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TjlE .ORECON SUNDAY JOURNAL, PORTLAND, SUNDAY MORNING. AUGUST 13, 1C07.
f I p' '''' v" ' '
njrwiy, with your permission I'll tr
It I'm not afraid of curses and tr
Ho 1'endergast -went on his knees an.
tried the key) after some vigorous ef
forts on his part the lock yielded, am
for the first time fur nearly three een
turles the lid was raised and the eon
tents revealed to the light of day, )
bundles of neatly tied .up. documents tl
"Now It Is for you to searOwfTiuohi
these documents for soli-vrt to thi
mystery," . P endergaat vtUT rising; .
Y. i m , tf, V, K.. ' ..... 1
there is clearly a fortune here." '
The documents proved to be most!
private letters belonging- to John Cam,
lortn, or no interest or use to the pre
" CHAPTER I. "
ejpQHN Pender g a t oould have sworn
I ths door bad closed with a bans;
I as hs opened him syes. Is fact so
' m oonvlnoed was he Ma sense of heajr-w-."
lug- had not been deoetved that he
Jumped to his (est and swiftly crossing
ths room turned ths handle of ths door
ana pulled It. But It yielded not ts his
strength, and ths next moment directing
bis, attention to ths key. Its found It
; was rren as fas had (sit It an hour be
' Tore when he had locked ths door
. jngalnst possibl Intruders. ' .
Calocklng ths door, he opened It and,
jrolng Into the passage, hs stood listen
ing. The house was as quiet as a tomb.
iH turned Into his room again, closing
the door behind him, and. taking his
eat at ths table, picked up his pen to
continue ths writing of a story of which
lbs had been eg&ged before lunch. -
But his thoughts would not run. ex-
- vept to ths dream that had troubled his
siesta. It was a strange thing he had
dreamed. As hs slept In bis chair ha
aw in a vision the form of a man In ths
- eeat opposite him, the quaint-looking
figure of an old man, with snowy-white
locks framing a cadaverous wrinkled
gaos of parchment-like hue, which lacked
' the right eye; and the man was dressed
according to ths fashion of ths first
Charles. : .'
"You must go to Bradport," hs had
' said, leaning forward in his chair, "you
' must not change your mind. There Is
work for you at Brsdport.
Then Pendergast feeling sore at so
unwarrantable an Intrusion, had asked
what the old man was doing there, bow
tie got there, where he came from, and
what difference It mads to him whether
tie went to Bradport or to Jericho,
"And what am I to do when I get
there T" had been his query.
.; "Things will work themselves out"
Then ths dream had become mixed up
- as only d roams do, and Pendergast saw
himself fishing on the bank of a stream,
tfrom whoa waters faces peered up at
Mm, faces young and old, of men and
iwomen. pretty and ugly, pleasant and
iiinpleesant; some laughed and some
(cried, and some swore terrible oaths of
vengeance. Fists were raised out of
the water and shaken threateningly at
ifctmself, hs thought, until hs looked
la round and saw sitting at his side ths
rams queer-looking Individual who a
noment before had sat In the chair.'
Hs asked ths old man what It all
"All those people ows their deaths to
'me." was the s newer. "And many more
-must die because of me unices you, go
to Bradport. There Is one I want to
aye; ahs most be saved. She Is too
.rood, too young, too- pretty to die isn't
'her and be had pulled a miniature
from bis neck, to whloh It was attached
by a blue ribbon. -
Pendergast gased on a sweeter face
than he had ever seen before the beau
tlful face of a young woman la Ihs
bloom of youth.
. "You will save hert God bless you!"
And then - suddenly ths old man had
risen from ths chair and mads his exit,
closing behind hlra ths door with such
a bang that It had recalled Pendergast
from ths land of phantasies, y-
:, 't CHAPTER II. ' V" :
' A matter of ten dys had Pendergast
been at Bradport, enjoying such good
sport that hs determined to stop another
ten, and so a week beyond the period ho
had promised himself, If Importunate
editors did not call him to town. Often
as hs sat watching his restless line and
float his thought reverted to his strange
dream, and the face of ths girl haunted
him In the smoke rings which - ross
lastly from his pips and bung In ths
Things pursued ths even tenor of
their way till one morning (our days
before that of his departure. He was
strolling by the side of ths stream won
dering where he should cast his line,
when, with a start, hs cam to a dead
Although he had never been at this
particular spot before, hs eould have
wagered he had. for he was familiar
'With every tree, - every bush, every
blade of grass; and looking across to ths
opposite oank. where there should lay
an old square, rusted biscuit tin to
complete the soens as he had gased on
It before, hs was not surprised to find
that article reposing there. Hs asked
himself how came It that hs knew this
&lace so well, and like a flash hs found
s answer. Hers was the spot st
which hs bad sat In his dream two
weeks past .
Hs remembered it with a shock.
Could It bs that things were going to
"work themselves out"? Hs looked
about him. half expecting to see the
Strang old man approaching, and had
that individual made his , appearance
Pendergast would hardly hays been sur
prised. But not a soul was in sight.
Admonishing himself as a supersti
tious lout, he dropped on to the grassy
bank, determined to stay. His first ope
oration was to replenish his almost emp
ty pipe, his second to fix his rod and
.east the Una - The girl's face was
framed ss usual In ths smoke rings ss
hs watched them slowly ascend, and his
thoughts In this direction absorbed his
whole attention until ths thread of
them was broken by ths distant bellow
of a row; then hs dropped his syes to
ths stream to find that the float had
detached Itself from the Una and dis
appeared, while ths latter had run to ths1
w- With an sxclamatlon ef disgust hs
caught ths rod and savagely wound ths
line onto the reel until ths action was
Stopped unexpectedly. .
''weeds, I suppose." Pendergast
growled; "have to loss, line and hooks
as well," and hs was agreeably sur
prised to find, on pulling persuasively,
. that his anticipations were incorrect,
for whatever It was that the hooka had
, attached themselves to ross readily
without offering resistance when hs
sgaln turned the reeL - In a few minutes
It was on ths surface when hs swung it
on to the bank, where It revealed It
self ss a small,- Irregularly shaped
packet. -. Closer examination showed
i that ths outer .wrapping was a kind of
akin bound round many times with wire.
Wondering what would repay him for
his labor, Pendergast set himself to re
move the wire and covering, to find be
neath ths latter a curiously formed
key, and a small leather bag, from
which hs extracted an oval-shaped min
"This beats anything I ever beard of."
said Psndergast aloud, putting his find -In
his pocket. "Seems as though there
Is something In dreams anyway. In this
one, sfter ail. I'll pack up and return
to ths hotel to elicit information which
will throw soma lls-ht on the matter.1
and suiting ths action to ths word, hs
disjointed his rod and packing ths sec
tions tost t her started alone- ths dusty
If ever a man was destined for sur
prises that day that Individual was Pen
dergast He stood and gased with gap-,
ins; mouth, at an oncoming vehicle, for
ths driver was a lady, young and pretty,
ths lady of ths miniature! Bhe glanced
down at Jack as she sped by and looked
back when shs had passed. Hs stood
in ths middle of ths road, speechless,
gazing after her. '
For a moment-gurprlss had paralysed -him,
robbed him of speech and action,
but only for a moment; the next, he had
dropped rod and bag and waa rsolng
after the trap shontlng bis loudest Bhs
heard him presently and stopped. When, ,
out of breath, he reached ths vehicle It
was some seconds era he eould find "
speech, and then for ths first tims ths
difficulty of explaining himself struck
him, for ho recognised that although the
story hs had to tell was wonderful
enough from his point of view, -ths
woman would probably regard him as a
mailman. . . . ..
' "Tou w4shed.to speak to mT shs"
asked; finding he said nothing, "t am'
In a great hurry. ' . , t
. Pendergast found hit tongue.
"Tea, hs answered. "I have seen you
before that Is, I had a dream an old '
man came to me I oh I can't ex
plain here," hs stumbled -on, "but look!
hers, does this not belong to yooT"7 pull
ing the portrait from bis pocket and
handling It to her. y
She looked at ths painting long and
Jteadlly era she spoksT ths color mount
ng to her cheeks, and ths Ught of ex- '
oltement filling her eyes.
"It is strange," shs murmured pres
ently. "Where, did you .find It T
' "In the stream over yonder.'' Pender
gast replied. "Stolen from your place
recently?" he suggested. Interrogatively. '
"No,'' shs said,; 'It's Tnot me. nor
"But" the novelist expostulated, "the
likeness almost, almost" '
. "Gives me the He." she laughed. "T.
. know." Shs examined ths miniature,
carefully turning It over.
"But look here," bending out Of the
trap and Indicating the back, "it Is
dated and signed. The date Is still
visible, 1131. but ths signature Is too
faded to read."
. Pendergast looking saw It was as she
said. . - - - .
"Still it suggests some ancestor,"
"Tour surmise la right," was the answer.
- "Tims sf Charles I." bs went on.
"Daughter of an old gentleman with
one eye right eye missing." .
Ths girl started visibly. "How did
' you know thatT" shs asked.
He smiled and continued: ' "Not ex
actly a Christian gentleman either, ks -"
gentlemen go now, at all eventa People
he didn't . like disappeared mysteri
ously." The brown ayes were filled with sur
prise. , "How do you know thatf- .
' "Judged so from his manner and What
he said when he visited me."
"But ba's been dead a few years," ahs
"Ths evil that men do.'" said Pen
dergast "Tou know the rest But It's
a shams to mystify you so. Hull, the
story is too long to tell her. I am
going toward ths village. If X might
Intruder' . ...
"No intrusion. " Jump" up, please." -
"First I must get my rod and bag."
looking down ths road to where they'
lay. 'I'll not be a minute."
She watched him pro and return, and .
then making place for him beside her,
drove on. .-
"Now you must tell me your story,"
John Psndergast did as requested, re
lating his wonderful dream and ths con
versation. "But of course," be concluded, "I
never thought there was anything in It :
until I " ... . y . .,;
'"Till I recognised that part of. the '
stream and fished out this packet and '
i forgot to tell you, but. there wee a
ey in It" ' '
He held it out and she took it In her
band. ' . - i
"And you think nowT" shs asked. -
"I don't know what to think." he said
v--i :'i W: .,,"-"'.
. S lilt: If I ii r :.. , w r m -vV ' w j n mm
. it'.- I4;
laughingly. . "There Is certainly, more lighted a wax match to gaio upon the iated between' our f am Hies T You never ent generation whatever, and many were!
H.Aa1. KVirlir t.,lUTVZL? 'JS through ere they cam. to 02
.tJ.ly havL'?' l?0, VeVV counlerparT and" the
supply? Tou. haven t told me you seemed to glare into bis face t
J- t A-V ' Th nuitch went out and he Hi
1 know yours,", she other, and then while he -v
n.hta castors and stealing his birthright"
. .nt - "it is an new tt ma" mia fr'enoer-
Uughed. - - ''-: . reirardlns- the nlntur. the a-lrl s voice St, astonished. "And as for curses"
"Fendergast," h answered, "Christian broke the silence. - "You don't believe In them, I see."
'.' ' . . "Will you Please come with met" shs v Pendergast laughed. "Not when they
f enuergasi: sne cnea, ana nsr eyes asked. . . are centuries oia. ns answered,
aed with terror Into his "Good . ji. turned" swiftly round with a "Well, listen to me.- When JohnTCam
evens!" and she moved away from sn.i ? S , Vtm V. ZZZ V7 iwS " fdrth in the year 1(31 killed your an-
hlm along the seat "Psndergast ,of 'from the chair - - cestor bla-wlfe cursed ui" Then, start-
TrelowsnT"' - . . ,-fr-i,i 'you'll think ma. awfully in UP from his couch, his sleek hand
. "My git-great-fat grandfather ru5, and trembling, he erled;
lived there. I believa and his ancestors.. ;.,.. ..k., f m.v . "Th curaa she uttered was that everv
before him, t But Why this surprise?" BWered without' atrac TnT dlspleaaure In member of our family should die before ' v.',I!t
."You must eome and ses my brother WJ ? voice and she STthe way from the hy reached the age ef 80.. and they p,i,r,"
:!1..',":Vr1- ' "H M tmA,; "ong Taiiage to adoon. avs all dlSi : I am the next, and ,thei ' u,?,?
'And sines you know my name,' tell said: and nnttlna he? hand?" on ' his: . .T" cried. Pendergast. rising
- 'uon t ask ms," sh
tell you. i It you knei
juu wiu nets ros.
tefienHv. auiing tne nusDana or one 01 your an- vv' sishou vu (.uiuuno aim r
ing on nis crime, xne curse 11 eniaueo
and his Intentions to make amends for
his mlsdeeda The bags, it stated, con
tained gold representing the value on
the estate he had stolen from the Pen
dergast family. He directed that it
should be returned to them, for then
he felt assured ths terrible curse would
"So," said Elisabeth, who in the
meantime had entered the apartment,
"ail these bags era your property, Mr.
loergaat. - .
'Nonsense!" .said he. . ."It's too ab
surd r- v , (
trnxn But Howard carnrnrth -was-of the
. rai upiniun as mm sister, ana naersiva
e replied, "he will "You will have mercy? I don't think e"n believe Jt: It's too inhuman." '"; raowim wwra.mn '? P'
r whenyou know yio would b5 creel." ' V is true,' persisted Cranforth. W""'- .'. .; '
A- - . ,, -a..- She opened the door, and John. Walk'.? am i miisaoein, my sister, is i. . .V".. S'.i" ".5
' ' , ino- in. closed it behind him. At the - nasprovea true in everyv. ri uniw "' uu
TTf ,1 -i rarther end his eves feU jin the form of easa All my predecessors married but must lane it; inosea you must.
! I"ne.r ?na..nL" ""A r.rn,.?5. km nnl .... r ... '.. Well." he ul.l ,1 l,n,th 'H I -will
( . -.."..' CHAPTER
r-nasrgast remarked tnat Oakdene "TkT p.-V; m AV A . a" glvs you any satisfaction." looking from
was not a cheerful looking mansion whether he was young or old. but as he . "Well, candidly," said Psndergast "I one to ths other. "I will accept the
rem me exterior. Me saw this as they looked- at him he thought he might be oeneve in curses, i recaon tney, money, duv .
approached It by the drlvs that Isd up either. His cheeks were thin and ema- Just all frighten themselves to death,, Howard grasped -one of his hands and
from the road. . elated and he looked like a . man suf- and you are doing the same." .Elisabeth the other, their eyes looking
. And the Interior wag not more cheer- ferlna from some wasting, incurable die- ' But Carnforth was not to be convinced the thanks their Hps refused to speak.
fuL It was dark and foreboding, and easa v , ' "You don't bear me any animosity?1 "But," he went on. turning his gaxe
as they, passed along a passage the Pnndersut took the chair the other ha inotilred anxiously. on Elisabeth, whose hand he held more
sound of their footsteps seemed to fill indicated. . ' "Not In the least" answered John. "I tightly in his own, . I want you to be
wawhola building.- . .-. "Mr. Pendergast" said the Invalid, think it is a bit rough on you. And my wlfa I know it seems sudden, this
there's no way or obviating tms curasr request may be unreaaenable, seeing
inquired rsndergast win numour in nis we oniy met a lew hours ago, but I have
"will vou wait Here. nleaseT" sTia v..- m- .vmi,in.
li " " room mat your strange a ream, your visit nere.
. " " " - "u ui vour atranse una.
mustv with an and want of vn-
i fa i"-"S"iu wnmnii witu meeting witn ner." - ,,
furalture in keeping, so far as years-, -pendergast nodded. ' ' ' j
went with the building's exterior. "I "You - don't know my fiameI, re
must prepare my brother he Is in 111- marked ths other. . "Our family name Is
health and any Sudden shock might Carnforth." t - ....., ,
frove fatal. Tou won't be Impatient? "Yeaft . .
must explain everything to him." "You don't seem surprised V "
Pendergast left alone, roamed around - "I've never heard It before, Mr. Carn
the apartment and examined the fur- forth." Pendergast replied. "Why should
"ivui, miu , iiiuiuim n iuuiiu pni n De surpnsea i
loved vou. Elisabeth, from the moment
i aont jrnow, was - tne answer, a saw your xaoe in my a ream.
"Sometimes I think there must be. I "It Is not for ms to say anything, my
think that box there could solve the dear, Howard said. ''I believe Mr. Pender-
mystery, but no one dare open it" - gast loves you. I like his face it Is
Pendergast turned his gate on an opera and honest as his speech. Tou
ironbound box of oak which occupied knew your own heart. ' Do what it tells
the corner of the room and Inquired you, Elisabeth." .
why. "And so I glvs you my heart" she
"Well, the tradition Is handed down said. "I love you. I felt it when my
with it. i,,. n 4k. .11 V', vi. .iv.. that any one who tries to open it win syes met yours on ths road todav."
wondered what or who It could be', and a i look of 'disbelief on his face. ' die within a month" Carnforth said. "And now, knowing your name. I do
ourloslty getting the better of him be '. "Never heard it before!" he repeated. ft.ZlT aa .ki. Mil PH, vu". n"w.'ed lohn. Uking
determined to find out Dragging a "Then you had no knowledge of your,. ln my tlma I did not think It her in his arms. "Tou have proved a
chair beneath it he mounted and turned ancestors?" . rht to imperil one's Ufa And the key bad prophet Ellxabsth," and laughing,
the pioture round. It was In the shadow John admitted be bad not. ' r -" ils ' , - ' ' his heart filled with a great, joy, he
and he oould not see it well, so he ' "You never knew of a ieud that ex-' "Perhaps the key wUl unlock the box; kissed her on tb Upa - . :
100 YEARS OF HARD GOAL Continued
ifrom tne F irst Page of This Dection
A curious thing It Is to nots that
"while the real birth of this oontlnent
iwas at a town called Plymouth,. In
.Massachusetts, so the birth of this great
Jeommercial world of anthracite was ln
a town named Plymouth, in. Pennsyl
Yew. the analogy goes farther. When
coal was first mined In this little Lu
serne county village. It was loaded onto
an ark and the cargo floated down the
tream to Columbus, Lancaster county,
where it was sold. And st the point
where that srk was loaded, curiously
enough. Is a beautiful rock, overgrown
1 with mosses and verdure, which the
more poetic residents knew as "Ply
. The New England rock received a new
life from abroad; thle In Pennsylvania
i gave out a new life which has made Its
i presence felt in every corner of the
The name of Abljah Smith has not
found its way Into the school histories
cit tne unitea Bisies; neiiner n inni
if Jesse B1L . Tou might'- search
through all the encyclopedias printed
. and not find a reference to either of
them. And yet both were benefactors
'f the human race of not much lesser
luster than Edison and Fulton and
It ts principally In ths local records
. of his own town and county that Smith
' has been honored. There It hae been
' told with pride about many a winter
fireside in the cheerful light of the
bard coal which he discovered how he
. bought an ark for 124, loaded It with
0 tons of bard coal, and floated It from
Plymouth te Columbia. Iancaster
county, where It was used in a blast fur
tiaee. That was ln 1807.
' The Important discovery of burning
fnel without an air blast came In the
following winter on February 11, 1S08,
to be exact at Wllkee-Barr. Loserne
county, which by virtue of Ite eoal bus
iness has become one of ths largest '
Cities ln Pennsylvania.
Hon.. Jesse Fell wss a judge of the
rourt in Luserne county, and wss a man
of practical mind, always experimenting
Well, on that February day, ' Judge
Felt built a wood fire In the grate of
Ma home the house, largely altered.'
H standing yet at Wllkea-Barre, and
sfter It had made pretty good progress
I n pniired on to M a beap of the "blank
,imi" viilrh the furnace men had been
H i to burn with the aid of a powerful
ln-j jom s. . . . 1
A i, an, ths old Judge made a
nu:i Tit t'ti-tiire there In the old-fashioned
goo 'i V.HU lis colonial furnishings.
) air n powdered wig. tied with a
jfloalrtg; J m. ij, and 1US build and Baft-
ner were very much like Franklin's.,
This is gathered from the tradition of
the town and from an old silhouette
the only picture of Judge Fell that
has been preserved. -
, As hs bent over ths grata, hs held
conveniently behind his back, so as to be
ready for use if needed at any moment
a hand bellows.
But as he stood there a few minutes,
and the wood embers died away and a
cheerful blue flame leaped from the
black stons and up to the flue, the bel
lows dropped from tbs old man's hands
and. he broke into a surprised, pleased
, "It burnsl It burns!" -
And so It did. The Whole town was
soon apprised of the fact, snd crowds
flocked Into ths Fell houss to witness
the unheard-of "phenomenon."
Many scoffed and went away declar
ing the whole thing a trick, and refused
to even consider the burning of the
stone; but gradually most of ths houses
in ths town came to using It
Great difficulty was met by those who
undertook to Introduce hard coal Into
general use. The people Of that day
were acquainted with the merits of
soft coal and did not take kindly to the
new-fangled thing. ..;.'.'...''
So opposed were they to It that the
mlneowners found It necessary to un
dertake an advertising campalgn. .
' For Instance, In public places ln Phil
adelphia there were erected two grates,
and stokers were hired to give contin
uous demonstrations of ths burning
qualities of ths new coaL HandblUs
Invited cltltens to attend, v .
When, in ' lilt. Colonel Shoemaker,
attempted to have anthracite coal in
troduced into use in Philadelphia, he
barely escaped arrest as a common Im
postor and swindler. '
Some of the doubting Thomases so
tually secured a writ from ths Quaker
City authorities denouncing ths colonel
ss "a knave and a scoundrel" for trying
td Impose upon them rocks for coat
And be bad given them the coal for
nothing at that, just to get them to uss
After several months of this kind ef
advertising there war but few who
would bug it
- Indeed, so slow were th people' to
give the coal a chance that It was not
until mo that the shipments became
big enough to be considered worthy of
statistical preservation. - , i
. in 120 the total shipments were but
The following figures show how th.
consumption increased during ensiling
decads: In II JO, m,734 tons; ln 140,
MM7 tons; In 160, l.3S,8 tons; lit
1K0, l,Sl!,m ions; in UJ9, 1,1I2.11
tons; la 1810, 11.137,141 tons: in ll,
IM1S.4I tons; In 100, 4S.107.4I4 tons.
' All the coal ln those early days was
shipped In arks, either down the Lehigh
river or the Susquehanna river.
There were several sporadlo attempts
to mlns eoal for profit after Judge Fell's
discovery, but the only operators of that
day who staysd In the business were
Abljah Smith and his brother, John
They continued-- th business down
to the time of their respective deaths,
and their children conducted It after
ward. So here you have the first of
that lordly class of man who made such
an Impression on these latter-day times
the eoal operatora
From that self-mads hols that Abljah
Smith opened up in 1807 coal was be
ing taken In 1(71. Tet how miserable,
how archaic, it appears beside ths mam
moth coal breakers of today I
The price of coal land In Smith's day'
was It an acre; now it is far in sxcess
of 110,000 sn acre. -
Untold were the sacrifices' mads by
these pioneers in mining eoal. There
was used no powder, which Is ths chief
agency of mining today. Pick and wedge
were the tools used. For mining a ton
and a half of coal In a day this was
considered every good day's work the
miner received about 71 cents,
Th eoal was transported from th
mine to the place of shipment In earts
and wagons and deposited on the banks
of ths river to be plaoed in arka - --
Now, from far down ln th bowels of
the earth, the eoal Is loaded Into oars,
which are run on subterranean railroad
tracks to an elevator, ralaed and trans
ferred to a 'surface railroad, over which
they are taken to the breaker, where the
oal Is broken, assorted and dumped
ito railroad care. - . v
Abljah Smith did mor than begin coal
mining; - he originated the method of
blast mining when, In 1811, he hired
John Flanlgan, of Mllford, Connecticut,
to come and experiment for him.
So this man -Flanlgan was the first
man who ever bored a hole and applied
a blast of powder In a coal mine in
The average price of bard coal In
those early years wss 110, which left
s proPt of 15 to ths operator. At one
time the prloe went up to t IS.
These are some of the qualities of
anthraclt coal which were claimed by '
th early operators and are still claimed
by their successors, ss reasons why it
should be considered. a perfect fuel:
"It gives great actual heating power;
is easy to Kindle and burns rapidly;
contains little earthy matter; contains
little or no sulphur does not crumble
In the fire."
Not only does nearly all the anthra
:' :: ..' ' ;;':;'.''" ,. '
cit ooal mined in th world com .from Ther ar blacksmith 'shops, stables.
Pennsylvania, but from a very small and ths mules that ones go down ther
&' snVrecU f lids ars situated " oflr4
about ths middle of the eastern portion Th become so lnnured to the darkness
of the state, and include ths counties of or the flare ef the miner's safety lamp
Susquehanna, Luierne and Dauphin, in- that if taken to the surface they would
eluding aa area of about 410 square go blind.
ml lea - t, Through vein after vein of coal th
. And from this small area there -has miners burrow their way with pick.
has been mined in the lifetime of en powder and drill, and as fast ss the coat
octogenarian a half billion gross tons (a mined It Is loaded onto cars and taken
Of coal. to ths surface. . ...... .
In this comparatively brief space In, Many are the hardships and dangers
the .world's history, America has ad- f a miner's life. At any moment sn
yanced from the last tp the first coun- avalanche of eoal may topple down upon
tryfin the world in th production of him and crush him to death. Th pow
CO ! ... der and electrialtv emnloved also hold
THE GOOD OLD TIMEg Andrew
Carnegie Says Problem of Our Age Is tne
Administration of "Wealtli vfciMi?
T.A . .a . 1 . W .....
''" iri iu win 1 1, nro- conetint pern to lire ana umn. . .
JHeUrv government purchased In 174 . Frequently a lake of water break
S?rA'kA.tn?r. h'f been realised way rom restraint of the pumps,
14.000.000.000. ths value at tldswater ..hih . -in- .i.hi . ,V. v...
Olhoooai mined. . - the mines drv. and flooda the worklnca.
1 ?,mH,.q!JnUt TnM P?n drowning those who cannot reach the
CoVNeweirco" lfr throun darkness
Island and Massachusetts, , but geologists cvs-lns often block a man's way and
??)Lif.rT?.,i.t.h .e.t7!K".'.Mo.!i k ' nlra t aBlowlx starve or sufroeate
the fuel is such SS to SnUtl it to be i m. dim.i rr.Ve before his friends
In his dismal gravs before his friends
can reach him. Ths coal at times
aiJCIZa tnti Tr 7 2iA. , -hEh tehes firs and Imperils thoss who ars
trAH l711H .w.WoIh,Jw5'6A nr- Explosions of powder tear men
111 VKS JttZiii Vhaetheinit. this It is that ths great fans at the
lJiSs f in tCt ifnTtid iiriiM n-iJ openings 6f ths air shaf U are kept Jon
LLn?"..,n.tbfUn'i Bi?J? 1,-?fB1 . slantlv working; but sometimes a fan
transportatloir oompsnles operating In j!?0T!l?n.rfci2?m?J dfJ!?H
the stats of Pennsylvania; (hs remain- fi'V.
ing flv per cent Is still held by prtvat il11' M ,orm emlalr n
individuals, principally In undeveloped VJ,"-tM?.L. , . . .w.
a 1 1 is vviii s a visa a,Ms ana. viv au w ea vs w
stared in the face by ,?BfR .towf5L th? .T? ur)VSt
& p.Ttlv.f,Wlhav:tI -ou-h n. m-nilmb ?o"theb".ur
sea positively nave, is n t ... k.rnr. h.
' Whsn you ar
smtitv coal htna.
k . . i :
u . vu imcu vpivivviy null IS . . . - l..
the orlce and else.- -Tou must know the t many fall and expire before they
difference between buckwheat pea, nut "V! AT. ,.,., ,.-h "
stovs. egg and furnace slaes fhs sixes . ,Ana M1"" f"m" 'nth Ing more terTl-
Into which for convenience snd oommtv Although every miner Is required
euf purposes the great chunks ars la carry a "safety' lamp, when the re
broken at the mines, the process which becomes dense enough a spark ef fire
has given Its name to the "breaker." . J1 a defective lamp is almost certain
But It is well worth any one's while to reach It. There Is a terrible explo-
t go further to take a trio down Into slon, which kills dosens or scores of
a coal mlns and see how the product Is "n, which dislodges thousands of tons '
dug from th earth, how treated, how coi Bn1 earth, blocking the way of
shipped. . the fugitives snd Impeding the work;
. Most of the soft cost mine ars in th t rescue. .
form of drifts or slopes, going horlson- In this manner thousands rf men
tally or slightly downward Into th side have lost their lives in the anthracite
Of a .MIL - mines of Pennsylvania
. It i different with ths anthracite A lonely, fearful working place, where
mlnea They eometlrm begin as slopes, great rats, many times as large as
but usually pits are dug into the ground, those seen on the surface, share the
often hundreds of feet. solitude of man as he works, and that
. rxiwn there you find yourself In a are slways ready to dlvs Into his dinner
'subterranean city, excepting that there pall If he leaves ths cover off for a
are no residence or abodes such as make moment
the surface habitation. - The miner himself Is Just a man Ilk
From the center wher th shaft Is ths reat of us, although outside the
there are avenues going out In all dl- mining field there ts a tendoncy td re-
rectlons, crossing, and criss-crossing, gard him as A being apart
and traversed by cars drawn by mule , No occupation la so cosmopolitan. A
or, Ini some Instances, propelled by mining town ln th anthracite field Is
electricity. - These cars 0 to the utter- literally made uo from all the countries .
most ends of the workings some of of F.urope, ss well as from many statea
ths avenue ars thousands of feet long, ot this country. Few classes ar mor
-Sr - Andrew Carneaie.
HB problem of our ags la th
proper administration of . wealth,
that th ties of brotherhood may
still bind together the rich; and
" ' "' poor ln harmonious relationship.
The conditions of human Ufa bay not
only been changed " but revolutionised
within the past few hundred yeara In
former' days there was llttl differ
ence between .the dwelling, dress, food
and environment of the'ohlef and those
of his retainers.:: Th Indiana a re to
day wher civilised man was. When
visiting ths Sioux I was led to the wig
wam of the chief. It was like the
ethers ln external appearance, and even
within th -difference wa trifling be
tween It and thoss of th poorest of
his braves. - .
The contrast between th palace of
ths millionaire and th cottage of the
laborer -with U today measure th
chang which nas corns with civilisa
tion, and is not to be deplored, but
welcomed as highly beneficial. It Is
well, nay, essential, - for the progress
of ths raca that ths houses of some
should be homes for all that Is highest
and best ln literature and the arts, snd
for all the refinements of civilisation.
Without wealth there can be no Ma
cenaa The "good old times" were not
good old times. Neither master nor
servant was as well situated then as
today.- A relapse to old conditions
would be disastrous to both not the
laaat to htm who serves and . would
sweep sway civilisation with It
But whether ths change Is for good
or for svlL it Is upon us, beyond our
power to alter, and therefore to be ac
cepted and made the best of. - It Is
a wast of time to orltlcls th Inevit
It Is easy to sse how th change has
com. One lllastratlon will serve for
almost every phase of the Cause. In
the manufacture of products we have
loyal, mor enthusiastic American eltl
In efforts to gain higher wages and
to sustain the power of their union and
to ameliorate social disadvantages, the
anthracite miners have waged the great
est ishor strikes ever known In America
With the history of these battles the
ptiblto Is pretty well acquainted. Hap
pily, no mors conflicts Ilka the memor
able ones of the past are anticipated, In
view of the existence of a ronrllatlon
board, which arbitrates grievances and
all questions between th operator and
" th whol atoM ' It r applies to an
combinations of human Industry?
stimulated and enlarged by -t f?--tlons
of this scientific ago. jt r
Formerly articles were rllGnufacturel
at the domestio hearth, or in small
shops which formed part of the houae
' hold. The master and his apprentices
worked sids by side, th latter living
with th master, and therefore subject
to tt he same conditions. -
When these apprentices rose to be
master there- was little or no chang
In their mode of life, and they. In turn,
educated succeeding apprentices In ths
same routine. There was, substantial
ly, social equality,-and even political
equality, for those engaged In Industrial
pursuits-bad little or no voice In tho
Ths Inevitable result of such a mode
pf manufacture was crude articles st
high prlcee. Today ths world obtains
Commodities-of excellent qualities st
prloes which even the preceding gener
ations would have deemed Incredible.
In th commercial world similar
causes havs produced similar results,
and ths racs Is benefited thereby, -
The poor enjoy what the rich could
not before afford. What wer the lux
H"os have become the necessaries of
life. The laborer hss now more com
forts than the farmer had a few gen
, orations ago. The farmer hss more lux
uries than the landlord bad. and is
mora richly clad and better housed. The
landlord has books snd pictures rarer,
and appointments more artletlo than
ths king, eould then obtain-. Ths price
we pay for this salutary chang Is, ot
course, great W assemble In ths fac
tory and In the mine thousands of
operators of whom the employer can
know nothing, and to whom the em
ployer Is llttls better than a myth.
All Intercourse between then) Is st
an end. Rigid castes are formed, and.
as usual, mutual Ignorance breeds nat
Kaen easts Is without sympathy for
the other, and ready to tfredit anything
disparaging In regard to It.
Under the law of competition the em
ployer of thousands Is forced Into the
strictest of economies, -among which the
wsges paid to labor figure prominently,
and often there Is friction between th
employer, and th employe, between cap
ital and labor, between rch . Poor,
Human society has lost homogenTI v
Foreign musicians sre be tnve"C
tigated ny the American Federation of
Musicians because. It Is said they are
to labor In violation of the contract
iabqr laws. It Is said th mstter will
a brought be for th commlsloner of