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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
Rain and alightly cooler; southerly
L. III. NO. SI.
PORTLAND. OREGON SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 14. 1908. FOUR SECTIONS FORTY-EIGHT PAGES.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
PNGSHOREMEN DECLARE BOYCOTT ON
PORTLAND'S EMPLOYING STEVEDORES
II . - . - . , .... . . ', "- ' ....
m mw uiivliiv
One Ounce Will
Intended for the
rs Will Be Deprived of
i Labot by Latest Move
No Foreign Shipments
Be Made Unless Strike
era Are Secured.
I teem I meeting held last night
nil on Worth Kront street, the
Of Longshoremen's union, No.
ared a labor boycott on Brown
e. Portland' only firm of ein-
, stevedoers, us well as on the
of the Exporters' association,
ncans that the waterfront strike,
(or the first three weeks was dl.
Only against the handling of
with the beginning of the fourth
1U spread to affect every ounce
( consigned to or under con
front the Exporters' aasoola-
lottded or discharged under the
' of Brown a McCabe. It
i"t hereafter th strike will af-awP-Wa
JmYoplng. It will not.
affect the coastwise trade.
Ion of the longshoremen was
i part of a newly adopted plan
telr brother unionists, the
rs. In the mot vigorous
t ' le, Msrt the gralnhandlers
I pbrtstf by the longshoremen
' already have lost their fight
Ing Mp all the shipping of
ts the longshoremen believe
rce an early settlement The
, idvertlslng done by Brown a
l father a force of strike
! onganorcmen was the eause
i ra being especially put on the
" ganWemen will not only re
rk f jr Brown & McCabe when
I) loaallng or discharging for
era. But they will refuse to
Brown a McCabe at all. The
men will also encourage the
any aather stevedoring firms
ght be planning to locate at
and will work for such firms
'hey are 'fair."
ttely after the meeting last
tlnued on Page Fourteen.)
N FIVE HOURS
hry Tries to Destroy by
the Establishment of ths
Kreidt Printing Company
first Street, but Fails De
lves at Work on Case.
times within five hours last
person unknown to the polios
ad to destroy by fire the eatab-
ii or tne u. w. Kreidt ranting
v at 49 First street. Detectives
etlgntlng the ease.
first attempt was made at ,7: Jo
s which time Murray wade.
the publishers of the Sketch,
-red the flames and telephoned a
arm to hose company No. 1.
extinguished the fire with little
lng Incurred. .
o'clock names were discovered
r part of Che building by Cap-
1 1 1. who lodges on the second
s broke Into the establishment,
'led the flames and notified
tmtan In that locality. Mr.
as notified, visited the plant
id an investigation. The police
told of the circumstance.
.4 midnight, flames were seen
from still jmother part of the
end an alarm from box 14
he fire department to the scene
tt last fije amounted to sev
' dollars. There was ample
i he work of an Incendiary
oa ware Immediately as
' i ease by Police Captain
also placed a guard over
.1 hment The three attempts
teilous to Mr Kreidt.
-nnot understand, he said, "why
a eh' old wlah to destroy the
T h .en't an enemy that would
i a .tig, and have Incurred the
' no one aa far aa I know,
to think it Is the work of
' who In some manner
tu i ..ace to the building."
Gloomy Stories Told by
of Party Prospects
Publisher Developing Qualities as
a Magnetic Speaker Roose
velt Badly Worried Over Out
look Leading Republicans
Resent Executive Interference.
(Waselsgtsn Sanaa of The foorssi.)
Washington, D. C, Oct II. W. B.
Hearst hag M least scared the Repub
licans out of their wits. The president
ases on an average one New York Re
publican a day. Each tells htm a gloom
ier story about the outlook for the Re
The farmers are tired of. the besslssn
of both parties. One Republican of na
tional prominence who waa here today
"Mf -have been In Mew York. If the
election were held today Hearst would
win. But he la getting weaker, and I
believe he will be beaten."
U Hearst had even the ssmslaasw sSjSi
united Democracy behind hint every boo y
agrees he would be Invincible. A great
many politicians vibrate between Mew
York and Washington. AH .tell a re
markable story of the tremendous pop
ular enthusiasts at the Hearst meetings.
The straight atory. however, is that
Hearat Is developing qualities as a mag
netic public speaker..
The president la seriously concerned
over the New York situation. Inasmuch
as Hughes was his candidate. He haa
heard stories of the remarkable Indiffer
ence of some of the leading Republicans,
who resent his Interference, and who
seem to be conniving for Hearst's sus
oess, as a rebuke to the presidents
Mas IS Scares
New York. Oct. II The Republicans
are again showing fear of Hearat, due
to the whirlwind campaign ha is mak
ing throughout the farming section of
the state. He has convinced hie enemies
that he haa strength which cannot be
The Evening Mali, an anti-Hearst or
gan, says today:
"Reports that President Roosevelt haa
sounded the alarm against the apathy
and political conditions In this state
(Continued on Page Five.)
BIG STICK IS
Quest for Scalp of Oil
Trust by Government
May End in Nothing.
Up to President
Administration Has Hard Work
to Explain Why It Haa Not Pro
ceeded Against Standard as
Vigorously as Has Ohio Pros
ecution May Be Dropped.
(Waaltlactoa Biu.au of The Journal.)
Washington. D. C, Oct 11. The quest
of Garfield, commissioner of corpora
tions, for the scalp of the Standard OH
company msy end In nothing.
Moody, the attorney general, an
nounced today that he waa ot going
to be stampeded Into beginning suits
against the Standard.
He said the president had turned the
case over to htm and he would decide
what to do before he goes out of office,
January 1. next.
But he Insisted he would deliberate
and not commenoe a suit unlesa fully
warranted. Moodjr intends to practice
I law in Boston jitor me rirsi ox me
Many believe there la a weakening
of the administration fight on the
Standard. Moody saya the president has
decided to follow his recommendation
The administration is In a hard pull
to explain why it has not proceeded
against the Standard Oil company as
vigorously even as hffs I he state of
Ohio In the Flndlay case.
Ms asanas rs Failnrs .
There does not seem to be any excuse
for the department of labor and com
merce, or any department of the govern
ment, being surprised by the fact of the
existence of foreign holding companies
in the Standard Oil bnslness. It Is an
pen secret that the bureau of corpora
tions sent agents to Europe probably
s year ago to look Into the Standard Oil
business. It Is a cas. either of failure
to find . out what was comparatively
easy or the suppression of Information
that the department obtained. It Is not
believed here that the bureau of corpor
ations could not find out what are the
relations oCJStandard OH to the foreign
One or the last exouses for the lack
of prompt and vigorous action against
RICHEST GIRL WEDS
(Continued on Page Six.)
IS MARRIED TO
(Copyright. Hearst News ServM, ay Leased
Wire to The Journal.)
Essen. ' Prussia, Oct. It. Franleln
Bertha Krupp. fas' eldest daughter of
Herr Von Krupp, ths multi-millionaire
gun manufacturer, and said to be ths
rlcheat girl In. the world, wss married
today to Lieutenant Qustav Von Boh-len-Holbach.
The ceremony was ' of
a civil nature and took place at the
office of the registrar of the village of
Bredeny, a Saw mile's from Essen. A
cousin of the bride, Arthur Krupp, and
a brother of the bridegroom were the
only persona present, the proceedings
being strictly formal.
The bride of today la undoubtedly the
richest heiress In the world. By the
will of her father, who died November
(Continued on Page Six.)
Hill Interests to Pro
mote a New Town
Across the Columbia
River From Astpria
City Will Be Called St. James,
Great Wheat Docks Will Be
Built, and Commerce Diverted
From Sound to ths Mouth of
At Gray s bay. about If miles inside
th mouth of the Columbia river and
nearly opposite Astoria, James J. Hill
will build a olty. His agents are said to
have bought landa in and about the
town of Frankfort, and he will change
tta name to St. James. While this Is
hot official, and speculators are not
warranted in making Immediate Invest
ments, the story comes from the sound
that Mr. Hill haa decided to erect st
St. James a rival of Seattle. Ha says
ths Seattl realty boomers have mad
ground In their city too valuable for
The present town of Frankfort Is not
a bustling place, although It Is laid out
lin towir lots. Tne bay oa wbleh It
Ll vil is nas ojsvp waivr, .uu im .n aumir-
able place far the purposes attributed
to Mr. Hill s railroads. There is XI
fast of water at the present time off
Frankfort Four miles below Is Knapp
ton, a townslte principally owned by
Dr. A S. Nichols of Portland. For a
time tt was thought this point would
be the one selected by the Hill roads,
but there were difficulties In the way.
and they found Frankfort aa well suited
to their plana. The Hill plana are said
to Include great docks and wheat ware
houses, elevators and switching yards.
From this point It will be possible to
dispatch ships loaded with grain from
the Inland empire, and lumbar from the
Columbia river mills, without taking It
to the sound. The tonnage will "roll
down hill," so to speak. In the cars of
the Northern Pacific and Great North -ro
lines to the proposed point of ex
port. It Is said ths scheme will not
affect Portland's commercial prospects.
as the commerce will practically be car
ried on here, and this will be the clear
ing point, and ths olty to which the
wealth and population will flow.
St. James will be mors than 100 miles
closer to sea than the Portland docks.
The Hill scheme will save all the tow-
(Continued on Page Ftvs)
Board of Trade Will
Have an Eight Story
Building at Fourth
and Oak Streets
Corbett Estate Will Also Erect
Seven-Story Building at Fifth
and Ankeny Streets, and Other
Important Projects Are An
One big deal closed which win call
for a modern office building ths an
nouncement of a new seveh-story struc
ture and the report of a remarkably
large deal in downtown property, is ths
record of the realty market yesterday.
The first of these was the leasing, or
rather, a purchase contract, tor the
southeast corner of Fourth and Oak
streets, adjoining the chamber of com
merce, and on that alts will be erected
the board of trade building. It will be
an eight-story structure of the first-
class, either of reenforced concrete or
steel frame, flu details for ths erec
tion of the building and purchase of the
property hears bean completed and the
project Is ably and sufnotsatly
financed. While It will be known as
th board of trade building. It wall be
built by a private corporation, and It Is
probable that the board of trade will
mass Its name in tna new structure.
During ths week a charter was ae
cured for the Board of Trade Building
company. Yesterday afternoon the
company met and organised, with EL L.
Bamett aa president and B. W. Wilbur,
ths attorney, as secretary and treasurer.
The corner of Fourth and Oak streets
had already bean taken under contract,
and that contract waa transferred to
the building company and it will go on
record on Monday. No details of this
contract are made public exoept that tt
runs for 10 years, and at the end of
that perl or the entire property becomes
the holding of ths Board or Trade
Building company. Preliminary plans
hare already been considered and these
call for a building at leaat eight stories
high. Work on ths structure wfu be
started aa soon as possible. The prop
erty is new under lease to a printing
company and some other small business
concerns, but the longest life of any of
these leasee is about three months, and
It la believed they can be disposed of
Says She Believes That
George Perry Mui
dered Her Husband to
Declares She Thinks Motive foe
Crime Was to Hush Forever the?
Lips That Could Tell of Perry's)
Guilt in Robbing the Forest
There wss only one motive for the
murder of Carey M. Snyder, the mystery
of whose death may yet be solved, and
there Is only one person who oould have
done the deed, according to Mrs. Malaga
Snyder, widow or the young man whose
remains were round in s lonely thicket
near Qlencoe two weeks ago.
That parson was George Perry, Mrs.
Snyder believes, and the motive rag
the crime was to forever hush the story
of his guilt in connection with ths
Forest Grove bank robbery. So aha tola
District Attorney Harrison AUen, his
deputy, T. H. Tongas, and Detective
Vaughn during the secret inquisition
at ths Portland hotel yesterday after-
Mrs. Snyder's assertions are corrobo
rated by A I Cooper or Kansas City,
personal attorney for R. M. Snyder,
father of ths murdered man. In an mn
tervlew with The Journal yesterday Mil
Cooper, who has consulted with both
Mrs. Snyder snd ths desd man's father
with reference to the case, said:
"There waa only one motive far ths)
crime, and there la only one person who
oould have killed Carey Snyder. I will
not eay who the person was, or what
the motive waa, but Mrs. Bnyder knows
and she will tell."
When shown the attorney's statement, .
last night, she expressed her belief lot
Perry's guilt, and said that, 'so far aa
she knew, there could hare been net
other motive than a desire on the pate
of the robbers of the bank to close ths
Hps of one who knew or their guilt.
At yesterday's inquisition Mrs. 8ny
der, whose sphynx-llks silence durtnaf
the past week haa caused no and eg
(Continued on Page Fourteen
(Continued on Page Two.)
RAILROADS EVADE REGULATION OF RATES BY
TREASON TO GOVERNMENT NOURISHING THEM
Written for The Journal by C. P. Strain.
There sre two important obstacles in the way of rate regulation
everywhere. They aije:
Railroad influence in politics.
The law of interstate commerce.
But these are not the only difficulties. Among others, having
a powerful bearing upon the question, may be mentioned :
Legal advantages of concentrated wealth.
Talent, like commodities, is for sale. The highest cash bidder
gets most of it in the end. It is true that public esteem appeals
more strongly than money to some talented men. And upon this
fact the future of free institutions largely depends.
Monopolists enjoy immunity from the laws of competition.
Being independent of them, their incomes do not depend Upon the
economic value of their, services. It follows, therefore, that salaries
paid by them are immune from the same laws.
Corporations Subsidize Talent.
Being able to do so, and finding profit in the practice, the mo
nopolists have subsidized talent. They place upon their legal staff
the expert of technicalities. They send to the lobby the master of
Thus they enroll brains and eloquence only to prostitute the
government which nourishes them.
The influence exerted by their munificent salaries does not
end with mischief done by those under pay, but it provides a motive
for all talent of easy morals, having financial aspirations, to acqui
esce in the sins of monopoly, and thus promote it.
Concentrated wealth possesses within itself, by reason of its
size, a heavy advantage over moderate or small wealth.
I may desire as a shipper to contest a rate, and 1 discover on
investigation that it will cost me $1,000 to do so. I may be worth
but $5,000. I must, therefore, sacrifice 20 per cent of my fortune in
the prosecution of my case.
But the corporation is worth perhaps, $80,000,000. The expense
to it would be nothing. It could contest 50,000 such cases for 1 per
cent of its wealth. ,
Corporate wealth, being concentrated, possesses this advantage
over privafe wealth, irrespective of judicial fairness.
Public service corporations! being creatures of the law, and
C. P. STRAIN
I srV " m
9 9f tP,g
Assessor of Umatilla county, who Is
writing- s series of articles on Ore
gon railroads for The Journal. Ha
haa made a study of' the subject
and few man are better qualified to
discuss the subject.
beneficiaries of the. people's favor, are bound by the strongest ties
of honor to respect the public will. But unmindful of this obliga
tion, they introduce every artifice known to chicanery and intrigue
to defeat it, when it happens to conflict with their interests.
Cunning, subtle, sometimes audacious, they weave about the
source of political power, a web at once invisible and all but irresist
able. I have not seen the full hideousness of their paraphernalia for
official prostitution. But I have seen enough of it, so that I can
imagine the rest.
What Iam about to say is not personal, nor is it meant to imply
that all men enrolled on the railroads' registers yield to their machi
nations. But here is the scheme as far as I have seen it :
They select the most popular physician at the county seat as
their company physician.
They select the most popular attorney as their local counsel.
These may have little to do, but they are tendered free passes in
addition to fees and retainers.
Passes and Campaign Funds.
Members of the legislature, county assessors, and members of
the board of tax equalization, and all important executive and judi
cial officers are given passes.
The railroad candidate for United States senator is supplied
with plentiful funds for campaign purposes, and acts, when possible,
in conjunction with the state central committeeman of the dominant
fiarty. Funds are supplied through this committeeman to all legis
ative candidates of his party who are willing to wear the senatorial
collar of his choice, but denied to all others. I have not seen the
whole performance of this last act. But I have seen enough to war
rant me in making the charge.
Spellbinders, organizers, and the rest are supplied with free
The railroads have reason to expect results from the foregoing
preliminary work. But they do not always get them. When these
preliminaries fail have reason to believe that they do, and person
ally know of one instance where thev actually did, introduce meth
ods, far from ethical, to accomplish their purpose.
That railroad influence is a strong and vicious force in politics.
I know from the standpoint of a recalcitrant assessor. "
GAS CLERK IS
HAZED BY HIGH
Bertram Short Stolen From
Young Lady's Side and Forced)
to Walk to Council Crest After:
Escaping Cold Shower Bath
Haslng la not confined to the students
of the Portland academy aa can be tes
tified by Bertram Short, now employed
by the Portland Oas company, but for
a short time this year a freshman at ths
Friday night Mr. Short was given a
free and involuntary trip to the tap of '
Council Croat, hie own feet furnishing
the sole means of locomotion, unless a
little necessary urging an ths part of
his captors be taken Into account. Ho
wss Incidentally deprived of the com
pany of Miss Berna Smith, who he was
escorting: to an alumnae meeting at ths
tlnie. and was subjected to the indig
nlty of being tied up hand and foot and)
left to meditate slone while the lady
was being sous 1 1 til away by bis .stern
Mr. Short and Miss Smith wars on
their way to attend a meeting of (he
Alumnae association as the Hai'Wassx
school on Friday evening a short time
before I o'clock, when they were sat i
upon by s number of tsga school sto- ",
dents at Fifth and Harrison streets. M
Short wss captured by the Sfob and tied
with ropes Bvidoatly setter lag that
discretion was the better part od valor
Se mads no resistance, but allowed his
assailants to work their will with Mat,
Leaving Short hound on the earner,
his oaptere escorted Miss Smith ts the) ,
alumnae meeting and then returned to
where they had left their man. Thar
loosened the hoods about his feat endi
told him to esse with than.
. Continued on Page Two.
Continued, sa Fags Four