The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, August 05, 1907, Image 4

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THE JOURNAL
AN IKMtPBKDtNT BKWSPAMB.
c. a. j.etna.
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rvbll4w4 rT eeeotng ( S4T1 aaS
?wrj Snediy BMralns. at T Joarnal Ball-
lag, ricia aa xasisiu wraaia. rannn. .
latere at the soetofrlee at Fertlaaa. Or., ftw
traaauaalaa IDreuss IBS mua aa aauu
1 TBLIPHbNaWtUIN TIT.
' II ascarttseats iwaeeed' by thta eoaika.
TU Iba avaratur laa tfepartSMst roe .
rvEEICK iOVUTIIXO BgraWSHTaTIVS
' VrelaMI-SeJsl SsecUl advecttaliui Arw-T.
' Branswtrk BulMlni. S2S Fifth ataooa, Hew
-' Yark; Trlbeae Kulldlag. Chtctra.
Sobeerlptlos TaraM f al ea address
la lae Valla lum, Canada a Mules.
: DaILV. .
Oh rear... .....Moo I One aonrs. ..... J
f . ,,, SUKDAT. . - -
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DAtlT AND SCNDAt.
Om year St.60 I Ooa moatb........! -OS
-" For manners are not Idle,
but the fruit of , loyal na-
tares 'and of noble mindi.
Tennyson. . .
.FINIS FOR THE .MILWAUKIE
.."'.'.': '.club. ;v'
EVERY right-minded cltlien must
agree that the closing ot the
notorious gambling -. place.
. : , kpown u the Milwauale club
,1a an excellent thing. The manner
of lta closing was somewhat farcical;
for Sheriff -Beatle aeema to have
taken every possible precaution to
avoid-the necessity of making any
arrests or confiscating any gambling
Implements. Ample notice of the
so-called "raid"' had been given be
"fore hand and when the sheriff at
last arrived on the appointed hour
, the place was as decorous as a Sun
day school, and the gamblers, touts,
markers, dealers and operators aat
about twiddling their thumbs and
wearing the best Imitation of injured
Innocence that they could muster.
; But it matters little how the place
' was closed, provided it is kept
closed in the future. To accomplish
this. The Journal will do an In its
power. . Whether with or without;
; the ; assistance , of the Clackamas
county- officials, this - paper will
pledge its active aid to enforce the
'law. In this campaign against the
Milwaukie club, The Journal Das
; been working shoulder to shoulder
"with the best "elements of. Clackamas
" county and of Milwaukie. . For that
there In a large and respectably ele
ment In Milwaukie which has been
strongly opposed' to the continued
- existence of the club cannot be truth
fully denied. ''An" effort' is being
..made to make it appear that the club
was an unmixed blessing to the town
. of' Milwaukie and that Its suppres
sion has worked great hardship. As
was to be expected, the Oregonian
'la made the medium for this plea,
and several columns of its space
were devoted this morning to t de
fense of the gamblers. ' It is not sur
prising, for the law-breaker who has
.money can always find an advocate.
.' The pretense that the suppression
of the Milwaukie club is a blow, to
the prosperity of the town is trans
parently false.. No community is
really benefited by the money drawn
jfrom a compromise with crime.
;P6rtland's 'progress since the'sup-
1 pression of gambling .three years ago
has been Infinitely greater than be-
tfore. and Milwaukle's experience will
?be the same. , , No. town, no city can
suffer, from the' enforcement of
righteous law.
oowers in the forest reserves, recent
ly granted to a powerful corporation
with eastern stockholders, a splendid
water fall within two miles ot the
source of the McKenile river, within
a few miles of the very summit of the
Cascade mountains, is mighty sug
gestive. Why at this time acquire
water power so far from civilization T
How many others are going the same
wayT ; . '..'.;
JUDGE PRITCHARD.
ASA OENEKATUK Ot live po
litical issues, Judge Prltchard
of North Carolina Is a mar
vel. If he is not soon
squelched, all the wanderings of big
Mr. Taft. all the longings of Uncle
Joel Cannon, all the Journeying of
the icy Mr. Fairbanks, and all the
deep-laid plana of the man in the
White House, will be as mists in the
morning. They cannot survive many
Judicial ebullitions by the efferves
cent Mr. Prltchard. , The country
has s,eennoxourt pyrotechnics so
overwhelmingly., pyrotechnic ana so
remarkably unjudicial - as tnose 01
the North Carolina Jurist. ;
When br injunction Judge Prltch
ard annulled a state law without a
hearing, he was not only on ques
tionable ground, but was actually
tyrannous,; and even laymen know
it. When be Invoked the habeas
corpus to further his purpose, he
was so lawless as practically to be
a Judicial bull In a china shop. To
ko to such, lengths to serve a rail
road company at this particular time,
when the country Is out ot patience
with railroads was unfortunate. It
lends strong color to the charge so
frequently made that federal courts
are subservtent to the corporations,
Judge Prltchard - was formerly at
torney for the railroad that-he has
gone so tar to serve, and his 'sub
serviency to it as a Judge of a fed
eral court, only adds to the aglta
tlon. ' .
It nappens that Judge Prltchard
is an appointee of Mr. Roosevelt. It
Is also history that Mr. Roosevelt in
public addresses and otherwise has
advocated a . more centralized gov
ernment with' abridgment "of .the
powers of the states. 1 It. Is also of
record that Mr. Roosevelt' secretary
of state, Mr. Root, semi-of f totally de
clared in a. public address that cen
tralization of the federal power couw
be accomplished, and should be ac-
comDllshed by federal court decls
ions.- Was Judge .Prltchard'. acting
on these hints, and did he in so act
ing, overstep the bounds of decency
and a proper respect' for the rights
nf the) states?
' decisions by federal judges are
sometimes as dynamite. It was the
folW and - freak decisions of federal
Judges that became a powerful Influ
ence in the hands of Jefferson in or
ganizing the Democratic party. It
was the Dred Scott decision by fed
eral judges, more than anything else,
that made the public sentiment out
of . which the Republican party, was
born. . " 1 . '' '. ' ' : ,.' '' '
DISAPPEARING WATER
POWERS.
A'
RE OREGON water powers to
become the prey of corpora
tions? As costlier fuel and
.Improvements In electrical
k transmission increase the demand
for these water powers, will Oregon
- people awaken to find them alt mo-
r nopolized and. in the hands ot small
'groups of capitalists who will exact
their own prices and control the in
dustrial situation? , Through llst-
1 ess n ess and Inattention, are Oregon
people permitting the foundations to
be laid by which a few men will con
' trol the electric lighting, control the
, electric power, control the electric
'roads, control every , Industry to
which transmitted water1 power is In
- tldental or essential?,.
These water powers are an Im
mense asset for future Oregon. De
veloped, they will create a revenue
of millions of dollars annually. As
science advances and fuel grows
scarce and costlier, they will become
a necessity. Conserved and kept1
within the reach of all comers and!
, all industries, they woujd be a
mighty ' factor in state building. I
Ifnnnnnllsawl. aa fa lhrMt.nu! '.I. I
. . . IUCJ
will be operated for the selfish inter
ests ot a few individuals, who will
retard state progress. Their im
portance Is such, and their conserva
tion of such general benefit, that it
' Is possible the state ought to have
possession of them and so dispose of
sod rontrol them that their usufruct
.might be saved, not for a few, but
for all the people. , J . ' ... .
The fa-t tnat the forest servloe.
t!(h, at present, controls the water
HARRIMAN.
roads shall not acquire parallel and
competing' lines. With road after
road, the plan of 'water, borrow and
buy,' was applied, until today all
transportation lines between New
York and China are at one man's
mercy,
"Draw a parallelogram with Chi
cago,' Portland, New1 Orleans and
Los Angeles as Its corners, and with
in that territory Harrlman is abso
lute master." And his control , ex
tends to the ocean lines. "All the
work of Hai and Taft and Root for
the Asiatic (open door terminates in
the control of Harrlman. All trade
with' Hawaii and the Philippines pays
him what tribute he chooses to com
mand. . He has closed his grip on
the strongest route of commerce be
tween the great lakes and the gulf.
His formula works with ever-Increasing
effectiveness." Out - of Alton
water he cleared $62,000,000, with
hlch to ' buy' more material to
water. "The law will henceforth
have much- to say to Edward Har
rlman. 8uch men and methods will
no longer be permitted to go unchecked-
and unpunished by' the
American people." -. '. .
Harrlman's answer to the report
is that "it is a- polltical document."
The North American, defines "poll
tics," and says: "The voice of the
whole, country proclaims it good
politics to attack the . methods ot
Harrlman
KICKING AGAINST THE
PRICKS. (
E DISLIKE to talk Harrlman
1 Af "r much, but it seems neo-
f f essary. .Some think It bad
policy, lest he do worse
things to us. Hv can't; we're sure
of that. Besides, shall three-quarters
of a million people in a state
that would have had twice as many
If he had treated It right, be dumb,
supine, servile, in fear of what this
man may-do or not do? No, we
shall talk Harrlman until he gets
busy In Oregon in the right way and
until more roads take the place of
rumors, reported projects, feints at
surveys and half-way promises. But
for variety of style and utterance
let us" quote a few- remarks- about
Mr. Harrlman made by the Phila
delphia North American, called out
by the recent report and recommen
dation of the interstate commerce
commission. ' , . ; .
Ona man has undermined a fixed
national policy of this government.
He shall not be permitted to aestroy
it. The transcontinental railroads
were created by no capitalist or set
of capitalists. The lands of the na
tion were a-lven and the faith of the
iatlon was pledged. Purpose and
consideration were, clearly stated iu
every law providing for a trans-MIs-
slsslppi trunk line. Great values
were given to secure the development
of new territory. The policy of the
nation Is expressly approved In the
constitutions of nearly 40-states.' In
even vears It has been nullified bT.
one man's discovery that the endless
chain can be applied to me vocation
of the gambler. ' ' 1
'Water, borrow and buy. nas
been the unvarying Harrlman form
ula. , A convertible bond Issue of
f 100.000,000 by the Union Pacific
In 101 was his bank roll. "It .was
neither used nor Intended for main
tenance, trackage, terminals, exten
sion betterments, nor any other le
gitimate purpose. ' It was meant and
used to annul the principle, essential
to progress and prosperity, that rail-
STRIPPED of all disguises.- the
. opposition of the Oregonian to
Statement No. 1 ot the direct
' primary law means . simply
that the people shall not be allowed
to name the United States senator.
In a word, the Oregonian Is opposed
to allowing the choice ot senator to
be determined by the vote eft the
people. No-mount of shallow soph
istries, of . pettifogging i argument,
can make this position seem logical
or reasonable. i '
It the people can be trusted to
elect congressmen, governors; legis
lators, why shall they not elect the
United States senators? And why,
if the will of the people is to rule In
the choice of governor,, shall it not
also-. rule in the choice ot senator?
By what right does this presump
tuous dictator assume to curtail the
people's powers, to fix' a line beyond
which they must not go? ' ;
If i.:
' The direct primary l.w. Including
the provisions relating to Statement
No. , was adopted by vote of the
people of the state, and they ratified
It by an overwhelming majority. In
so doing they declared that hence
forth, in Oregon the people shall rule
not a boss, nor a machine nor even
a party. If the party seeks to rule In
opposition to the will of the whole
people. Any Individual, any news
paper, therefore, that seeks ' to
thwart the great purpose of the law
Is false to the people and a traitor
to their cause. " ' 1 , V
: The Oregonian advances the extra
ordinary argument that the people
do not mean what they say by their
ballots, when they vote for United
States senator, Read "this drivel,
which appeared in the course of an
editorial published this mornings-
"If the Republican party In Oregon
do not, under prnnt condition, throw
to tha candidate (or Senator a majority
vete In a B-eneral election; It will not be
because the voters of tha party do not
want a Republican Senator, or do want
a Democratic) one, but because they
don't want that particular man for
Senator, and expect the legislature to
elect soma otner republican." . ,
Of all the varied contributions to
this discussion there has been noth
ing more Inane,, more childish, more
silly, , more untrue. As well say
that when George Chamberlain was
relected governor the majority ot the
voters did riot want him to serve an
other term, and merely voted for
him as a Joke. The argument is too
absurd to deserve serious considera
tion. Sooner or later our venerable
contemporary will come out ot its
trance and will awaken to the fact
that the will ot the people must be
obeyed.
JUDGE LANDIS' DECISION.
JUDGE LANDIS not only fined the
I Standard Olt 'corporation the
I limit of the law, amounting to
$29,240,000, but he directed
the summoning of a grand Jury to
consider the cases against the rebat
ing railroads, particularly the Chi
cago ft Alton, which must have been
equally guilty with Standard Oil In
violating the law. More than this,
Judge Landls expressed the opinion
that the fines imposed were not a
sufficient penaltybut that the guilty
persons . should be Imprisoned,
though this Is not provided for under
the Elklns law. But under the new
rate law Imprisonment as well as
fines may be Imposed, and Judging
from Judge Landls remarks he will
not hesitate to Impose botli penalties
If It can be legally done. And there
Is little doubt that the Judge will be
able to find the right parties, or that
the plea that only the corporation
and no Individual la guilty will not
avail.
It will be said Indeed haa been
said by some that Judge Landls In
his rulings in this caie. In the lm
position ot the extreme penalty, and
In the remarks alluded to, Is "play
ing to the galleries," Is seeking no
toriety. Is catering to popular but
unreasoning prejudice. Nobody has
a right to assume this. The great
Injustice and damage to large num-
oers oi peopie, to me people aa a
whole, by these practices, have often
beon shown up, by nobody better,
perhaps, than by Judge Gaynor of
New York, and the punishment for
this sort, of lawlessness, affecting In
Jurlously. as It does, millions ot peo
ple, directly or Indirectly, should be
severe, especially aa these violations
of fhe law have been notoriously and
Impudently carried on foe 20 years.
It was quite time some judge arose
who would regard this persistent and
heinous crime as .no light offense.
nor be ready to listen to any sort ot
excuse for it, .but who, on the con
trary, would let not only these habit
ual lawbreakers but the ' general
public know that only severe punish
ment fitted tne case. . , '
Justice, not persecution, must be,
the end-kept In view, and the pre
sumption Is that the Judge has not
allowed any prejudice or bias to ob
scure the . ultimate ends of Justice.
As one ot the chief ot lawbreakers,
defiant" and insolent. Standard Oil
needed a severe Jolt. And the coun
try Is to be congratulated that It has
at least one federal Judge who com
prehends the enormity of this cor
poration's offenses, and makes the
penalty, as nearly as the law will al
low,' correspond.
.; THE BACK YARD.
A HOUSEHOLDER'S civic char
acter can be determined to
rt, some extent by the condition
of his back yard. We do not
mean the wealthy man who has a
retinue of servants whose duties in
clude the daily care ot all the home
premises, but the average citizen ot
limited means who has to look after
his lot or two with but little and oor
caslonal assistance. The front yard
ot some such citizens kept ' clean,
neat and attractive, may be decep
tive;' to ascertain whether one is liv
ing up to a proper civic Ideal- and
doing lils duty as an urban citizen,
look into and over his back yard.,"
The condition of the back yard
helps to make a man's reputation.
and is Indicative of his .character.
Because it is hid from the view of
passers-by on the street, he need not
tlink Its condition is unknown. . The
groceryman, the milkman, the veg
etable man, the laundryman, and the
near neighbor, see and at least men
tally comment on it.-, It Isn't a mat
ter of enough Interest to gossip
about much, yet somehow the' con
dltlon of a man's back yard becomes
generally . known throughout the
neighborhood, and he Is Judged ac
cordingly. If It be slovenly and
dirty, while the -front yard Is clean
and neat, the. estimate of the owner
Is that he is insincere, puts on ap
pearances to deceive observers as to
his true character.
Every citizen owes it to himself
and 1ils Tamlly.-aside trorawhat the
neighbors may think of him, to keep
his back yard clean and tasteful.
This makes the premises . more
healthful, and the family more con
tented and cheerful. Every one of
the family can 'take more pride in
the home: It is a pleasanter. place
for all of them. So to a little extent
life is rendered happier; and we all
learned when small that "little
things, aye, little things, make up
the sum of lite." Take care of the
back yard , -
"Ach, Look Oudt, Macbeth."
Marlon Hills tells a food story of tha
Use la the American Mag-ailn. ' Tha
chief character Is a dull girl whom a
persistent manager endeavors to drill aa
a, witch In "Macbeth."
i.ik. this." ha hissed to tha stolid
Vanua. trying to magnetise her with his
magnificent eyes. jaacoein, pewarei
beware! beware!" .
"All right," whispered Brenda, stoic
ally. The performance was under way,
mA .tared not be too vocal. She
glanced out to tha stage in order to
V. . i .... a t'T u t.A H ar. f4 n (
SIX l (J. n il ' i . ft J ..... v. . ' .
where ls It you will be, Mr. Studhalm?"
"Riglit In front of you. (You cold
storage swab) And It's beware. It
meane look out, look out, look out (and
,w k.tii ii all If wa don't!)"
"Oh, I dank you, Mr. Studhelm, for
gDur explaining kinaness, .murmured
He' shot her an alert look, to detect
possible esrcssm, but, of course, sew
none. With a tragto supplication to the
heapful powers above, Morris want to
hm doom.
For tha wabbly passage up tha trap',
the glare of fire, the bloodshot agony In
tha eyes of the tortured Thane all
proved unsettling to tha "second appari
tion." who gutturally walled:
"Ach. look oudt. Macbeth, look oudt
two dimes and look oudt soma more
yet" , '
, . ". His Use for Fork. ;
From tha Denver Post ' '
' A Denver man had a friend from a
Kansas ranch In the city Saturday on a
business deal and at noon they went to
a downtown restaurant and had lunch
together. The Kansas ranchman ste
his entire meal with his knife. When
he waa rearing tha end he discovered
something. Ha discovered that ha had
no fork. -
"Bny." he said to tha Denver man.
"that waiter didn't give me a fork.''
"Well, yen don't need one," replied
the Denver men seriously.
"The deuce I don't" csma from tha
Kansas. "What am I going to stir my
mm4lmm wllkr . .
Government Owneralup Not an Iaatic
By W. J. Bryan In Tha Commoner
As the campaign approaches it, be
comes more and mora evident that of
tha eoonomlo auestlons, " three the
trust question, the tariff question and
the railroad question will ahars public
attention and thesf three really praaeat
the same issue between the general
publlo and tha privileged classes. Shall
tha government be administered In the
interest of a fewt This is the issue
preaented by tha trust question, the
tariff question and tha railroad ques-
Oovernment ownership .is - not an
Immediate Issue, A lsrga majority of
the people still hope for effective reg
ulation, and while they so hope, they
will not consider ownership. While
msny Democrata believe and Mr. Bryan
is ona of tha number that public owner
ship offers the ultimate solution of tha
froblem, still, those who believe that
he publlo will finally In self defense
be driven ta ownership, recognise that
regulation must be tried under tha most
favorable circumstances before the
masses wlU be ready to try a mora
radical remedy. ' . . .
Regulation cannot be sufficiently
rled within the next year, and there
Is no desire anywhere to make govern
ment ownership an issue In ltog. Mr.
Brvaa fullv screes with those who
believe that It would be unwise to turn
attention from regulation, on which the
neoDle are readv to act. to covernment
ownership upon which the people-are
not ready to art, To Inject the
government ownership question Into the
next campaign would, simply give -representatives
of the railroads a chance
to dodge "the laaue of regulation and
deceive the publlo. '
Bo far, tha railroada bava been unsuc
cessful In preventing affective federal
regulation,- and' state regulation has,
aa a rule, been reatralned by tha United
States courts. It la about twenty years
since tha interstate commerce commis
sion was created. It required about ten
years for the courts to find out that the
powers conferred were Insufficient, and
then It took about ten years to secure
their aupport. Even trial amendment
secured after tremendoua effort, falls
short of what it should be. It alms to
stop rebates and passes and the rail
roads profit pecuniarily by both the
stoppage of rebatea and the prohibition
of passes but extortionate rates still
Free Love Story
, .
Bv Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
Copyright. 107, American-Journal-Xx-.
amlner.
A reformer with an idea, that tha
regeneration of the world lies through
colonising men and womea and man
aging aez relations without tha present
marriage lawa naa written ma a tetter.
Referring to some mention in this col
umn that that great aoul Luther Bur
bank and his scientific theories of edu
cation for children, my correspondent
says: Burbank at aL, Including yourself,
are all right in the contention on this
fundamental question, but you alt have
too much at stake personally to dara
aound the advance note as to the Start
ing colnt. But the note Is sounded here.
and it will continue to ring out that it
nas encircled tne wona. a nuncn or
us have dedicated our Uvea to this lib
erty of woman, for you know when one
becomes free then and only then will
"Love" children be born and grow into
Instruments through which Love (God)
may operate Its unselflsh way.
Tha letter ends "daring" ma to Visit
tha colony and study its "nature meth
ods." .
But I have no leaat Interest in visit
ing tha colony. - Personally I have noth
ing at stake, which prevents me from
saying what I believe on this or ny
other subject.
Nor could all the powers and princi
palities of earth force or hire ma to
aay ona word I did not believe to be for
the7 best Interests of the raoe. I do
not believe humanity's best interests lis
in the abolishing of marriage laws, im
perfect aa they are, and basely and ri
diculously as they are misused and vio
lated today.
e e . e
Not long ago Florence Huntley, , au
thor of "Harmonics of Evolution." said
to ma in a nrlvate letter. "I do not an-
?rove of this glorification of tha sex
mpulse or of those periodicals and
people wno - devote tnemseives to xnat
subject. It is a purely personal mat
ter between a man and a woman; and
when we. develop the beat men and
women the subject of sex will . taks
care of Itself." .
Mrs. Huntley expresses my views per
fectly. With the proper training for tha first
tl years of life, beginning at the cradlo,
any child not born an Idiot can be de
veloped in normal, healthful ideas on
the great underlying principles of life.
Given tha right Industrial conditions
and proper occupations and ambitloas
after that age, Ihe sex question will re
sult In ths way -nature Intended, and
for the- best- lntereets--f - society-. In
stead of thought, time and money wast-,
ed on attempts to start new "Love Or
ganisations.' and to "free" women from
old ideas or marriage. It would Tietp the
progress of the world more effectually
to concentrate on freeing tha world
fttn monopolies of God's gifts to men
earth, sun and air and in organising
an educational Institution on the linea
laid out by Luther Burbank In his
"Child Life and Plant Ll(e," It would
do more - for the nation if President
Roosevelt would appropriate money to
present a copy of that book to every
mother in America than all his whole
sale advice to increase tha population.
see
AH cooperative societies succeed fi
nancially when they last long enough to
make a fair trial ot their efforts.
But no society or organization which
meddlea with the sex relations ever
makes a continued success of its exper
iment. ,
" The moment-that - Idea- becomes - the
dominating ona It brseds trouble with
an Individual or a community.
It becomes ar fungus growth, instead
of a natural plant.
Upon whatever thema wa concentrate
the mind, we develop the brain ceils
exercised by those thoughts.
Certain organs on the head of a new
born Infant Tndicato whether he Is nat
urally endowed with musical abilities.
If he Is not. and his parents begin early
and work persistently to cultivate his
musical taste, by having Mm hear and
study good music, the musical cells will
oevelop on his cranium.
It Is so with every other talent, pro
pensity or inclination. Since the foun
dation of the unlveraa rests on the sex
impulre. all human beings ara born
V-.th tendencies of that nature.
' To start a colony which has this Idea
as Its central one la certain to Increase
tha wo: d's sex cranks and monoman
iacs. ' .
, , a . e
' There ara two qualities In human "na
ture that need to be cultivated, and
then ail the industrial and domestic
conditions will -right themselves. Theoe
qualities are unselfishness ' and self
control. This is an old, old statement.
So Is tha dawn an old fact, yet every
day must begin with It. Unselfishness
would end all monopoly, self-control
would enable every individual to direct
hla mental and physical energies toward
the best uses of Ufa for himself -and
humanity. . - ,
Men nave navar been taught self
control. - Since they descended from tha tree
they hsva supposed that self-Indulgence
Was their privilege and that woman's
duty was to keep silent, patient and
long-aurrermg.
Phvalclana. helne- men. hsva helrxut
them along In thla fflea, and taught them
that self -indulgence was tneir neces-
'? . .... ' ... .
Itut now mm woman nas entered tne
arena of medicine and has learned all
that men know bv study, snd much that
men csn never know by her psychlo and
ercepuve qualities, a new sclenoe Is
aklng the place of tha old.
Metaphysics, tha new revamp of the
oldest religion in tne world, baa come
exist, and state legislation for the
reduction of rates haa resulted in an
agitation on the part of the railroada
for leglslstlon which will deprive the
state of authority and centralise all
regulation in oongress. The Democratic
farty must meet the Issue presented;
t must resist tha encroachments upon
the authority of the states. It must
Insist upon the exercise of federal
power for the regulation of interatate
commerce, and it must insist upon the
exerclae of stste authority for the
the exercise of all of the power veated
In the stste. This question haa grown
In Importance during the past year and
Its prominence will oe Increased If any
attempt la made to Impair atata author
ity. The republican narty la as Impot
ent to regulate the railroada as It Is to
exterminate tha trusts and to reform
the tariff.
The Democratic party haa In three
national campaigns demanded effective
railroad regulation, while the Republi
can national platforms have been allent
upon tha subject. The president has
partially adopted tha Democratlo view
on this subject, but so far the Republi
can leaders have reaolutely oppoeed it.
Tha prealdent Is helping to educate
the people up to the need of railroad
regulation but his party, under its prea-
mni isaaaranip, is powerless to accom
plish this or anv other lmnnrtsnt refnem
If the Democratlo party will clearly and
uneauivoraiiy aemana nrat, tne aaoer
talnlng of tha value of all the railroada
second., tha preventing of ovar-oa nihil -
laatlon; and third, tha reduction of
ratea to a point wnero tney will yield
only a reasonable return upon tha real
value of the roads If tha party will
do this. It will oommend Itself not onlv
to Democrata but to those Republicans
wna oiva oen i"a to siuay toe rail
road Question. Tha rallroaA situation
presents a vital Issue, and tha lasua
should ba so stated that everyone can
understand the party's position While
Democrats may differ as to the relative
Importance of the trust . question, tha
rm queauon, ana me rsuroaa ques
tion, all -must agree that tha party
muet take tha aide of tha eommon
DaoDlo on all threa miaatlnna
Let the line be drawn between those
who want to make, thla a government
of the people, bv the- people and for
the people and those who want It to
p a sovsrnment or tne corporations,
by the corporations snd for the eorpo-
Dmkelapiel on Hunting
By George V. Robert.
Copyright. 107. by Amerlcaa-Journal-"
. ... Examiner.
Meln Lieber Looey Ve haf recelfed
your latter from Lonaeonlng, Md., and
ve vms glad to hear It dot you find It
uo;ioi( up oare in oer Vlld Und plo
tureakew ooal regions of veatern Mary
I notice it In der letter rare you vas
t Elklns. Vest Wlrchinla, und vent
ou'd hunting mid olt trapper Ban Rob-
I also notice It In vour letter. T-nAj.
vot you say about dlscoferlng some
new und strange kind of a animal vile
ould on dot hunting trip, but before
you could get der animal's description
he rushed avay In der voods und got
himself undlecofered. . "
Tour cousin, Chorge XAteshaben. vent
up i In der Adlrondacka mountains last
rail, und he alao dlaoofered many un-
wwvvicivu Sail lllimia.
Chorge la infested mlt der same pow
or of dlscoferv vnt run hr
Chorge wrote a lead is book abould his
atventures vlch mebha you would Ilka
t? a. chPter it to olt trapper
wfcw. LiwuHi, nero IB it;
.. CHAPTER VUN.
In der Adlrondacka, how luffly yet !
forest, mlt here und dara' aa occasional
spun io Durst oer monotony. -.
yill I efer forget dot morning!
ii proas ciear ana Cloudless, mlt a
slight rain falling through der mist.
Suttenly der guide sat up und pointed
nerfously at der southeast.
"Dara it is!" ha set, mlt twitching ao-
"Vot is Itr va asked, getting eur re
volvers retty in case of trouble.
"Der Oaxasusl der fiery Oasabust Baa
oer noise hm mu.i h.
Vardl" , T
Ve looked eagerly but saw nodding.
Yonder ha comas!" vrumui x,a
?r "uiae "nrtlng und kicking, holes
"Description him!" ve eggsclama
tloned eagerly, vile ve got our camera
retty to took der description.
. "ID.1" Oasasusl der fiery Oaxasusl flea
buffalo. en ly larger." sobbed Pete: "he
haa feet! four of dem valtl Slga feet,
yes, slgs feetl Vun en each corner und
two, to .""7' H1" complexion Is a pale
Pink , changing to blue, und his teeth
look like a bunch of apartment houses I"
Pete, der guide, vas trembling Ilka a
leaf In der dining room table.
Vo search der horlaon, but der Oasa-
"J,!.,?" .T"!."' to der naked aye.
"Look!" yelled Pete, der guide, he Is
sitting down now. Der Oaxaaua Is cal
ling to his mate. "No! an army of Pa
dooilums Is rushing across der prairie!"
"PadooslumeT" we Inquired earnestly,
."Yes," Fete responsed; "small Padoo
stums vlch run like a antelope, talk
like a coyote und mean no harm Ilka a
velsh rabbit!"
Hera vas somedlng new. -
Ve made our camera retty to took der
description of der Padoosluma. und Pete,
der guide, vent on" eggcltingly,-
"Der Gasasua Is now talking earnest
ly mlt der Padoosluma. Vun leedle Pa
dooxlum, vlch seems to ba der leader
has his paw up behind his ear as if lis
tening!" .
Again ve search der horlaon, but dara
vas nuddlng doing.
"HSlp!" screamed Pete: "der meeting
haa atchumed und der whole bunch is
camelng dls vay help! Seel der leedle
Padoosluma vas laughing und rubbing
der ouldslde cofar of der appetites
help! help! .
. Pete, der guide, fell ofer in a faint
ynst as der doctor arrived."
"No vunder!" eggaclalmed der doctor a
half hour later: "no vunder Pete dls
cofered der . Gasasus und der Padoo
sluma. Any man dot vul '-- Pnt
of cooking brandy und use furniture
polish for a chaser should see vorse
den dem!"
Ve looked surprlsaled.
"Vas der Gaxazus und der Padooxlums
yust creatures of der Imagination T" va
asked. .
j Der doctor laughed brief v.
"Yes," he responsed, "und ven vlld
beasts Ilka dem get In a men's mind It
Is der hardest ding In der vorld to set a
trap for dem.".
. . . a a a .
I hope yon vlll -see der moral to
Chorge Yateshaben's story. Looey, und
der next time dot you und trapper Ban
go ould hunting drink nodding but
plain vater und you von't males so many
undlecofered dlscoferles.
Dot Veet Wlrchinla moonshine und
udder stimulus vlll make a man see
more undlecofered animals In 1( min
utes den you can find In der Zoo In a
year.
Eggspeclally hear Elklns, und you ask
Trspper Ban If dot aln'd so, yet.
Ve vas all veil at home mlt der egg
ceptloq dot I vas still vorklng in der
garten.
Und ven I aln'd vorklng In It you
can find all der neighbors' hens und
chickens on der chob.
Between der whole lot of lis It Is a
busy garten. . Yours mlt luff,
- - D. DINKELBPIEL.
Per George V. Hobart
supply of physical energy Into higher
brsln power, and how to make the mind
master of tha man.
Slowly but surely tha race la develop
ing a "New Men.". V
When the new man becomes fully
fixed in our social order, tha old mar
rlsge will prove si right
'"""Bex oolonles," "free love,' or "thor
ough breeding" experiments, with tha
romance of life eliminated, will not has
ten the result.
The bettering of Industrial conditions
snd tl)e sclentlAo education of children
will help It.
And those two things ara in the air
also to teach men bow to guide tha overandvon tha way. . . - .
s
.aufsT. -
. Oregon Sidelignts
' Nearly everybody who goes over
H"iin mmi to nave a kick
i. unjjuria.uoa faculties.
e e
The Person wha atnla An klb...
from a Pendleton preacher is about tha
meanest thief on record.
e , a .;'...
A young bald headed eagle or mam
moth bussard tried to carry off a young
child near Corvallla, but was captured.
' - a ...
Jackson county will ' have a record
breaking fruit crop. One tract of 11 .
acres is expected to yield 4 carloads of .
apples and pears- .
..as ,
Before the and of thla year Eugene
Is going to have more atreet pavement
than any other city In Oregon In propor
tion to its population, aays the Guard.
Ona day this week soma Italian sec
tion hands working near Tangent
bought foreign money orders for send
ing $750 of good American money back'
to Italy. 1 .
e e
Tha knitting machines for tha woolen
mills have arrived and are aet up, aa
soon aa tha kind of yarn needed for the
manufacture of woolen hose can ba pre
pared, tha wdrk wj 11 begin.
Dairy Cemmlesloner Bailey says the
Bonsnsa etsamery Is the most complete,
nicest and cleanest little creamery In
the state, and Its product would bring
the top prlca '. in. any market ; in tha
world..' , ''
a -a
Many hundreds of acres ef logged-off .
landa near Astoria, now worth! 4. rould
be planted with orchards or
fruits which they will grow In- ab, v.
ance and of tha finest flavor, saya tiT-JJe;
J. W. Copplnger, near Echo,' la fcar--vestlng
500 sacks a day. .He expects
to have at least K.000 sacks ef wheat. '
He does not hire a- man to assist him,
doing . all the work himself, with tha
help of his four sons.
a e . ..-j .
' J. Cory of Folk county has a grape
Vina that laat year yielded over 600
pounda of grapes, and it look! like there
will ba mora this year. Ha also hss
a cherry tree that measures eight and
ona half feet in circumference. -
e . e '
Vast tracts of. land all around Echo
ara soon to give up sagebruih to make
way for homes, says the Register, Tha
Furnish canal alone would maka a large,
town of Echo when settled up, snd It Is
only ona of many Irrigated tracts close
to this town. , .
. e e r
While walking on the beach near Ta
qulna bay, Colonel T. J. Parker lost his .
purse containing 110 in greenbacks.
While hunting for it ha found another
purse with (It in gold and several dla- '
mond rings, and ha soon met the owner,
a woman, who had in tha meantime ,
found bis purse. ' m m ' f '
Irrlgon Irrigator: Railroad Commle
sloner Altchlson. will make rood. Ha
Is a close student a deep thinker ' and
a. hard worker, and If any man can get
tft the bottom of this railway muddle
be can. And if his word "goes" both .
ides wlU get axaotly what Is coming
to them, and no mora and no less. .
Atlantic Cable Begun SO Tears Ago.
This Js a most memorable date in
the history of telegraphic, communica
tion between America and' Europe. It
was Just to years -ago today, on August
I, 1167, that tha laying of Iba first At
lantio Cable commenced at Valentla. Ire
land. The project, was conceived la
1(53. when tha magnatle telegraph had
been in operation 10 yeara, but It waa
not until four years later that tha. work
was begun. The original projectors
were Americans. Including Professor 8.
F, B. Morse, Peter Cooper. CyruaJW,
Field. Moses Taylor and others. :
' The vessels employed to lay tile fa
ble were the Niagara and 8uiUehann
of tha united 8tatee pavy and the Brit
ish vessels Leopard end Agamepnon.
After sailing a few miles the cable.
Snapped. ThlS" was soon repaired, but
on August 11. after J 00 miles of wire
had been paid out, it snapped again,
and the vessels returned, to Plymouth.
In June of the following year a ecu ml
attempt failed through a violent storm.
The third voyage waa successful.
Junction of tha continents was com
pleted by t.080 miles of wire Jronrlre
land to Newfoundland, August t, IKtk.
The first two messages were from
Queen Victoria to iTesldent Buchanan
and his reply. - - - , -
What Central Oregon Wants. .
, From tha Madras Pioneer.
'Mr. Cotton might be reminded that
tha press of central Oregon is quick
to resent flings at thla territory, and
,M V. ftf than lub
jeot. tha failure of the Harrlman in
terests wnom n nri"i ..'."I," ".I .
this territory the railroad faollltlea it ,
Is entitled to. Is In a large measure
responsible for that attitude.),, Central
Oregon wants a railroad, and if believes
with some show of Justice that not m r
the Harrlman Interests ailed to supply
. . - i. Mil tranannrtatlon.
but 1hat they have kept jiher railroads-
credited to Mr. Cotton was only criti
cised as reflecting tha attitude of the
Harrlman Interests towards central
Oregon. . .
This Day In History. .
144 Con da victor at Frledburg.
1771 First partition of Poland:
war against France, a!
.... .i.t. ajittan bald in Tr.
ilir t " as. , I
"'lm Battle of Mobile bsy-j'.
1897 Tltal wave cauaed Teat. da- '
struction m -j - ----
Forty-Acre Farms.
From tha Prairie City Miner.
Forty acres tf the exceedingly- fee-.-
. .. . . . ,Li. te f. rmA en
tile isnas in
cording to advanced methoda, will re
turn a better profit to the stockmsn
and farmer than a whole section does
now as It is handled. If they would
cut up their large ranches and terms
a i la . IaIs mv ri aaekl 1 Tham. I fir
iniO ejw-nure avast - L Z
mooU of th Beet. on would boom
' ' . v. L.kit.tlA. wmiM In.
prosperous, n munsuiu ---
r i A-AtA m a veil aa the tSX-
able property, decreasing taxation..,. H
will come io ,miw u.j, -
"An East Bide. Bank for East
- Side People, " ,,
The
OPTIMIST r
Has a Much Better Life Than the
PESSIMIST
, But ..' f- '
It Is hard to ba optimistic when
i ona Is continually struggling to
MAKE BOTH ENDS
MEET ;':'.
Obviate this necessity by put
ting awy regularly a part of
your Income. ,
Commercial Savings Bank
MOTT AJTO WIUZAKS A
Fays 4 pes seat latereex earn-.
annually, as all ecooanta ef $1 np.
S4J
. np. JV.
George W. Bates President
J. S. Blrrel...... Cashier-