The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, October 14, 1906, SECTION THREE, Image 38

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    THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL, PORTLAND. ; SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 14. MCt,
FROM PORTLAND TO PALESTINE K T?6 THE NILE
mm
By 3. B. Horner.
DOWN Into the valley of the Nile,
and we are again riding alone
dikes amidst the tall corn and
sugar oan. We are near the
Mil historic city. The founda-
i Mmnhu is the Brat event
- an ki w i . t r-.- i one InrKti his
terlcal Incident In the reign of the first
. . rMi man from the
anus wiiw - , . .
shadowland. which the Egyptians called
the reign of the goas.
The outaklrts resemble some mla
.i - .i.t,.M nf a villas of Interior
Africa. After passing a email grove
' wX palms we ere shown some "
i. imn that were surmounted
with splendor when the Serpent of the
"Nile was queen in mis oj. -.
wav train rolls In snd aoon we are
a AW- XJ4l
it w.s alonsr this rtvr that the
Hebrew children were In bondage so
many yeara It was here also that the
Lord gave them Moses, Aaron an
t-v, ,. . nlr deliverers.
t hr that the olaa-ue were
i.it th wicked kins, and it was
here that the Hebrews suffered at the
hands of a nation wnicn naa never re
covered from the Injuries it inmo.
t - - h that Caesar and Aswan
fell before the charm of Cleopatra; and
It wai here that Augustus did not fall.
t w.m that the aatroloaers
studied the stars from deep pits dug
Into the earth as a suosniue m.
modern telescope.
t, . - ,ra intr ffftiriB rr mnn iur
eying and masonry war Brat Intro
duces! In relocating neias ana eaiauuan
Ing possesalona after the flood had
mmA An in ht annusl vlsltstlon.
It was here thst literature Brat made
Ha appearance. From here tney passeo
the lamp of learning to the Phoenicians,
and thence to tha Oreeka, thence to
Rome, thence to England and finally to
America. The Americans In point of
literature are therefore the deacendanta
tha great-great-great-granacnuaren
of the Egyptians.
A Long Time Dead.
At the British museum in Cairo 1
cased Into the face of the oldest man I
ever met; he lived r..nnn to 10.000 yeara
ago. He wan Ramose II. He had been
dead a loag time, to be sure; but except
for the fact that his appearance was
leathery and somewhat emaciated, he
looked as if he had been living yester
day. Ills eye are Intact, and hi fea
ture have retained their form. His
gray lacks are beautiful; and he la
comely, but for the fact that hp Is a
mummy. By his aid lie hi queen.
They are In a casket which the British
government has provided. Their hands
croaa each other, and If you could for
get the death chill and stiffness, you
could look into the face of Rameaes and
grasp his hand as If to welcome him
Into the activities of this century. Our
guide who Is accustomed to mummies,
said:
'Only the bast people can afford to
b mummified and be exposed to the
scrutiny of travelers thousands of years'
after their death. The ancient Egyp
tians were veritable gods. Every Egyp
tian was his own bast statue. Hence
the necessity for mummification. Peo
ple have o deteriorated since that time
that they do not longer make good
mommies, nance they have resorted to
Incineration, which they Innocently call
cremation. Their aahes Is the bast they
cast, leave after them."
Tha ancient Egyptians mad good
mummies. But what ia the advantage
in being a mummy? Better be a moss
back In Oregon than a mummy In
Egypt. When I looked Into the face of
the old king I said to myself that I
would much rather be a good active
member of the Hundred Tear club In
Oregon than a mummy In Egypt for 60
centurlea. And the land of the Rameaes
being the original home of the Hundred
Tear club, I Joined that distinguished
body and reglste'.-ed along with my
name the names of several of my Ore
gon friends, among whom were the following:
W saw funeral processions a vary
day In Cairo, and they were pretentious
affairs. The corpse was Dome Dy pan
bearers and In the rear of the proces
slon war the mourners, women, orylng
aloud. These r regularly hired at
small salary to mourn according to a
fixed custom. They weep Into tear bot
tles and their tears are sprinkled en
the graves. A commends bio feature of
the Egyptian practice I the selection
of women to do their weeping, for In
Egypt, as In other countries, women
wean so much more freely and easily
than do man. I think that I observed
the same women In attendance at three
funerals In one day.
Throughout the east the people ap
pear very generoua They are willing
to do an American a favor, and then
thy stand ready for reciprocity. They
want to make the visitor reel nappy,
and are quit willing that li shall
well with adulation, while they minis
ter to his wsnta
However, their "manner differs some
what In various localities. In Egypt,
where tha language Is more animated In
accent and gesticulation, the peasant
seeks to favor our and will offer to
share with you the burdens of the
hour; but 'backsheesh" has bean accu
mulating in hi stifled throat all tha
while, and at the last moment It comes
up with thst Imploring look which h
has bean cultivating slnoa he flrst whis
pered accents of love at his mother's
knee.
Princely Paupers of Greece.
But a Oreek I polite. For example,
he notices that yen have In your mouth
a naughty cigar, which Is not burn
ing. He will bring you a match or fusee.
Whan he ha lighted your cigar and
you are Just ready to thank him, ha
will remind you very courteously, with
a wistful smile, which you will And un
deniable, that he himself has no olgar
to light. If you have another cigar
you do the only thing left ror an Amer
lean to do: and aa a climax to tha In
cldent you conclude that the Greek I
the prlncellest beggar on the Medlter
ranean.
On the streets of Cslro we saw some
Frenchmen reading a book condemning
packed meat In America, and on the
streets of old Cairo a Frenchman, who
Is health officer, atnmpa the fresh meat
every morning to Indicate that It is
pure and healthy, and' not from Chi
cago. To sea him serving In thla ca
pacity reminds one of the soap adver
tisement that appeared In an American
paper: I used your soap ten years
ago, and have used none other since."
After we hsd been down on the Nile
near old Cairo, at a place marked as
the spot where Moses was found In the
bulrushes, wa nere taken through
some streets eight or ten feet wide.
where Joseph md Mary brought the
Savior In their flight Into Egypt. This
is the Coptic church known as Abu
Sergeh.
Abu Sergeh really constat of two
church on above tha other. Tha
upper one only Is In regular uss the
older and more fascinating to tourists
and Christians generally Is seldom or
never used. A period of svn cen
turies separates the building of the two.
The lower church dates from the mid
dle to the end of the second century of
th Christian ers. This Is probably
the oldest church In the word. There
was, of course, a Christian community
there before any consecrated building
was erected. It necessarily would be
so.
snd this Christian body as th dn re
ferred ta In the first epiatle of St. Pa
ter, v:ll "Th church that 1 at Baby
lon elected together with you, saluteth
you; and so doth Marcus, ray son."
Tradition has It thst the praaohlng
of Peter among 4 colony of Jew who
had lived here for three centuries waa
so successful that th Jews all beoasss
christians and their synagogue a Chris
tian church. Anyhow, It Is certain that
"in very early days th synagogue passed
Into Christian bands snd remained so
for some centurlea, until financial trou
ble forced the Christians to sell It back
to the Jews.
Refuge of th Holy Family.
But a more lntenae Interest surrounds
this out-of-the-way and hidden church
for here the guide tells you that th
holy family took refuge when flying
from the rage of Herod (Matt. 11). He
point to a spot on the marble slab
marked by an Egyptian cross and says:
"This Is where Mary sat with th holy
child Jeaua," and two pares away he
points to a niche In the wall marked In
the same way and says; "This Is where
Joseph sat."
Is this truer No! Nol This church
wss not built for ISO years after the
event. But there Is a possibility that
It was built upon the spot where the
tradition of that early date said the
family had rested and remained. For,
apart from the fact that thla spot I a
conelderable distance frpm tha boundary
of Herod's power, there are several eon
aiderations that make It possible, nay.
even probable, that the tradition has a
considerable amount of truth In It.
first, because no other spot In Egypt
has ever claimed a like association with
our Lord. Second, because Babylon
was on the highway from Palestine fo
Egypt's castle. At a spot eight mllea
to the north there waa until a month
ago an old sycamore tree on or near
the same highway where tradition says
the fugitives rested for a night on
their way to Babylon. Third, because
It was 'within two miles of the out
skirts of Memphis, the capital of those
days, and was Immediately under the
walla of the strongest fortress of the
Isnd. And lastly, because the presence
of a strong body of Jews on this spot,
who were most probably In favor of
the powers for financial reasons, would
have afforded congenial, society and a
safe place from all fears.
sti." 7 Banana! IshanwawaaS1
BW.f
I
Sphinx With Soudanese Man, Giving Some Ides of Its Magnitude.
A Matter of Wives.
In the precincts of old Cairo we ere
shown the location of a harem. The
number of wlvea does not seem so ob
jectionable to natives In the east, but
It would simplify matters perceptibly If
the husbands would own the wives one
at- a time tandem, so to speak. In
this opinion all Americans share. Not
so with the Mohammedans, however,
who say that Solomon promoted an In
stitution of this kind, and Solomon was
a wise men. But Just Imagine King
Solomon lugging 400 or too wives to a
cemetery on a picnicking tour one day
each week. Solomon well knew that a
cemetery Is no place to have fun. and
he never took his wives there for en
tertainment. So. If these people cannot
conduct their Cleopatrlan bureaus more
In accord with the success of esjnier
days, the government ought to declare
the Institution In a state af decay.
Throughout Egypt hsreths are not un
common. This Is a condition which
Europeans did not bring about, but
which they will be called upon to cor
rect. No person who pursues a oustom
so un-Buropean should be permitted to
presume upon European courtesy. Ac
cordingly. It has been suggested that no
man with more than one wife should be
permitted to pass ss the equal of
Europeans. If his practices are poly
gamic, as waa common In the days of
old, he might still wear the cloak and
dress as In the days of old, but hs
ought not to mislead the world by wear
ing monogamlc dreaa.
Trousers snd Monogamy.
Those who have Involved themselves
matrimonially so as to transcend the
European Idea of decency by adopting
Ideas so eastern ought also to discard
taonogamlo dress, which stands for a
higher order of thought and Ufa There
fore, in oriental countries a
more then one wife should be permitted
to wear trousera A man's trousers are
the principal part of his uniform. That
uniform is honorable and ought to have
a significant meaning in no wise con
taminated with the constant troubles of
the antiquated harem.
While In old Cairo wa observed
group of people disturbed ever som
current topic. The matter was one tnat
earned to demand blow, henoe our
tilde Investigated. After a while he
returned and informed our party that
it was the most remarkable sensation
that had struck th olty In 10 years.
"X wedding there was In the town a
few days before." he said, "and the
groom waa the subject of a singular
but serious mistake, in Monammeoan
lands, as you know, the mother selects
the bride, who Is never seen by her
spouse until after her marriage. Mus
toupha, the bridegroom, appeared, and
In th absence of the mother, who had
been suddenly called away, aome attend
ant whom she had selected for that pur
pose escorted the .bride to the wedding
placa Tho marriage ceremony being
performed. Mustoupha took his bride
away to his father's home. Two days
later the officers came to arrest Mus
toupha for taking the wrong woman.
It waa with great difficulty that he
explained to the magistrate that his
mother, who had seleeted th bride, had
been suddenly called away at the ap
proach of the wedding, and her orders
to bring the fiancee to the wedding had
bean misunderstood by th attendants,
who actually brought th wrong girl.
Th Investigation before the magistrate
drew out the evldenoe that Mustoupha
did not know until his arrest thst he
hsd married the wrong bride, at which
time the demands of the magistrate
were not easily met"
What the Hat Tells.
Should you enter a plsee of worship
lp the Nile valley where the men have
their hat off, you would say It ia a
Christian service; If their hats are en
you will call it a synagogue, bit If th
men do not care whether they hkve tlfelr
hats on or off, you would call them
Mohammedans.
The Mohammedan celebrate Friday
ss their Sabbath, the Hebrews Saturday,
and the Christian Sunday. Th He
brews are the most devoted In th ob
servance of the Sabbath, and they are
the last to backslide from the rellglouj
teachings of their childhood.
They sre not particular aa to their
hats, so we infer that this is a mosque
that we are approaching, and the guide
call It the Mosque of Amru. said to be
the oldest in Egypt, and this is the
story of It origin:
The prophet Mahomet told Amru to go
to a place in Egypt where he would
find a column from Mecca; round this
with lit ortUimn and aroha. Mahomet
afterward, referring to this mosque in
we iu ran. ssug tnat sew tun were
would be a great fight here. Ail of
whloh the Moslem firmly believe, end
aa a precaution, the Khedive' permits
worship only once a year at thla place.
Th pulpit faces Mecca, whloh in this
ease happens to be east A oourt of
the great quadrangle shows evldenoe
of negleot Herein le a ehrlne where
lepers oom. Here aa at other shrinks
faith is exercised by these Imaginative
people. The pilgrim applies the juice
Of a lemon to the stone pillar and on
bended knee, licks it at Intervals for
three eucoesslve days, at which time,
eo the keeper aaaurea us, permanent
relief la obtained.
Physical Test of Spirituality.
Upon taking our exit w are shown
two stone columns standing so near
each other that only the good ean paas
through It This, as th Moslem say,
is th origin of the sacred expression.
"A tight equeeae," and they believe this
IntlAMA ia an 1 1 n f i H t a. , Ae w
lem's worthiness. . AH tried it and all
passed through, except the writer.
On the railroad down th Damletta
river toward Port Said two men met
an American and an Egyptian. Nalther
knew the vernacular of the other. But
the American pointed to the Egyptian's
watch charm, en which was inscribed
a square and a compass. The native
looked up In surprise. Th American
reaching forth hi hand gave certain
evidences whereby he made himself
known. It was enough. The Egyptian
fell upon the broad shoulders of the
American, and according to oriental
custom IrlMail him Than f , . aiwa.M .
an Interpreter, who aald. "Th man wants
m vj iu you inai mia is tn Happiest
day in aU Ma life; for, while he always
knaw he had brother In Egypt, he
know now that he haa awn ah hrArtia. s
America," After exchanging present
me liiypmu sain rraemaaonry took Its
origin in Egypt, and that when Solomon
was building his temple the order wss
already an ancient institution along the
Nile.
Egypt is full of mystery, marvel and
monumental rum. Silent, yet eloquent;
speechless, yet vocal with 10,000 voices
from the battlements of antiquity. Her
thrnnea have) neimkll , a i a..-, v
P ...v.tTU .V Ul, VWI, IIP,
kings have been burled in the sepulcher
ox inn afci.
In one nf tha nlUpla. a
a great picture of a dying king. His
crown nas just Tanen back on the pil
low, hi scepter rolled on the floor, and
the last moment has come. All around
him hla servants are decking themselves
merrily In royal robes or plunging their
- - wwAAW.a w tail HIS
the Jewels from the diamond crown.
Thus perishes the greatnees of his
i'' wo, um, -is passing ana pensn
ing th glory of ancient Egypt
OREGON ENGINEER WORTHY OF HERO MEDAL
Hundred Year Club Members.
Oeorge H. Hlmes, Portland
Charles H Hlrstel. Portland.
Turner Oliver, La Grande.
W. T. Wright Union.
J. R. N. Bell. Bsker Ctty.
W. E Yatea, Vancouver, Washington.
D. P. Mason, Albany.
J. C. Fullerton, Roseburg.
W. R. Ellis. Pendleton.
John Sbarpsteln, Walla, Walla, Wash
ington. J. B. V. Butler. Monmouth.
R. J. Hendricks, Salem.
B. J. Hawthorne, Eugene.
J. M. Carter, Newport.
William Colvlg. Jacksonville.
Benjamin Jones, Independence
Inroads on History.
The quarter round about was celled
Babylon but not th Babylon of the
Euphrates. The people south of the
Mediterranean get so many things air
ferent from what ha been taught us.
The most remarkable Inroad they have
made Into our history. It seems to me
Is ths Impression they have of Abraham
An Intelligent Moslem said:
"I.Ike the Hebrews, we are the sons
of Abraham. They are the eons of
Isaac; we, the sons of Ishtnael. We
are taught by our learned men, by the
Koran, and by nil that we regard as
nap red that Ishtnael was the favorite
son of Abraham, and that Issso, the
father of the Hebrews, was turned- oat
of house and homo. Certainly, hlatory
austalns this theory, because everybody
knows that the, Jew have been unable
to have a government of their own for
all these centurlea Mohammed knew
that Ishmael waa the favorite son of
Abraham, and he referred to thla place
as Babylon. Probably for some similar
reasons this place where we stand la
called Babylon.
At least Babylon has been Ite name
for a long time, and a class of com
mentatora on holy writ claim this spot
Site ol the Lewis-Clark Fair
t st H
By CLARK LOUIS BARZEE.
t St
By Clark Louis Barzee.
Neglected, abandoned 'neath October's sides,
Deserted, forsaken, alone;
Where emerald hilts in their beauty atill rise
Like sentinel true, mounting up to the skies,
And sorrowing zephyrs sre blown,"
There lies in its glory snd splendor yet rsre,
The beautiful site of our Lewis-Clark fsif.
From the silvery Uke, like a glistening sheen
Sparkling bright in the low autumn sun,
Upfloat the soft vapora 'mong foliage green,
To form the great tears that are shed on the scene
Where throngs of gsy people hsve come,
But whispering winds ever sadly declare:
"They axe gone, all are gone, from the Lewis-Clerk fsir.'
The great scenic structures like monuments stand,
E'er telling the story again;
How Lewis and Clark and their brave little band.
From far off Atlantic to Pacific's brosd strand.
Pressed onward o'er mountain and plain;
Arid the pure gentle breath of the evening sir,
Refreshes the site of the Lewis-Clark fair.
Ab shadows of twilight their curtains let fell
O'er .the site where we'd longer remain.
The walks and gardens, the vines on the wall,
The "Oregon Building" so desr to us all.
Some gathering tears we restrain;
Yet ever, forever, our hearts shall be there.
To dwell on the site of the Lewis-Clsrk fsir.
But harkt o'er the crest of the waters so mild
Comes the merciless hammer's sound:
Its echoes return from the "Government Isle''
And plaintively float over weeping Lake Guild
As temples are razed to the ground;
And bird everywhere, as they wing through the air,
Sing a dirge to the death of our Lewis Clark fair.
When long years have come snd have silently passed,
j. When mansion shall cover the spot,
The "Forestry House" shall remain to the Isst,
li unsge indelibly on our souls csst.
Its message shall ne'er be forgot;
Mav it rrsi there for ages, with tenderest care,
To watph ' 'er the site of osr Lewis Clark fair.
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HISTORIC JEWEL ROBBERIES
Brave Luke Ferguson, and the Big Engine, on Which He Ssved Msny Lives.
By Bert Huffman.
PENDLETON, Or.. Oct. 11. Perhaps
the first Oregon man who will
receive a Carnegie hero medal
will b Engineer Luke E. Fergu
son of the La Orande division of the
O R N., who saved the Chicago Port
land special train with over 200 soul
from almost certain destruction In a
collision near Durkse, Baker county, a
tow daya ago.
By reversing his engine and hurriedly
backing his psssenger train out of the
way a runaway freight, which had been
abandoned by Its crew on the mountain
near Unity after control had been lost
of It on the etep grade. Engineer Fer
guson prevented, what all railroad men
agree would have been the most horrible
wreck In the history of the . R N.
A It waa a collision ocurred. but of
mild character In comparison to th
posslbllltes of th accident. Fifteen
freight cars were wrecked, both freight
and passenger engine were badly dam
aged, and the passenger were terribly
shaken, although no serious Injuries re
sulted. Ferguson's heroic aot consisted In re
maining at hla post on th passenger en
gine as the runaway freight train rap
Idly approached running wild down a 2
per cent grade, with no crew on board
to control It
It seemed that It meant certain death
to Ferguson and hi fireman whan the
craah should -omo. but In spits of thlv
th engineer remained at hi post, and'
through the moat daring and skillful act
ever performed on the O. R. N. system
succeeded In backing hla passenger train
away from the runaway freight at anch
a speed that when the collision occurred
hi trsln was not wrecked.
Th Impact of the collision wrecked
th runaway freight engine, whleh left
th rails and with IB freight oars was
piled up in a heap on the track.
Engineer Ferguson Is a native of Ne
vada, 60 year old, snd has worked on
the O.R.1N. system at The Dajles and
La Orande for about 20 years. He was
formerly engineer for the government tn
the construction of the Jetty at Y equina
bay, and Is a typical western man.
In all his career as a locomotive engi
neer he hss been regarded aa' a careful.
Intelligent man, and his foresight and
cool Judgment on thla accaalon provb
that he I a safe man for an emergency.
When the accident occurred he wa
making an extra trip on tha paaaenger
engine, a the regular engineer was en
a vacation. Engineer Ferguson I on a
freight engine, although he 1 an extra
passenger engineer, and ia on passenger
service much of the tlm.
Th sccompanying photograph of Mr.
Furgeson and his engine. No. 200, was
taken at Meacham a short time ago by
Major l.ee Moorhouse of this city. Steps
are being taken to secure a Carnegie
hero medal for the brave man who faced
what seemed certsln death to save hla
train and the people In hi charge.
SKILLFUL FAKIRS MAKE NEW BOOKS OLD
st at wTjf
Y)l" would be surprised at tbe Im
mense amount of dodges there
are In th old-book trade, said a
well-known dealer In secon-1-hand
books to th writer recently. If
you collect old book you csnnot be . too
careful to see whether the work you pur
chase Is all that the dealer declares It
to b. Th "faking" of old edWIon I
carried on to a considerable extent by
th unacrupuloua
A well-known collector recently ac
quired what he took to be a book pub
llahed by Aldus In tbe year 14sS. He
paid 200 pound for it, and believed that
It was an original Aldus, because the
publisher's pressmark, a dolphin colled
round, an anchor, appeared upon It.
Whan the book was shown to roe 1
proved, beyond a shadow of doubt, that
It was a modern antique that la to say.
It wss simply a copy of th original
work printed by an ingenious book
"faker." So clever was th imitation
thst only ah expert could toll It from
th original and rar book.
Score) of persons during recant years
have bought facsimiles of rar work
under the Impression that thy were
getting thV originals. Dickens' "Sunday
Under Three Heads" has been "faked"
many times and sold as original to col
lectors who no doubt treasure them as
rarities. Uenulne copies of this little
book sre worth a good sum, and some
unscrupulous dealers, taking advantage
of th circumstance, have had It re
printed, and palm off the copies on -unsuspecting
bibliomaniac for the genu
ine first edition.
A valuable book Is Greener' "Italian
Frescoes.'' bound in red morocco by Bed
ford. This work has been also reprinted,
and; although experts may be able to
distinguish between th original and the
reprint, th average book fancier find
them exactly alike In every detail and
la unable to detect any difference.
Many make a living by "doctoring"
old and rare book for unscrupulous
dealer. These men ar adept In the
art of book restoring, and ar quit able
to make good any part of an lmprfct
copy. For instanc. If a rare book has a
leaf missing It Is handed over to a re
storer, who reprint th peg with bat
tered type, the paper upon which It Is
printed being afterward discolored with
chemical or tobacco water In order to
give It the true antique hue.
The first folio Shakespeare ts of
course, nf great valu. and It I safe to
say that every possible adulteration has
been practiced In fitting up copies of
this work for sal. At one time the
manufacture n first-folio Shakespeare
was quite a trad. Ug
A first foito navlng several leave
missing had leave Inserted from the
second folio, while In one case the en
tire play of "CymMUne" was reprinted
and Inserted tn a first folio. Th "faked"
page were so cleverly done that severnl
experts were at first unable to detect
them when turning over tha pages of
th work In question.
Worm-eaten books hsve the perfora
tion "doctored" In this way. Paper 1
chewed by a restorer and pressed gently
Into each hole. When th material 1
dry and hard It la colored to match th
page
Book restorers, as a rule, ar most In
genious artists, and they can produce. sn
Imitation of a page of a rare book
which will deceive hundred of collec
tor. On particular restorer to my
knowledge has "doctored" ovr a thou
sand old books during th last two
year, producing pages in facsimile and
supplying colophons or decorated capi
tals. There la not a' thing wanting to
make a book complete that this man
cannot skillfully "fake."
"When a woman I wlllln' to let a
later actress share th calcium," de
clared Suaan Brett bitterly, "he don't
gat no credit for bln' generous.
Nor'
. "Not. on your lifer. They only say
she's gstthV eld aa' anxious to dodge,"
st st t
THE world Is suffering from an
epidemic of Jewel robberies. In
four month th fashionable
American watering plaoe, New
port, ba been lightened of Its Jewels to
th extent of 80,000 without the Intri
cate machinery of the law being able to
crush th wrongdoer In Its cogs.
Th French mystery of-the blue dia
mond Is still fresh In meet memories,
and a long series of recent English
Jewel robberies remalna to b solved.
Of all th phases of thieving th
hrilchlng of Jewels appears to be th
most fascinating as well as tne most
profitable. These earth-treasures con
tain more temptation to the square Inch
than any other kind of portable prop
erty. They represent vast sum of
money In tabloid form, and, whan once
secured, require only the minimum
amount oC effort to carry them safely
away, while regular clearing-house In
more than on continental olty provide
the thief with every facility for dis
posing of his spoil.
Royal Regalia His Prize.
For a daringly conceived design
quit In keeping with th unconscion
able tradition of Alaatla Colonel
Blood's attempt, tn th reign of Charle
II, to deprive th kingdom of Its re
galia must always hold foremost plaoe
in ths annals of historical Jewel rob
beries. The strangest part of the story Is
that Colonel Blood. Instead of receiving
th punUhment he deserved, was par
doned by the king, who awarded htm
a pension of f too a year, which was al
most equivalent to 1,200 In these daya
No Jewel robbery ean compare In his
torical Interest to that of Marie Antoin
ette's diamond neeklac In 1716. Dumaa.
Carlyle. nd an army of lesser writers
have been Inspired by th romance of
the theme. And, Incidentally, th fa
mous neeklac played It part In th
French revolution, and thus In shaping
th destinies of th modern world.
Never Move Him.
" Cardinal de Rohan, meet credulous
of dignitaries of th church, nursed for
10 years a vain passion for Marie An
toinette Persuaded ' by the unscrupulous
Countess de Lemot. the doting church
man purchased, as a present for tbe
queen, a diamond necklaoe, the work
nf. Boehmer, the court Jeweler, for which
70f,000 pounds wae to be paid. The mo
ment it was handed to th queen' serv
ant the neeklac disappeared. Rumor
says the diamonds were sold In England.
Although th robberies of today are
sometimes stripped of their picturesque
setting, they are none the lees daring or
romantic than those of a century ago.
Th year ltOf wa an extremely lucra
tive one for the Jewel thief, who eschews
the somewhat brusque and brutal not
to say laborious paths of burglary. In
that year there waa quite an epidemic
of disappearing servants generally ac
companied by their mistress' jewel cas
ket. Servitude Is the latest method of
the Jewel thief for pilfering-de-iuxe.
Pilferig Servants.
tn May a Hungarian footman, who ex
hibited the beet of (forged) reference,
was engaged at a Mllford mansion. He
waa only 20 year of age. spoke English
French and Italian fluently, and was of
reassuring appearance. In four days he
disappeared with 12.000 worth of Jewels
and ha alnce been a "child of the mist.'
Exactly a month later an Austrian
footman, also of irreproachable reputa
tion, decamped from London-road. St.
John' Wood, with Jewels to th value of
2,000 pound. He carried excellent ref
erence, and remained In the house Just
long enough to obtain duplicates of the
necessary keys. He, too. Is an unknown
quantity.
In th same year th "Princess of
Thieve mad her appearance In Eng
land. Sh wa a handsome Belgian of
II years of age. who had lived many
years In Chicago. Her chance cam at
Christie'. A neeklac of paans and dia
monds, valued at 3,000 pounds, was to be
offered for sale, and madam visited th
salesroom on several occasions, at
tracted, apparently, by to beauty of tit
neokleee.
On the morning of the sal she asked
a porter If she might examine th costly
Jewel at closer quarter. Th obliging
attendant imraeo lately unlocked the
and handed th lady th neeklac. In a
trie a dummy necklace wa substituted,
and th lady mad off with her prise.
Unfortunately foe tha ucoase ef the
daring scheme sh was not quick enough
In disappearing, and was caught
A mora than ordinarily daring jewel
robbery was brought to a successful l
u the asm year at Nice. Th wife of
an American millionaire, tired with
dancing, returned to bar hotel from a
fashionable bail. She divested herself
of her Jewels, valued at 10.000 pounds,
and, after placing them on th dressing
tabl. flung herself on a loubge and
dosed off to aleep. In a tow minute sh
awoke with a start, and found her treas
ures gone, with a credit not for 8.010
pounds. Deeplt tha offer of a tempting
reward, the thieve war never captured.
Women Balloonists
st tf st
THS eyes of all London have been
lately fixed on tn exploits of
th plucky little bond of lady
balloonist, all member of the
Aero club, who frequent ascents Into
cloudlond formed one of the chief sen
sation of th season.
Th Princess dl Teano I on of th
fashionable women who have become
identified with the sport. Aeronauts,
like all tho whoa Uvea depend for
safety upon the vagaries of th ele
ments, have a firm belief that certain
passengers carry good or bad luek tn
their wake, and the Princess dl Teano,
in reigning Dene or a couple ef sea
eons. Is an especially popular fellow
voyageur. Exceptional good luck has
attended every ascent ah has yt made.
Th ethics of ballooonlng when mak
ing a descant ar such as to make th
possession of pluck an absolute neces
sity. No matter whet immediate dan
ger the unfortunate feminine aeronaut
may see directly ahead, when being
landed with an unexpected drop, and no
matter how easily she could leave th
balloon, she must not dream ef doing
eo until the aeronaut In charge gives
the word of command. For to lighten
the car of one person's weight before
the balloon Is quite deflated might send
It suddenly skyward, whence H might
descend again with a drop, killing th
oecupanta.
Th fittings of tha up-to-date bal
loon car, even when women paaaenger
ar to be taken, are of necessity mea
ger. In many cars th oecupanta have
only Just room to stand up In, though
som of th bigger care are provided a
a special luxury with a vary narrow
wooden at running across on aid
for th benefit of women voyageur.
Most men eleet to stsnd A doaen or
mora bag of ballast filled with finely
sifted sand ar placed in th bottom
of th ear.
Som balloons have among their fit
ting a small shovel with which th
aeronaut ladle out the sand, a small
handful at a time, for In a well bal
anced balloon th throwing out of a
single handful of sand will cause her
to rise hundred of feet In the sir, so
delicately 1 sh poised.
A am all aneroid barometer, a mega
phone for attracting th notice and
asking question of paaaersby a map, a
atatoacop th newly Invented and del
Icat Instrument which registers the
rise or fall of th balloon, thus avoid
ing th necessity for throwing out
pieces of paper In order to find oat
whether they rise or sink and an lee
trio torch, together with a trailing cord,
and a grappling Iron or anchor, com
plete th aeronaut's outfit, while a dan
ger oord, or ripping cord, as It Is tech
nically termed, by means of whleh th
balloon I ripped up In a previously pre
pared place to let th gas out quickly
when making a rough descent en a
gusty day. thus preventing the car and
Its occupant from being dragged at th
heels of a half-deflated balloon through
barbed wire or over rflsss hot houses
and cucumber frames. Is tied up In th
rigging In a bright red bag to prevent
Its being accldently touched by meddling
onlooker before the start.
There I no eld entrance to a bal
loon car, so a pile of sandbags Is often
arranged beside those destined to carry
a lady passenger. By this means they
mount into their respective oars five
minute before the -start, swinging
themselves Into the basket between the
roses of rigging.