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THE OREGON , DAILY JOURNAL. PORTLAND. WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 2. 1007.
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DAILY ANO HONDA T. r
$7,80 I (lw mom a
They are never alone that
arc accompanied with floble
thought. Sir Philip Sydney. J
' A MOST DASTARDLY CRIME.
No language: is strong enough
properly ' to characterise the
dastardly assassination otei
. Sheriff Harvey K. Brown of
. Baker City. No effort or expense
should be spared to bring the per
petrators of this horrible crime, to
Justice. But It will probably be a
difficult If not an Impossible task.
That men can be thns killed and no
one suffer punishment. Is an op
pressive, thought, and perhaps is a
good excuse for belief In a future
heti. . -. ' , 'v- ' -: ' :
The similarity of this crime with
that of which ex-Governor Steunen
terg was the victim at onee 'arouses
the suspicion that It was planned by
the same gang, or at least by a sim
ilar group Of assassins, and that
there Is another Orchard at large.
Mr. Brown's statement that the deed
was- committed In revenge for his
work In the Steunenberg case, and
especially In trapping Steve Adams,
seems reasonable. . He knew he was
marked and hunted for slaughter,
and he probably knew pretty well
by whom. If he did not know the In
Such a deed Is hideously Infamous.
Brown was a . straight, . brave, con
scientious man. ; As sheriff of Baker
county, especially . during his last
term, he dared to do his sworn duty,
though to do It was very difficult,
and galned( for him many enemies.
He put .duty before gain, party,
ease or friendship. He was a noble
man.' ' ' ' ; . t. .'.'..'.) ;. ;.
It Is difficult to comprehend the
fiendish depravity of those who
planned and consummated the assas
sination of such a man, making his
wife a heart-broken "widow and his
children orphans. Tet the ' assas
sins of a prominent man's reputa
tion and character are scarcely less
abominably vile. Consideration of
such fiends causes a thoughtful per
son to shudder at the desperate de
pravity concealed around him.. t
It will be a glorious thing for the
country If every person having any
guilty knowledge of the Brown as
sassination can be rounded up, con
victed and . duly , hanged. Every
good citizen will hope for such a
result. ''.' .-'' ! ' i 1 '
, MENT. ,!
I HE L03 ANGELES Times
views recent legislation, and
the direct legislation move
ment. In Oregon, with alarm.
pity and . reprobation. "Nowhere,"
It says, "baa f,he pernicious wave of
social 1st lc thought wrought more
complete overthrow . of American
ideals than In Oregon.".; The Times
wonders at and deplores this all the
more because Oregon ' was settled
by" exceptionally" sturdy, steady and
"sane" people. They made a model
constitution and began all right, but
now, alas, "we find in Oregon a
constitution the most revolutionary
of any state in the anion." . The
Times says the agitation was started
by "a half-baked dreamer," and re
sulted la "a new constitution which
is clearly revolutionary," and goes
on to argue against the principle of
"m pure democracy," and winds up
by predicting that the position taken
by the telephone company that . Is
seeking to evade paying taxes will
be sustained by the United States
supreme court.' Inferentlally, the
Times. asserts lhat the majority of
the people of Oregon; who voted
for the "new constitution," are
chumps ' unfit for self-government
and Incapable of attending to their
own affairs.. ; ' V . : '" : ' V
The atnendmeOt to the4 Oregon
constitution to which the Los An-4
f-r-u-s paper alludes that authorls-
I: S direct legislation -is somewhat
"revolutionary,", hut there is noth
to sret scared - about in that
ot'V T'e people's slow and toll.
fMinn 1 n ;;rfss hpward toward light
1 . 1 l.ritv has been made almost
f iiir through "revolution,1
i ; or i fin ful. This is of the
, . r, 1 l. ind, ami therefore far less
, . t!..r !.! than a ., revolution
. .1 1 'riTirrnt IS war. It Is
; l(i the simple, broad principle
f t! I' "plo of.Or-f;on are fit for
r -sit and are and of rlfiht
t 1 l-e t ( 1 r own masters In
f h r!. :.ition. If this la a
revolutionary departure from the
theory of a representative, Repub
lican government to the theory of a
"pure democracy," very well; the
name is nothing, if the . thing is
right. ' ','.. .V r ,
The people of Oregon found, and
thbse of other states have found, too.
that the representative system, with
no strings in the people's hands at
tached to it. is a failure, a delusion,
a fraud. The masses of people are
not represented. The few are fa
vored, the many forgotten or ig
nored. It has been so in Sjriem, and
more so In other state capitals. In
none more so than in Sacramento;
and it is so in , Washington Per
ceiving this, the people of Oregon set
about regaining the power which
their , representatives had abused ,
and now, if they want a law they
can get it,, in spite of a mis-representative
legislature; if they do not
want a law that the legislature has
Imposed . upon them, they can veto
and annul it This may be "revo
lutionary." but It it only, revolution
ary as compared with the monstrous
record of 'misrepresentation "which
our congresses and legislatures have
made. ,; Really, It Is getting back to
the first basic principles of "a gov
ernment of, by and for the people."
If that Is really , what is wanted,
Oregon has made a notable move in
that direction. , It the people want
a mls-representatlve government, all
they have to do is stand by the pre
vailing system. We don't care to
split hairs about definitions of..r
publlc' nd : Vdemocracy'; a jpeople
that spend ''time , wrangling over
definitions can in t,he meantime be
plundered, pauperized and enslaved.
The beautiful jrensentatlva sys
tem, with the masixis of the people
utterly powerless, ' either positively
or negatively, is in vogue In the New
England states, end In New .Tork,
and in California; look at their sena
tors..; How many represent the peo
ple in the least? ' The people of New
Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut,
Rhode Island and , California have
scarcely more to say in the legisla
tion of those states, and are regarded
scarcely more therein than the peo
ple of Tahiti or Tlmbuctoo. And the
only reason- that-theyhav8not-be?
come "revolutionary" la that so
many of them are given some little
petty favors or bribes free passes
If nothing else at the expense of
. There Is not even a representative
government in California, only the
mere form of it ; One man gorern8liuiy--ah-r Petdleton -. Tribune
the state, selects all important offl
cers. sends his tools to congress, is.
almost as much an absolute dicta
tor of public affairs as a czar. From
that sort of government, 'festering
at all points with corruption, reek
lng with iniquity from center, to cir
cumference, deliverance by a peace
ful revolutionary" movement would
seem - exceedingly aesiraDie. Ana
we shall not be surprised if the peo-
pie of California follow the example!
of those of "sane" but progressive
Oregon and. try the "pure democ
racy"" plan." "" " T"J"i '
TAFT A DOUBTFUL QUANTITY.
UPPOSE," SATS a Repuhll
can contemporary,' "that the
Democrats should nominate
Johnson, and the Repub-
cans Taft or Hughes; loud then
would be the waitings from Wall
street; frenzied the ululatlons of the
pirate trusts. . For whichever of the
candidates was successful there would
not be the faintest hope of a return
of the halcyon days of unrestricted
plunder.": But" without assuming
that Mr. Taft would not Julttir this
prediction,, If nominated and elected,
what proof have we that he would
be a vigorous and unrelenting en
emy of the "pirate trusts," and the
puissant and ' tireless foe of public
plunderers? It is true that Mr.
Taft is a superior man, of very flue
qualities and with a good record of
public service, an admirable man In
many respects; but does all this
make him surely the man for the
place in this time of a really great
ethical American revolution? Who
knows? , How can any one positive
ly say? . '.;:
. That Mr. Taft Is outspokenly for
tariff revision is much in his favor;
that he would postpone doing the
right thing for two or three years
Is not to his credit That Mr. Taft
has announced that the tariff ought
tc he revised Is well; It would have
been much better If he had told the
country Just about how and in what
particulars and with what purposes
be would bave the tariff revised. As
to all this we are still in the dark.
President Roosevelt Is said to
fsvor Taft for his successor, and this
preference, we admit, should have
considerable weight; hut who knows
that Roosevelt knows" Just what
Taft would do? Isn't It true that
somehow the peopfe who want real
reform and . strlctl straight gov
ernment In the people's Interest
would rather trust Hughes, who has
served only a year or two as gov
ernor of New York, than Taft, who
tins held various high and. important
offices for 20 years? ' -."'.
We are not denying that Mr. Taft
would be all that It Is claimed be
would be; only saying that nobody
knows or can assert that he would
be. While bis career has been en
tirely creditable. It points to so sure
conclusion in this respect.-, And it
will be quite generally apprehended
that be Is rather too amiable a man
for the tremendous task that Roose
velt will leave to his successor.
OREGON STATE COLLEGES.
HB ATTENDANCE at both the
University of Oregon and the
Agricultural college is larger
than ever before, as It should
be," and indicates a prosperous year
for both those institutions.. It Is
stated, however, that Oregon stu
dents to the Cumber of 61 are at
tending the University of Washing
ton, which is to he regretted.;. How
many of them are freshmen we do
not know, but very likely some have
gone there on account' of the scalar
successful opposition to the Oregon
State University appropriation, This
institution ought to be, if it is not,
every bit as good as the University
of - Washington, and, to make , it so
the state mnst give 'it a liberal and
cordial support. , ' ' v . :
And then the youth of. Oregon,
and their , parents, should 'have
enough state pride to depend on
state colleges for the desired hlgher
education. If the Washington uni
versity is superior to Oregon's, it is
so because it Is more liberally sup
ported. If we are to have a state
university that will hold' Oregon
youths and attract outsiders we must
give it ample support. - - And the
same Is true of the Agricultural col
lege, which is an excellent Institu
tion, and constantly becoming bet
ter. The state cannot' afford to' be
niggardly in these matters. '
But notwithstanding the ,invoca-
tlon of the referendum on the uni
versity appropriation, it starts out
well, and we believe the people will
rally to its support next June. This
institution, and the agricultural col
lege, and ' Pacific university,' and
others, are deserving of the patron
age of. the people of Oregon. '. Ore
gon young men and women can get
as good an education, for all prac-tlear-purposesr-in
over in Washington, or ln'Californla.
Both the taxpayers and the seekers
after higher- education should stand
by the Oregon colleges. This is the
only way to make them better, and
the equal, of any..'' ' "7 '-
has used columns of space to show
that. a choice of a senator by the
people was unconstitutional, and
that " the legislature must actually
,"choose" In the full,, literal sense
of that word, and yet the Tribune
now says: "One of the best results
of the direct primary law In Ore
gon Is the absolute settlement of the
selection of United States' senators
by the people at the polls prior to
tD. meeting of the leglslature.7 But
perhaps having Just passed through
a fair week, the distinguished editor
may be excused for such 'glaring in
consistency. ' A ;
'One of the tangible good results
of the work of the state railroad
commission is the new train which
the O. R. N. will put on between
Portland and Pendleton. 7 The com
mission made careful . investigation
of the service and finding it inade
quate, ordered the railroad to put on
an additional train. The officials of
the O. R. ft N. are to be commended
for responding In the proper spirit
to this demand." The public will be
quick to appreciate all such evidences-
of a -disposition- on-the part
of the railroad to Improve its serv
ice and to give proper facilities for
handling the traffic. ' '
, The notorious Mllwaukle club has
reopened its gambling . games.
Neither the district attorney nor the
sheriff of Clackamas county appears
to have been aware of the fact If
these officials propostto enforce the
law it Is Incumbent a them to act
promptly, sternly , and decisively.
The ; Mllwaukle club' gamblers are
impudently defyfng the law :- and
they deserve no more .consideration
than is shown to the commonest pro
fessional criminal, for that is the
class in which they belong. ', -
Governor Comer of Alabama has
called a special session of the legis
lature in order, he announces in the
call, "to establish the fact whether
the railroads of tbe state are to
dominate the situation, or the state
is to control the railroads." This
seems to be a growing ana. more
pressing and paramount question In
various states. Eventually the peo
ple are going to show themselves to
be bigger than the railroads.
Prospects for a reorganization of
the Oregon Trust. & - Savings , bank
are said" to-be growing brighter, and
all that Is needed for assured suc
cess Is for the depositors who have
not yet assented to tne reorganisa
tion plan to Join with those who
have done so. A considerable num
ber, by hanging back can defeat the
project, causing an undoubted large
loss not only to themselves but to
others. With this action on the
part of the rest of the depositors
success will be in sight.
Again the boy with -a gun, a rifle.
He Is 10 years oia. ins younger
sister woulJ not immediately obey
his command, so he fired, and she
wlll.be blind for life, if she llveia
This is a pretty heavy price for the
parents to pay for allowing a boy
to get hold of a loaded rifle.
The Infanta Rulalle Isn't as youns as
ner name indicates. .
It's niltr te tive a elace or thins a
Bam man 10 cnans 11.
- "Eat lmi If you want to bt haalthy,"
says a uooior. ur weaunjr. ,
But If Fish loaned money to himself,
aiam no Know no W" Boa tor 111
Will the cattle that eat the hay that
Roosevelt pitched become celeorated?
, a .
'- Theoretically, the law regards a poor
man tne same as a ricn one, out lawyers
QUI) I. - . , ,
'This week Roosevelt will be Men
tioned, at tener, in-the papers than Joe
.... ., ... .. .. e . J.;.". , .
: We ausDect that the Mlaslaelnnl wlH
be alluded to tbia week aa the "Father
. . i . e .
Will the Memphis convention please
decide the question whether the Miaals-
aippl runs up mut - - y
-" A Woman like to vlalt a detftlat; be
cause he will Improve her appearance
the pain no inn let la a pleasure to her,
v - e e - , ,
The trouble with, the Japs Is that
they Inalat that they are not only aa'
ood aa anybody elae, but a .whole lot
better.-- ; -
It Is announced that food prices will
be raised SO per cent more. What la
evidently needed ia a food abstinence
e e ' -i
From the war JaDanese treat Mr.
Taft. they would elect him president If
ne wnii4.run ovar mere, uui tney are
a polite people. ; .. .
- "St. Paul would have made a rood
snorting editor," saya a preacher. But
perhaps the world la better off for his
bavins enoaen to do a preacuer. , ,
. . . e a . k
That was a rather cute preacher who
remarked that he would like all the
women'a hata that had been paid for
removed ourins ine aervicea.'
Mrs. Way m Ire' e paat might not be
altogether agreeable, but.lt needs te be
looked BP, aa she acta aa If she were ex
perienced in curious transactions.
e a -.
' Covington and Burllaon are In a dosen
places all the way from northern Alaska
to southern California, which la why
the Seattle police can'rtslt -whererthey
are.,- . -
j Oregon Sideliglits .
Heppner needs IS or 100 mora resi
dences. . .
. . - , A - e - -r-
The Ontario High school, haa it
; e ' e
futf for tbe
winter - ...
', e. e ,
The Antelone Commercial club will
give a - series- of entertalnnreata this
winter. - v i .- .
' . v- - ,
A Klamath man raised 62T bushels
of barley on seven acres of Irrigated
land almost Bo bushels aa acre. -.
., .. ., . .. - . e . e i
Every day wltneases the arrival of
more families In Albany to reside. With
in the past month the population has
Increased notably, says the Herald.
. .... e .. ,
There are by actual count 107 store
buildings and residences today under
construction in Medford. aaya the
Tribune, and there 4s a demand . for
even more. -,'"',.".. '
Matters are now ahaplng ao that the
prospects look better than ever before
for the thorough testing of the oil and
gas possibilities In this section, says
the Ontario Democrat
? . a ' -; '
tfCvery part of Harney valley where
thr haa been cultivation, aowlna and
planting haa brought forth a rich yield
this year. There la not a failure re
ported in any line or agriculture., .
a e 1 '
-.Toledo Reporter! Aa-aln the need ef
a fruit dryer or evaporator on thla bay
is apparent. Hundreds of dollars' worth
of as fine prunes as could be found
anywhere have spoiled Jn thf orchards.
. e a v
An Albany young' woman left has
purae with aome money on a window
aill when she retired, thinking about It
afterward but concluding. It would be
all right; but In tbe morning It waa
gone. Borne days afterward It was
found where, as it Is supposed, she hid
It while in her sleep.
. . e - :
A Sllverton msn thus ' writes to the
Stayton Mail: Yotr may have aatd tt a
thouaand times, that Stayton la the
best town In the world. If you have
thus spoken, you told the truth as re-
fards quality. The grandest of all the
rlnltles, sea. (river) earth and sky have
here united and do their best to make
happy the homes of men, ,
e e . '
F. F. Beavers, who owns a five-acre
tract in Benton county across the river
from Albany, has 1.000 White Rock
chickens which' he has raised since
starting Into the chicken bualness less
than a year ago. He raises poultry on
a scientific basis and aaya he haa little
trouble in keeping his poultry In good
health. - , , '
Commenting on Benton county, the
tmalleat county In the state, winning
the first county prise at the state fair,
the Corvallia ReDubllcan aaya: Benton
county haa always had a reputation for
richness, and year by year true reputa
tion Is growing. Aa new aettlers come
In, and tbe large farms are reduced in
size and more thoroughly cultivated,
this county will be able always to main
tain her name .for. proa-resslveness and
the richness of her resources.
ORGANIZE MEN'S CLUB
' AT WHITE TEMPLE
A reception and bsnquet will be given
tonight in the receptlon-roomS -of the
White , Temple which - wilt be notable.
The pastors and the ladles of the church
are, making elaborate arrangements-.for
the l-snuuet, and it Is thought that no
less than 100 will share In the feast
and fellowship.. The purpose of , the
gathering la to organise a men's club
in the church for aotivo work and cn
operation. An orchestra has been en-ras-d
and solos will be glvxn by It
Butterworth and J. W. Belcher,
Krastus Hmlth. who has recently come
from Rochester, New Tork, snd who has
had experience In such clubs there, will
spenk on "The, Men for the Church";
K. A. Fmlth. assistant pastor of the
White Tempi, will speak on "The
Church for Men"; Rev- John Dean of
Peart le, formerly a secretary of . the
Y. M. C A., will make an address. An
address will be made also by Rev. J.
Whltcnmb IJrougher. rreredlng the
banquet a reception Will he held la. the
church parlors from S:3Q to 7:30, and
all men who are Interested are Invited
to be preaent and to help establish the
ASSESSOR- ALSO -
Habit of .Lowering Assess
ments Not Confined to
, ' Sheriff's Ofllce. .
ONLY WAS NECESSARY
Tax Rolls Changed Even After Board
' ot Equalization Had Passed on
: Them Formality of Affidavit Not
Required. .'; '. .
That the practice ef reducing asses,
ments after the board at equalisation
has passed on the rolls Is not confined
to Sheriff Dtevens and his deputies, Is
shown by a number of affidavits from
Assessor's- Blglcr's office on file fa the
' After tbe tax rolls have been equal-
laed and turned' over to the sheriff
for collection, .neither the aasessor nor
the sheriff has authority to reduce the
assessed valuation of any .property,
though Sheriff Stevens baa taken the
power In a number of Instances, act
ing on "affidavits wblcn were t
A number of affidavits sworn to be
fore Aasessor Slgler'a deputies reducing
assessments are found oa Sheriff Stev
ens' records. Though the deputy as
sessors have no authority to reduce
assessments after the rolls have paaaed
the equalisation board. Sheriff Stevena
makes no explanation of why he has
accepted the affidavits - and reduce!
taxes on them. The law requires th
the person objecting must have been
assessed with property he does nut
own' before the sheriff haa power to
remit any taxes or aaaessments.
One of the affidavits from the as
sessor's office contains the following ex
planation of why a reduction la neces
sary, it la signed by Mrs. K. Urlffltu,
relating to the assessment or lo, and
Waa made September II of thla year.
"I, Mrs. E. Orifnth. being duly a worn.
asy that I waa aaaeaaed at 40u for
houaehold furniture. - That the a am a
was wrongfully aasessed. and that the
Toiiowing is a list oi an my property
liable to taxation, to-wlt: Furniture
uaed many years and not worth half
the amount assessed. 1'our hundred
dollars la too much."
The assessment wss reduced to 1100.
not because Mra. Griffith did not own
half of the Drorertv assessed asalnst
her, but because ahe believed 1400 was
too high. Attorneys declare that such a
reduction Is clearly Illegal. A large
number or them have been made by
the sheriff, and about a dosea by. the
All the reductions of assessments
made by the aasessor In violation of
of July, August and (September of thla
year- on - 10 assessments. Sheriff
Btevens' shortcomlnga aa to tax reduc
tions began as early as March of this
year, so that he oannot assert he ac
quired the habit from the assessor.
In no case did reductions made by
the aaaessor's deputies Involve assess
ment of more than ll.eoo, while
Sheriff Stevens cut one from 120.000 to
$5.0(H, another from J.050 to $11,060,
and still another from $61,000 to H,
000. - Following are some of the re
ductions made bv Assessor Sister's
deputies: ' . ...
J. W, Nathan, aasessment reduceeVl
irom 200 to vsr IS. Obdle. from 1300
to 125; Mra A. Troutner, from 1100 to
1100; Nels Nelson, from 1260 to 1100;
Mrs. C. Oallaxher.-from 1300 to 160:
S. A. Stafford, from 100 to 126; Mra E
Oriffith, front 1400 to 1200; Mrs. Alice
Vsn ZandUfre 1300 to lid; Mrs. C. K.
VaM. from 1260 to 1100: Mrs. W. A.
Ciamson, from 1221 to MOO; Mra Q.
Constable, from 1100 to $60.
AT THE .THEATHES
"Prince of Pilsen" Tomorrow.
Seats are selllne- at tin nfn Ik.
Helllg theatre. Fourteenth and Wash
ington streets, for Henry W. Savage's
production of the beautiful musical
comedy, "The Prince of Pilsen."
nights. - beginning Thursday. Sbeclal
price matlne Saturday,
Musical riay at Helllg Tonight. .
The attraction at the mtlla- tnoatM
Fourteenth and Waahlngton streets, to
night at 1:16 o'clock win be Geo. W.
Cohan's famous musical play. - "Little
Johnny J onee." Beats are selling at
: Seat Sale for Mr. Faversham.
The advance seat sale will mm ...I
Friday. October 4, for William Faver
sham, who comes to the Helllg theatre
all next week, beginning Sunday, Oc
tober s. In 'The Squaw Man." - . , .
. "The Girl With the Green Eyes."
This delightfully fasdnatlnV ahanrh.
lng- and-withal amusing-play ia being
given a superb production by the Baker
company this week. Miss Barney. In
me complicated roie or jinny Austin,
the Jealous wife, who csusea all tha
trouble, la greatly increasing her al
ready strong popularity ln Portland. -
"Uncle Josh Perkins", Here.
The bumrklns are r1te. the entmrv
fairs are being held, and we also have
the jolly old farmer, "Uncle Josh Per
kins", with us this week, so tha happi
ness of a bountiful harvest should te
complete. "Uncle Josh" oomea every
resr ana it is eviaent at the Kmplre
his week, that he Is more welcoma
than ever.-. ;
; "To ' Die at Dawn" Pleases. "
The Lyric has never offered a -more
estlsfactory performance than that of
To Die at Dawn," the big sensational
melodrama which opened the week on
Monday night. Everybody who has seen
it la of the same opinion that tt Is one
of the best ever, Matinee tomorrow.
. Midnight In Chinatown." X
The oriental Quarter of averv larva
American city Is filled with mystery.
Midnight in Chlnslown," the play
rhleh tha French stock comcanv will
present next week, undertake to give
snaae Idea of hla section of the town.
The plot la novel and new and the mo
tive la unusual..
From the tTyeno troupe of Jananas
acrobats to- the alnglng of Pierce and
Itoslyn, there is not an act on the pro
gram at the Grand this week which dnea
not possess merit. The two toreadors
have a singing act of more than ordi
nary worth. Muslo lovers have flocked
to tne urana mis wees: to near these
people. s . i . ' . , , .
PENDLETON TO BE ;
AMUSED, AFTEH ALL
(Spertal DUpateh to The Jnnraal.) '
Pendleton. Or.. Oct. 1. The Fraser
theatre In this city will be reopened this
nsson in spite of the fact thst It hsd
been condemned. With new scenery and
other Improvements, ins playhouse will
bs acceptable to the fire department. A
company with Ralph Coon, a theatrical
man, at the head has been formed, to
ie known as the Amusement company,
snd the repairs will be made at once.
The opening nlabt will bs October 11.
VALUE OF COUNTRY'S
J j ' " ' ' '
'President Roosevelt Addresses Great Throng at St. Louis
on Ptivers and Their Importance, Panama Canal and r
Its Benefits Why Battleships Cqmingr to.West
(Cnlttd Prats LaascS Wire.)
Loula. Oct 1 Not since the
Louisiana Purchase exposition baa 6t
Louis entertained such vaata crowds as
assembled today te greet Prealdent
Roosevelt. ' Governors, senators, con
gressmen, farmers, merchants, ' labor
ers, mlllionalrea, professional men,
rubbed elbows in ths vast throng that
lined the river front whan tha nreaiden-
tlal boat ateamed down the river be
tween an Interminable line of every va
riety of river cruft. Kvery available
steamboat, tug, launch,- sailboat ana
row bust was pressed Into service, pre
senting a scene of activity auch aa
haa never before been witneased on the
Mlaalsslppl. Despite ths enihusissm of
the welcome to the chief executive, the
great object of the demonstration waa
not forgotten, and every vessel carried
an Imaienae banner with ths words:
. "Fourteen Feet Throuah the Valley'
while a great chorus sang.- "Dig Her
JJeep Tnroufc-n lllxie.
Thorough precautions were taken for
the- safety o
oi the president during nis
stay In St. Louia. In addition to tha
usual i detail of aecret service men who
accompany President Koosevelt on all
hla travels) a dosen cavalrymen acted
as a body guard on tha trip from the
river lending to the Jat Alal punning,
where the uresldent mads hla address.
After reviewing ths great naval
pageant ' assembled In his- honor, the
president resumed bis trip down
Mississippi this afternoon. Accompa
nying the Mississippi, carrying the
president and hla party, waa the steam
er Mackensle. havlna- on bosrd tha in
land waterwaya eommiaaion, and the
stesmer Alton, bearing the governors of
a score of states. The Nflotllla Is
scheduled to reach Cairo. Illmola.-et S
o'clock tomorrow morn In a. when - the
prealdent will make an address. At 11
o'clock tbe trlD to Moments will be con
tinued, and the Tennessee metropolis
win be reacnea Friday afternoon.
The prealdent was Introduced and
waa enthuaiastlcally cheered by those
who heard his speech.
The Dresldent said:
"It ia a very real pleasure te address
this body ef oitlsens of Missouri here In
the great city of Bt. Louis. ' I have
often visited Bt Louis before, but al
ways by rail. Now-1 am viaitmg it in
the course or a trip by wster, a trip en
the areat natural
paat your very door
as Important, now almost sDanaonea,
which! hooe this nation will see not onl
restored to all Its former usefulness, bu
given a far ureater degree of usefulness
to corrssDond with the extraordinary
growth In wealth and population of the
Mississippi valleys we have uvea in an
era . or phenomenal raurosa Duuaini.
Aa mutea far merchandise, the iron
highways have completely supplanted
tha old waa-on roads, and under their
competition the Importance of the water
highways has " been much dtmintehed.
The-growth of the railway system baa
been rapid all over the world, but no
where ao rapid as in tne unuea niaiea.
Accnmrjanvlns- thla there has grown in
tha T7nTtei fttaU. a tendency toward ths
practically complete aDannonment oi we
system of water transportation. Such a
tendency la certainly not neauny, ana i
am convinced that It will not be perma
nent. There are many ciaasea or corn-
mod I tlea, especially those which are per
ishable in their nature and wnere tne
value Is high relatively to the bulk,
which will always be carried by rail.
But bulky commodities which are not
of a perishable nature will always a
specially suited for tne conditions or
water transport, iv jiiueirwia mv tru.u
or this statement it wouia oniy oe
eeesry to point to the use pf the cans!
system In many countries of tha old
world; nut i can ie uiumnica
better by what haa happened nearer
home. The great lakes offer a prtme
example of the Importance of a good
water highway for mercantile traffic.
at traffic runs through
l.kaa tha oofiditlona are in some re-
spects different from what must obtain
on even me moi imyvi .m... ......
Nevertheleas, It- Is well to "member
that a very larga part of this traffiq
ia conditioned upon an artificial water,
way. canal the famous Boo. Ths
commerce that paases through the Boo
far nmaaaea In bulk and In Value that
bf the flues canal. . -
. Uuprore the mivera. 1 .
.lPn. awarV atandOOlnt It IS deslr
able for ths nation to Join In Improving
the greatest system oi river '
i.hin t- bnrders. a system . second
only la importance to the highway af
forded by the great lakes; the hlgh
waya of the Mlaalsslppl and-ita great
tributaries, such aa the Missouri and
Ohio. This river system -traverses too
many states .to render it posalble to
leave merely the elates the taak . of
fitting It for tne greaiesi u wu,u,i
It ia capable. It is empnaticaiiy a
national task, for this grest mer sys
tem ia Itself one of our chief national
assets. Within the lsst fsw years there
bu bean an awakening la thla country
to the need of both the conservation
and the developWnt of our national re
sources under the supervision of and
by the aid of the federal government
This Is especially true of all that con
cerns our running waters.. On the
mountains from which the springs start
we are now endeavoring to preserve the
forests which regulate the water supply
and prevent too startling variations be
tween droughts and freshets. Below
tha mountains, in the high dry regions
of the western plalna, we endeavor te
ecu re tne proper uiiininuu w
waters for irrigation. -Jni" i "
sources of the streams. Farther down,
where they become navigable, our aim
muat be to try to develop a policy which
shall secure the utmost advantage from
ths navigable waters.
Build the Canal.
-"I think that the building of the Pan
ima canal will be of especial advantage
o the ststes thst He along the Pacific
nd the states that lie long the gulf;
md yet, after all. I feel that the advan-
iirvh shared In an only less de
gree by tne states of the Interior snd
of the Atlantic coaat. In other words.
it i. thnrmia-hlv national work, un
dertaken for and redounding to the ad
vantage of all of us to the advantage
of the nation as a whole. - Therefore, 1
am glad to be able to report to you
now well we are gumg ...,..,
There la bound to be a certain amount
of experiment, a certain amount of
feellns our way, lneV task so gigantic
a task greater than any of Its Kind that
has ever been hitherto undertaken.
Whatever Is - really senericmi to
one part of . our country Is
ultimately of benefit to h
whole. Exactly as It la a good thing
for the interior of our country thst the
seaports on the Atlantic and tks paclflo
and the gulf should be safe and oom
modloua. so it Is to the Interest of the
dwellers on the const thst the Interior
should possess- ample facilities for ths
transportation of Its riroducts. Our In
terests are all closely Interwoven, and
In the long run it will be found that
we go up or go down together.
Making Dirt ny.
For over a year paat we have been
encaged In making the dirt fly In good
earnest, and ths output of the giant
steam shovels has steadily Incressed.
It Is now the rainy season, when work
Is roost difficult on ths Isthmus, yet In
the month, of August last we excavated
over 1.200. 000 cubic yards of earth and
rock, a greater amount than In any
previous month. If we are able to keep
up substantially the rats of prnareaa
that now obtains we shall finish the
sctusf digging within five or six years:
thou h when we come to the great
Qatun dsm snd lo-ks, while there Is
no question as to the work being feasi
ble, there are several elements entering
Into ths time problem which mske It
unwise at present to hasard a prophecy
In reerenre thereto, -
-Nsw, gentlemen, this leads me up- to
tnother matter for national eousldsra-
tlpn. and that la our navy. Tbe navy
4a n iii-ln. . pi I . a . t . ...W m nf nnl. tO
the coast regions. It is every bit aa
much tha concern Af the farmer who
dwells a thousand nillea from sea
water as of the fisherman who makes
his living on the ocean, for It Is-the
concern of every gtood Amerlcsn who
know what the meaning of the word)
patriotism Is. Thla country Is definite
ly committed to certain fundamental
policies to ths Monroe doctrine, for :
LuiMMiuje, miu i me duit nui viiij - V.
building, but, when It is. built, of police -lug
and defending tS Panama canal.
We have definitely taken our place
amonir tbe great world powers, an4 it -would
be a sign T ignoble weakness,
having taken such a Diace. to shirk Its
responsibilities. , therefore unless we ars
willing to abandon this place, to
abandon our Insistence upon the Mon- '
roe doctrine, to give up the Panama
canal, and to be content to acknowledge
ouraelvue a weak and timid nation, we
must steadily build up snd maintain a
great fighting navy. Oar navy la al
ready ao efficient as to be matter of
Just pritie to-every American, bo ions ..
as our navy is no larger than at prea
ent. It must be considered ss an ele
mentary principle llia.1 lug uuift.vi vur
battle fleet must alwaya be kept to
gether. When the Panama canal is
built It can be transferred without dif-
flculty from -one part of our coast to
the other; but even before thst canal la -built
It ought to be thus transferred to
and fro from time to time. In a couple'
of months our flset ot great armored -ships
starts for the Pacific. California,
Oregon and Washington have a coaat
line which Is our coaat line lust aa em
phatically as the coast Una of New
York and Maine, ot Louisiana and
Destination of Use. '
"Our fleet, is going to Its own home
waters in tne pacuic, ana alter a atay
there It will return to lta own home
waters In the Atlantic. The best place ;
f - ..not i.ffl..., rt l.ai-n Kl H ii H tm
at sea, by -performing them, and only
by actually putting through a voyage ot
thla nature, a voyage longer than any
ever before undertaken by as large a
fleet of any nation, can we find out
exactly what la necessary for us to
know as to our Yiaval needs and prac
tice vur eiiicvra auiu vriiuaii ui.ii u ,
the highest duties of their profession.
Among our citlsens there Is no body of
equal alxe to whom we owe quite as
much as to tne oincers ana enlists
men of the army and navy of the
Ifnlted fltataa. and I besDeak from rou ,
(h. tillM mnti ViMrtleat aunnort in
the name of our nation and of our
flag, for the - services to which these
men belong. . . . ' '
"I . believe that tbe nation has the
whole governmental power over Inter--state
commerce and the wldeat dleqre-
tion in dealing with that subject; ot
oouraa under the express limits pre
.iu tf it luk.ari Much for instance aa
the condition that "out process ot law-
shall not be asniea. i ns nation naa no
A I rM.il . nnwne Aver ' tiurelw . intraatate .
commerce, even where It la conducted
by the aame agencies which conduct
Interatate commerce, Tbe courts must -determine
what is national and what Is
state eommerce. Tbe aame reasoning
which sustslned tbe power of congress
to Incorporate the United States bank
tenda to auataln tbe power to Incorpo
rate an Interstate railroad, or any other
corporation. : oonducllng an interstate 1
bualness. " , 1 .
ooatroi oi Biirosas. . . - . i
.fPti. 'imartnan uw,n1a, jaatlt fiAft tnler-
ate : the happy-go-Jucny ayaiem oi no
control over tne great laeraiaie raai-
roada with tne inaoient ana manitaia-
abuees which have so generally accent,
panled It The control . must exist
somewhere; and unless It Is by tbor
nozh aolna- and radical law placed upon
the statute books of the nation. It will '
be exercised In ever-Increasing measure
by the several atatee. The aame eon- .
.M.iinn which made 'the foundera of
the-- constitution deem It imperative
that tha nation ahouid have complete
control of interatate commerce apply
with peculiar roroe to tne control ot
Intaratata railroads at the present day;
and the arguments of Madison of Vlr-'
ginlav Plnckney of South Carolina, and
Hamilton and Jay of New Tork. In
thalr eaaence apply now as they applied
120 years ago. . -. . - .
mtm .i nml AAnvantlon whlcn
mwv,a Iha ..natltiitinn .nil in which .
almost all the moat eminent of the first '
veneration of American atateamen sac.
embodied the theory of the Instrument .
In a resolution, to tne ertect tnat ine
national erovernment ahouid have power.
in eases where the separate states were
Incompetent to act wltn run efficiency.
ana wnere me wnnunr vi iuw uuuvvi.
Btates would be Interrupted by the ex
erclaa of auch individual legislation. .
The interstate railroad situation la ex
actly a case in point There will, of.
roads whloh can best be dealt Tth by
local authority, but as national com
merclal agents the big Interstate rail
ed ought to ne completely euDjeoi to
national authority, only tnue can we
secure their complete subjection to, and,
control by, a aingle sovereign, repre--ssntlng
the whole people, and capable "
both of protecting the publlo and ef
seeing mil in. rKiirviuia iinujn iiuuv.
nor endure Injustice. - -
..n ti T .ti1. V b .
. .rninmii j . .... ... . - -
there ahouid be national leslslatlon to
nnntroi ail lnousirisi cornorauons aoina
state business, inciuaing tne control oi
the output of their securities, but as to
these the necessltys for federal control
la less urrent and Immediate than is
the caae with the railroada. Many of
Xns HUUICI wnnfum w un .iivww
poratlona will probably tend to disap
pear now mat 1J19 pTivwriniiwnty mm
puollo IS gradually a-niiina ui uppor
handas regards putting a stop to the
rebates and -special privileges whloh
some of these corporations have en- .
joyed at the. hands of the common car- ,
ners.-iui nuimaiair it wui um iuna
that the complete remedy for these
aiMlses ilea in direct ana aiiirniauT
tlon by the national government. jimi r
(ll.rV la tuiinuiuuvii.i A'-' . ... .... .
national regulation of theae corpora
tions l nave mysen no queauon. i ww
or three generations ago there waa Just .
as much hostility to national control
of banks as there is now to national
cnnirui v i.ni.u. v .............. ,
corporations doing an interstate busi
ness." : ' ' ' r "
tt avq von tptavhtp
XXisClllO X V-& At; JLAJiA. V VA --ai
' LAKE TOWER PLANT
,. ... . ...
(Spaclal Dtaeatek te TSs VoarmL)
Enaene. Or.. Oct I. The Paclflo Light
A Power company has let the contract
for 100.000 feet of lumber wita wiuon
plant which It Intends to erect near
Triangle Inks, tO miles west of Eugene.
It Is the Intention to build the flume
this winter and erect tha -plant next
spring and summer. It Is planned to
run power and light wires to Eugene, -Corvallls
and Julretlon City and per-'
haps other towns In the valley. The,
company haa appropriated S0.0OO min
er's inches of the waters of the lake.,
which Is three or four miles long and
two or three wide, snd there Is enough
fnll between the nutlet of the lske and
the site of the powerhouse to furnish
thousands cf horsepower, pan - Fran- .
ciaco capitalists are back of the scheme. ,
Bert Huffman Prise Booster.
(Sperloi frlBcatcb te The Jnarsal.)
Pendleton, Or., Oct. 2. Bert Huff
man, editor of the Kast Oresnnlsn, took
the premium for His best composition .
on tmatilla or Morrow 'counties, 'of
fered by tbe district fair. Ills toplo
was "I'matllla County snd Ita Oppor- .
tunnies.'1 It will bs uaei by tha fair
setorlatlon In advsrtlalug VmaLUia
oounty la us seek ,