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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
PORTLAND.. OREGON, .
an 'iminmin hiwih"l:
Entered at the poatofflo at Portland, Oregon, tor trans
portation throuxh tlie mails as seeond-olaa mattar. ,
Editorial Rooms.. Main lSS ' Business Off lc.1... Mam
FOREIGN ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE ,
Vreaiand-Henjamln Special Advertlatng Ateaey, JIO Nassau
treat. Maw York; Tribune eunaing. unices.
Tenae by Ourtw, v
ltia Dally Joaraal, wlLk Baa
l. i yaw...,, l.o
Re Dally Joaxeal, 1 lt....
Dally Journal with Saa-
Tba Pally Jural aiaatba.. 10
Dally Jonrmal. wit sa-
Tba Pally JoantaL S ataatka..
Tba Dally Joaraal. with Ses
ay, 1 Boats
Tba Dally. fc weak, 11y
" ares. 8anday taeladad
Dally, vara. daUm, Ses
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The Dally Jooraal. wits aa
aay. 1 yaar .- ....fT.OO
Tba Dally Jaeraal. 1 yaar. . aw
vi, nail JmmmI. wita Baa
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Tba Dally JearaaL swathe.. S.7S
Tba DaHy Jaereal, with .am- - --
day. S sioatba. 10
Tba Dally Joaraal. axatba.. t.M
Tha Dallr Jmnul. with Bns-
. day. I Booth M
Tba Dally JoaraaL t aMath...
Tba Sunday Joaraal, 1 yaar.. 1.00
Tba Soaday Joaraal. SMStba IM
Raraittanoaa should ba Biad by draft, postal notes,
axpraaa orders and small amounts ara acceptable In 1 a
' I-cant postaa-a stamps, - - f . . . : .
JWHAT ARE THE PARTY ISSUES? - r
A N APPEAL for straight party voting might rea
. ' sonably be made if there were, tome great na
tional issue before the country,, on which the two
principal political parties, with practical unanimity or
even by a large majority,, stand opposed to each other.
! But there, is no such issue now. Hundreds of thousands
: of Democrats voted for Roosevelt in 1904, and under like
, circumstances would do so again, just "as. a great many
KepuDlicans voted tor Cleveland m i4 mil m jvui. ,
T We are told that the silver question is "a dead as
'Julius Cesar. "(-That, thenr i not aa-iue Slavery-auJ
secession are not issues; 1 he race question is not an is
sue in tjie north, at least not in Oregon. What issues
are there, then, on which an appeal can be made tojee
'publicans to vote the. straight ticket, if they honestly be
licve that the Democrats, in at least some instances, have
. . nominated the better men, those who will hrttif rvc-thc
bors on either side and across the str.cefare likely to fol
low the good example thu"5cL Once get half, a quarter,
perhaps even. a tenth of all a towns householders and
vacant lot owners to clean up thoroughly and keep clean,
4 and it will nut ba long till mutl ef trie town tKCpmcyantr
is kept clean, and gradually, in one way or another, beau
tified. .. ; - . - . ; ..,,-.r - :
, This is ho trivial matter. A neat, clean home and sur
roundings are more-attractive to. children and youth, so
that it renders them less liable to wander off into mis
chief. There will come, too, a better class .of young coiUr
panions to visit them. Such a home induces better cam
duct and adds to the whole .family's comfort and hap
piness. It inclines them to purer thought. "Cleanliness
is next to godliness." ' You can't imagine Heaven a dirty
place." -. V i, t. -
Besides, it. makes property more valuable: and gives
the' town where such homes are the rule a good -name
abroad." It attracts settlers and helps the town to grow.
It pays in every, way to clean up. ;
oo dont stop with one day s spurt Let that be only
a beginning. Don't relapse, but go forward, little by lit
tle, if for only few minutes each day and every one
can find a little time for such work these long days and
after awhile you would no more live in the midst of ugly,
filthy surroundings -than you would wear dirty rags or
cbagc-barrel , r-
- People's interests? If there areno such issues, then the
"appeal is merely-"idle sound and fury, signifying noth
ing. -r.. .tM-,.-:.,. -.
The tariff?;-No, because neither. party, and especially
"whatever, particularly the revision of the Dingley tariff
'law. The standpatters in" congress have been able to
tion so -far; but if that were To be made "the sole issue
there is not a state in the west that the revisionists, Re-
yuklkana-and-Pamorrati, would not .'carry by a bniy
majority. - The Democratmre tfenerall-yyit is supposed,
"in favor of tariff for revenue only, with only incidental
" protection; yet in congress i we find Democrats-from
tT TLoTrisianademanding' the highest possible protectiontor
nugar; those from California for fruit and wines, from
"they want fret hides and wool); from Maine and Wash
ington, if any Democrats were in congress from those
states, Jor lumber and so on. It is purely , a business
, and not a party "question. As' General -Hancock said,
though lie was ridiculed for saying so, it is largely" a lo
- cal question. Probably far more than half the-Republican
voters, of the country come nearer agreeing with
Senator, Gearin on the tariff question than with Repre-
- eentative' Cushman of Washington, for example. A few
standpat . leaders do not voice the sentiments of the
masses of Republicans on this question The moderate
miinWWLhpii6&tit'la6?tff far apartThe tariff is
no longer a distinct and clean-cut party issue.
Railroad rate regulation? If there be any issue 'be
tween the parties ot this, question it is the Democratic
f rather than the Republican party that stands for this
policy. The Republicans in congress .voted for it, but
-many Vf them only after the original bill had been ren
. 4'dered somewhat less effectual by amendment, while the
Democrats were almost unanimously for such a law, and
for making it stronger than- it will berSenator-Gearin
'is for rate regulation, even more than the president is
that is, would go farther. So is Governor Chamberlain.
-1-.So-are all -the Democratic-candidates ln Oregon,-and
' probably all. the Republican candidates toOr though we
haver heard jio thing n the aubjecfTrom some of them.'
So there is no issue here. If support for Roosevelt be
.h plea he will getH, and all that he wants', from the
' Democrats from -.Gearin, Galloway, Graham and Cham
berlain whileait seems that as to some Republicans the
.support would be doubtful, or weak.
. The Philippines? Neither is there any Issue here. If
there were a Democratic congress and administration to
morrow they would not 'abandon the Philippines; could
avot-do so, howerer-TOuehrit rmight-be-thoughtthat-a
. mistakea policy wasoriginallyJadoDted The aim, .would
probably e : to .gjythefjiioinos9elf-governrnent as
soon as possible, retaining naval and coaling stations,
and perhaps a strong garrison or two. ' And this is the
policy of Secretary Taft, Representative Longworth, and
many other Republicans, who are not at all enthusiastic
over our expensive and f profitless Philippine bargain.
But the Democrats would have to do about what the'
Republicans Will be forced to do, so there is no issue
"vbrthnBenTionmg"tfiere. . L C ' ; '
.What else? We might go through the1 list of minor
matters, and would find, no party issue. ' Both parties
favor an Isthmian canal, and surely Democrats could not
liave mismanaged this project worse. than Republicans
have. Democrats vote' for all pension bills the same as
' - Republicans. There is a lot of partisan chatter, and
Tguff" in the house, but' it. is all hot. air. -There are no
party issues. Nobody can find one, unless it be admitted
' or asserted that the. Republican party- stands pat for the
trust-fattening, exeessiyelyj high protectivelarjfforis
"opposed to railway rate regulation and the restriction
and punishment of. criminal corporations.
. So these appeals for a straight party vote, merely for
" party's Sake, on the assumption that some great and vital
, issues divide the parti and that the Republican party
stands solidly on the right-side and the. Democratic party
cnTfie wrong side of those issues is mere false pretense,
. an attempt to befog and delude, an effort to play on ig
norance', credulity and prejudice; and they ought to fall
flat and stale, as they have and will. ; '
v. - r ' .. .':.j v-v." i
t '-THE GOSPEL OF CLEANLINESS. " V 1
IT IS TO BE HOPED that the cleaning-up activity
" inariifest' this spring in -Oiegun towns will noT"be"
merely a temporary fad, but will become a regular
or frequent occupation, "on the part hnlh'pa'rrtiita anA
.1 'ii s I : at. 'a - aa- '..a r .
Children, during hours that can be spared from other
work- and duties. It is not only in. Oregon, but in east
ern cities large and smallr that people ate cleaning up,
more Jhan. eveilJefoeJTJjMdispo8itiQnto..jraita
tifni caused the reform movement to spread, and the
- spirit of emulation furnished it much' motive power. St.
Paul, St. Louiv Buffalo, and many other large cities and
smaller towns are vying with one another in showing
"the cleanest, "mo'st attractive city. , In Oregon many
towns have had cleaning-up days, snd others are to have
them. This is notonly a good thing in itself, but it is
indicative pf aspiration and endeavor lor better con
ditions in the future. If a house, yard, and home sur
roundings are once thoroughly cleaned up and beautified
' modestly, they will be so agreeable that in many cases
they will be kept in that condition, or more nearly o
than they ever were beforev-and so it is with a town. If
rone home that was formerlyugly with weed and rubbish
-1 fJth is kept clean and made attractive, the acigh-
. ' . : ' " ' . .' i ' -t '
The we-told-yon-so's will be more numerous than the
candidates tomorrow.1 ' ;' .";. ' '
THE COMING VICTORY.
for that working power which' he can not utilize in his
own neighborhood." In the year 1900, we are told, over
14,000,000 peasants of both sexes left tljeir' villagcsm
search of employment. The averageiimountbroiijj;ht
home 1 f roiH'Thes'S-ahderlngs was about $3H for every
laborer. The government took away the lion's share of
these earnings, for taxes and arrears are heavy, and the
bureaucracy is wasteful and corrupt. '
The agrarian problem .is therefore the great one in
Russia, overtowering all others, and the. government
must consent to radical changes and must yield to si great
exterit tp the demands of the peasantry as represented by
the Democrats in the douma and 125 peasants, actual
tillers of the soil, are among its members or there will
dc more ana worse trouble in Russia- "
"Expropriation" does not mean absolute confiscation
Of. the lands of crown, church and noblcs. but compulsory
sale at a tair compensation, with a long time for pay
ment, and credit banks and government loans are pro
posed by some as a part of the scheme. How much, if
anything, the parliament will yield of its demands, and
how much the czar and bureaucrats will grant, const!
tute the new ''crisis' that confronts Russia.
Seriously, while the secular' press doer not and can
not make a specialty of religion, or discriminate be
tween sects, it should stand, and if it fullfills its high
1 nffirr nrnnErlr. floes and muit. aiaud Jor-jaoralUV,
progressively cleaner life, nobler aspirations, higher
ideals, greater endeavors, and the gradual evolvement of
Jesus' vision of the "Kingdom of Heaven" on earth.
James Withycolnbe-that is the name that will appear
on the ballot, but the man who will be the governor if
;the Republican candidate is elected is T. T,-Ger,-whose
administration was clouded with scandal, ana wnorq uc
mand fora-renomination was laughed 'at' by "the voters
at the primaries. - . , ; ' ""''
CEER NOW AND FOUR YEARS AGO.'
THE PULPIT AND THE PRESS..
AREFUL ESTIMATES from all counties in the
-state foreshadow unmistakably that Governor
. Chamberlain wiH be reelecteH tomorrow by
decisive majority. .-It seems equally probable that John
M. Gearin will be declared the people s choice for United
States senator. . In Multnomah county the reelection of
Shenif, Word is a foregone conclusion. -
The people of Oregon have demonstrated many times
their independence of party. Tomorrow's election will
afford one more proof that they cannot be driven like
sheep to the polls, cowering beneath the party lash. The
"best man" commands the suffrages of the people, re
gardlcaa f hiijoijJUcjijifaiiauoju
Chamberlain and Gearin and Word are strong, not be
cause they are Democrats but because their worth has
been proved and their honesty and capacity does not ad
mit of doubt It is a sorry time afor any community
Tn." j 1 iTrii . . . .
ana cmcicncy in puouc servams. . . i nai umc nas not
come in Oregon, as tomorrow will demonstrate. , :. -
It-'dr-vote-iot-iVithycflaihe.Jeally. means the return of
T. T. Geer to the governor's -off ice, the raxpayers of
Oregon will be pardoned for-practicing non-partisanship
m tlt interestot economy, , -. .. . -t
FREE DENATURI2ED ALCOHOL..
ET WHATEVER CREDIT is due the senate be
denaturized alcohol-on the free list - The meas
ure -was 'so clearly and "wholly meritorious, there was
such a total lack of any semblance of a vivid argument
against it, that the standpatters did not have the iace to
oppose it, and even Rockefeller's nan - Friday, Aldrich,
was dumb. " : ' " . ;
This sort of alcohol is made fromcorn and cornstalks.
potatoes, beets, refuse molasses and other products, and
can be sold at from 12 to 15 cents a gallon, while kero
Bene costs 18 or 20 cents a gallon, and one gallon of air
power purposes, uermany -is already using this .fluid
extensively and beneficially, and its use will increase very
rapidly in this country. . Cheap machinery for its manu
facture has been invented, and in a few years hundreds of
thousands of farmers, as well as men in other avocations-,
will manufacture their own light, and power for grind-
: i-a .... ... - i "
lug iccu, uuuiuiug nici, civ. .. .
The duty on this product has for many years remained
at $2.08 per gallon, which was of course prohibitive of
its importation," and all this time Aldrich and his Repub
lican coadjutors were maintaining this duty solely in the
interest of the Standard Oil company and against the
interest of millions of people. But they could not with
stand the pressure Any longer,-and reluctantly yielded
this little item of Standard Oil's prerogatives' and profits.
Germany has been the principal manufacturer of
denaturized Alcohol, and some- wilLnow be. imported but
it will not be long, without any protection, till it will be
manufactured extensively in this country,
Thus is one little brick knocked off the high tariff
wall, and we look for a cry of alarm from the Salem
Statesman: The wonder grows that the standpatters 'did
-not try to sav that brick. '."
-i-The peopIe showed their lack of faith-i-TTr-Geer
when he ran for the gubernatorial nomination, although
he had been some years in office to prove his worth or
unwortq. ,It is not likely . that they will; believe his
stories about a man whose administration was indorsed
by a renomination.
THE CRUCIAL QUESTION IN RUSSIA.
S WE HAVE BEFORE SUGGESTEDrthe great
question to be fought out in Russia is the land
question. The, parliament wisely ignores minor
matters and proceeds at once to demand expropriation
of land for the use of the people, to be paid for, of course,
but at reasonable prices and on easy terms. Professor
Paul ' Milukoff, a leader of the constitutional demo
cratic party, and a profound student ov economic and
political problems, says that all the Russian troubles and
crises may be traced to one fundamental source, the ag-
It is this question that the douma is pressing upon the
government, and without a fair settlement of ,the ques
tion, it will not be satisfied. The-government' seems to
acknowledge the paramountcy of this problem, and to be
willing to go quite far toward helping to solve it, though
it resists the expropriation demand of the Democrats
This demand comes as a natural result of the painful.
even terrible condition of the Russian rural 'peasantry.
Russia is a peasant empire. Of her population of 130,-
000,000 or more, about three fourths are peasants, and
their sole occupation is agriculture. When serfdom was
abolished in Russia' the emancipated peasants received
allotments of land, the price of which was to be paid to
the state. The price was excessive, and taxes have been
"hlgtt, 19 that, they have1 practically-remained -errs7-the
majority of them never having been able to discharge
fficit inebledness. ihen tne amount of land" was ridic-
ulously inadequate. In leoo the average for each peas
ant was 6.21 acres, but owing to the increase of popula
tion it has fallen to 3.51 acres. And as a rule it is poor
Jand at that. Think of American families subsisting on
such patches of inferior land. - So there has been no im
provement in the peasants', condition, but it has grown
worsend more intolerable. " m- !-a
"Remember, to67 that agriculture in Russia is'in a prim
itive state, the intensive system of farming is unknown,
and one third of the land is always lying fallow; The
average crop is from 18 to 40 pea cent below the sub
sistence level, and the peasants have to rent land from
the great land-owning nobles paying whatever rent the
latter choose to exact. No wonder there is ah all-pervading
"land hunger" .in Russia. , . .i ,
But how, then, can. the. peasant live and support a
family at.'all? Professor Milukoff thus answers this
questioirr "The only thing left for him to do is to leave
his heme and village and to look iot other einployracnt
TSHUPT5AMUWF'ALL0WS, ina sermon de
livered in Philadelphia, last week.Texpressed the
opinion that the press -has in some respects
superseded the pulpit, and now exercises many of the
functions which the pulpit has lost: He also held up the
ideal newspaper article "brief, terse, pungent and to the
point," .for the imitation of preachers. He said, "they
should emulate jit and catch its style. . . t '..
Pointing to what, he tated as a fact, that "the press
has been the faithful ally of the pulpit in breaking down
caste, in favoring humanitarian reforms,' and in advocat
ing the rights of all," he deplored the omission ot ed
itors from the enumerated list of the Prayer Book of per
sons needing the prayert.of the "church, and saidr J.'No
revision -ought to be deemed complete which-does not
includeTthem, for no class requires more the intercession
of the saints."
Putting these several expressions together, the good
bishop seems' to bewinconsisttnt, which, perhaps, is the
-pefegatie uf a bishup It well as ot lesser clerical
lights, and one. is fain to wonder on reading the last
statement if what went before was not taffy-coated sar
casm. ' . . . " ,
those true to high ideals, those which dare to denounce
wrong and uphold right regardless of party or position
or creed, work in many ways along similar lines to those
pursued by conscientious) progressive preachers for the
pie directly around them in particular. And the broad-
esF-mtnaeS edTfors will find no' bt5cli1rnon'efleetio
to the clergy praying for the intercession of the saints
in their behalf. The best of editors are no doubt "mis
erableinners" and if the saints can do anythmg-to make
them better and more useful, and if the clergy can in
terest the saints in the newspaper makers' behalf, why,
put the latter in the prayer-book and let the preachers
and saints do for us whatever they can. . - .
Possibly the knowledge that the clergy of Bishop
Fallows' church were going through the formula ' of
pf aying TcrrThenT'every'once in I while inight awaken in
the newspaper man a more serious view of his responsibilities;-
as rntasured by his-opportunities.The editor
is often really a preacher, though he does not occupy a
pulpit. 'After the best fashion, in articles "brief, pungent
and to the point," he might well preach more. Arid
since he does preach,' or if he does and.Jo a iaf larger
number,of'readet!r thari"The"auditor of any preacher
should he not feel the responsibility of his office, even
to the point of being willing - to ; be interceded for
through the medium of the clergy and the prayer book?
There is nevertheless a good deal of manifest truth
irtfctheerren-Hh--tmr-bttter class ' uf TicwspayeTiTrMi'rTuTn
OUR YEARS AGO Mr. T. T. Geer, then gov
ernor, sulked and would not make a speech in
behalf of the Republican nominee, because, he
savs. the nominee's friends had been and were criticising
and attacking his administration, but more likely because
he was disgruntled at not receiving a renomination. It
is generally supposed and believed that a few speeches
and a cordial support of MrL Furnish by . Geer then would
have-tmdonbtedty--beaten7--Chamberlain " and savedthe
.a a a . a .. Wv
state from, the .awiui catastropne ot a uemocranc gov-
a S . .. J
ernor. But ueer was silent, sour, nostue, ana nis iricnas
and follower interpreted, this,5 no doubt correctly, to
mean that he desired Chamberlain's election. . '
Well. Chamberlain has made a most excellent record
as governpr; he has. favorably disappointed even his sup
porters and frietids; he has served the state with signal
ability and usefulness, anffTbr all this some thanks art
due to Mr. Geer.: But it does not look or sound .well. for
him to be going about now abusing the. man for whose
election he was responsible, and his diatribes can scarcely
be received with aqy more favor by Mr. Furnish, whom
Geer defeated four years ago; and his friends, than by
Democrats; Ti ; . ",, ...'-.-..
It appears that Mr. Geer is Mr. Withycombe s main
mouthpiece and sponsor, his particular. Fidus Achates,
and oerhaos Geer will be the real governor, or power be
hind the Rubernatorial throne: and how will Mr. Furnish
and hit frinr1. whom C.eer thrrw dnwn in 1Xl? like!
that? . . - : . " .-
There U a bait taste ,ia: their mouths yet whenever
Geer is mentioned or thought of, and it nearly causes
nausea when he .spouts -for a straight Republican ticket
on all oceasidns. What was he doing four years ago?
much entitled to his support then as Withycombe is
now? It will be a hard job for the Furnish people to
armonize with Geer tomorrow.; .. . . . . - "
-TH-AKflhfc.mfani Hanger. So does the red ticket.
Wealth of thi Most High.
A QUERY EASILY ANSWERED.
T-1 S TASKED why- Democrats sk Republicans to be
non-partisan while voting straight themselves.-The
latter is an unwarrantable assumption. - Often they
don't. But there'are just now Other reasons T"e Ocm
ocratic party is the minority party, and as such puts for
ward men .worthy of the votes of any dissatisfied Repub
Jicans.JlNoJDemocratsJn off icc,pr. prominent in" poli
tics have been convicted of or indicted for crimes by
the federal or state governments .Democrats in office.
in Oreeon have proved their fitness, capability and hon
esfyT In several notable instances most Republicans will
acknowledge that the" Democrats have .nominated .the
better men. finally, the Democratic party is not allied
with .thc:.0erproJtectedUrusta And-ia ..heartilyin favor
of regulation and control of the railroads. It is also in
favor of public ownership-of various public itilitiesun
less managed in the people's interest, by the private own
ers. 'These are the sufficient reaaons. .
TO KNOW -
y Morning Aspiration.
ByBaronTVon Can Its.
Frladiich Rudolph Ludwtf, baron
von Canlts (18S4-169S), is the author
of this beautiful hymn, which, even In
tha abbreviated form In which It usual,
ly Is printed. Is little known In this
country. Tha translation was mads by
the Rev. Henry James Buckroll.J
Come, my soul, thou must be waking
Now la breaking . -
O'er the earth another day;
Come to Him who made this splendor-
Sear thou -render '
All thy teeble powers can pay. T
From the stars thy course be learning;
Dimly burning, - i
'Neath the sun their llsht grows pale;
Bo let all that sense delighted.
While benighted '
From God's presence, fade and falL
tMi how all of breath partaking,
Hail the sun's enlivening light! .
Plants, whoee life mere sap doth
Rlna and flourish ."
When be breaks the shades of night
Thou, too, hall the light returning
Ready burning .
Be the Incense of the powers; 1
For the night is safely ended i
Ood had tended.
Wlthh!s care, thy helpless hours.
Pray.that he may prosper ever-,- C
When thine aim Is good and true; .
But that he may ever thwart thee.
And convert thee,-j: . - : '
When thou evil wouidst pursue. .
Think that he thy
He unf oldeth - , ' , ' :
Every fault that lurks within;
Every stain or shame glosa'd over
And discern each deed of sin.
Only God's free gifts abase not, .
His light refuse not.
But still his splrtfs voice obey;
Boon shall Joy thy brow be wreathing.
Splendor breathing, -
JjFal rer than the fairest day. '
following brilliant-plan for-stirring up
trouble. . :
l His wife was at 'their New Hampshire
home rv and Chandler . wrote her that,
af tap studying carefully the prospects
of her friend. Blaine, for obtaining the
nomination for the presidency, he was
satisfied that he would not be nominat
ed. He himself, he stated, while orig
inally favoring Blaine, had come to tlie
conclusion that many of the charges
sgalnst him were true, and that - hs
thought he would have to give his sup
port to some other candidate. -.
Then at the same time he -wrote a
letter to Mra Blaine In which" he con
fidentially told her that he and 'Mrs.
Chandler had been ' having disagree
ments and trouble of a domestic char
acter, and as much ss he regretted to
say. it. be thought the differences would
lead to such an estrangement as would
make a leaal separation necessary
.'Ha inclosed-the letterjrhlch he Jiad
writtea-ta hie- wife tn -an -envelope ad
dressed to Mrs. Blaine and the letter
written to Mrs. Blaine he forwarded in
an envelope addressed to Mrs. Chandler.
When the ladles received these letters
Chandler- had enons-h ' trouble on his
hands to last him all through that sum
mer and several succeeding ones. . .
On the Clearwater river In Idaho.
June I. Finding that the salmon had
not yet appeared along the shores, as the
Indians assured us they would In a few
days, and that all the salmon which
they themselves use are obtained from
the Lewi river, we , began to lost' ourl
If aright of ears this morn oppress thee.
Who. like the sun. is good to an;
He gilds the mountain tops, the while
His gracious smile -
Will on ths humblest vauey iait. -
Round the gifts his bounty showers;
Walls and towers.
Olrt with flames, thy Ood shall rear;
Angel legions to defend thee
Shall attend thee. - -
Hosts whom Satan's self , shall rear.
Chandler's Idea of Hum( .. .
The propensity of former Senator W.
E. Chandler to ml up In a row on every
possible occasion was recalled by one
of his former senatorial -colleagues a
few days ago when his connection with
the rate bill controversy became ths
absorbing? thems of conversation.
Chandler, the story went, along In ins
sprins- of ISRf was having too comfort-
hie and tranriutt a tlroy .to suit him,
ana bis Infe&loua mind coactlvsd tlie
from Lewis river to, purchase fish at
that place, and fc- Is not probable that
the-river will fall sufficiently for us
to take them before we leave this place.
Our Indian friends sent an express to
day over the mountains to Travelers'
creeks in order to procure Intelligence
from the Ootlashoots, a band of Flat
heads who wintered on the east side
of the mountains, and the same band
which we first met on that river Sep
tember 4. As the route was deemed
practicable. Tor this express,'-we also
proposed setting out; but the Indians
dissuaded us from attempting it, a
s many of the creeks, they said, were
still too deep to- be forded, and the
roads very steep and slippery, end. .there
was no grass as yet for our horses; but
said that in 13 or 14 days we should
no longer. meet with these same -pb-stacles.
We therefore determined to set out
In a few days for Quamash flats. In
order-, to lay. In- a store of provisions,
so as to cross the mountains about the
middle of the month.
LETTERS - FROM
hopes of subsisting on them. We-are
too poor and at toreadlstanee wtBgrx-Nsraoes noTmein-sny
"""WMt jro Bestrlotlona. ' -
Forest Grove, Or June J. TO the
Editor of .' The - Journal. I have been
very much pleaaed with -your falrnase
In treating the important issues of the
campaign; but it seems to mo thst the
most- Important lassua. . liiat wt, aa a
state are called to face. Is the so-ealled
"amendment to the local option law."
' The Tramer of the bill would have
the voters think tflat It Is not of much
Importance, and have given out , with
the proposed bill a leaf giving two rea
sons why ths amendment abould carry:
yirst Raising- -thor number ol-TVOters
necessary to call a prohibition eleotlon
from 10 per eent to 10 per cent
This is not a very serious proposition
and is of very little Importance In com
panion with other parts of the bllL
- Second To prevent the grouping of
precincts together to smother tba vote
of one wet preclnot, '
. That is the more Important, as the
saloon element could concentrate their
vote- In one -precinct with " oumttle
effort and probably carry ths one pre
cinct and furnish liquor for ths whols
' This bill shows the liquor-dealers are
not willing to submit to any restric
tions. They are not satisfied with the
present law which gives the privilege
of putting- - saloon -where the majority
want It. . -
They are not satisfied with over 400
saloons in Portland and one saloon or
mors in almost every . town in Ore
Mice as Ordinary Seamen.
It seems strange at this lata date that
these much despised and maligned little
animals should bo made to earn their
dally breed In a very curious wsy, yet
It is. a fact nevertheleses. They are
now being used as signals In submarine
boats. Should there be the least leak
age of naphtha the little animals give
warning by a - series 1 of- lncessa.it
squeaks, for they have a great dislike
for the Irritating odor of that article.
Thay are rated on the books of the
British navy aa ordinary seamen snd
sre paid at the rate of one shilling a
week eaelii which ! used .to provide
lhm rlfH IAM. '
change from the present iaw; but vot
ing 104 X Tea means the opening of
our doors for tha sale of liquor In any
part of our state, with no restrictions
that cannot easily be overcome, for at
leaat a portion pf tour years and three
months. " . -j,
They close their leaflet by ssytng,
'It gives equal .privileges. It Is a
square deal." 1
It Is not equal privileges nor 4 square
deal, but if it . were, does that mean
thst we- should glvetho sams privileges
to those who would - commit the most
Iniquitous crlrtles that ws give to those
who are law-abiding and trying to pre
vent wrong? ,
Does that mean" that a mother should
grant, the liquor-dealer "an equal privilege"-
to - wreck her eon ,
It seems that Is what Is asked for.
hat In their mind would -bo-aa
equal privilege and a square deal. '
I read of a like petition and com
plaint In the days of Job.
The only dsnger lies In the subtlety
of tho scheme to deceive the voters of
"Be not deceived." let - us vots for
our own Individual Interests and bene
fits, snd not for- the few who seek
our ruin and profit by our fall. -
: - -. . J. M. BARBER,
-' , - " " ' .
. - - - Paper Corka. --
A remarkable Invention has Just been
perfected end pstented. K Is a machine
which makes corks out of waste paper
and paper pulp. Alt kinds of waste pa
per can be made Into corks, which are
superior to the regular sort, as they are
not affected by acids or oils. They have
been tested .br 1 leading chemists and
the lsrgest inters of corks snd It Is
clslrned fnr them that they are fsr su
perior to tha old style in every way.
By Henry jr. Cope.
IGOROUSLY as we may protest
against tlie sloth -thst substU
-7 tutee snalyses and speculation
conoerning deity for human
duties- and aervlce. It Is not well to lose
sight of the fact that a man's character
largely is Influenced by his conception
of the highest form-of being he may
know or Imagine. The trend of a man's
life Is determined by that which he -places
highest In the heaven of hie
Now It Is better' that a man should -be
a pagan, saying he has no god and
looking out only on the world of nature,
than that he should bee molded by tho'
philosophy of a universe ruled by a sour,
crabbed-hearted tyrant For a man al
ways will find things and . thoughts
twwt. fair, wholesoma, elevating and :
broadening, - moving to gratitude and
sympathy, when he looks out on nature. '
on field, and sky; but only bigotry and "
bitterness can come from the life- whose
sky is darkened by tho specter of s ' -
god ot wrath. - - - T - .. ' V "
They say that the devil's moat hannr '
delusion. Is the persuading -of men thae- .
he is dead: rather. If there be a prince
ot darkness with sny favorite meesago .
for men, that meaaage well, may be that ,
ths god of pettlshness.. animosity. ' and
cheap, theatrical sovereignty Is still '
alive-and controlling the desttnlss of. -
men. It always has been easy to1 And
crabbed souled theologians who would
accept that picture as a portrait because
It was the only one that could Us within
But only a vision from on high could
bring to our dull hearts ths great and
glorious fsct of one who could lore us
all, -whose - hesrt-affections pour .out.
rioting In wealth like the glowing sun,
nf summer, who abounds lr all that our " 1
hearts sre hungry for, the things that '
seem in our world as tho bread from,
some fairer, sinless land! love1 and
sympathy, happiness and goodness, ten-,
derness, klndneaa, peace and Joy.
The men who argued the existence ot -
a creator from the wonder of his works"
topped short af-tn vital imd only ier-"
manently persuasive part of thetr argu
ment -which . would demonstrate tho 'J
goodness and tender kindness, the over- '
flowing wealth of the creators love as
evidenced In a world so fslr and full of
beauty, r Strange that we should think
lhat.ilft.js.oungrudfingly would give to
an tne tnings mat ocugnt-our yrirair
withholds rom : anyait that :forwhtci 7
hearts hunger,. , ,
All through the aaee this great love '
has been seeking-men We, because ws I
were like apolled children. Jealous, and -.
desirous of keeping In the tiny channel
of. our af factions . the , divine heart ---wealth,
have decided his love could not
bo for all; he onl crfultf love the good,
such aa we are; he must hate the way
ward, the light-hearted, and all tboae
who could not crowd thelr mind into -our
Intellectual molds.' , " " " '..'."..
We were blind , to - the bountiful,
limitless affection spesklng . through "
every upaprlnging blade end blossoming- ; .
flower, through the earth's -rlatofua--
necessary- happiness, through : singing
Voices of seers, through strange, tear.
commanding thoughts on starry nlghti.
Wewould' noclearfr-Teveh", from our
lesser love, our affections as father and .
brothers. Strange blindness and-deaf--''
neasr -. - , "" .;; - -.
And when one vole spoke, a voice
that still sounds clear above all others. -when
he talked of on who could lovo
publican and harlots, then men turned
on him, saying, you bavs a devil!
Still wa set up our false gods of '
eel Ash-hearted philosophies. "What won-'
der the world Is hungry with a hunger
that bounteous crops and tides of pros- .
perlty cannot assuage. It Is hungry for
the deep things of the spirit, for the Im
pulse,' aspirations and affections, the
uplift and comfort that flow from the -heart
of -lha Infinite to all his children,
for tho water of the river of life. Would
that we might lose the scales from our
eyer and -ae how near and how good .
God is. how wondrous bis wealth an .
open hi hand. .
' Sentence Sermons. -
" By Henry F. Cop. ." - "
Tim amends a good many prayers.
: Th trouble w meet are aa nothing -compared
to those w manufacture. .
. X dear peart eoon makes a dead eon- -elene.
- -v ' -. ' I ' --;
Upright walking Is th strongest talk
ing. - -'
: J...' . :
The wall of th house of happiness
ar built of sacrifice. '
-. e . ' '
The ruddy eye de net get the roeleet
outlook on life.
i- f . e ,
' Heart of gold do not com by setting
th heart on gold. ,
1 1 e.. . .1 k
, No man Uncivilised until he ha
learned to live with himself,
Virtu 1 none th worse for a few
vouchers.- ' - .-'
Th road that out through right to
riches ha a down grade extension to
ruin. 1 ". " 1 - - -
The end seat hog does not become a
lamb because he gets into a church pew.
s .. e e . . , . '
Don't count too much on the virtue of r '
owning up when you know , you r on
the verge of bln? found out. . .-. - -
In . th kingdom ot darkness tnlsht . ; ;
makes right; In the kingdom of light .
might but adds o responsibility. ,
It's no us talking about the way you
bear the croas If you're unduly anxlou -
to get hold of the little end of the log. .
. , , e- a. ... ' ' :T ";
Many a man would feel a good deal
more confident about his Interview with
St Peter if h wa sure his wlf
wouldn't b there. : ' .... .
Tha New Eldorado. . ',
A writer In the currant Harper's ..
Weekly calls attention - to th recent --
conclusions that hav been reached ss
to th existence 'of a new Eldorado,
which will be found. It ssema, not In -
South Africa, Alaska or Siberia, but In
the republic of Panama, to the west '
and east of the territory which the
.United State hold In its "canal son." - .
1 There seems to be ao doubt," It 1 said,
"that If a railroad wer built westward
from Panama for;" hundred miles a
regldn extraordinarily rich In gold-bear-
Ing reefs would bo opened. It Is, how
ever, toward th eastern end of the re-
publlo of Panama that the relN"Eldo-
rado' may ha looked for. For nearly
160 yeara mine that ar believed .by
American engineers who have been pr- , ' '
mltted to traverse ths region 40 be
emong the richest In the world have been
lying unworked because of th tmplacubl "'
hostility of the Indiana.". .1 , , - - -.; 1