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THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL OFFERS, SEVENTY-FIVE DOLLARS FOR BEAUTIFU
Utile Ad b THE JOURNAL
Urinjj Results. Costs Only
Oac Cent a Word.
The Weather Fair tonight, -with
light froat; Thursday fair, warmer. ;
VOL. VI. NO. 31.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY EVENING. - APRILS 10. ; 1907 SIXTEEN PACES. 4
PRICE TWO CENTS. nS.hlVXER
Many Injured in Disas
ter Near Pendleton
. Diie to Storms-Mail
-Clerks Sufferers "
;; ; a j i r . ' 1 '" - . ,
nremanr; Two Tramps and Un
known Workman- Victims-
, . . ... . . , - ...
V T Engine Turns t Completely
t Around Crew Leap Into the
X .River and Are Injured.
It ' 4k N. passenger train No. ' f,
Huntington, due to Portland at
!:tO o'clock today. was wrecked by de-
-ailment at a waahout between Cayuse
and Bingham Springs at 4:10 o'clock
tbia morning. Four paraons were killed
and five seriously. Injured. . Tba looo
' motive, baggage oar, two mall cars and
.' -a amokar are in .Mia ditch. A few feet
, further on tha entire train would have
plunged Into tba Umatilla river and
tba loaa of scores of Urea would have
resulted. " ; . ' ? "'' :
:,. - Tne Paad an Injured. . '; ?
v "tba Iclllad arar " ," .'.,', ;
-v George Mopatrlck, fireman, w w t j..
Two tram pa, mow unknown. t. . ;
On Croak laborer.. ;..:.-, ..'.i'S.i
v. ThJ ri1uredi . -; .- ,v- . 5
. Fred Bohllke, engineer, . both legs
broken. 1 - , J "--
James P. Q rah am. mail clerk, ana
W. Aran, mall clerk, hip broken.
" ' Bavaral otbara of tha trainman, ale
' ' aoma paaaensara ' : ana r an unknown
" ' Chinaman in tba amokar ara among tba
Tha . main Una la blocked by tha
wreck. A special train bearing tba In
ured. and tba bodies of thoaa killed, la
on tha way down to roruana, ana wiu
arrive hara at 4 o'clock this afternoon.
Chief; Snra-aon Mackenzie haa made
. Drenarauona ' to reoaiva tba Injured.
General Superintendent M. J. Buckley
and Division Superintendent Campbell
left' tbia morning on train No, I for
thel scene of -tba disaster. Wrecking
trains from -Tha Dalles and La Grande
have been dispatched to tba acene. . It
la expected that traffic will be block
aded untU tomorrow morning. ... -
Weak Caused by' Vaakamf. '
s Owing to doubtful. -eoadltloa of the
tracks tha train waa running at alow
.' spaed. ' Tba derailment was caused by a
. washout Melting anowa on tha moun
tain aide and aeepaga under the tracks
had softened tha right-of-way, allowing
tha tlea to atnk under a- rail Joint In
tha darkness of tha early morning tha
. engineer waa unable to discern tha dan
gerous eondltloa of the Joint
' (Continued an Page Two.)
Commoner Still Thinks Federal
: Ownership . of ' Anything ' Ex
cept Trunk lines Would Ob
i literate State Rights: A " "
' -v- (jNml gpe-iel Serrlea.) '
.', New rork. April 10 Tha Wall Strtet
Journal prints today a latter to tba
editor from . William Jennings Bryan,
dated at Lincoln, Nebraska, April I, alv
Ing Bryan's revised policy, especially
with regard to the railroads and their
relation to the government The mala
. parte of tha latter follow:
"We ara not at tha en nf niinoi
development but rather at its begin-
uns. ana leei, as i nave always felt
that tha. ownership and -operation by
tha federal aovernmant nf -il n--..
would go far toward the obliteration of
state lines, and I regard the preserva
tion of our dual form of .government aa
necessary to tha perpetuity of tha re
public ."' ; -
"Tha' plan, according to which "the
.federal government la to own .only the
Vneceaary trunk lines and tba several
states own tha remainder of tha roads,
la consistent with our form of govern
ment Instead of leading to centralisa
. tlon, this promises to, tbulld eip the
states, and thus offer a sura- bulwark
"It Is not necessary that there should
be many, trunk ' lines. Only enough
trunk lines ara necessary to ghra each
.state an outlet for the merchandise
shipped over tha state lines. While It
Is not likely that adjoining state would
Jiava any difficulty in, making Joint
traffic arrangements, still tha operation
of a few federal trunk lines would give
aach state an Independent position."
Portland Attorneys; With But Few; Exceptions,
; Believe Defendant in Celebrated ;Case '
: :. vv ill do iuiven nis r reeaom - :
Asks Jury Not to Let
Passion or Sentiment
.Sway Verdict Against
Prisoner , .
Interest In the , Thaw murder trial la
Naw Tor Is world wide. Arthur Bris
bane, one of the greatest of editorial
writers, says that it la one of the most
Important trials In history, not because
one man haa killed another, but because
It la a trial of the morals off America.
In historical Importance ha compared It
to tha trial of tha famous Cats Una con
spiracy, -the trial of Warren .Hastings,
or tba Dreyfus and other great trials.
in Portland Interest In tha result la
Just aa keen as In other parts of Amer
ica. Soma 10 attorneys of tbia city wera
Interviewed by , Tha . Journal today as
to their opinions of the probable results
of the trial. Of that number only two
or three believe a verdict of guilty will
be returned. Tha following attorneys
expressed their views on tha result, of
- An Vain AoaulttaL ' .'
John Van Zante Vary likely an ao-
quittax " .,'-'
:, Alex 8 week Thaw will go free. '
.r Dlatrlot . Attorney John Manning
i (Continued on Page Two.)
I Everybody Looks for Her
.f':---:';...-.i'4?."r (ll ,'v'. , :'.. "V-.-V.',"'-. - "'
y All oi; Oregon participates in great tauty quest. ' .
Never before has such universal interest been awakened.
'.,The pride o the state is at stake. . " ; : .' "
, ' Patriotism' demands that Oregon prove to, the world that'
its women are the most beautiful on earth, ' - y ' ' , ; --
. She may live in your locality you may know, her." If
you do, you owe it' to old Oregon to do your part by sending
Jier photograph ih. --c ; ' '; r ..
V Look at this. , . ; ' ' '.- ' '
' ' f ' ""' ' , , -' "i1: .. i : ..
'Says the . Moro Observer : , . t'0- V-.V
1 ?Tbe Observer la pleased that The Portland Journal has accepted
, tha challenge of tha Chicago Tribune that tha moat beautiful woman
. In tha United States Uvea In Chicago.' Tha Journal Is up In arms over .
this silly proposition, and proposes to prove that the most beautiful
.woman In America matches her surroundings, lives In her natural home,
Oregon; and . tba. Observer volunteers to assist Th Journal In locating
her, for which purpose we ask photographs of handsomo women In Bher- ,
man county, to be published in this contest' Don't be backward ladles
stand up for your county. It la not a mercenary nor a money, making
scheme. Our prlda la touched, so yours should be." .. '
Yv' The" Marshfield Times says i ' V . , .: -V'""
Tha Chicago Tribune recently declared Delia Carson of Chicago tha
most beautiful woman In the world, and Tha Journal la 'determined to
prove that there ara no equal to the fair sex of Oregon. ,
There la no thought of flnanclal galn for the paper. Three prises
In money are to be given out Tha first la I7t, tha second Is 160 and the
third Is 121. AH that la necessary to enter tha contest la to ; send a.
photo with tha nam on It Coos Bay ought to land first prise." , ,
'.''.:" v , i 1 ' . . t ' , . ;
There's the True Oregon Spirit I
Get .'in and Do Your Share I V
' - ' fleamal tparlal B-r1r.)
New Tork, April 10. Interest waa at
fever heat when tha .Thaw trial was re
sumed tbia morning. ', A greater crowd
than aver waa preaent . Evan Delmaa
had not drawn" as District. Attorney
Jerome did.- Tha Thaw family waa
preaent ' each with serious demeanor.
Including Thawa mother and the
Countess Of ' Yarmouth, ' frequently
apeaking ehoouragtngly to Evelyn. Je
rome beganr - .- i .-
. "We have been wandering through the
flelda. of ' romance for two days. No
matter bow ' line the - orator, must
not bo awayed by what we desire, but
must remember what tha safety of the
state ana the sarety or us all demand.
Tba Important issue of a man'a life
muat not be determined by Biblical quo
tations. ' ; :. .. . , v . ,.. v .
-- t ruhUo Safety at Xssua. i -!
' Jerome warned the Jurors that neither
tha personality of Thaws plead era nor
of himself is at Issue. Continuing, be
said: "This Is no otvll suit It Is hot
a quarrel ; between White's executors
and Thaw. It is not a trial to deter
mine whether White assaulted Evelyn
Nesblt It Is an Issue between the
state of New Tork and Harry Thaw.
It la an Issue to uphold tha safety and
right of tha state. Tou must decide
the case upon tba evidence. Upon the
evidence . given and upon the sanotlty
of your oaths you must render your
"I will endeavor to ahow that what
tha defendant did waa not Juatlflable,
that In what ha did tha defendant dis
obeyed tha law and must answer to the
law for It . Let ma direct your atten
tion to the "elements entering into the
case. First, there la tha Indictment of
tha grand Jury. This accusation of
tba grand Jury la Just what tha Jaw
says: That premeditated and unjusti
fiable killing is murder." A design to
effect tha deatb of another means Just
what these words say..-..
"A design may-mean brooding over a
thing for several weeks, or It may mean
deliberation only for a moment . But It
means taking time ' for reflection - on
an act" Jerome aald ha would not go
Into the law except so rar aa waa neo
assary.i Then be set forth tha possible
verdicts: murder la the first degree
with premeditation and deliberation;
murder In tba second degree without
premeditation or ' deliberation; 1 man
slaughter, which la killing In .the heat
of paaslon, without the Intent to kill;
or not guilty because of Insanity or
because the act waa jusuneo. , s' -i
"Justified." aald Jerome, "doea hot
mean 'dementia Americana,' but means
MONSTER SKELETON OF
PREHISTORIC ANIMAL IS
FOOXD IN CALIFORNIA
BELMONT ATTACKS ROOSEVELT
. ": , r : ; (Journal Special Service.) , ., . . " ::
Washington, April 10.Perry Belmont, multi-millionaire and former minister to 'Spain,
touched the buzzsaw this morning to see if it is still running. He said in an t authorizeq in-
' terview! ; I'- '. : v" ' .:. " '"' ; ,:.v ) .'- ' - .
I . "In parts of the United States remote from the capital the impression prevails that there
-is in. -Washington-an intellectual giant commanding the armies and navies of America, presid
ing over the administration of justice, givirig advice, reproving, judges, . threatening' and con
trolling railroads and in , leisure moments becoming the arbiter of peace and war, determin
ing the destinies of nations.'-;' v ;-: 5 ;..,'" f : ' 3;; " -:
i: "In reality the 'big stick is an ordinary weapon," long used by every president with any
, skill as a politician. ' Never has the patronage, which is the 'big stick,' for home use been
. . a 4 ..lCUtu anlvli'.J , r f a rirl I tk.n n I- waa i4 T . It. ' . f a. 1
people to get a true estimate of President Roosevelt, as measured at the capital by-those in
. a position to sec and judge." ' ''"..'. v '.'.'' V ', . v r
1 It is generally believed that Belmont's attack will .be ignored, by the president. :: ,v
T . " Belmont is a brother of August Belmont, the traction magnate, and has long , been "
'prominent in politics. :. -. . , ..v,'.',-.' .
ACTED PART OF
Bones Twelve Inches In Diam-
eter Resemble , Vertebra
. of a Short Tail. '
-'- (Jearaal tpMllI aervteat - - -Redwood
City. April 10. Tba skele
ton of a monster animal haa been dis
covered at Wlnke'S Moss beach at Half
Moon bay,. A portion resembling tha
hind quarter measured seven feet nine
Inches acroaa, and had attached - to It
bones it Inches in diameter, resembling
the vertebra of a short tall. What ap
peara to be a section of a lag between
the knee and foot Joint waa also taken
out Its length la three feet one Inch,
and It la alx Inehea thick, sight Inches
wide and II Inches In circumference, it
weighs about II pounds. Several amaU
er bones resembling Joints df foot wera
lying about larger ones, v -
Heavy raina caused a aman creek to
change Its course, and wash out tn
base of a 10-foot bank. Wlnke had no
ticed tha large bonea for several days
and had dug around them considerably
before he appreciated their also. .It re
quired the efforta of several men and
the assistance of a team of home to
haul the large sections to a dear place
an tba beach.
Incited .Boys to. Steals Valuable
Metal ; and Are Now Facing
, Serious t Charges Parents
Hear Young Sons Accused
A story of boya who go to school by
aay and ateal by night and or junk deal
ers who call tha young thieves from
their homes by signal whistles and urge
them on to crime waa told in detail last
night at a hearing of nine young of-
lenders in the Juvenile court
A conspiracy of theft involving many
junk deaiera and many school boya waa
unearthed at tha hearing, and It la be
lieved that to tha three Junk deaiera
already under arreat win be added at
least three or four mora,' and that not
fewer than to lads from II down will
be Implicated before tba Investigation
is . over.
' "Sea that board over theraf Behind
It la a lot of brass. It will be worth l
toj you If you puU off tha board and
get tha brass," ona Junkman said lo one
of tha boya And that la the way they
worked. The- boya committed burglary
and tha Junkmen kept two-thlrda of the
profits. Tha O. R, A N. shops fum.'ned
tha most lucratve field of oper-ttonn.
tut private places were entered and
biVisa. lead, babbit metal and any rung
else tht Junkmen buy waa stolen.
Four ringleadera among tha bcyi
(Continued on Page -Two.-
HERMANN FOUND JOBS
FOR ENTIRE FAMILY AT
..t;."';.,; ;v. . ..... .,.
When Land Commissioner, Congressman Claimed That He Did
Not Have Enough Money to Pr6secute Land Grafters, but'
Found Sufficient to Provide for Relatives -Son-in-Law Is
Paid for Work In Field While Studying Medicine In Commls-;
sloner's Back Office Uncle Given Work to Pay Morfas
rWaahlBCtea Sanaa ef Tae Jearaal.)
Washington, April 10. At tha trial of
Blnger Hermann thta morning tha prosecution-
said It would show by docu
ments that Hermann had kept hie rela
tlvea on tha pay roll. Incurring an ag
gregate of 12,000 annual expense; that
though Hermann was all tha time com
plaining that be had not money enough
to conduct ' investigations into land
frauds, ha was working the government
for hla relatives. The government In
troduced vouchers signed by Hermann
for several' hundred dollars for salary
and expensea of Dr. Kyle Miller, hie
son-in-law, as special agent In the field,
when Miller all tha time, to Hermann's
knowledge, waa In Washington, D. C.
The vouchers were assigned to Hermann
who waa to receive payment
The government asked If Miller, while
receiving tha money aa a special agent
as shown In Hermann's vouchers, was
studying medicine In Hermann's 'back
office. - Hermann denied It vigorously
and aald he- might have advanced the
money to Millar In explaining' tha as
signment of tha vouchers..
Tha prosecution brought from Her
mann tha atatement that ha took Into
the- service of the land office these rel
atives: - W. A. Borter, uncle, forest su
pervisor: ' Edward Bender, brother-in-law,,
special agent; W. o. Hermann,
brother, forest supervisor; Arthur B.
Hermann, tha latter-a son. oupervlsori
Kyle Miller, son-ln-law. special agent;
Ernest F. Glotfalty. ooualn, mees.n,ter;
The government went Into tha alias a
tlon that Hermann procured tha appoint
ment of Uncle Borter for. the sole pur
pose of enabling tha latt. to discharge
a mortgage held by Hermann, anil
brought out that ba had expedited a
payment to Surveyor Cathcart In order
to procure money to ba applied on
account he owed Hermann's son. feV:h)l-
Hermann emphatically denied that M
had ever "expedited" a payment r or
that DurnoM. Th ... ..
showed Hermann the letter he wrot
saying ha would hurry tha pym.,-f
The district attorney then took up t
.nermann sent to F. P. AUy
(Continued on Page Three.
O I L GUSH ER STRUG K I N IDAI-K
'.. tJaereat gpeehU Srrle.
Nea Perce, ' Idaho, April 10. Ne
Perca la wildly excited over the dis
covery of an oil gusher on the X. O.
Casaon place, two miles from town, at
1 oolock yesterday afternoon and hun
dreds of people viewed the phenomenon
today and yesterday. A steady stream
of oil la pouring from a hillside and
efforta are being made to control the
flow. All last night men worked casing
up the opening ao that' the valuable
fluid, which Is flowing at the rate of
10 gallons per minute, can be saved.
Petroleum was accidentally struck
while 8. P. Connor waa drilling a well
for water. Ha had reached a depth of
120 feet with no sign of water when
tha drill suddenly sank In a subterra
nean cavity. Immediately the bitumi
nous liquid began nosing, from the
ground and when tha bit was removed
It spouted forth to the height of 10
-I hla eruption continued for one hour.
It then grew less forcible and finally
Subsided Into a steady flow.
I M. Mat toon, an expert drill man,
who baa spent years In the Pennayl
vanla fields, states that the petroleum
Is of the purest . quality and that In
drilling different stratas were encoun
tered Identical with those of Jhe I'enn
sylvanta oil district.
EvMmcea of ail bare been dfaoov-
ered here before and on a run,
occasions where wells have h--n
to the depth of 00 feet Wat
been ao contaminated aa tt r
unfit for domeatto -use, stv
fusing to drink It
This IS the f)rt knAj
where crude ptrrliirri t ,
In Iduho. Vlxlons f n
ready filling the n i ,
In the vicinity of t r
flow kerpa no w'
a Inrtre r'ui -r '
New" f.f t.
ov.f itm rr '
tirrie . " t
to . t I