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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
t THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL, PORTLAND. SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 18, .1900.
A COOKING DIMONSTTION;
j An interesting and instructive demonstration of the world's great
est Range in operation of its unexcelled qualities in cooking and
baking of its Economy in fuel both wood and coal.- An event of
. speciaLimportanjce, ana.anjpppowmiyXQosczitxc-xusMu-fied
with their cooking apparatus who would banish forever their
stove troubles and buy a Range that will give satisfaction in every
way guaranteed a Range that will last a lifetime--"The Malle
able. There's a reason for all stove troubles poor draft, waste
of fuel, or, to sum it all up, inferior construction and material. :
There's a way out of kitchen troubles an easy way and a way to .
" keep f out of therrCAn expert demonstrator who will be in attend- "7
ance will explain how these defects have been overcome in the .
scientific construction of 4The Malleable For the woman whose
pride is in her cooking who expects more than ordinary results,
and the man who is willing to combine greater economy and better;
food, there's a big, wholesome lesson to be derived from an intelli
gent investigation of the sterling qualities of "The Malleable'
This Range received the highest awards at both the St. Louis and
the. Lewis and Clark Expositions, and many will, no doubt, remem
ber the handsome display of "The Malleable." . s
This demonstration will continue for two weeks, jiuring which
we will serve free to all visitors. ' .....
'H . I rfj k-.l I I
'I. - - - - n - ii 1
SPECIAL DURING THIS
TnnLL BTPnTTTTC AIMU rTHMTI? T
MINUTLUlOUiXO SAVORY X 1JL
You are cordially invited to visit us ahd see "The Malleable"
in actual operation. Demonstration from 8 A. M. to 6 P. M.;
Saturdays, 8 A. M. to 9 P. M.
TWO SLTS OF HIGH-GRADE COOKING
WARL AT PLEASING SPECIAL VALUES
Set, consisting of nine pieces, in the turquoise
and white; special. . . ....... . . , .$5.50
Set, consisting of thirteen pieces, in the gran
ite ware; special ........... .-. . . . . : . .$5.25
Special terms on either set $1.00 D.OWN,
THE MALLEABLE the world's most scientifically constructed
greatest cooking apparatus proclaimed by stove and range ex
perts to be the leading Range. Built of malleable iron and Besse
rner steel in combination riveted to air-tightness like a boiler
operation, "The Malleable" is noted for its symmetry of design and
plain, yet rich, ornamentation. , It has top and lower warming
closets, both having drop doors, on which dishes may be placed, .
and which, when not in use, can be dosed. up out of the way.. The
firebox of "The Malleable" , is one of . its strongest features. Dis-,
posed - around this is over-one-hundred -pounds-of-the-very-best
gray iron, made in four sections. In the duplex grate has been -:
attained the highest degree of perfection operates equally well '
; with all grades of coal and woodr By one turn of shaker to right
of left the grate can be adjusted for either fuel. The oven of "The
Malleable" possesses distinctive points of merit insuring perfect
results all that could, possibly be wished for. Those who are
fortunate- in seeing the Range in operation and 'partaking of the. -biscuits
baked during the demonstration, will be convinced of its .
superior baking qualities. These features constitute but a few of
the many which combine to make up this modern Range. Our
'terms on "The Malleable" have been the means of placing hun-
. dreds of these Ranges in Portland Jiomes .
ONE 4 in thirty ONE per week ;
DOLLAR days DOLLAR thereatter.
We give most liberal allowances in exchange for your old stoyg,
or range. '. ' .' ' '
Tomorrow and Tuesday in Drapery
: Department Sixth Floor
' " Special values In Couch Covers, three
yards long, sixty inches wide, in several :
A Oriental patterns and color effects. .
Regular $2.50 values; special each $1.50
Regular $4.50 values ; special, each $2.75
Mail Orders Will Receive Prompt
and Careful Attention.
SPECIAL TERWS OFFERING
On the Easy Payments of -
$1 DOWN, 50c PER WEXK
For one week only commencing tomorrow
a special-payment-terms offer on two attrac
tive designs; which .we have selected from our
line of these popular Chairs. Frames in the
quarter-sawed erolden oak finish, soring seat.
"JP"1 loose velour cushions; in several colors and pat
terns. These are splendid values at the prices of
V $12.50 and $14.00
i SALE OF
Tomorrow and Tuesday in Carpet
Department Sixth Floor v;
Reversible and Washable Rugs, suitable -
for bathroom and bedroom in two sues
"" and an assortment of ' pretty patternf, in
blue, brown, red, green and yellow.
27x54 sizes, regular $2.25; special,
30x60 sixes, regular $2.75; special
: ; each , i !... i . ! ..' ? . $1.65
Special Attention, in the Filling
of All Mail Orders L
The Ladies' Waiting Room
Is proving most popular with those
-who desire to spend a few moments,
rest during the shopping hour."
"Everything here for your comfort
and convenience popular maga
zines, free telephone, stationery.
13 GOOD Jj
Our Exchange Department
Is of special interest and advantage
placing theifTfurniture with" more
desirable pieces, and it is with the
intention of making this exchange,
with most-liberal allowance, that
we have created this department.
GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP OF RAILROADS
B7jOPStrtn. Aenor of 'CmatllU
" ' ; County. v "
, Owlnc to a growln eonyletlon tht
4b railroad monopoly Is th prnt
monopoly of American plutoormey. and
to publlo dmpalr of effective rate lel
latlon. 'an Increasipa; number of
thouchtful cltlsena mfti coming to r
ard publlo ownerahlp' an the only
rnrana of controlling transportation and
Its allied monopolies. As might be
pcted, the conservative, the minion of
privilege, and the direct, beneficiary, of
' monopoly resist government ownership.
The principal objections urged
5Sgmsf ir are lhei:
1. Legal difficulties of acquisition.
1. First cost of roa,ds.
t. Incompetency of government , sd
mlnlstration. t. Encroachment of government upon
(. Centralisation of government
"No studenl of gOvernment-wlH-deny
the serlouns of the foregoing ob
ctlona Neither should he dismiss
the subject because of Its difficulties.
Whenever the Bins of private owner
ship are known to outweigh the prob
able abuees of government ownership,
the American people will make , the
Legal ri pediments.
If the people decide In favor of gov
ernment ownership, they will first have
grapple wlta the subject Of acquisi
C P. Strain, Attestor ' of Umatilla
.' ' County."-- ' :
Three methods present themselves,
t. Purchase at voluntary sale.
I. Government competition.
No legal doubt exists of the power to
exercise tb. right of emlntmt domain.
Wa all know that government grants
that power. j ,
V It; Is axiomatic that only what Is pos
sessed can be delegated.
A condemnation process of this mag'
nltude would Involve much time. . .
A voluntary sale to tho government
at reasonable prices without employ
ment of some device of compulsion.
cannot be expected.
The whole nation Is stronger than
liny of Its parts. It has been aald that
the poVer to tax is the power to de
stroy. - The whole property of the people. In
cluding railroad property. Is liable to
The government, having the taxing
power, can construct and maintain, y
exercise of thst power, competing
roads. Having power, aleo, to regulate
commerce. It can require private inter
state roads to obtain federal licenses
subject to taxation.
It is not contended, of course, that
the federal government can levy direct
taxes upon adYslorem assessments, but
it can apportion direct, taxes among the
states jn proportion to census enumera
tions. Having these powers, government
ownership Is not a question of author
ity. It is a question of ability to ex
ercise that authority. -
Whenever the people decide In favor
of It, the real fight between them -and
the railroads will consist In a contest
over control of congress. f .
The people can acquire i Interstate
roads only through congress. They can
control congress In no way axoept by
means of elect loos.
Elections are made through party
nominations, and these have to run the
gsuntlet of political conventions. Ben
tore are elected by the still more lndl.
root vote of legislatures.
I Tbrraiiroadl bow combat" the princi
ple or government ownership. Having
been defeated In this, they will next
obstruct its execution.
As 'a last resort they will fight for
at sale at exorbitant prices.
. The general balance ' sheet for the
year ending June 10, 104,. shows-for
roads, a cost of I10,7I4,44MI. For
equipment, f 7I7,0S7,3S. Total coat
$11.611.eS7.1tl. See V. B. railway sta
tistics', for 104.
Railroad accounting usually exagger
ates cost To the first coat, they add
subsequent - expenditures for better
ments, which Include correction of er
rors made In original construction. In
this way, railroad cost Is built up year
by year until It exceeds original cost,
or cost of reproduction.
As already stated In a preceding ar
ticle, railroad capital in the United
States consists of: - - - -
1. Total funded debt ..$ M7l.Jf6.ll50
-. Total atot-x Ml.m,l2t
This Is a large sum.
A proposition to create a new debt
such as the purchase of this property
Involves, would atsgger-ther country.
But railroad bonds are already a pri
vate debt, secured by a property rest
ing upon monopoly, having power to
collect all Interest charges from the
Government ownership would merely
change the form. Dot the substance, of
The stocks, with the water squeexed
out, would not be so large m to 1m
pose a real financial barrier. Even with
the water in. It would involve a new
debt of but MS per capita,, against a
new debt of lit per capita occasioned by
the civil war. , ,.
,The civil war not only created a new
debt of lit per capita. It acquired no
property to represent the debt. It also
destroyed billions of property by eman
cipation, and other billions by the ordi
nary destruction Incident to war. Not
only this. It laid the foundation for
pension claims equal to the immediate
coat of , the war. It destroyed lives
having a large economic value.
A new debt Of tt per csplta to be
assumed In ths purchase of railroads
would not in Itself Impose anx new bur
den at all. v
The railroad monopoly now pays an
average of more than 4 per cent net
upon Its present watered" 'stocks. It
now collects this from the people.
Under government ownership the peo
ple would become their own collectors.
Wo have been assuming also that all
the toads would be taken over at ones,
but they are not likely tq be,
It Is a fact that work upon the pub
lie roads and such other work as does
not permit of thorough organisation
costs mora than like work dona for In
dividuals, But rsllrosdSosra not indi
viduals;, they are corporations, subject
to the same difficulties of administra
tion as the government I
Such publlo work as can be organised
has not proven expensive oi Inefficient
as compared with private corporations.
What private corporation could enlist,
equip and maintain an army or navy, as
cheaply as the government? What cor
poration could maintain the postofflca
as cheaply aa the government.
What corporation would afford a serv
ice of eaual efficiency?
The. railroads are organised" from"Wp-
to bottom now. A single management
would still further improve their -organisation.
- " ... " 1 . - '
Organisation not only Introduces sys
tem; It also supplies -a motive ior em
ployee to advance, and this promotes
The army, the navy and the postotflce
are models of system. They all possess
progressive salaries and : honors which
Incite desire for promotion. ;
But It Is argued that government
ownership would be an encroachment of
government upon private Initiative.
-Upon this topio there can be no di
vision of opinion among real democrats.""-
The wnrA riemncrat la not used here
-tW a partisan sense. It refers to those
like Lincoln who would oommit tne
government to the collective conscience
snd wisdom of the people rather, than
trust It to a self-interested few. Real
democracy, or the people' collectively,
desire TarrJ field and no- favoiVr-They
resent unnecessary government Inter
ference. . .
Those who pyefer Idleness with yarn
galluses and leather breeches, huts and
shanties, beans and baoon, rather than
luxury with labor, ars not to be denied
their choice,' Those who wish to In
vest In competitive Industry. are per
mitted to do so.
But when It comes to a choice be
tween private monopoly and publlo mo
nopoly, then tha true democratic doc
trine leensv toward publlo r monopoly.
Private monopoly ascludts tho ordinary
' .' "i .
Individual from participation In both
management and profits. Publlo monopoly-shares-
both with him, - -----
Tha true democrat demands that
every possible avocation be freely open
to nil." But ' when tfW'masTmwle t
enterprise forbids this, then the democratic-policy
or that of the people gen
erally requires a . fair.dl vision fof . tha
fruits of the resultant monopoly,
. Mo Increased Centralisation. -
As to the argument that government
ownership involves centralisation of
government, democrats cannot be - of
two opinions upon this topic.
Great democrats of all time's ' .and
countries oppose centralisation of gov
ernment. But they also oppose plutoc
racies, political and social oligarchies,
and every species of centralised power.
When It. comes to a choice 'between
centralised government directly respon
sible to the' people, and a centralised
government responsible to a few thou
sand ', predatory monopolists, then all
democrata and non-monopolists, must
decide In favor of centralised govern
ment responsible to themselves.
The railroad monopoly, being tha
mother of other monopolies, breed the
plutocracy that now controls the "coun
try. The people have a oholce of taking
over this monopoly1 and turning hor
pigs into their own pen to make prirk
for themselves, or of permitting lir
offeprlng to still further multiply tha
power of private monopoly.
Whether or not we will, we nre hound
to swallow centralisation of govern
ment. Then why not accept It philo
sophically, and take what benefits wa
can by appropriating its fruits to otr
own ususj , , ,