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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
TIIC OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL. PORTLAND, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST " 11, lOOf..
SIXTY MILLIONS FOR - FARMERS EN NORTHWEST 1st
Crops of WKcat,' Barley' and Oats Are Produced in ihe NortWeat Quality Equal to tlie ' Quantity Higli Prices Prevail and Prosperity in tne ' Great Pacific NortWcst Is Assured
I liV -u .. . l fly fc' M' !l - V:
, ' ; '
NORTHWEST GRAIN VALUE.
Wheat crop value it farms.,. ....... ..;.......'...'... ...$42,000,000;
Uats crop value at farms , yuu.uju.
Barley crop value at farms.... j i............. 6,600,000
Total value at farms $58,400,000
. By Hyman H. Cohen.
FOR but three of the grain crops
the farmers of the Pacific north
west will this year receive close
: to $60,000,000 right at thefr farm
"H.'J-'JX'f .fti.';.-' This ; vast: sum . will this'
s yeajr be distributed anon ' the; graln-
growers of the Inland empire and the
'."Willamette valley r most of the fortune,
however, going to those east of the
Cascade mountains. ' . ' r
The wheat crop, of the, three states
alone will net the farmers -142,000,000
for their season's work, while the' bar
ley and oats crop will bring his net
'sales close up to the 1(0,000,000 mark.:
The wheat crop of the Pactflo north
west and. In fact, all grain crops north
of the California line, will break rec
ords the present season. Of wheat
alone the production In Oregon, Idaho
.and Washington. will run to 60,000,000
bushel maybe more for every report
-from. the harvest fields brings In addi
tional record-breaking; figures. , .
Bif Yield per Acre. " r
Yields of 10 and 10 bushels to the
Acre are" very' common In the wheat
fields of 'the great Pactflo northwest
grain fields this . season. . Some , fields
have run as high aa 70 bushels an acre
In spots,, but these large yields are very
scarce and probably only a half dosen
or a down fields In the three states
will over 80 bushels to the acre. The
average yield this season In the three
states will run close to SO bushels to
the acre, so , the' average' Income for
every acre of wheat this season will
reach 121 an acre for every acre of
Quality will break all records Jn Pa
cific coast wheat production this sea
son by -the three states or the north
coast. There was never a time pre
vious to this season when so large a
percentage of the grain grown will
grade No. 1. In fact the per cent that
will rrade less than the beat Is so small
that it can scarcely be considered.
Best Grain Ever Grown.
. Millers and export agents who have
examined the samples of wheat grown
In the Inland empire thla season say
they have never seen such quality be
fore.: The wheat is full and sound and
the grains are much harder than usual.
Aw a rule the wheat of thla section Is
rather, soft and for that reason a large
amount of hard wheat Is annually
brought to the coast to mix for the best
flour. This year this will not be done
for the quality of the grain grown here
will be far superior to that grown in
the middle west. Samples received 'from
Dakota show less gluten than the
wheat produced here. It is the gluten
that counts In making wheat values,
and for that reason the farmers of the
northwest will receive a larger prlos
for their crop than they would had the
quality not been so good.
So fine quality has been shown by the
wheat raised here that already the mill
ing fraternity has been bombarded with
communications from eastern connec
tions regarding - the site of the crop,
the available supplies, coat of trans
portation, etc. While no sales of Pa
ctflo coast wheat have thus far been
reported here, the trade generally li of
the opinion that a large amount will be
shipped east of the Rocky mountains.
Record Breaking Barley Crop.
The barley crop of the north coast
will not reach as high as the wheat .pro
duction, but this year's crop will be.
considerably Increased over that of a
year ago. The three states will this
year produce fully 11,000,000 bushels of
barley, and almost every grain of It will
?rade No. 1 brewing. This is a per
ormance never before duplicated either
here or in any other section of the
To the farmers of the sister states
the barley crop will be worth a cent a
pound or about IMOO.OOO In all. This
sum will be paid out to them right at
their farm gates, the value of the grain
at terminal points being Increased by
the cost of handling at warehouses and
the steep freight charges enacted by
the railroads - on every bushel that
passes from one section of the state to
Oats production is becoming scientific
in the Pactflo states. North of the Cali
fornia line there will be produced this
season in the neighborhood of 25,600,
000 bushels of the crop that - goes to
make part of the breakfast of almost
every man, woman, child and horse in
J Most of this oats crop will be of suf
flcient quality to make your breakfast
"mush, but all of It will not go for that
purpose, for the ' horse consumes a
large per cent of the crop grown, Oata
raises will this season secure nearly
$10,000,000 for their product at the pres
ent range of prices said to be offering
for new crop. At the present price of
the old product their compensation
would be considerably more. .Jv ,
It is not generally known, but It is
a fact nevertheless, that almost half
the grain crop of the inland empire is
cut for hay. If all the wheat raised in
the northwest was threshed and cut for
grain the gum total received by wheat
men would assume large proportions,
but farmers say horses need nay and
hay costs money, so they believe there
is Just about bjk. much money in cutting
the grain that way as in threshing it
for the miller. : -:;,
HOW TO SAVE PHONE
--Thirty-Two Million Poles Now
Use Drain on Forests Enqrinous--jMetliocls XJsecl to Preserve Tkem from Decay r
E HAVE approximately 100,000
miles, of telephone and tele
graph lines in our country,
using about 32,000,000 poles.
' ThU estimate does not " in
clude the ' large number of poles
required by electriq lighting and
transportation' companies. Most of the-
' poles are cedar. The age of a (0-foot
cedar pole Is about 190 years. What .
does this mean? Why, simply that It
takes 190 years to produce a necessary
article which, when set in the ground,
Will last , but IS years. We therefore
consume these poles over 11 times as
faat as we cm grow them. As a re
sult, oedar poles co three times . as
muoh aa they .did 10 years ago. The
same holds true in a large measure for
. coles of other klnds.l - .
Chestnut Is the most rapid growing
tree used ror poles, a so-root cnestnut
pole can be grown from a atump sprout .
in about 40 years. If a proper system
of lumbering is used, three poles can
sometimes be grown from - the same
stump. Such poles last about It years.
We. are consuming, then, our most rapid
growing source of sapply over three
times ast fast aa we can replenish it.
NsjgWng' for Relief. :vY' ;"';v
Naravy the consumers of the poles -are
looking for . some means of relief. :
In the larger cities, where the use of
poles is prohibited, the wires are run " '
underground lnJ large wooden or terra eomparjment there are borne myriads of ments by. either natural or artificial
" as . , "stinvaa" ;nrn iah wy sa at.' n a : 1 east natl han si fli . evt aq n el
;n THE BETTER HUSBANDS-A
Lontribution as to Which Makes the
etter Mate, Englislimen or Americans
h '. i X IS.
HVSft TEEATTttNT- OF -VOVtSi illOWINSnoW TH?
HOT OIU S PAI KTED-ON TH ?OLEc5.
cotta pipes eaaiea- conaujts. mis very primitive seeds. After a , time the , amount of fibre
method of placing them,' however, 1 is
a -.. .v. Dll n Pun Oft flrmtrth
v,..-... V 1 C , r-.- discolored , and- finally decomposed
4kmi 1st si inniMiiakiik amount nf kii of 1 : w ' ' 1 ... .. ' . -
..-- m such countless numbers are these wnen xne iungus nas reacnea a cer
ness transactea over u line.
changed - into food and assimilated by
ine rungua. causes tne wood to Decome
- OPEN TANTr TRSATNBNT, OF POLBJ .SftQ WING
&UtTeS 5UBMRGEP CRE050TE OIL.
the pole near the ground line can be or "dead-oil of coal-tar." This Is an
nrvifrttA1 ifvnwi ttttnolr tha II? at tliA . n i j .u.uit.. a. .i
snores nroduced that ho nart of a tree tali. staw inJU development U forms pole can be materially Increased. . . nd 4. -,-4 bv dlatilling coal-tar. It
Various substitutes for wooden poles fre from their 'attark. her are .Jr...iS .f.;xlj oJ5 fD0Vi?' . Numerous aevlces nave been empioyea u antiseptic, that Is, will ItlU low forms
v...- k.. lorf -.kiiT '.' Ire. lrom 5 "r,.auacK. Tney are gporea are again produced, and so the to secure this protection. Soaking the ot nfe. uch as the spores of fungi,
have been, tried, chief among which are carried like dust by.the wind, and-ara Ufa history Js repeated. : - butts of the poles in solutions of cop- .nd "g insoluble Tin water These twi
poles made of Iron, Concrete, and glass, blown against all portions Ot the urn- : , f per sulphate, alno chloride, or mercuric properties make It an ideal preservative.
All of these, however, are very costly, ber On the bark and leavea anti even Need Heat and Moisturer ' , chloride, has given fairly satisfactory fofa treated with it have had their
and require special care in handling. It' J?f 2 If.'i'. ... !f-BU-" ntl J1. SSJLtt: Uf. increased several times
Has Deen rouna iarT more satisiaciory "n ,"vyu,moj. iu w nuu - xui iuuu nui umy ming tnai .iiui5u muuuu m uun. mo twi over Tnus untreatea pine poies wmcn
By Irene Gardner. no home could have two heads equal la
N animated ..discussion regarding authority; that it won all very well to.
the comparative excellence of 1bcJlt "u.cn but B. .conc?r
1-.... ..ffn.n.k i,,..!,... ,n which various people were Interested
American and English husba,nda ever ran no0thly unless there was ona
has been carried on for soma person whose authority was unqueatlon-
tlme in aa eastern paper. The fbl? ' ?at. he Englishman was very
r.n.kk.k.j. k...v.i ft,n. lenient in the exercise of his authority
English husbands have had fully because there was never any question,
as many champtans as have the Amerl- of his right to it. while the American
can. though most of those contributing chafed under the fact that his authority
to the discussion were American men dictation simply because he had to. "Th.
and women. ; t - - i, , ; ' American woman will pay dearly for tha
It was ludicrous to read some of the ' insistence on her part that she be as
ht .k , much the head of the house as is her
arguments brought forth agalns the huaband," said the writer in conclusion.
English husband. Dosens of writers There were many Americans who
vehemently asserted that Englishmen wrote upholding this writer's opinion,
were not good husbands because they She was an American woman married
refused to push their babies' perambula- to an Englishman.
tors along the streets. Then came re- And, when you come to look at the
plies stating, that the reason they did matter fairly, doesn't it seem as if
not push the perambulator was that for her view was correct? Can a home be
generations it had been the custom not peaceful that has two heads equal in
to do aa But this point was not authority? - You may say that when
brought forward against the English- two people are rightly mated this may
man so often as the one that he some- be possible. But such marriages ara
times allowed i his .wife to black his not frequent on this earth, where wa
boots. The answer was hurled back are all pretty human,
that an Englishman would never think According to the trend of opinion '
of letting his wife press his trousers. In the discussion referred to, a woman
as Americans do. This precipitated an who had offers of marriage from both,
argument, which ended about where it an Englishman and an American would
began, which was with the question, have this question to decide: "Shall I
"Is it more humiliating for a woman accept hs American and thereby have
to black her husband's boots than to a husband who always i'ecognlses my
press and. clean his clothes?" - authority as equal to Bis own, even
Finally attention was distracted from when .he doesn't , want : to, because ha
this point by some one writing a letter knows if he. does otherwise there will
attempting to prove that the American be trouble, or shall I marry the English
man was a good huaband because he man, who, nine times out of ten, will
didn't dare be anything else, while the defer to and follow my opinion, not be
Englishman was from choice. The cause he doesn't dare do otherwise but
writer of this letter went on to say that because he prefers not to use the au
the Englishman was boss in his home, thorlty which he knows I recognise as
while the. American was only a partner, his?"
who shared equally with his wife In au- In one case she'll get a husband who '
inoruy. mis causea enaiens iricuon, yields to ner oecause ' ne nas to: tha
in England domestic life was much other one who vields because ha want
smoother. .. Then the writer added that to, 1
to prolong the life of the wooden poles any nourishment, and so they are either fungi require for' their growth and de- fPA " of these solutions forced Into decay in seven yeara, have been treated
been In use in England and Germany But oma 01 tlftW find a lodging in dead grow, they must have fixed amounts of solution Is forced into the entire pole. perimnts has been made by the forest
for over 60 years and is extending very portions of ths tree, or In cracks of the heat, air. and moisture. Moderate tern- A'.1 J theae substances are poisonous ,,1, . jn cooperation with a number
rapidly. , cut timber, and if the conditions are auffipa- hut iir ti noiir, ' ,lm,b!I de,tpl,1 pta,nt l?..t,ht1.? of telephone and telegraph companies
' 'favorable they germinate and send .'out Pratu"-M"'c'ur
Cause Of WOOd Uecay, - . ' : un nira-iim mreaas, wnicn enter tne ot7 iu m uunu Kn" mk ki m ti poles were piacea in large iron tanas
' Strange as it may. seem.
within the last century that the true & trafoTmlnTO faiitl are, meat common..vAn; gradwi' VwhoV'-'aech
HATS AND BOOTS REVEAL
CHARACTER After Years of Study
Book is Produced on Psychology of Head
gear and rootwear
structure of the timber and immediately only in: portions of the wood nearthe "fit""'! k,,ut2-'T0,.,?1'? fSfilwiS and about eight feet of their butts were T'
1, ; it is only begin to produce a-very complicated ' A iin. it la at thla noint thr tn u"? ese solutions is that they 8Ubmerged in oil. Thla was then heated I
.at th. true chemical accretion which has the power f"?,. ."t 1 at P,nt there. .. soluble to water and hence they Jc tne femperature of boiling water for I
, V v' -ot transforming the woody fibr T into "'ore. that ftingl are most common, j An , gradually washor "leach from the Mveral houra. after which the poles I
In plants be- a form which makes it available as food exception is found In : mrne timbers.. .pole.,: Their efficiency, therefore, Is were allowed to remain in the cooling
cause and nature of decay in plants be-' a form which makes U.avaUable as food exception is found In : mine timbers,,
aame widely recognised. , As recently "LJiJ? J"n,gu?L i ' i ; r a ' - which often greatly favor, rapid decay,
,k trat half of the 19th-pen tnrv. -:--4 ' o ; owing ; 10 tne conaiuons . in in
he great German t cnemiavv Uoir, timber, branching repeatedly ; until', it
of plants and animal bodies was, due
to a sort or aiow comDusuon.. xnis pro
cess ba called by. the now almost tor-.
1 cotten name of Eremacausis. For
long time Ueblg was able to, support
his theory against the severe analysis
to which it was subjected, but. during
the latter half of the century it was,.
gradually disproved ana me true causa
of , decay established. . - .
It is now known that the 'decay of
plant bodies is not an inorganic pro
cess like the rusting of Iron or the
' rriiMSEiina or. stone., out is ouo i
The Dortlon . of oole burled . several
feet in the around does not furnish :
the fungi with .the necessary air, while,
the . part - above around contains . insuf
ficient moisture. If, then, the part of
Creosote Most Satisfactory.
tauaht. consistently with the prevailing forma a closely, woven network extend-'
belief 'among scientist, that all decay frekWSSS
; THE KINGDOM WE HOPE -FOR-Most
Earnestly Desired, It' Will Be Attained ty Few
were allowed to remain in the cooling
oil over night, it has Deen round tmtt
this is an efficient and cheap method,
which, when it comes into general use,
will do a. great deal, toward, checking
extreme and wears his hat pulled down
over, his forehead. ' It Is proof that ha
has an ue-lv temner.
T TAKES a German savant .to' l-.v,:i;.Anthervinih. mmnMmin.vi.i..'
Cv.Vef ,r'ang" ,nK lutu it seems, jit one's boot heel record. Pro,
things that .the ordinary observer feasor Oro can read it aa you run
regards as of no specUl con- "Scarpology" is the name of thla sol-
aequence. rratraii uren , wio . ji says mat a man who wears
Lelpslg has devoted several years to the gown the heels of his boots equally may
a.,A har footwr We ; P Rut low" energetic and trust-
Cln tnost altuation. where the timber W 't s iow giVeVSe wl,rtd the benefit of Tti&ZTlSl
Is exposed to moisture, one of the most for poles, and thus help40 preserve -one h, .trenuous labors In a work on the adventurous spirit If thev are worn
satisfactory preserv.tlves is creosote of our most valuable naturareyourcea .. SS booT. Accord! l n&&'
IR HERBERT MARSHALL, honor-
ary repreaenUtiva of the Royal
College of Music, and president of :'
the Musio Trades association of
psycnoiogy w nais ana noo. ACCora- vllmln0,t Mi - 7h7.2
dom you are talking about? asked the ing to itho German profeasor, hy the aid shoemaker will tell youhe Is weak and
Yankee eagerly. of hla book you can spot a man's true undecided.
"'I refer, air.' replied the Scot with a character at oco by noting bow ha ' " : :' "
heaTe5ir?Am I rightr - B!0 wear, his hat d boots. ' v ' 1 , Canary Birds In Church.
" 'Shake, said tne Tankee, as he , For instance, - the hat worn exactly From the Philadelphia North American,
laughingly extended bis hand. perpendicular to the vertical axis of tha , . Children's day was celebrated Sunday
head is a sign that a man is upright, V' ;r?""' ?'oai8i tipiacopai tsu:)-
that of klngdoma 1 Comtng over here on
the steamer I heard an argument on this
subject between a true-blue American
and a Scotchman. The Scot was sitting.
but a pedant and a boor. Should It tura "f7 c,l?.oi V Pennsylvania, that of
The Prince of Wales's pet diversions, tnU fashion one might conclude that "H-. Th8 school has 2,lg pupils an l
-Great Britain, etc. whorls now in on the promenade deck, .moking' and
of low" forms' of plant life called New Tork, told the following story In very once in a while taking : a : pull
a t vm. Th fiot listened to . ' Collector of Baby Pictures.
him attentive! for some minutes, then
he got up, threw the butt of his cigar next to shooting, ara smoking and stamp there is something in his theory,
lnta the ocean, and calmlT stepping up collecting. Another queer hobby Is col-"It is one rausr take his statement
10 nis rriena. piacea a nana on nis. lectin g babies pnotographa
suuuiuvr nu WISH. auiuf mil iu vrvwi
. dngl. familiar examples o. which are- thejjoursa Of an interview at the Wal- from a flask of whisky, while thaAmer-
th toadstools so commonly seen on iinrMiinru t,i v. v..i.... . .. . .......
damp."' rotting logs and the "punk" - : " V' ' " icu waa stanaing in rrom or. mm in a
Mon, but ye seem ta hae a fearsome
Aa out a lew or tbem atteixlrd
nn special aervlces. v The alrls wr
tntit ll,n whA am m nhl. anA ,,11 .oreHBed in whltA.' Anil tha unltA t
The" on T comlcaT the face of the of Tln2KhJiml?3aa- XLJ?,12' "!r "?.!
nainu. iuuiun ivas " . " ...i.i.i. il . . . . . . " -let mo vtv w
growing on the trunks of trees in tha.- pr"uuMig w me . Anancaa . supposaa ; (Art . of Han:'"blambta-'-' atUtuda,.';'.Tha Cdora that dlsna figure on the
foresta inese visidjo poruona oi me Qi iingi ano monarcnie: ,, ' . ianiw was - comparing tne American wnicn you an' a
fungi are noi mt pin mi-uwi .. "Tou Yankees." ' said. Sir. Worhart. "na nsn syaiems or governmeni to
damage. They are merely fruiting bod- " r..n!it f aVJZ ot cour h advantage of Ats
n some forms the under surface -smiling good naturedly. - "are forever own country, and he seemed to regard
are divided by thin vertical walls into ? bragging about the superiority of your the Scot aa a vastly Inferior being for
countless compartment, and la each Republican system of government Over living 4a a kingdom and being bossed
' babv the better Tts portrait nleasea His wear-tne -na a mue on one side, orations, maoe a pretty ipki.i
K HtrtnMr H?Y.n tcSi,fctV pic-. But the wearing of the hat very much the church members and th v
'f-Jirymk one side is art unfailing slim of mi who crwded the gallery. A i
who each- contalnlnif
dislike ta a kings and kingdoms, but tures of babies published as advertise-! on -one siae is an unrainrir sign of in- wna crwded the gallery,
let me ca' your attention . ta one king- ments by proprietors of infanta' foods, ; soienee ana swagger, merman who eacn containing- a
gure on tne map an' His collection of postage stamps is ni nm i;m oca 01 ma neaa is ui-iicnunn rwm um.
your countrymen arS, worth at . least 20,000 80 keen ' a m a bad way- It shows that he is high ceiling, nn'l tt
philatelist Is he that on several occa. recmesa ana given to spending more songter joln. i in tn "
slons collectors havei had to thank him than he makes. The further back the the children. 'J t i "f '
er cent o you. Including mysel', ; for throwing light dn uncertain sclen- hat ls the nearer to bankruptcy is the blrda in a chu. -rvi
Hinc points j concerning ina siuuy u vareiui now you vry n '
Stamps . . ( ,.tackl a maa who goes to the opposite novaiiau v i
hoDinr malnt . earnestlv to become hon
orable cltlsehs o some day,' but which
not 19 ner cent o' you, inclui
will ret everi a much aa a Deen at.'
"'And whore th dickens U tola king.