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THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL, PORTLAND. SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE t, 1907.
Hew . Gyroscopic Railway
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TH NBW CVKOCORlCi'MOHOiRAlL
Th Hug Rllwir GtrrUfM f th Putur
Th SlngtJJn Rllwy of th rufwr
Tk ... . nw fttm rinwr Miiwy wun im uroin snwrini Apywrniv
i bllev ' tht tin utomobll of th I fmou Brainaa torpedo, the ecrt of
praent type will b an oddity, and tfct wich U M jealoualy guarded by th
ray Invention will b In almost unl-
versa! use. .s some of Its advantages I . ,. K- .-. hi.
over the present style. I will say that ' 7 hV v vZ.u"
It cannot tip over;' there Is less dan- "" the ."I,,B, "fivr"nent
ser of Bklddin it .in fv. . 1550.000. more than four times as much
much greater Incline and there Is aa as erer be'or Pld y any govern-
absence of side motion." ment for an invention. So, fearful have
The possibilities and Importance f B'" BS?J!"
Wr. Brennan. InvenUon In the mnZlZaltJZir.ZZ27
mm ff iiivu t-iivjr iswiwv tv iaa w wsj tdiu
able to them In case of hostilities that
they constructed a special factory for
the construction of the torpedoes of the
Brennan design and prevailed upon the
inventor to become superintendent at
an enormous salary. Of late years,
(Copyright tv Curtis Brown.)
, m ONDON. Judging froen atatements
I mad to m by Louis Brennan In
' 1 the course of an Interview at the
. JLBavage club, the publlahed accounts
, of bis new invention, the gyroscopic
mono-railway have conveyed only a hint
Of Its wonderful possibilities and of the
, probability of their fulfillment in the
near future. Go eomprenensiv are tneae
potential uses that they Include the do
' mains of war, of commerce and of pur
pleasure and so great are they that they
contemplate the complete revolution of
raany features of our Individual and
I found the Inventor "recovering"
from his triumph when, at the request
. of the Royal society, he demonstrated
his Ideas., before the leading scientific
men of -Great Britain. He is a short,
thick-set Irishman, with Jron-grey hair
and a ruddy complexion. His speech
still gives a hint of his nationality,1 d
,t spite the fact that he left Ireland when
h was but nine years of age and prac-
tically all his Ufa has seen spent away
from ther. iV.j .
"When my new Invention la brought
- down to a commercial basis, which time
. s not far distant" said Mr. Brennan,
) "men will travel In railways with , the
: same comfort now found on the biggest
of ocean liners in A perfectly smooth
sea. Each train will then have Its con
cert room with its orchestra, its prom
t enade. Us smoking room, Us bath rooms,
fitting rooms in fact every- comfort
and convenience w now find at borne,
, for I look for th construction, aa a
complement to the Introduction, of my
Invention, of much larger cars than are
now the rule on our railroads.
T.arfr Paaaencrer Cara.
' '"'ToKlnstanee I have drawn plans
; for a passenger car on hundred feet
In length and twenty 'feet wide and
do not consider that) an excessive ea
tlmate'Of the slse'of the railway coa,ch
of the near future. Of course w are
limited In this country as Well as In
other thickly settled countries, as to
the sis , of our coaches because any
Increase in slie, particularly width,
would Involve a oomplete reoonstruo
tion of the entire railroad systems.
But it is not here-that I look for the
field for my new invention. It is in
India, in Africa,- in Canada and even
In parts tit the 'United States, where
. there are almost' unlimited fields for
"That a much greater width of car
: than now obtains is possible with my in
: venttoq I have clearly demonstrated with
my model car. It Is built to one eighth
'seal and full slsa would be 40 feet
long and 11 feet wide. Railway travel
ing will then become one of the luxuries
of life, instead of one of the lnflic
. tions. Ther will be no- lateral motion
; to the train and no thud as the wheels
of the cars pass over th Joints of
j tne tracK,
of warfare are perhaps best demon
strated by th almost frantic efforts
of the British government to obtain
exclusive rights.' Negotiation with
this end in view were carried on with
Mr. Brennan, and the War Council went
" ru.i. .T.j ,1 I I however, Mr, Brennan has had an ar-
-""'1"-J ""'I'l imvwrj i ,.,. with the rnvernment whera-
th disposal of th inventor. The In-
f'TrSSS'i.r 7k bMaTe..,SVS factory and two thirds to the perfect-JI-JE?
w.l61. th !? 'I5'004 ln tt his new invention. About nine
v ...l b worm. nr. cren- months ago he severed his connection
nan, however, refused to be bound to .ith th rnvmmnt ph.ntut.iv ..4
any on government or territory, but rather than place another man at the
.u ut wtiiiw auvwrnmeni cer- head of the xactory and reveal to him
the secrets of th construction of the
torpedo the war office has closed lite
factory Indefinitely. For his contribu
tlon to the safety of the nation Mr.
Brennan has been made a Companion
of the Bath.
The Inventor was born in the little
town nf f!aatlebar In th west of Ire
land. At the age of 9 be was taken
by his parents to Australia, whore be
studied for and finally became a civu
and electrical engineer. In 1(10 he
came to England with his torpedo and
laid it before the war department wltb
the result that after exhaustive tests
he was paid the record price he de
manded and became a comparatively
rich man. He says he has been at work
on the problem he now claims to have
successfully solved since he was a boy
of 14. He worked at it off and on
without success until nine years ago
when he hit upon the virtues of the
gyrostatlcs as applied to balance. Since
then he has worked steadily and pa
tiently at experimentation and con
struction along these lines- - I
SAYS SHAKESPEARE v WAS NOT
Mil fep mm mm$$mm-
BolTOlr Castle, the Ancestral Home of the Duke of Rutland, Which Will Become the New Shrine of Shake
pearean Devotees If Dr. Blelbtreu'a Theory as to the Authorship of the Immortal Works Finds General
Acceptance. ' 7V .
B. E. B. Wyndham.
(Copyright by Curtis Brown.)
ZURICH. Since Dr. Carl Blelbtrou
startled the literary world a few
month ago with his book, 'The
True Shakespeare." In whleh he
attempts to prove mat me rea.1
author of th plays was Roger, Earl of
Rutland, his novel theory has been vig
orously assailed and subjected to much
ridicule' by English Shakespearean
scholars. But the erudite German doc
tor's belief that to th peer and not the
pleblan belongs th credit of producing
the Immortal works has not been a bit
shaken by these attacks.
I have met with no objections to my
-theory," he told me today, "which I
could not readily answer. They leave
unshaken the evidence adduced in my
book on which It la based. 80 much at
tention haa it attracted In Germany,
where Shakespeare's works are quite as
muoh admired as in England, that the
book has already reached a third addi
'What sort of man do you picture
Shakespeare . to have been?" I asked.
The real Shacksper not Shake-
spear seems to have been a personifi
cation of Falstaff," he replied. "Even
bis bust at Stratford bears a strong re
semblance to this type. Probably, he
played the part of Falstaff himself. If
so, this would account for the fable
that Queen Elisabeth favored William
Shakespeare, the poet Of this there Is
no proof whatever. It probably arose
out of th tradition that she laughed
so much at Falstaff that she wished to
see him In a new play a wish that was
gratified in 'The Merry Wives of Windsor."
A Mediocre Comedian.
"Of Shackspefs capacity as an actor
we can judge only by the evidence of
Rowe and Betterton which is that he
was a very mediocre comedian. He was
so little esteemed by his fellow actors
that On of them. In his last will, left
to three others, substantial tokens of
his esteem to Shacksper only a trifle.
What we really know of the man is his
life as a financial business man. He
had no less than five lawsuits, involv
ing property. As a money lender , he
sometimes sued his debtors. He bought
many estates In his life. In 1697 he ac
quired New Place. A little later he had
paid the debts of his bankrupt father
and obtained a coat of arms. And this
at the very beginning of his career eith
er aa an actor or as a so-called poett
"How did he get the money T As a
third-rat actor he could have earned
only an insignificant Income, As a
poet he would have earned, as even Sid
ney Lee must admit, about 20 a year.
His so-called managership of the Globe
theatre of which Ben Johnson, by th
way, makes no mention would have
given him greater profits only during
the last six years of his life, and we
know only that he sold his share to
three other partners.
"How be became a comparatively
wealthy man as early in his career as
167 when he was only 11 remains a
mystery. The credulity and lack of sci
entific research 'displayed by the sup-
Sorters of the Stratford myth is shown
y the persistency with which they
quote the fable to account for it that
Lord Southampton one gave him 11,000.
These 'experts' seem to be unacquainted
with the original text of Rowe's biog
raphy which contains this story. It is
evident from that that Rowe himself
doubted he had heard that Davenant told
It. Davenant was an Inveterate liar.
Apparently his concoction of th Story
was based on th allusion made by the
braggart Falstaff In the play to a thou
sand pounds, which Prince Hal owed
They told Vicar Ward that h bad n
art at all He was so indifferent to
education that his own children could
not even write their names. ' He wrote
so poor a band himself that It seems
lmpoaslble, judging by th five auto
graphs In existence, that h could bav
written a manuscript of any length. Bn
Jonson never taw th manuscripts of
the plays, for be says h 'heard' from .
actors they were written without blots.
The stupid editor of the Folio say ,
the same thing, although w know that
aome of the plays were remodelled
three times, showing th struggle for
perfection. Therefore the manuscripts
seen by th actors were certainly only;
copies." , ,
."Have you seen." I asked, "some of
ttre objections which Professor Dowden
urges against th acceptance of your
tneory that Rutland was. th real
Shakespeare? He says If that were th
case he must have written "Venus and
Adonis' when only 17 years of age, -and
'Love's Labor Losf when h was
between 14 and 18. ,
"On must b quit Ignorant of the
extraordinary precocity of that genera
tion." said Dr. Blelbtreu, "to lmagln
that a youth of 17 would then be in
capable of producing such a -work as
"Venus and Adonis.' It becomes easily
possible when we consider what Lop do
Vega, Raf faele, Ceaare Borgia and Hid
ney did when they wer still mer strip
lings. I grant you It would seem In
credible that boy of 14 or H could
have written 'Love's Labors Lost But
In assigning 1690 as the year in which
mat piay was "probably written, Pro-
"Liflsffidlct a speed of at , least 200
1 - vwraa ain nniir. jm. . mvinr in una : wssr
lyand tear on the rolling stock, economy
in u' cost ! construction ana. main
tenance. The latter . feature may be
small in; amount, but as I am giving
'you increased comfort and greater
I speed, X perhaps may be . excused If I
, do not-effect a very great saving In
I the expense. T That has not been one
Of my objects, but I believe It is one
' of th inevitable consequences.
r "Ther Is no limit that I , know of
-excepting ; the' sis of the cars to
the carrying capacity of the cars. My
model car carries a load equivalent
i to 10 tons.' That there Is no danger
,' of tipping I bav proved ' by dropping
; a load equivalent to three ton on th
; right side of th car. The only effect
was the immediate righting of the car.
t Tb principle of th invention Is,
; of course, applicable to motor cars as
well, and la- bound to l result in the
; revolution of ' automobile construction
, Irr ;tne next few years.,. In ; IQ years ,
he Is to receive a royalty equal to f
per cent on th total cost of all sucb
railroads constructed by them.
me eagerness or the British war
office will perhaps be understood when
it is pointed out that a track for Mr.
Brn nan's car can be laid, at the rate
01 20 mnes per day, thus enabling an
army to keep In railroad communication
with Its base of supplies through a
whole campaign, irrespective of dis
tance. Practically no roadbed is neces
sary for th railway, so marvelous Is
tne adaptability of these cars to the
condition of the ground over which they
travel. They run with equal ease up
mu ana down, on th aid or the hill
sloping at an angl of 46 degrees, and
arouua ins snarpest or curve,
PEER WHO BELIEVES IN GUNS
f 0mmm-v mmtmmm-mt ysjra --s
Will Become Public Property.
Speaking of bis arrangements with
me - Britian government Mr. Brennan
was naturally reticent, but . he told me I
such of his plans as were bound to be-1
come public property within the next
year or so. -
'Th army council," he said, "haa
placed at my, disposal the former Bren
nan torpedo factory at Chatham, and
during the next 18 months I shall con
struct a full-sised complete car embody
ing my Inventions. For all intents and
purposes th email car with which I
have made my trials is a satisfactory
demonstration of thelf practicability.
but the larger ear will be put to the
very severest of tests.
Mr. Brennan's invention, as he ex
plained - it to me, consists in a new
means of applying the familiar scien
tific principle of gryostatic action. That I
uie spinning of th gyroscope would en-1
aoie bodies to maintain an upright po
sition was already known, and so also
was the second or precesslonal move
ment, which operates against permanent
stability by shifting the center of
gravity. Mr. Brennan reasoned that if
this -adverse influeno could be neutral
Ized enduring stability would be In
suredt and his Invention was accord
ingly based oh such automatic accele
ration of the . precesslonal movement
as would torevent Its interference with
equilibrium. But, even so, some lateral
movement remained, and this was ef
fectively dealt with by th simple
process of using two gyroscopes spin-
. "SA lit
W I.. . 'Al
V ,777" -J .1
- ' - inn - . '7 7 -vv !
ONDON Major - General Lord
Cheylesmore believes that the na
' tion that doesn't learn to shoot is
going to get left And he be-
nlng in opposite directions, so that any cel ."Vt " l"! "'?l?tt'
mnvAmtmt In nn WmiM h nmn.t. I Ce,T ttrUCUOrt ltt th rt Of hitting
by th. other. The gyroscope. Vort li arj!:1:? "? V AT."
rflrtinm vt at -Vila nsk h Annn.l f I A I " ii IU" avwm-
VMuwua, waa n vm ass VLUvniilVII Iwl -.-ij-, . , ,
that of th plan of th wheel, and only 1 F""'ln? JP""l?rpn..n" 'n carry-
a. . fraction of the motlva -th.l'ng out tnai iaea win nis own DOys at.
vehicle is needed to keep. them ravolvl ""f ""' "c"u"lui "'f7 .
ing. -Indeed. If the power wer shut I Yhlch nc longed to Lord Beacons-
off altogether: he says, they would oon- new". wePOn the lads are using
tlnu to revolve for a long time by"r "BW war minaiure nnes
their own tmoatus. In his model thal caliber, sighted up to 100 yards
revolving disc are only flv Inches (n I an designed to oonform to th service
diameter, and It carries an eleetrlo j condition as applied, to rifles used to
storage battery, though any; other kind I th Held, i1 .'77 V .'J v -
of ' power can be used. ' , -v ' I Lord Cheylesmore is chairman of the
Mr. Brennan js , the Inventor of .the J National Rifle . association, and fee rf
Lor4 Cheylesmore, Teaching His Sons to Shoot."""
led to the altar.
Jotces in th unofficial title of "The
Shooting Man's Friend." Under his
guidance the civilian rifle dub move
ment haa been developed until now
there are upward of 1.000 In existence,
with an aggregate of 70,000 members.
In addition ha has taken an active part
In the organisation of schoolboy' rifle
clubs and competition. ?7?
Semd in the Guards. .
He served in th Grenadier Guard a
When a mild mutiny broke out tu th
regiment and it was banished to the
Bermudas Colonel Eaton, as he then
was, was appointed to th command.
and the "vexed Bennott" knew , him
for a considerable time. . Here h met
the beautiful Miss Elisabeth Ormond
French f Kew Tork, whom, in 1J, haj
In marrying an Amer
lean woman h was merely following
the excellent example set by his father,
whose wife was. a former belle of New
Orleans. Ten years after Miss French
became a British ' soldier's bride, his
brother, the second baron, died unmar
ried' and the pretty American girl be
came a peeress. The peerage is quit a
modern creation, being one of eight
conferred la commemoration of the
jublle of Queen Victoria.
Lord Cheylesmore, who Is now 80 and
on the retired list. Is still, as he has al
ways been, a busy man. He is a mem
ber of the London' county council and
before that served two terms as mayor
of Westminster. He haa dabbled in
journalism, for he founded and' edited
for many, years the; Guards' Magaxln.
Stories Are Pure Myths.
The supposition that the Stratford
actor was on terms of Immediate friend
ship with Southampton is pure Imagina
tion. It is founded on nothing more
substantial than the dedication of 'Ve
nus and Adonis and 'Lucretia to this
nobleman., This was In 169S, before
Shacksper had appeared on th. stag.
Th date usually assigned for that
fa 1 KQJ mnA AWATC that la Auhlftue.
In 1591 he must have been, if w trust aor Dowden assumes too much. It
Rowe, a horse-boy! Th easy, familiar I Jts on no more substantial foundation
stvle of these dedications is such asjtnn th mention of a clever horse
might be naturally assumed by one no- wnicn was exhibited about that time,
bleman addressing another. It is not B0 earn horse mad a greater
at all the form whloh, following th f?nt,0J ,,n al for witchcraft In
custom of that tim. an obscure author I8T " " 1 far more probable that
would adopt in addressing a titled pa- w" ln tbat year th play was writ-'
tron. ten lt Bm to me absurd to assign
'That the Stratford actor was a the most elegant of Shakespeare's eom-
fiiend and partisan of Essex Is another "dies to th outset of Us career. It
fable. It originated in the allusion to w 'n 189s that love's Labors Losf
Essex in the prologu to -Henry V.' and was first published. . u -
the notorious fact that "Richard II In Beerbohm Tree's contention that no
its first revolutionary form was per- one could hav written Shakespeare's
tnrmaA tnf th. hainaflt tit the ROnBDirSy P'yS but an BCtOr IS rldleillntlB. Moil
tors before the outbreak of th fcssex Bouclcault says 'Shakespeare was th
riot. Nor would a man in Shaoksper's I " poets ana th worst of play-
clrcumsUnees always cautious and wngnw. wuit true, and what other
hnalnAaa Ilka where tnoner was in-1 great dramatist except Moliere wu w '
volved have risked offending hie gra-I "actor.. "That Rutland was a constant
clous queen by the terrible veiled at- naant at playhouses we know from '
tack on Lord Leicester in Hamlef Sidneys memoirs." - - ,
(which embodies the secret family trag- " , , ' .
edy of the house of Essex) and the Earl of Rutland the Author. ' - '
glorification of Southampton's forbid- t ....:. .. .
den marrlage-o disUsteful to th t i T f 7?-V,T
explicable on my theory that the Earl of a u0pfp ' "i.. f?17. th
Rutland was the author of th plays fL0- Af't b ot Vxm
and poems. Rutland was th bosom shakn!. m?" 7 ,V v
friend of Southampton and the stepson- l!.??!!"0," ""Mave ao,
in-law Of Essex. Th Rutland theory , ' ,V . " Z J .? "TB anowieajre
accounts, too, for th. Intlmat knowl- X'tV J'
edg of court secrets revealed In veiled ?cl "d penmark which they die
form In -Midsummer Night's Dream' P1?'.! 5n'end,ed -,WM x!a,im
Leicester's ambiguous double courtship PT"bble' ,t0 "a3r iBut Butler
to the queen and th Dowager Countess hadfca,m5le opportunities for acquiring
of Essex. 1 "vv- iiuuiuiaiiun, 19 Biarteu on ma
s'"u tour ui curope in ia. . tim visit-
Real Friend Was Usurer. I ta ,Uy, Verona.
led law In the university of Padua. Ha
intimate friend and patron of the Strat- accompanied the Earfof Essex in his '
ford money-lender. Shakespeare's real expedition to th Asores, which would
bosom friend, as w learn from Rowe, account for the knowledge shown in
was tne usurer combe, ine wretched "The Tempest." He also fought in HbU.
verses he wrote for Combe's epitaph, land, which would suffice to explain the :
which are quoted by Rowe., and his own reference to Dutch life in the Shake-
miserable epitaph at Stratford, testified pearean works. From 1601 to' 1603 ho
as his own production by the sexton was Imprisoned, and during this period
Dowdall, are the only well-authenticat- no single Shakespearean drama; ap- -'
ed evidence we possess of his literary peared. In 1603 he went to Denmark to '
pursuits. His last will and testament attend the baptism of the Danish crown
contains no allusion to literary prop- prince as the representative of James i,
erty of any kind. The cltlrens of Strat- therebv aooulrinar a knowledge or rvm.
ford knew him only as a business man. mark and local color for "Hamlet." He
actually met Gulldenstern and Rosen-
He has several hobbies. His collections ??1" " " m8n u"-'' "a " .
of medals which Includes no fewer lnea v" " ouaaea-
than eight Victoria crosses, nearly 150
Waterloo and Crimean decorations, be
sides numerous orders ' and other dis
tinctions conferred on British subjects
pearean dramas ceased.
Dr. Blelbtreu has not advanced bis
theory lightly, and it cannot be lightly
dismissed. He Is a prodigious worker.
in-' r 1. ! v-u mi u luuuouj . U MI,IHMI,t.
lble. He Is the author of many notable
Its kind. He also possesses what Is said
to be the best collection of mezzo tints
ever rotten toeether bv a nrivata m. I w " '" " sm.
fhlnt tosretner Dy a private en- contemporary German writers on liter-.
One of his treasures commemorates a
dream. Several years ago he dreamed
ture and history. He has mad a pro
found study of English literature and
has written a history of it,. But his
h ... . . .v.- a. T " """ "
iT Li U trT. admirers regard "The True Bhak3-
St ,nv mil ?na. Tth 1m . If Pere"' " hu treatest achievement.
unexnLd v?cto?v A dl! or fJiJjt S,nc Ks PPa they hav. dubbed,
TLVZ yAL,. t 1 I him, 'The Columbus of Literature."
the race was run, and everything turned '
out as Lord Cheylesmore had witnessed A.,.i r..,T 1 1
It In his sleeping vision. Whether or AncesCT V,asue.
no he backed his dream Is not known, J If the German professor's theory
but the' matter so impressed the late I should gain goneral acceptance. Bel voir
Count Glelchen, an artist of no mean castle, the ancestral seat of the Rut
ability, that he immortalised the event I lands will dlanlac StratfordVon-Avon aa
by transferring it to canvas and there the shrine of the devotees of the man
it stands today, a striking illustration I who whoever he was "wrote not for
of either the long arm Of coincidence I an age but for all time." It would Inn
or the reality of clairvoyance. Itself well to that, purpose. Of all th
Lady Cheylesmore Is tall, with beau-1 stately homes of Enaland there is nnna
tlful blue eyes and fair hair. Bh tsi which surpasses Bel voir In rrandaiir m
famous for her Jolly little dinners, at j beauty. At present it la closed becans
which ah often has the honor of en-1 the present duke, who succeeded ta th '
tertalnlng royalty. .he Invented a I titles and estates only last year, had t
highly original industry In Ireland to I cut down expenses . in order to av
help out the poor peasants. They were! enough monev to naw the hnv, At
employed In making not ordinary dolls, dues. ., - -: ',: .: -7 ',7. :; : i ;
but puppets bearing ridiculous resent- ; The ,"Rutland aro brainy " folk and
blanc to well-known people. She re- some of . them bav . playe4 no lnmn
mains true to th stars and striae and sdIcuoub -nart in th mkin
Identifies herself with everything Amer-j history, but they w thlr tho.V,.?
' 7"a .n seuing or American of , broad acre and big fortun t ,
candy and Ice cream at fashionable ba- to fortunate marrWgea than a,,
saara. -j-;-v , . lelaa. ' .