The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, February 02, 1910, Page 3, Image 3

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I fills WORLD
'lisonian Institution One of
"?. " fib Most Valuable Assets of
Uie United States Clearing
; vriouse for. Knowledge.' .
"Uy Frederic J. JIaskln.
(SViinlilngton, Feb,'; 2.-When ' James
ilUison wrote Ma wllU making a be
fst of 1500,000 for tbe founding of
institution for fthe Increase and dlf
'-, alon of knowledge among men," he
illded better than he knewv Ho had
. come dlngsted wjth his titles, which
, i " sfited him nothing, ani declared that
'. . 'would make-his name remembered
' ' . . in all hl relatives were forgotten
, v ' y liapa never in , hUtory baa $500,000
" -folded auch splendid returns as that
J ii which .Smlthson endowed the In
.' . f fc'tlon that hear a hli name. - From
' tfi, time that It waa established thl
' nlatlotV has led the .scientific
' - 7" tt of the new world. It haa bean
"Jca's lookout upon the watcli-tow-
Itf science. . '
. . 1 If oat Vaiuabje Institution. ,
v.V Vrrn American science waa In tta
' ", lllng clothea . the ,' Smithsonian ln-
jt .Jn was tta wet nurae. In lha
',. ivdays of the country men were ao
s upon forest conquering and em
nVv nbulldlni? tbat they had little In
ctf Uon and leaa opportunity for aclen-
1 -thought or original reaearch. But
- f mlthsonlon too- tha neglected ln
. ' jJnto Ua care- and nourished It
sMa coday American aclence la -re
. ..v'v throughout tha world. Tha In-
v' troll voi also assisted materially In the
v ot I affonent of tha arts. Ita first sec
f tJ(tlJopph Henry, constructed the
. v ' i lalectro-magnetlc telegraph and
i-1ffHna"-l,ona F ln rt 01 lec
t F ; insmlaalon through . which
T " i ri, ' ;- 10 civilisation tha
' ' i I t - J ' 1 Bu ma leiepnone.
, ', lance- of meteorology
had Ita
'rll at tha Inatltujlon. and the
r . - . 1 . . 1 , I .
rv 'Ji eecona secretary. Bpencer F.
'TV-i '-'-11011 established tha aclenca
culture and organised tha United
rflsh commission. Ita third aeo
Professor - Langley, gathered
non which la based tha buddins-
ti'i 'V of aeronautics. Theaa ara only
unTt of tha many thlnga tha instl-JPfi-
haa dona la carrying out Ita
, ..' i i a
founder's purpose "the lncri' and
diffusion of knowledge among men." ,
The work of the Astrophysli-al Observ
atory constltutea one of tha most Inter
esting phases of the activities of tha
Institution. While ita laborsarer highly
technical, and the world may wonder
how such a thing aa the atudy of "solar
constants" can effect Ua every-day life,
it lt likely that discoveries affecting
the welfare of every human being may
yet grow out of -Ha rcsearchea. While
science lias been able to predict eclipses,
moon changrte and other celestial phe
nomena wlih minute accuracy,' It haa
never been able to forecast the weather
for more than a few days, and It can
not tell Whether tha sky will be cloud
less or overcast evena few hours In
Study of' tba San.
It waa' a favorite theory of the lata
Professor , Langley. that the auia doee
not throw out a uniform heat, and that
the variations ln tta production ofjieat
have an Intimate relation to changes
In the weather. Ho believed that he
could' prove hla theory that the aun
aometlmea loafs on lie Job. 'Having
proved hla inference , that there are
fluctuations in the heat of tha aun, ha
aet about to determine the lawa of thla
V ariation, , believing that with theaa
(Ausea discovered he could make a long
rane forecast or tna weainer aa ao
rurately aa the aatronomer forecaata the
changes of the moon.. Professor, Ming-
ley died In the midst of thla work, but
It haa been taken up by his assistant,
Director. Abbot. 1 Through hla bolo-
metrrs and " pyrlwMometeS-s, measuring
tha hundredth-millionth of a degree of
temperature and doing other thlnga no
leaa remarkable,. Mr. Abbot haa'bbtalned
a fair understanding of tha hablt of
Old Sol. and hopea to reach tha-point
where he can establish tha laws of theaa
changes, v , 7 v ,!;'; " .
X Kay Predict Future Weather. -
Think what benefits would result If
Director Abbot should be able to es
tablish the Langley theory! Tha' farm
er could know in advance what tha
seaaoa waa going to be. If a wet sea
son were . assured na could plant a crop
requiring plenty of moisture, and If a
dry . aeaaon were Indicated ha could
plant-a' crop unaffected, by dry weath
er. Tha ocean voyager .could time hla
comings and goings ao aa to escape
tha storms of tha sea.- Tha big fairs
and other open air meetings could plan
their programs so aa to escape Inclem
ent - weather. - A thousand 'advantages
would coma to man through accurate
long range weather forecasting;. . Of
course Director Abbot is making no
poeittve promlaa that ha will be able
to accomplish theaa thlnga, but ha-la
assured that there will be reaulta Im
portant only ln a leaa degree. "
Yaluable, Indian Data.
' Various other original Investigations
ara being made under tha direct super
vision of the Bmjthaonlan Institution.
Tha reaearchea of tha bureau of ethno
logy have dona a great work ln pre
serving for the future tha aongs, cus
toms and traditions of tha first true
American tha Indian. Thla bureau haa
collected data concerning 0 linguistic
storks and imwnrd of S00 tribes of In- lmsy become
rii.n. i i. -.i,iiu,tnir handbook on 1 collection
the Ihdiun, Treating tho aubjects dealt
with only in broad outline. Other hand
books, dealing with Ms mora ' import
ant activities are In course of prepara-
tin,. Th rirat la.tha handbook of
languages,' In two volumes. The arta
an tn)naFia are also being treated
In aeriarata 'volume, and liandbooka
concerning rellglan, folklore, govern
mnt nathologv and mediclna ara, in
prospect . '
Booaevelt Expedition.
vlt exnedltlon to Africa
beara a Veo'll"" relation to the Bmlth
eonlan. While officially tha expedition
Is under tha ausplcea of the Inatltutlon.
nnt a rfnllnr nf Ita annensea la being Paid
vs., that r.oni.itini. ' Tli financing of
tha cintiiltliin la being done by "frlenda
nt tha inatltutlon ' That It haa been
aueeaaafiil In gatlrlng much neW IOO
logical Information Is vouched for by
Secretary tWalcott. and the force of tax
idermists and other experts at the in
stitution w.lll be kept busy for monuis
to coma In mounting tha specimens that
have been arriving from Mombassa. .
It would make a long atory to relate
tha ' details ..of all the Inveatlgajlone
being made .directly or Indirectly
through tha Bmlthaonlan Inatltutlon.
They cover nearly every field of human
knowledge, though in many cases the
funda at Its'dlsDoeal limit .the range
of tha work. Two yeara ago Jt offered
a tirlxe of 11500 for the beat essay on
the relation of atmosiiherlo air to tubtr-
culosls. and Jl papera on tha subject
were "! entered In the contest. These
papera repreacnt tha beat thought of the
day on tuberculosis, and form a valu
able contribution to medical literature.
Other Investigations and atudles are
atlraulated by the offering of 'prUes,
Carry on Explorations. .
: faeful as the Smithsonian has been
In the oast. Ita officials ara anxloua
to Increase Ita Value in tha future.: gee-
r '. . . i a
rataryv waicott deciarea mat inn in
stitution is necullarly well fitted to or
ganize and supervise investigations and
tinlnratinns on which the Income of
$20,000,000 could ba expended wisely
and effectively. He aaya that tha ac
tivities of the institution ara not lim
ited to Investigations In the fields 01
science and art, but that hlatoHcal and
ethnological reaearchea, and a tatlstical
Inquiries with . reference to physical.
moral and nolltlcal .aubjects are also
Amerlca'a foremost art
Oostributaa to Knowledge. ;
In the diffusion of knowledge the
Inatltutlon haa been no leaa successful
than in tha Increase thereof. It wa
recognised - fey Bmlthaon that there.
should ba a sort of international clear
ing house of knowledge, where the prog
ress of each Individual and of each na
tion could be given to tha world. There
fore his -bequest waa as-much for tha
"diffusion of knowledge" aa It waa for
Investigation. Through tha Bmlthson
lan'a International exchange aervlce
wonderful publicity haa been given to
the reaearchea and Investigations that
hava 'proved "of value to. tha race.
Through this service tha United Statea
exchangea aela of all government docu
ments with the other principal countries
of tha world, aiul partial aeta with other
countries. This Includes all of . the
scientific papera published. , In addi
tion it serves aa a medium of exchange
between all of the colleges, universities,
learned societies and Institutions of tha
United Statea and those of foreign coun
tries. . ; The Smithsonian 1 Contrlbutlona
to Knowledge ara monographs dealing
with positive lessons learned from of-
lglnal reaearch, and hundreds of theaa
pamphleta go out ln every mall to peo
ple lntereated in aclenttfic subjects. Mat
year It handled nearly a quarter million
packages, weighing approximately a
half , million pounds. The aervlce has
mora than 0,000 correapondenta.
"-, - .v
Tomorrow-rThe Leather Industry.
' S'0fer,"J,IU,' tJohn, O-" Md VMCover, Wash. N
Charles Gaultry1, Fort Colllna. Colo.
Let,fall Fort Collins celebrated her
flrat Lamb. day. It was a unique af
fair, particularly when It la known that
there are no aheep In tha country. ' But
tba town had to havaa name for her
celebration and tha balance , of . tba
towna In the state had used up all tha
appropriate namca. Colorado Is - the
greatest state I ever aaw for celebra
tion daya. It is . the booster spirit
manireatlng uselfM. . ,
political .aubjecta
within Ita province. , . . .
To Solve Xaoa Problem.
The secretary sees great need for
fearless. thorough, scientlfto atudy 01
tba elements entering Into the -race
problema of Jha Americas. ( Ha feela
that until the 'fundamental tendencies
of tha differing; races are-" Intelligently
understood, not only by tha few but
by tha many, a practical underatandlng
of threatening aoclal conditions la Im
possible. Ethnology, anthropology, psy
chology, preventive medicine and edu
cation ara aome of tha tools that must
ba used In shaping the national, com
munity and individual Ufa of the future.
Tha National Gallery of Art. which la
under the control of tha Smithsonian,
Is expected to form the nucleus of what
A.' V. Rtronach. Bingham Junction
Utah.-I liva in a town that aupporta
about 4000 people and not over one
tenth of them can talk English, . I am
a newspaper man and Z hava been of
fered $160 a month to learn tha Greek
language sufficient to publish a Greek
newspaper, j. aecunea tna orrer ds
cause I am already SO yeara old and I
am afraid I couldn't master' tha lan
guage for forty yeara.
T. G. Frledlander, Toll Gate, Or.
Tha beautiful ranges or tha Blue Moun
tains ara almoat devaatated. A few
years ago one . could cut many tone of
hay around ln tha little valleys, but
sheep hava practically ruined the
ranges. Every , man, except a sheep
grower, has a perfect right to -vhate
aheep. h
..1 thia t,
. Wllrti aVtylk
at ' r gr
i -jt " oasel;
t Jip JT '
1 -mi f
ti spat
. ike to r
made an
by th
atata T .
i' it makes you think
Better Health
then make trial and see if
'. tha '
lot: ;
vnd J
Iftnaelsl Dlaniteh to The JanrnaL)
Oregon Agricultural College, Corval-
11s, Or., Feb. ' 2. Plans ara practically
complete for improving tha O. A. C.
campus. John C. Olmatead has Juat
finished going oven the plana of ar
ranging the buildings and grounds 'for
, future development. Ha left this morn
ing, after spending a day and a half
I with President Kerr and Professor Peck,
who has charge of tha landscape gar
dening at tha college. '
Mr. Olmstead belongs to a noted fam
ily of landscape architects, hla. father
laid out tho famous Central Park ln
New York and later tha world's fair
grounds at Chicago In 1892. His brother
planned the beautiful Prospect Park of
Brooklyn, N. T. In collaboration with
his ' brother Mr. Olmatead drew the :
original plans for Mount Royal Park
in Montreal and the much famed Met
ropolitan Park system ln Boston.
Bargains all over, the store. Reductions made from our low rent prices,
which were already 20 to 25 per cent lower than the west side dealers.
Attend this great sale. Benefit by its savings. - : ,
BRASS BED ( highest quality,
; massive pillars,; higfilv' polished,
has several' coats of lacquer; an
exquisite piece; Regular low rent
price $45.00. BED fi99 TA
BRASS BED Another beauty
of same quality as one above, with
2-Inch" round pillars and heavy
r square top rods. Regular low rent
price $35.00.. RED COA lift
quarter sawed oak, a row of three
drawers-on each side and large
serpentine shape, drawer at bot
tom, very handsome, full length;
French plate beveled mirror. Reg
ular low rent price $40. RED
PRICE .... . . ....... .v I w v
ful quarter sawed oak, 4 drawers ;
an odd piece with fine desk with
pigeon holes. Regular low rent
price $32.50. RED 99 CA
ROCKER Quarter sawed oak, 1
wax finish, comfortable high back
very ' handsome and strong;
straight arms, saddle seat Reg
ular low rent price $13.25. RED
PRICE. a JO.&d
ROCKER Polished solid quar-.
ter sawed oak, beautiful design,
saddle, seat. Reg. low rent price
$7.00. RED TAG OM 7C
SALE PRICE.......3iM d
BUFFET Quarter sawed oak; '
hand rubbed, wax finish, very
unique design, with 4 leaded glass:
cabinets, 5 drawers and handsome
French plate beveled, mirror. ;
Reg. low rent price $45. RED -TAG
PRICE . . . . ..4.. . v
English finish, leaded glass front, ;
brush brass trimmings, made of ;
quarter sawed oak, straight line
design. Reg. low rent price $30.
Hundreds of Just Such Bargains All Over the Store Come Early and
Reap the Benefits.
4 ' (rf
a 4i if
Greater Strength
Keener Brain
' Ti if
?ti hiTry the change, - r . .-" ' . . . " . "T
.vnn will fppl "fit:, n lorH" in a wpplr's tim hv hrpnkfastint on franp-Niits anrl
i -- . T . - r- j - ; -----0 ..r-r.. t
J j;m, a little fruit, a soft boiled, egg, some nice, -crisp toast and acup of well-made
Ft-If you ever try this experiment, you -.will always bless the day you wbke up. .
ill -. a-Ai - "-I" 1 ' 4 ' ) . . . 1 ' -a .
My iiheres a reason wny urape-iNuts tooa urmsnes power to ooay ana Dram.- it is '
! kde of selected parts of the.field grains that; furnish phosphate of potash in a natu
state that canjie assimilated b the human bqdyj This joins with the albumen df -?:
ilOl and forms the ptav .matter of trip, hrain an rl nerve, center?. - 1 , .
New Corporations.
(Salem Burean ot The JoarnaLl
- Salem, Or., Feb. 2. Articles of Incor
poration hava been filed in the office of
the. secretary or state as follows: -
Clatsop Beach Chautauqua, associa
tion; principal office, -Portland; capital
stock, IS000; Incorporators, w.
Lovett, I. M. Walker and F. $1. Clark.
Bevenoaxa Investment company; prin
cipal office, Portland; capital stock,
$160,000; Incorporators, H. N. Burpee,
IE.. B. MacNaughton and D. Parke
Union Credit association; principal
office. Vale; capital stock, $1000; in
corporators. El wood L. Clark, Leo H
Schmidt and J, E. Lawrence.
George B. Weatherby company; prin
cipal office, Fortiana; capital stock,
! $10,000; incorporators, Ralph R. Dunl-
I way, George B. Weatherby and Hilton
O. Weatherby. . ,
an forms the gray onatter of the brain and nerve centers,
n'fir "eed-skilfully and you can ''do things."
1 ,r,SThe -greatest brain workers eat Grape-Nuts. ;
i Ask one Or two, they'll tell you.
- e.-. '"You-meat'eaters who are ailing in any' sort of way should take the hint. ,
' ;J A prominent authority says:7 ' " ;"v 'I
w-j. "There is nov doubt of the' fact that rteat eating Is not essential to human life, a,nd that men can be well nour-si
' 4Jd without resorting to t a flesh diet.. ,. r v ; '' ' ' - ," ' i
; E.p."r think the statement may be accented without question "tha't.v as a rule, wa eat "too much, not only of meat.
, J ,of "ll formW of food. The question of limiting the diet la baaed primarily not on tha principal of economy,
jj vn the requtrmenta of hygiene, . 'i - ', ' - ' "
. ' -.'At the early breakfasts which Americans are wont -to Indulge In, that Is. a hearty meal before going to their dally
-.k, the omiaalon of meat' Is to be earnestly advised. '
"It Is well-known that men :whd are nourished very extensively on certain cereals vare capable of the hardest, and
'tst enduring labor." '
Youc'an depend on the energy from Grape-Nuts longer than from any meal of
"There's a Reason" for
11 r
) z at pure. food factories of the Postum Cereal Go.,. Ltd., Battle Creek MicK. '
"J.Jd'TlieRoadtoWellvilic'mpkgs. '. r . . -;- - .
ImicldtatMee ting on 'Febrnary.10.
(Special Dl-patoh to Ibe Journal.) ;
Husum, Waah., Feb 2. A large num
ber of dtliens from Husum and Trout
Lake will, attend tba Klickitat county
booster meeting to be held at Golden
dale, the county seat, Thursday,, Feb
ruary 10. The county has - become
widely known through the work of the
different commercial organizatlona for
I the exploitation and development of the
county. ' : ., , ... j
Among the rromlnent seraons. who
Will take an active jJart in the meeting
vara: Mr. French, president a. P. & 8
IH. C. Nutt, vice president Northern Pa
Icflc: &. D. Charlton, general passenger,
agent Northern Pacific; Mr Jackson,
general passenger agent Great , North
ern; It. M. Adams, general paasenget
agent 8. P. A S.: .Torn Richardson of
Portland. ' -
Oakland, Or., Man Attempts Suicide,
(Special Dispatch to The Journal.) .
Oakland. Dr.. Feb. 2. -William Arnold.
who came to Oakland from Idaho last
December, committed aulclde yesterday
by" hanging himself with a leather line
in r barn on his farm, one mile north
of Oakland. No cause Is assigned.
Arnold met with financial reverses
before coming to Oakland, and this,, to
gether with i 111 health, is . thought to
havel mentally unbalanced him. ' Ar
nold "Is survived by "his wife and six
children, who reside at Oakland; hla
I mother and brother living in Wash
ington. ' "
Cifi't. Pythlans at Engene. ,
A JS'lBpeclal Did-ten to The Jnornal. '
Eugene, Or., Feb. ,2.- A district con
vention of Knights of Pythlaa.wlll' be
held ; JnEugone Saturday nighty :The
lodges Inr tho Fifth district , which will
participate in this convention are those
at -Eugene. Cotuge Grove,- Junction
City and Roseburg, Knights from Al
bany, CorvalllSjSalem, BroirnsvlIleT Le
banon. OregoiT City and Portland will
be in attendance.,,
Passenger Hita Open Switch.
(Special Dlapatcb to The Jnttrnal.)
Chehalis, Wash., Feb. 2. -Through the
carelessness of some one in. leaving the
Northern v Pacific switch at Prlndle
street open, train No. 13 collided with
a string of boxcars at S o'clock last
night. Aside frombadly " smashing a
boncat' and putting a crlrpp - into the'
pilot of the engine, no serious damage
waa done. , . -v ,
- - - - - - - -
: I
II s? KT rryf r-r
iff if 1 1 ri ri
. II : : r
Iff Jl
M Iff CS
nc-i 'Mvif II !'t r-n; i 1
, ii 'Mil
icy t IM
ll i
ii ti i
Men 's and Boys 9 Clothing
, . ' . . 7' 1 ' "": '" ' "" """ . ' '- "" " - ' . '' ",J" ", " - I .
at Less Than Cost
Just think of being able to buy a swell Suit or Overcoat at
less than costrgarments that regularly sell from $15 to $40,
but now priced to sell at from $11.75 to $25. It's worth
going blocks out of your way to see -the splendid array' of
t stylish weaves and color effects. The completeness of our
size assortment and the expert tailoring enable us to fjt men
of all proportions. . , . ,
. Stylish Suits for Men
$15.00 Suits.. ..811.78 I $25.00 Suits ...$18.75
$20.00 Suits.... S14.35 $35440 Suits... 825.00
Men's Swell Overcoats
' I, -. . . -
$15 Overcoats. .$11.75 I $25 Overcoats. .$18.75
$20 Overcoats. .$14.35 $35-$40 O'coats, $25.00
: B.- MLL C..: 4ol4
OUy IVUUUy kJUli Years
These extraordinary values come in plain Serges, fancy cas
simeres, cheviots, thibets and tweeds, ;
$5.00 Suits only. . $3.75
$6.50 Suits only. .$4.50
$7.50 Suits only.. $5.00
$8.00 Suits only. .$5.75
$10.00 Suits only . $7.00
Grant Phegley, Manager
LjUSQEitiUS N at-r V V iJiU
J v.-
Outfitters to Men and Boys
Seventh zrd S
A-Few "Gents InyeGted:.:in-a.-Joi::
Classified AdH?s vefejlic