THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL, PORTLAND. ; SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 14. MCt, FROM PORTLAND TO PALESTINE K T?6 THE NILE mm By 3. B. Horner. DOWN Into the valley of the Nile, and we are again riding alone dikes amidst the tall corn and sugar oan. We are near the Mil historic city. The founda- i Mmnhu is the Brat event - an ki w i . t r-.- i one InrKti his terlcal Incident In the reign of the first . . rMi man from the anus wiiw - , . . shadowland. which the Egyptians called the reign of the goas. The outaklrts resemble some mla .i - .i.t,.M nf a villas of Interior Africa. After passing a email grove ' wX palms we ere shown some " i. imn that were surmounted with splendor when the Serpent of the "Nile was queen in mis oj. -. wav train rolls In snd aoon we are a AW- XJ4l it w.s alonsr this rtvr that the Hebrew children were In bondage so many yeara It was here also that the Lord gave them Moses, Aaron an t-v, ,. . nlr deliverers. t hr that the olaa-ue were i.it th wicked kins, and it was here that the Hebrews suffered at the hands of a nation wnicn naa never re covered from the Injuries it inmo. t - - h that Caesar and Aswan fell before the charm of Cleopatra; and It wai here that Augustus did not fall. t w.m that the aatroloaers studied the stars from deep pits dug Into the earth as a suosniue m. modern telescope. t, . - ,ra intr ffftiriB rr mnn iur eying and masonry war Brat Intro duces! In relocating neias ana eaiauuan Ing possesalona after the flood had mmA An in ht annusl vlsltstlon. It was here thst literature Brat made Ha appearance. From here tney passeo the lamp of learning to the Phoenicians, and thence to tha Oreeka, thence to Rome, thence to England and finally to America. The Americans In point of literature are therefore the deacendanta tha great-great-great-granacnuaren of the Egyptians. A Long Time Dead. At the British museum in Cairo 1 cased Into the face of the oldest man I ever met; he lived r..nnn to 10.000 yeara ago. He wan Ramose II. He had been dead a loag time, to be sure; but except for the fact that his appearance was leathery and somewhat emaciated, he looked as if he had been living yester day. Ills eye are Intact, and hi fea ture have retained their form. His gray lacks are beautiful; and he la comely, but for the fact that hp Is a mummy. By his aid lie hi queen. They are In a casket which the British government has provided. Their hands croaa each other, and If you could for get the death chill and stiffness, you could look into the face of Rameaes and grasp his hand as If to welcome him Into the activities of this century. Our guide who Is accustomed to mummies, said: 'Only the bast people can afford to b mummified and be exposed to the scrutiny of travelers thousands of years' after their death. The ancient Egyp tians were veritable gods. Every Egyp tian was his own bast statue. Hence the necessity for mummification. Peo ple have o deteriorated since that time that they do not longer make good mommies, nance they have resorted to Incineration, which they Innocently call cremation. Their aahes Is the bast they cast, leave after them." Tha ancient Egyptians mad good mummies. But what ia the advantage in being a mummy? Better be a moss back In Oregon than a mummy In Egypt. When I looked Into the face of the old king I said to myself that I would much rather be a good active member of the Hundred Tear club In Oregon than a mummy In Egypt for 60 centurlea. And the land of the Rameaes being the original home of the Hundred Tear club, I Joined that distinguished body and reglste'.-ed along with my name the names of several of my Ore gon friends, among whom were the following: W saw funeral processions a vary day In Cairo, and they were pretentious affairs. The corpse was Dome Dy pan bearers and In the rear of the proces slon war the mourners, women, orylng aloud. These r regularly hired at small salary to mourn according to a fixed custom. They weep Into tear bot tles and their tears are sprinkled en the graves. A commends bio feature of the Egyptian practice I the selection of women to do their weeping, for In Egypt, as In other countries, women wean so much more freely and easily than do man. I think that I observed the same women In attendance at three funerals In one day. Throughout the east the people ap pear very generoua They are willing to do an American a favor, and then thy stand ready for reciprocity. They want to make the visitor reel nappy, and are quit willing that li shall well with adulation, while they minis ter to his wsnta However, their "manner differs some what In various localities. In Egypt, where tha language Is more animated In accent and gesticulation, the peasant seeks to favor our and will offer to share with you the burdens of the hour; but 'backsheesh" has bean accu mulating in hi stifled throat all tha while, and at the last moment It comes up with thst Imploring look which h has bean cultivating slnoa he flrst whis pered accents of love at his mother's knee. Princely Paupers of Greece. But a Oreek I polite. For example, he notices that yen have In your mouth a naughty cigar, which Is not burn ing. He will bring you a match or fusee. Whan he ha lighted your cigar and you are Just ready to thank him, ha will remind you very courteously, with a wistful smile, which you will And un deniable, that he himself has no olgar to light. If you have another cigar you do the only thing left ror an Amer lean to do: and aa a climax to tha In cldent you conclude that the Greek I the prlncellest beggar on the Medlter ranean. On the streets of Cslro we saw some Frenchmen reading a book condemning packed meat In America, and on the streets of old Cairo a Frenchman, who Is health officer, atnmpa the fresh meat every morning to Indicate that It is pure and healthy, and' not from Chi cago. To sea him serving In thla ca pacity reminds one of the soap adver tisement that appeared In an American paper: I used your soap ten years ago, and have used none other since." After we hsd been down on the Nile near old Cairo, at a place marked as the spot where Moses was found In the bulrushes, wa nere taken through some streets eight or ten feet wide. where Joseph md Mary brought the Savior In their flight Into Egypt. This is the Coptic church known as Abu Sergeh. Abu Sergeh really constat of two church on above tha other. Tha upper one only Is In regular uss the older and more fascinating to tourists and Christians generally Is seldom or never used. A period of svn cen turies separates the building of the two. The lower church dates from the mid dle to the end of the second century of th Christian ers. This Is probably the oldest church In the word. There was, of course, a Christian community there before any consecrated building was erected. It necessarily would be so. snd this Christian body as th dn re ferred ta In the first epiatle of St. Pa ter, v:ll "Th church that 1 at Baby lon elected together with you, saluteth you; and so doth Marcus, ray son." Tradition has It thst the praaohlng of Peter among 4 colony of Jew who had lived here for three centuries waa so successful that th Jews all beoasss christians and their synagogue a Chris tian church. Anyhow, It Is certain that "in very early days th synagogue passed Into Christian bands snd remained so for some centurlea, until financial trou ble forced the Christians to sell It back to the Jews. Refuge of th Holy Family. But a more lntenae Interest surrounds this out-of-the-way and hidden church for here the guide tells you that th holy family took refuge when flying from the rage of Herod (Matt. 11). He point to a spot on the marble slab marked by an Egyptian cross and says: "This Is where Mary sat with th holy child Jeaua," and two pares away he points to a niche In the wall marked In the same way and says; "This Is where Joseph sat." Is this truer No! Nol This church wss not built for ISO years after the event. But there Is a possibility that It was built upon the spot where the tradition of that early date said the family had rested and remained. For, apart from the fact that thla spot I a conelderable distance frpm tha boundary of Herod's power, there are several eon aiderations that make It possible, nay. even probable, that the tradition has a considerable amount of truth In It. first, because no other spot In Egypt has ever claimed a like association with our Lord. Second, because Babylon was on the highway from Palestine fo Egypt's castle. At a spot eight mllea to the north there waa until a month ago an old sycamore tree on or near the same highway where tradition says the fugitives rested for a night on their way to Babylon. Third, because It was 'within two miles of the out skirts of Memphis, the capital of those days, and was Immediately under the walla of the strongest fortress of the Isnd. And lastly, because the presence of a strong body of Jews on this spot, who were most probably In favor of the powers for financial reasons, would have afforded congenial, society and a safe place from all fears. sti." 7 Banana! IshanwawaaS1 BW.f I Sphinx With Soudanese Man, Giving Some Ides of Its Magnitude. A Matter of Wives. In the precincts of old Cairo we ere shown the location of a harem. The number of wlvea does not seem so ob jectionable to natives In the east, but It would simplify matters perceptibly If the husbands would own the wives one at- a time tandem, so to speak. In this opinion all Americans share. Not so with the Mohammedans, however, who say that Solomon promoted an In stitution of this kind, and Solomon was a wise men. But Just Imagine King Solomon lugging 400 or too wives to a cemetery on a picnicking tour one day each week. Solomon well knew that a cemetery Is no place to have fun. and he never took his wives there for en tertainment. So. If these people cannot conduct their Cleopatrlan bureaus more In accord with the success of esjnier days, the government ought to declare the Institution In a state af decay. Throughout Egypt hsreths are not un common. This Is a condition which Europeans did not bring about, but which they will be called upon to cor rect. No person who pursues a oustom so un-Buropean should be permitted to presume upon European courtesy. Ac cordingly. It has been suggested that no man with more than one wife should be permitted to pass ss the equal of Europeans. If his practices are poly gamic, as waa common In the days of old, he might still wear the cloak and dress as In the days of old, but hs ought not to mislead the world by wear ing monogamlc dreaa. Trousers snd Monogamy. Those who have Involved themselves matrimonially so as to transcend the European Idea of decency by adopting Ideas so eastern ought also to discard taonogamlo dress, which stands for a higher order of thought and Ufa There fore, in oriental countries a more then one wife should be permitted to wear trousera A man's trousers are the principal part of his uniform. That uniform is honorable and ought to have a significant meaning in no wise con taminated with the constant troubles of the antiquated harem. While In old Cairo wa observed group of people disturbed ever som current topic. The matter was one tnat earned to demand blow, henoe our tilde Investigated. After a while he returned and informed our party that it was the most remarkable sensation that had struck th olty In 10 years. "X wedding there was In the town a few days before." he said, "and the groom waa the subject of a singular but serious mistake, in Monammeoan lands, as you know, the mother selects the bride, who Is never seen by her spouse until after her marriage. Mus toupha, the bridegroom, appeared, and In th absence of the mother, who had been suddenly called away, aome attend ant whom she had selected for that pur pose escorted the .bride to the wedding placa Tho marriage ceremony being performed. Mustoupha took his bride away to his father's home. Two days later the officers came to arrest Mus toupha for taking the wrong woman. It waa with great difficulty that he explained to the magistrate that his mother, who had seleeted th bride, had been suddenly called away at the ap proach of the wedding, and her orders to bring the fiancee to the wedding had bean misunderstood by th attendants, who actually brought th wrong girl. Th Investigation before the magistrate drew out the evldenoe that Mustoupha did not know until his arrest thst he hsd married the wrong bride, at which time the demands of the magistrate were not easily met" What the Hat Tells. Should you enter a plsee of worship lp the Nile valley where the men have their hat off, you would say It ia a Christian service; If their hats are en you will call it a synagogue, bit If th men do not care whether they hkve tlfelr hats on or off, you would call them Mohammedans. The Mohammedan celebrate Friday ss their Sabbath, the Hebrews Saturday, and the Christian Sunday. Th He brews are the most devoted In th ob servance of the Sabbath, and they are the last to backslide from the rellglouj teachings of their childhood. They sre not particular aa to their hats, so we infer that this is a mosque that we are approaching, and the guide call It the Mosque of Amru. said to be the oldest in Egypt, and this is the story of It origin: The prophet Mahomet told Amru to go to a place in Egypt where he would find a column from Mecca; round this with lit ortUimn and aroha. Mahomet afterward, referring to this mosque in we iu ran. ssug tnat sew tun were would be a great fight here. Ail of whloh the Moslem firmly believe, end aa a precaution, the Khedive' permits worship only once a year at thla place. Th pulpit faces Mecca, whloh in this ease happens to be east A oourt of the great quadrangle shows evldenoe of negleot Herein le a ehrlne where lepers oom. Here aa at other shrinks faith is exercised by these Imaginative people. The pilgrim applies the juice Of a lemon to the stone pillar and on bended knee, licks it at Intervals for three eucoesslve days, at which time, eo the keeper aaaurea us, permanent relief la obtained. Physical Test of Spirituality. Upon taking our exit w are shown two stone columns standing so near each other that only the good ean paas through It This, as th Moslem say, is th origin of the sacred expression. "A tight equeeae," and they believe this IntlAMA ia an 1 1 n f i H t a. , Ae w lem's worthiness. . AH tried it and all passed through, except the writer. On the railroad down th Damletta river toward Port Said two men met an American and an Egyptian. Nalther knew the vernacular of the other. But the American pointed to the Egyptian's watch charm, en which was inscribed a square and a compass. The native looked up In surprise. Th American reaching forth hi hand gave certain evidences whereby he made himself known. It was enough. The Egyptian fell upon the broad shoulders of the American, and according to oriental custom IrlMail him Than f , . aiwa.M . an Interpreter, who aald. "Th man wants m vj iu you inai mia is tn Happiest day in aU Ma life; for, while he always knaw he had brother In Egypt, he know now that he haa awn ah hrArtia. s America," After exchanging present me liiypmu sain rraemaaonry took Its origin in Egypt, and that when Solomon was building his temple the order wss already an ancient institution along the Nile. Egypt is full of mystery, marvel and monumental rum. Silent, yet eloquent; speechless, yet vocal with 10,000 voices from the battlements of antiquity. Her thrnnea have) neimkll , a i a..-, v P ...v.tTU .V Ul, VWI, IIP, kings have been burled in the sepulcher ox inn afci. In one nf tha nlUpla. a a great picture of a dying king. His crown nas just Tanen back on the pil low, hi scepter rolled on the floor, and the last moment has come. All around him hla servants are decking themselves merrily In royal robes or plunging their - - wwAAW.a w tail HIS the Jewels from the diamond crown. Thus perishes the greatnees of his i'' wo, um, -is passing ana pensn ing th glory of ancient Egypt OREGON ENGINEER WORTHY OF HERO MEDAL Hundred Year Club Members. Oeorge H. Hlmes, Portland Charles H Hlrstel. Portland. Turner Oliver, La Grande. W. T. Wright Union. J. R. N. Bell. Bsker Ctty. W. E Yatea, Vancouver, Washington. D. P. Mason, Albany. J. C. Fullerton, Roseburg. W. R. Ellis. Pendleton. John Sbarpsteln, Walla, Walla, Wash ington. J. B. V. Butler. Monmouth. R. J. Hendricks, Salem. B. J. Hawthorne, Eugene. J. M. Carter, Newport. William Colvlg. Jacksonville. Benjamin Jones, Independence Inroads on History. The quarter round about was celled Babylon but not th Babylon of the Euphrates. The people south of the Mediterranean get so many things air ferent from what ha been taught us. The most remarkable Inroad they have made Into our history. It seems to me Is ths Impression they have of Abraham An Intelligent Moslem said: "I.Ike the Hebrews, we are the sons of Abraham. They are the eons of Isaac; we, the sons of Ishtnael. We are taught by our learned men, by the Koran, and by nil that we regard as nap red that Ishtnael was the favorite son of Abraham, and that Issso, the father of the Hebrews, was turned- oat of house and homo. Certainly, hlatory austalns this theory, because everybody knows that the, Jew have been unable to have a government of their own for all these centurlea Mohammed knew that Ishmael waa the favorite son of Abraham, and he referred to thla place as Babylon. Probably for some similar reasons this place where we stand la called Babylon. At least Babylon has been Ite name for a long time, and a class of com mentatora on holy writ claim this spot Site ol the Lewis-Clark Fair t st H By CLARK LOUIS BARZEE. t St By Clark Louis Barzee. Neglected, abandoned 'neath October's sides, Deserted, forsaken, alone; Where emerald hilts in their beauty atill rise Like sentinel true, mounting up to the skies, And sorrowing zephyrs sre blown," There lies in its glory snd splendor yet rsre, The beautiful site of our Lewis-Clark fsif. From the silvery Uke, like a glistening sheen Sparkling bright in the low autumn sun, Upfloat the soft vapora 'mong foliage green, To form the great tears that are shed on the scene Where throngs of gsy people hsve come, But whispering winds ever sadly declare: "They axe gone, all are gone, from the Lewis-Clerk fsir.' The great scenic structures like monuments stand, E'er telling the story again; How Lewis and Clark and their brave little band. From far off Atlantic to Pacific's brosd strand. Pressed onward o'er mountain and plain; Arid the pure gentle breath of the evening sir, Refreshes the site of the Lewis-Clark fair. Ab shadows of twilight their curtains let fell O'er .the site where we'd longer remain. The walks and gardens, the vines on the wall, The "Oregon Building" so desr to us all. Some gathering tears we restrain; Yet ever, forever, our hearts shall be there. To dwell on the site of the Lewis-Clsrk fsir. But harkt o'er the crest of the waters so mild Comes the merciless hammer's sound: Its echoes return from the "Government Isle'' And plaintively float over weeping Lake Guild As temples are razed to the ground; And bird everywhere, as they wing through the air, Sing a dirge to the death of our Lewis Clark fair. When long years have come snd have silently passed, j. When mansion shall cover the spot, The "Forestry House" shall remain to the Isst, li unsge indelibly on our souls csst. Its message shall ne'er be forgot; Mav it rrsi there for ages, with tenderest care, To watph ' 'er the site of osr Lewis Clark fair. 4 wBwBwBwBwBwBS i-gr3& : - MBajjwfltl w BwBwBwBBBBW I M n-S ' ''1 f f' I SwBwTaww .flfatsM Kwi I Vwa Kra I awawaw SwawaKSwa waw ' ' aslaHgBwawawal P awlawawawalSwasl 1 3Bia88l gwg Yv ' vfl Ess ,Yiwwirs es-T-1,' :'-f- - .t. 'BsBwawRSwagl SwSI f v 1 1 fv v m i J i u 1 v f it via 1 1 1 vv m ! v H HISTORIC JEWEL ROBBERIES Brave Luke Ferguson, and the Big Engine, on Which He Ssved Msny Lives. By Bert Huffman. PENDLETON, Or.. Oct. 11. Perhaps the first Oregon man who will receive a Carnegie hero medal will b Engineer Luke E. Fergu son of the La Orande division of the O R N., who saved the Chicago Port land special train with over 200 soul from almost certain destruction In a collision near Durkse, Baker county, a tow daya ago. By reversing his engine and hurriedly backing his psssenger train out of the way a runaway freight, which had been abandoned by Its crew on the mountain near Unity after control had been lost of It on the etep grade. Engineer Fer guson prevented, what all railroad men agree would have been the most horrible wreck In the history of the . R N. A It waa a collision ocurred. but of mild character In comparison to th posslbllltes of th accident. Fifteen freight cars were wrecked, both freight and passenger engine were badly dam aged, and the passenger were terribly shaken, although no serious Injuries re sulted. Ferguson's heroic aot consisted In re maining at hla post on th passenger en gine as the runaway freight train rap Idly approached running wild down a 2 per cent grade, with no crew on board to control It It seemed that It meant certain death to Ferguson and hi fireman whan the craah should -omo. but In spits of thlv th engineer remained at hi post, and' through the moat daring and skillful act ever performed on the O. R. N. system succeeded In backing hla passenger train away from the runaway freight at anch a speed that when the collision occurred hi trsln was not wrecked. Th Impact of the collision wrecked th runaway freight engine, whleh left th rails and with IB freight oars was piled up in a heap on the track. Engineer Ferguson Is a native of Ne vada, 60 year old, snd has worked on the O.R.1N. system at The Dajles and La Orande for about 20 years. He was formerly engineer for the government tn the construction of the Jetty at Y equina bay, and Is a typical western man. In all his career as a locomotive engi neer he hss been regarded aa' a careful. Intelligent man, and his foresight and cool Judgment on thla accaalon provb that he I a safe man for an emergency. When the accident occurred he wa making an extra trip on tha paaaenger engine, a the regular engineer was en a vacation. Engineer Ferguson I on a freight engine, although he 1 an extra passenger engineer, and ia on passenger service much of the tlm. Th sccompanying photograph of Mr. Furgeson and his engine. No. 200, was taken at Meacham a short time ago by Major l.ee Moorhouse of this city. Steps are being taken to secure a Carnegie hero medal for the brave man who faced what seemed certsln death to save hla train and the people In hi charge. SKILLFUL FAKIRS MAKE NEW BOOKS OLD st at wTjf Y)l" would be surprised at tbe Im mense amount of dodges there are In th old-book trade, said a well-known dealer In secon-1-hand books to th writer recently. If you collect old book you csnnot be . too careful to see whether the work you pur chase Is all that the dealer declares It to b. Th "faking" of old edWIon I carried on to a considerable extent by th unacrupuloua A well-known collector recently ac quired what he took to be a book pub llahed by Aldus In tbe year 14sS. He paid 200 pound for it, and believed that It was an original Aldus, because the publisher's pressmark, a dolphin colled round, an anchor, appeared upon It. Whan the book was shown to roe 1 proved, beyond a shadow of doubt, that It was a modern antique that la to say. It wss simply a copy of th original work printed by an ingenious book "faker." So clever was th imitation thst only ah expert could toll It from th original and rar book. Score) of persons during recant years have bought facsimiles of rar work under the Impression that thy were getting thV originals. Dickens' "Sunday Under Three Heads" has been "faked" many times and sold as original to col lectors who no doubt treasure them as rarities. Uenulne copies of this little book sre worth a good sum, and some unscrupulous dealers, taking advantage of th circumstance, have had It re printed, and palm off the copies on -unsuspecting bibliomaniac for the genu ine first edition. A valuable book Is Greener' "Italian Frescoes.'' bound in red morocco by Bed ford. This work has been also reprinted, and; although experts may be able to distinguish between th original and the reprint, th average book fancier find them exactly alike In every detail and la unable to detect any difference. Many make a living by "doctoring" old and rare book for unscrupulous dealer. These men ar adept In the art of book restoring, and ar quit able to make good any part of an lmprfct copy. For instanc. If a rare book has a leaf missing It Is handed over to a re storer, who reprint th peg with bat tered type, the paper upon which It Is printed being afterward discolored with chemical or tobacco water In order to give It the true antique hue. The first folio Shakespeare ts of course, nf great valu. and It I safe to say that every possible adulteration has been practiced In fitting up copies of this work for sal. At one time the manufacture n first-folio Shakespeare was quite a trad. Ug A first foito navlng several leave missing had leave Inserted from the second folio, while In one case the en tire play of "CymMUne" was reprinted and Inserted tn a first folio. Th "faked" page were so cleverly done that severnl experts were at first unable to detect them when turning over tha pages of th work In question. Worm-eaten books hsve the perfora tion "doctored" In this way. Paper 1 chewed by a restorer and pressed gently Into each hole. When th material 1 dry and hard It la colored to match th page Book restorers, as a rule, ar most In genious artists, and they can produce. sn Imitation of a page of a rare book which will deceive hundred of collec tor. On particular restorer to my knowledge has "doctored" ovr a thou sand old books during th last two year, producing pages in facsimile and supplying colophons or decorated capi tals. There la not a' thing wanting to make a book complete that this man cannot skillfully "fake." "When a woman I wlllln' to let a later actress share th calcium," de clared Suaan Brett bitterly, "he don't gat no credit for bln' generous. Nor' . "Not. on your lifer. They only say she's gstthV eld aa' anxious to dodge," st st t THE world Is suffering from an epidemic of Jewel robberies. In four month th fashionable American watering plaoe, New port, ba been lightened of Its Jewels to th extent of 80,000 without the Intri cate machinery of the law being able to crush th wrongdoer In Its cogs. Th French mystery of-the blue dia mond Is still fresh In meet memories, and a long series of recent English Jewel robberies remalna to b solved. Of all th phases of thieving th hrilchlng of Jewels appears to be th most fascinating as well as tne most profitable. These earth-treasures con tain more temptation to the square Inch than any other kind of portable prop erty. They represent vast sum of money In tabloid form, and, whan once secured, require only the minimum amount oC effort to carry them safely away, while regular clearing-house In more than on continental olty provide the thief with every facility for dis posing of his spoil. Royal Regalia His Prize. For a daringly conceived design quit In keeping with th unconscion able tradition of Alaatla Colonel Blood's attempt, tn th reign of Charle II, to deprive th kingdom of Its re galia must always hold foremost plaoe in ths annals of historical Jewel rob beries. The strangest part of the story Is that Colonel Blood. Instead of receiving th punUhment he deserved, was par doned by the king, who awarded htm a pension of f too a year, which was al most equivalent to 1,200 In these daya No Jewel robbery ean compare In his torical Interest to that of Marie Antoin ette's diamond neeklac In 1716. Dumaa. Carlyle. nd an army of lesser writers have been Inspired by th romance of the theme. And, Incidentally, th fa mous neeklac played It part In th French revolution, and thus In shaping th destinies of th modern world. Never Move Him. " Cardinal de Rohan, meet credulous of dignitaries of th church, nursed for 10 years a vain passion for Marie An toinette Persuaded ' by the unscrupulous Countess de Lemot. the doting church man purchased, as a present for tbe queen, a diamond necklaoe, the work nf. Boehmer, the court Jeweler, for which 70f,000 pounds wae to be paid. The mo ment it was handed to th queen' serv ant the neeklac disappeared. Rumor says the diamonds were sold In England. Although th robberies of today are sometimes stripped of their picturesque setting, they are none the lees daring or romantic than those of a century ago. Th year ltOf wa an extremely lucra tive one for the Jewel thief, who eschews the somewhat brusque and brutal not to say laborious paths of burglary. In that year there waa quite an epidemic of disappearing servants generally ac companied by their mistress' jewel cas ket. Servitude Is the latest method of the Jewel thief for pilfering-de-iuxe. Pilferig Servants. tn May a Hungarian footman, who ex hibited the beet of (forged) reference, was engaged at a Mllford mansion. He waa only 20 year of age. spoke English French and Italian fluently, and was of reassuring appearance. In four days he disappeared with 12.000 worth of Jewels and ha alnce been a "child of the mist.' Exactly a month later an Austrian footman, also of irreproachable reputa tion, decamped from London-road. St. John' Wood, with Jewels to th value of 2,000 pound. He carried excellent ref erence, and remained In the house Just long enough to obtain duplicates of the necessary keys. He, too. Is an unknown quantity. In th same year th "Princess of Thieve mad her appearance In Eng land. Sh wa a handsome Belgian of II years of age. who had lived many years In Chicago. Her chance cam at Christie'. A neeklac of paans and dia monds, valued at 3,000 pounds, was to be offered for sale, and madam visited th salesroom on several occasions, at tracted, apparently, by to beauty of tit neokleee. On the morning of the sal she asked a porter If she might examine th costly Jewel at closer quarter. Th obliging attendant imraeo lately unlocked the and handed th lady th neeklac. In a trie a dummy necklace wa substituted, and th lady mad off with her prise. Unfortunately foe tha ucoase ef the daring scheme sh was not quick enough In disappearing, and was caught A mora than ordinarily daring jewel robbery was brought to a successful l u the asm year at Nice. Th wife of an American millionaire, tired with dancing, returned to bar hotel from a fashionable bail. She divested herself of her Jewels, valued at 10.000 pounds, and, after placing them on th dressing tabl. flung herself on a loubge and dosed off to aleep. In a tow minute sh awoke with a start, and found her treas ures gone, with a credit not for 8.010 pounds. Deeplt tha offer of a tempting reward, the thieve war never captured. Women Balloonists st tf st THS eyes of all London have been lately fixed on tn exploits of th plucky little bond of lady balloonist, all member of the Aero club, who frequent ascents Into cloudlond formed one of the chief sen sation of th season. Th Princess dl Teano I on of th fashionable women who have become identified with the sport. Aeronauts, like all tho whoa Uvea depend for safety upon the vagaries of th ele ments, have a firm belief that certain passengers carry good or bad luek tn their wake, and the Princess dl Teano, in reigning Dene or a couple ef sea eons. Is an especially popular fellow voyageur. Exceptional good luck has attended every ascent ah has yt made. Th ethics of ballooonlng when mak ing a descant ar such as to make th possession of pluck an absolute neces sity. No matter whet immediate dan ger the unfortunate feminine aeronaut may see directly ahead, when being landed with an unexpected drop, and no matter how easily she could leave th balloon, she must not dream ef doing eo until the aeronaut In charge gives the word of command. For to lighten the car of one person's weight before the balloon Is quite deflated might send It suddenly skyward, whence H might descend again with a drop, killing th oecupanta. Th fittings of tha up-to-date bal loon car, even when women paaaenger ar to be taken, are of necessity mea ger. In many cars th oecupanta have only Just room to stand up In, though som of th bigger care are provided a a special luxury with a vary narrow wooden at running across on aid for th benefit of women voyageur. Most men eleet to stsnd A doaen or mora bag of ballast filled with finely sifted sand ar placed in th bottom of th ear. Som balloons have among their fit ting a small shovel with which th aeronaut ladle out the sand, a small handful at a time, for In a well bal anced balloon th throwing out of a single handful of sand will cause her to rise hundred of feet In the sir, so delicately 1 sh poised. A am all aneroid barometer, a mega phone for attracting th notice and asking question of paaaersby a map, a atatoacop th newly Invented and del Icat Instrument which registers the rise or fall of th balloon, thus avoid ing th necessity for throwing out pieces of paper In order to find oat whether they rise or sink and an lee trio torch, together with a trailing cord, and a grappling Iron or anchor, com plete th aeronaut's outfit, while a dan ger oord, or ripping cord, as It Is tech nically termed, by means of whleh th balloon I ripped up In a previously pre pared place to let th gas out quickly when making a rough descent en a gusty day. thus preventing the car and Its occupant from being dragged at th heels of a half-deflated balloon through barbed wire or over rflsss hot houses and cucumber frames. Is tied up In th rigging In a bright red bag to prevent Its being accldently touched by meddling onlooker before the start. There I no eld entrance to a bal loon car, so a pile of sandbags Is often arranged beside those destined to carry a lady passenger. By this means they mount into their respective oars five minute before the -start, swinging themselves Into the basket between the roses of rigging.