Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL, PORTLATO SUNDAY MORNING, .AUGUST l. 1907
i f TO
HAT could be more ' deplorable
than for a nation t once having
tasted the pleasure of htrhcMU
tied development, to retrogradt Unto 'a condU.
'Hon of dire savagery? .-' '. -
Can you imagine the United States, for
Instance, meeting such a fate? " ;
- True, the annals of antiquity recite some
such instances, but few people would concede
mat tney could be duplicated tn this advanced
. -7 The whole world was surprised,- a few
years ago, when an educated African clergy
man voluntarily renounced his culture, the
Christian religion and the company of civil
ized people, tvent back to' interior Africa
married a native wife and worshiped fire and
' idols. , '', v: : X:" ' , -i V
; ment that a nation of 140,000,000 souls a'
nation which civilized Europe has for centu-I
ries respected and dreaded is on the verge of
taking such a backward step in the scale of
evolution. : :vC :ir;
I " No less an authority than Dr. Bilingski,
who has traveled all over Russia, makes the
"startling statement that that nation is entering
into decadence. Moreover,' he brings testi- :
'mony from his own observation to prove it.
t)ther observers in Russia have arrived at the
tame conclusions, f ' V !
',' Thousands of peasants have alreddy
taken to the forests, relinquished their rcli
$on, moral laws, domestic methods, their love
for the living and reverence for tha dead. The
pnly implement of civilization kept by them is
fhe ax, and the possession of an ax is the great
est distinction that a man can gain.
1 . From indications at present, wild nomads
m'w feme uMtum iuj rtr t ivcr
tnowy wastes where Cossacks now scatter ter
tor and death. : . . 'v
V Why this degeneracy? The answer may
e found in a review of the massacres, the un
checked disease epidemics, the censorship, pre- '
mention of free speech and right of peaceful
congregation these and the' many other in
dignities which have been heaped upon a long-
: suffering people. ,
Terror baid to K
Have Blunted IBIMOTkMS5 H-
J H i fcm WT" r ; V it til I - - Z- 1L NT IHP? - i : . v . V W A
2 J';K4 ...
:;7JAM IMS. 5
Jfaw Government Jncttfcezfea Z.oy&&y
biK ibalr farm machinery, aa well aa household uUnalla
- and means of making clothing.
They were perhapa driven to It by the tax system.
'The tax collectors come around and gather In for the
government everything of any value.. Why work like
.' alaves when they could have nothing left for themselves T
This question the peaaants anawered by deserting their
acids. . :r.:.z: ;.:'.r..:j:.t v
Borne of them still reside in the old homes, but do not .
till the soli or make any Improvements, and when tha
, . tax collectors come they flee to the woods Ilka wild peo
ple. And such they are. v ' - S. , . ' ; ; '
Maintaining huts just formidable enough to keep out
the winter cold, they have no stoves, and do their bak
ingwhat little' they do over a Are on the floor. ,
Weeds end bark )t trees are used In making bread, for
wheat Is scarcely cultivated In some - sections. ' Often
there Is but a single sheepskin in a whole family for
clothing, rnd the members take turns wearing it. Deaths'
from cold are frequent. :.;. '-.'' r'. ''., '';,.'-''"'
No effort at all s mad to keep alive the little chil
dren that come Into those fearful environments. ' If they
happen to live very well, but not even an ordinary aar
age'a parental feeling for them Is manifest . Political
despotism has killed all that . ' '
After a child reaches the age of 7. then It Is seriously .
. regarded aa an Integral part of the community.", before
that age they die off Jikefltes. . t-
s, ..'': , : . - ,.'. , ,- 's . ,
i BODIES THROWN TO BEASTS
' Their oodles are burled without coffins; sometimes not .
buried at all, but are carried out a short distance from'
the settlements and thrown on the ground to make food
for wolves and beara. . '
Proa this practice diseases arise which threaten to
decimate the population. ' , '';':'
No longer do many Villages elect headmen and watch
men, and they pay no direct tax to the government. Mar
riage among them is obsolete.
In tact, the sensibilities of the people seem to be
1 blunted by famine, oppression and reigns of terror.
It was stated some time ago that there were 10,000,000
people starving In Russia, so that It Is little wonder that
they go a step farther to savagery.
' Is tbw government responsible, or are the people them
selves to blame T .. A . ;
- . just what share the Cossacks, representing the gov
ernment., have had in the degrading work la seen In such
Instances aa '.h destroying of the Georgians, a highly
Intellectual and noble race whoee civilisation dates back
; 1S00 years. .
For twelve centuries these people held the frontier of
. Christendom against the heathen Islam. ..
But Russia suspected them of being backed by Eng. -land
and Japan., and they were doomed. It was the cry
of old Cato over again, "Carthage must be destroyed r
Isolated railway' station and." on after another, hanged
to a tree. Those awaiting their turns must witness the
agonies of their comrades. '
. When one will sell one's children to avert starvation,
savagery Joesn't eem a great way off.
That Is what the peasantry in the dlatrict of Kaaan
were compelled to do in the recent famine. The agea of
the girls sold ranged from II to 17, and the prices paid
were from ISO to 175.-' '.''"' ' J --! "' -'
The fact that the soldiers and government officials are
accountable, nQLtoJhepeople or tha courts, but to their
superior officers, largely explains the discouragement that
has overtaken the peasantry.
' Some time ago an officer commanded a soldier to mur
der a man; he did it. The facta were known ana me mur
derer could have been arreated at any moment but .noth
ing was dons ha was accountable only to the' man who
bad given him the order. - 1, - 1 ' "
For wteke after the dissolution of the first Douraa,
the people's legislative body, there was a carnival of
crime, assassination and violence auch aa had Mve been
witnessed before even in bloody Russia..
The seising of the fortresses at Cronstadt and Helatng
fors, attended as they were with awful slaughters: the
Only In th!a instance It was Baku that must be de
stroyed. .'..-' ... ,..''' ? '. -.. "-.' :
"We are going to ruin you, to ruin you utterly," was
the cheerful warning of tha Russian officer to the heada
of a Georgian village. 4 .
.' And they did. ' '.'.'' ". :
This was Just In line with Russla'a policy to wipe out
the Georgian Is. It any wonder that theaa people have
been ebbing toward aborlglnallsm?
For months the people who Vrere not massacred were
compelled to stay In the forests, and since their return
they have been living in any . but or shelter that they
could find or build among the ruins of their' erstwhile
'.homes. ' '.'..; , '.; "
How :ar the methods of civilisation have' been shorn
from the government is seen In the fact that within seven
tnonhs there were 1080 men and women hanged or shot
under sentence of the military courts, and mostly within
forty-eight hours of arrest . .',
No jury trial, no chance for appeal, not even time
to make peace tor the soul! -
. And during the same period 1241 government officials
and members of the police and soldiery were assassinated
by revolutionise. ' ,:
- The manner of executing men and women sentenced
by summary Droeedlngs has been such as to suggest a
return to-the primitive. " . .
The executiona never took , place In the prisons or
fortresses, owing to the disorder likely to be caused among
the prisoners. , . . ' , ,. , h . f
X midnight the doomed men were taken out to an
Mi,. :. I t i a - . t.
when genaW KonopUanlkovo was banged for assassinate
Ing General Mln. Bbe died with a prayer oa her lips for
RU"hen there was the martyrdom'of tha Red Widow of.
the Russian Revolution. Frau Unda, who waa tha first to
die when the governor a Reval gave his troops tha order
to fire on the atriking army. , L'"9t.LtMrm
.When universities are closed, as tn St Petersburg,
last year, because the student body was feared by tha
government what 1a left but Illiteracy and degradation! ,
Social Ufa wat completely Interfered with by order
of the police, one of which was that people
congregate to play cards. These card Palw were re
garded as hatching grounds for conspiracy, so the polio
were instructed to break up the games. .'. v
. There waa an Instance of a girl who happened to ba
standing peaceably by a window of a jail when a Cossack
fired a bullet through her head. 1 ' ' '
"Murderer, you have killed a woman I" ahouted on)
of her fellow-prisoners on a political charge.
."What waa sha'atandlng there for? brutally asked
the soldier, -( - - ; ' " 1 ' ' ;' - '
For this act tha soldier waa especially rewarded with)
sum of money by the governnjsht ' . :
" Totally heartless have the peasanta been driven by tha
indignities they have been forced to suffer. To show how
heartless they became, one Incident will suffice:
When a society was formed soma time ago to kill oft
enemies. It was customary to pin to tha lips of each
corpse a paper setting forth tha exact nature of tha
crime for which he was killed. - '
Is It any wonder that Russia la thought by many to ,
be sinking Into savagery T .'.,.",'... .
Staggering - Figures Furnished
' V-:'.-,J ': lii-' R ? It'toirc ' V V S ' V
Workmen at Ojjner. 'sc. . V; '
sendlng to Siberia of ,00a, revoluUonUU aa a result of
opposition to the cxar'a forces: the robbing of national
banks by revolutionaries went a long way toward setting
. the people back Into a savage atate. . i '
it The frequent and terrible massacres of. the Jews 1
known to every one. That these have demoralised the
nattuu fearfully ia granted everywhere..; .
The government'a method of carina- for the Insane la
.'.to let them wander the atreeu clad In rsgs. U H'any
wonder that this has had a disintegrating effect?
With men often chained .and compelled 'to work be
neath the earth' a surface, thus dragging out a Mvlng
death, the"-part that Siberia playa In a nation' fall is
large..' ''-" ' , : '-
It U said that a single minister of the interior during
: a short stay consigned 280 peopl to that worst of tor
ture placea. Those who escape have nothing left but the
life of the forest brothers to the wild beasts.
What of a country which hangs young girls for par
ticipating In a revolution? : ! '-;' :
,fr Such a hanging took plsce last year at St, Petersburg
FOR thirty years there has been going on In Russia
an economlo decay which seemed to reach a climax
- when little Japan trounced the great but demor
' allsed Bear. 4
That this Jocay extended to the social side of the
mutrfc was not so well known or admitted.
. Now, thla eondltlon has obtained a hold upon hundreds
of settlements, which have totally lost their heritage of
modernity and relapsed into one of the murky, unen
lightened past. -
fc America, after It had killed off a sufficient number of
Indiana, went to work with a will and civilised those that
HusKla had Its Indians, too the nomad Samoyeds who
people the frosen plains within the Arctic Circle. Their
borderland was the same as that which, Irt the pioneer
laye of this country, separated the civilised nation build
era from tbelr eavage foea.
But the difference le that Russia, instead of civilising
the nomads. Is permitting them to save arise her-that la.
according to the stories that oome from the domain of the
Ther Is a theory among evolutionists that If a man
becornee unworthy of the plane of development upon
whlrh he has been placed he will be punished by being
eet back-by having to start all over and work out his
t IGNORANCE IS GENERAL '
It Is not dl moult to conceive of such a law applying
tn nations! reason wouM sanction It even though there
-. r not such examples as Sodom and Gomorrah to bear
It out. t
1 ii orW to realise how such a condition eould come to
j i- In Ktissia, just consider that there are m.oonoro of
..--... U'i.oki.OuO Inhahllants who cannot read or write,
j. . .mure 's the chief cause of decadence. But there
ujf .. .. r j nni alrmist aa serious.
1 r. t ; .k uyi that In many of the parts where h '
trv . .1 h I m taran's of material culture have dleap. '
f.. r. I f in homes of the peasants. If peopl. re
Imnf.l i ii the hfiulo fundamentals for civilisation they
WMiii-1 -t . ' -ling to the Implements by which they
tnii:M t ' rl i roe " a nvntg.
r-.... . . ema. - '
OOK ex.. for tbo :
camera man I
you ever an
ticipate committing 4
' crime ; should you ever
fee) an impulse' to pay
a visit to your friend
while he ia aaleep at
night; ahould you feel
a desire to let your
hand wander into the
pocket of an acquaint
ance'!; should you cold
' bloodcdly . pfepare to
over the head from
the body of an enemy,
you had better pause
and look about you.
' Be aure that no one is about with a black, morocco-covered
box. ; Otherwise, you may be haled
Into coustad convicted.
inn aoi! a living.
uleervers cty. are deliberately desert-
RECENTLY a woman brought suit against her hus
; band for divorce in a large city. She asked for
big alimony, but produced little evidence about
., the misdemeanor of her spouse. ' However. : she
produced a photograph tn court The woman pictured .
there wa not h!a wife The wife won her case.
The camera has been used by Scotland Yard detec
1 tlves In Kngiand for aaor than ten years. Ia this coun-
try, however, detectives have been rather slow to recog
nise the advantaire of tha irrefutable evidence of the sen
sitised plate. But within the last two years detectives
have taken to the use of the camera and have accom
plished remarkable results
Have you ever eeen the little pocket cameras which
resemble u rather large cigar caaeT Well, If you ahould
go homo tonight. Mr. Business Man. and be Indiscreet
enough to klas Betty, the French maid, don't forget that
lurking nearby may be a detective in the employ of your
suspicious wife who is waiting to "snap" you.
. .Wherever one goes he Is likely to meet a man With
a camera. The kodak fiend la ubiquitous. . Therefore the
detective who wishes to carry a camera will pot likely
arouse suspicion. . ,
"The earner, has not been extensively used by the
flrat-claaa detectives In America." aald a prominent de
tective recently, "but It has been widely used by the
bunco eteerere and blackmailers of the business. It has
been used more than any one euspecta.
"There are Innumerable case where private detectives
have tracked men nd snapped them when they were In
emDarrassing positions ana places, nometlmea such a
pi. ture le used in a divorce caae by one of the parties.
inin, ii mm ciiipiuyvu it mauv av uiau 01 money,
' ROGUES AND THE CAMERA
- "I know so-called detectives who make a bualneas of
sleuthing persona and getting pictures for thla purpose.
Bona fide detectlvea frown upon thla, hawevnr, and use
the camera only In the rlghteoua cause of bringing crim
inals to Justice.
"A Jury sometimes cannot be convinced by oral testi
mony or circumstantial evidence. But when one has a
picture to produce, there can be no defense. A man can
" not deny that."
Nothing has been a greater deterrent to. crime than
the "rogues' galleiiea." Here the camera has played an
Invaluable part In securing the capture of criminals and
the decrease of crime. ,
When a men Is arrested, hla first trial Is before the
camera, and after that he la a marked man. Ills picture '
goes to almost every city In, the country. DetecUves
' study It and remember It ' Then they have n difficulty
In recognlaing a criminal. ' -
But the crooks have lately taken th detectives' own
method for their protection, in Chicago, It Is said, there
! Is in existence a "rogue catchers' gallery." .
There the crooks, for a dollar, can aee photograph
of the best-known detectives in the United States.
The business of a thief la to steal. But his dlfflsulty -Is
not so much the accomplishment of his Job as not --
getting caught The up-to-date thief realises that he
must know the detectlvea.
Formerly the detective had all the advantages. Th -picture
of the crook waa to be Been in headquarters in -sny
city and his arrival there was soon known to de- '
tectlves who would recognise him.
In tine, however, a clever but unscrupulous photog- '
' rapher got to work In the criminal courts, police stations
' and detective headquarters In Chicago nwd anapped the ,
pictures of the best-known doteutlves. Then be made
r'roaue catchers' " gallery. , ...
- Here the llght-flnsered gentry may safely become so-
nnainted with the detectives, and they ran keep a look-
out for tnem in wnaievwr nrinnwirnwra iny w..i.
Among the moat photographed of detectlvea Is Clifton
-v ,..uj.. r-vu.. Vf - iVnnU.M.. .-iw v r im
V UUMKIURK. VI " W ' . , . ... .. . n -, .............
' one of the best "make-up" men In tha country, and his
disguises are amaslng. ' ....
Twelve year ago Pr. Paul Jeaerlch. a' chemist of
Berlin, Introduced the camera into the detection of crime.
Ir. Jeserlch argued that tha camera re-veals many things
Invisible to the eye, and declared that better evidence
can be got from the photograph of a room In which a
murder waa committed than by mere examination of the
rTne first criminal case brought forward waa Itself
remarkable. The chemist photographed th body of a
man who had been aaaaulted and killed.
In tha picture he saw a hair on the man's clothing.
Thla hal was pictured In the form of a photo-micrograph.
Mlcrnscoplo examination showed specks on the
hair, end revealed It aa that of a dog. '
By mea.is tf the jihotogrsph, a dog with similar hslr
was located, god the owner, when charged, confessed to
tha murder. , - '
r O MORX staggering figures can be Imagined than -
those In conaeotloa with th woria rauwaya.
which hav Increased In th last few decade!.
" with almost Incomprehensible rapidity.
Possibly the next sreat engineering marvel will be
1 the linking of America and Asia by mesne of a railway.
and tunnel from Alaska, vl Behrin iUralts, to 81
' beria.r . . :'' ,; ,'.',' ' '.
Tha preceding generation might hv onstdr4 . .
.'.th cost prohibitive It Is estimated at IMO.000,000.
Not so the present" generation of builders. - For that
. amount represents bo more than the cost of th Trans
v Siberian Railway, to build which, HOO.000,000 was ex
. peaded. with another 1100,000.000, added almost Imme
' dlately for Improvement It haa 184 ml lea of track,
j and during tha war MS locomotives and 46.000 freight care -were
constantly employed on it" "
Almost aa long will be th Cape-to -Cairo line, which .'
. is bow Bearing completion. It will be (TOO miles be- -'
. tween terminals. 'Already It carries 7tt mile of tle
; graph, comprising 10,720 miles of wlra. and, the total
expenditure to date la in8.SU.020. .
. The highest bridge in the world links op thla rail
way over the Zambesi Kail. It contains 100 tons of .
steel and ia 4X0 feet high, or 40 feet higher than St
Paul's, London. The whole of St Paul a could be dumped
. Into the chasm which it spans. .....
Th world altogether possesses 537.10S miles of rail
road, repreeenting a total value in bard cash of forty- '
three billion dollars. This estimate covers 160.000 loeo
. motlvee, 226,000 passenger coaches, and 1,000,000 trucka
;. for freight - : ','... ;.':,":'-
, WORLD'S LARGEST STATION
The largest station Is now being built' in Lelpstg at a
. cost of tiT.uuO.WOO. lis length will be nearly lOuo feet and
Ita thirteen platforms each over 1000 feet long. SevesP
gifrantlo steel archss, sacb 14V feet wide, will spanKf
. platforms. , ( gpr
Th longest tunnel Is the SImplon, which -afWKtt th
Alps. It is U miles long and cost lat.Ouu.ooo. lor than
100 UVea were lost In lis construction, which began in
198. Ths highest railway ascends the Sierras, Peru. - It
T tunnels tha Andes st a height of 1,646 feet an elevation
( reached In the short distance of seventy-eight miles,
, In its building 8000 workmen were engaged at one time, '
and nearly tmoo died or were killed during the six yeara
of lta construction. . . -
A railway up Mont Blanc will probably be th next '
great enterprise of this description. The krench govern
ment has sanctioned a scheme to build a railway whloa
will skirt the mountain's glaciers, crevasses, and preci
pices till It reaches the top a height of 16,781 feet.
Probably the most luxurloue train in the world be- :
longs to the kaiser, it cost 81,000,000 and took three '
. years to build. Its gorgeous saloons contain two nursery '
i coaches a gymnasium, a music-room and a treasure
: room. Oil paintings and statuary decorate the drawing
room. . The treasure room ia constructed on the safe
deposit principle, with two large burglar-proof ssies. Th '
"crew" of th train comprise several secretaries, sis
adjutsnts, the household physician, many body servanta ..
and the Imperial barber, valet and chef.
The fastest time ever made by train waa attained on
the Marlenfelde-Pahlwata Kleetrlo Railway, near Berlin.
An electrlo motor-car, over ino feet In length and weigh
ing 03 tons, traveled at the rate of 120 miles an hour over
a twenty-three-mile track. The only dlacomlort expert- -.
enced by the passengers wss the terrlno noise, which re
sembled the clanging of 10.U00 blacksmiths' hammers. -
The world's iong-dlstance record for speed Is held by
F. H. Harrlman, who crossed the continent from the
Pacific to tbe Atlantic, a distance of 2300 miles, within 1
three days, thirty-three minutes, attaining a speed of
' eighty-three miles sn hour over one track of 13? miles.
and an average speea or sixty-six miles an hour.
' The Londjn suburban trains hold the psssenger
record. They carry every year over 4)0,0fl0.0o0 passengers,
'There are 621 stations In London, and there will be 0
when the new tubes are completed. The Central Lon
don tube alone carries 2T8,000,buO passengers a yeur. B. .
- tween 8 A. M. and 10 A. M. every day Ui,813 persons enter '
London by train. '...,,:."
. He Saw the Fossils ; X ,
N AlCVSINO story Is told by th London Express y
few years ago a young curate of rather aa
archeologtcal turn of mind was visiting on of our .
fin cathedrals. On being told by a friend thki ther
was a fin collection of old fossils to be seenTyth
Chapter House, he set off there without delsy. i Ir-v
ing open the door, he found a venerable dean ai
chapter sitting In council. . s
In his surprise, he blurted out that he had been told
that he would tlnd there a fine collection of old foe-.-lis.
The dean, appreciating thla unintentional refer
ence to himself and his colleagues, roared with laugh
ter, and the urt rstlred much discomfited.