Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (May 5, 1907)
y . . ., ,,, ',..- , I. )'....,,, m;,,,, ... , , y I, S - :.
1 mbbwwp I.,..,, 1 v' mnmm II V ' i 1
1 ' - -i '
AN INDEPENDENT KEW8PAPBB
C. S, CK80N....,....,.,..--'--Pab1''''?
PDbIMM ' .TW "jtf jUiS
tag. Hits -asd yn.MII tft PortUo.. w.
roBBION APVEETI3IH0 BEPBESBNTAjm
Briwwlefc Baudtaf. Fifth
,Torkl irfMM uniioins.
la the Catted BUM, Cnd or . :
.AiL.1. ... mi
; DAILY AND BUNDAY.
On fM.. .... . .. T.80 0n month
, Every noble life leaves the
fiber of It Interwoven forever
. In the work of the wortd.-
? LET THE PEOPLE RULE.
- ASTERN "conservative" papers
Hare crlUcUlng Mr.. Bryan for
Insisting on Pemocracy's ' in-
. . dorsement: of s the Initiative
and the referendum; as If these im
plements of people's' government
were things 7 not ; only - new - and
Btrange, but chimerical dangerously
radical, impracticable,, and alto
gether beyond the pale of reasonable
consideration, much less of approval,
These New York, Boston and-other
eastern critics ; assume that - Mr.
Bryan has gone off again on an tiltra
radical tangent, and is Insisting on
something .that ' again emphatically
proves him to be neither safe nor
sane politically. , -; , v;;': . l :c :" r: i ' 'i
These people betray an astonish
ing ignorance of what is going on
In this country. They seem not to
know that the initiative and referen
dum are already in operation In Ore
gonare provided for Hl the new con
stitution of Oklahoma, and are under
consideration and discussion In va
rious other states. Oregon and Ok
lahoma are butsmalJiportionBia
point of li'opulation7of the union, yet
what they do In so Important a mat
ter ought to be worthy of being
known, to saythe least, In the me
tropolls and the "Hub." The In
itiative and referendum, and the di
rect popular nomlnatloniot officers,
inclndlne TJnlted StateV senators,
have Tjeei In actual practice in.Ore
fm tim wuri now: under these
to ait. iir Wte. county and city
officers and a .United SUtes senator
have been elected;. and as yet mere
Is no movement nor any large and
expressed sentiment in favor of re-
vfiftine to the former system, ine
legislatures, of 1 various other, states
have beeni seriously considering the
adoption of like laws, and sentiment
in their favor is manifestly growing
throughout all the middle west. If
not in the east. 80, it these critics
only knew It, Mr. Bryan's proposition
is nothing new or strange.
And if : they look at It, what Is
this proposition but one to make gov
ernment oft by and for the people an
actuaT reality? Everybody , knows
that representative goyernment as
exemplified in this country has been
frequently a failure and a : fraud.
The men elected as representatives
have . not represented the people.
They have iSone things the people did
not want 'done and have refused to
An thinrs the oeoDle did want done
They hive gerved the tew and have
Injured and Insulted the many. The
representative . system had got so
that, as the prayer book aays, there
m no health in it or not much.
The trusts and corporations have had
wettr nearly absolute control or it,
)nlv the big stick of a presidential
rara avia forced anything in the peo-
Dla's interests inrougn me u
rrfl: : The people are afoot and
th corporations and tariff benefic
iaries and other privileged people
... f tha saddia and swing the
whins. ':'''. - -
Now' the' people are beginning to
take charge of their public affairs
more. If a legislature or wuncu
won't .pass a law they want they can
pass it themselves. If a legislature
pr council passes a law -the people
don't want they can repeal it. .This
s ail, were is 10 me uuuue uu
referenduni.A vrThey are' weapons to
bake representatives charged with
legislation do what the people want
dene and . refrain from doinjf what
the people do not want. done. "
Mr, Bryan simply stands for the
greatest possible degree of popular
government, believing that the peo
ple are fit for self government, or if
not will become more tit by exercis
ing these 'powers. , v And we think
that the people generally, regardless
of party, will stand by M.Bryan onj
tuls proposition. ; - .: C ; v
But, they say, while this might
work in a city or a state, li won't
-work as a national policy;' that acts
ct congress. cannot be-eompelled or
vetoed la this way. We do not see
hy. It U unlikely that the right
vould be often exercised, but in
tome extreme cue it might be, and
with Immensely beneficial results. If,
for example. congres ehduld pass a
bio Bubsldr bill, we believe the peo
ple, hating, the referendum poweY,
would ni the Iniquitous law.. Ana
wnv th initiative believe the
people would compel ,n Income tax
and greater Inheritance; tax ana
tariff reduction;15 : 11 : , '
A lot of people get scared ' every
ttnsCMr.' Bryan says anything, or
oretend to be scared, and- in twact
tqur or eight or ten years they fully
approve ojt just what he said. He, is
a little ahead of ' them, nd has a
little more courage; that is all. The
raaicai or yesieraay win o
servatlve of tomorrow.
LANE THE NOMINEE.
Y AN ; EMPHATIC . MAJORITY
the Democrats of Portland
have declared thelf desire that
Harrr Lane shall serve a sec
ond term as mayor.' This Is no mere
personal or factional triumph. It is
the expression of approval for an of
ficial who has done his duty hon
estly and well, an approval which' we
believe will be voiced still more em
Dhatically In the i June election ' if
Lane responds to the popular de?
mind and Is then a candidate.
Only DemocratlO .voters had op
portunity to vote for Br, Lane in yes
terday's prlmariesbut those who did
so are far outnumbered by the Re
publicana who have "declared - their
intimtioiT'of voting for him la June;
Good cltlxens, Irrespective of party,
demand his continuance in office, v
Democratic voters have , honored
their party by, makings Lane their
nominee for mayor. But he is not
merely the Democratic nominee he
is also the choice of that large class
of voters who place character, above
politics In selecting men . for public
. THE WEEKLY HOLIDAY. -
THE EARLY Christian cnurcn
' changed the Sabbath from the
seventh to the first day tf the
week for reasons which po
lemical casuists consider sufficient,
though several Christian sects still
observe the seventh day as the Sab
bath. "The church also changed the
name to' the Lord's day; hut, the old
Hebrew name of Sabbath still pre
vails quite generally throughout the
Christian world for Sunday, tne iirsi
day of the week. On the discussions
and contentions over the day, or
whether belief in and observance of
one dav instead of the"otW is es
sential, we have nothing, to lay, but
that one day out of seven should be
observed and set out as distinct and
different from the others, the world.
secular as well as religious, is pretty
well agreed;' Men need one' day at
frequent stated intervals for rest, for
recreation, for relaxation from their
everyday toll. And that a day of re
ligious observance is essential to the
orderly and successful dissemination
and maintenance of the Christian or
any other religion Is manifest. 80
the secular and religious worlds
not so far apart as they used to be -
can agree la support of at least one
elemental principle of ; the Hebrew
lawgiver's commandment : The In-
Junction not to do any work cannot
in these days be literally obeyed, but
It might be obeyed, more, than it is,
and the world would be better If it
were. The founaer 01 tne vnrisuan
religion taught that it was well to be
active In doing good on the Sabbath
day, that , works 1 of necessity and
mercy were allowable, that "the Sab
bath was made for man and not man
for the Sabbath," and he did not pro
hibit restful recreation; but agaln.-lt
would be well for the world if it
would be less noisy, rowdylsh, dls-
regardful of Christian people's sentl
ments and sensibilities, and more
thoughtful and decorous on the Sab
bath day. : ' . ' ." '" -
It is a busy world that we live in
now; too busy in respect of straining
for seven successive days it the
week to gain the almighty dollar,
and in performing needless labor
that is without ultimate profit. , It
Is a pleasure-seeking world, too, and
while innocent .pleasure-seeking,, or
the nursult of true happiness, is en
tirely legitimate on the Sabbath and
nronerlv one of Its objects, the day is
shamefully desecrated In many ways,
even in the eyes of those who dp not
regard it as a divinely ofdalned holy
day." r -1 t '" 1 ,J
A church or Other! place of relig
inna instruction and observance is a
good place for men of .whatever be
lief or of no belief to spend, a little
time in on the Sabbath day. On a
pleasant Sunday one .may truly wor
ship and be reverently mmaiui o
miner-earthly and sacred thlag
while also pleasing the senses and
recreating himself - in the out door
balmy air,! in tne .parks, on river or
lake, in the woods, or along country
laries, or sedately Tlsltlng with clean
ly and wholesome friends. '
Sunday on " Saturday, to ;, those
who observe that day as the Sabbath
or weekly holiday ought to be one
of real, healthful, moderate, recreat
ing enjoyment to all who are not ab-
soltttely cfimpelled to labor on that
day. Put alde care; with the week
day - garments ; : clean up mind v and
spirit, as well as body J banish worry
and ill-temper In the home this day,
rf least; forget" not your benefits and
lesslngs; respect " others' 4 opinions
and do unto them as you would be
done ' by; ' think i on whatsoever
things are pure, , lovely, . honest, of
good-Teport'JLgo out And-Inhale the
delicious, ; fragrant air, behold the
emerald beauty of hills, the purity
of mountain . peaks, the rejoicing
fcnndlty of nature: listen to the
melody of uncaged birds and feel the
indrawn life of te sun, and become
rested, happier, better. .'
The poorest oi you own all this.
No trust can corXsuit, no landlord
can collect rent for It,; no: law can
prohibit your enjoyment of it the
light; the warmth, the, scenery, the
fiowine water, the flight and twitter
of birds preachers and singers all.
Let no one' call yon master, nor do
yo4 look on any one as servant, this
J. I, i Snhhath the Lord's
dayr Ood is master otallr is In all
and through all; and us He ravorea
above -all other, created things on
this one little . world among His
myriads of scattered and. whirling
worlds, by imparting to us greater
knowledge and power a larger por
tion oi His essence to do with as we
will, rood or evil. - Let it be good
and not evil this and all Sundays,
since this is the day chosen by most
of ns for the Sabbath.
INCREASED PREIOHT RATES.
HETHER recent or threat
ened ; increases in freight
- rates are Justified or not
: : tha averas-a citizen Cannot
positively say, because he does not
know the many facts that need to be
taken Into , consideration to decide
the question, fairly. But from such
facts as he lloes know, from what ne
can s?e and hear and read that he
has reason to believe Is true, he can
not believe that higher freight rates
are Just. Yet the people mignt not
protest .much at some increase in
frelaht rates it along therewith they
could be assured that the railroads
were putting forth every effort In
their nower to provide more locomo
tives and cars, and lay more tracks.
It is known, that the railroads have
been making big profits for years
past, and now they are offered more
business than ever; the business is
increasing " constantly and pilly;,
the freight, congestion has become
chronic: next fall it will become a
neat national calamity, and, 'under
Such circumstances no unbiased man
can understand why at present rates
the railroads could not make an im
mense amount of money by laying
more tracks and providing more
transportation facilities, so as to
move the freight promptly and rap
Surely If they have made 1 big
money on the total investments in
their roads, Including water, by mov
ing the freight of former years, they
could make a far greater percentage
in moving a much larger volume 01
freight at a comparatively small out
lay. The new tracks and equipment
needed would cost say one fourth the
cost of the roads, but the volume of
traffic In a year or two would be
double what it was when the roads
were making great profits. Hence
the people cannot possibly see why
transportation facilities are left . In
niWtiAta and freight charges are
raised. There is certainly an Im
mense profit in the new business on
the required new Investment, at pres
ent rates. In a word, the people
don't believe the railroad ? traffic
managers who say a raise In freight
charges Is necessaryi V.
According to the Cincinnati Cham
ber of Commerce the people's freight
bill last year was $1,640,942,862
A little raise, a little more burdening
of the people, would amount" to a
great Sum. An Increase of one half
a cent per ton per mile would amount
to $925,000,000.r The railroads, it
seems want this, or at least an in
crease of a good many millions, and
yet they cannot provide cars and lo
comotives, or double their tracks
where, needed; they say they, can't
get the money, because Bryan has
made a speech or Roosevelt has
swung a club labeled justice at
them. Again, we don't believe it
i The other trusts want more, too
and are getting it under our glo-
rlOus system of protection. An in
crease of 60 cents a ton on coal
wnnld vield the coal trust $175,000.
000 a year; of one cent a gallon on
petroleum' would give Standard Oil
$56000,000 a year; 01 one cent a
nn near would Elve the sugar
trust an Increase of $60,0of,000 a
year. An increase of one cent a
pound' in the price of beet would cost
consumers $167,538,uvu, ana tne
cattle raisers get little or none of it;
the dear old' - immune beef trust
gets it. "
, Yet the American people are both
so prosperous and ; so r patient that
they would scarcely complain about
these enormous sums that are being
exacted from them it they could get
prompt transportation for their prod
ucts. Last winter , the people coma
hot ret coal at any price. Last tall
h eonld,.not cet'eara at any price.
Really,' QppeYs." cartoons about the
Common People ana the xrusis ro
not so greatly exaggerated as mjght
appear. . 1 But tb Common People
are waking upr
the " people Partly - to
THE Los Angeles Times, wmcu
does not view Senator La Pol
lette with a very large degree
, of favor, says his recent lec
ture in that city was "a sensational
political demonstration,' - and that
?hls Auditors jwera. as 'sympathetic,
as are caged tigers .with the man
who '.. tosses s them bieedlng ' meat."
The Times views La Follette as 'an
extremist," who would like to "kick
up industrial" mischief," yet the con
scientious Times admita that the
evlls.that La .Follette complains of
exist, but says they are only "symp
tons." not "fundamental causes,"
and that our representative system
of government is aamiraoie, om
the root of the evil" is the neglect
of civic duties by the average cit
izen." The Times further says:
-v. MtiMait, 'slant Banatora and the
trusts control legislation because the
voters of this nation put a low price on
their moet acrl Dentate, are ibiiiiim.
ek.(s MAat tMtnlatl SI trinL fornt their
obligations to city,' etate and nation.
put the pursuit or tne ioua aDove n
protection of their clvlo rights, pay no
v, .a ih. nHmuiM. tflkA no interest
In political laeuea, Uy away from the
polls, farm out their patriotism to eumo
committee, let a boss do their politics
n thin and aiinin and aaleAD them
selrca, permit the ever alert enemy to
get control. If Senator, 1 Follette could
awaken the clvlo conscience." he would
.nhUit. what laaialatlnn never can do
restore the control of the government to
the people, wnicn is, as am mrm, aw wo
blUon of his life.
There Is a good deal of truth, in
this. The people often seem to con
sider It a Joke to sell themselves out.
And too often they subordinate their
civic conscience to "fealty" to party.
especially to the 0, O. P., that, along
with doing some very good thing.
has been an ally and partner of the
multiform plunderbund ; for, ,40
years. . Yet all this does not excuse
senators and other legislators and
nubile servants lor serving the trusts
and interests and betraying the peo
ple. Mr. Bryan, says the fault is not
in the Deonle bufr in the ( men they
elect. Both he and th Times are
right. Too orten tne peopie are
negligent or' partyfled; ' but often.
too, a man who seems to be all right
and who'mthey have no reason to
distrust . goes over to the enemy as
soon as he gets Into office and the
CONGRESS MUST ACT.
NFORMATION FROM, PRIVATE
I sources seems to indicate that
J, no mistake was made by the
last legislature in the passage
of the bill for the Joint purchase by
the state and federal governments
of the Willamette locks, and the
opening of the river to free naviga
tion. ' It Is almost universally ac
knowledged that congress can hardly
withhold aid to a state that gives so
eminent an object lesson in .self
help. It Is , known . that Senator
Bourne has given assurance to Ore
gon friends that he believes congress
can be induced to provide for the
project in the next appropriation bllL
Congressman Hawley is understood
to entertain a similar opinion.
The opening of the locks, when
that auspicious event transpire, will
not be the only advantage; for It Is
considered certain that a conse
quence thereto will be a willingness
by congress to be. far- more liberal
thereafter In appropriations for
opening the river for its entire
navigable length. For this purpose,
but $50,000 is now contributed,
while the ultimate is likely to be per
hana five times that sum. An all-
year-aroundT navigation to Corvallis
and a part-year schedule to Eugene
are likely to be accomplishments for
the future, all iue to Oregon's wil
lingness to help herself. This is the
possibility, and it will be more than
a possibility if residents of the re
gion never lose sight of the goal ana
play their part in the great enter
prise until Its finish is beheld.
-trHE WOMEN members of a CIn
1; clnnatl church have persuaded
the church authorities to pay
- ' a salary to the minister's wife,
as well as to him, and it is likely
that this example may be followed
by other churches. 4There are min
isters' wives and ministers', wives, as
there are ministers and ministers,
but we doubt not that the women
members of many a church wuld
cheerfully and truthf ully:ibow that
the minister's jwlf e earns a ; salary
quite as well aa he does. e'
What a large and varied work of
ministration is hers. She must be
educated, accomplished, tactful, pa-
tienti sympathetic, a peacemaker, a
idmiomatlst of high order", cheerful,
charitable, ; sufficiently,; spirited to
lead; successfully, and yet meek to
bear offense, a counsellor of mothers
and a pattern to girls, a leader in all
church functions, a watchful helpful
friend to all classes and conditions of
parishioners, and -possibly may , be
called on to help her husband in nls
? - Whether all this desefves a sep
arate salary or not, and whether the
question of ministers' wives salaries
would be provocative ot mischief, it
Is not of course for us .to say. We
only say that we have known women
in these positions who in our humble
opinion earned more than their hus
bands did, though the world knew it
Thi American people salute Gen
eral KurokLii-Judged by the final
test of , success he . is one of ; tne
world's great generals, and is, more-.
Amr.' thi official representative to
this country on a courteous mission
fmm nation- that - has- In -recent
years astonished the world, and may
do so again. . ' . .
, There is one way, in certain cases,
to Insure peace. Caesar used It on
some barbarians. ' Generals Jake
Smith and Wood have employed H In
parts of the PhlUpplnes. 'Dead men
make no war..t;VrV-':l,?1:-;.:i; -y-.
; Verbal kicking at a great rate
atot tbe nominations will begin to
day, but it would have been" about
the sameif the nomination! nw
been different. :':s, ;
Some day. quite possibly, little
Japan will teach the American peo
ple a lesson Jn which they win learn
how to spell humility. ; ; )'S
ra" e-nvArnment's medicine Is
dealt out very slowly but, in a few ;
cases at least,, surely V
seems that DemocraU can write,
after allt" .; -:;v
The Nehraska I Railroad Lobby.
v ' From the Omaha Bee.
"ji the men in control ot the railroad
.: u.b..v. vnulil Brofit by
interests m i. .- - -
the example set by Mr. Harriman In his
m . nraaldent
endeavor to get v ""ZZ1
and to the PPle they wculd reverse
the tactics they are pursuing before toe
legislature at Lincoln. Instead of keep
nV a retinue of paid lobbyist, av the
capital and Importing a email army .of
ptS. favorite, and jebat. "onclari"
to manipulate w urem.. -houses,
they would take their hand, off
A,aVav Mnan . -
ana come w m. v .
instead or n" .
u..?ve" in dark corridors
room, to block and upset tho party,
reform program, which the governor and
ecuted. tney wonia
d withdraw all "truetion. to meas
ure, clearly demanded in the interest
of the people, instead Of "vUlng re
prisals they would art t tor nothing more
than a .quar. deal and rely on the gov
ernor to protect them from anything
vw1! "".""I i f the ranroad. In
Nebraska .houWnot 'njnaXe the
mistake oi imn"ni .
rV achieved by purchase or coercion
to be worth naving i ,jLrlZ
lar resentment They .hou d wf
that tne ""VJTr 7 Th.v
is only nowcorn. "-3
month, tne state mra -
or tne wirww : ......
the United State. "preme court de-
clarea mai im juu5u.v,
s- ati..1 ..:. ' . A'?. ';. , 1 ;f
The Lost Mother. -
:, -o- mra Jones. "
He was iuoh a little runny chan, '
1 1 a a miVihef balk v
And neat a. a pin from -hoe. to eap,
AS he leaned agains m ' .
"Hello- I .aid, and '"Lor -aid hm, . ;
. . 1 u aaln I. u.
Toper wa. th way he an.wered me,
But X saw a er u . ,
Where's your Mummy and why aw you
ind down hi. cheek rolled that fat lit
And fell on the .idewalkv slap!
-Tou're lost" W . "but irou , nt,tn'
. VI. 1(V TOM.'
If Ise losted," .aid he, with a trembly
..Sigh, . , .. , . ,
M mummy 1. losted, too. . , ,
feome onl old "man, and I'll take you
... r ... tvnttaA alonr.
"And next time you feel a desire to roam
See if Mummx wlU think , It wrong."
But up rushed a lady and olaaped him
-Oh, Harold," .he puffed, "Is it you--
My lost little noyr- vu
young m, , . ; . H .
' ! knowed you was losted, too." '
Forty Days Round the World. ;
v..m th tyindAn Soectator.
Many of tt marked an epoch for our-
eelvea when JUies vorna w'"loir" '
the World in Eighty Day.." Perhaps
nnaaihia than to sro round-in
80 days; the book would have been less
exciting to children II it had been pos
sible. But at all events It was nearly
possible, and many or u maeu uuw
i v. . , Unar mint nannla could aav
HIQ CyVU. w " ' -
... Vnw.v.r in hit thnu
B0 days have been reduced? - A writer
in the Deily Mail. F. A. McKensie, tells
us that the Journey can now be done
in 40 days, and that in comfortable
train, and ships, not by the desperate
expedients of Jule. Terne. t, ,. .v
We are told that the ticket, cost only
about S25 second clas. and IS16 first
class. The Journey 1. reckoned in this
way. liondon to Mo.cow. 8H days.
Moscow to. Vladivostok, It days; Vladi
vostok to Yokohama. days; Yokohama
to liondon via Vancouver, J1H days;
connection 1 day. , The Russian,
understand the art of comfortable rail
way traveling; their carriage, and buf
fet, are models, T - - '
' Sentence Sermons.
- . By Henry. F. Copa ;
Character is the fruitage of dally
choioes. ' " . ' ,
Kindness Is a seed that pever finds
a barren solL - i
virtue for profit will become vice
for more profit
"ri,a ht friendahlD7" is thatwhioh
brings out the best In us. ". -
txrhar M nail destiny often is only a
matter of determination. , . ' j
a-miiVinaa all foroe think al
ways of your own feelings. l
.m.. ma man fanj-s the power of sin
more than its punishment s . : y ;
Mandintf Vour war. 1. the best way of
mourning over them. :xi2.i
A'.: e...; .v'.
Y4 uiiJit' tata hrooorisles and
vil you are not likely to love virtue..;
u.. : arlui la turoud. Of being
wicked is really only jreak in the head.
in a, Van wins to have
your name on .th.Jly leal of ths. Bible,
v.n ... .m th character of any
age by th. plaoe It gives to character.
, v; e 1 e .. ......
1 - . v....1 ' aanaa .' flf " TOUT - CWH
rlrht. .oon will hide your neighbor's
righteou.no...' , . ' .: 5 :
m.m maaf the need, of a
thimty world by packing water on both
.nouiaera. ,. : '.Y'. i.;'-': ; .-.w
.v. .a va wa ml flnfl
the neatest heroes have been hidden
from earth. . .
-r,. k.u wIia navar think. Of th.
realm-, of other, is sure to be devoid
of epidermis hlnwelf. . -
I n, nava ha. a trouble about
hi. habit, when be I. carried away by
.om. great wora. -. ;
, a a ukai to onit talklnr about
mamate. a. soon as he buys his first
block of stock, .
SnaMM muni ta mt what Oth
ers want but what you no longer have
any appetite for. . v- ,
va nnlnifa wnl, aa mush time en
an invisible devil that there 1. neither
light nor heat left for, men.
Keeping Up Appearances.
,.r. By Beatrice ralrfax. Z--One
of th. saddest thing, about pov
erty l. that people ar. ashamed of It
Just why this should b .0 it 1. hard
to tell.- Although there are .ndleas
discomforts attached to poverty, there
i. certainly no disgrace. -r' -
In fact If th. truth were known, we
rich neighbor ha. frequenUy more cause
for .ham. than th. poor man next door.
it is fals. niide that . make. u.
ashamed of wearing .habby clothe, and
of th. phraM "T can't afford to." r
Th. . struri-I. to keen up appearanoea
and live beyond her husband's means
bas led many a woman into roojisn ex
travaganee. --'f ,:":.-'t
it l. hard for a: mother to see .tne
children of. her neighbor decked out tn
a-ormousnes. that ah. fondly believe.
would b. far more becoming to her own
darling.. . And sometime though she
know. ah. ought not to ao it .n. can
not resist the temptation of buying
clothe, for them which cost much more
than her .lender nurse can afford.
She see. new furniture going In next
door, and her heart burn, with envy.
and before long she add. a piece ot
furniture or brio-a-brao - to nar own
8he often doe. thing, tnat an. can
111 afford to .Imply because she can
not bring herself to say, "I cannot af
ford Ut" She look, on poverty a. a
A. long a. She Is doing her duty ny
her husband, ; children and home a
woman ha. nothing to be ashamed of.
If h.r children . are areaeea neatiy
It make. nO difference how plain their
nrment. are. -
I think that some or tn. women wno
are struggling to dress their children
grandly would be amasea ir tney oouia
see the plainness witn wnicn many or
th. children of the; very rich ; are
dressed. A sensible mother doe. not
want to fill her little daughter's mind
with false Idea. a. to the Importance
of d res..-" ;.i u ;.A ,',:;"-:"
Of course every .woman want., her
home to be pretty and attractive, but
1. a piano 4amp worth an added wrinkle
of care on a hard-working husband's
If your -husband is, honest and tern'
Derate never be ashamed of his pov
erty. but do 7our best to help him out
of It by- frugal management The more
economical you. are now the more com
fortable you will be in your eld age.
Mismanagement Is often the basis of
poverty. . t-;' J--"-i " . V '
No man ean ever be anything but
poor if he vt handicapped by an extrav
nnt wife. ' ; w 'ri-
When your neighbor; Invite, you to
join her in some expedition which you
know you can't afford don't be ashamed
to say so. Tour, chldren can be just
a. attractive a. hers, even if they do
not wear such fine clothes. Sweetness
and modesty are what make a child
lovable. Don't try ; to keep up appear
ance. at the sacrifice) of peace and duty.
A Modern Alphabet
. By Wex Jones.
V 1., of course, the financier, with con
.dene, made of rubber.
Who make, himself a billionaire while
hi. ...i.tlna v1.Hm. hlnKh.. V , .
.......... 1 f '- "
a stand, for guilt . and O stand, for
. irreed. . -
But also for gold, and that's: what we
need. " , 4 ,
H stand, for Hades, a place most un
pleasant .?. ;
Where many great name, will be found
In "The Present" -
I i. for Independent a most presump
tuous chap. v -
Who must. In these days of monopoly,
be wiped right off the map. a
J I. the joke .0 tickle, th. trust. It
' - keeps them awak. of nights, :
The Joke of the common people declaim
ing about their "right.."
, Heartache and Laughter.
By Maxlm-Oorky, In fippleton'a'
' One. .peaking about Yegor, Pavel
said: "Do you know, Andrey, the peo
pl. whose hearts are always aching are
the one. who Joke most V The little
Busstan was silent a while -and then
answered, bllnkiiw til eye.: "No, that',
not-true. " If It were, then . the whole
of Russia would apUt Its : sides JR-Itb
A Sermon forToday
' - -V What Is Virtue? v ' TT
By Henry F. Cope. -"Adding
on your part all dlligenee.
in your faith supply virtue and In your
virtue knowledge." It Peter, . c
eQOM th. virtuou. person 1 wnat
W. 1. the Virtuou. lifet I. he th. ,
bearer of no more than potaaVv .
! life?' I. virtue, the leav . T'
In. uadon. of vloeTI. it ue- "T
gatlon and denial! Then la the polished j
marble more virtuou. -than th. fairest . '
saint You cannot be measured by the
thing, you leave undone. Th. empty
life i. an Impossibility! to try to keep ' '
the heart empty is to invite evu innan- .
lUnt. in greater number.. , i
I. virtue, then, the clamorous erec
tion of .om. standard of living and th.
July advertised attainment thereto T I. -It
even the secrot modest effort, ot con
formity to a fixed code or rule of dally ,
living the doing Of certain thing. In ' 1
certain way. at certain times t, I. the
virtuou. life th. on. that follows pre- -
cisely th. prescribed rule, and sched
ules of conductT a -..;':
Th. last. is th. notion moat generally- .
entertained. Yet how fallacious it la -
It 1. the secret of priggl.hness; the
standard attained, w. have the .in of
self-satisfaction. , It convert, th. man "
into a blind machine; your mechanical
moralist 1. no more virtuou. than any
other machine. :He Jack, life and free- r
dom of choice. Virtue Is, first of all. '
vital; It oannot be found with the eyes
hut nor with the will atronhiad. -
Virtue is strength; It is 'moraiNwd'
spiritual health. It I. not In doing orwi
either good or bad; it 1. not in senti
ment, or doctrine., either false or true. .
It 1. that, perfect ordering, adjusting
and outflowing of the whole inner life
which la Its more material ana eviaent
aspects we call health and strength.
Th. doing, feeling and thinking flow
from thl. right inner, . determinating .
tone. - - - :
Th. morally healthy man will love the .
thing, that are good and pur.; he wiU
loath, the bas. and defiling. Only a
depraved appetite, turn, to th. garbage
can where there is a well spread table
waiting. Did w. but understand It we
would despise and fear .till mors that
vicious Inner appetite that turn. th.
whol. life toward thing. . .corrupt and
rotten when there await, on .very hand , ,
In thl. fair world .0 much that la
beautiful and wholesome, ,,, s
Have you ever thought how. largely
health and strength; depend on taste.
and appetites? Who can be healthy
with a perverted craving to woion ne
yields 7 Such : tastes depend on train-'
ing ana cultivation, bo it is witn vir- .
tue; strength of the soul, health of the
heart lies on the road of the choice of
thing, that ar. beat is acquired by the
deliberate and constant ohooslng of
things that are right pure, elevating.
Virtue, then, rests on faith, not blind
belief In certain dogmatic statements,
but th. upward look, the noble aspira
tion, th. highmlndnes. that lift, up the ,
heart It take. thl. spirit thl. faith.
thl. confidence In things unseen to
enable us to choose the best to culti
vate the taste for th. true food of Ufa
Otherwise thr heart that wa. meant to
feed on the invisible bread .natcne. in.
evident husk, of earth and It dies.
There la no virtue without th). rattn
In high ideals, in things not seen.' . A
man may be just he may be honest ana
fright for polloy, because It pays, but
h. cannot -find virtu, a. a-matter. 01
policy ; It J. pot la the , market , to, be
bought It is acquired only as we .at
the heart on charaoter, aa w. learn to
love tho .rood and true for its own-sake,
Tbla bealthfulneM of soul comes also
through struggle. VIC I. made to serve
virtu, as wa atrlv. against It Using
moral muscles, w. find and . harden
them. H. who flee, temptation. , who .
nhrink. from the soul-searching crises
of lite, misses the best that, life baa
to give. In the gymnaalutn Of tempta
tion and trial, the 'full strength of
character 1. won. Thl. doe. not mean
that onr seek out vice; It means that we
must meet .very foe to hi. face.
Count him virtuou. ; whose fao. is
Set toward the light; who live, on a
grad. that lead, up; who I. strong to
serve hi. fallows, to make a ? better
world, to face and fight all thing, that
poll and mar; who live, not for meat 1
nor money,, but for manhood, for truth
and beauty. . For virtue 1. that habit of
the soul, that health that oomes from
steadily seeking thing, good and true.
that strength .that come, from struggle
and 'service; it 1 the Inner life victor
ious over the outer temptation.
- Hymns to Know. '
'ft'-. Old Hundred.1 V" ..
'.", fv By William -Ketha-'V '..
' "tit 1. not cerUin that Kethe we. the
author of this stately -version of the ,
100th Psalm. , But soon after It. first
appearance In th. Psalm, of Bt.rnhold
and Hopkins. In , 1008, It generally wa.
credited to him. " He .belonged to that
group of reformers and spiritual lead,
er. of which Knox was the chief, nein
exiled with him in lots the yeary
the way, in which the Bible first was
divided Into ver.sea The hymn aiway.
ha. been sung to th. Mm. tuna which
has therefore com. to be generally
known a. "Old Hundred."! v ft
All people that on earth do dwell, ...',':. ; ;
Bint to the Lord with cheerful voice;
Him serve with fear, hi. praise forth
tell. ' . f
Come y. before him, and rejolca t.
The Lord, ye know, is Ood Indeed.
Without our aid h. did us make!
We are hi. flock, he doth u. feed, ;
And for his sheep be doth u. take.
O, enter .then hi. gate. with, praise, '?
Approach with Joy hi. court, unto; r r
Praise, laud, and bles. his name always,
For It I. seemly .oto do. v- r ,
For whyt the Xaord our Ood 1. good, j
- Hi. meroy is forever .ure;
Hi. truth at all times firmly stood, if
And shall from age to age endura ,
Today in History. 4 l
''t65 Augustln 4e Saffray ' Mesy.
early -French governor of; Canada re-'
tired from offica '
1789 Opening of the states-generaP
6f France at Versailles. , y
lS21Napoleoa I died at St Helena.
182S-J-Ex-Empress Eugenie born In '
1845 Or e&t ba.aar for. benefit ; of
Antl-Com-Law league opened in London.
lS6--Prlnc Metternich, celebrated
Austrian diplomat died.
, 1864Battle of the Wilderness began.
- 1SJ7 United States senate rejected
the treaty , of : arbitration .with Great
Britain, ' ' , K " ! s
s 1802 First congress of the Cuban '.
republic met in Havana.' ..........
Woman's Way. . - i - 1
' From the Atchison Oloba ' '
.' It I. a rare womaii who can have a ' '
headache from eating oake at an after---.'
noon party, without giving the lmpres-
ion that ah. acquired U jn. slaving for - -her