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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (June 17, 1911)
THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL. PORTLAND. ' SATURDAY EVENING. JUNE 17. ' 1011.
fTfTjr lXJ Tt XT A T ' P0 6t ' maintaining tramp and
Jl nJD J wLJXlNjnULatTanta In penitentiaries. Jails and
worxnousoa, out io morinuoq ia
character by their removal from
.those aril Influences, and their, re-
establishment In normal, human
moral life la of the first Importance.
; The old dictum of Count Romford
a century and mora ago In Bavaria
wai their, and It ahould be atlll, tb
foundation for dealing with the Idle
wanderer -"If he will not work
neither ahall he eat"
UM iRDzrnntiiT wtwirarga.
' e. efSacKSoM... ..trm
ruMlrtwf mrr ''f
inf. rtfit M t.bni , rrtie. .
fir kvwmlwloa tbrMfb Ibe Mil
raJ.Krnowra Kt nit; n.
All )T.rtmMi1a rrrk4 br 'rs.
' Tl) th pritT w aprtnt r wt.
)oa TnM tr tn m T aadrwa
tat nr nam
i... 4.n I On soots I M
..HBO I On ntk I
DAILY AMD SUNDsT.
T So On onlh I .SB
TO nnxD BEST
cause life la here too fair of strug
gle, bustle and the fight for busl
ness success to A leave time 'and
thought for a study- which demands
eo much from its lovers and students,
As the base ball and football crowds
find their enjoyment In looking on
rather than la the active shire In
these and' such, like games, so In
music, the love to listen rather than
to gala the higher pleasure of cre
Next, the nation Is still the bub
bling pot. In which races, new and
old, are melting and boiling but not
yet completely blended. The fln-
THB SIMON charter 'committee ;Uned prttCt'of amalgamation has
has organlted and begun work. I t t ,me ed to wult ,n the ul.
Its attention is invited to a few tImat t Wh(m thtt
As a reaulf of observation and
reflection during a long llf
touching public mon and meas
ures in wide variety, 1-would de
irlre for my country throe thing
abov all others to supplement
American civilisation. From
Oreat Hrltaln. Ita administration
of criminal Justtre; from Ger
many. Ita thentre, and from any
or every European country, aara
Russia. , Spain and Turkey. Ha
government of cities. Andrew
TTOXIXQ OS THE LIGHT
TLLUMINATINO Information about
the sugar buslnsas Is afforded
" Mr. Atkins, head of the trust, tes
. tlfied that whjea hla refinery entered
the Havemeyer combination he prof
ited 1100,000 by receiving $900,000
la trust certificates for a property
. capitalized at 1500.000. ,
- , Mr.' Oznard ieiUfied that the beet
sugar business, of which' he and his
brother were the head, was capital
ised at $11,000,000, out when It
was absorbed by the : Havemeyer
combine the capitalization waa In
creased to $10,000,000. Asked why
! The . members must understand
1 that all their work, may come to
naught. The test will be the vital
Issue of how well the work Is done.
If not patriotically and wisely done,
It will bo thrown Into the discard.
The proposed charter must be a
plain, straightforward Instrument,
framed as an honest plan of govern
ment for honest people. Simplicity
can be made Its commanding virtue,
and complexity Its fatal fault. i
The least government Is the best
government, and power to fix re
sponsibility an eraent!al In every
government. Officials should be
few, and their chance to squirm or
skulk eliminated. The scheme
should be such that there will be
Iby the present house Inveetiga- reward ror tne meritorious, ana od-
. - - - -
There must be no ambiguities, no
obscurities and above all no Jokers
In ' the new Instrument. Two or
three little words properly Inserted
could loosen the city's control over
public service utilities. They could
have momentous consequences for
evil la the city's scheme of public
Improvement. A slight phrase hid
den here and there In 'the verbiage
of a necessarily complicated Instru
ment could mean much for 111 In the
clty'a municipal life.
It waa so increased, he replied that V, . "
vi. v.. ,v v..v. business. It is a work fof expert
was not his but the bankers' busl-i
neaa. He admitted that be and his
' brother made liaU a million dollars
' by the transfer of their Brooklyn re
finery to the combine.
The government's brief In the re
cent sugar frauds case la New York
charged that H. O. Havemeyer re
ceived a bonus of $10,000,000 ia
common stock for admitting four
Independent concerns to the trust
In the ease, the trait pleaded guilty
by paying a $J. 000,000 fine as par
tial restoration of lta ill-gotten gains
from weighing' frauds.-
" Ornard testified that while be re
mained outside .the combine, the
trust sought to drive him oat of bus-
lness by cutting prices.' Atkins ad
mitted , that after the eighteen con
cerns went Into the trust that there
'remained but five' Independent com
panies and only two of these were of
Such have been the goings-on In
the sugar business, and sugar is one
of the necessities on , every dining
table in the land. Trust promoters
claim- that .trusts are organized to
benefit the whole people, but the Il
luminating testimony at Washington
shows that they are promoted, not to
effect economy In management, not
to promote Industrial efficiency, not
to avoid merely the stress of compe
tition, not to "reduce" prices, but
to enable the Insiders by watering
stock to make millions out of the
It is well that the Democratic
house Is turning on the light at
and astute men whose bumps of pat
riotlam and integrity are bigger than
their bumpa of self interest and per
sonal promotlpn. Their task !s no
enterprise for novices or experiment
ing statesmen, but a momentoua ac
tivity for consequential men.
Besldea the Simon charter, an
other instrument is in the making.
As alwaya, the one that builds best,
will build most enduringly.
CLEVELAND CRDOXALS Off
IHE NATIONAL conference on
.'charities and .correction has
been In session at . Boston.
Many phases of dealing with
.criminals, and the line between
' necessary punishment and possible
reformation, have been ' . dealt with
by those specially qualified, both by
study and experience, to give their
The general - superintendent of
charities and correction of the City
of Cleveland, Ohio, Mr. James F.
Jackson, gave his most recent re
sults from the employment of the
criminals of the city On the large
farm recently purchased by the city,
and devoted to that purpose. "The
farm policy," said the speaker, , "is
to give each man the largest degree
of liberty consistent with the well
being of others. The ultimate pur
pose Is to ejmploy as many without
the walls as possibly can be trusted.
No key Is turned on these men dur
ing the day. The night guard and
the locked door are more to remove
temptation than to prevent escape.
Prisoners arrive, a typical Bridewell
company, drunken, dirty, diseased,
and discouraged. They go away
bronzed, accustomed to work, with Although brought by his
a new determination and a new grip. German father to this country when
Of course Rome return. The farm 9 years old his entire musical life
prison Is no panacea, nor does the ' has been spent here, except a few
country present an alchemy which years In study In Germany. His
converts men Into angels." Final- work has been to compose music, to
ly, said the superintendent, a prison i give outlet to the . thoughts that
should be conducted for the purpose! were burning for utterance, but bis
of making men for the state, not fori fame is that of the orchestral con
making money for the state. ductor. He has traveled with his
Carrying the same idea along I orchestra the country over, opening
somewhat different lines the ques-lthe door for orchestral music of the
REGON .FELICITATES with
Astoria on ita approaching
centennial. The state and the
people of the state are going
to cooperate to make the event so
successful that it will pass into his
tory as one of the great affairs of
But, In Justice to themselves and
the coming centennial, there Is one
condition that the people of Astoria
should immediately remove, because
it Is a condition that reflects ad
versely on their plans and purposes
for" tb; celebration. The county
court of Clatsop county Is withhold
ing payment to the state of $4000 of
1909 taxes due from that county
through an, apportionment of state
taxes by the state board of taxation.
If. the sum were five times the
amount, the Astoria people could
not, under the circumstances, af
ford to further default In payment.
In other counties similar increases
of state taxes resulted from the
state board's aoDortlonment. but
! AfllM MAMM.W MM V. M W nnlJ , Vi A
The county court of Clatsop coun
ty stands alone in refusing to pay
the increase, and what Is worse, it
does so on technical grounds, being j
powerless to make a successful claim
that Clatsop county should not, in
Justice, pay the amount, Just as all
other counties have done.
Tet, the Astoria centennial is re
ceiving a gift' of $50,000 from the
state, and it is a sum made up by
contributions from sister counties.
If the $4000 back taxes of Clatsop
county is not paid, It will lay addi
tional penalty on the very sister
counties that contributed the $50,
000 for the Astoria centennial.
The Astoria people cannot afford
to permit their county court to
place them in so unfavorable a light
before, the rest of the state. ' Their
good sense of Justice and their high
character as a people forbid. The
spirit and the honor of their cen
tennial forbid. They should compel
their authorities to pay Clatsop
county's honest debt.
type. When that appears
arts, music In particular, will show a
new and true American school. He
excludes both the Indian and the
What about "canned" music?
What rank does he give the phono
graph? Not very high. But he has
been told by those who sell that
very, many buyers of Jigs, Jingles,
rag time tunes, do not take long to
graduate Into the upper classes. So
noise Is, by degrees, dropped ' and
the best composers are their con
stant after enjoyment.
Mr. Damrosch Aumi up and ap-
plies bis sermon. Our great dan
gers are lack of Industry and pa
tience "the Idea that one can ac
quire, a pre-dlgested and prepared
musical education. This Impatience
to achieve results without sufficient
labor la especially characteristic of
the American woman. She won't
sit down and dig out knowledge for
In a most effective way, the mus
ical views of Mr. Damrosch are told
In an Interview In tomorrow's Sun
gentleman now com forwardand
teach the same trick to promiscuous
eats that frolic In the backyard when
tb lights are out and tb tired world
trying to sleep? ' ' .
COMMENT AND NEWS IN BRIEFp
A Baltimore clergyman declares iaoS feolPU' nd "
inai Alias wuo uciu up vus wuim
was a woman and not a man. t There
must hav been time around' his
family hearthstone when love young
dream was Jarred. . . . . ; -
Tne -farmer who kent nlentv a A
-. - . . - ' I -----
vwiw was luoay, or wiaa.
Amona Athara to hnm & vm of
inanas is aue are in weather gods,
i m . w i , ........
Tb cabl told us about th doings In brunCmJune m In Wrl, chili
of tb Honorabl Johnson again ye. jMUrJr- r v . C 0 . , , ;
terdar. If anybody at tn Corona-1 Th btistneas of forrtne- namea on rf.
tlon fall to see th king, they ill Petition needs to t made
r9 TV . ; t
Letters From tte People
e e '. ' t
It Lerimar ahouM tw turn A mil' ah
th ttest vote, would hla a-raat frlanri
and advocate. Bailey, raalgn In dlafiut?
- "V '." '-'". vi:. ' 1 ,",', ,i
rne rcativti ia nvar-hHt aha fmm
Will keep com In for' weeka vet. It la
not for a weak only that Portland la
in kos City.
lal the slat of which la that the state
reflalatur should amend existing laws
THE PRICE OF CONSOLIDATION
HOSE WHO have been agitat
ing a consolidation of the state
university and Oregon Agricul
tural college claim that the
union would save money.
Three bills recently signed by the
governor of Illinois will give them
pause. In Illinois the state univer
sity and agricultural college are al
ready consolidated Into a single In
stitution, and the bills signed by the
governor are- appropriations for Its
maintenance and extension.
The appropriations alone aggre
gate $3,489,300. They are, an ap
propriation of $848,500 for build
Ings and new equipment; an appro
priation of $2,640,800 for malnten
ance and extension; total, $3,489,
A third bill levies an annual one
mill tax on all the property of Illi
nois for the support -of the Instltu
tlon. It becomes effective in 1912
and Is expected to raise $2,000,000
Two million dollars a year Is
very' large sum of money. But it
Is the : price Illinois, beginning In
1912, Is to pay lor the maintenance
of its consolidated Institution.
The stated annual allowance for
maintenance of the state university
In Oregon Is $125,000, The stated al
lowance for the agricultural college
Is $150,000. .
The future stated allowance for
maintaining the consolidated Instltu
tlon In Illinois is eight times as much
as the stated allowance for the two
separate institutions In Oregon. Ap
parently, consolidation Is costly,
The figures dd not give Oregon con
solidatlonists one shred of argument
from which to prove that their plan
would be economical.
Doesn't Agree With The Journal.
Bllal rtr fun M T (h. VAItnT nf
Th. TA,',.it ttolloa In narlv aver I' Thf. " mUrht about as well take
The Journal. I noties In nearly every n al aummtr vacation as t stay in
lastie or your vaiuauie paper an emor-1 waanmaton and Ctt nothlna except orao
- . . I U . . . - a a a
. . e . ' ,
" " "'"" - -laires to Deeome Mrs. Hilton s auccraaor,
or poaaeaslon of firearms. I aay "pro. 1 ret school director la an office that
ni a. iw women coma wen niL
r" i e e
On thine? that Oron nsnnl Antt'i
boaat about la warm m.r nf nrn
and rlvora In thla region. But aome
peopia uxe lo Detfie In cold water they
hlblt" becauae you use the word reatrlct
and the two are the same when people
of your belief are the judges of what
are reasonable restrictions. . Of ceursi
the aocldents and crimes to which, you
refer are traceable to the misuse of
arms but as long- as th human race is
lets there will exist also fools Of th I
didn't know It waa loaded", variety and
persons of criminal propenaltles. I am
not financially Interested In tne manu
facture or uae of arms nor am I char-1 bet ring this time.
acterisea in my own neignoornooa " I e
inus or criminal out x urnjiy dciictd Bava PruMmt Tft ,.. ,tv-.
that every American Wlthreal red blood muet hav reciprocity, and with Canada
in bis veins should be skiiim ia tne use ira more iree, ror tni, i clearly a,
Of arms. wlu helP th majority." Then up spaaka
And there Is vet another election thu
month that for achool rflmotnp n. th
lth. Though th of floe ylelda no Ult
imate remuneration. It Is an Important
one. It aeema that It la not to so
fit John'a vtaion of Ratan bound and trP ? anger
OUKQOS filDELiail J
Destruction of tKc Dat
' ties aine
Hear, Admiral, Ueorge W. MrlvlUe ln
North American Review.
It will be remembered hat the Span-.
imu oomrqiaaion oi inquiry made crriclal
application to both the commander of
.ii msiua mna Q IB American court vC
An elrht-day elork Is to be hung up
la the oourioif chamber at Balem. , i
The Gold Doach Globe haa entered
iu seventh year and Is prosperous. ,
aat of Uend. ha been established. Mrs. I Inquty to rnaks a Joint investigation of
Thomas E. Gray Is poatmaater. , th cause of th aedd.nt. . th.
The Madraa band Is arranging to give howd at leaat an apparent deelr ?
a basket aoclal and entertainment at arrive at tb truth. In the light oi
an early date, t rata fund for th after avanta it mmm k-.t-tM. .i.-
support ef ths organisation. , . ,... ." " ' "
Lakevlew'a new hlxh school bulldlna I tempting to discover tb causa was not
la a ftourr Of local nrlda. It la of carried an.' i
brick, atone and concrete conatructlon. I Th .i,,! 1 li ,,' . ",
It will be ready for u la. the fall. 7, .J
. , ... a . I l" in more eonvincea I
The 'authorities of Roaebura.' follow-1 am that 'th daatruction nf th Main.
Ln h?'"landtng of the volunteer fire I was dus to an Internal explosion. In
aanlslns: a temporary fore of fir flahU saving this opinion ther Is no desire
Superintendent ' Wetla ' of Jackson
county reports 7000 children of achool
age and (200,000 yearly apent for edu-
nation, xeacners salaries are iv to
7S per month.
nor Intention to reflect either upon th
discipline- or moral of th aiilp, nor
upon th sincerity of the views of the
court Of , Inquiry. It Is certain that In
view of the peculiar condition- under
which the Maine entered the harbor of
Havana that extra precaution wera
rennieton street sweeper is io ne taxen Dy Her commander and that ex
operaiea onir wween tn noara ot treme vlgllanc was exerctaed by
Snad n V" hi di.T orw- The court of Inquiry pursued
r.i.:. ' "" - inveatigatlon with a full kn
th. on. thound year, of peao. 1. no. fgi LrT.
yet In sight My motto ta "In times of farmers, protectionlats aay will have
for war." Like the Tex-1 to eat their own hay. and nobody scan
an who, when asked why h always I anything- pay. and ruin will ravlah and
. "I pack It all the "
we trade free with.
....i 'mA ft ait th time. But meet of the peon) can't -se
need It, I need It d n induetrr. and so wlh Tart they a
SEVEN FAMOUS PAINTERS
carried a gun. replied,
time, not beca
but when I do
Of th twelve apostles of Jesus of
Nasareth. two habitually went armed.
yet th moat profoundly peaceful among
us would hardly class them as thugs
or "murderers at heart.
Glance over the columns of Th Jour
nal. read th criminal news and ob
serve that two people ar slain with an
ax to the one who Is ahot to death. Read
alao how aome pure. Innocent child
maimed himself for life while emulat
Ing dad at the woodpile. Then explain true of Whistler, In many respects the
to th wise men of Salem the dire neces- most famous of all American painters,
slty of legislating against , the ax and for he must have early seemed mature.
. I the great Importance and terrible re.
Ther I at 'North Dalle an acre tract I sponalblllty that rested upon th Indl.
that waa bequeathed by th late William I vidual members. Additional H-ht how.
I 1 D Ilk1. I. MM M. I .. ' . .
j v. , ...w.., ... - iitr, naa even inrown upon in aueetlon
i more year. . ... v.......aa mvU
I members of th court as to the cause of
Th News-Record and Wallowa I the accident.
Chieftain, both issued by the same Extended Investigations show , that
company, have been consolidated and ther have been explosions of magarjne
iemrkw0 .'wiekTbVh.'nlIi n1 which hav bin In-
a eeml-weekly to weekly, to b hene. .--i.-.h,. mnA ,h,.h ,Afc ...
rorm Known as tne necora-vnienain. i " ,,T., " . .VIY . Z .
Prlnevlll Journal: Th dafr of the h account for. Such Is probably th
fair has been set for October 11 to 14. lease with th Maine.
four tJava. Inatead of five, 'and com-1 A point that will alwava mllltala
menolng oa the Wednesday prior to against th submarine mln theory U
haviSofM-JS n m n. tlw aLvI tbit M "'derabl body of water was
hav to attend court to com a lew days , ,w
earlier and Uke in th fair aa well. iriown.u? J?r th xPlo?,"- " wa
moderate 'charge of explosive which de-
Joacph Herald: Ed Kben, George "WM batUeshlp, and any exoes
Houaer and Charlie Christy will de-1 sive amount exploded tn a har-
valoo their wonderfully rich lime and
marble oropertlea a abort distance west
of Joseph. These are the richest ef
their kind in the west.
Soma on haa aaid that all f man
re always of one age; that they know
not youth or age. This Is particularly
DAMROSCH THE GREAT
NE OP THE great living fig
ures in.Amerlcan musical life
Is Walter Damrosch.
tlon of placing vagrants In farm rol
' oniea was dealt with by another
speaker at the same conference. He
said the only feasible plan was in
, use In Switierland, Germany. Hol
land aid Belgium. There vagrants,
i on coniictlop, are committed for long
terras ' to the farm colony. An ac-
conut of the Swiss vagrant colony
' at Wltiwil. by Professor Frank A.
Keller .of Cornell university, is
'. found In "'Survey", ' magasine for
February--ti, lajst, and is well worth
H ftiadlog. Not only Is the comfnunity
- aa- the greater : part of the ex-
i highest class in many cities which
heard for the rirst time. ,
He speaks with conviction and au
thority. Being asked If there beP such a
imng aa American music, he an
swers, not yet, but It is on the way.
This, he says, springs not from want
Of original power, but because the
growth of the love and capacity for
music is yet undeveloped. American
art. In pictures, sculpture, drawing,
architecture, has come into 'Its own
In many waysIn, music not yet.
And, this from many causes. -Be-
HE EXPRESS companies have
fallen on evil days. Hit hign
or hit low they catch it. A
Chicago congressman named
Sabath has introduced a bill in the
house of representatives, requiring
the treasury department to trans
port its money, bonds and stamps by
registered mail Instead of by express.
But . would not the poatoffice de
partment be the reasonable and sen
sible way for this tranBportatlon of
government securities and money?
Apparently not, since the United
States Express has had the contract
for many years for carrying money,
bonds and stamps between the treas
ury In Washington and the sub
treasuries In other cities, at prices,
to say the least, lucrative to the ex
Now comes Secretary MacVeagh,
and either, admits, or, may be, de
nounces the system as an Indefen
sible mulcting of the public. It Is
stated that he has succeeded In sav
ing $75,000 a year by cancelling
mutilated currency at the sub-treas
uries and sending it to Washington
by registered mall as waste paper,
instead of by express.
How many sleuth hounds are al
ready on the economy trail cannot
be told, but they are numerous, Indeed.
In advising that the government
enter, upon control of prices In the
industries, 'does Judge Gary, realtze
that its first step would be to. order
the steel trust to sell its products as
cheaply at home as It does abroad?
drop the sun question for your talk
sounds like that of a man up a tree.
GEORGE 8. FITZPATRICK.
and h certainly seemed boyish, nay,
childlike, when a middle a red man.
uorn in 183 4, the events of his early
ltf r. rilfflrillt tt ..PArlaln AWln-
Sheriff Should Have BloTjdhOunds. to hla own contradictory statement
Portland, June It. To the Editor of and dealre to veil them in mystery. Hi
The Journal. Your valuable paper is ai- remarnabl genius Is no doubt respon
ways at the front In advocating every- sible for his many eccentricities, lie
thing that tends to better society and quarreled indiscriminately with friend
the community. Tour prompt move in I and roe, and for him the public were a
offering the reward for the convicting I set of ignoramuses who had no right to
of the murderer of the hui ramiiy any opinion whatever.
prompts me to ask your paper to take I Especially well known is his quarrel
up the fight for making It necessary with John Ruakln, who in his "Are
for the sheriffs office to obtain and to Clavlgera" had heaped acorn on one of
train a pair of the best man hunting Whistler's "Nocturne" In the following
bloodhounds that can be found. If such language: "I hav aeen and heard
animals had been handy the terrible much of cockney Impudence fcefor now,
creature that Is still at large would have but never expected to hear a coxcomb
been captured and punished. aek 200 guineas for fllnrlng a pot of
If there ar no funds for that pur- 1 paint in the public s race.
pose get th money by subscription. I Tne artist promptly aued for dam
Every ctflsen that thinks anything- of ages, and In the celebrated trial which
hi home and society would be glad to toiioweo lie was awarded one fartblng,
hav th opportunity to donate for that which coin he triumphantly wore as a
nuroose. . If a bloodthirsty tiger were waicn cnarm ever afterwards,
at large In our city w would leave! Whistler died In 190S, and since then
nothing unturned to kill It At present the air Is gradually clearing and no
there la a creature far more dangesous aouoi wnen u aoes wmstier, the artist.
In our midst and we know not at what will emerge and take the place that
hour th same thing will be repeated, rightfully belongs to him, among the
Let us get a pair of the best blood
hounds that can be, obtained,
Operates as Rill of Sale.
To th Editor of The Journal I have
put tn pawn some Jewelry. The ticket
reads, in part, "ahall within 30 days
from this dat pay m the sum .of J17
and surrender to me this agreement
great artists of our or any time.
In his art work, aa In his own per
sonal appearance, Whistler was as
tldloua. His palettes were beautifully
wiped, his brushes faultlessly kept, and
as for his general behavior. It waa for
eign, one may even say, exotic. This
was no doubt due to th fact that he
lived th greater part of his mature!
In commenting upon hla work, Wil
liam C Browuiell. the art critic, has
spoken of Whistler aa "perhaps the
most typical painter and th most abs-
bor whoa depth did not exceed 10 feet
could not have failed to have sent forth
great volumes of water. Is It not also
possible that th explosion might hav
occurred In thla wise? At first a small
explosion or detonation would take place
In part of th shall room or In some
corner of th magasine. Th conver
sion of a great mass of soMd explosive
to a gaseous stat would tend to exert
pressure In all directions. That part f
th prtssur exerted downward, might
disrupt the hull and deliver th whole
contents of th magasine to the opening.
Then when th remainder of th powder
and shell exploded a part might b ex
erted In throwing the ship up while the
other part would tear up th whole in
In the several magaslnes of th Main
lute artist of the time.' and aaa taken
pains to refute the statement that he I ther were different slxe shell and varl-
wss an Impressionist. xcpt In this, ous kinds of powder. It Is possible that
that "tmpreaslonlsm Implies, first of aome of th shell had been loaded some
all, impatience of detail." months previous to the disaster. It
Among Whistler's fellow students In therefore took variable times for the
Paris was George Du Maurler, who. In different kinds of powder to burn and
his original version of "Trilby," con- explode, and no on Is capabl of tell-
trlbuted to Harpera Magazine, d
scribes tb American ' artist as "Jo
Sibley" In most amusing fashion.
Perhapa Whistler's greatest painting
Is that of hi mother, which has as Its
sub-title "Arrangement In Gray and
Black." It waa painted In 1S7S, and
was purchased by the French govern
ment and 1 now exhibited In the Lux
A biographer . described
e-1 lng or even Imagining what did occur.
Robert E. Lee and Jefferson Davis.
By Mrs. Burton Harrison la Bcrlbner.
Our. most Illustrious caller that spring
was th commander-in-chief of th amy
of northern Virginia. General L cam
on evening, and after a pleasant talk
with my mother and me, arose to go, w
Whistler's I escorting him to th front door. It
personal appearance as being "a neat,
wiry figure, slight but very broad shoul
ders; his hands small and his -fingers
pointed. Hi complexion was tallow,
but warm In ' color which contrasted
strikingly with his blu eyes. .
He always wore a mustache and
broad moonlight, and I recall aa If It
were yesterday, th superb figure of our
hero standing tn th little porch with-'
out saying a few last words as h
swung his military, cap around his
shoulders. - It did not need my fervid
Imagination to think him the most noble
small imperial. His hair was his greatest looking mortal I bad ever seen. As h
peculiarity. This was abundant to the swept orr nie nat ror a second and
day of his death, and stood all over nl farewell, he bent down and kissed
his head In little jet black curls, not me, as he often did the girls he had
tlsht and crlso but fine and aoft mor known from thir childhood. ' At that
like feathers than hair. He waa scrupu- tim General Lee was literally the Idol
lously neat and clean In person, and this of the confederacy. His moral grandeur.
neatness extended to all his actions.1
Next week Seven Famous Orders.
Not Civil But Criminal.
From the New York World1.
Mr. Wlckersham makes vharrea
Then w hereby agre to sell and de- against the so called lumber trust which
liver, etc.; but upon failure, etc., thla if true warrant the imprisonment of
agreement shall absolutely be forfeited, every person responsible for this con-
and time is the essence of this agree
ment' Now, what I want to know Is
this: If I can hot pay the Interest can
th pawnbroker take my Jewelry after
the laps of SO days? Is ther not a
law compelling pawnbrokers to hold
pledges for a longer period, subject to
kplracy' in restraint of trade. But In
stead of bringing criminal proceedings
the attorney general resorts to civil, pro-
eedlngs, naming 10 trade organisations
and over ISO individuals as defendants.
Apparently the department of Justice. Is
t,eeklng further information as to what
the supreme court means by "reason
able" restraint of trade.
The habit of regarding the Sherman
law as a civil statute is responsible for
a great deal or misapprehension as to
the meaning lof the supreme court's de
cision. Most of this misapprehension
disappears if we treat the act as a crim-
Rights of Aliens in Oregon
Merrill, Or.. June 16. To the Editor
of The Journal. Can a foreign' born per
eon who Is not a citlsen and. has not
falared Intention to become a Citizen
become the legal owner by purchase of inal statute, which it is. If Juries can
real estate In Oregon, and can he sell be trusted to decide whether a killing
same and rive a good title? ' premeditated murder or manslaughter
I ...af.lL.1- 1. J I .1 I
SUBSCRIBER. I or J""i," iiumu-iun niry can on
in u.. r-. nnrirhiiiiA real en.nt in trusted to decide whether a restraint
Oregon and can give good title. Tlte state ' reasonaMe Or unreasonable,
rtramr, hAvr piiinot sell lands "" " ' '"""J' hn.h"m. rn
The Way It Is Done.
From Collier's Weekly.
A friend has sent us a "prospectus
for a goose farm." It is on of the most
perfect and convincing promoter's ar
guments we have seen. And, all so
brief and direct: Number of stockhold
ers, 8; shares of stock, S at 1100 par
value; 300 gees at $1 each; 3 eggs per
recognised by all, lifted him Into the
region where "envy, nor calumny, nor
hat, nor pain" ventured not to assail
him. W felt as he left us and walked
of f up the quiet leaf y street in the moon
light that we had been honored as by
more than royalty.
We went often to Mrs. Davis recep-'
tions, where the president never failed
to say kind words in passing, and some-'
times to tarry for a pleasant chat Al
ways grave, always looking as If he bore
the sorrows of a world, he was Invaria
bly courteous, and sometimes playful tn
his talk with very young women. These
week per goose, 900 eggs per week 900 entertainments of Mrs. Davis, held in
times 62 equals 46,800 eggs a year, and the evening between limited hours, wer
3 times 4(5,800 equals, 140.400 eggs in 3 attended by every on not In deep
years; 140,400 eggs Incubated, allowing mounilng. The lady of th confederal.
for 40,400 bad eggs. mean. 100.000 geese; Tf 'ittvalrV.-.mon ffiVhllS
j of witty sarcasms upon those who had
n.f r.fn Jn hM t a"', tLll nud her, could be depended upon to
ZllFS nL uM'MV 100,0?9 nduct "r 'n extreme grac
ESr'-ff0??'! f ca"t a 9$ and conventional ease. Her sister. Mar-
mm. hui it i oeVit Vh n..n "aret owll. aided to lend It brilliancy.
iMnoa .1 sMMOw: 1 nave 'war regretted that my path in
100,000 dressed geese at $1.50 each nf ni that r Mm a g. ..,,.
would bring 1160.000. and th estimated i. Ji L L.m. " - 8t0ur" hav
Here I wmcij luibui
owned by th state to an alien.)
straint or whether It works an actual
public Injury in one way or another.
In presenting the opinion of the court
in -the Standard Oil case the chief
Justice said the purpose of the Sherman
law. was to prevent wrongful acts. It
Should not be difficult for a Jury to de
termlne whether a restraint' of trade is
Not Necessary to Call Name.
North Bend, Or., Jun 10. To the Edi
tor of Th Journal In attempting to
make an arrest Is an officer obliged to
call you by nam to oblige you to
assist him or merely call upon you to wrongful or not That is a mere mat-
assist mm n matting- m unwi. ot evidence.
VUU BUtJtsttlCCn. If fhM ravirnmmt will i h
Sherman aot as a criminal atatut thr
Butter ana Kgg Trust. need be no anxiety about the decision
From the Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph, of the supreme court Guilt is personal
The government's prosecution of ?the and must always be personal
Chicago butter and egg board Will, ne
more heartily applauded by ,the people . Woman's Life Savor.
Ulan wou a an aiiac uim, ny r u tfvom h Los Anseles Examiner.
the otner trusts against wmcn conv i rw'wn, Wnnw hv wnmn i
1... .mA Tail ),,,().. A I - " . . . '
piuui. uo . la., freezing drart with low neck, no
egg board is to ail intents and pur- BlM)Vea and a Jac hirtwalst be-
poses, a trust in in iuii nans or me tween her body and sero weather? pro
word, and it Is th most rapajrtous of f essor Adolph van Huebner of the Boya!
A Swiss scientist has; restored to
life and health gold fish that he had
kept frozen stiff for three months.
He might perform the stunt with
gold flsb. but he can't do It with eobj
storage poultry. 1 x"'
A learned New York judge). -'baa
laid It down that drunkenness is- nd
excuse for bigamy. But, the posses
sion of only one of 'em Is considered
sufficient excuse by sonle. husbands
A London dog has been trained to
hark in a whisper. Will some kind
them all. The' charges upon which the
government bases its suit are that the
quotations commlttoe of the board holds
ally sessions, approximates the quan
tlty of eggs and butter on hand and ar
ranges the market - price accordingly,
which means for the profit of the sell
er and the loss of th purchaser.
With the approval of this suit Is
linked the hope that It will be 'success-1
f ul, for such - manipulations of the
prices of foodstuffs have been the cause
of the high cost of riving, that has
brought distress to thousands' of homes
and has even brought about a political
upheaval. The court In th oil and to
bacco trust oases strengthens the .'hop
of a. successful outcome' of thla hew
prosecution' for the butter ' and ' egg
barons nave no defense. In ttho "rule of
reason." Their methods hav at--; all
time -been unreasonable and -arbitrary
and hAve t all time worked to the
injury of tb great, mass of consumers
the land ever, t '
The Difference..-" !
' From the Washington Star,.
"Two and two mnke four," said the
ready-made philosopher ' .u ,
'Sometimes.". teDlted Colonel Stiiwen.
of Kentucky.-?;' ?And Uhei t again ,they
xoarelr make a pair ef deuces." . '. ; '
Academy - of Vienna tells . you.;-. - Over
woman's- entire body even th-. skin
niest woman's body ther exists' a con
tinuous layer of fat very thin in some
places, but still there, and covering
every inch of her. '
Thus, -while she seems to sit in sero
weather exposed to the blast,' -she is
really sitting in a snug blanket of fat,
reselling from the top of her- head to
the sole of her feet Men lack this tat
blanket, and that Is why the 250-pound
man would die if he tried to dress in
winter as hi H0-puund daughter ' dresses
wnen. sne goes to a party. - v
Where did woman get th fat blanket?
She got it in the old cave-dwelling days.
in the shivery days,, when tb man kept
warm hunting and the woman had to
sit around. and take car of the baby.
Nature gave her that fat blanket then,
and has not -taken it away stnoe, . So
says the professor, and sural' It Is an
. : Up Against It.'"4 -C x
From the Louisville Courier-Journal.
"Tnat follow is ti source of great un
easiness lo mw Ha mav 4m worthy
but I wish, he would keep awiy from
; "Courting- your daughter. ls..h7
-V Naw; h' courting m ceokVV Xty,
operating expenses total 3190,000,
is the balance sheet:
Feathers ... 5". ....... .' lano.nno
Goose livers 60.000
nuuons ,. 2,000
Dressed geese ................ 160,000
capital invested ...
Total ; .1190,303
To each stockholder would be paid a
net prom ox siuf.zo or an annual in
come on his 3100 Investment of 335,-1
Ifib. .where tne ziaw is may be dis
covered by those, who read prospectuses
sent out by th Sterling Debenture cor
poration and other happy possessors of
. The Appreciated Mule.
Cirrus boss goes round de track.
r Sound dat'tnorn an' drum.)
Always keep a-glttln back
To whur n stahted f'unv
Old mule travels down de road.
Never makes no hit,
But he sho' move de load
To whur It ought to git,
Circus hoss he charges hfgh
, Foh his sty so neat
Mule he's ready foh to try
An' help de pore folks eat
Fancy orltters goes delr way
Wif nuffln much to do, .
But, Mlstah Mule, we's gotter ay,
We'a much oblige' to you.
r -T-Washington Star.
A Volcano as a Lighthouse.
Prom th Washington Post
"What do you think of a nernetual
lighthouse1, needing no keeper, and yet
as regular In Its flashes of light as one
maintained by the govemmentr' asked
Albert D. Van Wyek, a globe tretter, at
(Contributed to The Journal br Walt Msson.
the turnout Kanus Duet. Bis orose-ooema sr
regnlsr festor ef thla oolama In The Dally
, , Beneath this stone there lies at rest
a man who always did his best. The
gods ordained that he should move
along a lowly, JhumblS groove. For him
there was no wealth or fame, he bore
"This natural light never falls, and i B0 , proud ancestral name, no palace
that means much, for navigation. It is
a volcano oa tb island of San Salva
dor. This volcano lighthouse is about
eight miles inland from th port of Ac
ajutla. It is a veritable pillar of cloud
by -day and the flash of its light by
night has been valuable to mariners for
years. Itan be, seen far out at seaj
and a hurst of flams has gone upward
every seven minutes, without the vari
ation of a second, for many years. ,
"The few -visitors who atOD at Run
Salvador amuae themselves the first
doom for him swung wide, but In his
hut h llvd nd died. His years were
many and his toil brought riches-from
th stubborn soil, but all that wealtn
to. them was brought who owned the
land whereon he wrought He fashioned
lumber, and the boards made shelter for
the languid lordav H fed the cow
and herded swtne that other men might
nobly dine. From break of dawn till
close of day he toiled along his weary
way, and took hia earnings in his hand
to fatten ' those ;who owned ths land.
,.A HghthoUs fee is collected of all
vessels that put in at the harbor near
est th volcano, and no skipper objects.'
we Knows tnat tp volcano la jnor re
liable -than the lighthouse kept by hu
man beings on other coasts,,, and the
novelty of -the light Is worth the urlca
charged y the government There is
th usual detonation caused - by '.the
eruption every ecven minute., and the
ground la shaken, but after a short so
journ on th Island, you fall to notice
it, and would be th mors shocked If ; it
did not occur." . y -
scars, that otners might have motor
cars. This strip of ground is hla re- ;
ward! 'twas given by his overlord; It s
six feet long and two feet wide, and.:
her they brought him when he died. To !i
labor hard for 60 yars, endure the bur
dens -and the tears, to have no grateful V
hour of rest to toll, and bend, and do -your
best, to grind, and-molt and delve .'
and save.- and r at . th last to got x
giraVe! , Poor souia tha t ' I the dark
ness . grope, and weav and spin and !
hav i hope!.' i-iy1-.w-';v-1-'- r-v's5 n
corrriitht. lBio, by 5A.'J.?T "f
Oeors atstttitw Adams. vtZiTLtlVUatVSM
," '-- . ..."
-; ::.ri;. ";-;; .-;" . - ' ;.v. ;; i.