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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (June 9, 1911)
THE "OREGON . DAILY ' JOURNAL, PORTLAND, FRIDAY EVENING,, JUNE ' 0, 1911.
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far UMBlntoB tkroaga tb Bulls M mspbs
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rjCI.EfnoNM Mala TITSt , A-eoSl.
, . All tVpurtnwBta miM tf tbm eajbers.
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, rwRBlON AOVBKTISISa BKI-llK-KNTATl VK.
V B. l. Z V rw, Kmnairlrk Bnlldln.
, m nnh -,. Nnr Terki 111 Peoples
Uh Bultdtst. CU .
Bobsarlpttaa Tn bj wall r to ar adOrae
1 t UB1
llatte Statu ar Uexte.
, . DAILY.
- ' Om .... ...ano f On
' Oh .tt.H0 I Oa Mot,
DAILY AND IDW DAY.
V On yew.. tT 0 I On Bwntl
. Tfantilnma la na hixl th fcloav
om and tha fruit ef good and
not, I actions. It la not tha gift
of any God; It tnuat ba earn ad
' by man muat ba deserved.-
CnWTUSa GREAT TROnLEMS
rT' SEEMS AS If they are maklni
history at Washington. Up to
the present, the Jnvestlf atton by
the house, committee Of the steel
- : 'trust is an niumlaatinf statesman
ship.' More progress has already
been made in rfvintT.tho country an
- Insight Into the tremendons problem
" ' of Industrial and financial oomblna-
fr tlons than has been gained In a
whole deeade of discussion.
; The very roots of the Inner, facts
' about ' hnge combines hare , been
dragged out and exposed to the sun
lfrht The orr&nlilnr of the steel
, trust with a capital of $950,000,000,
' constituting tho.hurest trust In the
, world." has been described from the
,f viewpoints, of lta critics and its
' friends, with the .taking of testimony
'-, f on , the subject but fairly begun
j With 'many other witnesses to be
' examined, and with the inYestlgatort
grappling the subject with an nn
.usual Intelligence, the further prog-
' , ress of the inrestlgatlon Is full of
. possibilities for the making of great
: Already. Judge Gary, head of the
' teel trust, has declared that "gov
: ernmentaj regulation of the. Indus
tries must come." He has several
V JL' times reiterated the statement and
; has added to . it the extraordinary
announcement , extraordinary .be
cause from,, such ' a source that
.. the "unlicensed use of . combined
'. wealth"? t la v fraught withy great
peril to 'the ' country., With men
' t of t'the Gary'lype" In such a men-
tai mooa. - ana . wun comessions oi
"- such a' character responding to the
probe of the house committee,' it
i ar seems , believable that Washington
', statesmanship is about undertaking
w' . .i ..tt- A .
splendid1 ; possibilities for the , re-
i . ' 'public.'., K-t. tc ' it ii
'iJ-a There has Jbeen no time whence
lacu so Dig ana issues so weignty
, have .r been ' so intelligently ' aP-
- proached at Washington.. There Is
little doubt , that "American .states
' m manshlp is. going to grapple prob-
.' flems of the utmost: consequence
with some chance of pressing them
io sucu Boiuuon inai , ii win do
, a the making of economic history.
' The Democratic house under the
' 'wisest leadership In Democratic his-
,r tory is doing much to Justify the
confidence o the country in placing
,, power in its hands last November,
aviator who was found fast asleep greeted with enthusiastic;; applause.
under his aeroplane In a field, and h ' Thousands of young men drilled
who declared that he did not remem- regularly . at - the agricultural col
ber how he landed, or even Chat he leges of the country, are n enor-j of equal or greater value to be added
the geologist and mineralogist from
their discovery. It Is a safe predic
tion that there are ether minerals
landed at all. After reaching Mad-lmous asset for; the .defense or tne
rid. the winner in the recent Psrls-to-1 nation In case of attack. A.cltlten
Madrid race' crawled out .of bis soldiery Is tn time of stress the nl
machine and prostrated himself flat tlmate defense and the work of the
on the ground to rest. cadets yesterday shows bow we are
tw, in han Mveral accidents training a multitude of young men
to aviators for which there was n'oh"110 w,n know.how to fight if the riches,
apparent explanation. The breaking ume tor aerense ever comes,
of some part that made the aero-
to the list when. trained and patient
obserVers shall devote themselves to
the search. . , V. ' ;. .. ' , ' i
What 1 1 wonderful state Is this
Oregon of ours,, whose Tory deserts
are the storehouses of uncounted
plane unmanageable Is usually, In
the abeexoe of other. Information,
surmised to bo the cause of the ac
The new sickness suggests other
perils In flying. When the skyman
Is In the lofty altitudes In the midst
of a vast solitude of air, how many.
seized by the new - sickness may
have yielded to the Irresistible, gone
to sleep at his post and dropped to
a dreadful (tragedy belowf ;
MOROCCO AND FIUIVCB
SABnUES ARB In progress by
which,. the map of the world.
'and the control of northern
Africa, will, la all reasonable
probability, be changed. France add
Spain were to be the Joint policemen
of Morocco, by the decision of the
Algeclras conference France being
the dominant partner by reason of
her long common frontier of Algeria
with Morocco. Very grudgingly the
right was conceded to France by
Germany of forcibly Intervening
HE OREGON postmasters went among the wild Moorish tribes In
nn tmtA for nnatal hnnVa A I case ineir wars ana oiarma enoan-
- -v I ... i. .l.W tw .... 1
gerea tne inrone n me wooroo ui
tan. and the peace of the border
The expected has happened. Fes,
THE ROAD TO WEALTH.
report showed that 135 depos
Its. aggregating $11,170, had al
ready been deposited In the newly
artahllahml Aatnrl. tstticm It Indi
cated also that the funds had not Moorish capital, has been be-
been withdrawn from bank but I r the .tribes, ana me lives
Mm from .h harrela. M atonlr- Ot ail me European resiaenis ana
nM i. Mn. mA hii-l travelers out m utmost peru. a
.,.(.., - I . - . .
places. irrencn marcning comma, iwv
for the new system.- Some favored UCT"" Vk "-
an Inrro... f tti. limit fnr mftnfM Save r 62. AOipiO rwrfn
deposits by an individual and for a
similar increase of the permissible
It seems Incredible that we should
hnve been compelled to wait so long
for this reform. We are the last civ
ilized nation to adopt it. We have
held ready In case tf need,
All this looked so much like pro
vision for permanent occupation that
Germany began to growl. But It Is
understood that the British and
Russian ambassadors made satisfac
tory, representations at Berlin. Many
observers, however, see the founda-
pert, and blind to the experience of fe5taJM "
otters, while the . timid have kept
in North Africa, with France instead
of Britain as the army of occupation.
millions of money stowed away In
cuiaUon. narVowing he ' volume of OF rTOLI waum
circulating medium and serving no
In the same way, we are waiting
patiently for the parcels post. We
boast that we are lekders, but are
decades behind the rest of Christen-
N THREE CASES from California
and one from Colorado the su
preme court of the United States
has taken occasion to define, and
to specify, the absolute right of the
nation through acts of congress over
mmtz&mmmKBBWaKS' u , -- '---i- -..-i 1
r . - i iff : r
; COMMENT AND NEWS IN BRIEF Gore Comes Out for4 V
1 1 -. . ..' a i i a . i i
a'ata. the Haas ft
ot July ealabra-
dom in the adopUon of a cheap and the Dub0 domaln
expeoauou. syswni tranaponing Th(J conrt na dtstlnrusbed be
packages. . We plant, ourselves on Lwaan ,owi.,aMnn ,n4 ,rtminirM
a pedestal of pride, but bow meekly regUlllUon. powers of legigiaUon
10 ue raiiny oi expreaa com- congre88 cannot devolve on Officials
panles. There Is scarcely, a petty of whatever grade. Poweri of ad.
government In Europe from which it n .(. '.n h.
we cannot draw lessons In national depute(J to the secretary of agrl-
Hie, , T a anrkAHt la n.
tuiiui au ,aA0 nuvuui a a m
eluded also the right not only to
at my eoin ao aaally Ilka candy
irora a aia,
Tby allp It to ma rrraaally and kaep
tha motlva Mdj
Tha caah eomaa In by block a and bale.
my atronr box ovarflowa:
Ifa carried In In croeke and palla ray
uana amua arowa ana frowa.
Thafa tha way It oomaa in the early
Whan I flrat awaka and a clan to born
I no olouda, I ara no abock,
And rm worth a bllUoa by 4 o olooX. 1
Me shall nun rata tfie luera Ilka Z take
it rrom nan man:
Nobody faaia tha euohra Ilka X slip It
And fa ma on awlftly flying wing cornea
on to mart ma. too.
And folk, tnntend of alanine, sing, and
nuinina maxea ma DlUe.
I flrura It out whm mornlnf Aavna
Tha arhemea coma thick and man ara
And I aoar aloft on a ehtn of hop.
And I hof-tla fama with my truaty
Tha futurVa y and roay whn tha
CIOCK afrlkMi half-naat thraa.
And the bed la warm and cosy and my
acnemra iook a-ooa lo me:
And the money that I fumble cheera
me till mr dream axnlra.
And I never tak a tumble till It's time
to atart the rire.
Tn the early morntnr I rrah tha wealth
With trlmmtng-a of fame, rood luck and
Afr frlenda ara manv. T know nn ir
Ana i own tn eerin ana hair the air.
But when I rlae at the clock alarm.
I feel tha.achemea drnart.
And though I try to block the charm.
they eeem to have a atart.
And when my tie' a adjuated and my
toilet la complete
Then my ahemea and plana ara buated
and I'm . once mora on my feet.
It la different then, when duty calls,
Ambltlon'a rone, my castle falls;
Dame Rot-tune's rrouch envelope her
And I plod toward my fifteen per.
rTlHE FESTIVAL pageants of yes
bive appealed to Portlanders
auto parade was an ever changing
panorama of beauty. The roses, the
i music, the beautiful designs and all
the other effects made a Bcene well
, worth the Interest of the vast throngs
who looked on.
Equally. effective were the page
ants, beginning' with that headed by
:Vthe Hunt club and ending' with the
exercises on the east side. ,-The re-
' -ward ' for t those who participated
were the many plaudits expressed
and unexpressed, and the consclous
fcess that they contributed Infinitely
to, the pleasure of the hundreds of
- thousands who thronged the streets
to watch the ceremonials.
1 In contemplation of this wilder
ness of people, pageantry and roses,
; must come home to even the unen
thuslastlc observer that Portland is
t a delightful City to live in. Here, we
can point to the passing festival as
Levldeuce that we are a city that is
p something: more than the mere
commercialized. We can offer It as
4 proof that we are a city that thinks
....of the entertainment and welfare of
man, as well as of the material
things of life. We can tell It to our
guests from far and npar, that Port
land with its snow peafcs In the dls
""tance its meadows of green in the
hinterland and the rose-covered
. , homes that are Its setting, Is a city
where life Is real and existence, hap
THE SKYMAN'S SICKNESS
E ARE TOLD now that sky-
r .Joea are often subject to a
peculiar air sickness. It Is
e . . . i ' described as fa sudden rush
f MnnA'tn tho hoat mttloh .l.
. brain to working with a feverish ac-
tlvitr. .This is succeeded almost im
mediately by unconquerable drowsl
r cess.! J--. , v
-i ' Discussing the phenomena, two
French scientists in, a statement say
S that, "do what he may, the aviator
rmust close his eyea for a moment in
the familiar way. He may be strong
ijj enough to open them again and save
himself. He may be overcome a sec
iond time, he may go to "sleep, and
.tben death awaits him."
- Among the canes quoted by inves
- tlgators 1 that ' of a young French i
make regulations but to promulgate
EGISLATIVE bribery In Ohio Penalties for the breach of such reg
is not swift In'mmln in on- uiauons, wmca peaaiuea are. ouvamo
Aicrn nimlahmont Tn thA flrat provmwo oi uio couna to cm
trial t?enr.antati nnrP- n iclze or modify, but compliance with
Nv. sa r,romntiT arnnitted hv th which Is, by courts, to be enforced.
Inrv. Th rasA was annnosAd tn h I rorvni reoerrct., wuen ureiu ujr
the strongest the state had In the congress i under Its sovereign power.
bribery matter.; - "re ? J v'
Howavaf. rnliimhna. wtira N I iwuon vl nmuer aua utucr umurii
W . - I a . 1. aL.
waa trlorf la nnt. fr frnm AHm. resources, in sucn manner as me sec-
county, where vote-selling was one
of the chief industries. Nor Is It far
from Cincinnati, the stamping
ground of Boss Cox, who managed,
under, Ohio methods, to escape a
trial for perjury by juggling the In
dictment out of courts that were
Letters From tLe Peoph
retary of . agriculture shall pre
scribe) and subject to such penalties
for breach of regulations as he shall
from time to time make known.
Further, while usage may serve
to permit trespass upon the public
domain in default of proscription by
the secretary, yet, prescription shall
ronitv tn ronvlrt.
Adams county with 1770 foremost not a"ow continuance of usage when
citizens confessing that they sold he undertakes to lay down rules for
their ntAS means that therA wr l" proiecuun ui u rwum w
nthar fnrpmnRt rlMpns of ntW Ohl IstlUg On that public domain
here votes were bought " rouoW8 inai nmuea renia I,or
It means that voting else- gazing and pasturage under regula-
lions i lih u iuB uuuuuiu m ui ic-
counties where votes were bought
where In that state has been on a
bargain-counter basis, all of which
with: the ii lustrions- exam pie of Boss
Cox In evading the law makes pun
lshment for bribery difficult in the
Punishment was equally difficult
In the Lorlmer cases In Illinois. It
is always difficult whenever politi
cal features enter Into the offense,
It has been the habit, but it is grow
ing less popularto have one con
science for private affairs and an
other for political or public affairs
In this country,
Lorlmer's chief briber escaped
conviction In two fiercely fought
trials, and his senatorial district re
warded him subsequently by electing
him again to the Illinois legislature.
There were confessions by legislators
that he bribed them and other con
firmatory testimony, but It did not
count in Illinois any more than
bribe testimony counted in the Ohio
HE OREGON AGRICULTURAL
College cadets reflected great
credit upon themselves, their
institution and the state yes
terday. As they swung along the
line of march, their fine appearance,
their military bearing and the' pre
cision of their movement made
them a conspicuous feature of the
fternoon pageant. Twelve compan
ies strong, and headed by their own
military band, they presented a spec-
acle of American chivalry that was
Inspiring to all who saw.
The climax of their, performance
was - on Multnomah field where, In
a drill of an hour and a half, they
delighted a vast throng of people.
They went through the evolutions
with precision and grace, moving in
many instances without orders,
to the music of the band, and were
constantly rewarded with enthusias
tic applause. ; !
As a closing feature of the drill,
the whole regiment swung into a
march out of which Ihey gradually
formed" themselves Into the letters
"O. A. C.", the Initials of their col
lege. As they marched they dropped
orange confetti with the effect that.
when the drill was finished the
huge Initials, "O. A. C". were left
on the . field, an - episode - that was
serves can be enforced, subject to
penattlea lor the breach.,; ....
Rentals so received may be appor
tioned between the states and the
general government and the balance
is to be turned Into the treasury as
The sovereign rights end the con
stitutional rights of the nation over
the public domain are merged in one
general absolute authority.
Many questions of claims between
the general government and Its of
ficers, and the states over territory
inside of state boundaries within
the public domain are clearly set
tled by these decisions to which all
must bow allegiance.
Doctors aa Menace.
To the Editor of Tha Jeurnal An
article from the New Tork American,
entitled "Th Cat aa a Menace" ap
peared In your paper yesterday. As
auch article appear from, tlma to time,
all etnanatlnr from those exceedingly
careful gentlemen, the doctors, I would
UWe to ba allowed to aay Juat a few
words on the subject myself. If tha
poor old cat was Just one sixteenth nart
or me menace to health that the doo
tors themselves ar there mlrbt be
some excus for all their hysterical x
cltcment In tha matter.
About seren . yeara ago my husband
hurt his foot badly enough to need tha
services of a doctor. Dtirinr tha doo
tor"a vUlt my little boy cam Into tha
rpom. in a ahort while tha child was
taken alck. Tha sam doctor was called
ana pronounced It scarlet fever. (Wa
naa no pew or any Kind.) . I questioned
the doctor In a rouud about way and
learned he iiad a scarlet fever case on
nana at tha ume of his flrat visit
Afy child was sick enough to need two
doctors for awhile. They both left th
sick room, went straight to a streetcar,
(full of children no doubt) without tak.
inr any precautions whatever against
spreading the disease. I said to one
of them one day: "Doctor, ara you ot
afraid of carrying the scarlet fever to
someone when you leave here?" Ha an
awered: "Oh. th fresh air Jet Us all tha
Krsjs-v th eas are out of doors
all night anyway, so why doesn't th
fresh air work th sam way with
That experience started m to think
ing and I never see a doctor enter a car
with his nice little black grip in his
hand but I think to myself, "I wonder
what sick bed of deadly contagion you
have Just left with only the fresh air
to act aa a ruard for th a-enaraJ. nnh.
He" ' A MOTHPm
Among ether things th tmsta man-
uiaciur ar aooiaiuua.
O, th pmocrata ara doing' retnark-
aojy wati, zor inm, Mr, Bryan.
In a olty a largo as' Portland an
cannot d gooa peopi--or won t, be.
' ZMas will not ret much moro apace tn
in iwappr nrarir tn caatra.
1 Tha bigger a town
ear about a Fourth
WOO. , ,
Generally th c-eonla who' moat need
ana aanerv a vncauon can't or won I
take one.-.-- v v,'.-..r; ".,?,.
Sir. Bryan cannot reasonably arnaot
to o aiwaya in omy ana absolute Wn
ocratlo leader. . .,
a a . ' .'
May th "dlvin Sarah" live' to make
yet another farewell tour, and coma to
ui racuio coaai.
... . o O '
A remarkabl occurrence In court re
cently was th denial pf a divorce de
cree io m piainuiT. - -
' e ;
Unci Barn's department Of agricul
ture saya most of tha loe cream cones
are not nt to eat. now would you like
to he the man that tastes them and
Some hors owners havo not yt
been educated out of the tight over
head check fashion, which Is torture to
a horse, ana intorrerea with ma free
dom of action. ., .
San rranclaoo had Schmttt; now It
haa McCarthy. - That city aeems to like
that sort of mayor. Perhaps, it aeeke
to ba a nntau city In this as well aa
in soma other respects, . ,
, a a ,
The new minister of a eromlnn
ihurch says that many eaatarn minis-
(era would UK to got cans to this Dart
of the country. They will b weleom
as many aa there ar placea for but a
thousand times aa many small farmers
A much traveled man savs th women
of Portland are more beautiful than
those of any other city, except Balti
more. Perbaoa If his judgment la cor
rect the credit W, due to th Baltimore
I oitEGoy BiDiiuyuiS ; -
Tho rainfall at Eugene for May was
1.11 Inches, considerably noiow ui nor
maL . . , i .i . . , ''.'' .i i
1 Rav Prank X Mllnea has accepted tho
oall to tho pastorato of th Praabytarlan
church at Pendleton, v -:- --t
, Tho rose ahow at Btugeno under tha
auaplcea of th Ladles' Auxiliary of th
Commercial ciut will m noia tomorrow,
' e e , ..
Th Mad ford National bank haa boon
.iirn.iui a Amnnmltarv for funda de
posited la new postal savings banks of,
Boutnern vregon. , . ,
flovernor West's Office In th state
house la undergoing refitting, Repaint-
inr la being don and a new carpet will
bo placed in Ui receiving room, . .
Rtata Bunarlntandant of PubllO In-
atruptlnn . Aldarman la sending OUt th
questions for the teachers' examinations
whicn wiu be neio June ii to ,
.a ' ; .
Havln - aanarlmaftted' last rear With
oil sprinkling, eltlsena of Albany ronld
Inar nn South Varrv street Will this year
practice mat system or oust laying. .
A "basket aervlce" Is announced for
Sunday, June Id. at th Bar ureea
ohurch. eight mlha from Medford, up
Orlffln Creek. A oounuxui spreaa wiu
bo served all visitors..
a . a . ,
DaAmond Ylnokasman: A tennis court
haa haan laid oat on tho Temoleton lota
just north of th achool house on Highth
street. There ar a -number ot good
tennis players In tbe City,
fialam Rtatesmam Mcrstary Meredith
of th state fair board announces that
there will b no buckinr broncho eonteat
at tho stat fair thla year. These con
testa in tha past havo not been a con
splcuous success. . ' ' . ' 4
Th La Grand Star calls upon th
citlsens of La Grande to erect addi
tional bualneaa structures, stating that
persona aeeking locations are in some
oases forced to go elsewhere for want
of suitable quarters there.
Orvallla Oasetfe-Tlmea: A tremen-
doua lot of woodwork produced by the
city school pupils In, th seventh, eighth
and ninth grades la on display at tha
room Just west of th postoffic. Tho
showing Is very surprising.
SEVEN FAMOUS PRISONS
STORED RICinCS IN EASTERN
T IS fro SURPRISE to students of
the geology of eastern, Oregon to
learn of one mineral treasure
after another' being disclosed
among the bare hills and desolate
plains which vary its far stretching
The most recent find Is commer
cial lime of practically pure analy
sis, of which surface croppings of
over 2 00Q feet, are reported to have
bee,n followed out, some 15 miles
east of the Metollus railroad depot.
Large deposits are said to have been
found. If so the commercial worth
is very great, the more valuable if
the standard of purity in the mass
shall confirm the analysis of the
early samples, so justifying railroad
shipment without further treatment
on the spot .
Whoever Is interested along these
lines should make his own the book
that was , the legacy of Professor
Condon, the diligent student, "and
the master-teacWr for very many
years, of the geology of this state,
In the "Two Islands' he tells the
tale of the subsidence through the
dim centuries of the salt waters of
the ocean that deposited their bur-1
den Of salt and nitrates and sodas
and lime on the emerging beaches
and shores that, stretched- across
eastern Qregon, as the land rose
from the waters by such slow de
grees. ' Such deposits are not. burled
riches. They lie in the eye of the
sun, hidden only by the solitariness
and desolation that hare kept away
Where Did the Money 5o?
TJetrolt. Or., May 8. To th Editor
of T:he Journal. Soma Interesting facts
have been brought to light in the de
partment of public works in Milwaukee,
Wis. The average cost of asphalt street
paving per square yard under the last
administration was $2.34; the asphalt
usea. according to the specification had
to be a particular brand controlled by
a certain company, thus were mat
ters under the old regime. Now, the
Bociaiist head of th publlo works has
changed that. He has so framed the
specifications that while better .street
work Is required, it Is not necessary to
get the nsphalt from th favored com
pany. What was tho result? The bids
offered the other day for street pav
ing snowed a reduction of 11.05 per
square yard. The total amount saved
on these bids will be $55,300 dollars
This amount would pay tho salary of
tne socialist , superintendent of street
construction for-IS years. The ques
tion Is, where did this big difference
go under the former . rule? To con
tractors' profits? Then no wonder the
contractors raised a hue against the,
new administration. To political graft?
Then no wonder they ar fighting the
socialists to the finish.
In many raspecta. th most famous
prison on this continent Is tho Eastern
penitentiary at Philadelphia, popularly
known for many years, even up to quit
recently, as Cherry HI 11. from th for
mer nam of th piece of ground upon
which It is built It Is on of tho most
peculiar structures in Its arrangement
in the world, and tho ground plan of
this nrison has in part been adopted
In Ireland. England,' Franco and Belgium
i a convenient and economio model.
Th greatest criticism that is to be
found with the convict system practiced
at tha Eastern penitentiary is tha prac
tical solitary confinement of tho nrls
oners. An English writer, who a few
years ago studied tho prison system tn
this country, tn contrasting life at Cher
ry Hill with that of tho prisons of his
own country, and In fact In comparison
with similar institutions In this country.
said: "Here the miserable convict only
passes through an iron latticed door
on th inside of tho cell wall Into his
own yard, where Ilk a bear In a pit
he breathes th fresh air. Tho prisoner
In th Eastern penitentiary Is literally
as on burled alive, and. when released.
comes forth as one - dug out of tho
Tho Eastern penitentiary occupies 19
acres of ground and Is enclosed by a
wall 31 feet high. It was built In 1823
and Is one of th oldest prisons la the
country. A new prisoner arrivinr at
Cherry . Hill Is . first ushered - Into th
reception room, wher he Is prepared for
his unbroken cell life. He Is first shorn
of his hair, then given a shower bath,
next photographed, thereafter his meas
urements are taken according tq th
Berttllton system, snd finally, after riv
ing such part of his family history as
can bo extracted : from him, . and tho
rclatlv or friend who Is to bo notified
In case of his death, he Is pronounced
ready to be "burled alive."
- To th Eastern penitentiary there Is
a large center building, 40 feet in diam
eter. . From this 11 blocks radiate aa
spekes of a wheel from its hub. All ot
these corridors 11 open to the observa
tion of th keeper standing In th center.
A writer In discussing lit at .the. East-,
rn Bonltentlarr says: "When en passes
through a cell block in sing Bing, on
almost any othr prison In tho country,
during working hours, they ar as quiet
as may be any empty structure, for the
to en are busy In the neighboring work
shops. But standing tn ths central point
and looking down these long, dreary
passages of 'Cherry Hill,' th dull repose
is horrible because so unnatural.
Thar ar no cells at Cherry HflL as
ordinarily understood, but small rooms,
I bv II feet, and 11 feet in tho clear,
lighted by skylights In th day and by
an olectrlo bulb at night, of. which th
Inmate haa th us until I o'clock.
Thar Is a fin library at Cherry Hill,
which contains more than 10,000 vol
umes, and prisoners ar allowed to read
these books, as well as newapapera and
magazines, and during certain hours
they may Indulg In a smoke, th stat
allowing half a pound of tobacco a
mqntlt to each prisoner, and when they
have means they ar allowed to pur
chase a small quantity In addition. ' Th
amount of food is ample and is always
well prepared, so that prisoners never
suffer for want of nourishment
Charles Dickens, who visited America
first in 1141, in his comments on Phila
delphia in "American Notes," devotes
almost his entire space to the Eastern
penitentiary, and his impression of the
solitary confinement he observed there,
and its effect upon th prisoners.
"In it intention." bo says. "I am well
convinced that' it Is kind, humane and
suadod that those who devised this sys
tem or prison discipline, and those ben
volent gontlemen who carry it Into ex
eoutlon, do not know what It Is . that
they ar dolor. I believe that very few
men are capabl of estimating th Im
mens amount or torture and agony
which this dreadful punishment pro
longed for years, inflicts upon tho suf
ferers! and In guessing at it myself, and
in reason from. what I have seen writ
ten upon their faces, and what to my
certain knowledge they feel within.
am only th more convinced that there
is a depth of ' terrible endurance in It
which, none but th sufferers themselves
can zatnom, ana which no man has th
right to Inflict upon his fellow crea
ture." JIi., .
Tomorrow Sing Sing.
Tribute to Walt Mason.'
Washougal, Wash., Jun 6, To th
Editor of The JournalI am always
first to run and grab The Journal from
the pavement slab, and down I sit upon
th- floor and' acanMts pagea"eer and
o'er to find one littl corner where tha
Kansas poet doth repair. I grin and
chuckle, laugh and roar, , such fun I
never found before. tYom - baseball
game to deadly fly he never lets a
thing go by. but watches for tho latest
gasps' and hands out lemons as they
pass. Oh, poet dear, where did you get
that never failing fund of wit?
. MARIE B. DAVIS.
. Indicated His lholce. , . . -
-From the Washington Herald. '
John Sharp Williams tells the - fol
lowlnr; "One of th negroes on mv
place did m a valuable eervioe once.
and I wished to show my appreciation.
After paying Jilm, I asked: , -v.. .
,' 'Now, unci, whlch shall t glv you.
a ton of coal Or ' a big bottla - of
whiskey I i ...,: .,:. '
: " 'Massa, John h replied, 'yo shorely j
know Ak'oa'y bubxs wood,' . '
Finding Place for Aero In World'
From Popular Mechanics.
Th freak as of flying Is passing,
Reckless airmen will, continue to defy
death, for th plaudits of th crowd for
years; th peopl will flock to sucn ex
hibitions as long as they ar hld; but
th ttm ties pasted whan th aeroplane
created aw In the soul of th average
citlsen and th records that ar yet to
bo made that ar now In th making
ara those which have to do with tn
practical us of tha machine, its appli
cation to commerce or as an aia to sci
entific . progress. Th men who have
engaged In tho exploitation of aircraft
are redoubling their efforts to perfect a
machine which will be something more
than an adlunct to a circus or a county
fair. Ther ar realising th possibilities
tho now scienc opens to them as rap-
Idly as the progress of invention makes
nossibia. From now on. It is safe to
predict tha development of aeroplanes
will be along lines calculated to secure
them a permanent place in the work of
civilisation. At present th development
tends to the adaptation of th 'machine
to uses of war th most primitive of
tho civilised arts. ' - v "
A par for Typhoid. -.'
From an Exchange," ' , 7
Phystclons at tho Samaritan hospital
In Philadelphia, think tney nave oiscov
ored a euro for typhoid fever In tbe
form of an Injection which brings on
tha crisis In a few days. Though tney
have been experlmentlnr with It for two
years, they refuse to announce th for
mula till it has 'been tested, by other
medical authorities.. If it turns out as
they-hoDO. At will go far to reduce fh
death rat and oontriDute to in lengm
nlng of th average of . human life.
This Is a result which medlcln Is ef
f eetlnr Hn other ways, w tho chief
which Is publlo sanitation. - In 'France
there has been a notable increase in tne
population during the past year. It has
been brdught about not by an Increase
of births, but a decrease or deaths.
Auto In the United States.
Albany Dispatch In New Tork Herald.
Mort than 780,oo automoDiieo were
registered in the capitals of the various
states of th Union on May 1, according
to A list compiled her. Now York lead
in th number of registrations, with
BDDroximately 70.000. Pennsylvania and
California come next with. 40,000 each.
Other, states- having more than 10.000
cars- arej-'rjU; ",v;' :' - -'-v' vV''
Ohio. 32,400; nunois, 10,000; lows.
14,200 'Massachusetts, -33,000; Michi
gan. 18.059; New Jersey, 17,000; Mis
souri 1M00: Nebraska, 16,800; Indians,
15.040;. Wisconsin 14.000; Kansas;: 12.
300; Minnesota, 11,900 Connecticut 1L-
000. . - ' . jt
f German Postage Stamps la Rolls.
By Consul H. J. Dunlap. Cologne.
Tho Imperial German postoffic au
tnoritie have for several years been
experimenting with the idea of securing
postage sumps printed in rolls Instead
of ,ln sheets, so that they , may be sold
from "automats", as well a the usual
way. Rolls of stamps havo been sold,
but the strips havo been tprn apart and
pasted end to end by band. - Th extra
charge of 25 pfennigs for each roll, haa
new been discontinued.
A factory at Darmstadt has recently
perfected a machin which, prints the
stamps on roils, but as yet In one color
only. The denominations ar 3. 6. 10
and 20 pfennigs. It is expected that a
macnine xor printing in two colors will
eventually, b perfected.
The 3, ( and 10 pfennig stamna ara
pnnwa in mm or iouo each, the
prennig in roua of only 600. Higher
denominations are also nut un in rail
of i00, which have been prepared by
nana. :'', ? .?
These rolls were Placed on sale in all
the postofflces of the empire from May
; . Bacon's , Busy Day. .
Sir Francis Bacon km it riva , '
And said: "As sure As I'm allv
I'vo got to get a move on me
If ever famous I shall be." .
He nibbed his ouill and ttA him inir
And ruBbed his head and tried to think.
Ho wrote J. Caesar's Commentaries. '.'
To while away an hour hex wrote
The Pilgrim's progress, with a not
To the efect that Bunyan should
Bo called tho author, if he would.
Then, yawning, ere he should heiii
He, wrote a work on medicine
And Just to save a lot. of nnthnr
He named Hippocrates as author.
Then to. his breaAfafltbut between
Tho grapefruit and the ham 'twas seen
He scribbled still, by fits and jerks,
The most of old JoseDhus' vnrlt. . ..
Then, smoking with r his - lonr legs
. crossed, -. : ., ....
Wrote Psradise Regained,. nd Lost"
And Scottish Chiefs, while as a solo '
He sang the. Works of Marco Polo.
I'm'laEV." siarhed h. '"What's tha ..!'
And wrote the book of Mother .flnna.
Than iunnH i m im n k a m .
Tho diary of Samuel Pepys; .
R. Crusoe's thrilling tale was next "
To leave his pen with flowing text :
And then, to please his maiden annHa
H wrote the rampant rhymes of Dante.
The Works of Virgil then h penned. ' '
And Homer's verse, from start to aiwl-
Then Fox's Martyrs, and a bit f, .
Of quaint Aristophanlo wit ' - ; ; :. ;
And then all day he' worked like sin'
To put-the hidden cipher in. .. ',
That night with many a splashy shiver
He ssnk all this beneath a river.
Wilbur IX Neiblt in. Chicago Evening
Washington Dispatch to Chicago Trt
i- .' buns.' ,, , -'
Oklahoma proposes to be to th next
Democratic convention, what Kansas wa
to th rhltsdelphia. convention of loon
when It boomed . ae effectively, foi
Theodore . Roosevelt with . this differ
enca, that It Will , advocat , Woodron
Wilson for th presidential instead ot
tho vlo presidential nomination.
Demooratlo politics ar beginning t
reswnbir th conaret , on .Washington
street -that is to say. they ar ap
proachlng a slssllng condition., Ttw
Ohio congressional delegation reoentl
organised a movement In behalf oi
Judson Harmon, governor of tho Buck
y state. ' It was handicapped at th,
outset, howeveri. by th publlo knowl
edg that William Jennings Bryan will
throw 'his , strength against th: Ohi
candidate and It seems to be losing Jn-I
stead of making, ground. ' ''' ; I
Bo miccessf ui , has been ! Break a rf
Champ Clark In harmonlalnr Democrat
lo differences ln.th house of represent
tativea, so satlsTactorlly has ha eteare I
th '. Domooratlo ship of legialatlorl
through th shifting channel of publl I
opinion, that-a Urge port loh of th l
members of congress feel b would, b.l
an admirable leader of th party next!
year. H enjoys th cordial frtendshlj
of Bryan and -the support of WUliani
Randolph Hearst ' I
When congress adjourns It mar ba!
Mr. Clark will follow th example ofl
Woodrow Wilson, who returned ' ti
Trenton today from his tour of the!
country, and visit various cities,' nod
as an avowed presidential candidate!
but for th purpose of showlnr hlniseia
and speaking to Democratic throngs. I
Atr. wuson has never concealed ' biff
aspirations for th presidency and hlif
new jersey record, as well aa - thJ
speeches he has delivered on his west 4
ern trip, are righUy regarded aa plaolnRf
him In tho front rank so far aa th
Democratic presidential nomination it
concerned. . '
Th Nw Jersey delegation In con-l
gress, or rather its Democrat! mero-
bers, refrained from following the ex-l
ample of th Ohio congressional Demo-
crats and established headquarters ir
his behalf. They have nursued tha
better 1 tactics of letting. Mr. Wllson'a
boom expand without perooptlbl art I -I
flcial Impetus. . They hav preferre.1
that other sections of tho country first.
speak for Mr. Wilson's nomination and
they have real lied their desire. .
Today ther has been mad publlo
letter written by Senator Oor of Okla-I
noma, knewn to th country as the!
"blind senator." In which be says.-
"I hav canvassed th political sltuH
ation and outlook with some car anl
hav concluded to support Mr. Wilson!
ror the nomination. . . Beveral dlitln-
gutsoea ana aeservmr democrats arei
being strongly urged for tho presldem
ttal nomination. It must b owned thati
jh Democracy has a Wealth of mate-l
rial ror to presidency.
"It Is eaaler to nominate a Democrat
who deserves to win than to nominate!
on Who la able to win. W muat k4
a leader In whom these two qualities!
ar united. I believe Mr. Wilson anH
swers both requirements. (
"In saying this I disparage no onef
who Is. or may be, an aspirant If thJ
collective wisdom of Democracy shouM
select another leader I should follow!
him with unfaltering fidelity. To 11-1
lustrat my feelings, if tho brilliant!
speaker of the house should bo nomln
nated I should follow him with as much!
devotion as the French soldiery fol-l
lowed tho white plume of Navarre, i
'I believe every Democrat eould sun-l
port Mr. Wilson without. compromising!
nis conscience or his eonvlcttons. , Inl
respect of principle he 1 a Democrat!
or the anolent and accentnd order J
Democracy means the rule of the pe-
pi. He believe the governed should!
govern. He trusts th people; the peo-l
pi can trust nim,"
From tbe New Tork Post
London hotel keepers ara now awnkal
to the fact that a puff, if not Carefully!
waicueu, may assume tne aisagreeabit
aimensions or a tornado; even a news-l
paper puff. It Is only a matter of week J
since we were being . assured that id
would cost $100 an hour to live In Lon-
don during ths coronation, th lmpllca-1
tion oeing tnat tens of thousands ofl
Americans, who as a nation notorlouslyl
ilk- to overpay, would Immedlatel
swarnvacross the Atlantic and lnundatal
Pall Mall and th Strand. Th number J
less Americans who were hiring corona J
tion balconies at their weight In soldi
were daily cabled over, and duly sent al
thrill or pride tingling from Main t
Texas and from Oregon to Florida, a
along every creek and bayou in our In
comparable ' system of Internal water
ways. The very .same cables are no
groaning with the plaint that the thin
has been overdone, that London v Is
empty, that Bloomsbury boarding houses
are tn despair. Exactly the sam thin
happened in New Tork during tho Hud
son-Fulton celebration. The vision of
peopl sleeping on cots on Brooklyn
bridge was succeeded by the vision of
hotel keepers going to the workhouse.
The same thing will doubtless happen
on the next occasion of a great public
xesuvai. - .
jfrandels After Hltchock. ;
1 i From the'Oklahoman. , , Z1
That there will ,be a;thorough inves
tigation of the affairs of tho postoff lcel
department la assured by th fact, that!
Louis D. Brandels has been placed Inl
charge of the Investigative work. I
It Is not to be doubted that tbe ma-l
anine-puDiisners or tno country, whol
nave been subjected to somewhat ma
licious persecution by th postofflce
department, will lend (their moral suo-l
port to Mr. Brandels and if necossaryl
may do expected to contribute finan-l
daily.. - ...'' '-.v j. t, :
Th investigation will i be thorough I
ana me prospect- is that before it. s
completed Secretary, Hitchcock wlty havn
oecome a suppnant rather than a ClcA
(Cbntrlbnted to Tha lonnut - W.u Ua
u: . . .. . " . ' ' .
law iriucuv m anaaa Dft h t. tuni.mMnu am .
regular feature of tai wlumn la Iba Dailj
jvre yuu iuu i anei. my neixnoori
run of grief and woe? "Shed you rail
ment then, and labor,: and your carcJ
win "go is -your- nosom torn asunder!
that you thus repine? " Friends of mini
wno wora like thunder-havent time t.l
whin. Idlers stand about me weenlnel
men witn empty hands; and th happj
men ar reaping o'er the fertile lands
lire's a thing of cruel rigor for .thJ
snirtiess Knaves; kind for men win
work with vigor, not as galley slave!
Foolish your complaint? and waillw.'i
ioonsn are your tears, work at anvil
or at throttle, saw. your pile of wood!
wever bought you m a bottle remedJ
so goodl: r Work, j; on land or 'on th
ocean, go and .cut some grass' Navel
was there 'pin or potion that . was U
work's class! -Work's th solace for hJ
mortal by life's ills- distraught; it Will
make mm sing and chortle, it will hil
, K a .nn, . 13. rnA - a , . , . ..... I
myv J-m , j vw .uiicuiitiu, aOlalefl
oarq or tuier or ' tn soil, if you'rl
tired ot wora : wora narderi NothjnJ
neais im ton; i ,; . . . , ... .
Oonrrtirlit 1B10. br J A '- T'- .
Gaorgs ILstlbnw Adams. I