The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, August 18, 1907, SECTION THREE, Image 31

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Dr. Winninton Ingram, BisKop of Lor.JL
TVorks Harder TKan Any Otker Maa in
English CWcn and Is Too Busy to BotncrAlout DignxtyDocsn t Look Like a Biskop and Doesn't Act Like One Will Attend General-Episcopal Convention at RicWond, Vir lr.i
Br B. Male BnelL
(Copyright by Curtis Brown.) '
NDON. Aa elaes English
Vfc1shops are neither strenuous
oT exeeaelvely DODUlar with the T
Bimi, but there are aome
ceptlona to thla rule, and the moat
notable of them la the HIght Reverend
Arthur Foley Wlnnlngton Ingram, blahop
of London, He la by lone odd a the most
' popular and the hardeat working; blshpp
In England. As will be generally known
In America before thla la printed, he la
crossing the Atlantic shortly, and will
attend the general Kplscopal convention,
which opena at Richmond, Virginia, Oc
tober I. Ha has the moat picturesque
reraonallty of any of the dignitaries of
he established aiiurch. and in viw of
hla approaching- visit aome account of
him may be of Interest . to American
readers. '
The popular notion of a biahop la a
Tnen with a pompoua manner, a portly
frameand spindle-shanked legs clad In .
J altera Barring; the sailers, Ir. Ingram
oea not look a bit like thla type which
.irreverent English, cartoonists have
made ao familiar. - He la slight spare
- and lean. He la alwaya on the move,
which keeps him trained down fine like
an athlete. He l too rushed to bother
about dignity. For the earns reason ha
via indifferent to hla personal appear
ance. His hat alwaya looks aa though
It would extinguish him. 1U collara
don't fit. Enthusiastic maiden' ladlea
describe hla lace aa that or a mediaeval
saint - Iithe typical face for a mediae
val 1a thin and brown and sz-
YrS" a a mingled keenness, klndnasa
fZx humor, then the blahop has one. In
rail probability ha haa never thought
odoui 9 nimseii, , ,
Busies. Man la London.
He haa the well-merited reputation of
keeping bualer than any other man In
. London. Certainly no cabinet minister
er member of parliament works ao hard .
for bis country as Dr. Ingram does for
Ms church. But bard work never trou-
. bled him. He la need to It. He la on
of the few men who Owe their positions
- en the Episcopal bench entirely to hard
work. He worked hard at Oxford, taking-
both an excellent degree in the
, schools and on the river, for he was a
fin oarsman, . Ha worked hard as a
. clergyman In the weet of England,
where he ahowed that he waa a man in.
be reckoned with. He worked harder
a till when at the age of 10 he became
the head of Oxford house, on of the
pioneer college settlements In the east
end the alum end of London. -It
waa there he-developed hla organ la-
KiwWa- mV Vo" $?k iqzq w$nop oflondoh
who Induced many of the public achoola
to take a hand In "settlement work," so -. - . - i
-that they each undertook. In part of v . ' '' "
least: to support a club. Personal, no to be human' He often salutes an
vicarious, work was hla method of itK Irreclaimable old ruffian with a areola!
"l in. w u. "Hello, old hovf On on occasion ha
lent a seedy ' individual hla; great coat
and It " never .returned. : He ' has . been
censured by a parochial relief commit
tee for giving"' away half-crowns too
it r...- h. tH iam in freelv and Indiscriminately.
' . .. ,... ,jj - Instead of treating lnfldelg with sac
perform with conalderable success, .arid rt,! .,. and contempt and -heaping
they are a particularly, difficult lot .to
tret .hold of... . , i . ... .... .- ' .. j-'
Foot and Door Trick.' ' " . '
The "f cot-and-door trick." aa he called
. he ones declared. ' "Every cleargyman
who understanda not only his own bual-
viea. but, what Is more Important, his
Master's business, must learn to praar
tics." It is an example of getting an
Inch In- order, to take an elL When tha
clergyman rails, ss Dr. 'Ingram ones
explained, "after soma time a little ajirt
opens the door and you hear a votes
from the waahtub at the back ask, "Who
la that-, BallyT Bally shouts back.
'Please, mother. Its Religion'" a phrase
which the blahop believes needs all a
' man's ' presence of mind to combat.
With the door opened tha clergyman
pently Insinuates his foot between It
and the doorpost- so that It cannot be
shut easily, and thus ha rets a chance
of speaking for a few minutes, at au
" 1 I yaaaBnasSBBSBBBBBSsilt
' - i r
y - . ji .. ...
. 23 ii 'Mill '
-' - " ; ft . - -
"-e-lL ill A-
. LJ' ' .
' ' '"' '" - . ' - " ' '
the zGra zzv
me. I m orr to nil an engagemsnt down
there myaelf."
It la a singular proof of hla row-r
to adapt hlmsxlf to the varying se uu
of humanity that go to the making
the multitudinous life of Uls vast dl'
reae that he Is equally a favorite lit
Itucklngham palace and In the slums of
Whltechapel 11 wins by sympathy, he
conquers by his great humanity, lie la
In no sense a great scholar, he haa been,
far too busy for that, and for hair-,
splitting theology he cares hot a )ot,
but- he understands human nature and
lis needs, and he nowa how, to get a
hearing- for hla mttssaa-a, ,
Capture a Gathering '. ; !,
. A remarkable Instance of this was
witnessed ' at . the - great worklngmen'a
meeting- held at tbs church congress a
few years ago. There waa a vast hall
crowded from end to end with keen,
hard-beaded artisans. And confronting;
them In anaerrted ranks were rows upon
rows of raltered bishops, deans - and
archdeacons the personification of tha
stiff, starchy conventionalism of .the
Anglican church. . The fores of contrast
could hardly - further gro. Suddenly a
tall, slight, keen-faced, clean a haven
man. with a bright smile and an lrre
, atstlble magnetism about him apranc to
hla feet and In tha twinkling of an ay
a great roar of applause rattled up to
. was about to address tha Northampton
shoemakers. Ha began quite eaally b
recalling- some of his early experiences
. in tha east and .
"I remember," ka said, "my first Bun
day In , Bethnal Oreen. I addressed a
meeting; of S00 tnen and at tha and of
the service I said to them
" 'Well, now, what shall wa talk about
next Sunday r
"And immediately 800 voices yelled
out: "eternal punishment. '
"Eternal punishment!" cried tha
bishop, with a light tone of laugnter In
hla pleasant voice, "that waa a ' nice
little subject to hurl at a young; man
who was out 'on his own' for the first
time In hla lire. And then, or course,
they wanted to know who was Cain's
wife they alwaya do" he added with a
smile. "Well, we settled that queatlon
satisfactorily, and w buried tha ooor
neas he published a balance sheet show-, lady In Bethnal Oreen ones and for all."
Ins; just how the money roes. It shows How his audience screamed with de
that alnce ha left the alums for a palaea kM and hpw shocked, and pained war
be has been growl n.-r poorer at the rata tha faces of hla brother dignitaries,
sometimes of considerably over 11,009 a . v
year. How he contrives to keep out of Is Confirmed Bachelor. -the
bankruptcy court la a secret known . . . . ' -
perhaps to a few of hla wealthy friends. But th twentieth century bishop of
There have been many bishopa In tha London knew his audience, and they
Church ot England who have managed . knaw u( appreciated him. Under tha
to lay up considerable treasures on ' . " 7 "
arth ss well, presumably, as In heaven, circumstances Is waa far mora to tha
but the blahop of JUondon is not ona of purpose than all tha scholarship and
thAmbl.hop oflondon he hu-tlJhar'd.7 ih'o,0nr.?! lh fpo'""" " J
now than ever before. He rlaea at an fathers. It waa human and that la what
hour when moat aervanta are atlll abed the blahop ,1a ao preeminently hlmaelf.
' pay hla. expenses. Some .years ago.
with characteristic courage and. frank-
and aeldom retires before midnight. The
head of Innumerable aocietlea, and with
the moat populous dioceses In tha world
in his charge, the demands on his time
incessant. It Is nurel
anathemas upon-them he has frequently
engaged In open air debates with them
In the parks on Sundays. And if they
did not alwaya find his logic convincing
they learned to esteem and respect the
man. As Illustrating hla relations with
them a friend of his tells an anecdote.
On one occasion he waa with Dr. Ing
ram at a butl!n- railway station when
the bishop was accosted by a somewhat
Imposing dignitary of th church who
entered into grave talk with him. Sud
denly Dr. Ingram said, "Pardon me," and
hastening; after a rough-looking - man
who was nasslng hailed him heartily,
and tha greeting was -as heartily re
turned. "vhft-ver was thatf eskethe
elder- dignitary, somewhat pompously
when Er. Ingham had rejoined him.
"Oh." waa tha reDlv. "that'a ona of tha
cleverest of my infidel opponents In
time that ha now uses a motor car or
a horse and carriage to get around lxn-
We alwaya have a chat
- you aon t mean that
l...r:. ,k,.-K i. i. wi..ti7 . th. Victoria Park,
.. . w...,. ,h. n " - . when wa meet.
Most blahops preach temperance, but 5 athelatBurelyr ' was the horri
don't practice total abstinenceT Dr, S?d.,P?ne' Te"- , "Id Pr' nrara
Ingram does both. He believes In tee ,"I i or at all events, be fancies he's
tntVll.m for Itself and regarda U aa an. ne; but he la auch a pleasant fellow
,..uti.,inn n . ana nero is a lot mat is rood in him.
who wishes to advance the causa, of aIl c2T h2t"l."d1?i
.,rw.r.nM. mmmm th. inteinnerata. At aoodneaa can have .only ona
a meeting of workmen one day ha was aourca. , . v - .
discussing; the ususv-quesiion wnen one , . , 'v"tj. '
of the men shouted. aArs you a 'tot r. work Among the Poor. ; ,
Tha blahop la Terglnc on SO. Ha la
JIJ nn M I . ... . A k.Ak.1..
Ha has had hla romance. Whan ha waa
combe, a beautiful girl and tha young-eat v
aon insieaa oi traveling in me rumoer- oaugniar ox uora ana juaay e evsrsnamv
Vm ., lr"Tlc,lr- 118 00T nosi or was co ns' through a touraa of alum-
hla reading- and compoaea hla sermons ,. " . . ...,,
and addresses while driving: through the ""UK. Sha had fit Jed herself for tha
streets of the metropolis to or from his work by qualifying; In a hospital aa a
numerous ensac-Aments.- Hla csrrlare ...n . m - ctk. .w- wi-w
and motor car are fitted with an elect rlo ' v ,, , .
lamp ao that ho can read by night while wer thrown much together. In tbs
on the go. But he bothers himself aa course of tlma their engagement waa
Uttlo aa sver about dignity. ; formally announced, but for some rea-
. ' AflMt It :- v- --son that waa nevsr explained it waa
See Panpert Ofteneat. broken off. It haa been aug.ested that
Tha humblest folk in tha east snd aea tha ood bishop cama to tha conclusion
much mors of him than tha opulent weat that tha Ufa of arduoua labor ho had
endera. Soma tlms ago ha a Dent several nNsw AH tw lllmssanli si 1 lttWaMf n fl (!
; l - . ruwrinn rrMiftCC 11 1 - ; ; L : noura in ona or too innrmariea or aium room tor domestlo bliss, and If called
;, COKPULOTSY MAINTENANCE OPVniCrt KEEPe5 THBBlfHOP P002.QN50O0OaYE. donu Hearinr that amon tha inmatea on to sacrlfioa on or tha other, tha
Tw'w waa an old woman who boasted of har- church had thsuperlor claim on him.
ha natronlxed the "third class" eomDart- "By taking each little dutr trivial bedrooms and ast in spacious and beau- Inar danced with him when ha was run- a - t .a- im,. i, ,.. h4
ments,' Just as hla humbla parishioners enough In Itself, perhaps as the great .tlful grounda. .' Another mansion In St. nlng the Oxford House settlement ha hinted that, devout and kind hearted
did. Instead of "going: flrat" and more and Insistent concern of the day," he James souare which would rent for instated ontaeln her. Clasping the though' ahe undoubtedly la, ahe dia-
often than not carried hla frugal luneh- answered. "If I go to a workhouss aer- S,000 4 year waa added. to his Eplsco- handa Cplacopal aba reminded htm that covered that ahe yearned for something;
son with him snd dispatched it between vice, and the dear old inmates honor me pal domain. Hla salary waa raised to . . mt t,m different from the life of a minlaterlna-
atatlona. In fact a ''Punch" poet onoe with a aeven-fold amen. I am content 160.000 a year which la the highest n6'0ou'(1 "ot " IIr" ln ?unf anirel of the slums. A few years ago ,
I am,
the- rasnonse.
the workman:
"Of course
"All rigni, men, m w-.i Kiimn.
"fire away. ' If you wasn't X wouldn't
listen to yon." . v v ; . .u--. ' ,;
Avhalfpenny bun on a Waterloo "bus.
Won Affection of the Poor. -
Dr. Ingram won the real affection ot of using carriages or cabs but did hla
"the poor people "down -east" by hla rwahlnri about on .- etreet . ears or
g-enulne . kindness, - hla free and easy "trams" aa . they are called here and
manners with them, and bv acting al- bv meana of tha democratic "under-
waya up to hla mottoDon't be afraid ground." In tha latter case) moreover.
Dr. Ingram worked harder-than ever
when In 1897 he waa made 8uffragan
Biahon of Steonev. ona of tha moat mid.
uloua and . poorest of tha bis london v JJ Is anowy with damask for me
boroughs. At thla tlma ha never thought
made him Bay: - to regard that service aa one of the salary paid to any bishop. He didn't ladlea to five htm a turn, and added, ,n- married Colonel Everard Baring-, a -
"For luncheon a awallaw a sandwich of " "l V, "V . r- "Vy"1 i"Z mominngiy, w, sir. unram, ami you orotaer ot ixira neyeisiuae.
, . .- - - - . iiukii v, ine prvvivmw ui aviiuuh mm mansion, dui ney wpih who iiiw juu
Am i , .Tt. ih-'.t.i . m,nk.Mi a whole If one could aea all the misery and he had to take them although he
Aa I rush up tha atalrg of a Whltechapel nd hunger, and wickednesa. and evil In nroteste , that he would much orefer
Or with .icellVnt annetlta. T will aim.' one .'' fl"."n 2.1 tn yTwhjr ion llvlns; In a simple flat and dividing; his kindred spirit who was not afraid to be Ulnar Quebec Montreal, Toronto and per
wr, wita excellent appetite,, I will Ola- woum .0 ,a(i The thine la to take income among tha noorer elerrv. That . . L2 ,h. eitiaa. Whus
Uinnt V-r a sro v wrsw
t-ot on Who'd a-thought lt" And tha Al inl".wrLt . .V. Ln . .
bl.hop Uug-hod hrtlly. rsoognlxln, a lvtn-icSSi
Mr cloth is the apron that covers m
knee. - f
No man-servants serve, no - kitchen
maids dish up .
The frugal repast of ' this Suffragan
. , Blahop." v - ,
"How do you manage to get through
It all?" somebody ones asked him.
' each duty separately, to believe that he could not have hla way affords an
' every word counts, and to leave the illustration of the many annmallea that
, rest (n the handa of our Father." ' discredit the Chnrch of England and
BJx..TJ!"r" mPl- lnrn WM made render Its dlaeetabllahment aome day
a full-fledged biahon with the whole inevitable.
ses of London to rule over and a aeat
In the gilded chamber aa one of the
lords spiritual. It waa a great change
for the f rural bachelor. In lieu of a
plain dwelling- in the mtttet of the slums
his residence waa now Fulham palace,
a great bis; place with no leas than 44
Gets Poorer Everf Year.
' As a matter of fact, with auch need
lessly costly establishments to main
tain hla bis; salary does not aufflce to
. Leaving; Fulham palace In his motor
ear tha other day he encountered a cab
inet maker who had just .finished a Job
at the Episcopal residence. . '
"Which way are yoa colngT" vaaked
the blahop.- .;...
"To Poplar, where I live." answered
the workman.
"Then, jump In and coma along- with October.
haDS aome other Canadian cities. Whom
he leavea Canada he will make hla way
to Washington, stopping at various
cltlea enroute. At Washington on Sep
tember t. he will participate In tha
ceremonies attending the laying; of tha
cornerstone of the great cathedral
to be built there, and will deliver aa
address. From Washington he will go
to Richmond. He la expected to re
turn to London about the middle oc
er a
vestigation William
T. Ellis Points Out Strength and Weaknesses of a Great Propaganda TLe Present Campaign Not a Wan But a Mere Reconnoitering of tne FieldSometning Atout Missionary Mistakes
By'WUllam T. EUlsi .
(Copyright 107, by Joseph B. Bowles.)
ROME, Italy. Here In the center of
tha , world's religious Interest,
homeward bound, X : look back
over nearly a year's Investiga
tion of Christian missions In the
lont for a final review and summary.
Wttisais the conclusion of tha whole
matter fTPArt . xoreign missions worm
. whilst " . ' '
- Tha answer must be In tha affirma
tive. Considered only" from the stand
point of humanitarian and phlhuithroplo
service, . the entire missionary enter
prise justifies Its .existence. . Add
these great works of .healing, education
and care for the orphaned and the
needy, the beneficial Influence which
haa been exerted upon the characters of
thouaanda of native converts, as well aa , , '' '' ' il j kt ' s '
ths more general, though none the leas BUtineU Method! Needed,
: unmistakable innusnce wieidea in be
' half of civilisation, and It will be seen
that ths missionary agencies which ths
churches of Christendom maintain at an
annual expenditure of many mllllone of
dollara la one of the tremendoua twen
tieth century forces making for the
world's progress.
Without amplifying this point, which
has surely been made plain In ths pre
ceding articles, let me auggeat some
now recognising ' and - yielding - to ' IL
Plainly, there la no sufficient reason
why the mission work of the Protestant
churchea In heathen landa ahould not be
done as one closely cooperating body.
The avowed aim is the conversion of.. the
people, and not the perpetuation and
extension of denominational namea,
creeds and authority upon ths mission
field. The present arrangement la ex
pensive, divisive and a hindrance to the
end sought.. What sense or reason
there, for Instance, In - establishing
northern and southern Presbyterian
churches In China, where the very-existence
of America la a nebulous matter
to most of the people, and the fact of
the civil war is unknown to S9 persons
out of every thousand? Left to them
selves, the native Christiana In tha field
tor T have visited - would-not be long-In
rorming one Christian church.. It Is not
a pretty spectacle that the matured re-
llglon of Christendom should stand In
the way of a union ; for which the
founder of Christianity prayed. , '
.. ' Pending the time of actual, union,
every - possible form of. cooperation
ahould be adopted. '.. The commercial sa
gacity of the method which keeps half
a dosen expensive1 theologically-trained
"business agents' In tha same port city
to do the purely secular work for sep
arata boards which could all be done
tant people who provide the funds,
without being sble to watch the use of
them, would be grateful for such an .
agency. y . . . i '
Soma Serious Shortcoming-.
' Two other Important services this
businesslike supervision would accom
plish: It would insure tha sending of
sahe, " well-balanced and accurate re
ports to the homeland,' and It would deal
vlgoroualy with the crltlclama which are
so common on" the other aide of the
globe that they constitute a serloua bar
rter to missionary success. Criticisms
which are even partly true should be
frankly admitted, and the evile remedied;
those, which are not true ahould be bold
ly challenged and silenced.
The position can never be maintained ,
that missionaries are Impeccable; and
to answer careful, definite criticisms, as
some which have appeared In this cor
respondence nave been answered, by tne
sweeping statement that It is 'morally
irflDosslble" for a missionary to do
wrong, la almply to put
fenae beyond the pale of consideration
of thinking men. In the one particular
general considerations and crltlclama bv one unordalned bualneaa man doea
wmcn appear to n important enougn to
deserve the attention of ths general
public, aa well aa of that large constli-
uency especially Interested In missions.
Why Churchet Should Unit.
not appeal to tha wayfarer.. - Neither
doe the seal for. planting new -work In
these outposts (often fn competition
with - native churches) where expenses
are hlgheet, difficulties greateat and re-
I know of no other undertaking any- aults fewest, , whsn there are unlimited f
where at all approaching thla one In
magnitude which fa managed In auch a
helter-skelter, disorganised faahton, or
on such an unbusinesslike basis. I do
favorable openings In the untouched. In
terior. ; Host port cities, be It . re
marked, need a subtraction rather thaa
aa addition of missionaries. .
A r loner and-more vigorous supervis-
not here allude to the administration of ion of missions on the part of sensible,
tha Individual boards, but to the .prope- courageous men. of authority, will result
ganda aa a whole.
Sentiment, mood and
emotion, rather - than teated principle
and careful judgment, aeem to be tha
foundation of most missionary activity;
If a man or a body can display especial
efficiency In stirring the feelings of the
home eonsttuency he or It can be sure
of plenty of funda and a free field to go
whe-iyeft will and do what It pleases In
itui iTlssion world. There la at present
sufficient method of checking up the
r,inrk or roreiaa missions.
- This sort of thing and worse mis'
In the weeding -out of the occasional
unfit missionary and In remedying tact
ical blunder in the location of atatlona
and In the character of the work. Such
supervision might stimulate the Infre
quent missionary who la ineffective, and
It would far oftener lay a. restraining
hand upon those who are overaealous
and thus putting out Of service expen
sive workers. Too many valuable mis
sionaries are permitted to- wear them
selves out prematurely. "
Such strong supervision, by fully and
fearlessly reporting the facts to the
Christian- ptiblle, would put an end to
Instance where mv -criticism had been
definitely disputed I bad said that a
certain northern Methodist missionary
had lent his ability and Influence to a
corporation seeking concessions from
the Chinese government. The board sec
retary and certain denominational pa-
Sera attacked me virulently for this,
eclartng that I did not know what I
was talking about Then, to their utter
confusion, . along cams the presiding
Methodist F.plscopal bishop of China,
fully substantiating the charge, but ex
onerating the missionary from wrong
Intention and assuming responsibility
himself. , ' i
similarly.' more effective administra
tion of the missionary propaganda will
furnish the traveling public with the
easily ascertained facta of the mission
fields, and will put forth effort to Intro
duce them to missions In actual opera
tion. It will also grapple with the
problem of the moral and spiritual con
dition of the port cltlea: for so long as
the European portion of these ports re
main aa they are the work of missions
la bound to be aerlously hampered.
Missionary Mistakes. -
takes, are In good part due to the help-; the not uncommon practice Indulged In
?ourself fashion In which the denomlna- by some independent n-lealonai and by
lona work. Only in the more recent certain of the sects holding "peculiar"
flelde has there been an apportionment tenets nf planting their atatlona under
of territory among the churches, al- the shadow of established work, pras
though everywhere the need for thla la elytlng the converts of the latter and
aa urgent that the denominations are buying up their native helpera. The dle-
Before leaving this"" Subject I must
make a rather eweeplng criticism which
the board should have dealt with long
ago. It la that an astonishing propor
tion of missionaries display pad man
ners and bad taste on shipboard. To
deny this charge, which. In one form or
another, haa been made times without
number. Is to turn one'a back to the
facta. The conduct of some mission
aries aboard ship ia one of the most pro-llflw-
aourcee of the anti-mlsslohary ,
spirit which pervadee passenger ships
Uie world over, aod practically all of the
port cities of the orient. Boms of the
crltlclama made In this connection are
almply unanswerable.
What Is to be said, for example. In
defense of the woman missionary whose
place at the table had to be changed
three tlmea on tha voyage acrosa the
Pacific last month T In the flrat place,
her astounding meddlesomeness had
brought upon her a rebuke at which she
felt offended and changed her seat;
later, the passengers with whom she-was
seated found her so uncomfortable a
companion that they complained to the
steward and Insisted on having either
her seat or theirs changed. The answer
commonly made to stories like this Is
that the missionary" a godliness no doubt
rebuked the sinfulness of ths other pas
sengers, which Is neither a modest nor
a charitable rejoinder. In this case, ths
story wss told me by -a prominent
American business man, a chnrch mem
ber, who himself had been attending a
series of missionary meetings In Omaha
just before leaving home, .and so could
hardly be called a hostile critic
I could write literally oolumns of In
cidents concerning the conduct of mis
sionaries on shipboard, whereby they
have earned the dlafavor of officers and
fellow passengers. Summed up. though,
they amount to this: Some missionar
ies aeem Inclined to flaunt their moral
and spiritual superiority In the face ot
others; they Insist on having an Identity
aa missionaries, rather than aa quiet,
modest, well-bred ladlea and gentlemen;
they protest, often In unseemly faahton,
agatnat the Indulgence In tobacco or
liquor Or cards on the part of other pas
sengers. All thla may be comprehended
In the word "provincialism." They for-:
get that aa Kipling says:
'There's a world outside tha one you
and thst th people of this world have
all the personal rights and liberties
which are to be accorded to the members
of ths missionary circle. Sometimes
this provincialism goes to the length of '
stupidity, as when a Pacific liner
crossed the meridian on Sunday; and so
dropped that day from the calendar,
whereupon ,the mlsalonarlea appealed in
a body to the - captain to drop aome
other day. and save Sunday, aa If the
matter were optional with blral
Risque; Songs vs.TOirtaundred.
' Not all ' missionaries are-guilty of
these things; far from It The. ablest
missionaries deprecate them aerlously, '
for they realise their far-reaching ef
fects upon the cause they represent In
explanation. If not In extenuation, they
point out that mlsalonarlea leaving tha
homeland are atlll in the spirit of exal
tation created .by their farewell meet
tings, 'by the glorification of' their
friends and by the role of saint hero1
snd tnnrtyr with which they have been
Invested. .. For the time they are In a
crusadef mood, and they have not yet
learned to view aU things In proportion.
Their feet have not yet found the hard
ground of actuality. One of these un
wise mlsalonarlea can do more than
hundred aenalble onea can undo.
I muat confess, however, that I do
not see why a Pacific mall captain
should forbid mlsalonarlea to sing
hymna at the piano on the boat deck,
except on Sunday, and yet allow other
pasaengers to make the night vocal,
on the . same spot, with the latest
4"populaf" aonga, or why the mission
aries should not be permitted to hold
a prayer meeting In the saloon, while
a noisy, drinking coterie Is uproarious'
ly gambling in the smoking room. I
freely criticise much, in the conduct
of many missionaries aboard ship, but
I believe in " a square deal." The
man who drinks whiskey on shipboard
should be given no advantage over
; the man who drinks water other
things being equal, nor the man who
rambles over the man who prays, nor
hs woman who sings "risque" songs
over the one who prefers "Old Hun
dred." Plain words need to be spoken
to ths missionaries, and- other plain
words to the officers of the steamship
companies, especially the trans-Paclflo
lines. - ,..- . , ; . ; , , , ,
Unsubstantiated Claims, '
. i
If a person haa maintained a reason
able familiarity with missionary re
ports he goea to the foreign mission
field eslpeotlng to see evidences Of
-tremendous auccessea. Haa he not
been told that Japan, China. India are
' on the verge of admittance Into the
Christian churchT There Is a sudden
' jolt -to thla expectancy when he flnda
tha blank wall of heathenism rising
up before the missionaries sa cold, as
strong and, at first sight as scathless
aa ever. He learns later of the auo
ceaaea In the line of -mining and sap
ping this wall, which, up to date, have
been the principal missionary methods:
but hla general Impression la one of
dlasappolntment. He cannot but feel
that the triumphs of missions have
been overstated. - At thla point enters
the need for better supervision, aa I
have already Intimated.
For example, the observer recalls
ths statement printed times without
number in American publications,
that China has made Sunday a legal
holiday. That he flnda to be utterly
Untrue. .Where China" touches the
west the first day of the week has
gradually become. In some measure,' a
holiday. But it is nowhere a Babbath,
except among the ft w Christians. At
another time it was widely reported that
a certain city had thrown away Ita
Idols,- but investigation shows the city,
ae antl-Chrlstlan as ever, and the only
basis for the tale, la the fact that one
temple discarded Ita old Idols for new.
Here a great revival is reported to
have awept over the community: the
westerner naturally thinks of thla In
terms of a Moody and Sankey oampalgn.
Superficially.' however, there afe no
algna of the revival, although closer
search reveals an unusual earnestness
on the part of the handful of Christians.
How may these missionary exagger
ations be accounted forT I have talked
with many - missionaries upon this
point The expectation of the boards
that the workers shall send in favor
able reports, the necessity for show
ing successes to stimulate gifts, the
natural human tendency to -enlarge
upon the favorable. aMe...all have been
given aa reasons. "Ths fact is, re
marked one missionary, "when a man
gets homo and beglna to make
speeches he flnda himself aaylng what
the people want to hear, and losing
sight of the facts of the -field. I know
I have caught myself doing this. I
have no hardships In my missionary
work, yet the . people at home were so
determined to make me out a martyr
that I almost came to believe myself
one before I left America."
AU the stronger men on the field re
gret the-.- contorted and misleading
statements that are so frequently
made' by Interested enthusiasts con
cerning missions and missionaries;
they are far-sighted enough to know
the consequences when these reports
come back to the field. I have known
more than one missionary to be seri
ously embarassed by being presented
to the community In which he Uvea In
the light in which he Is seen by bis
admirers at home.
There la another aide of the ' ques
tion; dread of thla sort of thing has 1
kupt more than one worker from send
ing home reports of well-authenticated
auccessea and endorsements. An
American woman at the head Of One
of the Presbyterian mission schools for
girls In China has been asked by the
officials of the important .province in
which ahe works to take charge of the
female education In the province, but
never a word of thla haa ahe Written
home to her-oard. "It will be time
enough when I have actually been given
the work," aaya thin cautious woman,
who knowa China; " there's many a slip,
'twlxt the cup and Hp.'" ,
A Reconnaissance Not a War.
' The most serloua of all the unin
tentional misrepresentations made by
mlsalonarlea la that tha whole heathen
world la on the verge of becoming
Christian. Faith, not facta. Is r the
basts of the common assertion, "The
world Is being won for Christ" Making
due allowance for rhetorical fervor. It
still remains true that a seriously er
roneaus Impreaston Is left upon the
Christian public's mind bv the day's
missionary representations.
For a first-hand etudv of the field
revenla that with an occasional notable
exception like Korea, heat hniulom' he
acaroly been hiKlge.l by the n,iai,,n
arlea' work. The turn biui me
pagan world Is as yet practically un
touched by the gospel. If Christians are
determined to bear thlr religion to the
whole earth, as la apparently their pur
pose, they must do things on a vastly
larger scale than heretofore. Thus far
only a mere beginning haa been made.
Instead of a war, it is only a recon
naissance In force a brave, brilliant
and eucessful reconnaissance. It is true,
but nevertheless, only a reconnaissance.
The real fighting can hardly be said to
have begun.
The) Tasmanlnn Aborigine.
Hobart correspondence Indianapolis
Tha visitor to Tasmania can have an
experience that la novelhe can call
on the last of the native race of the
land. She la Trucanlnni, and shs holds
receptions In a glsas cass In the Na
tional . museum. . There Is only tha
skeleton left, but judging from that she
was a well organised little body of
about four feet.
The Tasir.anlan aborigine waa a clean
sort of a person, moving every day, so
as not to have the dirt or ashes of y'
terday in his camp. The mode waa un
cut hair for men, shaven heads for wo-
men. Both wore at times a necklace. ,
and also on occasions tied a string of
fur around the calves of their legs.
They seemed to get along very well with,
thla even though the wlntera were cold.
Then came the white man with his
gun and hla modesty. Between the gun
and the blank blanket and some other
clothes and the permanent shelter, there
was only one left In the seventh-, end
she Trucsnlnnl died at about the ag
of 70 years In 117. and her bones, well
articulated and polished, stand In state
When this face had disappeared the
"pAleosolo fellows" discovered that
these Taamanlan aborigines were prob
ably the world's only specimens- or the
people of ths stone age. Hut the 1ia.
covery came too late. Ths folk wae
had mlxe up with them were nt of the
calibre to give the world a very good,
to say nothing of reliable record of the
Inner charautt-rlsllcs of thla extra prim,
ltlve people, or their traditional account
of how, black aa the ace of spa.lea. the
got marooned on this Isolated llf"i
Their principal record left la thai tin-"
did not worry a fct froiri whhh I'
may be reasoned that hnl.l hes, la u i
gray halre were prolably not k"p-i i
the days when Slabs of granli
legal tender.
8topid Paymctif.
' Trom the Ienvr I
The Denver National I
agrt received the full"'
a la1y well kn"- n In
't;-nl Lmt.-n I i t , '
the ' k I r. i
drit:t. y I 1 1 Mt- ! U !