THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL-1, PORTLAND, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 18, 1C07. Dr. Winninton Ingram, BisKop of Lor.JL TVorks Harder TKan Any Otker Maa in I FAMOUS ; PRELATE TO ISIT AMERICA English CWcn and Is Too Busy to BotncrAlout DignxtyDocsn t Look Like a Biskop and Doesn't Act Like One Will Attend General-Episcopal Convention at RicWond, Vir lr.i p.e.e 1 Br B. Male BnelL (Copyright by Curtis Brown.) ' NDON. Aa elaes English Vfc1shops are neither strenuous oT exeeaelvely DODUlar with the T Bimi, but there are aome ceptlona to thla rule, and the moat notable of them la the HIght Reverend Arthur Foley Wlnnlngton Ingram, blahop of London, He la by lone odd a the most ' popular and the hardeat working; blshpp In England. As will be generally known In America before thla la printed, he la crossing the Atlantic shortly, and will attend the general Kplscopal convention, which opena at Richmond, Virginia, Oc tober I. Ha has the moat picturesque reraonallty of any of the dignitaries of he established aiiurch. and in viw of hla approaching- visit aome account of him may be of Interest . to American readers. ' The popular notion of a biahop la a Tnen with a pompoua manner, a portly frameand spindle-shanked legs clad In . J altera Barring; the sailers, Ir. Ingram oea not look a bit like thla type which .irreverent English, cartoonists have made ao familiar. - He la slight spare - and lean. He la alwaya on the move, which keeps him trained down fine like an athlete. He l too rushed to bother about dignity. For the earns reason ha via indifferent to hla personal appear ance. His hat alwaya looks aa though It would extinguish him. 1U collara don't fit. Enthusiastic maiden' ladlea describe hla lace aa that or a mediaeval saint - Iithe typical face for a mediae val 1a thin and brown and sz- YrS" a a mingled keenness, klndnasa fZx humor, then the blahop has one. In rail probability ha haa never thought odoui 9 nimseii, , , Busies. Man la London. He haa the well-merited reputation of keeping bualer than any other man In . London. Certainly no cabinet minister er member of parliament works ao hard . for bis country as Dr. Ingram does for Ms church. But bard work never trou- . bled him. He la need to It. He la on of the few men who Owe their positions - en the Episcopal bench entirely to hard work. He worked hard at Oxford, taking- both an excellent degree in the , schools and on the river, for he was a fin oarsman, . Ha worked hard as a . clergyman In the weet of England, where he ahowed that he waa a man in. be reckoned with. He worked harder a till when at the age of 10 he became the head of Oxford house, on of the pioneer college settlements In the east end the alum end of London. -It waa there he-developed hla organ la- KiwWa- mV Vo" $?k iqzq w$nop oflondoh who Induced many of the public achoola to take a hand In "settlement work," so -. - . - i -that they each undertook. In part of v . ' '' " least: to support a club. Personal, no to be human' He often salutes an vicarious, work was hla method of itK Irreclaimable old ruffian with a areola! "l in. w u. "Hello, old hovf On on occasion ha lent a seedy ' individual hla; great coat and It " never .returned. : He ' has . been censured by a parochial relief commit tee for giving"' away half-crowns too it r...- h. tH iam in freelv and Indiscriminately. ' . .. ,... ,jj - Instead of treating lnfldelg with sac perform with conalderable success, .arid rt,! .,. and contempt and -heaping they are a particularly, difficult lot .to tret .hold of... . , i . ... .... .- ' .. j-' Foot and Door Trick.' ' " . ' The "f cot-and-door trick." aa he called . he ones declared. ' "Every cleargyman who understanda not only his own bual- viea. but, what Is more Important, his Master's business, must learn to praar tics." It is an example of getting an Inch In- order, to take an elL When tha clergyman rails, ss Dr. 'Ingram ones explained, "after soma time a little ajirt opens the door and you hear a votes from the waahtub at the back ask, "Who la that-, BallyT Bally shouts back. 'Please, mother. Its Religion'" a phrase which the blahop believes needs all a ' man's ' presence of mind to combat. With the door opened tha clergyman pently Insinuates his foot between It and the doorpost- so that It cannot be shut easily, and thus ha rets a chance of speaking for a few minutes, at au " 1 I yaaaBnasSBBSBBBBBSsilt ' - i r y - . ji .. ... . 23 ii 'Mill ' -' - " ; ft . - - "-e-lL ill A- . LJ' ' . ' ' '"' '" - . ' - " ' ' the zGra zzv me. I m orr to nil an engagemsnt down there myaelf." It la a singular proof of hla row-r to adapt hlmsxlf to the varying se uu of humanity that go to the making the multitudinous life of Uls vast dl' reae that he Is equally a favorite lit Itucklngham palace and In the slums of Whltechapel 11 wins by sympathy, he conquers by his great humanity, lie la In no sense a great scholar, he haa been, far too busy for that, and for hair-, splitting theology he cares hot a )ot, but- he understands human nature and lis needs, and he nowa how, to get a hearing- for hla mttssaa-a, , Capture a Gathering '. ; !, . A remarkable Instance of this was witnessed ' at . the - great worklngmen'a meeting- held at tbs church congress a few years ago. There waa a vast hall crowded from end to end with keen, hard-beaded artisans. And confronting; them In anaerrted ranks were rows upon rows of raltered bishops, deans - and archdeacons the personification of tha stiff, starchy conventionalism of .the Anglican church. . The fores of contrast could hardly - further gro. Suddenly a tall, slight, keen-faced, clean a haven man. with a bright smile and an lrre , atstlble magnetism about him apranc to hla feet and In tha twinkling of an ay a great roar of applause rattled up to . was about to address tha Northampton shoemakers. Ha began quite eaally b recalling- some of his early experiences . in tha east and . "I remember," ka said, "my first Bun day In , Bethnal Oreen. I addressed a meeting; of S00 tnen and at tha and of the service I said to them " 'Well, now, what shall wa talk about next Sunday r "And immediately 800 voices yelled out: "eternal punishment. ' "Eternal punishment!" cried tha bishop, with a light tone of laugnter In hla pleasant voice, "that waa a ' nice little subject to hurl at a young; man who was out 'on his own' for the first time In hla lire. And then, or course, they wanted to know who was Cain's wife they alwaya do" he added with a smile. "Well, we settled that queatlon satisfactorily, and w buried tha ooor neas he published a balance sheet show-, lady In Bethnal Oreen ones and for all." Ins; just how the money roes. It shows How his audience screamed with de that alnce ha left the alums for a palaea kM and hpw shocked, and pained war be has been growl n.-r poorer at the rata tha faces of hla brother dignitaries, sometimes of considerably over 11,009 a . v year. How he contrives to keep out of Is Confirmed Bachelor. -the bankruptcy court la a secret known . . . . ' - perhaps to a few of hla wealthy friends. But th twentieth century bishop of There have been many bishopa In tha London knew his audience, and they Church ot England who have managed . knaw u( appreciated him. Under tha to lay up considerable treasures on ' . " 7 " arth ss well, presumably, as In heaven, circumstances Is waa far mora to tha but the blahop of JUondon is not ona of purpose than all tha scholarship and thAmbl.hop oflondon he hu-tlJhar'd.7 ih'o,0nr.?! lh fpo'""" " J now than ever before. He rlaea at an fathers. It waa human and that la what hour when moat aervanta are atlll abed the blahop ,1a ao preeminently hlmaelf. IKE BISHOP OP lxONPOF PLACING GOLF. ' pay hla. expenses. Some .years ago. with characteristic courage and. frank- and aeldom retires before midnight. The head of Innumerable aocietlea, and with the moat populous dioceses In tha world in his charge, the demands on his time incessant. It Is nurel anathemas upon-them he has frequently engaged In open air debates with them In the parks on Sundays. And if they did not alwaya find his logic convincing they learned to esteem and respect the man. As Illustrating hla relations with them a friend of his tells an anecdote. On one occasion he waa with Dr. Ing ram at a butl!n- railway station when the bishop was accosted by a somewhat Imposing dignitary of th church who entered into grave talk with him. Sud denly Dr. Ingram said, "Pardon me," and hastening; after a rough-looking - man who was nasslng hailed him heartily, and tha greeting was -as heartily re turned. "vhft-ver was thatf eskethe elder- dignitary, somewhat pompously when Er. Ingham had rejoined him. "Oh." waa tha reDlv. "that'a ona of tha cleverest of my infidel opponents In time that ha now uses a motor car or a horse and carriage to get around lxn- We alwaya have a chat - you aon t mean that l...r:. ,k,.-K i. i. wi..ti7 . th. Victoria Park, .. . w...,. ,h. n " - . when wa meet. Most blahops preach temperance, but 5 athelatBurelyr ' was the horri don't practice total abstinenceT Dr, S?d.,P?ne' Te"- , "Id Pr' nrara Ingram does both. He believes In tee ,"I i or at all events, be fancies he's tntVll.m for Itself and regarda U aa an. ne; but he la auch a pleasant fellow ,..uti.,inn n . ana nero is a lot mat is rood in him. who wishes to advance the causa, of aIl c2T h2t"l."d1?i .,rw.r.nM. mmmm th. inteinnerata. At aoodneaa can have .only ona a meeting of workmen one day ha was aourca. , . v - . discussing; the ususv-quesiion wnen one , . , 'v"tj. ' of the men shouted. aArs you a 'tot r. work Among the Poor. ; , Tha blahop la Terglnc on SO. Ha la JIJ nn M I . ... . A k.Ak.1.. Ha has had hla romance. Whan ha waa combe, a beautiful girl and tha young-eat v aon insieaa oi traveling in me rumoer- oaugniar ox uora ana juaay e evsrsnamv Vm ., lr"Tlc,lr- 118 00T nosi or was co ns' through a touraa of alum- hla reading- and compoaea hla sermons ,. " . . ...,, and addresses while driving: through the ""UK. Sha had fit Jed herself for tha streets of the metropolis to or from his work by qualifying; In a hospital aa a numerous ensac-Aments.- Hla csrrlare ...n . m - ctk. .w- wi-w and motor car are fitted with an elect rlo ' v ,, , . lamp ao that ho can read by night while wer thrown much together. In tbs on the go. But he bothers himself aa course of tlma their engagement waa Uttlo aa sver about dignity. ; formally announced, but for some rea- . ' AflMt It :- v- --son that waa nevsr explained it waa See Panpert Ofteneat. broken off. It haa been aug.ested that Tha humblest folk in tha east snd aea tha ood bishop cama to tha conclusion much mors of him than tha opulent weat that tha Ufa of arduoua labor ho had endera. Soma tlms ago ha a Dent several nNsw AH tw lllmssanli si 1 lttWaMf n fl (! ; l - . ruwrinn rrMiftCC 11 1 - ; ; L : noura in ona or too innrmariea or aium room tor domestlo bliss, and If called ;, COKPULOTSY MAINTENANCE OPVniCrt KEEPe5 THBBlfHOP P002.QN50O0OaYE. donu Hearinr that amon tha inmatea on to sacrlfioa on or tha other, tha Tw'w waa an old woman who boasted of har- church had thsuperlor claim on him. ha natronlxed the "third class" eomDart- "By taking each little dutr trivial bedrooms and ast in spacious and beau- Inar danced with him when ha was run- a - t .a- im,. i, ,.. h4 ments,' Just as hla humbla parishioners enough In Itself, perhaps as the great .tlful grounda. .' Another mansion In St. nlng the Oxford House settlement ha hinted that, devout and kind hearted did. Instead of "going: flrat" and more and Insistent concern of the day," he James souare which would rent for instated ontaeln her. Clasping the though' ahe undoubtedly la, ahe dia- often than not carried hla frugal luneh- answered. "If I go to a workhouss aer- S,000 4 year waa added. to his Eplsco- handa Cplacopal aba reminded htm that covered that ahe yearned for something; son with him snd dispatched it between vice, and the dear old inmates honor me pal domain. Hla salary waa raised to . . mt t,m different from the life of a minlaterlna- atatlona. In fact a ''Punch" poet onoe with a aeven-fold amen. I am content 160.000 a year which la the highest n6'0ou'(1 "ot " IIr" ln ?unf anirel of the slums. A few years ago , I am, the- rasnonse. the workman: "Of course "All rigni, men, m w-.i Kiimn. "fire away. ' If you wasn't X wouldn't listen to yon." . v v ; . .u--. ' ,; cuss Avhalfpenny bun on a Waterloo "bus. Won Affection of the Poor. - Dr. Ingram won the real affection ot of using carriages or cabs but did hla "the poor people "down -east" by hla rwahlnri about on .- etreet . ears or g-enulne . kindness, - hla free and easy "trams" aa . they are called here and manners with them, and bv acting al- bv meana of tha democratic "under- waya up to hla mottoDon't be afraid ground." In tha latter case) moreover. Dr. Ingram worked harder-than ever when In 1897 he waa made 8uffragan Biahon of Steonev. ona of tha moat mid. uloua and . poorest of tha bis london v JJ Is anowy with damask for me boroughs. At thla tlma ha never thought made him Bay: - to regard that service aa one of the salary paid to any bishop. He didn't ladlea to five htm a turn, and added, ,n- married Colonel Everard Baring-, a - "For luncheon a awallaw a sandwich of " "l V, "V . r- "Vy"1 i"Z mominngiy, w, sir. unram, ami you orotaer ot ixira neyeisiuae. , . .- - - - . iiukii v, ine prvvivmw ui aviiuuh mm mansion, dui ney wpih who iiiw juu Am i , .Tt. ih-'.t.i . m,nk.Mi a whole If one could aea all the misery and he had to take them although he Aa I rush up tha atalrg of a Whltechapel nd hunger, and wickednesa. and evil In nroteste , that he would much orefer Or with .icellVnt annetlta. T will aim.' one .'' fl"."n 2.1 tn yTwhjr ion llvlns; In a simple flat and dividing; his kindred spirit who was not afraid to be Ulnar Quebec Montreal, Toronto and per wr, wita excellent appetite,, I will Ola- woum .0 ,a(i The thine la to take income among tha noorer elerrv. That . . L2 ,h. r.n.in eitiaa. Whus Uinnt V-r a sro v wrsw t-ot on Who'd a-thought lt" And tha Al inl".wrLt . .V. Ln . . bl.hop Uug-hod hrtlly. rsoognlxln, a lvtn-icSSi Mr cloth is the apron that covers m knee. - f No man-servants serve, no - kitchen maids dish up . The frugal repast of ' this Suffragan . , Blahop." v - , "How do you manage to get through It all?" somebody ones asked him. ' each duty separately, to believe that he could not have hla way affords an ' every word counts, and to leave the illustration of the many annmallea that , rest (n the handa of our Father." ' discredit the Chnrch of England and BJx..TJ!"r" mPl- lnrn WM made render Its dlaeetabllahment aome day a full-fledged biahon with the whole inevitable. ses of London to rule over and a aeat In the gilded chamber aa one of the lords spiritual. It waa a great change for the f rural bachelor. In lieu of a plain dwelling- in the mtttet of the slums his residence waa now Fulham palace, a great bis; place with no leas than 44 Gets Poorer Everf Year. ' As a matter of fact, with auch need lessly costly establishments to main tain hla bis; salary does not aufflce to human. . Leaving; Fulham palace In his motor ear tha other day he encountered a cab inet maker who had just .finished a Job at the Episcopal residence. . ' "Which way are yoa colngT" vaaked the blahop.- .;... "To Poplar, where I live." answered the workman. "Then, jump In and coma along- with October. haDS aome other Canadian cities. Whom he leavea Canada he will make hla way to Washington, stopping at various cltlea enroute. At Washington on Sep tember t. he will participate In tha ceremonies attending the laying; of tha cornerstone of the great cathedral to be built there, and will deliver aa address. From Washington he will go to Richmond. He la expected to re turn to London about the middle oc FOREIGN MISSIONS USEFUL BUT INADEQUATE Aft. er a r ears In- vestigation William T. Ellis Points Out Strength and Weaknesses of a Great Propaganda TLe Present Campaign Not a Wan But a Mere Reconnoitering of tne FieldSometning Atout Missionary Mistakes 1. By'WUllam T. EUlsi . (Copyright 107, by Joseph B. Bowles.) ROME, Italy. Here In the center of tha , world's religious Interest, homeward bound, X : look back over nearly a year's Investiga tion of Christian missions In the lont for a final review and summary. Wttisais the conclusion of tha whole matter fTPArt . xoreign missions worm . whilst " . ' ' - Tha answer must be In tha affirma tive. Considered only" from the stand point of humanitarian and phlhuithroplo service, . the entire missionary enter prise justifies Its .existence. . Add these great works of .healing, education and care for the orphaned and the needy, the beneficial Influence which haa been exerted upon the characters of thouaanda of native converts, as well aa , , '' '' ' il j kt ' s ' ths more general, though none the leas BUtineU Method! Needed, : unmistakable innusnce wieidea in be ' half of civilisation, and It will be seen that ths missionary agencies which ths churches of Christendom maintain at an annual expenditure of many mllllone of dollara la one of the tremendoua twen tieth century forces making for the world's progress. Without amplifying this point, which has surely been made plain In ths pre ceding articles, let me auggeat some t now recognising ' and - yielding - to ' IL Plainly, there la no sufficient reason why the mission work of the Protestant churchea In heathen landa ahould not be done as one closely cooperating body. The avowed aim is the conversion of.. the people, and not the perpetuation and extension of denominational namea, creeds and authority upon ths mission field. The present arrangement la ex pensive, divisive and a hindrance to the end sought.. What sense or reason there, for Instance, In - establishing northern and southern Presbyterian churches In China, where the very-existence of America la a nebulous matter to most of the people, and the fact of the civil war is unknown to S9 persons out of every thousand? Left to them selves, the native Christiana In tha field tor T have visited - would-not be long-In rorming one Christian church.. It Is not a pretty spectacle that the matured re- llglon of Christendom should stand In the way of a union ; for which the founder of Christianity prayed. , ' .. ' Pending the time of actual, union, every - possible form of. cooperation ahould be adopted. '.. The commercial sa gacity of the method which keeps half a dosen expensive1 theologically-trained "business agents' In tha same port city to do the purely secular work for sep arata boards which could all be done tant people who provide the funds, without being sble to watch the use of them, would be grateful for such an . agency. y . . . i ' Soma Serious Shortcoming-. ' Two other Important services this businesslike supervision would accom plish: It would insure tha sending of sahe, " well-balanced and accurate re ports to the homeland,' and It would deal vlgoroualy with the crltlclama which are so common on" the other aide of the globe that they constitute a serloua bar rter to missionary success. Criticisms which are even partly true should be frankly admitted, and the evile remedied; those, which are not true ahould be bold ly challenged and silenced. The position can never be maintained , that missionaries are Impeccable; and to answer careful, definite criticisms, as some which have appeared In this cor respondence nave been answered, by tne sweeping statement that It is 'morally irflDosslble" for a missionary to do wrong, la almply to put mlaslonary.de fenae beyond the pale of consideration of thinking men. In the one particular general considerations and crltlclama bv one unordalned bualneaa man doea wmcn appear to n important enougn to deserve the attention of ths general public, aa well aa of that large constli- uency especially Interested In missions. Why Churchet Should Unit. not appeal to tha wayfarer.. - Neither doe the seal for. planting new -work In these outposts (often fn competition with - native churches) where expenses are hlgheet, difficulties greateat and re- I know of no other undertaking any- aults fewest, , whsn there are unlimited f where at all approaching thla one In magnitude which fa managed In auch a helter-skelter, disorganised faahton, or on such an unbusinesslike basis. I do favorable openings In the untouched. In terior. ; Host port cities, be It . re marked, need a subtraction rather thaa aa addition of missionaries. . A r loner and-more vigorous supervis- not here allude to the administration of ion of missions on the part of sensible, tha Individual boards, but to the .prope- courageous men. of authority, will result ganda aa a whole. Sentiment, mood and emotion, rather - than teated principle and careful judgment, aeem to be tha foundation of most missionary activity; If a man or a body can display especial efficiency In stirring the feelings of the home eonsttuency he or It can be sure of plenty of funda and a free field to go whe-iyeft will and do what It pleases In itui iTlssion world. There la at present sufficient method of checking up the r,inrk or roreiaa missions. - This sort of thing and worse mis' In the weeding -out of the occasional unfit missionary and In remedying tact ical blunder in the location of atatlona and In the character of the work. Such supervision might stimulate the Infre quent missionary who la ineffective, and It would far oftener lay a. restraining hand upon those who are overaealous and thus putting out Of service expen sive workers. Too many valuable mis sionaries are permitted to- wear them selves out prematurely. " Such strong supervision, by fully and fearlessly reporting the facts to the Christian- ptiblle, would put an end to Instance where mv -criticism had been definitely disputed I bad said that a certain northern Methodist missionary had lent his ability and Influence to a corporation seeking concessions from the Chinese government. The board sec retary and certain denominational pa- Sera attacked me virulently for this, eclartng that I did not know what I was talking about Then, to their utter confusion, . along cams the presiding Methodist F.plscopal bishop of China, fully substantiating the charge, but ex onerating the missionary from wrong Intention and assuming responsibility himself. , ' i similarly.' more effective administra tion of the missionary propaganda will furnish the traveling public with the easily ascertained facta of the mission fields, and will put forth effort to Intro duce them to missions In actual opera tion. It will also grapple with the problem of the moral and spiritual con dition of the port cltlea: for so long as the European portion of these ports re main aa they are the work of missions la bound to be aerlously hampered. Missionary Mistakes. - takes, are In good part due to the help-; the not uncommon practice Indulged In ?ourself fashion In which the denomlna- by some independent n-lealonai and by lona work. Only in the more recent certain of the sects holding "peculiar" flelde has there been an apportionment tenets nf planting their atatlona under of territory among the churches, al- the shadow of established work, pras though everywhere the need for thla la elytlng the converts of the latter and aa urgent that the denominations are buying up their native helpera. The dle- Before leaving this"" Subject I must make a rather eweeplng criticism which the board should have dealt with long ago. It la that an astonishing propor tion of missionaries display pad man ners and bad taste on shipboard. To deny this charge, which. In one form or another, haa been made times without number. Is to turn one'a back to the facta. The conduct of some mission aries aboard ship ia one of the most pro-llflw- aourcee of the anti-mlsslohary , spirit which pervadee passenger ships Uie world over, aod practically all of the 1 V port cities of the orient. Boms of the crltlclama made In this connection are almply unanswerable. What Is to be said, for example. In defense of the woman missionary whose place at the table had to be changed three tlmea on tha voyage acrosa the Pacific last month T In the flrat place, her astounding meddlesomeness had brought upon her a rebuke at which she felt offended and changed her seat; later, the passengers with whom she-was seated found her so uncomfortable a companion that they complained to the steward and Insisted on having either her seat or theirs changed. The answer commonly made to stories like this Is that the missionary" a godliness no doubt rebuked the sinfulness of ths other pas sengers, which Is neither a modest nor a charitable rejoinder. In this case, ths story wss told me by -a prominent American business man, a chnrch mem ber, who himself had been attending a series of missionary meetings In Omaha just before leaving home, .and so could hardly be called a hostile critic I could write literally oolumns of In cidents concerning the conduct of mis sionaries on shipboard, whereby they have earned the dlafavor of officers and fellow passengers. Summed up. though, they amount to this: Some missionar ies aeem Inclined to flaunt their moral and spiritual superiority In the face ot others; they Insist on having an Identity aa missionaries, rather than aa quiet, modest, well-bred ladlea and gentlemen; they protest, often In unseemly faahton, agatnat the Indulgence In tobacco or liquor Or cards on the part of other pas sengers. All thla may be comprehended In the word "provincialism." They for-: get that aa Kipling says: 'There's a world outside tha one you know1 and thst th people of this world have all the personal rights and liberties which are to be accorded to the members of ths missionary circle. Sometimes this provincialism goes to the length of ' stupidity, as when a Pacific liner crossed the meridian on Sunday; and so dropped that day from the calendar, whereupon ,the mlsalonarlea appealed in a body to the - captain to drop aome other day. and save Sunday, aa If the matter were optional with blral Risque; Songs vs.TOirtaundred. ' Not all ' missionaries are-guilty of these things; far from It The. ablest missionaries deprecate them aerlously, ' for they realise their far-reaching ef fects upon the cause they represent In explanation. If not In extenuation, they point out that mlsalonarlea leaving tha homeland are atlll in the spirit of exal tation created .by their farewell meet tings, 'by the glorification of' their friends and by the role of saint hero1 snd tnnrtyr with which they have been Invested. .. For the time they are In a crusadef mood, and they have not yet learned to view aU things In proportion. Their feet have not yet found the hard ground of actuality. One of these un wise mlsalonarlea can do more than hundred aenalble onea can undo. I muat confess, however, that I do not see why a Pacific mall captain should forbid mlsalonarlea to sing hymna at the piano on the boat deck, except on Sunday, and yet allow other pasaengers to make the night vocal, on the . same spot, with the latest 4"populaf" aonga, or why the mission aries should not be permitted to hold a prayer meeting In the saloon, while a noisy, drinking coterie Is uproarious' ly gambling in the smoking room. I freely criticise much, in the conduct of many missionaries aboard ship, but I believe in " a square deal." The man who drinks whiskey on shipboard should be given no advantage over ; the man who drinks water other things being equal, nor the man who rambles over the man who prays, nor hs woman who sings "risque" songs over the one who prefers "Old Hun dred." Plain words need to be spoken to ths missionaries, and- other plain words to the officers of the steamship companies, especially the trans-Paclflo lines. - ,..- . , ; . ; , , , , Unsubstantiated Claims, ' . i If a person haa maintained a reason able familiarity with missionary re ports he goea to the foreign mission field eslpeotlng to see evidences Of -tremendous auccessea. Haa he not been told that Japan, China. India are ' on the verge of admittance Into the Christian churchT There Is a sudden ' jolt -to thla expectancy when he flnda tha blank wall of heathenism rising up before the missionaries sa cold, as strong and, at first sight as scathless aa ever. He learns later of the auo ceaaea In the line of -mining and sap ping this wall, which, up to date, have been the principal missionary methods: but hla general Impression la one of dlasappolntment. He cannot but feel that the triumphs of missions have been overstated. - At thla point enters the need for better supervision, aa I have already Intimated. For example, the observer recalls ths statement printed times without number in American publications, that China has made Sunday a legal holiday. That he flnda to be utterly Untrue. .Where China" touches the west the first day of the week has gradually become. In some measure,' a holiday. But it is nowhere a Babbath, except among the ft w Christians. At another time it was widely reported that a certain city had thrown away Ita Idols,- but investigation shows the city, ae antl-Chrlstlan as ever, and the only basis for the tale, la the fact that one temple discarded Ita old Idols for new. Here a great revival is reported to have awept over the community: the westerner naturally thinks of thla In terms of a Moody and Sankey oampalgn. Superficially.' however, there afe no algna of the revival, although closer search reveals an unusual earnestness on the part of the handful of Christians. How may these missionary exagger ations be accounted forT I have talked with many - missionaries upon this point The expectation of the boards that the workers shall send in favor able reports, the necessity for show ing successes to stimulate gifts, the natural human tendency to -enlarge upon the favorable. aMe...all have been given aa reasons. "Ths fact is, re marked one missionary, "when a man gets homo and beglna to make speeches he flnda himself aaylng what the people want to hear, and losing sight of the facts of the -field. I know I have caught myself doing this. I have no hardships In my missionary work, yet the . people at home were so determined to make me out a martyr that I almost came to believe myself one before I left America." AU the stronger men on the field re gret the-.- contorted and misleading statements that are so frequently made' by Interested enthusiasts con cerning missions and missionaries; they are far-sighted enough to know the consequences when these reports come back to the field. I have known more than one missionary to be seri ously embarassed by being presented to the community In which he Uvea In the light in which he Is seen by bis admirers at home. There la another aide of the ' ques tion; dread of thla sort of thing has 1 kupt more than one worker from send ing home reports of well-authenticated auccessea and endorsements. An American woman at the head Of One of the Presbyterian mission schools for girls In China has been asked by the officials of the important .province in which ahe works to take charge of the female education In the province, but never a word of thla haa ahe Written home to her-oard. "It will be time enough when I have actually been given the work," aaya thin cautious woman, who knowa China; " there's many a slip, 'twlxt the cup and Hp.'" , A Reconnaissance Not a War. ' The most serloua of all the unin tentional misrepresentations made by mlsalonarlea la that tha whole heathen world la on the verge of becoming Christian. Faith, not facta. Is r the basts of the common assertion, "The world Is being won for Christ" Making due allowance for rhetorical fervor. It still remains true that a seriously er roneaus Impreaston Is left upon the Christian public's mind bv the day's missionary representations. For a first-hand etudv of the field revenla that with an occasional notable exception like Korea, heat hniulom' he acaroly been hiKlge.l by the n,iai,,n arlea' work. The turn biui me pagan world Is as yet practically un touched by the gospel. If Christians are determined to bear thlr religion to the whole earth, as la apparently their pur pose, they must do things on a vastly larger scale than heretofore. Thus far only a mere beginning haa been made. Instead of a war, it is only a recon naissance In force a brave, brilliant and eucessful reconnaissance. It is true, but nevertheless, only a reconnaissance. The real fighting can hardly be said to have begun. The) Tasmanlnn Aborigine. Hobart correspondence Indianapolis News. Tha visitor to Tasmania can have an experience that la novelhe can call on the last of the native race of the land. She la Trucanlnni, and shs holds receptions In a glsas cass In the Na tional . museum. . There Is only tha skeleton left, but judging from that she was a well organised little body of about four feet. The Tasir.anlan aborigine waa a clean sort of a person, moving every day, so as not to have the dirt or ashes of y' terday in his camp. The mode waa un cut hair for men, shaven heads for wo- men. Both wore at times a necklace. , and also on occasions tied a string of fur around the calves of their legs. They seemed to get along very well with, thla even though the wlntera were cold. Then came the white man with his gun and hla modesty. Between the gun and the blank blanket and some other clothes and the permanent shelter, there was only one left In the seventh-, end she Trucsnlnnl died at about the ag of 70 years In 117. and her bones, well articulated and polished, stand In state today. When this face had disappeared the "pAleosolo fellows" discovered that these Taamanlan aborigines were prob ably the world's only specimens- or the people of ths stone age. Hut the 1ia. covery came too late. Ths folk wae had mlxe up with them were nt of the calibre to give the world a very good, to say nothing of reliable record of the Inner charautt-rlsllcs of thla extra prim, ltlve people, or their traditional account of how, black aa the ace of spa.lea. the got marooned on this Isolated llf"i Their principal record left la thai tin-" did not worry a fct froiri whhh I' may be reasoned that hnl.l hes, la u i gray halre were prolably not k"p-i i the days when Slabs of granli legal tender. 8topid Paymctif. ' Trom the Ienvr I The Denver National I agrt received the full"' a la1y well kn"- n In 't;-nl Lmt.-n I i t , ' the ' k I r. i drit:t. y I 1 1 Mt- ! U !