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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (May 12, 1907)
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TtyE : OREGON SUNDAY, JOURNAL, PORTLAND, ' SUNDAY MORNING, : MAY" 1907 .
I I III I II .1 III I I I II I I 'I I II II II. I I .1 11 I III I III l ) l I II .1 I I I , i I I III .11 J I I I,
.-.'-1 ;1 fa VmJtt ir ".,.- t
."'.i1 '!- tl IV-:..'-. ..'' ''U'trU , ';s-i.?f. If " ' f- . ;,.', l ,-., ll c-nrtMnt up wm oimng room. ;; , ; ;
W' ''J74 rAI. 1 ivJf-.- .
'r--' t'.7:X:i: ti,AY.l I - " - " " mmm . ... " 1 V ' 7: - V ' 'V - V. 'i-, V:-i- . ' X
fUN'lf'Wr Y Grman chfldrm never spk at th Ubl. unlw. d-' If ' l, h V WL?- A 1 1 WsCOl " I "'" i
Houseaf . .
andf Peasant .
" win lean vartoua methods of cooking meat," and en atm ,
another afternoon acquire the art smt making ' aalada, :
deaaerta and other appetialng dUhea, V ' ' i ' ' j
: Naturally, aome of the tyroa do not cook the most
exoellent dlflhes, and the ; hotel management la . paid
for permitting the young women to have the privilege
of cooking In. the kitchens.. However, after they have -mastered
the methods of cooking, many choice steaks
and delicious dishes which the young women have made
' are sent up to me aining rooms. j ..
lit the southern part of Germany, as wen as In Den- ,
mark, 'are many large farms; the owners are gentle pee-
'tple often In reduced circumstances.' , After a young
woman has graduated from the selector It Is customary
to aend her to one of these farms. There, with Sva
. or six other young women from the city, she finishes
her studyaof housekeeping In all its branches. '
' r She Is treated as a visitor; parties art held for her
nd taiiiw folks Invited, and the vr Bum nlMuntlv
The fraulein who cares for the young woman Is well .
paid for her services; besides this, the Oretchem
'OT.rlong since I this advertisement
appeared in a German jpaperi
"JV anted Bi a young ' Danish
woman, position as .. cook in a respectable
German family. Wishes to learn German
IIighlass references given" w
A cook was needed in the kitchen of a
Berlin diplomat, y The official's wife had an
interview' with . the applicant and engaged
her. Both the official and his wife were
struck by the refinement and beauty of! the
servant; Jer voice was soft, well modulated,
tultured; she was pretty and neat, with soft
gray eyes and hair like golden flax. Her
Salary was $1.2 K a week, i ' '
The new servant paid-unremitting, at- J ,ppred m'aa short a time as possible. . 4 ' v
ttention.to her duties, cooked the most de- j, GET. fRACTICAL WORK , ,
itCiOUS dishes and learned German rapidly. ' In Qermany; and Denmark, it is said, fully W' per
i ' i ' ii tt . 't., cent of ths young women of wealthy families, after their
the Was pleasant , and Obliging, a ferect .choollng. go lnte the country on farms and spend a
'iewety the ofHdats Wife declared.' ' - year or " rnlng the art of housekeeping, 1eglnnlng
. f 1 m tt . with the A B C's and following every detail. With art
. tlyUne day, a newspaper Of A alborg Came the Oerman.glrl learns cooling, with music she learns
ttim fcwir I&UUm rtii U ti tit Mtff." : lending, and literature goes hand-ln-hand with laundry
to , bouse. While sipping her tea the , mis- And th8 prmMte4l arU g0 ftnead of tha arU 0'f
treSS flattCed over it -Suddenly dropped Her culture. In the households the most prised possession
i i. . . . rr V... -whatT The cook-book! i .
Wp,htt 'ItpS parted in amazement.? tier hUS- The recipe book In Danish and Oerman families
If and ticked UP the Pater, read a Paragraph descends from mother to daughter and fromsgensraUon
. ; , r ,. v , ' to, generaUon; next to the Bible1 It la ths most frequently
fO - Which MS Wife pointed, and alSO Sat read volume in the home. t
itieerhlcss "''' 4 When a daughter la born In a wealthy family on this
lycctnicii. BWe the oewa wn&t a fuM j, ma((. nurgeg m engaged.
For they learned that tnetr COOk- -the every care and attention is lavished on the little girl; as
every wn is grauneo, sne is voaaiea,
Oerman children never speak at the table unless ad
dressed by the parents. When little girls or boys sea a
parent enter a 'room they arise until the mother or
father Is seated. And Just a soon as the little girl can
manipulate a needle tha kind, gracious mother begins
teaching her to sew. . ' ' v '.-.."v.. : :.
At first It is little dollbaby dresses; then, as she gets
older, she makes clothing' for herself, andWwhen she Is
yet quite a little r girl she commences - making linen
articles for her dower chest. In this, from year to year,
are added pieces of linen to be used only when she be
comes the mistress of a household of her own. . "
On certain days In a well-to-do German family a
teacher comes to the house to teach the girls the sew
Ing and embroidery. When the daughter Is old enough
the mother takes her to the kitchen and shows her how
to cook. Until the age of ii or 1, girls attend a private
school, after which they usually go "one ' year to the
selector or advanced school.
j 1 1
Girt m ffaifey jffire :
' ' ' . ( '
Bens Issanoe,' the song recital of Mile. Bingovltsky, the
lesson on Baifskrlt and miss ths 'engagement with the
modiste T Indeed!
v A witty Oerman visited this country several months
ago, quietly - made i his observations . and before he left
commented on' what he thought was a characteristic of
, American life: '
. 'Instead of making soup such as our wives make
In qermany, your wives buy prepared noodles. In Ger
man jr a woman spends three or four hours over a soup
n-many things are. cooked before adding to It, many rare
flavors .and spices are blended ' and numerous ingredi
ents go to make it delicious and palatable. - Cooking ia an
art in Germany the Germans know how to eat, 'too. "
' ."In America you, have dried-up breakfast foods for
breakfast, . canned meats and canned vegetables for
lunch 'and dinner. Tour idea Is to eat as quickly as
possible that. of your wives to secure food which can '
j ' j' PPi
CooAur? Qd33 idHofel Kilchen.
Viitrhlu 4ri-r0l twltttvnlt th A111 tr titer fit u uer
in? 7r r"" i Y P '! petted, spoiled, and
ftitiHititAn the liatiiKh Minister nt Avrtcul' i. nm., ti.i.
ture iind.ofte of the most totular statesmen 1 pid to the uttie girt,
are different. Great attention ia
of course, but from the time she
. t f V.,t 'Ty, hntit!frv u aD1 10 toddle about she is taught to wait upon herself.
nf huropel lo learn German. .housewif ery A, goon ,he u able M prmttl ihe u tought to reip6Ct
land the German language the young woman her nurses, and as a girl she obeys her governess.
ad atplied for a Position, had worked as a 0n no occasion wnfild a little girl command her gov-
. f :,', erness to bring to her her shper and stockings. She is
JCOOR, . t Uught to get' her clothing herself, to dress herself and
' t Yet the experience of this young woman do whatever she can without the assistance of others.
tvas not exceptional; in-- Germany and Den' 1 -, in. 1 " 11
mark a woman's chief aim is to know well
the dirt of housekeeping. Rich girls and poor
igirls alike study cooking in kitchens, and no
matter how many servants she may possess
later in life, a woman's greatest pleasure is in
the womanly arts.- 1 tie impress of uermany
'Still mends her own, stockings; Bertha Kruppi
'German gun works and one of the richest'
twomen in the world, is a skilled cook; Queen
Alexandra of England often concocts 'dainty1
Wishes which she learned to make in her girW :
hovd days in Copenhagen.
While going to school. If she lives at home, a glrl'a
real education in housekeeping, begins. On certain days
each week she is required to go . itftor th.e kitchen and '
help the servants.. ... . ' . , ' . .
Onjaaklng day. she learns how. to bake, finally bak
ing cakes herself. On .washing? day she washes several
rules the house like a little empres articles of her own attire, and on Ironing day does some
Ironing, if . only three, or four - handkerchiefs. . She Is
taught to set the table, to, arrange the dishes artistically;
she even goes into the kitchen and waihes and .dries ;
dishes.- i . .... .. . :--.,v r. y.:..--.t '
One would suppose that by. mingling with the1 serv
ants the daughter would lose their respect. - Not so. i
The servants understand that the little girl is the daugh
ter of the mistress, of the house, and respect her all the
more because she Is no? aloof from then work. -.
' . ' ' V '? " - --v
are invaluable in helping;, conduct tha work of the farm.
In parte of Germany titlt women : in " poor ' circum
stances make a business of bonding girls of position and
teaching them sewing. cooUnind other housewifery
arts..-, f. -j. " . '
Imagine such a condition prevailing In this country.
, Here young women,' after passing from the hands of tha '
governess, '. are sent private schools and seminaries,
where they acquire all the fads and frille of so-called
pollshingff. education. They study in laboratories and
learn the genealogies of outUeflsh; they get a smattering
of French and other languages, livmg and dead-speak-Ing
them as if the languages were mostly dead; they v
learn Browning and - the fripperies of ultra-correct atl
quetK how to smile, talk and dress.' ' - '
They, learn how to play the piano and smudge colors
on china; how to waits and take part in tableaux for
charity. , Cook? Their knowledge to confined to making
fudge or taffy in a chafing dish.
' WEALTH MAKES NO DIFFERENCE
when Bertha. Kxupp was married her trousseau cost
I2M. In her dower chest were bedclothlng. table linen,
sheets, 4 napkins and garments which she had made with
her own hands. She became a wife wit& a full Troowl
edge of housekeeping.' this heiress to a fortune of 30,
000,000 knew how to sew and cook. ' -
Herr von Studt, Jdlnister of Education, recently
announced in the .Prussian Diet that all young women
who wished to study 'to become housewives could enter
the lyceuma. where cooking, hygiene, domestlo economy -and
-the care of infants, would be taught -
In Copenhagen, DeAmark, it is customary for young
wuo are attenamg school to go to the royal -
Instead of whipping a disobedient daughter, a mother w kitchens to study cooking. As In Germany. Daniah mh.
loaoa xneir daughters the rudiments of housekeeping
as soon as they are able to learn. Where there are
several grown daughters in a house the management is
sivcu io mem m turns.
quite often sends her to the kitchen to engage in do
mestic work for several hours. (
;..'.".: German housewives the world over' are noted for
their thrift and cleanliness. . In the German kitchen un
touched food that is left over is utilised. - The German
girl learns what dainty dishes can be made of food
Domestic servants in Denmark nOaMASH 4 A f O lit esVI si
tlon and speak German mm
which In America careless servants throw into garbage , of cultured English women speak French. It has been said
bkrrela. Consequently there I. lilwaste in the Gor- that there la not & man or woman , m Denmark, no
; man household, and the kitchen is maintained at com
paratively small expense. .;?' ? ?
jf During the time a girl goes to school she will accom
pany her class to the kitchen of a big hotel perhaps
three times a week. : There the young women don aprons
and get to work. On one afternoon the . chefs will
teach them how to cook . vegetables, . on another,- they
CHARMS THAT ARE HELD INTHE PLASH '-OP-GEMS
AYBE, before long, the. ef&cacy' of clianns . lately.- ' and remote, past .which . in fill ages and countries
tnat s are popylarly aasociated with pre y ; Whether one be inclined; to agree with him as vmakes different branches of the human race akin., 1
cious stones will be recognized and placed ' to the logic of his conclusion' or not, it is certain ; ; ' ' But no matter whether science can explain f
r fi tt ,BCieniinc Dasis. inis is tne opinion tnat most people from a poetic point -or view wouict ;,. or . not, , the fact - is that superstition concernimy
JsPeorgej. JlBratloy anJ!iig .things in.tfao Jisbi.irf'ipexr.i .tsm ia rife ipday-rmore so tbau many would AW
has been making an extensive study of the subject ., stitionthat connecting-link between the present pose. ',,'
:-.-.'. t : . ' i '. I .1 l . I i l
HEN a little girl comes into thf family we'
prepare her to be a wife," said a prom
inent Dane while visiting this country. '
- we rew wm wuumn cannot manage
s household unless she is a housewife herself.
"How can she direct a cook When she does not know
how to cook? ' How can she direct a seamstress If she
does not know how to sewT ; How can she tell if her
laundry is not done well if she has not washed and
Ironed clothing herself T , '
"And unless a woman is a good housewife,- how 'can
he be a good mother r i - , , - ,
As a result of the excellent training of girls In house
keeping, the servant problem does not weiglrheHVUjr.cn
Germany or Denmark.- ...'.-.'.
How- many girls are there in wealthy families, even
in families', of moderate circumstances, in this country
who could 'make a shirtwaist if plsced In such a Mir
extremity t - How many can trim a hat, hemstitch a
handkerchief, knIMi pair of aockst f
How msny can make pies "such as mother used to
make" or broil a beefsteak f How msny on certain '
ys go into the kitchen and wash dishes with the
servants, wash and iron a certain portion of their own
tiothing, help the cook to pake cakes or make soup? .
- It is not unlikely that such suggestions to well
dressed American miss of wealth or -social position would
be met wtth a cry of Indignation, scornful laughter and
aa swish-and flutter of haughty skirts, Go into the
kttithtn, prrpr frlssled teef, learn the secrets of Hun-
rarua gouiasa and perspire over an Irish stewt The .
I lumain away from tha leoture on the art of the '-
ORD BACON believed a "planet seal", would obtain
the . affections of one's sweetheart; the Csar of
Russia wears a ring which is believed to be a piece
of the real cross of Calvary to protect him from
physical ills;. King Alphonso of Spain was showing a
sequln-a Turkish coin which hs always carries to Fresl
- dentFaure when,' in Paris: street, the attempt of an
assassin" on his life was unsuccessful. ' - f
Bo why. shouldn't common folks have their supersti-..
Uons? And of all the old-time superstitions that survive,
those relatinT to precious stones are the most persistent
" Temperance societies some day may buy up the supply
of amethysts and present them to habitual tipplers; for,
according to- the superstition, that has been brought down
through the ages, with modern variations, this stone ban
ishes all desire for strong drink. .
. .Yet in this the aoclejjes might make a bad bargain,
for, ''possibly, It Is not bo much that the stone cures one
of desire to drink as that It permits one to drink all he
desires without feeling any ill 'effects. : '
- NOT A MODERN WHIM
. . ' -. ....... f . . .-- .
- This Isn't a modern whim. The Greeks thought the -amethyst
possessed a charm for counteracting the effect .
of wine; and m Christian oonntrles It has ever been an -.
emblem of, sobriety and chastity so much so that It is
set in the ring of bishops in the Roman Cathollo Church.
In this instance,; the original use of the amethyst as -
the "prelate's gem" was undoubtedly a matter of senti
ment of poetry. .-.' . ,
It is the stone dedicated to the child born In Febru i
ary, and an old rhyme credits it with freeing from pas
Ion and care the February child who wears U. -
Shun the sapphire, unless you,court rigidly tfie "truth
and constancy'; which It insures. For, "If a person wears a
it in any haunt of dissipation, his actions would at once "
be known to the one be holds dearest." Horrors!. .
September's stone is the sapphire, and, according to
' old birth-stone rhyme, a maiden born in that month
' ! A sapphire en her brow aboold bind; "1 : 1
..'Twill cure diseases efjthe mind. , H r ' , !
Amber, Je" are told, "la excellent for the fire of the
souI; for the ' eyes and, for; glandular swellings of Jhe
throat and lungs." A man with an amber cigar holder -Is,
evidently, assured a fiery soul and healthy lungs; but
it's more effective, as well as poetic, to wear the stones in '
the shape of beads around the neck. v , ; I -'f
Surprising is the meaning of the diamond,' in view of '
the opinions which so many people hold o,f the present-"
day "smart set." who, of course, mainly wear it Faith,
purttyT'llfe, Joy, Innocence and repentance these the dta- 1
mond will surely bring. " TyT'ir S'.r ',
' , Authorities usually give April over to the diamond. "
Away: back in the fourteenth century Rabbi Benonl',
collected for posterity the superstitions regarding pre
cious stones that were then believed and most of them
haven't Changed. ; i v-'; 4 '."V.
' July! ruby is the emblem of unlimited 'success; the
- wearer shall be free from love's doubts and anxiety."
It you follow a --dangerous Occupation even though
December be not the, month of your birth you will find
. the, turquoise a faithful companion, for it will, not pnly,'
bring you happiness, but If your wellbemg be W peril will,
.warn you. by turning pale.": . ; V-;: v : ' V':'?';.."''--4-
'That. the opal, which typifies October, is fatal to love
' and sows discord between the giver and receiver,' is dls-
quieting information. Especially' is It said to' bring ill-
luck when given as an engagement ring.
If you are troubledwith bad dreams, perhaps it Is
..because you wear an ornament made of onyx.'whlch 1s
matter what his or her noshion. who cannot n.i anil
..write. -V :-'r.r-: " ': .-r : -.' ' "'." c
ln Denmark few housewives have trouble ifs 'evui.
servants. A system turn been perfeoted, which guarantees J!
a hwieewlfe honest and good servants, as well as inJaWC
pendenoe and fair treatment, to those employed-ri7 '
- When a young woman obtains employment she goes
. w,iuw ana geu book which tesudes to
her good character, and la which is entered the name
the woman into whose service she enters; Without
this bookrot character a servant cannot secure employ
ment Thfs book she gives to her new. mistress; in re-
7A"Da??-h if,Lto.h6ront d00p "V th housed '
!J1"n1 ,h0U8wlfe does not - bother herselff as to
J?J,i,,lrl'ferM nlfht, nor does she compel her
to return home by a certain hour. All she asks Is that
mZmlZZ?1 on,hand. to,t,ma t0 mk breakfast "n the
' h.5!hliJl.eryan,t JT bolttta Independence. - Should
shs desire to leave the serv ce.. she Is reaulrdtA ive
cKf.i? b00ki &nJ reports off at the police station.
.-.?uld "veral weeka or months elapse before she
again secures employment, she is required to aTve in
imnr"ntnn-Jv w0J?an ? discovered to have led an
f fusei n! .wrUflcaUon of good character is re-
; . SERVANTS TRUSTED IMPLICITLY 1
on uanisn nomes servants are" trusted implicitly:
22: .P"J5"',I0 ear whatever of letUng her daughters
mingle with them In the kitchen. ' . "
A cooking school was recenUy opened in Copenhagen,
but most vbuna- wnmnn. mftmr .r,fl.i, .- '.? .-
ths home of a tsnunlrv Wi(nlai. Vli... . v. A L a -1 -v. IT. . i - "
Stlll,jt Is the , . study in mr&r?T? "
vviuis learmna nousewirerv art vnntia- vnmi
many and Denmark ,by no means neglect theircBttiira . I
in social decorum and the7 arts. Women of both couBS' I
tries are noted for their a-raea an a mKimi... ty.aw. I
said to contain an Imprisoned devil who wakes, and gets ,-; women take up scientinq and classical studies; many an- -
xn uopenhagea la one of th largest ftnd beat
mischievous when you are aaleep. t : i - ,
, But, on the other hand, your . bad . dreams . may be i
causedy indigestion,, in, - which .case nd , eoral i would "
make your sleep happy; or,' perhaps, by what you drank
before going to bed In which case, an amethyst might
, counteract the work of the onyx. . ., , u
. ' MVonstone has tha virtue of making trees fruitful
and curlag epilepsy.' ' , v.
; Sapphire ' produces somnambulism and Imnela the
wearer lo do good deeds while walking in his sleep or
Aerate Quenches thirst and. If hM In tha mnntli . .. .. ,
lays fever. It s the blrthstone for June-and ths TJune 'wam' lne ow tradition neglects to tell. . r, y ,
baby who wears It may command health, wealth and long .' Topas, for November, promotes digestion, keeps one
wu j: : , - '. - . .. ; - j, '.. from having violent hemorrhages, and la an emblem of
nu.u wis yuwu i a ceriain cure j uueiiiy. i " -- it ' -
- uniess one born m August wears a sardonyx, he or
sne neea not iook forward to conjugal happiness, nut to
A..MlAMMt I .1. ...1 ... -1. KMW . .
niuwvuu uuuiunuui ; 1(1 Aurope, X OUnded ' bV ' Mil
Zahle, In 186U it has developed Into a system of schoo l.
There is a Higher Girls'. School and several ewte
schools. -The government does not encourage thi em
'ployment of women, and there are few women employe
in the government offices and tha postal service. -
...... One woman has qualified as a lawyer, but none has
ver . been admitted , to pracUceviThere. are in. Conen-
hagen a number of women dentists several doctors.
three 'Cabinetmakers and several official Parliamentary
iiviuiiiiu rviivri.eni. - Ai inn iieaa OI some Of the best
preparatory and Latin schools for boys are women.
Unlike the women of this country, women of
- The emerald, the May stone, promotes friendship and
constancy, of mind; It blmds-a serpent that looks at it;
the May child who irears it ;'wUl he a loved and happy
a life of loneliness. Those who shun marriage needn't
shun 'sardonyx, however, for the rule works only one
way, 4. , , . x-'t-i'iyy'v,:-:
many and Denmark do not find much attraction In busi
ness pursuits. They feel that thelr-place Is in the home.
. A mother's pride is - In her house, and In . raising ' her
daughter to become good housekeepers themselves.,'
Girls hope to become good mothers, and train them
selves so that when they are led to the altar they will
- not be pointed out- scornfully as brides who do not know
how to manage servants, datocka r make soups.