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TI IE- OREGON -SUNpAY JOURTAU rCRTLAr SUTTO-Z-IOWJING. AUGUST U
t)INED in adver-
ch in tht
- rurt- i ,
iVo onriuirtr a rMat crow
Seoul to welcome the) return
'Iak Yon HoXfrom exifi
Vration was U JjiJteigM, JPX Chi
Onr.anjjIuea1ar, committed suicide in tl
presence of QOOj&cfsons as a protest atainu
the subiectietTof his country to Japan,
JSath suicides were.numeroujJjffiafter
ih Russo-Japanese Warj$0nthe designs
of the mikado's gojiatment against the'
'yiermtt Nationdftcame fully apparent.
cores of AeArart , statesmen Jind officials
killed themfelves. ' - -v:' J'
'riendinr a delegation to The Harurfr
conference without Japanese cons entwine . V
former emperor committed politicateuicid '
Very speedily was he deposed andAuarfak' . .
ling son set on the throve in hjpKruT ' : . ,
And why? Because dfa, suffering-,
from the dry rot of ajtrr as underroinr a
ik hands of Japan. T
p fti upon the , '
i 0 -Tokio,.and the ' :
jna revivifying its v -.
economical life ' ; j
without the use of an- - - - - ;
doubts the selfish motives acto- -
in destroying the national life ' . .. .
u otf o strangest of mod- ' .
ernspectacles to other nations is this revolt
of the Koreans t not so much, perhaps,
against losing that national sovereignty as I
a rains t beint dratted away from the drii-
bones of an archaic era. The benefits they
least desire are those of modern progress
and advanced civilization. , V ,
, 1 ' i r
:I&eanW)inaa in Streel DreK
The aueer co&ftkod
was ifinJpyitfd on
Thre' a lingular country far orr tha aaaa, . r ,
W hich la known to tha world aa Korea;
Where there'a nothing to charm and yth W to plaaaa,
And of cleanllneea not an Idaa.
Whera lucid description of pereona and thin fa "
Quit bafflea tha readieat' pen, ' ' ,
And atlra up atranara quaimg In tha poet Who alnga
Of that far-away land ol Cnoaen. .
. J. j -Jmptaln Boatock. V. E'K.'-'t-.-
... - ' . ,
KORBiA la tha .moat backward eountrr In ; tha
. world that la. for a eountrr ao acoasalbla to '
tha march of drQlzatlon, 1 .
-' Nowhere, not area 1b China, la there aucU
reaentment toward progress. No land baa been mora '
1 1 fflrnilf nf inntnArh than thla. whaM nn nlaM tha
y jMim IU .U B W . 11.11 JUI IN
' vprlalnga and turmoU that bars occurred recently
only mark a daeoer rarolution la tha hearts of tha
people acaloat tha lnvaalon of Japan and tha Introduc
tion of modern Ideas, In manners as wall aa mechanics.
They do thin ca backward In Korea. Their manner
ef Urine; Is aa old-faahloned and unsatisfactory as
their currency .nd any foreigner who can keep bust- ;
nees accounts according to tha cuatom of thla queer
la ml vnnat ha A BMWnulMriln IHAthMnaHrfl tnfljhaul
f Money Is money at one place! while at another It
Is valueless, or worth only one-fifth Its Standard -value
alse where. . v r ..- - . j
To understand Korea ona must, study the country
Just aa if he were analysing tha characteristics . of '
some quaint and eccentiio old woman. -
Korea stands acroaa the water from Japan, tooth- ,
less and tottering, mumbling and Jabbering, yet re
t using the elixir of youth the wily Japs are forclnsjaae
her lips. Korea la the minstrel house of the nations.
Its government la opera boufre. It has been
But let us proceed to study tha bumps on
bead phrenoiogtcally and pay a social call .
aiulnt and alADV old woman.
To find tha exact population of Kerr
fEiHOPAL "Method or
around t"trvlth fanfares and trompsta-sfor wbe
-tha wratnc alept It was time for everybody else to
T3overnmant effloes were disposed of rby this emperor
to tha highest bidder Or to favorites. His Urns waa
tmoauy. spent in asvisins; scaemes ox securing; money
. and keeping up appears noaa, Orava matters of state
;' and International Importanoe were always - discussed
with a soothsayer before ha gavs his decision. "
Besides the pageant of his offldai trip through
Seoul, tha emperor received a considerable revenua
, from gran ting individuals tha right to manufaotura
money, ' For a patent to coin (-yen pleoeev valued at
",Ht oents, ona would pay the emperor 8000 yen, or
14000, and for" tha extra privilege of coining nickels tha
- charge would be an additional $3000 monthly.: ' -
Once whan tha emperor was short of funds be de
elded' to stop all patents periodically, go tha persons
' engaged la tha vvary ' profitable business of making;
. coins had to pay- fWOO every time they wanted tha
. patent renewed. . . ...... - ;..-.
The system of currency In vogus would whiten tha
- hairs of -the most experienced capitalist. Korean
coins are of two kinda. ' There Is a large copper coin,
called a "cash," which has a hole In the center. In
the country It Is "1 caah," and in Beoul Vi- oah."
Another coin Is worth 6 cash and 15 Seoul caah, while
many -commodities are estimated by the "yang," aup
poeed to be worth 100' cash. - The Koreans took at
paper money and shake their. heada vaguely, d libeller
' log that paper can be passed aa money. -
Because of fear of being taxed. Korean a rarely
make repairs to their houses. - As a reeuit, they live
In dilapidated and squalid hovels. Even In the largest
1 oltiee the houses are only one story high, with doora
so low . that one can scarcely enter. Windows are
covered with oiled paper, and the Interior Is dark and
; Ill-smelling. On the floor are mats tha beds of tha
family, usually infested with vermin. .
. . - There are no periodical houseoleantngs In '-Korea.
. and a houeewlfe takes no pains to- enhance her per
eonal charm. Why should sheT 'Women In Korea
are supposed not only to be unheard, but unseen.
Among the better classes of natlvea, children are
, separated at the age of years. After that tha boys
dwell In the men's apartments and the girls are kept
secluded In thoss set apart for tha women.
From their earliest years girls era told that- it l1aV''
disgraceful to be seen by men. Even after marH-i
. a girl shrinks from her husband, and he well, Ifae
, Korean helpmeet thlnka so little of his wife that ba
considers It degrading to consult bar on any but most
trivial matters. ; , s ,. . . .;,-
' " WIDOWS TRUE TO THS DEAD r
.Husband 'of- Iho
.. . years .-
Landk TSax Vlaixiea low
Should her husband die, 4 wife Is supposed to
In perpetual mourning Slid spend her days and night
innraumr wvei'ini. on
3he would Beyer dare marry a
as difficult as tha see of Ann. ' A native' oansus of 1901
i who he
eled ahd long reelded in - the country sa
Forelaner who have trav-
population easily runs up to ' 16.0O0.0u0.. Why, then.
the people endeavor to give a false censusT
lamt van T la p1m, A lummi rich
What the magistrates do In tha prorinces tha em- . J
neror the ruler vhn mm.m riitnouul laat month and his
favorite did on a larger soaJs In the greater affairs of
government. For Instance, onoe each year the em
peror took a royal trip through the streets of Seoul,
the capital city. Thla was a gala occasion. .
DmlaH In Oriental nnrv and followed bV 2000
aponslble for the taxes, underatats the number ofw.ssrvanta and retainers, the emperor waa the center of
people in tneir provinces ana lie ana swear until iney
get blue In the face that there la a decrease of births
The various provinces of Korea -are taxed on a '
basis of population, so tha magistrates, -who are re-
and man-Uses and that the death rate la -increasing.
Korea Is divided Into thirteen provlncee end t-4
' districts. Each district la under a maglatrate, and
each magistrate under the governor of the province.
. The people are characterised aa laxy, weak, In-
Competent and dirty. - They live In low, reeking houeee,
exist from hand to mouth, raising each season only
a as much rloe, .bean and tobacco as they can use. ,
Ak a farmer why he doee not bestir himself end '
. cultivate land,-he will look at yon with eyes, filled
' "S-s-sh,"' he will exclaim, holding up his hand,
' warnlngly; "all I should rale more than I could use
'" would be taken by the magistrate. Hhould I build my
- house or plant aiora beans, ba would rob ma of my
a pageant unaurpaseed for cheap and tawnry mag-
nlflcence. But the most magnificent thing about th;
celebration was tns bin which the emperor preeenien
to the treasury to defray expense. -It
was a masterpiece, this "IT. O. Me" ha bill
Often exceeding 7OU.000 yen or 1350.000. Ones sn Item
of champagne for the fsrelgn representatives waa
figured at IrfO.OOO. How much waa actually spent for
champagne Is not known, but the foreign repreeenta
Uv alaked their thirst on very Utile.
The deposed emperor waa the thirtieth sovereign
In a direct line of succelnn from the founder of tha
dynasty, which wss eatnhllehed in IST'2. 100 year before
.. Columbus discovered America. During nil hi long
reign he maintained ancient tradition. He would go
to bed usually at o'clock in the morning. At the
tuna of his retirement to slumber soldiers would march
second Urns. (No degradation is considered so low aa
mi sci 01 uniaiiwuineas 10 ins aeaa. -
A woman must not ba seen In the streets In tha '
daytime. At o'clock In the evening In tha summer, .
and at I In the winter,. tha gates of Seoul and other
cities are closed. Then the men must hasten to their
homes, while the women ara allowed to emerge from
their houses and promenade. ' - .
On no occasion Is there a "holding of hands' la
tha lova-maklng of Koreans. . Strangers may not touch
or see the faces of women, and quite, often women "
' have killed themselves or have been kllfcd by relatives
because strangers had touched them, even on tha
fingers. On the street a-woman wears a peculiar
headdress, which nearly conceals her face.
The dress of the men Is more ploturesqua and com
plicated than that of the women. A man wears a ":
whits garment, a sort of long coat, with wide. Bap
ping sleeves. His boots ara white. His bat is usually
ef horsehair." If he is in mourning he wears a thin
cloth over his mouth. If he Is married ha wears hla
hair co'.led in a knot on top of his head.
Korean boys are married frequently at tha age ol
i and 0 years. A ceremony la held and the lad Is deco
. .ated with the topknot Until this time a boy wears
lis hair parted In the middle and plaited In the back.
.fter his marriage, no matter how young, the boy la
onsldered a man. He may sx press hlmeelf on mat- '
ters of importance, and aven pray before tha shrines .
of his ancestors.
Korean reeentment and 111 feeling aa-alnat Janen '
atea back to the third eentnrv. whan the nneen nf
Japan invaded the southern kingdoms of Korea and
wrote on the king's aatei "Tha king of Shlnra Is tha
- nog os japan.
In bringing the
memeeivee to moaern advancement japan will prob
ably experience great difficulty. The people ara hlde-
Douna in tneir oin euatoma. in manufaotura
prerer tn gin imported cotton with the foot pre, an
to spin Uhineee
ling the tveople? of this sleepy country ta
posalbl titles of the future and to adjust
to modern sdvsncement Japan will prob
fer to rids on oxen rather than on electrlo cars, and to
wool with home machlnea.
thresh wheat with flalla and winnow corn In primltl
ways rather than adopt modern mschlnery.
Japan, however, realises that the future . of tha
isisnd empire greatly depends Upon Korea: that It will
be Into Korea she will pour her Influx of growing pop
ulatlon. So when the armies first went
the soldiers were followed by traders, merchants an
Her attempts to modernise Korea have been de
scribed as a cee ofrough surgery without anesthet
ics. 8 he proposes to civilise and advance tha land by
forca. ' .