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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 24, 1910)
THE DAILY JOURNAL IS
: M YESTERDAY WAS
Sunday Journal 5 centsror IS cents,
a week, for Dally and Sunday Jour
nal, by carrier, -"delivered.
The weather Occasional ra!U' to
night and Tuesday; cooler tonight.
VOL. . VIII. , NO. 278. ..
PORTLAND, OREGON," MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 1 24, f 1910. SIXTEEN PAGES.
PRICE TWO CENTS. ftU1 T
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v Government Rcnews'Attacic on
:Z 1 Trust Believed to HavoPut
;- ; Up Prices Begins With
National Packing Co.'
OFFICERS OF COMPANIES
CALLED INTO COURT
United States District Attorney
Sims Will Force Individ
ual Indictments. ,:
X. . W.J--. i-W-i-, -
"(United Preas Imn4 Wire.) ;
. , Chicago, Jan. 14.- When the eye of
an aroused people' are upon . them, the
treat barons of the meat trust at be
ing placed on the defensive today by the
opening- of the second government 'at
tack upon the alleged monopoly. Evl-
dence believed to warrant criminal pro
cedure against the trust Is ready to be
- laid before the federal grand jury here
at Its meeting this afternoon.'
Thirty aubpoenaea for witnesses to
' appear before .the Inquisitors are in the
hands of federal deputy marshals, who
are serving the papers today. '
- United States District Attorney 81ms,
leading the government's attack. , will
begin, his arraignment of the packers,
and his chief ' assistant, James Wll
- keraon, will conduct the examination la
. the grand Jury room. ' , . '. i ',.
The .National. Packing company has
been selected as the chief object of at
tack.- A great number of the witnesses
summoned .today, are officials and em
ployes of that corporation. - ;
.Sims Is armed with data secured by
government 'agents who have been
working more or- less secretly -In .fur
therance f, criminal procedure- against
the men suspected of being responsible
for 1 the present, high prices . of meats
through, illegal combinations ;ln re
. stralnt of trade. !' J ''
It is Intimated that 61ms win not at
tempt to. secure' the Indictment of Individual-packers
but will prohably at
tempt to indict them collectively. It
Is also said that Elms wUl submit evi
dence upon which, he hopes for the In
dictment of the National packing com
pany as a corporation and of directors
In other meat companies believed to
be allied with, the National racking
company. . '- v
That the packers will refuse to tes
tify before the grand Jury is Inferred
by their refusal absolutely to discuss
the Investigation and. by the action of
their attorneys in not only declining to
talk upon the subject but also counsel
ing the packers to allenoe,
Every attorney reputedly connected
with the "trust- Is here and the pack-;
rs will present a formidable legal ar
ray In . the , forthcoming, struggle. .
order to meet this. Prosecutor 81ms has
engaged R. w. Medarls as special fed
eral counsel to assist him.' - .
Hope of relief from high prices -of
meats through action against the pack
ers, was somewhat mitigated by the
statements of , J, Ogden Armour, who,
though refusing to disonss the grand
Jury investigation, commented freely ion
a jtne hign meat proDienx.
- "You can eliminate ; the - big packers
from the situation, but the high prices
will remain," said Armour. Trices are
high because the laws of nature can
not be changed. ' Increase production,
and prices will falL" '
Armour declared that , the present
state of the market did not suit the
PORTLAND'S AUTO SHOW IN FULL BLAZE TONIGHT
River Not Only' Breaks Banks Adopts Cfcambedala Resolu-
and Floods Surface but Un- : ,tion of Irimriry Reaardlna
. - . - - - - - i
derground Ravages Const!-
tute-Terriole Menace. J,
Proceedings, If Any, Look
ing to Forfeiture of Grant.
DANGER OF PESflLENCE
ADDED TO HORROR LIST
TWO YEARS TO ACT i 1
, r AND NOTHING DONE
Drift Jam at Bridge -Threatens Agent Townsend Awaits Fur-
Worst of All Struc
tures in Peril..'
ther; Instructions Wick
; . crsham Too Busy, V
fW.nMisctoe Boreea ef The Jnonul 1
' (CaittA Prsi tetMd Wtre.)
Paris, Jan. 94 The Seine today la 10 I
Inches above its previous highest water I berlaln offered this . morning, and the
mark, reached -In 1S7C. The volume of I senate passed, a resolution calling on I
water it is carrying is much greater I the attorney general for information I
than In that year. In view, of the fact I as to what has been done by the depart
X i i
,- Li ua
that the channel ha bean deepened an
additional 11 feet within the past to
The retaining walls along the banks
are In serious danger of collapse. Tn
many places they , have ; been under
mined and several caves bavs already
resulted. . .-. s- v
PorUons of the street J fronting the
enamber of ' deputies collapsed today.
ment of Justice In obeying the command
conveyed by, congress two years ago
to Institute suits to procure forfeiture
of the Southern Pacifio grant lands la
Oregon. Senator Chamberlain spoke
briefly, citing trie urgent need of set-
I tllng the legal questions raised In con
nection with 'the litigation involved.
"Nearly; two years have 'elapsed, he
aid, "yet nothing has been, acoom-
Commission Decries : Legisla
Won "That ."Assumes ) Rail
'roads - Proof , Against Di
rect Laws. :'.-.-r:' V' '
or of the Armory, taken this morning,' before all the exhibits had bfen. placed In position.
barring ttafflo from the thoroughfare. pHshed JTy the department of Justice,
The basement of the great- building was far aa the public la Informed. It Is
flooded? ' , - , . an important matter, not only to the
-,-The Place Bt.' iflchael and -the under- people of Oregon, but to the people of
ground stallon of the Orleans railway unitea utates. , i,ne amount in-
were partially filled with water shortly solved In one of these land grants at
before noon.-.The barricaded windows tn leMt ceeded 1.000,000 acres, and
of the station crashed Inward beneath th amount patented by the govern.
the force of the flood and a murky de
luge seetnea into toe tunnel, i.
The city's great railroad' station.
Gare d'Orsa, was abandoned when the
authorities decided further occupancy
The morgue, one of the hlstorle bniM.
inga, of the city, made famous by writ.
ers of many nationalities,, la tn danger
o ooitapse. ;
JPearlng that the Street under which
the Orleans . railway tunnel extends
would cave In, the police today ordered I law required that lands be sold to se
tt-blockaded. ; Gendarmes are ruardlns I tual settlers at not more than 11.50 an
ment to the land grant company prior
to 1801 was 1,800,000 acres."
Department Should . Bs "Beady.
Senator Chamberlain cited the appear-
attorney-general, before the commute my UrCer. 01 tTeS flenuLOVett
request for a resolution authorizing the
Institution of suits. The senator said
he assumed the department of Justice
was therefore ready to prosecute them.
Senator Chamberlain cited that the
of Railroad: System, Ameri
can Express Co. Will Super
; sede Competitor," ;
SupersedlntT the Paclflo Express oom-
(Contlnued on Page .Four.)
Two Missouri Pacific Robbers
Supposed to Be in.
(United Press Leased vTire.l
Jefferson, City, Mo., Jan. 24. Sus
pected f , being members of the quartet
of bandits that held up the Missouri
Pacific express near Eureka, Mo., last
Saturday and escaped after looting the
1 mail car and attempting unsuccessfully
. to crack a safe In the express car, two
men were arrested' here today. They
were,, partially identified by members
or tne train's crew. , ' .
Teachers to 'Meet at South Bend.
.. ' ' ' (Special DUpttch te Tb Jourael.) -
South Bend, Jan. 2. The twentieth
,. convention session of, the Paclfio
County Teachers' Institute will convene
in this city this evening, when a re
ception will be given to the visiting
teachers and instructors 'by the teach
ers of the South Bend public- schools.
The actual work of the Institute will
begin, .on Tuesday morning1 and will
oloee -on; Friday Afternoon. "-The in
structors will be Assistant State Super
intendent j...iMi . Ijjyhue, . of Olympia;
Professor EL O Slss'on. : Professor IS. L.
Daggy and Miss Isabella Austin, all of
the University of Washington, ' Seattle.
County Superintendent Mies Lottie Bode
will be Institute conductor." . ' .
acre and no more than 180 acres to one
person, .yet that 615,000 acres had been
sold In larger lots and at higher prices
than- eras permitted in " the aot which pany.ths "American Express company
granted these lands to ; the railways, I will ' open of floes : April 1 - in Portland.
which are' now owned by the Southern I Omaha, and all intermediate points on
Pacific ' " Ithe Union Pacifio,' Oregon Short Line
Towns end Waits on wlokersham.. .land the Oregon Railroad ft Navigation
The department of justice will make I company.. -The. new contract with v the
Tons of debris brought down the river no statement prior 1 to ' consideration I Hariiman system, whereby the Pacific
by the floods have become - lodged being given to-the resolution, It is Express Is displaced-by the, aggreesive
against the supportsforming a mlnla- known, however, that B. D. Towhsend, American Express gives the . second
ture dam. At the ends of the bridge the who went from here to institute suits, largest express company In the United
ODstrucuon is almost complete. lhas filed one case wit that nothing nasi states entrance to i-orwana. r
Should the space between the two I been determined, and the-case pends. I Announcement was made from theno
masses of drift be blocked, he swollen Townsend has been here several weeks leal Paclflo Express company offices to-
Drift at Brldgw rorms Baa.
It Is feared this evening that the fa
mous Alma bridge, the most beautiful
structure ' that spans the Seine, ( may
nave, to do aestroyea to prevent the en
tire lower section of Paris from beeom
Ing Inundated. - -s
waters of the river would, be forced
Over the banks Into the city's streets.
- After a thorough examination, en
gineers today declare that the Eiffel
tower was In no danger. ,
!'-; Tood Supplies Cut Off.
Thousands of persons are homeless
tonight. In the poorer sections of the
City suffering Is Intense. :
Bakers ' this evening Increased; the
prlee -of -bread T" cent per" pound. Ow
ing to the faot that those country dis
tricts, . upon which " the city depends
largely for It food supply, are Drae-
tlcally cut off from communication, the
provision supply Is running low.' It
of meat and vegetables will be raised.
awaiting further Instructions from At
torney General - "Wlckersham, . who : has
been busy with other matters and has
found It Inconvenient to take up this
matter. Inquiry shows that before the
resolution of April, 1908,; was adopted
the , government had had more ; than
year for investigation in Oregon, so
that when the resolution was adopted
practically all material, facts were ai
ready In hand and -It remained only to
put-them In shape for, presentation in
court. The understanding is that sev.
eral suits - must be Instituted to carry
out the terms of the resolution of .1908.
(TTatted Press Lesaed Wire.l . '
Paris, Jan. 24. Two persons are re
ported to have been drowned at a dosen
(Continued on Page Four.)
Harvard Wants Addie Joss,
Toledo, Ohio, Jan. 24. fAddie Joss of
Cleveland, the crack American league
pitcher, today was offered the position
as coach of the Harvard Baseball team.
He asked permission, from Manager. Mo-
Oulre to act -upon the offer. ;
REVENGE OF FOILED
IN NICK OF TIME
(United Press teased Wire.) ,
Vicksburg, Miss., Jan. 14. -Heroically
refuslnar to reveal the combination of a
safe to station robbers, George Burdette,
a car tagger, was tied to the track and
left to his fate early today. Burdette
wag rescued by an aged negro, who
narrowly escaped being, run down by a
ocomotive that but for him would have
killed Burdette. r w-r;'
: Burdette. An tke employ of the Taxoo
& MiBSlseippI Valley railroad, was alone
in ' the station when two - white men
entered. He found himself looking Into
the muszle of a revolver and was ordered
to tell the combination of the safe.
Threats failed to move him. .
Angered at his refusal the thugs car
ried him to the track and tied him to
the rails with his own belt, necktie and
shirt Burdette remained In this posi
tion for some time, knowing meanwhile
that a train was due. .-Frequently he
cried for help and struggled tb release
himself, He became f rantlo. when he
heard ; the - rumble of an approaching
train 'TVi riarlrn... k... . n (..t.l.i.
in tne glare or an engine's headllehft
At about that time an Old negro Jani
tor arrived at, the .scene. .. He, heard
Burdette's orlee tor help and begad- a
searcn. . just nerore the train came up
he found Burdette and dragged him
irom uie tracK.-i, - - . - '
Aitnougn surrenng rrom nervous
collapse, Burdette was ible to give the
autnoriiiea 'a nescritnion of the man.
inu mey ' wui proo&Diy D9 captUMO.
AND PAULHAN READY
-.(United Press teased Wire.) .,.
Tanforan Park, Cal., Jan. 24. With
the sun . shining clear and no wind.
every prospect for. successful flight by
Louis paulhan, the famous French avia
tor, was apparent, here today. , ' Storm
clouds? which lowered On the .western
sky at dawn moved to the southward
and soon the sun was drying up the
field,: soaked by yesterday's downpour.
Paulhan directed the work of his as
sistants In getting the aeroplane from
Us shed and his animation betokened
his delight at .the auspicious Weather,
"It is for the people that ! am hap
py,", declared , Paulhan today. '"They
have been disappointed once and I am
pleased that they ahall not be again
turned away.' The -day la beautiful, I
will excel myself -... . ,
day that after April h the Wells Fargo
express company will separate from the
Pacific Express, and , the two companies
wilr .have, offices, together no longer.
The "f American Express company will
open Independent offices. For the first
Continued on Page - Two.)
BILL TO RELIEVE
Chamberlain Introduces Meas
, urd Providing ifor.Rein- -'.
CMS FOR BIG . POWER SITES
MBIT AWE AND OIL LANDS '
-'-.--''' : .-. .' . ' . .-..;itJ - v. : . .. : "'
In: Spite v of; Many: Obstacles
Every Detail Complete When
Doors to Brilliant Event
Open Airships Exhibited.
(Wa.hUirton fiurean ht Th Jmrnil.v
Washington, Jan. 24. Senator Chsm
berlaln Introduced today a bill for the
relief, of the Blleta settlers, orovldlnsr
that no homestead be cancelled merely
Decause or lnsurrioient residence or Cul
tlvatlon when entry was made in rood
faith, and that entries that have been
cancelled be reinstated. on application.
u no contest naa oeen instituted.
The bill contains a strong clause nro.
vlding for protection against fraudulent
entry in the past or future.
Bills were introduced, today to set
asiae as a puono park Saddle mountain,
In Oregon, for the purchase of portraits
of Marshall. Taney., Chase and White.
chief Justices of the supreme court of
the United States. v
COMIC SECTION W(LL
. BE PRINTED WITH'
, SATURDAY JOURNAL
Answering . the . requests 4 of
over iuuw suoscnoers, The jour- '
nal, will, beginning next Satur- 4
day. January 29, resume the;' is-' 4
. suance of the colored -' comic
section, .with its regular Satur-
nay eaiuon. - xva weeks ago
the section , was cut off largely 4
to tea v tne vaiua or th Batur- 4
day comlo section - and to see -
Whether the people of Portland
really wanted both a Saturday
and Sunday comic section. Over
1000 written and phone requests
came Into the office asking that
the section be resumed, and next -
Saturday the section will again
be Issued. The' Journal's policy -' 4'
in the future will be to enlarge'
CompleU-in-everV-detailr the eoond
annual automobile show of the Portland
Automobile club' will1 open tonight In
the Armory building, -Tenth and Couch
streets. The timeiy arrival of no, less
than five carloads of , automobiles over
the railroads last night has pleased the
management through and through. As
result the Portland Motor Car com
pany, H. If, Keats Auto cohiDafty,T Max
well agencyt Graham Utoniobile-eora-pany
and the Mitchell agency will have
completed exhibits. . 1 ' . t. ', ,
The past week has been one of aeat
worry for the automqblle dealer. It
was believed for a. while that the cars
would not reach here before Thursday
of this week. The railroads of the east
were practically paralyzed and there
seemed r to be no hope of getting the
cars. No trace of many of them could
be found. Last night, however, the cars
started to arrive and five carloads of
machines, including the Wlnton. Mitch
ell, Pope-Hartford, Stevena-Duryea and
Maxwell reached the city. The hoisting
motor with which the cars have to
be raised to the upper floors was put
in place . and the Pope-Hartford and
Stevens-Duryea cars hoisted to the ball
room on the second floor of the Armory
late this morning. - .',. - ' . .
' . Wre Starts In Oar. . ....
An accident which came close 'to' de
stroying the entire Mitchell exhibit
Secretary Wants to Conserve
; . Energy of f Rivers and Oil
Lands . .California Lands
' Taken From Entry. ; ' ; ?
- TTnlted Pnn Leased Wire.l -
Washington,' Jan. , 24. Secretary af
the Interior Bellinger today withdrew
frojn-entry on the ground that, they
contain possible water power sites, 1T,
2S2 acres of public lands In Idaho: 2149
acrea along thfvWa)la Walla river In
Oregon and 24,162 In Utah. . " '
V Aa probably containing oil deposits
he also withdrew 147,887 acres of land
InlCalifornla designated- undeiL the 1 en
larged homestead act and 7320 acres In
Montana. , , ' . , c
Supports ;Theory ) of Federal
' Control of Water Powers
" With Right to Tolls."
(Continued, on Page Seven.)
Poultry Show Needs Space.
(Special Ptapateb to Tb. Journal. ,
Pendleton, Or Jan. 24. Promoters of
the first annual Umatilla-Morrow poul
try show are facing an unexpected dif
ficulty, ; Entries have been pouring in
so. rapidly that it is doubtful whether
there will be room In the Smith-Crawford
building for all. of the birds and at
the same time afford space fori the
spectators. On account of the , great
number of exhibits, the three' day limit
of the show will probably have to be
extended in . order to" secure the scoring
of all of the birds; Word has been re
ceived, from Walla: Walla that exhibi
tors at the poultry snow Just closed in
that city have signified their 'intention
of bringing In the neighborhood of 200
birds for entry in the show here. v
WILL GIVE COAST THE
BEST EASTERN PLAYS
Plans which will revolutionise theat
rical stock companies in the west, as
well as 'other, portions of the country.
culminated H about twov months ago In
"the triple alliance," formed in New
York by Geofge L. Baker of Portland.
Frederick Belasco of San Francisco and
Oliver Morosco, -: of . Los Angeles. Mr.
Baker returned , from ; San Francisco
yesterday, where final arrangements for
the alliance were completed by the three
managers. , 1.. :.
Mr.' Baker , Is a little modest about
taking" the credit for the idea, but it
seems that he suggested it to Mr.-Morosco
about a year ago, and In the mean
time the plans have been maturing un
til they are ready to be put into opera-
popular stock prices. Such an. arrange
ment will also keep the goof plays out
of the hands of the cheap companies,
for the companies to be Installed by the
alliance will be -up to the high stand
ard always maintained by these three
'Another advantage will be found In
the long contracts which can be made
with the actors. A good man or wo
man who would object to a year's con
tract can be signed up for five Or six. i
Thus, better people can be secured and
can be changed about from company to
company as it seems necessary.
A preliminary season of the Baker
Stock company will open at the Baker
theatre some time In the early spring,
1 '" " (rutted Piwae Lued Wire.l
v Washington, Jan. 24. The first def
inite outline of the- governmental policy
to be-followed in the improvement of
the rivers and haroors of the tJnited
Scutes was Indicated today when the
National Waterways' commission, crej
ated March t of last year, presented its
preliminary report to congress. With
the report la a discussion of the policy
the commission recommends for dealing
with the water power situation, and It.
Is understood to express the latex t
views of the administration on - this
mooted question, a position somewhat
different from that taken by President
Taftln his conservation message.
A severe denunciation of the stifling
of water , transportation by rallroatis
through reduced rates and the nurchiinc
of competing water rou tea. is made by
the commission. To the plea that the
Improvement of . waterways . reduces
rates by rail even if the waterways are
not used, the commission says:
Wot the might Way With Railroads.
"The commission, while fully recog
nising this fact cannot Indorse it as a
desirable policy. It rests In the first
place upon the transparent fallacy that
the "railroads constitute an entrenched
and uncontrollable monopoly which can
not be reached by legislation or other
orderly and legal methods." .
As a remedy for this condition, the
commission recommends ' that when a
railroad rate is once reduced to meet
water competition. It 'cannot, be raised
unless, after a. hearing by the Interstate
Commerbe commission. It should be
found that the proposed new rate , rests
on changed, conditions other than the
elimination of water competition.
The proposition to give the interstate
commerce commission the power to fix
minim um rates below which the railroad
cannot go was condemned by the com
mission,: but the majority,, of the com,
mission recommended that the power be
given when the rate cutting la. for the '
purpose of destroying .water competi
tion. ' "
- Canal Construction Opposed.
The lack of reliable statistics on
water transportation and condition ;of
government reports, termed ehaotlc, are .
condemned and It is recommended that
a uniform system- of collecting ''sta
tlstlcg be enforcedi'T .)-,.:.-.; Wi--'.,.
The construction of canals is not en
couraged because of the expense of ac
quiring land and the immense cost of
construction and the commission recom
mends that natural waterways be used
wherever available . ' v j. y -
The commission condemns 'the con
struction of any projects not authorized
by th army engineers and defends th
army, corps as-the best available foree
for the Work,';H-i.'f ' j :.Vv;
f'The commission would" recommend."
says the report, "that hereafter the gen.
eral policy be adopted of providing for
(Continued . on Page Seven.)
John Gustaveson, Living Near
Beaverton, Commits SuW
cide in Cellar..
tlon. The first, move of the alliance r0?1" J""X'" or Apr u. ana at tne pres-
will be the Invasion of Seattle. and Sp ma l'nmm lno r management is
kane In September. S when ' first-class I S,utt,nff 2? special production of St.
stock companies will be established in I Elmo, whlch will be seen at the-Baker
both of those places. : As soon as these
are " well under way, the alliance will
move' further east,'" establishing its -com
panics in Denver. Kansas City, New Or
leans and various other advisable cities,
until it will have, all told, about IS com
panies under Its management -
The first benefit of such - an organi
sation will be to the public. . All of the
late plays; will be . given them, at an
earlier date and by . a better company,
Fori' instance,- it does 1 not seem iadvlsT
able to1 send some star on the road With
his New' York success, and his plajs is
released.., xnrougn' tne union of these
three managers they will be able to buy
the exclusive rights of . the play and
l bring It at once to their -houses so th.
4 . people wUl be given the fresh- plays at
in tne ; near zuture. mo definite an
nouncement of the-' personnel. -of the
new,Baker company has yet been made.
, The new alliance Is carefully organ-
izea ana oacxea oy large money, inter
ests.' so that it- will be able to carry
out all of , Its plans to the letter and
give the people better and newer plays
wnn mure competent actors and at
popular prices. t
. 1 - George R. AVasson. , . .
Marahfleld. Or,'. - Jan. ti.Q.wrg R,
Wesson, one of the oldest settlers of
Coos county, died Saturday at his home
on South slough. ' He was a native of
New Brunswick and had lived on Coos
bay ever since he cam around (he horn
tn 1S52. .
' tSpecial Diapatcn to Th Joornal.) ' "
1 Beaverton, , Or.j Jan. ?4. John Ous
taveson, 5 years old, a wealthy rancher;
living miles southwest of here, w
found dead In the basement of his hmn
yesterday, having committed suicide by
hanging. The discovery of the sulcldo
was made by; his wife,' who becoming
alarmed because of his aosence, lnati
Vuted a search. ? The. distance between
the floor of the basement and the
stringers 'was; not sufficient to alio
a man to stand erect and to accomplish ;
his purpose Gustaveson had tied ft
clothesline around a stringer, and th-ti
around his neck. and throwing Mm!'f
in an almost kneeling position, died of
slow strangulation. ;, . J
Mr. Gustaveson came here last yr,
purchased 100 acres of land and built a -motlern
' ranch house., costing et.'vtt
$4000. 1 He was employed by th Jvir'h
em pacific Hallway compny far mm
than 40 years. He wss r-i:-iviig a
Northern Pacific pennion (it i ; r
month, v On his person were four !
checks, -drafts and rash to t!i.i m)""? -
of over. $7000, The dreeei jft'te.t, ht
Ides tee ranch, fine property In J rvl.-s Jt
ton plai'e, 1'ortl.ml. i,. 1
"He leaves a wlf ttna f ,r j ! s :
sons, Oscar, jonn ni t :.ti&,t-n.
No cause i psfufnd f.r Vv A-s'