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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
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AX niStPBNDKMT RBWSPAPU.
ft 1. ' Jacaana. ..
Ibuae4 rr evening (ex-ept Beadsy) en4
. w; Bacaa? aauraln. at Tee Jnsnial Batld
hi. nfl ae4 Kasiluii euesta. J-orilaao. Or.
gate at the snetofnea at rorOane, Or., far
traaeauaeloe tbnxia the Bull
Sf-. aa seCTse.,.
' All separtoMats teacbed bf thla seajbe-.
Tell Cm eperatur th eeeertawac roe win.
rOKBlOM ABVShTimNO BBPBE8CNTATIVB
Braaswlrk Mulldln. 0 riftk avesaa, ew
lark; tiumm UulUUnt. uuu -
SabserlBtlea Tanas sr MB to any i
la ika Coltee States. Canada ar Mealee.
Oat Mar., ...... M.no I On'a mesa. ;...$ ,80
B( NPAV, ,, .
Pd raar ...I2.S0J On ssoafa.. f ,XS
a DAILT AND SUNDAY. V.
Oaa rear fT.SO I Ona moat A M
which the dumb can speak,.
; and the deal caa understand.
Bovee. "S - r;--
THOUGH a war cannot, be cauaed
. entirely by foolish talk, this
may oe ona cause, of a war, If
: one should ensue. High publle
officials who Indulge In bombastic
and belligerent talk are enemies ot
their owa country more than of the
other. Military and naval officers
of high degree are- prone to verbal
belligerency; war Is their trade, and
they neither get killed nor pay the
taxes, but may gain promotion and
'called statesmen : are also . volubly
warlike; they have nothing to lose
and possibly something to gain
Wartime is always a time of great
The press Is a power for or against
war. It la supposed to voice public
sentiment; it does so partly, and in
such ease partly makes publle sen-
3ent," toorTbe press should speak
' for peace, not war. The press cannot
advocate anplne non-resistance to. in
sults and unwarrantable aggressions,
of course; but tt should be slow to
Bavocsi resort to war, ns vui iuuuiu
be ";'slow to. wrath." . .,, '
'As to Japan, nothing has occurred
as yet to justify, any serious talk of
war In eonsequence.--The efforts of
press and public men should be to
help plan such future arrangements
with Japan, and with other nations,
as will obviate war, or any menace
of war on alight provocation,
. ..vWar. that, "byany ; reasonable ar:
rangement or' mutual .concessions
- can -be avoided is the height of crlm-l
Jnal foUy.. Let the influential people
of the nation address1 themselves to
the problem of such arrangements
and concessions, rather than begin
bristling; up and talking war; every
time some trivial unpleasantness oo-
. curs. ,'V'-:'S:- " ; i , ': ''
, War-thought and war-talk are not
ma uuiuRiua vi, yauivuoiu, hjmuu
some strutting officer and pseudo
1- 1,,, . H.,U.tl.n . AH
statesmen may Imagine It so; rather
the contrary. The true patriot will
think and talk peace, and light
means of peace, not war.
f TRY, TO KNOW OREGON
OREGONIANS ought to know Ore
gon;' but they don't. Thoy
nave"' state thantrtir itself.
an empire. : ' No matter what
crop they' may ask their soil for, it
will be produced. . Even those who
own the land do not gratp its full
virtue and value. They do not know
how the climate f ita .the soil, and
what the matchless combination Is
capable of. . Thus, we Import poultry
products when -we ought to export
them. We Import hog products when
we can produce them cheaper than
BJI If J VUeMgrvtivvi a . e A V W f T v aa"Jr- va,
a score of products of which ' we
should be exporters. - - - r'-
. Thi means we have been, lax In
learning Oregon- We do not know
the real, living facta about Oregon,
and because ot it we waste our sub
stance. Because we do not ourselves
know the truth about Oregon, we
have population of but half a mil
lion. If we knew all and told all,
the state's population would ran Into
millions, -, - r v- r
' In agriculture and allied crops
alone we are a kingdom. We need
not call the coal, gold, sllver. copper
and forests of our . mountains In. j
review to realise our splendor. In
agricultural lines we can grow any
crop "known to the temperate none,
and grow It perfectly. It is a strik
ing fact, and one of Incomputable
value. ' But bow many t)regonlans
kt.ow it? If they do not know it
of what, value ar all these tavorod
ordltlons? That is why the adip
tr of a textbook on agriculture tor
the public schools was a wise act.
U is importvit that at least the
iMldren shoull know Oregon, evea
tbough their rfenU do not: The
w.'ll be Its cltltens later, and molders
ct is destiny. If they learn of Us
! Its crops and its fruitage, Ore
gon 'will come, by and by, Into her
on. ' ' '
TMs makf-s timely the orfer of
rrti'cnt-Elect Kerr to five at the
state7 agricultural . college a short
course (a agriculture xor trie benef't
of Oregon teacbere. They know little
or nothing of the subject, but are
called on to teach It. .Their ettortn
will avail little, with themselves nn
schooled. The offer of laboratories,
lectures and skilled Instruction at
Corvallla will help them to Illuminate
a subject ot vital consequence .to Ore
gon and pave the war for Oregonians
to comprehend Oregon. '
HE JOURNAL recently alluded
j to the decision of Judge Mo
Pherson of the federal court,
. assuming Jurisdiction- of the
State two-cent fare law in Misaourl,
expressing the opinion that the fed
eral court had exceeded ita proper
functions. In this action. . Governor
Folk In his Fourth ot July address
Xrausvllle, Indiana; $ook a similar
view, saying: -
Nowhere is this encroachment on the
rights of the -state mora marked than
la ' the . wholesale nullification of the
sum laws ny -federal ooarta wlthoutlbrevent Its extension into fertile, re
hearing and 'before . trial The result
la, unless the cooaent of a railroad can
be obtained to pending Wialatlon, the
atata becomea powarleaa. No good cltl-
sen desires to be unjuet to raJlroada
but that they must "be regulated and
that the states should not he left aa
mere Subjects of their benevolence all
must admit. --No one could object to a
court, state oV federal, declaring the
statute unconstitutional. If found to be
so after hearing. But there should be
proteat against statutes of the states
being suspended aa preaamptlvely-bad :
until the case is determined. This Is
Ilka punishing a man first and trying
him afterwards, A number of Impor
tant laws ot the state of Miaaourt are
now embalmed by the federal injunction
veto. In tha couraa of years, when tha
eaaea are triad, tha court will probably
bold they are valid, but-they might aa
Well be killed aa to be chloroformed by
Injunction until their vitality la gone.
It seems to us' that this criticism.
though caustic, is well merited and
timely, And la saying so we do not
deny or controvert the proposition
that the federal government must be
the main agency In regulating and
controlling railroads. This must be
so because most transportation th&t
heeds regulation is interstate, and
this the states, acting severally, can
not regulate. ' The federal govern
ment should , take the lead, and states
should legislate with reference to
and la accordance with federal laws
But it does not follow that states
cannot or should not legislate to
suit themselves, and when they do
so It seems .to bo rncontrovertlble
that the state courts and other state
authorities should - adjudicate . and
execute state, laws. If the question
raised is one ot the constitutionality
ot the law. then, as Governor Folk
says, a federal court may properly
assume Jurisdiction, . under certain
circumstances, but in the Missouri
case the question of constitutionality
was not raised. Judge McPberson
proposes to test, himself, by expert-
ment. a state law and decide upon
the result, aot whether it Is eonstitu
t!oa!butl.th i. qqestjpaj5ffact
whether the two-cent fare is reason
able or not. .-Tvr; .--;-,--'T-
As to the two-cent fare laws that
have beea passed by a dosen states,
we think they are not well consid
ered or wlae legislation. The people
are not complaining much about
fares, and la the ease of many west-
era roads , we think three cent
mile is low enough. Aside from this,
it was poor pollcy:.These laws gave
the railroads a chanee to say they
were being persecuted, and an excuse
to' raise freight rates and give poor
service. s' '
y LE PTOM ANI A is rather out of
- date, hypnotism as a defense
XV toT commission of crime seems
- . not to be growing in popularity,
and brainstorms may not run a long
career, but there la always something
just as good" to take the place of
a played-out excuse, the latest being
psychic epilepsy," which is defined
by aa eminent "alienist", as "epilepsy
without any . physical manifesta
tions." This is getting irresponsi
bility for crime down t a pretty
tine point and psychic epilepsy will
have quite a run unless the courts
tt down hardT on' tt. In this delight
ful i condition for a - person - who
wantg to commit a crime the pa
tient' "loses hie mind for several
minutes," long enough to commit a
murder, and then Is all right again
Having bad no mind when be com
mitted the crime, he cannot be pun
ished; being perfectly sane soon
afterward, be cannot be committed
to an insane asylum. This is simply
an old excuse under a new name,
and made a little more refined and
contusing. Of course in any given
case where the defendant, baa plenty
of money any number of "eminent
alienists" can be procured to testify
to a condition of "psychic epilepsy"
at the moment the crime was com
mitted. But whatever this old ex
cua maT - named, or. however
plausibly ' the case of suddea tem-
jjorary emotional insanity may be
presented, the courts .should be pre
pared to protect the publle from
these unfortunate people whose men
tal aberration! or lapses cause them
to commit crimes. . As the Chicago
Tribune says: , '
. Magistrates cannot b too risidly ea
guard against kleptomaniacs, hypnotic
vlatlma, and eufferars from bralaatorma
and pajrchlo cptupay." At leaat a re
straining Influence for such patients la
always deslrabla, and aendlng them back
Into tha world for further "exhibition of
their peculiar specialties la not a wlaa
or prudent course. The element of the
community that la not subject to par
cbie epilepsy and bralnetorma has a
reasonable right to demand protection
from tha element that la. . j
RAILROADS IN CANADA,.;'
rqANADA is relatively developing
s . and prospering more than the
United states because tne gov
; eminent in part owns and ex
ercises control over the great Cana
dian Pacific railway system. ; That
great 'railroad ia not' owned or con
trolled by any Harrlman,' who - can
sit in bis office la Wall street and
Bourceful territory, but the govern
ment at Ottawa aeea to It that the
road Is not only run 'In, the Interest
of the people, but that extensions
and branches are built far out Into
fertile provinces, almost before set
tlement begins, and that settlers are
thus guaranteed, transportation facil
ities as soon as they can produce
anything to ship away.
sands ' of square miles ot country.
perhaps as good or better, all things
considered, than that which is being
settled up so'TapIdly in Winnipeg
and - Manitoba, but people will, not
go to It and develop It and raise
products on it because Harrlman will
neither build railroads nor allow any
ona else to do so. Perhaps it. the
goT'ernmenChtdTiad , a eon trolling
voice ia the matter. Oregon would
have had hundreds of miles more
railroads and hundreds ot thousands
more 'population than it has today.
Over - in Washington two boys of
10 years ot age, armed with a re
volver or rifle, or both. In trying to
shoot" an older youth shot and seri
ously wounded his 14-year-old sister,
Isn't a revolver or rifle, a fine thing
to plaee in the hands of boys ot this
ageT Yet many such boys are taught
to think It is ."smart" and manly to
carry of become , familiar with . a
gun,-in -consequence ot which hun
dreds Tjfrtragedles -are enacted - In
this country every year.
The Pendleton Tribune, apparently
presuming that some of Its farmer
readers are - densely ignorant or
cannot think. Insinuates that the pro
tective tariff Is the cause, or a cause.
of the high prices ot farmers' prod
nets. Buch farmers must be few and
far between by this time, and of)
course it would be a waste of time
and apace to " argue with one who,
knowing better, persists ia reiterat
ing this most shallow and stale party
claptrap.-- - : - T
War talk Is idle, for it takes
great deal ot money to carry on war,
and Japan eonldnt get lt-whlle the
United States could get billions,
There are other sufficient reasons!
we hope, why, these two semi-civil
ised powers would not go to war,
but this is sufficient, and will be for
years t6come.t Japan' is In debt "to
about the limit and her actual re
sources are small; she can carry on
no big prolonged war for years to
The- government - at - Waahlngton
seems to ' rnn along Just about as
well when the president; the secre
taries and most ot the heads ot the
departments are away. . ,
The Taftites seem to be very much
afraid . that ' Fairbanks will capture
the Christian Endeavorers. Well,
can't -Taft go- after the ; Ep worth
Leaguers? . '
Money li lght' d6wa at Lot An
geles, which bas been overboomed
Portland never gets into a fever, but
runs steadily and sanely forward.
- It looks as if trust-bursting bad
to -be made the common' people's
business. : ' '; -
Crops never fall in Oregon. !
Fmit and Labor. v
.... Vmm ttia rtrva1fl' flter.
Frult growing le already become
a Immense business in Oregon and
promises to wonderfully Increase. The
cherry orrharda already ta the c
narlty of the, canneries. AS they rannot
hnd Wborera for the work. The Salem
cannery baa more cherrlee offered than
they can put up and aa new orchards
are coming into bearing that will more
than double the production of eherrloe
It le a matter or importance to know
where labor will be found to do the
work, as well aa theorchsrd work. . Laws
sre passed to exclude Chinese labor for
fear that ft wl11 interfere with home
labor. -It is alao proposed to take alml.
lar action with reference to Japanese
Immigrants, but the necessity for scour
ing a labor supply hat ean meet possi
ble demands for the future has to be
considered, or we may lack the moat
imaortaat feature ed gnoses ,
GoU Wrie4 Ivfulti-
Br Professor Dr. Emll Raich.
At Berlin they say that money alone
does not mean happlneaa, ' tha point
being to have it first No so tba Ameri
ca nf and other multi-milllonalrea. They
say te nave money ia nomias; tne point
ia to sat rid of it" The queatlon axlaee.
Do the multi-milllonalrea really mean It?
s When Charles M. Schwab, the .former
prealdent of tha atael truat. daclarea
tbat all ha yearns . for Is tha ."lmple
life,". and that ha need to be much hap
pier In his former poor daya, are auoh
atatementa an ezpresalon ot a real de
sire or only the poutlngs ot a depressed
The multi-millionaires are a new
apeoles in the evolution of man. Lln-
naeua called man Homo Sapiens. What
shall we call the multl-mlllionai
Homo SaplantlaalmuaT - He himself la,
aa we learn, likely to call hlmaalf Homo
Inaipleha. Surely a person eompietaiy
raised above all tha needs and worries
of other people lives In an atmoaphare
so peculiar that he muat Inevitably be
come a new- creature. His peyoholosr
is new, unknown, barely gueaea at by
hlmaalf. Hence the frequenoy of self
decepUon among mulU-mlllionalrea. All
hla ideas were taught him by teachers
or authors who bad- never met or oo
aerred a multi-millionaire. Between
hla mentality aa multi-millionaire and
hla intellectual and emotional ma
chinery aa an ordinary mortal there is
a crying discrepancy. Just consider tne
following strange fada of some multl
innii.,n.ir,i' for instance. Mr.
Carneaie. Ha haa up to thle date spent
some twenty minion pounae irnn,
Is eaid, on the indiscriminate purchaae
of books for publlo libraries. A few
ears ago proposea to nim, inrwusu -l
tnnMmnAre.rv lournal. to
make at least aome choice among books.
My proposal va that Mr. Carnegie
ahould pay three hundred great schol
ara, who, in group ot ten, should each
draw up a critical list of the really use
ful books in one or the thirty ourereni
branches of knowledge. Three hundred
thousand pounds wouia amply aumcw
fpr that great purpose, and form only
hat Mr Carneala wss fllnc-
on Indiscriminate purchases of
odd book a. . . M
4 Mr Idea, was approvee py a noai ox
well known scholars. Mr. Carnegie, who
waa approached in thla matter ny jonn
Morley. brusquely refused to counten
ance It. Books, books, no end of books,
he says. Discrimination, choice, aeleo
tlon all thla is not a book, but an opin
ion on a book. Hence be discards it with
Whal-ne wants is 10 inauige in
his fsd. Hla fad ia books for publlo
libraries Ha will not listen to any aug-
f estlon for tha Improvement or uowiee.
le wantabooks. Ha wilt not give a
farthing for the moat promlalng exoara
tlona, or other aolentlflo enterprises: he
will onlv rile on books on- the shelves
Now, in this ease, me psycnoiosy vi
the matter seems quite clear. In form
er times, kings, or themultl-mllllonalres
nt that are. had fool a to amuse them.
The official poet of king's Tor multl-mll-
llonalre s) Tool ts at present not jun
feasible. Tet In that office there) waa no
abiding feature of- the human soul
in high altitudes. It cannot be given up
ltneethsr. Da. since fools DrODST Can
no longer be engaged and employed, the
modern kingly mulU-mlUlonalre takea a
ran lnaresn. '
Their fad la tha Una's fool. See how
that explains everything beautiful Any
new propoaala made to a multl-mllllonalre
anent ma xan is use aus"s w
Prancla I of France to change bis fool.
It is sggravatlng to him; it almost in
sults htm. When I made my proposal
to Mr. Carnegie I had not yet completed
king's foola. That'a why
Hlatorr la Indeed a creclous means of
penetrating -more aeepiy into tne prs
ehology of multi-milllonalrea. For In-
tsnoe. their enes-ea love or iibdii mew
their alleged contempt of money, their
altered lonsina- for the earlv noverty. -
WTiat la it all but a reminiscence of
the rage that, among other oases, took
hold of all Italy in ills, when rich peo-
Dia tnrew awar ineir oeionginas tor
said they did), and in keeping with the
rellsious SDlrlt of the time, turned pen
I tent, mendicant frlAre. As great
knowledge la ever charmed by naive
ls-norance. aa irauat ia oewiiaerea wun
nualnn for slmnla Vlaraaret. ao great
wealth aver had a aecret longing for the
austere dellahta of self-abnegation.
To the present day most oi tne mem
bers- of the severest orders;- of monks
are men who had formerly enjoyed am
Poverty la a severe order by Itaelf
and does not neat the habit of a monk.
Ona can therefore .quite understand that
the modem mum-muiionaires, use Mr.
Rockefeller or Thomas F. Ryan, are
aublent. from time to time to flta of
weltfluoht (or world-flight,) aa the
Gennana call it: and It would not alto-
S ether be Impossible to eetabllsh a
rands Chartreuse for multl-mllllonalrea
somewhere In the wilds of the mountalna
near the St. Oothard, InTJwItierland.
Imagine Mr. Carnegie and all the other
multl-mllllonalrea clad in monachal cos
tumes, spendfng their days and much of
their nights in unremitting meditation
on the Inanities of the world! Imagine
what an "attraction" that would rormi
Fancv tha anecial tralna DMnsMnff hun
dreds of-thousands of tOuHala Of the
Bt. Oothard there to watch tne mum
mllllnnelrea tn their Tienitant dressl
Fancy the excellent copy it would
fnrnlah and the pictures! "Carnrate
starving! "Ryan begging for bread In
the ravines!" 'Mr. Rockefeller feeding
on earth worms!" - It is to be hoped that
tha new Carthualana or Malteslans will
In the end brew us a new and still bet-
And then the" 8t Oothard Is ao comfort
ablr near the Lake of Como! Any mill
tl-mllllonalre who ' got tired of . the
Oranda Chartreuse mlrht he not dis
appear a little to the shores of the vlila-
studded lake and to gay Milan? - -
It Is a lovely Idea. What fine emo
tional shivers one could produce one
self I A month In the wilds of Bt Gotn-4
ard, and then suddenly a plunge Into tne
exuberant life of Milan! I have no
doubt the idea would at once be taken
up by rich ladles, too. Just as women
of the world used to do in the times of
Fort oyai. - - ,
' ' m
Itrbnking ia Czmr. ,
In "A Varied Life," General Blr
Thomas E. Gordon tells of a Scotchman
who vsntured to apesk boldly to the
father of the present csar. His majesty
(Alexander III.) waa playing whlat (out
of hla own dominion) with an English
royalty aa partner, and one of hla equer
ries with a Scottish gentleman aa oppo
nents. Hla majesty held a good hand
and toward the end of It aald: "We
have the game four by honors and the
AA lt Tk, flcAt Ml1- "Plauaa
vour maleerv. let us play the hand out.'
and when It waa done he added: "Tour
mutest v made a revoke. Tha eouerrv
looked aghast at the boldness and the
csar aald: "I have never made a revoke
In my lire. The Boot replied: "Per
haps your majesty waa never told," and
proceeded to turn over the tricks, and
show, the rsvoke. The 'eqnvirrr was
more aghast than ever, and the English
royalty smilingly said: "Pardon mv
friend a bluntness. The next day the
csar, happening to meet the Scottish
gentleman, said with a laugh: "I have
been thinking over what you said yes
terday anout tne revoxe, ana pronaniy
It la true I waa never told." Tha moral
of this anecdote, oaya air Thomas, ap
plies with much force at present to the
raar a ignorance or me real situation m
Russia. . t "" .. '
The Country's Attitude.
v From the Chicago Krenlns Post.
"I wsnt this Information and I In
tend to have It" These words of Judge
Iandl In tha Standard Oil vase mlaht
well be preserved in the political ver
nacular of Amerlea aa a precise em
bodiment of the eoiintry'a preaent atU-
teda tewarg corrupt eorporauona,
,v V THE PUZZLING FROG ;
'.' -''' " "" "' . "'
. - . V": 't ' By; Wax Jeaes K ' .'
Mark Twain is to dine with the staff of London Punch.
"I've" read your Jolly story," said the editor of Punch. - - . - - -As
he end his staff met ths humorist at lunch. ' t
V"I think it is a stunner,; said the editor, with glee, .
- And his staff piped up: - "Please tell it t we. -
"Twss a jolly good Jest said the editor then,
"And has kept we s-laughing since I don t know when,
. You see, there's a bloke who comes upon a frog i : "
Can jump sbout ss far as a greyhound dog. , "
He trains the blooming cresture, when he pokes it with a straw,
' To jump the. longest distance that you ever saw. , ,
He bets a half-a-crown upon the jolly beast, " ' '
And every time it witas by half-an-inch at lesyt. " .
. The blokes all through the country bring out their blooming frogs; ;
But, Lor I They aren't better than so many bally logs. ,
At lait there comes a challenge from another foolish chump.
Who said he had g. froggy whose middle name was Jump ;
i (An American expression which I do not find quite clear, ' .
For, even in the states, a name like 'Jump is queer). ; ., ,
So the rival fsogs were matched. The betting grew quite hot. ,
And the strarfger in the bustle poked the champion full of shot, -
And of course the beastly welcher got every blooming 'red
For the wretched frog was anchored with its innards full of lesd ' 1
The editor laughed loudly; from the staff no chuckle broke,
And one, in solemn accents, said: "Well, and where's the jokef. 7
The editor stops laughing; on his brow the .wrinkles grow;,. .7
He coughs and stammers feebly: "Since you ask me I don't know."
' By John Anderson Jayne. '
Every boy with whom yon come in
contact Is a bundle of possibilities, A
bundle of possibilities tor good or evU.
aooordlng aa he shall choose the direc
tion In which he will send the current
of his Ufa.
Boys are not mere ereaturea of tin-
pulse. Longfelrow struck a high truth
when he said, -'The thoughts of youth
are long, long thoughts." -
Ton watch the average up-to-date
American boy and see how carefully be
lormuiates nia plana, frames .up nis
schemes before he attempts to put them
into execution. It mature little what
he proposes, doing, going fishing, hunt
ing, to work, to school, or to the theatre.
He. haa answers ready for every ob
jection, and rebutting testimony care
fully prepared for every argument that
may be preeented against his carefully
evolved thought and line et notion.
Believing, this, tt is not hard te be
convinced that boya know right from
wrong, and that If they choose right di
rections for the current of their life,
or wrong nhannela for their Ufa forcea,
n the majority of eaaea they choose de
liberately, knowing full wall theyesulU
of their decision. : .
Tou study tha life of the wildest
"newsle" on the street, and you will
hear him Bavin a- ta a vounaar "kid."
'Oh, cut that out; you'll go dippy if
you do the Ukea ef that" Tou will
hear him aay. "You bet your life In
going to bunk my money in - tha ooin
berth, 'cauae I know that If I don't
there won't be a neat for Willie In de
sweet, rosy, rosy by and by," Bo, even
the boy with the poorest opportunities
learna. knows and chooaae the right or
the wrong -road.
All thla being true, when von know of
a dot or rood ramiiy going wrong, you
aar he did it of his own free will and
accord. You aay, when yon know of
a boy picking hlmaalf from the gutter,
that he was a wise one to choose aa he
did. . -
Of two boya. II years ef age or
thereabouts, their friends are aaylng:
"Well, they have made their own
oholce, and in that way they will go."
The first or these boys came to this
city some three or four years ago. fresh
rrom tne rarm and tne country ilia in
Virginia, to which for IT yeara he had
been aecuetomed. - When he eama he
new, raw. f rash, countrified in tha
extreme. He had no trade, and being
large for bis age, obtained a poaltlon
with one of the big corporations where
physical strength Is the prima requisite.
From tha vary first he refused tn waste
hla nard-earnea money, - - He nought
books, and atudled at night and grad
ually came to better positions. When
he was SI years old, last Chrlatmaa, he
had rieea from a poaltlon paying lie a
week to one paying blra a place
tnat requirea do in muscie ana Drain.
He had never taken a drink of Intoxl-
canta, had. never uaed tobaooo In any
form, had never been Inside a theatre,
save to a religious meeting. On Christ
mas last he went nome ror tna flrat
time, carrying ever l00 in hla pocket,
which he gave to hie father to pay the
last of a long-standing mortgage on the
I arm. mow ne ta oaca in tne- city.
Since Chrlstmaa he baa aaved a little
over 1150. which he haa put away In a
downtown bank, and be says tbat he la
going to acnooi in tna rail, and that ha
wm -worn nia way inrougn, ror he
realises the need or an education.
And. u ha uvea, be will make a great
succsss or nis lire. ,
The other young fellow la alao II
veara of age. He attended the -nubile
schools, graduated from High school, en
tered a couege in tne country, tie Mr
alsted on receiving and did reoelVe front
hla fifteenth birthday a regular allow
ence. which waa increased with the ad
vance or the years, ne loeren through
High school, wss suspended a number
of times, sraduated down near tha foot
of hla class. When ha entered college
he knew more than his professors, and
by hla general assumptions of knowing
mora than any one else earned tha dis
like of all with whom he came in con
tact. To aave himself from expulsion
from college he Quit and hounded hla
fpoor old father and rapidly aging mother
I Into furnishing the wherewith for an
excursion into Dusineea, wnicn ne
claimed would put him en hla feet
But be found the exlgenelea ef the life
too hard for him, ao he threw up the
splendid opportunity he had .and re
turned home, where he la today. See
him on the street you see him a loafer,
ooarae, brutal, unrefined, bringing sor
row to his mother's heart, dismay to
his father's and oonstamatlon to those
who bad seen in. him poeslbllltles for
good. If this young man continues aa
he- la going what will he make of his
These young men are each what they
are. as a result of their deliberate choice,
and you are, young man, what you are
aa a result of your oholce. What era
youT - ......
This Date fat History. -
1469 Henry VI taken at Northamp
ton (War of the Roaes). ..
1BS4 William, Prince of Orange,
asssaalnated. ' ' ' . ...
17tn count da Roehaenneaii and s.OSO
French soldiers arrived at Newport to
aid Americans. .. i . . .
170 Congress decided , te meet st
Philadelphia for 10 years, and there
after on the Potomac
1I2S lAither Martin, counsel for
Aaron Burr in the letter's trial for
treason, dleV!. Born In New Jersey Feb
rusry , 174H,. . , V
ltlJ First steamboat arrived at Chi-
CftB9 Vlna-Pree!dent Fillmore Inaug
urated to auceeed President Taylor.
1M4 National Peraoeratlo convention
at Chicago nominated Qrover Cleveland
for president. ' '
lS4ronaan1!nop1e shaken by earth
quake: over 1.000 persons killed.
1H Orend tuke George, csarevltch
of Russia, died. -
K04 Democrat!" national convention
nominated Henry fl. Davis of West Vir
ginia for vloe-preeidsnt,
(With Apologies to Pete Dunne.) ' ,
"What Is a Dtmooratr . asked . Mr.
Flanagan.- - - -'- r""
A Pirooerat la a lUypubUcan who
was pinched In th primaries," aald Mr.
Flnnegan. Tha fa waa way lv looking
at it. Or a DlmocraMs th' last refuge
Detune to' conscience iv a paxnrot an- a
bum Haypubllcan, .that's another way lv
looking at lt,. ;
"What Is a Dlmoeretr repeated Mr.
Flnnegan. -...'-.- -"; " ,'
Tr'ra a back seat In th' council cham
ber, a Dlmocrat la a little gomerel iv a
eontlmntlble veto, who don't know - a
gintlemaa frm a Haypubllcan or a com
mon councilman frm a common man.
Id thoae on contaminated quarters a Ray-
publican la a lawmaker whata full Iv
Fourth Iv July, an' a Dlmocrat la an
omathon whata full iv dlabetea. But
who mlnda th' common' oouncllT '
"Whlnever ye hear a man aakln' what
another man la, he'a -aythur got too
much money tn bother about himself or
he'a try I n'- to hide his own pedigree un
ci her tn otner renows connunarum.
fieerlalv contlmnlatin th' frulta lv th'
gran juries an some otner rayceni
event e, I ,wud rayapectfully phllogrobo-
lute tnat a inmocrat is a laaay
at is A laddybuck who
oan keep our W jail an' govern Ray
publicans who can t govern tnimseiyes.
Like all good things in tn- wuria. tn
word Dimoorat la iv angio-aaxon origin.
Dime manes a battle axe an' erat th'
pathrot what swings It. Tn' -name it
self Is not fr sale but aometlmea It'i
rented. Borrowed or loaned. An', whin
th demand la great, which 'aometlmea
It la, y'll find a bunch lv boosthoons
who don't know what it ta that brought
thlm a houeeoleanlng an' the' graoe lv
"Wan iv ur greatest compliments ye
can par to- a man la to ask him what
he la, after truatln' him wtd y er pocket
book. r-' - -.-.--'
"So ye wild lixe te know wnai ia a
rMmocratFlsnaganT Well do you atep
there to th' tlllyfone an' bawl It up to
Jawn Many lng. if he aat ye who ye are.
teU him re' re Punchua Pilate. Did
annv - wan Ives- aak ya what la a Ray
publloenf New, ya aay. I don't won
der. It'a rather a teeJua atretoh Iv"
tn Imagination from a loquacioua roos.
tar f a aensltlve bull dog. Whin I waa
a young man during th' war, a Raypub-
llcan waa a nagur wno reu into a mortar
trough an' a Dlmocrat waa a cross be
tuna a duelist an' a pot. But tie dif
ferent now, they both can aleep in th
same bed an'-are not efeerd lv th' Itch,
They'se Qua an Jawn. Ous plays 'th'
51any an' Jawn singe th' Holy City,
awnla th' smooth an' smiling oracle
lv. th' law who drinks dsen frm th
fonntaln lv th' law. which 1 th' round
and chubby head lv Qua. Whlch way
Ousr a aye jawn. "Qne rut on rayiirion
an' f other In th band wagon,' aaya Ous.
'All right,' aays Jawn as he lumps into
th' chariot iv ray form, here goes fr
anvernor. congress or annv on. thine.'
'He's nuts.' eays Blaxler, Tie' a a flop.'
saya Frits, 'he s a ateenker,- aaya srick-
son. .. .
Tinui nn. Ton tie- says raaay. in
sanctified, Vhut up you'se or I'll spile
y-r face wld me raygl nerated flats. I'li
Irene th' sabbath or I'll trun re In th
cooler. Make th' duet fly Jawn,' he
aaya. "well op It to 'em. y'r race maybe
red but theyse no green in y'r eye. an'
y'll be the next prise blown out lv a
Raypublioan whllrwlnd In rayvenga.
ructior-s an- rarvoit.--- -
.."Well, are yes doner asked Mr. Flan,
asan. "If yea are. what la a Dimoorat T"
"Ye ahudn't be aakln' auestlona Iv y'r
strpeeryera," aald Mr. Frnnegan, bj
TMmAMt im ataf1,f rlA kt h. la '
Why Was Building Stopped?
(From the .Pendleton East Oregonlan.)
- Traveling men who visit all the north
west towns and cities say that not only
in Pendleton but In every ether city of
this size in. the northyest, pratlcally all
building has stopped.
, There la a reason for this. And what
is ths reason t Why, In this excellent
country of tha northwest, filling un with
new settlers, opening new lands to set
tlement and palpitating with new oppor
tunities, - haa building practically
Slop pea r
The reason la that the sawmill a In
the northwest lumber trust have raised
f -rices of lumber until it la Impossible
o build. So the country muat stagnate
and the towns cease to grow until. this
ootopue csn be made to relax Its grip
on tne uuuaing industry or me coun
try. .... ... ,. .
wny is it, tnat when Ban Francisco
contractors began to order building ma
terlal from the east. lumber nrlnea
dropped at once In San Francisco, ft per
thousand, and the prlcea of lime, cement
and building hardware experienced alike
reduction in price i
- If there is ne lumber trust In the
northwest, why is It that prlcea are ex
actly me same in every association yarn,
and why is It that independent mlUeand
factories will fnrnlah stuff st IS tn 10
per cent leas than those In the combine?
The people will awaken to the Impor
tance of this aubject some dsy and the
members of the trust who are now hold
ing the country by the throat will be
forced to let loose. There Is no reaaon
for the advanced prlcea of building ma
terial, exoept that the trnat controls the
trade and can extort any price it
fit. ... .
A Spider Factory."
In the forests of New Guinea there
are factories whose workmen are
spiders. These hideous spiders, with
bodies ss big aa saucers, make fish nets
for the cannibal natives.
The natives set up In the forests long
poles with wooden rings at the upper
end net frame a. The apldera, seeing
these contiivaooea, run to them Joy
fully. - '
"Here," they think, la a fine viet
already started. The outermost circle
Is already made."- ,. '
And they weave their coarse, strong
webs within the wooden rings, and when
the nete are quite finished the natives
onme, drive away with ourses the Insect
workmen, and, taking up their spider
made nets, set off gravely ea a f lining
f Small Change
Most people are eufflcl nt 1 Malt awl
W twsvsg e-s.eiWT.lIVr Ce-A10Il.
The wild wavea are atlll savlnTKat
mankind is mostly tools. .
Make the moat - nf the a.ln.1
heavenly summers; life Is short . . . -
Alas for Chrlstmaai Taddv mav ekni-
lh Santa Claua aa a nature ieker. .
a . e .
Now ia JaDan'a 'onnortunltv ta nra
para to take New York and Boaton.
- e e -
Senator TOanaw ta etftroai ' Tnnt
body oaree, nor tf he never comae back.
. e a -. ..
With enouah eaotlamy anvbadv asn
pride himself on being a self-made
man. ... - .
e e '
'We hope The Ha rue eonferanca will
not ajfree to nrohlblt war on mas.
. - e , . , , ,
For advice as tn hnvs tn anenA vacs.
tlon. you might aak tha man who never
taaea one. ... .. ....
Soma of Tha Yfae-tle ennfereas wvifiltt
like to make war ao nice that tadlea
eould attend. ,
"Animals never laugh." kava a writ
er. They never de in the preoeisWcf
ome people,-xor wnoa tney feel au
What la evldentl t.
longer vacations for all high aalarled
employes t leaat nine jnonthe in a
Wasco News: Sharman
crop, if present prospects hold, will .
bring a return of more than 11.000,000.
How la tbat for a county of 4,000 popu- -'
i.v.i, ,wr "P" -income axceeoing
e . a
A eann t man from Meet tie la
Newberg looking the ground over tor
the purpoaa of locating a cannery there
that will handle all kinds of vegetables
aa well aa fruit All ha aaks is for
location os. JUs building.
Woodburn Independent; An nia tadv.
14 yeara of axe, atoDoed at thla office -
yesterday and asked to rest awhile. In
the eourae of conversation she stated
that aha had been driven from the home '
of her only son by the letter's wife.
,. . - . a . a - - - 1 - , -
Look where you will tn Woodburn anil
ycu see new buildings going up, im
provements being made and unmistak
able algna of progress and sound faith ,
in Drignt ruture ror tnis city, aays 1
tha Independent which every - week -gives
Toledo Reporter! Last week we ' aald
that we aaw a man hugging girl enr
the Newport beach that would discount
the- Portland Journal's prlae beauty 10S
per cent There Is ne doubt that the
three young lad lee who wrote thanking
ua for the compliment are the identical
one. we sav,.. t. . " - -
; Oregon Sidelights v v
... I ... " V
Hlllabore Is another town that Tsadlw
needs -fruit-cannery. ... J-r:..r.rJ.-
. e e . .
A milk-condenser' Is the naramount
question at McMlnavllle. -
e e ' "
The Xexlngton Wheatfleld waa nicely
Illustrated la colore July 4.
- .... , - . . ..'..'. ? '
A man near Salem harvested la tone
of Royal Anne and Blng cherries.
J e e . -
One -firm shipped 11. SOS pounds ef
cherries one morning from Newberg. -
i Some harvest hands will be paid ti '
and. IS an . dayaeat of the, tnounUlna. , '
. . M : . r--r.
Three and a half tons of cherries
were shipped from. Albany tn one day.
.'. . e- a - .,'... ,... -rir
Oreat quantltlea OT'tlhe apples and
Jiears eould be raised In Cooa county
f a profitable market, could be bad. '
e e - , .,
From IV acres planted to berries, a
man near The Dalles brought Into mar- -ket
411 crates- of aa fine berries aa eaa '
be found in Oregon. -
e - e J. -.'r'.
Here is a Reedvllle man's six months '
account of 40 bens: Gross cash re
ceived, IO.0I: cash paid, for feed.
115.70; net profit III.IJ. .
, e ' i - '
Wdth the many new combined fiar
veatera that will be In uaa - around
Weston this year a scarcity of help foe
the harveat season la not feared. " -
. .- - ' e a... . ... -'..' .' , ;.
1 Wheat harveat will begin Monday en
the lighter landa aaat ef th mountains
and continue till anow fllea up In north-,
eastern Washington and northern Idaho.
The crop in Sherman county, will be
harveated thie year with less sxpenae
than ever before, tha difference being
due to the uaa of the combined nar
' '.e e '.-:
A horse that waa being put en a Coos
liver steamer kicked his way Into the
hold; then kicked the guage glaaaea
off the boiler, liberating the steam, and
than ha kicked the bucket 7- ,
A Marlon county man ears that dun.
Ing the heavy ball storm the hail drifted
completely over a four-foot fence, cover
ing It two or three Inchea, Perhaps he
naa juei oome xrom Baiem, wmoa lerr
. , ! -, e . e .. .'
There has been more harvesting tna-
ehlnery sold by dealers to farmers
around Athena Jthls . seaaoav than foe
many years paat At leaat a dosea com
bined harvesters have been distributed
from this point In addition to aeveral
steam outfits. .
"An Xast Side Bank for East .
; Side People." . . . .
Ton may want to buy a home,
pay nit a mortgage, buy an auto
mobile or take a trip abroad, . .
There are many waya you can
spend or Invest a few hundred or
. a thouaand dollars If you had It '
Why not save the daalred
amount by starting a savings
account? ..-...( ...
15.00 a month, for live years,
deposited in this bank will grew
j ..... i.
I 00 a month' to 1110.14.
.. .10 00 a month to tl
. ill.OS a month to ll.04l.Ti.
We pay 4 per cent, compounded
Open an account with ne at
' Thla bank will act as depository -for
special funds, pending perma
nent Inveatment or disbursement
ef funds of estates, fiduciary in
stitutions or individuals, -
CORRESPONDENCE AND PER
SONAL INTERVIEWS INVITED
icrdal Savings Bank
XKOT AJTO WTUZAMg A Tab
Osorge W, Bates...... President
J S. Birrel........ Cashier