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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
:m: orjxou cu.;day joui.mal, Portland, Sunday . moiujing.' august 11 icor.
SIXTY MILLIONS -FOR FARMERS IN NORTHWEST Ssfi
Crops of Wtcat, Barley and Oats Arc Produced in tie NortWest Quality Equal to tte Quantity Hign Prices Prevail and Prosperity, in tne Great Pacific NortWcst Is A.ur.l
...... 1 . . "
. - ' VN L
NORTHWEST GRAIN VALUE.
vvucsi crop vaiuc at minis. j, ...... , ................ 4
Oats crop value at farms.. ............
Baney crop value at tarmt.
Total value' at farmi.... ..
By Hjrmaa H. Cohan. - , ' :
FOR but thr of tb rraln cropa
h farmer of the Pad no north
"'wit will thl jrear rccelvo cloa ,
t to 1(0,000,000 right at thefrfarm
ratea. Thia vaat aum will thla
yaar b distributed ' am one tha raln-
growara of tha inland amplra and tha
howarar, volar to thoaa aaat of
Tha wheat crop, of tha. thrca at&tea
alone -will net tha farmera $42,000,000
for their aeaaon'a work, while the- bar
ley and oata crop will bring hla net
eale cloee up to tha 1(1,000,000 mark.
Tha wheat crop of the Pactflo north
weat and. In fact, all grain cropa north
of tha California line, will break rec
ord the present aeason. or wheat
Willamette valley r meet of tha fortune, alone tha production rln Oregon, Idaho
and Waahtngten. will run to (0,009,000
:' buabela maybe more for every report
from the harvest field- brings in adill-
tlonal record-breaking figure a. ,
Bij Yield per Acre. v .
v Tlelde of 10 and (0 buahela to the
jcra are very' common in tha wheat
fields of ' tha great Paciflo northwest
grain fields this season. . Soma fields
have run as high as TO buahela an acre
in a pots, but these large yields are very
the scarce and probably only a half dosen
or -a dosen fielda in , the three states
will over (0 buahela to the acre; Tha
average yield this aeason In tha three
states will run close to 80 buahela to
the acre, . so tha average' Income for
every acre of wheat thla season will
reach. 121 an acre for every acre of
Quality ' will break all records In Pa
cific coast wheat production this" sea- the middle west. Samples received 'from year ago. Tha three atatea will thla J Most of thla oats crop will be of suf
son by -the three atatea of the north
coast. There waa never a time pre
vious to thla aeason when so large a
percentage of tha grain rrown will
grade No. 1. In fact the per cent that
will grade lesa than the best la ao email
that it can scarcely be considered.
Best Grain Ever Grown. ; .1
. Millers and export . agents who have
examined the samples of wheat grown '
in the Inland empire thla aeason say
they have never seen auch Quality be
fore. The wheat la full and sound and
the grains are much harder than usual.'
that counts In making wheat values.
and for that reaaon the farmers of the
northwest will receive a larger price
for their crop than they would had tha
quality not been ao good.
So fine quality haa been ahown by the
wheat raised here that already the mill
ing fraternity haa been bombarded-with
communleatione from eaatern connec
tions regarding the alia of tha crop,
the available supplies, cost of trans
portation, etc. While no sales of Pa
ciflo coast wheat have thus far been
reported here, the trade generally is of
the opinion that a large amount will be
hfrtrMkA Met of the Rnckv mountain .
A a rule the wheat of thla aectlon la
rather, soft and for that reaaon a large Record Breaking Barley Crop. (
amount -of hard, wheat la annually Tn. b,rley cfop 0f the north coast
nVhVTawn'o? be'd " I ? h " h,"h ? th "V,
for the quality of the grain grown here auction, but thla ' yeara .crop will be
will be far superior to that grown in considerably Increased over that of a
!koJ lesa gluten than the year produce fully 11.000.000 bushels of flclent quality to make your breakfast
" . '"" . " ' " K--1-U .Imam m.9 l ..-K K.. all I n a
?rade No. 1 brewing. - This Is a per
ormance never before duplicated either
here or in any other section of tha
To the farmers of the alster atatea
the barley crop will be worth a cent a
pound or about SMOO.OOO In all. Thla
aum will be paid out to them right at
their farm gates, the value of tha grain
at terminal points being Increased by
the cost of handling at warehouses and
the steep freight charges enacted by
the railroads - on every bushel that
passes from one aectlon of the state to
purpose, for the horse consumes a
large per cent of the crop crown. Oats
raises will this aeason secure nearly
$10,000,000 for their product at the pres
ent range of prlcee aaid to be offering
for new crop. At the present price of
the old product their compensation
would be considerably more.
It la not generally known, but It Is
a fact nevertheless, that almost half
the grain crop of the inland empire
cut for hay. If all tha wheat raised In
Oata production la becoming scientific-the northwest was threshed and cut for
In the Paciflo atatea. North of tha Call
fornla Una there will be produced thla
aeaaon in the neighborhood of 25,(00,
000 bushels of the crop that goea to
make part of the breakfast of almost
every man, woman, child and horse In
civilised countries. '
grain the aum total received by wheat
men would assume large proportions,
but farmers aay horses need hay and
hay costs money, ao they believe there
is just about as. much money in cutting
the grain that way as in threshing it
for the miller.
HOW TO SAVE PHONE POLES-Tkirty-Two MilKon Poles Now in
UseDram on Forests Enqrmous--Metliocs Used to Preserve Them from Decay
WE HAVE approximately 100,000
, miles of telephone and tele
graph lines In our country,
using about 32,000,000 poles.
Thia estimate does not ' In
clude the ' large number of poles
required by electrlq lighting and
transportation companies. Most of the
polea are cedar. ' The age of a 10-foot
cedar pole la about 10 yeara. What
does thla mean? Why, almply that' It.
takes 190 yeara to produce a necessary
article which, when act in the ground, .
will last, but IS years. We therefore
consume these polea over IS times as
fast as we era grow them. ' As a ra
eult,'oedar polea cos three times as
much as they .did" 10 years ago. The
same holds true In a large measure for
Doles of other klnds.l
-Cheatrmt is the most rapid growing
tree used for poles. A 3 -root cneetnut
Vole can be grown from a stump sprout
n about 40 years. If a proper system
of lumbering Is used, three polea cas.
aomettraea be grown from the same
stump. Such poles last about 12 years.
We are consuming, then, our most rapid
arrowing source of seply over three
times ast faat as we can replenish 1U
laopking for Relief.
NarNbJJy the consumers of the polea
are looking for aome means of relief.
In tha larger cities, where the use of
polea la prohibited, the wires are run
underground la large, wooden or terra
cotta pipes called "conduits." Thla
method of placing them, however. Is
too expensive to be used' except when
there Is a considerable amount of busi
ness transacted over the line. . .
Tartoua aubstttutes for wooden polea
hare been tried, chief among which are
polea made of Iron, concrete, and glass.
All of these, however, are very costly
and require special care In handling. It
has been found far " more satisfactory
to prolong the life of the wooden poles
by treating them with preservatives
which prevent decay. This practice has
been in use In England and Germany
for ever to years and is extending very
rapidly. , . ;
Cause of Wood Decay.
k Strange aa It may aeem. It le only
within the last century that the true
cause' and nature of decay In planta be'
came widely recognised. Ae recently
aa tha first half of tha lth century,
the great German . chemist, Lleblg,
taught, consistently with Hie prevailing
belief among scientists, that - all decay
of planta and animal bodies waa due
to a aort Of slow combustion. Thla pro
cess ha called by tha now almoat for
gotten name of Eremacausle. For ' a
long time Lleblg waa able' to support
Ma theory againet the severe analysis
to which it waa aubjected. but- during
the latter half of the century It waa
gradually disproved and the true cauae
of decay established. '
It la now known that the decay of
plant bodies Is not an innrrnnlo pro
cess 'Ike tha rusting of iron or the
criLllng of, stone, but Is due to a
tuo of low forms of plant life called
iingl, familiar examples of which are
the toadetoola so- commonly seen on
damp, rotting logs and the "punk"
? rowing on the trunks of treee In the
orests. These visible portions of the
fungi sre not the psrt thet does the
damage. They are merely fruiting bod--.a.
In some forms the under surface
are divided by thin vertical walls Into
eountlesa couipai tmenta, ' aud la each.
THE BETTER HUSBANDS-A
Contribution , as to fWTiicli Mates tte
Better; Mate, Englishmen or Americans
' 5Ke ".
4 f :
' ; hHVSl TEEAWtNT-OF ?0LB5. SHOVING HOW THlr
HOT 011,UPA1KTED-0J TnrOLEoS..
By Irene Gardner.
K animated -discussion regarding
the comparative excellence of
eompartment there are borne myriads of
"spores" which - may be-described as
Very primitive eeeis. , -
Due to Fungi Growth. - , . ,;
In auch countless numbers are these
spores produced tha no part of a tree
Is. free from their, attack. . They are
carried like dust by the wind, and are
blown against all portions of the Um
ber. On the bark and leaves and even
on healthy living wood they fall to find
any nourishment, and ao they are either
blown elsewhere or lose their Vitality.
But aome of thm find a lodging In dead
portions of the tree, or In cracks of the
cut timber, and If the conditions are
favorable they germinate and send out
tiny film-like threads, which enter the
structure of the timber and Immediately
begin to produce a-very complicated'
chemical secretion which has the power
of transforming the- woody fibre Into
a form which makes It available aa food
for the fungus
Feeding In this way, the ffcngug con
tlnues its ramifications through tha
timber, branching repeatedly until- It
forma a closely woven network extend
ing throughout every portion of the
stick not protected from, its encroach
menu by; either . natural or artificial.
means. . ,
After a .time "the amount of fibre
changed Into food and assimilated by
the fungus causes the wood to become
discolored , snd finally decomposed.
When the fungus haa reached a cer
tain stage In Its development It forma
the-fruiting bodies referred to above;
spores are again produced, and ao the
life history la repeated. , . . ,
Need Heat and Moisture. ' .
- But food Is not the only thing that
fungi require for their growth and de
velopment In order for these plants to
grow, they must have fixed amounts of
heat, air, and moisture. Moderate tem
peratures, suffice; but air and moisture
generally exist In the requisite amounts
only. Jn portions of the wood near the
ground line. It la at thla point, there
fore, that fungi are moat common. An
exception la found In : mine timbers,,
which often greatly favor rapid decay,
owing to the cohdltlona In the mines.
The portion of pole burled aeveral
feet In the ground does not furnish
the fungi with the necessary air, while
the part above ground contains Insuf
ficient moisture. If, then, the part of
- OPEN TAN V TREATMENT. OP POLEaS SttQWm0
DUTIS SUBKEfcGED W CKEOSOTE OIL..
the pole near the ground line can be
protected from attack, the . life of the
pole can be materially Increased.
Numerous devices have been employed
to secure this protection. Soaking the
butts of the polea In solutions of cop
per sulphate, sine chloride, or mercuric
chloride, haa given fairly 'satisfactory
results. Frequently sn Iron chamber is
clamped around the butt of the pole
and one of these solutions forced Into
It, or- the whole pole may be run Into a
large Iron cylinder. In which case the
solution Is forced Into the entire pole. -
All of these substances are poisonous
to timber destroying planta, so that if
any of the spores come In contact with
a properly treated pole they will be In
stantly killed. The chief objection to
the use of these solutions Is that they
are soluble to water, and hence they
gradually wash or 'leach" from the
pole. Their efficiency, therefore, ia
'.... -. "
Creosote Moat Satiafactory. ,
In most situations where the timber
Is exposed to moisture, one of the most
satisfactory preservatives Is creosote
or "desd-oll of coal-tar." This Is an
oil, which la slightly heavier thsn water
and is made by distilling coal-tar. It
Is antiseptic, thst Is, will kill low forms
of life, such ss the aporea of fungi,
and la Insoluble In water. These two
properties make It an Ideal preservative.
Poles treated with it have had their
length of life Increased seversl times
over Thus untreated pine poles which
decay In seven yeara. have been treated
and made durable for over 20 years.
, Recently an extensive series of ex
periments baa been made by the forest
service In cooperation with a number
of telephone and telegraph companies
In creosotlng the butts of poles. The
poles were placed In large Iron tanks
and about eight feet of their butta were
aubmerged In olL Thla waa then heated
to the temperature of boiling water for
aeveral hour, after which the polea
were allowed to remain in the cooling
oil over night. It has been found the
this Is an efficient and ebeap method,
which, when -it cornea Into general use,
will do a . great deal toward checking
tha enormous demand on our forests
for poles, and thus help to preserve one
of our most valuable natural resources.
AJm American and English husbands
sh Jb haa been carried on for some
time In an eastern paper. The
... . .. English husbands have had fully
aa many champions aa have the Amerl-
' can. though most of thoae contributing
,. to the discussion were American men
and women. ; , -.
It Was ludicrous to read aome of the
arguments brought forth' agalna the
English huhband. Doaena . of writere
J vehemently asserted that Englishmen
were not good husbands because they
refused to push their babies perambula
tors along the streets. Then came re
plies stating that the reason they did
not push the perambulator waa that for
generatlona It had been the custom not
to do so. But thin point waa not
brought forward against the- English
man so often as the one that he some
times allowed - hla , wife to black hla
boots. The answer was hurled back
that an -Englishman would never think
of letting his wife press his trousers,
as Americana do. Thla precipitated an
argument, which ended about - where It
began, which - waa with tha question,
"Is It more humiliating for a woman
to black her husband's boots than to
press and. clean his clothes?"
Finally attention was distracted from
this point by some one writing a letter
attempting to- prove that the Amerlosn
man was a good husband because he
didn't dare be anything else, while the
. Kngllshmsn wan , from choice. The
writer of this letter went on to say that
. the Englishman was boaa In hla home,
while the American waa only a partner,
who shared equally with hla wife in au
thority. Thla caused endless friction,
while in England domestlo life waa much
amoother. Then the writer added that
' no home could have two heada equal la
authority; that It won all vary well to
talk about auch a thing, but no concern v
in which varloua people were lntereated
ever ran smoothly unless there waa one
person whose authority was unquestion
able; that the Englishman waa very
lenient In the exercise-of hla authority
because there was never any question, ,
of his right to it. while the American
chafed under the fact that hla authority
waa not recognised, he -submitted to
dictation almply because he had to. "The
American woman will pay dearly for the
Insistence on her part that she be aa
much the head of the house as la her
husband," aaid the writer In conclusion.
There were many Americana who
wrote upholding thla writer's opinion.
She was an American woman married
to an Englishman.
And. when you come to look at the
matter fairly, doesn't. It seem as if
her view waa correct T Can a home be
peaceful that haa two heada equal In
authority? - Tou may say that when.
two people are rightly mated thia may
be possible. But such marriages are
not frequent on thia earth, where we
are all pretty human.
According to the trend of opinion
In the discussion referred to, a womsn
who had offers of marriage from bothj
an Englishman snd sn American would
have this question to decide: "Shall I
accept the-American and thereby have
a husband who alwaya tecognlsea mr
authority aa equal to hla own. even
when .he doesn't want to, because he
knows If be does otherwise there will
be trouble, or shall I marry the English,
man, who, nine times out of ten, will
defer to and follow my opinion, not be
cause he doesn't dare do otherwise, but
because he prefers not to use the au
thortty which he knows I recognize aa
In one case she'll get a husband who
yields to her because he haa to; the
other one who yields because he wants
HATS' AND BOOTS REVEAL
CHARACTER After Years of Study
Book is Produced on Psychology of Head
gear and Tootwear
THE KINGDOM WE HOPE -FORMost
Earnestly Desired, It Will Be Attained ty Few
SIR HERBERT MARSHAL!, honor ,
sry representative of the Royal '
College of Music, and president Of
. the Music Trades association of
r -Oreat Britain, etc.. who la now In
New Tork, told the following story In
the course 6f ao interview at the Waldorf-Astoria
hotel the other evening,
pertaining to the American's supposed
dislike of king and monarchies:
"Tou Tsnkees," said Sir- Herbert,
smiling good naturedly, "are forever
bragging about the superiority of your
Republican system of government over
that of kingdoms, ' Coming over bare on
the steamer I heard an argument on thla
subject between a true-blue American
and a Scotchman. The Scot waa sitting
on the promenade deck' smoking 'and
every once In a 'while taking a pull
from a flask of whisky, while the Amer.'
lean waa standing In front of. hint In a
sort of Hall Columbia attitude. The
Yankee waa comparing the American
and Hrltlsh systems of government to
of course the great advantage of his
own country, snd he seemed to regard
the Scot ss a vastly Inferior being for'
living 4a a kingdom and being bossed
by a mere king. The Scot listened to
him attentively for soma minutes, then
he got up. threw the butt of his cigar
into the ocean, and ealmlv stepping up
to his friend, placed a hand on his
shoui.fer snd with a smile and In broad
" Mon, but ye, aeem ta haa a fearsome
dislike ta a' kings and kingdoms, but
let me ca' your attention ta one king
dom that dlsna figure on the map an'
which you an' a' your countrymen are
hoping malnt earnestly to become hon
orable rltlsens & some day, but which
not 01 per cent O' you. Including mysel',
will get even as much as a peep at.'
" 'And where Uie dickens a tils king
dom you are talking about t asked the
" 'I refer, air,' replied the Scot with a
now aerloua look. ta the Kingdom o'
heaven) Am I rlghtr
" 'Shake.' said uie Yankee, as he
laughingly extended bta hand."
Collector of lUtbf Picturr.
' The Prince of Wales'a pet diversions,
next to shooting, are smoking and stamp
collecting. Another queer hobby la col
lecting babies' pnotogrsphs.
The more comical the face of the
baby the better .ts portrait pleaaea Hla
Royal Highness. He even collects pic,
tures of babies published an advertise
ments by proprietors of Infants' foods,
ills collection- of postage stamps Is
worth st least f 10,000. So keen a
philatelist la he that on several occa
sions collectors have, had to thank him
for throwing light fin uncertain scien
tific points concerning the atudy of
IT TAKES a German savant , to dis
cover big ; meanings " In little
things that -.the ordinary observer
regards as of no special eon
- sequence. Professor Gross of
Lelpslg haa devoted several yeara to tha
atudy of headgear and footwear, He
haa now given the world the benefit of
hla strenuous labora In a work on the
psychology of hats and boots. Accord-
extreme and wears hla hat pulled down
ever hla forehead. It la proof that he
baa an ugly temper.
Another mighty compromising thing.
It seems, ,lt one'a boot heel record. Pro
feasor Gross can read It aa you run.
"Scarpologv" Is the name of this sci
ence. It says that a man who wears
down th heels of his boots equally may
be put down as energetic and trust
worthy. If they are morn down on the
outer side he haa Imagination and ait
uiMiuroui spirit, ir Uiey are worn
down on the Inner side and that is
where moat folk wear them down aa any
Ing to the German profeaaor, by the aid ahoemaker will tell you he la weak a"j
or ni dock yon can spot a msn a true "'"ra.
character at onco by noting bow he ,
weara his bat and boots. Canary Blrd. In Church.
j For Instance, - the hat worn exactly 'from the Philadelphia North Amerlrsn.
perpendicular to the vertical axle of tha Kl ,.lldr,n " da' eeiPbrated Mumi .y
head la a sign that a roan Is upright, . aieiomai r.pisc.ipn! h,,
hut a DMtnt ana a Door. Hhouiri it turn
out that Herr Orosa wears his hat In
this fashion one might conclude thst
there la something In hla theory. As
It is one must take his statement on
trust. Men who are amiable and full
Of the milk of human kindness, he tflla
Us, wear the hat a little on one side.
But the wearing of the hat very mu.-h
on one aide Is art unfailing sUri of in
solence and swagger. The nun who
wears his hat on the bncV of hla he-id la
In a bad way. It shows t i t he la
re-klesn and given to spending more
than h makes. The furm.-r l..k Hie
hnt Is the nearer to imnkriiptcy la the
wearer. You must l direful how ymi
tackle a man a ho guvs to the oi itue
in I'ennsvlvanlA ihut -
Ktloam Church, East u..i.-hnn av
nue. The school hne 1.14 piipua -all
but a few of them t'n,.l.l i
special service. The prlris .r .
drexsed in while, and the "i I '
of them, together with the fi.. -
orations, made a pretty 1
the church members and i '
Whd crwiled the .gallery. A
each containing a ritnwi.
suKpeml'-d from iKf-i'!'
hitch c-eiilptr. h" t i ' i
S'ngitt ' ! ' t -
the c-1 i ; - i rc n. t '
l.lr.l, lit a -' ' ' -evei
i, -j i