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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (March 5, 1912)
AN Ivrtf rV.VPENT XKWSPAPnR.
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One ieT....;:..2.50 ( One month........ 4 .23
M,' T PAILY AND SUNDAY.
One year ...S7.5Q I One '"..
All fresh Is grass, and all its
Like the fair flower dishevel'd
In the wind.
Klchea have wings, and grandeur
is a dream;
The man we celebrate must find
a tomb, -
And we that worship him. Igno
ble graves. . .
. j -cowper.
WHAT WOULD LINCOLN SAY ?
fi red, which so command- the high
Another center is thus provided
for on of the principal industries
of Oregon another demonstration
that the possibilities of fruit raisins
in this state are neither limited In
area nor yet In possibilities by those
districts hitherto developed.
'WHY XOT HELP HER?
,N the 4th of March next I
shall tkvp served three and
halt years, ana wis inree
and a halt years constitute
my first term. , The wise custom
which limits the president to two
terms regards the substance and not
the form, and under no circum
stances will I be a candidate for or
accept another nomination."- Theo
dore Roosevelt, November 8, 1904.
. "I have not changed and shall not
change that decision thus an
nounced." - Theodore Roosevelt,
December 11," 1907. .
. "1 have said always that I would
not be a candidate in 1912 myself,
and that I had no intention of taking
any part In the nomination fo or
against any candidate." -Theodore
Roosevelt, June, 1911; '
"I will accept the nomination" for
president if it is tendered me, and
I will adhere to this decision until
: the convention has ' expressed its
preference." -r- Theodore , Roosevelt,
February 24, 1912. V : ;
"I said I would not accept a nom-
I nation for a third term under any
circumstances, meaning, of course;
a third consecutive term." Theodore-
Roosevelt, February 26, 1912.
What would Abraham Lincoln
.MAKrXQ-BAD - GOVERNMENT
HY not register?
We sit back on our
haunches and howl about
bad government? We stay
way from the primaries,' and then
shriek about the nominees. We re
main at home to let the politicians
and "the Interests" name the offi
cials, and then call down maledic
tlons upon the politicians and "-the
Interests." . . , ......
- If there is bad government, It Is
the people themselves who are chief
ly at fault. They have the ballot,
They have the power. They, have
every device for securing good gov
eminent. :.::. .,,:;-5.:....r
Butthey won't register. They
don't go to the primaries. They shift
the duty of getting good men into
office on others. That is the reason
why the politicians and "the inter
esta" so often succeed in exercising
power.' . ' - J-, '
Democrats in Portland are not
registering. Yet there never was a
time when it was more important
for them to register. The result of
Democratic voting In the presiden
tial primaries in Oregon may deter
mine what man : is to occupy the
.White House the next four years,
, The possibility ought to be an appeal
. to every Democrat to register and
bear his part in choosing the roan
who can best meet the great respon
sibility. The welfare of both his
party, and the country may depend
later, on how well and how wisely
Oregon Democrats vote in this year'
primaries. . .. ,'
Nor is there less reason for Re
publicans to register. The welfare
of their party and their country may
also be involved in how Oregon Re
publicans vote April 19.
Besides there are other great of
flees to be filled in Oregon. On all
these offices every citizen should ox
press a choice in the primaries, no
matter what party he belongs to.
Failure to register is bad citizen
ship, and bad citizenship makes bad
ORTLAND women want contri
butions of IIPCOOO. They are
to be contributions dedicated
to the needs of working girls.
By whomsoever made, they will be
gifts baptized with the spirit of an
exalted social service.
The working girl on .a slender sal
ary Is one of the most appealing of
social atoms. Her mere necessities
frequently drive her to her wit's end
to keep outgo within income. Her
struggle against odds, for survival,
Is one of the real, every day trag
edies of life.
The $100,000 is wanted for help
to build a girlsV home, at which
board, room and laundry can be pro
vided at T3 to $5 a week. How
badly it is needed Is demonstrated
by the 119 unsuccessful applica
tions in a month at the present girls'
home of the Woman's Union at
Flanders and Fifteenth, , The usual
average of applicttlons at the place
that have to be turned away, is 20
a week. - '".''. .
- What else is needed to prove that
the effort of the Woman's Union to
build another such home is an ex
alted philanthropy? Why look fur
ther for a way in whic a rh-lanthroplc
money can be ,so applied as tp ren
der conspicuous service to the most
worthy member of society, the
The plans of the proposed home
weie fully described in Sunday's
Journal. The project Is not an ex
periment, but a demonstrated suc
cess. It la not a theory, but an in
stitution. It Is not a dream, hut
proved vreallty, as evidenced by
119 applications by Working girls in
one month for accommodations.
There are 100 millionaires In
Portland. ,I!ow easy for them to
spare. $1000 each and thus supply
the needed $100,000 now sought by
the finance committee of the Wo
man's union, of which Mrs. . Elliott
Corbett is the head? Where else
would their .money go so far and do
so much in demonstrating that
millionaire is a desirable "citizen?
How could millionaires more easily
demonstrate that the absorption of
large.wealth-by-4h accident of birth
or extraordinary business ability is
not a curse? -A -
Many of our wealthy grew rich by
community growth. Each who has
a million can easily spare $1000 for
working girls' home, and never
miss it. ".
sights anl s c 'a n c s t,!U keep perfect i
time and tune. j
Robert Grai'tclls-U3 in Review of
Reviews that both In London and ,
Paris these talking pictures aro all
the rage. A new word "photo-j
played has been invented. Both
plays and operas are being so re
produced. The actors both' play and
6peak and sing their parts before
these wonder-boxes, and so ono per
formance will be repeated hundreds
of times before ' audiences all over
Thomas A.-Edison has, of course,
taken the new processes in hand. He
colved 1.64 for three d?.rs' vcrk,
and never n:aJe more than $5.10 a
week. All children, ho paid, were
docked an hour's pay, if they were
late in arriving at the mills. His
father received $9 a' week.
The tariff has worked wonders
for American labor at Lawrence.
COMMENT AND NEWS IN DPJEF
For February, the postoffice re
ceipts of Portland were $83,892, and
for Seattle $S2,440. Portland's ex
cess over Seattle was $6452. Port
land's increase over the same month
last year was 12.51 per cent and Se
attle's 6.94. ' Portland Is not the
now has announced that the working jdead town that it is reported to be
THE Benton County Growers' as
sociation started into existence
at its organization meeting bn
It shoujd be the precursor of many
others, since the idea of cooperation
Ii there harmonized with competi
. The object ot incorporation is to
obtain a responsible board of man
agement and a legal name and cor
Many are the advantages that such
associations offer. Among them
may be named the controlling of the
predominating power of the middle
man. : 'But the standard of quality . is
also raised by the, ambition which
forbids a grower to fall behind his
fellows. By' this 'the whole neigh
borhood, the wholo county, profits,
Who does not recognize the Hood
HIver apple and the Hood River
fitrawberry as examples of perfection
In fruit raising arrived at by the
.exclusion of all fruit marked by de
fects, however- slight?
It la also true that buyers are at
quantity and the quality of fruits of
man, who lays down his dime, be
fore the entrance to the photo-play,
will enjoy in their perfection grand
opera, plays, old and new, with dia
logue, Bong, color, ad action, in
which the greatest artists will have
once taken part.
So the art of musical and dra
matic entertainment will be open to
the multitude, in its perfection, for
a trifle. -
HE Ananias club has a swiftly
growing , membership.' The
colonel writes the editor of the
Philadelphia North American,
"Will you please tell McClatchy and
Noyes for me that Noyes is abso
lutely and completely misinformed,
and that there Is not a particle of
truth in the statements nlade to him
and thus repeated to McClatchy."
In the letter to the North Ameri
can editor also appear these gentle
words r ' "I made no such statement
to any human being;" "The simple
fact is, these stories are not misun
derstandings, they are deliberate in
ventions;" "Noyes is entirely in er
ror in thinking that Taft thinks he
has assurances of my support Taft
thinks nothing- of the kind." '
Again the colonel sayB of Noyes:
The story was not a- misunder
standing, but was a deliberate inven
tion , made out of the .whole cloth,
and without a particle of basis be
yond , the Imagination ot the man
writing it." .
' The ranks of tho men who tell the
truth are going to be declmatod be
tween now and the meeting of the
Chicago convention. The colonel
will mow down the scoundrels with
a merciless pen,' and all around us
there will be a horde of Ananlases,
weaklings, crooks, undoers of duty,
malefactors, liars, deliberate falsi
fiers, mollycoddles, nincompoops,
undesirables, , muckrakers and Jack
. asses-"'"-" -f : r-
by editorials and news articles now
running through the eastern news
The temperature at Billings, Mon
tana, was 26 below zero yesterday.
In;Oregon, an occasional peach tree
is jn bloom, and wild strawberries
have appeared at Lebanon and Med
ford. Eastern newspapers that have
been , dynamiting Oregon with the
labor circulars, will please copy.
- No reduced "rates of fare are to
be made for the Democratic and Re
publican national conventions. The
railroads will make no sacrifices to
help Bave the country.
Letters From tlic People
TEMPERANCE IN FRANCE
Is it necessary for a millionaire to
be a social and economic drone?
STATE senator in New York
is seeking to have a legislative
investigation of the laws den
lays. He has a statement from
Justice Howard of the supreme
court of the state of New York, who
says: : ,';..'?' -h- -, c',-' V
"There are too many laws, too
many courts, too many appeals,
too "many technicalities. Nobody
knows the , law, - nobody h ; can
know the law, "In these days a law
library would fill a barn. Thou
sands of thick volumes constitute
the written law. A dozen volumes
should suffice. .
"The law should be firm and pos
itive; it has come to be like quick
sand. In a large proportion cf the
cases, it costs the public more to
foot the bills of the litigation that
it would to pay the claim in dispute.
The citizens . cannot know the
law, the lawyers cannot comprehend
the law, the Judges cannot Interpret
the law. Such conditions have
arisen before, in Greece, in Rome
and in England. But they were
cured there. They should be here."
These are not the utterances of
one-unskilled in the law. They are
not , the words of a mere layman
They are the declarations of a. Justice
of the supreme court ot the state of
New York. ..
They are In language so strong,
that they recall the remarks of C.
H. Carey,' a lawyer, of Portland
Speaking' before an assemblage of
lawyers recently, be said : j;
Under our codes, an elaborate
system of technical rules of plead
ing has grown up. Much time Is
wasted upon demurrers and motions
which are Hied in nearly every suit.
Technical rules which confine "par
ties to definite issues are obstrue
tlons to ultimate Justice. Courts
and lawyers now make justice a sec
ondary consideration. They proceed
on the theory that the rules must be
adhered to, even though the result Is
to bring victory to the party who
ought not to win, and they have
built up fine theories of the law un
der -wbich precedent must be '"'fol
lowed to absurd conclusions."
TEACHING EYES AND EARi
NFrance drunkenness 'Is . so sel
dom in evidence that the very
recent debate in the . French
chamber" comes as a surprise. .
The bill before the house was for
the limitation ot wine shops. It was
stated - that there were 3 0,000 In
Paris alone. One deputy disputed
that the cutting oft a number of wine
shops would cure the evil, and pro
posed, instead, by additional heavy
taxation, to strike at the distillers.
who had doubled in number in
thirty years. In the end the cham
ber defeated the bill by 360 votes
The controlling argument was
that the French wine shop, especial
ly in the provinces, was the club
house and meeting ground of both
middle and the poorer classes
There the poor go to chat with the
men of their class, there public af
fairs are debated, and there public
opinion is created. Thus to sup
press the wine Bhop would be a very
The object with which- the wine
shop in France is resorted to dif
fers very widely from that which at
tracts to the American saloon. . The
drink is not the inducement to the
Frenchman. He sips very slowly,
and, being economical in his habits
spends very little money In the wine
shop. But French doctors are of
opinion that the slow absorption of
his liquor by the Frenchman is of
Infinite harm to him.
. ' 4'
FEW days ago It was proposed
to teach in the schools by mov
ing pictures, whereby the
o scenes , ana turroundines of
great events may be" brought hefore
the eyes, and bo impressed on the
memories of the pupils. All well
and good." But it we wait but a lit
tle longer we may nave the. living
Voices Of the- ictors also "canned"
and timed to correspond with the
By Joining the hands of the cine
matograph and the phonograph, and
lfa:lepqjhn . rilsf rlrfr by hoth.thai tvteiiKmtteiy-t operate-ftntTf
THIRTEEN -YEAR -OLD girl
from a striking family at Law
rence was removed to New
York, where she ; told : the
World of conditions among the tex
tile workers. Though only 13, she
kept the house and did the cooking
while her father and mother worked
in the mills. The mother received
$5 a week and the father $8. The
parents left home for the mills at
6:30 and returned ot 6 in the even
ing. They were not aDte to earn
more than "enough to provide the
bare necessaries or lire, ana were
fast exhausting the little bank ac
count , brought with them , from
France two years before.
Berore tno house committee on
rules at Washington yesterday, chil
dren from the families of strikers
testified that they had to pay five
cents a week each for water. Some
of them told of seeing women beaten
by police and children knocked down
and hurled Into wagons like "bun
dies of rags,", the day attempt was
made to remove children of strikers
from Lawrence to Philadelphia. , -
A Philadelphia salesman who was
at the Lawrence depot at the time
the removal was attempted," Bald
soldier tried to keep him In the sta
tion Dy guaramg me aoor witn a
,bayonet. "I saw the soldiers pick
the children up by the legs as if they
were rags, he said, "arid I saw one
woman choke by a soldier. I was
beaten by the policemen and still
have wounds on my back where they
Others gavo similar testimony.
lastrumtnts i: complete accord.
OomnraDlritlotx seat to The Journal for. pub
lication la tola department abonld sot xed
300 worda in tenctb and moat be accompanied
by tba name and addreaa of tho acodei.)
Defends Labor Conncil's Action t
Portland, Or., March J. To the Edi
tor of Tha Journal Your criticism of
the methods employed by the Central
Labor Council In trying; to stem the tide
of laborers being lured to this city,
calls for protest from those who' have
already suffered through the effects of
misleading advertisements by commer
cial organizations, relative to oppor
tunities In the northwest country.
I believe that all unprejudiced peo
ple will agree with me when I aay that
conditions here are decidedly detriment
al to the welfare of the immigrant class
who have , to work for a day's wages.
At present there are hundreds If not
thousands of men out of employment
here in Portland, myself being one. You
seem to forget that every ' disgruntled
Immigrant who returns east does some
publicity wbrk also; anl that it Is not
to the credit ot the commercial organ
izations, clippings from the eastern pt
pers will testify.- v -
Naturally the, real estate element op
poses any move which will retard im
migration. The period covered oy tno
colonist rates is generally sheep shear
ing time with them, wherein they han
dle the shears and operate on the Im
migrant sheep. ' Another factor -which
I might mention Is the chance to strike
back by the working class. . I refer you
to a news Item In the -account of the
examining of witnesses at Washington,
DTC 'Sa'iTTAwrencerilfuation, stat
ing that While Llpson was telling of bis
substituting molasses for butter that "a
woman In a picture hat" and "a man In
furllned overooat snickered audibly. "
There it Is, as it is everywhere. Wealth
and affluence ridiculing poverty and
destitution. Now does "act that : su
preme contempt so often manifest In
those above labor merit the most ex
treme measures on the cart -of those
scorned? Those whom, by his industry
the worklngman has raised to the plane
of independence, should accord at least
common courtesy to him. Buf Instead
he receives contempt and vituperation.
In view of treatment so accorded is
it any wonder that Socialism is growing
In leaps and bounds? Three years ago
while soliciting in this city I had a
chance to interview a great many peo
ple who had immigrated from the east.
Invariably they claimed that . the . "al
luring literature" had so appealed to
their trusting nature that they looked
upon Oregon as being almost a paradise.
I've seen women weep with the telling
of their Btorles. Some tell of selling
their little homes and spending the
money to come here. Others of their
husbands giving up good positions' In a
special line and coming here, then hav
ing to resort to the pick and shovel to
make a living. . I've seen misery and
destitution" In many homes, all caused
by people being unacquainted with the
actual conditions to be found here.
Undoubtedly the Central-Labor coun
cil has been apprised of many, similar
cases directly attributable to untruthful
advertising, so all fair minded people
who don't sanction that special brand
of cruelty should join with mo in pro
testing against tneir condemnation.
A. F. ACORN.. .
The hen that cackles fhe loudest end
longest hasn't always laid the biggest
Docs anybody know whether Roon
velt knows anything about' the tariff
Question, and If so, what?.
tVho will eay that Bryan can learn
nothing? He says that there are other
pood Democrats who can get more votes
La Follette, like Bryan, Is too radical
a reformer to win the presidency, but
he has done a great work, that will bear
Tet Roosevelt doesn't explain Just
what is wrong with Taft, whom three
years ago he declared the ideal man
for president. : -
. . '
Probably Bryan has really done more
In the - cause, of political reform than
bo.th Roosevelt and Taft and he wasn't
If people could believe that Roosevelt
were sincere, they might but how can
they no believe? Some of his own acts
have destroyed faith in him.
Washington and Jefferson were wise,
far-seeing and truly , pajrlotio men;
they were no quibblers; they said what
they meant and meant what they said.
.... ...V .:,.;
The reactionary press is doing the
best It can, not intending It, to renomi
nate and reelect Roosevelt It attacks
him principally where he is least vul
nerable. 1 . . .- r
v .-'" ... "
At the nice Uttle Gary - dinners the
business to be discussed was plunder
ing millions of people of millions of
money. The game has - long worked
very smoothly. . ,
' ''. .
Even In he city one can occasionally
meet a man who thinks more of gard
ening than of baseball; there Is once In
awhile a woman,-too, "wtio la more ln
tereBted In gardening than in a mil
linery shop. .
Governor Dlx, wWTrtgh official vir
tue, says Brandt did or wrote something
unsoclety like reapecing a mullmillon
alre's wife; therefore Brandt should
serve a 30-year prison sentence for al
leged, but probably falsified burglary.
At any rate, Dlx won't become president.
Woodbtirn's annual horse fair will be
held April 6. J
Junction City will probably be laying
down street paving within 60 days.
Corvallls property owners are moving
for concrete paving for alleys, laid in
the form of blocks over sewer and water
The new nharmaev-commerclal publl-;
cation to be Issued at Oregon Agricul
tural college will be known as the
One hundred accessions to the church,
it Is estimated, will result from the
recent labors -of Evangelist Van Warter
at the Methodist Episcopal church in
Redmond Hub; One of the things
Redmond should attend to .Js the plac
ing of a representative at Portland for
the purpose of guiding those In search
of reasonable priced Irrigated lands to
central Oregon. .
, Rehearsals for three separate amateur
performances are under way simultane
ously at Condon. One will be given by
high school students, one ny tne atnieuc
club and one for the benefit of St.
Thomas Aquinas academy.
. . - . . . .
Articles of Incorporation have been
filed for the Paclf lo State bank, to be
located at Seaside and to open for busi
ness about April 1; incorporators, Wil
liam B. Dresser. Patrick Lawler and
Hugh J. Pye; capital stock, $25,000.
Creswell Chronicle: Bchmltt Bros,
have received their concrete block ma
chine. Two men can make 145 blocks
eight Inches wide, eight inches high and
16 inches lone per day, and one man
can make 1250 concrete bricks per day.
Eugene Guard: Big land sales are so
common about Eugene now that they
cause little comment And best of all,
big tracts are being BOld to thosftj.who
will cut them into many email farms,
which will provide good homes for the
ever increasing throng of Immigrants.
Condon Globe : The Wheat City con
cert band will begin regular practice to
get In shape for the threshermen s con
vention Decoration day. Fourth of July,
the big tri-county fair in the fall, presi
dential election and the many other po
casions that are bound to arise with the
approaching election. ,
The Rev. Thomas Gregory
SEVEW MEN OF PERSEVERANCE
Any man who give up his life to
discovery or research work must have
a large share of perseverance. But
Michael Faraday possessed it to such a
remarkable degree thatyla life may
well be taken as an eminent example
of this noble Quality . ,
When a young lad Faraday became
apprenticed to a bookbinder, but , his
mind soon turned to the experimental
study of nature. He had to rely en
tirely on himself to obtain what learn
ing he was to have as his father was
a blacksmith. So he still kept consci
entiously to his TjOokblndlng. and such
was his '"stea"afastaetermlnatlon't'j06r-'
low the course he wished to devote his"
life to, that he evolved a system of
elf -education by which he-soon be
came -well read.
His first opportunity to get in close
touch with the work of chemical re
search came in 1813. Through the in
fluence of Sir Humphrey Davy, some
of whose lectures he had attended, he
Obtained a position as assistant In the
laboratory of the Royal Institute of
Great Britain. He became director of
the laboratory in 1825,. and in 1838 was
made Fullerlan professor of chemistry
for life. ,
It was in his research and discovery
that Faraday's perseverance accom
pllshed such wonderful results. Having
formed a theory, Or surmised a chem
ical phenomenon, he knew no rest or
slacking In his labors until he had either
proven it or found it falsa To this
steadfastness we owe many discoveries
which have since been of inestimable
value to the race. - -
Faraday's chemical work he pursued
exhaustively for some time. Among
his greater work In this field were the
first experiments showing the diffusion
of gases and turning them Into a liquid
state; the Investigation of the alloys
of steel; and the production of several
new kinds of glaes valuable for optical
His chemical work, however, was
soon overshadowed by his great elec
trical discoveries. His first experiment
was the -construction of a voltaic bat
tery with seven half pence, seven sheets
of sine, and six pieces ot paper moist
ened with salt water. , , ' . . ,
From this time forward he selected
Compulsory Vaccination, "
Portland, Or., March 8.--TO the Editor
of The Journal. If vaccination Is as
aure a protection against smallpox, as
Its adherents claim, then all that any.
man need do. In order to be perfectly
safe, Is to submit his own body to this
measure. But he has then no grounds
on which he tan demand that other peo
ple be compelled by law to follow his
example for, no matter how many others
may be afflicted with smallpox, their
state of health can have no effect on
him to whom this disease has been ren
If it cannot be demonstrated that
vaccination is an absolute safeguard,
it It cannot be shown that vaccination
la harmless to the body. If it cannot be
proven that Infection, with the germs
of cowpox is less dangerous than Infec
tion with the germs of other diseases,
then to suffer vaccination voluntarily
would be folly and under compulsion
it would be Injustice.
If compulsory vaccination is intended
for a humane measure, to protect the
urtlnstructed against their ' own Ignor
ance, then It Is a huge mistake. - The
apace devoted to this subject by the
dally press If used Instead for a clear
enunciation of the cause of smallpox
and an occasional article on how to live
correctly, some of the time and money
expended - by "medical scientists in
bacteriological research If employed in
stead In teaching people what not to
eat so as to keep clean internally, would
certainly do more good than compulsory
vaccination.' . '
.To say that 'smallpox must be and
that there is no other prevention than
vaccination would be the height of ignor
ance. I .,."'( , .' ,.. .' . ':.
Then, as long as every one is at lib
erty to employ this artificial protection,
what reason is there left for compulsory
vaccination? .-- ' . I. KOPF.
certain electrical phenomenon as his
study and to these applied the full
force of his mind, keeping them per
sistently before him . year after year
until his attempts to solve them
had been accomplished. First- came
his great discovery, the production ot
the rotation of magnets and of wires
conducting electric currents round each
other. From this discovery have come
all our great electric motors of today,
Then came his crowning triumph, the
obtaining of an electrlo current from
a magnet, which has respited in the
modern dynamo. The success of this
ures. But nothing could turn him aside
and at length he triumphed.
Faraday's perseverance was all the
more remarkable in that he could
nevefbe' Sure l thaChlalyears of effort
would be crowned with any success. At
one lime ne. wrote: : i am nusy just
now on eleotro-magnetlsnv and. think
I have got hold of a good thing. But it
may be a weed Instead of a fish that
after all my labor, I may at last pull
up." And ' although the persletance
with which he pursued his work caused
him . to give it up for four years at one
time on penalty of ruining his health,
he again went back to it as soon as he
Faraday was one of the most bril
liant, experimentalists the world has
ever known, and to him credit must be
given for much that electricity has ac
complished. His Intellectual power
cannot be traced to definite antecedents;
and it is still more difficult to account
by inheritance, for the extraordinary
delicacy of his character. On a mem
orable occasion, a friend who knew
him well described him thus:
"Nature, not education, made Fara
day strong and refined. A favorite
experiment of his own was represen
tative of himself. He loved to show
that water, In crystallising, excluded
all foreign ingredients, however intl
mately they might be mixed with it
put or acids, alkali or saline solu
turns, the crystal came sweet and Dure.
By -some such natural process In the
formation of this man, beauty and no
Dieneas coalesced to the exclusion ot
anything vulgar and low."
-This day, 142 years ago, witnessed
the affair, known in American history as
the "Boston Massacre." the real begin
ning of the Revolution.
Not for five years. It la true, were the
"embattled farmers" to fire the shots
that were to be "heard around the
world; but on that March day when
British soldiers shot down the Ameri
cans the blood was set rebelling which
was not to be cooled, but was to surge
hot and hotter-through- the-people's
veins, until the redcoats were driven
from our shores, and the despotism
they represented no longer had a place
upon American soil.
The "Massacre;' was in a sense, hardly
deserving of the name. Nine British
soldiers fired into a crowd of some 60
or 60 citizens, killing four and wound
ing; seven not a very murderous af fall
It must be confessed. ' i,. .
Nor la- this all. The facts show that
the citizens were more to blame for thi
affair than were the soldiers. On the
afternoon of the day of the massacr
the patience of the soldiers was sorely
tried, but still they refrained from vio
lence. Men and boys pelted them with
stones, threw, snow In their faces,, ridi
culed and cursed them, and still they
held themselves in check. About I
o'clock in the evening a sentinel, on
duty - in front of the custom house,
knocked a hoy who was annoying him,
whereupon a crowd 'gathered and began
UUUWlIjf, IVU1 1UUI XwlU UlUli ' I
The commotion called out eight othttr
soldiers, who soon took their places
beside the sentinel. The crowd, now
thoroughly angered, threw some snow,
stones and sticks at the soldiers and ..
dared them to fire. The redcoats took
them at their word and fired, with the
results as given above.-"
The deed was done; American blood
had been shed: and the drama that was
to attract the attention of the world
was begun. . r .. ft .
It was not a Question of who waa to
blame for the soldiers' action. That,
was neither here nor there. The great ''
question was, "What were the soldiers
doing on American soil against the will
and wishes of the people?" The Amer
icans were thoroughly loyal and it was
time of peace.. They had offered no
'resistance to the crown, except in tho
perfectly legitimate way of petition and
protest; and yet there were the soldiers
threatening them with the vengeance rf
a despotic king 8000 miles Sway, a king
who would not listen to reason, but was
trying to carry his point by a display
of force. ..-).
And the king's armed men had shed
the blood of the citizens! It Is true,
they mar have bean nrovoked to do this.
fbut they had no business, being there.
Their presence Invited provocation.
That was the way the Americans felt
And they were right " s
And so the firs was lighted which
was eventually Jo consume the last bit
of monarchical red tape in this country
and result In the establishment of
Tomorrow Benjamin Franklin.
restraint, both for the good of society
and for their own good. I hold that a
criminal has not forfeited the right to
humane consideration at the hands ot a
Christian people, no matter how heinous
his acta Prisoners need not be an ex
pense to the state. . That our peniten
tiaries now are an expense only goes
to show that economical management is
unknown to our public Institutions, and
that those who are responsible for their
management need reforming as well as
the prisoners committed to their care.
This includes the entire governing body,
the whole voting population.
"Two wrongs never made one right"
Is a saying as true as It is homely, At
the present time, in progressive Oregon,
with a governor V mercifully humane,
there should be a rally of all humane
people to the support of policies already
in operation,: and there should be no
such backward step as is contemplated
In the legislation proposed, for the un
sexlng of the vicious and defective. - .
- LORA C LITTLE.
Would Restrain, Not Punish. "
Portland, March 4. To the Editor of
The JournalThe communication ' ap
pearing In your columns February 2,3,
with my signature appended thereto,
was not framed nor Intended for nub-
J licRtion, and for that reason no argu
ments wtra uucrcu, mm me language
Was scarcoly- "parliamentary." - There
fore C. F. B.'s complaint of it as an
offering to the public is Just However,
there was no suggestion In it, as he
seems tc4h&rge, that, criminals should
be allowed to go at large. On the other
hand, I am not alone In the contention
that I now "make, that they should not than May 10, and see If you don't start
girrrnpt-TTmffniflfl ' brrnd S R " la'aWIT Tm puntelied (whU-li Is retaliatory" rrea.tTf off TIie TbrtTand-Alat.kan line, with a
. .. . v ment- f
mat as wages in tne nuns , no
and .calculated to rousa alL. ihe
re-1 devil in their natures) but placed under
Likes The Journal.
Lebanon, Or., . Feb. 28.To the Editor
of The Journal I have" been reading
your paper for several years and like
it best of all my papers for news. I
am an out and .out Bryan-La Follette-Wilson-Johnson
progressive, in order, as
I have written the names of .my ideal.
I am an old timer in Oregon, 60 years
September next I came to Portland in
1850 and to Linn county In 1862. - I
have seen Oregon grow from a small
beginning to a wonderfully changed con
dition.: At one time I knew nearly every
business man in Portland. It is dif
ferent now.. : J. B. ROBERTS.
l ' , .' ' - -r '
' An Opportunity.
Lents, Or., March 8. To the Editor
of The Journal. In the Sunday Journal
appears one Item of news from Seattle
that should Interest all Portland busi
ness houses that are interested in gain
ing the Alaskan trade. It Is In refer
ence to the "famous old steamer Cor
wln. built In Portland In 1878," and
which, for a dozen years, has been ply
ing between Seattle , and Nome. This
vessel, it seems, has been the first to
leave for Nome in the Spring by about
26. days, and has been withdrawn by
her owners-and offered for sale. This
means that Nome will have to wait near
ly a month longer this spring for her
first supplies than usual,-.' .... ; ,
Now let Portland grasp this opportune
lty and advertise at onoe to have a craft
leave this harbor for Nome not later
boom. . Nearly a month in advance . of
other crafts means, much to lcerlocked
Alaska and her business men will ap
preciate this effort In a substantial
manner..: " ; '
ine proouring of a craft to make
this trip will undoubtedly mean some
trouble and expense, but let the Com
mercial olub forego a few of their
thousand dollar ; "smokers" and apply
this money and a little surplus energy
and do something that wilj bring busi
ness to Portland, and forget the dis
cussion of where we will get our im
migrants to populate our city with Its
- J I G. TOWNSEND.
Prlnevllle, Or, March 2. To the Edi
tor, of The Journal I don't believe in
bonding for anything. Pay as you go
is my motto. Good roads leading to the
cities and railroad are what would bene
fit the farmer most . I would like to
see a trunk road if we eould pay for it
What we need most is a law govern
ing the width of tires Of waa-nn.. an.
cording to load they carry nothing less
than threeMnch tires except buggies
and carriages, and up to six Inch. There
is no use to build good roads unless you
piuicci uiera. .: , j. uj,
Opportunity for Work.
Suver, Or., March 8. To the Editor of
The Journal The' man signed "One of
Many" in The Journal of March 1 should
get away from the city, go to a small
town or out into the valley, where fie
will find work and there is always car
pentering to do.
Farmers will need help now, and after
getting acquainted he can get plenty of
work at his trade, Come to Monmouth,
Airlle or Indenpendence. ' Look for work
at these places or near them and find it
O. A. PETERSON.
.What He Prcfenjed.
From Llpplncott's Magaine.
, A Cincinnati lawyer recently re
marked that the Juryman who toward
the end of a very long trial wished to
know what the terms "plaintiff and
"Idefehdant" signified Is not alone in
his ignorance. The lawyer mentioned
tells of a man whose coat had . been
stolen. He - has charged a suspicious
looking person with-too theft.
, . "You say that this man stole your
coat?" asked the magistrate. "Do I un
derstand that i you prefer charges
against him?' ' ,:,"' ' ' ' " ' '
"WelTTno, youTThonor," responded, the
plaintiff, " prefer the coat,-if it's all
the same to you."
PITT THE POOR.
! stood upon a city street,
And neoole hurried by:
I lamped 'em from .the head to fe
From watch and chain to eye.
I saw the rich, the poor, the mild.
The shabby woman with a child,
Tne Dusmess man, tne waiter, cierx.
Each, trudging on his way to work.
It's tough," I said, "that some must
- nnn. tkAu ..... ,
ii umi vwiiri m uuif tuuir on on j ....
That some must ever work and save
And wear old clothes and freeze,"
And then I bought aTat clgar, ..'
And sent some flowers to a star.
Then took a Joy ride down the line
Ana orove. too last ana paid a line.
I watched a one legged, helpless guy
Sell pagers with bis voice;
"A wooden leg," I said, said L
"Would make the man rejoice."
And then I took a crowd to dine
Where we absorbed expensive wine.
And after that we saw a show;
The seats were Just two bucks a throw.
Tf people o'er this sun kissed land
Had hearts as big as mine, -No
suffering could they withstand;.
For all the sun would shine."
I often say that o'er and o'er
And then go in a wet goods store
And soak my nerves in glasses deep,
Go home and sob myself to sleep.
I like the Job hunter
With hand clasp so warm.
And If I vote for him
He'll do me no harm. - -
- Even a man in Jail is past finding
QUt- i - - ,
. ':.' e .''.'. ....... ... - : " .'.
Don't attempt to feed a starving man
'..; '..' ' ' ..:
Nobody can tell the man anything
who has a bad liver.
- :'-'' : "'' " .
It doesn't take a very large trouble
to worry a small mind, -
.'",.".-,'.:.....'.:. , ', "'..".:' .
f Borne candidates look around for an
issue in order to dodge it '
Th self -made man has an abundant
supply of reverence for his maker.
Many a man who calls a spade a
spade applies other names to a snow
;,': e ".'."....
A man realizes how foolish he Is
when he Is sober, but when drunk he
forgets it : '"'T " " " ;- . -".
Si -.'.' '
" It's easier to forget what yonj ought
to know than to know what you; ought
to forget '
...,: .,.',;. .:--::'V:. :; '.;'rti:'".v;..::..
A wpman never thinks her husband so,
unreasosable as when he expects her
to be reasonable, , - v -
When a conceited man meets a pretty',
girl he feels that she Is to be congratu-.
lated because of their meeting. -
(Contributed to The Journal by Walt Maaon.
the famoua Kanaaa poet,' His prose-poema are a
regular featur of this - eoluma in Tat Pali '
"There Is no good in printers' ink,"
with emphasis says Jabes Dink. "I tried :
that graft, for many years; It brought
me bitterness' and tears. Last summer
I blew scads in droves announcing low '
priced heating- stoves; such bargains aa
I offered then were, never known by
mortal men, and not a , customer arrov
I didn't sell a doggone stover This
winter I have tried once more to brlns
theijjeople to my store; I advertised ,
some useful wares porch furniture and
garden chairs,, and didn't- sell enough to
pay the ad expenses for a. day! To one
great truth I'll put you wise it doesit't
pay to advertise!" But Gaffer Spink,
across tin stfeetreays advertising can't "
be beat. "I. think of what the people
heed, and then write ads that they will
read," says Gaffer Spink,' who gets
the dough, while rivals wring their
hands in woe '! don't cry Tansl' when.
wjiiii-i b Jiisii, vi m it, unaa trees in
1H. by "
tfeoigt llatuiew Adama.-