The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, July 03, 1912, Page 8, Image 8

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Activity is God' medicine;
the lilghest genius i willing
ness and ability . to da hard
worK Any other conception of
genluS makes It 8, doubtful, If
not a dangerous possession.
Mao Arthur. " -
v v yOODROW WILSON should,
1 A f and will, le jelectedr He is
" Vy- Mr. Bryan's choice. Mr.
Bryan made him the nomi
nee.. Mr. Bryan is his sponsor, his
barker and his defender. Whal bet
ter credentials could Woodrow Atfil
: eon have with the American people.
What more of patriotism, what more
oi.iauuence ior iuo u"uu"
alty, what more of hostility to crook-
' ed politics In league with crooked
huslness, could be reflected than In
Mr. Bryan's Indorsement of Governor-Wilson?.
The Wilson nomination moans the
people's control of the Democratic
- party. The people got control of
New Jersey when Woodrow Wilson
became governor of that state. The
losses of that state were put on the
fun when Woodrow Wilson became
governor..:. A, primary law; under
which the people of New Jersey
voted; May 28,l against Taft and for
Roosevelt, and voted for Woodrow
Wilson and against the Murphy
Ryan-Belmont coalition, was given
to ? the people of boss-ridden New
Jersey as soon as Woodrow Wilson
became governor and "by Woodrow
Wilson as governor. Other things
given - to the plain people of 'New
Jersey by Woodrow Wilson as their
governor are described elsewhere on
this page.
' Governor Wilson got these things
for the people of New Jersey by
In legislative districts and there ex
plainto the-people the altitude of
legislators who hesitated to enact
legislation the platform had prom
lsedV. By the same process, he beat
Boss Barnes Smith for United States
senator from New. Jersey and se
cured Insteadlh election of the can
didate the people had Indorsed at the
rolls. .,; For thus ranging himself
squarely -on the Bide of the people
. and against further, bos3 rule In New
Jersey, Governor Wilson was Dit
terly fought but not defeated by the
New Jers3y bosses ln the late prl
maries,-nd bitterlj fought but not
defeated by New Jersey Democratic
bosses In alliance with other Dcmd
rratic bosses. In the Baltimore con
. vention.v ,
- .,1fl. , m ... m m ,
lit'eal Jnfluencaof William .4-
Bryan. . . .
Governor Wilson's common cense,
political aagacity and Personal hon
or are made more patent by the fact
that Thomas F. Ryan but recently
was a director In thirty-one Big Bus
iness corporations; Is one of the
chief figures In the tobacco trust,
and one of the crookedest captains
of high finance in the country.
But it was the great conflict on
the floor of the Baltimore conven
tion that gives dramatic emphasis to
the ; prpgressivettess of Governor
Wilson, fin that convention, all the
powers of crooked business and
crooked' politics within the Demo
cratic party were massed for the
Loverthrow of Wilson and Bryan. It
was a deadly combination, because
arrayed with it were "the forces, of
Speaker Clark, all claiming to' be
progressives, and most of them gen
uine progressives who felt that a
harmonious convention -with- eonceg
slons to the h&ce would do more
for the success of their chief -than a
convention torn with dissensions be
tween progress and .reaction.
How well this combination was
organized was proved in the defeat
of Mr. Bryan for temporary chair
man This defeat came to Mr. Bry
an at; a time when he stood big best
ances.ofJrheodoreRooseTelt, and by
the votes of the 1,600,000 Republi
cans who registered their protests
agalnsf reaction nd" the bosses in
the twelve) primary states. .;.t
It is fortunate for the country that
the two conventions have taken dia
metrically opposite positions.- The
Issue is thus presented squarely and
honestly, and gives the people next
November a chance to determine de
cisively whether -they, want: reac
tion or progress ' whether they want
to stand still or go forward,whether
they want rule ;,by;tbJa?; allied
Barneses, Roots and crooked corpor
ations In secret league wi th the - By
ansv Belmont '; ,and' ' Murphys,' or
whether they want a government of,
for and by the people ' 'W . ,
It is not a contest -between the
old Democratic party;; And ' the old
Republican partyjiaya contest
between a newian4';ellf!ed Demo
cratic pajiyandiheiBacttflWary
wing pt thp RepubUcanjay . ife is
a' contest between a national pro
gressive Democratic party and a Re
publican faction that is captained,
financed, directed and manipulated
by brigadiers and generalissimos of
reaction. -
n the councils of his party and the
confidence of his countrymen.
Though all of Woodrow Wilson's
delegates went to Bryan, and though
Woodrow Wilson responded encour
agingly to Mr. Bryan's ante-conven
tion protest against Parker, the tri
umph of the allied bosses was com
plete, and Mr. Bryan rejected.
In the great conflict that fol
lowed, American history was writ
ten. The very course of the Repub
lic was remapped and recharted. A
great political party was dragged
from the moorings that entangled it
with crooked business and crooked
politics, and publicly cleansed of the
influences and agencies that control
parties and politics for profit. It
was the cutting away of the tenta
cles of corruption, the sloughing off
of rottenness and the rebaptlsm of
the party, not along old lines but in
the new and cleansed garb of pur
ity and people's rule.
No political conflict ever ended in
a more complete rout of the bosses.
They were seared, scourged, stEong-
armed and bludgeoned. How com
pletely they were overthrown was re
vealed in the 'closing hours of the
convention. As described in a dls-
patch in , yesterday's Oregonlan,
machine politicians in the conven
tion, impressed with the strength
developed by Wilson, have been at
tempting to reach some satisfactory
understanding with the Wilson man-j
agers, but without result; all over
tures have been rejected, the Wil
son faction refusing absolutely to
dicker with 'the bosses.' ' It was
a repetition of the episode between
Wilson and Watterson relative to
the Ryan contribution, and a splen
did proof of the purity and con
science of Governor Wilson and his
managers and followers.
In Governor Wilson, the man Is
the platform. Platform promises
can add nothing to his acceptability
la the present national -ertsisv -Hte
preynpon the unsuspecting. An end
is coming everywhere to the practice
by which financial buccaneers des
poil unsophisticated people of their
savings. . '. -
The Oregon BhxerrSky measure,
pending under the' initiative, -Is
abreast of progress, and it would be
a strange spectacle to Bee It defeated.
Letters From tte People
i . Every step that Governor Wilson
haVtnade-ln his political career has
been a struggle Against boss rule and
for; people's rule. It has been per
sonal honor and personal and pub
lic conscience by Woodrow Wilson,
In conflict with corrupt politics, corrupt-business
and the stealthy mach
inations of . those who enrich them
selves at .the expense of the public
through illegitimate political manip
ulation. ' - The climax of this conflict was
on the floor of the Baltimore con
Tlie"'wnson.j6yalty' to the people
" never shone more resplendently than
In This refusal to permit Henry Wat
terson and Colonel Harvey to bo-
licit campaign contribution from
Thomas P. Ryan. No political inci
dent In modern history more posi
tively reflects the honesty of a man.
The Interview between Wilson, Wat
terson and Harvey was a private in
terview between personal friends of
Jong standing. Wilson could have
yielded to the advice of these friends
. and .the country would never have
learned of the secret. It Is the path
. most public men have followed from
time immemorial.
- But Wilson did not yield. He rea
soned that it he accepted a campaign
contribution from Thomas F. Ryan,
It would put him under obligations
to Ryan, ad be a sacrifice of the
best interests of the people. He cor
rectly decided Ryan's money to be
tainted money, and that in accept
ing It he would not only compromise
his own conscience, but place him
self under obligations to a man
whose ' interests are in deadly con-
llct with ' the plain people's Inter-
' Nor was it Governor Wilson who
made the facts of the interview pub
lic. Colonel Watterson, the friend of
a lifetime, became enraged. He had
been supporting Wilson for presi
dent, but he at once withdrew his
support and backed the candidacy of
Fpeaker Clark. . Harvey also aban
doned Wilson, and . Watterson flew
into the newspapers with denuncia
tions of the New Jersey governor.
Ryan also sought vengeance, and, in
be effort to: get it, became a. deb-
rate to the Baltimore convention, or
f nnlised the . Virginia ; delegation
-1 fi!r1stlorair!r"Jotced'I3oBB-sluT'
thy in the now famous coalition, a
coalition broken and routed by the
treat strategy and tremendous ""po-
flght against and rout of the Dem
ocratic bdsses of New Jersey identi
fied him as one of the nlain neonle
The tremendous fight of the allied
bosses against him and Mr. Bryan
in the Baltimore convention are all
the platform Governor Wilson needs
The bosses and crooked business are
practical-men nand know" their It Ihd
After their offensive and defensive
coalition against Mm and Mr. Bryan
at Baltimore, and after the bitter
and deadly struggle of the Ryan-Bel-mont-Murphy
alliance against the
New Jersey governor and the great
Nebraskan for so many days, a mere
platform can add nothing In fixing
Woodrow Wilson's place In the
hearts of the American people.
HERE Is one towering moral
leader in American politics.
One commanding figure stands
out above all others.
No nomination for the presidency
could add to the prestige of the man
who compelled the Baltimore con
vention to do Its duty. No election
as president could add to the pres
tige of his estabi: :hed position. No
office, no title, no badge of honor
could add one whit to the respect and
esteem in, which he is held by his
countrymen. Mr. Bryan snatched
the Baltimore convention from the
maw of reaction and gave the coun
try a platform and a candidate to
square with the principles and con
victions of the rank and file of the
American people. In doing it he
thrust the presidency from him, and
at a time when millions of his coun
trymen would have welcomed his
It Is a tremendous act to reject
the presidency of tho United States
In order to save a principle. When
he lashed and striped the Baltimore
delegates, Mr. Bryan was deliber
ately laying hlB personal ambition
on the Bacrlflclal altar in order to
give his party the guidance that
would enable It to rewder conspicu
ous service to his countrymen and
the republic. What service more
patriotic could be rendered by any
Mr. Bryan is a kindly man. All
his teachings are permeated with the
spirit of gentleness and brotherhood.
It was with extreme sadness that
he arose In the convention and tore
a friendship of years by "declaring
that the tainted support Champ
Clark was receiving from a' corrupt
New York boss and his allies made
jt impossible for himself and others
of the Nebraska delegation to vote
for the speaker. It was the adding
of new scars to the many that Mr.
Bryan had already received because
of his Inexorable refusals to taint
principle with compromise. It
Article and questions for this page
should b written on only one side of
tho paper and be accompanied by the
writer's name. The Mm will not be.
published, but is desired as an indi
cation of good faith.
7 " Our" Country's Need.
Hood "River. Or.. Jnlv 1. -To the Edi
tor of Tho Journal In July number of
"Farm Journal" of Philadelphia, I read:
There is no doubt that a great many
of our Judges, having beeji selected by
political bosses, aro of. a stripe not
differing from those who picked them,
and ought to be in some way bounced
out of office as quickly as they can be
reached. There never would have
been any: demand for the recall of Judges
or of Judicial decisions, bad It not Been
that under the present methods the" Ju
dicial ermine had been placed iipon un
fit shoulders. This Is a republic, the
I people rule, or ought to rule, and If
they will tend to their business properly
there' will be no trouble, otherwise,
things will be sure to go wrong."
Now the foregoing sounds so much
like the- Portland Journal I can hardly
help but think there Is a political re
form wave sweeping the country and al
though it may take some of the wind
out of our Fourth of July orators, I be
lieve you Journalists are right when
you advocate that "this country needs
what our forefathers exercised In lay
lng Its foundation a lot of old-fash
ioned patriotism and ' common sense.'
Many years ago the great Swiss writer
PniinrAaii nM- "Th rtcht'tn vnt
imposes upon me the duty of instruct
lng myself," etc. 80 you are not alone
In your ardent desire to have all Ameri
can cttlrens think before they vote. Now
if we are mentally lazy, we should not
lay all the blame on those who are
sharper or more wide awake than our
selves, when things go wrong, for hu
manity Is weak and big fish eat little
ones if they don't watch out. I admire
your independence.
The David of Democracy.
Portland, Or., July 2. To the Editor
of The Journal In . the political strug
gle of today intelligent humanity recog
nizes a far greater issue than the goal
of a presidency. "For we wrestle not
against flesh and blood, but against
principalities, against powers, against
the rulers of the darkness of this
world. " The personal hatred
Of these powers and the dishonest at
tacks of their unscrupulous hirelings
upon Bryan the David of Democracy
are the highest proof of his unlmpeach
able integrity. Like David of old, he
started out alone In his battle against
the giant plutocracy. He stands today
second' to- none, apart and distinct In
his unswerving representation of the
Interest o.f the peaple4-drawlng W in
spiration from the source Of all wis
dom God.
There can be no question that his
every defeat, strengthened by the
knowledge of the righteousness of his
principles, has but stimulated him to
greater action; non are Infallible, and
because of this he is more noble in de
feat than he would have heen In vie
tory. In the great crisis which is abso
lulely imminent, he will have won his
Jonathan from the ranks of the enemy,
Not to believe in the sincerity of this
Jonathan is to doubt the power of truth
to attract. Being cognizant of the de
termination of plutocracy to dominate
the spirit of Democracy, and -knowing
the determination of that spirit to be no
longer dominated, an honest mind can
conceive of no TSondltlon arising by
which the leader of the spirit can har
monize with or be subject to the oppos
lng power.
The present, is a fit moment for
the advent Of such. a man.. We are I
In the midst of an unprecedented
unrest. With ,an audacious boldness
never before seen in a political con
vention In our national history, the
reactionaries threw down the gaunt
let to the progressives at Chicago.
That, too, was a convention in which
there was no compromise. There.
too, was a battle of Titans, and the
reactionaries won.
Their victory was complete, and
In order to draw the line absolutely
and uncompromisingly between prog
ress and reuctlon, between popular
justice and popular Injustice, be
tween boss government and people's
government, they boldly named as
their candidate the man whom Theo
dore Roosevelt beat In every state
in which the people had a chance to
register their choice.
It was an extraordinary act when
the Chicago convention turned its
back on more than 1,600,000 voters
who declared for Mr. Roosevelt and
accepted- the policies and prefer
ences of the 8C0.000 who voted in
the primaries for Mr. Taft. It was
an unprecedented performance when
that convention chose Mr. Taft, who
Becured only . 36 delegates in . the
great Republican primary states, and
rejected Mr. Roosevelt, who was
given 336 delegates in the great Re
publican primary states. It was a
momentous political event when re
action thus threw away compromise,
abandoned conciliation, rejected con
cession, and made reaction as con
trasted .with progressiveness the par
amount issue of a great national
TU veryauaa1Iy"rs manifestation
of the crisis with which the republic
is confronted. That there is such
crisis' is attested by the Jate utter-
an Incident wonderfully akin
Woodrow Wilson's refusal to accept
Ryan's tainted money.
It was a great service to the
United States, when Mr. Eryan com-
pplled his party In this great crisis
to place Itself In position In which
the millions who want a govern
ment of progress could have oppor
tunity to vote their aspirations.
This Is a government by 1 allot, and
the action of the Chicago convention
made it imperative that the action
at Baltimore should be so sharply
and decisively drawn that there
would be full opportunity to choose
between standpat government and
progressive government.
Theodore Roosevelt tried to do as
much at Chicago, but failed. Mr
Bryan was more powerful as a lead
er, and did not fail. He towered so
far abovo all other figures In the
convention, his sixteen years of un
compromising leadership had - given
him bo much of public confidence,
that he swept the coalitions and al
llances, the intrigues and the con
spiracles before him and gave his
party one of the best candidates and
one of the best platforms In, its his
Mr. Bryan called his speech in the
closing hours of the convention his
valedictory." It was ndt a vale
dictory but a triumphal message. It
only emphasized the advent of Mr
Bryan Into an unchallenged position
as the first citizen of the republic.
There is no nobler record of
achievement that Mr. Bryan could
wish to inscribe in the history of his
HE antl-gold-brick movement in
Illinois is headed by the presi
dent of the state bank associa
tion. Legislation similar to the
Kansas Blue Sky law 1b demanded by
the association, and by a plank in
the Republican state platform.
The president of the state bank as
sociation declares that' Illinois peo
ple are robbed yearly of $15,000,000
through the sale of worthless securl
ties. It is declared that the people
of the United States are robbed of
$170,000,000 annually by the same
In Alabama, there is agitation for
legislation against bogus securities
In Georgia, a measure modeled after
theJCansaB Blue jSkjlawJhtobe
offered in tne state legislature.
- It Is only a matter of brief time
until crookedcorporatIons, chartered
by state authority, can no longer
July X waa New Tear's day, fltcafl. -
Democratic dalecatea -ae'also. some
stayers. ' s.,...sT...; i
Let's have a national convention at
Portland In 191. i , - ; -;
Did Teddr Imarine he was a '"Demo-1
eratlo Dark Horser
A person mar be well .off Without a
great amount of money. .
Bo far the. members of the rrand tarr
hav Mcaped Indictment '
Chairman James sized the most noto
rlous Colonel up about right
The peoole's Instructions don't hay
much weight with some delegates. ,
. .. .
Poultry advio! Don't try to raise
chickens unless you can raise the feed
for them. ,
Old Plurius mar be a vlotltn of bay
fever. He seems to have It In for hay
every summer. '
First. Newt York: second. Chlearot
third, Portlandwin " postal savings. A
significant showing, , .
... - v , .. W W -t
Portland can oolnt with Bride to
many things, buV some parts of its gov
ernment are not among them.
The ballot won't be quit so long as
was feared; petition signing is fortu
nately going out of fashion.
Oregon went for Eoosevelt not Taft;
will ft ro for a Roosevelt or a Taft
candidate for senatdr or for neither?
One may celebrate the Fourth a little.
quietly, in thought if not otherwise. It
is the anniversary of a really big event
Are women's rights a hollow mockery?
Two women Juries' verdicts in uauror
nla have been overruled by a mere man
judge. (
To the hlghest as well a to the lower
animals, the sweetest most deslrsble
things are on the otner siae or me
If eonsress makes no appropriation
to carry on the government the Social
ists may venture a wora ai commenaa
tlon at last.
Farmer oomes In to say that he hopes
ta ira a man nominated for president
some day who don't spend half his time
playing golf or tennis.
It is as easy for a camel to go
throurh the eve of a needle as for a
corporation lawyer to serve the common
people as a representative or a delegate.
-'Artchool bunding that will cost $890
Is to be eracted at Shedds this summer.
Burns Times Herald: The Times Her
ald has received a new p per cutter,
which is the advance o considerable
now material and machinery that has
been ordered for the mechanical end of
this great religious weekly,.
t,.,;v-.. .- . .. .. ...
An extension of the! pipe line through
which Bumpter's water supply Js derived
la one of the contemplated Improve'
ments for this summer. It is the inten
tion to replace the ditch with 11 Inch
wood pipe. The cost Is -estimated at
IbOQO. ... , ....
Lekevlew Examiner: Quite a' num
ber of cinnabar claims have been staked
out in the Crooked Creek section. An
assay of the quarts shows It to contain
considerable gold. Several specimens
have been sent for examination to the
state geologist
- r . - . . : y -':r
- Roseburg News: The splendid crop
of cherries that will soon be taken from
the Douglas county trees Is a tribute
to the productiveness of this country.
The more we., see of the product of Jthe
TJmpqua valley, the more we become en
thused over the country. . . .T:
- .
' Toledo Leader: ' It O. Moore of Nash
ville gets in the neighborhood of 2000
Tillon of roohrrls tier acre and
this year sold them a iOe a gallons JIs
says there la no nicer fruit to handle
than gooseberries and there Is market
for an unlimited supply.
Gold H1U News: So bountifully has
Datura nrec-arad for the record - fruit
crop of the Rogue river valley that the
wall of - the growers' for -more - fruit
thinners ' rises early and late. Valley
orchardlsts are confronting a serious
problem in the shortage of help.
Union Republican: The city is doing
f:ood work in having the weeds fut along
he streets. This Is the first time this
has been done; and it should De Kept up.
Greater uniformity Is thus secured than
hv askins; tne property owner to at
tend-to the Job, and the cost to the city
is not much, -
Tillamook Herald: Tillamook City
should have a T. M. C. A. organisation.
The proposition should receive the
united support of- all the churches and
citizens who stand for civic uplift. The
plan to secure a Carnegie library build
ing may help solve the problem.
A fjre broke out In a haystack at
Burns last week and threatened a houss
nearby. A ball game was in progress a
b ock iwa?. The Tans new to tne- lire,
while William Hanley ordered his chauf
feur to soeed to the fire house with
his auto and hook onto the chemical.
Amongst hands, a disastrous conflagra
tlon was averted.
The Justinian Plague.
Small Tracts In Clarke County.
XtlnneFaha.' Wash?' Tune 59. To" the
Editor of The Journal Three years
ago H. D. Fleming purchased 26 acres
of timber' land at Minnehaha. He had
It all slashed, and cut 1000 cords
wood off It. Eight months ago he con
tracted 10 acres at $55 per acre. Then
h contracted 3 '4 acres at $80 an acre,
3H acres at $100 and 2H at $120. The
last named Is, I think, the highest price
per acre ever paid in this locality. The
clearftig was finished by the day's work
at $2.25 a day. It was all grubbed,
plowed and planted in potatoes in eight
months. The work was finished June
29. The cost was over $4000. It was a
great benefit to the neighborhood at
large in wages paid and also in Increas
ing the value of property. Tne soil is
of the best. It has no gravel and Is
adapted to small fruits.
Minnehaha Is one of the coming fruit
districts of Clarke county. It is cut
up into small tracts of five . and ten
acres, it is only 2 hi miles from- Van
couver. It has fine schools and a
church 'and Is near a car line. C.
One of the most severe plagues that
visited Europe was that which appeared
during: the reign of Justinian ana is
consequently najned for him. Tne ratal
disease which depopulated the earth
during the rule ..of this monarch and
his successors, first appeared in tne
TTBtg-hbcrhoodDf -Pelustumr between thu
Serbonian bog and the eastern cnannei
of the Nile.
From thence, tracing as it were a
double path. It spread to the east over
Syria, Persia, and In the indies, ana
penetrated to the west along the coast
of Africa and over the continent of
Europe. In the spring of the second
year, Constantinople, during three or
four months, was visited by the pesti
lence; and Procoplus, who observed its
progress and symptoms with the eyes
of a physician, has emulated the skill
and diligence of Thucydides In the de
scription of the plague of Athens.
The fever was often accompanied
with lethargy or delirium; the bodies
of the sick were covered with black
pustules, the symptoms of. Immediate
death; and In the constitutions too fee
ble to produce an eruption, the vomit
ing of blood was followed by a mortifi
cation of the bowels.
Youth was the most perilous sea
son, and the female sex was less sus-
Iceptlble than the male. It was not un
til the end or a calamitous penoa oi
62 yean), between 642 arid" 894 "A. D.,
that mankind recovered their health, or
the air resumed Its pure and salubrious
quality. During three months, five and
at length ten thousand persons died
each day at Constantinople. So fatyi
was the disease that many el ties of the
Commends West's Course.
Portland, Or., July 2-To the Editor
of The Journal In Monday's Journal Is
an account of a raid very properly made
by our progressive state governor with
a section of the state militia on a law-
breaking nuisance in Milwaukie, which
deserves the commendation of all good
citlsens. A public official who Is a
success in administration of law should
know that he is sustained by his con
stituency. If his official conduct Is ap
plauded by the lawless element it Is be
cause they feel safe 'in the pursuit of
their wickedness; and Is a certain evi
dence of malfeasance in the official, or
at least dereliction. In such cases the
people have recourse to the recall. The
reoent act of our governor In the mat
ter referred to Is so palpably In the In
terest of the safety of the publlo and
Its social and moral elevation that It Is
Impossible to commend It too highly.
Our best citizenship have been hungry
for such a demonstration Of govern
mental power against crime that It in
spires hope of better things In our civil
life. Governor Wesv be not weary In
well doing; In due time you shall reap
if you faint not" J. H. LEIPER. .
Redmond, Or., July 1. To the Editor
of The Journal In the Sunday issue,
editorial page. I sett the articles "Blight
of a Boss' and "Renegade' Delegates.'
Of all detestable characters of history
the Pharisee stands supreme. While
Clark's record as speaker Is an asset of
the party, Bryan's only record Is talk.
Instructed for Champ Clark, Bryan
stumps Ohio for Wilson is, in fact
Wilson's floor leader in the convention.
"Is Bryan a patriot" or "a boss and
renegade r Whose ox Is gored? At
least be fair. Bryan's past talk and
present acts seem to me mixed.
Will Not Raise Prices.
Portland, Or., July l.To the Editor
of The Journal-r-At the last meeting of
the Retail Liquor ' Dealers' association
attention was called ArUel4atly
appearing In the city press. It wss
therein stated that the saloons proposed
to "raise prices" during the Elks' con
vention. This statement is an unmltl
gated falsehood as far as the members
east were left depopulated. In several
districts of Italy the harvest and the
vintage withered on the ground.
The triple scourge of war, pestilence
and famine afflicted the subjects of
Justinian, and his reign Is disgraced
by a visible decrease of tha human epe-
"has never been repaired In some of
the fairest countries of the alobe.
In Italy the- most notable year of the
bubonic plague, for It had all the symp
toms or that scourge which prevails
even to this day, to a very limited ex
tent was in 665 A. D.. which left the
country so depopulated that it was an
easy prey to the Lombards. It eventual
ly had spread over the whole of the Ro
man world, beginning in maritime towns
and radiating inland.
Whether the numerous pestilences re
corded In the seventh century were this
piague cannot be said, but it is possible
that the pestilence In England chroni
cled by Bede in the years, 864, 872, 872
and 683, may have been of this disease.
It has never been definitely settled
as to whether the great plagues during
the centuries from the time of Justin
tan hava not been various phases of the
BUDonie plague of that period, but in
recent years It has been confined al
most entirely to Asia. For Instance, in
September, 1898, theJubonlo piague of
a very fatal contagious, nature, broke
out In Bombay and between that period
and March..1901, the total number of
deaths recorded was no less than 2S6,
665. The great cities of Bombay. Ka
rachi and Poona suffered most severely.
Tomorrow The Plague of Athens.
Tke Baltimore Nonin
Pointed Paragraphs
A thing of duty is a Job forever.
Bome men cut loose when they get
It Is usually safe to Judge a man by
his manners.
The attempted bribery was a thick
wltted scheme.
It's a shams to spill milk, but it isn't
a crying shame.
It takes a lot to live and It requires
a house on the lot.
It's' usually the fool who rocks the
boat that lives to tell the tale.
Trying to be a Christian on the In
stallment plan is a waste of time.
It takes a woman to cry over her. In
ability to find something to laugh at
Anyway, the pinnacle of fame must
be an uncomfortable perch to roost on.
There's nothing green about the grass
widow who goes after a rich bachelor. -
Naturally a female attendant in 'a
lunatlo asylum thinks everybody Is
crazy about her.
Many a girl strives to make a name
for herself rather than attempt to make
a loaf of bread. '
of our association are concerned, and
we ask that it be contradicted on our
behalf. We feel that It Is a great honor
to have the Elks here as guests of tho
city of Portland, and would consider It
an outrage to attempt any such graft
as above suggested. You will confer a
favor by giving publicity to- this refu
tation. Tours respectfully,
President Local No. L
The Road House Crusade.
Portland, Or., July l.To the Editor
of - The Journal The present crusade
against the roadhouses shows Governor
West to be a man whose heart 1 In
the right place. Fathers and mothers
are not raising boys and girls to be
sent to hell by those who conduct these
resorts. And Governor West will find
that he has the support of every good
cltlsen in this state, and should he need
any help all he will have to do Is to
call for volunteers. : Go to It Governor
West and may God bless jrou.
"- wtlluu: O'ftoNOTar""'
gink from Squashtown proudly
Doasts and nourishes his fist
And loudly swears his city leads the
world and part of Mars,
When It comes to owning autos, he can
prove it by the list
That, in point of population. Squash
town lias the most new cars.
By the latest-census figures artd the
Phone book's newest nam
The folk at Mlllvllle have the right to
claim a town of worth,
Where, the population figured, naught
but autos are the race;
They can prove they have more motor
cars than town oa earth.
Why, even down st Maybee where the
trains go rushing by,
The people brag about the list of au
tos in the town, -
"In point of population." you can hear
'cm loudly cry,
"We've got the whole world beaten;
we have nailed the record down."
No matter where you wander, It'p the
cry you'll always hear,
Each town from Maine to Mexloo,
from Key West to Kitsan. .
Claims "in point of population"; and It
proves tne matter clear,
That it owns more automobiles than
the best place qn the map.
Cleveland's Vicious Example.
Prom the New York World.
By tho most practical test Cleveland
has demonstrated that -its street rail
ways can be operated at a profit with a
3 -cent fare. There la even talk of re
ducing the far to 1 cents.
If ever there was one, this is an at
tack on vested rights. Before It goes
any further it deserves to be denounced
by the street railway Interests all over
the country as. confiscation and In plain
violation of the. constitution. Not one
of them doubts that S cents is the only
proper fare ' and that anything lower
would mean ruin for them and prove
against tho publlo interest On the In
fallible 6-cant fare basis some of them
may have watered their stock or Jobbed
their franchises, or done both, like the
Metropolitan, and gone Into bankruptcy
but no one who respects the sanctity of
property should expect any fare lower
thar 6 cents, because without it profits
for capital are impossible. ,
The action, of Cleveland In running
its street railroads at a profit on a I
cent far Is worse than confiscation
it is rtaj revolution. It offends all New
York's nations. Here, Instead of secur
lng lower fares, the city Invest most
of the capital and guarantees a private
operating company's-xoesslve profits
from strap-hangers' fares forbalfta
TheTJemocratlo state platform in th
New Jersey campaign of 1910 promise,
five particular . reforms, ' each of them .
radical and each of them apparently
academic. They were: A new election -law
to take the control of nominations
out of thf hands of the bosses; an em
ployers' liability; law Just1 to both em
ployer and employe; a corrupt practices
act. tdstap. the wrongful or. excessive
use of money in elections;' a publio
utilities commission with actual and
not. merely theoretical power; and a law
regulating the cold storage or food.
These five things were promised In the
New Jersey had been a machine-ruled
State tfor years and nobody took plat
form promises seriously. Nobody ex r
pected them to be redeemed, A political
party- platform - was a' street COT .
platform something to get n on, - -
When tne election - was - over, New
Jersey found that it had a Democratic
governor, a senate Republican by 12 to
9 and a lower house Democratic by 42 v
to 18.T Of course, the Republicans, con -
trolling the senate, could block any
legislation . they desired. . They de
termined at once to stop all the bills
of the governor's program and, what Is
more, the old time Democratic machine
leaders ecldedjjol to letlha bills pass .
the. lower house. -That was the sltua
tlon when the legislature, met In Janu-
W hen it adjourned In April every one- -
of the five promises made in the Demo
cratlc platform were laws on the statute
books of New Jersey and along with
them fwef several other ne reform
laws.- --"--m v w -: v-.;-f"
That the redemption of those plat-
form promises was due solely to the,
courage and practical common sense of '
Governor Woodrow Wilson Is admitted
by everybody, in New Jersey, Republl-
cani or- Democrat friend or foe.'
These are some of the laws that war
passed by that legislature: An election '
law that provided for all nomination
from president down to constable to be
made In direct primaries held by the
state authorities, - that eliminates the
power of bosses by abolishing the old
party machinery, that provides for all
elections to be held by officers who
have passed a civil service examination -,
to show their fitness, and that require '
voters - to sign their names so a to
make a-"repeater" liable to punishment.
for forgery,
An employers' liability law that does
awaywlth;damage suits. When an em
ploye i tax injured the law say
Just how much damages he Is entitled
to for that particular Injury, and It Is
paid. The employes are benefited be
cause they, do not have to wait for rear
to get justice; the employer be
cause It enables, them to know what
they have to pay; and- relieves them of
heavy legal expenses.
A corrupt practices act that regulate
the expenditure of campaign funds, re
quires publication to be made of all
contribution and expenditures, and
makes the penalty of violktion the for
feiture of the office. A candidate Tor
governor may spend $2600 under this,
law, and no more. A candidate for con
gress may spend $1600, candidate for
county officers, $600, and so on down
the list. The law goes farther and pro
hibits Intimidation it prohibits print
lng political sentiments on pay envel
opes, it-prohibits posting of political
handbills la factories and all other
means that employer may take to In
fluence their employes In politics.
A publio .utilities commission was
created with complete power to regulate
railways, street car lines, telephone
companies and all other publlo utilities
In the Interest of the publlo; a power
backed up with "the machinery to make'
it effective. '
A law was passed prohibiting the oold
storage of food for longer than 10
months and providing for the sal at
public auction of, all food stored In vio
lation of the law.
These werey-the things promised.
These were the things performed. But
the performances were not limited by
the scope or the- promises. That same
legislature, under the firm guiding hand
of that same, governor, passed a law
providing for the commission form of
government for -cities, with th Initia
tive, referendum and recall of adminis
trative officers' a law abolishing con
tract taboriflvthe SUt prison; a law
providing -for adequate protection of
factories rronV fir; a law allowing
the state attorney general to partici
pate in criminal prosecutions In coun
ties, and a half doien other progress
ive measures.
Such Is the record of practical
achievement that Woodrow Wilson made
In a few months. ThaNawJara
Democrats have adopted as their slogan
these words:
What Woodrow Wilson has dona for
New Jersey as its "governor is a fair
example of what he will do for the na
tion as its president"
Baker Democrat: A profit of 17000 In
two years from the safe of one Powder
river vaaey ranch is going lust a little,
That's what came to one man, - .
When you meet a woman wlOwls In
different a ta the sla of her feet. It's
a sign she Is merely waiting for her
turn to ride In the undertaker's wagon.
License Applied For.
iVa I was walkinv nut nn. 4a
I dodged a motorcycle gay, ;
Which, in the rear, had this display!
License applied for."
Then next an auto grazed my hid-
A chaufeur-and.inrndMt hrM,
Bound for the parson's, and I spied:'
uiuenae appuea ior.
passed a business -nTarut . iaam
Where they were starting a saloon!
A sign hung out like a balloon. .
"License applied for."
Those persons who evade the law.
By living falsely; "paw and maw"
Should hang out thia newfangled Jawt-
liiccuit. applied ior.
-By C. M. Moor.
HContrlbated ta Th joarul Walt- Uiml
the fimoua Kansas post. Bis pru-poiiM are e
ruular feature of Uila column U J"b JUiUi
JounaL) i "
The Hon hearted Richard in happy
days of yore was wont to butcher peo
ple and wade in crimson gore: .he looked
around for victims," his hand on battle
ax. and when he ran across them ho
calmly broke their' backs. He's been .
the gaudy hero of 'scores of rattling "
books; old men hay told about him In
winter Inglenooks; and even yet the
minstrel about bla -glory sings but no
one e'er . accused him of doing useful
things. Had Richard stayed la England
and buckled down to tacks; had he
sworn off on bloodshed and pawnedTils
battle ax. and tried to give his people a
half way decent Telgn. he would not be
the hero of bughouse poet's strain; . hi
bones would lie a-crumbllng among for
gotten kings our heroes are hot people -who
do the useful things. Today we
make an Idol of htm who wields hi
Jaws; the man of tinkling cymbals Is
given the applause; If he goes forth and "
bellows for this or that reform, we call '
him Hon hearted, an oak tree In the -storm,
a bulwark of the nation, a David '
with his slings we never want a hero.'i
who does the useful things. The men
who build tho cities and make the des
erts bloom; the men "whose busy, fin
ger attend the mill 'and loom; who
send the ships of commerce across the -'
vasty deep; who toll to further science
when others ars asleep; .who rob th '
hills of riches, the quarries of their
their names to fame unknown, while we
applaud the fakir for whom the welkin -rings
our heroes are not people who do :
tne useiui tnings. .
Corrrlfbt. wit. by
Otort MattbfW Adams,
r. . . - - i
u f. in; t i &ay4- iSS'r -!rr "1 &