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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (June 17, 1910)
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vrT tt-.ija irinil'ic t Ihe Journal P0''""
It ' F ; .a arid lallHJlU Bireeis, twiiiau-.. 1
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Ire emission Uirouiiti tt BmU" iecond-claM
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Be firm! one constant element in
la genuine, solid, old Teutonlo
Holmes, "A Rhymed Lesion-
A DAM' OF FEATHERS
E ARB TOLD that the voters
dll have the .'right in the
primary to; review and if de
sirable set, aside, the acts of
' the Bo-r ailed assembly. Of what
value will that be? In the election
didn't they always have the right to
review or set aside the acts of the
old conventions? But, did we not
have senatorial holdups, legislative
bedlam and extravagant appropria
tions? Is it not of record that the
legislature of 1897. never organized
at all, and that Salem was the scene
of the most disgraceful spectacle In
public affairs ever seen in any state?
Was not Senator Doph politically as
sassinated by legislators who pledged
themselves in the campaign to, vote
for him, and after a Republican cau
cus had given him the nomination
for senator? Did not the voters in
the election have the right to review
or set aside these legislators, but
did they do it, and what is more, how
could they be, Informed beforehand
that the pledges and promises made
before election were to be broken
after? Did not Dresser of Clacka
mas sign a written pledge to Vote
for Corbet for senator .before elec
tion; and when he got into the legis
lature didn't he vote against Cor
bett? Was not the fact of his pledge
afterward printed In the Oregonian
and was not Dresser denounced? -
Of what possible value is the right
of review tn the primary or election,
when the secret and silent influences
by which men are nominated In the
assembly - cannot - possibly become
known to the people? How can the
people possibly learn of the tricks,
trades and purchase and sale of buy
able votes In an assembly or -convention
a practice resorted to la every
convention ever held and In' every
assembly that .will ever, be held?
What is the use of holding ah assem
bly If It Is not, to fix the ticket and
run things Jo suit the liking of the
men behind It? Why, If not for this,
was $15,000 of Simon money and
$20,000 of Lotan money spent; to
control a elngle .convention in Mult
nomah county?;? And, after the con
vention had been thus bought, how
could the people at the election know
what the schemes were by which all
this money was to be recouped?.
This right of review In the' prima-.
ries of the assembly's propqsed acts '
ts worth about as much, as a dam of
feathers in stopping the flow of a
flood. It is worth no more, the man
aging men know it is. worth no more,
and that is why they want an assem
bly. . , . ....
GET AX ACRE AND A SOW PIG
BET -THE PESSIMISTS whine
.and. the bears growl andUhe
Jeremiahs prophesy dolefully;
a big harvest Is near at hand,
that will go far to cure most' ma
terial Ills. The area of wheat In the
country is' considerably larger than
a year ago, and the condition nearly
as good, I, About the same can be
said of most other grain crops, and
there is a fair prospect that condi
tions win somewhat improve before
harvest. The country Is raising
somewhere between $8,000,000,000
and $10,000,000,000 worth of crops,
Including, cotton, but not counting
livestock, poultry, eggs, fruit, and
other important things, and we will
feed ourselves well and help feed
the rest of the world: '
Prices will not be so high for the
farmer and wool grower as last year
and the cost of living has not appre
ciably 'diminished," but the farmer
who raises things doesn't need . to
worry about the cost of living; as
for the rest of us, all we need to do
is to get a lltfle piece of ground,
and a sow pig, or some fruit trees,
or poultry and we 'need worry
about nothing any more. Get out
Into the country, raise something and
laugh at the pessimists, the bears
and the Jeremiahs.
JIR. HERRIN AND THE RECALL
IT was NATURAL for W. F. Her-
rlny In his Corvallis address, to
have opposed the recall and other
T WAS NATURAL for W. F. Her
rln, In his Corvallis address, to
have opposed the recall and other
measures that he termed "Inno
vations In government." Mr. Her
rln's career has been devoted to a
huge railroad system and to what
La3 come to be known as business In
politics. Theoretically; there is a
community of interest between rail
roads and the public,' but in practical
railroad ,' management .by practical
men the interests of the railroad are
paramount, and' the interests of the
J A 1 . . 1 'ft . . . , ' ,
ronllict. . Thirty years; of this sort
rf a conflict have "naturally made
Mr,' Ilerrtn contemplate -'law,- polltl
fid iwtbods,' public affairs,' the re
tell hui other "innovations,"- from
rUrvid viewpoint'- alone.' Hr?
j v ouhl not be a "mere mortal if he
j were not thus prejudiced in favor of
i iuc vuipuuio uui'lfbi. auu BKiuuai
i contending, me very race tnai air.
Herrin opposes the recall and "Inno-
, . . . - . .
.wvuo 10 WHO vij. LUC BCilt irapuua
in the world why the public should
want them. ,--''.'".;'
. Mr.' Herrln says the recall brings
into public position men who keep
their ears to the ground, and that is
why he opposes it. That is a mighty
reason why the public should want
it. In 120 years of history, there is
not one Instance in which, by passion
or under stress of great excitement,
the people of the United States or in
any state, acting together, have vot
ed a single serious blunder On the
other hand, the officials and repre
sentatives have run that history red
with blunders, injustice, venality and
incompetency. The combined judg
ment of the social, body is as uner
ring as the flight of a cannon ball,
while that, of chosen representatives
is as uncertain and undependable as
winds or weather. It is the official
who keeps his ear to the ground,
considers the . public- will and' exe
cutes the duties of his office, as the
splendid judgment of- the public
would have him do it, that the public
wants, and it is such an official that
makes government pure and the
If an employe of Mr. Herrln's cor
poration does not do Mb duty accord
ing to requirements of the company,
Mr.-Herrin - discharges him. Why
should not the public have the same
right, through the recall, to dis
charge unworthy public servantsT
NE OP THE most Interesting
contributions to current politi
cal literature in Oregon was the
recent address delivered by ex-
State Senator' George C. Brownell at
Mllwaukle. It contains revelations of
bribery and venality In senatorial
elections and otherwise that came to
the personal f knowledge of- Mr.
Brownell during" his many years of
political life in the state. He told
how a certain politician went to a
prominent man In the state and got
from him $5000 with which a certain
legislative vote for senator could be
secured. The vote was not produced,
but the go between kept the $5000.
Mr. Brownell told how in the last
night of a well remembered legisla
tive session a man who had been on
the pay roll of the United States for
many years slipped up to a certain
member of the legislature and whis
pered in his ear the figure four with
three ciphers after It,-and. the legis
lator changed from the candidate for
whom he had been voting for 40
days and cast his vote for the suc
cessful candidate. He told how a
certain man was nominated for gov
ernor by a state convention and had
to Tay $10,000 to appease the wrath
of one gentleman and $15,000 to fix
up another faction of his party, in
the same convention, a state printer
was nominated, but before he could
be nominated he had to divide the
proceeds of his office with two or
three other men. .-. '
- Perhaps one of the most startling
statements of the ex-senator was the
sum paid a certain legislator dur
ing the notorious hold-up session of
1897. : Mr. Brownell said: "I recall
another instance In 1897 when a gen-
nan then a member of the legis
lature from one of the counties out
side of Multnomah, was offered and
received $3500 to remain away for
two days from what waa known as
the Mitchell joint assembly, for the
purpose, of keeping them from get
ting a sufficient number of votes to
organize. This man brought a large
portion of this money after his two
days had expired and showed It to
the late Senator Mitchell, the late
Solomon Hirsch and myself and some
others in a room in the Willamette
hotel " at Salem. "These men were
only doing what dozens of other men
were doing and what was the cus
tom and,-what was a part of the
system that then prevailed, and that
prevails in every state In the union
that has the old system of. electing
United States senator in the legis
lature." The revelations as made by
Mr. 'Brownell, of which the above
are only a part, will appear as he de
livered them In, his address, in next
SOMETHING AT LAST FOR THE
T seems .probable now that a
postal savings bank bill of Borne
; kind will be passed. It may hot
be the best , possible law of its
kind, but it will be a step in the
right direction, and without specific
Information to the contrary we pre
fer to assume that it will be about
the right kind of a law, rather than
one with nefarious "jokers" in It.
It has taken ; an almost infinite
amount of effort, and'many years of
time, to get this good pleasure, show
ing now strong a Troid special in
terests have , on ; legislation; but
showing also, let us observe, that by
persistent, intelligent effort laws in
the . people's interest can also be
worked through.' The United States
is the last country. of importance to
provide some such system to accom
modate 'the little people's surplus
money, and make an absolutely safe
depositary for it. ," 7;
Nearly all European , countries
have followed Germany's exampleln
establishing not only savings banks,
but credit banks for poor people. The
idea was apparently financially ab
surd; it was to' Elve credit to tieo-
- - - r .
curity; but under this eystem all be-
came mutually responsible to such an
extent aB to .make it an absolute suc
cess; It has helped great numbers of
poor and struggling' but honPKt to
pls, and practically nothing has been
loi-t. The ;:; : ' .'.;: leans from tbti.e
credit banks in Europe now amounts
to hundreds of millions of dollars an
nually. ' ,
The same sort of credit bank,
where poor people can borrow small
amounts of their neighbors depos
its, has been established in India,
where the- people are perpeutally on
the very verge of. starvation. Dur
ing the past eight years more than
2000 of these banks have been es
tablished in that country,- where no
banks ever existed before. They have
a membership of about 185,000, and
a working capital of $2,700,000, of
which only one tenth waa advanced
by the government, to get the good
business started.' v
Such banks end the occupation of
the cent-per-cent money lender. They
make the poor but industrious peo
ple Independent, teach them thrift,
give them courage and self-respect.
This system of public credit banks
is a phase, of socialism, perhaps; but
what matter, if ,; it benefits the
masses of people? ' the name under
wh!ch something , good, is ' accom--plished
is not important; to benefit
great' masses of people is tremen
dously important: And no enlight
ened, civilized government in the
world has done as little for its peo
ple as that of the United States
perhaps, because they could . take
care of themselves better, and nat
ural opportunities were greater.
The new system here will not In
clude credit banks of this kind; the
money deposited will be turned over
to local banks or invested in gov
ernment securities; there will be no
borrowing by 'poor people, but it will
furnish convenient and absolutely
safe places, where the common peo
ple can save their money and draw
small Interest,; These numerous and
assuredly safe depositaries of small
Bavinga wilt develop money savers,
thrift, self-responsibility, self-respect,
even patriotism.' Every per
son with a deposit will on that ac
count have and feel that he has "a
stake ft the country." an Interest In
a safe, honest and 1 stable govern
ment, such as he may not have had
before. 4 - ' ' v , "
The multimillionaires, with all
their billions, are not the most im
portant people, after all;;" the Import
ant people are the millions with only
a few dollars' surplus each, and who
want to be and can easily learn to be
good,, responsible, progressive cltl
zens. Postal savings banks will help
millions of such people.
OREGON PEOPLE HAVE THE
OVERNOR HUGHES of New
York delivered an address last
week in which, according to the
New York Evening Post,he
"drew . a clear, distinction : between
what he believes In and what he
thinks he is now Justified in urging
upon the legislature ,ln special ses
sion. Personally,; he is still for a
thorough-going direct primary, state
wide and as absolute as it can be
made." The governor regarded the
defeat of the Green-Hinman bill, em
bodying his views, as "a grave mis
take"; but expressed his willingness
to accept something , short of that
measure, "a half loaf" If he cannot
get all he wants.
Even the Hughes-IIlnraan-Green
bill is scarcely more than "half &
loaf," for It retains the convention
and gives a convention "slate" ticket
a preference, an advantage, and to
that extent makes the people, the
masses of voters, subservient to and
dependent on the manipulating poli
ticians, who almost invariably are
working for their own and not tho
people's benefit. v ' " ,
, Governor Hughes has undoubted
ly attempted' to bring about some
measure of political reform In New
York, ; with direct primaries as . Its
basis; and the polltician-ruh legisla
ture defeated . the measure , he pro
posed. It was Itself scarcely more
than "halt a loaf" and now, rather
than ;to fail - entirely. Governor
Hughes Is willing to accept half of
the half loaf. ; This won't amount to
much, except as a little beginning, If
It can be secured, and large things
grow - from little beginnings.
Oregon pepple; through a curious
combination of circumstances, some
years ago, secured a full loaf," pop
ular government, just what they are
entitled to; and we think they will
manage Jq keep it, even if in fight
ing to do so the dominant party is
temporarily shivered into splinters.
The people need no self-constituted
political agents to choose their can
didates; that is all there is to it
WHERE IS THE CAPITAL?
N THE new railroad bill as agreed
upon by the aenate and house
confreres there is no provision
for federal regulation of the Is
suance of stocks and bonds. Instead
there ia created a commission to in
vestigate , the issue of railroad se
curities, but its expenditures are Urn
ited to $25,000 and it will not be
given authority to summon witnesses
or compel the production of books
and papers, It will be as powerless
to supply congress with information
of value as though it had never been
the national Republican conven
tion at Chicago in Its platform de
clared" for "such national regulation
and supervision as will prevent the
over-Issue of stocks and bonds by in
terstate carriers." Here is a, wilful
violation of the pledge of the Chi
cago platform, and there Is no pos
sible excuse that can be Offered In
defense. The original bill as pre-
UVlCUOQt V71 AglUBI Milt did 11 W
tained a torovision carrvinir out th.
tained, a provision carrying out the
party pledge, but congress eliminated
it and substituted ., the meaningless
useless and Impotent commission
TJie insurgents made a vigorous fight,
for the promised ' regulation and su
pervU.-u" r-.f Mock and bond issues,
but wri'o be.iten by the so-called reg
ulars. Is the capital of the nation
still at Y.'as'hington, or, for legisla
tive purposes, is it in Wall street?
STOCKS AND LAND
HE New York American recent
ly printed figures showing that
since May 21, in less than three
weeks, the drop in 10 stocks
quoted on the New York stock ex
change represented a money loss of
$270,000,000. Not that much was
lost In actual cash, perhaps, but this
represented the shrinkage in market
values of only 10 principal stocks.
And others fell with them.
A great ; many people of small
means "dabble" in stocks. Stock and
bond Investments are often profit
able, but why don't more of these
people invest in' western farm lands
or city or' suburban real estate?
There ia no shrinkage here; if good
Judgment Is used, "no risk. Cases are
innumerable where people have made
large percentages of profits. In many
cases have doubled; trebled; quad
rupled their Investments, in Oregon
lands, in, Portland real estate.
Land is a surer thing than stocks.
Good 1 land in ' this favored region.
high as some of it is, will rise in
value for, an indefinite period. Get
a piece of land.
Letters From tke People
A Prohibitionist's View.
Portland,' Or., s Juns 15. Tov the
Editor of . The 1 Journal In your
last night's issue you hav an in
terview with a will V. Zlmmer or
Atlanta, Ga. I protest against putting
Oregon in the Georgia- class. If Mr.
Zlmmer had read the mbrnlng paper he
would have een. that 24 bootleggers
and blind pig men in prohibition Union
county had just been Indicted by the
grand Jury, when an Oregon orncer
take an oath of office he usually ob
serves It or in other words the general
run of Oregonian officials are not per
jmrers ancf while he claims that the
Georgia officials are be has no right to
claim the same for Oregon.
That is all there Is of th question,
an honorable official. There was a time
when the officials of Portland said they
could not stop open gambling, no pub
lic sentiment to back it Tom word
stopped It Just the same. When Theo
dore Roosevelt became police commis
sioner of New York he said there was
a statute forbidding the open saloon on
Sunday and while he did not favor it the
law went, and he made New York dry
However a careful reading of Mr.
Zimmer's Interview would give you just
reason to present a bill for advertfsing
to the liquor men who are advocating
'local option" by constitutional amend
ment- ' -' ' '
The trewers or Bt ixmis alone spent
$300,000 to defeat constitutional prohi
bition in Georgia even whtle they had
statutory prohibition. Jet Zlmmer says
there is as much brewer's brew sold as
before and none-of the trade pays any
licenue. He robably thinks we are a
simple folk out here.
A .fight that has to depend upon such
absurdities to bolster it up can't last
long and such 'Interviews but show the
desperation of the liquor cause. '
E. T. JOHNSON.:
Good Road From Coos Bay.
Myrtle Point, Or., June 15. To the
Editor of The JournalIn the Oregon
ian of June 12, Claud Nasburg of Marsh
field, Or., says that the trail from Coos
to Portland is at last "biased by a Bulck
car, driven by hirat Now with all due
respect for Mr. Nasbur and the Bulck
car, I do not like to see any car boosted
or advertised at the expense of the
country. There Is a good stage road
from Coos Bay to Roeeburg, over which
automobiles have, been running for sev
eral years.; r Last year there were sev
eral automobile stages running between
Coos and Roseburg, and at the present
time several cars are making Tegular
trips over this road. - .
I and- J. 8. Lvona of flonullla. Or..
took, our families over thla aama road
from Cops to , Portland -and return In
Maxwell cars last year. v .
Ihjs is from an Impartial standpoint
I am not advertising any car or make
of cars but I would like for the public
to know that this Is not merely a blaied
trail from Coos county to Portland, but
an established stage road from Coos Bay
10 KoseDurr via , Myrtle Point ' over
which automobiles have been running
ror several years, S. C. ENDICOTT.
Japanese Mother-in-Law Complains,
From the New York World,
Even In Nippon progress has its bains.
Girls no longer learn to keep house, as
a mother-in-law compKins in a letter
which the Japanese Magazine of Toklo
reproduces in substance. ". '
In her day, the old lady maintains.
ehe was taught with thoroughness and
rigor how to look after the house and
the accounts; to cook, to sew and to
manage the servants. Taken as a wife,
she did not ko to her husband "aa on
untrained piece of goods."'- She knew
how to work and how to obey. But her
generation is passing and there are ways
that are newfangled. She cites the sad
case of her own two daughters-in-law,
These girls of today toil not, neither
do they spin. They have book-learnlnr.
They read the magazines. .They know
the polite conventions. But they live
for pleasure, and they "do not dust the
housefurnishlngs, nor do they help In
ths storerooms. What is the old lady
to do, knowing as she does that when
she is put on the shelf tnore will be no
one to look after the material' comfort
" "This," says the magazine writer, "is
one of the minor problems of the Japa
nese people." Which will appear, to our
own domestic reformers to be an un-
aer-estimation or the matter. When
Japanese mothers-in-law get a servant
girl problem In addition to a failing
supply or nousewives. they will dig
cover that the vexation belongs to the
major class In America we are beein
ning to meet the situation by teaching
housekeeping In women's colleges. We
recommend tne1 idea to Nippon.
Children Emigrating Prom England.
From the London Times.
Yesterday two large parties of chll
dren left Liverpool by the Allan-liner
Coraican, Captain Cook, for Quebec.
One party, consisting of boys and girls.
was rrom the Bin homeland the chil
dren were under the care of Mis Birt,
who traveled In the ship. This lady
nas oeen engaged ror 37 years tn rescu
lng.; children and' has taken out oyer
6000 and settled them In the Dominion
of Canada. The party In the. Corsican
was the eighty-first which has gone Out
under the auspices of the home.
Miss A. had on a skirt of delicate
fawn color,; which the others coveted':
0o bequeath that skirt to me. M!fs
A.," said one friend, "It' matches a waist
of mine exactly."
' "I don't see what 'yu' Want of this
,"old rklrt'' MIps A. replied. "It's on Us
last legs now.
Th?y are. fine birds, even without the
Next month politics and the weather
will 'warm up.
In many cases, apparently, it is a
matter of luck.
The sea and the mountains will be as
welcoming as ever.
Now Governor Gillett has become
prominent In an unexpected way.
No doubt that somehow Roosevelt
will continue to have a belly time.
Some people pass most of their time
making mountains out of molehills.'
Now Oyster Bay will get Into the
date lines ag-ain. Soon, also, Beverly,
-' .-'.' ' .'""'- ',. ''::':
,. No senator can please everybody
with his recommendations for federal
offices. . . ,
It is suspected by some that Roose
velt is- constitutionally Inclined In in.
appear to be considerably In the saddle
' v '
Shouldn't congress appropriate the
colonel's expenses. They, must have
been, heavy. -,,';' '
and fine, the front yards will take,care
Good for golden California; It will
have bigger croos of hay, grain and
fruit this year than usual.
uptlpped: the great man of earth will
soon arrive at New York.
Colonel Roosevelt did not visit Ire
land after all, but then a large portion
iu Alien aiv jiii. ivw xuik.
Therih In fiAirei" ' ;inv' nn1i1ii.AKiA
?eriod of peace and rest; Sam Small Is
raveling out in this region again. ' .
"But. Is he a Renubllcanr tho' D-
trolt Free Press asks about Representa
tive Townsend, Heaven only knows. , :
AtivaIah TtmoA It 'vip, - A fin
thing could a man take a vacation and
not be accompanied by his thoughts.
Tomorrow la the time to' hurrah for
the colonel on his homecoming. The
big, wide country, not merely New York,
-I . A '' A - -.'..-
It is ouite a fashion for collesre rlrls
to carry daisy chains,, which are pretty,
but not a millionth part as beautiful
as the daisies, who carry them.
.'. . ." '. : m m . .....
Oregon Is havlnar ouite a succession
of governors lately: if anvthincr han-
pens to Bowerman, "Pat" McArthur
would be "it" olficlallv. ar , we 1 as
actually, ' - . . .. ; .
1 am runnlnc San Francisco, snvs
Mayor McCarthy, which if so may not
be the very best thine for that town
but is as good7 ror 1L however, as it
If La Follette could be beaten for re
election In Wisconsin a large number of
the old regulars would feel like having
a celebration.- But some bf them won't
be there long, either. ..
The sun will soon reach his northern
limit, and turn back, but, only because
he has to, not because he doesn't lik
to shine on so beautiful a portion of
the world as this as long as he can, .
Seattle Times: Portland was always
kind to Seattle. She helps us out in
every way possible. Finding herself at
me end or tne uose festival with an
over supply of pickDockets. The Journal
of that city calmly announces that two
of them have been "sent to Seattle.
Much obliged, ,
June 17 in History
This Is Bunker Hill day. What lo-
riour memories it recalls, when we re
vert to the little band of patriots that
went struggling up the hill, untrained
In warfare but loyal to the core. Think
of the nerve of 'em only about 2500 in
armed, undisciplined Yankees, climbing
up back of barriers of earth heaps and
piles of hay, realizing that on the plain
below was a red coat army fully 5000
strong, well armed, well drilled and well
trained. ' r-,. ... - '. ' '
Leading them to the struggle was the
gallant and dashing Israel Putnam. In
his shirtsleeves he- strode up and down
the lines giving words of encouragement
to the right and left and whispering his
"Don't fire until you see the whites
of their eyes!" '
And to this he added: "Powder is
scarceboys, and it 'must not be wasted.
When you see the whites of their eyes
fire low, take aim at their waistbands
aim at the handsome coats pick off
the commanders." ' ..,-.
All night of the lth the Yankees were
employed In throwing up embankments.
They tolled on faithfully till break of
day revealed their -work to the gase of
the astonished British; The fcngiisn
guns were soon' trained oh the works
and the- sleeping city was awakened by
the boom of cannon, They worked on,
however, and by noon they were .well
Intrenched behind a strong redoubt' The
British meanwhile decided to storm the
American works. General Howe was at
their head and it wad about 8 o'clock
in the afternoon when they began the
ascent of the hill. Up they marched In
line of battle with undaunted courage.
Not a shot was fired from the top, of
tha hill. .The Americans were coolly
taking Putnam's advice. -
When the British had corte within a
few rods a, flame of fire swept' along
the American lines and the Iront.rank
of th enemy were cut to pieces.- , An
other volley followed and another, until
the British fell back In disorder, leaving
the hilltop strewn with dead and wound
ed. In IS minutes they made another
dash,' only to receive again such a mur
derous fire as no army, however brave,
could have endured.
' Making a Good (Swap.
From the- Baltimore Star. 1
America is about to lose one of its
wealthy cltitens, but; without severe
pangs of regret. ; - Frank Jay Gould 'is
the man and France the beneficiary un
der his determination to become, a cltl
ten of a foreign land. If the sixth son of
that, stout-hearted old plunderer, ; Jay
Gould, can find across the sea a better
field for his ambition on the turf and
as a -dllletante in playwrltlng rrobody
will question his right to exchange the
land of his birth for another.
Fortunately, though, for us,', most of
those who leave America to take up a
residence in a foreign land do so when
they have attained a sufficient maturity
to let this country see that it suffers no
great loss In virility, constructlveness
or art Europe can have Khe Frank. Jay
Goulds,. William Waldorf Astors ; and
James Hazen Hydes, ad . we shall ask
no boot In the trade, so long as she
continues to send us mer like Augustus
St. Oaudens,. Carl 'Schir8, Jacob A. Rlis
anra-rreftt"ho!iir"nf vigorous "tiftd"hWe
workers (n many fields who Instantly
troop to mind.
The Way to Go.
From ths Pittsburg Observer, '
"Ha waa driven to his grave!" , .
"Sure he was. Did you expect him to
walk .thre?;';.,. : ,
NEWS IN BRIEF
. Cr.LGON f.II)ELIG:iT3
Ore?on Is now a colossal vista of
Nehalem will soon have a new water
Vale jiostoffice receipts are Increas
Falls City has a new rock crusher and
Great first alfalfa crop along the
lower Umatilla. .
Tillamook has got conspicuously on
the map at last. .
Woodhurn at lost Is to have a system
of sewerage, something long needed.
An automobile trip, with five passen
gers, nas been made already to- Crater
Lake from Medford.
" Ashland, by refusing a railroad fraiv
chlse, is considered mossbacky by some
people of other towns.
r Miss Ethel' Cash la at home to spend
her summer - vacation. Crockett corre
spondent of Milton Eagle. - And she al
ways has the Cash with, her. ".;
Newport SignSl: ' Real estate , men
and lodging- house keepers report that
more cottages and suites of housekeep
ing feoniD hriteen engaged this early
In the season than for a corresponding
period for several "year past Every
thing points to a most successful sea
son. Woodburn Independent: If First
street Is paved several brick builolnKS
will ; be erected on that thoroughfare,
Including a three story brick hotel. .-. It
would soon be the principal business
street of Woodburn and property there
would at once more than .double In
value. . . " ' . , 1
- .." -'".'"-'.- '-
Salem ; Statesman: The rain of last
Friday night has Insured one of the
greatest crops ever harvested In the
Willamette valley. Th farmers are all
pleased with the present conditions and
see a continuance, of the prosperous
times. Credit old Jupiter Pluvluf with
another million dollars or more.
Eugene Reelster: -Father 6. Reuter
or GZldden, Wis., arrived yesterday and
is visiting Father O'Farrell of the local
Catholic church. Father Reuter is look
ing u land .for 200 families, who are
thinking of making a change of location
on account of the hard winters. He Is
greatly pleased with the country about
Eugene. - . . . ; ,
The Dalles Chronicle: - A bunch of
wheat about four feet high which has
been received at the rooms of the Busi
ness Men's association was grown this
year upon hill ground v 10 miles from
The Dalles , that, has been farmed con
stantly for 45 years, part of the time
under the summer fallow system. The
heads on this bunch of wheat are long
and.well, formed. y-vi-K ." .;.
The streets of Echo are empty of
farmers, and every boy girl and wo
man, who wishes to earn, are In the hay
fields, says the Echoes. For the first
cutting of alfalfa is going into great
stacks, nowadays, and none can under
stand what this enormous crop Is unless
he is here to see. These meadows about
Echo are not eew Irrigated lands being
redeemed from sagebrush and heavy
with alkali 1ut have been yielding enor
mous supplies of hay for 25 years, have
enriched many men, and are no ex per 1
mnt '!';..' '''
In the entire state there are only five
counties showing a heavier percentage
of gain than Harney county and only
onthMultnomah In the Second con
f resslonal district, saya the News.
Iulthomah county gains 140 per cent
over 1900, Klamath 140 per cent, Lane
80 per cent, Jackson and Josephine each
70 per cent and Harney 7. per cent
Harney county Is handicapped in the
present count or it would show a gain
of fully 20. per cent more. - Hundreds of
new settlers who are now residents of
this county did not come in here pntil
after the enumeration began . and were
counted at their former homes.
Bunter Hill Day
. More than an hour elapsed. Before they
could rally for the thlr4 attack, They
had already lost nearly a thousand men,
while the Americans had suffered lit
tle. The first volley of the Americans,
at this third charge, swept down their
front ranks as before. But as the as
sailants neared the crest of the hill
they noted the slackening of the Amer
ican fire and Howe determined to charge
with the bayonet The Americans were
without bayonets to their muskets and
the fight was now an unequal one, but
with clubbed muskets and stones they
made, a valiant stand. ' ' Scores of them
were cut, down . until General Prescot
the commander, seeing the folly of the
struggle, ordered a retreat and the Brit
ish wer left In possession of the field.
The victory won at Bunker Hill was
a costly one to the British. When the
patriots' powder ran out Howe had them
at his mercy. He might have slaugh
tered them by the hundred. Instead, to
his eternal credit, he ordered a halt and
let the brave Yankees get away In safe
ty. When he was later blamed for this
he said simply: -. - -
"My orders were to take the hill. I
took it." -. ; . ' - , -
He is said to have added: "Three
more auch 'victories will drive tho
British out of America." Bunker Hill
taught Americans a lesson that spelled
"Liberty." , , -'-, -
The cornerstone, of ths Bunker Hill
monument was laid on June IT, 1843, by
Lafayette, and Daniel Webster deliv
ered tha ., oration. On June 17,. 1775,
Washington was chosen commander-in-
chief of the army. lit 1b the data In
1860 that Lincoln was nominated ' for
president. It is the birthday of Edward
I (Longshanks) of England (1239);, John
Wesley, the eloquent Preacher (170SV.
Abel Parker .Upshur, secretary of the
navy and of estate under Tyler (1790);
and JeremlahAM. Rusk, secretary of ag
riculture under Harrison (1830). Jo
seph Addison died on June 17, 1719;
Henrietta Sontaff, the famous singer. In
1854, and Lewis Cass, statesman and
secretary of state under Buchanan, in
If an Assembly, Why?
From the Astorlan (Rep.) .
For our part we are utterly weary
of the old schemes oand schemers. We
want . the Republican party rebullded
anew and fortified by leadership that
can be trusted to" do something but
"peddle" patronage ; and usurp , the
power of the state at large In the at
tainment of personal ends. If there Is
to be no effort mads to purge and
strengthen and revivify the party in
Oregon, '.it were- best known right now.
In order that the independence of the
average Republican may be understood
and used by him to the best advantage.
ir Clatsop-county is to hold an assem
bly we shall be glad to see it and help
It alonr and fin our . utmost tn tmnv
things to a unified arra dignified point
mat snail mean -something, if we are
not to have a local assembly, and are to
leave the political destinies of state,
and home, to the "machine," as of old,
we want to know that too;' and know
ing it we hnlr bo better able to govern
uur Biiaic in uie worn.ot me luiure,
Undesirable Citizens. 1 '
From the Boston Oiwbe.
The Cape Cod canal, we are told, will
be opened for business by 1912. The
canal diggers down on the 'Cape cer
tainly are making the sand fly. TITo
sand. flea, was .thtti' before they came.'
EVEX A tVORM HAS A TURN.
They were on their honeymoon and
they gloomily waited wh" t;.e castorn
officials checked over the bnlongmrs
of all ;the unmarried -pa?sensrers.
"How. long are you going "to keep us
waiting?" finally "inquired the irate
husband. ,-. , -
"Search me," said one of the offic
ials. "You'll have to wait till the turn
of the tied." ' .
Which is sail to be one of the worst
jokes that a : customs official evur
sprung. :':.','...; . . .a:. i-. -
BACK FROM BELOW.
Tune: "Over the Waves." ' -
Tli good ship Klzerlne sailed on, ma- .
. jt-stlc and serene.. v
The captain put his, best clothes on, the
deck was white and clean. "
The passengers with one accord bowed
down their heads with awer
While "He" came out upon the deek to
exercise nis jaw. : , .
'fSay, captain," Bald the . mighty one,
"the atmoSDhere is. nunk.
You ought to fumigate the air and
clean this pile of Junk;
I notice that the fish have nearly all
dismissed their schools;
Now this is bad, they, shouldn't try to
disobey the rules; '
And then, again, I do not like tha way
' the breakers break.
You' always ought to bear in mind the
lives here are at stake." .
Ho paused for breath. The captain Bald
"Please listen, most exalted sir, and let
. iii win a wei.. v . j. ..
You so.the sea, except the trail In
Willch tllft mnii nliln coil.
Is not exactly in my charge; that'a why
vonp nrrtei" fatta
"Don't talk to me, malefactorf "here,
men. tUt him In rhalna
When other people try to Ulk It fills
. . me full of pains."
Tha captain . manured, bruised and ,
maimed, was thrown Into. tha
While reverently the ship's crew
Crowded 'round tha tnrm "H
"He" gave them orders straight and
firm ' tha men vitn hnta hruth
In ; efforts to outdo themselves, near
worked themnAlvAA tn riaAtn
fVithln a week the passengers on board
had lost their nerve,
A corner of the boat was made a gov-
Tha f filt'rlng plant was taken for
" .water nnwnr nltn.
And whales within their - waka were
taught to only spout at night.
Old King Neptune with shaking head,
VHI ktnlrari trnm fitf Mm tVi
While plans were made and carried out
'- ' to heat the frigid sons. - -And
when at last the Kiierlna cama
ploughing toward the land.
Tha sea was tame and gentle ana would
- eat from out the nand. -No
mad waves dashed upon tha 'rocks;
they were no longer mad.
No Bad waves made wise remarks; they
4- wor iiw jonger boo. , t. , -
Let's rise and sin page 44, 10 Stanzas
The mighty monarch' of them all who
i- i uicb me iuna ana sea.
'','..:..' v ." 1 111 1 1 1 ' " j;- r,trlj,!
" True Standards of Life.
Erman J. Rldgway in the Delineator for
It takes so long to learn how to live;
so long to get even a glimmering of
wnav mo is ior ana wnat we ougnt
to do with ours. We are bo prone to live
In the future, to fret ourselves about it.
We are so busy yearning for the Joys
wa imagine other people have, and wor
rying about the trouble we Imagine we
are having, that we make of the present
the one thing we are aure of an end
And of all the follies, the limit' Is to
permit some one else to make our .stand
ards for us. Haven't we Intelligence?
Can't we think for ourselves? To want
things ws don't need, many we don't
really care for, Just because some one
else- has them, and wouldn't understand
If we didn't have them! To struggle
ana siram to mane a snow, when all
tha neighbors know it is only a show,
and would respect us a heap more If we
had the courage to be ourselves! Death's
standards ought to be life's standards.
Death does not sk how big a house
we hail from, nor how many universi
ty degrees we have won, nor what Is
our bank account. Not what we,, have,
nor what we know, but what we are. '
A nd that's our measure of everybody but v
ourselves. , ' v - . .
v Exercise Good for the Heart.
By Dr. Woods Hutchinson in July Out-'
' .'..."-, 1 .lng. '.. ':,',. '.. .
"There is nothing better for the heart
than athletics In reason and In. modera-
tlon. The only known way to keep an
organ healthy is to gjvet Just enough
exercise to make it comfortably tired
every day, or at least five days out of
the . week. Even our modern "methods
of curing a diseased heart are not solely
rest and as little bodily exercise as
possible, but all , the exercise in , the
open, air , that the damaged heart -will
stand, so as to Strengthen the muscles
of Its wall, to overcome, or, as we Bay,
compensate, for the leakage - of ii
valves, Just as in a leaky pump, you
apply more elbow grease to the handle
to keep up the stream from the spout
"One of the fathers of medicine,
Sydenham, used to make his wealthy
patients with heart disease get out and
run behind their own carriages, and
one of the most effective modern meth-
to make the patient walk up bill a
measured distance and gradient every
day. Increasing steadily Wh the length
and the steepness of the climb. There
is,- inererore, absolutely no-inherent or
necessary danger to the -heart in ath
letics. It Is only unintelligent, or mls-t
taken systems of ' training that are at
t fnntrthntftd tn. Tfi. .Tnnn..! M nr.t. ...
wa famoin Kansa pot. Hla prow-poemt ar s
regplar fcuture of tbU column Id Tin Kally
Journal.) ' " ,
- He's so familiar with the great, this
Harry Thurston. Peck, that every man
of high estate has wept upon his 'neck.
The poet ''Browning pondered deep the
things that Harry said; Lord Tennyson
was wont to sleep, In .Harry's .cattle"
Shed. , . When Ibsen ; wrote, he wildly
cried: "My life will be a wreck, If thl.
my drama, Is denied, the praise bf
Thurston Peck!" Said Kipling, In his
better days: "What use is my renown,
since Harry scans my blooming lavs,
and blights them" with frown?" The
poet, when his end draws near, erirs:
"Death brings no alarms, if I. in that
grim hour of fear, may d! n Harry s
arms." And,! betng dead, hla1 BniHt
, . .. w " - " v V,
j Harry plants a little rope "rojjhiaJmtnji.
1 bIeT6mb'.:"PoofShakespe'are and those
eiuer oaras, wnw naunt tne blessed isles,
were born too soon for Such reward"
aa Harry Thurston's smiles. But" Joy
will lighten their despair, and flood the
realms of npacev for Harry Peck' will
Join them there they'll .see him fae
to face! , . . : ,, ... ,
Otn r':;M. 1(U'. b . Tv
i-J HU5'f T"-) -"b TlU.THf
N 1 J vllVMe rc;
Harry Thurston Peck
- twg Mntttiiiir Artatn. 1