The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, November 18, 1906, SECTION THREE, Image 31

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    J QN;;TIiIL. TRAIL- OF .TOIL,: AMERICAN MISSIONARY , , L !-'M.:r. -- : ; - .f fern . :V- M I .
: yTN Xn ' j vv r; J) " ''--v! I I
PHB ftrat day I landed In Japan
I Bet out, hot-foot, ta find a
m!r1onrjr. I wanted to hear
what ho Tjadlo aay for himself
In anawer to aome of the criticism that
I I set out, hot-foot, t find a I nouaenoia 1103 rrom two 10 rir native 1 -c - . , - )'' ' k : I v ilULi
mlrBlonarr. I wanteii to hear J aervanta. drpndlnc ae!ly on th - - rT" ----- - , , - 1 1 ' --' - ' ; '"' :-' 1! 1 "v: ' ' V i -, ' O "w . ,.: ...
I had heard aboard ahlp. But houra of
Jlnrtklaha ridine In Yokohama and To
kio failed to uncover one and. Incident
ally, It made me ao well acquainted
with the torrid, humid weather of Ja
pan 1 aeacoaat In aumraer that .1 waa
quite willing to a;rant that th mtealon
ary ahould take a vacation; thoufh hie
month or mora in the mountalna ia the
subject of comment on the part of the
- Yokohama bualneaa man who counta
blmself lucky to set away for two
weeka. '- -.-
Thla quest afforded my first Impact
with "heathendom" a word never heard
. out heret, and the bigness and the ap
parent futility of the Uak which the
- . representatives of Christianity have ac
cepted as their own, were driven home
to ma by that tense tour of Tokle. For
two hours I saw not a single white face.
Jl.Ths tough-leaded coolie tn whose baby
oarrlag-e I rode could not understand a
word of Engllah;' even bis barn-door-hinge
bows were quite unlike, -anything.
1 I had ever known tn the states. 8U11
he could read the Japanese eards I ear
. tied, and so, with araaalng tlrelessness
and apeed, aver - and anon moping bis
perspiring; forehead with the towel
which ha carried ta bis teeth, ha bus
tled me from one part of Toklo to an
ther. through beautiful broad avenues,
and narrow, swarming- streeta, where
the foreigner waa a sight to be stared
i ' at, At leng'h It P't" that- Jttat
as In America, re 11 (is n had taken a
vacation for the heated term.1 .
Hot Weather Missionary Mecca. :
TCaruisawa" was the word I vet from
native servants In tenaatless mission
arv homes: and Karulsawa, said the
red guldsbook, which Is the tourist s
badge of greenness. Is a resort In tbs
mountains of Interior Japan much fre-
auented by missionaries and other for-
lnars. When I said "Karulsawa" to
ens of the polite officials at the rail'
road station how polite" and -patient
and painstaking and helpful la tbs
?aniaieawTmilrosfflclsilt weald be
Impossible to snake plain to a brusqae
American ticket puncher, with bis "step
.'- lively, please" be straightway too my
affairs In band, attended ta my baggage,
requisitioned tbs proper porters, and
than blmself went with ma and ordered
my ticket and saw that I rot the tight
.h.: all without expectation of
zee. vaica am, w -
'waa-woBia-ejowsldar an Inswlt, The
ticket, by the way. was secono-oiaas. 1
foand; and Uter learned that It Is thus
that all mlsslonarlea travel tn Japan.
Throng h 20 Tunnels.
- This la not a general travel article,
else there would bo much to say con-
' Hnln that . elsht-hour rids to the
mountains, ndlar with 21 tunnels each
with an apron at the and to exclude
the inrush of air that fills the eara with
smoko. A little mors than 1.009 feet
above sea level, at the foot of the
largest of Japan's still active volcanoes,
' and amid scenery strikingly Ilk that
of certain parts of America, wa came
to the anolent village of Karulsawa,
now, like Its prototypes in Nsw Eng
land, prospering off the summer visi
tor. The one street 'still retains Its
Japansss character, but all- about are
the summer uomes of Americans and
European who have reproduced a sum
resort akin to Ocean Grove, Lake Ge
neva, Winona. Pacific Drove or the nu
merous "Chautauquas" that flourish
throughout America. Here are sum
mer schools snd conferenors and enter
tainments and an auditorium, quite as
on the other side of the world. The
population Is mainly missionary, from
all parts of Japan, China and Korsa and
the Philippines. "Where are you from?"
is a common question. When I reply
"Philadelphia," the further question al
ways eomes. with an air of pity for my
density: "Tss, but where are you sta-
-ytlonedT "There are usually no visitors
In this queerly'cosmnpolltan place, halt
Ing directly from acroac the Pacific
The Simple Life. ,
In the. light 'of "what-!" see" hr"ln
Karulsawa, the many tales I have heard
' of the missionary's opulence are rapidly
being dissipated. Ths missionaries here
are unquestionably representative of
those throughout the orient; they are
of all agea, are of all denominational
names, are engaged In every branch of
mission work, and come from every part
of Japan, as well ss from three or four
other countries. All alike dress most
Inexpensively, and one does not have tn
look closnly tor Bi-the-evitlence-of -n-forced
economy familiar in the case of
the country parson in the home land.
The summer homes hereabout can boast
little except fine views and plenty of
fresh air; they are not on a par with
ths cottages In the resorts I have
named. The buildings are plain wooden
structures, generally nnpatnted or else
an ugly red color, and each dwelling
. seems to be crowded, In ths approved
summer --resort - faahfcm: for eapesses
diminish by division. There Is always
room for ths hospitality' which mis-
slonarles learn In the east. If they never
knew It at home; and manifestly these
' are homes of res.! refinement, since
four-fifths of the missionaries are col
lege bred. ' The number 'of Phi Beta
Kappa keys worn, standing as they do
'for hlgheat rank In the American col
leges, impresses one Interested In. such
matters. Slnre coming here t have had
no -occasion to blush for my country
men, which was not ths case la Yoko
hama, ' . '. ... - -.. . , j
There are mors servants Mr'tatl---V;--'V 77:loJI Ir ;K 1 4 " ilVO
In any similar resort over sea. Each sscss r"'"' 1 1 ' ' ! 'I IV. . 1 fASCCl
household ho 3 from two to five native
servants, depending generally on the
f ufcer of Jui Jrca In the SamUy ThU
is not quite so luxurious as It sounds.
for servants are plentiful and cheap
hero. Housekeeping in Japan- does
not entail the domestic drudgery com
mon in ths west snd. -altogether life is
smoother and more comfortable. Al
ready It has been made plain that ths
commonly entertained notion concern
ing the hardships of missionary life In
Japan, at least, is erroneous. This Is
a civilised land.. Most of the conven
iences and comforts of life In. America
are obtainable . here, plus 'many not
known to ths Occident. 80 fsr as ths
material aspects of residence In Japan
are concerned, 1 see no reason for the
tearful pity and sympathy ao frequently
extended to ths missionary. Life In
the Sunrise kingdom wiay be as enjoy
able as Ufa anywhere else. . .
Thia Is Not So Pleasant. '
1 One leas pleasant aspect of the missionary's-let
-was; brought rto-mlnd at
tbs .first Sunday service X attended in
the nsw auditorium, which Is situated
within 10 yards of an' old Shinto
shrine. - Tba seating capacity Is about
410. and tbs building was filled with
Europeans (as all white folk are called
out bare). Interested brown " faces
peeping; la at doors and windows. Dur
ing : ths . first hymn many persons
even to a little child In front of me,
wore affected to tears. I could not un
derstand why anybody should weep over
the hearty elngtag ofa familiar hymn
ttntrritwa-aplaJBeff"That"th Slight
and sound of ao many Christians sing
ing together waa too much for the
missionaries, who for at least a year,
had been shut off in the interior towns
and villa gee, seeing only Japanese faoea
and hearing only Japanese spsoeh. Then
1 began to realise the lonllneas which la
often one of ths heaviest taxes laid
upon a missionary.
Mlaglonary'g Worst Hardship.
Bven worse, as I may as wall men
tion. at ths outset, la tha con
stant spectre of every missionary fam-j!y-boarWia
the enforeed separation
of pa-rente from children. " This strikes
down to the deeps of human nature.
The breaking of these ties that are as
old as the race, and stronger thsn
death, la the ever-recurring tragedy of
miuionary lire, uniiaren must be ed
ucated In the homeland; It seems im
possible to raise a good American in
ZZZZZt.T -T-""D-n "
est years ths children Imbibe, with, the
native tongue more knowledge of evil
than eomes to Has normal boy and girl
at home tn SO years. As they approach
or enter tneir teens missionaries' ehll
dres must be surrendered anoTTTfall--Btartn9W preacher, teacher, scholar
quently they are not seen again by
their parents until tbey hsvs attained
manhood or .womanhood. Tragic tales
are told of children who do not recog
nise their own parents snd of parents
who do not recognise -their own- chil
dren, after tbeae long- separations. This
appears to me to be the worst of all
ths hardships that com to thess un
complaining mlsslonarlea.
While on the domestic aspect of the
missionary's life, it Is worth recording
that ths second generation may fre
ROBABLT ths most ' remarkabls
witness ever known "appeared In
the justice court at Riverside re
cently before Magistrats Carlton
S. Badger, and while It la not denied
that be was a prejudiced witness be
decided the ease at Issue.
He was a bomlng pigeon a plain bird
with a black head but as a witness ho
counted for more than the sworn testi
mony of the neighborhood.
Justice Badger himself put the pigeon
on the stand.- ---.--
- "I cannot decide this ease by the evi
dence of men and women," hs said,
"but we have here a witness that I can
trust. The witness Is ths contention of
this suit the bomlng pigeon here in ths
cage, I am going to turn, the pigeon
loose and aes where it goes and will de
cide the case accordingly." -
Seldom has an animal - figured as a
court witness, snd never has It occurred
that a bird ha been the deciding (actor
as against ths sworn testimony of men
and women. In this case ths bird waa
both judge and jury.
Justice Gives Case to Pigeon.
Justice Badger turneaovef Tils pre
rogative as the deciding magistrate to
the pigeon, asserting that he would be
lieve the bjrd, but that be could not rely
upon the testimony of the human wit,
nesaee. " ' ' J
Ths trial, lasted for nearly, a day, It
quently b found on the field.' I have
met several Instances -of-tt here.. A
"children's party" of second genera
tion missionaries brought together a
ecor of young men and women a few
dnys since. Quite unusual wit serv
tve In the Auditorium Isst Sunday,
when Margaret Hail, tha infant daugh
ter of the two young mlsslonarlea, waa
baptised by one grandfather, the other
grandfather and an uncle assisting, and
both grandmother snd an aunt being
present, the entire group being mission
aries. Mark you. this was not In a long
settled Mew England community, but In
an ancient village In the heart of Japan.
The grandfather who officiated was a
Cumberland Presbyterian, and he used
the new Presbyterian Book of Common
Worship. ' -r'.: ,7
Makers of an Empire.
One ta surprised to find In this single
European community of perhaps -400
persons a dosea or more whose names
have been for nearly a veneration
household words In thousands of Amer
ican homes. Hers are men whoss ca
reers are Inseparably Inwrought with
tha maklnr of ths new Japan; not only
are thsy among the founders of ths
Christian church hero, tn tha civil his
tory of ths empire, the friends and coun
selors of statesmen, tha pioneers of
higher education, tha makers of Japan's
new literature, and ths introducers of
the i1esr1y-prUedjrwetam learning " . 1
Slnos tha missionaries are ths moat
obliging' folk with whom I have ever
had to do. I asked a number of those
who have been la Japan for mora than
20 years to pose for ths photograph
which appears herewith. Their faces.
their character, their standing; among
ths Japanese, must bo accepted as suf
ficient answer to a certain kind of criti
cism of missionaries. . . . . ,
Some Noted Men.
With them stands Rev. Zr. Imbrie,
whoso entymology' svery educated 'Jap
anese, and every Japanese-speaking
fseejlgwar. knPWawell; there Is Rev. Dr.
John H. Da Forest. wntsr-"tr"arstlnc-tlon,
. authority upon many phases of
Japanese Ufa and friend of the nation's
leaders; there Is Rev. Henry Loom I a.
who eeme to-Japan when there were
but 11 professing natlvs Christiana in
the land, and who has seen the num
ber grow -to 80.000 communicants and
ItO.OOO adherents. - himself an enty-
mologlst of. Jtotejgwell as an Influ
ential factor In the moral and reltgloua
development of Japan; there is Rev. T.
M. McNalr. sometime Princeton foot
and musician, who enjoys a vacation by
rising at o clock every morning to
work on his books; there, too, but for
conflicting ' engaeretnenta. would -be
Bishop Harris of the Methodist Episco
pal church, twice decorated by the em
peror and revered and loved by count
less Japanese; and Rev. Ir. J. D. Davis,
one- of tha founders of the - famous
Doshlsha university. -
Apropos of Bishop Harris double
decoration, and that of Rev. Dr. Hep
burn, author of the standard Japanese
having been Instituted by James Thorn
ten, who lives in ths southern part of
Riverside, and who Is a fancier of bom
lng pigeons. He charged August Mel
ville with having one of hla pigeons and
sought to replevin the bird that ha
claimed. " ' - -.i .
A constable brought ths pigeon that
proved to be the star witness of ths
whole trial Into court,
Thornton claimed . be had raised the
bird from tba egg and that It waa one
that, had been trained thoroughly from
his ooop-.Melville, on the other band,
swore that the feathered -thing In the
cag-e was two years old, and that It had
been bis bird all the time,-Neighbors of
Thornton told of having seen the pigeon
as a newly hatched bird and related
stories of how It was trained, but to
offset these the neighbors of. Melville
said they had seen the pigeon In his coop
for upwards, of .two yeara.
Ths pigeon was silent. It looked from
tbe complainant to the defendant and
preened Its feathers. -i
"V would like to bear further evi
dence," said the justice.
Scales of Justice Balance.
Other witnesses were, pf educed - by
Thornton peopi who thought they knew
tbe bird, and were sure or almost sure
that It had been raised and trained by
" Top row. reading; from left to right Rev. T..M. McNair, Tokio, Pres-
byterian North; Rev. J. C. Davidson, Kumarnoto, M. E. North; Dr.-M. N.
Wyckoff, Tokio, Dutch Reformed; Rev. H. Loomis, Yokohama, Bible So-
ciety; Professor. J. C Ballagh, Tokio, Presbyterian North; Rev. Dr. D. W.
Learned, Kioto, Congregational; Rev. Dr. William Imbrie, Tokio, Presby-"
terian North; Rev. Dr. J. B. Hall, Wakayama, Presbyterian North.
Second row, left to right Rev. Dr. Albert Oltmans, Tokio, Dutch Re-
formed; Rev. T.C Winn, Osaka, Presbyterian North; Rev. Dr. A. D. Hail,
dictionary, and one of the first four
missionaries to this country, of his as
sociate the late Rev. Dr. Verbeck. and
of aa Engllah lady, a missionary to the
lepers, . I cannot learn that any other
foreigners, outside of rulers of nations
and members of the diplomatic service,
b-?e been so honored by the Japanese
court. "v " -. . ;
American College Celebrities.
Of the youngsters, recent college
graduatea, who form so large a propor
tion of ths missionary fores hare, there
Is not room to speak. Somo of them
won aa American reputation In Inter
collegiate athletics; one waa leader of
tha University of Pennsylvania band
and later a member - of -Sousa'a band;
a local celebrity as honor student.
Here on tha tennis courts they are win
ning new laurela for themaalvea. and
tbey have set ths Japanese to playing
tha game, and on close, at that. The
Japanese students have a tennis court
la aa old temple area where they -play
surrounded by temples and 'Shrines. By
the way, the local tennis dub enrolls
mora than ISO members, out of a visit
ing population of about 000; which fact
may present, the missionary In rather
a new light to - soffit -per sons. - I find
sane individual, entirely ut)llkthe plot
turedeaUemsnm a plug hat ataodlng
uiider.a.jialm. tree preaching to the
heathen. A sociable was held In the au
ditorium a few evenings ago, with the
usual elocutionary - and -- musical
"stunts,' and cold tea and cake for re
freshments; one. of the missionaries,
famous aa a Japanese speaker, did an
Imitation of an American ' street fakir
selling patent - medicines that would
easllyhaiio seuuifja' position on the
variety stage; end It might havs
shocked some dear old ladles with pro
nounced Ideas aa to bow ministers
should conduct themselves. : : : -
Above Level of Home Men.
After several days of close observa
tion of thla company of missionaries
I have formed the opinion that they are
as a whole, rather above the level of
a similar gathering- of American preach'
era. They differ In that they have few
"star" speakers, - and the average of
preaching ability la quite low; I have
seen even missionaries go to sleep under
some of the sermons. It is said that
constant uss of ths Japanese language.
the man wbo brought the suit It began
to look as If ' the scales of justlos In
clined to his side of ths case. .
. "Have you got any further testi
mony T" asked the court of Melville,
He produced enough additional testi
mony to offset the effect of Thornton's
witnesses, and Justice Badger was more
pussled thaa ever.
"If the bird could only talk," said tbe
magistrate, "It would be easy to settle
tba case. If it waa a parrot, now. In
stead of -a pigeon. It might tell us the
name of its owner, even If it did not
know the nature of an oath.1'
"I think we csM get the TSIrd to ttAk
in its own. language.'.', said Thornton, to
whom the Idea came. "I am sure If
you turned It loose It would go to my
pigeon lofts. The pigeon ought to know
where Us home Is." .
"Turn It loose, then," ssld Melville,
defiantly. "If It goes to your lofts I
release all claims to It. I think the
pigeon Is mine. Nothing will suit ms
la which these people do their work,
unfits them for successful preaching in
English. Frequently in English speech
they Intellect Japaneae phrases which
apparently strike ths auditors aa being
If they cannot preach ths missiona
ries- can - think.- They -ha vo to do- so if
they are to work here. Japan Is not
big enough to hold that type of amall
man who la inhospitable to new Idee.
Confidentially, I understand that this Is
ths reason why not a few men who felt
themselves called to be missionaries
have been recalled by ths boards aftsr
a few years on ths field. -The religious
problems of Japan are tremendous, Just
now tbey are acuta. There is nothing
like them In America, nor are they at
allunderstood -there,, Christianity In
la also a crlala; of thla I ehaU write In
a later article, for it ranka among the
moat important news of the religious
world. -It
must now suffleo to Say that ltv
ing face to face with a great and vital
question, which has had ao parallel In
missionary history, and Is bound Itself
to become a precedent for other na
tions, baa mads serious minded states
men of many - of these mlsslonarlea.
They have not time to quibble - ovsr
details that vex many American minis-
L! consequence Christian
union in Japan Is jarahead of tha same,
movement anywhere else in ths world;
snd the missionaries ars more catholic,
cosmopolitan and large-vlsloned thsn
any similar body of clergymen of whom
I have knowledge.
Roosevelt and Bryan as Missionaries,
As Illustrative of their broad views
of tha situation take their sentiments
compel nlrg Mr. 7Vllllsm J. Drysti, wlSjss 1
recent vlstt Is a vivid memory with the
nation. The Japaneae fell In love with
Mr. Bryan becauae of hla smile and
suavity; gftod nmnntrt go farther than
a private car In this land. Ths mls
slonarieaV without respect to creed or
party, are enthualastlc over tba relig
ious Influence of Mr. Bryan's tour of
Japan; everywhere hs committed him
self unequivocally to the Christian po
sition, snd his addresses and printed
comments on missions were published
In native newspapers throughout ths
empire, as his biography and speech
bad been printed upon his appearance.
Now tha missionaries are talking of
a possible visit from President Roose
velt at ths close of his term; bs will 1
better than ta let it decide ths case.
Magiatrata Badger was struck with the
reasonableness of ths idea. He was
unable to decide the case upon the evi
dence, and he had not thought of Solo
mon's famoua expedient of proposing to
divide the pigeon In halves, so that each
party to ths suit, could have hhrr share.
Parties to Suit Confident V
Magistrate Badger was unable to de
cide the case. -
"Gentlemen, be said, "there la soma
serious error here. Either this bird bo
longs to Thornton or it belongs to Mel
ville, I have been unable to tell from
the evidence tot whom -It -does belong,
and I am going to make the blrdjtself
the deciding witness In the case."
Thornton and Melville both agreed te
abide by the decision and made ac
knowledgment for ths court's cost a
The one that lost was to pay ths bill.
Justice Badger's court-room Is a frame
building and . ta anything- from being
Imposing, but out-of it. has sprung this
remarkable story.
The pigeon, as the official witness of
the.couru.waa urned Joose-Tha bjilHrfIt,la .lieml, ,.,,
we in.rxucr.ea lo .v- muvm.n...
Every person In the crowd In front of
the courtroom also was s witness when
the bird wn released. His honor him
self waa a spectator.
Osaka, Presbyterian North; Mrs. J. H. . De Forest, Sends!, Ccmrreta-
tional; Rev. J. H. De Forest, Sendei, Conventional; Mrs. D. W. Loara-
ed, Kyoto, Congregational; Rev. E. R. MUkr, Tokio, Dutch Reformed,
Third row, left to right Miss O. S. Bigelow, Yamaguchi, Presbyterian j
Mrs. T. C Winn, Osaka, Presbyterian North; Miss A, E. Garvin, Osaka,
Presbyterian North; Mrs. A. D. Hail, Osaka, Presbyterian North; Miaa M.
J. Barrows, Kobe, Congregational; Miss Eliza Talcott, Kobe, Congrega-
tional; Mrs. M. N. Wyckoff, Tokio, Dutch Reformed.
bo formally invited, and aa eminent
missionary now en routs to America is
chargsd with ths mission of represent
ing to the president ths attitude of the
Japanese towards him. For there is no
man, outalde of the emperor and a few
war heroes, who la so popular in this
country today,, with all classes of peo
ple, aa Theodore JEtoosevelt. Taking ad
vantage of this, the missionaries have
circulated widely. In Japanese, tha ad
dreas on ths Bible delivered at Oyster
Bay,, and other religious utterances of
the president. His Isttsr to ths inter
church conference on federation la New
Tork last fall waa immediately printed
by most of - the Japaneae dallies. Ia
thsse waya it may fairly be aald that
President Roosevelt and Mr. Bryan are
more potent influences Jatbe religious
of Japan than many profes-
slonar-mtssionaries cuuililued, -
Japanese Press and Religion.
The use ths latter make of these men
I cite as evidence of, their alertness and
broad-mindedness.':. Another progressive
plsa which waits only a special dona
tion from America to put It Into Imme
diate execution la ths use of the adver
tising columns of the dally Japanese
newspapers for purposes of religious
propaganda. Publishers of leading
journals havs agreed to place from one
orUiemlsslonarieafor the Insertion oft
to iwo. column a pay, si -ing uipu-.
Christian teaching In popular form. The
expense of publication for a year In a
newspaper of 10.000 circulation. Includ
ing the preparation of the material,
would bo less thaa tha salary of aa
ordinary preacher In America. Only by
thla method, a leading missionary as
sured me today, can tha church hope
to reach great masses of the people who
will not attend ChrlstiaiTe'hurcBes; r
Boms missionaries conduct correspon
dence courses ia Christianity. On man
tatinned an the west coast, inserted a
nottce in the dally paper that ho would
be grlad to answer questions concern
ing Christianity. BO numerous wer
the responses that hs was soon obliged
t withdraw bis offer, and yst bs has
aa enrollment of 1.100 persona who ars
regularly following hia eourse, it is
by unusual methods such aa these that
man of tha better class of Japanese,
who feel themselves above attending a
Christian servtoe, are being reached by
tha missionary campaign.
At a meeting held hero since my ar
rival, ths ' missionaries adoptee; a
pamphlet, setting forth the history of
..The pigeon seemingly waa the lsast In
terested of alt the others la the trial,
although he waa ths cause of It and
was the object of tbe controversy. When
the constable rsleased htm from the
cage ths Indications were that be was
not rolng to prove a willing witness or
that hs would not becoms a witness at
all, .- . -
This most remarkable court officer
started in with picking at the pavements
and than raised -his head and flow into
the air. Upon the direction he took de
pended Justice Badger's decision.
The crowd, divided In sentiment, was
willing to bet. They did bet. In fact.
The-pigeon- flew- high- into the- air -and
rehiained there for a time. Interest In
the case began to broaden and business
men were watching ths white wings of
the bird high up over their buildings
with the knowledge that the direction
ha took meant the decision of a law
And all ths whits Justice Badger had
hla eyea on the bird, for be had made
It a witness. "
Suddenly ths white wings fluttered and
H prov(K, to fc. Thornton's Wit-
The constable reported back to
court that the pigeon had. gone directly
to Thornton's coop. - - -
"The pigeon belongs there or he would
not have gone." a id tbe -court "That
la the best witnsss . I ever had be
fore me." 1
"The otr whan It 'waa suggested
to his honor.
"They are en Melville," ho .replied.
It was a homing pigeon that had won
the aee
Japaneae - missions, tog-ether with tha
nature of tha work and Its location,
for distribution among tourists. The
mlsslonarlea say that tha erttlalams of
the globe-trotter are due to lack of In
formation, and they want to help set
him straight. 1
Novel ideas la ohuroh work I found '
to bs common In Japan. I heard eon
slderable hero about the "P. and R.
Building association, whioh Inquiry
showed Is not a thrifty scheme . for
laying up money for a rainy day, aa
it la oa . the other side of the Paoiflo,
but a missionary enterprise by mlsslon
arlea. -Subscribers, chiefly members of
tha missions, pay ( a year for aaoa
share; then, .whenever a native con
gregation needa help la putting up a
church bulldlngj It applies to the build
ing association, which advances a sum
total cost of ths structure. For each
grant so made every shareholder ia as
eased $1, ths aggregate aaseaament for .
a year being limited to S. In return
the shareholder gets ths privilege ef
paring another $10 the nest year!
Considering- tha charge that the mis
sionaries ars "grafters," I am Interested
to find many evidences Ilka this of ths
gifts by missionaries to their own '
work. I have met at least one wealthy
man who supports blmself and con
tributes to his mission besides. An
other., prominent, missionary Is main-.
are paid by his brother, a wli-known
Facing the Facta. '-: "" V
Moat ef tbs missionaries bore are
Americans and Canadians. - and tt " la -gratifying
to find that thsy seem still
to retain their level-head edneaa. They
B'ebrfanat!csrThelr attitude" la one
of a sober confronting of the things aa '
they are." Tbey suffer no delusions .
ooncernlnf their work or concerning- the
Japanese, To elto aa Illustration: The
day of my arrival, a young Ohloaa (the
persistence of American provincialisms
and dialects ever hero, even among
men who speak Japanese like natives,
la Interesting to an observer), a total
stranger, helped me out of a ltng-alstlo
enarl at the postoffleo. Then ho arose d
the street with me and smilingly, since
you must always bargain with a smile
In this polite land, helped mo made a
purchase tl per sent cheaper thaa tbo
native's asking price. The duplicity and .
gullefulnesa of tha Japanese tradesman
are aa open book to those mlsslonarlea
who,- while intensely- loyal to the Japan-.
ese, are not blind to certain graver no
tional shortcomings. The varied dlffl-
eultiee which beset their owa work are
frankly recognised; not all missionary "
msetlngs hear reports aa temperate and
discriminating aa are made by, the
workers here, j
It le only fair to the missionaries
here to say that they are a genial lot
of people, displaying towards one an
other and towards the other Europeans '
a- spirit of comradeship that is really
delightful. - They are aa Unpretentious,
wholesome folk, whoso personal charac
ter Is beyond praise, whatever fault
may bo found with their mission or
their methods..
BrlUs Vow rtwtndle,
Berlin ha a developed a new variation
of the confidence game. . The victim
who has brought It to light Is Frau -Elisabeth
Andres, who keepe a stand In
the- Central market on the Alexander- "
Plata The police are- wondering how -many
others havs been victimised. "
Fran Andrea waa sitting at ber stand
one evening about t:10 o'clock waltlne
for customers when a shabbily dressed
man went up to her snd poured a hard v.
lurk story Into' her ears. At the con
clusion he produced a near gold watch
and semi-tearful ly declared that his ne
cessities Obliged him to sell It for anv
old price. lie begged Frau Andres to .
take It for-80- marka abnut lt-. aaur.
Ing her, that tt had cost him 100 marks
and was still just aa good.
The shrewd market woman scnte1
a bargnln, but she drove a hnrd one. She
finally became the owner of the wstrh '
for 14 marks (14) and spent the nest
hour admiring her purchase and patting
herself on ths back.
Bhe had a rude-awakening when a sol
emn man stalked up to her and exhibit
ing a metal badge announced that he
waa Detective Muller of the police
force snd accused her of burins a stolen
watch. The thief, ha "saM. had bees ar
rested and had confessed turning; tt over
to her. - f
. The woman was terrified, ".hs shook
with terror si if she hud a chill and oi
course never thoMSht of nnesfion or rw
slstance when the ,.-t.-. fHe 1.11 en n.
hnriro on the wnt.-h "! Inf.irm-i hr
that shs was undr arr.-nt n a rf!- '
of stolen
Of eoure II turned '' '( t
ll'-i-mun the C'ji;
, 11.. 1 s-' .
; v: )''-.'...