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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
, AM ntDKPSNDENT KIWSPAPS.
' I. Jackaoa.
. psMlaked evary craning tvsreat Soor! as
- evary Satday ttmrutnf. at The Joamai BullO
, a, rttta aa4 laaituU atresia, ferltae. Us.
afc4 at tbe pnetafriea at Poetised, Or, fc
traoamlaaloa tfcroush taa Bali aa seeeed-claas
SMiter. .. ,
; TEUCPBONB MAIM fill
' All eeoartsMets reached br tlile
1U the averab lha ewartmeal ro weak
rouioK AfircaTisiNo bbpbbsbntatitx
Vrlene' Bnjamln Bnadnl ATrtilB agraey.
Kr.ii.wVk SulMlas. MS Fifth areaae, Hew
Vark; Trtbaae Beildlog. CMcaga.
abarrtptlaa Tama kr Bait V) any address
la taa Waited States, Canada at ataxics. .
One aaV, ...... .S I Una smth.,...... .SO
Oaa year...... ..13.00 ( Ona axifith. ....... I JS
DAILY AnD 8UNUAT.
Oaa yea.. ST.dO 1 Oaa roonlk M
LET THE LANDS BE FOR
WRITER la' the Albany Demo
TV crat U picturesque.', He ln
XjL slats ' that the so-called land
- ' grant belongs of right to the
. Douawa j-aciuc, ana iuai iae cor
r - t . . . . . . -
a rare and radiant claim to coma
from a private citizen. In view of
'. the' solemn pledge made to congress
when the-land waa granted. That
piauga guaranter-ii iuii a corpora
tion would aell the land to actual
aettlere at $2. 60 per acre.' It waa
a contract aa aolemn and sacred as
contract can 'ever be. "But It has
fceen Tielated in hundreds perhaps
thousands, ot Instances by the cor
poration. The lands hare been sold,
not at 1.60 per acre, but as high
as $10 and upwards per cre: That
. was a violation of contract that,'. It
committed by a private -cltlien,
. would hare resulted - In forfeiture
long ago. For violations far less
Important cltisens of Oregon are pay
ing heavy fines and serving sentences
behind prison bars. - :' .
: Infinitely, greater in willful de
fiance of the pledge, however, 3,000,-
000 acres ot these lands have been
-..withdrawn' from the market, and -are
held, not for $3.60 per acre, but for
. $50 or $100" per acre. It is a viola
tion, not only of a specific contract,
-but a trampling under foot of the
law of the land. It .Is an object les
, son in land piracy and. freebootlng,
the effect of which is demoralizing
to law and corruptive of citizenship
It stands to those who observe It as
a magnificent reward for Infidelity
to a trust and disloyalty to honor
If, by Any hocus pocus, legislation
has been so manipulated that the
courts in the end will confer ' this
magnificent heritage' of land upon
those who are gobbling it up by fal
sity to pledges publicly made, a
crime will have - been.,, committed
against society by setting a corpora
tion, la its privileges above the peo
ple, above the law, and above every
- consideration of honor that Is bind
ing upon the private citizen. ,' . 1
These lands should go back to the
people from whence they came. The
' enormous Increment In the Increased
value of these lands should go share
ji v i.v i. .
tlement and development around and
- about them made that value. So
bestowed, they would give to Oregon
a common school fund, or a good
wadi fund, nr hnth. that Wftnld raw
aouna to me everiasung giory-or
the state, and be a Heritage - or
princely value and comfort to Its
people. ' A',,V
' ADVANCE Vn LUMBER RATES.
w-fHX ADVANCE In the lumber
-I " mmm f.m D..IM.
m a. va- m.mm uuui a a awuw
1 coast will add 10 cents for
-; every ;t100 pounds, or tt per
ton to the cost of lumber or shingles
' rrom ioniana or ruget souna . to
" Minnesota 'and, neighboring states,
The mlllmen say this will be ruinous
: t6 them, or at least exceedingly dam
aging, and It will also be a heavy
tax on the consumers of the central
; west, ' and they are also protesting
against the raise.; The local supply
of lumber In the section of country
of which Minneapolis Is the center
Is about exhausted, says the Journal
ot that city, the southern mills have
Tall the trade tteycaVnandlewtlh
' out shipping so far north, and' "the
v only surplus lumber output is la the
Pacific northwest." ,. The advance In
the freight rata means aa additional
cost to consumers Of from $3 to
$3.60 per M, and 16 to 1$ cents
on every 1,000 shingles. '
Mentioning the reasons given by
the railroads for raising the rates,
the Minneapolis paper seems to think
them Insufficient, but says; !
What the public would Ilka to be aat
Inflftd about ta that thxre Is he mjatalc
aa to the nnceeaity tor a hlshar rata,
and thare appara to be tin ?a,y by
which the puhlla can ba aatlafled aa in
the facta without anma lnraatlf a.tloa
lv an authorisd rfpraantatlva of tha
anvornmant perhaps the .lntaratata
commerca rAmmlaalon- t
Hurh Inatanoca a tbla show claaiv
how neraary It .la that tha public
l.ava a friend at court whaft the sreat
..nhho-a-rvlre corporation are dolnf
ihii.ua which affrcl ao vitally the lntir
' of tha people. Otherwlaa, arbt
tr irr nrtion tnaf l taken which may be
u: .:., t and very Injurloua to the publia
V . the public would like to know
wfc-:hrr the advanced rates are not
tmnrc iri:y hlKh, and then, be
sides t!.nt, tliey would like to know
T whether lumber combines' prices are
not also too high.1 Between them
and the railroads, It will, soon be
Impossible for anybody but a rich
maa to build anything bigger than
a chicken coop. t - , ,
LET THE PEOPLE RULE J
N ESTEEMED Republican con
temporary, at pendletoa re
Iterates with much apparent
emphasis and warmth that if
candidates for the legislature do not
subscribe to Statement No. 1 there
need be and will be no prolonged
contest la the legislature; the mem
bers of the majority party will elect
that party's candidate at the polls
the preceding June, whether he was
the choice of the majority of the
people or not. If be should be de
feated by the candidate of the party
that elected only a. minority of the
legislature, the majority of that body
would elect him nevertheless. -
.;' But what sort of a people's choice
would that be? A party at primaries
chooses one 'out ot several candi
dates as Its nominee for senator.!
He goes before - the people and Is
beaten In the popular election, and
yet In spite of this positive, emphatic,
conspicuous rejection ot him by the
people, he should, must ahd.wculd
be elected, says ex-Governor Geer.
And this Is his Idea of carrying out
the will of the people. -
It Is . not at all Tntely that this
condition would arise. It would only
do so occasionally, If ever. ; But If
It should, why should not the legis
lature obey the people's mandate In
the preceding June electlonf It the
people want a Republican legislature
and a Democratic senator, or vice
versa, haven't they the right to get
what they wantt This editor says
in effect that he wants the people
to have their way providing it Is his
way, or his party's way. We say,
let the" people have their' way "al
ways, la. any event.1 ' -V ' " "
Why ihould a Republican politl-4
clan or editor say to the people:
"Tou can have the man you want
tor senator providing you choose one
of my party; but If you take a' no
tion that you want a maa ot the
other; party, you can't have. himl'!
But why notr Who ts greater than
the people? ,' Who shall dictate to
them? Who shall deny themf ;
' Statement No. 1 is the vital ker
nel , ot the whole primary: election
law, so far as the election of United
States senator Is concerned. : No
man of either party ought tQ be sent
to the legislature who will not sub
scribe to that statement unqualified
ly and sincerely. .. All It meats Is:
The people shall rule.' Not? to sub
scribe to 'it means:. I am bigger
than the people. : -
Then tls sweet to play golf and talk
to a Sunday school. The trouble Is
that where one can make the many
millions the many people who en
able Mm to jio so have to work too
hard either to follow "butterfly par-
suits" or prattle to 8uoday schools.
WRITE SOME LETTERS.
-OW RATES , for tourists or
homeseekers to.' the Pacific
coast will be In effect for two
months this fall, September and
October, and anything that Oregon
people caa do. to attract the attention
ot eastern people to these rates and
Induce them to come to this , state
should be done at once. It has'beea
said many times,' and Is generally
recognised as a truth, that Oregon's
need above all others Is more peo
ple, more rural producers. With
enough . of them, all other needed
things will follow. Oregonlans as
Individuals could do much by per
sonal letters to old neighbors or ac
quaintances, telling them ot these
low rates, and of the many advan
tages and opportunities ot Oregon,
and suggesting removal to this state.
Each county, city or neighborhood
ought also to have an organisation,
a part of "whose work Is to Induce
Immigration, and to see that home-
seeking immigrants are supplied
with what they are seeking on their
arrival. Now Is the . time to get
busy, if Oregon Is to benefit as much
as It should from these low rates.
The ' railroads are doing their part
In this respect; It is up to all Ore
gonlans who are earnestly desirous
of jseelng a greater Oregon to do
TOO MUCH INJUNCTION.
8 GOVERNOR SW ANSON of
. Virginia clearly ' points out,
Judge Prltchard's Injunction
is arbitrarily revolutionary.
If he could thus suspend this state
law before It could according to Its
terms be put Into effect, he could
do so with any law, state or na
tional; could simply say that la the
court's opinion the law la unconstl-
tutlonal." and so a legislature or even
congress would be powerless to leg
islate at alL Judge Swanson says:
"To acquiesce . in the decision of
a federal , Judge In arresting the
legislative body of a . state in Its
processes ot enacting legislation ' Is
destructive of state society and all
free Institutions. ' This order of
Judge Prltchard makes the Virginia
case broader and far more Important
than," any question of passenger
ratesJ! : 1. - - ;
; . As has often been remarked, fed
eral courts have been entirely ' too
free with Injunctions la favor of cor
porations. It is Quite time for the
constitutionality ot a state law to
be considered by the federal courts
when It has been adjudged consti
tutional by the state courts andjput
into effect. ' And - the thing for a
corporation to do until this has been
done Is to. obey the law; ' The pre
sumption Is that It la a valid law,
The burden Is on the railroads to
show that It Is not:
The Astprian says It Is champion
ing not only Astoria, but '.'the mouth
of the Columbia river.' That's all
right, as far as It goes, but The
Journal Is championing not only the
mouth but the, whole river possible
to ' open fcp to navigation, and'the
Willamette river, too. The "mouth
Is, ' of course, the "most" Important
part to Astoria, and so It Is to all
the ' Interior,-but so Is the rest of
the river Important to the whole re
gion as It Is not to Astoria., ;
The great secret of success. Uncle
John D. Rockefeller tells his Sunday
school, "is to get away 'from the
butterfly pursuits of life and dovote
yourself' to doing good to those
around you. . Of course this Is after
you have made a landred millions
or so by monopolising a necessity.
; ..... . . i .
It seems altogether probable that
Representative Wesley L, Jones will
be nominated United States senator
by the people of the state ot Wash
Ington In the primaries. The people ot
Oregon Willheerfully congratulate
Mr. Jones .on his promotion, If he
should be elevated to the senate, yet
would, prefer that he should remain
In the house and a member of the
rivers and harbors committee, in
which Influential position he has
been a very good friend of Oregon
in-time of need. .1 It,, would be re
grettable to see Jones' place taken
by Humphrey of Seattle. '.
The same statesmen who are op
posed to any meddling with the rob
ber, tariff till after the presidential
election will make the plea then. If
the' -Republican ; party should win,
that the people nave indorsed ine
tariff and want well enough let
alone." The present, or the first
opportunity, Is always the right time
to do the right thing. The robber
tariff cannot be revised too soon.
""The same newspapers that criti
cised 'Bryan most severely for' sug
gesting public ownership of railroads
as the only ultimate solution of the
railroad problem are now abusing
him because, he says public owner
ship will not be an issue next year,
Whatever he says, even it to ap
prove, what' they Just Hid, a lot of
newspapers are "agin" Bryan.
. Is anybody dofhg anything to in-
to give Portland as good connection
with the Gray's Harbor country as
Seattle and Tacoma have? That is
a btg-buslness region over there, as
our business men will find outroa
their forthcoming trip, even If they
don't stayr long. ":',.""
In portrayln the character ot Medea,
the heroine of a trafedy by Eurtptdaa,
Mlse Nance O'Nell la called upon for a
klniTof emotional acting that la new to
the modem etae. With all the ele
ments Ot trail ty that are nacaary to
plaoe upon bar Interpretation the brand
of human Interest, she muet at the
same time retain the elements of myth-
oloflcal auperatltlon and oustom of very
There are no preoedenta. for no ao-
tress of modern times has undertaken a
revival of one of the old Grecian-clas
sics. The play, by the way, thouth ac
credited to Henry Kirk, la practically
aa adaptation of the old Greek traced
and tha mythological tale About wnlch
it waa written. . ... . .
11 taa O'Nall'a aotlnr accordingly
eatablishea not "only a precedent,
but shows a remarkable concep
tion of the moaning- of the euUior.
There are portions of the play in which
tha star has little or no opportunity In
which to disomy ner powers, nut in ins
(rest climax of the third act she rlfces
unquesuonauiY to sreaier neisnts mun
in any of her previous efforts here.
1 lie story or ins uoiasn toocn,
the new play thst Was presented at the
Marquam last Bight for the tyrst time,
was written especially for Mlas O'Nell.
Its author Is lienry Kirk, a student at
the 1'nlverslty of California. It is, as
us seated, largely an adaptation from
the old story of Grecian mythology that
tells of J anon and his search for the
fleece of gold. , -n ...
Jn many places the play is emtio,
though in theme and story it adbores
closely to ths legend of mythology. - Jf
It ever becomes a realty popular piay u
Is likely that many of the lines, will bo
llminatea. and ic n certain mat fre
quent repetitions and conmant allusions
to mythological characters win oe
changed materially. There is scarcely
a line without a reference to Zeus,
ADhrodlte. or aome of the other Greet
divinity with whom the publlo is not
If tha nlav la revlaed.' It Is also llkelv
tnat ths excessively long speeches of
frequent occurrence will be abbreviates.
kThe author has given his audience
credit xor iitua in me way or under
standing, and several of the actors are
reouireo to read lines - or almost in
terminable length in explanation of the
As Medea, the heroine or the play,
Mlas O'Nell. according to the belief oi
many in the audience, does tha best
olecs of actinr of her engagement hers.
When she- delivers ths curse of the
corceress at ths end of the third act. she
deDlcts denunciatory wrath and almost
primordial intensity equal to ine eariy
human Instincts, even . of classltsj
The part of Prince Jason of Thessaly.
who goes with his bend of Argonauts In
search or the golden iieece. is inter
n rated hv Mr. Franklvn ITnderwood. Mr.
Underwood, always polished and thor
oughly finished in his acting, portrays
the part pf the semi-barbarous prince
Ideally. . -
-Another part that ta - admirably tn-
teroreted Is thst oi King A la tee or Jol
chls by Norval MaoGregor. Mr. Mao
Greror has -Hot sppeared in every bill
produced during tha O'Nell engagement,
but has created a magnificent Impres
sion as a character actor whenever he
has appeared. '
Miss Francis Blosaon, as Princess
Dursa. sister of Medea. Is always enthu
siastically received, and last night was
no exception. Miss Wood thorps also
appeared to good advantage, having a
mora consistent part man any in wnicn
she has yet appeared with the- O'Nell
' It Haywood will follow the dying
lawyer Murphy's advice to be humble
as . well aa thankful, .and refuse to
go about the country lecturing, he
will prove that his head Js level.
"Every man who Is dead set against
municipal ownership of street rail
ways finds on examining the publlo
ownership systems abroad that they
are not satisfactory. .-' - :;
This Date in History.
House of Burgesses, first popu
lar legislative assembly In America, met
at Jamestown, Virginia.
1T1I William Psnn, founder of Penn
sylvania, riled. Born October 14. 1644.
1T7 5 Continental congress adopted
articles of war. - -
1 7 go Colonel gumter repulsed by
British at Rocky Mount. South Carolina.
. Ilia Charles, puke of Richmond, be
came e-overnor of Canana. -
154 John Sharp Williams, member
of cone-rasa from Mississippi, born. -
. ma Battle of Winchester. Virginia.
1S64 Chambershurg, Pennsylvania,
hti rrA hv tha rnnfiMlaratea. .
186r Isaac Touoey, secretary of the
navy under president Buchanan, oieo.
Born November 5, 1Ji.
. i7t Rsttis of Plevna. -' ' '
! Prince Karl Otto von Bismarck.
German statesman, died, iiorn April 1,
10 John lAwrenes -Tools, BngHsh
actor, died. i '
.- -r" A Whistler Criticism. :.'
The late James McNeil Whistler was
standing bareheaded la s hat shop,, ths
clerk having taken 'Ms hat to another
part of the Shop for -comparison. A
man ruahed In with his bat in his hand.
nrl aiiDOoatng Whistler to be a olerk.
angrily confronted hlra.
flt . .. h
Whfstlsr eyd the etrangsr critically
from head to foot,, and then drawled
"WSll. neitnnr bom your coat, vv nat s
rore, if you'll pardon my saying so,
11 be hanged if I care much for ths
color of your trousers. ""L nder the
fipresding i.'neaiawt -iraa, - M uie August
fc very body e ,
com oan y.
il'k. Bm a Ik. nn1M
be the bill at the Marquam during the
remainder or tn week, including mat
Inees Wednesday. Saturday and Sunday.
1C mimm mBvniriimntlv ,ta,it aft thai nrat.
mler performance last night and de
lightfully presented. As a play it IS
highly ambitious and decidedly preten
tious on ine part or tne autnor. How
ever, tha comDany has succeeded In of
fering . a really meritorious play, and
certainly as spectacular a tragedy as
has baen seen hers. '
Mr. Kirk wash extremely fortunate In
having the play accepted by ths msn
Rgrs of Miss O'Nell. There is probably
not another actress In America so re
markably well suited to ths part of ths
sorceress princess of Colchis as she. ,
Tbsrs was a large audience to witness
this initial performance last mgnt. it
will be sure to be of absorbing Interest
for the rest of the week. . . ,v
We Never Miss Them.
In "Some Americans Abroad." In the
August Everybody's, Booth Tarklngton
says of a certain class of Americans to
be met with In Europe: f .., .
"The latter class appears te be In
creasing very rapidly; the class of ths
alienated, of those who say: 'Shawly
you never intend returning to the states
to live I It's all very well to run back
for a few weeke now and then to see
one's friends but living there? .- Oh.
quite Impossible!' -
"Perhaps this seems exaggerated.
Perhaps It may be thought founded not
on reality but upon a corals weekly. On
the contrary talk of th kind ex
ceedingly common In the American col
onies on the continent, and the people
who ay euch things are thoss who
usually manage to mention, la the
course of any conversation you may
have with them that 'dear Countess
Blank was saying" to them 'only yes
terday' and also that 'Lord Featberson
"Such. people ea not only too much
but too little In 'the life over here.'
which life means te them a really in
teresting and thrilling struggle for
what they '.believe to le "position' and
'social recognition.' However, their
'climbing' upward through the conti
nental 'foreign colonies' and out into
native continental society Is more pic
turesque than most climbing at borne,
because upon the continent it Is more
visible and conspicuous. The rungs of
the ladder are sharply defined. And,
of course, a climbing American finds
his task much eaaler In a European
city than he would And it In his own
home town, since so far aa origin goes)
all Americans look alike to most ot the
worldly people of Europe and are
'taken up' for what they are worth
end not seldom taken In for all they
, ' - Speech. :"V. ".i-'-.v
""A Poem by Ella Wheeler WDoox.
Talk happiness. Ths world, is sad
Without your -woe. No path te wholly
Look for the places that are smooth end
clear, - .-- .' -
And speak of them to rest the weary
.. ' ear.-; ....-.- ...
Of earth i so hurt by one continuous
strain . '
Of ' mortal . discontent and grief end
t, . pain. !.v, , . ,
Talk faith. The world is better eff
Tour' uttered Ignorance and morbid
If you have faith ta Clod, er man, or
Say so; if not, push back upon the shelf
Of silence all your thoughts till faith
No one will grieve because your 'lips
are dumb. :
Talk health. The dreary, never end
ing tale ........
Of mortal maladlas Is worn snd stale:
Tou cannot charm or Interest or please
By Harping on msi minor envrq, uis-
ay you are well, or all Is well with
And Ood shall hear your words and
make them true.
- i a :'
' The Seeds Were There.
Tram the London Mall. 1 .
Parmer Nubbins (shouting across the
garden fanes to his next door neighbor)
---Hey, there! What are reu burying
In that hole? Neighbor Oh-I'm Just
replanting aome of my garden seeds.
Nubbins Garden seeds, shT Looks to
me mighty like one ef tnr hens. Neigh
bor That's all rlaht. The seeds are In-
'Letters From tte People
Reasoning Powers of Animals.
Portland. July II. To the Editor of
The Journal In The Journal of the
10th instant. "Investigator" Informs us
that ''Even the higher animals are In
capable of "reasoning.- If he means at
birth I will agree, with hlmi -also-will
agree that neither man nor beast Is en
dowed by Its maker with reason, but
both have the capacity. to learn by ex
perience and by the experience of others
and they lay away tha lessons so
learned In ths brain or storehouse for
future uae.. The child having a greater
storehouse and man more years in
vhlrh in th, from diverse exDerienoeS
and oral and written egperlunoes of
others must be far superior in reasoning
or framing conclusions rrom mat aup-
fly than any animal' with Its limited or
nelgjililoant storehouse containing but
lew experiences, xei any numan uui.
animal or bird who can be taught exer
cises reason. In training or leaching
an animal you must use re ward, or pun.
lHhment. Neither one oould have any
affect on an Idiot or an animal destitute
of reason. ' M
I have been a lover of animals and
birde from boyhood, and from observa
tion do not doubt their ability to rea
son. Not all to the same extent even
man makes mistakes when he thinks his
reasoning sound. .
. Tske Che crow, v He sees the farmer
plowing; and reasons -that worms and
bulbs will be exposed, and hs follows
ths plowman. Later hs watches for
ths sowing and Joyfully calls to ' his
mates. , Hs will pull up the corn, rea
soning thst corn grows from a Sra'B
which sticks to tha root when pulled.
He doean't pull up the wheat: his ex
perience has Uught him ft doesn t pay.
The boy with a gun soon teachsa him to
fight shy of anything resembling a gun.
Ths crow or sesgull reasons that drop
ping a clam will break the shell. He
often uses poor Judgment, dropping the
clam In soft sand, then tries again from
greater height If that does not suc
ceed he wifl carry the elsm to an un
used wharf or ovsr logs or .rocks, and
rn the end be wine a meal le not that
reasoning? ' ' .
Any bird that nests on tb; ground
will try to decoy you away from her
young by playing erlpnle limping, flut
tering and trailing a wing on the ground
niinnln. that VOU will tr tO CatCh
her, thus leading you . away from her
wh. Vmnt tha little wren i ' When
a cat comes near- her young, almost
mrm htr will raise a err of alarm, ohat
ter and flutter,' flitting around near the
ground, lighting here and there, chat
tering or scolding te frightenu the cat
away? - I doubt very much If the wren's
reasoning went far enough te ask aid
or protection of the lady. The lady see
ing the wren's alarm would "naturally
look' for cause near the nest.
- A have often had similar eases, and
after driving the cat away the bird
wouldn't even say thank yeu, nor come
aa close to me aa when agitated by the
na ... : i '
I could give many easss of reasoning
ny pets, wnicn to me h immm
onstrate the reasoning mower of animals
when .,,-,' v iHVBiiUA,i
J Would Abolish Congress. ' , i
Clackamas, Or, July 14. To the Edi
tor of The journal In our present form
of government the people are poorly rep
resented. The few dominate the many.
The rich 'rule and opprese the .poor and
the people dare not - say. "We have a
congress that Is sealous for our wel
fare." And while our president ts try
ing te do his duty In one place, thieves
are breaking through and stealing In
other places. And whyT Because, in
part, we lack lawe to restrain the greed
of gain. While this representative
nf anv.rnmllt Is In ' force the
manipulation of gold will turn the eleo
tions In the direction of a greater een
trallsatton of power from which ether
oppressions will grow sim mors rp
lous to bear. ' . i - '
Yet there is a higher plane ef democ
racy within the reach of men, a politl
. i i,n. that look a mora directly to
strict justlcs bstween man and man. But
to reacn tnis piano we mui aw m
Initiative and referendum more. Give
the initiative ana rererenaum mm oroaa
la foundation aa is possioie io una on
today, and teach the . people to- look
more directly to themselves ror polit
ical, social and -moral redemption. ,
Yet to give broader foundation for
referendum work, a work sadly needed
in .Hun to us our inalienable Ood-
given rights, we must needs perhaps
make a cnange in our conamuuoua,
hnth atata and national.
This changs should do away with ear
national congress ae It stand today,
and Instead a council of 14 commission-
era should be chosen throughout the
United States according to population
of the whole people and to eerre four
This council should not have power
to pass laws of direct application except
In time of war, but rather .-to submit
bills for referendum to be voted on by
the people, either for adoption er re
jection, every two years.. . :
This change should also do away
with out state legislatures and Instead
thereof a council of nine commissioners
be chossn every four years acoordlng
to tha - population of ths whole state,
and whose duty It should also be to
submit bills for fefsrendum te be voted
on, either for adoption or rejection,
every two years, but to exercise no law
making power except In cases of great
Such form of government would hold
the power more directly in the hands of
the people, a sadly nseded condition to
day, and tricky - politicians, those who
cry, "Stand pat, our party Is the only
power that can save the country today"
will have to take a back seat, to which
seat they should have been relegated
long ago. . wm. rniuuiru.
Vast Cathedral of the' Forests.
Portland, July !. To the Editor of
The Joumal--Should"not" an lntcrlp
tion,"DedIcaled to the great Creator
who planted these trees," be placed ever
the massive door leading Inte the For
estry building Should not the For
estry building be fitted and furnished
as the city's cathedral of the forests,
wherein to bold devout services ef wor
ship each sabbath afternoon Should
not a beautiful organ, with chimes form
pert, of the -back ground and a large
platform immediately In' front and
flanking the sides of the organ be fitted
with seats for a forest choir? Should
not prominent preschers visiting Port
land be Invited to preach on the Sunday
they are here In this wonderful building
of the forests? ' t
Should not the organist play soft
plaintive melodies and vespers and ths
oholr sing sweet pralsss of .olden
hymns? Should not rare melody toned
and echoed br ths wood fill tne audi
torium and worshippers? - Should not
talented and renowned singers render
their sweetest songs here on the sab-
bathusftsrnoon?, Should not the ushers
sest ths people and aecept the offer
ings ''to maintain current " sinenses?
Should hot the eloouence or proround
thinkers ealm troubled breasts snd in
spire nsw consecrations, to a holy life
each: sabbath? " -
Would not Ood bless these services
bald hers each sabbath in His name?
Should not the publlo spirit of the
elty of Portland dedicate the site ana
the building for a perpetual memorial
of tha grand, old foreats? Should not
loving and intelligent care be taken to
prsservs and maintain this house of
worship for the sake of generations yet
to coma? And ths life of ths edifice it
self be thue prolonged far beyond that
of the trees or wnicn it is miniT
Might not this have been the real and
final purpose for which the Portland
exposition waa held and this building
constructed? May not unborn genera
tions walk around and In this structure
and sing In their tongue the old. old
hymna and U call their forefatlftra
Should not a nation great and mighty
be proud of a Rose City Beautiful
wherala Is a fores iry cathedral of an-
Tke Oil Family Clock
By John Anderson Jayne.
It Is an old clock. Tou ean see that
at a glance. It was made In a time
when men worked for the Joy of work
ing and the satisfaction experienced in
their hearts brought to them ,a great
The case of solid walnut ts toagued
and grooved and fitted with the precis-1
Ion of a 'careful workman. Each eog
and wheel shows the- touch of a mas
ter band, and as It ticks, ticks and
ticks In regular beat apd rhythm It Is a
Joy to the household and a constant re
minder of the faithful man who es
tablished It in his home.
For years It stood in the old house
where It was first placed by the hand
that la now still In death, and there
counted the hours of summer and winter
with unvarying fidelity, . and watched
ths seasons corns and go, fearing neither
storm nor anina. aaiianea oniy to ao us
duty, as becometh one that has great
responaiDiiities piacea upon u. ,
In the illanr. of the nlarht.' In long
days when tha house was vacant It kept
on Its constant march, never murmuring
or repining at being left alone. Around
on a Sunday morning, regularly, it has
continued to the next Sunday, content
to do the will of its owner, and give
the time of day to ail, wun a aignuy
unannroachable and a courtesy irre
proachable. It has looked upon sad scenes.
In Us time. Ithas sen the aged father In
ths horns brought to his lasi ntneas, ana
carried from the house by mourning
friends. And if It felt Borrow In lis
heart. Its measured tlrk-tock, tlck-tock
haa not announced to the world Its sor
row snd desolation or spiru.
if haa lnoka Into tha faces of chil
dren and with kindly eye and serene has
watched them tnrougn tne aeys or paoy-,
hood, young childhood and middle ege.
It has seen the young boys and girls In
the homi as they have etood watching
father as - he wound it, end then ex-
ilalned to them the mystery oi urns
itna ronntM the hours that lovers
have lingered In the house or out on the
.orch, as they whispered their lovs.- If
t saw the first pure kiss of a maiden's
Ips upon the lips of the strong man to
whom she had given her love. It never
told the tale, and modestly kept Its
hands be rore its lace, wnsn i anew wai
the lovers would be embarrassed did
they know that it was looking and smll.
Ins upon thsm. " -
It has aaan the bride as she came
from, her chamber, all robed in the gar.
ments of purity, end the- measured
words ot me preacner unconciuui
fell into the beat of the clock and the
"Wilt Thou" of the preacher was echoed
by the clock, and answsred by the bride
as she said. "I will. I will." - :
Then came the changes In the history
clock. The family was broken up by
marriage and by death, by the natural
changes of life, and now In a etate far
removed from the one In which It. was
first located It hangs en ths wall and
continues its work end labor of love.
rurlna thaaa ehansrea It haa been loetled
in freight ears, carrlsd to ths land of
perpetual Ice and enow, then taken to
the land of springs, where the birde snd
flowers bloom forsver and for aye.
Now It Is on the walla of 'a simple
home reminding the 'dear ones ot the
times that shall ba no more, of the ne
cessity ot using the present wisely and
well end Indicating in its rapid move
ment that new tiroes are coming, and
suggesting the rewards that await the
faithful of this life. '
- It Is a friend, a brother, a husband, a
wife, a son and a daughter. - Without It,
ths home would seem a barren plaoe and
a atranaa mat. With it on tha walL it
calls to recollection the memory of
happy days, and with the Insistence of
an old friend Inspires, helps to cheer.
It has made for Itself a plaoe In the
hearts of the family, and with Its con
tinued fidelity continuing through the
?-ears goes steadily forward, making the
lfs of the poeseeeore sweeter and hap
pier, because of Its being. -
And when one thinks ef the dear faeee
that have looked into Its face, the tears
corns to .ths syes, and tha dock seams to
soften Its tone and whisper, "done, gone
but not lost, but not Inst" In times of
temptation It says. "Be true, bs true."
In times of doubt and difficulty it whis
pers, "Trust on, trust on!" In times
when the heart beats with the Joy of
life It fairly sings, and Joins In the joy
heart heat elnging, "Enjoy, enjoy."
So tha old family clock meets life at
every turn and sounds It at every cor
ner, a blessing,, a benediction and a Joy
forever. And today In the shadow of
the old clock we sit. and rejoice that It
le ours today, and our children e tomor
row.;.. ... . - . .- , ;
Tte Diary of a Candidate
;';' '. By West Jones. ' V '
Monday Had a lot of hay thrown In
barn this morning, ss I expect a Kansas
degelatlon tomorrow. It musses up the
barn, but then it should make good with
the delegation. Trying te think up a
new drink; buttermilk sounds too molly
eoddlish perhaps lemonade .might do.
I Tuesday Oraat hit with the . hay.
Delegation evidently much - pleased.
Told them It was lucky they didn't come
tomorrow, as then I will be thinning
Wednesdsy This hsy bustnsss Is
very fatiguing, hardly worth the votes
It may get. Sent the children out today
for a aall on the battleship Oklahoma.
Must have the navy Increased, as there
are hardly enough battleships to go
around. -Besides, thsy might - some In
handy sgalnat Japan If mr friends
weren't using them. Saved a bullfrog
from drowning this evening by oatchlng
It before It could get Into ths water.
- Thursdsy Drank three glasses of 1ce
eream aoda this morning. It evidently
made a hit, es I eaw three girl a and a
possible voter drinking the same-thing
after I left. Have cut out the hay
business, es it is too strenuous zor tne
slight Impression It makes. .-. ..v.
Friday Tried to show a delegation
ef nature wrltere how .the birds at
Ovster Bay know me. Greatly cha
grined after declaring that certain
note was the song' of the ehewlnk to
find that it was a tlddledywink. For
tunately none of -the naturalists knew
the difference. Mistook a catbird for a
pussywillow, but again none of - the
visitors could tell the difference. -.
Saturday Ordered tee battleship
annadron to the Pacific. Ton much fuss
kicked up by- thsm here. Would order
the army te Guam, only I need some
one to look after the social end of ths
White House affair. - Several states
show an Inclination to buck against
ths federal power, so I must; put my
foot down on them. - States are all right
In their way: but I am a federal official.
and the states are In the wsy. Ths
eountry should bs one large etate and I
ehould be Its boss. Wish I eould get
away to snoot a lew oeer.
elent trees? A city' ef millions will
Elvot hereabout snd worship herein,
hnuld not the cathedral 'be open for
worship. every week day?. Should not
Portland realise thst this cathedral of
Oregon forests can never be reproduced,
certainly not It years hence; and that
these growths of trees are fast dleap-
Should not Portland become the great
western metropolis with, its cathedral
Of toe roresiT . ..
Should not a great cathedral of stone.
aa In older times, be erected to last for
ages? Plenty or stone Is waiting; but
not so with the constructing of a build
ing like the Forestry building. Man has
and Is subduing sll growths In narur?
and never again In this present sra will
restless msn wait for great trees to
grow wild snd untrammeled to their
ferfeet fullness and beauty. Therefore
( is necessary to preasrve that which is.
Should not ministers and public
spirited men writs aitlnles for the news
papers so as to keep the cathedral Idea
f prominent before Portland people,
revelers end visitors? r
Should not 'the whole press take up
the subject and encourage and demand
act ion t
Should not this bulMrnf-snd these
promises be dedicated and be open to all
every week day? J. M. EDWARDS.
WIU the Koreans be Japan's Boer
But Haywood won't ba alaetadSTlaal.
Biped elks ehould - be considerate of
Perhaps the Jury didn't remark! Tie
-ma a Bore ah!"
The Is-lt-hot-enough-for-vout naenla
are becoming discouraged.
i a e
And yet Klamath and Lake eountlea
haven't so very many voters.;
... ' a a ,
For auite a long time the eraneror
of Korea waa also a stand-pattsr, ,
.. ' e a .. i
But would the kloklng Koreans rathe .
have been gobbled up by Russia? .
e e !
By the way. speaking of the weather.
Isn't It Just too lovely for anything?
.' " , ' e e
It Is suDDOsed that, Alabama's two
nsw senators will also stay lu during
life. - ....
Oregon Is in luck In - many ways."
Some state legislatures are .In session, .
Do to date Brother -Oeer has not eome
out in favor of Senator , Fulton for re
- e s ... .
"Tha Missouri river Is navigable' for -
1.500 miles." a ay a an exchange. . Tea by
minnows. . . i. . . a. .
vv no s xiugnssr is a question ine a.7 i7
swer to which a good many Republicans-.
.- e . a J,; .
''Act. act. in the living nrssent. said
the poet. Notice that he didn't say.
Tallr t.lV . .
At the rate' of a million and a ouerter
Immigrants a year, the country le safe
from raoe eulclde. V
e e - - ., .
"The Foraker boom has fallen flat"
says ao Ohio papsr. But It wasn't big
' If the secretary of agrlenlrare wilt
take a trip up Into eastern Oregon and
Washington he will see a few wheat
- - - - -. a . - '
Hanev did not convict Glass, but aa
long as be can keep Zlmmer tn Jail be
will not (eel that he baa labored la
vain. . . . . . '. .
. y- - - " - ;
Probably- In -the estimation - ef - the -
president the Haywood Jury wee oom-
posea or ji -more "unaesireoie cm
sens." i .. . ,
. ,r, - -. . .... . .
It looks as If General Harmony had '
been eo badly used by the Republicans
of Oregon that he would never come
b.ck,:.: v r-
Mr. Rockefeller advisee men to buy
land and play golf. If he will eend us .
a block of Standard Oil stock we will
yjgf-. .-a- ,i, ;
People don't cars eo much about a,
home teem being beaten in the end aa
for Its getting so sr behind early In
the season that they can take no mere
Interest In It. ' - ..... ...
f 1 Oregon Sidelights
Work has . begun . on the Pallas ,
creamery. , ' ., .
- e e .. .
Polk county will have an Industrial
fair neat felt . . j ,.. , . .
A McMlnnville man-ahows 11 cher
ries on a limb six Inches long.
e e-- , .'.''
' Good vegetables ' are raleed on dry
land without Irrigation 'near Haines. -
e e ; , ,
It haa been demonstrated that al
falfa does well In the Nehajem valley.
, . ... . .... ..- e' - ; . .'
' The new Klamath Falls ' mill -will .
make one hundred barrels ef flour a
day. : - . .-
; - e e .- ': -
Now the Statesman says Salem Is go
Ing to begin te pave August L We'll
-. . . - : v-
Therelsflnegrape land beer The
Dallas. One man ha a splendid vine
yard of 11 acrea.- , .. ... j
The Vale Gasette thinks"' the' bet
springs there oould be utilised for val
uable buelneee purposes. . . ,.
..;-- 'a -tr." .. ,. !. ' .. ,
The esptaln of the Salvation Army
In The Dalles became discouraged and
skipped away without order ef leave. '
. . . .. -1 " '". -
. The' deposits ef the McMlnnville Na
tional bank, Hon. Lee Leugblin, presi
dent. In 1181 were f Mtt.J-L la HOT U
was too,a.ii. . ,. ... ,!T . f- .
-.. .. -, e -. .
Three little Umatilla county children,
the oldest a boy of 7, the youngeet a
girl, mounted an eld horse and ran
away from home on- account ef alleged -mistreatment
and were discovered
with some difficulty. 1 . j
.... . . - e e .' ,
A cherry tree belonging - to S. K.
Toung In Albany le two feet In -diameter,
built for women to climb, and '
haa five vartetlee of cherrtea. It keeps
the neighborhood buey eating them.
1 - . ' e ' e ..
The danger, and yet the luck of riding
on a water wagon wee demonstrated la
Cottage Grove, where a boy fell off one
and tha wheele ran ever both Ms thighs
but strange to say ne escaped wun o
severe bruises, ir it naa oeen a
wagon he might have been killed.'
s- e, . t
A Marlon county iwomsn left in her .
will 11.000 " to the Congregational
church of Salem ef which Rev. P. 8.
Knight hae been the minister many
yesrs, and the balance of her estste,
wh!chmay- be considerable, - to Mr.
Knight's other ohurch on Howell PraW -
rl " -
Fort Klamath correspondence ef
Klamath Falls Expresst The twe arte- .
elan wells still flow ee freely aa when '
first struck. If reports materialise -,
there will be at least it more sunk -here
this season. Some seem to think ,
they will prove to be white elephants .
on their hands, but tha people ere des
perate, and will take the chance.
"Aa ' East Bide Bank -for East
L: . .!. Jpie.". ...:...:.'. I .;
In Time of Peace
Prepare for War
A Savings Bank Account
..Is equal to a battleship In' ease
of accidents, sickness tr hard
times I , , . . S; ' ;
OPEN YOURS NOW
- - " : .,. ', "
:" frn -;
Commercial Sayings Bank
TOrOTT AKO WXXXZAKS ATTsV
OUCTTtJ TOVB aTJkTXlTBWhaal
Deposits of II. Of and tip. Interest
- (. 4 per eent semi-annually,
'Oeorge W. Bates. ..... .Pra'aldent
J. S. Blrral,. ....Cashier