Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 14, 1906)
TUB OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL, PORTLAND. SUNDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 14. 1906.
Br Allium Jennings Bryan.
(OopyrlgM. ISO, br tank B.
Ceayrbrat In OiMt Britain. All Bights
T Tl who only the cities end
I' 1 villa of Oreat Britain mlwi
on of the moat interesting
feature! Of English life. Lend
tenure la so different hero from tenure
In the United States that the reader will
pardon a aketoh of the old-faahloned
manor. In England the right Of primo
geniture stttl remains, and the family
home deacenda to the oldeat eon. It not
only deacenda to hint; but It continues
lta descent through him to hla eon and
hie eon a son. and la not subject to alien
ation. It was our good fortune to be In
vlted to eeveral of thee homes, some of
them rich la family heirloom and of
Our. ambassador, Mr. Reld, la occupy
ing one of the most famous estates In
England; It la known as wrest Fane,
and la about 40 sa Ilea from London.
, During the London season many spend
the "week' and" at their country homes.
and after a fortnight' experience In
London wa could appreciate the neces
sity for It, for the dinner hour la I or
t:l, while receptlona and bails begin
at any hour from 10 to 11. The houss of
common does not convene until S
1 I - .V.- a aaaaa mwtA awaaaa-tw
V UIWA .It I LI c .(l.l II.. J.ii . aa a J
aits until mianigni. inline wonaer mi
there Is an exodus on Saturday morning.
The First Week's End.
Wa (pent our first week' and at
Wreat Park, and wars shown through lta
spacious grounds. The house -itself Is
only about TO years old. but the land has
been In the hands of ths family for eev
eral centuries. The eetate consists' of
about 7.000 acres, most of It In cultiva
tion. bu enough la left adjoining the
house ror woods, parka, lawns and gar
dsns, aad these hare baa laid out and
ornamaatad by landscape gardeners.
There are walks lined with statuary.
green stretches of velvet turf, miles of
well-kept hedge or holly aad box aad
cedar, stately oaks, summer houses, tsa
houses, greenhouses, aad everything In
ths way of ornament that taste could
dictate and money supply.
The gardens are especially attractive.
They were shut la by high walla and
against these walls fruit tress, vines
snd flower are trained with artlstlo ef
fect, la ths hothouae peaches are ripen
ing before 'their season, aad huge
bunches of grapes are growing purple.
Cucumbers, tomatoes and many other
vegetables, as well as fruits, which ws
grow out of doors, are in England raised
and ripened under glass. The strawber
erles are of enormous siae and the
gooseberries are a large aa pigeon eggs.
Within, the house are spacious room
hung with pictures of ths nobility that
hsve occupied the estate, and of mem
bers of ths royal family who hare vis
ited there. The library contains several
thousand hooks accumulated through
many genera U one.
Inheritance Tax in England,
Not fay from the house steads the
manor church, supported by tithes, the
ownsr of the estate usually selecting the
minister. In many places the 'living,"
aa it la called, has asaasd to be of great
The Inheritance tax Is quite a heavy
burden upon the ownsrs of these es
tates, and many of -the landholders are
so impoverished that they are obliged to
rant their estates la order to raise
the money to meet the tax.
Moreton Frewen. who contributed ar
ticles to the allver literature la less,
and whose wife Is of American birth,
took us down to hla place, Brede, which
. is within eight of the battlefield of
Hastings. ' It is a fine old house with a
splendid view, aad the oak doors and
woodwork, although 600 or 100 years
old. are aa good as new.
On the way to Brede we stopped for
luncheon at Knots, another famous coun
try place, owned by the West family.
The present occupant. Lord Backvllls
West, was once ambassador to America.
It Is a historic place, and has seven
courts, IS Stairways aad 865 windows.
A Historic Place.
The earliest record shows that the
Earl of Albemarle gave the estate to his
daughter when shs was married to the
Earl of Pembroke Afterward it came
lato the possession of Lord Say and Bele,
aad hs conveyed (t to the archbishop of
Canterbury, who at hla death bequeathed
It to the See of Canterbury. Cramner
occupied the place In the sixteenth cen-
INTELLIGENCE of INSECTS
THERE la no doubt that eome of
lower creatures are possessed
of reasoning faculties. There
sre Insects which undoubtedly
can reason and count. One curious ln
. stance which bears upon the queetlon of
the mental ability, the reasoning power,
snd the moral sense of insects. Is that
of the methods of one of the species of
The female of this species always
supplies the cell of her young with a
glvsn quantity of food. The male cells,
for Instance are supplied with 10 vic
tims la the form of small caterpillar
for tha suateaanoe of tha grub; but the
female cell are supplied with 10 vic
tim. The difference in the number of vic
tim la due to the fact that th female
grubs are larger, and therefore require
more nourishment than the mals grubs,
till, under any circumstances, the actu
al number of caterpillars supplied never
varies. Thue It Is seen that eome In
sects must he able to count.
Moreover, It la the case that soms In
sects have a moral sense. Communi
ties of ants, although nearly aa Urge
as London In number, never quarrel or
have family Jar among themselvea
They are not only very ready to help
one another, but numerous acts of kind
ness sre to be p received. An Instance
has bean recorded by Lord Avebury, as
coming under bis notice, where a crip
pled sat had been supported by her
relatives for three months.
Ants are exceedingly particular In
sects, and seem to possess reasoning
powers, from the way la which they
cleaa their persons. The sat goes
through s cleaning process) more elabo
rate than that of a oat. Not only does
aa aat wash hsrself. hut another usual
ly acta for a tiro as lady's maid. The
assistant starts by washing tha face of
her companion, aad from that goea ever
the entire body. The attitude of the
cleansed one la one of entire satisfac
tion, resembling that of a dog er eat
when hie bead la being scratched.
Ants certainly seem to possess Intel
ligence. An example Is that shown by
a species of email grap ants. Thes
sre engaged greatly In traveling, and
tbey go about la troops. Wails the
mala body Is always en foot, It Is usu
AexeaaaV ' ' s! g fck
tury and conveyed It to Henry VIII.
(Cramner will be remembered as ons of
the three bishops who were burned at
the stake.) It was once In the posses
sion of Queen Mary and afterward of
Queen Elisabeth, who conveyed it to
Dudley, her favorite earl. The houss Is
a veritable museum aad art gallery, and
contains hundreds of pictures, msny of
tbsm of kings aad others prominent In
One of ths rooms was fitted up by
Jamas I for himself when be paid a
visit to Knots, and the room is kept aa It
was. The bed la said to have cost 143,
000, and ths curtains and bed cover are
embroidered with gold and silver. The
mattress are of white satin and the
walla are hung with Flemish tapeatry
representing scenes from the history of
Great Dining Hall.
The great hall used as a dining room
Is Tl feet long and half aa wide At
one end Is a raised floor, where the
table of the lord of the manor stood;
below him sat the retainers aad lowsr
members of the household. A Hat of
!! names la preserved, that being the
number of those who regularly took
their meals la the hall la 12 . Ia this
hall there la a large collection of allver
and pewter vessels, handed down from
generation to generation. The grounds
and garden. I nsed hardly add. are In
keeping with the interior or ths castle
We saw here one of the prettiest speci
mens of the skill of the horticultur
ist's art that has come under our' ob
servation. Orape vines are grown la
large pots and trained upon a hoop-like
trellis. When we were there the clus
ters of ripened grapes added to the
beauty of the vines.
We spsnt one night at Broughton
caatle as the guests of Lord and Lady
y-"ms The hoat and hostess have
often visited the United States and era
quite liberal la their political Mews.
They are also identified with the com
munity, encouraging artlstlo 'Industry
such as wood carving and ths liks by
which the young people may add to
their Income as well as develop their
Responsibilities of the Lord.
In thla connection it should be ex
plained that the owner of aa estate oc
cupies a responsible position. While
hs draws rent from his tenanta he la
ally accompanied by at least one of Ite
own sort mounted on a very large ant
This ant mounts and detaches himself
now snd thsn from the line, rides rap
Idly to ths bead, comes swiftly back, to
the rear, end In fact seems to act as
the commander of the expedition. In
feet one species of ant employs a larger
ant as we employ horses to ride upon,
although scarcely more than one ent
ia each colony seems to he provided
with a mount
These lower e restore often show a
capability of coplag with exceptional
difficulties which undoubtedly argue a
possession of distinct reasoning powers.
At times tbey are very resourceful, aad
sxhiblt a remarkable cunning.
Snails, for example, are very sly, and
are aot easily beaten. Camilla Spies,
ths naturalist haa recorded that at the
foot of Jura, In the canton of Vaud,
Uvea a farmer who raises edible snails
(Helix pomatla). Thla farmer has as
many ae 60,000 la aa tneloaure at oae
time The lnctosure Is surrounded by
e wooden fence, about t feet high, and
In order to prevent the escape of the
moliuaks tha top of the fence Is cov
ered with S board. The edge of this
beard le armed with very sharp metal
lic points. To his aatonlshmsnt the
snails appear to have discovered the
mean to surmount th barrier.
When eloesly watched It seem that
a number climbed the fence until they
reached the top. Then they formed a
sort of ladder, those behind passing over
the shells of th ethers la front snd so
all but one got safely over the top with
out being impaled on the metal points.
On the other hand, facts seem to
show thgt .there is a positive want ef
Intelligence In son creatures. For ex
ample, a be put Into sa open glass
bottle with the glaaa end toward the
light, will Invariably blunder at the
glass end, without trying to gst out at
the open end. This argue a decided
lack of Intelligence.
Again, take the case of the proosa
slonal caterpillar, ae an example of a
lew order of Intelligence. It Is ths
habit of processional caterpillar whan
out for an expedition to weave a thread.
By means of this thread they find their
A small party were very nicely lured
by aa Ingenious man of science up a
flower pot and around the ton. The
expected to be their patron and pro
tector as well as their general adviser.
He provides the Christmas festivities,
gives presents to the children and looks
after the alck.
The moral atandarda which he sets
up have a large Influence upon the re
ligious and social life of the community
and the conscientious land owner is
able to do a great deal of good.
Broughton castle Is near Banbury
the Banbury cross, Immortalised la
child rhymes by the woman "who rode
a white horae" and waa frequented by
Cromwell and hla chiefs. In one of
the rooms, aa tradition goes, the death
warrant of Charles I was signed. The
house is of stone and the roof Is cov
ered with stone tile and a good roof
it still is, though 000 years old. In
some of the rooms line oak paneling
had been painted over aad In other
room handsome atone 'walla had been
disfigured with plaster, but ths present
occupant Is restoring these.
The Family Chapel.
As la many of the larger aad older
country places, Broughton has a little
chapel of Its own, where the family as
sembled for divine service The caatle
la surrounded by a shaded lawn, orna
mented by hedge evergreens, flower
beds and rose-covered arbors aad
around all these runs the moat, fed
from neighboring streams. The mem
ory of feudal times 1 preserved by the
tower, drawbridges and massive gates.
English history i Illuminated by theae
ancient country aeata and much In
English home life Is explained that
would otherwise be difficult to under
Warwick castle is near Lemlngton
and but a few miles from Broughton.
It Is probably the most visited of all
the caatles of England and is still In
the family of the Earl of Warwick, the
king-maker. It Is built upon the bank
of the Avon aad haa a deep, dark dun
geon and lofty towers aad all the ac
cessories Of aa ancient fortress. Ths
great hall Is filled with armor and
heirlooms. The house contain a val
uable collection of painting by old
masters aad the furniture of the sleep
ing rooms Is as remarkable for lta de
sign a for Its antiquity. A few weeks
ago a pageant. Illustrating ths history
of ths castle, was given on the bank
of the stream and attended by aoma
A REAL NOVELTY IN VISITING CARDS
x-0000 card I v
TO Marshall P. Wilder belongs the
credit of Introducing the desired
novelty la visiting card shown
No longer will It be necessary when
sending in your card to borrow a pencil
and scribble a few lines apologising for
or explaining the object of your visit.
Ton simply tarn down oae of the edge.
nd tbe card does the rest says ths New
Diagonally la the four corner on the
reverse aide of the card four brief in
script Ton are printed In email letters,
eo that when any one comer le doubled
over tbe Inscription can hs read simul
taneously with your name. If It la to
he merely a personal call you bend over
the "personal call' earner end send in
your card in the usual way. If it Is busi
ness, or congratulation, or a good-by.
turn down tha proper oae of the other
Mr. Wilder selected "business.- good
by," "personal can" aad "good wishes''
hs cleared sway ths seconding thread,
and for ao less than eight days did
tboae caterpillars walk round snd round
the top of the flower pot- They fol
lowed the circular thread which da
rnel ned until they dropped off . ens by
oae frees fatigue and
r, . . . : .
I 1 1 .
I ' . y
. gsg"JgstSXfc l" W""-""" L i
w ' . H
J ' -.e
WLPsHrxeaaPWPalaaw Wi I aaaesT'
aj um . i ,. MfJj Sl era r Cat
fc Tl! r 1 1 bbbbbHLj
H I T 9 -! I HaF
I J 1 4 1:.U' g HafV
Waiting for Shoes.
So much for ths great estate of Eng
land. They are still maintained aad the
system Is atlll defended by many English
statesmen as ths ons best calculated to
preserve the family aad the present so
cial structure. There does not seem to
be as much opposition here aa an Ameri
can would suppose to thla system under
which priority of birth carries with it so
great an advantage over thoss born aft
erward. Ths younger children, reared
to expect little except In cass of the
death of thoss oldsr, seem to accept the
situation aa a matter of course, and ten
anta descended from generations of ten
ants seem to acoulesce without protest
in ty tenure which deprives them of tbs
prospect of ownership.
While one can appreciate the beauty of
the manors and admit that tbey could
not be maintained under any other sys
tem than that which gives them entire
to on member of the family and pre
vents alienation, still an American finds
hi admiration fsr American Institutions
ssasag. s.se nrvS
for th corner plsees of his visiting
cards because they were most suited to
his neede. There are, however, ao re
strictions. The Idea as far aa known la
not copyrighted, aad anybody la at lib
erty to select hla or her own corner
There la an limit to ths possibilities.
If tt Is your business to sell life in
surant a corner of your sard explain
ing, this win be Interesting to thoss yen
wlab to see aad talk about taking out s
policy. Or if you srs a tyrie writer
trying to sell a poem, the busy editor
will be glad to know that mue the In
stant he sees your card.
The bad debt collector should by all
ease reserve ens earner of his visiting
esud for "will eau again t
Increasing Whlls hs travels, for to him
the advantage that flow from Individual
ownership and the division of eststes at
death seem Infinitely greater than any
that er to be deprived from the Eng
lish system. A hundred fsrmers stimu
lated by hope and secure In their hold
nigs contribute mors than one country.
gentlemSn end ft teaents possibly can
td the strength and vigor of a state.
Strength of the Nation.
After all, the large estates srs Insig
nificant In number when compared with
the home of the middle classes In ths
various eltles and village, but these are
so much like the home In America, both
In appearance and in management, that
It la not necessary to dwell upon them.
The owners of these homes are potent
In arllamentary elections, a are also
the laboring men, slthough the house of
lords represents the lsnded proprietors,
more than one third of all the farm
landa In England being owned by mem
bers of that body.
We took occasion to visit some of the
shrines of Great Britain. Of course no
one place la ao rich In, historic roemorle
os Westminster Abbey, It being the buri
al place of moat of the Illustrious of
England. One of tbs most frequented
places outside of London Is Btratford-on-Avon,
the blr ah place and burial place of
Shakespeare. The bouse In which he
was born is still standing, and Is well
preserved, considering the years that
have passed over It: from Its slse aad
arrangement la Is evident that Shake
speare's father was a man of soms
means. The house Is now public prop
erty, and serves ss s museum whsrs nu
merous Shakespearean relic are exhib
ited. Appreciated by Contemporaries.
One oil painting of him, would In
dicate that even then he enjoyed soms
distinction among hla fellows, slthough
succeeding generations have appreciated
him vastly more than hla own.
The grammar school which Shake
speare a tended i atlll to be seen and at
the church they have the baptismal font
used St hie christening snd the pariah
register In which his baptism and burial
are entered. Hie grave is' in the floor
of the church, and there I nothing to
mark the tone alab that covers It but
the familiar Unas:
"Good friend, for Jesus' sake forbear.
To dlgg ths dust saclosed hsaret
Blests be ye man yt spares thes stones.
And so on through tbe entire list of
profession and occupations, and vn to
ths visiting card of the society wesnan.
For her card the four brief InseeSptJeos
"personal." "business." 'good-by' sad
"good wishes" used by Mr. WUdsr seeea
aa suitable as sny.
From th Philadelphia Press.
Hubbubs Are yen ever lata seed with
tramps out here? Bubaube No; I have
a sign os the gate reading: We are
vegetarians, but our dog len't"
"Who'd have thought we'd live to see
our boy In the legleUtur?'' sstd ths
old man Nobody." eald ths old lady,
"but the Lord s will be doaet"
And curst be he yt moves my bones "
At Edinburgh we saw the home of
John Knox and ware Impressed anew
with the tremendous Influence which hs
exerted upon the religious life of Scot
land. Seldom has it fallen to the lot of
one man so to stamp his thought upon
o many people.
When Church Pought Church.
In Edinburgh also stands the little
chspel. lees known to tourist. In which
the Covenanters met end in which the
struggle began between them and the
Cfturch of England. It is hard to be
lieve that so short s time ago there wa
s bloody war between two branches of
ths Protestant church In which thou
sands Buffered martyrdom for their re
We visited Letch Kstrtn and Loch
Lomond, to which Scott ha given a
permanent place In literature, and ifter
lng them will not enter Into a dispute
with any Highlander, however extrava
gant hi prslse of thess beautiful lakes
And, If I may llgreas for a moment, we
aleo visited the lakes of Kll.arr.ey. of
which Moore Bang. They also are beau
tiful enough to move a poet's hesrt and
Inspire n poet's pen, slthough, to be
truthful. I must aasert that Lake ts
hoe. which shims like a Jewel In the
crown of the Sl-mie, on the boundary
line between CUlfomla and Nevada,
need not fear 'uratarlson with any of
the lakes of Scotland or Ireland.
A Rare Old Plant.
In one thing, however, we cannot
compare with England. Scotland and
Ireland, namely, the Ivy-mantled ruin.
It la picturesque and pleasing to the
eye, and yet who would exchange a
plain cottage, occupied by a happy fam
ily, for tha crumbling vine-clad walla of
a tenantless castle'.'
From Qlssgow we went by automo
Mle to Ayr, ths birthplace of Burns.
Thirty-three rail out end tl mile
back, and it rained nearly the entire
way. . W wars sustained amid the dis
comforts of the trip by our intsrest In
Scotland's rustic hard, whose simple
lays have endeared him to the universal
heert. but our sympathies went out to'
two kind friends, Mr. MlcKlllup, a mem
ber of parliament, and Mr. Henry
Wright, a Glasgow barrister, who ac
companied us. it was sn humble cot
tag in which Burn first saw the light
and In which hs lived when he made
the acquaintance of those rollicking
companion. Tim O'Shantsr and Souter
DEATH ALWAYS WON
St st si
LAST Moath, at m race meeting held
Arias, on ths Rosa Mo railway, a
Jockey named Mario Ollva took
part In one of the race. When
half the couree had been traversed the
spectators were horrified to see him
swsylng In hi saddle as though hs hsd
lost control over hi mount He retained
his seat, however, and his horse, which
pa sail the winning post Brat at lehgth
topped of Its own accord and turned
suddenly. Then the Jockey fell from the
addle a corpse. Tbe general opinion
waa that Ollva had been dead some time
before the race waa won.
Ia February. laW, James Somervllle
was ons of the competitors In a bicycle
race In tha last lap there was a Strenu
ous struggle for the leadership, which
Sommcrvllle at length wrested from hla
rivals, and forged clear ahead. Twenty
live yards, however, from the tape he
was seen to relax his bold on the handle-bars,
but. although he likewise lost
his footing, he stuck to his machine and,
amid a scene of Indescribable excite
ment, won by half a wheel. Whlls yet
the air was ringing with cheer aad
plaudit, Somervllle pitched bead forward
from his bicycle and was plcksd up
deed. A doctor, who wss on the spot,
declared that he must have ridden the
lest few yards a corpse.
Carter, a noted pugilist at the com
mencement of last century, who also
possessed no mean pdsstilan powers, of
fered John Power, a Lancaster sthlete.
M ysrds In a mile race. The challenge
was accepted and the easiest duty eases
off. When a little over half the distance
had been traversed the runners were
level. A ding-dong race then ensued
until 60 yards from ths end. whea with
a desperate spurt Power rushed ahead.
Just as hs reached ths goal he stumbled,
fell, snd, born onward hy th Impetus
of hla pace, rolled past ths winning post
a winner, but a dead man.
Jonathan KentSeld, the renowned bil
liard stayer, was ones beaten at Brigh
ten by a oorpse. Hs wss playing a loeal
an. to whom be whs according a long
start la a game of MS up, for a atahe of
H pounds. The gam waa celled. "107
lH," with Kentfleld leading. The cham
pion aiade a cannon and broke down.
Amid Intease excitement the local ce
lebrity heat over the tabls and made his
stroke. Then, te the horror ef the esee-
Johnny. Near by Is ths famous bridge
ever ths "bonnle Doon," of who "banks
and braes' he sang, and In the bonnle
toon o' Ayr are the old bridge and the
new on which Ms fancy clothed with
life and brought together In animated
dialogue. After visiting the places aad
looking upon ths tcenes enshrined In
literature by hi vrae, one read with
evn greater seat the ballade of this im
pulsive apostle of democracy. I was
glad to learn that Increasing thnuaaade
wend their way to his btrthplsce eaea
year end that am mg th vlltora Amer
icans are very numerou.
Where Gladstone Lived.
W reserved foe th conclusion Of
our tour of the British lalss Hawarden
eaetle. the home of Gladstone. With
otaf usual luck, w reached Hawerden
Juat a Henry Gladatons arrived from
hi home, eight miles away, and were i
taken through the house and grounds
bsflhlm Ths estate of several thoussnd
ueff which came Into the family from
Mr. Gladstone's ancestors, hss Just
passed, according to the law of prliuo- -yj
genlture. Into the handa of a grandson ,;
of the lite Mr. Gladstone. The new
owner Is a sober. -Mndlous young man,
who has already achieved dletlnctlon hs
collage debate, and who Is preparing
hlmaeir for a public career. While we
enjoyed ti drive through tha wood and
through th park where the elder Glad
atone wa wont to cot down tree fee
exercise, our Interest naturally centered
In the big, roomy house, castle-like In
Its structure, and in the commodious
library where Groat Britain's Chrlstlsn
statesman labored for more then three- ;S
score years, for U must he remembered
that his public 'If'' extended over two E
generations. The mails are concealed A
by books, and shelves Jut out into the jj
room nt right angles. Olsdstone was a 1
prodigious workr and, amidst th cares Jl
,.f ofniinl lire r"n..i time to devote U
'the clsaalea. to the science and to rU- 'M
glous dlacuaelon. Amon; the bust In M
Hie room Is one of Disraeli, hi moil
conspicuous poilticil nnlui-xmlst. The
prominence thus given to his distin
guished opponent may possibly lie ex
plained SS Herculee explained the cour
tesy shown by him to th goddess
whose enmity compelled him to perform
ths labors which made him Immortal.
Man of Method.
Opening off from the library I a fire-
proof vault In which Mr. Oladatone kept
hla paper and valuable document, and
he waa ao methodical that John Morley.
hla biographer, found the material for
hit work In xcelent order. Not far
from the house iv a large building,
n memorial to Gladstone
which contalna hi religious library or
re vera i thousand volumea. The family
haa i. nut a ilormltorv adlolnlne tha
library to accommodate the students
who come from sn countries to siuuy
, ,iu viattnl tha chsriel near bv.
where th statesman attended church
and often read the service, ms son-in-law,
the present rector, showed us ths '
memorial, since unveiled, which will
draw multitudes to this historic edifice.
It is s marble group by the sculptor
Richmond snd represents tha greet com
moner and his wife sleeping side by
side, an angel guarding them with out
A Fitting End.
It is fitting that thay should thus rest
at the end of life, for they hed togetuer
borne life burdens snd together ahsrsd
the many trlumpha that crowned their
effort. While he waa master of the
ship of state, ahe waa mistress of aa I
Ideal home; while he waa aeeklng to
ameliorate the condltloa of the whole
people, ahe was conducting a private
orphanage within a atone' throw oi th
caatle, an Institution atlll maintained In
her memory. So happy waa the long
married life of thla well-mated pair
that at the approach of death he re- j
quested the family not to permit hla In
terment In Westminster Abbey, except
on condition that hla wife be given a
place beside him, snd this unusual
honor was paid tbem.
Although nations boast of material
wealth and manufacturing plant, their
most valuable asseta are their men and
women of merit, and their greatest fac
tories are their institutions of learning,
which convert priceless raw material
Into a finished product of Inestimable
worth. Gladstone, flgoreus in body,
strong In mind and elevated la moral
purpose, was sn ornament to the age -irl
which he lived, end win be an Inspi
ration to suuu ending generations.
tators, he fell to the floor a dead man,
before th red and hla own ball rolling
Into pockets had proclaimed him winner
Aa equally tragic, snd svsn more ex
traordinary. Incident took place In ITU
at Sevenoeks. The occasion wss a match
etwen tf local players and five of the
Mambledon club, captained by the Earl
of Tankervllle. It waa the second In
nings of tbe slab, who, with then last
wicket to fall, wanted still two runs ts
win the match. T. Sueter, tbe batsman,
faced the bowler. Jull, s local baker.
The later delivered the bell, but scares
had It lest hla hand era be staggered
and fall to tbe ground. Tbe next second
the wicket of Sueter, whose attention
had doubtless been diverted by tbs
bowler's fall, waa ahlvarsd snd the game
wen by a dead man: for dead Jull was,
th exciuaasnt having doubtless fatally
affected a weak heart.
At Brunn. soms tlms since, an extra
ordinary scene wa witnessed. AiueigB
the booths st ths loeal fair was that ef
a troupe of wrestlers, one of whom, after
the regular program had been gone
through, Issued a general challenge Ths
cartel was taken up by one of ths spec
tators, s man of immense weight sad
strength, whose knowledge of the art
was seen, on the rivals getting to grips,
to be In ho wise despicable. Indeed, tha
professional soon found that he had met
his match, and after a sharp tuasel he
was fairly thrown, aad Isy helpless be
neath the senders ss weight ef hi ex
ponent But the latter mad no attempt
to rise. Hie huge form My
vis torts ae aad lifeless.
ths Washington Star. ,m
"The sear dsea aot appear es fjMH
much strength ef e ha raster." SSM fanaa
msn who make trite aSssi rations.
'Well," answered the
statesman whs stsade pet
you expect from a ssaa who
peck of cards for tailing
atssd of playing a regular
hs Y owners ctateema
"rea, my sen.'
Whst le a brunette t"
"Why, brunette, ray bsw
woman who beeoSies tired si b
MTill fmhj ft' eMiiaSi. i