening g.:...- -....-.,,, , , ..
"Yes, what Of itr '
"Do you . think he IS in lov with
your ."
"I think so. I knew, that every time
J spoke to Mm the auto tried to 'climb
a tree or Jump a fence.",
Farming and tte TarifF
By the census of 1000 there were irt
the United States 29,073,233 persons 10
years of age or over engaged in gainful
occupations. Of this number 10,381,705
were engaged tn, agricultural pursuits,
wi)l J.6I2M62 were- reported s labor
ere. Without specifying at what kind of
labor, they were mployed.: :A consider
able proportion of them were doubtless
working on farms. ;Jf we take the pro
portion as only one fifth, or 825,853, the
total number of persons employed In
some kind of agricultural work n H00
was 10,907,617. It is conservative to
estimate the, number of persons 10
years or age and over engaged m gain
ful occupations in 1909 at 87,406,809;
ths number engaged In some kind of
agricultural; work; in 1909 at approtu
mately ,13,240,783, or about one third,
32.7 per emt, of the total, ', s-
. How amen Aoes.the fanner get ou
of tbe protection pool? ;
. Production 1909. Value.
Corn ....2,6i!,189,630bu. $1,477,123,000
Wheat ,. S3,84M97 bit. 73,8B3,O0O
Oals ..... 1,0,(17,129,000 bu. 405,130,000
Potatoes.. 889194.965 bu. 210,067,000
Cotton .,6,16Ul,000 1ba. (188,880.000
Hay .... $4,938,000 tons 689.MS.U00
Total value. 6 products.. ,$4,14U8,000
The total value of farm products In
1909 Was $8,790,000.
These six farm products represent
about half the value of farm, products
tit th unnntrv. tn Th lit ft, nn
- .... , . j . f V . . u v. "
these, however, la practically ineffec
tive and has little relation to the price
peld tbe farmer for them.
The department of commerce end la
uvi if iuna mn luwu value or proaucie
manufactured ln the Country In 1909 to
be $20,672,052,000. The total value of
domestic manufactures exported In 1909
was $973,971,305.' That Is the value of
products manufactured ln the country
for use here, was $19,692,080,645, but to
be conservative, we may deduct $8,000.-.
000,000 for duplication of material
making the value of manufactured prod
ucts $13,602,080,645. The average ad
valorem duty on dutiable imports In
1909 was 43.15 per cent. If the prio
of domestio manufactures were ln-1
creased by only one third of this, W 14
per cent, the extra cost that users of
these products paid ln 1909, because
they were "protected," was $1,846,891,-
290. At least a flth of this amount
must be added to cover the profits ofj
the dealers, that Is $369.87,25S. Ths1
total duties collected In 1909, $394,177,
360, must be added to find the total eost
to the consumers of the country of be
ing protected, and a fifth profit to deal
ers on this sum, or $58,876,492.
Tbe price American consumers paid
for tbe privilege -of being "protected''
ln 19091
Extra cost of American
manufactures $1, $41,891, 190,
Dealers' profits on this
cost (20 per cent)....,. $69,878,268
Duty on Imports added to
price 194,377,860
Dealers! profits on duties.. 58,875,492
Total .$2,669,622, 404
(Only a small and negligible part of
the value of the Imports was agricul
tural products.)
Substantially this figure Is arrived at
by another calculation, taking the value
of. domestic products separately and ln
Those engaged ln agriculture natur
ally buy their share of the manufac
tures of the country, and pay their
share of the cost of being "protected."
They wore 33.7 per cent of the popula
tion, thev paid about an equal propor
tion of $2,r,69,522,400, or $840,233,824.
The four chief farm products upon
which the tariff is operative and the
Increased value due to the tariff are
stiown in the following table for 1909:
Wool Total quantity produced in the
United States, 328,083,273 pounds; tariff
duty, .-flc-pounrti total Innfeose.' In .
value because of duty, $36,089,061.
Barley Total quantity produced In
-Hw-tTwItrd Htatewr-.-MOietlfr-bUBhctsr -tariff
.duty, .30c a bushel; total Increase
in value because of duty, $48,052,000.
Sugar Total quantity produced In the
United States, 1,680,568,000 pounds;
tariff duty, .1685c a pound; total in
crease in value because of duty, $28,
817.570. Rice Total quantity produced ln the
United States, 676,888,889 pounds; tariff
duty, ,02c a pound; total increase ln
value because of duty, $13,537,777.
Grand total Increase ln value because
of duty, on wool, barley, sugar and
rice, $125,996,408.
In making this calculation, the most
liberal allowance for any possible bene
fit to the farmer has bsett made. Thus
only part of the duty on wool la actu
ally operative, while the Increase In the
value of barley, because of the duty'of
30c a bushel Is very small, nor Is the
value of rloe Increased even approxi
mately 2a a pound, the amount of the
duty on the cleaned rice In 1909.
Can farmers see any profit la putting'
$10 Into protection's pool and taking
out 917
Farmers don't sow 10 grains of Wheat
to get one back. The sum of $125,996,
4(18 more than covers the profit of pro
tection to farmers through Increasing
the price 6f their products. But farmers
don't get all this profit. They eat and
consume as weil as produce farm prod
ucts. We jnust deduct a third of the
$125,996,408 that Is, $41,998,805 and
that leaves the miserable pittance of
$83,997,660 that farmers are to the good
by protection, as against the $840,288,-8'j-t
they are to the bad through protec-.
t ion that is, they put about $10 Into
protection's pool and got out $1,
Protectionists can convince farmers
that protection pays them only when
they can convince them that It pays to
swap a 910 bill with manufacturers tot
a 91 bill.
Pointer! Paragraph
All the capital Jokes do not originate
ln Washington.
F ' a irtrl with a sour disposition is near
ly always ln a pickle.
When fortune emiles on you, don't
wait for a formal Introduction.
Many a man who has hope for break
fast has disappointment for supper.
Many a man's g6od reputation has
been fatally bitten by the political bug.
Occasionally you meet a married
woman who looks sorry that she isn't
a spinster.
Most of a man's mistakes are due
either to a lack of knowledge or a lack
of sense.
Men who know how to be happy
though married have Solomon beaten to
a frazxle for wisdom.
After a man has been married a few
weeks he makes the startling discovery
that his wife has a lot of relations he
never heard of before.
You are right, Alanzo. It Is perfectly
proper for a young man to wear a busi
ness suit when he calls on a girl that
is, If he means business,,!
l.,..n.,.,,.;...l-You. Can,.'Al way a-Tellr
From tha Washington Star
. When a man says that he hasn't an
unkind thought , for anybody It Is not
an Indication that things are going his
f iajj-j '1Mvyi9irl&g.' i, ,0y4
mivkmMpvv-' Kiwi-,.