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TIE ' OREGON SUTTOAY JOURNAL, 'PORTLAND, SUNDAY WORTHING, JUNZ 3 1906.
Hand- or Brain' j
The ' Week3 tPrgres.
Boviow of Bocont Afvaacoa la Scloaco
, and, Indaatry.
'. SUNDAY. JUNE 8, 1808. . ..
Animal factories may V a Induatrr In
future civilisation. Prof. WCMnOitmU
rof tb TJnlvrity Of Lalpslg, v
; believe that by slow develop.' " ' Animal
ment science may even ore factorial
at a type of llf m high as fg.egiJlg..k'
. that of our demettio eats and
' doge. Of course at first man will b able te
' produce only a piece of protoplasm, aom"f
- ,hlng like tb water hydra, or thejsm
blaac of th Ma urchin Fret. Jacques-Loeb
; of. th University of California has evolved
hut it will b instlnot with real 14 f and it
will b a step to th mw evolution. This
volution ean only result Jn tb creation of
' something th equal of th higher animals,
TTtorwuat it will "be who can syrr - '-"
;- It seems to th professor that th scientist
who will b abl to do this will b able, to
'' ' determine the phy!cli fdTm f his creation
:y after th development has started and fa will
. bar created a new order of Uf for this being
' will multiply In .tg own. form indefinitely,
" - lust th same as all-our mo d rn.anlmal. .
' " j "lira not a biologist; I am merely a chem-
1st.' I cannot say whether thl oree-tlon will
b crustacean, amphibian, mammalian, or
whether biped, quadruped, flsh, fowl, or rep
tile; I know that by Inorganlo processes orv,
ganlc being can be produced, and future gen
erations may b furnished with a living ob
ject lesson in th 8octrlnof evolution. Who
. knows but a new order of humanity may be)
i created? ''A living thing Is nothing but ft
system of energy and life It is but a matter
. of chemistry . . . ,.hw ',' -v. v;-
PlUnlnos are beine? analrsed, classified.
and described by ehnoioTillindanaoand
Sulu were oooquered to th
mlddl age by MohammadV
ana, who established a new
form of government and In
troduced a written code of
lawsjPrv1oue t. this ther was no written
i . . . . . - . . . i. k.
aeyi lueii m
though It hey be, are
- history; - Priori to
"ona istandg th tarsUaor ge.leglewer.
- rigidly kept out of sight of aU foreigners and
-lroo-Mohamindan,- but the ethnological
survey hsa been aucoassful ia getting copies
of them; these bar now been translated;
The Moroe comprise various tribes, whlcht
, widely differ. The language la Malayan, but
, the character employed ara Arable, which
makes the work of transiltaratioo difficult,.:.;
- - A win power tlectrical plant In Indiana is
. a successful novelty. The devices h.ereto--for
trie for thla purpose '
hav osamlly failed because Wla Powor
, of th variability of thpow- Halo "
er.- By ta new method eleo-r Hactrldty. '
trioity Ir generated a a by- j
product 4- th course of the windmill's eerv
ice In dTftineja water pump. Th water Is led
into a hyoraulle regulator built on th pnn
dpi of a water lift tt which th.
controlled by weight." , Approximataiy a unl
fonn head pressure of aeventy-fiv. pound
eorrespond. to th. capacity of the water
pumped by a ten. foot windmill wheel. Thla
la increased to 100 pound for a fourteen foot
wheel. Th water I. discharged from th
hydraulic eharober by mean, of auto ma lib
valvee. . This regulator Is th mean of main
taining aa .ran pressure aader all condi
tions whether tha windmill I revolving fast
or alow. Vadar tha uniform pressure tb
water 1 pasisd from tha bydraullo chamber
through, a water motor to. whloh. . dynamo
Is attached. Then It 1 discharged through
troughs and led away to' th field If desired."
Or H oaa be snored up la tanks or reservoirs
to be pumped back Into tb hydraulic regula
tor again la eas. water aoonomy should be
neoeeeary. .By pjpdualaa aa. eveoneesrof
presrur Ir. thla way tha dyaama la run at
uniform speed whether th wind la blowing a
gal or Is Just enough to make th wheel ga
round. Tha whol srranremeot. when one
put In operation, requires tittle or ao atten
tion Secondary batteries tk any current
generated In exoea of immediate demand!.
It. ha. been calculated that a fourteen foot
wind-mil should produce enough electricity
to light the average farm, generating In th
daytime) th current that 1 burned at night.
Th cost of maintenance la said to be almost
nothing, and. It must be remembered that
while the electric plant Is doing its good work
the windmill prooeeds with it usual opera-
Pesslmlstle prophet, sometime sound sag '
nd logical hut .the unreasoning optimist
- . - who sees better things de-
IMptB - spit, argument outstrips
of Ocoaa them. Xn tba day of Bte
Cables Phn"on' early experiments
' It waa predicted that a speed
. of mor than twelve (miles an hour by rail
would b Impracticable, If for no other res
son than that the human system would not
withstand traveling at a higher rate . of '
peed. In tha early daya of steamboats It.
was declared that transatlantic steam nav
igation would be impossible, mainly because
of the inability to provide room aboard ship
for the coal that would be necessary forth
-voyage- The prophet had ; scarcely r dona .
peaking when tha news arrive , that a
ship had Just finished a trip across ths At
lantic under steam, So with transatlantic
. cables. Bom promulgated th belief that
, they could never be laid because th dens- ,
ity of th water below a certain depth .
would be ao great that th. cable would not
Ink to the bottom of th ocean. AU tha wise
fe-regardless, however, th cable promptly..
1 descended to the ocean bed at a depth of
lA.e04 feet, and Within the last year a cable
. was sunk In the Paolflo ocean In th vicinity .
of th Lukln Islands at a depth of 2H,Zt9 feet. :
Fror. FiiterUKorr or th university of Char
. kow has found that sdm mettle give off rays
that decompose the sliver
' bromide of th photographic"
- film and others thst restore '
" the decomposed bromide. Hs -'
name then radiation posi
tive and neaatlv. Most metals, Including
cadmium and sine, are positive; osmium and
tsntslum are negative; ropper and brsss have
- a: neutral radiation with no action; and
Wld snd mercury give off no radiation st all.
T.Me rsdlttlon is deflected by air currents,
hut notarised by electric or msgnetlo fields. "
One suggratlon-ls thst tt may be a kind of
metallic Ions penetrating thin metal and
,, slto humsnskln. More then sixty yearssgo
Moeer noticed that certain bright metals emit
- reys capable of affecting photographic plates
ahd nf pKtsing through thin ereencof paper,;
rip. lrof . rillrhlkofff work Is a continua
tion of this pfoceeis. ' ' ' -'.
. .. f. . JOHW At HOWLAKB.
OUNO MAN, keep out of th fir
department. If a killer of ambi
tion and a destroyer of manhood.".
Thl statement is creditad to Chief
Wallace of th Cleveland fir de
partment. " J-
Wd it ever occur to yon what a splendid
chance members of a city fir department -have)
of acquiring an education, either gen.
era! or spectalT ' '
Th other day la a western city 1 visited
- itrgv depsTtrranTTltSOTBT
Tlie lsc 11
ail young, and had -the appearance of good
health and morals, but bare 1 th character
of book I found on the shelves in th general,
sleeping room:' " Funny Stories by -funny
Prummars; pt.JHow to Entertain Tour Cus
tomers "y "'Handbook of Useful Inform-
ahM mtir1n nfth tmv Tiatnr1 At null
detcuva..th, wmjng .U not,.rf , ,
it 1 exposd to heat; and information for the
eara and use of firearms.
: , ; . ,-- .... a ...
- Maa Ma. Hlasloa Faraitora.
Th. captain of th company aald thapubU.
library willingly' aent box, of book to th.
department bouses, but so many volume
hav been loot and destroyed that they noV
Jonger accepted thervlc. z.. v .
furniture for -a time, and it waa beautiful,
too. Tby alao-buut a loom and wove Bam
mocks, rug, mau, and things, but th law
forbids Indulging In sxtransous buslnessea,
and after supplying tbelr friends and neigh
bors they grew tlreoV-men find little Joy In
work wpan they gt nothing for It. -
Thar hav. been Instances where men In
eltr fir departments have mad better post-
FiremenShould Be Occupied
iawJUoo. for themselves In th department and
the outer world vr aunt oi viuo-Aeinng ,
leisure hours just enough instinces to pror.
tb. possibility, r - '
Aside from It heserdous phas. th. Ufa
la little batter than a Uf In prison. Of course,
tha privilege of speech, and of gome home to
meals to allowed, but ther lath idleneea
Get Good Milk and Make
-CVERAX. oaase. have Inspired m In
C th establishment of our tlttl dairy.
1 Tb. first and great cause originated
in our desire for fresh, clean milk and
cream from healthy cows that ar o
an whoUsom foods. . That Utss th pri
other X shall mention further -
on. ' ...j -., . '."
Th outspoken demand ia every elty and
even In small town I tor fresh, clean milk
that oontalna th proper" pmntac"f
cream. - When I purchased tbs first cow I
said thla Is one way to mt that demand.
I ean do It for aurselTss, and the man who can
bring forth a plan whereby be oan furnish
milk which oontalna th. proper percentage
of cream to aU the In every dty and town
who buy mnfcthatmaa war prosper
milk business." " : "J - r
When our first eow waa purohaaed X waa
In need- of outdoor exercise, my occupation
being that of an Instructor and writer. Tril
by that la her nam would gv m xr-
else In milking and caring for her. That Is
useful exercise and therefore mor valuabl
thaa mere plays, or games, or physical eul-
tUre, and la th us of tb milk she produced
.u 0f u were to b morecerlaln ef health .,
.j atrsogth. fio the dealra for usful out-
door exercise waa another cauee that ataateVl
oar Uttl dairy. .
laiiaott School for Boy. '
. Our bossy wa well taksn care of and pro-v
duced mor milk thaa we needed, so we de
cided that some of our neighbor should
have fresh, clean milk. W soon found cus
tomer who were glad to get It. At thia point
th assistance Of our 10 year old son came'
nt-tura Hie miia.
...ui. ..vl ..... tli.r nil Imn.. (ill
lifm of quartalpounda, bushels of feed, cents
and dollars. The starting of our little dairy
furnished htm with another school wherein
he handle quarts, pounds, bushels of feed.
cents, and dollars tha la tb practical
. Our little dairy furnished another school
for our young son. He had been saving his
pennies and we Induced him to invest them
in a bossy" with ua That gave blm' an In
terest In th Uttl dairy. From tha begin
ning I have kept him with me as an assist
ant in caring for our bossle. In this he Is
receiving another form of education that Is
certainly useful. This school constituted
-that we now hav.
. . . .
Profit on first Cow.
- In ordsr to make tha care of Trilby Interest
ing I have endeavored to make It express my
Ideal. In the beginning I knew a moderate
part of th earing for sows, so I opened ap
communications with tha dairy department of
th Iowa State Agricultural college at Ames.
X asked the questions, and those at the head
of that department wer glad to. furnish ma
with all the Information at their command.
They have given" me much valuable informa
tlpn and I have obtained more through experi
ment and experience. Many good pointer
hav com to m In literature pertaining to'
the dairy. . - . . ,, . '
' Our excellent cr of Trilby brought such
satisfactory results that We decided to pari
chase another cow, Wa procured Trilby In
MarCh and In July we purchased th second,'
Trilby wee not fresh aad would not, be for
an Idle Place;
' . Ther are instances of domestio unhappl
neiss in th - Uvea of city fir department
members; for th same reaaon there 1 unhap
pin ess in th theatrical profession there la
no domastlcity in tba life. '
: T"' v-" , ;,
. ShonliTroflt by Thoir ladtutry.
A number of Cleveland men, Interested in
education, have formed a oommltt to de
vise a plan for promoting study and certain'
industries' among member of that city's
department. " NoTaw bouldTprevent an)
class of men from profiting by their Indus-;
try." said on of this commute, ""especially
when, it .costs th city nothing and doss not
conflict with other craftsmen. Th records
show that these men are occupied about one-,
fourth of the day la department work. They '
.g Umsitf a -wa beAisv'tha mldflls.ot
th, A f,w utr b, 0B
open vehicle half clad and running the risk
of 'being killed at tha turn of every corner,
" and still has another chance or two on arrival
at tha fir. The men are tha ones who
i suffer from our lax building regulation of
past years, and money 1 th only way we
caa reward them. . They ara, entitled to all
-they ean get through Industry while waiting
yior a wall to fall In on them..!.
When means of Industrial and Intellectual
activity are found In fire departments even
a higher class of men. will be attracted and
maintained.- ' " :"- - ... . . ;
d .Naturally ther should and will bs perma-.
pent men in. city fire departments to office;
and keep the spirit of th body, but the rank
ana nie, wicn aujmysicai wants proviaea,.
should un their wisur time for tneir rutur .
benefit. . - ... .
"'.' A posltiba In aty fir department should
be used aa a means to an end. rather-than aa
' Idleness ia a killer of ambition and a de
stroyer of manhood ther ia not a bit of
question about that. .
nearly a year, but she gave us about eight
quart af xollent product per day and we
old flv to our neighbors. Her pasturags cost
P" w "- -""
to pay u for our trouble, or rather cay us
for enjoying th exercise and tha milk and
cream which. she furnished. That was not -
bad and wa reasoned that w could sell all of 7
tha second bossy's product When I looked
for a cow I sought a well bred one that would
produce both a a excellent quality and a quan
tity. Trilby ia part Jersey and part Holateln.
-Trilby Pali for Homlf,
Wa paid 133 for Trilby and $36 for the sec-
nd, neither being fresh at tha time of pur-
Chasing, therefor the low price. During th -
four months which bad elapsed since pur- -
chasing Trilby and before purchasing Fanny
th first bad produced milk enough to more
than pay for .herself, after deducting the
cost of her pasturage. We sold flv quarts
and used from two to three ourselves. I will
take Into aeeouht only ven quart per day.
That Quantity per day for four months, at
0 cants aer auart. amounts to 840 smarts.
'which brought $60.40. Xeduct from that tha
eost of bar pasturage, which was $8 for four
months, and ther ia left 143.40. That was
not' poor showing, although Trilby was not
fresh. The next year sh gav sixteen quarts
psr day when ah was fresh, and at th end of
nln month she waa still giving nine quarts
per day, . ,-'.
The aeoond bossy. Farnry, was to be fresh
-t...t 1 J... a. tifcwi--.-M.w.j
.... ... , .- '
wltDln slxwekof thum. The milk that
she gave and th amount that wa received
f or br calf more than paid for her pastur- -
age for th months that we had her befor -
an xresneneu. nir rare lor ivnue aiier
1 freshening was fourteen quarts per day, and
at tha end of Just one year h still was giving
ten quarts per day. She received excellent
. care, and we found ready al for all th milk
that wa had to offer. , .-,
,'''". ' - .- ;'..
" tow la Winttr Qaartori,. -
- On th 1st of November w took our boasles .
to th barn for winter. W had planned
for a-warm barn, fairly-well lighted and
ventilated. Then cam th watering and"
V eah Hearts
Th heart Is perhape the organ of the body
least known by member. Of the medical pro-1
f east on, and many a man Who baa been told
he would di In a given tiro, has outlived th
doctor who pronounced his doom. - V
.. Heart disease I coming to Inspire lee and
less terror In th average man, and nine men
in, tea who are allotted Ua years, to live
double that time to di of an entirely foreign
complaint. . . , " - ...
" Som years back." aay Vr. Warren
BchOonover Jr:, T In the Medical - Record,
. heart disease wer a cause of great worry
and fright to tha laity aa well aa to th pro
IilSHA R. POTTER has settled mora
damag claims than any man in th
world. He ha saved th New Tork.
Kew Haven and Hartford railroad and
th road that it ha absorbed hun-,
" drd upon hundred of thousand of dollar
In damage claim by his cunning, hi skill in
interpreting character, and his ability to drive .
a bargain. - - . .'. .....
And now, when 79 year old, he stand at th
head of th business, and In New England
and New Tork th simple S. R. Potter."
which ie all th title he ever had as a railroad
' man, balk th man who attempt to beat the "
railway through fraudulent damage olatma.
L' Potter, still vigorous, and with th am
kindly, easy manner that has aaabled him to '
settle 125.000 damag claims for U and send ,
the claimant away happy, talked. reoently of
his oareer as runner down of claims against
yanwaysT"' ' ''."", -
Cats Into BualMit la Odd Way. v
Hefetl intAthbutoees byaocident-aflte
sketching out . quit) a dlCfereot. career for
himself. Be wu born at Bortruate. Deo. IS,
1830, .and, after h fatmlly moved several
tkriM,- aettledl down teenporarny ln East
Greeww-lotj. He drove a bakeVa oart a a
.boy and worked In a grocry but his ambi
.Uon was to be a shipbuilder. o he went to
New Tork to learn th tounessoand, after
working a year In a hard war atore. got
'emptoymeme in a ihlpyard and sBamsd1 th
buainsa Then tie went back to East Oreen-
wldh and organised a company that bultt th
Ship John Howara J ney meant to miua a
boat of 200. ton burdten but when It was
finished It had twio that capacHy.
It waa not until 18T3 that ha bsossne a
claim ageta and he got th place in- pa-
iinufir-jLiiiier. m waa iidiug en thS'ona
Btottlngttoiv road Whan the engine struck
something. Potter ran forward and discov
ered a daaed junk dealer, a aiiglhtly injured
boras, and a pile or Junk in th wreckage of ,
an old wagon. Potter knew thai Junk man,
so he -took him' aboard the train, want home -
g"4 th rvf m rtltasa th
yfrom all oamaga claim, on payment
Btonington railway mad him claim
, aeyV "d in that capacity b allowed aaeti
SSd that thViW Haven syaieiri AppoljUed'
him and gav bun perhap. tha greatest
claim agent Job In the country at least the'
maa who ha settled' th greatest number
of damage claim aggregating the greatest
-, amount. " , 'v .
' - I'.-
V : Damaa". Claims AU P.cnllar. '
- Bpeaklcg of tha claim agent business tha "
Tsteraa'aaye: .", -.. -
Damage claims are all peculiar. Almost "'
every man, woman, and child a earn to think
he has a right . bring a case against h.
of lawyers, who ara on tha soene the minute
an accident ocoura and urge th Injured to
bring a ault against th company,
" W had a caa several yeare ago where
a man was killed down In Connecticut. He
waa. a bright fellow, but at a critical time
be neglected to
us hi common sense and' " tha case that com into an office
was killed. It
much the fault of an--
other workman aa It waa his, and after on
of these lawyer had talked with the man'a
relative they cam around to see me. They
Money by Keeping Your
feeding. Wa managed to keep them welt
and pay for tt from the' milk they produced,
besides having all that w needed. - Th last "
of March Trilby freshened, and then we were
supplied: with more milk than we bad yet had.
During the winter I learned much relative to
feeding, and I found that it coat from 16 to
IT per month to keep each cow welt She
commenced by giving sixteen quart per day.i
On tha first of last May our two bossies wsra
.furnishing about twenty-five quarts per day.
We then increased our sales until wa soon
sold from eighteen to twenty quarts per day.
W still took th same care to furnish excel
lent milk, -fresh and clean. -
Wbil we wer stninr twntyquart per-
day the Income from our milk product waa
3e per month. Th eot of pasturage We $3
per cow, and after deducting ft there were
132 left to pay for tb pleasur w. had ln
caring for ths bossies and In using their milk,
Such strawberries-ndi cream as we have,
well, you oan imagine. l
Th later part of July wa needed another
bossy, and ther waa plenty of milk money
Is an excellent cow.
Her name Is Prstty, and
wa still have hsr.
On th flrslct last November we again took
th herd to th barn. After purchasing
Pretty w procured another, and there were
four to go to th barn. Now come the winter
rrtme, .and I will briefly state It.
We rearranged tha lnslds of our barn. New
plank floors to each stall wer put in. They
were made six feet long, and ar on an In
cline towards the back, where they end In a
T" " . .
plan gUllVI,' WIHUlf biwhb iw.
' , m thl. wav th barn la kent dry. Our
0tm t0 kep 0UP txrn and cows In a eleatv
,amt4ry condition. We have succeeded, and .
u payti,g uv for our run. .
. - Buying Another Jriy. .
Now comes ths feeding In our sanitary
Darn.: As a rule I think that farmer and
dairyman believe that If a cow gets enough
water and feed imne time during each day.
that should be sufficient I hav learned bet
ter than that. If you will atep into our barn
you .will see a row of bright eyed, fat. sleek, ''
and clean bossies. In February we purchased
another well bred, full-blooded Jersey, But-
- Die. Slowly.
fession,' but now they are bandied so success
fully by tha physlMan that ths patients live
on under proper therapeutics until tbs end
of ths term of their natural life, without
.riimIi dlfficultyitrom the diseased organ,- In
tb practise of a eolleague was a eass which
wnsrunder tha car of his grandfather from -
1U to IRSd. his unds from 18S4 to 1883, and
himfelf .from 1883 to 1883, wbsn the patient '
died; at the age of 93, having been under th
oare of the first physicist for twenty-six
years, th second for twenty-six year, nd
th third for eleven year,, a total period of
Millions in Damage Claims.
By W. L. Rice.
told me they bacf been to sea th lawyer,
and I tried to explain that th company waa
not at fault, aa it waa entirely due to the
carelessness of tb two men that the acci
dent resulted. The lawyer bad hammered
large damage Into their heads to such a
extent that th mora X tried to explain th
more angry they got. Finally, I told them,
It wasn't any us to keep talking about it,
and asked them bow much they expected.
I might have smiled when ther allowed
130,000 would be a modest sum. and as thl
waa too big an amount for m to begin any
sort of oompromls on th case was brought
Into court. Th Jury returned a verdict In
our favor without leaving th courtroom. -
....'.::,; ;., i.:.v
Vain. ( Animal Crpuly atf.rat.4.
Another sort of claim that comes frequent
ly to the claim agant'. ofAca are those wtter
th value of horve, wee, sheep, and othar
animals -ts gius fy xagger.ted, A cas of
that kind waa on X bad over to Vaatachtt-
setts, where three horses were killed. A man
drove on to th track In tha winter tlm and
stopped trl team directly acros th rails.
iTte wheel, baoame stuck ia th. snowdrift,
"and While th driver we looking for a shovel
to get tha snow away, tha train came along .
, and killed aU of th horses. I got there be
- for th boras, bad been removed and looked
thing, over. I asked th. mna who wa to
blame., He was poaitlv that it waa th rail-
X replied: WI suppose the
.thoaehoraeaar worth r He eaid about 11.200.
Ilookaathbonesovsr. Th. leader appeared
i.tiH. a. ..
carcass, I-eald that waa a pretty good hors.
... i,. th. .in lati--, hi. i ii ...
sound and kind and year old. I looked Into
that horse's mouth. Its teeth said it waa IS
years, if K was a day. On top of that ther
waa a larara soavinon tb let -I srendToalled
his attention to thee thinga. Tb reauK waa
' w. iwvwr pald hhnr a cent; asO h.- never
,iirougtt any oase.
-.""'-'"' - " . -: -- '
Trits to GoUtct f of Old tforft.
,f Another case of, this kind occurred. in
a-JltOa .tAWA flqwn Jn ,tlt ou,ten; pa,rj of,
th. state. A horse Jumped over a fence on
tp th railroad. Tha train scared tbs animal
so that K trained one of its hind leg beyond
th. power of use, according to the claim. . ,'
" Th owner wanted $300, and X went down
to look thinga over. From tha appearance
of the wounds X waa satisfied that tha horse
had bn injured for. a long Urn., and from
th. man who worked about th barn I learned
from, whom the faor had been purchased. ' I
looked up- the-former owner, who said '
the horse bad never been paid for. It had
been' injured ar long aa he knew anything
.out It. andth. WM want.d200 took
th. animal to see if be could not do some
thing to cure it - If he waa successful p was
to receive one-half wlmlthe animal brought
W. did not settle."
FaKa Spinal lajary Claim.
sre not of thla kind. Soma ara for larger
takes. Several years ago two of our trains
cams together, and several peopl war hurt.
W settled with moat of them, but thers
tercup by name, and she certainly is a but
tercup. , '.
She 1 now producing seventeen quarts per
day. She Is. an exceptional Jersey. I do
not think ther I on In a hundred that
produces auch a quantity.
- Fanny baa Just freshened also, and she
ia now producing mor than eighteen quarts
per day. Hold in mind that they ara doing
this while In th barn, What wiH they do
when out on June grass? .But X must go
on with my description of my feeding regime.
" First let m aay that a good milker must
be a good feeder and drinker. For hsy
ther ia none ilk clover. Cow all like it '
and it bring returns in milk. , .
:Hoop ftocori of lack MlUiatf. .
. W arise at half past S saoh morning and
proceed to the barn. My son now cleans ths
bam and weighs tha milk aa fast aa I milk."
He make a record of tha weight of each
bossy's mes. and then it roes to th house
for straining. .. -f-1 ii.
- X do not plan on getting milk for nothing
fed. After th mllklns? and feedtnar I civa
theen, hay and ana pall- each of freeh waUr -
from th wll. X give them Just hay enough
to be eaten up clean by noon. Then I give
them two palls of fresh water each and Just
hay enough to be eaten up clean by half
past 't or 4 o'clock. Then they are again
given hay and Just enough to be eaten up
clean by milking time, half past S. " Between
4 and S I water them again, giving two palls
to each. If It l wanted. Then I use the
brush" and currying comb to their enjoy
ment. When through with thla part of the
rKtmetheyare clean and reedy for milking
and feeding. Thl take plaoa from half past
6 to half past 0. Tb last course for the day
is a pail of fresh watsr for each.
Now they ar ready for the night so far as
feed is concerned. - Their manger ar empty
but th boasles are full and ready to rest '
during the night. Under this r(rlm w are
realising better results than eyer before.
Hooping Snbitltato Cow.
From th first of December to the first of '
May it Is necessary to keep one or two sub
stitute cow. Their milk I needed while tbe
regular herd Is dropping eft In its production
and n earing another freshening. Not long
ago on of our substitutes was giving eleven
pounds of milk at a milking when, she was .
at first understand ah would drop down to -
perhaps eight or nln pounds, and then go
up to eleven again. We alwaya fed herHh
same amount, aad ther was no variation
quality. I mad up my mTnd that I would
discover th cauee, and X Jj J. It was" in th"-"hav
system of watering her. We were watering .
her twlo a day, once at 11 o'clock a. m. and
again at 4 p. m. 1 noticed that ah waa often
thirsty and drank mor water than an or
dlnary Oow. I put har on the system adopted
with tha frees eowa of tha regular herd, and
that gave her water four times a day, morn
Ing, noon, 4 p. m., and ths last thing at night.
From tha day that I commenced to water her
under that system there has been no varla-
tlon to speak of la br mass. Just ths proper,
orderly arrangement of watering times has .
aaved many pound of milk. 80 much for
science aad system.
s on man. Dig . neeitny. reuow. vt
claimed ha toad injured his spinal oolunm.
I met the train that brought him to town.
but he would not allow either myeeKorth
. surgeon to get anywhere near him;. Th
man-'a doctor said we'would excite hlm os
somethiac of that kind. '
- -1 bad a naa follow th carriage that took
him away, and the next day we went around
and examined, falm, Th surgeon said be
- was not hurt seriously; that he would be
all right within a month.' It want on for
about six weeks, when I got a latter from
. a lawyer in New Tork, saying that the man
waa in' bad shape, his spinal oord was ln
Jured, and it would be a question of only a
- few months before be might 41k'-ikstj
-r - j took our (urc4Qni weot to New Tork.
, and. af tsr a lot of trouble, met tb Injured
man la the afflo of bis attorney. H. waa
apparently in bad shapa. AH tha organs
on th left aid of the body were paralysed;
It took him five minutes to more is his chair,
but his face was tha picture of health, and
fai hand war plump .and fat.., Whenever.
beTmoVed h groaned fearfully, and alto
gether his feeling and his dignity war in-.
jureuiou extent or about iioo.ooa ,
;, . - ., ;:.
' Crippl. WalKf ani UfU Wfltffcu
"After I had a talk with him I allowed '
that ho seemed to be hurt but that his ng-
' ur wa pretty big. and If ha oared to da any . 1
business wltb m. h. knew where I iea lo--7
cated. When I left th offlo I if ft a de
tective on that feUoW. trail. He f otlowed '
Jur1P4o1 column, Ured MmaU out.. One V
fy the people got a snapshot photograph of W
tn mM crryln tnre ferre Dictur frma . i
1Jer oro, Brooklyn bridge .and
holding bla orutohe ln his hand '
"in otcuv. oecam aoquainted witn.
E,m introduced two young women, and the,
rowd want tramping through tha flalda,
. f of the yonng women had him doing aU
"n4 of tun.U. and on day she got him, to i
Jtsst -his strength on a Uftloc machine. , He
lifted" nearly 400 pound. When th case
aingTmiscwt-thw-nwtt' attorney Intra- I
s.4uaed. .vldeno to show, that h waa imaJal.-.
to get about without the aid of crutches,
that h.-would probftbly be crippled for ltf, '
,cd. h aurij.ro!gW,iuVJtUrv .W?.
brought in th photograph and askad him
If fa recognised it, and h admitted b.'did.
Then wa brought in tba detectives. . Ha ad-
tnitted ha had tramped through tha field
with them, without th aid of orutchea. When
we brought in the young woman who bed
blra lifting the 400 pounds hs also aoknowl-,
edged his acquaintance with her. The case '
was continued over night, and before the
court opened tha next morning it waa eet
tled. It Cost US JUBt 1800. :
. . r -r rr ;.
Claim AfnU Bora, Not Nasi.;
. ".It require a peculiar ability to beeome "
a, successful claim agent." A man must be
'born to it. He must know human nature.
hav a. wide knowledge of the value of a mul
titude of material things, and must be able
to convince those who ar really injured that
. the railroad stands ready to make good any
damage that is caused through It fault. The
average railroad does not object to any lawful
claim, but It Is obliged to fight tb. multitude
of unjust claims which ar brought against
it." ' -.- ', "' . - ,
- The last act of tha day's program for the ""
little dairy I to so that each bossy Is prop
erly bedded with Clean straw, or hay that Is .
unfit for thslr consumption. " We are par
ticular about tbe bedding, for both tha ani
mal's comfort and cleanllnea depend upon
it. - Proper beddings show up in th amount
of milk produced. "'' ' . .
.- '. :...v. ";J.. J.j'.-
- Soiling Forty-ftT Quart Dally. -
" At tb present time our regular little herd '
comprises four eXoellent cows. Trilby, Fanny,
Pretty, and Buttercup. Trilby aad Pretty ar
resting now; I plan to give them six weeks
each before freshening. They do better when
given such a rest. We now have two substi
tutes that are furnishing tha milk in their
"place. Fanny and Buttercup ar fresh.- This
morning Fanny gave, twenty - and three- "
fourths pounds of excellent milk. This even- "
ing aha will glva perhap a pound lees. Thla
morning Buttercup gave eighteen pounds and
ths evening eh will give a like mesa.
From th two w ar abl to sell no w thirty -two
quarts of fresh, olsaa milk dally, and wa
ar selling enough from that given by others
to bring tha amount sold up to from forty to
-fOTtyflv quart daily Our Ms 1 la d- j
Biand, and ther seems to be nollmlt to ths
amount tbat we could dispose of if we had It
and could deliver it as we do now. Our son
delivers the larger part of It. ; Tbe thirteen
year old son of a neighbor ha been employed
- to deliver around his home. I ean see no rea
son why boys cannot be employed to deliver
milk Just as they are now delivering papers.
The plan work so far we hav tried It.
Our milk I delivered la less than ons boor
after it U milked.
- . ......
Llttlo Dairy a Saccost.
In concluding, I wish to say that our little
dairy Is a success from every point of view.
Excellence I our ami hr every phas of it
Ther la no food product that demands as
much care in handling as milk. It must
not only com from th barn or pastur clean. .
but it .must be carefully strained Into clean
cans, end clean measures must be used whsn
It Is sold. Our milk I often warm when It -Is
delivered. If ur patrons present clean
utensil In whicn to receive it, ther I no
reason, why they should not enjoy excellent,
freeh, clean milk a we do. l
Milk pails" and cans and measure, and
especially, strainer, must be thoroughly
washed and acalded' out with boiling hot
water, which sterilises
cannsLle Isken. -
To return again to our bossies, I wish to
say that w keep on friendly term wit!
every on "of them. Th bossy that Ilka to
"mVihtiir her-witr gtr mors milk thaa 7
shs would if he dlsHkad ms and would rather
I should not milk her. ' These ar matter
that all count in pints and quart a
W shell be abl to sell fifty quart of fresh,
clean milk aoh day for th six month be
ginning May L Four ow will furnish
it, .but we shall probably keep live, ao as to
have extra milk and cretun. The incorre tt
fifty quarts per day is IS. or 00 pr m -
Th cost Of nasturage tor 11 v heti u f '
per month. That Is a fir shor ' - f
mall- dairy that demanIr!y an I. i- f
a half or two hours' attention eac? i