The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, December 20, 1910, Page 8, Image 8

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. .Publisher
i . (MefDt Sunday! and
-r ss.n.uV'Brnlii at II' Journal Bulla
: ... 'j-itib and i'aJUMH trft. Portlnnd. Or.
n tert t ths pntrtofflt at PorUoBd. Or-''i',2
ftuimilao tbroucn lue maim 11
i.rHOSK8 Main. T173; Home, A-flSl.
II rirartm!t reartw d by Hi", nnibarj,
i II Ue operator wbat department J-oo want.
:.'). nr.N advertising re. keskntativb.
:ii.n.1n Rent SconawMi
I inb Tenuc. Sew,, Tors;
t'.nilJiitjti- Chicago, "s. , ' i- ' - .-
Fchacrtntton Trni mall te T ad1ra
la tfle Onltd Statea, panada r Mexw: ,
w mr........$BOli ' One
. j : . - ,.', SnNDAT. .
One rear... .....!. I Or Btb.
nt year. - .$7.60 t Ooe month.
If you have great, talent, in
dustry will improve, them; If,
you have but jmodorate abilities,
''.Industry will supply their deficiency-.'.-"'
Nothing IS ' denied to
well directed; labor; nothing: is to
be obtained 'without lt.r-Joshua
Beynolds. ,.' ' ,V '
'. -.'.''.' ';V f " '" ; " " , "'?'
HE NEW Hawthorn bridge was
opened, to traffic yesterday, v It
I " adds Immensely to the convcn-
- ' Jenceof residents In the south
eastern portion of the 'city. .... It does
much to relieve the congestion on the
ether bridges. '" '
Even with the newly opened
bridge, "Portland now has the same
number of bridges that it had 16. or
18 years ago. ; In the period its pop
ulation has trebled if not quadrupled,
and most of the new people reside
on the east side "and have, to Cross
t he bridges.' la point of conven
ience to traffic we are now far be
hind the point where we stood nearly
two decades ago. - .
Quick and convenient transit Is
one of the first factors in city growth.
The rapidity with which the suburb
pnite can. reach the. heart of the city
is the test of how far out the sub
urbs will extend and" of how great will
be the" business In the central dis
trict. ' .,.'-',
I is Impossible to misunderstand
t he maxims of rapid , transit. . It is
unthinkable that In this modern age,
observing men can fall to grasp the
true Idea of . what traffic . conven
.ierces mean:".;-."; - .-' --; '..- !
The bridges we now have will be
out of harmony with the Portland of
the near future.!. They are already
Inadequate for the strain they are re
quired to carry. They are of the vil
lage type, and' Portland Is no longer
a villager. Portland is a metropolis
and must havebridges of the metro
politan standard. ' . '
The, Hawthorne bridge 'Is a tem
porary relief, . It is deliverance for
i hip part of the city, but for Only one
part It la a new stimulus to busi
ness In - the districts ' served, and
to the heart of the city'. But, there
nre other districts sill unserved and
of her peoples still unaccommodated.
Th e way 4d , harmonize1, strengthen
and unite all the city is to give ce-'
krlty and convenience to all Its ave
nues of transit. There la no other
way.' . . ..
KKI) citoss - SEALS
jT 13 KEPORTED that the sales of
J Red Cross'- 8eals are not yet
nearly sufficient to yield the de
sired and expected , amount pf
$10,000, nor as many' as was to be
expected. The people of this vastly
rich and prosperous city, and state
rv.ifjht to jo ashamed of this at
b ast such of them as have.done noth
ing yet to help along this good cause;
and there should be greatly increased
and far more liberal buying of the
little emblems of the;, war against
tuberculosis during the remainder of
the week." - The amount set. as the
goal Is certainly small-' enough,' and
to fall short of It, after nearly a
month's, effort would be no credit to
this-city or states 'ATany have .not
bought , seals, ( or have bought ,but
few, probably,:, because of forgetful
ness, lack of Interest;' and mind in
tent on other things; but such people
shonld- now -awaked,' to the, Import
ance of this matter, and to the worth
iness and helpfulness i of the work
proposed, td b done; land make up
for. past. remissness. ,: Among all the
Christmas gift buying yet' to be done
this week, let the tueded gift to the
ViMtiftg. .Nurses' association be surely
.made, and so help to cere or relieve
home unfortunate- victim of tubercti-i
losis during the coming year, .To do'
this ought to be tonsldered both a
duty and a pleasure. ,'. - 1 :
,cooi fro ads nv iHGirr
7 , METHOD - . ,
" READER WHO1 signs n,lm'sel5
l "Country ,Rtjbe" snspects that
proposed .good. , roads win be
mostly "graft; Jl'e , thinks
h at "money enongb ' has been expand-,
cd to have all-,thc good: roads In
Oregon the .'people' could wish for '
With these opinions The Journal can
not agree. .. Unqueklcnably .much
luoney and effort have'bwn largely
wisted, partly from mismanagement
and Inexperience, as ,"Rube" sug-r"-sta,
and thre may ( have been
i-.iae grafting; but. tlilt, (a no reason
v.ny the people, hould not learn
: lu i w imi go lor-
vaid ikjw . and' build really cond
The' fuoney expended la the
liiisi nilKht doubtless have been used
f ) '.s io prouuee nctter resuHs. but
xl c rtainly would, not have built but
ii s tt ..H, rra'clion of the good roads
that Orcfron -''could wish for." Much
' ,:.rv; c..; no txpeuuod be-f-irr
tbe food rn;ids that tho state
t in h,u- will be.bullt. . . ,
l'-:t "Ruin is right -when - beMil
''. the r.ey, for. good roads
' he txpeuCed under Mitafti stent
and - .tnistwprthy ' supervision, ' and
that all graft anJ favoritism to indi
riduals should ; be eliminated. . If
state aid is granted, the work, should
be dono under the supervision of an
expert state engineer or road super
intendent , fThe people 'are willing
and even.',' anxious to spend: , much
money, for "good roads, but they, want
to know and ought to be assured in
advance, 'as ' far as Is' possible; that
trte; worK wuj De aone nonesuy, jnor
oiighly, and without the diversion of
a dollar to any form of graft. As
our correspondent says, "to get fnod--era
roads there must be modern men,
modem ' machinery,., and -modern
management" '. ' .
' ' ' - 'l r ' y ' ' ' '
the : gas expiiosion ix nf.v
' . 1 . yokk; '! - ,
... . 4i 1
THERE ls' some -satlsfactlott' in
; noting the -t altered ; aspect' of
the terrific' explosion ; In. the
"New York Central Staticri i jen
by the' later news. ,Th6i idea that a
car,.' of . even any large 'quantity', of
dynamite- bad been suffered to Btrfnd
lB the crowded city terminus wa? al
most Inconceivable.' The accidental
breaking of a gas, main "Is just as
terrible, In Its, results as-the dyna
miter . explosion would have .been.
But the element of human, thought
lessness,; 'and contempt -of ordinary
precautions for safe guarding human
life is eliminated : from the awful
story. -The horrors remain-.
.: For many centtiries . the, prayer
has gone up "from ; sudden death,
Good Lord , deliver us." ., Bat the
laws of nature prove inexorable, and
so lar as man can see, move onwards
to : the Inevitable" catastrophe. 1 In
this case tin electric motor, 'escapes
control, - the, train, of . cars trashes
into the concrete V rfllar i against
which lumber" hnsi been piled. ' The
lumber breaks the gas mala that It
touches. The'-gas fills the house.
A. workman drops his , steel tool
across. the charged third rail. 'The
chain of circumstances is completed.
Death and destruction run wild.
Inquiry '. will . . doubtless show If
Borne one has, .blundered' In making
possible the conditions of this catas
trophe. .This to prevent Or minimize!
the chance of Jts recurrence. What
then ? Just' pity for the victims, sym
pathy with ' the families of! he dead
and wounded, 'felt for an hour, and
then the, wheels of civilized-Hfo in
volve once more. 4 1 , - ' ,'
-1 AN ADA ; HAS a new anti-trnst
law that -might be a valuable
j. suggestion to out, federal trust
- fighters.'. six citizens
may go into any, court and. complain
that a trnstls oppressing. or over
charging donsumers.' If they make a
rensonabU showljV 1 ln'support of
Ih la charge, the-ccurt ordars tho Do
minion Department of Labof tq make
ant Investigation. For. this purpose
a commission of three men is ap
pointed, one' being selected by ,'the
complainants,; - secorid.'by 'the al
leged . trust,; andfthe ' tSird . by the
government, ",Thte, 'commission has
ample authority. .- It Is hampered in
ascertaining facts by no legal tech
nicalities It ran 'summon anybody
It chooses, and! compel the giving "of
testimony, including the .Infliction of
punishment' , for. perjury or' recalci
trancy. If It - finds- that, there is a
trust, and that it has' raised prices
unlawfully or, unreasonably Jt can
suspend any tariff, duties- by , which
tbo trust la. protected. ; at may als
suspend any patent rights that enable
the trust to' increase prices or main
tain a' monopoly." v And Its decisions
''go." and stay, ," ,
,:Jnst' now, pursuing tWs method,
a shoe machinery trust. Is - b6ing
probed,' - It Is. saij to" come nearer
than any i .other .'combination ever
formed to maintaining a world-wide
monopoly, doing t this principally by
buying i,up , patents and. suppressing
Invention. " -
, JJut the minister ot.lalior, tinder
thla law. expects tofdrlve this baleful
trusjt out, of Canada, andVopen that
country to comotltlotl-.Such, meth
ods: would no' doubt be "unconstitu
tional" in this country;-most simple,
direct and effective methods-of right
ing wrongs are." ','.' ,
ORTIA5fT WnX have a warm
welcome' for the delegates to
the National Wool growers' as
sociation. They hold their an
nual gathering" la this' city 'January
4, 6, e an"d 7." They vlll come from
every, part, of, ,the country and - will
include many .men v of conspicuous
abl'ity and reputation. f -, .
There 1b fitness iri-tho holdina: of
such a .gathering1 4n Oregon. This
state It a-factor In. the wool. product
tion.oi- the country. In producing
the .long wools It-, is without a. rival
Innhe-nnion'.' In this branch" of the
industry; 'Its'1 '"strongest ' competitors
fare otrside thxs United States, Canada
and, England alone having claims to
an Proximate merit' .
,Th e state's Hstlnction-ln the field
of .long wools began as long ago "as
the Philadelphia centennial In 1876.
The product from " an " Oregon herd
displayed there won the highest en
comiums from- English experts who
theaand there predicted a great fu
jure rortne industry, it is a pre
diction that has been borne out. by
the distinct Ion the state has since, won
In. the field. It Is A distinction so
conspicuous, that Oregon-bred Cots-
woia ana wacom maies . are . Deing
shipped by thousands to become the
heads of flocks as far east as Wyom
ing and from Montana to Texas.
-AJ1 Ot! "IS- ? rJ? ot h PLicat ures6l
the industry in which Oregon is a
leader. .. Than western Oregon, no
district produces a larger mutton
carcass, a fact that ' counts heavily.
During the coming meeting of .the
national association, there will be
Oregon animals on exhibit that will
command the admiration and ap -
plause of all the assembled growers.
; The holding of .the great gather -
ing in Portland will be of double
utility. It will acquaint the visitors
with Oregon's past achievements and
future possibilities In wool growing,
and the deliberations of the assem
bly, and the enthusiasm of the dele
gates will give stimulus to the- in
dustry in this state. It will set up
new ideals for ' local growers and
awaken In them new purpose and f
piang in ine ousiuess
Almost every farmer In Oregon is
alreaay a wool grower. . Sheep are
very profitable, 'and they fit In on
tile farms as a part of a well diversified-
and well balanced husbandry.
They are .turned In on the growing
winter, wheat, where they are an aid
to tW plant growth and are given
maintenance by it, ;; v
, In this' brief survey of the Oregon
wool 1 Industry, there is ample evlt
dence -of the importance of giving
accentuation to the coming meeting
in Portland ,Qf the National Wool
Growers' association. , ' ,
T WILL BE Interesting to observe
whether or not the county court
Issues a liquor license to the no-
torions Oif f Inn. V It win 5 be
IT WILL BE interesting to ODserve
whether or not the county court
. iinnft.'niit
Issues a Uqnor license t0 the no-
equally interesting to note what atti
tude the Homo Rule association will
assume it. the controversy. ' :!: ;
' Cliff Inn Is inLlhnton precinct
There are now nine saloons in Llnn-
ton precinct, 'and -batJ000;popula..h-S
tlon. , A remonstrance signed by more
than 100 residents of Linnton has
been, presented to the court, oppos-r
Ing a license for Cliff Inn. ; On the
petition for the license, there are but
1 2 registered voters. ,
" If. the license be granted, ; there
will be .a Baloon in Linnton for every
111 , inhabitants. Does the county
court think the ratio a proper one,
and if so, does it think the same
ratio of saloons to populatlonsh,ould
prevail all over the state? '
.The incident should be of interest
to the Home Rule people. They are
on record in the late campaign for the
Home Rule bill with a promise of a
saloon to every 1000 of population.
They are on record also for modern-:.
Ized regulation of the liquor traffic
Their promises in these two . respects
carried the day for their measure. "'
. They-are on trial on those prom
ises. ' The people who- trusted those
promises and, voted accordingly are
now waiting for performance. The
Cliff Inn license Is in direct line with
the responsibilities tbey assumed
when they 'went before the people
and made pledges of reform. ' What
are they going to do about it? , ' . :
. It Is the'Cliff Inns and the demand
for so many saloons and so many un
controlled saloons that have swelled
the sentiment for prohibition. V It is
the abases. and evils of the traffic as
added to and multiplied by irrespon
sible dealers that have been the am
munition, and sinews of war for the
anti-saloon agitation.
There will be elections and legis
latures, In the future. Broken prom
iseswill not strengthen the Home
Rule people before the voters of thfl
state. 'What are they doing' about
the Cliff Inn license?
"The United s States' fought
ope war, 'anaVisked two, that
free to . American commerce. Then
the Mobile and Ohio railroad and the
Southern railway sefzeC the port of
Mobile, and they still hold It.".
It seems that It Is only recently
that the people of Mobile realized
that they did , not possess, as they
had imagined they did, the only sea
port, of Alabama, , bu t th at i t was the
railroads that really owned the port;
they, had .captured all the docks and
wharves but one; and even this one
was controlled by, the railroads. .They
had ' shut, off -competition as com
pletely as Farraguts fleet shut' out
Confederate -contraband stuff. ; 'i
Bdt the cUy still owned 16u0 feet
of water 'frontage, on which It built
public 5 docks to which all vessels
were admitted on equal terms and
at reasonable rates. Then the rail
roads', refused -to deliver freight at
these public f docks, and 1 the city
seemed to be beaten. But led by the
Mobile Registerj, the city- govern
ment, the board or trade, and other
organizations and business Interests
bogan . a vigorous, persistent fight
for commercial, freedom and. justice,
for emancipation from the tyrannical
thralldom of the railroads, and have
won : some points, but" the railroads
are Et ill making desperate and thns
far largely successful efforts to con
trol the 'buslness of .the waterfront
bf that Important port :' 1 K
. Tbla fight of Mobile for Its com
mercial life; says Hampton's Maga
zine, is, the inevitable result of the
poHcyXlohg pursued by our railways',
of suppressing', water transportation
'both hy ocean and by our great
rivers. ,'; Commissioner, Herbert Knox
Smith, in a recent report to Presi
dent Taft, declared that the destruc
tion of the former tremendous traf
fic on'our rlvera was chiefly- due to
the fact that the railroads had seized
the water frontages available. for ter
minals, ' and ' made Impossible ' terms
and conditions for boats to do busi
ness. , V ; - '.,' . I ,
Portland has taken the Initial
steps toward providing ' competing
public, dockSi and it Is to be expected
that tbe railroads, pow controlling
niofct of the - water frontage, will
.against them. For thrl the people
must be prepared, but the Issue Is
exceedingly .ImpprtatttAmJ vital, end
having begun the battle for commer
cial emancipation from ' 'railroad
bondage, the people-of Portland must
not turn back, or falter, bat must
j press forward until victory is sure,
! The movement for public docks was
! begun over-late, but better now than
(later, the benefits of actually com-
petlng public docks ; will
greatly from year to year.
Walter Wellman and his compah
ions did not get very far in their at
tempted balloon voyage across the
Atlantic,, but they had enough of an
experience to enable Wellman to sell
a story of It to a magazine, which
! perhaps was the principal object of
the voyage. And. he did not miss the
Opportunity to make the most of the
: Let "Rube" not be too discouraged
or Buspiclousl Oregon Is going to
have very different roads from .the
one he cites as a shameful example',
and, they , will be built in a different
Lctten Fronj tlic PeopI:
Wants a Fender That Will Fend.
Portland, Or Dec. 19. To the Editor
of The Journal On account Of tn Increasing-
number of streetcar accident
In &llfarts of the country, the question
or a life saving fender is again being
stated with a vigor, that will certaln-
lx bring results in the near futura. Th
new Soclanst roayor or Mnwaukw M78
tnat when another fender is adopted In
that city .it will be .a fender that will
fend,, and ' the new city council of
Boston recently went on record aa de
clining the adoption of any fender that
was not of uch yielding construction aa
to protect the person struck from the
spirit of protection, and the determlna
tlon to have none - but the best has
seized hold of the better class of street
railway companies as well. . Speaking
on fenders at a recent meeting of the
common council in this city Councilman
Cellars in making a plea in his "Usual
forcible style for better protection said
in part: "Gentlemen, If you want a ten
der , that will save human life, you all
know where to get it I will say un
qualifiedly that if myself or any mem
ber of my family had to be struck by
a streetcar, I would Want it equipped
with the Keiur life-net fender and any
member of the council will say the same
thing. These , people offer to-demonstrate
their fender with living models
at 20 miles per hour. ' What would Mr.
Nelson!s answer, be if he, were asked - If
he would stand In front of hia fender
at half that rate of 'speed?,' I will say
for. him that his answer would be em
phatically No." And although the Min
neapolis man and his attorneys were
present the. statements of Councilman
Cellars were allowed to go unanswered.
Thomas H. Ruddy of the people's fender
Committee nf Ihla rltv in alan mslrlnv
determined campaign in the Interest of
the public for the best fender obtainable.
Mr; Kuddy is an old Streetcar man of
many years' experience in the. east and
declares that nothing short of the best
will be acceptable to his constituents.
Commenting on .the ringing words of
Councilman Cellars Mr. Ruddy asks,
why , was an eastern . device adopted
which dare not-compete In a conclusive
test whei) a fender tf such undisputed
merit is right at hand? Can any man
"come back" who has betrayed Oregon
enterprise; insulted Oregon genius and
shown himself wanting In the true Port
land spirit by voting for an Inferior
eastern, device that dares not risk a pub
lic demonstration of Its killing qualities
In a conclusive test. wttlu real live peo
ple? ' , T. IL RUDDY.
TulxTculosis In Cattle.
Butler, Wash,, Dec. 14. To the Editor
of The Journal. Will you .kindly pub
lish the symptoms of-tuberculosis In
cattle? So much tias been? said about
this disease. In the. newspapers; if . the
symptoms are given we farmers may
know If our herds are Infected.
-1 External symptomsvof bovine tuber
culosis are usually discernible only in
advanced cases. In such' cases the eye
becomes glazed and staring. The chest
and "hind quarters are sunken;: the en
tire body may become emaciated. -, The
temperature will be above normal and a
pressure of the' hand along the spinal
column will cause yielding and ttvo ani
mal will frequently .give evidence of
pain. In cases ef pulmonary tubercu
losis, consumption of the lungs, the ani
mal may develop a cough." Germs of
the disease are rarely passed from the.
mouth but are swallowed, ; passing
through the- digestive tract and becom
ing evident in - the. excreta. In caac
of , glandular, tuberculosis' lesions may
exist in the digestive organs and In the
liver, and sometimes In the' udder. ' In
the latter case transmission of tubercle
bacilli from tho udder to the milk Is
extremely probable. 1 For lncipent or ad
vanced .cases the tuberculin test baa
been found tho only, really conclusive
method of . determining whether the ani
mal is affected. , . . ' , ', : .
,- . '.Pertinent Questions. '
'Portland, "Dec. .19. To thev Editor of
The Journal The question of pure food
and plenty of it. Is of great importance,
and The Journal deserves credit for the
attention it has given It, especially in
the matter of pure mirk. No man
ought to be allowed to sell "diseased
milk" (if there could be such a thing)
In this city.' I mean, he ought not to
be allovid to ell milk from diseased
cows, nor should he be allowed to sell
dirty milk, nor watered milk, nor
skimmed milk except be sells it as such,
nor doctored buttermilk. I think all
will agree td that." Tvthlnk, too, that
ail will agree that dallies should be In
spected, and . that the inspector should
see that herds are in good health, and
that cleanliness Is observed In the
handling of milk, and adulter
ant or preservative Is put ito It.
' On refusal to comply with these nec
essary conditions sale of mlli should
be prohibited in the city. But' on the
Other hand, hundreds of cows should not
be condemned and destroyed, on such
Judgment, and. on roere,,"possibUitles''
and '"probabilities." There ought to be
a careful gathering of facts, befora so
much blood la spilled, and before so
much property is. destroyed. Further
more,' the outside public is deeply in
terested in the discussion of this ques
tion from several points of view. It Is
a matter of health In the first place.
Then It la a question 'of high ' prices,
for butter and cheese, for If the dairy,
business is cut down, higher prices are
inevitable. Then, again, the public is
asked to pay for the condemned cows,
and nobody knows how .-high, this ex
pense may reach. ' . , . x :
If I have rad the reports correctly,
some 800 or 900 cows have already been
condemned ih the Vicinity of Portland,
and slaughtered, and the public Is asked
to pay the dairymen for them, and for
all that may be condemned in like man
ner, In future. I understand an appro
priation of $50,000 will be asked of the
'CofflmrS7atn"iT-thf ""conn'ocflori;
and this is supposed to bj but an enter
ing -wedse. It is wonderful' how fast
Such things grow.- In your Issue of yes
torduy, you say, ' editorially, "Back of it
all there Is the cold commercial con
sideration." I' am afraid so, and if your
jiKRfrtUm (s corroot. and I have no rea-
Is this sunshine a White Christmas
breeder? . . . t
,-..;: .
Uncle Joe Is constitutionally opposed
to Woudrow vilson -of course.
, ., ,
' Better buy them late than never,
would be the merchants' advice.
If any adult can "become as a little
child" he can be happy these days,
, . " '
Wise women have shopped; the next
wiser ones will shop In the forenoon. .
: ...
Apparently'many did- not follow the
advice to -do their Christmas shopping
early. ' . . -.
. " .. i ? : v ,-.
Nobody la inclined to dispute Mr. J.
J. Hill when he says Oregon has a great
future. . v .
. , '-. " '- '.. ', ,'- ,;"
It 'Is astonishing' how many business
people will cash worthless checks for
"What makes a girl attractlveT asks
an eastern paper. It would take a vol
ume to answer. ...:. : , '
'The center of population remains, In
Indiana. But the center of fine climate
remains In Oregon. .
The shivering people of eastern cities
ought to know that there has been no
frost in Portland yet. t
.:'.' i.
.' Needless hurry causes the death of
many people, and shortens the lives of
a far greater number.
Ripe raspberries in late December all
over western Oregon; what do you east,
era people think of that?
The turkey question -again, becomes
prominent, but not quite so much so as
Just before Thanksgiving.
... , i - ,,
All the candidates for speaker of 'the
Oregon assembly are "much encouraged
over their prospects," of course.
r : -t -
Make a Christmas present to yourself
In the feelihg that you have made some
poor or discouraged person happy.
. John D. Rockefeller's Income Is $19. i!
a minute. Won't somebody pass the
hat so as to make It an even $20? i
The decreased t-ost of living In the
matter of me&ts, d'.dn't last long. The
trust needs a lot of Chrtstmaa money.-
: Bale of Red .'Cross ,aeal8 should be
very brisk and numerous this week,
making up the full sum desired, , or
niore. ,...".,.,,,.
"::.'v r'f''yyi v':' fr-'by' !K':)''?
! The Mexican ; Insurrectionists ' we
cither doing some successful fighting, or
a good deal of lying. But Dial baa not
abdicated yet
Lillian Whiting says people will eat
and drink in the next world the Bame as
here. But will the cost of living be aa
much, or more? - , s
... , :-. ' ' - , - --' :, l
Steer weighing 1830 pounds sold for
$183. - But sold as steaks and other
forma of meat In restaurants, he 'will
bring about $1830. ; ":, )
Anent Astoria's centennial celebration
next year, a citizen of that town re
marks that any city -ought to wake up
once ln(100 years. y v.. '".i
,n exchange asks: Ts there such a
thing as perfection hi this world?" , Any
young man in lore, can assure him that
there Is, and show the girl to prove it
- - x- '.r- :'''.'"
1- "Who "la that woman who ; looks so
exceptionally contented" and happy?"
"O, she is one who had her Christmas
shopping all done last week and has
nothing to worry about."
The early settlers of America being
made up, In a. great measure, of Puri
tans, Quaker and other religionists,
who had come to this country to escape
persecution at. home, brought with them
strict ideas of morality of every char
acter; It was but ' natural then that
they should look at anything of a very
worldly character with suspicion.1 Con
sequently sculpture was held by the
first Americans as an Invention of , the
deviL .The Puritans of New England
were brothers to the men who decapi
tated the cathedral statuary, asserting
i it to be shameful and lmmoral.
' The Quakers of Pennsylvania likewise
looked askance upon sculpture and
found little ' in It but , suggestlveness.
The early mitcn settlers nao come nere
not to dabble In tbo arts, but to lay
tho foundations for commercial institu
tions. " It Is Interesting to note, therefore,
that It was a woman who first gave
sculptural - expression t to ? the Ameri
can, people Patience Level!, who was
born at Bordentown N. J., on Decem
ber 20,. 1725. Although there was not a
statue in that part of the country, she
began to mold miniature heads In wax.
At 23 years of age sho married Joseph
Wright Later she removed to London,
vti.n ti believed there were wider
J opportunities for her talent. . In J785
Wright, studied with Benjamin West
and returned to the unitea Btates as an
American painter.
. Virginia was the earliest patron . of
sculpture In America, granting to Hoa
don, a French sculptor. In 1781 and 1785,
the. commission to ' excute ... a marble
statue Of George Washington and .of
Lafayette. : Houdon sailed with Frank
lin on July 2, 1785, and made the first
contribution to the sculpture of the new
world. " ' '
The ' second sculptor who visited
America was Guiscppe Cerraechl, an
Italian, who had worked with Canova
upon sculptures for the Pantheon. He
came to America in 1791 with the plan
to present to congress a monument to
American liberty a colossal group, 100
feet higlvln whlbh the Goddess of Lib
erty Is represenled descending in a car
drawn by four hofseS, 'darting through
a volume of. elouds which conceals' tha
summit' of a rainbow.; Washington
beaded the list to obtain the work, but
son to' doubt1 it, that commercialism
ought to be unearthed and brought to
the light of day. , .'.:.'':-'- " - .':-'
';The questions that - naturally ' arise
here are, whether, as a matter of fact,
so many cows really ; nad tuberculosis.
Was the milk so dirty and poisonous as
represented? If so many cows were
sick, how did It come that' they were
so? Was t a decree of Providence, or
the carelessness and ignorance of the
dairymen? If it. was the fault of the
dairymen ought the public to pay them
for their sick cows? If the cows were
not , really sick, but stupidly and ig
norantly adjudged so to be, then some
body else is , to blame and ' ought to
bear' ,the burden of the loss. This
whols'ihatter needs clearing up.
- As to Vaccination.
Salem, Dec, 17 To the Editor of The
Journal In, your ' paper of the "16th,
commenting on the SilVerton smallpox
cases,' where four unvaccinated persons
died ' and one vaccinated person re
covered, you say the "irresistible con
clusion" is that the vaccine was potent
to preserve, though administered more
tbaa,baHL,,ceptury ago... -.'.
Do you not draw, a conclusion from
too small a premise?: , ;'
I was related to a, family in which
were .five grown up children, four of
whom had been successfully vaccinated,
one was not. .Three of the four died
with smallpox, the other two recovered.
What did that prove as. to vaccir,Uon7
I Deccmler 20 in Histoiy First American Sculpture
Bandon and North "Bend have each'
exactly the same number of school chil
dren 64!).
- '.' -, .
Vrom 500 trees of Spizenberprs and
Ben Davis applns a Medford man mar
keted four carloads of fruit for $5000..
Assessed valuation of Enterprise is
$156,225 more than last year; of Wal
lowa $57,873 more, of Joseph $31,625
more, j . - . -
A panther killed on Deer creek near
Imnnha, measured 11 feet from tip to
tip, and had killed seven sheep the same
night it was shot. ,
Bprlngfleld man has made a Wonder
fully perfect table of wood that he was
three years in collecting and preparing;
has refused $100. for it 'v
.-. ,-. .-, ... ; ;,:
Man near Lebanon a few days ago, at
a depth of 252 feet, struck a flow of
soda water which Is about the same
strength as that at Sodaville and Water
loo. i
Man near Lebanon, sold from Hi acres
of melons in 1909, $290; in 1907. from
1H acres of ' melons, $478. Sold in
1908, from I 4-6 acres' of strawberries
$490.76; also grew 2100 bushels of po
tatoes on six acres, and another year
$1765 .worth on eight acres. , '
All that Eugene schools now need to
pat them ahead of any other in the
state, is the addition of manual train
ing as a part of the curriculum, says
tha Register. Less athletics and more
manual training would be the wisest
and best course for the schools to pur
sue andt that could be inaugurated with
the coming school year.
Union county's gain In population is
only 121, which on the,, face of it does
not , look like there is much doing in
this part of the country; but when it Is
rememhered that the Panhandle .coun
try, with 800 votes and probably 4000
people,-was cut from Union county in
1903, and-that tue county has gained
that 4000 votes and 121 besides, the case
does not look so bad, says the Repub
lican. .
' One of the most notable events In the
history of the Coqullle river during re
cent years occurred the past week, says
the Sentinel. The three masted steam
er Areata came into the rrver; loaded
7000 tons of coal at the Rlverton coal
bunkers, and passed out over the bar,
making the entire trip under her own
Bteam. The Areata drew about $1 feet
of water and the fact that her length
of 180 feet permitted her to turti in the
channel is proof that the Coquille is at
the present tiirfe a navigable stream.
-There Is plenty of money In tha busi
ness of spraying trees and lots of it to
do, says the Eugene Register. With
a small capital a man can get the neces
sary outfit for spraying trees and the
fruit inspector says he can get several
outfits all the work they can do right
here in Eugene. - There Is no need for
men to lie around Idle who are able and
willing to work, for here la an employ
ment, that Is honorable . and at which
they can make good money If they are
industrious while the weather is suit
able. , .. .... '.
., V-.'-V ' '' ;'. ,:! .-,
: An oil expert from California who has
been visiting Eagle Point, In the Rogue
River Valley,' has made an examination
and reports that he f lnda every indica
tion of oil in this country, reports the
Grants Pass Courier. The shale and
clay taken from a well out on the edge
of the desert was found by the expert
to contain a strong indication of both
gas and oil, which, he believed, existed
In large quantities and at. a reasonable
depth. "It is !sy to believe, that not
only oil and gas will be developed in
the Rogue River valley, but also coal
in Inexhaustible quantities. -
the sculptor was unsuccessful and re
turned to France. l
Native art owea much : to William
Rush, who was born In - Philadelphia,
and was "the founder of tha Academy of
the Fine Arts. The first American de
liberately choosing sculpture aa a pro
fession and going abroad for serious
study, was Horatio Oreenough, who was
born tn Boston. In 1805.- J. Fenimore
Cooper; the novelist, was one of his
patrons, and he used his influence to
have him recognized as the American
people's "first great native sculptor."
Through his efforts congress commis
sioned Greenough to Immortalise, Wash
ington, as the -''Father of His Country"
The story of Greeriough's "Washington''
Is a tragedy. He conceived him as a
colossal, God-like , figure, with . lower
limbs covered with a loose drapery, and
seated in a majestic chair. Tbs status
met with .ridicule and taunts. After, be
ing subjected to much ignominy the
figure was placed outside the capitoi
where it' still stands.
The sculptor was very much affected
by the storm of ridicule. The tragedy
of the' first American sculptor closed on
December IS, 18624 The depth of this
man's soul Is shown by some of his last
words which he wrote In the closing
days of his 47 years-of life; "I would
not pass away and hot leave a sign that
I, for one, born by the grace of God, in
this-land, found, life a cheerful thing,
and not that sad and dreadful task with
whose prospect they scared my youth."
It was but the first of the hundreds of
tragedies that have been suffered in the
building of a national art on th west
ern .continent. --. i :-! v-,-, ..
. December 10 , England declared : War
against Holland In 1780; Washington,
D. C, was founded in 1790, and South
Carolina seceded - from the Union ' In
1860. Today is the birthday of Nero, 37
A. D.j Arthur Lee, one of the -three
diplomats who were sent as commis
sioners to France (1740); ; James Me
Ilenry, author nd; physician (1?86);
John Wilson Croker, miscellaneous
writer t(1780; Samuel J. Kirkwood, sec
retary " of - tha Interior under Garfield
(1813), and Cyrus Townsend Brady, au
thor (1861), It is the date of the death
of Louis the Dauphin," father of Louis
XVI' (1266), and Thomas Hill, patron
of literary men and prototype of '"Paul
Pry" (1840). .
Like the Sttverton case, it proved -noth.
ing. . - '--;:-'.,;.- ,v-:,Ov-v'- ,
; I was twice quarantined with small
pox patients . because 1 refused 1 vac
cination. In one case I had the sole
care of tha patient a week. In the
other . case 1 1 had the care of tho' pa
tient two weeks and slept In the room
with him. . One patient had been vac
cinated, one had not Both recovered.
I did not take tha disease, instead of
vaccination. I nt a. llttlo ,,ir,., . -,i
hoream of tartar, which, to say 1 the
leasx, is not aangerous, , ,
In that community, at that time,
one man died with smallpox, and two
children died by vaccination. : The first
was duly announced, with scare heads.
The cause of the death of the' children
was lost in medical terms, , t
Wise men say the vaccine (or cowpox)
germ Is more like syphilis than small
pox, which suggests that . its origin
may have been from the hands of
milkers to the cows' udder where it was
first discovered. " Just how such a dis
ease can prevent smallpox Is one of
tho mysteries which, perhaps, can be
better understood by the fact that the
whola cowpox fraternity, , from the vac-
nlnA farm th. thA Arfinr 1 am, v.n ! t
- , " ' ,.0.,,
big and"ay -mooey-Any way-oetirury
of its use has not converted the mass
of thinking people to a belief In Us
utility,' , . : .;"', .. -v'..,, : ,
.-.:'- . L, D, RATLIFF,
' i. - J m .
That anti-Boirrne fiind of $100,000 did
not materialize according, to its promo' expectation
By Miles OverWt
My brother Ed is dtaf and dumb, as
1 have often said; besides, his thinker
i stammers and he has a wooden head.
Not long ago he went to church, al
j though he couldn't hear, and when the
preacher gestured much, why, Ed began
to cneer. That is, he cheered with his
two hands, and -when the preacher
prayed, why.: Edward clapped his hands
with glee; the listeners, dismayed, arose
jand landed on his beak and threw him
iu me ran, una ( women eacn lost 47
rats. It was a little "holy-cost,- and
Edward rose and fled, for they, had
jarred a cog-wheel loose from my poor
brother's head.
Nowwhen they Jarred that cog-wheel
loose, it started Edward's clock;, that's
why he started homeward bound,, which
gave him quite a shock. ;And when he
reached his domicile he thought of work
to do that he had been neglecting since
his thinker broke In two. And so he
went about his task till darkness fall
apace. . for Edward was industrious,
whatever be the case.
-; Then suddenly a step is heard, but
Edward heard it not; why, Ed could not
have beard a noise If It had been' a shot
And soon a band of bandits step within
10 feet of Ed, for they are pretty certain-that
he has a wooden head. They
pull their mns and knives and things
oh, they are on the Joband otherwise
prepare themselves to kill and maim and
rob.-.' ''r';-v;..-' y " : ;,. : '
.All unsuspecting .Edward stands and
scrubs the kitchen floor. Ah, seel He
picks his mop-rag up and starts toward
the door. He sees the robbers! r Does he
flinch? Well, not enough to hurt; he
merely turns toward his task and chases
out .the dirt. ,., ::-,.' - -:. ... : v
Bat bang! A roar, a yell, a sreara;
the robbers writhe In pain. . But Edward
only scrubs the floor with all his might
and main. ' , V. ...
What killed the band of robbers bold?
What caused , tho awful roar?" What
hurled a dozen bad men through poor
I'MwardU kitchen door? -Why, Ed dis
charged his duty, gee? That's what dis
turbed the peace. That's what trans
formed the robbers Into little pools of
grease.: That's what developed when
they jarred the cog-wheel in his head;
that's what takes place when robber men
fool with my brother Ed, '
Tanglefoot:! want to givs my father
a Christmas present He Is a philoso
pher and I must use great care. If I
should give him a hair brash do you
think lie would refer to It as a saga
brush? . BOPHRONT.
; TTm Nation's Drink Increase. f.
From tho Christian Herald.
Simultaneously with the 'announce
ment that our total population In the
home-land and its colonies has passed '
the 100,000,000 mark, comes another of- "
flclal announcement which causes a
thrill Of a different character. . Accord-.
ing to the figures of the Internal Rev
enue Bureau, the fiscal year lately end
ed has been marked by, the largest con
sumption of liquors ever known In' this
country. Of distilled spirits 165,000,000
gallons have been consumed, being ,80.
000,000 mors than last year. During the
same time, 59,485,117 barrels of fer
mented liquor have boon consumed, be
ing an Increase of 8,000,000 barrels. For
many years, wa have been gatheringn
ourselves a vast foreign population.. For
the last half decade, ur annual Immigration-has
averaged three-quarters of
a million at the port of New York;
alone. This big army of aewcemers has
brought with it the drlnktng customs of
ths old world, and It win" not bs until
the second generation that they can be
hopefully ; converted - to -,the , modern
scientific V temperancs View. - V Another
cause of the increase is that our gov
ernment still allows liquor to bs car
ried into and through "dry" states, re
gardless of the will of the people, thus
spreading the evil of intemperance.
Immigrants Flock to' the Cities,
From the Detroit Free Press.
. , The same Influence has been at work
herethat Is making itself felt in the
entire United States, the figures show.
While Detroit has added to its numbers
some 63 per cent of Its former total
the stats at, large has seen a propor
tional Increase of only about one fourth
the ratio. - In other words, ' ths city
grows Ln T population faster than the
rural districts, and th report f the,
census bureau Indicates plainly that . tho
rush to tho cities is the marked fea
ture of . this enumeration.
This confirmation of the much dis
cussed disparity of rural and urban at
traction' for the' people, taken into- con
sideration with . the other salient fact
shown by the census, the continuing
flood of immigration, raises a . serious
problem for the publicists. The Inrush
of aliens is directed to the congested
ccT.ters. 'These' Incomers ars , unin-
etructed . ; in " our, traditions, ' ' and
must in some - iway undergo i a
course of training or remain an nn
asslmllated mass In the body politic.
Is the present political thought directed
properly toward the essential end? -Pc
our immigrants, who are more and more
a part of our urban life, have th oppor
tunity of participating ln the basic acta
of citizenship that alone can prepare
them for good citizens? v , -' ,"-'
' Editor Declines Honor. ' '
From -the Newberg Graphic.
The editor . of the Graphic acknowl
edges the receipt of a letter from Waph
ington, D,C apprising him of the fact
that he has been nominated as a mem
ber of the Navy, League of the United
States, but since the duties of the office
would no doubt be arduous, and, besides
tho fortifications along tso Chehalem
seem to- be ample for protection against
the invasion of all foes from without
and the battleships on the Yamhill and
Willamette are in- good working order,
we beg to be excusod." , ::.-'.',-
(Contributed to Tbe Journal by Walt Mtson,
tfce tamona Kanwt poi.. , i..b prue-poeuis ant a
regular feature, of : tuli columu la Tbe Dally
Journal). '-,., . .- ,
Go; and do' "your ' Christmas shopping
ere-the last , lone dog is, hung, ere th
weary Clerks are hopping all day long,
worn out, unstrung. Last year J pont
poned my buying till it had struck the
'ieventh' hour . and. tho tollworn clerks
were sighing, and their soiils were nick .
and sour, and they sold me candy don
keys, , with reproaches in their glance;
and - they ; sold : me ? wooden ;, -monkeys
which would climb a stick and dance.
jAnd the clerks were all, so huitrlcd they
showed evidence of fag; they were all
so tired and worried that I couldn't
1 chew the tag. I Half the pleasure .of the
i buyer lies In kicking on the pnee, say
ing that It's three times higher than is
decent, right or nice. If you" do your
shopping early you can roar and kick
and paw; saying in a manner surly, that
there ought to be a law. You can call
t?nenhTerrhant!rTotioFrr.-,'ortlT tTvfe'incrks a
pirate .crew, roast the makers and th
jobbers, raise a charming howdydo. Bui
If. you postpone your shopping till tii
season's almost o'er then the clerks will
cease tht?ir hopping till they've fired
you from the store. ' ' . - ...
Coprrlaiit. tlllo, ' A ' . fr"
leorai. Mfttttienr Adutna,
-VX.EA7 ' lMs
1 Eafly SKopp 1
" i