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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
THE OREGON SUNDAY JOUftWAL. PORTLAND, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 14.. 1901
EVADE REFLATION OF RATES
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(Continued from Psge One.)
Section 8, of Article 1, of the federal constitution provides that
'congress shall have power to regulate commerce with foreign na
tions and among the several states and with the Indian tribes. The
judicial interpretation of this section removes the regulation of in
terstate railroad fares arxl rates from state jurisdiction and places
'.it under federal control in all cases where those outside the jurisdic
tion of a state would be directly affected by state regulation.
Interstate traffic originates within a state and passes out of it,
.originates outside and comes into it, or passes entirely through it.
1 A state, therefore, having a market within itself, or having con
venient ports open to the high seas is largely free.from federal limit
ations. Oregon enjoys a powerful strategic position in this respect.
The great wheat fields and ranges of eastern and central Oregon
"can pour their products down a water grade into Portland and from
there to any port in the world. The products of western Oregon
enjoy an equal advantage.
Can Regulate Her Rate.
Owing to her topography and position upon the coast, Oregon
is largely free to regulate rates as she chooses.
Her wheat and hops, two great crops, find a foreign market
through Portland, as do much of her lumber and livestock. He
minor productions are chiefly consumed within the state, hence the
t bulk of her traffic is clearly a subject of state regulation.
What has been said of Oregon is largely true of Washington.
She can make rates to the sound, and those rates will compel like
rates bv such of her roads as connect with Portland. Nor does our
i advantage of the situation end with our power to control domestic
rates. Other conditions of world wide influence, over which rail
road domination does not extend, conspire to aid us.
Water competition forces down transcontinental rates. All in-
terior distributing points are familiar with this condition, having
nearo it reiterarea again ana again, ry rauroaa omciais, wno assign
v it as a reason for charging Pendleton, , Wall Walla, Baker City,
Boise, Lewiston, or Spokane the coast rate plus the local return
The markets.of Oregon and Washington being local, the traffic
is relieved of federal interference, while water competition protects
jt against retaliation.
State Regulation of Rate.
State regulation of rates is theoretically feasible in all states
..having a position such as Oregon occupies.
Assertion of their power by the people will certainly break
c down extortion of railway rates in Oregon and Washington.
j, Oregon,' having direct legislation, can initiate any rate bill
within the power or her citizens to conceive, subject to no limita-
tions, except those already suggested, and a reasonable return upon
Favors extended legislators and prominent citizens can not
prevail against a popular measure in Oregon where it is submitted
to the whole electorate. Washington ana every other state in the
t union should speedily adopt the initiative and referendum as a
means of self-protection. The states, having adopted direct legisla-
tion, will still find an obstacle in their way. No method of direct
execution of law has yet been invented. To the president, and to
the governors of the several states, this function is broadly com
mitted. And hence stringent rate legislation by the states or nation
makes the executive officer a high stake in the finance of public
.serv(ce corporations. ( Statutory law and its.panaltiesjtuthout en-
Horciment, are but litfle better than no law: Public SSwirination
! is tie only available method of securing pfefular control of the
Use of Executive Power.
The importance of the executive power can not be overesti-
.'matd. This is especially true of the president. Congress may
legislate now. The people themselves may hereafter legislate di-
-rectry by means of national initiation, and vet their decree can find
. expression only through the presidential office. .
V A rate regulation bill, providing severe penalties for its viola-
, tion, was passed many years ago. But the very abuses which it
. forbade flourished for want of prosecution.
The people may legislate and the courts may dispense even
handed justice to great and small alike ; but the president appoints
the attorney general and can nullify the law through him by refus
ing to prosecute. ,
Something more than direct legislation and judicial honor is
needed. And this is a discriminating non-partisan public opinion.
There is a man somewhere in each state filling some minor office
in such a way as to prove his courage and fidelity to the people.
Such a public opinion as I have described will advance him to
'. the executive office and thereby control it with all of its appoint-
ments, policies, and functions, as the people have done in Wisconsin.
Prospect of Speedy Relief.
Al things considered, We' have a promising prospect for some
measure of relief from rate extortion in Oregon and Washington.
Among the strong factors now at work to that end are:
Orkgon has direct legislation.
Washington has appointed a regulative commission. 1
Washington has prohibited free passes.
Both states enjoy a public opinion of superior discrimination.
Both states occupy a position of great natural strength.
But the prospect for the interior states of the Pacific northwest
'is not so rosy.
i ama-ai 1 1 op i ii
The Monarch Range
i n Tht win Bk avemy
Toil know from ltd exneri
you can't do good baking if en part of
your oven la hotter than another Ana
In moat caat ateel ranee a, the oven la
not heated uniformly. Tb oast eteal
frames muat be bolted, becauae they are
too brittle to stand riveting. Then the
seams are filled with stove putty.
A few nestings ana coolings and me
A thousand stoves oiled uo in our basement a thousand stoves to find homes for and
the prices we have put on them are lure to make them welcome. A line of stoves, if
placed aide by side, nearly a mile long. Heaters and cook stoves, malleable steel
ranges and cast iron ranges, all kinds all prices, from a little air-tight heater at $1.69, Vip
to that king of all ranges, the Monarch.
You are cordially invited to visit our store and see the handsomest line of stoves in
the city; 74 different patterns in our sample line await your inspection. i
$1.00 a Week Buys a Monarch Range
cast steel ezpanda and contracts, the
bolts loosen ana tne putty lane out,
leaving anoopen crack to suck in outside
air ana cause the fir to burn unevenly.
Now, the Monarch even bakes evenly
at all times. The aides and the oven
are Hrrtsd to malleable steel names ex
tending all through the range, making
tight, solid Joints with no chance of air
Then the duplex draft lets air In at
both ends o. the firebox, causing a uni
form heat production, which means an
evenly heated oven that will bake thor
oughly and satisfactorily through and
There is no stove putty jused In a
Monarch Range. .
A $1.00 cook book fr.ee
Tbta Is a real book, not s cheap advertlalna;
circular. It U handsomely printed oe food
paper bound la cloth with board carers, led
P ff Vu could bay It st s book store It would
cost yea st least 11.00.
It contain! Ms recipes, many of them sew,
ell almple, eaar to make sod Inexpensive.
Haa practical menua for the whole year and
many valuable bints on diet aad martrtlnx.
Tea ese get It without cost If you Intend
burins e range or cook atore within s year.
HOW TO eiT IT. Oat oat this edver-
tlttmeet, mall It to the Malleable Iroa Baste
Company. Bearer Dam.
WHEN (stating month.
Sal In. .....85a)
12x15 In. 60f
18x40 In., French
18x40 In., Fren,ch
The on pictured
above en golden or
weathered oak. with
gold decorating on
French plate 16x24
Inches. Special thla
A strong, well-made
Bureau, nicely finished
ta mahogany or white
maple Fitted with a
genuine French plate
oval mirror 20x24 Inches,
divided serpentine front
top drawer, solid brass
trimmings. A dresser
that would look weU In
ny bedroom and 1
worth lust a Uttle more
than the price we ask.
ft I atOAgood "ttle
from rolled steel. Haa
top draft and an extra
lining of sheet ateel
to protect eutatde
body. This Heater
sells regularly for
2. to, and the only
reason for cutting
the price la to in
I dues yen to visit our
and see our beauti
ful Una of Heater.
Owing to the unprecedented demand
for this heater, the if pattern is all sold
out. and we are offering In Its place
the regular $19 else. It haa a heavy
caat steel top and bottom. Body 1
mad from the beat quality of rolled
steel, with an extra heavy lining to pro
tect the outside body. Foot rails, panel
and leg are nickel plated.
We have the finest line of heaters in
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Quick Meal Range $37
The Heat vast Hteel svaasre oa
ket Better than the StsToo rai
equal to the average 145.00 range
find around town, rour-noie top
and durable body, made eg t
rolled ateel. sectional firebox
guaranteed not to warp; will burnt
coal or wood: asbestos llnlns. wal
closet and tea shelvee; all JJJ'.C
Wis., sad UU them
If possible) yea ex-
secure taw valuable
As the edition Is 1 halted writs new.
sect to boy and you will secure
The Set 30c
Roll Top Desk $18.00
Mad from solid golden oak. drawer
on on side, three-ply sliding leaf,
book drawer, pigeon hole, letter and
stamp drawers, automatic lock on cur
tain. THE DESK PICTURED ABOVE.
$27. OO Mad of quarter-sawed oak.
a head some desk. SO Inches long.
Carpet and Rug
We show the largest
and most varied assort
ment of Ruga and Car
pets carried in Portland.
For this week's special
we offer IMPORTED
txt . 811.50
The rag are made
exactly like a Body
Brussels pattern goes
clear through to the
back, and are guaranteed
to outlast anything at
that price ever offered
in the city. Beautiful
pattern and coloring.
Come and aee them.
Pretty Iron Bed $3.00
This 1 but earn of a whole carload of pew
Beds Just received and now being displayed
in our showrooms. It la prettily enameled
In green, with heavy chill and casting and
five spindles in tb headboard, so the pil
low can't 058 out A full alse bed. extra
strong and durable. While they last 83. OO
The very latest const
tion In Oak Heaters, e
feature necesary to
a strictly flrst-claaa
embodied In this pat
Stands 4V4 feet high, bu
coal or wood equally
Extra large feed door
smoke curtain, center
mam bbj maj mmy
BIG REALTY DEALS
(Continued from Page One.)
before that time. With this in view
I 'the company hopes to be able to start
. actual building operations within a
' TO Complete the Bleak.
m AH lght-tory stun ture on that sit
''will complete the entire block and make
It one of the beet in the city. The
chamber of commerce at present oc
' ciples one half of the block Had the
Sherlock building the quarter gt Third
.and Oak In addition to this the half
' block on Stark street between Third and
Fourth I to b Improved In the spring
Had with the Couch building oa Fourth
' street nesr Wsshlngton and a now
' building by Rothschild Bros., at Fourth
and Washington street, that district
will be well filled with modem struc
tures. Tb other new building In the down
town district is to be erected by the
Corbet t estate on the northwest corner
of Fifth and Ankeny atreeta which I
now filled with a number of frame
structures. Thl new building will be
at least seven stories high, but Just
wht character of construction It will
be la not announced. The tenant In
the present building On tne site have
aireany neen notmed to vacate the
premise preparatory to active build-
Inat nnsrwHAng T k. k..iui a. a
un'daiatood 7n I "JJZ'ZtSSl, " J" I mine. After tb. tnspeotlon of thl. and
rz - ' . ' ' "yv-F-H v'l'iirij UJ ua -k-
that the architect, 'already have the
plana well under way.
The other new that cauaed a flurry
In the realty market yesterday waa the
report that negotiations are pending tor
a leaee of the block owned by th. Pen
noy.r estate, bounded by Weet Park,
Alder. Morrleon and Tenth atreeta NO
confirmation of the negotiation, could
be obtained last evening, those Inter
ested In the Pennoyer eetste refusing to
make any statement. This block Is one
of the most important in the city, aa
It la close to the business center and
would make an ldeai location for a
large hotel or theatre building.
HOFF IS ADVOCATING
BUREAU OF MINING
(Special Dispatch to The araaL
Salem. Oct. II. "Miners having been
exempted from the provisions of the
law creating and governing this bureau,
regarding the collection of statistical
data concerning the different Industries
of the state, an element of doubt existed
in my mind aa to my duties in thl
matter and In order that It be effectually
eliminated, the queetron was aubnfltted
to the attorney-general," say Commis
sioner O. P. Hoff of th Stat Bureau
of Labor and Statistics, in his report to
be presented to the state legislature.
"After receipt of the opinion I made
a trip into the Bourne mining district.
Baker county, In response to a call
to Investlgste the cause of the
death of E. Leake, in th Mormon Boy
THIRD MRS. DAME
Obtains Lsgal Separation From
f M an Now Serving Time
SECOND WIFE ALSO
SEEKING FOR DIVORCE
Should She Be Successful. Dame Will
Be Free, Upon Emerginj From
Prison, to Again Try Experiment
of Married Life.
Judge Sears In th circuit court yea
terday afternoon granted a decree an
nulling th marriage of Myrtle Boeton
Kelso Dam and Lorenso Joseph Dame,
ihe convicted bigamist who Is now serv
ing a sentence of 15 montbe In the pent
NUd, b7o... whT.T'p .'enV': J X J . "gXfJK C
buldingn1-wX ' thl Industry, for. whll. there
JO Mack the csrwt msli Thl ,r n5 ce"Uy equipped mlnea.
taile for the aaVsTsn ItA ' carelessness and Ignorance of the work
This in eye glass perfection
in the highest sense
SCIENTIFIC AND MODERN
DIAMOND LEADERS OF THE NORTHWEST
inufacturing Jewelers Cor. Third snd Washington Sts.
proper aurvsy been mine and otner
safeguard provides In the Mormon
Boy mine by a practical engineer, I be
lieve the accident, the water breakmg
thrnuah the bottom of winse from upper
j tunnel whll expecting to be a safe
distance from the game would have
been averted and the Ufa .pared.
"Aside from the need of a code af
rules and regulations an Inspector
should Be appointed, who, until such
time as th state may see fit to estab
lish a mining bureau, may be attached
to this office The interests of these
people should be looked after, for, under
the most favorabU olrcumstsnces they
are In constant danger.
DRIVER FINED FOR
Pendleton, Or.. Oct. It. Ward Meek
er, driver of a bua In thl. city, wa.
fined 140, having bg.n arrested upon a
warrant made oat In the recorder's
court Several witnesses testified that
he wa. the cause of a big runaway on
Main street yesterday
th decree Dam' third wife was
separated from him. Divorce proceed
Inge wen begun by hia second wife,
Maria Reset ta Sktollffe Dame, la th
circuit court laat week. Hla flrsUwife
whoa name I. unknown, obtained a
divorce from him several year ago, and
When they art weak, tor
pH, or sUgrumL, the whole
ystem suffers. Don't nag
t- am L , A e - A M -,. a , s
frfarw uieni 4sx i ii r r , " , fjiix
heed the warning of the
aching hock, the Moated
face, the alio
afeat aawtAv utbttamcm.
For ttmcmiais of remaHtakl carat
w ook on KMiMYft. No. ft.
haa remalrrled and la now living in
Very little testimony was taken at the
hearing before Judge Sears yesterday
It was shown that Dam had, married
Maria Rosette Sutcllffe in April. 1144.
While bound by this tls, he married
Myrtle Boston-Kelso June St of this
year. The court record ware lntroduoed
to show that Dame pleaded guilty in
July to the charge of polygamy and
waa sentenced by Judge Oantenbeln to
serve It months In the penitentiary. The
marriage wa annulled by Judge Sears,
and Mrs. "Dame No. 1 was allowed to
resume her maiden name, Myrtle Boston-Kelso.
Dam' second wife aaka a divorce
from him on th grounds of cruelty.
She also sets up as a ground for divorce
the fact that he contracted a polyga
1 1 ii m
mous marriage with Miss Boston-Kelso
whll he had a wife living. Mrs. Dame
No. t aaka th restoration of her maiden
name, Maria Roeetta Sutcllffe.
A son of Dame's by his first wife had
lived -with him and hla second wife In
Portland. When they aeparated the boy
waa aent to board with a family at
Nowberg. Dame making weekly remit
tances for the boy's board. When Dame
waa arrested on the charge of polygamy,
the remittances stopped, and the boy
was aent back to Portland by the people
with whom he waa staying. He was
cared for her a short time by hla step
mother's father, H. Sutcllffe. Later he
was turned over to the Juvenile court
and committed temporarily to the Boys'
and . Olrla' Aid society, from where he
was sent to Seattle to his mother.
Dame's divorced first wife.
Dam admitted that hla
had secured a divorce from I
asserted that aha had died."
from his uncle at Walla Wa
district attorney gave the
that ahe waa still living
married. Should Dame's as
successful in getting a t
him. he will be free from mi
when releaaed from the penlt
at liberty to experiment fur
terrolne whether marriage
From tb SomervUl Jou
Polly Did you hav a
Dolly Did I hav a sjaed
I should say i aid. i got ai
enteen tlmea, and one of thl
Eir.UT CtB CinfkD CPJ-JC
m niifrn in ii iii-tiaii ml
m viwrn i fv f i Jivi i 1 1 fv mm
E Hers Piano House Endeavors to Oust Portland Business
lege from Present HomeHistory of Picturesque Struggl
la being asad by the
liars Piano House at being isstoelaid
from oeoupying the ieag floor of
The answer to Hi In
junction writ sued by the Portland
college, tne present teueuv
The struggle Of th Kllere Piano
House for a retail location In Portland
has been replete with stirring Incident
At one time laat eprlng the eltuatlon
wa so desperate that In dlaguat the
tiers company throw up their hands
and determined to abandon the big re
tall business which they had established
by years Of endeavor.
Beat Balsed 800 Pea Cent.
Two three-year leases covered the
six ysars of Ellers' occupancy of th
quarter block at park and Wa.hingt n
atreeta. Time and again before the
last leas expired the question of re
newal Wis discussed with Thomas
Scott Brook, with every prospect of
an equitable deal being made. Jus' a
row day before UtS leas terminated
the rent wa increased shout ISO per
cent over what It had been originally.
Th Ellers House objected strenuoualy
and were told to gat oat at onoa Hur
ried effort war mad to obtain
Other quartr. Th Portland down
town district waa gone over block by
block. Attempt were made to hiiv out
other establishments, bat absolutely no
desirable location. No new building
under construction would be available
until fail or later. Hence, the Bllers
company In disgust and desperation de
cided to quite th retail business, and
so advertised their Intetnt.
posted a Pegfats.
All their pianoa were not out of the
building by June 1. and the owner
compelled the Bller House to deposit a
check for 11,000 to be forfeited should
the premises not be vacated by June
An attempt waa mad to transfer the
collection office for circulation library
and Oregonlan premium talking ma
chine subscribers to the wholessl
warehouse at Thirteenth and NOrthrup
streets, but the subscribers objected.
Finally through the Intervention of sev
eral Washington etreet business msn
and the effective work of Mr. Jennings,
the real estate man, a new lease was ne
gotiated for th two corner store room,
th entire basement and the entire
upper floor. The Portland Mualness
College not having a leaae and being
about to move into tta own new quar
ters, consented to vacate the possession
by October 1. Aa a bonus to secure the
premise by that time the Eller com
pany agreed to make moat of the alter
ations and also pay an extra rents) I
Plan were made for actively re
entering the retail business, -and aa
conditions looked favorabS) for a heavy
other quarters could be obtained In a I demand for .pianoa thla fall, carload pertains to great music neadq
upon carload of piano war
These are now on th track.
Portland, with th firm oraotl
Several studios were planned
able to do any retail bualneae
not having possession of the
upstairs and arrangements w
to rent them to organisations an
era who consequently organised
wltn the expectation or being
occupy the atudloa October 1.
ments were made for the u
recital hall soon after Ootoi
Xetaa will He
'We find oureelves today
Hy Ellers. "In possession of m
loads or pianoa we have ordei
the expectation of doing a rat
neaa In Portland thla fall; 1
rarurementa made with music
atudlo quarter nl also for r
our proposed Eollan Hall and
Immense amount of altaratlo
which could have been undertA
cunptiuq long a.o, ir we cot
obtained acceea to the prenafj
waa promised to us. we will
lose hundreds Of thousands ofl
VI inim imik iraa, will incon
our frtsnda and tenants aad
tied up in our present predict
goodness knows- now long. T
thing that we are sure of is
win continue in tne retail husi
Portland at the present leeal
will nuiB ui new quarters, w
ontsin incm, wun everytning