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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
.; THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL, PORTLAND, SUNDAY , MORNING, JUNE 3, 1906,
'-45 -.';V--.-,-,Vf -ft ;
:- - I
- jfAlM Jjccoto
JTj A. aW . V bbbbs. 1 .. x
Gustie. JLnhm, c.aTy for
ZccorMtcxf wUi fin c. Orders
this decoration now bflonra to the Empr of Oer many,
the Downuer Uiien JJarte Christina ot Spain, the Queen
CMC W ur tem burg and the Prlneeea of Pleas.
The Inner Is also holder of the Prussian Red Crbsa
Med ul. i'rlncess Anna of Stolberg-Wernigerode Ps
sesires the Red Cross, In addition to the Prussian Cross
ot Service and the cross of the first class, second section,
nt- the OrdtH of Louise.- i '
I ME was when certain vocations :were
: . regarded -.- as - beings exclusively for
''' men: but that time-has passed. - .
Women now engage in farming not as J.
supervisors -merely, but as actual laborers in,
the fields. One enterprising New Jersey girl
makes a comfortable livelihood breaking and
training horses. Two California sisters oper
ate a large ranch with success, not only herd
ing the sheep and cattle in person, but pro
tecting them from the attacks of wild animals.
In France and Belgium women are to be
seenAoilingAn the coal mtnes as persistently
supervise the ahearlnc, market" the wool and other prodH
ucts. - . . - -
Plowlnr, harrowlns;, sowlna; and harvesting1 are In ths)
list of their agricultural employments. Trailing,-trap
ping and shooting- nme art practiced for amusement
and for the protection of their flocks.
These rlrls are able to lasso a- wild steer or unbroken
hone wlta unerring; success. They round up and brine
home the sheep and cattle. 'When some of these arei
missing- In the count at night, the girls jump astride their
horses and set out In quet of the wanderers, often pur
uin the search until midnight. .
Their home Is 4n the saddle.'- Day after day, they1
may he seen ranging the bills and valleysr.each with her
rifle strapped behind her. Thene --l41s have been potent
factors in protecting lh -. .fiocka, tiom faar-looled . oa
fauders, a may be seen, from-the number of panther, .
lynx, coyote and bear skins at their home.
When attired for work, the sister wear a costume
nlfrerlng little from that of the cowboys. Trousers, loose
shirts, jumpers, high boots, and" soft, round moo's hata
make up their outfit. Thus attired, mounted upon their,
wiry horses and with Titles slung from their shoulders,
they present an appearance of being strictly upon bust-,
Such are some of the picturesque sides of the- femi
nine Invasion of masculine fields. At the coal mines
of northern France and Belgium one views the dreary,
pathetlo side. .
- There thousands of women, bent and worn from toll
and snaemlo from insufficient nourishment, may be seen
laboring wearily, but continually, In the coal mines. They
are, not permitted by law to go into the lower levels and
dig-the coal, but they drag the care through the upper
passages and the surface yards, emptying them, shovel
ing the coal into heaps and performing ether task tbM
aeem beyond their strength.
v These women have been termed: "Modern Slav,
chained to their tasks, and more to be pitied than the)
galley slaves of ancient Rome." They have no other
prospect, no other opportunity. They rear their children
only for the black throats of the mines to swallow, for
cation, tu be riven the Red Cross and Uie Order of Louise. ... : r ... L .LIU J :m th f ih when she gets a halter-on it. she lets it uo. - If it nulla "V" !"",n. L tr' unocrgrouna wnen utue mora
. " r ., . mirv t rw 1 1 1 it l Ti, il i m urc JititiL lm mrm mimt mm w j is w rt m , . ... . . . . - . aimn m
Women IfTier's "fissAfng n
2.o&?ed. Wagon of Coat'
"htX-alu .nhowJrt.mbulgraordeyr as their husbands, fathers and brothers; Den--- l'MaSu"f fl,ffe7nt .n,ethvd "-8h rope.
. . ... . i l il . eW m m - M r Wl XtK W Afs hv that Aafaar sm that I akllaa inam lal VlAltl
ww saw awwa w ar v aw flv aa asssaae Unu a,eg wvim
rmmrni . t e . lot Oia to the Baroness von Crieslnger: similar activity - t.:.:.. J Lt 1 J L-i r..; - wild horse by the forefeet. x th
CK.Ei I aiSpaiCnCS from me Uerman caused Lady Btudt, wir Tof the German Minister of iMa-marK, Norway ana rtnianu vwu v ders without being injured. She never blindfolds a horse;
J . a. 4k. . ,1 1, a a kaw&a AlakK . I 1 'II I " . . I . r.r " ha mr a. a,a le.. as-
A - JllL .at.''
court iiaie inai in v nun it Ttnr nr v" r:::u..;... w on.rion .runr.
Prince Eitel, who was married last lt sea. Kentucky has a blacksmith and horse-
winter, has been decorated tinth the' intiettia -?crv'r tor Art and science, the Bavarian Ludwia; Medal shoerone of the best in the dtatewho, de-
; i 'A. . , . a - ror Bcience, Art and industry, me eaxe-coourg ureal - , - . oince returning to e
Of the Order of Louise. Silver Modat of Art and Science, the Oldenburg Great Stlte numerOUS OttCrS Of marriage, SUll pre- broken and trained a nun
' - ' .'. , . ' Golden Medal frir Science and Art and the first-class deco- . l. .t I. she likes, she says: it mei
MaJtyOldierSand-StateSmenlOf Europe ration of the Saxon Golden Grand Ducal Order for Bel- jerS tO have mtSS Wrilien OCfOTC ner name. gonial and sutlofactory wo
m f m: a : i ww w r vaasnuAit , . i m m rr i t m m gitAsM mwm - r r trrnrevi ay vv
afl rt M- feiv wviir- "U"- ' " w wr
ACTEESS HAS NINE DECORATIONS 7.
No fewer than nine different orders and medals have
fallen to the lot of this actress. Once she gave a per
formance of "Narclsse," when King Loula II of Bavaria
composed the entire audience. After the performance the
actrees poited for a photograph, which pleased the- King
so much that, after a single print bad been made for him,
the platen were destroyed by his order.
Another member ot the same company Charlotte .
Haste hue . had conferred upon her the Saxe-Coburg- .
Gotha Golden Medal or Service, the Oldenburg Medal for
Art an.1 Science and the Royal Saxon Great Golden Medal
with the Ribbon or the order or Albrect.
1 f) i
wear ine viiiteTinTiEiDeirnna-andxo ttt-N nt h rm.ti nnrAti hav tvn
bans of various orders upon their breasts, but Jiad'of "roya'tv." cneotme,rnit r'icilly'endowwi. th! the. masculine work that falls to their hands
the number of decorated women is not nearly - ln?. as wl1 could any man.
SO large. SIS a rule, women are nonorea Or r iuu or notaoie mstrtomc achievements.
distinction :m works of benevolence use ful
, ness or charity; sometimes for prominence in .
the arts or sciences; and, again, simply in
.token of royal favor. ' "
In several of the European countries there
are orders designed especially for women, like
that to which the Prince ssEitel has been admitted.-
Others, as in the case of the French
' Legion of H onor, may be conferred upon
bbth sexes, although more generally seen upon
the breasts of men. ' i '
CAN scarcely explain why I took up horse train
ing, except that I love anlmali and seem to know
bow to break, without ruining, them," remarked
... ...i r .il, 1 . ll'lllnv T . U . DanitH
New Jersey, when asked regarding her singular choice of
VTis'strong. athletic girl, with pleasant smile and
unny gray eyes, seems entirely at home with horses. The
wildest, most vicious specimen presents no terror to her.
On the Western plains she has conquered and broken
broncho that th most hardy cowboy had given up a
l,,Take' her Into a dry good store or millinery shop and
she Is "bored to death,,rMlss Von Ohl frankly. acknowl
edges; but Investigating the contents ot a namess shop.
away, she gives plenty of roue It is resistance that wor
ries a green horse. Then she begins talking, gradually
approaching until she can stroke the frightened animal.
This usually restore confidence, and the rest la easy.
eince returning to new jersey, mis von uni naa
umber of horses. It I a business
means a good Income and is con
When the father ot the six Scott sisters, of Elles-
ouih England, died a year or two ago. they decided
to carry on the farm themselves, rather than to separate
and engage In other business. Today Brockwell Farm is
famous among the farmer ' throughout that region
Still weir on th sunny side of 8r la th oldest sister,
Qtieenle, while the youngest, Nora, la in her early teens.
Thoir mother is an invalid, and the girls have bad upon
their shoulder not only the responsibility of manage
ment, but the actual labor of the farm. .
"Among the bonniest In the kingdom Is the tribute
of relehhors to these six Independent girl farmers. Their
fields arr always well tilled, their crops plentiful, lntelll-
Tears nf are.
All dav lane, vear h vt. H,mt .n k.(kMMii&l
by a strike, the women toll in and about the mine.
Moet of them resent th temporary respite afforded by
a strike, as it cut oft revenue, scanty at best, wbloh
they can illy lose. . ,
Excellent mariners are recruited from th ranks ot
women In Denmark, Norway and Finland. In Denmark
women are employed pilot. They go out to meet In
coming ships, climb nimbly over the sides from small
boats and conduct th vessels safety Into harbor. Worn
en also act as pilot at the Finnish ports, r
Thirteen-year-old Pearl McUade, of Eastoboga, Ala
support her family from the pittance "he receive for
carrying th mall bags from that place to McFall, a mU
and a half away. Too poor to own a horse, the girl
makes all her trips two, and sometime three, a day-,
on foot, carrying th heavy mall bag on her shoulder.
All th other member of the family but on ar blind.
and th exception I not at home.- .
At a recent gathering In Chicas-o. Miss K. f Klphnla.
seoretar of the Women' Trades Union League, stated
Upon the Dresden court stage 1: Still another doco- k2 . Km aH intenaelV interested.
rated actress Erlka Wedeklnd. Her treasures Include r". but more than all else, she love the open air; next to
the Saxon-Altenburg Medal for Art and Science, the Sax- tn n,ini,, being who are near to her. horse and dogs
uu-meiiimsoii yv " hold first place in ner"aneciions.
'.,.. ...i.i. i ......ii.. i ., .Li. ., thftt thre wara in that eitv 11 (Km woman w-
. . . . . , i WhO tin,! nlnla4i man Kn, . .. Jl .. t. ,
Woman suffrage, she asserted, would change that.
Perhaps it was In view of this seeming adaptability
or women for work usually performed by men that wag
reponslble for the recent agitation, in Bayonno, N. 1
tor female policemen. - .
In any event, femininity In that town ha begun tf
discus th advisability of organizing a Board of Trad
composed exclusively of women. The Idea la that many
municipal improvement could be brought about by auca
a body. i i , . ,
N TRACING! the Custom of decorating women' with or
der, one go. back to th twelfth century and to
unny Spain. Ther Ralmon Berenquer, the last
. , fiaimalin. ...KII.. Ik. I..1 . Ik,
Indies of the Axe.
This order wss established In commemoration of. he
roic deeds performed by the women of Tortosa, a -city of
Tarragona, when it was besieged by th Moors. Its In
signia was an ax embroidered upon the bosom of 'the
Long extinct has been the Order of the Axe, a well
' as another, founded In Spain In 117S and called the Order
of Santiago. . So. well was the Idea regarded, however,"
that later roverelgns of other countries designed decora
' tlons for women who proved themselve worthy ot high
. The oldest ot these are rather exclusive, being con
fined. In some casts, to the women of princely houses.
One of the most notable is- th Austrian Order of th Star
and Cross. Holders of this decoration must show four
generation of noble ancestry on the mother' side and
Kicht on the father. -
Dattnl Trohl 1RS TW9rr9 rTWg' Crun
Vienna. Four day after the lire, from under the ruin
was dug a little chest belonging to Eleanora, queen
mother of th Emperor Leopold I, -.. . ... , .
REUC VAS PRESERVED
This bog was of crystal, and wii not fnjurdny lh
flam. Its contents were Intact. These Included a golden
cross containing a splinter ot th true cross. In honor of
. th miraculous preservation the order was founded, and
it decoration Is now held by 26U women of royal and
' princely birth. Its present patroness, succeeding th mur
- dered Empress' of Austria, Is the Archduchess Maria Jo
sephs, sister of the King of Saxony.
In 114 th Order ot Louise, to which Princess Eitel
has just been admitted, was founded by King Frederick
William 111 of Prusf-ia. William IV renewed It. The In
signia ut the nr clasw Is a gold cross, enameled black,
with a T)lue centre, whore seven stars surround th letter
.'L." The second-class Insignia Is In silver, th ribbon
Of both being white, with three black stripe.
Founded In 1827, the Bavarian Order of Theresa was
originally confined to twelve women of th nobility,-' who
received stipends with th decoration. It has since been
xtended to other lands, and the honor has been awattled
with a more noerai nana man lormeriy.
ence-and Art -and the Saxon Grand Ducal Medal for Art
Not for her work upon the stage, but in recognition
of he efforts In behalf of humanity, Wilhelmine Seebach
sister of the late celebrated actrem of the name, wears .
the Inrlgnia of the Order of Louise, the Prussian Cross of
, Service and Meinlngen and Saxon Grand Ducal Medals of
Art nnd 8clence. - I '
The Berlin stag has also been honored by uch rec
ognition. Amanda Lindner, ono of th favorite actresses
of th Berlin Royal Theatre Company,' wears th Mxln-.
Ingen. Saxon and Altenburg Gold Medals for Art and
Science and th Gold Cross of Service for Art and Sci
ences. ' - .
Of the sam company, Ann Schramm possesses th
-Tted Cross, the Annul! Order of -Servlca antL the 01den-
burg decoration. Henrietta Mottl, the sweet-voiced Ber
lin singer, has been honored by Saxony and Coburg; Is
possessed of the Swedish Gold Medal and th Baden
.Grand Ducal Wedding Jubilee Medal.
MxMt peculiar of all decorations for women Is that of
the Order cf the Swan, This decoration Is held- by but
one peraen the Empress of Germany and ' she never
wears the insignia. : t ' " ' .
Th 'Order of the Ewan rwa founded by th ''Iron" i
rieriBi attar a is return, zrom me noiy i.ana, ana was
fcuflwea cy rreaencx wiiiiam jv. in
The decoration Is worthy of such a recipient. It con
sists of a chain of rubles and diamonds, holding & picture
of the Madonna and a swan, symbolising- purity, . This
Jewel 1 kept among th German crown treasures.
In recent years the French decoration of the Lecton
of Honor has been bestowed upon several women, on of
For some year after rhe wat 13 Miss Von Ohl lived
upon a ranch In South UaKota. At nrst tne cowooys
were afraid to allow her to venturo among- th-wild
horses and the cattle, but they soon discovered that not
only was she capable of taking car of herself, but of
helping them aw well. ' -
I She had no horse of her own, and she wanted one.
Looking over a lot of condemned animals one day, she
saw ono that greatly pleased her a beautiful creature,
perfectly formed and with the appearanc f a thorough
bred. He had been condemned solely because of his
ungovernable temper; had never been broken, although
be had been roped, thrown, beaten and dragged repeat
edly, until the hair was worn off hla side and hi body
was covered with cut and scars.
Mia Von Ohl, however, saw that re was not vicious;
and dairy products In demand at good prices.
While all the girl work In the fields when necessary
no outside help 1 employed the duties and responsi
bilities are divided. Queenie does the household work and
take the products of the place to market a considerable
additional revenue resulting from her shrewd bargain
ing. Little Nora is the cook, and a very clever one, bcr
Maggie, second of th family, Is the "plowman," and
turns a furrow as expertly as any veteran farmhand In
Buckinghamshire. She has taught her younger sisters, su
that thev frequently relieve her In the fields. Mabel I
the carter and gardener; Dalny, the head of th dairy;
Winifred, the "odd man and assistant -plowman."
In the urrndlng country the rule i to employ on
Egns That Brino Bid Prices
cowman to every doxen dairy cows. Rosy-cheeked Daisy TTTMAT 1a anmawnat etlin An ho.iwtn.. .
nty cow aloe, and seems to thrive upon hard I lh , . " w -Y ' cr-
. j wBi. j i, uicu vi uu re
cently, reduced th estimated value of that particular
This was not an ordinary egg, however, but a specl
men of that of th great auk. It constituted one of th
chW-f treasure of th Scarborough Mumum. in En
The general rule Is to work from sunrise to sunset,
but each week buttermaklng day find the girls astir
soon after 3 o'clock In tne morning, and all th butter
la mad before breakfast. -
In midsummer and at harvest tlm work I often pro
longed until 10 or 11 at night. Even then the glrls-.arlse
between 2 and 3 o'clock In the morning, and walk several
tnllns to see th sunris on the hill.
Denlte thle hard work, they manage to get a' great
deal of enjoyment out of life. All ar accomplished rou-
wa simply proud, high spirited and independent; that he sk-lana. and a favorite practice Is to climb tree In th
resented sbuse and slavery, and would fight to th death
agatnst high-handed conquest:
This animal had lost all confidence In mankind. When
a cowboy approached, ho would fall Into a paroxysm
of fury, biting, striking out with his heels and trembling
with rage ana fear.
- For some tlm Miss Von Ohl made no attempt to
go near th horse. She stood oft and talked to him, call-
ng him repeatedly Dy in nam sne naa seiecieu. ne
land, and was valued at something Ilka ti2un.
Eggs of the great auk, a bird plentiful enough a cen
tury ago. but now extinct, ' ar worth small fortune.
Only about eighty of ,th egg are known to be in ex
lxtence. The British Museum poswesies twelve, repre-
onung a vaiue poi iar snort ot JS.K"J.
yard during th early morning hours and give rrnaia it is relatetfvl,t in 1 a shrewd Scotchman picked
t v thai Amtmiwt m it K ft hnn ist hi1 Br lalt a i. . . . . w
U&.ri.ck Winisw IV. The lnslgnl can only wol,id stand and-Jtiten. watching - her
ia on ine coiwim oi ine ruiei. UlUl'rht'.
whom I Madam von Roslhorn, wlf of an Austrian ofit-i-
- During the trouble In Pekln some years ago-her hu-.
band was a military attache of the Austrian Legation.
She was within the French Embassy when It was at
tacked, and she fought valiantly in it defense, being;
severely wounded by a bullet. .
It was In-193 that the first woman received this deco
ration for military valor. Marie Jeanne Schellnck en
listed as a volunteer In the Second Belgian Regiment and
took part In a number of battles, being, promoted for .
- bravery until she attained the rank of lieutenant.
At Jemappea she was In th thick of conflict, receiv
ing six sabre wound The were not sufficient to deter
her from making four more campaigner-twelve being th
total number in which ah took part. Altogether,; she
sustained eight wounds. . v
After having fought conspicuously t th battle ot
AUitriitf, en withdraw from th service, and received
h a more liberal hand than rormerly. the crose and ribbon of th. Legion of Honor from th
In addition to th woman of th Bavarian royal bo us, - hand of .Napoleon felptaelf
Finally, sh ventured slone Into th InclosureTtalkOig"
to- "Charley" all th time. Getting near enough, she
.managed to rope him.- This sent him Into a rearing,
plunging, kicking fit of anger, but his captor stood fear
leesly near, -talking soothingly all the while. Soon he
stood still, and-at last Miss Von Ohl got near enough to
lay her hand on him. There were more demonstration
of anger; but when h found that sh meant no harm
wished, rather, to be hi friend h permitted her ca
resses. I before th girl left th corral she had stroked the
one vicious hors from his nose to his heels; and when
she went out the now tamed and admiring "Charley"
followed her to th gate. Within a week ha was follow
ing ner all over the place, and in-two week ah was
riding him, to th amusement of tbe cowboys.
In a similar way. Miss, Von Ohl broke another harm
-that had th reputation of being "no good" and a "hian '
killer." No cowboy ever succeeded in taming this h(rh
strung animal, but in a week the girl could rid him
with -perfect safety. He became one of the gentlest, most
intelligent and loving equine friends she aver bad.
Mis Von Ohl never read a book oil horse training;
never talked with a trainer, and had never seen any at
work, other than the cowboy, who conquer by rope,
whip, spur and th battle that lasts until th horse la
to th dawn with flutes, banjo and guitar.
Maggie 1 probably the cleverest farmer of th six.
Th kitchen- walls at Brockwell bear no fewer -than fit-,
teen certificate awarded to her for proficiency. She ha
often plowed from 1 o'clock In the morning until 7 at
night, with but on hour interval for dinner and a few
minutes for a cup of tea.
Last season al-arale built and thatched a row of three
though ia ricks. which were a delight to see. As- straight a a die, .
there was scarcely mix incnes. aiiei ence tr-tnelr measui
menu, and they would hav put many a professional
thatcher to shame.
- It is at picturesque spectacle worth while to see these
girls managing heavy shir horse. They go about It
so deftly and cleverly, and every animal seems devoted
to its mlstreanes. The sister break In their young horse
themselves, and It Is, therefore, not surprising that, when
it comes to Inanimate plows and harrows, they ar able
to take to piece and reconstruct every implement on th
farm. - -
When at work the girl wear long blue overalls cut
to th figure, motor caps, gloves, whenever poeslbl. and
thick boots. Whatever be the duty at hand, they hav
a book In their porkets, generally Shakespeare, Burn
or a translation of Homer, which seem to be th favor
ite among a wealth of classics of which they hav inti
mate knowledre. ....... .
Equally enterprising and more fearless, perhar. b
rauae their lot Is- coat In wilder country, ar Mlase
Gussl and Louise Lahm, of Mendocino county, Cali
fornia." Several years ago they succeeded their father
In the managemont of a 10.000-acre ranch, the value ot
which has steadily grown under their control.
Stock raising and all th varied details of a mountain
farm occupy their attention. More than two sheen, larr
drove of cattle and many horses ar looked ester by
them. Thajr brand th young cattle, mat 4 tt a.iaepr
tip two of thes ec-rs at an auction. sale. As their value
was not nausea 'by those making the sale he secured
them for . Bom time later he sold them for 12400.
Valuable a is tbe egg of. th great auk. It cannot
compare with that of th aepyornla, or moi, which
thrived in Madagascar some 300 vear ago, Th er I
about twelve Inches In length, ana the number known
be In existence can be counted upon th Rngero.
ihere Is one specimen preserved In the British Mo
m-whlob-wa obtaJnedJn aulte a romantic manner.
It wa picked up In 1W7, floating In a bay off Mada
gascar. Its value Is Incalculable, since it constitutes one
ot the most extraordinary relics of lis type. It la im
possible to estimate Its marketable price, for the tlmpl
reason that an egg of this bird baa not been put up Wi
auction within recent years.
Eggs of the whit booby ar also hlshly prised h
collectors. This bird was originally found on Fund la
land, r,ff New Foundlnnd, which was also th home e
the great auk. It, too, I now ex'.lnct. The egg nt
valued at 1750 and upward, but this I a theoretical value,
a none are ever now found for oale.
Another bird long since extinct Is the aptomla. whlc'
not being provided with wings by nature, fell an e
prey to man. Egg of this specie ar valued at t
and more each; ' "
Although th condor In limited nrnnW !!! r
among remote crags of the Amla. the ! 1 I r
passing away, and it has been some limn a. 1 I
have been gathered.
In a few yeara, too. th eew of the kiwi rf
land will become as primed ninny of t;
highly valued. This hIM, submit 11 r t ;
breeds SO slowly that axtiuetlon l t"' '
Although -to remaining meujrers of t
under 9 -v, nn. t rrvtwclion. It seems 1.
ere re t.. e t.-.. . r