The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, December 20, 1910, Page 13, Image 13

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0, 1910.
Is: Oldest Educational Institu
tion, in Pacific. Northwest;
, PJow Conducted as Prepara
tory School.
(ftpdnl. DUjUtch' to Th Journal. v
PaciHo University, Forest Grove, Or.,
Doe. 20. Tha question of abolishing
Tualatin academy, which Is - now con
ducted In connection with Pacific uni
versity aa a preparatory department of
the opllege, la under, strong considera
tion by the authorities of the school.
Tualatin academy holds the honor of
being the oldest educational institution
U the Pacific northwest, being founded
by pioneer missionaries in the summer
of 184J on a donation land claim, where
now the city of Forest Gtot Is situated.
A charter waa granted to Its authorities
at Oregon City, where the state capital
was located, in the fall of 1841, by the
. tate legislature, "estaBllshlng a school
of learning, ' on 'the Tualatin plains, of
academlo scope, with collegiate powers."
This was the nucleus out of which
Pacific university waa developed In
1854. ';
When this , academy was tabllshed
there were no such Institutions for
many hundred miles around, and even
ifter the college was formed there were
no high schools or academies where a
student could prepare for the higher
courses In . the various colleges which
sprang up, except those colleges which
had their own academic departments. ,
Besides the fact that there are now an
abundance of preparatory schools, scat
tered throughout the atate, which offer
good courses. It Is thought that regular
college work can be better accomplished
without the hampering Influence of the
academy classes. At present most of
the Instructors In the college are com
pelled to teach several academy sub
jects, and to have preparatory students
' In their college olasses, more especially
In those of the freshman and sophomore
years, and this Is considered to be the
thief objection of retaining the prepara
tory courses. ' ,
Tualatin academy has always had a
large attendance, and this eradication
will lessen considerably the enrollment,
momentarily, but the loss thus incurred
would very soon be made good by larger
colloge classes.
If this proposed change is made. It
is probable that the academy classes
, will be discontinued one at a tbna, be
ginning with the lowest, thus not affect
ing any who are now In school; the re
quirements for admission to the acad
emy would be raised by one year, and
la four years the entire course would
be abolished. -.
The University of Oregon is ths only
collegiate Institution in the state which
lias done away with Its preparatory de
rartment, and Pacific proposes to follow
ite example, thus raising Its own stand
ing among. th colleges of the country.
Astoria, Doe. 20. The French- bark
Bayard arrived Sunday evening at As
toria, 2J5 days from Glasgow, with a
general cargo, after narrowly escaping
being wrecked while on the , Atlantic
The Bayard, which is under the com
mand of Captain Bernard, sailed from
Glasgow April 7, She encountered fair
weather until June 11, when In latitude
41 south and longitude 83 west she ran
Into a terrific gale and her rudder was
carried , away. The vessel was then
practically helpless and completely at
the mercy of wind and wave. Several
attempts were made to rig a Jury rud
der, but each tune. the attempts failed,
the lines being .snapped like thread. A
few days later 'a Swedish steamer put
a hawser aboard' and suited to tow
the disabled craft to port, but, after go
ing a. Short distance the hawser parted
and the bark was lef to her fate. It
was then a fight to keep the vessel .from
being swamped, but the weather condi
tions .Improved, fortunately, although
there "'were intermittent galea and at
times the bark was swept fore and aft
by the huge seas. . After being thus bat
tered about for a month, she was picked
up on July 4 In latitude 14 south by
two tugs, about 160 miles off shore, hav
ing dlfted a distance of 17 degrees, and
towed Into Montevideo. -The Jugs be
longed to a salvage company and al
though -Captain Bernard ,1s somewhat
reticent about the amounts they charged
him. It is understood that the tow cost
in the neighborhood of $10,000 and that
it cost him about 1 3400 for a new rud
der. . After undergoing the necessary
repairs, the Bayard sailed from Monte
video on September 2, the rest of her
trip to the Columbia rtver being without
special Incident.
San Antonio, Texas,' Deo. 20. Christ
mas day the oldest surgeon in point of
service in the United States army and
an old time Indian fighter, in the person
of Colonel Joseph B. Glrard, chief sur
geon of the department of Texas, will
retire. December 25, he reaches the age
limit of 64, and it will be the forty
fourth Christmas he has spent In the
Service of his adpted country. ' . '
'Born in Central France, Christmas
day, 1846, Colonel 6irard came to the
United States when 15 years old. ' Me
studied medicine, and May 14, 1867, was
appointed ' assistant ' surgeon in the
United States army. Three years later,
to the day, he was made captain. Sep
tember 7, 1902, afterhaving been made
successively major-surgeon and lieuten
ant colonel, he was made colonel of the
medical corps. He is ranked only by
the surgeon general of the United States,
and In point of service he la several
years in advance of the latter. ,
Indian Farmers Congress.
Indianapolis, Ind., Ceo. 20. Nearly
every county of the state was represent
ed .this morning at the opening of the
annual meeting 1 of the Farmers' Con
gress of Indiana. Oovernor Marshall
delivered the opening address.. The
chief topic of discussion during the day
was proposed legislation to benefit the
farmers. John M. Stahl of Chicago,
former president of the Farmers' Na
tional congress, waa one of the speakers.
The sessions will be continued and con
cluded tomorrow. f
County Court Rules Against
Roadhouse on Linnton
A county liquor license for Cliff Inn,
a roadhouse on ., the Linnton road, was
yesterday afternoon denied by the .coun
ty court. In doing so the court held
that an Insufficient number of legal
voters had signed the petition for the
license. The question of what consti
tutes a legal voter created much argu
ment. It was finally "held that legal
voters must be,' registered before ' they
can sign a petition for or against the
license. , . ' '
- County Judge Cleeton further ruled
that where a' petition and remonstrance
are filed la regard to a liquor lleens
the voters of that precinct are actually
voting "wet" or "dry." Those signing
the petition are voting "wet," and those
signing the remonstrance . are voting
"dry." It was further ruled by the
court that after a petition and remon
strance, are filed names cannot be added
or taken away.
In. the Cliff Inn ease an original pe
tition of 83 names of voters was filed
favoring the license. ;; The remonstrance
had 10S names, i The petitioners later
filed a list of 25 names of persons who
made affidavit that they were legal
voters. The court held that since many
of these names did not appear on the
registration books the signers were , not
legal voters. Since the court ruled that
names could not be added or taken from
the original filings this list could not
be considered. In other words, the peti
tion and remonstrance were methods' of
voting. When these were filed the polls
were closed. Signers of each must have
all the qualifications of legal voters. .
Attorney B. K. Haney, representing
Sandy & Rath, proprietors of the road
house, set forth that the affidavits of
late signers were the same as having
the voter sworn In, and the names
should be counted. The court left the
matter in such manner that an appeal
can be taken to the state circuit court
Silverjon Minister Resigns.
(SpeeUl Dispatch to The JrarnaL)
Sllverton, Or., Dec 10. Rev. S. H.
Dewart has resigned his pastorate of
the Methodist church In this city, the
same to take effect January 1., , This
action was necessitated by the condition
of his wife's health. She has been an
invalid for some time and it 'is neces
sary that she be with her daughters,
who live in Portland, Jt has not yet
been learned who will succeed Rev. De
wart In the work here, bat be will oc
cupy the pulpit until the first of the
year. .
North Bend Electa Officers.
8pdal Dispatch to The Jonroal.t '
Marshfield, Or., Dec. 20. The city of
North Bead has . again elected L, J.
Simpson as mayor. A. H. Derbyshire
wsm elected recorder and C. & Winsor
city treasurer. None of these had any
opposition.- I F. Falkensteln was elect
ed councilman for one year and Ira B.
Bartle, Henry Kern and J. A. Ward
councllmen for three years.
: :, (Special Dbpntt to The JoarnaU
Marshfield, Or, Deo. 20. The grant
ing of street, railway franchises In the
Coos ' Bay cities is a matter which is
now attracting much attention on the
part of the people and some decisive
steps are being taken. Over a year ago
a franchise was granted to J. M. Blake
for building and maintaining an electric
railway In Marshfield. Work was to be
started at a certain time and six months
ago Mr. Blake appeared before the coun
cil and asked that "he be given more
time. He waa under the. new arrange
ment, to have k mile of road built by
the first of January and recently he
again asked for an extension of six
months Jn which to begin vork and it
waa granted by the council.
At the recent city election In North
Bend Mr, Blake asked for a franchise
and , it was voted upon by the people.
The franchise was , turned down by a
vote of twenty to one. ' Now that the
franchise has been refused Mr. Blake
in North Bend there has been a move
ment started to have the Marshfield
people vote on the matter of recalling
the extension in this city. If this were
done, the franchise In both Marshfield
and North Bend; would be left open for
any good road that wanted to build.
Mayor I J. Simpson of North Bend
haa suggested that both cities grant like
franchises for a railway and put these
franchises In the lands of trustees who
are to turn them over to the first rail
road , that will build to Coos Bay, It
is suggested that this would leave the
franchises open and ready for any road
that .wants to come here. . This plan Is
being agitated and it is likely some such
step will be taken.
Philadelphia, Dec. 20. One of the
most Important sales of historical let
ters ever held in America waa begun to
day. In this city. The collection that
will be disposed of at auction during the
week embraces the letters and papers of
Patrick Henry, written by or to him dur
ing the Revolutionary war and up to the
time of his death, after which they
were preserved by his family.
They commence with the original au
tograph manuscript of the famous reso
lution against the stamp act. Introduced
In the Virginia house of burgesses in
May, 1765. .This immortal speech, end
ing with the familiar words, If this be
treason, make, the most of If is con
sidered by many to rank next to the Dec
laration oi independence vjn historical
importance.' Another Important his
torical item In the collection Is the
copy of Patrick Henry's noted receipt to
Governor Dunmore, . May - 4, 1775, , for
gunpowder taken from the powder house
at Williamsburg, Vsl, April 11, 1775.
American Scientists to Meet. "'
Minneapolis, Mlnn. Dec 20. -Elaborate
arrangements have been completed
for the annual meeting of the American
association for the advancement of sci
ence, which is to be held next week at
the University of Minnesota. Twenty
seven , elementary scientific societies
will vbe represented at the gathering and
among the participants will be many of
the - foremost acnolars of . the United
State and Canada, The ' proceedings
will continue three days.
i ) 1 1 .
' 7 n I ' 1
11 ii kit
V. '31
, ' ,' -'
It .1!
".1 -s. J
Je" ... .. ,
"niTI Fine Doubk Horse-Hide, Corbo TTiTft PTT1
1 1 Self-Honing Razor Strop, 23x- $ J 1
iLsiLj 24 Inches. Refralar $1.50 Val 11 MILiJj
HENKEL (LD.), "SOL1NGEN" GERMANY, offers as an introduc-
tion their latest patented invention, "ELECTRIC-TEMPERED
RAZOR" (hollow-ground), retails $2.50, together with the above .
. HORSEHIDE RAZOR STROP, for $1.00. This is a rare opportu
; : . nity and a most serviceable gift. ELECTRIC-TEMPERED RAZORS
by the Solingen secret process' receive an even temper, which has been .
. a long-felt want in a razor blade, and where the old-style process, oil,'
fire or water, has failed. SOLINGEN IMPRINT MEANS TO A
opportunity, which is offered for a short time only. . ' Money refunded .
. if not satisfactory.. Prepaid to any address.
Poriland Cutlery Company
Manufacturers and Importers of Fine Cutlery
- ''L .' .ii ' f"1'! I j . iN . . ; ' , ' , , - ,'r , , "
A Iid (0) M u (CMm
pIlei3ni(dlM; .Opp(pFtiiuiiniii11y to
i JJ:1 CD
EipSimp Onati Faiete
Whtn the "WeeUjr" which sued us for libel (hecause we pub
licly denounced them .for an editorial attack on our claims) was
j searching for some "weak spot," they thought best to send a New
York Attorney to Battie Creek summoned 25 of our workmen and
took their sworn statements before a Commissioner.
, Did we object? No. On the contrary, we helped all we coulcf,
for. the opportunity, was too good to be lbst. ' ' - .',
. George Haines testified he inspected the wheat and barley, also
floors and every part of the factories to know things were kept dean.
That every 80 minutes a sample of the products was taken1 and in
spected to keep the food up to standard and' keep out any impurities,
also that it is the duty of every man in the factories to see that any-
thing not right is immediately reported. ,Has been with the company
10 years. ; " " ', , , .,'
, Edward Young testified had been with company. 15 years. In
, spector, he and his men examined every sack and car of wheat and
barley to see they were up to standard, and rejected many cars. " ;
- H. E. Buri, Superintendent, testified has been with company over
13 years. Bought only the, best grain obtainable. That the com-"
pany kept a corps of men' who do nothing but keep things clean,
bright and polished. . ' ' 1 " , , (
i 4 ' ' " i ' . ' 1 ' ; if ' ' I', ' ' ' ''
Testified that no ingredient went into , Grape-Nuts and Postum
except those printed in the advertising. No possibility of any foreign
things getting into the foods, as most of the machinery is kept' closed.
Asked if the factory is open to the public, said "yes" and "it took
from two to three guides constantly to show visitors through the
- works.' Said none of the processes were carried on behind closed
doors. ' , ,
At this point attorneys for the "Weekly" tried to show the water
-used-was from some, outside source. Testified the- water came from
the company's own artesian wells and was pure.
He testified the workmen were first class, high grade and in-.
spected by the company's physician to be sure they were all in proper
physical condition; also testified that state reports showed that com
pany pays better wages than the average and he thought higher than
any in the state. - -
. . - , , ',.;.
F. B. Martin, assistant superintendent, testified Grape-Nuts made
of Wheat, Barley, Yeast and Water. .Anything else? "No, sir."
Postum made of Wheat, Wheat Brail "and New Orleans Molasses;
Statements made on his experience of about 10 years with company, ,
' . . ' I ' i A . l ' '. . ' H 4 V ,
, Testified bakers are required to wear fresh white suits changed
every other day. Said had never known of any of the products being
sent out that were below the high standard of inspection.- Asked if
any one connected with the Postum Company had instructed him how
to testify. Said "No sir," ' - . . -
. 'ft""
Horace Brown testified had been , with, company nine years.
Worked in Grape-Nuts bake shop; Testified the whole of the flour
is composed of Wheat and Barley. Attorneys tried to confuse him, but
, he insisted that any casual visitor could see that nothing else went into
the flour. Said machinery and floors always kept clean.
'''W",. 'T'. '",1' " "' ' ' "- -' ;V j ; 1 i'' , " . ,
So these men were examined by, the "Weekly' lawyers hoping tc
nd at least one who would say that some undef-grade grain was put
in or some unclean condition was found somewhere. '
But it was no use, : , ' , f
Each and every man testified ,to the purity and cleanliness
As a samole, take the testimony of Luther W. Mayo.
; testified been with company about 10 years. Now working in
the bakery department making Grape-Nuts. Testified that the ovens "
and floors are kept clean and the raw products as they go in are kept'
clean. Also that the, wearing apparel of the employes has to be c
"changed uVeVlimesTweeE"
Q Do you use Postum or Grape-Nuts yourself at all?
A. Yes, I use them at home. ,
Q. If from your knowledge of the factory which you have gamed
- in your 10 years at the factory you believed that they were 'dirty or
impure ui any way, would you use them?
x ' ,
A. I do not think I would. ' No. " ,
Asked if any one on behalf of the company had asked him to
, testify in any particular manner. Stated "No." . - , r .
? All these sworn depositions were carefully excluded from the
. testimony at the trial, for they wouldn't sound well for the "Weekly."
- 1 ; ' ' - ' ' ' " ' . , '' ' -
Think of the fact that every man swore to the purity and cleanli- ,
ness so that the attorney for the "Weekly" was forced to say in open
court that the food was pure and good. ... r
What a disappointment for the "Weekly V " "
- But the testimony showed i ... t - .
' - I ' ) ,f ' ' , '
All of the grain usedL in Grape-Nuts, Postum and Post Toasties
is the highest standard possible to obtain.
" AH parts of the factory are kept scrupulously clean;
None of the workmen had been told how to testify.
Most of them have been from 10 to 15 years with the company and
. use the products on their tables at home.
. Why do their families use the products, Grape-Nuts, Postum and
Post Toasties, that they, themselves, make? '
"There's a Reason "
Postdm : Cereal ! Ui,9